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Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue is published annually by American Sports Illustrated
magazine. The cover photograph features fashion models wearing swimwear in exotic locales. All
models featured on the cover of the swimsuit issue in the magazine's history have been women.
According to some, the magazine is the arbiter of supermodel succession.[1] The swimsuit issue of
the magazine carries advertising that, in 2005 amounted to US$35 million in value.[1] New issues
come out around the middle of February or later. First published in 1964, it is credited with making
the bikini, invented in 1946,[2] a legitimate piece of apparel.[3] The issue that got the most letters
was the 1978 issue.[4] The best selling issue was the 25th Anniversary Issue with Kathy Ireland on
the cover in 1989.[4]
Through the years many models, such as Cheryl Tiegs, Christie Brinkley, Paulina Porizkova, Elle
Macpherson, Rachel Hunter, Rebecca Romijn, Petra Nemcova, Valeria Mazza, Heidi Klum, Tyra
Banks, and Marisa Miller, have been featured on the cover. Other models within its pages, but not
on its cover, include Cindy Crawford, Stephanie Seymour, Niki Taylor, Angie Everhart, and Naomi
Campbell. The eight models featured on the cover of the 2006 issue were featured in a coffee-table
book called Sports Illustrated: Exposure. Photographed by Raphael Mazzucco, and produced by
Diane Smith, the unprecedented "reunion shoot" featured 139 pages of previously-unpublished
images. In 2006, the issue expanded publishing to handheld devices.[5] In 2007, the swimsuit issue
was first available in China.[6]
1 History
2 Non-models in the magazine
3 Reception
4 On the cover
5 Cover history
6 Locations
7 Swimsuit Video, the Swimsuit Issue on video and in television specials
8 See also
9 References
10 Further reading
11 External links
The swimsuit issue was invented by Sports Illustrated editor Andre Laguerre to fill the winter
months, a typically slow point in the sporting calendar.[1] He asked fashion reporter Jule Campbell
to go on a shoot to fill space, including the cover, with a beautiful model. The first issue, released in
1964, entailed a cover featuring Babette March and a five-page layout. Campbell soon became a
powerful figure in modeling and molded the issue into a media phenomenon by featuring "bigger
and healthier" California women and printing the names of the models with their photos, beginning a
new supermodel era.[1] However, the issue did not exclusively feature models until 1997.[1] In the
1950s a few women appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated, but the 1964 issue is considered to
be the beginning of the current format known as the Swimsuit Issue. Tyra Banks, in 1997, was the
first black woman on the cover.[7]
Non-models in the magazine
Several female athletes have appeared in swimsuit shoots, though not on the cover. Steffi Graf
appeared in 1997. In the 2003 issue, tennis player Serena Williams and figure skater Ekaterina
Gordeeva were featured inside the magazine. Anna Kournikova appeared in an inset on the 2004
cover, and had a photo spread within its pages.
In 2005, Olympic gold medalists Amanda Beard and Jennie Finch, along with Lauren Jackson and
Venus Williams, were featured. Maria Sharapova appeared in an inset on the 2006 cover and had a
spread inside. In spring 2006, Sports Illustrated chose music as the theme for the 2007 issue.
Swimsuit editor Diane Smith[8] wanted Grammy-winner Beyonc Knowles to pose.[9] In 2006,
Beyonc launched a swimsuit line under her House of Deron clothing label. Beyonc Knowles
became the first singer, and first non-model, to appear on the cover in 2007.
In 2008, NFL cheerleaders appeared for the first time. Teams include the Buccaneers, Chargers,
Cowboys, Dolphins, Eagles, Falcons, Jaguars, Patriots, Raiders, Redskins and Texans.[10]
Race car driver Danica Patrick appeared in 2008. She was featured in a four-page spread set in
Singer Island, Florida.[11]
For the 2010 issue, four female Winter Olympians appeared in swimsuits: Clair Bidez, Lacy Schnoor,
Hannah Teter, and Lindsey Vonn as well as Ana Ivanovic. Criticism of Ivanovic's appearance in the
magazine shortly surfaced, as the Serb was suffering a decline in form and confidence and
subsequently dropped out of the WTA's Top 50 a month after appearing in the magazine. However,
since November 2010 Ivanovic has re-entered the World's Top 20 and regained her old form and
Australian hurdler Michelle Jenneke appeared in the 2013 issue after having gained notoriety for her
warm-up dance routine, which went viral on YouTube.[12]
To some people, the magazine is an acceptable exhibition of female sexuality not out of place on a
coffee table.[1] Recent editions have mixed the modeling with a tribute to sportsmen. The swimsuit
edition is controversial with both moralists who subscribe for sports news content as well as those
who feel that the focus on fashion and swimsuit modeling is inappropriate for a sports magazine.
Also feminists have expressed that "the Swimsuit Issue promotes the harmful and dehumanizing
concept that women are a product for male consumption."[13]
Subscriptions have been canceled by subscribers when it arrives. The 1978 edition, remembered for
its fishnet bathing suit made famous by Cheryl Tiegs, resulted in 340 cancellations.[1]Sports
Illustrated makes the controversy a form of entertainment with the issue two weeks after the
swimsuit edition packed with complainants such as shocked parents and troubled librarians.[1]
Recently, the number of cancellations has declined.[1] Nonetheless, to avoid controversy, Sports
Illustrated has, since 2007, offered its subscribers the option of skipping the swimsuit edition for a
one issue credit to extend their subscription by a week.[14]
On the cover
Main article: List of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue cover models
1964: Babette March
1965: Sue Peterson
1966: Sunny Bippus
1967: Marilyn Tindall
1968: Turia Mau
1969: Jamee Becker
1970: Cheryl Tiegs
1971: Tannia Rubiano
1972: Shelia Roscoe
1973: Dayle Haddon
1974: Ann Simonton
1975: Cheryl Tiegs
1976: Yvette and Yvonne Sylvander
1977: Lena Kansbod
1978: Maria Joo
1979: Christie Brinkley
1980: Christie Brinkley
1981: Christie Brinkley
1982: Carol Alt
1983: Cheryl Tiegs
1984: Paulina Porizkova
1985: Paulina Porizkova
1986: Elle Macpherson
1987: Elle Macpherson
1988: Elle Macpherson
1989: Kathy Ireland
1990: Judit Masco
1991: Ashley Richardson (Montana)
1992: Kathy Ireland
1993: Vendela Kirsebom
1994: Kathy Ireland, Elle Macpherson, and Rachel Hunter
1995: Daniela Pestova
1996: Valeria Mazza and Tyra Banks
1997: Tyra Banks
1998: Heidi Klum
1999: Rebecca Romijn
2000: Daniela Pestova
2001: Elsa Benitez
2002: Yamila Diaz
2003: Petra N?mcov
2004: Veronica Varekova; inset Anna Kournikova
2005: Carolyn Murphy; inset Jessica White, Marisa Miller, and Yamila Diaz
2006: All-star Past Cover Models: Veronica Varekova, Elle Macpherson, Rebecca Romijn, Rachel
Hunter, Daniela Pestova, Elsa Benitez, Carolyn Murphy, and Yamila Diaz; inset Heidi Klum and
Maria Sharapova
2007: Beyonc Knowles; inset Bar Refaeli
2008: Marisa Miller; inset Heidi Klum
2009: Bar Refaeli; inset Brooklyn Decker
2010: Brooklyn Decker
2011: Irina Shayk; inset Kate Upton
2012: Kate Upton; inset Alex Morgan
2013: Kate Upton; inset Hannah Davis
2014: Nina Agdal, Lily Aldridge, Chrissy Teigen; flip-side cover Kate Upton
The 2008-2013 covergirls were announced on Late Show with David Letterman.[15][16] The 2014
covergirls were announced on Jimmy Kimmel Live!.[17]
Cover history
Most covers by model[18]
Number of covers: issues
Elle Macpherson
5: 1986, 1987, 1988, 1994, 2006
Christie Brinkley
3: 1979, 1980, 1981
Cheryl Tiegs
3: 1970, 1975, 1983
Kathy Ireland
3: 1989, 1992, 1994
Daniela Pestova
3: 1995, 2000, 2006
Paulina Porizkova
2: 1984, 1985
Tyra Banks
2: 1996, 1997
Rachel Hunter
2: 1994, 2006
Rebecca Romijn
2: 1999, 2006
Elsa Benitez
2: 2001, 2006
Yamila Diaz-Rahi
2: 2002, 2006
Veronica Varekova
2: 2004, 2006
Carolyn Murphy
2: 2005, 2006
Kate Upton
2: 2012, 2013
The swimsuit issue was once predominantly shot in one country per year. As the issue has grown in
size, the number of locations has also risen.
1964: Cozumel
1965: Baja California
1966: Bahamas
1967: Arizona
1968: French Polynesia
1969: Puerto Rico
1970: Hawaii
1971: Dominican Republic
1972: Marina del Rey
1973: Bahamas
1974: Puerto Rico
1975: Cancn
1976: Baja California
1977: Maui
1978: Brazil
1979: Seychelles
1980: British Virgin Islands
1981: Florida
1982: Kenya
1983: Jamaica
1984: Netherlands Antilles
1985: Australia
1986: French Polynesia
1987: Dominican Republic
1988: Thailand
1989: Mexico, Seychelles, Kenya, Lake Powell, Kauai, St. Barts
1990: The Grenadines, Windward Islands
1991: Cruise theme - Turks & Caicos, Bali, St. Barts
1992: Spain
1993: Alaska, Florida Keys, Mackinac Island, Martha's Vineyard, Oahu
1994: Pool theme - Southern California, Colorado, Florida, Bali, Pantelleria, Sardinia, St. Maarten,
Mexico, Hong Kong
1995: Bermuda, Costa Rica
1996: South Africa
1997: Bahamas, Monaco, Venezuela, Mexico, Malibu
1998: Equator theme - Maldives, Kenya, Indonesia, Galpagos Islands, Ecuador
1999: Necker Island, Guana Island
2000: Pacific theme - Malaysia, Oahu, Maui, Mexico
2001: Tunisia, Greece, Italy, Bahamas, Las Vegas
2002: Latin theme - Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Brazil, Argentina, Spanish Harlem
2003: Barbados, Kenya, Turkey, Florida Keys, Colorado, Vietnam, Grenada
2004: Montauk, New York, Saranac Lake, New York, Mississippi, Wyoming, Arizona, Bouton, Iowa,
Perry, Iowa
2005: Exuma, Bahamas, Pico Bonito National Park, Honduras, Kor?ula, Croatia, Laguna Beach,
California, Bora Bora, Portillo, Chile, Hua Hin, Thailand, Papgayo Peninsula, Costa Rica, Placencia,
Belize, Fajardo, Puerto Rico[19]
2006: Hollywood, Huahine, Las Vegas, Cartagena, Colombia, Cat Island and Harbour Island,
Bahamas, Palm Springs[20]
2007: Music theme - Memphis, Tennessee, Negril, Jamaica, Bahia, Brazil, Maui and Lahaina, Hawaii,
Grambling and Shreveport, Louisiana, Los Angeles, Tucson, Arizona, Cleveland, Ohio[21]
2008: St. Petersburg, Russia, Discovery Cove, Orlando and Singer Island, Florida, Saint John, U.S.
Virgin Islands, Kaanapali, Hawaii, San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua, Seven Mile Beach, Cayman Islands,
Turks & Caicos, Caesarea, Israel[22]
2009: Riviera Maya, Yucatn Peninsula, Mexico, Teneriffa, Canary Islands, St. George's, Grenada,
St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Naples, Italy, Cappadocia, Turkey[23]
2010: Whistler, Canada, Atacama, Chile, Rajasthan, India, Veligandu, Maldives, Palm Springs,
California, Lisbon, Portugal[24]
2011: Peter Island, British Virgin Islands, Nanuya Levu, Fiji, Boracay Island, The Philippines,
Sentosa, Singapore, Maui, Hawaii, Laguna Beach, California, Banff National Park, Canada[25]
2012: Bondi Beach, New South Wales and North Narrabeen, Australia, Apalachicola, Florida, Gulf
Coast of the United States, Bocas del Toro Province and San Blas Islands, Panama, Desroches Island,
Seychelles, Victoria Falls, Zambia[26]
2013: Antarctica, Hayman Island, Australia, Guilin, China, Exuma, Bahamas, Easter Island, Chile,
Etosha National Park and Swakopmund, Namibia, Seville, Spain[27]
2014: Aitutaki, Cook Islands, Cape Canaveral, Florida, Lenis Maranhenses National Park,
Maranho, Brazil, Zermatt and Lake Geneva, Switzerland, Nosy Be, Madagascar, Congress Hall,
Cape May, New Jersey, St. Lucia, Fiji, Guana Island, British Virgin Islands[28]
Swimsuit Video, the Swimsuit Issue on video and in television specials
Beginning in the late 1980s, Sports Illustrated allowed television specials to be aired which were
later released as video versions of its Swimsuit Issue. The first releases were available on VHS or
Laser Disc (LD), and later releases have been available on DVD.[29]
In 1989, The Making of the Sports
Illustrated 25th Anniversary Swimsuit
Issue was a television documentary by
Home Box Office (HBO) which later
became available on VHS by Maysles
Films.[30] In 1992, a behind-the-scenes
made-for-HBO special documentary was
released on VHS as the Sports
Illustrated Behind the Scenes: Official
Swimsuit Video.[31] In 1993, Sports
Illustrated: The 1993 Swimsuit Video
was released by HBO films.[32] The
next year, Sports Illustrated 1994
Swimsuit Issue Video was released on
video by Dakota North
Entertainment.[33] Since then, the
annual video version of the Sports
Illustrated Swimsuit Issue has been
called the Swimsuit Video. In 1995, Sports Illustrated began distributing television specials based on
the issue, titled '[Year] Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Special'. The hour-long specials have aired on
Spike TV and TNT and Minisodes of several specials from 2002 to 2004 are available on Crackle.[34]
In 2004, the Sports Illustrated 40th Anniversary Swimsuit Special: American Beauty featured videos
of the swimsuit beauties at various US locations, some of which are not usually thought of as
beaches: e.g., the host Melissa Keller and Marisa Miller at the grain elevator in Bouton, Iowa, and on
a farm near Perry, Iowa. The more recent videos have included some "uncensored" scenes.[35]
For January 2005, NBC produced the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Model Search, a reality TV show
documenting twelve previously unknown fashion models as they competed against one another over
five weeks for the grand prize: a pictorial in the 2005 edition of the Swimsuit Issue and a modeling
contract with NEXT Model Management worth one million US dollars. Alicia Hall won the
Prior to the release of the 2011 issue, DirectTV aired a preview special on the 101 Network,
revealing the models in that year's edition. The show was hosted by Dan Patrick and Mallory Snyder.
See also
List of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition models
^ a b c d e f g h i Curtis, Bryan (February 16, 2005). "The Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue: An
intellectual history". Slate. Washington Post. Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Retrieved November
11, 2007.
^ Hoover, Elizabeth D. (July 5, 2006). "60 Years of Bikinis". American Heritage Inc. Retrieved
November 13, 2007.
^ Mendelsohn, Aline (July 23, 2006). "The bikini celebrates 60 years". Lincoln Journal Star.
Retrieved November 13, 2007.
^ a b Sports Illustrated 50: The Anniversary Book, Rob Fleder, 2005, p.286, ISBN 1-932273-49-2
^ Miller, Lia (February 13, 2006). "So Many Models in Bikinis, So Many Ways to See Them". The
New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
^ Barboza, David (March 4, 2007). "The People's Republic of Sex Kittens and Metrosexuals". The
New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
^ Layberger, Tom (April 2, 1995). "Under the right cover, "SI' can be hot collectible". St. Petersburg
Times. Retrieved August 10, 2009.
^ "Masthead". Sports Illustrated. September 5, 2011: 14. Print.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, Winter 2007, p.15, Diane Smith, senior editor
^ Supermodel Marisa Miller Adorns the Cover of the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue on
Newsstands Today!
^ "2008 Danica Patrick". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
^ Feminist Media Round-Up: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly. Lisa Bennett, Communications
Director, National Organization for Women. February 22, 2002.
^ Aspan, Maria (March 12, 2007). "The Swimsuits Were Skimpy, but the Magazine Was Invisible".
The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
^ "Marisa Miller: SI Covergirl Unveiled On Letterman". The Huffington Post. February 12, 2008.
Retrieved February 8, 2009.
^ "Letterman to unveil S.I. Swimsuit cover". United Press International, Inc. February 4, 2009.
Retrieved February 8, 2009.
^ Oldenburg, Ann (February 13, 2014). "Jimmy Kimmel to unveil 'SI' swimsuit cover". USA Today.
Retrieved February 13, 2014.
^ Sports Illustrated 50: The Anniversary Book, Rob Fleder, 2005, p.286, ISBN 1-932273-49-2
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2005. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2006. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2007. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Locations 2008. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2010. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition Travel Locations 2011. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ Sports Illustrated 2012 Swimsuit Destinations. Retrieved 2014-04-03
^ Sports Illustrated 2013 Swimsuit Destinations. Retrieved 2014-04-03
^ Sports Illustrated 2014 Swimsuit Destinations. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
^ "Sports Illustrated Swimsuit on IMDB". IMDb. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
^ "Making of the Sports Illustrated 25th Anniversary Swimsuit Issue (1989) (TV)". IMDb. Retrieved
December 13, 2009.
^ "Sports Illustrated Behind the Scenes: Official Swimsuit Video (1992) (TV)". IMDb. Retrieved
December 13, 2009.
^ "Sports Illustrated: The 1993 Swimsuit Video (1993) (TV)". IMDb. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
^ "Sports Illustrated 1994 Swimsuit Issue Video (1994)". IMDb. Retrieved December 13, 2009.
^ "Spike TV Highlights - February 2005". PRNewswire. January 6, 2005. Retrieved February 25,
^ "Sports Illustrated 40th Anniversary Swimsuit Special: American Beauty (2004)". IMDb. Retrieved
December 13, 2009.
^ "Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Model Search (2005) TV series". IMDb. Retrieved December 13,
Further reading
Davis, Laurel R. (1997). The Swimsuit Issue and Sport: Hegemonic Masculinity in Sports Illustrated.
SUNY Series on Sport, Culture, and Social Relations. Albany, NY: State University of New York
Press. ISBN 9780791433911. OCLC 35620261.
Campbell, Jule, ed. (1995). The Best of the Swimsuit Supermodels. New York: Sports Illustrated
Books. ISBN 9781883013226. Published in both hardcover and softcover editions.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (1997). Around the World with the Swimsuit Supermodels. New York:
Sports Illustrated Books. LCCN 99191547. OCLC 41211842.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (1999). Best of the Swimsuit Supermodels 1964-1999 (New York: Time,
Inc). Collector's edition magazine.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2002). Sports Illustrated Presents Ultimate Swimsuit 1964-2002. New
York: Time, Inc.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2011). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Portfolio: Fantasy Islands. New
York: Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 9781603202091. OCLC 755072628.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2010). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Portfolio: Paradise Found. New
York: Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 9781603201537. OCLC 751578018.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2009). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Portfolio: The Explorers Edition.
New York: Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 9781603200899. OCLC 658199994.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2013). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit: 50 Years of Beautiful. New York:
Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 978-1618930811. OCLC 827082812.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2008). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit: The Complete Portfolio. New York:
Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 9781603200417. OCLC 502263177.
Editors of Sports Illustrated (2006). Sports Illustrated: Exposure. Photography by Raphael
Mazzucco. New York: Time Home Entertainment. ISBN 9781933405858. LCCN 2006900231.
OCLC 75397462.
Gair, Joanne (2007). Sports Illustrated: In the Paint: The Complete Body-Painting Collection from the
SI Swimsuit Issue: The Art of Joanne Gair. Photography by James Porto. New York: Sports Illustrated
Books. ISBN 9781933821207. OCLC 212375500.
Hoffman, Steven (executive director) (2001). Sports Illustrated Knockouts: Five Decades of Sports
Illustrated Swimsuit Photography. Foreword by Frank Deford. New York: Sports Illustrated.
ISBN 9781929049479.
Iooss, Walter (2010). Sports Illustrated Swimsuit: Heaven. Introduction by Jimmy Buffett. New York:
Sports Illustrated Books. ISBN 9781603201162. LCCN 2009940848. OCLC 464590580.
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue.
SI.com - SI Swimsuit
SI.com - Swimsuit Collection
Bingham: A history of SI's swimsuit issue
(Video) CNBC Originals : Business Model inside the sports illustrated swimsuit issue. Reported by
Darren Rovell. Season 2 : Ep. 7. 43:23.
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