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Customer Training Material

W k h 1 Workshop 1
Sketchingg
Introduction to ANSYS Introduction to ANSYS
DesignModeler
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Introduction
Introduction;
This workshop demonstrates the
procedure for creating a sketch used to
define the geometry of an Exhaust define the geometry of an Exhaust
Nozzle in DesignModeler (DM).
Prerequisites:
This workshop assumes that you have
some experience with DesignModeler,
and that you are familiar with the and that you are familiar with the
graphical user interface
Note:
This workshop assumes that you have
some experience with DesignModeler,
and that you are familiar with the
graphical user interface
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graphical user interface
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Goals
Goals;
Starting DesignModeler Starting DesignModeler.
Drawing sketch components.
Dimensioning the sketch.
Constraining the sketch Constraining the sketch.
Modifying the sketch.
Save the project and exit.
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Starting Workbench
Create the Workbench Project;
Start Workbench R13.
This will open the Workbench project page.
If already open click New to start a new project.
In your working directory, save the project as
WS1 WS1 .
Its good practice to save the project
periodically.
ANSYS Workbench applications and application
template systems can be found in the Toolbox.
A ailable applications are listed nder
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Available applications are listed under
Component Systems.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Starting DesignModeler
Create a Geometry Component System;
Under Component Systems, click LMB (Left Mouse Button) on Geometry and drag
into the Project Schematic. This will create a Geometry System Cell in the Project
Schematic Schematic.
In the Geometry System Cell, click RMB (Right Mouse Button) on
This will open a menu containing options for creating or modifying geometry data.
Click LMB on New Geometry.
This will start the DesignModeler application.
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Starting DesignModeler
Setting Units;
When working with DM the units are set when the session is first started.
Select Meter.
Click OK.
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Create a Sketch
Create a Sketch;
Select the XYPlane in the Tree Outline and
click the Look At button to align the view
t th XY l to the XY plane.
Create a sketch on the XYPlane by clicking
the New Sketch button the New Sketch button.
The new sketch will be listed under the
XYPlane in the Tree Outline (Sketch 1).
Switch to Sketching Mode by clicking on the
Sketching Tab at the bottom of
the Tree Outline.
Th T O tli ill b l d b The Tree Outline will be replaced by
Sketching Toolboxes.
The Sketching Toolboxes contain all the tools
necessary to create(Draw), modify, dimension
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and constrain sketches.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Create a Sketch
Create a Sketch (Continued);
Sketching is the process of drawing the basic topology of a geometry. The
sketch is initially created approximately exact dimensions are added later.
We will use the sketch tools to create an initial sketch as shown below We will use the sketch tools to create an initial sketch as shown below
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Connected lines (Polylines) can be created in one step using the Polyline tool.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
C t P l li
Drawing Sketch Components
Create a Polyline;
Select the Polyline tool in the Draw toolbox.
Notice the Status Bar at the bottom of the screen.
The Status Bar issues instructions when a tool is selected
and whilst a tool is being used. Since the Polyline tool has just
been selected the Status Bar is requesting input to define the
start of the Polyline.
Move the mouse pointer towards the Y-Axis until a C mark appears then click LMB once. This
specifies the start of the Polyline. The first segment of the Polyline will now be displayed as
the mouse is moved the mouse is moved.
The C mark indicates the point will be constrained to be Coincident with the Y-axis.
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Drawing Sketch Components
Create a Polyline (Continued);
Notice again that the Status Bar now
issues an instruction for the next point in
th P l li the Polyline.
To create the next Polyline vertex, move
the pointer to the right (+x). When the line
is approximately horizontal, a H mark will
appear on the line. Click to select the
second point of the Polyline.
If you position the next point incorrectly, y p p y,
clicking RMB can be used to open a context
menu allowing the operation to backed up.
While using any sketch tool pressing the g y p g
escape key cancels the operation should
you need to start again.
The Undo/Redo buttons refer to the last
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completed sketch tool action.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Drawing Sketch Components
Create a Polyline (Continued);
1. Similarly, move the pointer upwards (+y). When the line is approximately vertical, a V
character will appear on the line indicating a vertical constraint. Click to select the third
point of the Polyline.
2 U i thi d l t th i i P l li t h 2. Using this procedure, complete the remaining Polyline segments as shown.
1
2
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Drawing Sketch Components
Create a Polyline (Continued);
2. Similarly complete the remaining Polyline segments as shown.
2
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Drawing Sketch Components
3. For the last segment the line needs to be constrained to both horizontal and to the Y-Axis
(a H & C will appear).
4. After the final segment has been created click RMB anywhere in Graphics Window to open
the context menu. In the menu select Closed End to close the Polyline. the context menu. In the menu select Closed End to close the Polyline.
3
Final
4
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View Constraints
Vi C t i t View Constraints;
Entities are colored according to their constraint status (see key below).
Entities can have multiple constraints. These are listed in the details view.
Exit the Polyline tool by clicking anywhere in the Graphics window and pressing the escape key (the
status bar will change to Ready).
Click LMB on any entity in the Graphics Window. The constraint status is shown in the Details View
together with the required constraints and the existing constraints.
Constraint Colour Code
Teal Under Constrained
Blue Well Constrained
Red Over Constrained
Black Fixed
Grey Undefined
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions;
Click the Zoom to Fit button.
Select the Dimensions Toolbox.
Contains tools to create all common
dimension types in addition to
dimension editing tools.
Select Display.
Check Name & Value. This will display
the dimension name and current value
when dimensions are created.
1
2
when dimensions are created.
Select the General tool.
Click LMB once on the edge as
shown After clicking on the edge
3
shown. After clicking on the edge,
move the pointer to an appropriate
position and click LMB again to
finalize the dimension location..
2.857
H1
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Dimensions are automatically named and numbered according to type and order. This dimension is
named H1 since it is a horizontal dimension and the first dimension created in this session.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Dimensioning the Sketch
1. Setting the dimension value.
Under the Details View set the value of H1
to 2m, press enter.
The sketch will update
1
The sketch will update.
2. Editing Dimension Name.
To change the name of a dimension select
2.00
H1
the Edit tool.
Move the mouse pointer over the
dimension until it is highlighted then click
LMB to select.
2
The details of the selected dimension will
be displayed in the Details View. Check
that the dimension name is H1.
2.00
H1
3. Moving Dimension.
Select the Move tool.
Select the dimension. The dimension can
2.000
H1
2.000
H1
3
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Select the dimension. The dimension can
now be moved to a new position using the
mouse.
H1
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions and Set Values (Continued);
1. Use the General tool again to similarly apply more horizontal dimensions as shown in
Image1.
2. Set exact dimension values in details menu. Sketch is updated as shown in Image2.
Image2
3.000
H3
5 000
6.317
3.115
H3
Image1
1.000
H2
5.000
H4
2.154
H4
H2
2.000
H1
H2
2.000
H1
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions and Set Values (Continued);
Now use the General tool again to apply vertical dimensions as shown in Image1
Set exact dimension values in details menu and the sketch is updated to Image2.
3.043
V5
2.00
V5
14.669
V7
2.787
V6
20.00
V7
2.00
V6
15.839
V8
21.00
V8
Image1
Image2
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions (Continued);
To make sketch fully constrained, specify the location of sketch from X-axis
Use the General tool. Select the point, then select the X-Axis as shown in Image1.
Place the dimension and set the value Use Zoom to Fit to see updated sketch as shown in Image3 Place the dimension and set the value. Use Zoom to Fit to see updated sketch as shown in Image3.
Image3
Image2
Image1
27.16
V9
55.00
V9
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
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Dimensioning the Sketch
Modifying Dimensions (Continued);
After dimensioning use the Move tool to position dimensions for greater clarity.
(Note that all entities in the sketch are now blue. This indicates that the sketch is well defined.
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F th Sk t h T l
Drawing Sketch Components
Further Sketch Tools;
Select the Draw Toolbox.
Select the Arc by Three Points tool.
1. Select the first arc endpoint to be
1
p
coincident with the line as shown
2. Select the second arc endpoint in
the approximate position as
shown.
3 The final point defines the arc
2
3. The final point defines the arc
radius.
2
3
Final
3
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Drawing Sketch Components
Further Sketch Tools (Continued);
From the Draw Toolbox.
Select the Line tool.
1
1. Select the first point to be
coincident with the arc
endpoint as shown. A P
indicates the line will be
constrained to a point.
1
constrained to a point.
2. Select the second point in
the approximate position as
shown.
2
Final
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Try to draw the entities closer to the actual dimensional values so that
it is easier to apply constraints and edit dimensions later on.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Drawing Sketch Components
Further Sketch Tools
(Continued);
From the Draw Toolbox.
1
Select the Arc by Tangent
tool.
1. Select the first arc
endpoint to be
coincident with the point
as shown.
2. Select the final endpoint
to be coincident with the
X Axis as shown X-Axis as shown.
2
Final
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Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Constraining the Sketch
Adding Constraints;
Select the Constraints
Toolbox.
S Select the Tangent tool.
1. Select the first line
as shown.
2. Now select the arc
b it thi ill above it; this will
constrain the arc to
be tangential to the
line.
2
1
Final
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The geometry will adjust to enforce a tangential condition between the first arc
and line separating the two arcs. Dimensions can be added later.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Constraining the Sketch
Adding Constraints
(Continued);
From the Constraints
T lb
Image2 Image1
Toolbox.
Select the Coincident tool.
1. Select the centre point
of the second arc as
shown in Image1.
2. Now select the X-Axis.
3. This will constrain the
centre point of the
d t b
Final
second arc to be
coincident with the
X-Axis.
2
1
3
As a result of the centre point of the second arc being constrained to the X-Axis the
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p g
size of the arc has changed. However, the tangent constraints previously applied
have been maintained
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Drawing Sketch Components
Adding a Line;
Select the Draw Toolbox.
Select the Line tool.
Final
1. Select the origin as the
first point as shown. (P
Constraint)
2. For the second point,
select the end point of
the second arc.
2
1
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Modifying the Sketch
Extending an Edge;
Select the Modify Toolbox.
Select the Extend tool.
Select the edge as shown
near the lower end.
This ensures the edge is
extended downwards
(towards X-axis). (towards X axis).
Final
The Extend tool will extend any edge to the intersection of the next edge axis line or point
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The Extend tool will extend any edge to the intersection of the next edge, axis line or point.
The direction is specified by selecting the edge near to the end which is to be extended.
Use the Ignore Axis option if the extension is required to pass through the axis line.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Modifying the Sketch
Trimming Sketch Entities;
From the Modify Toolbox.
Select the Trim tool.
Select the edge at the
position shown.
This will ensure the left
side of the edge is
trimmed.
Final
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The Trim tool will trim any edge at the point of the intersection with the next edge, axis line
or point. The section to be trimmed is defined by the selection point. As with the Extend
tool the Ignore Axis option can be used to disregard the axis line.
Introduction to ANSYS DesignModeler
Customer Training Material
Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions;
Switch to the Dimensions Toolbox and select General tool to apply the following dimension
Set the correct value in details view and update the sketch
1.749
2
H10
4.00
H10
Final
3
1
Final
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Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions;
Similarly, using the General and Radius tools apply the following dimensions;
R13.05
R12
4.000
H10
R26.93
R12
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H11
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Specify Dimensions (Continued);
Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimensions (Continued);
Now use the Angle tool to apply the following dimension;
Select entities, click RMB and select Alternate Angle, Repeat until the correct angle is selected.
1
Final
3
2
`
29.54
A14
2
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Dimensioning the Sketch
Specify Dimension Values (Continued);
Set all the dimension values in details
view and update the sketch;
N t Note
During specifying values sketch may turn
in undefined status but after all values are
specified it will become fully constrained.
4.000
H10
R20.00
R12
`
30.00
A14
12.000
R25.00
R12
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Finished Sketch
The final sketch is ready.
The sketch can now be used to generate 3D models.
From the Workbench Project Page, save the project.
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Archiving a Project
Use the Archive function from the File menu to quickly compress all project files into
one file;
Set an Archive filename (WS1-Archive)
Options allow additional external files to be included as required Options allow additional external files to be included as required.
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