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# UNI VERSI TY OF MAURI TI US

## FACULTY OF ENGI NEERI NG

SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS

MAY 2011

PROGRAMME BEng (Hons) Manufacturing Engineering Year 2
BEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering Year 2
BEng (Hons) Mechatronics Year 2
MODULE NAME Mechanics of Materials & Machines 1
DATE Tuesday
10 May 2011

MODULE CODE

MECH 1001Y(1)

TIME 9:30 12:30 hrs DURATION 3 Hours

NO. OF
QUESTIONS SET
6 NO. OF QUESTIONS
TO BE ATTEMPTED
5

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

All questions carry equal marks.

g = 9.81m/s
2

Page 1 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)

All questions carry equal marks.

Question 1

(a) The brass rod AB and aluminum rod BC are joined at B and fixed connected at
their ends (Fig. Q1a). Both rods have the same cross-sectional area of
1000 mm
2
. If there is no load in the members when T1 =10C, determine:

(i) the average normal stress in each member when T2 =50C;
(ii) the distance B will move.
(Ebr =100 GPa, br =18 X 10
-6
/
0
C; Eal =70 GPa, al = 23 X 10
-6
/
0
C)

Fig. Q1a
[10 marks]

(b) The concrete column shown in Figure Q1b is reinforced using four steel
reinforcing rods, each having a diameter of 18 mm. Determine the average
normal stress in the concrete and the steel if the column is subjected to an

(Est =200 GPa, Ec =25 GPa)

Figure Q1b
[10 marks]

Page 2 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)
Question 2

(a) Determine the tension in the cable and the horizontal and vertical components
of reaction of the pin A shown in Figure Q2a. The pulley at D is frictionless
and the cylinder weighs 80 N.

Figure Q2a
[8 marks]

(b) A homogeneous plate (Fig. Q2b) has a mass of 100 kg and is subjected to a
force and couple moment along its edges. It is supported in the horizontal
plane by means of a roller at A, and a ball-and-socket joint at B, and a cord at
C. Draw the free body diagram and determine the components of reaction at
the supports.

Fig. Q2b
[12 marks]

Page 3 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)
Question 3

(a) An open-ended pipe has a wall thickness of 2 mm and an internal diameter of
40 mm. Calculate the maximum pressure on the interior wall of the pipe if the
maximum stress that the material can support is 360 MPa.

Show the hoop and axial stresses acting on a small element of material.
[6 + 2 marks]

(b) Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in
Figure Q3. Determine the position and magnitude of the maximum bending
moment

Figure Q3
[12 marks]

Question 4
(a) Prove that the total moment of resistance,
I
R
E
M
, where
E is Youngs Modulus;
R is the radius of curvature; and
I is the second moment of area of the section about the neutral axis.
[6 marks]

(b) Figure Q4 shows the section of a cantilever beam 3m long, which is to carry a
concentrated load of 700 kg at its free end. Calculate the maximum tensile
stress in the beam if the flange of the channel is uppermost.

Figure Q4
[14 marks]

Page 4 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)
Question 5

(a) Determine the force in each member of the truss (Fig Q5a) and state if the
members are in tension or compression, given that P1 =2 kN and P2 =1.5 kN.

Figure Q5a
[12 marks]

(b) The thin disc shown in Figure Q5b shows three masses (A, B and C) on a disc.
To statically balance the disc, a 4
th
of 50 mm. Find the mass of D and its position on the disc relative to A.

Mass A is 1.0 kg at 100 mm radius;
Mass B is 1.5 kg at 75 mm radius ;
Mass C is 2.0 kg at 90 mm radius.

Figure Q5b [8 marks]

Page 5 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)
Question 6

(a) The torque-angle diagram for a four stroke petrol engine is shown in Figure
Q6a. The speed of the shaft must be maintained between 490 and 510
rev/ min. Calculate the following:

(i) moment of inertia of a suitable flywheel;

(ii) mass of flywheel required if the radius of gyration is to be 0.3 m.

Figure Q6a
[10 marks]

(b) The mechanism shown in Figure Q6b (attached) is driven by link AB at a
speed of 14 rev/ s anti-clockwise. LM is perpendicular to BC and is rigidly
attached to it. Use the method of instantaneous center of zero velocity to find
the instantaneous velocities of points B, C, L, and M at the instant shown.
[10 marks]

Page 6 of 6
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS & MACHINES 1 MECH 1001Y(1)
Question 6(b)

Figure Q6b

(OA =3.0 cm; AB =8.0 cm; BC =12.0 cm; BL =6.0 cm; LM =2.5 cm)

Note: Figure Q6b has been drawn to scale and does not need to be reproduced.
Kindly attach the sheet to your answer book in case you have used it to solve
Question 6b.

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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