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UNI DAD DE GENERACI N ELCTRI CA


CON BI OMASA DE 20 MW

ENCE

1DD4589A


J OB SPEC. DD4589A-82A1
EXTERNAL I NSULATI ON FOR HOT SERVI CES









Rev. Date Revised Pages Prepared by Checked by Approved by
0 12/07/2011 First Issue C.M.P. L.M.C. C.M.P.













ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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C CO ON NT TE EN NT TS S


Page

I. SCOPE ............................................................................................................................. 3

II. DESIGN ........................................................................................................................... 3

III. MATERIALS .................................................................................................................... 7

IV. INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................... 9









ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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I. SCOPE

A. This J ob Specification defines the requirements for external insulation of piping and
equipment in hot service, for the purpose of saving heat, maintaining process
temperature, personnel and fire protection. Equipment to be insulated includes
tanks, vessels, drums, heat exchangers, pumps, turbines, and other components.

B. The insulation described in this J ob Specification is suitable for use in outdoor
service with normal process plant atmosphere. Where the atmosphere and/or
potential spills or leaks contain chemicals that react with the insulation materials
specified here, special insulation shall be used.

C. Requirements regarding the extent of insulation, based on the intended service,
shall be specified on the following project documents:

1. Engineering Flow Diagrams.

2. Line Classification Lists.

3. Piping Isometric Drawings.

4. Instrument Piping Details.

5. Vessel and Equipment Insulation Schedule.

6. Other specific documents.

In case of conflict between this J ob Specification and the above mentioned
documents, Vendor has to bring this to ENCE attention for clarification before to
proceed. The more stringent requirements shall govern until written resolution is
provided by ENCE.

D. The ASTM Standards mentioned in this document shall be considered in the latest
edition and/or revision available at the date of the project contract definition.


II. DESIGN

A. The service or purpose for which insulation is required shall be classified and
identified with the symbols as follows:

1. HC - Heat Conservation

Insulate when normal operating temperature exceeds 65C. The resulting
temperature of the external jacket protecting the insulation shall always be
less than 65C in still air condition.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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2. PP - Personnel Protection

Provide expanded metal shields (or insulate, where metal shields are
impratical from a design or installation stand point) where it is not required
an HC/PS insulation, but the normal operating temperature exceeds 65C.
The extent of insulation for PP shall be within 1 m horizontally of normal
working areas or access ways for a height of 2 m above the grade or a
platform.

3. PS - Process Stabilization (if required)

Insulate at any operating temperature when controlled heat loss is required
by Process Engineering. The thickness shall be calculated on a case by
case basis. This category includes piping and equipment containing fluids
subject to freezing or thickening.

B. The normal operating temperature of the fluid and, when necessary, the
temperature for special conditions such as regeneration shall be used to
determine insulation requirements, with the following clarifications:

1. Where a vessel has sections operating at different temperatures, each
section may be insulated as required to suit its operating temperature.

2. For heat traced piping or equipment, the normal operating temperature of
the process fluid shall be used.

3. For jacketed piping or equipment, the temperature of the fluid in the jacket
shall be used.

4. For Shell & Tube exchangers shells and channels, use the higher of the
inlet and outlet temperatures.

C. Instrument components subject to flow and/or temperature conditions
approximating those in the piping or equipment to which they are connected shall
be insulated to the same requirements.

D. Piping returning steam condensate shall be insulated for heat conservation.
Condensate piping discharging to a sewer shall be insulated through the last
horizontal run as a precaution against freeze-up or as required for personnel
protection.

E. Unless indicated for specific cases, conditions such as may occur during start-up,
shut-down, steam-out, process upset, regeneration etc. need not be considered
in determining insulation requirements. However, when the surface temperature
may exceed 65C, PP shall be considered.







ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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F. Insulation shall be omitted on the items listed below. However, where personnel
protection is required, expanded metal shields shall be used.

1. All equipment and piping where heat loss is desired (such as coolers and
condensers).

2. Internally insulated/refractory lined piping or equipment. Such piping and
equipment shall have a conspicuous warning note painted on it stating that
external insulation is prohibited.

3. Flanged joints, except those listed in para. II.G.

4. Valve bodies, including control valves, whose operating temperature is
between ambient and 150C.

5. Piping and equipment which becomes hot intermittently, such as relief
valves, relief systems, vents, drains, pump-out systems, steam-out and
purge steam systems, flare and blow down systems.

6. Pipe union fittings.

7. Strainers and filters.

8. Steam traps.

9. Bellows portion of expansion joints, hinged joints, and hose assemblies.

10. Sight flow indicators.

11. Nameplates on vessels, exchangers, and machinery.

12. Supports for piping or equipment, except as required for support skirts in
Para. II.I.

13. Channel cover on shell and tube heat exchangers.

14. Nozzles, manholes, handholes and flanges of equipment.

G. The following flanged joints shall be insulated:

1. Those in steam service.

2. Those heated by a tracer or jacket.

3. Those which the Owner requires to be insulated for heat conservation.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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H. Bodies of flanged valves, including control valves, in insulated lines which
operate at temperatures over 150C, shall be insulated using same insulation
thickness as the pipe. Valve bonnets shall not be insulated.

I. Support skirts of insulated vertical vessels shall be insulated externally only, as
described below.

If the support skirts for vertical vessels are not fireproofed, the insulation on
vessels shall be carried below the tangent line for a distance of 600 mm, but it
shall end not less than 300 mm above support concrete or steel.

If the skirt is fireproofed, the insulation shall extend to the top of the fireproofing
and aluminium coated steel, stainless steel or galvanized steel jacketing shall be
used from the top of the fireproofing to at least 600 mm above the tangent line.

J . Expansion loops and cross-overs in the heat tracer tubing that are external to the
insulation shall be wrapped with a waterproof fiberglass cloth tape to a thickness
of 6 mm.

K. Insulated piping in pipe racks shall be supported on steel shoes. The height of
the shoe shall be such that the bottom of insulation is above the support upon
which the shoe rests.

L. Compressors, pumps, and other mechanical equipment shall be insulated on an
individual basis with consideration given to the requirements for process access
and equipment maintenance. Equipment Manufacturer shall be informed about
insulation of his equipment.

M. Insulation shall be protected from the weather, spillage, mechanical wear, or
other damage by a metal jacket. Weatherproofing mastic may be used on
irregular surfaces or on surfaces for which metal jacketing is not practical.

N. Insulation support rings shall be provided on vertical piping and vessels. The
spacing of the rings shall coincide with the insulation expansion joints.

Vertical vessels shall have minimum of 2 insulation support rings; one at or below
the bottom tangent line and one at the top tangent line, supplied (and welded in
place) by vessel Vendor.

Support rings on carbon steel equipment shall be Carbon Steel; on Stainless
Steel and Alloy equipment, supports shall be fabricated using the same material
as the equipment.

On vertical pipes, Insulation Contractor shall provide positive means for support
the insulation (e.g. support rings firmly clamped to the pipe).







ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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Clamp type support rings shall be manufactured from 56 mm thick plate and
shall match the piping material. The clamp shall be coated to resist corrosion if
the piping is also coated. Galvanized clamps shall not be permitted on stainless
steel, alloys greater than 9% Chromium or piping which operates above 370C.

Insulation Contractor shall not carry out any welding or drilling on piping and
equipment.

O. Expansion joints in the insulation shall be used to provide for differences in
thermal expansion between the insulation material and the piping or equipment
material. Expansion joints shall be packed with a loose fiber insulation material.
On vessels, a 25 mm. wide space packed with loose insulating fiber shall be
provided around all nozzle and manway necks, or any other attachment to the
vessel wall. Maximum spacing for circumferential and longitudinal expansion
joints on vessels and piping shall be as follows:

TEMPERATURE [C]
MAX. JOINT SPACING [m]
From To
65 120 9.0
121 200 4.5
201 315 3.5
316 480 3.0
481 650 2.0

On vertical piping and vessels, the expansion joints shall be located under the
insulation support rings.

P. Flanges, valves and instrument manifolds, when insulated, shall be provided with
removable boxes, easy to place (and to remove).

Q. Temperature at 1 meter from insulation metal jacketing must not be more than 25C
hotter than enviroment temperature (if atmosphere temperature is over 25C).


III. MATERIALS

Asbestos and its compounds, or other carcinogenic mineral fiber shall not be used in
any form.

It is absolutely forbidden to use materials classified (according to EU Directive 67/548
and following amendments) under any of the hazard warning labels listed below:

R39 - Danger of very serious irreversible effects.

R40 - Possible risk of irreversible effects.

R45 - May cause cancer.

R49 - May cause cancer by inhalation.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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Insulation Contractor shall submit to ENCE the Certificate of Origin, the Product
Information Sheets and the Material Safety Data Sheets for all the insulation materials
he intends to use, as soon as possible and in any case before to start the insulation
work.

Materials shall be transported protected from weather and moist during transport and
shall be delivered at the construction site in their original unopened packaging.

Insulation materials shall be stored in closed and covered premises, to protect them
from mechanical damages and ambient conditions (such as rains etc.). Insulation
material shall not be stored in contact with the ground.

Insulation materials to apply on stainless steel piping and equipment shall comply with
ASTM C795.

A. Basic Insulation Material

1. The materials to be used for hot insulation shall be as follows:

a. Fiberglass blankets for fluid operating temperature up to 450C.
Blankets will be supported with galvanized wire mesh on one side. Do
not use on stainless steel piping and equipment (See Para. III.G).

b. Fiberglass preformed sections, blocks, slabs, up to the temperature
limit specified by the Manufacturer.

c. Mineral wool blankets for fluid operating temperature up to 650C.
Blankets will be supported with galvanized wire mesh on one side. Do
not use on stainless steel piping and equipment (See Para. III.G).

d. Mineral wool preformed sections, blocks, slabs, up to the temperature
limit specified by the Manufacturer.

e. Calcium silicate for fluid operating temperature up to 800C.

B. Metal J ackets

1. Metal jackets shall be aluminum. Minimum thickness of aluminum plates
shall be 0.8 mm for piping and equipment with O.D. less than 1500 mm and
1 mm for O.D. larger than 1500 mm.

2. Do not use zinc coated steel jackets on Stainless Steel piping and equipment.

3. Insulation jacket components of dissimilar metals subject to galvanic
corrosion shall not be brought into contact with each other.

4. In case of corrosive atmosphere, metal jackets shall be stainless steel.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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C. Mastic for weatherproofing shall be a breathable asphalt, acrylic, or polyvinyl
acetate type. Mastic shall be weather and fire resistant and capable of
withstanding 90C surface temperatures.

D. Sealant for flashing applications shall be capable of withstanding operating
temperatures up to 150C.

E. In case aluminium sheets are used to jacket calcium silicate insulation on piping
and equipment a coat of non-flammable mastic shall be applied by Insulation
Contractor between the outside surface of the calcium silicate and the inner face
of aluminium jacket.

This to prevent their direct contact that may be origin of galvanic corrosion,
particularly in presence of high air humidity and or heavy rains.

F. On stainless steel and nonferrous piping or equipment the use of blankets with
galvanized netting is not allowed. For this application, use preformed sections,
blocks, slabs etc. without mesh, or use blankets with annealed 18-8 stainless
steel hexagonal netting.

G. All insulating materials shall be noncorrosive to the metal being covered.


IV. INSTALLATION

A. General

The requirements of application given in this document in no way absolve the
Insulation Contractor from responsibilities of applying an insulation system that
will give satisfactory operational performances; the requirements given herein
shall be regarded as directives and guidelines for the acceptable minimum.

The Insulation Contractor shall carry out the works in accordance with the best
practices of insulation application. The final job shall present a neat efficient and
workmanlike appearance.

1. Equipment and piping surfaces shall be cleaned by Insulation Contractor by
brushing off all foreign matter, such as dirt, loose rust, loose scale, plaster,
etc., and shall be wiped clean of oil and water to a dry condition before
insulation is installed. Painted surfaces shall be insulated only after paint
has dried.

2. Insulation shall not be installed over joints (welds, flanges, pipe threads,
etc.) or tracers until required field testing has been completed and all such
joints or tracers are proven tight.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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3. Insulation materials shall be stored in closed and covered premises, to
protect them from mechanical damages and ambient conditions (such as
rains etc.) Insulation material shall not be stored in contact with the ground.

4. Where specified, valves and flanged joints shall be insulated with lined
removable covers held into position with bands / quick release toggle clips.
Insulated valves shall be completely covered, but the insulation shall be cut
and shaped around the valve stem and kept clear of the stuffing-box gland.

5. Insulation shall be discontinued at flanged connections to permit removal of
the studs. The distance from the end of insulation to back of flange on both
sides of the connection shall be equal to one stud length plus 25 mm. The
ends of insulation shall be beveled at noninsulated flanges. At insulated
flanges, the ends of insulation shall be straight.

In both cases the ends of insulation shall be weatherproofed.
Weatherproofing for process temperatures up to 150C shall be sealant.
For higher temperatures, aluminum or stainless steel flashing shall be
used.

6. Where voids occur in the insulation, they shall be filled with suitable fibrous
loose fill material.

7. Single-layer insulation shall be applied with longitudinal joints staggered. In
multiple-layer application, all joints of adjacent layers shall be staggered.
Adjacent insulation sections shall be butted firmly together.

8. Stiffening rings on equipment shall be covered with same insulation
thickness as the equipment itself.

9. In areas of the plant where the foot traffic on insulation cannot be avoided,
calcium silicate shall be used on top heads of vertical vessel and top half of
horizontal vessels and piping.

10. Materials that have been damaged, for any reason, shall not be used.

B. Weatherproofing

1. Metal jackets shall be installed in a manner to shed water and shall have a
minimum of 75 mm overlap for horizontal and circumferential seams.
Where jacket surfaces are cut to provide for protrusions, flashing shall be
provided and installed in a manner to keep water from entering behind the
jacket.

2. J ackets attachments shall be designed to hold the jackets in place for the
condition of wind velocity indicated in J ob Specification DD4589A-01A1.






ENCE DD4589A-82A1
UNIDAD DE GENERACIN ELCTRICA CON BIOMASA DE 20 MW Rev.: 0
EXTERNAL INSULATION FOR HOT SERVICES Date: J uly 12, 2011


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3. Insulation Contractor shall temporarily protect insulation material against
wetting when it will remain exposed to the weather, for any lenght of time
and for any reason, before final jacketing protection is installed.

4. Vessel and machinery nameplates and code inspection plates shall not be
covered with insulation. Normally the nameplate support legs are longer
than insulation thickness; the equipment portion behind the nameplate shall
be insulated as the rest of the equipment. In case the support legs are
shorter, then the insulation shall be beveled away from such markings and
sealed. In any case the equipment nameplate shall remain visible after
insulation has been applied, and the surrounding edges shall be efficiently
sealed against water ingress.

C. Expanded Metal Shields

1. Shields for personnel protection shall be designed for convenient removal
for maintenance access.

2. Individual sections shall not weigh more than 20 kg.

3. The shields shall be located a minimum of 75 mm from the hot surface.