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Mr.

Luk
Chemistry 11

Element cards for Part 1:

Az
Atomic mass: 42.0
Description: Grey shiny metal, radioactive
Common Charges: +2
Compounds formed with N: Az2N
By
Atomic mass: 4.0
Description: Soft grey metal
Common Charges: +4
Compounds formed with N: ByN
Cx
Atomic mass: 6.0
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: +4, -4
Compounds formed with N: CxN
Dw
Atomic mass: 16.0
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: +4, -4
Compounds formed with N: CxN
Ev
Atomic mass: 32.0
Description: Grey shiny metal
Common Charges: Unknown
Compounds formed with N: Ev2N
Hs
Atomic mass: 14.0
Description: Soft grey metal
Common Charges: +4
Compounds formed with N: HsN
Ir
Atomic mass: 22.9
Description: Grey metal
Common Charges: +2
Compounds formed with N: Ir2N
Jq
Atomic mass: 8.0
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: -2
Compounds formed with N: NJq2
Kp
Atomic mass: 18.0
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: -2
Compounds formed with N: NKp2
Lo
Atomic mass: 50.0
Description: Pale brown gas
Common Charges: Unknown
Compounds formed with N: NLo4
Tf
Atomic mass: 30.1
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: -2
Compounds formed with N: NTf2

N
Atomic mass: 27.3
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: +4, -4
Compounds formed with N: N2

Mr. Luk
Chemistry 11

Element cards for Part 1:

Ol
Atomic mass: 12.0
Description: Grey metal
Common Charges: +2
Compounds formed with N: Ol2N
Pk
Atomic mass: 38.5
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: -2
Compounds formed with N: NPk2
Ri
Atomic mass: 30.0
Description: Pale yellow gas
Common Charges: -1
Compounds formed with N: NRi4
Sh
Atomic mass: 34.0
Description: Soft grey metal
Common Charges: +4
Compounds formed with N: ShN
Ve
Atomic mass: 20.0
Description: Colourless gas
Common Charges: -1
Compounds formed with N: NVe4
Wd
Atomic mass: 36.1
Description: Soft solid, non-metal
Common Charges: +4, -4
Compounds formed with N: WdN
Xc
Atomic mass: 44.0
Description: Soft grey metal
Common Charges: +4
Compounds formed with N: XcN
Yb
Atomic mass: 45.5
Description: Soft solid, non-metal
Common Charges: +4, -4
Compounds formed with N: YbN
Za
Atomic mass: 10.0
Description: Colourless gas
Common Charges: -1
Compounds formed with N: NZa4
Ug
Atomic mass: 2.0
Description: Grey metal
Common Charges: +2
Compounds formed with N: Ug2N
Gt
Atomic mass: 47.8
Description: Liquid, non-metal
Common Charges: -2
Compounds formed with N: NGt2



Mr. Luk
Chemistry 11

Element cards for Part 2:

M
Atomic mass: 24.0
Description: Soft grey metal
Common Charges: +4
Compounds formed with N: MN

Fu
Atomic mass: 40.0
Description: Pale yellow gas
Common Charges: -1
Compounds formed with N: NGt4
Qj
Atomic mass: 1.0
Description: Colourless gas
Common Charges: +2, -1
Compounds formed with N: Unknown


Mr. Luk
Chemistry 11

Name: _______________________

Developing the Periodic Table

Introduction and History:
For a long, long time, scientists have known that certain elements behaved similarly.
These elements formed similar compounds, formed ions with similar charges, and
had similar physical properties. Around 1870, two scientists, Meyer and Mendeleev
came up with a way to organize elements. Surprisingly, they did not work together or
collaborate. They individually worked and created their own periodic tables.

The periodic table that we use today is based on the ones they have made. In this
activity, we will create our own table in a way similar to their work.

Purpose:
You will learn how elements are grouped in the periodic table and face the
challenges of doing so.

Materials and apparatus:
Element cards & Your brain!

Procedure:
Work in groups of 2-4. Your teacher will give each group a set of element cards. Each
card will contain information about the element. You will need to arrange these cards into
a table similar to the periodic table. Obviously, these elements are fictitious and do not
exist. However, the frustration that you will face is very real.

PART 1 of 2 :
You will arrange 23 elements in a table that makes sense to you. Pay attention to
what compounds and charges the elements form. Also pay attention to their physical
properties. Think about how our modern day periodic table is arranged. By mass? By
charges of ions? By compounds formed?

Questions:
1. How many groups (columns) or families of elements are in your table?
2. How did you determine which elements belonged to what groups?
3. Is there a pattern in atomic mass going across the table? Is there a pattern going
from top to bottom?
4. Are there any exceptions? Did you choose to ignore them or accept them?
5. Are there any hopes or gaps in your arrangement? Can you predict the properties of
the elements that should fill these gaps?
Mr. Luk
Chemistry 11

PART 2 of 2:
When you are done with the questions in part 1, ask your teacher for the elements
in part 2. Answer the following questions:

Questions:
1. Compare your answers from Part 1 Question 5 to the element cards given to you. Do
they match?
2. Try placing these elements in the periodic table. Which ones did you have trouble
fitting in the periodic table? Explain what caused the trouble.
3. The masses of Ri and Tf do not fit the pattern in our periodic table. In the modern
periodic table, tellurium and iodine do not fit the pattern either. How are elements
in the modern periodic table arranged?
4. Suppose that we discovered a new element Md. This new element Md has a mass of
55.0, forms +4 charge, and is a soft grey metal. Where would this element fit in our
version of the periodic table?
5. What compound would Md form with N from our periodic table?

Conclusion:
Write a short paragraph (5-8 sentences) on your experience arranging these
elements into a table. Comment on the problems you faced and how you managed to
overcome them.