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Bio-Eco Engineering Sustainable Engineering/Architecture

Biological Ecological Engineeringis the use of engineering solutions, which improves traditional
structures using natural resources to increase the structure functionality, or the use of natural materials
(flora and fauna) to create structures.
Overview
It emerged as a new idea in early 1960s, but its definition has taken several decades to refine, its
implementation is still undergoing adjustment, and its broader recognition as a paradigm is relevantly
recent.
Howard Oduman Ecological engineering and others introduced the utilizing natural energy
sources as the predominant input to manipulate and control environmental systems.
Mitsch and Jorgensen - wrote that ecological engineering is designing societal services such
that they benefit society and nature, and later noted the design should be systems based,
sustainable, and integrate society with its natural environment.
Mitsch and Jorgensen were the first to define ecological engineering and provide ecological
engineering principles. Later they refined the definition and increased the number of principles.
They defined and characterized ecological engineering in a 1989 book and clarified it further in
their 2004 book.
They suggest the goal of bio-eco engineering is:
the restoration of ecosystems that have been substantially disturbed by human
activities such as environmental pollution or land disturbance, and the development of
new sustainable ecosystems that have both human and ecological values.
They summarized the five concepts key to ecological engineering as:
1. it is based on the self-designing capacity of ecosystems,
2. it can be a field test of ecological theory,
3. it relies on integrated system approaches,
4. it conserves non-renewable energy, and
5. it supports biological conservation.

Bergen et al. defined ecological engineering as:
utilizing ecological science and theory
applying to all types of ecosystems
adapting engineering design methods, and
acknowledging a guiding value system.
Barrett (1999) offers a more literal definition of the term: "the design, construction, operation
and management (that is, engineering)of landscape/aquatic structures and associated plant and
animal communities (that is, ecosystems) to benefit humanity and, often, nature."
Barrett continues: "other terms with equivalent or similar meanings include ecotechnology and
two terms most oftenused in the erosion control field: soil bioengineering and biotechnical
engineering.
However, Eco engineering should not be confused with 'biotechnology' when describing genetic
engineering at the cellular level, or 'bioengineering' meaning construction of artificial body
parts.
This engineering discipline combines basic and applied science from engineering, ecology,
economics, and natural sciences for the restoration and construction of aquatic and terrestrial
ecosystems.
The field of ecological engineering is increasing in breadth and depth as more opportunities to
design and use ecosystems as interfaces between technology and environment are explored.

Sustainable Engineering
is the process of designing or operating systems such that they use energy and
resources sustainably, i.e., at a rate that does not compromise the natural environment,
or the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Green engineering recognizes that these processes are often inefficient economically
and environmentally, calling for a comprehensive, systematic life cycle approach. Green
engineering attempts to achieve four goals
Waste reduction;
Materials management;
Pollution prevention; and,
Product enhancement.
Green engineering encompasses numerous ways to improve processes and products to
make them more efficient from an environmental standpoint. Every one of these
approaches depends on viewing possible impacts in space and time. Engineering and
architecture have always been concerned with space. Architects consider the sense of
place. Engineers view the site map as a set of fluxes across the boundary. The design
must consider short and long-term impacts. Those impacts beyond the near-term are
the province of sustainable design.
In the mid-twentieth century, designers specified the use of what are now known to be
hazardous building materials, such as asbestos flooring, pipe wrap and shingles, lead
paint and pipes, and even structural and mechanical systems that may have increased
the exposure to molds and radon.

Sustainable Engineering as an Aspect of Engineering Disciplines
Every engineering discipline is engaged in sustainable design, employing numerous initiatives,
especially life cycle analysis(LCA), pollution prevention, design for the environment (DfE),
design for disassembly (DfD), and design for recycling (DfR). These are replacing or at least
changing pollution control paradigms. For example, concept of a cap and trade has been
tested and works well for some pollutants. This is a system where companies are allowed to
place a bubble over a whole manufacturing complex or trade pollution credits with other
companies in their industry instead of a stack-by-stack and pipe-by-pipe approach, i.e. the
so-called command and control approach. Such policy and regulatory innovations call for
some improved technology based approaches as well as better quality-based approaches, such
as leveling out the pollutant loadings and using less expensive technologies to remove the first
large bulk of pollutants, followed by higher operation and maintenance (O&M) technologies for
the more difficult to treat stacks and pipes. But, the net effect can be a greater reduction of
pollutant emissions and effluents than treating each stack or pipe as an independent entity.
This is a foundation for most sustainable design approaches, i.e. conducting a life-cycle analysis,
prioritizing the most important problems, and matching the technologies and operations to
address them. The problems will vary by size (e.g. pollutant loading), difficulty in treating, and
feasibility. The most intractable problems are often those that are small but very expensive and
difficult to treat, i.e. less feasible. Of course, as with all paradigm shifts, expectations must be
managed from both a technical and an operational perspective.Historically, sustainability
considerations have been approached by engineers as constraints on their designs. For
example, hazardous substances generated by a manufacturing process were dealt with as a
waste stream that must be contained and treated. The hazardous waste production had to be
constrained by selecting certain manufacturing types, increasing waste handling facilities, and if
these did not entirely do the job, limiting rates of production.


Sustainable Architecture
is architecture that seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by
efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space.
Sustainable architecture uses a conscious approach to energy and ecological
conservation in the design of the built environment.
The idea of sustainability, or ecological design, is to ensure that our actions and
decisions today do not inhibit the opportunities of future generations.
Heating, ventilation and cooling system efficiency
Heating, ventilation and cooling system efficiency
The most important and cost-effective element of an efficient heating, ventilating, and air
conditioning (HVAC) system is a well-insulated building. A more efficient building requires less
heat generating or dissipating power, but may require more ventilation capacity to expel polluted
indoor air.
Significant amounts of energy are flushed out of buildings in the water, air and compost streams.
Off the shelf, on-site energy recycling technologies can effectively recapture energy from waste
hot water and stale air and transfer that energy into incoming fresh cold water or fresh air.
Recapture of energy for uses other than gardening from compost leaving buildings requires
centralized anaerobic digesters.
HVAC systems are powered by motors. Copper, versus other metal conductors, helps to improve
the electrical energy efficiencies of motors, thereby enhancing the sustainability of electrical
building components. (For main article, see: Copper in energy-efficient motors).
Site and building orientation have some major effects on a building's HVAC efficiency.
Passive solar building design allows buildings to harness the energy of the sun efficiently
without the use of any active solar mechanisms such as photovoltaic cells or solar hot water
panels. Typically passive solar building designs incorporate materials with high thermal mass
that retain heat effectively and strong insulation that works to prevent heat escape. Low energy
designs also requires the use of solar shading, by means of awnings, blinds or shutters, to relieve
the solar heat gain in summer and to reduce the need for artificial cooling. In addition, low
energy buildings typically have a very low surface area to volume ratio to minimize heat loss.
This means that sprawling multi-winged building designs (often thought to look more "organic")
are often avoided in favor of more centralized structures. Traditional cold climate buildings such
as American colonial saltbox designs provide a good historical model for centralized heat
efficiency in a small-scale building.



Sustainable architecture- hope for a better tomorrow
The architects from all over the world are trying very hard to come up with ideas that
are sustainable and affordable at the same time so that more and more people can
come on board. There are such ideas that tell people that going green is not expensive
and it does not require giving up on anything. You can use modern techniques and
things in your homes and still become eco friendly in every manner. These new ways are
easy to adopt plus they will definitely improve your quality of living as well.
Some Sample List of Environmentally Friendly Construction Equipment and Methods

Environmentally Friendly
Construction Equipment
Types of Work Involving
Usage of the Equipment

Traditional
Equipment to be
Replaced
Wire saw / Wall saw
Breaking of wall of building
structure
Breaker
Crusher (hand-held or robot
mounted)
Breaking of wall of building
structure
Breaker
Infra-red paving machine Paving road surface Asphalt paver
Silent piler Sheet piling Percussive piling

Environmentally Friendly
Construction Methods
Types of Work Involving
Usage of the Method
Traditional Methods
to be Replaced
Saw and lift method (by using a
kick ripper)
Removing road surface
Breaking road surface by
breaker
Use of non-explosive chemical
agent
Geotechnical, slope, site
formation work

Blasting or breaking by
breaker
Pipe-jacking Pipe and cable laying Open-trench pipe laying





5 Evaluative Question:
1. Why is Bio-Eco Engineering important in todays generation?
2. As a student, how does sustainable engineering/architecture affect in our everyday
lives?
3. Can the biological characteristics of natural life and the built environment offer
new solutions for more appropriate, bio-eco architectural designs?
4. What are the potentials of Bio-inspired architecture that can contribute to
better quality of life?
5. What are the benefits of applying sustainable Architecture in todays innovative design?





































Bio-Eco
Engineering
Sustainable
Engineering /
Architecture

Submitted by:
Joshua Antonio Bufete III
Ryan Jeyrald Fernando
Marichelle Martinez
BSA-2A

Submitted to:
Sir Marlon Ignao

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