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GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!

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GSM BSS INTERN!
Product Version
Total 31 pages
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay)
Optimization Manual
("or internal u#e only)
Prepared by GSM$%MTS Network
Per&orman'e Re#ear'(
Department
Date
)**+,-),)*
Reviewed by Date
Reviewed by Date
Granted by Date
.uawei Te'(nolo/ie# 0o12 !t31
ll ri/(t# re#er4e3
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e - o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Re4i#ion Re'or3
Date Version
Description
Author
)**+,-),)* -1* Dra&t 'omplete3 Gen/ .ai5ian
)**+,-),)6 -1* Re4i#e3 a''or3in/ to re4iew 'omment# Gen/ .ai5ian
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e ) o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Contents
1 Overview......................................................................................7
-1- De&inition111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111117
-1) Pin/ Pro'e## naly#i#11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111117
-18 Intro3u'tion to Delay in t(e GPRS9EGPRS Sy#tem111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111:
2 Analysis and Optimiation o! the R"" Delay..................................1#
)1- TB" E#ta;li#(ment an3 Relea#e Delay Optimization11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-8
)1) Data Tran#mi##ion Delay naly#i#111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-<
)18 Sy#tem Pro'e##in/ Delay111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-=
)1< Tran#mi##ion Delay ;etween Network Element#11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-=
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e 8 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
$i%ures
Figure 1 E>e'ution re#ult o& t(e Ping 'omman31111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111+
Figure 2 0apturin/ Pin/ #er4i'e pa'ket#11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111+
Figure 3 Pin/ &low w(en t(e TB" e#ta;li#(ment or relea#e &low i# not optimize31111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-*
Figure 4 Me##a/e tra'in/ at t(e GB inter&a'e1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111--
Figure 5 0ompari#on o& inter&a'e tra'kin/ (le&t2 'orre#pon3in/ to line )< in "i/ure <) an3 Et(ereal tra'kin/
(ri/(t)111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111--
Figure %m inter&a'e a''e## &low (t(e &ir#t %plink 0K me##a/e 'ontain# t(e T!!I &or #ettlin/ t(e 'on&li't) -)
Figure ! %m inter&a'e tra'kin/ t(e #e'on3 Pin/ 3ata1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-)
Figure " TEMS inter&a'e tra'k# t(e ;lo'k w(i'( i# not re'ei4e3 ;y t(e network #i3e w(en t(e uplink #en3#
;lo'k# wit( BSN num;er < an3 6 3urin/ t(e #e'on3 Pin/111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-8
Figure # Pa'kin/ a Pin/ pa'ket at ea'( proto'ol layer11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111-6
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e < o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
$%stract and $%%reviation
&eywords
Pin/2 RTT 3elay
Abstra't
Pin/ i# u#e3 to te#t t(e RTT 3elay t(at a&&e't# t(e utilization rate o& ;an3wi3t(1 T(i# 3o'ument
3e#'ri;e# t(e ;a#i' pro'e## o& t(e Pin/ #er4i'e an3 t(e met(o3 &or re3u'in/ t(e RTT 3elay1
A'ronyms and Abbreviations
A'ronym and
Abbreviation
$ull (pellin%
GPRS General Pa'ket Ra3io Ser4i'e
EGPRS En(an'e3 GPRS
MS Mo;ile Station
0?T 0all ?uality Te#t
DT Dri4e Te#t
RTT Roun3 Trip Time
I0MP Internet 0ontrol Me##a/e Proto'ol
P0% Pa'ket 0ontrol %nit
BSS Ba#e Station Sy#tem
BS0 Ba#e Station 0ontrol
BTS Ba#e Tran#'ei4er Station
TB" Temporary Blo'k "low
R!0 Ra3io !ink 0ontrol
M0 Me3ia ''e## 0ontrol
M0S Mo3ulation an3 0o3in/ S'(eme
Re&eren'e#
@-A TCP/IP Detail Volume 12 ;y B1Ri'(ar3 Ste4en#2 in pril2 )**+
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e 6 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
@)A GPRS Network Technology2 prepare3 ;y Motorola En/ineerin/ In#titute2 on Cune -2 )**6
@8A GSM PS Wirele Per!ormance "aeline #!iel$ %erion&2 prepare3 ;y t(e GSM Solution
Te#tin/ Department2 on Septem;er 82 )**+
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e = o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
1 Overview
T(i# 3o'ument 3e#'ri;e# t(e role o& t(e RTT 3elay2 ea'( o''urren'e o& t(e RTT 3elay in t(e
GPRS network2 an3 met(o3# o& re3u'in/ t(e RTT 3elay1
T(e &ault i3enti&yin/ tool# in t(i# 3o'ument mainly re&er to TEMS an3 Et(ereal9Bire#(ark1
T(e#e tool# 'an ;e u#e3 to tra'e or ;row#e t(e in&ormation at t(e NE #i3e1 To analyze t(e RTT
3elay2 you nee3 to 'olle't t(e &ollowin/ 3ataD #i/nalin/ tra'e3 ;y t(e TEMS2 pa'ket# 'apture3
;y t(e Et(ereal9Bire#(ark at t(e MS #i3e2 #i/nalin/ tra'e3 on t(e BSS PS %m inter&a'e2 an3
#i/nalin/ tra'e3 on t(e BSS PS G; PTP1
T(e 3e#'ription in t(i# 3o'ument i# ;a#e3 on t(e 'on3ition t(at no 3ownloa3 or uploa3
pro;lem e>i#t#1 In ot(er wor3#2 no #u'( &ault a# '(annel &ault2 link out o& #yn'(ronization2 or
pa'ket lo## on t(e inter&a'e2 o''ur#1
1.1 De)nition
T(e RTT 3elay re&er# to t(e time elap#e3 &or a pa'ket to t(e 3e#tination an3 ;a'k a/ain1 B(at
impa't 3oe# t(e RTT 3elay (a4e on t(e #y#temE B(y 3o tele'om operator# nee3 to a##e## t(e
RTT 3elayE
In t(e 'a#e t(at t(e RTT 3elay i# lon/2 t(e 'on&irmation o& t(e 3ata at t(e appli'ation layer
take# a lon/ time1 T(ere&ore2 at t(e #low #tartup p(a#e2 win3ow# are 3i#playe3 a&ter a lon/
3elay2 an3 t(e time to rea'( t(e 'on/e#tion t(re#(ol3 i# prolon/e3F at t(e 'on/e#tion 'ontrol
p(a#e2 t(e in'rea#e in win3ow# #ize i# al#o #low1 In t(i# 'a#e2 w(en t(e RTT 3elay i# lon/2 t(e
;an3wi3t( utilization rate i# low1
1.2 Pin% Pro'ess Analysis
T(e RTT 3elay i# o&ten te#te3 t(rou/( t(e Ping 'omman31 T(e Pin/ #er4i'e i# ;a#e3 on t(e
I0MP proto'ol1 T(e 'lient #en3# an I0MP e'(o reGue#t pa'ket to t(e #er4er1 &ter re'ei4in/
t(e reGue#t2 t(e #er4er en'ap#ulate# t(e 3ata t(at i# 'ontaine3 in t(e reGue#t into an I0PM
re#pon#e pa'ket an3 #en3# it ;a'k to t(e 'lient1 T(e &ollowin/ &i/ure #(ow# t(e re#ult o& t(e
Ping 'omman3D
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e 7 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Figure 1 E>e'ution re#ult o& t(e Pin/ 'omman3
In t(e Ping 'omman32 &n in3i'ate# t(e num;er o& Pin/ time#2 an3 &l in3i'ate# t(e #ize o& a
Pin/ pa'ket1 &ter t(e Ping 'omman3 i# run2 t(e RTT 3elay o& ea'( Pin/ pa'ket will ;e
3i#playe31 &ter t(e e>e'ution o& t(e Ping 'omman3 i# 'omplete2 t(e minimum2 ma>imum2
an3 a4era/e 3elay o& t(e Pin/ pa'ket will ;e 3i#playe31 In t(e Bin3ow# operatin/ #y#tem2 t(e
time pre'i#ion i# - m#1
"i/ure ) #(ow# t(e 3ata tra'e3 ;y t(e BireS(ark1
Figure 2 0apturin/ Pin/ #er4i'e pa'ket#
B(en t(e 3e&ault #ettin/# o& t(e Bin3ow# operatin/ #y#tem are u#e32 t(e inter4al &or #en3in/
two Pin/ reGue#t# i# - #e'on32 a# in3i'ate3 ;y t(e inter4al ;etween t(e two pa'ket# in "i/ure
)1 I& t(e 3elay o& t(e Pin/ e'(o re#pon#e pa'ket i# lar/er t(an - #e'on32 t(e ne>t Pin/ reGue#t
i# #ent imme3iately a&ter t(e e'(o re#pon#e pa'ket i# re'ei4e31 In a33ition2 i& an e'(o re#pon#e
pa'ket i# not re'ei4e3 wit(in 6 #e'on3#2 a me##a/e in3i'atin/ reGue#t time out i# returne31
T(i# mean# t(at t(e peer i# not rea'(a;le1 T(e peer i# not 'ertainly unrea'(a;le1 po##i;le
'au#e i# t(at t(e peer network &irewall ;lo'k# Pin/ pa'ket#1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e + o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
1.* +ntrodu'tion to Delay in the GPR(,-GPR(
(ystem
Generally2 w(en 'al'ulatin/ 3elay2 &a'tor# #u'( a# t(e network loa3 an3 '(an/e# ma3e in t(e
interme3iate network to 3ata pa'ket aut(ority are not 'on#i3ere31 T(e 3elay in t(e GPRS or
EGPRS #y#tem in'lu3e# t(e #y#tem pro'e##in/ 3elay2 tran#mi##ion 3elay ;etween network
element#2 3ata tran#&er 3elay2 an3 TB" e#ta;li#(ment an3 relea#e 3elay1 T(e #y#tem pro'e##in/
3elay 3epen3# on t(e (ar3ware pro'e##in/ 'apa;ility o& t(e #y#tem1 T(e tran#mi##ion 3elay
;etween network element# i# relate3 to t(e inter&a'e tran#mi##ion mo3e1 T(e 3ata tran#&er
3elay i# relate3 to t(e #ize o& t(e Pin/ pa'ket an3 t(e en'o3in/ rate employe31 T(e TB"
e#ta;li#(ment an3 relea#e 3elay i# relate3 to t(e a''e## met(o3 (&or e>ample2 one,p(a#e
a''e## or two,p(a#e a''e##) an3 t(e optimization met(o3# relate3 to TB" e#ta;li#(ment or
relea#e at t(e network #i3e1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e : o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
2 Analysis and Optimiation o! the
R"" Delay
"i/ure 8 #(ow# t(e tran#mi##ion pro'e## o& a Pin/ pa'ket in t(e 'a#e t(at no &un'tion i#
ena;le31
Figure 3 Pin/ &low w(en t(e TB" e#ta;li#(ment or relea#e &low i# not optimize3
# #(own in "i/ure 82 t(e Pin/ &low# in4ol4e# t(e e#ta;li#(ment o& t(e 3ownlink TB"2
tran#mi##ion o& uplink an3 3ownlink 3ata ;lo'k#2 an3 3ata a##em;ly at t(e MS #i3e an3 'lient
#i3e1
T(e Pin/ 3elay i# analyze3 a# &ollow#D
-1 0(e'k w(et(er 3elay i# in'urre3 at t(e 'ore network #i3e (3ata i# tra'e3 on t(e G;
inter&a'e)1 I& t(e 3elay i# in'urre32 'onta't .uawei te'(ni'al #upport en/ineer# o& t(e
'ore network &or (elp1 Ot(erwi#e2 /o to t(e ne>t #tep1
)1 0ompare t(e 3elay o& t(e &ir#t Pin/ pa'ket an3 t(at o& 'on#e'uti4e Pin/ pa'ket#2 an3
3etermine w(i'( one i# lon/er1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -* o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!

I& t(e 3elay o& only t(e &ir#t Pin/ pa'ket i# lon/2 '(e'k w(et(er t(e TB" e#ta;li#(ment
&low i# normal1

I& t(e 3elay o& 'on#e'uti4e Pin/ pa'ket# i# lon/2 '(e'k w(et(er t(e TB"
e#ta;li#(ment9relea#e optimization &low i# #tarte32 w(et(er t(e parameter #ettin/# are
improper2 an3 w(et(er t(e 3e&erre3 relea#e time# out 3ue to &ault# in 3ata tran#mi##ion1

I& t(e 3elay o& 'ertain pa'ket# amon/ t(e 'on#e'uti4ely #ent Pin/ pa'ket# i# lon/2 '(e'k
&a'tor# #u'( a# t(e en'o3in/ rate2 '(annel Guantity2 an3 error ;lo'k# in 3ata tran#mi##ion1
Take t(e Pin/ te#t #(own in "i/ure - a# an e>ample1 T(e 3ata tra'e3 on t(e G; inter&a'e
#(ow# t(at no lar/e 3elay i# in'urre3 in t(e 'ore network1
Figure 1 Data tra'e3 on t(e G; inter&a'e
T(e 3elay o& t(e &ir#t Pin/ pa'ket i# 7=7 m#2 a little lon/er t(an t(e u#ual 4alue1 # #(own ;y
t(e #i/nalin/2 3ownlink pre,e#ta;li#(ment i# not #tarte3 (Downlink pre,e#ta;li#(ment #(oul3
;e #tarte3 w(en t(e &ir#t %plink 0K me##a/e i# #ent1 T(e 3ownlink pre,e#ta;li#(ment i#
#tarte3 i& t(e 3ownlink a##i/nment me##a/e i# #ent a&ter t(e &ir#t %plink 0K me##a/e i#
#ent)F one uplink '(annel i# u#e3 an3 uplink an3 3ownlink en'o3in/ rate# are relati4ely low
(t(i# will ;e 3e#'ri;e3 in t(e pro'e## o& t(e #e'on3 Pin/ pa'ket)1
mon/ t(e 'on#e'uti4e Pin/ pa'ket# t(at are #ent2 t(e 3elay o& 'ertain Pin/ pa'ket# i# lon/1
Ba#e3 on t(e pro'e## o& t(e #e'on3 Pin/ pa'ket #(own in "i/ure -2 you 'an lo'ate t(e 3ata o&
t(i# Pin/ on t(e G; inter&a'e1 "i/ure ) #(ow# t(e two 3ata ;lo'k# 'orre#pon3in/ to t(e
pro'e## o& t(e #e'on3 Pin/ pa'ket1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -- o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Figure 2 0ompari#on ;etween t(e 3ata tra'e3 on t(e G; inter&a'e (on t(e le&t #i3e2 'orre#pon3in/
to line )< in "i/ure -) an3 t(at tra'e3 ;y u#in/ t(e Et(ereal (on t(e ri/(t #i3e)
I& no lon/ 3elay i# in'urre3 on t(e G; inter&a'e2 t(e 3elay i# mainly 'au#e3 ;y &a'tor# on t(e
%m inter&a'e1 I& a lot o& #er4i'e# are ;ein/ pro'e##e3 in t(e e>i#tin/ network2 you mu#t lo'ate
t(e 3ata o& t(e MS an3 '(e'k t(e &ir#t %plink 0K me##a/e t(at i# u#e3 to #ettle t(e 'on&li't2
a# #(own in "i/ure 81
Figure 3 %m inter&a'e a''e## &low (t(e &ir#t %plink 0K me##a/e 'ontain# t(e T!!I &or #ettlin/
t(e 'on&li't)
T(i# i# one,p(a#e a''e##1 "in3 t(e la#t imme3iate a##i/nment me##a/e an3 you 'an #ee t(at
t(e uplink TF' in t(e me##a/e i# 1(1 "in3 t(e ne>t 3ownlink a##i/nment me##a/e an3 you 'an
#ee t(at t(e MS i# a33re##e3 ;a#e3 on uplink T"I -* an3 t(at t(e 3ownlink TF' o& t(e MS i#
131 !o'ate t(e 3ata ;lo'k# tran#mitte3 on t(e %m inter&a'e &rom t(e G; inter&a'e1 Hou 'an
i3enti&y t(e #pe'i&i' 3ata ;lo'k# a''or3in/ to t(e 'ontent# o& t(e entire !!0 PD% on t(e G;
inter&a'e an3 t(e 'ontent# o& t(e R!0 3ata ;lo'k# on t(e %m inter&a'e2 a# #(own in "i/ure <1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -) o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Figure 4 Data relate3 to t(e #e'on3 Pin/ operation tra'e3 on t(e %m inter&a'e
# #(own in "i/ure <2 t(e uplink an3 3ownlink en'o3in/ rate# are relati4ely lowF t(e uplink
u#e# only one '(annelF t(e &ir#t #en3in/ o& uplink 3ata ;lo'k# wit( BSN num;er < an3 6 are
not re'ei4e3 ;y t(e network #i3e1
T(e uplink en'o3in/ rate i# relati4ely low ;e'au#e t(e 3e&ault en'o3in/ rate i# M0S)2 w(i'(
i# not a35u#te3 in time1 Ba#e3 on t(e 'on&i/uration2 t(e uplink en'o3in/ rate i# a35u#te3
a''or3in/ to t(e 3ownlink en'o3in/ rate1 In t(i# 'a#e2 it 'an ;e in&erre3 t(at t(e 3ownlink
en'o3in/ rate i# not a35u#te31 T(e 3e&ault 3ownlink en'o3in/ rate i# M0S=F (owe4er M0S) i#
u#e3 in#tea31 T(i# i# ;e'au#e t(e #u;link 'annot ;e ;oun31 Only one '(annel i# u#e3 on t(e
uplink ;e'au#e it i# #till in one,p(a#e a''e## an3 t(e time to o;tain two uplink time#lot# i# not
rea'(e31 T(e uplink 3ata ;lo'k# wit( BSN num;er < an3 6 are not re'ei4e3 ;y t(e network
#i3e1 .owe4er2 t(e Guality o& t(e %m inter&a'e i# /oo31 T(e po##i;le 'au#e i# t(at &ault# o''ur
on t(e link an3 '(annel on t(e uplink G,;i# inter&a'e1
Su'( a lon/ 3elay woul3 not o''ur e4en i& two ;lo'k# are lo#t2 a# t(e 3ata ;lo'k# #(oul3 ;e
'ontinuou#ly 3i#pat'(e3 in t(e 3elay relea#e #tate in t(e 'a#e t(at t(e '(annel i# not
multiple>e3 ;y ot(er MS#1 "i/ure 6 #(ow# t(e me##a/e tra'e3 ;y u#in/ t(e TEMS on t(e %m
inter&a'e (in Mo3e ReportP. PD0. Blo'k .ea3er D! Report)1
Figure 5 Tra'in/ t(e 3ata ;lo'k# wit( BSN num;er < an3 6 t(at are not re'ei4e3 ;y t(e network
#i3e ;y u#in/ t(e TEMS on t(e %m inter&a'e
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -8 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
I& many 3ownlink ;lo'k# are not re'ei4e3 ;y t(e MS2 it i# pro;a;le t(at t(e tran#mi##ion link
i# &aulty1
(tep 2 naly#i# #(ow# t(at t(e &ault i# pro;a;ly 'au#e3 ;y t(e link Guality1 0(e'k w(et(er an alarm
in3i'atin/ lo## o& #yn'(ronization on t(e link i# /enerate3 an3 w(et(er t(e BTS 'lo'k i#
#yn'(ronize3 wit( t(e BS0 'lo'k2 an3 '(e'k t(e ;it error rate on t(e G,;i# inter&a'e1 In t(e
la;oratory en4ironment2 t(e BTS 'lo'k i# 'on&irme3 to ;e in &ree,run #tate1 T(e &ile atta'(e3
pro4i3e# t(e Pin/ operation relate3 3ata tra'e3 t(e 'on&i/uration 3ata1 Ba#e3 on t(e pre'e3in/
analy#i#2 you 'an try to analyze t(e lon/ 3elay in t(e &ourt( Pin/ operation1
2.1 ".$ -stablishment and Release Delay
Optimiation
-1 %plink TB" e#ta;li#(ment 3elay optimization
n uplink TB" 'an ;e e#ta;li#(e3 un3er two #ituation#D one,p(a#e a''e## an3 two,p(a#e
a''e##1 In one,p(a#e a''e##2 it take# a;out -:8 m# &rom t(e #en3in/ o& a '(annel reGue#t to t(e
a##i/nment o& uplink re#our'e#1 In two,p(a#e a''e##2 it take# a;out <6) m# &rom t(e #en3in/
o& a '(annel reGue#t to t(e a##i/nment o& uplink re#our'e#1 T(e a''e## met(o3 i# 3etermine3
;y t(e MS1 .owe4er2 t(e network #i3e 'an #pe'i&y t(e a''e## a# two,p(a#e a''e##2 w(i'(2
(owe4er2 i# not re'ommen3e31 0(e'k w(et(er t(e network #i3e #pe'i&ie# two,p(a#e a''e## ;y
enterin/ t(e #uper u#er mo3e an3 '(oo#in/ Configure )*C $ttri%utes I *oft+are
Parameters , Force -* to P.ase2 Function *+itc.1 T(e #wit'( #(oul3 ;e #et to Not
Force1
In two,p(a#e a''e##2 t(e mo#t time,'on#umin/ part i# t(e pro'e## o& a##i/nin/ #in/le ;lo'k
> t(e two,p(a#e a''e## reGue#t o& t(e MS on t(e #in/le ;lo'k1 Hou 'an mo3i&y t(e 4alue o&
/elay )loc0s of 1plin0 *ingle )loc0 $ssignment &rom : to = ;y enterin/ t(e #uper u#er
mo3e an3 '(oo#in/ Configure )*C $ttri%utes , *oft+are Parameters ,/elay )loc0s of
1plin0 *ingle )loc0 $ssignment1 In t(i# way2 t(e 3elay 'an ;e re3u'e3 ;y a;out =* m#1
/elay )loc0s of 1plin0 *ingle )loc0 $ssignment 'on#i3er# t(e 3elay in'urre3 3urin/ t(e tran#mi##ion
o& t(e imme3iate a##i/nment &rom t(e P0% to t(e MS2 in'lu3in/ t(e tran#mi##ion 3elay an3 t(e 3elay
'au#e3 ;y t(e Gueuin/ o& t(e imme3iate a##i/nment me##a/e at t(e BTS #i3e1 In t(e la;oratory2 no &ault
o''ur# w(en /elay )loc0s of 1plin0 *ingle )loc0 $ssignment i# #et to =1 In t(e a'tual network2
(owe4er2 i& t(e num;er o& pa/in/ an3 a''e## reGue#t# i# /reat2 #ettin/ /elay )loc0s of 1plin0 *ingle
)loc0 $ssignment to = may 'au#e t(e pro;lem t(at t(e MS re'ei4e# t(e a##i/nment me##a/e at a time
later t(an t(e time o& t(e a##i/ne3 ;lo'k1 In t(i# 'a#e2 t(e '(annel reGue#t mu#t ;e re,#ent1 T(ere&ore2 #et
/elay )loc0s of 1plin0 *ingle )loc0 $ssignment to = only in t(e 'a#e o& 'ompetition o& t(e RTT 3elay
per&orman'e wit( peer 4en3or#1
)1 %plink TB" relea#e 3elay optimization
&ter all uplink 3ata ;lo'k# are #ent2 t(e relea#e pro'e3ure o& uplink TB" 'an ;e #tarte31 But
a&ter t(e uplink TB" i# relea#e32 it take# a lon/ time to e#ta;li#( t(e 3ownlink TB"1 In
a33ition2 &or 'on#e'uti4e Pin/ pa'ket#2 ea'( Pin/ operation reGuire# t(e re,e#ta;li#(ment o& an
uplink TB"2 w(i'( i# Guite time,'on#umin/1 T(ere&ore2 t(e relea#e o& an uplink TB" i# 4ery
o&ten 3elaye31
%#ually2 t(e uplink e>ten#ion &un'tion i# ena;le31 To ena;le t(i# &un'tion2 '(oo#e Configure
Cell $ttri%utes , 2P3* $ttri%utes I P* Net+or0 4ptimi5ation Parameters I 'nactive
/elay of 67tended 1plin0 TF)8ms92 an3 #et 'nactive /elay of 67tended 1plin0 TF)8ms9
to a proper 4alue1 T(e re'ommen3e3 4alue i# )*** m#1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -< o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
T(e uplink e>ten#ion &un'tion #(oul3 ;e #upporte3 ;y t(e MS1
# t(e inter4al &or two Pin/ pa'ket# i# - #e'on32 'nactive /elay of 67tended 1plin0 TF)8ms9 #(oul3
;e #et to a 4alue t(at i# lar/er t(an - #e'on31
81 Downlink TB" e#ta;li#(ment 3elay optimization
Normally2 t(e 3ownlink TB" e#ta;li#(ment #tart# w(en t(e 3ownlink 3ata rea'(e# t(e P0%1
But &or 'ommon PS #er4i'e#2 t(e uplink TB" i# e#ta;li#(e3 &ir#t2 an3 3ownlink 3ata i#
a4aila;le1 T(ere&ore2 t(e pro3u't pro4i3e# t(e 3ownlink pre,e#ta;li#(ment &un'tion1 Hou 'an
ena;le t(i# &un'tion ;y enterin/ #uper u#er mo3e2 '(oo#in/ Configure )*C $ttri%utes ,
*oft+are Parameters , *upport advance do+nlin0 T)F esta%lis.ment2 an3 #ettin/
*upport advance do+nlin0 T)F esta%lis.ment to 4ptimi5e +it. $LL TLL'1 In t(i# 'a#e2
a&ter t(e uplink TB" i# e#ta;li#(e32 t(e e#ta;li#(ment o& t(e 3ownlink TB" i# imme3iately
tri//ere31
<1 Downlink TB" relea#e 3elay optimization
T(e relea#e o& t(e 3ownlink TB" #(oul3 al#o ;e 3elaye3 to a4oi3 repeate3 e#ta;li#(ment# o&
t(e 3ownlink TB" w(en 'on#e'uti4e Pin/ pa'ket# are #ent1 To ena;le t(i# &un'tion2 '(oo#e
Configure Cell $ttri%utes , 2P3* $ttri%utes , P* Net+or0 4ptimi5ation Parameters ,
3elease /elay of /o+nlin0 TF)8ms9 an3 #et 3elease /elay of /o+nlin0 TF)8ms9 to a
4alue lar/er t(an -*** m#1 T(e re'ommen3e3 4alue i# )<** m#1
2.2 Data "ransmission Delay Analysis
"i/ure - #(ow# (ow a 8),;yte Pin/ pa'ket i# en'ap#ulate3 at ea'( proto'ol layer1
Figure 1 Pin/ pa'ket en'ap#ulate3 at ea'( proto'ol layer
# #(own in "i/ure -2 t(e Pin/ pa'ket i# en'ap#ulate3 at ea'( layer2 an3 w(en it rea'(e# t(e
R!0 layer2 it 'ontain# 78 ;yte#1 "i/ure ) li#t# t(e #ize# o& an R!0 3ata ;lo'k in 3i&&erent
en'o3in/ rate#1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -6 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
Figure 2 Payloa3 o& !!0 layer 3ata in t(e R!0 3ata ;lo'k# in 3i&&erent en'o3in/ rate# in EGPRS
Channel Codin%
('heme
-GPR( R/C Data 0nit (ie 1223
1o'tets3
$amily
M0S,- )) 0
M0S,) )+ B
M0S,8 87
M0S,< << 0
M0S,6 6= B
M0S,= 7<
M0S,7 )>6= B
M0S,+ )>=+
M0S,: )>7<
Figure 3 Payloa3 o& !!0 layer 3ata in t(e R!0 3ata ;lo'k# in 3i&&erent en'o3in/ rate# in GPRS
Channel
Codin%
('heme
R/C Data .lo'4 (ie
5ithout (pare .its
1223 1o'tets3
2umber o!
(pare .its
R/C Data .lo'4
(ie 1o'tets3
0S,- )) * ))
0S,) 8) 7 8) 79+
0S,8 8+ 8 8+ 89+
0S,< 6) 7 6) 79+
# li#te3 in "i/ure ) an3 "i/ure 82 t(e M0S= 'o3in/ #'(eme i# reGuire3 to #en3 a Pin/ 3ata
;lo'k wit(in )* m# in t(e 'a#e o& a #in/le uplink '(annel1 T(u#2 w(en you te#t t(e Pin/ 3elay2
it i# re'ommen3e3 t(at you u#e M0S= a# t(e 3e&ault uplink or 3ownlink 'o3in/ #'(eme1 "or
GPRS2 two '(annel# are reGuire3 to #en3 a Pin/ pa'ket wit(in )*m# w(en t(e M0S8 or
M0S< 'o3in/ #'(eme i# a3opte31 T(ere&ore2 w(en t(e Pin/ operation i# initiate3 &or t(e &ir#t
time2 t(e pro3u't re/ar3# t(e #er4i'e a# neutral ;y 3e&ault1 "or an MS wit( t(e multi#lot 'la##
-*2 t(ree 3ownlink '(annel# an3 two uplink '(annel# are a##i/ne31 "or #'ript 'ompilation2 i&
t(e Pin/ operation i# #tarte3 imme3iately a&ter 3ownloa3 #er4i'e#2 it i# re'ommen3e3 t(at you
#et t(e &ir#t ;it o& /*P Control Ta%le 2 to ON1 To ena;le t(i# &un'tion2 enter t(e #uper u#er
mo3e2 '(oo#e Configure )*C $ttri%utes , *oft+are Parameters ,/*P Control Ta%le 2:
an3 #et t(e &ir#t ;it o& /*P Control Ta%le 2 to ON1
I& error ;lo'k# e>i#t2 t(e Pin/ 3elay may ;ur#t1 T(i# i# ;e'au#e i& t(e #ent 3ata i# not
'on&irme3 ;y t(e peer2 an3 t(e un'on&irme3 3ata ;lo'k# are not re,#entF in t(i# 'a#e2 t(e lo'al
en3 wait# a lon/ time &or t(e peer to 'on&irm t(e 3ata ;lo'k# ;e&ore re,#en3in/ t(e ;lo'k#1 To
#ol4e t(i# pro;lem2 a new &un'tion2 P0K 3ata ;lo'k retran#mi##ion2 i# 3e4elope3 at t(e
network #i3e1 B(en error ;lo'k# e>i#t (e#pe'ially in DT Pin/ te#t#)2 you nee3 to '(e'k
w(et(er t(e 'urrent 4er#ion #upport# t(e P0K 3ata ;lo'k retran#mi##ion &un'tion1
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -= o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
2.* (ystem Pro'essin% Delay
T(e pro'e##in/ 3elay &or 3i&&erent BTS (ar3ware 4er#ion# i# 3i&&erent1 "or t(e BTS8*-)2 t(e
3elay o& t(e new 3ou;le,tran#'ei4er BTS8*-) i# <* m# #(orter t(an t(at o& t(e ol3 3ou;le,
tran#'ei4er BTS8*-)1
In a33ition2 3i&&erent MS# al#o (a4e 3i&&erent 3elay1 T(e 3elay o& a Nokia N:6 i# <* m#
#(orter t(an t(at o& a Sony Eri'##on K7:*1
2.6 "ransmission Delay between 2etwor4
-lements
T(e tran#mi##ion 3elay ;etween network element# i# relate3 to t(e tran#mi##ion mo3e
;etween network element#2 mainly t(e tran#mi##ion mo3e on t(e G,;i# inter&a'e
(TDM9.D!09IP)1 T(e uplink e>ten#ion &un'tion2 3ownlink relea#e 3elay &un'tion2 ;uilt,in
P0%2 an3 new 3ou;le tran#'ei4er #(oul3 &it into t(e tran#mi##ion mo3e1 "i/ure - 3e#'ri;e#
re#ult# o& Pin/ te#t in t(e #'enario w(ere t(e wirele## en4ironment i# /oo3 an3 t(e network
loa3 i# not 'on#i3ere31
Figure 1 Re#ult# o& 0?T Pin/ Te#t
-DG-,GPR( Devi'e
$irst
Pin%ed *27
.yte
Pa'4et
1ms3
Conse'utiv
e Pin%ed
*27.yte
Pa'4et 1ms3
EDGE
Built,in P0%F ;i# TDMF K7:* =7+ )-7
E>ternal P0%F ;i# TDMF K7:* -*=-
Built,in P0%F ;i# TDMF N:6 -=8
Built,in P0%F ;i# IP 6*8 -=:
Built,in P0%F ;i# IP(#yn'(ronization
optimize3)
8:)16= :7
GPRS
Built,in P0%F ;i# TDMF K7:* 7*< )<=
E>ternal P0%F ;i#TDMF K7:* 7+) 88=
Built,in P0%F ;i# TDMF N:6 6=6168 -:=
Built,in P0%F ;i# IP 887 -7-
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -7 o& -+
GSM BSS Network PS KPI (RTT Delay) Optimization Manual INTERN!
* Appendi8
T(e &ile atta'(e3 pro4i3e# t(e 3ata tra'e3 in t(e Pin/ te#t1
Ping Test Data
Traced.rar
)**+,--,*- ll ri/(t# re#er4e3 Pa/e -+ o& -+