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CNS: GEAS 2

1. Which of the following radiations will produce electron with highest

energy?
A. Visible Light C. X-rays
B. ltra!iolet light ". #a\$\$a rays
%. &wo twins are %' years old when one of the\$ sets out on a (ourney
through space at nearly constant speed. &he twin in the spaceship
\$easures ti\$e with an accurate watch. When he returns to earth) he
clai\$s to be *1 years old) while the twin left is then +* years old. What
was the speed of the spaceship?
A. *.,*-1.
,
\$/s C. %.,*,*-1.
,
\$/s
B. 1.'0,*-1.
,
\$/s ". +.'*,*-1.
,
\$/s
SOLUTION:
&he spaceship cloc1 reads the trip to be only 0 years long)
while the earth cloc1 reads it to be 1, years. &hen using ti\$e dilation
for\$ula2
2
c
v
1
s
t
m
t

=
3
m
t
4 ti\$e \$o!ing cloc1
3
s
t 4 ti\$e of stationary cloc1
2
c
v
1 18 6

=
v
4 ..5+*c
v
4 %.,*-1.
,
\$/s
8
m/s
*. &he 6ow of heat fro\$ a hot to a cold body is an e-a\$ple of
A. adiabatic process C. re!ersible process
B. irre!ersible process ". isother\$al
process
+. 7ow fast is an ob(ect \$o!ing if its apparent \$ass is to be 1 percent
larger than its rest \$ass.
A. +.%-1.
8
\$/s C. '.%-1.
8
\$/s
B. %.%-1.
8
\$/s ". *.%-1.
8
\$/s
SOLUTION:
We \$a1e use of the for\$ula
2
o
c
v
1
m
m

=
to obtain
0.9803
2
o
1.01m
o
m
2
m
o
m
2
c
v
1 =

9ol!ing gi!es
v
4 ..1+c 4 +.%-1.
8
\$/s
&
m/s
'. A heat engine with 1..: of e;ciency would ha!e to
A. do no wor1 C. use no heat
B. be at a unifor\$ te\$perature ". discharge at .<C
0. &he process in which no heat enters or lea!es the syste\$ is ter\$ed
as
A. isochoric C. isother\$al
8. &wo re!ersible engines A and B ha!e their sources at ,.. and 0+.=.
&heir sin1s are at +..= and *..= respecti!ely
A. A is \$ore e;cient than B
B. A is less e;cient than B
C. &hey are e>ually e;cient
". &heir e;ciencies depend only upon the type of fuels used
ANSWER: A is !ess e,\$ie-* *(a- .
,. A hole is to be punched out of a plate ha!ing an ulti\$ate shearing
stress of *..?@a. Af the co\$pressi!e stress in the punch is li\$ited to
+..?@a. "eter\$ine the \$a-i\$u\$ thic1ness of plate fro\$ a hole
1..\$\$ in dia\$eter can be punched.
A. %%.%* \$\$
C. **.** \$\$B
C. %*.++ \$\$
". +%.'' \$\$
SOLUTION:
A
P
S= 9tress
( )
( ) 400
4
2
100 r
AS P

= =
P
4 1)...)...r C
Dro\$ shearing of plate2
( ) ( )
33.33mm t
300 1000 1,000,000
s
S
s
A P
100rt rDt
s
A
=
=
=
= =
5. A cylindrical pressure !essel is fabricated fro\$ steel plates which
ha!e thic1ness of %. \$\$. &he dia\$eter of the pressure !essel is '..
\$\$ and its length is * \$. "eter\$ine the \$a-i\$u\$ internal pressure
which can be applied if the stress in the steel is li\$ited to 1+. ?@a.
A. 1%.+ ?@a C. 11.% ?@a
B. 1'.0 ?@a ". 18.5 ?@a
SOLUTION:
( )( )
( )
11.2MPa
300 20
750,000
140
A
P
S
750,000 T
1,500,000 F 2T
N 1,500,000 F
3000 500 DL F
=
=
=
=
= =
=
= =
1.. Co\$pute the apparent \$ass of an electron tra!eling at half the
speed of light.
A. 1..'-1.
-*.
1g C. %..' -1.
-*.
1g
B. 1.'. -1.
-*.
1g ". %.'. -1.
-*.
1g
SOLUTION:
&he rest \$ass of an electron is 5.1 -1.
-*1
1g. &hen
( )
!
31
10 1.05 m
0.866
!
#31
10 9.1
2
0.5 1
o
m
2
c
0.5c
1
o
m
2
c
v
1
o
m
m

=
230
3)
11. Co\$pute the speed of sound in neon gas at %8<C. Dor neon)
C4%..1,1g/1\$ol.
A. %5* \$/s C. +'+ \$/s
B. 1'0 \$/s ". '++ \$/s
SOLUTION:
Ceon being \$onoato\$ic gas) has 67 . 1 =
&hus)
( )( )( )
454m\$s v
o% 20.18!\$m
300& & 8314'\$mo% 1.67
M
()T
v
=
= =
1%. &he !olu\$e strain for a const>atn applied force increases directly
with an increase in
A. !olu\$e C. surface area
B. co\$pressibility ". bul1 \$odulus
1*. An e-plosion occurs at a distance of 0.. 1\$ fro\$ a person. 7ow
long after the esplosion does the person hear it? Assu\$e the
te\$perature is 1+<C.
A. 1%.0 s C. 18.0 s
B. %1.' s ". 1..8 s
SOLUTION:
Because the speed of sound increases by ..01 \$/s for each
<C rise in te\$perature) we ha!e
! 4 **1 \$/s E ..01F1+G
! 4 0+. \$/s
sing s 4 !t) we Hnd that the ti\$e ta1en is
17.6s
340s
6000m
v
s
t = = =
1+. A property of \$atter that is often used by che\$is as an
IidentiHcation tagJ for s asubstance.
A. \$ass C. !olu\$e
B. speciHc gra!ity ". density
1'. &he \$ass of an alpha K particle is how \$any ti\$es \$ore than that
of the electron?
A. *'.. ti\$es C. 1+.. ti\$es
B. 8*.. ti\$es ". 0*.. ti\$es
10. What 1ind of che\$ical bond will for\$ in binary co\$pounds where
the electronegati!ity diLerence between ato\$s is greater than %..?
A. \$etallic bond C. ionic bond
C. co!alent bon ". \$echanical bond
18. What 1ind of che\$ical bond will for\$ in binary co\$pounds where
the electronegati!ity diLerence between ato\$s is !ess *(a- 1.1?
A. \$etallic bond C. ionic bond
B. co!alent bond ". \$echanical bond
1,. Af the indeter\$inate error in weighing on a laboratory balance is
....* g. What siMe sa\$ple should you ta1e to 1eep the relati!e error to
1..:?
A. ...* g C. ..*. g
B. 1.*. g ". %..* g
SOLUTION:
sam*%+ o, ! 0.30 -
sam*%+ o, ! -
! 0.0030
100
1
100.
/+0!1t 02 *arts tota%
/+0!1t 02 *art 1
+rror )+%at0v+ 1.0.
=
=
=
15. What type of stress is produced whene!er the applied load cause
one section of a body to tend to slide past its ad(acent section?
A. nor\$al stress C. sliding stress
B. shearing stressB ". bearing stress
%.. &he actual stress that the \$aterial has when under load is called2
A. allowable stress C. wor1ing stress
B. proportional li\$it ". rupture stress
%1. What type of defor\$ation is caused by shearing stress?
A. change in area C. change in shape
B. change in !olu\$e ". angular change
%%. &he straight-line portion of stress-strain is actually a \$easure of
NNNNNN of the \$aterial.
A. elasticity C. stiLness
B. stress ". strain
%*. Who coined the ter\$ IenergyJ in 1,.8?
A. &ho\$as Ooung C. Lord =el!in
B. Willia\$ &ho\$pson ". Willia\$ Pan1ine
%+. A process during which the entropy re\$ains constant2
A. isentropic process C. polytropic
process
B. entropic process ". endother\$ic process
%'. A pure substance at absolute Mero te\$perature is in perfect order)
and its entropy is Mero. &his is 1nown as2
A. the Meroth law of ther\$odyna\$ics C. the third law of
ther\$odyna\$ics
B. Hrst law of ther\$odyna\$ics ". second law of
ther\$odyna\$ics
%0. A steel rod is stretched between two rigid walls and carries a
tensile load of '... C at %.<C. Af the allowable stress is not to e-ceed
1*. ?@a at -%.<C) what is the \$ini\$u\$ dia\$eter of the rod? Assu\$e K
4 11.8 Q\$/\$-<C and R 4 %..#@a.
A. 1%.** \$\$ C. 1*.%% \$\$
B. 1+.'' \$\$ ". 10.%% \$\$
SOLUTION:
( )
( )( )
( )
mm 13.22 3
mm 137.4
4
3
mm 137.4 A
10 200 A
5000
40 10 11.7
10 200
130
A4
PL
5T 6L
4
SL
7 7 7
2
2
2
3
6
3
L T
=
=
=

+ =

+ =
+ =

%8. A solid shaft ' \$ long and 1.+ \$\$ in dia\$eter is stressed to 0.
?@a when twisted through +<. sing # 4 ,* #@a) what power can be
trans\$itted by the shaft at %. re!/s?
A. 1.00' ?W
C. 0.1'' ?W
B. *.00' ?W
". 8.%++ ?W
SOLUTION:
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
M8 1.665
20 2 13,252
s1a,t a 97 3 tra2sm0tt+ *o/+r 2 T
m # N 13,252 T
104
1000 16T
60
3
16T
S
2
3
s
=
=
=
=
=
=
%,. What do you call the type of reaction in which heat is absorbed?
A. endother\$ic C. e-other\$ic
B. redo- rection ". isother\$ic
%5. &he ratio between the energy dissipated in so\$e process and the
heat appears as a result is the
A. speciHc heat C. 1ilocalorie
B. triple point ". \$echanical e>ui!alent of
heat
*.. &he light cable supports a \$ass of 1% 1g per \$eter of horiMontal
length and is suspended between the two points on the sa\$e le!el *..
\$ apart. Af the sag is 0. \$) Hnd the length of the cable.
A. *%5 \$ C. 1*5 \$
B. %*5 \$ ". +%5 \$
SOLUTION:
( )
( )
( )
( )
m 329 S
300 5
60 32
300 3
60 8
300 S
5L
323
3L
83
L S
3
4 2
3
4 2
=
+ + =
+ + =
*1. &he #olden #ate Bridge in 9an Drancisco has a \$ain span of 1%,.
\$) a sag of 1+* \$) and a total static loading of *1.., 1C per linear
\$eter of horiMontal \$easure\$ent. &he weight of both of the \$ain
cable is included in this load and is assu\$ed to be unifor\$ly
distributed along the horiMontal. Calculate the \$idspan tension in each
of the \$ain cables.
A. %** ?C C. %%* ?C
B. *%% ?C ". %*% ?C
SOLUTION:
( )( )
( )
MN 223 :
MN 445 2:
142 8
1280 10 310.8
2:
ca9%+s t/o ,or
83
;L
2:
2 3
2
=
=

=
=
*%. &wo wires) A and B) are \$ade of the sa\$e \$aterial and are
sub(ected to the sa\$e loads. &he strain is greater for A when
A. has twice the dia\$eter of B
B. A has twice as long as B
C. A has twice the length and half the dia\$eter
". A has twice the dia\$eter and half the length
ANSWER: A (as *6i\$e *(e !e-)*( a-' (a!5 *(e 'iame*er
**. Rlectron are e\$itted fro\$ a \$etal surface when light falling on it
has a \$ini\$u\$
A. energy C. wa!elength
B. !elocity ". change
*+. Who designed the ato\$ic reactor?
A. Wilson
C. Putherford
B. Der\$i
". &eller
*'. Whene!er a syste\$ is \$ade to co\$plete a cyclic process) the
wor1done during the co\$plete cycle
A. is Mero C. is negati!e
B. positi!e ". depends upon
the path followed
ANSWER: 'e"e-'s 9"#- *(e "a*( 5#!!#6e'
*0. 9trea\$lined ob(ects \$o!e \$ore easily through 6uids than those of
irregular shape. &he reason is that
A. turbulence is decreased C. turbulence is increased
B. !iscosity is increased ". !iscosity is
increased
*8. &wo pieces of wire of the sa\$e \$aterial ha!e their length in the
ratio of 12% and dia\$eters in the ratio of %21. Af they are stretched by
the e>ual force) elongation will be in the ratio of
A. 12% C. 12,
B. %21 ". ,21
*,. &he !olu\$e strain for a constant applied force increases directly
with an increase in
A. !olu\$e C. surface area
B. co\$pressibility ". bul1 \$odulus
*5. BernoulliSs e>uation includes as a special case
A. 7oo1eSs Law C. CewtonSs third law of
\$otion
B. &oricelliSs theore\$ ". Archi\$edesS
principle
+.. An a city water syste\$ the water will 6ow
A. fro\$ the \$ains to the water outlet
B. only if the outlet is higher than the water in the water
tower
C. faster fro\$ a Hrst 6oor tap than fro\$ one on the third 6oor
". only when the water tower has been co\$pletely e\$ptied
ANSWER: 5as*er 5r#m a >rs* ?##r *a" *(a- 5r#m #-e #- *(e
*(ir' ?##r
+1. &he nib of a pen is split 1eeping in !iew the pheno\$enon of
A. diLusion C. os\$osis
B. capillarity ". cohesion
+%. A double con!e- air bubble in water acts as
A. con!erging lens C. di!erging lens
B. pane slab ". none of these
+*. What deter\$ines longitudinal chro\$atic aberration of a lens?
A. "ispersi!e power only
C. Docal length only
B. Both dispersi!e power and focal length ". Cone
of these
ANSWER: .#*( 'is"ersive "#6er a-' 5#\$a! !e-)*(
++. &he energies of photo electrons in photoelectric eLect
A. changes with intensity of light
B. changes with fre>uency of light
C. changes with !elocity of light falling as the \$etal surface
". Cone of the abo!e is correct
ANSWER: \$(a-)es 6i*( 5re:9e-\$y #5 !i)(*
+'. Which of the following functions is perfor\$ed by a photocell?
A. At con!erts che\$ical energy into electrical energy
B. At con!erts \$agnetic energy into electrical energy
C. At con!erts light energy into electrical energy
". At con!erts electrical energy into light energy
ANSWER: I* \$#-ver*s !i)(* e-er)y i-*# e!e\$*ri\$a! e-er)y
+0. &he \$a-i\$u\$ energy of e\$itted photoelectron is \$easured by
A. the largest potential diLerence they can tra!erse
B. the current they produce
C. the potential diLerence they produce
". the speed with which they e\$erge
ANSWER: *(e s"ee' 6i*( 6(i\$( *(ey emer)e
+8. &he theory that light is e\$itted in discrete a\$ounts of energy
rather than in a continuous fashion is 1nown as
A. the photoelectric eLect
B. the >uantu\$ theory
C. 7uygenSs principle
". the electro\$agnetic theory
+,. Which of the following colour pheno\$enon is not an interference
pheno\$enon?
A. Til spread on the surface of water e-posed to e-tended
sources of light e-hibits brilliant colours
B. 9oap bubbles in sunlight show colours
C. 91y appears blue at noon but red in the e!ening and dawn
". ?etallic surface when heated show colours
ANSWER: S3y a""ears !9e a* -##- 9* re' i- *(e eve-i-) a-'
'a6-
+5. Air bubbles in water shines because of
A. re6ection C. refraction
B. diLraction ". total internal re6ection
'.. When a heliu\$ ato\$ loses an electron it beco\$es
A. an alpha particle C. a proton
B. a positi!e heliu\$ ion ". a negati!e
heliu\$ ion
'1. R\$ission of a U-particle fro\$ a nucleus
A. changes its ato\$ic nu\$ber C. changes its \$ass nu\$ber
B. changes both the abo!e ". Cone of these
'%. Which of the following propagate at the sa\$e speed as !elocity of
light?
A. 7eat wa!es C. 9ound wa!es
B. 9hoc1 Wa!es ". U-rays
'*. &he standard H-ed point for calibrating a ther\$o\$eter is
A. the boiling point of water C. the boiling point of ice
B. the te\$perature of stea\$ ". the triple point of water
ANSWER: *(e *ri"!e "#i-* #5 6a*er
'+. &he gas ther\$o\$eter is ta1en as the pri\$ary standard because
A. the ther\$o\$eters are easily reproducible
B. readings can be accurately ta1en
C. no corrections are necessary
". it reproduces the ther\$odyna\$ic scale
ANSWER: i* re"r#'9\$es *(e *(erm#'y-ami\$ s\$a!e
''. &he Carnot Cycle is a
A. re!ersible cyclic process with two isother\$s and two
B. constant pressure cycle
C. constant-!olu\$e cycle
". a re!ersible two-stro1e cycle
ANSWER: reversi!e \$y\$!i\$ "r#\$ess 6i*( *6# is#*(erms a-' *6#
a'iaa*i\$s
'0. &he process by which nuclei e\$it K)U and V- rays in order to attain
stability is called
A. radioacti!e disintegration C. U Wdecay
'8. &he process by which a hea!y nucleus splits up into two lighter
nuclei is 1nown as
A. Hssion C. fusion
B. K W decay ". a chain reaction
',. Which ato\$ic particle is used to cause Hssion in an ato\$ic reactor?
A. Alpha particle C. Beta particle
C. "euteron ". Ceutron
'5. &he dri!er of an auto\$obile tra!eling at speed X!S suddenly sees a
bric1 wall at a distance XdS directly in front of hi\$. &o a!oid crashing
A. it is better to turn the car sharply away fro\$ the wall
B. it is better to sla\$ on the bra1es
C. the choice depends on the height of the bric1 wall
". it is di;cult to decide
ANSWER: i* is 'i,\$9!* *# 'e\$i'e
0.. A particle ha!ing rest \$ass e>ual to that of electron but charge
e>ual and opposite to that of electron is called
A. proton C. positron
B. hyperon ". \$eson
01. Which is the \$ost \$assi!e particle?
A. "eutron C. K W particle
B. Ceutron ". @ositron
0%. =el!inSs state\$ent of the second law of ther\$odyna\$ics is called
the law of "egeneration because
A. all the heat supplied to the wor1ing substance is
con!erted into wor1
B. in heat engines) heat can be con!erted to \$echanical
energy
C. so\$e of the heat supplied to the wor1ing of substance is
not a!ailable
". the heat engine is not !ery e;cient
ANSWER: s#me #5 *(e (ea* s9""!ie' *# *(e 6#r3i-) #5
s9s*a-\$e is -#* avai!a!e
0*2 &her\$odyna\$ics is a sub(ect dealing with
A. the \$otion of \$olecules in \$atter
B. &he \$acroscopic !ariables) such as pressure)
te\$perature and !olu\$e
C. the \$otion of ato\$s in \$atter
". the 1inetic energy of \$olecules
ANSWER: T(e ma\$r#s\$#"i\$ varia!esC s9\$( as "ress9reC
*em"era*9re a-' v#!9me
0+. Which of the following constitute U W particles?
A. Rlectrons C. @rotons
B. @hotons ". Cone of these
0'. Why does nuclear Hssion re>uires high te\$perature?
A. Because all nuclear reactions absorbs heat
B. &he \$ass deHcit \$ust be supplied
C. &he particles can not co\$e together unless they \$o!e
rapidly
". &he binding energy \$ust be supplied fro\$ e-ternal
sources
ANSWER: .e\$a9se a!! -9\$!ear rea\$*i#-s as#rs (ea*
A. ?. Curie C. Be>uerel
B. Both the abo!e ". Cone of these
08. &he source of energy of the sun
A. fusion of hea!y nuclei C. fusion of light nuclei
C. Hssion of light nuclei ". All of the abo!e
0,. Which of the following pheno\$enon is responsible for the
A. Anterference C. "iLraction
B. @olariMation ". Pectilinear propagation of
light
05. &he defect in i\$age due to obli>ue centric rays falling on the lens
is called
A. astig\$atis\$ C. co\$a
B. cur!ature of i\$age Held ". spherical aberration
8.. &he burring of the i\$age due to dispersion in lens is called
A. spherical aberration C. chro\$atic
aberration
B. astig\$atis\$ ". cur!ature of i\$age Held
81. When a body is accelerated
A. its !elocity always changes C. its direction always
changes
B. its speed always changes ". its falls towards the earth
8%. A %... 1g truc1 tra!eling at *01\$/hr stri1es a tree and co\$es toa
top in ..1 sec. &he a!erage force on the truc1 during the crash is
A. %-1.
*
newtons C. %-1.
%
newtons
B. %-1.
+
newtons ". %-1.
'
newtons
1
-e6*#-s
8*. When a charged particle \$o!es through a \$agnetic Held) it suLers
a change in its
A. charge C. energy
B. \$ass ". direction of \$otion
8+. LenMSs law follows fro\$ the law of con!ersion of
A. \$ass C. charge
B. energy ". \$o\$entu\$
8'. Af a car is \$o!ing towards you with its horn sounding) you hear a
higher pitch than you would hear if the car were at rest) this is because
A. the wa!es tra!el faster
B. successi!e crests produced by the horn are closer to each
other
C. you recei!ed successi!e crests \$ore fre>uently e!en
though the wa!e itself is unchanged
". the \$otion of the car raises the fre>uency of the horn
ANSWER: y#9 re\$eive' s9\$\$essive \$res*s m#re 5re:9e-*!y eve-
*(#9)( *(e 6ave i*se!5 is 9-\$(a-)e'
80. A tuning for1 A produces + beats with a tuning for1 B of fre>uency
%'0. A is Hlled at the top of the prong and the nu\$ber of beats
increases. What was its original fre>uency?
A. %0. C. %',
B. %'% ". %'.
88. Ceutral te\$perature of a ther\$ocouple is the te\$perature at which
A. the ther\$o e.\$.f. changes sign
B. the ther\$o e.\$.f. is \$a-i\$u\$
C. the ther\$o e.\$.f. is \$ini\$u\$
". the ther\$o current is \$a-i\$u\$
ANSWER: *(e *(erm# e.m.5. is maxim9m
8,. Dactor of safety \$ay be deHned by
A. yielding stress/yielding stress C. wor1ing
stress/yielding stress
B. brea1ing stress/wor1ing stress ". all of the abo!e
85. &he Hrst patented diode used as a detector for ratio signal is
credited to
A. Rdison C. de Dorest
B. Dle\$ing ". &ho\$sonB
A/SWER: T(#ms#-
,.. A fatho\$eter is an instru\$ent used to \$easure
A. !elocity of sound C. fre>uency of sound
B. depth of sea ". wa!elength of sound
,1. A satellite tra!els in a circular orbit at a speed of %.)... 1\$/h to
stay at a constant attitude. &o escape fro\$ the earth) the speed would
ha!e to be increased to
A. %,)... 1\$/h C. %1)... 1\$/h
B. +.)... 1\$/h ". 0+)... 1\$/h
,%. When a car is tra!eling at constant speed around a circular trac1) a
>uantity that is constant but not Mero is
A. acceleration C. angular !elocity
B. !elocity ". angular
acceleration