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SUTHERLAND HIGH SCHOOL

PHYSICAL SCIENCE
PAPER II
CHEMISTRY EXAM

GRADE 11
November 2013

TIME: 3 Hours TOTAL MARKS: [150]

EXAMINER: Mrs I Wood
MODERATOR: Mrs R Bothma

This exam paper consists of 13 pages (cover included)





Instructions
1. Answer all the questions on the folio paper provided.
2. A Data Sheet AND Periodic Table are included for your use.
3. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this question paper.
4. Start each question on a new page.
5. Rule off after each question.
6. Non-programmable calculators and appropriate mathematical instruments may be used.
7. In all calculations, formulae and substitutions must be shown.
8. Round off your final answers to two decimal places.
9. Marks may be forfeited if instructions are not followed.



Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
2

SECTION A
Question 1
Give the correct term for the following:
1.1 The chemical bond formed between atoms when one lone pair of electrons of
one atom is shared with another atom that has an empty orbital.

(1)
1.2 The gas law that describes the relationship between the pressure and volume of a
fixed mass of gas if the temperature is kept constant.

(1)
1.3 A highly energetic temporary in-between product that forms during a chemical
reaction.

(1)
1.4 The chemical formula of the ion responsible for the basic properties of sodium
hydroxide according to the Arrhenius theory.

(1)
1.5 A half reaction during which the oxidation number of a substance increases. (1)
[5]
Question 2
Various possibilities are suggested as answers; only ONE is correct. Write the correct letter next to
the question number on your folio paper (e.g. 2.1 E).
2.1 The ideal gas equation is given by pV = nRT. Which one of the following
conditions is true according to Avogadros hypothesis?
A.
p


(T = constant)
B. V T (p = constant)
C. V n (p, T = constant)
D. p T (n = constant)






(2)
2.2 Consider the following reversible reaction:
HPO
4
2-
(aq)
+ H
2
O
()
H
2
PO
4
-
(aq)
+ OH
-
(aq)

The ions HPO
4
2-
and OH
-
in this reaction can be described as:
A. the conjugate acid-base pair.
B. Lowry-Brnsted bases.
C. Lowry-Brnsted acids.
D. polyprotic acids.







(2)

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
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2.3 Which one of the following reactions is a redox reaction?
A. HC + NaOH NaC + H
2
O
B. AgNO
3
+ NaI AgI + NaNO
3

C. 2FeC
3
+ 2H
2
O + SO
2
H
2
SO
4
+ 2HC + 2FeC
2

D. BaC
2
+ MgSO
4
MgC
2
+ BaSO
4






(2)
2.4 A chemical bond with the longest bond length:
A. C H B. C C
C. C = C D. C C



(2)
2.5 When the enthalpy of a chemical reaction increases:
A. H is negative.
B. the reaction is endothermic.
C. the temperature in the reaction container will increase.
D. the reaction cannot take place spontaneously.





(2)
2.6 Study the following incomplete half reaction of an unknown element X:
X
+3
X
+5

The element X undergoes during the reverse reaction.
A. reduction B. oxidation
C. redox reaction D. protolysis





(2)
2.7 Which one of the following processes contributes most to the increase of
greenhouse gases in South Africa?
A. Power station emissions
B. Petrol engines in cars
C. Household use of butane gas
D. Breathing






(2)
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
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2.8 The appropriate number of atoms of oxygen in 1 g of the gas at STP is:
A. 32 6,02 10
23
B.


C.


D.






(2)
2.9 Which one of the following molecules / ions has a trigonal pyramidal shape?
A. NH
4
+
B. H
3
O
+

C. BF
3
D. AF
3




(2)
2.10 A certain mass of gas occupies a volume (V) in a closed container. If the pressure
is doubled and the temperature is halved, the volume of the gas will change to
the following:
A.

V
B.

V
C. V D. 4V




(2)
[20]
TOTAL SECTION A: [25]

SECTION B

Question 3
When methane gas (CH
4
) reacts with oxygen gas, carbon dioxide gas and water
vapour are formed as shown by the following unbalanced reaction:
CH
4

(g)
+ O
2 (g)
CO
2 (g)
+ H
2
O
(g)

3.1 Copy the following table onto your answer sheet and complete:
Molecule Lewis
structure
Shape of the
molecule
Polarity of
the bonds
Polarity of
the molecule
CO
2 (g)

H
2
O
(g)






(8)
3.2 Briefly explain why the shape of the CO
2
and the H
2
O molecules are different. (2)
3.3 Briefly explain why the polarity of the CO
2
and the H
2
O molecules are different. (2)
[12]

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
5

Question 4
Consider the following table and graph which displays the boiling points of group VII hydrides
(compounds in which hydrogen is bonded to elements of group VII of the periodic table).

Compound Boiling points (C)
HF 20
HC -85
HBr -67
HI -35


4.1 Give the name of the group VII hydride with the weakest intermolecular force
between its molecules.

(1)
4.2 Name the type of Van der Waals force that exists between the molecules of HBr. (1)
4.3 Give the name of the group VII hydride that requires the most energy to undergo
a phase change.

(1)
4.4 Explain the trend in boiling points observed for the hydrides HC, HBr and HI in
the above table. In your explanation, refer to molecular size, intermolecular
forces and the energy needed.

(3)
4.5 Give a reason why one of the hydrides of group VII deviates from the trend in
boiling point observed for the others. Refer to intermolecular forces and energy.

(2)
[8]

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
6

Question 5
Two learners, A and B, investigate the relationship between the temperature and
pressure of an enclosed gas. The learners used different samples of SO
2
gas in two
identical containers with a fixed volume of 1 dm
3
. Their results (A and B) were plotted
on the same set of axes, as indicated below.



5.1 Write down the mathematical relationship between p and T that can be
deduced from the graph.

(1)
5.2 Name the gas law that the two learners are investigating. (1)
5.3 State one variable that must be kept constant during this investigation. (1)
5.4 Make use of the relationship mentioned in 5.1 and determine the value of the
temperature at X on the graph.

(3)
5.5 Determine the mass of SO
2(g)
used by learner A. (6)
5.6 Give a possible reason why the graph obtained by learner B has a smaller
gradient than the graph obtained by learner A.

(1)
5.7 Write down TWO conditions under which SO
2(g)
will deviate from ideal gas
behaviour.

(2)
[15]
Question 6
20 10
-3
dm
3
of a solution of HC is required to react fully with 0,265 g of pure Na
2
CO
3

according to the equation.
Na
2
CO
3(aq)
+ 2HC
()
2NaC
(aq)
+ H
2
O
()
+ CO
2(g)


6.1 Calculate the number of moles in 0,265 g of Na
2
CO
3
. (3)
6.2 How many moles of HC will react with 0,265 g of Na
2
CO
3
? (2)
6.3 Calculate the concentration of the HC solution in moldm
-3
. (3)
6.4 Calculate the volume of CO
2(g)
produced during this reaction. Assume that the
reaction occurs at standard pressure.

(3)
[11]
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
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Question 7
7.1 Cosmetic powders were widely used in ancient Egypt. Cosmetic powders that
may have been used in face paints have been analysed. These powders
contained compounds that are rare in nature. The compounds must have been
made by the ancient Egyptians using chemical reactions. One of these
compounds is called phosgenite.
Analysis of this compound shows that it contains: 76,0 % lead (Pb), 13,0 %
chlorine (C), 2,2 % carbon (C) and 8,8 % oxygen (O)

7.1.1 Give a definition for empirical formula. (1)
7.1.2 Calculate the empirical formula for phosgenite (7)
7.2 Iron pyrite (FeS
2
) reacts with oxygen according to the following equation:
4FeS
2
+ 11O
2
2Fe
2
O
3
+ 8SO
2
.
If 300 g of iron pyrite is burned in 200 g of O
2
, 143 g of ferric oxide is produced
(actual yield).

7.2.1 Determine the limiting reactant. (4)
7.2.2 Calculate the theoretical mass of ferric oxide that should form. (3)
7.2.3 What is the percentage yield of ferric oxide? (2)
[17]
Question 8
The potential energy diagram below, illustrates a reversible chemical reaction in a
sealed container. The equation for the reaction is as follows:
3Fe
(s)
+ 4H
2
O
(g)
Fe
3
O
4(s)
+ 4H
2(g)




8.1 Define the term enthalpy. (1)
8.2 Determine the heat of the reaction (H) for the forward reaction. (3)
8.3 Is the reverse reaction exo- or endothermic? Give a reason for your answer. (2)
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
8

8.4 What is the activation energy for the reverse reaction? (2)
8.5 A catalyst is added. How does this affect the activation energy of the forward
reaction? Write only INCREASE, DECREASE or REMAINS THE SAME.

(1)
[9]
Question 9
9.1 When sulphuric acid dissolves in water, it ionises in two steps as follows:
Step 1: H
2
SO
4()
+ H
2
O
()
H
3
O
+
(aq)
+ HSO
4
-
(aq)

Step 2: HSO
4
-
(aq)
+ H
2
O
()
H
3
O
+
(aq)
+ SO
4
2-
(aq)


9.1.1 Define an acid according to the Lowry-Brnsted definition. (1)
9.1.2 One of the substances in the equations is an ampholyte. Write down
its formula and give a reason why it is an ampholyte.

(2)
9.1.3 Identify the conjugate acid-base pairs in Step 2 of the reaction. (2)
9.2 Oxalic acid is used to neutralise sodium hydroxide.
(COOH)
2
+ 2NaOH (COONa)
2
+ 2H
2
O
If 42 cm
3
of the acid with a concentration of 0,4 moldm
-3
is used to neutralise
50 cm
3
of the base, calculate the concentration of the base.



(4)
9.3 What is an indicator? (1)
[10]
Question 10
10.1 Consider the following balanced chemical reaction:
2MgO 2Mg + O
2



10.1.1 Use oxidation numbers to determine which substance is oxidised and
which substance is reduced.

(2)
10.1.2 Write the oxidation half reaction for the above reaction. (2)
10.1.3 Identify the oxidising agent in the above reaction. (1)
10.2 When a piece of aluminium is placed in a copper(II) sulphate solution, a
chemical reaction takes place, producing copper metal during the reaction.

10.2.1 Write a half reaction to show how A acts as a reducing agent. (2)
10.2.2 Write a half reaction to show how Cu
2+
is reduced. (2)
10.2.3 Using the ion-electron method, write a balanced net equation for the
reaction taking place.

(2)
[11]
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
9

Question 11
Gold ore in a mining operation undergoes two crushing processes, where after it is
milled into a fine dust. This dust is mixed with sodium cyanide solution while air is
bubbled through it.
4Au + 8NaCN + O
2
+ 2H
2
O 4NaAu(CN)
2
+ 4NaOH
The product is sodium dicyanoaurate (NaAu(CN)
2
). This goes through a filtration
process. A certain metal is added to the gold solution and gold is precipitated.
This then undergoes a purification process to produce pure gold.

11.1 Provide a reason why the gold mining industry is so important to South Africas
economy.

(2)
11.2 Give the name of the process described above. (1)
11.3 Which metal is used to displace the gold from the sodium dicyanoaurate?
Explain why this metal is used.

(2)
11.4 Name two technical problems experienced in the mining of gold. (2)
11.5 What danger does the gold mining process described above pose for the
environment?

(2)
[9]
Question 12
The letters A to F in the table below represent six organic compounds.
A

B

C

D Pentanoic acid
E

F





Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
10

12.1 Write down the letter(s) that represent(s) each of the following:
(A compound may be used more than once.)

12.1.1 An alkyne (1)
12.1.2 A compound containing a carboxyl group (1)
12.1.3 An aldehyde (1)
12.1.4 An alcohol (1)
12.2 Write down the
12.2.1 IUPAC name of compound C. (2)
12.2.2 Structural formula of compound D. (2)
12.3 Compound F is prepared in the laboratory by adding a carboxylic acid to an
alcohol.

12.3.1 Write down the IUPAC name of the carboxylic acid used. (2)
12.3.2 Draw the structural formula of the alcohol used. (2)
12.3.3 What is the name of the homologous series to which compound F
belongs?

(1)
12.3.4 Write down the functional group of the homologous series mentioned
in 12.3.3.

(1)
12.4 The following alkenes are isomers.
C H
3
C
C H
2
CH
3
C H
3
CH
2
CH CH
2


12.4.1 Explain why they are isomers. (2)
12.4.2 Give one more example of a possible isomer in structural form and
give the IUPAC name.

(3)
12.5 Draw the structural formula of the compound
2,3,3-trichloro-1-iodo-2-metylbutane.

(2)
12.6 What is the condensed formula of 3-ethyl-2,2-dimethylpentane? (2)
[23]
TOTAL SECTION B: [125]
GRAND TOTAL: [150]
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper II - Chemistry November 2013
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