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OneBaseCell Extender User Manual--Revision F RF600057

24/7 CUSTOMER SUPPORT: 1-703-726-5556


OneBase Cell Extender
User Manual


OneBaseCell Extender User Manual--Revision F RF600057 Page 1
24/7 CUSTOMER SUPPORT: 1-703-726-5556

TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES................................................................................................................6
LIST OF TABLES...............................................................................................................10
1.0 INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................11
1.1 Overview................................................................................................................................................................... 11
1.2 Modular Design Advantages............................................................................................................................... 11
1.3 Product Improvements ......................................................................................................................................... 12
1.4 Safety Precautions ................................................................................................................................................ 12
1.5 Customer Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 13
2.0 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION.............................................................................................14
2.1 Components ............................................................................................................................................................ 14
2.2 Housings .................................................................................................................................................................. 15
2.2.1 Indoor Frame.............................................................................................................................................16
2.2.2 Outdoor Full-Size Cabinets ...................................................................................................................17
2.2.3 Outdoor Mini-Cabinets ...........................................................................................................................23
2.2.4 Weights of Various Configurations .....................................................................................................23
2.3 Subracks .................................................................................................................................................................. 24
2.4 Modules .................................................................................................................................................................... 28
2.4.1 RF Interface Module (RFIM)...................................................................................................................28
2.4.1 Filter Modules ...........................................................................................................................................30
2.4.3 Multi-carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA) Modules ...............................................................................32
2.4.4 Input Tray Modules: Simplex and Duplex..........................................................................................35
2.4.5 Switch Combiner Modules (SCM) ........................................................................................................36
2.5 Power Distribution Panel (PDP) ......................................................................................................................... 37
2.6 Alarm System.......................................................................................................................................................... 38
2.7 Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User Interface (GUI) Software ..................................................... 40
2.8 Assembled Systems.............................................................................................................................................. 41
2.8.1 Configurations ..........................................................................................................................................41
2.8.2 System Level Specifications.................................................................................................................43
3.0 SITE PLANNING AND PREPARATION......................................................................44


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3.1 Cell Site Survey ...................................................................................................................................................... 44
3.2 Restricted Access Installation............................................................................................................................ 45
3.3 Floor Space.............................................................................................................................................................. 45
3.4 Lighting..................................................................................................................................................................... 45
3.5 Fire Protection ........................................................................................................................................................ 45
3.6 Altitude ..................................................................................................................................................................... 46
3.7 Maximum Operating Temperature..................................................................................................................... 46
3.8 Air Quality ................................................................................................................................................................ 46
3.9 Vibration and Noise............................................................................................................................................... 46
3.10 Lightning Protection ........................................................................................................................................... 46
3.11 Electrical Grounding ........................................................................................................................................... 46
3.12 Housing Clearance Space ................................................................................................................................. 47
3.12.1 Indoor Frame...........................................................................................................................................47
3.12.2 Outdoor Cabinet .....................................................................................................................................48
4.0 INSTALLATION...........................................................................................................49
4.1 Measure BTS Radio Settings .............................................................................................................................. 50
4.2 Prepare the Work Area ......................................................................................................................................... 50
4.3 Install the Frame..................................................................................................................................................... 52
4.4 Install the Subrack into the Frame..................................................................................................................... 52
4.5 Install the RFIM Modules...................................................................................................................................... 53
4.6 Install the Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA) Modules ......................................................................... 55
4.7 Install the Filter Modules...................................................................................................................................... 59
4.8 Install the RF Input Trays..................................................................................................................................... 61
4.9 Connect Existing Cell Site RF Output Cable to OneBase System ........................................................ 63
4.10 Connect Ground Wire to Housing ................................................................................................................... 63
4.10.1 Indoor Frame Grounding Connection ..............................................................................................63
4.10.2 Outdoor Cabinet Grounding Connection ........................................................................................66
4.11 Connect DC Power to the System ................................................................................................................... 66
4.12 Prepare the RF Connectors for Installation .................................................................................................. 71


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4.13 Connect the RF Receive Cables ...................................................................................................................... 72
4.14 Connect the RFIM Input Cables ....................................................................................................................... 76
4.15 Make Connections Outside the Subrack ....................................................................................................... 82
4.16 Torque all RF Connectors.................................................................................................................................. 85
4.17 Terminate all Un-used RF Connectors on the RFIM................................................................................... 86
4.18 Connect the Alarm Interface Wiring................................................................................................................ 87
4.19 Install Wire and Cable Ties or Lacing............................................................................................................. 87
4.20 Verify Installation Against Configuration Sheet ...................................................................................... 87
4.21 Complete the Installation Checklist Before Power-Up........................................................................... 87
5.0 INITIAL START-UP......................................................................................................89
5.1 Establish Safety Conditions................................................................................................................................ 89
5.2 Verify Shipped Configuration ............................................................................................................................. 90
5.3 Start-up the System............................................................................................................................................... 90
5.4 Set The Output RF Power .................................................................................................................................... 92
5.5 Verify the Receive Path ........................................................................................................................................ 93
5.6 Verify System Operation ...................................................................................................................................... 93
6.0 WEB MAINTENANCE TERMINAL GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI)
CONFIGURATION, MONITORING AND DIAGNOSTIC SOFTWARE...............................94
6.1 Configuring the Computer Network Connections Properties .................................................................... 94
6.2 Connecting a Computer to the RF Interface Module (RFIM)....................................................................... 96
6.3 Logging In ................................................................................................................................................................ 97
6.4 Operator Access .................................................................................................................................................. 100
6.5 Administrator Access ......................................................................................................................................... 115
6.5.1 Changing the RFIM Network Configuration ....................................................................................124
6.5.1.1 Using Telnet ..........................................................................................................................124
6.5.1.2 Using the Web Maintenance Terminal Software......................................................125
6.5.2 Changing the RFIM Firmware .............................................................................................................126
6.5.2.1 Using the Web Maintenance Terminal Software......................................................126
6.5.2.2 Using FTP..............................................................................................................................129
6.5.2.3 Using FTP with Internet Explorer ....................................................................................130


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7.0 OPERATION AND MONITORING.............................................................................131
7.1 Safety ...................................................................................................................................................................... 131
7.2 Choose Subrack IP Addresses......................................................................................................................... 132
7.3 Subrack Redundancy Operation...................................................................................................................... 132
7.4 Transmit Diversity Redundancy (TDR) Operation and Control ................................................................ 133
7.5 Overload Control Operation .............................................................................................................................. 133
7.6 Operating Frequency .......................................................................................................................................... 133
7.7 VSWR Operation .................................................................................................................................................. 133
7.8 Alarm Operation ................................................................................................................................................... 134
7.8.1 Categories................................................................................................................................................134
7.8.1.1 Alarm Filtering .......................................................................................................................135
7.8.1.2 Retry and Auto-recover ......................................................................................................135
7.8.1.3 LED Indication ......................................................................................................................135
7.8.1.4 Alarms Defined.....................................................................................................................135
7.8.2 System Alarms for Various Subrack Configurations ...................................................................137
7.7.2.1 Non-Redundant and Single Sector Subrack.................................................................139
7.8.2.2 Redundant (N+1) and Multiple-Sector Subrack ...........................................................140
7.8.2.3 No-RFIM Subrack.................................................................................................................140
7.8.3 Module Alarm Responses for Subrack.............................................................................................140
7.8.4 Filter Module Alarms .............................................................................................................................140
7.8.5 Network Operations Center (NOC) Remote Monitoring of System Alarms ............................141
8.0 MAINTENANCE.........................................................................................................144
8.1 Electrostatic Discharge Precautions .............................................................................................................. 144
8.2 Periodic Maintenance ......................................................................................................................................... 144
8.2.1 Dust Removal ..........................................................................................................................................144
8.2.2 Visual Inspection....................................................................................................................................145
8.3 Module Repair ....................................................................................................................................................... 145
8.4 Replace the MCPA Module................................................................................................................................ 145
8.5. Replace the MCPA Fan Module........................................................................................................................ 147
8.6 Replace the RFIM Module.................................................................................................................................. 149
8.7 Replace the Filter Module.................................................................................................................................. 152
8.8 Replace the RF Input Tray Module .................................................................................................................. 154
8.9 Replace the Subrack ........................................................................................................................................... 155
8.10 Replace the Switch Combiner Module ......................................................................................................... 156


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9.0 TROUBLESHOOTING...............................................................................................158
9.1 Customer Support ............................................................................................................................................... 158
9.2 Identify the Failure Mode: Failure Mode Tables.......................................................................................... 158
9.2.1 Failures Modes of Major Component or System ...........................................................................158
9.2.2 Failures Modes Indicated by the Status of the MCPA Alarm LED Lights................................161
9.2.3 Failures Modes Indicated by the Status of the RFIM Alarm LED Lights..................................162
9.3 Determine the Root Cause of the Failure: Diagnostic Charts ................................................................. 163
Diagnostic Chart 1: No RF Output ...............................................................................................................163
Diagnostic Chart 2: Low RF Output ............................................................................................................164
Diagnostic Chart 3: Bias T Alarm at BTS: .................................................................................................165
Diagnostic Chart 4: Low MCPA Voltage.....................................................................................................166
Diagnostic Chart 5: Poor Uplink / Receive Quality .................................................................................167
Diagnostic Chart 6: No FILTER Information on Web Terminal Maintenance Software .............168
Diagnostic Chart 7: RFIM Self-test Fails ....................................................................................................169
Diagnostic Chart 8: MINOR MCPA or RFIM Failures ..............................................................................170
Diagnostic Chart 9: MAJOR MCPA or RFIM Failures .............................................................................171
Diagnostic Chart 10: CRITICAL MCPA or RFIM Failures .......................................................................172
10.0 SYSTEM EXPANSION ............................................................................................173
10.1 Introduction......................................................................................................................................................... 173
10.2 System Reconfiguring...................................................................................................................................... 173
11.0 APPENDIX...............................................................................................................174
11.1 Andrew Corporation Offices ............................................................................................................................ 174
11.2 Customer Support ............................................................................................................................................. 174
11.4 Terms, Acronyms and Abbreviations........................................................................................................... 175
12. INDEX.........................................................................................................................180





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LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: The OneBaseCell Extender System provides cell site amplification and
fits between the existing BTS and the antennas. ...................................... 11
Figure 2: Housing examples. ........................................................................................ 15
Figure 3: Indoor Frame .................................................................................................. 16
Figure 4: Argus Full-size Outdoor Cabinet (View A). .................................................. 17
Figure 5: Argus Outdoor Full-size Cabinet (View B). .................................................. 18
Figure 6: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View A). ................................................................ 19
Figure 7: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View B). ................................................................ 20
Figure 8: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View C). ................................................................ 21
Figure 9: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (Top Access Details)............................................ 22
Figure 10: Purcell Outdoor Mini-Cabinet Dimensions ................................................ 23
Figure 11: Fully-loaded, 3-sector Subrack with Simplex and Duplex Input Trays.... 25
Figure 12: 3-sector Subrack with Vertical Filters and Input Trays............................. 26
Figure 13: Single or Dual Sector Subrack with Horizontal Filters and Input Trays. . 27
Figure 14: Single or Dual Sector Subrack--side view.................................................. 27
Figure 15: RFIM Module and diagram--4x2 configuration. ......................................... 29
Figure 16: Examples of the FM1900 Filter Modules. ................................................... 31
Figure 17: MCPA Modules (850 MHz cell band on left; 1900 MHz PCS band on right).
....................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 18: Simplexed and Duplexed Input Tray Modules ........................................... 36
Figure 19: 1900-Band 4x2 Configuration Switch Combiner Module (SCM)............... 37
Figure 20: Power Distribution Panel (PDP)Front view (left) and Rear View (right).
....................................................................................................................... 38


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Figure 21: Accessing the RFIM Web Maintenance Terminal (GUI) software is easily
done by connecting a laptop to the RFIM Network port via an Ethernet
cable.............................................................................................................. 40
Figure 22: Subrack configurations. .............................................................................. 42
Figure 23: Floor mounting requirement for the indoor frame. ................................... 47
Figure 24: Subrack ready to be installed into the indoor frame................................. 53
Figure 25: Positioning of RFIM module for installation into subrack. ....................... 54
Figure 26: Proper hand positioning for installing RFIM module into subrack.......... 55
Figure 27: Guide pin and keying in SCM modules. ..................................................... 56
Figure 28: Correct position of MCPA module for installation into subrack. ............. 57
Figure 29: Location of the MCPA microswitches ........................................................ 58
Figure 30: Correct hand position for installing the MCPA module into the subrack.
....................................................................................................................... 58
Figure 31: Location of FILTER microswitches in the top of the subrack and a close-
up view of the microswitch. ........................................................................ 59
Figure 32: Correct hand position for installing a Vertical Filter Module into the
subrack. ........................................................................................................ 60
Figure 33: Positioning of a Duplex Horizontal Mount Filter Module for installation
into the subrack. .......................................................................................... 61
Figure 34: Positioning of a Duplexed Input Tray for installation into a subrack. ..... 62
Figure 35: Hand position when installing a 1900 MHz Simplexed RF Input Tray
Module in a subrack. ................................................................................... 63
Figure 36: Grounding connection holes are located on the side of the frames. ...... 65
Figure 37: Grounding connection details for indoor frame ground........................... 65
Figure 38: Location of ground connections for outdoor cabinet............................... 66
Figure 39: Power connection block on real panel of subrack. ................................... 67
Figure 40: Correct installation of power and ground connections on the power input
block located on the rear of the frame behind each subrack................... 70


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Figure 41: RF system connectors used in the OneBaseCell Extender System. ... 72
Figure 42: Receive cable routing. ................................................................................. 73
Figure 43: RX 0 out of the output filters to RX 1 in of the input trays. Only these
cables are installed. ..................................................................................... 74
Figure 44: Input tray termination of RF input cable .................................................... 75
Figure 45: Cables should be routed under the output filters and the sheet metal
holding the input trays. There are features on this holder to tie-wrap the
cables. Keep cables as close to the equipment as possible.................... 76
Figure 46: Front panel cabling. .................................................................................... 77
Figure 47: Use wire ties to fasten the cables to the subrack ..................................... 78
Figure 48: Connect output of the input tray to the RFIM input using cable part N.
C195-SMSM-54N-PA. Make sure that if only one RFIM input is used, the
other is terminated. Excess cable length should be looped and tucked
within the cable tray. ................................................................................... 79
Figure 49: The cables are then routed and tied to the input tray sheet metal as
shown. .......................................................................................................... 79
Figure 50: The cables are then routed between the filters and the amplifiers.......... 80
Figure 51: Storage space for excess cable. ................................................................. 81
Figure 52: Additional storage space for excess cable................................................ 81
Figure 53: The cables are to be band around the input trays and then wire tied to
the input trays. There are features provided on the input trays for just
that purpose. ................................................................................................ 82
Figure 54: Cable mounting features. ............................................................................ 82
Figure 55: Input and output cables should be routed along a built-in trough along
the heat sink section of the input trays as shown below. ........................ 83
Figure 56: Organize wiring with cable ties placed strategically................................. 83
Figure 57: 3+1 Configuration connections................................................................... 84
Figure 58: An example of front panel cable connections (one of many
configurations)............................................................................................. 85


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Figure 59: The RFIM requires 50-Ohm terminations for certain RFIM configurations.
....................................................................................................................... 86
Figure 60: Gain reference. ............................................................................................. 91
Figure 61: The first step to enable a LAN connection to the RFIM is to modify the
computer LAN properties by right clicking on the Local Area
Connection and clicking on Properties . ............................................... 95
Figure 62: Local Area Connection's TCP/IP Properties are modified in the Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP)Properties dialog box. .................................................... 96
Figure 63: Connect the ethernet cable between PC and Ethernet (Network) port on
the RFIM........................................................................................................ 97
Figure 64: Graph of Return Loss of Antenna Load versus VSWR. ...................... 134
Figure 65: MCPA alarm status LEDs (left) and RFIM alarm status LEDs (right). .... 135
Figure 66: Three types of subrack alarm wiring. ....................................................... 139
Figure 67: Filter module alarm status......................................................................... 140
Figure 68: Installing the alarm connection block on top of the frame..................... 141
Figure 69: Alarm output connector terminalson top of frame (right) and on back of
subrack (left). ............................................................................................. 142
Figure 70: Proper hand placement for the removal of an MCPA module. ............... 146
Figure 71: Fan assembly removed from the MCPA module. .................................... 148
Figure 72: MCPA fan module replacement. Proper location for fan connector is
show............................................................................................................ 149
Figure 73: Proper hand placement for the removal of an RFIM module.................. 151
Figure 74: Proper hand placement for the removal of a Vertical Filter Module. ..... 153
Figure 75: Proper hand placement for the removal of an RF Input Tray Module.... 155
Figure 76: The subrack must be totally empty prior to its removal. ........................ 157



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LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Weights of various system configurations.................................................... 23
Table 2: Subrack Configurations and Descriptions .................................................... 24
Table 3: Specifications for 850 MHz band and 1900 MHz band MCPAs. ................... 32
Table 4: OneBase Cell Extender System alarm categories..................................... 39
Table 5: System Level Specifications........................................................................... 43
Table 6: Documents needed before installation is started. ........................................ 50
Table 7: Safety equipment needed before installation is started............................... 50
Table 8: Tools needed before installation is started. .................................................. 50
Table 9: Materials needed before installation is started. ............................................ 51
Table 10: Recommended DC power service requirements for various MCPA
configurations .............................................................................................. 68
Table 11: Optional wiring choices to connect cell site power.................................... 68
Table 12: Calculated DC power (Watts) for three configurations............................... 71
Table 13: Installation checklist which must be completed BEFORE any power-up of
the OneBase system. ............................................................................... 88
Table 14: Alarm categories: Minor, Major, and Critical ............................................ 134
Table 15: MCPA or RFIM alarm LED status indicates the alarm type and possible
failure conditions. ...................................................................................... 136
Table 16: MCPA or RFIM alarm LED status indicates the alarm type and possible
failure conditions. ...................................................................................... 136
Table 17: Alarms for various subrack conditions. .................................................... 137
Table 18: Alarm output connections for all three subracks. .................................... 143
Table 19: Failure modes due to major component or system failure. ..................... 158
Table 20: Failure modes indicated by status of the MCPA alarm. ........................... 161
Table 21: Failure modes indicated by the status of the RFIM alarm LED lights. .... 162


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1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Overview

The OneBase Cell Extender System is a high-power, mixed-mode RF front-end
equipment solution which provides signal amplification and conditioning for both uplink and
downlink cellular base station signals (Figure 1). It is a highly modular design, consisting
of a minimal set of unique field-replaceable units, capable of being configured and scaled
for a variety of system level capacities and air interfaces including TDMA, GSM/EDGE,
CDMA, WCDMA and analog air interfaces. Architecture for the system is highly
configurable and can be arranged for a variety of RF front-end applications.

Fitting into an existing BTS between the BTS radios and the antennas, the OneBase
Cell Extender system is capable of doubling the transmission radius of an antenna in some
configurations. Such a large RF output requires up to 400 Watts of RF power and a large
DC power source to produce this large RF power output. For this reason, the OneBase
components (either indoor or outdoor) must be in a secure area accessible to only
qualified technicians.

Figure 1: The OneBaseCell Extender System provides cell site amplification and
fits between the existing BTS and the antennas.

1.2 Modular Design Advantages

The design advantages of the OneBaseCell Extender System include:

1. Enabling the expansion of existing cellular base station systems by adding carriers
without adding antennas.

2. Increasing the power of existing carriers, thereby increasing the cell radius.



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3. Converting a high-power, lossy-combining base station to a multi-carrier base station,
thereby allowing additional expansion without further changes to the antenna path.

4. Allowing for modulation format changes without the need for reconfiguring or additional
hardware.

1.3 Product Improvements

Andrew Corporation reserves the right to make product improvements. Therefore,
modifications that impact this manual will be incorporated into later revisions of this
manual.

1.4 Safety Precautions

All of the following Safety Precautions must be observed during the entire
installation and operation of the Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender
System.

1. Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender Systems are designed for maximum
safety and reliability when they are installed, used, and maintained by trained and qualified
technicians in accordance with the procedures and instructions contained in this manual.
To assure the safe operation of your system, always follow the safety and operational
recommendations in this manual.

2. Please read and understand all instructions and warnings before handling an Andrew
Corporation OneBaseCell Extender System.

3. WARNING: Do not install or operate Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender
Systems in the presence of flammable gases or fumes.

4. WARNING: Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender Systems produce high levels
of RF radiation.
Do not operate exposed circuitry or radiating elements with personnel in close
proximity to the radiating source.
Always replace covers and shields during operation.
Persons with cardiac pacemakers should avoid exposure to RF radiating elements.
Exposing the human eye to high levels of radio-frequency radiation may result in the
formation of cataracts.

5. WARNING: Each OneBaseCell Extender System fully loaded Subrack weighs
approximately 200 lbs. When crated for shipping, a fully-loaded, three-sector
OneBaseCell Extender System can weigh in excess of 1350 pounds and be
unbalanced. To avoid injuries or damage, use care and obtain assistance before lifting the
crate containing the OneBaseCell Extender System.


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6. WARNING: Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender Systems may be installed
only in restricted access areas (dedicated equipment rooms, equipment closets, or
similarly designated areas) where access is controlled or where access can only be gained
by service personnel with a key or tool. Access to this equipment is restricted to qualified
service personnel only.

1.5 Customer Technical Support

Andrew Corporation is committed to a 24-hour, 7-days-per-week (24/7), consistent,
professional, and courteous customer technical support and service at all times regardless
of the service type and/or the nature of the problem being reported for the OneBase
Cell Extender System. Technical support issues are closed only when the issue has been
resolved to the complete satisfaction of the customer. The Customer Technical Support
system is a system that consists of detailed, organized, and formal documented internal
processes, procedures and resolution methods.

Customer technical support is available 24/7 at the following OneBase Cell
Extender System dedicated telephone number: 1-703-726-5556.

The above dedicated telephone number is available for both US and international calls.
This dedicated telephone number connects to the Andrew Corporation Customer
Technical Support (CTS) helpdesk. Calls are answered by a Customer Technical Service
Engineer (CTS Engineer ).

An immediate incident report is created in the support system for all received customer
technical support requests. CTS engineers work closely with application engineers to
isolate the fault. Application engineers are subject matter experts on the entire
OneBase Cell Extender System. Incidents are escalated as warranted, providing
status, tracking and documenting the reported incident and initiating the repair and return
of the OneBase system components. The ability to do remote testing will assist with
troubleshooting the incident.

Customer technical support can fall into the following categories at a minimum:
--Critical, Major, and Minor System Alarms
--Hardware Return and Repair--Return Goods Authorization (RGA) requests
--Customer Assistance (usually informational or administrative support)











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2.0 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
2.1 Components

The OneBase Cell Extender System can be built with an extensive variety of
configurations using five types of modules as the building blocks of these configurations.

The modular-designed OneBaseCell Extender System consists of the following major
components:

HARDWARE:

Housings:
o Indoor Frame: Capacity up to three subracks.
o Outdoor Full-Size Cabinet: Capacity up to three subracks.
o Outdoor Mini-Cabinet: Capacity one subrack
.
Subracks: Capacity up to four MCPAs.

Modules: Modules fit into the subracks.
o RF Interface (RFIM) Module
o Filter Modules
o Multi-carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA) Modules
o Input Tray Modules (Duplexed and Simplexed)
o Switched Combiner Modules (SCM)

Power Distribution Panel (PDP)

Alarm Interface

SOFTWARE:

Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User Interface (GUI) Configuration and
Monitoring Software

Each subrack may be arranged to service one-to-three cell sectors and can hold all
necessary equipment for insertion into the BTS-to-Antenna path and the following
modules:
One RF Interface (RFIM) Module
Up to three Filter Modules
Up to four Multi-carrier Power Amplifiers (MCPA)
One Switch Combiner Module (SCM) or an Output Cable Assembly (OCA)
Up to 6 Input Tray Modules
One Power Distribution Panel (PDP) Module


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Selection of the appropriate interface modules and filter units allows this system
flexibility for use in any cellular system. Each OneBaseCell Extender System is
specifically designed for a specific cellular system by using the correct combination of
modules and the correct electrical and RF configuration of these modules. The
components of the OneBaseCell Extender System are electrically connected with a
combination of blind mate rear connections and front panel connections to optimize
flexibility and ease of maintenance.

2.2 Housings

Housing configurations for both indoor and outdoor applications are arranged within open
Indoor Frames or closed Outdoor Cabinets. Dimensions and configurations are given in
this section for the indoor frame and several versions of outdoor cabinets. Examples of
these two types of assembled housing configurations are the following:

Indoor Frame (Dual Band, Three-sector
NRS System)

Outdoor Full-size cabinet (Three-sector 4:1
Combining System)

Outdoor Mini-Cabinet

Figure 2: Housing examples.




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2.2.1 Indoor Frame
The indoor frame holds the subracks at their mid-span front-to-back. The open frame design
minimizes overall air pressure loss for the integrated fans on the MCPAs. The frame is designed
with front access cabling for placement close to a shelter wall, reducing overall footprint
requirement

Figure 3: Indoor Frame
Dimensions: Inches
22.64 Max
12.07 Max
71.96
Max
78.74
Max
5.00
23.62 Max
17.76 + .08
- .00
18.31
12.13
11.50
Max


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2.2.2 Outdoor Full-Size Cabinets

Outdoor frames are designed for environmental protection of the equipment functioning as
well as easy access of the equipment.




Figure 4: Argus Full-size Outdoor Cabinet (View A).















Dimensions: Inches [mm]


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Figure 5: Argus Outdoor Full-size Cabinet (View B).




















Dimensions: Inches [mm]


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Figure 6: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View A).



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Figure 7: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View B).


DIMENSIONS IN
INCHES


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Figure 8: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (View C).
DIMENSIONS IN
INCHES


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DIMENSIONS IN
INCHES

Figure 9: Purcell Outdoor Cabinet (Top Access Details).



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2.2.3 Outdoor Mini-Cabinets




Figure 10: Purcell Outdoor Mini-Cabinet Dimensions


2.2.4 Weights of Various Configurations

The table below shows the weights of the various configurations.

Table 1: Weights of various system configurations
Typical
Weight
(Pounds)
Maximum
Weight
(Pounds)
Itemized
(Typical)
Indoor Frame
(Empty)
165 200
Indoor Frame
(Fully loaded)
1128 1250
Empty Frame =165 pounds
(6) Filters =132 pounds
(6) Simplex Input Trays =54 pounds
(6) Duplex Input Trays =72 pounds
(6) Input Tray Brackets =51 pounds
(12) MCPA's =480 pounds
(3) RFIM's =24 pounds
(3) Subrack/Cables/PDP/SCM =150 pounds
Dimensions:
INCHES


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Typical
Weight
(Pounds)
Maximum
Weight
(Pounds)
Itemized
(Typical)
Outdoor Tall
Cabinet
(Empty)
419 600
Outdoor Tall
Cabinet
(Fully loaded)
1382 1400
Empty Cabinet =419 pounds
(6) Filters =132 pounds
(6) Simplex Input Trays =54 pounds
(6) Duplex Input Trays =72 pounds
(6) Input TrayBrackets =51 pounds
(12) MCPA's =480 pounds
(3) RFIM's =24 pounds
(3) Subrack/Cables/PDP/SCM =150 pounds
Outdoor Mini-
Cabinet (Empty)
294 300
Outdoor Mini-
Cabinet
(Fully loaded)
664 700
Empty Cabinet =294 pounds
(3) Filters =66 pounds
(3) Simplex Input Trays =27 pounds
(3) Duplex Input Trays =42 pounds
(2) Input Tray Brackets =17 pounds
(4) MCPA's =160 pounds
(1) RFIM =8 pounds
(1) Subrack/Cables/PDP/SCM =50 pounds

2.3 Subracks

The subrack serves as a mounting platform for all the modules. Because they require
additional effort to remove, subracks are not listed as a module. However, the subrack
can be removed and shipped back to the factory for repair if needed. If the Power
Distribution Panel (PDP) fails, it is recommended that the subrack be shipped back
because the PDP is generally not a field-replaceable module. Frames and cabinets can
hold up to three subracks. Frames contain the subracks for indoor applications, while
cabinets contain the subracks for outdoor applications.

The MCPA Modules are vertically arranged and blind-mated to their RF and DC/control
interfaces in the rear of the subrack. The RF Interface Module (RFIM) is also vertically
arranged and is located to the right side of the MCPA modules. The Filter Modules are
situated at the top portion of the subrack mounted either vertically or horizontally. The filters
interface to the SCM through blind-mate N connectors.

The various subrack configurations are as follows:

Table 2: Subrack Configurations and Descriptions
CONFIGURATION DESCRIPTION
4x1 Four amplifiers feeding one antenna. 850 MHz Cell band


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CONFIGURATION DESCRIPTION
4x1 Four amplifiers feeding one antenna. 1900 MHz PCS band.
4x2 Dual band--two amplifiers at 850 MHz Cell band and two amplifiers
at 1900 MHz PCS band. This configuration would normally be used
as a single-sector subrack.
3+1 Three sectors, with a hot switched redundant amplifier. 850 MHz
Cell band.
3+1 Three sectors, with a hot switched redundant amplifier. 1900 MHz
PCS band)
4x4 Three sectors, no redundant amplifier, 850 MHz Cell band). This
configuration is referred to as a 4 amplifier, 4 output system.
However, this configuration is generally used as a 3 amplifier, 3
output system, because the subrack does not support four filters.
4x4 Three sectors, no redundant amplifier. 1900 MHz PCS band). This
configuration is referred to as a 4 amplifier, 4 output system.
However, this configuration is generally used as a 3 amplifier, 3
output system, because the subrack does not support four filters.

The following picture shows a loaded subrack.


Figure 11: Fully-loaded, 3-sector Subrack with Simplex and Duplex Input Trays





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The following diagrams show dimensions (millimeters) of some examples of subrack
configurations




Figure 12: 3-sector Subrack with Vertical Filters and Input Trays.
















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Figure 13: Single or Dual Sector Subrack with Horizontal Filters and Input Trays.



Figure 14: Single or Dual Sector Subrack--side view.




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2.4 Modules

The OneBaseCell Extender System consists of the following modules:
RFIM Modules
Filter Modules
MCPA Modules
Input Tray Modules
Combiner Modules

The exact combination of modules depends on the application.

2.4.1 RF Interface Module (RFIM)

The RFIM is the system controller. Most subracks have an RFIM. On those subracks that
do not have an RFIM, the Multi-Carrier Power Amplifiers run autonomously, and
redundancy is not supported.

The RF Interface Module (RFIM) has the following functions and features:

Subrack main controller

800 2000 MHz wideband operation, supporting dual-band subracks

Input signal combining of various air interface signals and coherent signal
splitting of the composite RF signal

Fine gain adjustment capability at the common input signal to the PA Modules

Transmit Diversity Redundancy (TDR) switching and control functions including
gain compensation of the transmit path carrying 2x capacity

DC power conditioning and regulation for internal circuits, Filter Module
electronics, Switch Combiner Module circuits/relays, and Alarm Consolidation
Unit circuits.

Control and monitoring of the Switch Combiner Module

VSWR and RMS input level detection circuits

Remote monitoring of subrack operation via Ethernet port






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Figure 15: RFIM Module and diagram--4x2 configuration.




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2.4.1 Filter Modules

The Filter Modules perform the output filter duplexing functions for the MCPA system. It is
connected to the output of the Mutli-carrier Power Amplifier and can filter the received
signals. Some Filter Modules are customized to handle site-specific interference issues.
The Filter Module includes VSWR detector circuits. The VSWR detector circuits in the
Filter Module report problems to the RFIM.

All anticipated system configurations are realized using one (or two) standard filter designs
as building blocks, or simple derivatives, of these primary designs

Filter modules have the following functions and features:

Transmit and receive filters in a duplexed configuration

Low-pass transmit clean-up filter on duplexed branch

LNA circuits (optional)

Dual-directional couplers

VSWR detector circuits

Bias Ts for tower mounted amplifier (TMA) support

40 dB coupled port to monitor real time transmit power






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Figure 16: Examples of the FM1900 Filter Modules.




Vertical Filter Module Horizontal Filter Module
Output Duplexed Filter Module


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2.4.3 Multi-carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA) Modules

The MCPA module is the heart of the OneBase Cell Extender system. This module
boosts the BTS transmission signal. Using 27 VDC, the MCPA produces 135 Watts of
power to the antennas. The unit contains integral cooling via a fan-tray assembly.

The MSA1900-135 and MSA850-135 provide linear amplification of multi-carrier, mixed-
mode signals in the cellular and PCS frequency bands, respectively. The 850 MHz band
MCPA (MSA850-135) and 1900 MHz band MCPA (MSA1900-135) have the following
specifications.

Table 3: Specifications for 850 MHz band and 1900 MHz band MCPAs.
Parameter Specification
Operating RF Band
869-894 MHz for MSA850-135;
1930-1990 MHz for MSA1900-135
Instantaneous BW
25 MHz for MSA850-135;
> 45 MHz for MSA1900-135
Input DC Power +27 VDC, nominal
DC voltage input range +21VDC to +30VDC
Rated Output Power
@ +25 to 30 VDC input
135 Watts average
Rated Output Power
@ +24.0 to < +25.0 VDC
@ +21.0 to < +24.0 VDC

120 Watts average
105 Watts average
DC-RF Efficiency
15%, typical rated output power, nominal input
voltage
Transmit Band Linearity -63dBc, minimum
Receive Band Linearity -63dBc, minimum
Harmonics -40dBc, minimum
Input signal types GSM/EDGE, WCDMA, TDMA (simultaneous)
Overload Protection Gain reduced at ~1.0 dB over rated P
out

Dynamic Range 28dB
Nominal Gain (G
nom
) +56.0 dB +/- 0.25dB
Gain variation over temperature +/- 0.5dB
Gain variation over frequency +/- 0.5dB, peak-to-peak
Return Loss, input and output ports 16dB, minimum in TX band
Return loss reporting Available through GUI or RFIM
Reverse Power Protection Integral to PA, auto shut-down and recover
Reverse Intermodulation -63dBc, minimum
Physical dimensions 17.25 x 18.5 x 3.75
Weight 35 pounds
Cooling technique
Integral Fan Tray, removable while unit is
operational


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Parameter Specification
Module Environmental Seal
Requirement
GR-487-CORE issue 2
CR3-192
Fan monitoring Internally sensed
Fan Speed Variable RPM proportional to temperature
Voltage monitoring +/- 0.2V accuracy, internally sensed.
Temperature monitoring
+/- 5C accuracy. Internally sensed, auto shut-
down and recovery.
Temperature Range
-40C to +50C operational,
-20C to +50C meeting specifications.
Standby (sleep mode) Current < 4 Amps
Visual indicators
3 front-panel LEDs labeled as follows:
Warn, Alarm, Active
Front panel diagnostic port RS232
Tx Enable/Disable Switch
On Front panel
Used to stop RF transmission.
Discrete Alarms 3 severity levels, Form A relays (normally open)





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Figure 17: MCPA Modules (850 MHz cell band on left; 1900 MHz PCS band on right).



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2.4.4 Input Tray Modules: Simplex and Duplex

The Input Tray module provides the signal and cabling interface between the BTS antenna
ports and the RFIM. The Duplex Input Tray module can accept duplexed (Tx/Rx) BTS
interfaces. The Simplex Input Tray accepts only simplexed (Tx) BTS interfaces.

The functions and features of the RF Input Tray Modules are as follows:

Attenuation of transmit (Tx) path signals and re-duplexing of receive (Rx) path
signals

Duplexed and simplexed versions for each frequency band (850 MHz cell band
and 1900 MHz PCS band)

Fully front-accessible for interconnections

Mount to either side of subrack via captive thumbscrews. Input Tray Modules
are not slot specific

Free air convection cooled

Weight: 12 pounds, maximum

Size: 9.05 inches x 9.05 inches x 3.31 inches

Power Handling: 40 Watts maximum per port, 65 Watts total per tray

Support for Tower Mounted Antennas (TMAs)







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Figure 18: Simplexed and Duplexed Input Tray Modules

2.4.5 Switch Combiner Modules (SCM)

The Switch Combiner Module (SCM) provides active combining of paralleled MCPA
modules. The SCM can disconnect an empty MCPA slot or a failed MCPA module on the
subrack without incurring additional power loss. The RFIM controls the combiner module
switches. If an RFIM is not present on the subrack, the MCPA modules do not work in
parallel, and each MCPA controls the relevant switches based on MCPA faults.

Switch Combiner Modules (SCMs) have the following functions and features:

Provide active combining of paralleled amplifiers

Disconnects empty slot or failed MCPA modules within a subrack without
additional power loss





Simplexed Input Tray Module
Duplexed Input Tray Module


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Located in the rear of the subrack, behind the MCPA modules. Can be replaced
from front of subrack.

RF Blind-mate N-type plug connector mounted to float plate mechanism

DC and control via two-row header on unit

Optimized for a low-loss RF structure



Figure 19: 1900-Band 4x2 Configuration Switch Combiner Module (SCM).


2.5 Power Distribution Panel (PDP)

The Power Distribution Panel (PDP) is permanent hardware assembled at the factory on
the subrack. The PDP arrives at the cell site already installed in the subrack . The PDP is
generally not field-replaceable, except by specially qualified personnel. If the PDP fails, it is
recommended that the entire subrack be returned to Andrew Corporation for repair.

The following are the functions and features of the Power Distribution Module:

Power Distribution Panel (PDP) manages the DC interface to subrack,
distributes power to active components in subrack

Integrated circuit breakers (recessed rocker style) for each MCPA module and
RFIM unit


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Four DC feeders power each subrack

Soft start, in-rush current limiting circuitry (one for each Amplifier)

Bulk capacitors hold DC Bus voltage sag to specifications during RF Amplifier
programmed power excursions

Auto-shutdown circuitry if PA is not mounted properly in subrack

Not considered a plug-in unit, though may be replaced in the field with
properly trained personnel




Figure 20: Power Distribution Panel (PDP)Front view (left) and Rear View (right).


2.6 Alarm System

The alarm system is designed to help quickly locate both the severity of a problem and the
location of a problem. Alarms fall into three main categories as indicated in the following
table.



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Table 4: OneBase Cell Extender System alarm categories.


The alarms are also accessible at remote locations by either connecting to the ethernet port in
the RFIM or connecting to one of two terminal blocks (one on the top of the frame or one on
the rear of the middle subrack).

Specific location and description of these terminal blocks are as follows:

LOCATION 1: A two-row, 38-screw connection terminal block is located at the top of the
frame. This terminal block has alarm wire connections for three subracks. When a subrack is
in a 3+1 configuration and services three sectors (usually there will be only one subrack in
this case), Critical alarms are provided for all three sectors at the terminal blocks. This is
also the case when a subrack is in a 4x2 configuration. When a subrack is in a 4x1
configuration and services only one sector (usually there will be three Subracks in this case),
Minor , Major and Critical alarms have connections at these terminal blocks for each
Subrack.

LOCATION 2: The other access to dry contacts is an individual set of wire connections to
each MCPA alarm set on the rear of the Subrack. There are Minor , Major and
Critical alarms for each MCPA (up to four). The alarms for the individual MCPAs are
accessible on the lower middle rear of the Subrack on two vertical, two row screw terminal
block



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2.7 Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User Interface
(GUI) Software

Embedded in the RFIM is the Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface (GUI)
software for use in monitoring, updating, diagnosing, debugging, fine-tuning,
troubleshooting, and controlling the entire OneBaseCell Extender system and network
configuration.

It is noted that system set-up and operation does not require the use of the Web
Maintenance Terminal software, because the RFIM comes from the factory configured
with software supporting the ordered system. In addition, the default settings within the
MCPA for system gain and configuration are adequate for most installations. However, if
fine-tuning of gain or internal parameters is desired, or if field changes are made to the
configuration, the Web Maintenance Terminal software can be used.
.
Figure 21: Accessing the RFIM Web Maintenance Terminal (GUI) software is easily
done by connecting a laptop to the RFIM Network port via an Ethernet cable.


CAT5 Ethernet Cable


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There are two levels of access available for service providers as follows:

Operator Access. Operator Access allows access to read the diagnostic
information and allows minimal operational parameter changes to the system

Administration Access: Administration Access allows access to the
information and allows total access to make detailed changes to the operational
parameters of the system.

2.8 Assembled Systems

2.8.1 Configurations

The modular components of the OneBase Cell Extender system provide outstanding
ability to create several MCPA configurations. These configurations can be made to meet
extensive user applications.

The following drawing shows the flexible capability of these modular components to create
application specific systems.

































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2.8.2 System Level Specifications

The modular combination of modules for a specific application results in a system which
has extraordinary capabilities. These capabilities are best understood by examining the
system level specifications.
Table 5: System Level Specifications
Parameter Specification Comment
Frequency Bands 850 MHz and
1900 MHz
Cellular Band
PCS Bands
25 MHz 850 Band (824-849 & 869-894 MHz, Rx & Tx); Operation
Bandwidth 60 MHz 1900 Band (1850-1900 & 1930-1990 MHz, Rx
& Tx)
25 MHz 850 MHz Band Instantaneous
Bandwidth >45 MHz 1900 MHz Band
Operating
Temperature
-5C to +50C
-40C to +50C
Indoor application
Outdoor application, cold start 40C, meet
spec 20C
Supply Voltage +21 VDC to +30
VDC
+27.0 VDC nominal, +26.0 to +30.0 VDC
meeting all specifications
Subrack Capacity 4 MCPAs 4 x 135 Watts (uncombined) capacity per
Subrack
Frame Capacity 3 Subracks Each Subrack contains power amplifiers and
integrated filters
Power Amplifier
Module Power
Rating
135 Watts Referenced to power amplifier output
connector
DC current draw <140 Amps per
Subrack
At nominal voltage, and rated Pout
Supported Output
Power
--40 Watts/carrier
WCDMA
--25 Watts/carrier
GSM
Typical power/carrier at antenna port
In-Band
emissions
-13 dBm/MHz FCC emissions specification
Receive Path
Noise Figure
3.5 dB Referenced to antenna port, including
assumed BTS receive path, with optional
integrated LNA






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3.0 Site Planning and Preparation

3.1 Cell Site Survey

Proper site planning and site preparation is required to assure the success of a
OneBaseCell Extender System and to protect the investment. A site-walk must be done
before installing the system.

The following Site Survey information must be obtained prior to final design configuration
of the system:

Cell Site Administrative Information:
Cell site company, contact name/number, site number and address, site access
information
Shipping address for equipment
Expected installation date
Duration of trial

Existing cell site equipment configuration:
Air interface(s) (CDMA, GSM, etc.)
BTS model(s)
Frequency bands
Number of antenna feed lines
Antenna types (Vertical polarization, Horizontal polarization, etc.)
Information on the Tower Mounted Amplifiers (TMAs) installed, including their
model number, their power handling specifications, number of sectors,
breakdown of simplexed and duplexed lines, power input to MCPA, and existing
alarm interfaces
DC power plant make, model, breaker types and ratings
Block diagram showing RF cabling of existing equipment
Dimensioned floor diagram showing equipment footprint and allocated space for
MCPA, floor type
RF cable identification (color, number of stripes) for each sector

Mechanical and Installation information:
Planned floor area for MCPA equipment, indoor versus outdoor
HVAC
Cable lengths and routing
Specific physical size constraints
Installation material list (jumpers, connectors, DC feeders, breakers, DC
distribution, alarm interfacing cable, mounting hardware)
Battery back-up requirements

RF parameters for MCPA application:


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Frequency band, block, number of carriers, power per carrier desired, transmit
(Tx) diversity requirements, BTS interface specifications

Note: Local building and fire codes govern the manner in which most site
preparation and installation tasks are performed. Andrew Corporation recommends
consulting a local building inspector or a licensed engineer to assure that the site
conforms to local building codes.

3.2 Restricted Access Installation

Because of the complexity and working power of the OneBaseCell Extender System , it
is strongly suggested that the system be installed only in areas which have restricted
access, such as dedicated equipment rooms, equipment closets, environmental shelters,
or similarly designated areas. Access should be controlled and limited to qualified
personnel.

3.3 Floor Space

The proper floor layout is determined from the required dimensions of the different frame
configurations (See Chapter 2).

The following materialsas a minimum listshould never be used as a floor covering
because these materials could cause serious danger or system failure:
Combustible materials
Industrial carpeting
Materials which could generate electrostatic charges.

3.4 Lighting

The OneBaseCell Extender System is designed to be installed and serviced under
normal workroom lighting. During installation, room lighting must be bright enough to allow
reading instructions and inspection of modules, but not so bright as to interfere with
viewing the status LED indicators. The OneBaseCell Extender System should be
oriented or else protected from direct sunlight on the front panels of the modules.

3.5 Fire Protection

Andrew Corporation recommends that the OneBaseCell Extender system installation
site be equipped with smoke detectors and an automatic fire extinguishing system. In
addition, for the safety of site operators, a hand operated Halon, or CO
2
fire extinguisher
should be available.



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3.6 Altitude

When installing the OneBaseCell Extender System above 10,000 feet, decrease the
maximum permitted operating temperature by 2 C per 1000 feet above 10,000 feet.

3.7 Maximum Operating Temperature

The OneBaseCell Extender System requires unrestricted airflow around the entire
frame. Therefore, the site must be ventilated or air-conditioned so that ambient air does
not exceed 50 Celsius (122 F).

3.8 Air Quality

The OneBaseCell Extender system should be installed in a location that is free of
airborne dust and toxic or corrosive fumes.

3.9 Vibration and Noise

The OneBaseCell Extender can function at moderate levels of vibration and ambient
noise. However, the OneBaseCell Extender should not be installed in a location subject
to mechanical shocks, or vibrations conducted from nearby mechanical equipment. The
OneBaseCell Extender System generates fan noise below 60 dBa during operation, so
no additional acoustic treatment of the site is needed.

3.10 Lightning Protection

Andrew Corporation recommends that all power, RF, and signal lines that connect to the
OneBaseCell Extender System be protected by approved lightning arresting system
starting with a properly grounded chassis. This lightning arrestor must have a suitably
rated ground cable running directly to ground. The Filter Modules do contain lightning
protection. Lightning protection must comply with local Fire and Electrical Safety Codes for
lightning protection required.

3.11 Electrical Grounding

The OneBaseCell Extender System and entire equipment rack must be grounded with a
properly engineered grounding system, including ground halo and ground rods.





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3.12 Housing Clearance Space

3.12.1 Indoor Frame

Only six (6) inches of clearance space is required behind the indoor frame for airflow to
exhaust heated air. Rear access is required only during initial installation to connect the
DC power supply. During operation, the indoor frame configuration requires clearance for
unrestricted cooling air input into the front panel, plus a minimum of six inches behind the
MCPA Booster System. No additional rear clearance is needed to accommodate routing of
the RF input and output cables and the DC power cables because all connections are on
the front of the system and the wires and cables are located to the sides of the frame and
up during installation. In addition, the system frames are open design unlike standard 19
electronic equipment frames. The widest dimensions are the dimensions of the stacked
subracks in the frame. In particular, the edges of the Input Trays are the widest point.

6.00 Minimum
DIMENSIONS IN
INCHES
23.62
Maximum
22.64 Max
WALL
9.53
Maximum
8.90
1.31
10.84
0.63
4 PLACES
17.72

Figure 23: Floor mounting requirement for the indoor frame.





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3.12.2 Outdoor Cabinet

The outdoor cabinet requires 24 inches of clearance space for unrestricted cooling air
input into the cabinet in flush baffled panel openings and for operator access into the
cabinet. No additional rear clearance is needed to accommodate routing of the RF input,
output and DC power cables, since all connections are on both sides and at the top of the
OneBaseCell Extender System Cabinet. During installation the wires and cables are
located to the sides inside the cabinet. Like the indoor system configurations, up to three
(3) subracks can be mounted in a full-sized outdoor cabinet.








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4.0 Installation

The OneBaseCell Extender System is shipped as individual packaged modules,
subrack(s), frame(s) or cabinets and cabling

It is strongly recommended to locate the OneBaseCell Extender System in as close
proximity as possible to the existing RF equipment and/or antenna, so that existing cables
will remain the same length and new cables be as short as possible and also so that
ground wiring and DC return wiring can be connected to the same point.

SAFETY

WARNING: Each empty Subrack and each MCPA module weigh approximately 35
pounds. When crated for shipping a OneBaseCell Extender System can weigh in
excess of 1350 pounds and be unbalanced. To avoid injuries or damage, use care and
obtain assistance before lifting the crate containing the OneBaseCell Extender System


CAUTION: Do not attempt to handle a OneBaseCell Extender System subrack with
MCPA modules installed without assistance


CAUTION: When removing an MCPA module, support the module from the bottom as it is
withdrawn to avoid damage to the fan housing.


NOTE: Local building and fire codes govern the manner in which some site preparation
and installation tasks are performed. Andrew Corporation recommends that local building
inspectors or a licensed engineer is consulted to assure that the site installation conforms
to local building codes


UNPACKING OF ANDREW CORPORATION EQUIPMENT MUST
OCCUR AT ONLY THE CELL SITE AT WHICH THE EQUIPMENT
IS TO BE INSTALLED.

ANDREW CORPORATION EQUIPMENT SHOULD NEVER BE
UNPACKED, UNCRATED, INSPECTED, OR ASSEMBLED AT
ANY WAREHOUSE OR ANY LOCATION OTHER THAN THE
FINAL CELL SITE LOCATION.


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4.1 Measure BTS Radio Settings

Measure and record all the BTS radio settings prior to disconnecting the BTS and installing
the OneBaseCell Extender System.

4.2 Prepare the Work Area

STEP 1: Obtain all of the following documents and equipment.

Table 6: Documents needed before installation is started.
DOCUMENTS
Purchase Order Packing List

CD shipped with the equipment. This CD contains the OneBase Cell Extender User
Manual, Configuration Sheet for all configurations and other documents.
.

Table 7: Safety equipment needed before installation is started.
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
Hydraulic Table Cart High Lift (Central Hydraulics #41145 or equivalent)
Work gloves Back-support belt Safety goggles Steel-toe safety shoes

Table 8: Tools needed before installation is started.
TOOLS
Large scissors Box knife
Inspection lamp or flashlight Strap cutter
Pen, pencil and sheet of paper. Side Cutting Pliers (Klein D201-9NE).
Electric Drill
Capacity Reversible with 5/16 Hex
Driver Bit
Heat Gun
(Master 10008 MAS or equivalent)
Digital Multimeter
(with Resistance and Current Ranges)
HP E2373A or equivalent
SCREWDRIVERS
8 Phillips #1 and #2
8 Flat Blade 1/4 and 3/16
(2) 8 inch Adjustable Wrenches. Wire Strippers
ESD protective wrist strap and connecting
wire
Torque Driver
(Mountz TLS1360 or equivalent)


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TOOLS
Inspection Lamp (120 VAC Line operated)
and Large Flashlight
Crimping Tool (T & B TBMS or equivalent)
Open ended Torque Wrenches
To fit (11/4)-7/16 DIN, (9/16)-N, and
(5/16)-SMA connectors.
Clamp on Current Meter
(if not part of the DMM - optional)
1-1/4 inch open-end wrench or crows-foot
wrench and socket driver
Alternatively, a 1-1/4 inch torque wrench
can be used
Wire Strippers
(Greenlee 45109 or equivalent)
Must handle 22 AWG for alarm wires and
also 6 AWG for the power cables

Table 9: Materials needed before installation is started.
MATERIALS
Sufficient DC Power feeder wire and
HELIAX RF jumper cables
(necessary amount for the configuration
that was ordered).
8 AWG insulated (green) copper ground wire
(length necessary for application).
Pressurized can of spray solvent type
non-residue cleaner.
Shrink Tubing (necessary length for
application).

Two 8 AWG Crimp-on wire lugs.

Pressurized can of air
Assorted Nylon Cable Ties Cable Lacing

STEP 2: Remove the packing lists, installation kit, documentation CD, and other documents
attached to the shipping container.

STEP 3: Examine shipping documents to make certain that they agree with the purchase order.

STEP 4: Access the Configuration Sheet from the CD and verify that the shipped hardware
matches with the ordered configuration.

STEP 5: Open the packages using the required safety equipment and tools. Do not damage any
items or scratch the frame and module finishes.

STEP 6: Verify that there is no damage to the system. If any damage, notify the carrier and
Andrew Corporation immediately.

STEP 7: Verify that the ESD protective wrapping is intact and surrounds the modules. Do not
remove the ESD protective wrapping that surrounds the modules until actual installation.



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STEP 8: Remove spacers, packing inserts, plastic bags, and the protective coverings from only
the rear of the modules and not from the front panels.

STEP 9: Remove all other shipping materials from the outside of the packages. Do not use knives
or scissors for this task.

STEP 10: Retain any necessary original packaging if items are to be returned. Contact Andrew
Corporation Customer Service for detailed instructions.

STEP 11: Dispose of the remaining packing materials.

4.3 Install the Frame

Each OneBaseCell Extender System floor frame must be secured to the floor with 4 (four)
suitable bolts after the footprint is positioned as planned. The requirements are for height, front,
sides and rear clearance of each OneBaseCell Extender System must clear obstructions by six
(6) inches for proper air flow.

4.4 Install the Subrack into the Frame

Subracks are usually pre-installed in the outdoor cabinet or indoor frame before shipping to
the cell site. However, there are occasions when subracks must be installed in the frame at
the cell site. The following instructions are provided for those occasions. A Subrack
mounts into the frame using the subrack mounting hardware (which includes enough 5/16
slotted hex head 12-24 thread forming, Tri-Lobe, long screws for the particular
configuration installation). The type and number of Subracks (maximum of 3) in a frame is
determined by the configuration.

STEP 1: Determine the spacing and location of each subrack in the frame or cabinet
before installing the first subrack. This spacing is required to allow room for the filter
modules. There are hole locations on the frame or cabinet which must match up with
the proper holes in the subrack for proper subrack mounting.

STEP 2: Using a hydraulic lift or additional individuals, lift the subrack into the proper
position in the frame.

STEP 3: At the proper frame position, drive five (5) mounting screws (from the installation
kit) into the mounting holes in the frame. As the screws are driven into the mounting holes,
the screws will form threads in those holes. As many of the five (5) holes in the four (4)
mounting flanges two on each side of the Subrack, into holes that will permit being
threaded (some holes in the flanges will not line up with holes in the frame).

STEP 4: Turn each screw and press each screw into the properly selected hole in the
frame.



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STEP 5: When the maximum number of screws for the configuration have been installed,
the subracks are ready for modules and cabling.

The OneBaseCell Extender System is labeled with the part and serial numbers, using
standard EIA part identification, date code information, and serializing methods. It is also
labeled with the appropriate FCC approvals where necessary.

All subracks are shipped with all necessary wiring for the correct configuration. This
consists of inter-module RF signal distribution, cabling and the RF Combiner Module, if
equipped. The other RF cables are packed separately for the RFIMs, Filter Modules and
RF Input Trays.

Figure 24: Subrack ready to be installed into the indoor frame.

4.5 Install the RFIM Modules

In most cases the RFIM(s) are installed in the subracks at the factory. The following procedure is
used if the RFIMs are NOT installed at the factory.


CAUTION: Use extreme care when plugging in RFIM module to prevent pins from
being damaged.


ALARM TERMINAL
INTERFACE BLOCK
For correct location of
all subracks, bottom
holes in subrack must
align with special holes
located in frame.


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STEP 1: Verify that the subrack is clear of debris before starting to insert the RFIM module into the
housing. Often a plastic cap from one of the connectors is in the path where the subrack must be
inserted and connected.

STEP 2: Verify that there are NO bent pins on the RFIM or on the backplane in the subrack

STEP 3: Mount ONE (1) RFIM into the subrack, by squaring the RFIM away vertically holding the
module with both hands, then inserting the rear end of the module in the narrow vertical slot at the
extreme right of the (4) MCPA slots against the right subrack wall.

STEP 4: Slide the RFIM very slowly and evenly toward the back of the housing until contact is felt
with the locating pins and connectors. Do not slam the RFIM module into the backplane. Do not
fully seat the RFIM until the thumbscrews are partially engaged.

STEP 5: Seat the RFIM by apply a seating force at a point on the RFIM front panel approximately
one-third down from the top of the RFIM.
---Gently mate the RFIM to the connector on the housing.
---Secure the RFIM to the subrack by tightening the captive Phillips head screws located at the top
and bottom of the RFIM faceplate.
---Gradually tighten the thumbscrews by partially turning one thumbscrew at a time and continuing
to rotate among all thumbscrews until all thumbscrews are securely tightened at the same level.





Figure 25: Positioning of RFIM module for installation into subrack.








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Figure 26: Proper hand positioning for installing RFIM module into subrack.





4.6 Install the Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier (MCPA)
Modules

Each slot in the subrack is designated for a particular operating band of frequencies.
Depending on the type of configuration and RF power, there are two MCPA types (850
MHz and 1900 MHz). There is a different keying pin location for each of the MCPA
frequency types which will prevent the wrong MCPA type from connecting to the wrong
position in the backplane. Each MCPA type installs the same way with two captive screws
(one at the top of the front panel the other at the bottom of the front panel. Each screw has
outer knurling to start it and a slot to tighten with a flat blade screwdriver.

There are guide pins located on the large RF connector on the Switch Combiner Module
(SCM) or the Output Cable Assembly (OCA) for each slot. The rear of the MCPA aligns a
precisely placed hole with these guide pins to mate the connectors.




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Figure 27: Guide pin and keying in SCM modules.





STEP 1: Verify that the subrack is clear of debris before proceeding. Sometimes a plastic
cap from one of the connectors is in the insertion path.

STEP 2: Verify that the RF plastic caps are removed from the back of the MCPAs before
proceeding.

STEP 3: Verify that there are no objects in the microswitch area of the MCPA slots in the
subrack and that the microswitches operate freely.

STEP 4: Support the MCPA module from underneath at its approximate center of gravity
with one hand and guide and steady it by the top handle with the other hand.

STEP 5: Locate the module in the proper slot (of four) according to the specific design
configuration and place the MCPA module center groove on the center track in that
subrack slot and smoothly slide the MCPA module straight back in the track until contact is
felt with the locating pin and RF connector assembly on the factory-mounted Combiner
Assembly. The MCPA plugs into the Blind RF signal connection at the top rear of the
subrack. Also, a Sub D connector, with four (4) high-current contact pins located in the
lower rear of the Subrack slot also mates. Push the MCPA as far as it will go applying
force at the bottom handle of the front panel so the module travels straight back smoothly
and mates easily with all guide pins and connectors.

Keying Pin
location for
850 MHz
band.
Keying Pin
location for
1900 MHz
band.
Guide Pins
(Typical)


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Figure 28: Correct position of MCPA module for installation into subrack.









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Figure 29: Location of the MCPA microswitches



Figure 30: Correct hand position for installing the MCPA module into the subrack.

Caution: When installing an MCPA Module, support it from the bottom and
the handles to avoid damaging the fan housing. Do not ram the MCPA into a
slot as this will damage the connectors.
MCPA microswitches are located at the front end of all four MCPA guide tracks.
Seating screws on bottom right of MCPAs MUST be inserted properly for system
to identify correct MCPA installation in order to send power to each MCPA.
Close-up top view of MCPA microswitch.
MCPA seating screw inserted here.


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STEP 6: Finger tighten the upper and lower set screws on the MCPA front panel. At this
point the rear edge of the MCPA front panel should be contacting the subrack evenly all
around the slot. Tighten the upper and lower screws sequentially. Snug-up the screws with
a flat blade screw driver. Verify that the screws are fully tightened on the subrack to assure
that the MCPA will turn on and operate correctly.

STEP 7: Verify that the lower screw is installed properly. The correct installation of this
screw will activate the microswitch. The closed microswitch enables power to be supplied
to the filter.

4.7 Install the Filter Modules

There are two different filter module configurations: horizontal filter modules and vertical
filter modules.
--Vertical filter modules are designed for three-sector subracks.
--Horizontal filter modules are designed for single-sector subracks.
Both types install with two captive screws that have both knurling and slots in the head to
tighten with a flat blade screwdriver.

STEP 1: Verify that the subrack is clear of debris before proceeding. Sometimes a plastic
cap from one of the connectors is in the insertion path.

STEP 2: Verify that the RF plastic caps are removed from the back of the filter modules.

STEP 3: Verify that there are no objects in the microswitch area of the MCPA slots in the
subrack and that the filter microswitches operate freely.

















Figure 31: Location of FILTER microswitches in the top of the subrack and a close-
up view of the microswitch.
Close-up view of FILTER microswitch
from underneath filter support rack.
FILTER seating screw inserted here.
FILTER microswitches are located in
frame in line with left, lower seating
screw of each FILTER.
FILTER


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STEP 4: Support the module from beneath at its approximate center of gravity and guide it by one
of the handles with your other hand.

Figure 32: Correct hand position for installing a Vertical Filter Module into the
subrack.

STEP 5: Locate the module in the proper center groove on the track on the top of the
subrack and smoothly slide the module straight back in the track until contact is felt with
the locating tab and pin guided RF connector on the factory-mounted Combiner Assembly
that the Filter module plugs into its signal connections.

STEP 6: Finger tighten both set screws on the front panel. At this point the rear edge of
the module front panel should be contacting the subrack evenly across the top of the
subrack. Snug-up the screws with a flat blade screw driver.

STEP 7: Verify that the left lower screw is installed properly. The correct installation of
this screw will activate the microswitch. The closed microswitch enables power to be
supplied to the filter.

The Filter Module has a built in detector circuit and an optional Low Noise Amplifier (LNA
Module Section). These circuits need DC Power, which is supplied via a front panel
connector and cable from the RFIM front panel. The cable ends must be connected to a
connector on front panel of the Filter Module and to a connector on front panel of the
RFIM.




*


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Figure 33: Positioning of a Duplex Horizontal Mount Filter Module for installation
into the subrack.

4.8 Install the RF Input Trays

If Input Trays are part of the purchased system configuration, then Input Tray mounting
brackets will be installed on the sides of the subrack(s) for the Input Trays. A maximum of
three (3) Input Trays can be mounted vertically on each bracket, with a total of six (6) Input
Trays per subrack. However, for a three-subrack system, only two (2) trays can be fitted on
each side of the subrack. Input trays are not space specific and any Input tray can be
mounted in a space designed for Input Trays. Refer to the specific configuration since the
interconnecting RF cables must reach the connectors on the trays.

STEP 1: Verify that the subrack is clear of debris before proceeding. Sometimes a plastic
cap from one of the connectors is in the insertion path.



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STEP 2: Verify that the RF plastic caps are removed from the back of the filter modules
before proceeding.

STEP 3: Turn the input tray to the vertical position. Support the input tray with one hand at
its approximate center of gravity with it on its side the mid-slot pointing to the side of the
Subrack. Guide and steady the module with the other hand.

STEP 4: Locate the module on the selected shelf on the bracket and engage the
corresponding guide pin into the hole in the rear of the heat-sink.

STEP 5: As the module is pushed back also swing it onto the tab with the screw hole so
that it passes through the slot in the middle of the front panel until it is flat against the side
of the bracket and the subrack. All signal connections are to front panel RF connectors.

STEP 6: Finger tighten the set screw on the front panel. At this point the bottom edge of
the Input Tray front panel should be contacting the Subrack evenly all across the bracket.

STEP 7: Snug-up the screw with a flat blade screw driver.


Figure 34: Positioning of a Duplexed Input Tray for installation into a subrack.


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Figure 35: Hand position when installing a 1900 MHz Simplexed RF Input Tray
Module in a subrack.
4.9 Connect Existing Cell Site RF Output Cable to
OneBase System

STEP 1: Disconnect the existing RF output cablewhich connects to the antennafrom
the existing cell site RF output device

STEP 2: Connect the RF output cable to the RF input connector on the Filter Module
according to the detailed configuration on the Configuration Sheet (on the CD). Always
refer to the Configuration Sheet when connecting and reconnecting cables

4.10 Connect Ground Wire to Housing

4.10.1 Indoor Frame Grounding Connection

STEP 1: Verify that the housing is securely attached to the floor.



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STEP 2: Attach an #8AWG ground wire to the housing. The cable and wire connections
start with connecting a #8AWG stranded ground wire, with green insulation, to an
unpainted area high on (choose either side of) the floor frame to a low resistance earth
ground. The OneBaseCell Extender equipment must be grounded in accordance with
Article 250 of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, Section 10 of the Canadian Electrical
Code, Part I, CSA C22.1, or the local electrical code in effect.

STEP 3: Locate the IEC 60417 Ground Symbol 5019, adjacent to the ground screw. The
designated ground screw and symbol must not be used for any other purpose than for the
connection of an equipment grounding conductor (the ground wire attachment).

STEP 4: Measure the distance and routing between the chosen unpainted ground area
and an attachment point to earth ground. Cut a length of #8AWG insulated (green)
stranded copper wire sufficient for the connection. Cut the wire to the shortest length that
can be used.

STEP 5: Crimp a lug to each end of the ground wire.

STEP 6: Install a -20 7/16 hex head bolt in the lug and through the designated hole
provided in the top unpainted, anodized area of the floor frame. Attach the lock washer and
nut to the protruding bolt thread. Tighten the fasteners on the lug securely using two 8
adjustable wrenches (one holding the bolt head from turning while tightening down the nut
on the lug and washers).

STEP 7: Connect the other end of the ground wire to an appropriate earth ground (as
described above) the same way, using the same size hardware and hole.

STEP 8: Use a digital multimeter on the lowest resistance scale, to verify that the
resistance between the chassis ground and true earth ground is less than one (1) Ohm.

STEP 9: Inspect the finished connection make sure all of the criteria as outlined above
have been complied with. If tight crimps and tight terminal hardware are noted, dress the
path of the wire to be out of interference with personnel using cable ties. The ground wire
installation is complete.















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Figure 36: Grounding connection holes are located on the side of the frames.



Figure 37: Grounding connection details for indoor frame ground.


Frame
Ground wire
Typical ground
connection points.


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4.10.2 Outdoor Cabinet Grounding Connection

The following pictures show the location of the grounding wire for outdoor cabinets.
Figure 38: Location of ground connections for outdoor cabinet.




4.11 Connect DC Power to the System

The OneBaseCell Extender System requires customer-supplied wiring to the Power
Distribution Panel (PDP) power connection block from a current-capable 27 VDC power
supply. The system must be connected to a power supply with a separate connection for
each RF module on a convenient power connection block on the rear of each subrack.





REAR VIEWOUTDOOR CABINET:
Ground connection on to side areas of cabinet.
REAR VIEWOUTDOOR CABINET:
Ground connection on bottom.
REAR VIEWOUTDOOR CABINET:
Ground connection on terminal.


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Figure 39: Power connection block on real panel of subrack.

Different system configurations require different electrical current and power based on
which modules are installed in the subrack.



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Table 10: Recommended DC power service requirements for various MCPA
configurations
Number of
MCPA
Modules
Rated RF Output
Power from
MCPA(s)
(Uncombined)
Typical Current
at Full RF
output
@ 27 VDC
Wiring and circuit breaker
requirements to the Power
Connection Block
1 135 Watts 35 Amps
2 wires (2 per module
1 each 50-Amp Circuit Breaker
2 270 Watt

68 Amps

4 wires (2 per module),
2 each 50-Amp Circuit Breaker
3 405 Watts

101 Amps

6 wires (2 per module),
3 each 50-Amp Circuit Breaker
4 540 Watts
134 Amps

8 wires (2 per module),
4 each 50-Amp Circuit Breaker




Table 11: Optional wiring choices to connect cell site power.
VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS AT SUBRACK
1. 26 Volts minimum at rear of each subrack for proper operation.
2. Unit will set off alarm at 25 Volts nominal.
Total Voltage Loss (across
Wire Distance) from Local Power Supply to
Power Connection Block on Back of Subrack
(VOLTS)
Wire
Gauge
(AWG)
Wire
Diameter
(Inches)
Wire
Resistance
(Ohms per
foot)
5
Feet
10
Feet
15
Feet
20
Feet
25
Feet
30
Feet
8 0.128 0.000628 0.263 0.575 0.791 1.055 1.318 1.582
7 0.144 0.000498 0.209 0.418 0.627 0.786 1.045 1.254
6 0.162 0.000395 0.166 0.332 0.498 0.664 0.830 0.995
5 0.182 0.000313 0.132 0.264 0.394 0.526 0.657 0.789
4 0.204 0.000248 0.104 0.208 0.312 0.416 0.521 0.625
NOTES:
1. Voltage loss assumes a 42-amp current maximum condition (MCPA
overdrive).
2. Each connector terminal opening width is 0.200 inches.
3. Voltage Loss Calculation Equation:
[(Wire resistance) (Distance) (2--for round trip) (42 amps)] = Voltage Loss




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The DC power supply is to be connected to the DC Power Input Block with 6 gauge
conductors. It is highly recommended that different colors be used for +27V and ground
because the equipment will be damaged by reversing the power accidentally.

Caution: The OneBaseCell Extender equipment has a connection
between the grounded conductor of the DC supply circuit and the
grounding conductor.

DC POWER CONNECTION REQUIREMENTS:

1. The OneBaseCell Extender equipment must be connected directly to the DC supply
system grounding electrode conductor, or to a bonding jumper from an grounding terminal
bar or bus to which the DC supply system grounding electrode conductor is connected.

2. The OneBaseCell Extender equipment must be located in the same immediate area
(such as, adjacent cabinets) as any other equipment that has a connection between the
grounded conductor of the same DC supply circuit and the grounding conductor, and also
the point of grounding of the DC system. The DC system must not be grounded elsewhere.

3. The DC supply source must be located within the same premises as the OneBaseCell
Extender equipment.

4. Switching, or disconnecting devices must not be in the grounded circuit conductor
between the DC source and the point of the connection of the grounding electrode
conductor.

STEP 1: Prior to making any other connections, verify proper operation of the power
supply by measuring output with a digital multi-meter (DMM) set to the appropriate
voltmeter scale and mark (if necessary) the polarity of the DC power supply on the output
terminals that are to be used with the OneBaseCell Extender System.

STEP 2: Turn off the DC power supply.

STEP 3: Properly connect to the Power Input Block of the Power Distribution Panel
(PDP) one pair of wires (a positive connection and a negative connection) cut to the
correct length for each RF MCPA Module and connecting them properly.

STEP 4: Run separate redundant heavy gauge single wires, one pair for each of the four
power amplifier modules in each Subrack, back to wherever the power supply is located,
observing all local electrical codes and ordinances. For example, each frame with three
Subracks will have 24 heavy gauge wires connected per electrical code and ordinance. Do
not put DC carrying wires together with AC carrying wires or together with RF cables.



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STEP 5: Verify that polarity is correct. Use only wires with two colors. i.e. Color code the
DC power to the terminal block. Red wiring is suggested for positive polarity andBlack
wiring is suggested for negative polarity. Be sure to identify and use the same color for all
positive connections and the second color for all negative connections.



Figure 40: Correct installation of power and ground connections on the power input
block located on the rear of the frame behind each subrack.

STEP 6: Strip 1/2 inch insulation from the wire ends at the end to be inserted in the
ubrack DC power connection block.

STEP 7: Twist the stripped ends tightly using a heavy pair of linemans pliers to avoid
letting the ends fray. Frayed wire edges make it difficult to insert the stripped ends into the
correct opening in the block.

STEP 8: Loosen the correct connection screw (counter-clockwise) associated with the
correct opening (corresponding with the module and with correct polarity).



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STEP 9: With the end of the wire pushed into the correct opening as far as it will go,
tighten the corresponding screw clockwise with a flat blade torque screwdriver set to 4.5
inch-pounds of torque. DC powering of the OneBaseCell Extender System must be in
accordance with local building codes and industry practice which may include separate
conduit and junction boxes.

TOTAL POWER CONSUMPTION

When the modules are supplying their rated RF power, the total DC power consumption in
Watts is determined by multiplying the number of modules s by the following values for
each module:

MCPA = 972 Watts

MCPA in hot standby mode: 100 Watts

Switch Combiner = 25 Watts

Filter Module = 11 Watts

RFIM = 31 Watts

When an MCPA is overdriven, it draws up to 42 Amps, or 1080 W. Therefore, to
determine total lower consumption for this over driven condition, add 130 Watts per MCPA.
Circuit breakers should be sized for the overdriven condition.

With an RFIM and SCM, the power is shown below:

Table 12: Calculated DC power (Watts) for three configurations.
MCPA Power Consumption (Watts) Number
of Filters 1 MCPA 2
MCPAs
3
MCPAs
4 MCPAs, with one
idle (spare 3+1
application)
4 MCPAs
1 1039 W 2011 W 2983 W 3755 W
2 2022 W 3966 W
3 3005 W 3116 W

4.12 Prepare the RF Connectors for Installation

Proper care and assembly of RF connectors on existing equipment is essential to the
proper operation.

The following are the RF connectors used on the OneBase Cell Extender System: SMA
RF Connector, N-type RF connector, and DIN 7-16.


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SMA Connector





TORQUE:
5 inch-pounds
0.57 Newton-meters


N-type Connector





TORQUE:
12 inch-pounds
1.36 Newton-meters

DIN 7-16 Connector




TORQUE:
265 inch-pounds
29.95 Newton-meters


Figure 41: RF system connectors used in the OneBaseCell Extender System.

REMOVE DEBRIS: Type SMA, N, and DIN 7/16 connectors must be clean and free of
burrs. If necessary, blow out the connectors with Dust Off or equivalent. If there is
significant buildup of metal flakes on a connector, first use a solvent type non-residue
cleaner, but do not use contact cleaner, or any cleaner that leaves a lubricant or residue of
any type. Then follow the solvent-type cleaner with Dust Off.

ALIGN PROPERLY DURING INSTALLATION: Align the cable connector to the panel
connector before inserting the connector to minimize wear on the connector, to reduce
side stress and to minimize the possibility of cross threading.

PROPER CONNECTION OF THE DIN 7/16 CONNECTORS: The DIN 7/16 connectors
generally mate with a successive technique of pressing the connector in and turning the
outer nut by hand. Do not rely on tightening the outer nut to force the male connector
inward because this may result in damaged connectors since there is no indication if there
is misalignment.

4.13 Connect the RF Receive Cables

There are several cables that interconnect the MCPAs, RFIM, Input Trays, and Filter
Modules on the front of the Subrack. These cables are SMA male-male and are part of the
Subrack configuration. Refer to the system Configuration Sheet for exact interconnection
information. The integrity of RF cabling is critical to the electrical performance of the
OneBaseCell Extender System.



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The OneBaseCell Extender System has a recommended RF Cable Parts List which
contains all the optional cables needed for completing custom booster systems.

Verify that the cable outer conductors (especially the braided type) are not kinked, frayed,
or abraded and do not have outer insulation damage. Also ensure that the connector is not
separated from the outer conductor and the inner conductor pin connection is not missing
or damaged. Electrical contact surfaces must be bright and free of corrosion and debris;
clean and mechanically sound to mate properly. When defects are noted do not place that
component into service, but replace it with one that is known good or new.

The receive signal cables allow the output duplexer (filter module) receive signal to be
routed back to the input duplexer (input tray). This cable type is part no. F057A-PSRSR-
34N-PA. These cables are routed from the SMA connector on the front panel of the filter
module, along the lower edge of each filter module toward the duplexed input trays.

Do not exceed the bend radius of the cable. The bend radius of the cable should not be
smaller than 1.5 inches. Cables should have a loop at each end to accommodate the
length of cable.







Figure 42: Receive cable routing.

For right-side mounted input trays, the receive cables run down the right side of the
subrack as shown below. The receive cables are formed in a U-shape and terminate on
the input tray. Cable tie features are built into the input tray brackets located on the side of
the subrack. In order to keep the cables in place, they are tie-wrapped to the brackets as
shown. Verify that all cables are tightened to specified toque.







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Figure 43: RX 0 out of the output filters to RX 1 in of the input trays. Only these
cables are installed.












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Figure 44: Input tray termination of RF input cable







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Figure 45: Cables should be routed under the output filters and the sheet metal
holding the input trays. There are features on this holder to tie-wrap the cables.
Keep cables as close to the equipment as possible.




4.14 Connect the RFIM Input Cables

Second to be installed are the cables between input trays and the RFIM and bias cables
between the input tray and the output filters. The bias cables allow TMA bias to be re-
injected onto the output duplexed antenna lines.


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The following pictures shows the bias cables installed on the filter modules, tie-wrapped,
and routed along the lower edge of the filter module faceplate.











Figure 46: Front panel cabling.







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The output cables and the DC/signal cables between the
RFIM and the filter modules are not yet installed.





Figure 47: Use wire ties to fasten the cables to the subrack


The following picture shows the simplex input trays located on the left side of the subrack.
The RF cable is routed through the cabling tray in front of the amplifiers. Any excess cable
length should be looped and tucked within the cable tray.



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Storing excess cable lengths in a cabling
tray.



Figure 48: Connect output of the input tray to the RFIM input using cable part N.
C195-SMSM-54N-PA. Make sure that if only one RFIM input is used, the other is
terminated. Excess cable length should be looped and tucked within the cable tray.







Figure 49: The cables are then routed and tied to the input tray sheet metal as
shown.



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The cables between the RFIM and the duplex input trays and the cable between the input tray and
the filter are routed similarly along the sheet metal.










Figure 50: The cables are then routed between the filters and the amplifiers.




Cable ties


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Figure 51: Storage space for excess cable.


The last in the intra-subrack connections to be made are the DC/signal cable between the
RFIM and the filter module. Loop excess cable in the bin located on the right side of the
subrack, above the power distribution module. The DC/signal cable to the filter modules
may be routed along side the previously installed RF cables, and cable tied as shown.






Figure 52: Additional storage space for excess cable.

Excess cable can
be stored in the
provided space
Excess cable can
be stored in the
provided space
Cable ties


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4.15 Make Connections Outside the Subrack

The input cables (to and from the BTS) should be 3/8 inch FSJ2 superflex cables, while
the output cables (to and from the antenna) should be 1/2 inch FSJ4 superflex cables.
These connections should be made with right-angle DIN 7/16 connectors, with the
exception of the receive-only antenna connectors which are right-angle N-type connectors.



*


Figure 53: The cables are to be band around the input trays and then wire tied to
the input trays. There are features provided on the input trays for just that purpose.
















Figure 54: Cable mounting features.



FSJ2, BTS
connections
FSJ4,
transmit/receive
antenna connection
FSJ4, right angle N
(receive-only cable
connection from
antenna)
Cable
mounting
features


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Figure 55: Input and output cables should be routed along a built-in trough along
the heat sink section of the input trays as shown below.




Figure 56: Organize wiring with cable ties placed strategically.


Cable
ties
Cable
ties


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The following are example diagrams of fully-cabled subracks.




Figure 57: 3+1 Configuration connections.




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Figure 58: An example of front panel cable connections (one of many
configurations).

4.16 Torque all RF Connectors

Verify that ALL RF connections are tightened to the correct torque value. It is mandatory to
correctly torque all RF connections tight enough to prevent RF power loss leakage and to


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prevent moisture from entering the connection. Use torque wrenches on all RF connectors.
Also, over tightening RF connections will cause damage.

PROPER TORQUE FOR ALL RF CONNECTIONS: The following torque should be
applied to all RF connections:

SMA Connections: 5 inch-pounds (0.57 Newton-meters)

N-type Connector: 12 inch-pounds (1.36 Newton-meters)

DIN7/16 Connections: 265 inch-pounds (29.95 Newton-meters)

4.17 Terminate all Un-used RF Connectors on the RFIM

If they have no functional connector and cable assembly fastened on them, then terminate
all un-used RF connectors of powered RFIM Moduleswhich are installed in an operating
systemwith threaded screw-on style 50-ohm terminators fastened at their proper torque.

PA2
PA3
PA1
50 ohm
term
PA2
PA3
PA1
PA4
RFIM,
3+1
RFIM, 4x4, used
with 3 MCPAs
A 50 ohm termination is required on any RFIM input
that is paired with an active input.




Figure 59: The RFIM requires 50-Ohm terminations for certain RFIM configurations.


50-Ohm
Terminations


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4.18 Connect the Alarm Interface Wiring

The OneBaseCell Extender System provides (dry relay contact) alarm output terminals
(See Section 7.0) which will enable connection to a remote customer monitoring system. A
37-pin female D connector with proper pin and wire construction will mate with the 37-pin
male D connector (See Section 7.0) on the alarm interface board located at the top of the
frame. There are pins allotted in Subracks 1 and 2 that allow for additional miscellaneous
alarms such as an open door in the system, etc.

4.19 Install Wire and Cable Ties or Lacing

When all wires and RFcables are installed, the wires and cables should be grouped with
cable ties or lacing. There are formed D-shaped loops on the input trays to receive cable
ties. Utilizing these loops will provide neat vertical cable groupings.

4.20 Verify Installation Against Configuration Sheet

Verify that the complete assembly of the OneBaseCell Extender System matches all of
the requirements of the shipped Configuration Sheet. If anything does not match, re-
install that component or sub-assembly.

4.21 Complete the Installation Checklist Before
Power-Up

DO NOT TURN ON ANY POWER UNTIL ALL
ITEMS ON THE FOLLOIWNG INSTALLATION
CHECKLIST HAVE BEEN COMPLETED.




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INSTALLATION CHECKLIST
MUST BE COMPLETED PRIOR TO POWER-UP
Table 13: Installation checklist which must be completed BEFORE any power-up of
the OneBase system.
STEP VERIFY INITIALS
1. Verify that polarity of DC power supply is correct.
2. Verify that Indoor Frame or Outdoor Cabinet is grounded.
3. Verify that all RF High Power Outputs are terminated into antennas
4. Verify that front panels are all flush
5. Verify that all thumb screws are tight
6. Verify that the 15-Pin cables are connected correctly to the filter modules.
7. Verify that subrack is correctly and securely mounted to frame.
8. Verify that frame is correctly and securely mounted to floor.
9. Verify that all modules are seated firmly.
10. Verify that all DC cables are installed properly.
11. Verify that all Power Supply returns are NOT grounded.
12. Verify that Power Supply is adjusted to 27 Volts.
13. Verify that in a DUAL-BAND Subrack that:
--the 1900 MHz MCPAs are on the LEFT, and
--the 850 MHz MCPAs are on the RIGHT.

14. Verify that in a DUAL-BAND Subrack that:
--the 1900 MHz FILTER is on the LEFT, and
--the 850 MHz FILTER is on the RIGHT.

15. Verify that if a 1900 MHz single band unit, then the FILTER should be on
the RIGHT and mounted HORIZONTALLY.

16. Verify that if n 850 MHz single band unit, then the FILTER should be on
the LEFT and mounted horizontally.

17. Verify that all antenna Diversity 0 ports are terminated into an antenna.
18. Verify that there are 50-ohm loads on ALL unused parts of an RFIM input
pair.

19. Verify that there are NO FRAYED WIRES at the DC input block on the
rear.

20. Verify that there is SIX INCHES OF CLEARANCE for airflow at the front
and back of the cabinet

21. Verify that there is NOTHING--which has power greater than 0 dBm
that is connected to the SMA connectors on the RFIM.

22. Verify that there is NO high power (e.g. GREATER THAN 10 WATTS)
connected to any connector other than the INPUT TRAYS.

23. Verify that the DC bias cables are connected from the INPUT TRAYS to
the FILTER MODULES where TMAs are used (if applicable).

24. Verify that FAN CONNECTORS are in place in the front of the MCPAs.
25. Check all physical and electrical connections to the OneBaseCell
Extender System. Fix all discrepancies before proceeding to the next
step.



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5.0 Initial Start-up

5.1 Establish Safety Conditions

SAFETY

CAUTION: Since some or all of the existing BTS RF cables are re-used when the
OneBaseCell Extender System is installed into the existing system, verify that all
existing BTS RF cables are in good condition. The system being upgraded by the
OneBase installation should be in proper operating condition and capable of handling
additional bands of frequencies, additional modulation formats and additional power from
the OneBaseCell Extender System.


WARNING: RF power amplifiers produce levels of RF that are extremely harmful to the
skin and muscle fibers if there is direct contact with an active RF connector. Further, RF
energy greater than about 100 milliwatts which becomes radiated into the room is
dangerous to the eyes and other parts of the body. Be sure that all cables are in place
before turning on RF. Persons with pacemakers should avoid exposure to RF radiated
fields. In normal operation with all cables connected, the RF is enclosed within the cables
and housings and presents no problem.


WARNING: When working on RF cables, remove all AC and DC power from the system.
Do not perform RF cable installation with DC power applied to the OneBaseCell
Extender System. Assure that all AC and DC power is OFF to all involved equipment
before handling RF cables.


NOTE: The integrity of RF cabling is critical to the electrical performance of the
OneBaseCell Extender System. Assure that cable outer conductors (especially the
braided type) are not kinked, frayed, or abraded and do not have outer insulation
damage. Also assure that the connector is not separated from the outer conductor and
the inner conductor pin connection is not missing or damaged. Electrical contact surfaces
must be bright and free of corrosion and debris; clean and mechanically sound to mate
properly. When defects are noted do not place that component into service, but replace it
with one that is known good or new.


WARNING: DO NOT DISCONNECT RF OUTPUT CONNECTOR and CABLE DURING
OneBaseCell Extender SYSTEM OPERATION. Assure that all AC and DC power is
OFF to all involved equipment before disconnecting RF connectors and cables.



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5.2 Verify Shipped Configuration

Use the Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface software (Section 6.0) to
verify that the software is set up for the correct hardware configuration that was purchased.
Access the Web Maintenance Terminal software for the correct hardware configuration

5.3 Start-up the System

The OneBaseCell Extender System is now properly connected between the antenna
system and the BTS according. The following procedure will initially setup and run the
system:

STEP 1: The BTS radio settings should be measured and recorded prior to connecting to
the OneBaseCell Extender System.

The RF Power into the OneBaseCell Extender System must be set to proper levels with
the MCPA(s) powered off, and connected to either a 50 ohm dummy load or a properly
working antenna. Alternately, the BTS settings and measurements may be performed
while the previous system is running and on the air. The recommended power/carrier
incident to the OneBaseCell Extender System is +38 dBm.
Caution: The input trays are specified to dissipate up to 65w (+48.1 dBm)
total average power. Additionally, each input port, whether it is duplexed or
simplexed, is specified for 40w maximum (+46 dBm) total average incident power.
Failure to observe these power ratings may cause damage to the input trays.

STEP 2: An RF cascade budget sheet should be filled out for downlink gain and power
settings to ensure that the system will produce the desired output power per carrier. The
Subrack modules come from the factory configured with default settings. Some examples
are input trays (set to 50 dB insertion loss) and MCPA modules (set to +56 dB gain). An
example cascade budget sheet is shown below:



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Figure 60: Gain reference.

STEP 3: With the BTS radios disabled, the MCPAs are then switched on by switching the
Subrack breaker ON located on the lower right side of the Subrack (PDP, Power
Distribution Panel). Verify that the MCPA module ENABLE front panel switch is pushed
in the ON position. The MCPA modules should briefly flash all LEDs, then have the
green ACTIVE LED stay on indicating the unit has passed self-test and is ready to
process RF signals. Verify that the duplexed antenna port connection located on the
Subrack Filter Module is terminated in either a suitable 50 ohm load or a properly working
antenna port.

STEP 4: Enable a single BTS radio, and measure the output power of the OneBaseCell
Extender System. The BTS radio should be set to a known power level, as previously
discussed, and known traffic condition, such as the control channel for GSM air interface.
The OneBaseCell Extender output power may be measured using a calibrated and
functional power meter connected to the transmit path monitor point located on the Filter
Module, TX Mon, which is a -40 dB coupled monitor point. Alternatively, if the system is
connected to an in-line termination, the power may be measured at the attenuated end of
the measurement path.



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STEP 5: Verify that output power is present, and that no alarms (visual indicators) are
present using the Web Maintenance Terminal GUI software. This procedure is to verify
proper operation and to avoid damaging the system.

5.4 Set The Output RF Power

The signal(s) from the system that will be feeding the booster is (are) at the previous level
and will be attenuated by the Input Trays of the OneBaseCell Extender System as
planned and installed. However, the actual levels must be checked and set to prevent
overload of the Input Trays.

Once power has been measured at the output of the OneBaseCell Extender System by
enabling one of the BTS radios, the output power for each of the radios may be adjusted
and aligned for optimal system performance. This may be accomplished several ways:

1. Individually adjust each of the radios in the BTS to achieve the desired output
power/carrier at the antenna port of the OneBaseCell Extender System. This can
be performed a single radio at a time, assigning the BCCH (in the case of GSM) to
each radio and measuring output power. The radio output power is adjusted to
achieve the desired result. It should be noted that GSM radios may have limited
resolution for power settings, typically 2 dB. Please note the power handling
capabilities of the Input Trays.

2. Fine tuning of the system gain by using the Web Maintenance Terminal The
RFIM may be adjusted with < 0.1 dB resolution, and a range of -8 dB to +3 dB.
Additionally, the tool may be used to measure power from the built-in detectors
within the Filter Module. Power readings, using the tool, are referenced to the
OneBaseCell Extender System antenna port.

3. For lower power BTS interfaces, the Input Trays may be adjusted by exchanging a
fixed value attenuator (SMA connectorized) within the module with a lower value, to
reduce the overall loss of the unit. Please consult your Andrew Corporation Sales
Contact for detailed instructions for attenuator re-configuration. Alternatively, the
Andrew Corporation factory may be consulted to provide an Input Tray having a
customized attenuation for a particular BTS installation.

In most cases, Step 1 above is all that is necessary for configuring and setting output
power for the OneBaseCell Extender System. Additional flexibility is gained by using the
OneBaseCell Extender Web Maintenance Terminal or Step 2 above.

Once power is set for individual radios, all radios may be enabled for full downlink
transmission.



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5.5 Verify the Receive Path

The receive path of the OneBaseCell Extender System is verified by first disabling all
radio transmitters. The antenna port connections for the system may now be
disconnected, located on the Filter Module or Input Tray, depending on your configuration.
A test signal, of known power level, is applied to the duplexed antenna port of the system.
The test signal is measured at the Input Tray BTS interface (duplexed port) to verify proper
losses (typically < 2.0 dB). In the case of optional LNAs within the Filter Module, the gain
setting of the LNA must be taken into account for receive path verification. Once verified,
re-connect both the BTS interface cables and the system antenna interface cables.

5.6 Verify System Operation

The OneBaseCell Extender System is now ready for use with live traffic. It is
recommended that actual calls be placed through the system and verified by the Network
Operations Center (NOC).







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6.0 Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User
Interface (GUI) Configuration, Monitoring and
Diagnostic Software

Embedded in the RFIM is the Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface (GUI)
software for use in monitoring, updating, diagnosing, debugging, fine-tuning,
troubleshooting, and controlling the entire OneBaseCell Extender system and network
configuration.

It is noted that system set-up and operation does not require the use of the Web
Maintenance Terminal software, because the unit comes from the factory configured in
software according to the system that was ordered. In addition, the default settings within
the MCPA for system gain and configuration are adequate for most installations. However,
if fine-tuning of gain or internal parameters is desired, or if field changes are made to the
configuration, the Web Maintenance Terminal software can be used.

There are two levels of access available for service providers as
follows:

Operator Access. Operator Access allows access to read the information and
allows minimal operational parameter changes to the system

Administration Access: Administration Access allows access to the
information and allows total access to make changes to the operational
parameters of the system

6.1 Configuring the Computer Network Connections
Properties

To enable internet protocol (IP) computer communication with the Web Maintenance
Terminal software located in the RFIM, the network IP settings on the computer must be
configured correctly before proceeding. The following steps indicate how to correctly
configure the IP network settings for the computer.

STEP 1: On the computers desktop, right click on My Network Places and select
Properties.
(Alternate method): Go to Start/Settings/ and click on Network Connections. The
Network Connections screen will appear (See Figure 1).



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STEP 2: Right click on the Local Area Connection and select Properties. (You may
need to disable the wireless connection if the PC uses one.) The Local Area
Connections Properties box will appear (See Figure 3).


Figure 61: The first step to enable a LAN connection to the RFIM is to modify the
computer LAN properties by right clicking on the Local Area Connection and
clicking on Properties .

STEP 3: Select the General tab. In the General tab section titled This connection
uses the following items: select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on the Properties
button below the list box. The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties dialog box appears
(See Figure 3).

STEP 4: Go to the General tab. Select Use the following IP address: and enter (as
shown in Figure 3) the following:

IP address: 169.254.0.2

Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0

The factory default network configuration for the OneBaseCell Extender System is as
follows:
IP address: 169.254.0.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0
Hostname: RFIM_0000


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Figure 62: Local Area Connection's TCP/IP Properties are modified in the Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP)Properties dialog box.

STEP 5: Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP Properties) dialog box.

STEP 6. Click OK to closse the Local Area Connection Properties dialog box.

STEP 5: In the Network Connections window, right click on the Local Area
Connection Select and click on Disable from the drop-down menu.

STEP 8: Then, once disabled, re-enable it.

6.2 Connecting a Computer to the RF Interface Module
(RFIM)

The following items are required to connect a local computer to the RFIM Ethernet Port:
1. A computer (laptop recommended) with Windows 98 operating system or higher
with an Ethernet port


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2. Microsoft Internet Explorer software (Revision 6.0 or higher).
3. An Ethernet cable. A standard Ethernet cable is the physical connection between
the computer and the RFIM module. This cable can be a crossover cable or a
standard cable.

Connect the Ethernet cable between the computer and the top Ethernet port (labeled
Ethernet (Network)) on the RFIM (See Figure 1).


Figure 63: Connect the ethernet cable between PC and Ethernet (Network) port on
the RFIM.

NOTE: Direct connection to the internet can also be made by connecting directly to the
Ethernet (Network) port above.

6.3 Logging In

The Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface software can be accessed as
follows.

STEP 1: Open Internet Explorer and enter 169.254.0.1 in the URL Address space. A
login screen will appear (See Figure 4). Click OK.

STEP 2: The following the Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User Interface (GUI)
configuration, monitoring and diagnosing software opening webpage will appear. Click on


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the word here on the webpage below to go to the Login webpage. Otherwise, the
Login webpage will automatically appear within two seconds.


OPENING PAGE: This is the first webpage of the Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user
interface (GUI). The screen below appears once the IP address is selected. Users can click on
the word here on the webpage below to go to the Login webpage. Or, users will be re-directed
in two seconds to the Web Maintenance Terminal Login webpage.






STEP 2: Enter the Username and Password at the Login webpage. Click on Login.

RFIM IP Address: This is the default IP
address set during manufacturing.


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NOTE: Operators will have access to one set of monitoring and configuring screens.
Administrators will have access to Operator screens as well as additional monitoring and
configuring screens. Therefore, Operators and Administrators have different Username and
Password combinations.


LOGIN PAGE: There is a Username and Password for an Operator and a different
Username and Password for an Administrator.


STEP 3: The OneBase Cell ExtenderWeb Maintenance Terminal entrance page will
appear. Click on the word here on this page to enter the Web Maintenance Terminal
configuring, monitoring, and diagnostic webpages.


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ENTRANCE PAGE: Click on the word here on this page to enter the Web Maintenance
Terminal configuring, monitoring, and diagnostic webpages.




6.4 Operator Access

Once Operators or Administrators click on the Entrance page, the main pages of the
Web Maintenance Terminal will appear. There are slightly different webpage
configurations for Operators, Administrators and Andrew Corporation Engineering
access. Only your operating configuration type will be viewable (one of the following).
4X1: (Four MCPAs, One Output
4X2: Four MCPAs, Two Outputs
3+1: Four MCPAs, Three Outputs (One MCPA is a spare)
4X4: Four independent MCPA slots, usually configured with three MCPAs and three
filters


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Once entered into the Web Maintenance Terminal system, operators can configure,
monitor and diagnose certain operating parameters of the OneBase Cell Extender
System by accessing the following Web Maintenance Terminal web pages. The
following typical webpages are for a 4x1 Assembled System Configuration (See
Section 2.6). Webpages for the other configurations are similar.


MAINTENANCEINVENTORY PAGE: Clicking on the INVENTORY tab, and then selecting
Inventory from the drop-down menu, will open the following webpage. It is at on this webpage that
Operators must VERIFY that the correct RFIM Mode, Product Number, and Serial Number at
Initial Start-up of the system. In addition, Operators can also verify RFIM Firmware to monitor
any software updates that are installed.






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MCPA SYSTEM TAB OPTIONS: When the MCPA System tab is clicked, the drop-down menu
will show the Subrack Monitor and Subrack Alarm options available. These screens are shown
in the next two sections.






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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK MONITOR PAGE: Detailed operational information abut the
SubRack is available on this webpage. Clicking on the GainAdjust values will open a pop-up
screen to allow gain adjustment. Clicking on any MCPA Number (i.e. amplifiers PA1, PA2, PA3,
or PA4) will open a pop-up screen to allow further details of each of the amplifiers.





















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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK MONITOR PAGESHOWING MINOR ALARM: The Web
Maintenance Terminal Software is used for diagnosing problems and assisting with
Troubleshooting. The following screen shows details when a MINOR alarm is discovered. In the
example below, the MINOR alarm shows that the problem resides in amplifier PA2.










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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK MONITOR PAGESHOWING MAJOR ALARM: The Web
Maintenance Terminal Software is used for diagnosing problems and assisting with
Troubleshooting. The following screen shows details when a MAJOR alarm is discovered. In
the example below, the MAJOR alarm shows that the problem resides in amplifier PA2.




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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK MONITOR PAGESHOWING CRITICAL ALARM: The Web
Maintenance Terminal Software is used for diagnosing problems and assisting with
Troubleshooting. The following screen shows details when a CRITICAL alarm is discovered. In
the example below, the CRITICAL alarm shows that there is a Communications problem.




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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK ALARM PAGE:










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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK ALARM PAGESHOWING MINOR ALARM: Note that cause of
alarm is identified (Fan failure due to low speed.). This information is helpful in Troubleshooting
failure modes and alarm indications.








*


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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK ALARM PAGESHOWING MAJOR ALARM: Note that cause of
alarm is identified (Enable switch is turned off.). This information is helpful in Troubleshooting
failure modes and alarm indications.











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MCPA SYSTEM SUBRACK ALARM PAGESHOWING CRITICAL ALARM: Note that cause
of alarm is identified (I 2C Loss Communication.). This information is helpful in Troubleshooting
failure modes and alarm indications.











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MODULE STATUS TAB DROP-DOWN MENU CHOICES: Clicking on the Module Status tab
brings the drop-down menu showing the choices of RF Interface (RFIM), Amplifier (MCPA) and
Filter (FM).












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MODULE STATUSRF INTERFACE MODULE (RFIM) PAGE:









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MODULE STATUSAMPLIFIER (MCPA) PAGE:











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MODULE STATUSFILTER MODULE (FM) PAGE:








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OPERATOR LOGOFF: When finished accessing the Web Maintenance Terminal, Operators
must click on the User Logoff tab in the upper right of the webpage. Clicking on the User Logoff
tab will re-access the Log On (Usename, Password) webpage.










6.5 Administrator Access

In addition to having access to all of the Operator webpages in the previous section,
Administrators have access to additional webpages and operational features in the Web


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Maintenance Terminal. The following additional webpages provide Administrators with
additional capability to configure the system.

CONFIGURATION TAB DROP-DOWN MENU: This Configuration tab is available only to
Administrators. When the Configuration tab is clicked, the drop-down menu shows the choices
of Subrack Configuration, Alarm Configuration, and Network Configuration.





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CONFIGURATIONSUBRACK CONFIGURATION: This webpage allows Administators to
make configuration changes to the following operating parameters:

SUBRACK ADDRESS: Defines subrack address for communication. Administrator chosen.
0: Subrack address will be in DIP switch in mini-back board
1-31: Subrack address will be equal to the value inserted by the Administrator

PATH ADDRESS: Defines path address. Administrator chosen.
0: Path address will be in DIP switch in mini-back board. Second and subsequent
paths will increment from the values of the first path (PA1).
1-31: Subrack address will be equal to the value inserted by the Administrator





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CONFIGURATIONALARM CONFIGURATION: This Administrator accessible webpage allows
Administrators to make configuration changes to the Threshold Configuration. When Threshold
Configuration values are changed, click on Update. To return to the original settings, click on
Default.






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CONFIGURATIONNETWORK CONFIGURATION PAGE: With access to this page,
Administrators can change the RFIM IP address and the Network (Submask) address, and the
RFIM Host Name. When these values are changed, click on the Submit button to set the new
values. If the Default values are desired, click on the Reset button.






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MAINTENANCE TABDROP-DOWN MENU: Administrators will be able to access two additional
pages in this Maintenance tab area: RFIM Firmware and MCPA Firmware.






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MAINTENANCERFIM FIRMWARE: RFIM Firmware updates will be sent to Administrators from
Andrew Corporation. These files can be loaded into the system by Administrators using this page.
Updated RFIM Firmware files are accessed on local drives using the Browse button. When the
file is identified in the Filename box, the Send File button is clicked and the file is loaded into the
RFIM. The RFIM is then updated. Once the RFIM Firmware has been updated, click on the
Reboot button to reboot the system and install the new updated software is so desired. If
Reboot is NOT selected, original software will not be changed.






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MAINTENANCEMCPA FIRMWARE: MCPA Firmware updates will be sent to Administrators
from Andrew Corporation. These files can be loaded into the system by Administrators using this
page. Updated MCPA Firmware files are accessed on local drives using the Browse button.
When the file is identified in the Filename box, the Send File button is clicked and the file is
loaded into the MCPA. The MCPA is then updated.








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ADMINISTRATOR LOGOFF: When finished accessing the Web Maintenance Terminal,
Administrators must click on the AdministratorLogoff tab in the upper right of the webpage.
Clicking on the Administrator Logoff tab will re-access the Log On (Usename, Password)
webpage.










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6.5.1 Changing the RFIM Network Configuration

The factory default network configuration for each RFIM is:

Network Configuration Device: 0
IP address: 169.254.0.1
Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0
Hostname: RFIM_0000

The above RFIM network configuration information can be left as is. Or, the above RFIM
network configuration can be changed by using either telnet into the RFIM or by using the
Web Maintenance Terminal software.

As always, both the RFIM and local computer must have the same IP group address
information for successful communications between the two devices.

6.5.1.1 Using Telnet

Telnet can be used only for changing network configuration.

STEP 1: Type telnet aa.bb.cc.dd to logon to the RFIM unit (where aa.bb.cc.dd is the
RFIM IP address).

STEP 2: Type configuration command nc . (NOTE: Command nc is used to set
or change the network configuration ).

STEP 3: The following message is returned as a response:


Net wor k Conf i gur at i on: Devi ce 0
Et her net Addr ess ( E) :
00: 0d: ee: 01: 00: 00
I P Addr ess ( I ) : 169. 254. 0. 1
Net mask ( N) : 255. 255. 0. 0
I NDRT ( R) : ON
DHCP ( P) : OFF
Syst em:
Def aul t Gat eway ( G) : <Unspeci f i ed>
Nameser ver ( M) : 0. 0. 0. 0
Host name ( H) : RFI M_0000
Net wor k Boot :
TFTP Boot ( B) : OFF
TFTP Boot Del ay ( L) : 0
TFTP Boot Ser ver ( T) : 0. 0. 0. 0
Boot Fi l ename ( F) : <Unspeci f i ed>


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STEP 4: The configuration can now be changed by individual command option. Following
example are used for normal configuration

1. Set IP Address to 10.20.46.143
nc i 10.20.46.143

2. Set Netmask to 255.255.248.0
nc n 255.255.248.0

STEP 4: After the Network Configuration complete, use the nc s to save the data to non-volatile
memory.

6.5.1.2 Using the Web Maintenance Terminal Software

The Web Maintenance Terminal software GUI screen used to change the network
configuration is available to the Administrator and is the following screen:





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6.5.2 Changing the RFIM Firmware

The Administrator can update the RFIM firmware through FTP or through the Web
Maintenance Terminal (the embedded Wed GUI). This feature is available in RFIM
Version 1.2.0 or later.

6.5.2.1 Using the Web Maintenance Terminal Software

STEP 1: Login (Using the Administrator login information)


STEP 2: Open the Maintenance RFIM Firmware webpage:




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STEP 3: Click Browser to select the new RFIM firmware





STEP 4: Click Send File to load file. The following screen will appear.



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STEP 5: Wait a few minutes for the RFIM to save the file to flash. The remaining
number is displayed on the page.




STEP 6: When the programming is complete, click Reboot to start the system using
the new RFIM firmware version code.




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STEP 7: Change the configuration as the system requirement. Click Summit, then
click Save Configuration to save the new configuration data to non-volatile memory.


6.5.2.2 Using FTP

STEP 1: Download the RFIM new firmware package to local machine, and upzip it. You
can get a NiagaraApp.bin file for the firmware update.

STEP 2: Connect to the RFIM via Ethernet port.

STEP 3: To use Internet Explorer as an FTP client, type ftp://aa.bb.cc.dd in the address
bar, where aa.bb.cc.dd is the IP address of the RFIM.

STEP 4: Open a Windows Explorer window. Select the file NiagaraApp.bin.

STEP 5: Right-click on file NiagaraApp.bin and choose Copy

STEP 6: In the Internet Explorer FTP window, right-click and choose Paste

STEP 7: The file NiagaraApp.bin will be transferred to the RFIM.

STEP 8: Within a minute, the RFIM will begin programming the file to flash memory. The
Yellow LED on RFIM front panel is blink in about 5 minutes.

STEP 9: When the Yellow LED turn off. Programming is complete.

STEP 10: Reboot RFIM to start from new version.


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6.5.2.3 Using FTP with Internet Explorer

If the RFIM firmware is later than Version 1.2.0, the firmware can be updated by the Web
Maintenance Terminal software with Internet Explorer as follows:

STEP 1: Open Internet Explorer window, type http://aa.bb.cc.dd in the address bar.
Logon as Administrator.

STEP 2: Click the main menu Maintenance RFIM firmware to open the RFIM
Firmware maintenance page.

STEP 3: On the RFIM Firmware File Load section, click Browse button to find the
new version RFIM version NiagaraApp.bin

STEP 4: Click Send File button to load new version file. The open change to the file
update status page automatically. The RFIM Firmware Loading Status and
Remaining number of bytes is visible

STEP 5: When the Firmware Load Status is FLASH: Programming Complete, click
Reboot button to reboot the system from new version firmware.






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7.0 Operation and Monitoring

The Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender System is designed to be a fully stand-
alone amplification platform, capable of operating normally with minimal, if any, customer
interaction. Once properly installed, cabled and powered, the system will process both
uplink and downlink BTS signals

7.1 Safety

SAFETY

CAUTION: Some of the RF cables may be reused when the OneBaseCell Extender System is
installed into the existing BTS. Care should be exercised to assure that these BTS RF cables are
in proper working order. The system being upgraded by the OneBase Cell Extender installation
should be in proper operating condition and capable of handling additional bands of frequencies,
additional modulation formats and additional power.


WARNING: The OneBaseCell Extender System produces high levels of RF radiation. Do not
operate exposed circuitry or radiating elements with personnel in close proximity to the radiating
source.
--Always replace covers and shields during operation; assure all RF output ports are properly
terminated.
--Persons with cardiac pacemakers should avoid exposure to RF radiating elements.
--Exposing the human eye to high levels of radio-frequency radiation may result in the formation
of cataracts.


NOTE: The OneBaseCell Extender System has a recommended RF cable parts list that
contains all the optional cables needed for completing the installation of the system.


WARNING: When working on RF cables: Remove all AC and DC Power from the system. Do not
perform RF cable installation with DC power applied to the OneBaseCell Extender System.
Ensure that all AC and DC power is OFF to all involved equipment before handling RF cables.


NOTE: The integrity of RF cabling is critical to the electrical performance of the OneBaseCell
Extender System. Ensure that cable outer conductors (especially the braided type) are not kinked,
frayed, or abraded and do not have outer insulation damage. Also ensure that the connector is not
separated from the outer conductor and the inner conductor pin connection is not missing or
damaged. Electrical contact surfaces must be bright and free of corrosion and debris, clean and
mechanically sound to ensure proper mating. When defects are noted do not place that
component into service, but replace it with one that is known good or new.



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SAFETY

WARNING: DO NOT DISCONNECT RF OUTPUT CONNECTORS and RF CABLE DURING
OneBaseCell Extender SYSTEM OPERATION. Assure that all AC and DC power is OFF to
all involved equipment before disconnecting RF connectors and cables.


7.2 Choose Subrack IP Addresses

All subracks are set with the same default IP address at the factory and shipped with this
default IP address. Users may decide any of the following options:

1. To keep the same single, default as-manufactured IP address for all subracks,

2. To keep a single IP address for all subracks, but to change that IP address from the
default as-manufactured IP address.

3. To create new, unique IP addresses for each of the subracks.

It is suggested that creating new, unique IP addresses for each of the subracks might
allow more efficient data collection of the status of each of the subracks.

An Administrator should use the Web Maintenance Terminal Graphical User Interface
Software to select which IP addresses will be used for the system.

7.3 Subrack Redundancy Operation

In the case of 4x1, 4x2 and 3+1 Subracks configurations, the OneBaseCell Extender
System contains an active, RF switch combiner function used in the coherent combining of
multiple MCPA modules installed within a Subrack. This combining function, residing within
the Switch Combiner Module (SCM) and coordinated with appropriate control mechanisms
located within the RF Interface Module (RFIM), allows the Subrack to yield the maximum
available power from all functioning MCPA Modules. Operation of the switching function is
fully self-contained within the OneBaseCell Extender System; no external controls are
required. The OneBaseCell Extender system automatically recognizes if new MCPA
Modules are installed (i.e. capacity adds) within a Subrack, making the necessary switch
controls. Additionally, if an MCPA Module fails, the OneBaseCell Extender System
recognizes this failure and automatically sets the proper controls to the switch combiner for
maximum available power.



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7.4 Transmit Diversity Redundancy (TDR) Operation
and Control

The Transmit Diversity Redundancy (TDR) is a feature that is enabled and disabled via the
RFIM GUI. This feature may be used in 4x2 or 4x4 (4in-4out, single frequency or Dual-band)
Subracks, where the output duplexers are arranged in double-duplex configuration. That
is, 2 antenna ports are used for downlink transmission. If RF cannot be processed through
one antenna port, either due to MCPA Module failure or antenna port failure, all traffic
associated with the failed transmit path is re-routed and summed with the existing traffic on
the working transmit path. In this failure mode, gain is reduced by 3 dB. Once enabled,
operation of the TDR function is completely self-contained within the OneBaseCell
Extender System and is managed by the RFIM Subrack controller.

7.5 Overload Control Operation

At the system level, the MCPA Module responds to overload conditions and provides for a
continuously variable attenuation to the input. The MCPA Modules WARN LED ison
during this condition. The MCPA Module comes out of the overdrive condition once the input
signal is returned to normal operating conditions. The overdrive circuit includes hysteresis to
prevent instabilities and VSWR handling under these conditions.

7.6 Operating Frequency

The Andrew Corporation OneBaseCell Extender System contains full-band filtering within
both the input and output Filter Modules. The 850 Band system covers the full transmit
frequency range of 869-894 MHz on the downlink, and 824-849 MHz on the uplink. The
1900 Band system covers the full transmit frequency range of 1930-1990 MHz on the
downlink, and 1850-1910 MHz on the uplink. No external controls or signals are needed to
have the system operate properly within any sub-band of the full operating bandwidth. Care
must be taken when operating dual-band systems, so as not to cross 850 Band signal paths
with 1900 Band signal paths. All band-specific modules within the OneBaseCell Extender
System are labeled on the front panel for either 850 Mhz cell band or the 1900 MHz PCS
band.

7.7 VSWR Operation

The Return Loss (RL) of the antenna load is directly related to the VSWR (Voltage
Standing Wave Ratio) by the following graph:


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1.05
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
2.5
3
3.5
5
6
8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
1 10
VSWR
R
e
t
u
r
n

L
o
s
s
,

d
B

Figure 64: Graph of Return Loss of Antenna Load versus VSWR.

The Return Loss is indicated on the Web Maintenance Terminal software screen in both
Return Loss and VSWR format. When the Return Loss drops below 8 dB (this point is
settable in software), a minor alarm is activated. This status remains until the RL increases
to 10 dB or above (the 2 dB hysteresis prevents intermittent alarms). If the RL is worse
than 3 dB, the system indicates a critical alarm, and the RF power is shut down to the
particular sector. All MCPAs feeding that sector are shut down, with the exception that
one MCPA will continue to operate at 1W (controlled in a loop) into the bad load, and
continue to monitor the RL. If the RL increases to more than 5 dB, the RF is enabled
again and the system will return to normal operation. A major alarm may still be indicated
unless the RL improves to better than 10 dB.

7.8 Alarm Operation

7.8.1 Categories

Three categories of alarms are defined as: Minor, Major, and Critical.

Table 14: Alarm categories: Minor, Major, and Critical
Minor
Conditions that do not immediately affect amplifier operation, but
lead to more serious problems if ignored (e.g. fan failure).
Major
Conditions that directly affect amplifier operation (e.g. reduced gain),
but allow the unit to continue operating. For the redundant amplifier
configuration, (3+1), failure of the redundant amplifier will cause a
major alarm on the alpha sector even if it is not in use. This initiates
a cell site call. The LEDs will show that it is the redundant amp, not
the alpha amp, that is at fault.
Critical
Conditions which result in sector shutdown


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7.8.1.1 Alarm Filtering

Some alarms are delayed by several seconds before reporting, to eliminate unnecessary
false triggers that may clear themselves.

7.8.1.2 Retry and Auto-recover

Some conditions that require shut down will result in five startup retries, approximately 30
seconds apart. Conditions marked auto-recover will do so when the condition clears.


7.8.1.3 LED Indication

Flash rates are as follows:
Fast: 1 Hz means that the LED changes state every second, completing a
cycle every one second.
Slow: Hz means that the LED changes state every 1 second, completing
a cycle every two (2) seconds.


7.8.1.4 Alarms Defined

The MCPA module has three (3) LED indicators on the front panel, labeled ALARM
(Red), WARNING (Yellow), and ACTIVE (Green). The RFIM has three (3) LED
indicators on the front panel, labeled PWR (Green), OK (Yellow), and ALM (Red).
These front panel indicators are used to indicate the general status of each MCPA and
RFIM Module. Alarm events which are detected within the MCPA and RFIM Modules are
displayed on these front panel LEDs.




Active
Warning
Alarm
MCPA RFIM
Pwr
OK
Alm


Figure 65: MCPA alarm status LEDs (left) and RFIM alarm status LEDs (right).





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Table 15: MCPA or RFIM alarm LED status indicates the alarm type and possible
failure conditions.
LEDs
(MCPA or RFIM)
Type of
Alarm
Possible
Conditions
Green
Flashing



MCPA
intentionally
disabled

Green Normal
Green/
Yellow
Minor Fan failure, over temperature, minor
VSWR (3-8 dB),
Yellow Major RF Overdrive (gain reduced), low DC
input voltage (<25V),
Red Critical RF Overdrive (critical), over
temperature (critical), internal MCPA
failure, VSWR 0-3 dB.

Table 16: MCPA or RFIM alarm LED status indicates the alarm type and possible
failure conditions.
LEDs (MCPA or RFIM) Type
of Alarm
Possible
Conditions
Green
flashing
Booting or
remote
loading

Green Normal
Green/
Yellow
Minor Over temperature (RFIM or
Filter), minor alarm from MCPA,
disabled MCPA
Green
on, red
flashing
Major AGC out of lock (MCPA gain
might be low), RFIM gain low,
major alarm from MCPA, critical
alarm from MCPA (3+1, 4x1 or
4x2 systems), communications
from RFIM to filter or MCPAs,
LNA failure in filter.
Red Critical RFIM internal failure, more than
one MCPA critical, or missing
filter (thumbscrews un-done).


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7.8.2 System Alarms for Various Subrack Configurations

Table 17: Alarms for various subrack conditions.
Type of Subrack
Non-Redundant
and Single Sector
(RFIM and filters not shown)
Redundant (NRS) and Multiple
Sector
(RFIM and filters not shown)



RFIM
reports
Summary (Ored) faults for all
amps (minor, major, critical for
the sector that the subrack
corresponds to)
Critical alarms per sector. For a critical
alarm, the primary slot MCPA and the
redundant MCPA must fail.

4x1 SCM

--1900-- --850--
OCA OCA OCA

1900 850
4x2 SCM
4x2 SCM

1900 850

3+1 SCM
S
p
a
r
e

OCA


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Type of Subrack
Non-Redundant
and Single Sector
(RFIM and filters not shown)
Redundant (NRS) and Multiple
Sector
(RFIM and filters not shown)
MCPA dry
contacts
Report a
Fault for
MCPA (independent of RFIM) 1. Major alarm for the failing MCPA
(even for a critical failure, assuming the
redundant MCPA kicks in).

2. Critical alarm for the main MCPA and
the redundant MCPA if they both fail.

3. Minor alarm for the main or
redundant MCPAs if a fan fails.

4. Major alarm for the redundant amp if
it fails and it is not in use. Report on the
alpha sector. See Table 1.

5. Note that for redundant systems, the
RFIM controls the MCPA relays


The RFIM is microprocessor controlled and has three alarm outputs, which cover all
applications where a Subrack feeds one sector. In other configurations, such as a 4in-4out,
where a single Subrack serves 3 sectors, and alarms for each sector are required, the outputs
of the individual MCPAs (minor, major and critical for each amplifier) are used to report the
alarms to the BTS. Depending on the configuration, the alarms are reported via relay contacts
in the RFIM and/or the MCPA as described below.



















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Figure 66: Three types of subrack alarm wiring.


7.7.2.1 Non-Redundant and Single Sector Subrack

When a Subrack serves one sector, whether its a 2x2 single-band feeding two antennas,
a dual band, etc., the alarms from the MCPAs are sent to the RFIM and are reported via
relay contacts from the RFIM 15-pin D-connector as Minor, Major, or Critical. This D-
connector is normally wired up to the top of the frame to the 37-pin D-connector. These are
Form C connections (SPDT), having Normally Open (NO), Normally Closed (NC), and
Common (COM) contacts.

In addition, each amplifier has relay contact outputs--six (6) total, a pair for each Minor,
Major, and Critical--residing on a terminal strip on the top rear of the frame. These


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connections can be used, or just use the RFIM outputs can be used. However, the RFIM
outputs are not as detailed.

7.8.2.2 Redundant (N+1) and Multiple-Sector Subrack

When a Subrack serves multiple (2 or 3) sectors, alarming is required on a per-sector
basis. In the case of a 3+1 configuration, the failure of an amplifier is not indicative of a
failure of the sector. Rather, automatic switchover of a faulty amplifier to the redundant
amplifier causes a major alarm for that slot/sector, not a critical alarm. A critical alarm will
only be reported if a primary amplifier fails and the redundant amplifier fails.

The RFIM has three sets of alarm contacts, and in this configuration these are
programmed to indicate a critical alarm on a per sector basis. This is fundamentally
different from the single sector application. In addition to the RFIM relay outputs, the relay
contacts from each MCPA are connected to a terminal block at the rear of the Subrack. In
this case, the state of these relays are driven by the RFIM.

7.8.2.3 No-RFIM Subrack

Subracks may be configured without the RFIM Subrack controller. In this case,
redundancy is not supported. When the configuration does not include an RFIM, the
MCPAs operate autonomously and MCPA relays close based on MCPA faults. Minor,
major, and critical alarms are reported to the BTS. Alarms (critical) go to the top of the
frame.

7.8.3 Module Alarm Responses for Subrack

The Subrack monitors for MCPAs and Filter Modules to be present and installed
(thumbscrews secured). The RFIM will prevent RF from being transferred, where those
MCPA and/or Filter Modules have non-secured thumbscrews.

7.8.4 Filter Module Alarms

The Filter modules contain built in fault detection for the LNAs when present.


Figure 67: Filter module alarm status.

The LNA fault is determined by the DC operating current and indicated with a red LED. A
green LED shows normal operation for that LNA.
Active
Alarm


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7.8.5 Network Operations Center (NOC) Remote Monitoring of
System Alarms

The OneBase Cell Extender System provides a terminal block on the top of each frame
which connects into the alarm system of each subrack. The cellular network can make
connections to this terminal block to any remote operating area or their Network
Operations Center (NOC) so that all subrack alarms can be monitored remotely.




The ribbon cable connects the alarm
terminal to the MCPAs, Filter and RFIM.
Open connections on the alarm terminal
are available to connect to the Network
Operations Center (NOC).



The terminal block is inserted in a holding
shelf on the top of the frame.





Figure 68: Installing the alarm connection block on top of the frame.















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The terminalfor connecting the alarms
to the Network Operations Center
(NOC)is seated at the top corner of the
frame.





An additional connector (at the rear of
the frame) with connections to the alarm
signals, is also available for making
connections to the Network Operations
Center (NOC).


Figure 69: Alarm output connector terminalson top of frame (right) and on back of
subrack (left).




Choose from Normally Open (NO) or Normally Closed (NC) contacts. The table below
shows the wiring that exists in each frame which may be populated with one to three
Subracks. The wiring for all three Subracks are always available for use. The
Configuration Sheet indicates which Subracks need to be wired from the table into the D
connector.


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Table 18: Alarm output connections for all three subracks.
Alarm Subrack 1 Pin # Subrack 2 Pin # Subrack 3 Pin #
1 NO
20 Com Minor
2 NC
21 NO
3 COM Major
22 NC
4 NO
23 Com Critical
5 NC
24 NO
6 Com Minor
25 NC
7 NO
26 Com Major
8 NC
27 NO
9 Com Critical
28 NC
Ground 10
Ground 29
Miscellaneous 3 11
Miscellaneous 1 30
12 NO
31 Com Minor
13 NC
32 NO
14 Com Major
33 NC
15 NO
34 COM Critical
16 NC
Ground 35
Ground 17
Miscellaneous 3 36
Miscellaneous 1 18
Miscellaneous 4 37
Miscellaneous 2 19





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8.0 Maintenance

8.1 Electrostatic Discharge Precautions

OneBaseCell Extender System modules contain assemblies and components which are
sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD). Carefully observe the precautions and
recommended procedures to verify that system reliability is not compromised due to
component damage from static electricity.

The following precautions can significantly reduce the risk of system failure or malfunction
due to ESD.

Always wear a grounded wrist strap when working around the system.

Treat all assemblies, components, and connections as sensitive.

When unpacking circuit cards, interfaces, and modules that are packaged
separately from the system, keep them in their conductive wrapping until they
are ready to be installed.

Before removing or replacing any components, or installing any modules, select
a work area where potential static sources are minimized (preferably an anti-
static work station).

Handle circuit packs and circuit boards by the grounded housings, avoiding
contact with the connectors.

Keep from shuffling feet and making contact with others during the module
handling and connection phase of the repair.

8.2 Periodic Maintenance

Periodic maintenance for the MCPA consists of powering it OFF and un-mounting the
MCPA from the Subrack and removing any dust that has accumulated on the fan blades of
the three fans fastened to the fan module, mounted on the MCPA faceplate. Also, while
the MCPA is un-mounted, all of the connectors must be visually inspected for dust, dirt,
cracks and damage from rough installation, corrosion and pitting from arcing. On a regular
baisto to avoid costly RF leakscheck the torque on all your connectors.

8.2.1 Dust Removal

Dust and dirt from ambient cooling air will in time accumulate in the fan blades and
contoured air passages in the fans and along the air passages formed by the fins of the


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heat sink and also on the inside wall of the MCPA. Using Dust Off (or a similar air
cleaner) blow out the fan module and inernal MCPA passageways after removal from the
faceplate of the MCPA. All screws must be reinstalled when replacing the fan module. The
fan module electrical connector must be clean and corrosion free and mate tightly with the
connector on the MCPA faceplate for reliable service.

8.2.2 Visual Inspection

Do a thorough visual inspection. Blow out any additional dust and dirt found upon thorough
visual inspection. Examine for cracks and damage from rough installation, corrosion and
pitting from arcing.

8.3 Module Repair

OneBaseCell Extender System modules are repaired only by Andrew Corporation.
Contact the Andrew Corporation Support Center. When ordering replacement modules,
make sure that the same module configuration is ordered.

8.4 Replace the MCPA Module

The procedure for replacing the MCPA module is as follows:

STEP 1: Shut off the breaker on the PDP to stop power to the MCPA.

STEP 2: Unfasten (counterclockwise) each of the thumbscrews on the MCPA faceplate
until they are free of the threads in the subrack. The thumbscrews are spring loaded away
when free. The thumbscrews are located to the right of the small handles at the top and
bottom of the MCPA faceplate.

STEP 3: Grasp both handles firmly one and pull straight back and stop with the far end of
the MCPA still in the slot. Place your hand under the approximate center of gravity, while
your other hand holds the top handle. Apply force under the MCPA to support it and steady
it with the top handle. Carry it and set it down so it remains vertical.

STEP 4: Inspect the RF connector on the combiner in the rear of the subrack for a bent or
missing center pin and corrosion on the center pin and on the remainder of the connector.

STEP 5: Pick up the replacement MCPA at its approximate center from the bottom,
stabilizing it with the other hand on the top handle. Ease it up, setting the far end into the
slot then sliding it straight back smoothly until the sub D-connector on the bottom rear and
the blind mating, keyed RF connector mate smoothly and completely installed, as indicated
by the face plate contacting the subrack squarely at the top and bottom.

STEP 6: Tighten (clockwise) each of the thumbscrews on the MCPA faceplate.


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Figure 70: Proper hand placement for the removal of an MCPA module.




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8.5. Replace the MCPA Fan Module

The MCPA Fan Module can be replaced during full traffic operation of the system with the power
circuit breakers on.

STEP 1: Completely unfasten the knurled slot-head set-screw on the fan cable plug and
unplug the fan power cable from the MCPA faceplate connector.

STEP 2: Completely unfasten four (4) knurled slot head set screws in the corners.
These screws that hold the triple fan assembly in place on the MCPA.

STEP 3: Remove the defective fan assembly away from the faceplate and clean the
surrounding area on the MCPA of dirt and debris.

STEP 4: Blow out dust in the MCPA fins with compressed air.

STEP 5: Inspect the electrical connector for bent pins, missing pins and corroded pins.

ST EP 6: Place the replacement fan module at the mounting point on the MCPA and
install the four (4) screws fastening it to the MCPA faceplate.

STEP 7: Snug down all of the screws with a #1 Flat Blade Screwdriver

STEP 8: Connect the power connector to the fan module.

STEP 9: Tighten the slotted set-screw.

STEP 10: Verify that all three module fans rotating. The fans are variable speed and are
controlled internally in the MCPA. All fans will rotate slower as the ambient temperature
decreases.

STEP 11: If fan module replacement does not result in the fans in the module rotating
the MCPA must be removed and replaced for service at Andrew Corporation.














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Figure 71: Fan assembly removed from the MCPA module.






















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Figure 72: MCPA fan module replacement. Proper location for fan connector is
show.

8.6 Replace the RFIM Module

STEP 1: Shut off power to the system.



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STEP 2: Label all the attaching cables for correct replacement when installing the new
RFIM module.

STEP 3: Disconnect all connectors from the front panel and move them out of the
way..

STEP 4: Loosen the captive Phillips head screws located at the top and bottom of the
RFIM faceplate,using a #1 Flat Blade Screwdriver.

STEP 5: Seize each of two captive screws between the thumb and forefinger of each
hand and crisply pull, equally, with determined force, so the RFIM unseats from the
connectors at the rear of the ubrack and slides forward in its slot.

STEP 6: Remove the RFIM.

STEP 7: Inspect the connectors on the mini-backplane and on the RFIM to be
installed for bent pins, missing pins or corroded pins. The mult-pin connector on the
mini-backplane is particularly fragile and its pins should not be press on or bent.
.
STEP 8: Install the correct replacement RFIM for your system. Use the RFIM
installation procedure.

STEP 9: Test the communication between the RFIMs and a computer using the Web
Maintenance Terminal (See Section 5.0).


































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Figure 73: Proper hand placement for the removal of an RFIM module.



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8.7 Replace the Filter Module

STEP 1: Shut off power to the system.

STEP 2: Label all the attaching cables for correct replacement when the new filter module
is installed.

STEP 3: Disconnect all front panel connectors and move them out of the way.

STEP 4: Loosen completely both front-panel, spring-loaded captive set-screws with a flat
blade screw driver. The screws cannot be unscrewed all the way without sliding the filter
back as the screws are unscrewed.

STEP 5: Use both hands and pull equally with determined force, so the filter module
unseats from the RF connectors at the rear of the combiner assembly and slides forward in
its place, until you can support it with one hand at its approximate center of gravity and use
the other hand holding the top handle to stabilize it. Move it up and away to clear the
Subrack completely.

STEP 6: Inspect the electrical connector for bent pins, missing pins and corroded pins.

Note the frequency band of operation of the filter and if there are LNAs in the replacement
Filter Module, if that is required for your system. Before going further, be careful to choose
correctly, all Filter Modules are not the same It must be exactly the same as the one
removed to function correctly in your system configuration.

STEP 7: Install the new filter module using the Filter Module installation procedure.





























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Figure 74: Proper hand placement for the removal of a Vertical Filter Module.





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8.8 Replace the RF Input Tray Module

STEP 1: Shut off power to the system.

STEP 2: Label all the attaching cables for correct replacement when the new filter module
is installed.

STEP 3: Disconnect all front panel connectors and move them out of the way.

STEP 4: Loosen completely the spring-loaded captive set screws at the center of the
bottom edge of the input tray with a flat blade screw driver.

STEP 5: Carefully remove the input tray module. The RF Input Tray module comes out at
an angle.

STEP 6: Install a new RF Input Tray Module using the RF Input Tray procedure.


































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Figure 75: Proper hand placement for the removal of an RF Input Tray Module.

8.9 Replace the Subrack

STEP 1: Shut off power to the system.



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STEP 2: Label all the attaching cables for correct replacement when the new filter module
is installed

STEP 3: Remove ALL of the modules using the procedures in Sections 6.4.1.3, 6.4.2.1,
6.4.3.1 and 6.4.4.1 sequentially.

STEP 4: Remove all of the 5/16 Slotted Hex-Head 12-24 thread forming, Tri-Lobe,
long screws.

STEP 5: Remove the subrack. Support the subrack from beneath with either by a
hydraulic lift, or by more than one person

STEP 6: Install he new subrack into the frame using the installation procedure in Section
XXX. Use NEW screws to assure a secure fit of the subrack in the frame.

STEP 7: Re-install all of the modules using the procedures in Sections XXX.

STEP 8: Repeat all the procedures for the Initial Start-up


8.10 Replace the Switch Combiner Module

STEP 1: Shut off power to the system.

STEP 2: Label all the attaching cables for correct replacement when the new filter module
is installed

STEP 3: Remove only the MCPAs and Filter Modules using the previous procedures.

STEP 4: Remove the twelve (12) screws fastening the switch combiner to the subrack

STEP 5: Remove the Switch Combiner Module.

STEP 6: Install the new switch combiner module.

STEP 7: Re-install all modules using the relevant procedures.

STEP 8: Replace all cables and tighten to proper torque requirements.

STEP 9: Repeat all the procedures for the Initial Start-up







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Figure 76: The subrack must be totally empty prior to its removal.





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9.0 TROUBLESHOOTING

Troubleshooting consists of determining the fault mode through use of subrack alarm
LEDs, the Web Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface (GUI) software located in
the RFIM, and remote alarm monitoring by the Network Operations Center (NOC). Once
the fault mode is determined, then the system is diagnosed to determine the root cause of
the fault.

The subrack alarms will help to Identify the Failure Mode .

Also, the subrack alarms can be monitored remotely at the Network Operations Center
(NOC) of the cellular network.

In order to help Determine the Root Cause of the Failure Mode , the use of the Web
Maintenance Terminal graphical user interface (GUI) software is strongly recommended.

9.1 Customer Support

Andrew Corporation provides 24/7 customer support for any questions relating to the
OneBase Cell Extender System.


9.2 Identify the Failure Mode: Failure Mode Tables

9.2.1 Failures Modes of Major Component or System

Table 19: Failure modes due to major component or system failure.
FAILURE MODE
(Major Component or
System Failure)
DIAGNOSTIC AND REPAIR PROCEDURE
No RF Output Diagnostic Chart 1
Low RF Output Diagnostic Chart 2
Bias T Alarm at BTS Diagnostic Chart 3
Low MCPA Voltage Diagnostic Chart 4
Poor Uplink / Receive
Quality
Diagnostic Chart 5
No FILTER Information
displayed on Web
Maintenance Terminal
Software
Diagnostic Chart 6
Self-test Fails Diagnostic Chart 7
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FAILURE MODE
(Major Component or
System Failure)
DIAGNOSTIC AND REPAIR PROCEDURE

Subrack Failure



Failure of the Subrack would only be in a catastrophic case,
where accidental physical damage occurred preventing
normal operation. Severe corrosion (visual inspection)
could also cause a subrack failure. If the Mini-backplane or
the PDP (which are part of the Subrack) fail, contact
Customer Support at 1-703-726-5556


RF Input Tray Module
Failure



If an RF input tray is suspected of failure, its gain (loss) can
be measured easily with a signal generator and a power
meter or spectrum analyzer. The nominal loss should be 50
dB from the Tx input ports to the common output ports, for
both simplexed and duplexed trays. If defective, replace
the input tray with the same model number.


Filter Module Failure




The main RF paths (Tx and Rx) through the filter are
unlikely to fail because of their passive nature and their
ruggedness. However, there are still finite possibilities
relating to connector issues, arcing, intermodulation
distortion, etc. Even if a filter is suspected of having high
loss or other poor performance, it is best to rule out other
possibilities such as the MCPAs, cables, and RFIM first.

This does not apply to the detector board circuit, which of
course is an active circuit and may have a failure rate
commensurate with any circuit board. A non-functioning
detector board may be determined by monitoring the
forward and reflected power with the GUI interface, while
simultaneously monitoring the forward (and possibly
reflected) power.



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FAILURE MODE
(Major Component or
System Failure)
DIAGNOSTIC AND REPAIR PROCEDURE

RFIM Module Failure



Before troubleshooting the RFIM, verify that there are no
installation errors and that all cables and RF connectors are
not simulating an RFIM failure. RFIM failures are usually
the kind that involve system inter-communication. The
RFIM contains the BTS interface function, RF combining
function, Individual RF Carrier signals, Attenuator function
for RF level adjustment, Logic detection circuits, RF
switching and the RF power attenuation function, along with
circuits that monitor PA Module summary status. Inoperable
or non-controllable functions can be associated with an
RFIM Failure. Examples of this are RF Power too high, too
low, fluctuating, no gain, no control loop, no statistics, or no
flight recorder data. Problems with the
Intercommunications cabling, the RJ11 connectors and
wiring linking the RS485 Bus at the Subrack level must
examined and isolated, or ruled out. Check the daisy
chained RJ11 cables that connect the Subracks together at
the Mini-backplanes on each Subrack. The last connection
on the RS485 Bus has the termination resistors. Use
standard electronic troubleshooting practices to rule out, or
isolate the failure to an RFIM. Replace the defective RFIM.









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9.2.2 Failures Modes Indicated by the Status of the MCPA
Alarm LED Lights

Table 20: Failure modes indicated by status of the MCPA alarm.
FAILURE MODE
(Status of MCPA LED Lights)
DIAGNOSTIC AND REPAIR PROCEDURE

Active (Green) Light Flashing


MCPA Intentionally disabled.
No action necessary.


Active (Green) Light ON


Normal Operation. No action necessary.

Active (Green) Light ON

AND

Warning (Yellow) Light ON
MINOR FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 8)

--Fan Failure:
--Over Temperature:
--Minor VSWR (3-8 dB):




Warning (Yellow) Light ON
MAJOR FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 9)

--RF Overdrive (Gain reduced):
--Low DC Input Voltage (< 25V)
--Disabled MCPA




Alarm (Red) Light ON

CRITICAL FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 10)

--RF Overdrive
--Over Temperature
--Internal MCPA Failure
--VSWR is 0-3 dB



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9.2.3 Failures Modes Indicated by the Status of the RFIM Alarm
LED Lights

Table 21: Failure modes indicated by the status of the RFIM alarm LED lights.
FAILURE MODE
(Status of RFIM LED Lights)
DIAGNOSTIC AND REPAIR PROCEDURE

Pwr (Green) Light Flashing


System Booting or Reloading. No action necessary.


Pwr (Green) Light ON


Normal Operation. No action necessary.

Pwr (Green) Light ON

AND

OK (Yellow) Light ON

MINOR FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 8)

-- Over Temperature (RFIM or Filter)
-- Minor Alarm from MCPA





Pwr (Green) Light ON

AND

Alm (Red) Light
FLASHING

MAJOR FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 9)

-- Disabled MCPA
-- AGC out of lock (MCPA gain might be low):
-- RFIM gain low:
-- Major Alarm from MCPA:
-- Critical Alarm from MCPA (3+1, 4x1, or 4x2 Systems):
-- Communications problem from RFIM to Filter or
MCPAs:
-- LNA failure on filter:


Alm (Red) Light ON

CRITICAL FAILURE POSSIBILITIES:
(See Diagnostic Chart 10)

-- RFIM internal failure
-- More than one MCPA Critical
-- Missing Filter (thumb screws un-done):




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9.3 Determine the Root Cause of the Failure:
Diagnostic Charts

Diagnostic Chart 1: No RF Output

No RF Out YES
Input to MCPA
Too High
Lower Radio
Power from
Basestation
Red LED
On Power Amp
Lit
YES
Did the Alarm
Clear?
NO
Problem May be
Internal to
Amplifier
Replace
Amplifier
Did the Alarm
Clear?
YES
NO
Power Distribution
Unit
We do not
recommend
Field
replacement.
Send Back to
Andrew
Corporation for
repair.




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Diagnostic Chart 2: Low RF Output

Low RF Out YES
Verify Alarm on
GUI. Alarm is
overdrive
Lower Radio
Power from
Basestation
Yellow LED
On Power Amp
Lit
YES
Did the Alarm
Clear?
NO
Problem May be
Internal to
Amplifier
Replace
Amplifier
Did the Alarm
Clear?
YES
NO
Power Distribution
Unit
We do not
recommend
Field
replacement.
Send Back to
Factory for repair.



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Diagnostic Chart 3: Bias T Alarm at BTS:

BIAS T ALARM AT
BTS
NO
Replace Cables
Were there any
config changes to
the BTS.(Cabinet
Adds or IDB
Changes)
Verify Rf cabling on
input Trays. The
Simplexed/Duplexed
outputs from the BTS.
YES
Sweep Duplexed
cables coming
from BTS to Input
trays.
Did all the
cables sweep
good?
YES
Were all the
cables in the
correct
location?
NO
Reroute cables
YES
YES
Measure the Voltage on
the Center Pin of the N-
Female on the Duplexed
Input tray. Is there 12-
15Vdc from the BTS?
Check the DC from
The BTS.
NO
Reconnect all cables.
Disconnect Cable from
output Filter and Measure
the DC on Center Pin of
Din Connector.
Is the Voltage present?
YES
Check output jumpers
or feed line to TMA.
NO
Verify DC on Center
conductor of SMA cable
conntected to DC in on the
Filter. Is the Voltage
Present?
YES
NO
Replace Filter
NO
Check continuity
of cable from Bias
out on Input tray to
DC in on the Filter.
Did the cable
check good?
YES
Replace Input Tray
NO
Replace Cable








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Diagnostic Chart 4: Low MCPA Voltage

No Yes
Low Voltage
MCPA
Low Voltage
Does the rack
still show Low
Voltage
Dissconnect power cables
from back of rack
No
Reset Breaker
Did
Breaker trip
again ?
Replace PDU
Yes
Yes
Verify Breakers in
Dc Plant are Good
Remove all Amps
from Affected
Shelf.
No
Insert one
Amplifier at a
Time
Verify Voltage
after each PA is
inserted. Does it
still show Low
Voltage?
Yes
Replace
Amplifier
Restore system to
proper operation
No
Check for proper
system Operation.
Yes








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Diagnostic Chart 5: Poor Uplink / Receive Quality

Poor Uplink/
Receive Quality
NO
Replace Cables
Were there any
config changes to
the BTS (Cabinet
Adds or IDB
Changes)?
Verify all Receive Path
Cabling internal to the
BTS.
YES
Sweep Duplexed
cables coming
from BTS to Input
trays.
Did all the
cables sweep
good?
YES
Were all the
connecters tight
and in the
correct
location?
NO
Re-route cables
YES
YES
With a spectrum
analyzer measure the
noise floor of the
Receive path. Does the
noise floor look normal
(Typically -102 to -110
dBm)?
Check each radio
for proper
operation.
NO NO
Verify the RF footprint on
the Transmit side has not
increased. If the Transmit
side has increased, the BTS
may be taking more traffic
giving the perception the
uplink is degraded.
Did the RF footprint
change?
NO
YES
Log into MCPA Web
Maintenance Terminal GUI
software and set Power
output to preferred level.
Note GSM BCCH
ONLY,CDMA PILOT ONLY.
Check statistics of
BTS.



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Diagnostic Chart 6: No FILTER Information on Web Terminal
Maintenance Software

No FILTER
Information
displayed in Web
Maintenance
Terminal Software
Ensure the
Amplifiers are
on
Re-seat the Filter
Module
Did the Alarm
Clear?
YES
NO
Replace RFIM
Problem with
RFIM
Return to Andrew
Corporation for
repair.
Did the Alarm
Clear?
YES
NO





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Diagnostic Chart 7: RFIM Self-test Fails





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Diagnostic Chart 8: MINOR MCPA or RFIM Failures














MCPA FAN
FAILURE
OVERTEMP on
MCPA
VSWR
Is the space
Temp Normal?
YES
NO
Are all the fans
Rotating
NO
YES
Replace Fan
Assembly
Check for Debris
blocking Airflow
Adjust Room
Thermostat or
Troubleshoot HVAC
Check for Debris
blocking Airflow
GO TO VSWR TAB
OVERTEMP on
RFIM
OVERTEMP on
Filter
Check for Debris blocking Airflow
MCPA Failures
MINOR FAILURE FROM MCPA or RFIM Status LED Lights
Plug laptop into the RFIM RJ-45 Ethernet Port
Login to the IP Address 169.254.0.1.
Determine all component faults which are displayed.
RFIM Failures Filter Failures System Failures
MCPA ALARM STATUS
RFIM ALARM STATUS
OR


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Diagnostic Chart 9: MAJOR MCPA or RFIM Failures








Replace alarming
MCPAs
RFIM gain low
Replace RFIM
Major Alarm from
one or more MCPAs
or
Critical alarm from
one of a set of
paralleled MCPAs
Verify all MCPAs are
operating normally.
MAJOR FAILURE FROM MCPA or RFIM Status LED Lights
Plug laptop into the RFIM RJ-45 Ethernet Port
Login to the IP Address 169.254.0.1.
Determine all component faults which are displayed.
MCPA Failures RFIM Failures Filter Failures System Failures DC Supply Failure
Overvoltage (>31V)
or undervoltage
(<25V)
Go to DC supply
tab
Communication to
filter
Check 15 pin cable
Filter Overtemp
(Major)
Filter LNA
(LED on Filter Red)
Filter defective
(detector circuit)
Filter defective
(Detector Circuit)
AGC out of lock
(Future)
Verify all MCPAs
are operating
normally.
RF Overdrive
Were there RF
Power changes
at the
Basestation?
YES
Lower output from
Basestation to MCPA.
If the ouput power needs
to be adjusted then the
changes must be made
through the Web
Terminal Maintenance
software.
Verify all Radios
from BTS are
operating
normally.
NO



MCPA ALARM STATUS RFIM ALARM STATUS
FLASHING
OR


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Diagnostic Chart 10: CRITICAL MCPA or RFIM Failures









MCPA ALARM STATUS
RFIM ALARM STATUS
OR


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10.0 SYSTEM EXPANSION

The OneBaseCell Extender System has the capability and flexibility to satisfy increased system
requirements.

10.1 Introduction

Some of the RF features and functions that can be added using the OneBase Cell Extender
System are as follows:

Indoor and outdoor applications with suitable migration strategy to outdoor installations.

Subracks capable of being configured for either single sector, single sector with transmit
diversity, dual sector, or dual band.

800 2000 MHz wideband operation, supporting dual-band Subracks.

Input signal combining of various air interface signals and coherent signal splitting of the
composite RF signal. Up to 4:1 high power combining.

Fine gain adjustment capability at the common input signal to the PA Modules.

Transmit Diversity Redundancy (TDR) switching and control functions including gain
compensation of the transmit path carrying 2x capacity.

DC power conditioning/regulation for internal circuits, Filter Module electronics, Switch
Combiner. Module circuits/relays, and Alarm Consolidation Unit circuits.

Control and monitoring of the Switch Combiner Module.

VSWR and RMS detection circuits.

Remote monitoring of Subrack operation via Ethernet port.

Closed-loop gain control.

Tailoring for specific OEM BTS.

10.2 System Reconfiguring

OneBaseCell Extender System modules can be reconfigured to perform additional functions with
greater capability, when combined with optional equipment and cabling. The exact composition of
the configurations that can be constructed from new and existing OneBaseCell Extender System
components to suit your future needs can best be done by consulting your Andrew Corporation
Sales Representative for pricing and delivery and installation of these devices. Call your Andrew
Corporation sales office for the latest innovations to satisfy your changing needs.


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11.0 APPENDIX

11.1 Andrew Corporation Offices

Andrew Corporation RF Power Amplifier Group
40 Technology Drive
Warren, New Jersey 07059 USA

Internet
www.andrew.com


11.2 Customer Support

Andrew Corporation provides 24/7 customer support for any questions relating to the OneBase
Cell Extender System.

















24/7 CUSTOMER SUPPORT: 1-703-726-5556


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11.4 Terms, Acronyms and Abbreviations

Term / Acronym / Abbreviation Definition
ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage Power Ratio
ACP Ajacent Channel Power
A/D Analog-to-Digital Conversion
ADC Analog-to-Digital Converter or Automatic Data Collection
AMPS Advanced Mobile Phone System
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ARFCN Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number
ASG Applications Support Group
ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ATE Automatic or Automated Test Equipment
ATP Acceptance Test Procedure
ATTEN Attenuator
BITE Built In Test Equipment
BOM Bill of Materials
BPF Band Pass Filter
BS Base Station
BTS Base Transceiver Station or Base Transceiver System
BW Bandwidth
C Degrees Celsius
CAD Computer Aided Design
CCW Counter Clockwise
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data
CF Center Frequency
CTRL Control
CW Clockwise or Continuous Wave
dB decibels
dBc Power measurement referenced to the carrier level
dBm Power measurement referenced to the specific power level
of one milliwatt
dBw Power measurement referenced to the specific power level
of one watt
D/A Digital to Analog Converter
DIN Deutsches Insitut fr Normung eV (German standards
institution)
7/16 DIN German standards RF connector - 7mm OD of inner contact, 1
mm ID of outer contact.
DL Downlink
DMM Digital Multi-Meter
DSP Digital Signal Processing or Processor
DUT Device Under Test
ECD Estimated Completion Date
ECM Electronic Counter Measure
EDGE Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution


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Term / Acronym / Abbreviation Definition
EEPROM Electrically-Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EIA Electronic Industries Association
EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility
EMI Electromagnetic Interference
EMIF External Memory Interface
ESB Embedded System Block
EPROM Electrically Programmable Read-Only Memory or Erasable
Programmable Read-Only Memory
ESD Electrostatic Discharge
ESG Electronic Signal Generator
ETDMA Extended Time Division Multiple Access
ETSI European Telecommunications Standard Institute
EUT Equipment Under Test
FAR Failure Analysis Report
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
FET Field Effect Transistor
FHMA Frequency Hopping Multiple Access
FM Frequency Modulation or Filter Module
FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array
FRU Field Replaceable Unit
FSK Frequency Shift Key modulation
GHz Gigahertz
GMSK Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
GUI Graphic User Interface
HPF High Pass Filter
Hz Hertz
IAW In Accordance With
IC Integrated Circuit
ID No Identification Number
IF Intermediate Frequency
IMD Intermodulation Distortion
IRL Input Return Loss
IS-54 Interim Standard 54 for TDMA
IS-95 Interim Standard 95 for CDMA
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISM Industrial, Scientific and Medical unlicensed frequency
bands
ISO International Organization for Standardization or Isolator
kHz Kilohertz
LE Logic Elements
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
LO Local Oscillator
LPA Linear Power Amplifier
LPF Low Pass Filter
LSL Lower Specification Limit


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Term / Acronym / Abbreviation Definition
LVD Low Voltage Disconnect
MC Multi-channel
MCA Multi-channel Amplifier
MCPA Multi-carrier Power Amplifier or Multi-channel Power
Amplifier
MCR Multi-channel Rack
MFRM Multiple Frequency Radio Mobile or Multi-function
Frequency Radio Modulation
MHz Megahertz
MSO Master Switch Office
MSPS Mega Samples Per Second
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
MTSO Master Telephone Switch Office
MU Measurement Uncertainty
M&TE Measuring and Test Equipment
N N Connector (N is for Navy - first made for and used by, for
RF connector service
NAMPS Narrow Analog Mobile Phone System
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
NVM Non Volatile Memory
NRS N+1 Redundant Subrack
OEM. Original Equipment Manufacturer
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
OMC Operation and Maintenance Centre
OneBaseCell Extender An Andrew Corporation Proprietary System for Boosting
Cellular Power
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PA Power Amplifier
PAR Peak to Average Ration
PCB Printed Circuit Board
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PCN Personal Communications Network
PCS Personal Communications Services or Personal
Communication System(s)
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDP Power Distribution Panel
PEP Peak Envelope Power
PF Pico farads
PHS Personal Handy-phone System (Japan)
PLC Product Life Cycle
PLL Phase Locked Loop
PM Phase Modulation or Preventive Maintenance
PO Purchase Order
p-p Peak to Peak
PPM Parts Per Million


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Term / Acronym / Abbreviation Definition
PSC PCS Single Channel or Product Serialization Code
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
QA Quality Assurance
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RBW Resolution Bandwidth
RF Radio Frequency
RFI Radio Frequency Interference
RFIM Radio Frequency Interface Module
RFQ Request For Quotation
RGO Return Goods Order
RH Relative Humidity
RL Return Loss
RLP Radio Link Protocol
RMA Rack-Mounted Amplifier or Return Material Authorization
RMP Reliability Monitoring Plan or Reliability Monitoring
Procedure
RMS Root Mean Square
RSS Root Sum Square
RSSl Receive Signal Strength Indication
Rx Receive or Receiver
SMA Subminiature Type A coaxial connector
SMS Short Message Service
SMT Surface Mount Technology
SN Serial Number
SO System Outage
SOE Sequence of Events
SW Software
TBC To Be Confirmed
TBD To Be Determined or To Be Defined
TDM Time Division Multiplex or Multiplexer or Multiplexing
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
TDR Transmit Diversity Redundancy
TMA Tower Mounted Antennas
TRU Transmit Receive Unit
TRX Transceiver Unit or Transmit / Receive) Unit
Tx Transmit, Transmitter
UAI Use As Is
UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
UL Up-link or Underwriters Laboratories
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
UUT Unit Under Test
VADJ Voltage Adjust
VBW Video Bandwidth
VFWD Voltage Forward
VREFL Voltage Reflected
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ratio


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Term / Acronym / Abbreviation Definition
VVA Voltage Variable Attenuator
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
XMT Transmit
XMTR Transmitter



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12. INDEX

airborne dust 6-4
air-conditioning 2-2
alarms for Subrack configurations 5-6
MCPA 5-5
RFIM 5-5
Alarm categories 5-4
alarm connection 2-6, 3-26, 5-7, A8-7
Alarm Definitions 5-3
Alarms (Table) 5-4, 5-5, 5-6
alarm output connection 5-7
alarms summarized 5-6
ambient noise 2-2
MCPA System Alarms 5-5
building codes 2-1
Caution: - definition 1-2
CDMA 1-3
chassis ground 2-6, 3-18, 3-19
chassis ground connection 2-6, 3-18, 3-19
Combiner Module 1-8, 3-5, 3-9, 5-2, 7-1
combustible materials floor covering 2-2
Configuration Sheet location 2-8
control loop 6-9
critical alarm definition 5-4
customer service contact information A8-1
DC power consumption 3-21
DC supply voltage range 2-4, 2-5
DC power supply connection 2-4
DC power supply requirements 2-5
derate for altitude 2-2
Dust removal 6-4
ESD protective wrapping 2-8
Filter Module 1-5, 2-2, 2-6, 3-5, 3-6, 3-12,
3-13, 3-14, 3-15, 3- 16, 3-26, 3-27, 4-3, 4-4, 4-5, 5-3, 5-8, 5-11, 5-12, 5-16, 6-11, 7-1
fire codes 2-1
fire-extinguisher - on site 2-2
floor covering 2-2
frame installation 3-4
frame space requirements 2-3
frequency 5-2, 5-3, 5-11, 5-13 - 5-16, 6-9, 6-11
GSM carriers 1-3
GUI A8-3, 4-3, 5-2, 5-8
ground halo site preparation 2-3
ground wire connecting 3-17-19
how the OneBaseCell Extender fits in 1-4
Initial system start-up 4-2
intended installation 2-1
Introduction 1-1
Lighting - working area 2-2
lightning arrestors 2-2
lightning protection 2-2
locate Configuration Sheet 2-8
major alarm definition 5-4


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MCPA - air exhaust 2-3
mounting on floor dimensions 2-4, 3-4
minor alarm - definition 5-4
MCPA Module Alarms 5-4, 5-5
Module Replacement 6-5
Filter Module 6-11
RF Input Trays 6-13
RFIM 6-9
Note: - definition 1-1
OneBaseCell Extender Purpose 1-3
packing list 2-8
Periodic Maintenance 6-4
powering up 4-2
overdrive protection 5-3
receive path verification 4-4
recommended materials 3-2
recommended power/carrier incident
to the system 4-2
Replacing MCPA Fan Modules 6-7
required DC supply current 2-5
return shipment 2-9
return wires connecting 3-20
RF cabling integrity 3-23
RF Connector care 3-3
RFIM 1-5, 2-6, 3-4, 3-6, 3-7,
3-8, 3,9, 3-29, 4-2, 4-4, 5-2, 5-5, 5-6, 5-7, 5-8, 5-9, 5-11,5-13, 5-16, 6-3
RF input power 4-2
RF Input Trays 3-6, 3-14, 6-13
RF output connection 3-24
safety equipment during installation 2-7
setting output RF power 4-3
shipping containers-opening 2-8
shipping damage 2-9
shipping documents 2-8
Site Planning 2-1
smoke detectors 2-2
Subrack configurations 1-4, 1-9
surrounding clearance 2-3
system modules (FRMs) 1-4
TDMA 1-3, A8-5
tools for unpacking 2-6
Total average incident power 4-2
troubleshooting insight 6-3
uncrating 2-7
unrestricted airflow 2-3
using LED indicators 6-3
verify system operation 4-5
vibration 2-2
Warning: - definition 1-2
WCDMA 1-3, A8-6
weight of Subrack and Modules 2-1
wrist strap static grounding 2-8