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OptiX OSN 550 Multi-Service CPE Optical

Transmission System
V100R003C00
Configuration Guide
Issue 02
Date 2011-06-30
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions
and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.






Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China
Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com
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About This Document
Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document.
Product Name Version
OptiX OSN 550 V100R003C00
iManager U2000 V100R005C00

Intended Audience
This document describes procedures for service configurations on the OptiX OSN 550, including
basic concepts, networking diagrams, signal flow and timeslot allocation of services.
This document is intended for:
l Data configuration engineer
l Installation and commissioning engineer
Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Symbol Description
DANGER
Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which
if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not
avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss,
performance degradation, or unexpected results.
OptiX OSN 550 Multi-Service CPE Optical Transmission
System
Configuration Guide About This Document
Issue 02 (2011-06-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
iii
Symbol Description
TIP
Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save
time.
NOTE
Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement
important points of the main text.

GUI Conventions
The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Convention Description
Boldface Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles
are in boldface. For example, click OK.
> Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">"
signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Change History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains
all updates made in previous issues.
Changes in Issue 02 (2011-06-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C00
This document is the second issue for product version V100R003C00. The updates in this issue
are described as follows:
l Related contents are updated based on the mapping NMS GUIs.
Changes in Issue 01 (2011-04-30) Based on Product Version V100R003C00
This document is the first issue for product version V100R003C00.
About This Document
OptiX OSN 550 Multi-Service CPE Optical Transmission
System
Configuration Guide
iv Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Issue 02 (2011-06-30)
Contents
About This Document...................................................................................................................iii
1 Getting Started............................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Starting or Shutting Down the U2000.............................................................................................................1-2
1.1.1 Starting the U2000 Server......................................................................................................................1-2
1.1.2 Logging In to the U2000 Client.............................................................................................................1-3
1.1.3 Exiting a U2000 Client...........................................................................................................................1-3
1.1.4 Shutting Down the U2000 Server..........................................................................................................1-3
1.2 Main Windows and Common Operations of the U2000.................................................................................1-4
1.2.1 Components of the Client GUI...............................................................................................................1-4
1.2.2 Key GUI Components............................................................................................................................1-6
1.2.3 Frequently Used Buttons........................................................................................................................1-7
1.2.4 Shortcut Icon..........................................................................................................................................1-9
1.2.5 Common Shortcut Keys.......................................................................................................................1-13
1.2.6 Main Windows.....................................................................................................................................1-14
1.2.6.1 Workbench........................................................................................................................................1-15
1.2.6.2 Main Topology..................................................................................................................................1-15
1.2.6.3 NE Explorer.......................................................................................................................................1-17
1.2.6.4 Clock View........................................................................................................................................1-18
1.2.6.5 NE Panel............................................................................................................................................1-19
1.2.6.6 Browse Alarm...................................................................................................................................1-19
1.2.6.7 Browse Event....................................................................................................................................1-19
1.2.6.8 Browse Performance Window..........................................................................................................1-20
2 Creating the Network................................................................................................................ 2-1
2.1 Creating NEs...................................................................................................................................................2-3
2.1.1 Creating a Single NE..............................................................................................................................2-3
2.1.2 Creating NEs in Batches........................................................................................................................2-5
2.2 Configuring the NE Data.................................................................................................................................2-6
2.2.1 Configuring the NE Data Manually.......................................................................................................2-6
2.2.2 Replicating the NE Data.........................................................................................................................2-8
2.2.3 Uploading the NE Data..........................................................................................................................2-8
2.3 Checking Board Parameters............................................................................................................................2-9
2.4 Creating Fibers..............................................................................................................................................2-11
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2.4.1 Creating Fibers Automatically.............................................................................................................2-11
2.4.2 Creating Fibers Manually.....................................................................................................................2-12
2.4.3 Creating Virtual Fibers.........................................................................................................................2-13
2.4.4 Creating DCN Communication Cable..................................................................................................2-13
2.5 Creating a Topology Subnet..........................................................................................................................2-14
2.6 Configuring the Protection Subnet................................................................................................................2-14
2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection Chain...................................................................................................2-15
2.6.2 Configuring a Non-Protection Ring.....................................................................................................2-16
2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring Protection Subnet..............................................................................................2-16
2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection Subnet..............................................................................................2-19
2.7 Configuring Clocks.......................................................................................................................................2-21
2.7.1 Configuring the NE Clock Source.......................................................................................................2-21
2.7.2 Configuring the Clock Source Protection............................................................................................2-22
2.8 Clock Configuration Parameters...................................................................................................................2-23
2.8.1 Managing External Clock Sources.......................................................................................................2-23
2.8.2 Configuring Clock Protection and Restoration....................................................................................2-27
2.8.3 Clock Quality and Status Management................................................................................................2-30
2.8.4 Retiming Management.........................................................................................................................2-32
2.9 Configuring the Orderwire Phone.................................................................................................................2-33
2.9.1 Configuring the Orderwire...................................................................................................................2-33
2.9.2 Configuring the Conference Calls........................................................................................................2-34
2.10 Configuring the Broadcast Data Service.....................................................................................................2-36
2.11 Configuring the F1 Data Service.................................................................................................................2-37
2.12 Orderwire Configuration Parameters..........................................................................................................2-37
2.12.1 Configuring Orderwire Phones..........................................................................................................2-37
2.12.2 Configuring F1 Data Interfaces..........................................................................................................2-39
2.12.3 Configuring Broadcast Data Interfaces..............................................................................................2-40
3 Configuring SDH Services.......................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Basic Concepts................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Chain........................................................................................3-4
3.2.1 Networking Diagram..............................................................................................................................3-4
3.2.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.....................................................................................................3-5
3.2.3 Per-NE Configuration Procedure...........................................................................................................3-5
3.2.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.........................................................................................................3-7
3.3 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Ring......................................................................................... 3-9
3.3.1 Networking Diagram..............................................................................................................................3-9
3.3.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-10
3.3.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-10
3.3.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-13
3.4 Configuring 1+1 Linear MSP Services.........................................................................................................3-15
3.4.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-15
3.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-15
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3.4.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-17
3.4.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-19
3.5 Configuring 1:1 Linear MSP Services..........................................................................................................3-21
3.5.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-21
3.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-21
3.5.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-22
3.5.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-25
3.6 Configuring Two-Fiber Unidirectional MSP Services..................................................................................3-26
3.6.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-27
3.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-27
3.6.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-29
3.6.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-35
3.7 Configuring the Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Services..............................................................................3-37
3.7.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-37
3.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-38
3.7.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-39
3.7.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-42
3.8 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring......................................................................................................3-44
3.8.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-45
3.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-45
3.8.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-46
3.8.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-49
3.9 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring with a Non-Protection Chain.......................................................3-51
3.9.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................3-52
3.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................3-53
3.9.3 Per-NE Configuration Process.............................................................................................................3-54
3.9.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.......................................................................................................3-59
3.10 Configuring Service on the MSP Ring with a Non-Protection Chain.........................................................3-61
3.10.1 Networking Diagram..........................................................................................................................3-62
3.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.................................................................................................3-63
3.10.3 Per-NE Configuration Process...........................................................................................................3-63
3.10.4 End-to-End Configuration Process.....................................................................................................3-66
3.11 Protection Configuration Parameters..........................................................................................................3-68
3.11.1 SNCP Configuration..........................................................................................................................3-68
3.11.2 Configuring the Multiplex Section Protection...................................................................................3-69
4 Configuring Ethernet Services................................................................................................4-1
4.1 Service Types..................................................................................................................................................4-3
4.2 Basic Concepts................................................................................................................................................4-7
4.2.1 Formats of Ethernet Frames...................................................................................................................4-8
4.2.2 Internal Ports and External Ports..........................................................................................................4-11
4.2.3 Auto-Negotiation..................................................................................................................................4-11
4.2.4 Flow Control........................................................................................................................................4-13
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4.2.5 Encapsulation and Mapping Protocol..................................................................................................4-14
4.2.6 Virtual Concatenation..........................................................................................................................4-15
4.2.7 Tag Attribute........................................................................................................................................4-17
4.2.8 Bridge...................................................................................................................................................4-19
4.3 Flow of Configuring Ethernet Services.........................................................................................................4-22
4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services......................................................................................................4-23
4.3.2 Flow of Configuring EVPL Services...................................................................................................4-25
4.3.3 Flow of Configuring EPLAN Services................................................................................................4-27
4.3.4 Flow of Configuring EVPLAN Services.............................................................................................4-30
4.4 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board...............................................4-33
4.4.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-34
4.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-35
4.4.3 Configuration Process..........................................................................................................................4-36
4.5 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Switching Board........................................................................4-43
4.5.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-44
4.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-45
4.5.3 Configuration Process..........................................................................................................................4-46
4.5.4 Configuration Process (End-to-End Mode)..........................................................................................4-56
4.6 Configuring PORT-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services...................................................................................4-59
4.6.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-60
4.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-61
4.6.3 Configuration Process..........................................................................................................................4-63
4.7 Configuring VCTRUNK-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services..........................................................................4-72
4.7.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-73
4.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-74
4.7.3 Configuration Process..........................................................................................................................4-75
4.8 Configuring EPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1d Bridge)...................................................................................4-83
4.8.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-83
4.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-84
4.8.3 Configuration Process..........................................................................................................................4-86
4.9 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1q Bridge)................................................................................4-96
4.9.1 Networking Diagram............................................................................................................................4-97
4.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...................................................................................................4-98
4.9.3 Configuration Process........................................................................................................................4-101
4.10 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1ad Bridge)..........................................................................4-115
4.10.1 Networking Diagram........................................................................................................................4-115
4.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation...............................................................................................4-117
4.10.3 Configuration Process......................................................................................................................4-119
4.11 Ethernet Port Configuration Parameters...................................................................................................4-130
4.11.1 Basic Attributes................................................................................................................................4-131
4.11.2 Flow Control....................................................................................................................................4-132
4.11.3 Network Attributes...........................................................................................................................4-133
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4.11.4 Advanced Attributes.........................................................................................................................4-134
4.11.5 TAG Attributes.................................................................................................................................4-137
4.11.6 Encapsulation/Mapping....................................................................................................................4-138
4.11.7 Bound Path.......................................................................................................................................4-139
4.12 Ethernet Service Configuration Parameters..............................................................................................4-140
4.12.1 Configuring Ethernet Private Line Services.....................................................................................4-140
4.12.2 Configuring Ethernet Private Network Services..............................................................................4-150
5 Modifying the Configuration Data.........................................................................................5-1
5.1 Changing the Values of NE Attributes............................................................................................................5-2
5.1.1 Changing the NE ID...............................................................................................................................5-2
5.1.2 Changing the NE Name..........................................................................................................................5-3
5.1.3 Deleting an NE.......................................................................................................................................5-3
5.1.4 Changing the Parameter Values of the Gateway NE............................................................................. 5-4
5.1.5 Changing the Gateway NE of a Non-Gateway NE................................................................................5-5
5.2 Modifying the Board Configuration Data.......................................................................................................5-6
5.2.1 Adding Boards........................................................................................................................................5-6
5.2.2 Deleting Boards......................................................................................................................................5-7
5.2.3 Modifying Board Configuration Parameters..........................................................................................5-7
5.3 Modifying the Fiber Configuration Data........................................................................................................ 5-8
5.3.1 Deleting Fibers.......................................................................................................................................5-8
5.3.2 Changing Fiber/Cable Information........................................................................................................ 5-8
5.3.3 Deleting DCN Communication Cables..................................................................................................5-9
5.4 Modifying the Service Configuration Data.....................................................................................................5-9
5.4.1 Modifying SDH Services.......................................................................................................................5-9
5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services.........................................................................................................................5-11
5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet Private Line Services..............................................................................................5-11
5.4.4 Deleting EPLAN Services....................................................................................................................5-12
5.4.5 Deleting EVPLAN Services.................................................................................................................5-13
5.5 Modifying the Protection Subnet..................................................................................................................5-13
5.5.1 Deleting Protection Subnets.................................................................................................................5-14
5.5.2 Changing the Values of Protection Subnet Parameters........................................................................5-14
6 Equipment Information............................................................................................................6-1
6.1 Service Support Capability of Ethernet Boards.............................................................................................. 6-2
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards........................................................6-2
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards...................................................6-3
7 List of Parameters.......................................................................................................................7-1
7.1 Port Attributes (Ethernet Port)........................................................................................................................ 7-6
7.2 Maximum Frame Length (Ethernet Port Attribute)........................................................................................ 7-7
7.3 Non-Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute)..............................................................7-8
7.4 Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute)......................................................................7-9
7.5 MAC Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)....................................................................................................7-10
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7.6 PHY Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)......................................................................................................7-10
7.7 QinQ Type Area............................................................................................................................................7-11
7.8 Loop Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)......................................................................................................7-12
7.9 Loop Port Shutdown (Ethernet Port Attribute).............................................................................................7-13
7.10 Traffic Threshold(Mbit/s)(External Ethernet Port Attribute)......................................................................7-13
7.11 Broadcast Packet Suppression Threshold (Ethernet Interface Attributes)..................................................7-14
7.12 Broadcast Packet Suppression (Ethernet Interface Attributes)...................................................................7-15
7.13 Zero-Flow Monitor (Ethernet Interface Attributes)....................................................................................7-15
7.14 Port Traffic Threshold Time Window(Min)...............................................................................................7-16
7.15 Jumbo Frame Type......................................................................................................................................7-17
7.16 Default VLAN ID (Ethernet Port Attribute)...............................................................................................7-17
7.17 VLAN Priority (Ethernet Port Attribute)....................................................................................................7-18
7.18 Entry Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)...................................................................................................7-19
7.19 TAG.............................................................................................................................................................7-19
7.20 Mapping Protocol........................................................................................................................................7-21
7.21 Scramble......................................................................................................................................................7-22
7.22 Set Inverse Value for CRC..........................................................................................................................7-23
7.23 Check Field Length.....................................................................................................................................7-24
7.24 FCS Calculated Bit Sequence.....................................................................................................................7-25
7.25 Operation Type (EPL Service)....................................................................................................................7-26
7.26 Service Type (EPL Service)........................................................................................................................7-28
7.27 Encapsulation Format of P Port (Network Attributes)................................................................................7-28
7.28 C-VLAN and S-VLAN...............................................................................................................................7-30
7.29 VLAN ID (For Creation of Ethernet Virtual Private Lines).......................................................................7-31
7.30 Bridge Learning Mode (Ethernet LAN Service).........................................................................................7-31
7.31 MEP ID (Ethernet OAM)............................................................................................................................7-32
7.32 Maintenance Point Type (Ethernet OAM)..................................................................................................7-33
7.33 CC Status (Ethernet OAM).........................................................................................................................7-34
7.34 Test Result (LB and LT Test).....................................................................................................................7-34
7.35 Responding MP Type (Ethernet LT Test)...................................................................................................7-35
7.36 Hop Count (Ethernet LT Test)....................................................................................................................7-35
7.37 Packet Length (Ping Test)...........................................................................................................................7-36
7.38 Timeout (Ping Test)....................................................................................................................................7-37
7.39 Detect Attempts...........................................................................................................................................7-37
7.40 Send Direction (Ethernet Test)....................................................................................................................7-38
7.41 Error Frame Monitor Window (ms)............................................................................................................7-39
7.42 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries)....................................................................................................7-39
7.43 Error Frame Period Window(Frames).........................................................................................................7-40
7.44 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Frames)...................................................................................................7-41
7.45 Error Frame Second Window (s)................................................................................................................7-42
7.46 Error Frame Second Threshold(s)...............................................................................................................7-42
7.47 Enable OAM Protocol.................................................................................................................................7-43
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7.48 OAM Working Mode..................................................................................................................................7-43
7.49 Remote Alarm Support for Link Event.......................................................................................................7-44
7.50 Unidirectional Operation.............................................................................................................................7-45
7.51 Loopback Status (OAM Parameter)............................................................................................................7-46
7.52 Flow Type (Flow Configuration)................................................................................................................7-46
7.53 Bound CAR (Flow Configuration)..............................................................................................................7-47
7.54 Bound CoS (Flow Configuration)...............................................................................................................7-48
7.55 CAR ID (CAR Configuration)....................................................................................................................7-49
7.56 Enabled/Disabled (CAR Configuration).....................................................................................................7-49
7.57 Committed Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration).......................................................................7-50
7.58 Committed Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration).................................................................................7-51
7.59 Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration).................................................................................7-51
7.60 Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration)...................................................................................7-52
7.61 CoS ID (CoS Configuration).......................................................................................................................7-53
7.62 CoS Type (CoS Configuration)...................................................................................................................7-53
7.63 CoS Priority (CoS Configuration)...............................................................................................................7-54
7.64 Port Priority (Link Aggregation).................................................................................................................7-56
7.65 System Priority (Link Aggregation)............................................................................................................7-56
7.66 Status (Link Aggregation)...........................................................................................................................7-57
7.67 Load Sharing(Ethernet Link Aggregation)..................................................................................................7-58
7.68 Protocol Enabled (Spanning Tree)..............................................................................................................7-59
7.69 Protocol Type (Spanning Tree Protocol)....................................................................................................7-59
7.70 Priority (Bridge Parameters).......................................................................................................................7-60
7.71 Max Age(s)..................................................................................................................................................7-61
7.72 Hello Time(s) (Spanning Tree)...................................................................................................................7-61
7.73 Forward Delay(s) (Spanning Tree).............................................................................................................7-62
7.74 TxHoldCount(per second) (Spanning Tree)................................................................................................7-63
7.75 Root Path Cost.............................................................................................................................................7-63
7.76 Hold Count (Spanning Tree).......................................................................................................................7-64
7.77 Port ID.........................................................................................................................................................7-64
7.78 Designated Path Cost..................................................................................................................................7-65
7.79 Designated Root Bridge Priority.................................................................................................................7-66
7.80 Designated Bridge Priority(Spanning Tree)................................................................................................7-67
7.81 Designated Bridge MAC Address (Spanning Tree)....................................................................................7-67
7.82 Edge Port Status (Spanning Tree)...............................................................................................................7-68
7.83 Point to Point Attributes(External Ethernet Port Attributes)......................................................................7-69
7.84 Enabling LCAS...........................................................................................................................................7-70
7.85 LCAS Mode................................................................................................................................................7-70
7.86 Hold-Off Time (ms) (LCAS)......................................................................................................................7-71
7.87 WTR Time (s) (LCAS)...............................................................................................................................7-72
7.88 TSD (LCAS)...............................................................................................................................................7-72
7.89 Min Members - Transmit Direction............................................................................................................7-73
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7.90 LPT..............................................................................................................................................................7-74
7.91 Bearer Mode................................................................................................................................................7-74
7.92 Port-Type Port Hold-Off Time (ms)...........................................................................................................7-75
7.93 VCTRUNK Port Hold-off Time (ms).........................................................................................................7-76
7.94 Protocol Enable (IGMP Snooping Protocol)...............................................................................................7-76
7.95 Multicast Aging Time(Min)........................................................................................................................7-77
7.96 Frames to Send............................................................................................................................................7-78
7.97 Status...........................................................................................................................................................7-78
7.98 Set Frame Count..........................................................................................................................................7-79
7.99 Received Response Test Frame Count........................................................................................................7-80
7.100 Test Frames to Receive.............................................................................................................................7-80
7.101 Send Mode (Ethernet Test).......................................................................................................................7-81
7.102 Call Waiting Time(s).................................................................................................................................7-82
7.103 Conference Call.........................................................................................................................................7-82
7.104 Phone.........................................................................................................................................................7-83
7.105 Available Orderwire Port..........................................................................................................................7-84
7.106 No.(F1 Data Port)......................................................................................................................................7-85
7.107 Data Channel (F1 Data Port).....................................................................................................................7-85
7.108 Overhead Byte (Broadcast Data Port).......................................................................................................7-86
7.109 Working Mode (Broadcast Data Port)......................................................................................................7-87
7.110 Broadcast Data Source (Broadcast Data Port)..........................................................................................7-88
7.111 Broadcast Data Sink (Broadcast Data Port)..............................................................................................7-88
7.112 External Clock Output Mode When 2M Output Synchronous Source Is Invalid.....................................7-89
7.113 External Clock Output Mode....................................................................................................................7-90
7.114 External Clock Output Timeslot...............................................................................................................7-91
7.115 External Source Output Threshold............................................................................................................7-92
7.116 2M Phase-Locked Source Fail Condition.................................................................................................7-94
7.117 2M Phase-Locked Source Fail Action......................................................................................................7-95
7.118 Clock Source Threshold............................................................................................................................7-96
7.119 AIS Alarm Generated................................................................................................................................7-97
7.120 B1 BER Threshold-Crossing Generated...................................................................................................7-98
7.121 B2-EXC Alarm Generated........................................................................................................................7-99
7.122 Higher Priority Clock Source Reversion Mode......................................................................................7-100
7.123 Clock Source WTR Time........................................................................................................................7-101
7.124 Lock Status..............................................................................................................................................7-101
7.125 Synchronous Source................................................................................................................................7-102
7.126 S1 Byte Synchronization Quality Information........................................................................................7-103
7.127 NE Clock Working Mode.......................................................................................................................7-104
7.128 Data Output Method in Holdover Mode.................................................................................................7-105
7.129 Retiming Mode........................................................................................................................................7-106
7.130 Switching Mode (MSP)...........................................................................................................................7-107
A Glossary and Acronyms..........................................................................................................A-1
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A.1 Numerics........................................................................................................................................................A-3
A.2 A....................................................................................................................................................................A-3
A.3 B....................................................................................................................................................................A-5
A.4 C....................................................................................................................................................................A-7
A.5 D....................................................................................................................................................................A-9
A.6 E...................................................................................................................................................................A-10
A.7 F...................................................................................................................................................................A-12
A.8 G..................................................................................................................................................................A-14
A.9 H..................................................................................................................................................................A-15
A.10 I..................................................................................................................................................................A-15
A.11 J..................................................................................................................................................................A-17
A.12 L.................................................................................................................................................................A-17
A.13 M................................................................................................................................................................A-18
A.14 N................................................................................................................................................................A-20
A.15 O................................................................................................................................................................A-21
A.16 P.................................................................................................................................................................A-22
A.17 Q................................................................................................................................................................A-24
A.18 R................................................................................................................................................................A-24
A.19 S.................................................................................................................................................................A-26
A.20 T.................................................................................................................................................................A-29
A.21 U................................................................................................................................................................A-30
A.22 V................................................................................................................................................................A-31
A.23 W...............................................................................................................................................................A-31
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Figures
Figure 1-1 Client GUI..........................................................................................................................................1-5
Figure 1-2 Main Topology.................................................................................................................................1-16
Figure 3-1 Networking diagram of the non-protection chain...............................................................................3-4
Figure 3-2 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the services on the non-protection chain...............................3-5
Figure 3-3 Networking diagram of the non-protection ring.................................................................................3-9
Figure 3-4 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the services on the non-protection ring...............................3-10
Figure 3-5 Networking diagram of the 1+1 linear MSP services.......................................................................3-15
Figure 3-6 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the 1+1 linear MSP services ...............................................3-16
Figure 3-7 Networking diagram of the 1:1 linear MSP services........................................................................3-21
Figure 3-8 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the 1:1 linear MSP services.................................................3-22
Figure 3-9 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring ..............................3-27
Figure 3-10 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the two-fiber unidirectional MSP services .......................3-29
Figure 3-11 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring...............................3-38
Figure 3-12 Signal flow and timeslot allocation................................................................................................3-39
Figure 3-13 Networking diagram of the services on the SNCP ring .................................................................3-45
Figure 3-14 Signal flow and timeslot allocation ...............................................................................................3-46
Figure 3-15 Networking diagram of the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain ....................3-53
Figure 3-16 Signal flow and timeslot allocation................................................................................................3-54
Figure 3-17 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection
chain ...................................................................................................................................................................3-62
Figure 3-18 Signal flow and timeslot allocation ...............................................................................................3-63
Figure 4-1 EPL services.......................................................................................................................................4-3
Figure 4-2 PORT-shared EVPL services ............................................................................................................4-4
Figure 4-3 VCTRUNK-shared EVPL services ...................................................................................................4-4
Figure 4-4 EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge) .............................................................................................4-5
Figure 4-5 EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge) ..........................................................................................4-6
Figure 4-6 EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge).........................................................................................4-7
Figure 4-7 Formats of Ethernet frames................................................................................................................4-9
Figure 4-8 Positions of the TPID and TCI in the frame structure .......................................................................4-9
Figure 4-9 TCI structure of the C-TAG ............................................................................................................4-10
Figure 4-10 TCI structure of the S-TAG ...........................................................................................................4-10
Figure 4-11 External ports and internal ports on Ethernet boards .....................................................................4-11
Figure 4-12 Waveform of a single FLP .............................................................................................................4-12
Figure 4-13 Consecutive FLP and NLP bursts ..................................................................................................4-12
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Figure 4-14 Structure of the PAUSE frame....................................................................................................... 4-14
Figure 4-15 VC-3-Xv/VC4-Xv multiframe and sequence indicator .................................................................4-17
Figure 4-16 Relations between VBs, LPs, PORTs, and VCTRUNKs...............................................................4-19
Figure 4-17 Transparent bridge and virtual bridge.............................................................................................4-20
Figure 4-18 Flow of configuring EPL services .................................................................................................4-24
Figure 4-19 Flow of configuring EVPL services ..............................................................................................4-26
Figure 4-20 Flow of configuring EPLAN services............................................................................................4-28
Figure 4-21 Flow of configuring EVPLAN services ........................................................................................ 4-31
Figure 4-22 Networking diagram of the EPL services.......................................................................................4-34
Figure 4-23 Signal flow and timeslot allocation (Ethernet transparent transmission board).............................4-35
Figure 4-24 Networking diagram of the EPL services.......................................................................................4-44
Figure 4-25 Signal flow and timeslot allocation (Ethernet switching board) ................................................... 4-45
Figure 4-26 Networking diagram for configuring PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services ..............................4-60
Figure 4-27 Signal flow and timeslot allocation................................................................................................4-61
Figure 4-28 Networking diagram for configuring VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services .....................4-73
Figure 4-29 Signal flow and timeslot allocation................................................................................................4-74
Figure 4-30 Networking diagram for configuring EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge) ............................. 4-84
Figure 4-31 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation ...........................................................................................4-84
Figure 4-32 Networking diagram for configuring EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge) ...........................4-97
Figure 4-33 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation to EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge)......................4-98
Figure 4-34 Networking diagram for configuring EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge) .......................4-116
Figure 4-35 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation to EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge)..................4-117
Figure 7-1 Encapsulation format of MartinioE..................................................................................................7-29
Figure 7-2 Encapsulation format of Stack VLAN..............................................................................................7-30
Figure 7-3 An example of number of hops........................................................................................................ 7-36
Figures
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Tables
Table 2-1 SDH board parameters.........................................................................................................................2-9
Table 2-2 PDH board parameters.......................................................................................................................2-10
Table 2-3 Parameters for configuring the output phase-locked source table of an external clock.....................2-24
Table 2-4 Parameters for configuring the 2M phase-locked source attributes of an external clock..................2-25
Table 2-5 Parameters used for configuring clock protection and restoration.....................................................2-27
Table 2-6 Parameter description: clock synchronization status.........................................................................2-30
Table 2-7 Parameters used for retiming.............................................................................................................2-32
Table 2-8 Parameters for configuring orderwire phones....................................................................................2-38
Table 2-9 Parameters for configuring F1 data interfaces...................................................................................2-39
Table 2-10 Parameters for configuring broadcast data interfaces......................................................................2-40
Table 3-1 Parameters for configuring the SNCP................................................................................................3-68
Table 3-2 Parameters for configuring the MSP..................................................................................................3-70
Table 4-1 Corresponding relations between the external ports and the VCTRUNKs (EPL services).................4-3
Table 4-2 Corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs (PORT-shared EVPL services)
...............................................................................................................................................................................4-4
Table 4-3 Corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs (VCTRUNK-shared EVPL services)
...............................................................................................................................................................................4-5
Table 4-4 Tag types defined by using the TPID...................................................................................................4-9
Table 4-5 Processing mode of data frames on ports with different tags............................................................4-18
Table 4-6 Transparent Bridge and Virtual Bridge..............................................................................................4-20
Table 4-7 Types of bridges supported by the Ethernet boards...........................................................................4-21
Table 4-8 Flow of configuring EPL services .....................................................................................................4-24
Table 4-9 Flow of configuring EVPL services ..................................................................................................4-26
Table 4-10 Flow of configuring EPLAN services..............................................................................................4-28
Table 4-11 Flow of configuring EVPLAN services ..........................................................................................4-32
Table 4-12 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-35
Table 4-13 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-36
Table 4-14 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-45
Table 4-15 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-46
Table 4-16 Parameters of the EPL services........................................................................................................4-46
Table 4-17 Parameters of the VC-4 server trail between user A1 and user A2..................................................4-57
Table 4-18 Parameters of the VC-4 server trail route between user A1 and user A2........................................4-57
Table 4-19 Parameters of the EPL services between user A1 and user A2........................................................4-58
Table 4-20 Parameters of port attributes for user A1 and user A2.....................................................................4-59
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Table 4-21 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-62
Table 4-22 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-62
Table 4-23 Parameters of the PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services...............................................................4-62
Table 4-24 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-74
Table 4-25 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-75
Table 4-26 Parameters of the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services......................................................4-75
Table 4-27 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-85
Table 4-28 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-85
Table 4-29 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge)...........................................................4-86
Table 4-30 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-99
Table 4-31 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards........................................................................4-99
Table 4-32 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge).........................................................4-100
Table 4-33 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards......................................................................4-118
Table 4-34 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards......................................................................4-118
Table 4-35 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge).......................................................4-119
Table 4-36 Parameters for configuring the basic attributes of an Ethernet port...............................................4-131
Table 4-37 Parameters for configuring flow control of an Ethernet port.........................................................4-133
Table 4-38 Parameters for configuring network attributes of an Ethernet port................................................4-134
Table 4-39 Parameters for configuring the advanced attributes of an Ethernet port........................................4-134
Table 4-40 Parameters for configuring the tag attributes of an Ethernet port..................................................4-137
Table 4-41 Parameters for configuring the encapsulation and mapping of an Ethernet port...........................4-138
Table 4-42 Parameters for bound path.............................................................................................................4-139
Table 4-43 Parameters for configuring Ethernet private line services.............................................................4-141
Table 4-44 Parameters for configuring Ethernet private network services......................................................4-150
Table 4-45 Parameters for configuring service mount.....................................................................................4-151
Table 4-46 Parameters for configuring VLAN filtering...................................................................................4-153
Table 4-47 Parameters for configuring VLAN unicast....................................................................................4-153
Table 4-48 Parameters for configuring disable MAC address.........................................................................4-154
Table 4-49 Parameters for bound path.............................................................................................................4-154
Table 6-1 Service support capability of Ethernet boards......................................................................................6-2
Table 6-2 Requirements for binding paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet boards..............................................6-2
Table 7-1 The mapping protocol supported by each type of board....................................................................7-22
Table 7-2 Scramble supported by each type of board........................................................................................7-23
Table 7-3 The length of the CRC field supported by each type of board...........................................................7-24
Table 7-4 FCS calculated bit sequence supported by each type of boards.........................................................7-25
Table 7-5 CoS priority of the simple type..........................................................................................................7-54
Table 7-6 CoS priority of the VLAN Priority type............................................................................................7-55
Table 7-7 CoS priority of the DSCP type...........................................................................................................7-55
Table 7-8 CoS priority of the IPTOS type..........................................................................................................7-55
Table 7-9 Recommended values of the port path cost........................................................................................7-65
Tables
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1 Getting Started
About This Chapter
The following topices introduce some preparation operations that will ensure a smooth, trouble-
free launch of the U2000.
1.1 Starting or Shutting Down the U2000
The U2000 uses the standard client/server architecture and multiple-user mode. So, you are
recommended to start or shut down the U2000 by strictly observing the following procedure, in
order not to affect other users that are operating the U2000.
1.2 Main Windows and Common Operations of the U2000
This topic describes the main windows of the U2000 client. Learning the main windows helps
you to locate the entrances to operations quickly, which increased your operation efficiency.
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1.1 Starting or Shutting Down the U2000
The U2000 uses the standard client/server architecture and multiple-user mode. So, you are
recommended to start or shut down the U2000 by strictly observing the following procedure, in
order not to affect other users that are operating the U2000.
Context
l You are recommended to start the computer and theU2000 application in the following
sequence: Start the computer, start theU2000 server, and then start theU2000 client.
l You are recommended to shut down theU2000 application and the computer in the
following sequence: Exit theU2000 client, stop theU2000 server, and then shut down the
computer.
1.1.1 Starting the U2000 Server
For network management first start theU2000 server, and then start theU2000 application.
1.1.2 Logging In to the U2000 Client
To manage networks through the U2000 client graphical user interface, you need to use
theU2000 client to log in to the U2000 server.
1.1.3 Exiting a U2000 Client
Before shutting down the U2000 server, you must exit the U2000 client.
1.1.4 Shutting Down the U2000 Server
When the U2000 server is managing the system normally, do not perform this operation. In
special circumstances, for example, when modifying the system time of the computer where the
U2000 resides, or when upgrading the version, you can use the System Monitor Client to shut
down the U2000 server.
1.1.1 Starting the U2000 Server
For network management first start theU2000 server, and then start theU2000 application.
Prerequisite
l The computer time must be set correctly.
l The computer where theU2000 is installed must be started correctly.
l The operating system of theU2000 server must be running correctly and the database must
be started normally.
l TheU2000 license must be in the server directory.
l The instance must be deployed.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the shortcut icon to start U2000 Server.
Step 2 In the Login dialog box, enter the user name and password. The user name is admin and the
password is null by default. Change the password of the default user at the first login. Then,
click Login to display the System Monitor window.
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NOTE
Periodically change the password and memorize it.
You can login to theU2000 client, checking whether the status of each process is Running.
----End
1.1.2 Logging In to the U2000 Client
To manage networks through the U2000 client graphical user interface, you need to use
theU2000 client to log in to the U2000 server.
Prerequisite
The U2000 server must be started correctly.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the U2000 Client shortcut icon.
Step 2 In the Login dialog box, enter the user name and password. The user name is admin and the
password is null by default. Change the password of the default user at the first login. Then,
click Login.
Step 3 Optional: For the first login, you need to configure the access control list of the system.
----End
1.1.3 Exiting a U2000 Client
Before shutting down the U2000 server, you must exit the U2000 client.
Prerequisite
The U2000 client must be started normally.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose File > Exit from the main menu.
Step 2 Click OK in the confirmation dialog box.
NOTE
If the layout of the view is changed and not saved, the Confirm dialog box appears asking you whether to
save the changes. After you confirm the dialog box, automatically exit the client.
----End
1.1.4 Shutting Down the U2000 Server
When the U2000 server is managing the system normally, do not perform this operation. In
special circumstances, for example, when modifying the system time of the computer where the
U2000 resides, or when upgrading the version, you can use the System Monitor Client to shut
down the U2000 server.
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Prerequisite
All the U2000 clients connected to the U2000 server must be shut down.
Procedure
Step 1 From the Main Menu of System Monitor Client, choose System > Stop All NMS Services to
close all processes of the U2000 server.
Step 2 Click OK in the confirmation dialog box. Wait until the U2000 core process, and the processes
that are optional according to the actual situation are in the Stopped state. Now the U2000 server
is shut down successfully.
Now you cannot shut down the MDP process or initialize the database.
Step 3 Click OK in the confirmation dialog box. Wait until the U2000 processes are all in Stopped
status. Now the server is shut down successfully.
Now you cannot shut down the MDP process or initialize the database.
----End
1.2 Main Windows and Common Operations of the U2000
This topic describes the main windows of the U2000 client. Learning the main windows helps
you to locate the entrances to operations quickly, which increased your operation efficiency.
1.2.1 Components of the Client GUI
This topic describes the components of the client GUI.
1.2.2 Key GUI Components
The key U2000 GUI components are as follows:
1.2.3 Frequently Used Buttons
The frequently used buttons on the U2000 GUI are as follows:
1.2.4 Shortcut Icon
This topic describes the shortcut icons on the Main Topology.
1.2.5 Common Shortcut Keys
This topic describes the common shortcut keys. Using shortcut keys, you can increase the
operation efficiency. The shortcut keys include Enter, Ctrl, Esc, and Tab.
1.2.6 Main Windows
This topic describes the main windows of the U2000 client. And tells you what you can do in
the windows.
1.2.1 Components of the Client GUI
This topic describes the components of the client GUI.
Figure 1-1 shows the client GUI.
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Figure 1-1 Client GUI
1
2
3
4
6
5
1: Menu bar 2: Toolbar 3: Workbench list
4: Output pane 5: Status bar 6: Workbench

Menu Bar
The menu bar provides the entries to all the functions of the U2000 client. It consists of the
following menus: File, Fault, Performance,Configuration, Service, Inventory,
Administration, Window, and Help. In the topology window, the menu bar also provides the
Edit and View menu items.
Toolbar
The toolbar provides the shortcut icons for major operation tasks. The shortcut icons are as
follows:
l : Accesses the favorites folder.
l : Deregister your account.
l : Displays in full screen.
l : Browse Current Alarm.
l : Log Out.
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l : Locks the U2000 client.
l : Creates fiber.
l : NE Explorer.
l : Main Topology.
l : Views the SDH performance.
l : Views the WDM performance.
l : Maintains the SDH protection subnet.
l : Manages WDM trails.
l : Creates SDH trails.
l : Manages SDH trails.
Workbench list
You can create or modify a workbench through the shortcut icons.
Output Pane
The output pane displays the returned information and other relevant information.
Status Bar
The status bar displays the information such as the system status, the login users, and the IP
address of the connected server. The information displayed from left to right is as follows:
l Coordinate information: Displays the current position of the cursor.
l Connection information: Displays the name and IP address of the server.
l Login user: Displays the name of the login user.
l Connection duration: Displays the duration of the connection between the client and the
server.
l Login mode: Displays the login mode. It can be single-user mode and multi-user mode.
l Operation prompt: Displays the result of the operation.
l Logo: Displays the logo of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Workbench
The shortcut icons on the workbench help you perform operations.
1.2.2 Key GUI Components
The key U2000 GUI components are as follows:
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Component Example
Button
Shortcut icon
Radio button
Check box
Tab
Field
Drop-down
menu
Menu
Function Tree
Dialog box

1.2.3 Frequently Used Buttons
The frequently used buttons on the U2000 GUI are as follows:
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Button Functionality
Selects the objects.
Expands all available options.
Collapses all available options.
Displays or hides a dialog box.
Selects the objects.
Selects the objects as a batch.
Increases the priority of the selected object.
Decreases the priority of the selected object.
Displays a dialog box.
Queries results from the NE.
Imposes the current settings.
Displays the latest result(s).
Exports the selected scheduled tasks to the
browser of the operating system for printing.
Saves selected data to the specified file.
Makes the current setting effective and closes
the dialog box.
Cancels the current setting and closes the
dialog box.
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Button Functionality
Allows the user to view and select the board
ports.
Deletes the selected data or icon.
Closes the operation wizard.
Creates a new service, protection or physical
inventory information etc.
Proceeds to the next step.
Returns to the previous step.
Closes the dialog box.
Expands the Object Tree.
Collapses the Object Tree.
Makes the current setting effective and closes
the dialog box.
Cancels the current setting and closes the
dialog box.
Search the correlative information.
Sets the correlative condition.

1.2.4 Shortcut Icon
This topic describes the shortcut icons on the Main Topology.
You can customize the toolbar so that only the frequently-used buttons are displayed on the
toolbar. To customize the toolbar, right-click the toolbar and choose a menu item from the
shortcut menu.
Button Name Description
Favorites Folder Adds the commonly used functions to
the favorites folder.
Exit Exits from the client.
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Button Name Description
Lock Terminal Locks the current client.
Main Topology Switches to the Main Topology.
Log Out Logs out of the current session.
Views the topology
in full screen.
Views the current window in full
screen.
Browse Current
Alarm
Displays the Current Alarms
window.
SDH Protection
Subnet
Maintenance
Accesses the SDH Protection Subnet
Common Attributes window.
SDH Trail
Management
Accesses the SDH Trail
Management window.
SDH Trail Creation Accesses the SDH Trail Creation
window.
WDM Trail
Management
Accesses the WDM Trail
Management window.
Verify Policy Verifies the validity of a configuration
policy before the policy is deployed on
devices.
Deploy Policy Deploys a policy to the selected
devices or device groups.
Undeploy Policy Undeploys all the policies in the
current policy package from the
selected devices and clear the related
commands deployed on these devices.
Discover Policy Policy auditing is to audit the policy
configuration differences between the
NMS and device, so as to determine
whether the policy needs to be
deployed or discovered.
Audit Policy Policy discovery is to recover the data
synchronized to the database to the
NMS for management.
Save Saves a policy package.
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Button Name Description
View History
Record
Queries the history record of policy
deployment or undeployment
according to the device name, device
IP address, status, and operator.
NE Explorer Accesses the NE Explorer window of
the selected NE.
Create Link Creates fiber and radio links.
Browse SDH
Performance
Accesses the Browse SDH
Performance window.
Browse WDM
Performance
Accesses the Browse WDM
Performance window.
Lay Out Lays out the NEs in the topology.
Print and Preview Prints and previews the current
topology view.
New Selects Custom View, NESubnet, or
Link from the drop-down list box.
Creat Link Creates a link in the Main Topology.
Print Prints the current Main Topology.
Up Returns to the previous level.
Zoom out Zooms out the Main Topology.
Zoom in Zooms in the Main Topology.
Zoom in Partially Zooms in an area selected in the Main
Topology.
View Move Moves the Main Topology. When you
click this icon, the Main Topology can
be moved. When you click the icon
again, the Main Topology cannot be
moved.
Alarm List Area Views the alarm list area in the lower
part of the Main Topology.
Search NE Searches for an NE in the view.
Select Selects the NE in the Main Topology.
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Button Name Description
Topology
Navigator
Views the navigation tree in the
Topology.
View Navigator Views the view navigation tree in the
Topology.
Legend&Filter&At
tribute
Opens the setting area of the view to
display the attribute, filter plane and
legends.
NE Statistics Views the quantity of the NE on the
network.
Save the Location
of the Current
Submap Icons
Saves the location of the current
submap icons.
Refresh View Refreshes the current view.
Lock View Locks out the position of an NE icon in
the active view.
Unlock View Unlocks the position of an NE icon in
the active view.
NE Time
Sychronization
Synchronizes the NE time and NMS
time.
Synchronize
Current Alarms
Synchronizes the current alarms of an
NE.
Browse Current
ALarms
Browses the current alarms of an NE.
Clear ALarm
Indication
Clears the current alarm indications of
an NE.
Refresh NE Panel
Status
Refreshes the NE panel status to make
the NE panel display the latest data.
Verify
Configuration
Verifies the configuration data. During
the verification, two risky operation
prompts are displayed.
Back Up NE
Database To SCC
Backs up the NE data to the SCC.
Display/Hide
Extended Slot
Displays or hides the extended slot on
the Extended Slot tab page.
Legend Displays a legend and its description.
Shrink all Shrinks Alarm/Event Name.
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Button Name Description
Classify by group id Classifies alarms by group ID.
Classify by severity Classifies alarms by severity.
Classify by type Classifies alarms by type.
Classify by
category
Classifies alarms by category.

1.2.5 Common Shortcut Keys
This topic describes the common shortcut keys. Using shortcut keys, you can increase the
operation efficiency. The shortcut keys include Enter, Ctrl, Esc, and Tab.
Shortcut Key Description
F1 Opens the Help.
Enter Confirms the operation or moves downward to the next line. If the
cursor is on a button, pressing Enter means to confirm the operation.
If the cursor is in the list box, press Enter once and the cursor then
moves downward to the next line.
Esc Closes a dialog box.
Tab Switches between buttons if the cursor is on a button. Switch between
text boxes if the cursor is in the list box.
Ctrl+F Searches resources such as the NEs, subnets, cards, frames, interfaces,
and VLANs in basic and rapid modes by pressing Ctrl+F in all views.
Ctrl+A Selects all NEs or selects all contents in the list. If the cursor is in the
view, press Ctrl+A to select all NEs. If the cursor is in the list box,
press Ctrl+A to select all contents in the list.
Ctrl+C Quickly copies the table texts.
Ctrl+V Pastes the copied data to another text area.
Alt+F Opens the File menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+E Opens the Edit menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+V Opens the View menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+U Opens the Fault menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+P Opens the Performance menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+C Opens the Configuration menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+R Opens the Service menu from the Main Menu.
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Shortcut Key Description
Alt+I Opens the Inventory menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+S Opens the Administration menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+W Opens the Window menu from the Main Menu.
Alt+H Opens the Help menu from the Main Menu.

1.2.6 Main Windows
This topic describes the main windows of the U2000 client. And tells you what you can do in
the windows.
1.2.6.1 Workbench
This topic describes the workbench. After a client is started, the system automatically accesses
the default workbench. The default shortcut icons are displayed on the workbench.
1.2.6.2 Main Topology
This topic describes the items in the Main Topology. All topology management functions can
be accessed through the Main Topology in . These functions include creating topological objects,
subnets, searching for the existing equipment in the network. You can search, view, create, set,
and manage subnets; and search, create, configure, and maintain management functions on trails.
1.2.6.3 NE Explorer
The NE Explorer is the main user interface used to manage equipment. In the NE Explorer, a
user can configure, manage and maintain the NE, boards, and ports on a per-NE basis. The NE
Explorer is the main user interface for commissioning and configuration on a per-NE basis. The
NE Explorer contains a Function Tree that makes the operations easy. To display the
configuration window for an object, the user can just select the object and then choose a desired
function in the Function Tree.
1.2.6.4 Clock View
The Clock View provides a visible platform to enable NE clock settings, networkwide clock
synchronization status query, and clock tracing and search functions, supports the synchronous
Ethernet clock, SDH clock, TOP clock, ACR clock, TDM clock, PON clock, and E1 clock, and
applies to the MSTP, RTN ,PTN and router NE40E V3R7 equipment.
1.2.6.5 NE Panel
The NE Panel displays boards and ports in different colors depending on their current status. In
the U2000, most operations such as equipment configuration, monitoring, and maintenance are
performed in the NE Panel window.
1.2.6.6 Browse Alarm
This topic describes the user interface for viewing the current and history alarms, Alarm Logs.
In this user interface, buttons are provided, such as Filter, Synchronize, Refresh, and
Acknowledge, to help you quickly locate the alarm cause.
1.2.6.7 Browse Event
In the Browse Event window, you can view events at different levels. This window provides
buttons, such as Filter by Template, Filter and Refresh, to help you to quickly locate the alarm
cause.
1.2.6.8 Browse Performance Window
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You can view the current and history performance data, UAT events and performance threshold
crossings.
1.2.6.1 Workbench
This topic describes the workbench. After a client is started, the system automatically accesses
the default workbench. The default shortcut icons are displayed on the workbench.
l In the main windows of the U2000, click the to access the workbench.
l You can do as follows to modify a workbench: Right-click the icon of the workbench and
choose Modify Workbench from the shortcut menu to modify the name or description of
a workbench.
l You can expand and order workbenches to separate the customized workbenches from the
default workbench.
l You can view the description about the function of the workbench in the background picture
of the workbench and press F1 to view the Help.
1.2.6.2 Main Topology
This topic describes the items in the Main Topology. All topology management functions can
be accessed through the Main Topology in . These functions include creating topological objects,
subnets, searching for the existing equipment in the network. You can search, view, create, set,
and manage subnets; and search, create, configure, and maintain management functions on trails.
GUI
To open the Main Topology, log in to the U2000. If the preceding operation closes the Main
Topology, you can choose View > Main Topology from the main menu to open the Main
Topology. Figure 1-2 shows the Main Topology of the U2000.
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Figure 1-2 Main Topology
1 2
3
4 5
6 7
8 9
10
11
12

1: Network management
system name
2: Menu bar
You can operate the NM and
the NE with submenu bar,
include configure tasks,
manage tasks and so on.
3: Shortcut button
Click the button, you can
perform a simple task
quickly. For example: exit
NM, lock terminal, log out,
NMS user management, stop
the current alarm sound,
browse alarm, NE explorer,
creating connections,,
browse performance
window.
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4: Shortcut button
Click the button, you can
perform a simple task quickly
on the Main Topology. For
example: zoom in or zoom
out or refresh or save the
view, show or hide the
navigators, search objects,
see object attributes, lock or
unlock the view.
5: Alarm button bar
The Alarm buttons for
alarms at different severity
levels are in different colors.
You can click the button to
view the number of the
alarms generated on the
current U2000. You can click
the button to view current
alarms. For example:
browsing the alarm list, show
alarm panel.
When the U2000 has
abnormal events, the
Abnormal event indicator
turn to red from green. You
can click the indicator to
view current abnormal
events.
6: NMS status bar
Views the running
information of the NMS. For
example, NMS login, and
loading of each module.
7: Views the current location
of the cursor in the Main
Topology.
8: Physical Map
Views the managed
equipment.
On the Physics Map, you can
perform operations, such as
creating NEs, deleting
topology objects, NE
explorer, creating
connections, browsing
fibers/cables, configuring the
NE data, browse
performance window, and so
on.
9: Views the name which is
set by the current U2000
client, and views the IP
address of the current
U2000 server.
10: Views user name of the
logged-in U2000 user
currently.
11: Filter Tree and Legend
In this area, you can set the
display types of the objects in
a view, and view the
descriptions of legends in the
view. To locate an operation
object quickly.
12: Total elapsed time after
the current user is logged in
to the U2000.

1.2.6.3 NE Explorer
The NE Explorer is the main user interface used to manage equipment. In the NE Explorer, a
user can configure, manage and maintain the NE, boards, and ports on a per-NE basis. The NE
Explorer is the main user interface for commissioning and configuration on a per-NE basis. The
NE Explorer contains a Function Tree that makes the operations easy. To display the
configuration window for an object, the user can just select the object and then choose a desired
function in the Function Tree.
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NOTE
You can open a maximum of five NE Explorer windows at the same time.
GUI
l Right-click an NE on the Main Topology and choose NE Explorer from the shortcut menu.
l In the left-hand pane of the Main Topology, right-click an NE and choose NE Explorer
from the shortcut menu.
Correlation operation
l Click the in NE Explorer window, display the 1.2.6.5 NE Panel.
l Click the in NE Explorer window, switch to other NE.
1.2.6.4 Clock View
The Clock View provides a visible platform to enable NE clock settings, networkwide clock
synchronization status query, and clock tracing and search functions, supports the synchronous
Ethernet clock, SDH clock, TOP clock, ACR clock, TDM clock, PON clock, and E1 clock, and
applies to the MSTP, RTN ,PTN and router NE40E V3R7 equipment.
GUI
Access the clock view. In the Main Topology window, select Clock View from the Current
View drop-down list. Select the NE to be queried or configured from the object tree.
Legends
l The Clock View uses continuous lines to represent the trace relations between NEs. Smaller
number indicates higher priority. The number displayed on the continuous line indicates
the priority of the traceable clock. The Clock View displays the line clock source numbers
only. Internal and tributary clock sources are also numbered, but they are not displayed in
the Clock View.
l The arrow direction in the Clock View indicates the clock tracing direction. For example,
if NE2 points to NE3, it indicates that NE3 traces the clock information transmitted from
NE2, and that NE3 traces the primary PRC NE1-External 1.
l The arrow direction in the Clock View indicates the clock tracing direction.
l An internal clock source is the clock provided by an NE, and has no trace relations with
other NEs. Therefore, internal clock sources are not displayed on the Clock View.
l Tributary clock sources have no relation with the clock sources that are not provided by
the U2000. Therefore, the clock trace relations are not displayed on the Clock View.
l On the U2000, the four clock trace relations of free-run, tracing, holdover, and invalid are
respectively identified in blue, green, yellow, and red.
l In the Clock View, you can select multiple NEs, right-click, and query the clock
synchronization status or search for clock trace relations.
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NOTE
The rule of verifying an invalid clock tracing relation is as follows: First, verify whether a clock source is in the
SSM protocol mode. In the non-SSM protocol mode, verify the status of a clock source. The status directly
determines whether a clock tracing relation is invalid. In the SSM protocol mode, verify the status of a clock
source. If the status is unavailable, it indicates that the clock tracing relation is invalid. If the status is available,
you also need to verify the S1 byte (clock quality). When you manually cancel settings of the quality of the S1
byte and the quality of the S1 byte is unknown, the clock tracing relation is invalid.
1.2.6.5 NE Panel
The NE Panel displays boards and ports in different colors depending on their current status. In
the U2000, most operations such as equipment configuration, monitoring, and maintenance are
performed in the NE Panel window.
GUI
Double-click an NE on the Main Topology to display the NE Panel.
To add a new board, right-click an idle slot and choose a board type.
NOTE
l Choose the Always On Top for the Slot Layout window to always remain on top.
l When a board occupies multiple slots, the slot ID of the main slot is displayed in boldface, and the slot
ID of the slave slot is grayed out.
l In the NE panel, when you click the processing board that is accompanied by an interface board, the
slot ID of this interface board is displayed in orange.
Click the icon on the toolbar, to view the legends of the boards and ports on the right of the
Slot Layout.
To select an operation related to an installed board, right-click the installed board and choose it
from the shortcut menu. For example, right-click an AUX board and choose Path View to display
the detailed path information.
1.2.6.6 Browse Alarm
This topic describes the user interface for viewing the current and history alarms, Alarm Logs.
In this user interface, buttons are provided, such as Filter, Synchronize, Refresh, and
Acknowledge, to help you quickly locate the alarm cause.
GUI
l Choose Fault > Browse Current Alarm from the main menu.
l Choose Fault > Browse History Alarm from the main menu.
l Choose Fault > Browse Alarm Logs from the main menu.
1.2.6.7 Browse Event
In the Browse Event window, you can view events at different levels. This window provides
buttons, such as Filter by Template, Filter and Refresh, to help you to quickly locate the alarm
cause.
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GUI
Choose Fault > Browse Event Logs from the main menu.
1.2.6.8 Browse Performance Window
You can view the current and history performance data, UAT events and performance threshold
crossings.
GUI
Choose Performance > Browse SDH Performance from the main menu.
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2 Creating the Network
About This Chapter
NEs and fibers or cables can be managed on the U2000 only after their topologies are created.
2.1 Creating NEs
Each piece of equipment is represented as an NE on the U2000. Before the U2000 manages the
actual equipment, you need to create the corresponding NEs on the U2000. There are two NE
creation methods, namely, creating a single NE and creating NEs in batches. When you need to
create a large number of NEs, for example, during the deployment, it is recommended that you
use the method of creating NEs in batches. When you need to create only a few NEs, it is
recommended that you use the method of creating a single NE.
2.2 Configuring the NE Data
After an NE is created, you need to configure the data of the NE on the U2000. Otherwise, the
U2000 still cannot manage the NE.
2.3 Checking Board Parameters
To learn about board parameter status, you can check board parameters. Before configuring the
boards in actual networking, you need to check board parameters and ensure that the board
parameters meet the requirements of actual networking.
2.4 Creating Fibers
You can create fibers, serial port cables, extended ECC, and virtual fibers by using the U2000.
2.5 Creating a Topology Subnet
To facilitate network management, you can assign the topology objects in the same network area
or with similar attributes into the same topology subnet.
2.6 Configuring the Protection Subnet
The OptiX OSN equipment supports various network level protection schemes, including the
linear MSP.
2.7 Configuring Clocks
A clock is the basis for the normal operation of an NE. You need to configure the clocks for all
the NEs before configuring services. In addition, you need to configure the clock protection in
the case of a complicated network.
2.8 Clock Configuration Parameters
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A clock is one of the basic configuration items of an NE. When configuring a clock, you need
to set the parameters in terms of clock source, clock protection, clock quality, and retiming
management.
2.9 Configuring the Orderwire Phone
The orderwire phone provides an important communication tool for maintenance personnel.
2.10 Configuring the Broadcast Data Service
To meet the requirements for the broadcast data services between the monitoring host and the
environment monitors, you need to configure the broadcast data services of NE1-NE4.
2.11 Configuring the F1 Data Service
The F1 data service is transparently transmitted in the point-to-point mode by using the F1 byte.
2.12 Orderwire Configuration Parameters
The equipment supports various orderwire management, which involves orderwire phones and
F1 data interfaces.
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2.1 Creating NEs
Each piece of equipment is represented as an NE on the U2000. Before the U2000 manages the
actual equipment, you need to create the corresponding NEs on the U2000. There are two NE
creation methods, namely, creating a single NE and creating NEs in batches. When you need to
create a large number of NEs, for example, during the deployment, it is recommended that you
use the method of creating NEs in batches. When you need to create only a few NEs, it is
recommended that you use the method of creating a single NE.
2.1.1 Creating a Single NE
After an NE is created, you can use the U2000 to manage the NE. Creating a single NE is not
as quick and accurate as creating NEs in batches. But you can create a single NE regardless of
whether the data is configured on the NE side.
2.1.2 Creating NEs in Batches
When the U2000 communicates with the gateway NE normally, you can create NEs in batches
by searching for all the NEs that communicate with the gateway NE according to the IP address
of the gateway NE, the network segment to which the IP address of the gateway NE belongs, or
the NSAP addresses of the NEs. This method is quicker and more accurate than manual creation.
2.1.1 Creating a Single NE
After an NE is created, you can use the U2000 to manage the NE. Creating a single NE is not
as quick and accurate as creating NEs in batches. But you can create a single NE regardless of
whether the data is configured on the NE side.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NM operator" authority or higher.
l The NE Explorer instance of the NEs must be created.
Background Information
First create a gateway NE, and then create a non-gateway NE.
Procedure
Step 1 Right-click in the blank area of the Main Topology and choose New > NE from the shortcut
menu. Then, the Create NE dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Select the NE type from the Object Type drop-down list.
Step 3 Set ID, Extended ID, Name, and Remarks
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Step 4 To create a gateway NE, proceed to Step 5. To create a non-gateway NE, go to Step 6.
Step 5 Choose Gateway Type and Protocol, and set the IP address.
1. Select Gateway from the Gateway Type drop-down list.
2. Select the Protocol type.
If ... Then ...
The U2000 communicates
with NEs through the IP
protocol
Select IP from the Protocol drop-down list. Set IP
Address of the gateway NE and use the default value of the
Port number.
The U2000 communicates
with NEs through the OSI
protocol
Select OSI from the Protocol drop-down list. Set NSAP
Address of the gateway NE.

Step 6 Select Non-Gateway from the Gateway Type drop-down list. Select the gateway NE to which
the NE belongs from the Affiliated Gateway drop-down list.
Step 7 Set NE User and Password.
NOTE
The default NE user is root, and the default password is password.
Step 8 Optional: If you need not deliver the NE configuration data from the U2000 to the NE, select
the NE Preconfiguration check box and set NE Software Version.
NOTE
Do not deliver the NE preconfiguration data from the U2000 to the NE if the freconfiguration data is
inconsistent with the actual configurations on the NE. Otherwise, the services on the NE are affected.
Step 9 Click OK. Click in the blank area of the Main Topology. Then, the NE icon is displayed at the
position where you clicked.
NOTE
If the NE creation is incorrect or if the communication between the NE and the U2000 is abnormal, the
NE is displayed in grey.
----End
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Result
After an NE is successfully created, the system automatically saves the information, such as the
IP address, NSAP address, subnet mask, and NE ID to the U2000 database.
Follow-up Procedure
if you fail to log in to the created NE, the possible causes are listed as follows:
l The communication between the U2000 and the NE is abnormal. In this case, check the
settings of communication parameters, such as the IP address and ID of the NE.
l The NE user is invalid. Change to use a valid NE user.
2.1.2 Creating NEs in Batches
When the U2000 communicates with the gateway NE normally, you can create NEs in batches
by searching for all the NEs that communicate with the gateway NE according to the IP address
of the gateway NE, the network segment to which the IP address of the gateway NE belongs, or
the NSAP addresses of the NEs. This method is quicker and more accurate than manual creation.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NE administrator" authority or higher.
l The U2000 must communicate with the gateway NE normally.
l The NE Explorer instance of the NEs must be created.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose File > Discovery > NE from the Main Menu. Then, the NE Discovery window is
displayed.
Step 2 Choose Transport NE Search tab, Click Add. Then, the Input Search Domain dialog box is
displayed.
Step 3 Set Address Type to IP Address Range of GNE, IP Address of GNE, or NSAP Address.
Enter Search Address. Then, Click OK.
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NOTE
You can repeat Steps 2 and 3 to add more search domains. You can also delete the system default search
domain.
l If you search for the NEs according to the IP address of the gateway NE and if the IP address of the
U2000 computer and the IP address of the gateway NE are within the same network segment, you can
set Address Type to IP Address Range of GNE or IP Address of GNE.
l If the IP addresses of the gateway NE and the U2000 computer are in two different network segments,
you can set Address Type to IP Address of GNE only.
l If you search the NEs according to the NSAP addresses of the NEs, you can set Address Type to
NSAP address only.
Step 4 In the NE Discovery window, ClickNext.
Step 5 After the search is complete, select the uncreated NEs from the Result list and then click
Create. The Create dialog box is displayed.
Step 6 Enter the NE user name and password.
NOTE
l The default NE user is root.
l The default password is password.
Step 7 Click OK.
----End
Follow-up Procedure
If you fail to log in to the created NE, the possible causes are listed as follows:
l The password for the NE user is incorrect. In this case, enter the correct password for the
NE user.
l The NE user is invalid. Change to use a valid NE user.
2.2 Configuring the NE Data
After an NE is created, you need to configure the data of the NE on the U2000. Otherwise, the
U2000 still cannot manage the NE.
2.2.1 Configuring the NE Data Manually
By configuring NE data manually, you can configure the slot layout information of an NE.
2.2.2 Replicating the NE Data
You can directly replicate the data of an NE that is of the same NE type and NE version to the
newly created NE.
2.2.3 Uploading the NE Data
By uploading the NE data, you can synchronize the current NE configuration data to the
U2000 directly.
2.2.1 Configuring the NE Data Manually
By configuring NE data manually, you can configure the slot layout information of an NE.
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Prerequisite
l The NE must be created successfully.
l You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the unconfigured NE on the Main Topology. Then, the NE Configuration
Wizard dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Select Manual Configuration and click Next. Then, the Confirm dialog box is displayed,
indicating that manual configuration clears the data on the NE.
Step 3 Click OK. Then, the Confirm dialog box is displayed, indicating that manual configuration
interrupts the service on the NE.
Step 4 Click OK. Then, the Set NE Attribute dialog box is displayed.
Step 5 Set NE Name, Equipment Type, NE Remarks, and Shelf Type and then click Next. The NE
slot layout window is displayed.
Step 6 Optional: Click Query Logical Information to query the logical boards of the NE.
Step 7 Optional: Click Query Physical Information to query the physical boards of the NE.
NOTE
The Query Logical Information and Query Physical Information operations cannot be performed for
a preconfigured NE.
Step 8 Right-click the slot to which you need to add a board. Click Next. Then, the Send
Configuration window is displayed.
Step 9 Select Verify and Run according to the requirements and click Finish.
NOTE
Verification is to run the verification command. Click Finish to deliver the configuration data to the NE,
thus completing the basic configuration of the NEs. After the successful verification, the NEs start to work
normally.
----End
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2.2.2 Replicating the NE Data
You can directly replicate the data of an NE that is of the same NE type and NE version to the
newly created NE.
Prerequisite
l The NE must be created successfully.
l The NE type and NE version of the source NE must be the same as the NE type and NE
version of the newly created NE.
l You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the unconfigured NE on the Main Topology. Then, the NE Configuration
Wizard dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Select Copy NE Data and click Next. Then, the NE Replication dialog box is displayed.
Step 3 Select the NE from the drop-down list and click Start. Then, the Confirm dialog box is
displayed, indicating that the replication operation copies all the data of the source NE.
NOTE
After the NE data is replicated, only the data on the U2000 is changed, but the data on the equipment is
not changed.
Step 4 Click OK. Then, the Confirm dialog box is displayed, indicating that the replication operation
results in the loss of the original data of the NE to which the data is replicated.
Step 5 Click OK to start the replication.
Step 6 Wait for several seconds. Then, in the Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Close.
----End
2.2.3 Uploading the NE Data
By uploading the NE data, you can synchronize the current NE configuration data to the
U2000 directly.
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Prerequisite
l The NE must be created successfully.
l You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the unconfigured NE on the Main Topology. Then, the NE Configuration
Wizard dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Select Upload and click Next. Then, the Confirm dialog box is displayed.
Step 3 Click OK to start the upload. When the uploading is completed, the Operation Result dialog
box is displayed, indicating that the operation succeeded.
Step 4 Click Close.
----End
2.3 Checking Board Parameters
To learn about board parameter status, you can check board parameters. Before configuring the
boards in actual networking, you need to check board parameters and ensure that the board
parameters meet the requirements of actual networking.
Procedure
Step 1 Select the corresponding navigation path and check the related board parameters.
1. Check the SDH board parameters. For the SDH board parameters, see Table 2-1.
Table 2-1 SDH board parameters
Boar
d
Type
Paramet
er
Navigation
Path
Application Scenario
SDH
Laser
Switch
a. In the NE
Explorer,
select a board.
b. Choose
Configuratio
n > SDH
Interface
from the
Function
Tree.
c. Click By
Board/Port
(channel)
and select
Port from the
When configuring MSP shared services on an
optical interface of a board, enable this
parameter.
When configuring services on an optical
interface of a board, enable this parameter.
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Boar
d
Type
Paramet
er
Navigation
Path
Application Scenario
Optical
(Electrical
)Interface
Loopback
drop-down
list.
l Non-loopback: It is the normal state. When
the equipment runs normally, set this
parameter to non-loopback.
l Inloop: The loop is performed toward the
local NE.
l Outloop: The loop is performed toward the
opposite NE. Inloop and outloop of an
optical interface affect services. They are
used to locate faults.

2. Check the PDH board parameters. For the PDH board parameters, see Table 2-2.
Table 2-2 PDH board parameters
Boar
d
Type
Paramet
er
Navigation
Path
Application Scenario
PDH
Tributary
Loopback
a. In the NE
Explorer,
select a board.
b. Choose
Configuratio
n > PDH
Interface
from the
Function
Tree.
c. Click By
Board/Port
(channel)
and select
Port from the
drop-down
list.
l Non-loopback: It is the normal state. When
the equipment runs normally, set this
parameter to non-loopback.
l Inloop: When input service signals reach
the tributary board of the target NE, the
signals revert to the original trail. This
function is used to locate faults of each
service path.
l Outloop: When input service signals reach
the tributary board through the input port
of the local NE, the signals are looped back
directly to the service output end.
Service
Load
Indication
l Non-loaded: The service path does not
process the services that are carried, to
suppress alarms in non-loaded service
paths.
l Load: The service path processes the
services that are carried. In the case of a
tributary board that has services, set this
parameter to Load.

Step 2 Change the values of the board parameters according to service planning and actual board
configurations. For details, see 5.2.3 Modifying Board Configuration Parameters.
----End
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2.4 Creating Fibers
You can create fibers, serial port cables, extended ECC, and virtual fibers by using the U2000.
2.4.1 Creating Fibers Automatically
By using the fiber search feature, you can check whether a specified optical interface is connected
to a fiber. Then, you can quickly create a fiber for this optical interface on the U2000. In the
case of a newly created network, after configuring the boards on the U2000, you can search for
all the optical interfaces and then create the fibers on the entire network. In this way, you can
monitor the actual working status of each fiber.
2.4.2 Creating Fibers Manually
Before you configure services, you need to create the required fibers. You can create a small
number of fibers manually one after another.
2.4.3 Creating Virtual Fibers
When the U2000 manages the SDH, PTN, and WDM equipment at the same time, you can create
virtual fibers between the SDH or PTN equipment (with the WDM equipment in between), to
facilitate network management.
2.4.4 Creating DCN Communication Cable
The U2000 can communicate with NEs through the Ethernet port or serial port. The NEs can
also communicate with each other through the extended ECC. Depending on the communication
mode, different types of communication cables can be created on the U2000.
2.4.1 Creating Fibers Automatically
By using the fiber search feature, you can check whether a specified optical interface is connected
to a fiber. Then, you can quickly create a fiber for this optical interface on the U2000. In the
case of a newly created network, after configuring the boards on the U2000, you can search for
all the optical interfaces and then create the fibers on the entire network. In this way, you can
monitor the actual working status of each fiber.
Prerequisite
l Fibers must be connected to the optical interfaces of each NE.
l The boards of each NE must be created on the U2000.
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Precautions
CAUTION
l If conflicting fibers are detected during the creation, delete the conflicting fibers on the
U2000 before you start creating new fibers.
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Procedure
Step 1 Choose File > Discovery > Fiber from the Main Menu.
Step 2 In the pane on the left, select one or more ports of the NE and click Search. Then, the progress
bar is displayed, indicating the progress of the search.
NOTE
l If you select the Do not search the ports with Fibers/Cable created on NMS check box, the system
only searches for the ports that do not have fibers.
l To check whether the created fibers are consistent with the actual fiber connection, deselect the Do not
search the ports with Fibers/Cable created on NMS check box.
l If you select the Do not search the ports with Fibers/Cable created on NMS check box and if the
fibers are created for all the selected ports, a dialog box is displayed indicating that the search domain
is null.
Step 3 A dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful. Click Close.
Step 4 Select one or more fibers from the Physical Fibers/Cable Link List list and click Create Fiber/
Cable.
NOTE
l When one or more fibers are selected from the Physical Fibers/Cable Link List list, the fibers that
conflict with the selected fibers are automatically displayed in the Logical Fibers/Cable Link List
list. If there is any conflicting fiber, refer to Step 5 and delete the conflicting fiber before creating fibers.
l During the fiber creation, if all the selected fibers are in Already created state, the system displays
the message No fiber to create.
Step 5 Select one or more conflicting fibers (namely, the fibers of which the Conflict with logical link
(Y/N) parameter is set to Yes in the Misconnected Fibers/Cable list) from the Logical Fibers/
Cable Link List list. Click Delete Fiber/Cable.
----End
2.4.2 Creating Fibers Manually
Before you configure services, you need to create the required fibers. You can create a small
number of fibers manually one after another.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
l The required boards must be created on each NE.
Procedure
Step 1 Right-click in the Main Topology and choose New > Link from the shortcut menu. Then, the
Create Link dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Choose Fiber/Cable > Fiber from the left pane.
Step 3 The parameter Create Ways can be set to Common Ways or Batch Ways. The default value
is Common Ways.
Step 4 Click the button in Source NE. Select the source board and source port in the Select Fiber/
Cable Source dialog box that is displayed.
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Step 5 Click OK.
Step 6 Click the button in Sink NE. Select the sink board and sink port in the Select Fiber/Cable
Sink dialog box that is displayed.
Step 7 Click OK. Then, the created fiber is displayed between the source NE and the sink NE in the
Main Topology.
Step 8 Right-click the created fiber and choose Detect Link from the shortcut menu. The Operation
Result dialog box is displayed, indicating the information on the fiber connections.
----End
2.4.3 Creating Virtual Fibers
When the U2000 manages the SDH, PTN, and WDM equipment at the same time, you can create
virtual fibers between the SDH or PTN equipment (with the WDM equipment in between), to
facilitate network management.
Prerequisite
l You must create fiber connections according to the true fibers that connect the SDH and
WDM or PTN equipment.
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Background Information
l In the case of SDH equipment, the virtual fibers ensure the automatic fiber search and SDH
trail management functions are independent of each other.
l The source and sink ports of the virtual fibers must be SDH ports. On the source and sink
ports, there must be two physical fibers that are connected to the WDM or PTN equipment.
l The virtual fibers do not support the expansion function.
Procedure
Step 1 Right-click in the blank area of the Main Topology, and choose New > Link from the shortcut
menu.
Step 2 In the Create Link dialog box, choose Fiber/Cable > Virtual Fiber.
Step 3 Set the fiber/cable attributes in the attribute list on the right.
Step 4 Click OK.
----End
2.4.4 Creating DCN Communication Cable
The U2000 can communicate with NEs through the Ethernet port or serial port. The NEs can
also communicate with each other through the extended ECC. Depending on the communication
mode, different types of communication cables can be created on the U2000.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
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Procedure
Step 1 Right-click in the blank area of the Main Topology and choose New > Link from the shortcut
menu. Then, the Create Link dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Choose Fiber/Cable > Cable from the left pane.
Step 3 Enter the cable attributes in the panel on the right.
Step 4 Click OK. The cable that is already created between the U2000 and the gateway NE is displayed
on the Main Topology.
----End
2.5 Creating a Topology Subnet
To facilitate network management, you can assign the topology objects in the same network area
or with similar attributes into the same topology subnet.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NM operator" authority or higher.
Background Information
A topology subnet is created only to simplify the user interface and does not affect the operation
of the NEs.
Procedure
Step 1 Right-click in the blank area of the Main Topology and choose New > Subnet from the shortcut
menu.
Step 2 Click the Property tab in the Create Physical Subnet dialog box. Set the attributes of the subnet.
Step 3 Click the Select Objects tab. Select the created NEs or subnet from the Available Objects
column. Click to add the selected objects to the Selected Objects column.
NOTE
The information about the signs in a similar dialog box for selecting objects is
provided as follows:
l indicates adding the selected objects from the left column to the right column.
l indicates adding all the objects from the left column to the right column.
Step 4 Click OK.
----End
2.6 Configuring the Protection Subnet
The OptiX OSN equipment supports various network level protection schemes, including the
linear MSP.
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2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection Chain
If the services on a chain do not need to be protected, you can configure the chain as a non-
protection chain. In this case, all the timeslots on the chain can be used to transmit the services.
2.6.2 Configuring a Non-Protection Ring
When services on a ring need not be protected, you can configure a non-protection (NP) ring.
All timeslots on the ring can be used to transmit services.
2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring Protection Subnet
Generally, the MS ring protection is configured on the public ring network whose protection
paths are used to transmit extra services. By running the APS protocol, it achieves the MS level
protection.
2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection Subnet
In a chain network, an NE can protect the services in different fiber sections after a linear MS
protection subnet is created.
2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection Chain
If the services on a chain do not need to be protected, you can configure the chain as a non-
protection chain. In this case, all the timeslots on the chain can be used to transmit the services.
Prerequisite
l The data of each NE must be configured and the fibers must be created on the U2000.
l You must be an NM user with "network maintainer" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Create Unprotected Chain from the Main Menu.
Then, the Create Protection Subnet dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Enter the name of the protection subnet.
Generally, enter the default name, for example, NP_Chain_1.
Step 3 Select the capacity level of the protection subnet,
for example, STM-4.
Step 4 Optional: Select Resource Sharing and Assigned by VC4 as needed.
NOTE
l If multiple protection subnets uses one port of a board, you need to check the Resource Sharing check
box. If different protection subnets use different ports of a board, do not check this check box.
l Select the Assigned by VC4 option when there are different VC4s belonging to different protection
subnets to achieve virtual optical path protection.
Step 5 Select the NEs where you need to create the non-protection chain. Double-click the NEs in the
Main Topology and add them to the NE list on the left. At the same time, is displayed above
the NE icons. You can cancel the selection by double-clicking the NE icons again to cancel the
selection.
Step 6 Click Next. Set the parameters such as Physical Link Information.
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Step 7 Click Finish to deliver the configuration data. Click Close in the Operation Result dialog box
indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
2.6.2 Configuring a Non-Protection Ring
When services on a ring need not be protected, you can configure a non-protection (NP) ring.
All timeslots on the ring can be used to transmit services.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
l The NE data must be configured, and fibers must be created properly.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Create Unprotected Ring from the Main Menu.
Then, the Create Protection Subnet dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Enter the name of the protection subnet.
Generally, the default name is used, for example, NP_Ring_1.
Step 3 Select the capacity level of the protection subnet,
for example, STM-4.
Step 4 Select Resource Sharing and Assigned by VC4 according to the requirement.
NOTE
l If multiple protection subnets uses one port of a board, you need to check the Resource Sharing check
box. If different protection subnets use different ports of a board, do not check this check box.
l Select the Assigned by VC4 option when there are different VC4s belonging to different protection
subnets to achieve virtual optical path protection.
Step 5 Select the nodes that belong to the protection subnet that needs to be created. Double-click the
selected NE in the Main Topology to add the NE to the NE list on the left. In addition, is
displayed on the NE icon. If you need to cancel the selection, double-click the NE again.
Step 6 Click Next. Set the parameters such as Physical Link Information in the window.
Step 7 Click Finish to deliver the configuration data. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog
box indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring Protection Subnet
Generally, the MS ring protection is configured on the public ring network whose protection
paths are used to transmit extra services. By running the APS protocol, it achieves the MS level
protection.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
l The NE data must be configured and fibers must be created properly.
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Precautions
CAUTION
l The number of nodes in an MSP ring should not exceed 16.
l Starting the protocol controller may interrupt the services.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Create 2f_MS_SPRing from the Main Menu.
Click OK in the dialog box that is displayed. Then, the Create Protection Subnet window is
displayed.
NOTE
l To create a four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring, choose Service > SDH Protection
Subnet > Create 4f_MS_SPRing from the Main Menu.
l To create a two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring, choose Service > SDH Protection
Subnet > Create 2f_MS_DPRing from the Main Menu.
l The following part provides an example of configuring a common two-fiber bidirectional MS shared
protection ring.
Step 2 Enter the name of the protection subnet. Generally, the default name is used, for example,
2f_MS_SPRing_1.
Step 3 Select the capacity level of the protection subnet, for example, STM-4.
NOTE
Create a two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. The capacity of the ring can be set to STM-4, STM-16.
Step 4 Choose Resource Sharing and Assigned by VC4 according to the requirement.
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NOTE
l Resource Sharing indicates that a port is mapped into multiple protection subnets. When multiple
protection subnets occupy the same port of a board, Resource Sharing must be selected. When different
protection subnets occupy different ports of a board, Resource Sharing is not required. If multiple
protection subnets use one port of a board, you need to select the Resource Sharing check box. If
MSP Sharing is enabled, you can select the Resource Sharing check box to map a port of the board
to multiple MSP subnets.
l Assigned by VC4 indicates that different VC-4s belong to different protection subnets, therefore
achieving virtual optical path protection. For example, in the case of an STM-4 fiber, the first and
second VC-4s are allocated for the STM-4 MS shared protection, and the third and fourth VC-4s are
allocated for the non-protection.
Step 5 Select the nodes that belong to the protection subnet that needs to be created. Double-click the
selected NE in the Main Topology to add the NE to the NE list on the left. In addition, is
displayed on the NE icon. If you need to cancel the selection, double-click the NE again.
NOTE
To facilitate maintenance, it is recommended that you add the nodes anticlockwise to the protection subnet.
Step 6 Set the attribute of each node to MSP Node.
Step 7 Click Next. Set the parameters such as Physical Link Information in the window.
NOTE
l If there are multiple fibers between two NEs, select the required links from the Physical Link
Information drop-down list.
l If Assigned by VC4 is selected, you can Select the working and protection VC-4 timeslots according
to the requirement.
Step 8 Click Finish to deliver the configuration data. Then, the Operation Result dialog box is
displayed. Click Close.
Step 9 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Search for SDH Protection Subnet from the
Main Menu. Select the created protection subnet, right-click and choose Protection Subnet
Attributes from the shortcut menu.
Step 10 Click the Protection Subnet Maintenance tab to check whether the protocol controller is
started. If the protocol controller is not started, select all the nodes of the protection subnet.
Right-click and choose Start/Stop Protocol > Start from the shortcut menu. Click Yes in the
dialog box that is displayed twice. Ensure that the status of all the values in the Protocol
Controller column is Protocol Started.
Step 11 Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab. Set WTR time and SD Condition according to
the requirement. Click Apply to deliver the configuration data. The WTR time of all NEs in
the same protection subnet should be the same.
NOTE
The default value is 600s.
----End
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2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection Subnet
In a chain network, an NE can protect the services in different fiber sections after a linear MS
protection subnet is created.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
l The NE data must be configured and fibers must be created properly.
Precautions
CAUTION
l Starting the protocol controller may interrupt the services.
l Fibers that are used for the linear MSP cannot be used by other protection subnets. That is,
a linear MS protection subnet and other subnets cannot be used together to form virtual fibers.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Create 1+1 linear MSP from the Main Menu.
Then, the Create Protection Subnet window is displayed.
NOTE
To create the M:N linear MS protection, choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Create M:N Linear
MSP from the Main Menu. Then, the corresponding window is displayed.
In the case of the M:N linear MS protection scheme, set the number of working links to N. M indicates the
number of protection links and cannot be set manually. Currently, the value of M can be 1 only.
Step 2 Enter the name of the protection subnet.
Generally, the default name is used, for example, 1+1_MSP_1.
Step 3 Select the capacity level of the protection subnet, for example, STM-4.
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Step 4 Set Revertive Mode and Switching Mode according to the protection type and related
requirements.
NOTE
When setting the parameters, note the following points:
l Revertive Mode indicates the handling strategy that is used after the faulty line is recovered. Non-
Revertive: The service is not automatically reverted to the working channel after the faulty line is
recovered. Revertive: The service is automatically reverted to the working channel after the faulty line
is recovered.
l Switching Mode indicates the switching strategy that is used after a fault occurs in the line. Single-
ended switching: To protect services, a switching occurs at the receive end when the receive end is
faulty and a switching occurs at the transmit end when the transmit end is faulty. Dual-ended
switching: To protect services, a switching occurs at the receive and transmit ends when the receive
end or transmit end is faulty.
Step 5 Select the nodes that belong to the protection subnet that needs to be created. Double-click the
selected NE in the Main Topology to add the NE to the NE list on the left. In addition, is
displayed on the NE icon. If you need to cancel the selection, double-click the NE again.
Step 6 Click Next. Set Physical Link Information of Working Link and Protection Link.
Step 7 Click Finish to deliver the configuration data. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog
box indicating that the operation succeeded.
Step 8 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Search for SDH Protection Subnet from the
Main Menu. Select the created protection subnet, right-click and choose Protection Subnet
Attributes from the shortcut menu.
Step 9 Click the Protection Subnet Maintenance tab to check whether the protocol controller is
started.
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NOTE
If the protocol controller is not started, select all the NEs of the protection subnet. Right-click and choose
Start/Stop Protocol > Start from the shortcut menu. Click Yes in the dialog box that is displayed twice.
Ensure that the status of all the values in the Protocol Controller column is Protocol Started.
Step 10 Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab. Set WTR time and SD Condition according to
the requirement. Click Apply to deliver the configuration data.
NOTE
The WTR time of all NEs in the same protection subnet should be the same.
----End
2.7 Configuring Clocks
A clock is the basis for the normal operation of an NE. You need to configure the clocks for all
the NEs before configuring services. In addition, you need to configure the clock protection in
the case of a complicated network.
2.7.1 Configuring the NE Clock Source
Before configuring services, you must configure the NE clock source and specify the priority
level to ensure that correct clock trace relations are created for all the NEs on the network.
2.7.2 Configuring the Clock Source Protection
On a complicated clock network, you need to configure the clock protection for all the NEs.
After you set the clock source and specify the clock priority level for the NEs, you can enable
the standard SSM or extended SSM protocol to prevent the NEs from tracing an incorrect clock
source.
2.7.1 Configuring the NE Clock Source
Before configuring services, you must configure the NE clock source and specify the priority
level to ensure that correct clock trace relations are created for all the NEs on the network.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Background Information
To implement clock protection, you must configure at least two traceable clock sources for the
equipment. Generally, the tributary clock is not used as the clock source for the equipment.
After you set the clock sources for all the NEs, query the networkwide clock trace status again.
For details, see Querying the Clock Trace Status.
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Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an NE and choose Configuration > Clock > Physical Layer
Clock > Clock Source Priority from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Query to query the existing clock source.
Step 3 Click Create. In the Add Clock Source dialog box, select a new clock source and click OK.
Step 4 Optional: If an external clock source is selected, select External Clock Source Mode according
to the type of external clock signals. In the case of the 2 Mbit/s clock, specify the Synchronous
Status Byte to deliver the SSM message.
Step 5 Select a clock source and click or to adjust its priority level. The clock
sources are arranged in the descending order. The clock source at top is the preferred clock
source for the NE.
NOTE
Internal clock sources have the lowest priority because of their low precision.
Step 6 Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded.
NOTE
If the clock trace relation changes according to the change of the clock source, the Prompt dialog box is
displayed, asking you whether to refresh the clock trace relation. Click OK. If Disable Prompting Next
Time is selected, the Prompt dialog box is not displayed even if the clock trace relation changes.
----End
2.7.2 Configuring the Clock Source Protection
On a complicated clock network, you need to configure the clock protection for all the NEs.
After you set the clock source and specify the clock priority level for the NEs, you can enable
the standard SSM or extended SSM protocol to prevent the NEs from tracing an incorrect clock
source.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an NE and choose Configuration > Clock > Physical Layer
Clock > Clock Subnet Configuration from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click the Clock Subnet tab. Click Query to query the existing parameter settings.
Step 3 Select Start Standard SSM Protocol or Start Extended SSM Protocol.
NOTE
The same SSM protection protocol must be used for the NEs within the same clock protection subnet.
Step 4 Set the subnet number of the clock subnet to which the NE is associated.
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NOTE
Allocate the same subnet number to the NEs that trace the same clock source.
Step 5 Optional: If the extended SSM protocol is enabled, set the clock ID of the clock source.
Step 6 Click Apply. Click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded.
Step 7 Optional: If the clock ID is specified for the line clock of an NE, click the Clock ID Status tab,
and set Enabled Status to Enabled. Click Apply. Click Close in the Operation Result dialog
box indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
2.8 Clock Configuration Parameters
A clock is one of the basic configuration items of an NE. When configuring a clock, you need
to set the parameters in terms of clock source, clock protection, clock quality, and retiming
management.
2.8.1 Managing External Clock Sources
To use an external clock as the clock source, you need to set the relevant parameters such as the
output mode, output timeslot, and output threshold of the external clock source.
2.8.2 Configuring Clock Protection and Restoration
You need to configure necessary protection for the clock so that the NE can be synchronized
normally.
2.8.3 Clock Quality and Status Management
You can manage the quality and status of a clock to ensure the stability and precision of the
clock source that is currently traced.
2.8.4 Retiming Management
This topic describes the parameters that are used for setting the retiming clock source and the
retiming mode.
2.8.1 Managing External Clock Sources
To use an external clock as the clock source, you need to set the relevant parameters such as the
output mode, output timeslot, and output threshold of the external clock source.
Table 2-3 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the output phase-locked source table
of an external clock.
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Table 2-3 Parameters for configuring the output phase-locked source table of an external clock
Field Value Range Description
NE Name For example: NE(9-1001) Displays the name of the NE.
External Clock Output Mode
When 2M Output
Synchronous Source Is
Invalid
Synchronization Quality
Unavailable, Output AIS,
Shut off
Default value: Shut off
The External Clock Output
Mode When 2M Output
Synchronous Source Is
Invalidparameter is used to
specify an action to control
the output mode of external
clock source when all the
clock sources in the 2M
phase-locked source priority
table become invalid or when
the clock quality of the
selected source is inferior to
the output quality threshold
of external clock source.
You can click 7.112
External Clock Output
Mode When 2M Output
Synchronous Source Is
Invalid to display the
detailed information.
Output Impedance of
External Clock Source 1
For example: 120 ohms The NE can provide two
clocks for external outputs.
You need to specify the
output impedance of external
clock 1.
Output Impedance of
External Clock Source 2
For example: 120 ohms The NE can provide two
clocks for external outputs.
You need to specify the
output impedance of external
clock 2.
Output Mode of External
Clock Source 1
2 Mbit/s, 2 MHz
Default value: 2 Mbit/s
The NE can provide two
clocks for external outputs.
You need to specify the
output mode of external
clock 1.
Output Mode of External
Clock Source 2
2 Mbit/s, 2 MHz
Default value: 2 Mbit/s
The NE can provide two
clocks for external outputs.
You need to specify the
output mode of external
clock 2.
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Field Value Range Description
Clock Source Threshold No Threshold Value, G.813
SETS Signal, G.812 Lock
Clock Signal, G.812 Transit
Clock Signal, G.811 Clock
Signal
Default value: No Threshold
Value
The Clock Source
Threshold parameter
indicates the lower quality
threshold of 2M external
clock source. When the clock
quality level of the external
clock source that is selected
from the 2M phase-locked
source priority table is
inferior to the threshold, the
2M phase-locked source
becomes invalid, and the
action specified for 2M
phase-locked source failure
is invoked to control the
external clock source output.
You can click 7.118 Clock
Source Threshold to display
the detailed information.

Table 2-4 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the 2M phase-locked source attributes
of an external clock.
Table 2-4 Parameters for configuring the 2M phase-locked source attributes of an external clock
Field Value Range Description
2M Phase-Locked Source
Number
For example: NE
(9-5595)-2M phase-locked
source 1
Displays the number of the
external clock source output
of the NE.
External Clock Output
Switch
Open, Close Specifies the output switch of
the external clock source.
External Clock Output Mode 2 MHz, 2 Mbit/s
Default value: 2 Mbit/s
The External Clock Output
Mode parameter is used to
set the output mode of the
external clock source to 2
Mbit/s or 2 MHz.
You can click 7.113
External Clock Output
Mode to display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
External Clock Output
Timeslot
SA4, SA5, SA6, SA7, SA8,
All versions
Default value: All versions
The External Clock Output
Timeslot parameter is used
to set the output timeslot for
the S1 byte of the external
clock source. The external
clock source transmits the S1
overhead byte through
certain timeslots. After
starting the SSM protocol,
make sure that the timeslot
for receiving the S1 byte is
consistent with the timeslot
for transmitting the S1 byte
so that the S1 byte can be
received correctly.
You can click 7.114
External Clock Output
Timeslot to display the
detailed information.
External Source Output
Threshold
Threshold Disabled, Not
Inferior to G.813 SETS
Signal, Not Inferior to G.812
Local Clock Signal, Not
Inferior to G.812 Transit
Clock Signal, Not Inferior to
G.811 Clock Signal
Default value: Threshold
Disabled
The External Source
Output Threshold
parameter is used to set the
output quality threshold of
the external clock source.
When the output quality of
the external clock source is
inferior to the threshold, the
action specified for 2M
phase-locked source failure
is invoked to control the
external clock source output.
You can click 7.115
External Source Output
Threshold to display the
detailed information.
2M Phase-Locked Source
Fail Condition
No Failure Condition, AIS,
LOF, AIS OR LOF
Default value: No Failure
Condition
The 2M Phase-Locked
Source Fail Condition
parameter is used to set the
failure condition of the 2M
phase-locked source.
You can click 7.116 2M
Phase-Locked Source Fail
Condition to display the
detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
2M Phase-Locked Source
Fail Action
Shut Down Output, Send
AIS, 2M Output S1 Byte
Unavailable
Default value: Shut Down
Output
The 2M Phase-Locked
Source Fail Action
parameter is used to specify
the action to be invoked in the
case of 2M phase-locked
source failure. When the
reference clock signal for
locking external clock output
is invalid or inferior to the
threshold, the specific action
is invoked to control the
external clock output by
either shutting down the
output or inserting an AIS
alarm.
You can click 7.117 2M
Phase-Locked Source Fail
Action to display the detailed
information.

2.8.2 Configuring Clock Protection and Restoration
You need to configure necessary protection for the clock so that the NE can be synchronized
normally.
Table 2-5 lists the parameters that are used for configuring clock protection and restoration.
Table 2-5 Parameters used for configuring clock protection and restoration
Field Value Range Description
NE Name For example: NE(9-5595) Displays the name of the NE.
Higher Priority Clock Source
Reversion Mode
Non-Revertive, Auto-
Revertive
Default value: Auto-
Revertive
The Higher Priority Clock
Source Reversion Mode
parameter specifies whether
to switch from the lower-
priority clock source back to
the higher-priority clock
source after the higher-
priority clock source is
restored to normal.
You can click 7.122 Higher
Priority Clock Source
Reversion Mode to display
the detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
Clock Source WTR Time 0-12
Default value: 5
The Clock Source WTR
Time parameter is used to
specify the wait-to-restore
(WTR) time when the
Higher Priority Clock
Source Reversion Mode
parameter is set to Auto-
Revertive. When a clock
source is restored to its valid
status, the system does not
regard it as a valid source
immediately but verifies the
validity of the clock source in
a specific period of time. The
system regards the clock
source as a valid source only
if the clock source remains
valid during the specific
period of time. This specific
period of time is called the
WTR time of the clock
source.
You can click 7.123 Clock
Source WTR Time to
display the detailed
information.
Clock Source For example: Internal Clock
Source
Displays the name of the
clock source.
AIS Alarm Generated Yes, No
Default value: No
The AIS Alarm Generated
parameter is used to specify
whether an AIS alarm is a
condition for triggering the
switching of clock sources.
You can click 7.119 AIS
Alarm Generated to display
the detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
B1 BER Threshold-Crossing
Generated
Yes, No
Default value: No
The B1 BER Threshold-
Crossing Generated
parameter is used to specify
whether a B1 BER threshold-
crossing alarm is a condition
for triggering clock source
switching. B1 BER
Threshold-Crossing alarm is
an index for measuring the
performance of clock source
signals.
You can click 7.120 B1 BER
Threshold-Crossing
Generated to display the
detailed information.
RLOS, RLOF and OOF
Alarms Generated
Yes Displays whether the
switching condition is
enabled. If the R_LOS,
R_LOF, or OOF alarm is
reported, the NE considers
that the corresponding clock
source is faulty.
By default, this parameter is
set to yes and cannot be
changed.
CV Threshold-Crossing
Generated
Yes, No Sets the switching condition
enable status. When CV
threshold-crossing occurs in
the NE, the NE thinks that the
corresponding clock source
fails.
CV Threshold - Displays the CV threshold.
B2-EXC Alarm Generated Yes, No
Default value: No
The B2-EXC Alarm
Generated parameter is used
to specify whether a B2-EXC
alarm is a condition for
triggering clock source
switching. B2-EXC alarm is
an index for measuring the
performance of clock source
signals.
You can click 7.121 B2-EXC
Alarm Generated to display
the detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
Effective Status Valid, Invalid Specifies whether the clock
source is valid. This
parameter is used for query
only.
Lock Status Lock, Unlock
Default value: Unlock
The Lock Status parameter
indicates the lock status of a
clock source in the priority
table.
You can click 7.124 Lock
Status to display the detailed
information.
Switching Source For example: 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
Displays the clock source to
be traced by the NE after the
switching.
Switching Status Forced Switching, Manual
Switching, Normal
Displays the switching status
of the current clock source.

2.8.3 Clock Quality and Status Management
You can manage the quality and status of a clock to ensure the stability and precision of the
clock source that is currently traced.
Table 2-6 lists the parameters that are used for managing the quality and status of a clock.
Table 2-6 Parameter description: clock synchronization status
Field Value Range Description
NE Name For example: NE(9-5595) Displays the name of the NE.
NE Clock Working Mode Normal Mode, Holdover
Mode, Free-Run Mode
Default value: -
The NE Clock Working
Mode parameter is used to
set the current working mode
of the system clock to the
normal, holdover or free-run
mode.
You can click 7.127 NE
Clock Working Mode to
display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
S1 Byte Synchronization
Quality Information
Synchronous Source
Unavailable, Quality
Unknown, G.811 Reference
Clock, G.812 Transit Clock,
G.812 Local Clock, SDH
equipment timing source
(SETS) signal
Default value: -
The S1 Byte
Synchronization Quality
Information parameter
indicates the synchronization
quality information in the S1
byte that is output by the
current traced synchronous
source. The S1 byte defined
by the ITUT is used to
transmit the quality
information about the clock
sources. It indicates the
quality information of 16
types of synchronous sources
with bits 5-8 of the S1 byte in
the section overhead. With
this quality information and
certain switching protocols,
the automatic protection
switching of the
synchronization clock can be
realized in the synchronous
network.
You can click 7.126 S1 Byte
Synchronization Quality
Information to display the
detailed information.
S1 Byte Clock Synchronous
Source
For example: Internal Clock
Source
Displays the clock source
that is traced by the clock of
the current NE. This
parameter is used for query
only.
The relevant information can
be displayed only when the
S1 byte is used. That is, the
clock protection function is
enabled. Similarly, the
relevant information can be
displayed only when you
click Query. Otherwise, only
NA is displayed.
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Field Value Range Description
Synchronous Source For example: External Clock
Source1
Clock Source in System
Clock Priority Table
Default value: None
The Synchronous Source
parameter indicates the
synchronous clock source
that is being traced. The
synchronous clock source
here refers to a certain clock
source contained in the
system clock priority table.
You can click 7.125
Synchronous Source to
display the detailed
information.
Data Output Method in
Holdover Mode
Normal Data Output Mode,
Keep the Latest Data
Default value: Normal Data
Output Mode
The Data Output Method in
Holdover Mode parameter is
used to specify whether the
data is output normally or the
latest data is kept when the
NE clock is in the holdover
mode.
You can click 7.128 Data
Output Method in
Holdover Mode to display
the detailed information.

2.8.4 Retiming Management
This topic describes the parameters that are used for setting the retiming clock source and the
retiming mode.
Table 2-7 lists the parameters that are used for retiming.
Table 2-7 Parameters used for retiming
Field Value Range Description
Retiming Mode Normal, Retiming Mode of
Tributary Clock, Retiming
Mode of Cross-Connect
Clock
Default value: Normal
NOTE
For the OptiX OSN equipment,
this parameter can be set to only
Retiming Mode of Tributary
Clock.
The Retiming Mode
parameter specifies whether
the retiming clock, tributary
clock, or cross-connect
(external) clock is used.
You can click 7.129
Retiming Mode to display
the detailed information.

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2.9 Configuring the Orderwire Phone
The orderwire phone provides an important communication tool for maintenance personnel.
2.9.1 Configuring the Orderwire
The orderwire provides a dedicated communication channel that the network maintenance
personnel can use in the case of emergencies. You can configure the orderwire after configuring
the NEs and boards on the U2000.
2.9.2 Configuring the Conference Calls
The conference calls ensure one or more dedicated communication channels that the network
maintenance personnel can use in the case of emergencies.
2.9.1 Configuring the Orderwire
The orderwire provides a dedicated communication channel that the network maintenance
personnel can use in the case of emergencies. You can configure the orderwire after configuring
the NEs and boards on the U2000.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "network operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, click the NE, and then choose Configuration > Orderwire from the
Function Tree. Click the General tab.
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Step 2 Click Query to query the related NE-side information.
Step 3 Set Call Waiting Time(s), Telephone No. and the orderwire ports.
NOTE
l Call Waiting Time should be set to the same value for all NEs that are involved in the orderwire
communication. When the number of NEs is less than 30, set Call Waiting Time to 5s. Otherwise, set
Call Waiting Time to 9s.
l The orderwire phone numbers must be unique to each other in the same orderwire subnet.
l Set the length of the telephone number according to the actual requirements. The maximum length is
eight digits and the minimum length is three digits. In the same orderwire subnet, the number lengths
of the orderwire phone numbers must be the same.
l The length of the telephone number must be the same as the length of the conference call number.
l If the length of the subnet number is 1, the first digits of the two orderwire numbers must be the same.
If the length of the subnet number is 2, the first two digits of the two orderwire numbers must be the
same.
Step 4 Click Apply. A dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful.
Step 5 Click Close.
----End
2.9.2 Configuring the Conference Calls
The conference calls ensure one or more dedicated communication channels that the network
maintenance personnel can use in the case of emergencies.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "network operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select the NE, and then choose Configuration > Orderwire from the
Function Tree. Click the Conference Call tab.
Step 2 Click Query to query the conference call configuration of the NE.
Step 3 Set Conference Call Authorities to Able to Listen and Speak or Able to Listen but not
Speak.
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Step 4 In the Available Conference Call Port pane, select the port where you need to configure a
conference call, and click .
NOTE
If the optical interfaces that support conference calls form a loop, howler tone is generated. Hence,
"releasing loop" is required, that is, only one optical port can be set for the conference calls on a certain
node.
Step 5 Click Apply. A dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful.
Step 6 Click Close.
Step 7 Click the General tab. Set the Conference Call number.
NOTE
The conference call numbers for all the NEs must be the same, and must have the same length as the
corresponding orderwire phone numbers. If the orderwire phone number has four digits, it is recommended
that you set the conference call number to 9999.
Step 8 Click Apply.
----End
Example
You can follow the sample configuration to prevent a conference call loop.
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Two-fiber bidirectional
MSP ring
2-SL4D-1
2-SL4D-2
Two-fiber
bidirectional
2-SL4D-1
2-SL4D-1
2-SL4D-2
2-SL4D-2 2-SL4D-1
2-SL4D-2
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-1
NM ID
NM name
IP address
U2000
NM
9-5
NE5
1005/9999
9-1
NE1
1001/9999
9-2
NE2
1002/9999
9-3
NE3
1003/9999
9-4
NE4
1004/9999
NE ID
Telephone No./
Conference Call No.
NE name
192.9.0.54
As shown in the preceding figure, if conference calls are configured for all optical interfaces,
howler tone is generated. You can configure a conference call for the optical interface NE3-2-
SL4D-2 only, instead of the optical interface NE3-2-SL4D-1.
2.10 Configuring the Broadcast Data Service
To meet the requirements for the broadcast data services between the monitoring host and the
environment monitors, you need to configure the broadcast data services of NE1-NE4.
Prerequisite
l The 2 Creating the Network task must be completed.
l Understand the signal flow and timeslot allocation.
Precautions
CAUTION
When you configure the broadcast data ports, ensure that the broadcast data ports do not form
a loop. Certain optical ports cannot be configured as the broadcast data ports.
Procedure
Step 1 Select NE in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > Orderwire from the Function
Tree.
Step 2 Click the Broadcast Data Port tab and set the parameters as listed in the following table. Then,
click Apply. For the values of specified parameters, see 2.12.3 Configuring Broadcast Data
Interfaces.
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Step 3 See Setting Network-Wide Performance Monitoring and enable the performance monitoring
function of the NEs.
Step 4 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Data to the System
Control Board.
----End
2.11 Configuring the F1 Data Service
The F1 data service is transparently transmitted in the point-to-point mode by using the F1 byte.
Prerequisite
l The 2 Creating the Network is completed.
l Understand the signal flow and timeslot allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and choose Configuration > Orderwire from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click the F1 Data Port tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply. For the principles of
setting the parameters, see 2.12.2 Configuring F1 Data Interfaces.
Step 3 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 4 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
2.12 Orderwire Configuration Parameters
The equipment supports various orderwire management, which involves orderwire phones and
F1 data interfaces.
2.12.1 Configuring Orderwire Phones
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring orderwire phones.
2.12.2 Configuring F1 Data Interfaces
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring F1 data interfaces.
2.12.3 Configuring Broadcast Data Interfaces
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring broadcast data interfaces.
2.12.1 Configuring Orderwire Phones
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring orderwire phones.
Table 2-8 lists the parameters that are used for configuring orderwire phones.
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Table 2-8 Parameters for configuring orderwire phones
Field Value Range Description
Call Waiting Time(s) 1-9
Default value: 9
The Call Waiting Time(s)
parameter specifies the
timeout period of searching
an orderwire route. If the
period of searching an
orderwire route exceeds the
specified value, the
orderwire phone changes to
the busy tone status.
You can click 7.102 Call
Waiting Time(s) to display
the detailed information.
Dialing Mode Pulse, Dual-Tone Frequency
Default: Dual-Tone
Frequency
Displays the dialing mode of
the orderwire phone.
Conference Call 100-99999999
Default value: 999
The Conference Call
parameter specifies the
phone numbers of
networkwide orderwire calls.
You can click 7.103
Conference Call to display
the detailed information.
Phone 1, Phone 2, Phone 3 100-99999999
NOTE
OptiX OSN 550 equipment
only supports Phone 1.
The Phone parameter
specifies the phone numbers
of orderwire addressing calls.
An addressing call refers to a
point-to-point call.
Specifies the phone numbers
of up to three orderwire
phones supported by the
overheads. Certain
equipment supports one
orderwire phone only. In this
case, phones 2 and 3 are not
required. If the value is null,
the delivered configuration
does not indicate that the
corresponding data on the NE
side needs to be cleared, but
indicates that the
corresponding data on the NE
side is not changed.
You can click 7.104 Phone to
display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Selected Orderwire Port Slot ID-Board Name-Port
No.(Port Name)
Specifies the port on the line
board for orderwire phone
transmission.
Available Orderwire Port Available Orderwire Port
Default value: Bid-BidType-
PortID
The Available Orderwire
Port parameter specifies
whether the optical interface
is used to make orderwire
calls.
You can click 7.105
Available Orderwire Port
to display the detailed
information.

2.12.2 Configuring F1 Data Interfaces
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring F1 data interfaces.
Table 2-9 list the parameters that are used for configuring F1 data interfaces.
Table 2-9 Parameters for configuring F1 data interfaces
Field Value Range Description
No. 1-88 The No. (F1 Data Port)
parameter specifies the
numbers of the F1 data ports
that have the same direction.
You can click 7.106 No.(F1
Data Port) to display the
detailed information.
Data Channel 1 - The Data Channel (F1 Data
Port) parameter specifies the
uplink and downlink ports
that pass through the F1
data. displays pass-through
channel 1, namely, the source
port of the data services at the
local station.
You can click 7.107 Data
Channel (F1 Data Port) to
display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Data Channel 2 - The Data Channel (F1 Data
Port) parameter specifies the
uplink and downlink ports
that pass through the F1
data. displays pass-through
channel 2, namely, the sink
port of the data services at the
local station.
You can click 7.107 Data
Channel (F1 Data Port) to
display the detailed
information.
Available Data Channel - Displays all the available
data interfaces or optical
interfaces.

2.12.3 Configuring Broadcast Data Interfaces
This topic describes the parameters that are used for configuring broadcast data interfaces.
Table 2-10 list the parameters that are used for configuring broadcast data interfaces.
Table 2-10 Parameters for configuring broadcast data interfaces
Field Value Range Description
Overhead Byte SERIAL1, SERIAL2,
SERIAL3, SERIAL4
Default value: SERIAL1
The Overhead Byte
(Broadcast Data Port)
parameter specifies the
number of the overhead
bytes, which are used to
transmit orderwire broadcast
data services, in the SDH
frame header.
You can click 7.108
Overhead Byte (Broadcast
Data Port) to display the
detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
Working Mode RS232
Default value: RS232
The Working Mode
(Broadcast Data Port)
parameter specifies the
working mode of the local
interface at which broadcast
data services are added or
dropped.
You can click 7.109
Working Mode (Broadcast
Data Port) to display the
detailed information.
Broadcast Data Source No Data, SERIALx, Bid-
BidType-PortID
Default value: -
The Broadcast Data Source
(Broadcast Data Port)
parameter specifies the
source of the orderwire
broadcast data service.
You can click 7.110
Broadcast Data Source
(Broadcast Data Port) to
display the detailed
information.
Broadcast Data Sink SERIALx, Bid-BidType-
PortID
Default value: -
The Broadcast Data Sink
(Broadcast Data Port)
parameter specifies the sink
of the orderwire broadcast
data service.
You can click 7.111
Broadcast Data Sink
(Broadcast Data Port) to
display the detailed
information.

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3 Configuring SDH Services
About This Chapter
This topic uses an example to describe how to configure SDH services on the U2000.
3.1 Basic Concepts
The following basic concepts help you understand and configure the relevant SDH services
correctly.
3.2 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Chain
Configure the protection subnet and the services on the non-protection chain separately. It is
recommended that you configure the protection subnet before configuring the services on the
non-protection chain.
3.3 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Ring
Configure the protection subnet and the services on the non-protection ring separately. It is
recommended that you configure the protection subnet before configuring services on the non-
protection ring.
3.4 Configuring 1+1 Linear MSP Services
In the case of the 1+1 linear multiplex section protection (MSP), services are transmitted on the
working path and protection path at the same time. The sink NE selects the services from the
working path in normal cases, and selects services from the protection path when the working
path becomes faulty.
3.5 Configuring 1:1 Linear MSP Services
In the case of the 1:1 linear MSP, services are transmitted on the working path and the sink NE
receives the services from the working path in normal cases. When the working path becomes
faulty, the services are switched to the protection path for transmission and the sink NE receives
the services from the protection path.
3.6 Configuring Two-Fiber Unidirectional MSP Services
The two-fiber unidirectional MSP services can provide network level protection for the services
on NEs on the MSP ring. On the U2000, you can add all the NEs on the MSP ring into the
protection subnet to create a two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring.
3.7 Configuring the Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Services
To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP services, you need to create the MSP subnet
protection and MSP services separately. There is no requirement for the configuration sequence.
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3.8 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring
Compared with the services on an MSP ring, the services on an SNCP ring have dedicated
physical paths as the protection paths. In addition, the services on an SNCP ring are dually fed
and selectively received. When you configure services on an SNCP ring, you need not configure
the protection subnet and the services separately. When you configure services on an SNCP ring,
however, you need to configure the working services and protection services separately.
3.9 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring with a Non-Protection Chain
To configure the services on the SNCP ring, you can directly configure the working service and
protection service, without first configuring the protection subnet. To configure the services on
the non-protection chain, you can configure the services only after the protection subnet is
created.
3.10 Configuring Service on the MSP Ring with a Non-Protection Chain
Configure the protection subnet for the MSP, Protection Subnet for the non-protection chain,
and services on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain separately. It is recommended that
you configure the protection subnets before configuring the services on the MSP ring with a
non-protection ring chain.
3.11 Protection Configuration Parameters
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the protection such as MSP, SNCP
for an NE.
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3.1 Basic Concepts
The following basic concepts help you understand and configure the relevant SDH services
correctly.
Unidirectional Service
The unidirectional service indicates the service that is received and transmitted on different
paths. A unidirectional service created between NE A and NE B can only be transmitted from
NE A (source) to NE B (sink) or only be transmitted from NE B (sink) to NE A (source).
Bidirectional Service
The bidirectional service indicates the service that is received and transmitted on the same path.
A bidirectional service created between NE A and NE B can be transmitted and received from
NE A to NE B or from NE B to NE A.
MSP
The multiplex section protection (MSP) provides a function that switches the signals from the
working section to the protection section.
Shared MSP Ring
As an SDH ring structure, the shared MSP protection ring provides the working and protection
paths for each node in the ring network. When the service in the working path is abnormal or
interrupted, the service is automatically switched to the protection path for further transmission.
In this case, the service loss can be avoided.
Two-Fiber Shared MSP Ring
To form a two-fiber shared MSP ring, you need to use two fibers. In each fiber, one half of
channels are used as working timeslots, and the other half of channels are used as protection
timeslots. For example, in the case of an STM-4 service, VC-4s numbered 1 to 2 are used as
working timeslots and VC-4s numbered 3 to 4 are used as protection timeslots. When VC-4s
numbered 1 to 2 is abnormal or faulty, the service is switched to the corresponding protection
timeslots 3 to 4 for further transmission.
SNCP Principle
The sub-network connection protection (SNCP) is defined by the ITU-T Recommendations.
With 1+1 single-ended switching function, the SNCP is used for protecting services that travel
across different subnets. The SNCP is characterized by the dual-fed and selective-receiving
mode.
Principles for Generating SNCP Services
The SNCP is characterized by the dual-fed and selective receiving mode. Thus, to configure the
SNCP service, you should configure the dual-fed service and the selective receiving service. On
the U2000, the service can be automatically created. When the selective receiving service is
configured on the U2000, the dual-fed service of the NE can be automatically created. Thus,
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you only need to configure the selective receiving service in actual service configuration. That
is, if the SNCP service pair is configured, the service configuration of the SNCP is complete.
3.2 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Chain
Configure the protection subnet and the services on the non-protection chain separately. It is
recommended that you configure the protection subnet before configuring the services on the
non-protection chain.
3.2.1 Networking Diagram
You can configure a non-protection chain if the services on the chain need not be protected. In
this case, all the timeslots on the chain can carry services.
3.2.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the non-protection chain, you need to plan the traffic direction and
timeslot allocation for the services on the non-protection chain.
3.2.3 Per-NE Configuration Procedure
The configuration of services on the non-protection chain is not related to the configuration of
the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection chain, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs if the protection
subnet is already created.
3.2.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of services on a non-protection chain is independent of the creation of the
protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection chain, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs if the protection
subnet is already created.
3.2.1 Networking Diagram
You can configure a non-protection chain if the services on the chain need not be protected. In
this case, all the timeslots on the chain can carry services.
Figure 3-1 shows a point-to-point non-protection chain. In this example, the SP3D boards are
configured on the source NE (NE1) and the sink NE (NE2) as tributary boards to add and drop
services, and the SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
Figure 3-1 Networking diagram of the non-protection chain
NE 1 NE 2
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-1
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D
3-SP3D 1-SL1D
Line board Tributary board

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3.2.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the non-protection chain, you need to plan the traffic direction and
timeslot allocation for the services on the non-protection chain.
Figure 3-2 shows the signal flow and timeslot allocation. In this example, five E1 services are
added to or dropped from NE1 and NE2.
Figure 3-2 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the services on the non-protection chain
VC4-1:1-
5(VC12)
5E1
NE1
NE2

Line Board
Tributary Board
Traffic direction of the non-protection chain
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 3-SP3D
5E1
1-SL1D-1
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D 3-SP3D 1-SL1D
Line board Tributary board

3.2.3 Per-NE Configuration Procedure
The configuration of services on the non-protection chain is not related to the configuration of
the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection chain, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs if the protection
subnet is already created.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection
Chain.
l You must be familiar with the information about 3.2.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure SDH services on the source NE (NE1).
1. Select NE1 in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK,
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and
received over the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE1 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-2.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot Range
(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE1 and NE2. Hence, the service source
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE1 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-2.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 The service sink uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE 1 and NE2. Hence, the service sink
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Refer to Step 1 and configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE2). Set the parameters as follows.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE1 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-2.
Source VC4 - -
Source Timeslot
Range(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE2. Hence, the service source occupies
VC-12s 1-5.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE1 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-2.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 The service sink uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE2. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.2.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of services on a non-protection chain is independent of the creation of the
protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection chain, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs if the protection
subnet is already created.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l The protection subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection
Chain.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.2.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create the VC-4 service-layer trail.
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1. Configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail. The other parameters
take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology
and click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the
operation succeeded.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 service-layer trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12. The other
parameters take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE on the right of the main topology. The Select Board Port-
Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required PDH board and Tributary Port. Click
OK.
3. Double-click the sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology. Configure NE2 in the
same manner.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. Click Close in the Operation Result dialog
box indicating that the operation succeeded. Then, the Copy dialog box is displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE1-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE2-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
3 Configuring SDH Services
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Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.3 Configuring Services on the Non-Protection Ring
Configure the protection subnet and the services on the non-protection ring separately. It is
recommended that you configure the protection subnet before configuring services on the non-
protection ring.
3.3.1 Networking Diagram
You can configure a non-protection ring if the services on the ring need not be protected. In this
case, all the timeslots on the ring can carry services.
3.3.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the non-protection ring, you need to plan the traffic direction and
timeslot allocation for the services on the non-protection ring.
3.3.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the non-protection ring is not related to the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection ring, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and the pass-
through services on the intermediate NEs if the protection subnet is already created.
3.3.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the non-protection ring is not related to the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection ring, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and the pass-
through services on the intermediate NEs if the protection subnet is already created.
3.3.1 Networking Diagram
You can configure a non-protection ring if the services on the ring need not be protected. In this
case, all the timeslots on the ring can carry services.
Figure 3-3 shows a non-protection ring consisting of four pieces of equipment. In this example,
the SP3D boards are used on the source NE (NE1) and the sink NE (NE3) as tributary boards
to add and drop services, and the SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
Figure 3-3 Networking diagram of the non-protection ring
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
1-SL1D-1
Two-fiber bidirectional
non-protection ring
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D
3-SP3D
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D-1
NE1:
Line board
1-SL1D-2
Line board
1-SL1D-1
NE2:
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D-2
NE3:
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3.3.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the non-protection ring, you need to plan the traffic direction and
timeslot allocation for the services on the non-protection ring.
Figure 3-4 shows the signal flow and timeslot allocation. In this example, five E1 services are
added to or dropped from NE1 and NE3, and they pass through NE2.
Figure 3-4 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the services on the non-protection ring
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE1
NE2
NE3

Pass-through service
VC4-1:1-5(VC12) 3-SP3D
1-SL1D-1
NE4
Traffic
direction
Line board
Two-fiber bidirectional
non-protection ring
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
5E1
5E1
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D
1-SL1D-2
Tributary board
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D-1
NE1:
Line board
1-SL1D-2
Line board
1-SL1D-1
NE2:
Line board
3-SP3D
Tributary board
1-SL1D-2
NE3:

3.3.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the non-protection ring is not related to the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection ring, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and the pass-
through services on the intermediate NEs if the protection subnet is already created.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.2 Configuring a Non-Protection
Ring.
l You must be familiar with the information about 3.3.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure SDH services of the source NE (NE1).
1. Select NE1 in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE1 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-4.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE3. Hence, the service source occupies
VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE1 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-4.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 The timeslots where the service sink is located belong
to the first VC-4 (VC4-1).
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE2. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE3). Refer to Step 1. Set the parameters as follows.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence, Level
of the E1 services is set to VC12.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are Bidirectional
services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE3 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure 3-4.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE3. Hence, the service source occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE2 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-4.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 The service sink uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE3. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Configure pass-through services on NE2.
1. Select NE2 in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE2 is
configured as the source line board. See Figure 3-4.
Source VC4 VC4-1 The timeslots where the service source is located belong
to the first VC-4 (VC4-1).
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE3. Hence, the service source occupies
VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 of NE2 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-4.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 The service sink uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE1 and NE3. Hence, the service source occupies
VC-12s 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 4 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.3.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the non-protection ring is not related to the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the services on the non-protection ring, configure the SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and the pass-
through services on the intermediate NEs if the protection subnet is already created.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l The protection subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.2 Configuring a Non-Protection
Ring.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.3.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
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Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create the VC-4 service-layer trail.
1. Configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail. The other parameters
take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE3) on the right of the main topology
and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, click Close.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC4 service-layer trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12 and set
Direction to Bidirectional. The other parameters take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE on the right of the main topology. The Select Board Port-
Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required PDH board and Tributary Port. Click
OK.
3. Double-click the sink NE (NE3) on the right of the main topology. Configure NE2 in the
same manner.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box that is
displayed, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE1-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE3-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
3 Configuring SDH Services
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Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.4 Configuring 1+1 Linear MSP Services
In the case of the 1+1 linear multiplex section protection (MSP), services are transmitted on the
working path and protection path at the same time. The sink NE selects the services from the
working path in normal cases, and selects services from the protection path when the working
path becomes faulty.
3.4.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of the point-to-point 1+1 linear MSP services is simple. Two NEs are
connected with two pairs of optical fibers.
3.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the 1+1 linear MSP services, you can configure the services that need to be added
to the source NE and dropped from the sink NE if the 1+1 linear MSP is already created.
3.4.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 1+1 linear MSP services.
3.4.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 11+1 linear MSP services.
3.4.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of the point-to-point 1+1 linear MSP services is simple. Two NEs are
connected with two pairs of optical fibers.
As shown in Figure 3-5, the SP3D boards are used on NE1 and NE2 as tributary boards to add
and drop services, and the SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
Figure 3-5 Networking diagram of the 1+1 linear MSP services
NE1 NE2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
Line board Tributary board Tributary board Line board Line board
Line board

3.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the 1+1 linear MSP services, you can configure the services that need to be added
to the source NE and dropped from the sink NE if the 1+1 linear MSP is already created.
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As shown in Figure 3-6, the signal flow and timeslot allocation are as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE2: NE1NE2
Services are added to the source NE (NE1) and are transmitted to the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE2),
which selects the services from the working path.
l Traffic direction from NE2 to NE1: NE2NE1
Services are added to the source NE (NE2) and are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE1),
which selects the services from the working path.
l The services between NE 1 and NE2 occupy VC-12s 1-5 of VC4-1 (VC4-1:VC-12:1-5) on
the SDH link between NE1 and NE2. The capacity of the services is 5xE1.
When the working path from NE1 to NE2 becomes faulty, in the case of single-ended switching,
the signal flow is as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE2: NE1NE2
Services are added to the source NE (NE1) and are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE2),
which selects the services from the protection path.
l The services from NE2 to NE1 are not affected, and the traffic direction is NE2NE1.
Services are added to the source NE (NE2) and are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE1),
which selects the services from the working path.
When the working path from NE1 to NE2 becomes faulty, in the case of dual-ended switching,
the signal flow is as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE2: NE1NE2
Services are added to the source NE (NE1) and are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE2),
which selects the services from the protection path.
l Traffic direction from NE2 to NE1: NE2NE1
Services are added to the source NE (NE2) and are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. Then, the services are dropped from the sink NE (NE1),
which selects the services from the protection path.
Figure 3-6 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the 1+1 linear MSP services
VC4-1:1-5(VC12) VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE1 NE2
3-SP3D
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
Traffic direction of
the working path
Line board
Tributary board
Traffic direction of
the protection path
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
Line board Tributary board Tributary board Line board Line board
Line board

3 Configuring SDH Services
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3.4.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 1+1 linear MSP services.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS
Protection Subnet.
l You must be familiar with the information about 3.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure SDH services on the source NE (NE1).
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the source tributary board for the bidirectional
services from NE1 to NE2. See Figure 3-6.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the service is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-6.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE2).
Click , and select NE2 from the displayed NE Navigator. Configure NE2 in the same way
that NE1 is configured. Then, click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence, Level
of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
over the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured as
the source line board. See Figure 3-6.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service requires five VC-12s. Source
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to
1-5.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured as
the sink tributary board for the bidirectional services from
NE1 to NE2. See Figure 3-6.
Sink VC4 - -
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

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Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.4.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 11+1 linear MSP services.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l The protection subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS
Protection Subnet.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create the VC-4 service-layer trail.
1. Configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail. The other parameters
take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology
and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded, click Close.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 service-layer trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Trail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12. The other
parameters take default values.
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2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) on the right of the main topology. The Select Board
Port-Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required SP3D board and Tributary
Port. Click OK.
3. Double-click the sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology. Configure NE2 in the
same manner.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box
indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is
displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE2-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE1-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Optional: Modify the parameters SD Condition, Revertive Mode, and Switching Mode for
the linear MSP.
NOTE
l The parameter settings of the sink NE must be the same as those of the source NE.
l When modifying Switching Mode,
l Ensure that the protection group is in a proper state.
l Ensure that the protection protocol is disabled.
1. Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Maintenance SDH Protection Subnet from
the Main Menu to display the SDH Protection Subnet Common Attributes window.
2. Select the created linear MSP group. In the Protection Subnet Maintenance tab, select
all nodes, right-click and choose Start/Stop Protocol > Stop from the shortcut menu.
3. Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab and modify the parameters SD Condition,
Revertive Mode, and Switching Mode.
4. Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the
operation succeeded.
5. After the parameters are modified, restart the protection protocol according to Step 4.2.
Step 5 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 6 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 7 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
3 Configuring SDH Services
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Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.5 Configuring 1:1 Linear MSP Services
In the case of the 1:1 linear MSP, services are transmitted on the working path and the sink NE
receives the services from the working path in normal cases. When the working path becomes
faulty, the services are switched to the protection path for transmission and the sink NE receives
the services from the protection path.
3.5.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of the point-to-point 1:1 linear LSP services is simple. Two NEs are
connected with two pairs of optical fibers.
3.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the 1:1 linear MSP service, you can configure the services that need to be added
to the source NE and dropped from the sink NE if the 1:1 linear MSP is already created.
3.5.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 1:1 linear MSP services.
3.5.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure 1:1 linear MSP services in an end-to-end manner.
3.5.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of the point-to-point 1:1 linear LSP services is simple. Two NEs are
connected with two pairs of optical fibers.
As shown in Figure 3-7, the SP3D boards are used on NE1 and NE2 as tributary boards to add
and drop services, and the SL1D boards are used on NE1 and NE2 as line boards to transmit
SDH services.
Figure 3-7 Networking diagram of the 1:1 linear MSP services
NE1 NE2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
Line board Tributary board Tributary board Line board Line board
Line board

3.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the 1:1 linear MSP service, you can configure the services that need to be added
to the source NE and dropped from the sink NE if the 1:1 linear MSP is already created.
As shown in Figure 3-8, the signal flow and timeslot allocation are as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE2: NE1NE2
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Services are added to the source NE (NE1) and then are dropped from the sink NE (NE2).
The services are transmitted on the working path.
l Traffic direction from NE2 to NE1: NE2NE1
Services are added to the source NE (NE2) and then are dropped from the sink NE (NE1).
The services are transmitted on the working path.
l The services between NE1 and NE2 occupy VC-12s 1-5 of VC4-1 (VC4-1:VC-12:1-5) on
the SDH link between NE1 and NE2. The capacity of the services is 5xE1.
When the working path between NE1 and NE2 becomes faulty, the signal flow is as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE2: NE1NE2
Services are added to the source NE (NE1) and then are dropped from the sink NE (NE2).
The services are transmitted on the protection path.
l Traffic direction from NE2 to NE1: NE2NE1
Services are added to the source NE (NE2) and then are dropped from the sink NE (NE1).
The services are transmitted on the protection path.
The difference between the 1:1 linear MSP service and the 1+1 linear MSP service is as follows:
l In the case of the 1+1 linear MSP service, services are transmitted on the working path and
protection path at the same time. The sink NE selects the services from the working path.
l In the case of the 1:1 linear MSP service, services are transmitted only on the working path.
Services are switched to the protection path for transmission only when the working path
becomes faulty.
Figure 3-8 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the 1:1 linear MSP services
VC4-1:1-5(VC12) VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE1 NE2
3-SP3D
1-SL1D-1
Traffic direction of
the working path
Line board
Tributary board
Traffic direction of
the protection path
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 3-SP3D 1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
Line board Tributary board Tributary board Line board Line board Line board

3.5.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the 1:1 linear MSP services.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
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l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS
Protection Subnet.
l You must be familiar with the information about 3.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure SDH services on the source NE (NE1).
1. Select NE1 in the NE Explorer, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, services are transmitted and received on
the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the source tributary board for the bidirectional
services from NE1 to NE2. See Figure 3-8.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the service is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-8.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE2).
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Click , and select NE2 from the displayed NE Navigator. Click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence, Level
of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured as
the source line board. See Figure 3-8.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service requires five VC-12s. Source
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to
1-5.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured as
the sink tributary board for the bidirectional services from
NE1 to NE2. See Figure 3-8.
Sink VC4 - -
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to the
plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3 Configuring SDH Services
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3.5.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure 1:1 linear MSP services in an end-to-end manner.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l A linear MSP subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For
details about how to create a protection subnet, see 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection
Subnet.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create the VC-4 service-layer trail.
1. Configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail. The other parameters
take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology
and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded, click Close.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 service-layer trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Trail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12. The other
parameters take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) on the right of the main topology. The Select Board
Port-Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required SP3D board and Tributary
Port. Click OK.
3. Double-click the sink NE (NE2) on the right of the main topology. Configure NE2 in the
same manner.
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4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box
indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is
displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE2-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE1-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Optional: Modify the parameters SD Condition, Revertive Mode, and Switching Mode for
the linear MSP.
NOTE
l The parameter settings of the sink NE must be the same as those of the source NE.
l When modifying Switching Mode,
l Ensure that the protection group is in a proper state.
l Ensure that the protection protocol is disabled.
1. Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Maintenance SDH Protection Subnet from
the Main Menu to display the SDH Protection Subnet Common Attributes window.
2. Select the created linear MSP group. In the Protection Subnet Maintenance tab, select
all nodes, right-click and choose Start/Stop Protocol > Stop from the shortcut menu.
3. Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab and modify the parameters SD Condition,
Revertive Mode, and Switching Mode.
4. Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the
operation succeeded.
5. After the parameters are modified, restart the protection protocol according to Step 4.2.
Step 5 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 6 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 7 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.6 Configuring Two-Fiber Unidirectional MSP Services
The two-fiber unidirectional MSP services can provide network level protection for the services
on NEs on the MSP ring. On the U2000, you can add all the NEs on the MSP ring into the
protection subnet to create a two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring.
3.6.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of a single two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring is simple. When you
construct the network, follow a certain order to create and name these NEs and ensure that the
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traffic flows in a proper direction. This helps when you plan the traffic direction planning and
service configuration in future.
3.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service, you can configure the services that need
to be added to the ring network on the source NE, to pass through the intermediate nodes, and
to be dropped from the sink NE if the MSP protection subnet is already created.
3.6.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service.
3.6.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure two-fiber unidirectional MSP services.
3.6.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of a single two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring is simple. When you
construct the network, follow a certain order to create and name these NEs and ensure that the
traffic flows in a proper direction. This helps when you plan the traffic direction planning and
service configuration in future.
As shown in Figure 3-9, the SP3D boards are used on NE1 and NE3 as tributary boards to add
and drop services, and the SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
Figure 3-9 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
Two-fiber unidirectional
MSP ring
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:

3.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service, you can configure the services that need
to be added to the ring network on the source NE, to pass through the intermediate nodes, and
to be dropped from the sink NE if the MSP protection subnet is already created.
As shown in Figure 3-10, the signal flow and timeslot allocation are as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE3: NE1NE2NE3
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Services are added to the ring on the source NE (NE1), pass through NE2, and finally are
dropped from the sink NE (NE3). The capacity of the services is 5xE1.
l Traffic direction from NE3 to NE1: NE3NE4NE1
Services are added to the ring on the source NE (NE3), pass through NE4, and finally are
dropped from the sink NE (NE1). The capacity of the services is 5xE1.
l VC-12s 1-5 of VC4-1 carry the five E1 services for transmission.
When the transmission path between NE1 and NE2 becomes faulty, the signal flow and timeslot
allocation are as follows:
l Traffic direction from NE1 to NE3: NE1NE4NE3NE2NE3
Services are added to the ring on the source NE (NE1) and switched from the original
working path to the protection path. Then, the services pass through NE4 and NE3. After
that, the services are switched from the protection path to the working path on NE2. Finally,
the services are dropped from NE3.
l The services from NE3 to NE1 are not affected, and the traffic direction is NE3NE4
NE1.
The difference between the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service and the two-fiber bidirectional
MSP service is as follows:
l The two-fiber unidirectional MSP service uses the diverse routes, whereas the two-fiber
bidirectional MSP service uses the uniform route.
l In the case of the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service, different optical fibers are used for
the working timeslot and protection timeslot. That is, one optical fiber is used for carrying
the working service, and the other optical fiber is used for protection. In the case of the
two-fiber bidirectional MSP service, the same optical fiber is used for the working timeslot
and protection timeslot. That is, a certain capacity of the optical fiber is used for carrying
the working service, and a certain capacity of the optical fiber is used for protection.
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Figure 3-10 Signal flow and timeslot allocation of the two-fiber unidirectional MSP services
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE1
NE2
NE3

Pass-through service
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE4
Two-fiber unidirectional
MSP ring
Traffic direction of
the working path
Line board
Tributary board
3-SP3D
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
Traffic direction of the
protection path
5xE1services are
added/dropped
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
3-SP3D
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
Pass-through service
5xE1services are
added/dropped
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:

3.6.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure the two-fiber unidirectional MSP service.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring
Protection Subnet.
l You must be familiar with the information about 3.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure unidirectional services from NE1 to NE3.
1. Configure SDH services on the source NE (NE1).
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirectio
nal
In this example, the services are transmitted and
received on different paths. That is, the services are
unidirectional services. Hence, Direction of the
services is set to Unidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the source tributary board for the unidirectional
services from NE1 to NE2. See Figure 3-10.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6)
is set to 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-10.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Sink VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

2. Configure unidirectional pass-through services on NE2.
Click , and select NE2 from the displayed NE Navigator. Click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirection
al
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on different paths. That is, the services are unidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Unidirectional.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-10. You can select
different source boards depending on the actual
situation.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-10.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

3. Configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE3).
Click , and select NE2 from the displayed NE Navigator. Click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirection
al
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on different paths. That is, the services are unidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Unidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-10.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the sink tributary board for the unidirectional services
from NE1 to NE3. See Figure 3-10.
Sink VC4 - -
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the planning. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Configure unidirectional services from NE3 to NE1.
To configure unidirectional services from NE3 to NE1, refer to Step 1.
1. Configure SDH services on the source NE (NE3).
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirection
al
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on different paths. That is, the services are unidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Unidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the source tributary board for the unidirectional
services from NE3 to NE1. See Figure 3-10.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-10.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

2. Configure unidirectional pass-through services on NE4.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirection
al
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on different paths. That is, the services are unidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Unidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-10.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-10.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

3. Configure SDH services on the sink NE (NE1).
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Unidirection
al
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-10.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service requires five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is
set to 1-5.
Sink VC4 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the sink tributary board for the unidirectional services
from NE3 to NE1. See Figure 3-10.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The total capacity of the services is 5xE1 according to
the plan. Hence, Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set
to 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
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Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.6.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
This topic describes how to configure two-fiber unidirectional MSP services.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l A linear MSP subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For
details about how to create a protection subnet, see 2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring Protection
Subnet.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Background Information
In end-to-end mode, configuration of two-fiber unidirectional MSP services is similar to
configuration of two-fiber bidirectional MSP services. The only difference is that you set
Direction to Unidirectional for two-fiber unidirectional MSP services and set Direction to
Bidirectional for two-fiber bidirectional MSP services.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create a VC4 server trail.
1. Set associated parameters as follows. Set Direction to Unidirectional and Level to VC4
Server Trail, and take default values for other parameters.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE3) on the right of the Main Topology
and click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed,
if the operation is successful. A unidirectional VC4 server trail is set up from NE1 to NE3.
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3. Double-click the source NE (NE3) and sink NE (NE1) on the right of the Main Topology,
and set up a unidirectional VC4 server trail from NE3 to NE1 using the same method.
4. Optional: If the Operation Result dialog box indicates that the operation is successful,
you can also click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 server trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services after setting up VC4 server trails.
1. In Create SDH Trail, configure associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12, set
Direction to Bidirectional, and take default values for other parameters.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) on the right of the Main Topology. The Select Board
Port-Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required SP3D board and Tributary
Port, and then click OK.
3. Double-click the sink NE (NE3) on the right of the Main Topology, and configure NE3
using the same method.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. If the Operation Result dialog box is
displayed to indicate that the operation is successful, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog
box is displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to SP3D-5
(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. If the Operation Result dialog box is displayed to indicate that the operation is successful,
click Close.
7. Optional: If the Operation Result dialog box is displayed to indicate that the operation is
successful, you can also click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Optional: Change WTR Time and SD Condition.
NOTE
Parameter settings of the sink NE must be the same as those of the source NE.
1. Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Maintenance SDH Protection Subnet from
the Main Menu to display the SDH Protection Subnet Common Attributes window.
2. Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab and change parameters such as WTR
Time and SD Condition.
3. Click Apply. If the Operation Result dialog box is displayed to indicate that the operation
is successful, click Close.
Step 5 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 6 Enable the performance monitoring function for NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 7 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
3 Configuring SDH Services
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Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.7 Configuring the Two-Fiber Bidirectional MSP Services
To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP services, you need to create the MSP subnet
protection and MSP services separately. There is no requirement for the configuration sequence.
3.7.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of a single two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring is simple. When you
construct the network, follow a certain order to create and name the NEs and ensure that the
traffic flows in a proper direction. This helps when you plan the traffic directions and configure
services in future.
3.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP service on a ring network, configure the services
that need to be added to the ring network on the source NE, to pass through the intermediate
nodes, and to be dropped from the sink NE, if the MSP protection subnet is already created. In
the case of the ring network, more than one route is available from the source NE to the sink
NE. In actual application scenarios, not all the routes need to be configured. Hence, you need
to properly plan and configure the service directions and timeslots before the configuration.
3.7.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the two-fiber bidirectional MSP services is independent of the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP service, if the protection
subnet is configured, configure the SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on
the source and sink NEs and configure the pass-through services on the intermediate NEs.
3.7.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of two-fiber bidirectional MSP services is independent of the configuration
of a protection subnet. To configure two-fiber bidirectional MSP services, configure SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and configure
pass-through services on the intermediate NEs if a protection subnet has already been configured.
The following part describes how to configure two-fiber bidirectional MSP services in end-to-
end mode.
3.7.1 Networking Diagram
The networking diagram of a single two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring is simple. When you
construct the network, follow a certain order to create and name the NEs and ensure that the
traffic flows in a proper direction. This helps when you plan the traffic directions and configure
services in future.
Figure 3-11 shows the networking of the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring that comprises four
pieces of OptiX OSN equipment. In this example, the SP3D boards are configured on the source
NE (NE1) and the sink NE (NE3) as tributary boards to add and drop services, and the SL4D
boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
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Figure 3-11 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
Two-fiber bidirectional
MSP ring
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:

3.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP service on a ring network, configure the services
that need to be added to the ring network on the source NE, to pass through the intermediate
nodes, and to be dropped from the sink NE, if the MSP protection subnet is already created. In
the case of the ring network, more than one route is available from the source NE to the sink
NE. In actual application scenarios, not all the routes need to be configured. Hence, you need
to properly plan and configure the service directions and timeslots before the configuration.
Figure 3-12 shows the service signal flow and timeslot allocation. In this example, five E1
services are configured so that the services enter the ring network from NE1, pass through NE2,
and then are dropped on the sink NE (NE3).
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Figure 3-12 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE1
NE2
NE3

Pass-through service
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE4
service
route
Line board
Tributary board
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
MSP ring
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:

3.7.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the two-fiber bidirectional MSP services is independent of the configuration
of the protection subnet. To configure the two-fiber bidirectional MSP service, if the protection
subnet is configured, configure the SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on
the source and sink NEs and configure the pass-through services on the intermediate NEs.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring
Protection Subnet.
l You must be familiar with 3.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the SDH services of the source NE (NE1).
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE1, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured
as the source tributary board. See Figure 3-12. You can
select different source boards depending on the actual
situation.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-12.
Sink Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-12. You can select
different sink boards depending on the actual situation.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-12.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the SDH services of the sink NE (NE3). Refer to Step 1 and configure the SDH
services of NE3. Set the parameters as follows.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence, Level
of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 is configured as
the source line board. See Figure 3-12. You can select
different source boards depending on the actual situation.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See Figure
3-12.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is configured as
the sink tributary board. See Figure 3-12. You can select
different sink boards depending on the actual situation.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63 VC-12s.
Sink VC4 - -
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See Figure
3-12.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Configure the pass-through services of NE2.
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE2 and then choose Communication > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-12. You can select
different source boards depending on the actual
situation.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-12.
Sink Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-12. You can select
different sink boards depending on the actual situation.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-12.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 4 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.7.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of two-fiber bidirectional MSP services is independent of the configuration
of a protection subnet. To configure two-fiber bidirectional MSP services, configure SDH
services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs and configure
pass-through services on the intermediate NEs if a protection subnet has already been configured.
The following part describes how to configure two-fiber bidirectional MSP services in end-to-
end mode.
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Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l An MSP subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For details
about how to create a protection subnet, see 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection
Subnet.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Background Information
In end-to-end mode, configuration of two-fiber unidirectional MSP services is similar to
configuration of two-fiber bidirectional MSP services. The only difference is that you set
Direction to Unidirectional for two-fiber unidirectional MSP services and set Direction to
Bidirectional for two-fiber bidirectional MSP services.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create the VC-4 service-layer trail.
1. Configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail. The other parameters
take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE3) on the right of the main topology
and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, click Close.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC4 service-layer trail.
Step 3 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12 and set
Direction to Bidirectional. The other parameters take default values.
2. Double-click the source NE on the right of the main topology. The Select Board Port-
Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required PDH board and Tributary Port. Click
OK.
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3. Double-click the sink NE (NE3) on the right of the main topology. Configure NE2 in the
same manner.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box that is
displayed, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE1-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE3-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 4 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.8 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring
Compared with the services on an MSP ring, the services on an SNCP ring have dedicated
physical paths as the protection paths. In addition, the services on an SNCP ring are dually fed
and selectively received. When you configure services on an SNCP ring, you need not configure
the protection subnet and the services separately. When you configure services on an SNCP ring,
however, you need to configure the working services and protection services separately.
3.8.1 Networking Diagram
The creation of an SNCP ring network is similar to the creation of an MSP ring network. For
example, the MSP and SNCP rings are constructed based on two fibers and their services must
pass through the intermediate nodes for transmission from the source NE to the sink NE. The
difference is that the SNCP protection and SNCP services can be created on the U2000 at a time.
3.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Similar to the service configuration of an MSP ring, you need to plan proper traffic directions
before configuring the services on an SNCP ring, if multiple service routes are available from
the source end to the sink end. In the case of the services on the SNCP ring, allocate timeslots
for the source slot of the working service and timeslots for the source slot of the protection
service, when allocating timeslots for source slots.
3.8.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The SNCP protection and the services on the SNCP ring are configured on the U2000 at a time.
To configure the SNCP services on the source and sink NEs, you need to determine the source
boards and timeslots for the working service and protection service. In addition, you need to
configure the pass-through service on the intermediate nodes.
3.8.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
SNCP protection and services on an SNCP ring are configured on the U2000 at the same time.
To configure SNCP services on the source and sink NEs, determine the source boards and
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timeslots for the working service and protection service, and configure pass-through services on
the intermediate nodes. The following part describes how to configure services on an SNCP ring
in an end-to-end manner.
3.8.1 Networking Diagram
The creation of an SNCP ring network is similar to the creation of an MSP ring network. For
example, the MSP and SNCP rings are constructed based on two fibers and their services must
pass through the intermediate nodes for transmission from the source NE to the sink NE. The
difference is that the SNCP protection and SNCP services can be created on the U2000 at a time.
Figure 3-13 shows an SNCP ring that comprises four pieces of MSTP equipment. In this
example, the SP3D boards are configured on the source NE (NE1) and the sink NE (NE3) as
tributary boards to add and drop services, and the SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit
SDH services.
Figure 3-13 Networking diagram of the services on the SNCP ring
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
SNCP ring
3-SP3D
3-SP3D
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:

3.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Similar to the service configuration of an MSP ring, you need to plan proper traffic directions
before configuring the services on an SNCP ring, if multiple service routes are available from
the source end to the sink end. In the case of the services on the SNCP ring, allocate timeslots
for the source slot of the working service and timeslots for the source slot of the protection
service, when allocating timeslots for source slots.
Figure 3-14 shows the signal flow of the services on the SNCP ring and the timeslot allocation
to the services on the SNCP ring. In the actual configuration, you can plan other proper working
paths and protection paths according to the requirement. In this example, the working service
route is NE1-NE2-NE3 and the protection service route is NE1-NE4-NE3. There are five E1
services.
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Figure 3-14 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
NE1
NE2 NE4
Pass-through service
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE3
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
Traffic direction of
the working path
Traffic direction of
the protection path
Line board
Tributary board
SNCP ring
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2
NE2 and NE4:
1-SL1D-1 VC12
SDH
service
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-2
1-SL1D-1
NE1:
Service
source
SNCP protection
group
Group 1 1-SL1D-1 1-SL1D-2 3-SP3D
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
1-SL1D-2
Service
sink
Pass-through service
Service
source
SNCP protection
group
Group 1 1-SL1D-2 1-SL1D-1 3-SP3D
Protection
service
source
Service
sink
NE3:
5xE1 services are
added/dropped
Service
source
Service
sink

Protection
service
source

3.8.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The SNCP protection and the services on the SNCP ring are configured on the U2000 at a time.
To configure the SNCP services on the source and sink NEs, you need to determine the source
boards and timeslots for the working service and protection service. In addition, you need to
configure the pass-through service on the intermediate nodes.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l You must be familiar with 3.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the SDH services of the source NE (NE1).
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE1, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create SNCP Service on the lower-right pane to display the Create SNCP
Service dialog box. Set the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Service Type SNCP In this example, Service Type adopts the
default value, namely, SNCP.
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured on
the ring. Hence, Level of the E1 services is set
to VC12.
Direction Bidirectio
nal
In this example, the services are transmitted
and received on the same path. That is, the
services are bidirectional services. Hence,
Direction of the services is set to
Bidirectional.
Revertive Mode Revertive This parameter indicates whether the services
are switched back after the faulty line is
recovered, that is, whether the switching is
revertive or non-revertive. In this example,
Revertive Mode is set to Revertive.
Hold-Off Time (100ms) 0 It is recommended that this parameter adopts
the default value.
WTR Time (s) 600 After the working path is recovered to normal
and the normal state lasts for 600s, the
switching restoration occurs. This parameter is
valid only when the Revertive Mode
parameter is set to Revertive.
Working
Service
Source
Slot
1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is
configured as the source line board of the
working service. See Figure 3-14. You can
select different source boards depending on the
actual situation.
Source
VC4
VC4-1 In this example, the working service source
uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the
services is 5xE1 according to the plan. The
service level is VC12. Hence, Source Timeslot
Range of the Working Service is set to 1-5.
See Figure 3-14.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 is
configured as the sink tributary board. See
Figure 3-14. You can select different sink
boards depending on the actual situation.
Sink VC4 - -
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the
services is 5xE1 according to the plan. The
service level is VC12. Hence, Source Timeslot
Range of the Working Service is set to 1-5.
See Figure 3-14
Protection
Service
Source
Slot
1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is
configured as the source board of the protection
service. See Figure 3-14. You can select
different source boards depending on the actual
situation.
Source
VC4
VC4-1 In this example, the protection service source
uses the timeslots of VC4-1.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the
services is 5xE1 according to the plan. The
service level is VC12. Hence, Source Timeslot
Range of the Protection Service is set to 1-5.
See Figure 3-14.

Step 2 Configure the SDH services of the sink NE (NE3). Refer to Step 1 and configure the SDH
services of NE3. The method and parameters for configuring the SDH services of NE3 are the
same as the method and parameters for configuring the SDH services of NE1.
Step 3 Configure the pass-through services of NE2.
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE2 and then choose Communication > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured on the ring.
Hence, Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are bidirectional
services. Hence, Direction of the E1 services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL1D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the source line board. See Figure 3-14. You can select
different source boards depending on the actual
situation.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s.
Source VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains
63 VC-12s.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Source Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-14.
Sink Slot 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 1 is configured
as the sink line board. See Figure 3-14. You can select
different sink boards depending on the actual situation.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the services require five VC-12s. Sink
VC4 is set to VC4-1, because a VC-4 contains 63
VC-12s.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, the total capacity of the services is 5xE1
according to the plan. The service level is VC12. Hence,
Sink Timeslot Range(e.g.1,3-6) is set to 1-5. See
Figure 3-14.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 4 Configure the pass-through services of NE4. Refer to Step 3 and configure the pass-through
services of NE4. The method and parameters for configuring the pass-through services of NE4
are the same as the method and parameters for configuring the pass-through services of NE2.
Step 5 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 6 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 7 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.8.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
SNCP protection and services on an SNCP ring are configured on the U2000 at the same time.
To configure SNCP services on the source and sink NEs, determine the source boards and
timeslots for the working service and protection service, and configure pass-through services on
the intermediate nodes. The following part describes how to configure services on an SNCP ring
in an end-to-end manner.
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Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Create a VC4 server trail.
1. Set associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail, and take default
values for other parameters.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) and sink NE (NE3) on the right of the Main Topology,
and set up a VC4 server trail from NE1 to NE3 via NE2.
a. On the Route Constraint tab, right-click Explicit Node, and then choose Add.
b. In the Add Explicit Node dialog box that is displayed, set Type and What for
configuring the pass-through node NE2.
c. Click OK. The VC4 server trail is sure to stretch from NE1 to NE3 via NE2
3. Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the
operation succeeded.
4. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 server trail.
Step 3 Set up a protection VC4 server trail using the same method as setting up a VC4 server trail.
During the setup of a protection VC4 server trail, ensure that the originated node is NE1, the
terminated node is NE3, and the pass-through node is NE4.
Step 4 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Trail, set associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12, and take
default values for other parameters.
2. Double-click the source NE (NE1) on the right of the Main Topology. The Select Board
Port-Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required SP3D board and Tributary
Port, and then click OK.
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3. Double-click the sink NE (NE3) on the right of the Main Topology, and use the same
method to Tributary Port of NE3.
4. In Create SDH Trail, click the SNCP Setting tab, right-click in the blank pane, and choose
Add from the shortcut menu. In the Add the dual-fed and selective receiving node dialog
box that is displayed, select NE1 as the dual-fed node and NE3 as the selective receiving
node, and then click OK. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded, click Close.
5. Optional: In the Create SDH Trail window, select Set Route Timeslot. In the dialog box
that is displayed, you can modify the working server trail of VC12 services.
6. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box
indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is
displayed.
7. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE1-Slot3-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE3-Slot3-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
8. Click OK. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Close.
9. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, you
can also click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 5 Optional: After configuring SNCP services in an end-to-end manner, you can browse the created
VC4 server trails and VC12 services by choosing Service > SDH Trail > Manage SDH
Trail from the Main Menu and specifying the filter conditions.
Step 6 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 7 Enable the performance monitoring function for NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 8 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
To delete any service that is incorrectly configured, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.9 Configuring Services on the SNCP Ring with a Non-
Protection Chain
To configure the services on the SNCP ring, you can directly configure the working service and
protection service, without first configuring the protection subnet. To configure the services on
the non-protection chain, you can configure the services only after the protection subnet is
created.
3.9.1 Networking Diagram
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The networking of the SNCP ring in the case of configuring the services on the SNCP ring with
a non-protection chain is similar to the networking in the case of configuring the services on the
SNCP ring. The services from the SNCP ring to the non-protection chain pass through the
intersecting node and are added to or dropped from the NE on the non-protection chain.
3.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, you need to plan proper
traffic directions for the services on the SNCP ring and the services on the non-protection chain.
In the case of the services on the SNCP ring, allocate timeslots for the source slot of the working
service and timeslots for the source slot of the protection service, when allocating timeslots for
source slots.
3.9.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
Before you configure the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, familiarize
yourself with the information about the source slot, sink slot, and their corresponding timeslots
of the working service and protection service on the source and sink NEs on the SNCP ring. You
need to configure the pass-through services on the intersecting NE.
3.9.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
Before configuring services on an SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, familiarize yourself
with the information about the source slot, sink slot, and their corresponding timeslots of the
working service and protection service on the source and sink NEs on the SNCP ring. You also
need to configure pass-through services on the intersecting NE. The following part describes
how to configure services on an SNCP ring with a non-protection chain in an end-to-end manner.
3.9.1 Networking Diagram
The networking of the SNCP ring in the case of configuring the services on the SNCP ring with
a non-protection chain is similar to the networking in the case of configuring the services on the
SNCP ring. The services from the SNCP ring to the non-protection chain pass through the
intersecting node and are added to or dropped from the NE on the non-protection chain.
Figure 3-15 shows the networking diagram of the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain. The
SNCP ring comprises five pieces of equipment.
In this example, 5xE1 services are configured between NE3 and NE5. The SP3D boards are
configured on the source NE (NE3) and the sink NE (NE5) as tributary boards to add and drop
services. The SL4D and SL1D boards are used as the line boards for transmitting SDH services.
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Figure 3-15 Networking diagram of the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
SNCP ring
Non-protection
chain NE5
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
2-SL1D-1 2-SL1D-1
3-SP3D
3-SP3D
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:
Line board
2-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 2-SL1D-1
Tributary board Line board
NE5:

3.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, you need to plan proper
traffic directions for the services on the SNCP ring and the services on the non-protection chain.
In the case of the services on the SNCP ring, allocate timeslots for the source slot of the working
service and timeslots for the source slot of the protection service, when allocating timeslots for
source slots.
Figure 3-16 shows the signal flow of the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain
and the timeslot allocation to the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain . In this
example, five E1 services are configured between NE3 and NE5.
In this example, the traffic direction of the services on the SNCP ring, is configured as follows:
l Traffic direction of the working service between NE3 and NE4: NE3-NE4
l Traffic direction of the protection service between NE3 and NE4: NE3-NE2-NE1-NE4
In the actual configuration, you can plan other proper working paths and protection paths
according to the requirement.
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Figure 3-16 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
NE1
NE2
Service pass through
NE1:
NE2: VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE3:
VC4-1:1-5(VC12) VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
Line board
Tributary board
SNCP ring 5E1
5E1
Traffic direction of services
on the non-protection chain
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2 VC12
SDH
service
NE5
Non-protection
chain
NE3
NE
4

VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
NE4:
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
3-
SP3D
2-SL1D-1
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
2-SL1D-1 3-SP3D
Traffic direction of
the working path
Traffic direction of
the protection path
Service
source
SNCP protection
group
Group 1
Protection
service
source
Service
sink
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2 3-SP3D
Service pass through
Service
source
SNCP protection
group
Group 1
Protection
service
source
Service
sink
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1 2-SL1D-1
Service
source
Service
sink
3-SP3D 2-SL1D-1 VC12
SDH
service
Service
source
Service
sink
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2 VC12
SDH
service
Service
source
Service
sink

NE5:

3.9.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
Before you configure the services on the SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, familiarize
yourself with the information about the source slot, sink slot, and their corresponding timeslots
of the working service and protection service on the source and sink NEs on the SNCP ring. You
need to configure the pass-through services on the intersecting NE.
Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see 2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection
Chain.
l You must be familiar with 3.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the SDH services of the source NE (NE3).
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE3, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create SNCP Service on the lower-right pane to display the Create SNCP
Service dialog box. Set the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
3 Configuring SDH Services
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Service Type SNCP In this example, Service Type is set to SNCP.
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured.
Hence, Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Revertive Mode Revertive When an NE is in the switching state, the NE is
restored from the switching state to the normal
state some time after the working path is recovered
to normal.
Direction Bidirection
al
In this example, the cross-connections are
configured in the SNCP receive direction and in
the SNCP transmit direction.
Hold-Off Time
(100ms)
0 It is recommended that this parameter adopts the
default value.
WTR Time (s) 600 After the working path is recovered to normal and
the normal state lasts for 600s, the switching
restoration occurs. This parameter is valid only
when the Revertive Mode parameter is set to
Revertive.
Wor
king
Ser
vice
Source Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE3
is configured as the source line board of the
working service. See Figure 3-16.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the working service source uses
the timeslots of VC4-1.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working
service source occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE3
is configured as the sink line board of the working
service. See Figure 3-16.
Sink VC4 - -
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working
service source occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Prot
ecti
on
Ser
vice
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE3
is configured as the source line board of the
protection service. See Figure 3-16.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the protection service source uses
the timeslots of VC4-1.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the protection
service source occupies VC-12s 1-5.

Step 2 Configure the SDH services of the sink NE (NE4).
1. In the NE Explorer, click , and then select NE4. Click OK.
2. Choose Configuration > SDH Service Configuration from the Function Tree.
3. Click Create SNCP Service on the lower-right pane to display the Create SNCP
Service dialog box. Set the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Service Type SNCP In this example, Service Type is set to SNCP.
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured.
Hence, Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Revertive Mode Revertive When an NE is in the switching state, the NE is
restored from the switching state to the normal
state some time after the working path is recovered
to normal.
Direction Bidirection
al
In this example, the cross-connections are
configured in the SNCP receive direction and in
the SNCP transmit direction.
Hold-Off Time
(100ms)
0 It is recommended that this parameter adopts the
default value.
WTR Time (s) 600 After the working path is recovered to normal and
the normal state lasts for 600s, the switching
restoration occurs. This parameter is valid only
when the Revertive Mode parameter is set to
Revertive.
Wor
king
Ser
vice
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE4
is configured as the source line board of the
working service. See Figure 3-16.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the working service source uses
the timeslots of VC4-1.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working
service source occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 2-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 2 of NE4
is configured as the sink line board of the working
service. See Figure 3-16.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the working service sink uses the
timeslots of VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working
service sink occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Prot
ecti
on
Ser
vice
Source Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE3
is configured as the source line board of the
protection service. See Figure 3-16.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the protection service source uses
the timeslots of VC4-1.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the protection
service source occupies VC-12s 1-5.

Step 3 Configure the pass-through services of NE2.
1. In the NE Explorer, click , and then select NE2. Click OK.
2. Choose Configuration > SDH Service Configuration from the Function Tree.
3. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, Direction of the service is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE2 is
configured as the source line board. See Figure 3-16.
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the working service source uses the
timeslots of VC4-1.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working service source
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE2 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-16.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service sink uses the timeslots of
VC4-1.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 4 Configure the pass-through services of NE1. Refer to Step 3 and configure the SDH services of
NE1. The method and parameters for configuring the pass-through services of NE1 are the same
as the method and parameters for configuring the pass-through services of NE2.
Step 5 Configure the services on the non-protection chain at NE5.
1. In the NE Explorer, click , and then select NE5. Click OK.
2. Choose Configuration > SDH Service Configuration from the Function Tree.
3. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDHP Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, Direction of the E1 services is set to
Bidirectional.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE5 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-16.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the working service source
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Slot 2-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 2 of NE5 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-16.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service sink uses the timeslots of
VC4-1.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 6 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 7 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 8 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.9.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
Before configuring services on an SNCP ring with a non-protection chain, familiarize yourself
with the information about the source slot, sink slot, and their corresponding timeslots of the
working service and protection service on the source and sink NEs on the SNCP ring. You also
need to configure pass-through services on the intersecting NE. The following part describes
how to configure services on an SNCP ring with a non-protection chain in an end-to-end manner.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
l A protection subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For details
about how to create a protection subnet, see 2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection Chain.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Create a working VC-4 server trail.
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1. Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
2. Set associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail, and take default
values for other parameters.
3. Double-click NE3 and NE4 on the right of the Main Topology, select the trail from NE3
to NE4 as the working, VC-4 server trail, and click Close. In the Operation Result dialog
box indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close.
4. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 server trail.
Step 2 Create a protection VC-4 server trail, using the method described in Step 1.
NOTE
When creating a protection VC-4 server trail, double-click NE3 and NE4 on the right of the Main Topology,
and ensure that the traffic direction is NE3-NE2-NE1-NE4.
On the Route Constraint tab, click the Explicit Node tab, right-click in the blank area, and then choose
Add from the shortcut menu. In the Add Explicit Node dialog box that is displayed, set Type and What
for configuring the pass-through node NE2, and then click OK.
Step 3 Create a VC-4 server trail without a protection chain.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure the parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server
Trail, and take default values for other parameters.
2. Double-click NE4 and NE5 on the right of the Main Topology, and click Apply. Then,
click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded.
3. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded,
click Browse Trail to query the created VC4 server trail.
Step 4 Create VC12 services after setting up a VC-4 server trail.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12, and
take default values for other parameters.
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2. Double-click the NE3 on the right of the Main Topology. The Select Board Port-
Source dialog box is displayed. Select the SP3D board to be configured and choose 1 on
Tributary Port, and then click OK.
3. Configure NE5 using the method described in Step 4.2.
4. In Create SDH Trail, click the SNCP Setting tab, right-click in the blank area, and choose
Add from the shortcut menu. In the Add the dual-fed and selective-receiving node dialog
box that is displayed, select NE3 as the dual-fed node and NE4 as the selective receiving
node, and then click OK. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded, click Close.
5. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box
indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is
displayed.
6. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the ports from NE3-Slot5-SP3D-2(SDH_TU-2) to
NE5-Slot5-SP3D-5(SDH_TU-5), and click Add.
7. In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, click Close.
8. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded, you
can also click Browse Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 5 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 6 Enable the performance monitoring function for NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 7 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
To delete any service that is incorrectly configured, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.10 Configuring Service on the MSP Ring with a Non-
Protection Chain
Configure the protection subnet for the MSP, Protection Subnet for the non-protection chain,
and services on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain separately. It is recommended that
you configure the protection subnets before configuring the services on the MSP ring with a
non-protection ring chain.
3.10.1 Networking Diagram
In the case of the MSP ring with a non-protection chain, the networking diagram of the MSP
ring is similar to the networking diagram of the single two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. The
only difference is that one line board needs to be configured on the intersecting NE when the
non-protection chain is added. This can realize the pass-through of the services when the services
are required to be transmitted out of the MSP ring.
3.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the service on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain, you should plan a proper
traffic direction and a timeslot allocation scheme for the services on the SNCP ring and the
services on the non-protection chain.
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3.10.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection
chain is independent of the creation of the protection subnets for the MSP and for the non-
protection chain. To configure the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-
protection chain, configure the SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on the
source and sink NEs and configure pass-through services on the intermediate NEs, if the
protection subnet is already created.
3.10.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of services on a two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection chain
is independent of the creation of protection subnets for the MSP and for the non-protection chain.
To configure services on a two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection chain,
configure SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs
and configure pass-through services on the intermediate NEs, if the protection subnet has already
been created. The following part describes how to configure services on an MSP ring with a
non-protection chain in an end-to-end manner.
3.10.1 Networking Diagram
In the case of the MSP ring with a non-protection chain, the networking diagram of the MSP
ring is similar to the networking diagram of the single two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. The
only difference is that one line board needs to be configured on the intersecting NE when the
non-protection chain is added. This can realize the pass-through of the services when the services
are required to be transmitted out of the MSP ring.
Figure 3-17 shows the networking diagram of the MSP ring with a non-protection chain. The
MSP ring comprises five pieces of equipment. In this example, the SP3D boards are configured
on the source NE (NE3) and sink NE (NE5) as tributary boards to add and drop services, and
the SL4D and SL1D boards are used as line boards to transmit SDH services.
Figure 3-17 Networking diagram of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with
a non-protection chain
Two-fiber bidirectional
MSP ring
NE1
NE2 NE4
NE3
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
Non-protection
chain
NE5
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-2
2-SL1D-1 2-SL1D-1
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Line board Line board
NE1:
3-SP3D 1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Tributary board Line board Line board
NE3:
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Line board Line board
NE2:
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
Line board Line board
NE4:
Line board
2-SL1D-1
3-SP3D 2-SL1D-1
Tributary board Line board
NE5:

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3.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
To configure the service on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain, you should plan a proper
traffic direction and a timeslot allocation scheme for the services on the SNCP ring and the
services on the non-protection chain.
Figure 3-18 shows the signal flow of the services on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain
and the timeslot allocation to the services on the MSP ring with a non-protection chain. In this
example, five E1 services are added to or dropped from NE3 and NE5, and these services pass
through NE4.
On the MSP ring, the services from NE3 to NE4 in this example are transmitted on the short
path. In the actual configuration, you can plan other service paths according to the requirement.
NOTE
On a ring network, the long path and short path do not actually refer to the geographical distance. They are
determined by the number of intermediate NEs. As shown in Figure 3-18, when the service is transmitted
from NE3 to NE4, NE3NE4 is the short path, and NE3NE2NE1NE4 is the long path.
Figure 3-18 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
NE1
NE2
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
VC4-1:1-5(VC12)
MSP ring 5E1
5E1
NE4:
NE5
Non-protection
chain
NE3
NE4

Traffic direction of the MSP ring
Line board
Tributary board
Traffic direction of the non-protection chain
NE3:
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
2-SL1D-1 3-SP3D
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-1 1-SL4D-2
2-SL1D-1
3-SP3D
1-SL4D-2
1-SL4D-1
1-SL4D-1
Line board Tributary board
3-SP3D 2-SL1D-1
Line board Tributary board
1-SL4D-2 1-SL4D-1
Line board Line board Line board
2-SL1D-1

3.10.3 Per-NE Configuration Process
The configuration of the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection
chain is independent of the creation of the protection subnets for the MSP and for the non-
protection chain. To configure the services on the two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-
protection chain, configure the SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on the
source and sink NEs and configure pass-through services on the intermediate NEs, if the
protection subnet is already created.
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Prerequisite
l The physical topology of the network must be created.
l The NEs, boards, and fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The created protection subnet must be consistent with the actual network topology. For
details about how to create the protection subnet, see2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection
Chain and 2.6.3 Creating an MS Ring Protection Subnet.
l You must be familiar with 3.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the SDH services of the source NE (NE3).
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE3, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SNCP Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and
received on the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE3 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-18.
Source VC4 - -
Source
Timeslot Range
(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service source
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 1-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE3 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-18.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service sink uses the timeslots of
VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 2 Refer to Step 1 and configure the SDH services of NE5. Set the parameters as follows.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectional In this example, the services are transmitted and received
on the same path. That is, the services are Bidirectional
services.
Source Slot 3-SP3D In this example, the SP3D board in slot 3 of NE5 is
configured as the source tributary board. See Figure
3-18.
Source VC4 - -
Source Timeslot
Range(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service source occupies
VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 2-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 2 of NE5 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-18.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service sink uses the timeslots of
VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured between
NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink occupies VC-12s
1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 3 Configure the pass-through services of NE4.
1. In the NE Explorer, select NE4 and then choose Communication > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
2. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters that are required, and then click OK.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 In this example, E1 services are configured. Hence,
Level of the E1 services is set to VC12.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
In this example, the services are transmitted and
received on the same path. That is, the services are
Bidirectional services.
Source Slot 1-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
In this example, the SL4D board in slot 1 of NE4 is
configured as the source line board. See Figure 3-18.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Source VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service source uses the timeslots
of VC4-1.
Source
Timeslot Range
(e.g.1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Sink Slot 2-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
In this example, the SL1D board in slot 2 of NE5 is
configured as the sink line board. See Figure 3-18.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, the service sink uses the timeslots of
VC4-1.
Sink Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 In this example, five E1 services are configured
between NE3 and NE5. Hence, the service sink
occupies VC-12s 1-5.
Activate
Immediately
Yes -

Step 4 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.10.4 End-to-End Configuration Process
The configuration of services on a two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection chain
is independent of the creation of protection subnets for the MSP and for the non-protection chain.
To configure services on a two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring with a non-protection chain,
configure SDH services from the tributary board to the line board on the source and sink NEs
and configure pass-through services on the intermediate NEs, if the protection subnet has already
been created. The following part describes how to configure services on an MSP ring with a
non-protection chain in an end-to-end manner.
Prerequisite
l The physical network topology must be set up.
l NEs, boards, and fibers must be successfully created on the U2000.
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l A protection subnet must be created and must be the same as the actual topology. For details
about how to create a protection subnet, see 2.6.1 Configuring a Non-Protection Chain
and 2.6.4 Creating a Linear MS Protection Subnet.
l The operator must understand the information provided in 3.10.2 Signal Flow and
Timeslot Allocation.
Procedure
Step 1 Create a VC-4 server trail.
1. Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu.
2. Set associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC4 Server Trail, and take default
values for other parameters.
3. Double-click NE3 and NE5 on the right of the Main Topology, and click Apply. Then,
click Close in the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed.
4. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC4 server trail.
Step 2 Create VC12 services.
1. In Create SDH Tail, configure associated parameters as follows. Set Level to VC12, and
take default values for other parameters.
2. Double-click the NE3 on the right of the Main Topology. The Select Board Port-
Source dialog box is displayed. Select the required PDH board and Tributary Port, and
then click OK.
3. Configure NE5 using the method described in Step 2.2.
4. Select Copy after Creation and click Apply. In the Operation Result dialog box that is
displayed, click Close. Then, the Copy dialog box is displayed.
5. In Available Timeslots/Port, select the timeslots or ports to be duplicated, and click
Add.
6. In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, click Close.
7. Optional: In the Operation Result dialog box that is displayed, you can also click Browse
Trail to query the created VC12 services.
Step 3 Check whether the service configuration is correct. For details, see Verifying the Correctness
of the SDH Service Configuration.
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Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function for NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
To delete any service that is incorrectly configured, see Deleting SDH Services.
3.11 Protection Configuration Parameters
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the protection such as MSP, SNCP
for an NE.
3.11.1 SNCP Configuration
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the SNCP for an NE.
3.11.2 Configuring the Multiplex Section Protection
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the multiplex section protection
(MSP).
3.11.1 SNCP Configuration
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the SNCP for an NE.
Table 3-1 lists the parameters for configuring the SNCP.
Table 3-1 Parameters for configuring the SNCP
Field Value Description
Service Type SNCP Specifies the type of the new
SNCP service.
Revertive Mode Non-Revertive, Revertive
Default: Non-revertive
Specifies whether the services
can be switched from the
protection channel to the
working channel after the
working channel is restored.
If you set this field to
Revertive, the services can be
switched from the protection
channel to the working
channel. If you set this
parameter to Non-Revertive,
the services cannot be
switched from the protection
channel to the working
channel.
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Field Value Description
WTR Time (s) Example: 600 Specifies the wait-to-restore
(WTR) time of the NE.
When the time after the
former working channel is
restored to normal reaches the
set WTR time, a revertive
switching occurs. This field is
available only when
Revertive Mode is set to
Revertive.
Hold-Off Time (100 ms) 0 to 100
Default: 0
Specifies the hold-off time of
the NE.
If Hold-Off Time (100 ms) is
set to 0, you do not need to set
a specific hold-off time.
Source Board Example: 1-SL1D-1
(SDH-1)
Displays the slot ID, board
name, port number, and port
name at the source end.
Sink Board Example: 3-SP3D Displays the slot ID, board
name, port number, and port
name at the sink end.
Source VC4 Example: VC4-1 Specifies the VC-4 timeslot at
the source end.
One VC-4 timeslot can
contain a maximum of 63
VC-12 timeslots.
Sink VC4 - Specifies the VC-4 timeslot at
the sink end.
Source Timeslot Range(eg.1,
3-6)
Example: 1-5 Specifies the timeslot range at
the source end.

3.11.2 Configuring the Multiplex Section Protection
You need to set the necessary parameters when configuring the multiplex section protection
(MSP).
Table 3-2 lists the parameters for configuring the MSP.
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Table 3-2 Parameters for configuring the MSP
Field Value Description
Name For Example: two-fiber
bidirectional multiplex
section shared protection
ring_1
Indicates the name of the
protection subnetwork. Th
name of a new protection
subnetwork is automatically
generated. You can rename
the protection subnetwork
according to the
requirements.
Level If Assigned by VC4 is not
selected, the values are
STM-1, STM-4, STM-16,
STM-64, and STM-256.
If Assigned by VC4 is
selected, the values are
STM-2, STM-4, STM-6, ...,
STM-254, and STM-256.
NOTE
l The OptiX OSN 550
supports only STM-1,
STM-4 and STM-16
levels.
l For LMSP, Assigned by
VC4 is not supported.
Indicates the new capacity
level of a protection
subnetwork. The new
capacity level of a protection
subnetwork must be the same
as the transmission rate of the
line boards that form the
protection subnetwork.
CAUTION
When selecting an incorrect
capacity level, you fail to create
a protection subnetwork.
Resource Sharing - Resource sharing indicates
that two protection
subnetworks can share one
physical resource. If multiple
protection subnetworks are
created on a fiber, the second
and later protection
subnetworks share the
resources on the fiber.
NOTE
The OptiX OSN 550 does not
support this parameter.
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Field Value Description
Assigned by VC4 Selected, Deselected Indicates that different VC-4s
correspond to different
protection subnetworks. You
can group VC-4s in the
optical fiber into different
protection subnets to protect
virtual optical channels. This
means that certain VC-4s in
the fiber can be allocated to a
protection subnetwork. For
example, in the case of an
STM-16 fiber, the former four
VC-4s can be allocated for an
STM-4 MSP, and the
following four VC-4s can be
allocated for channel
protection.
NOTE
For LMSP, Assigned by VC4 is
not supported.
Node For example: NE70 Displays the selected NE.
Link For example: NE140-NE141
Ring 1
Displays the fiber link of the
protection subnetwork.
Physical Information For example: 1-SL1Q-1
(SDH-1)-1-SL1Q-2(SDH-1)
Displays the line board
resource used by the fiber
link.
VC4 For example: 1 to 4 If Assigned by VC4 is
selected in Step 1, you can
specify the VC-4 resource
used by the protection
subnetwork in Step 2.
Subnet Name For example: Two-fiber
bidirectional multiplex
section shared protection
ring_1
Displays the name of the
protection subnetwork.
Subnet Type 2f_MS SPRing, 2f_MS
DPRing, 1+1 Linear MSP,
M:N Linear MSP,
Unprotected Ring,
Unprotected Chain
Displays the type of the
protection subnetwork.
WTR Time (s) For example: 600 Displays the switching WTR
time of the protection
subnetwork.
Revertive Mode Non-Revertive, Revertive Displays the revertive mode
of the protection subnetwork.
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Field Value Description
Switching Mode Single-Ended Switching,
Dual-Ended Switching
Default: Single-Ended
Switching
The Switching Mode
parameter specifies the
switching mode of the linear
MSP.
You can click 7.130
Switching Mode (MSP) to
display the detailed
information.

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4 Configuring Ethernet Services
About This Chapter
In compliance with ITU-T G.8011x/Y.1307x, Huawei MSTP equipment supports Ethernet
private line (EPL), Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL), Ethernet private local area network
(EPLAN), and Ethernet virtual private local area network (EVPLAN) services.
4.1 Service Types
In compliance with ITU-T G.8011x/Y.1307x, Huawei MSTP equipment supports Ethernet
private line (EPL), Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL), Ethernet private local area network
(EPLAN), and Ethernet virtual private local area network (EVPLAN) services.
4.2 Basic Concepts
Before you configure Ethernet boards with services, you need to learn the basic concepts
including external port, internal port, logical port, and bridge so that you can understand the
service configuration process and the signal flow when the boards process the services.
4.3 Flow of Configuring Ethernet Services
This topic describes the configuration processes related to Ethernet services. Before you
configure Ethernet services according to the flow, you need to complete the basic configurations
of the NEs according to the flow of creating a network.
4.4 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board
EPL services provide the point-to-point Ethernet transparent transmission solution with the
bandwidth exclusively occupied. EPL services are applicable when the communication
equipment that is used to access the client-side data in the transmission network does not support
VLANs or when the VLAN planning must be kept secret to the network operator.
4.5 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Switching Board
EPL services provide the point-to-point Ethernet transparent transmission solution with the
bandwidth exclusively occupied. EPL services are applicable when the communication
equipment that is used to access the client-side data in the transmission network does not support
VLANs or when the VLAN planning must be kept secret to the network operator.
4.6 Configuring PORT-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services
The PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) service is applicable when the services of multiple users
received from the same external port on the Ethernet board at a station are transmitted on different
VCTRUNKs to another station or to another external port of the station.
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4.7 Configuring VCTRUNK-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services
When the data of multiple users without VLAN tags sent to a transmission network is transmitted
on the same VCTRUNK, the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) service is used to isolate the
data by adding VLAN tags. In this way, the bandwidth is shared on the SDH side.
4.8 Configuring EPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1d Bridge)
The EPLAN service (IEEE 802.1d bridge) provides a LAN solution for multipoint-to-multipoint
convergence. This service applies where the user-side data communication equipment connected
to the transmission network does not support VLANs or where the VLAN planning is kept secret
from the network operator.
4.9 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1q Bridge)
The EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1q bridge) provides an LAN solution for multipoint-to-
multipoint convergence. This service applies in cases where user-side data communication
equipment connected to the transmission network does not support VLANs or where the VLAN
planning is open to the network operator.
4.10 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1ad Bridge)
The QinQ technology provides a cheap and easy solution for Layer 2 virtual private networks
(VPNs). The IEEE 802.1ad bridge uses the QinQ technology to provide the VPN solution, thus
facilitating the identifying, differentiating and grooming EVPLAN services.
4.11 Ethernet Port Configuration Parameters
Before configuring an Ethernet service, you need to configure the corresponding Ethernet ports.
4.12 Ethernet Service Configuration Parameters
Ethernet services can be classified into Ethernet private line services and Ethernet private
network services. Ethernet private line services include EPL services and EVPL services.
Ethernet private network services include EPLAN services and EVPLAN services.
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4.1 Service Types
In compliance with ITU-T G.8011x/Y.1307x, Huawei MSTP equipment supports Ethernet
private line (EPL), Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL), Ethernet private local area network
(EPLAN), and Ethernet virtual private local area network (EVPLAN) services.
EPL Services
Two nodes are used to access EPL services and implement transparent transmission of the
Ethernet services of the users. The service of one user occupies one VCTRUNK and need not
share the bandwidth with the services of the other users. Hence, in the case of EPL services, a
bandwidth is exclusively occupied by the service of a user and the services of different users are
isolated. In addition, the extra QoS scheme and security scheme are not required.
Figure 4-1 EPL services
NE 1
NE2
User A1
User A2
User B1
User B2
Port1
Port2
VCTRUNK1
VCTRUNK2
Port1
Port2

The corresponding relations between the PORTs (namely, external ports) and the VCTRUNKs
are listed in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1 Corresponding relations between the external ports and the VCTRUNKs (EPL
services)
NE1 NE2
User A1 PORT1VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1PORT1 User A2
User B1 PORT2VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK2PORT2 User B2

EVPL Services
In the case of EVPL services, services of different users share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN/
QinQ scheme needs to be used for differentiating the services of different users. If the services
of different users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt the
corresponding QoS scheme. EVPL services are classified into two types, depending on whether
the PORT or VCTRUNK is shared.
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l PORT-shared EVPL services
As shown in Figure 4-2, the services of different users are accessed through a PORT at a station,
and are then isolated from each other by using the VLAN IDs. Services are transmitted to other
PORTs at this station through different VCTRUNKs.
Figure 4-2 PORT-shared EVPL services
NE 1 NE2 User C1
User C2
User C3
Port1
VCTRUNK1
Port2
Port1
VCTRUNK2
VLAN 100
VLAN 200

The corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs are provided in Table
4-2.
Table 4-2 Corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs (PORT-shared
EVPL services)
NE1 NE2
User C1 PORT1VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1PORT1 User C2
PORT1VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK2PORT2 User C3

l VCTRUNK-shared EVPL services Ethernet boards support the convergence and
distribution of EVPL services by using the following modes:
VLAN tag-based convergence and distribution of EVPL services
QinQ technology-based convergence and distribution of EVPL services
As shown in Figure 4-3, the services of different users are isolated by using the VLAN/QinQ
scheme. Hence, the services of different users can be transmitted in the same VCTRUNK.
Figure 4-3 VCTRUNK-shared EVPL services
NE 1
NE2
User D1
User D2
User E1
User E2
Port1
Port2
Port1
Port2
VCTRUNK1
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The corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs are provided in Table
4-3.
Table 4-3 Corresponding relations between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs (VCTRUNK-
shared EVPL services)
NE1 NE2
User D1 PORT1VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1PORT1 User D2
User E1 PORT2VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1PORT2 User E2

EPLAN Services
The EPLAN services can be accessed from a minimum of two nodes. Hence, the services of
different users need not share the bandwidth. That is, in the case of EPLAN services, a bandwidth
is exclusively occupied by the service of a user and the services of different users are isolated.
In addition, the extra QoS scheme and security scheme are not required. The EPLAN services
have more than one node. Hence, the nodes need to learn the MAC addresses and forward data
according to MAC addresses. Therefore, Layer 2 switching is realized.
As shown in Figure 4-4, three branches of user F need to communicate with each other. On
NE1, the IEEE 802.1d bridge is established to achieve EPLAN services. The IEEE 802.1d bridge
can create the MAC address-based forwarding table, which is periodically updated by using the
self-learning function of the system. The accessed data can be forwarded or broadcast within
the domain of the IEEE 802.1d bridge according to the destination MAC addresses.
Figure 4-4 EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge)
F1
PORT5
U2000
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
VCTRUNK
F3
PORT1
F2
PORT1
PORT5
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
IEEE 802.1d bridge

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EVPLAN Services
EVPLAN services of different users need to share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN/QinQ
scheme needs to be used for differentiating the data of different users. If the services of different
users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt the corresponding
QoS scheme.
As shown in Figure 4-5, three branches of user G need to communicate with each other. Services
of user G need to be isolated from the services of user H. Hence, the IEEE 802.1q bridge needs
to be established on NE1 to achieve EVPLAN services.
IEEE 802.1q bridge: IEEE 802.1q bridge supports isolation by using one layer of VLAN tags.
This bridge checks the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the data frames and performs Layer
2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses and VLAN IDs.
Figure 4-5 EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
G3
PORT1
G2
PORT1
PORT2
H3
H2
PORT2
G1
H1
PORT5 PORT6
PORT5
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
VLAN 100
IEEE 802.1q bridge
PORT6
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
VLAN 200
IEEE 802.1q bridge
VCTRUNK

As shown in Figure 4-6, the VoIP services from user M and the HSI services from user N need
to respectively access the VoIP server and the HSI server. In this case, the operator needs to
separately groom the VoIP services and HSI services, and isolate the data on the transmission
network side. On NE1, the IEEE 802.1ad bridge must be established to support the EVPLAN
services.
IEEE 802.1ad bridge: The IEEE 802.1ad bridge supports data frames with two layers of VLAN
tags. This bridge adopts the outer S-VLAN tags to isolate different VLANs and supports only
the mounted ports whose attributes are C-Aware or S-Aware. This bridge supports the following
switching modes:
l This bridge does not check the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the packets and
performs Layer 2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses of the packets.
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l This bridge checks the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the packets and performs
Layer 2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses and the S-VLAN IDs of the
packets.
Figure 4-6 EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge)
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
PORT1
User M
PORT1
User N
PORT6 PORT5
VoIP
HSI
20 HSI
10 VoIP
C-VLAN Service
11
11
8
8
PORT5
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
S-VLAN 100
IEEE 802.1ad bridge IEEE 802.1ad bridge
PORT6
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
S-VLAN 200
20 HSI
10 VoIP
C-VLAN Service
VCTRUNK

4.2 Basic Concepts
Before you configure Ethernet boards with services, you need to learn the basic concepts
including external port, internal port, logical port, and bridge so that you can understand the
service configuration process and the signal flow when the boards process the services.
4.2.1 Formats of Ethernet Frames
To implement the VLAN and QinQ functions, the IEEE 802.1q and IEEE 802.1ad protocols
define different formats of the Ethernet frames, which contain different VLAN information.
4.2.2 Internal Ports and External Ports
External ports on Ethernet boards are used to access the services on the user side. Internal ports
on Ethernet boards are used to encapsulate and map the services to the transmission network for
transparent transmission.
4.2.3 Auto-Negotiation
The auto-negotiation function allows the network equipment to send information of its supported
working mode to the opposite end on the network and to receive the corresponding information
that the opposite end may transfer.
4.2.4 Flow Control
When the data processing/transferring capability of the equipment fails to handle the flow
received at the port, congestion occurs on the line. To reduce the number of discarded packets
due to buffer overflowing, proper flow control measures must be taken.
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4.2.5 Encapsulation and Mapping Protocol
To ensure that Ethernet frames can be transparently transmitted over the optical transmission
network, the Ethernet frames need to be encapsulated and mapped into VC containers at the
access point. The encapsulation and mapping protocols used by the Ethernet service board
include the high-level data link control (HDLC), link access procedure - SDH (LAPS), and
generic framing procedure (GFP).
4.2.6 Virtual Concatenation
The rate of the Ethernet service does not adapt to the rate of the standard VC container. Hence,
if you directly map the Ethernet service data into a standard VC container, there is a great waste
of the transmission bandwidth. To solve the problem, use the virtual concatenation technology
to concatenate many standard VC containers to a large VC container that adapts to the rate of
the Ethernet service.
4.2.7 Tag Attribute
When data frames are received on or transmitted from a port on an Ethernet board, the processing
mode of the data frames is determined by the tag attributes of the port.
4.2.8 Bridge
A bridge is a functional unit that is used to implement the interconnection between two or more
LANs.
4.2.1 Formats of Ethernet Frames
To implement the VLAN and QinQ functions, the IEEE 802.1q and IEEE 802.1ad protocols
define different formats of the Ethernet frames, which contain different VLAN information.
To implement the VLAN function, the IEEE 802.1q protocol defines the Ethernet frame format
that contains the VLAN information. Compared with the ordinary Ethernet frame, the frame
with the format defined by the IEEE 802.1q protocol is added with a four-byte header.
To implement VLAN mesting (QinQ), the IEEE 802.1ad protocol defines two VLAN tag types.
See Figure 4-7. The VLAN tag types are defined to differentiate the services on the client side
and the services on the supplier service side.
l The VLAN tag used on the client side is represented as C-VLAN, of which the frame format
is the same as the frame format defined by the IEEE 802.1q protocol.
l The VLAN tag used on the supplier service side is represented as S-VLAN.
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Figure 4-7 Formats of Ethernet frames
6bytes 6 bytes 4 bytes 2 bytes 4 bytes
Destination
MAC Address
VLAN Length/Type Data
FCS Check
Character
6 bytes 6 bytes 4 bytes 2 bytes 4 bytes
C-VLAN S-VLAN
4bytes
Variable
length
6 bytes 6 bytes 4 bytes 2 bytes 4 bytes
Format of the frame with
one C-VLAN tag
Source MAC
Address
Variable
length
Destination
MAC Address
C-VLAN Length/Type Data
FCS Check
Character
Source MAC
Address
Destination
MAC Address
Length/Type Data
FCS Check
Character
Source MAC
Address
Variable
length
Format of the frame with
one S-VLAN tag nested
with one C-VLAN tag
802.1q frame format

The length of the data field is variable. maximum length of the data field depends on the
maximum frame length that the ports of the equipment support.
The four-byte S-VLAN or C-VLAN field is divided into two sub-fields: the tag protocol ID
(TPID) and the tag control Information (TCI).
Both the TPID and TCI consist of two bytes. See Figure 4-8.
Figure 4-8 Positions of the TPID and TCI in the frame structure
C-VLAN S-VLAN
2 2 2 2
TPID TPID TCI TCI
6 bytes 6 bytes 2 bytes 4 bytes
Destination
MAC Address
Length/Type Data FCS Check
Character
Source MAC
Address
bytes 2 bytes bytes bytes
Variable
length

l TPID structure
The TPID consists of two bytes and indicates the VLAN tag type. TPID of the C-VLAN is
always 0x8100 whereas the TPID of the S-VLAN can be customized. Refer to Table 4-4.
Table 4-4 Tag types defined by using the TPID
Tag Type Name Value
C-VLAN Tag 802.1q Tag Protocol Type 0x8100
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Tag Type Name Value
S-VLAN Tag 802.1q Service Tag Type Customizable

NOTE
The IEEE 802.1ad specifies the TPID of the S-VLAN to 0x88a8. In actual application, the setting of TPID
for the S-VLAN tag varies according to the equipment manufacturer. To ensure compatibility between
interconnected equipment, it is recommended that you set the TPIDs of the S-VLAN tags of the
interconnected equipment to the same value within 0X600-FFFF.
l TCI structure
The TCI structure of the S-TAG is basically the same as the TCI structure of the C-TAG. VLAN
ID (VID) field consists of 12 bits and ranges from 0 to 4095. The difference is that the TCI of
the S-TAG contains the drop eligible (DE) indication and works with the priority code point
(PCP) to indicate the priority of the S-TAG frame.
The TCI structures of the C-TAG and S-TAG are shown in Figure 4-9 and Figure 4-10.
Figure 4-9 TCI structure of the C-TAG
Octets:
Bits:
PCP CFI VID
1 2
8 6 5 4 1 8 1
VID

The TCI field of the C-TAG consists of the following bytes:
l PCP: three bits
l CFI: one bit
Figure 4-10 TCI structure of the S-TAG
VID
Octets:
Bits:
PCP DE VID
1 2
8 6 5 4 1 8 1

The TCI field of the S-TAG consists of the following bytes:
l PCP: three bits
l DE: one bit
l VID: 12 bits
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4.2.2 Internal Ports and External Ports
External ports on Ethernet boards are used to access the services on the user side. Internal ports
on Ethernet boards are used to encapsulate and map the services to the transmission network for
transparent transmission.
External ports on Ethernet boards (that is, external physical ports) are also referred to as client-
side ports or user-side ports, which are used to access the Ethernet services on the user side.
Internal ports on Ethernet boards (that is, internal VCTRUNKs) are also referred to as system-
side ports or backplane-side ports in certain cases, which are used to encapsulate and map the
services to the SDH side.
VCTRUNKs are VC-based transmission paths, which can be implemented by using the adjacent
concatenation or virtual concatenation technology. On the U2000 window, paths are bound to
specify the bandwidth of different granularities for a VCTRUNK port.
Figure 4-11 External ports and internal ports on Ethernet boards
External port
Encapsulation/
Mapping
module
Ethernet board
Service
processing
module
Backplane
Cross-
connect unit
VCTRUNK port
Interface
module
Cross-
connect unit
Interface
conversion
module

4.2.3 Auto-Negotiation
The auto-negotiation function allows the network equipment to send information of its supported
working mode to the opposite end on the network and to receive the corresponding information
that the opposite end may transfer.
The working modes of the interconnected ports on the equipment at both ends must be the same.
Otherwise, the services are affected.
If the working mode of the port on the opposite equipment is full duplex and if the working
mode of the port on the local equipment is auto-negotiation, the local equipment works in the
half-duplex mode. That is, the working modes of the interconnected ports at both ends are
different, and thus packets may be lost. Hence, when the working mode of the port on the opposite
equipment is full duplex, you need to set working mode of the port on the local equipment to
full duplex.
NOTE
When the interconnected ports at both sides work in the auto-negotiation mode, the equipment at both sides
can negotiate the flow control through the auto-negotiation function.
The auto-negotiation function uses fast link pulses (FLPs) and normal link pulses (NLPs) to
transfer information of the working mode so that no packet or upper layer protocol overhead
needs to be added.
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NOTE
This topic considers FE electrical interfaces as an example to describe how to implement the auto-negotiation
function.
The FLP is called the 100BASE-T link integrity test pulse sequence. Each set of equipment on
the network must be capable of issuing FLP bursts in the case of power-on, issuing of
management commands, or user interaction. The FLP burst consists of a series of link integrity
test pulses that form an alternating clock/data sequence. Extraction of the data bits from the FLP
burst yields a link code word that identifies the working modes supported by the remote
equipment and certain information used for the negotiation and handshake mechanism.
To maintain interoperability with the existing 100BASE-T equipment, the auto-negotiation
function also supports the reception of 100BASE-T compliant link integrity test pulses. The
10BASE-T link pulse activity is referred to as the NLP sequence. equipment that fails to respond
to the FLP burst sequence by returning only the NLP sequence is treated as the 100BASE-T
compatible equipment.
The first pulse in an FLP burst is defined as a clock pulse. Clock pulses within an FLP burst
occur at intervals of 125 us. Data pulses occur in the middle of two adjacent clock pulses. The
positive pulse represents logic "1" and the absence of a pulse represents logic "0". An FLP burst
consists of 17 clock pulses and 16 data pulses (if all data bits are 1). The NLP waveform is
simpler than the FLP waveform. NLP sends a positive pulse every 16 ms when no data frame
needs to be transmitted.
Figure 4-12 Waveform of a single FLP
Clock pulses
First bit on wire
Data
Encoding
1 1 0
1
D
0
D
1
D
2
D
3

T1
T2
T3
T1: 100 ns T2: 62.5 us T3: 125 us

Figure 4-13 Consecutive FLP and NLP bursts
FLP bursts
NLPs
T4
T5
T4: 2 ms T5: 16 ms
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4.2.4 Flow Control
When the data processing/transferring capability of the equipment fails to handle the flow
received at the port, congestion occurs on the line. To reduce the number of discarded packets
due to buffer overflowing, proper flow control measures must be taken.
The half-duplex Ethernet port applies the back-pressure mechanism to control the flow. The full-
duplex Ethernet port applies PAUSE frames to control the flow. Currently, the half-duplex
Ethernet function is not widely applied. Hence, the flow control function realized by Ethernet
service boards is used for the full-duplex Ethernet ports.
The flow control function realized by Ethernet service boards is classified into two types: auto-
negotiation flow control and non-auto-negotiation flow control.
Auto-Negotiation Flow Control
When the Ethernet port works in the auto-negotiation mode, you can adopt the auto-negotiation
flow control function. The auto-negotiation flow control modes include the following:
l Enable dissymmetric flow control
The port can transmit PAUSE frames in the case of congestion but cannot process the
received PAUSE frames.
l Enable symmetric flow control
The port can transmit PAUSE frames and process the received PAUSE frames.
l Enable symmetric/dissymmetric flow control
The port has the following abilities:
Transmits and processes PAUSE frames.
Transmits PAUSE frames but cannot process the received PAUSE frames.
Processes the received PAUSE frames but cannot transmit PAUSE frames.
l Disable
Disables the auto-negotiation flow control function.
Non-Auto-Negotiation Flow Control
When the Ethernet port works in a fixed working mode, you can adopt the non-auto-negotiation
flow control function. The non-auto-negotiation flow control modes include the following:
l Send only
The port can transmit PAUSE frames in the case of congestion but cannot process the
received PAUSE frames.
l Receive only
The port can process the received PAUSE frames but cannot transmit PAUSE frames in
the case of congestion.
l Send and receive
The port can transmit PAUSE frames and process the received PAUSE frames.
l Disable
The port does not support the auto-negotiation flow control function.
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Realization Principle
The realization principle of the flow control function is described as follows:
1. When congestion occurs in the receive queue of an Ethernet port (the data in the receive
buffer exceeding a certain threshold) and the port is capable of sending PAUSE frames,
the port sends a PAUSE frame to the opposite end. pause-time value in the frame is N
(0<N65535).
2. If the Ethernet port at the opposite end is capable of processing PAUSE frames, this Ethernet
port stops sending data within a specified period of time N (the unit is the time needed for
sending 521 bits) after receiving the PAUSE frame.
3. If the congestion at the receive port is cleared (the data in the receive buffer is below a
certain threshold) but the pause-time does not end, the port sends a PAUSE frame whose
pause-time is 0 to notify the opposite end to send data.
IEEE 802.3 defines the format of the PAUSE frame as follows:
l Destination address: 01-80-C2-00-00-01 (multicast address)
l Source address: MAC address of the source port
l Type/Length: 88-08 (MAC control frame)
l MAC control code: 00-01 (PAUSE frame)
l MAC control parameter: pause-time (two bytes)
Figure 4-14 Structure of the PAUSE frame
01-80-C2-00-00-01
XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX
88-08
00-01
XX-XX
Reserved
Destination address 6 octets
6 octets Source address
Type/Length 2 octets
2 octets
2 octets
MAC control opcode
MAC control parameter
(pause-time)

4.2.5 Encapsulation and Mapping Protocol
To ensure that Ethernet frames can be transparently transmitted over the optical transmission
network, the Ethernet frames need to be encapsulated and mapped into VC containers at the
access point. The encapsulation and mapping protocols used by the Ethernet service board
include the high-level data link control (HDLC), link access procedure - SDH (LAPS), and
generic framing procedure (GFP).
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HDLC
The HDLC is a general data link control procedure. When using the HDLC protocol, the system
encapsulates data services into HDLC-like frames as information bits and maps the frames into
SDH VC containers.
LAPS
The LAPS is also a data link control procedure. It is optimized based on the HDLC. The LAPS
complies with ITU-T X.86.
GFP
The GFP is the most widely applied general encapsulation and mapping protocol. It provides a
general mechanism to adapt higher-layer client signal flows into the transport network and can
map the variable-length payload into the byte-synchronized transport path. The client signals
can be protocol data units (PDU-oriented, such as IP/PPP and Ethernet), block code data (block-
code oriented, such as Fiber Channel and ESCON), or common bit data streams. The GFP
protocol complies with ITU-T G.7041.
The GFP defines the following modes to adapt client signals:
l Frame-mapped GFP (GFP-F)
The GFP-F is a PDU-oriented processing mode. It encapsulates the entire PDU into the
GFP payload area and makes no modification on the encapsulated data. It determines
whether to add a detection area for the payload area, depending on requirements.
l Transparent GFP (GFG-T)
The GFP-T is a block-code (8B/10B code block) oriented processing mode. It extracts a
single character from the received data block and maps the character into the fixed-length
GFP frame.
4.2.6 Virtual Concatenation
The rate of the Ethernet service does not adapt to the rate of the standard VC container. Hence,
if you directly map the Ethernet service data into a standard VC container, there is a great waste
of the transmission bandwidth. To solve the problem, use the virtual concatenation technology
to concatenate many standard VC containers to a large VC container that adapts to the rate of
the Ethernet service.
The concatenation is defined in ITU-T G.707 and contains contiguous concatenation and virtual
concatenation. Both concatenation methods provide concatenated bandwidth of X times
Container-N at the path termination.
Contiguous concatenation concatenates the contiguous VC-4s in the same STM-N into an entire
structure to transport. It maintains the contiguous bandwidth throughout the whole transport.
Virtual concatenation concatenates many individual VC containers (VC-12 containers, VC-3
containers, or VC-4 containers) into a bit virtual structure to transport. The virtual concatenation
breaks the contiguous bandwidth into individual VCs, transports the individual VCs, and
recombines these VCs to a contiguous bandwidth at the transmission termination point.
In the case of virtual concatenation, transport of each VC container may occupy different paths
and there may be a transport delay difference between VC containers. Hence, there are
difficulties to restore the client signal. Virtual concatenation requires concatenation functionality
only at the path termination equipment and it can flexibly allocate bandwidth. Hence, the virtual
concatenation technology is widely used.
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Virtual concatenation is available in two types: virtual concatenation in a higher order path and
virtual concatenation in a lower order path. A higher order virtual concatenation VC4-Xv
provides a payload of X Container-4s (VC-4s). The payload is mapped individually into X
independent VC-4s. Each VC-4 has its own POH. A lower order virtual concatenation VC-12-
Xv provides a payload of X Container-12s (VC-12s). The payload is mapped individually into
X independent VC-12s. Each VC-12 has its own POH. It is the same case with the virtual
concatenation of VC-3s.
VC4-Xv and VC-3-Xv
The virtual container that is formed by a VC4-Xv/VC-3-Xv can be mapped into X individual
VC-4/VC-3s that form the VC4-Xv/VC-3-Xv. Each VC-4/VC-3 has its own POH. POH has the
same specifications as the ordinary VC-4 POH. The H4 byte in the POH is used for the virtual
concatenation-specific multiframe indicator (MFI) and sequence indicator (SQ).
MFI indicates the position of a frame in the multiframe. Each frame sent by the source carries
the MFI information. The sink end combines the frames with the same MFI into the C-n-Xv.
MFI includes MFI-1 and MFI-2. MFI-1 is transmitted by bits 5-8 of the H4 byte and ranges from
0 to 15. MFI-2 is transmitted by the two frames of which the MFI-1 is "0" and "1" in the
multiframe. Bits 1-4 of the H4 bytes of the two frames indicate the higher four bits and lower
four bits of the MFI-2 respectively. Hence, the MFI-2 ranges from 0 to 255. That is, a multiframe
consists of 4096 frames and the period is 512 ms.
SQ indicates the position of a frame in the C-n-Xv. The source end inserts the SQ information
into the frame according to the payload allocation sequence. The sink end determines the
sequence to extract the payload from the frames that form C-n-Xv according to the SQ. SQ is
transmitted by the two frames of which the MFI-1 is "14" and "15" in the multiframe. Bits 1-4
of the H4 bytes of the two frames indicate the higher four bits and lower four bits of the SQ
respectively.
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Figure 4-15 VC-3-Xv/VC4-Xv multiframe and sequence indicator
C-3-X/C-4-X
1 X
C-3-Xv/C-4-Xv
P
O
H
P
O
H
M
u
l
t
i
f
r
a
m
e

(
M
F
)
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 0
MFI-2 = 0
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 1
MFI-2 = 0
P
O
H
P
O
H
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 15
MFI-2 = 255
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 0
MFI-2 = 0
P
O
H
P
O
H
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 15
MFI-2 = 0
SQ = 0
MFI-1 = 0
MFI-2 = 1
H
H
H
SQ = X-1
SQ = X-1
SQ = X-1
= 1
= 0
= 0
= 0
X-1
= 15
= 0
= 0
= 15
X-1
= 15
= 255
= 0
= 0
X-1
With the MFI and SQ, the sink end can correctly restore the position of each frame in the C-n-
Xv to prevent the frame alignment problem due to the different propagation delays of the frames.

VC-12-Xv
The virtual container that is formed by a VC-12-Xv can be mapped into X individual VC-12s
which form the VC-12-Xv. Each VC-12 has its own POH. POH has the same specifications as
the ordinary VC-12 POH. Bit 2 of the K4 byte in the POH is used for the virtual concatenation-
specific frame count and sequence indicator.
Bit2s of the K4 bytes in every 32 multiframes (one multiframe comprising four VC-12s) are
extracted to form a 32-bit character string to express the frame count and sequence indicator.
Bits 1-5 of the string express the frame count, whose value range is between 0 and 31. structure
formed by 32 multiframes has 128 frames. Hence, the resulting overall multiframe is 4096 frames
with the period of 512 ms. Bits 6-11 of the string express the sequence indicator. The frame
count/sequence indicator in the VC-12-Xv has the same usage as the multiframe indicator/
sequence indicator in the VC4-Xv/VC-3-Xv.
4.2.7 Tag Attribute
When data frames are received on or transmitted from a port on an Ethernet board, the processing
mode of the data frames is determined by the tag attributes of the port.
The tags for the port on an Ethernet board are available in three types: tag aware, access, and
hybrid.
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Table 4-5 Processing mode of data frames on ports with different tags
Direction Data Frame Type Processing Mode
Tag aware Access Hybrid
Ingress port Data frames with
VLAN tags
The data frames are
transparently
transmitted.
The data frames are
discarded.
The data frames are
transparently
transmitted.
Data frames without
VLAN tags
The data frames are
discarded.
The VLAN tags that contain Default VLAN
ID and VLAN Priority are added to the data
frames, and then the data frames are
transparently transmitted.
Egress port Data frames with
VLAN tags
The data frames are
transparently
transmitted.
After the VLAN
tags are stripped
from the data
frames, the data
frames are
transparently
transmitted.
l If the VLAN IDs
contained in the
data frames are
Default VLAN
ID, the VLAN
tags are stripped
from the data
frames, and then
the data frames
are transparently
transmitted.
l If the VLAN IDs
contained in the
data frames are
not Default
VLAN ID, the
data frames are
transparently
transmitted.

NOTE
The tag setting is valid only when the following conditions are met:
l Port Type of the port is set to PE or UNI.
l The entry detection function is enabled. When the Ethernet switching board works in the Ethernet
transparent transmission state and when the entry detection function is disabled, the port transparently
transmits the received data frames regardless of whether the data frames carry VLAN tags.
Based on the features of tag aware, access, and hybrid, adhere to the following principles when
setting the tag for a port:
l If the data packets transmitted from the interconnected equipment carry VLAN tags, set
TAG to Tag Aware.
l If the data packets transmitted from the interconnected equipment do not carry VLAN tags,
set TAG to Access.
l If the data packets transmitted from the interconnected equipment may carry VLAN tags,
set TAG to Hybrid.
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4.2.8 Bridge
A bridge is a functional unit that is used to implement the interconnection between two or more
LANs.
VB and LP
The switching domain of an Ethernet board that has the Layer 2 switching capability can be
divided into multiple sub-switching domains. As a result, if no services are interconnected,
different various bridges (VBs) cannot access each other. Each VB has an independent
configuration mode and uses an independent VLAN. Different VBs can use the same VLAN.
A VB can contain a number of logical ports (LPs). By configuring the mounting relation, you
can mount multiple PORTs and VCTRUNKs to the same VB.
Figure 4-16 shows the relations between VBs, LPs, PORTs, and VCTRUNKs.
Figure 4-16 Relations between VBs, LPs, PORTs, and VCTRUNKs
PORT1
VB1
LP3
LP6
LP2 LP5
LP4 LP1
VB2
LP3
LP6
LP2 LP5
LP4 LP1
VCTRUNK5
VCTRUNK4
VCTRUNK6
VCTRUNK3
VCTRUNK2
VCTRUNK1
Ethernet Switching Board
PORT2
PORT3
PORT4
PORT5
PORT6

Transparent Bridge and Virtual Bridge
l The services of different transparent bridges are isolated , but the services in the same
transparent bridge are not isolated. The entire transparent bridge is a switching domain.
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l The services of different virtual bridges are isolated and the services with different VLAN
IDs in the same virtual bridge are also isolated. The switching domain of the entire virtual
bridge is divided into multiple sub-switching domains according to the VLAN IDs.
NOTE
As shown in Figure 4-17, the same logical port may belong to one or more sub-switching domains with
different VLAN IDs. On the U2000, the same logical port can belong to multiple filtering tables with
different VLAN IDs.
Figure 4-17 Transparent bridge and virtual bridge
PORT1
PORT2
PORT3
VLAN1
VLAN2
VLAN3
Virtual bridge
PORT1
PORT2
PORT3
Pure bridge
VCTRUNK1
VCTRUNK2
VCTRUNK3
VCTRUNK4
VCTRUNK5
VCTRUNK6
VCTRUNK1
VCTRUNK2
VCTRUNK3
VCTRUNK4
VCTRUNK5
VCTRUNK6
VLAN1
VLAN2
VLAN3
. . .
Logical port

Table 4-6 Transparent Bridge and Virtual Bridge
Item Transparent Bridge Virtual Bridge
VLAN filtering table It is not configured. It must be configured.
Ingress filter Does not check the validity of
VLAN tags. All data frames
that enter the bridge are valid.
Check the validity of VLAN
tags. If the VLAN ID is not
the same as the VLAN ID
defined in the VLAN
filtering table, discard the
data frame.
MAC address learning mode SVL IVL
Data frame forwarding mode Query the MAC address table
to obtain the forwarding port
of the data frame according to
the destination MAC address
of the data frame.
Query the MAC address table
to obtain the forwarding port
of the data frame according to
the destination MAC address
and VLAN ID of the data
frame.
Broadcast range Forward broadcast data
frames on all ports of a
bridge.
Forward the broadcast data
frames on the forwarding
ports defined in the VLAN
filtering table.

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NOTE
To forward a Layer 2 switching service, a bridge must learn the MAC address. A bridge learns the MAC
address through one of the following methods: shared VLAN learning (SVL) and independent VLAN
learning (IVL).
l When the bridge adopts the SVL learning mode, the entry in the MAC address table is created according
to the source MAC address and source port of the data frame. The entry is valid for all VLANs.
l When the bridge adopts the IVL learning mode, the entry in the MAC address table is created according
to the source MAC address, VLAN ID, and source port of the data frame. The entry is valid for only
the VLAN.
Bridge Type
As listed in Table 4-7, the Ethernet boards support three types of bridges.
Table 4-7 Types of bridges supported by the Ethernet boards
Bridge Type Bridge Switch Mode Bridge Learning
Mode
Ingress
Filter
IEEE 802.1d MAC bridge SVL/Ingress Filter
Disable
SVL Disabled
IEEE 802.1q Virtual Bridge IVL/Ingress Filter
Enable
IVL Enabled
IEEE 802.1ad
Provider Bridge
1
SVL/Ingress Filter
Disable
SVL Disabled
2
IVL/Ingress Filter
Enable
IVL Enabled

l IEEE 802.1d MAC bridge: The IEEE 802.1d MAC bridge does not check the contents of
the VLAN tags that are in the data frames, but performs Layer 2 switching according to
the destination MAC addresses of the data frames.
l IEEE 802.1q bridge: The IEEE 802.1q bridge supports data isolation by using one layer of
VLAN tags. This bridge checks the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the data frames
and performs Layer 2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses and VLAN
IDs.
l The IEEE 802.1ad bridge: The IEEE 802.1ad bridge supports data frames with two layers
of VLAN tags. This bridge adopts the outer S-VLAN tags to isolate different VLANs and
supports only the mounted ports whose attributes are C-Aware or S-Aware. This bridge
supports the following switching modes:
1. This bridge does not check the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the data frames,
but performs Layer 2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses of the
data frames.
2. This bridge checks the contents of the VLAN tags that are in the data frames and
performs Layer 2 switching according to the destination MAC addresses and the S-
VLAN IDs of the data frames.
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MAC Address Table
The entries in the MAC address table reflect the corresponding relations between MAC addresses
and ports. The MAC address table contains the following entries:
l Dynamic entry
Indicates the entry that the bridge obtains by adopting the SVL/IVL learning mode. The
dynamic entry ages and is even lost after the Ethernet switching board is reset.
l Static entry
Indicates the entry corresponding to the MAC address and the port that the network
administrator manually adds in the MAC address table on the U2000. A static entry is a
unicast entry. The static entry does not age and is not lost after the Ethernet switching board
is reset.
l Blackhole entry
Indicates the entry used to discard the data frame that contains the specified destination
MAC address, and is also referred to as the MAC address disable entry. The blackhole entry
is configured by the network administrator. This entry does not age and is not lost after the
Ethernet switching board is reset.
NOTE
l If a routing entry is not updated within a specific period of time, that is, if the MAC address fails to be learnt
because the new data frame from the MAC address is not received, this routing entry is deleted automatically.
This mechanism is considered as aging, and this period of time is considered as the aging time. The aging
time of the MAC address table is five minutes by default and can be set by using the U2000.
l A limited number of MAC addresses can be learnt at a time.
Hub/Spoke
Generally, the central station and non-central stations can access each other, but the non-central
stations cannot access each other in the case of convergence services. Therefore, the ports
mounted to the bridge need to be defined as Hub or Spoke ports.
l Hub port
Hub ports can access each other. Hub ports and Spoke ports can also access each other.
l Spoke port
Spoke ports cannot access each other. Hub ports and Spoke ports can access each other.
The mounted ports are Hub ports by default.
4.3 Flow of Configuring Ethernet Services
This topic describes the configuration processes related to Ethernet services. Before you
configure Ethernet services according to the flow, you need to complete the basic configurations
of the NEs according to the flow of creating a network.
4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services
The EPL services feature simplicity, transparent transmission, and dedicated bandwidth. The
configuration flow differs depending on whether Ethernet transparent transmission boards or
Ethernet switching boards are configured.
4.3.2 Flow of Configuring EVPL Services
In the case of EVPL services, services of different users share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN
ID or other schemes need to be used for differentiating the services of different users. If the
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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services of different users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt
the corresponding QoS scheme.
4.3.3 Flow of Configuring EPLAN Services
EPLAN services provide the customers with Layer 2 switching-based multipoint-connected
LAN services.
4.3.4 Flow of Configuring EVPLAN Services
EVPLAN services of different users need to share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN ID or other
schemes need to be used for differentiating the services of different users. If the services of
different users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt the
corresponding QoS scheme.
4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services
The EPL services feature simplicity, transparent transmission, and dedicated bandwidth. The
configuration flow differs depending on whether Ethernet transparent transmission boards or
Ethernet switching boards are configured.
Ethernet transparent transmission boards or Ethernet switching boards can be used to configure
EPL services. The Ethernet transparent transmission boards and Ethernet switching boards are
provided in Table 6-1.
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Figure 4-18 Flow of configuring EPL services
Back up NE
configuration data
Enable NE
performance
monitoring
Start Required
Optional
End
6
7
Create cross-
connections
4
Create EPL services
3
Configure Ethernet
external ports
Configure Ethernet
internal ports
1
2
Ethernet transparent
transmission board
Ethernet switching
board
Configure Ethernet
external ports
Configure Ethernet
internal ports
1
2
Check service
continuity
5

Table 4-8 Flow of configuring EPL services
Step Operation Remarks
1 Configuring External Ports on Ethernet
Boards
Required
When an NE accesses Ethernet services through the external
ports on the Ethernet board, you need to configure the
attributes of the external ports so that the external ports can
work with the data communication equipment on the client
side, thus ensuring the normal accessing of the Ethernet
services.
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Step Operation Remarks
2 Configuring Internal Ports on Ethernet
Boards
Required
When an NE transmits Ethernet services through the internal
ports (that is, VCTRUNK ports) on the Ethernet board to the
SDH side, you need to configure the attributes of the
VCTRUNK ports so that the VCTRUNK ports can work
with the Ethernet board on the opposite equipment. This
ensures that the transmission of the Ethernet services in the
SDH network is normal.
3 Creating EPL Services l If Ethernet transparent transmission boards are used,
skip to Step 4. On Ethernet transparent transmission
boards, the EPL service connections from the PORTs to
the VCTRUNKs are considered to be created by default.
l If Ethernet switching boards are used, the EPL service
connections between the PORTs and the VCTRUNKs
must be created.
4 Creating SDH Services Required
This topic describes how to create the timeslot connections
between the bound paths and the line board, thus ensuring
that the Ethernet services are transmitted in specified
timeslots over the transmission line.
5 Testing Ethernet Service Channels Required
After the Ethernet services are created, test the service
continuity.
6 Setting Performance Monitoring
Parameters of an NE
Required
Enable the performance monitoring function for a specific
NE. Then, you can obtain detailed performance records
during the operation process of this NE. These records can
be used for monitoring and analyzing the running status of
this NE.
7 Backing Up the NE Database to the SCB
Board
Required
Back up the NE database to ensure that the NE can be
automatically recovered to normal operation after the SCC
data is lost or after the equipment is powered off.

4.3.2 Flow of Configuring EVPL Services
In the case of EVPL services, services of different users share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN
ID or other schemes need to be used for differentiating the services of different users. If the
services of different users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt
the corresponding QoS scheme.
The Ethernet switching boards are required for configuring EVPL services. The Ethernet
switching boards that support EVPL services are provided in Table 6-1.
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Figure 4-19 Flow of configuring EVPL services
Start
Configure Ethernet
external ports
Configure Ethernet
internal ports
Create EPL services
Create cross-
connections
End
1
3
2
4
Required
Optional
Check service
continuity
Enable NE
performance
monitoring
Back up NE
configuration data
6
7
8
Configure the QoS
5

Table 4-9 Flow of configuring EVPL services
Step Operation Remarks
1 Configuring External Ports on
Ethernet Boards
Required
When an NE accesses Ethernet services through the external
ports on the Ethernet board, you need to configure the
attributes of the external ports so that the external ports can
work with the data communication equipment on the client
side, thus ensuring the normal accessing of the Ethernet
services.
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Step Operation Remarks
2 Configuring Internal Ports on Ethernet
Boards
Required
When an NE transmits Ethernet services through the internal
ports (that is, VCTRUNK ports) on the Ethernet board to the
SDH side, you need to configure the attributes of the
VCTRUNK ports so that the VCTRUNK ports can work with
the Ethernet board on the opposite equipment. This ensures
that the transmission of the Ethernet services in the SDH
network is normal.
3 Creating EPL Services Required
When an Ethernet switching board carries private line
services, the relevant information of the private line services,
such as the service source and service sink, must be specified.
4 Creating SDH Services Required
This topic describes how to create the timeslot connections
between the bound paths and the line board, thus ensuring that
the Ethernet services are transmitted in specified timeslots
over the transmission line.
5 Configuring QoS Optional
The services of different users need to share the bandwidth. If
the services of different users need to be configured with
different quality levels, you need to adopt the corresponding
QoS scheme.
6 Testing Ethernet Service Channels Required
After the Ethernet services are created, test the service
continuity.
7 Setting Performance Monitoring
Parameters of an NE
Required
Enable the performance monitoring function for a specific NE.
Then, you can obtain detailed performance records during the
operation process of this NE. These records can be used for
monitoring and analyzing the running status of this NE.
8 Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board
Required
Back up the NE database to ensure that the NE can be
automatically recovered to normal operation after the SCC
data is lost or after the equipment is powered off.

4.3.3 Flow of Configuring EPLAN Services
EPLAN services provide the customers with Layer 2 switching-based multipoint-connected
LAN services.
The Ethernet switching boards are required for configuring EPLAN services. The Ethernet
switching boards that support EPLAN services are provided in Table 6-1.
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Figure 4-20 Flow of configuring EPLAN services
Start
Configure Ethernet
external ports
Configure Ethernet
internal ports
Create Ethernet LAN
services
1
3
2
Required
Optional
Modify Hub/Spoke
attribute of mounted
ports
End
4
Create cross-
connections
5
Configure the Layer
2 switching feature
6
Check service
continuity
Enable NE
performance
monitoring
Back up NE
configuration data
7
8
9

Table 4-10 Flow of configuring EPLAN services
Step Operation Remarks
1 Configuring External Ports on Ethernet
Boards
Required
When an NE accesses Ethernet services through the external
ports on the Ethernet board, you need to configure the
attributes of the external ports so that the external ports can
work with the data communication equipment on the client
side, thus ensuring the normal accessing of the Ethernet
services.
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Step Operation Remarks
2 Configuring Internal Ports on Ethernet
Boards
Required
When an NE transmits Ethernet services through the internal
ports (that is, VCTRUNK ports) on the Ethernet board to the
SDH side, you need to configure the attributes of the
VCTRUNK ports so that the VCTRUNK ports can work with
the Ethernet board on the opposite equipment. This ensures
that the transmission of the Ethernet services in the SDH
network is normal.
3 Creating Ethernet LAN Services Required
When an Ethernet switching board carries LAN services, you
need to create the bridge and set the attributes of the bridge
and the port mounted to the bridge.
4 Modify Hub/Spoke attribute of
mounted ports
Optional
In the case of Ethernet LAN services, you can modify the Hub/
Spoke attribute between access nodes from the default value
of Hub to Spoke, thus disabling the communication between
the access nodes; however, the communication between the
access nodes and the convergence node is not disabled.
5 Creating SDH Services Required
This topic describes how to create the timeslot connections
between the bound paths and the line board, thus ensuring that
the Ethernet services are transmitted in specified timeslots
over the transmission line.
6 Configuring the Layer 2 switching
feature
l Creating MAC Address Entries
l Modifying Aging Time of MAC
Addresses
l Configuring the Spanning Tree
Optional
l You can manually specify the port for forwarding the
MAC frames to create the VLAN unicast entries and you
can suppress the forwarding of certain MAC frames to
create the MAC address disabled entries. The manually
created MAC entries are not affected by the aging time.
l The aging time of the dynamic MAC address entries of an
Ethernet switching board is five minutes by default. You
can modify the aging time according to the actual
requirements.
l There may be loops in the network topology of Ethernet
services. Hence, the STP/RSTP protocol is enabled to
prevent packets from being proliferated and endlessly
cycled in the loop network.
7 Testing Ethernet Service Channels Required
After the Ethernet services are created, test the service
continuity.
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Step Operation Remarks
8 Setting Performance Monitoring
Parameters of an NE
Required
Enable the performance monitoring function for a specific
NE. Then, you can obtain detailed performance records
during the operation process of this NE. These records can be
used for monitoring and analyzing the running status of this
NE.
9 Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board
Required
Back up the NE database to ensure that the NE can be
automatically recovered to normal operation after the SCC
data is lost or after the equipment is powered off.

4.3.4 Flow of Configuring EVPLAN Services
EVPLAN services of different users need to share the bandwidth. Hence, the VLAN ID or other
schemes need to be used for differentiating the services of different users. If the services of
different users need to be configured with different quality levels, you need to adopt the
corresponding QoS scheme.
The Ethernet switching boards are required for configuring EVPLAN services. The Ethernet
switching boards that support EVPLAN services are provided in Table 6-1.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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Figure 4-21 Flow of configuring EVPLAN services
Start
Configure Ethernet
external ports
Configure Ethernet
internal ports
Create Ethernet
LAN services
Create the VLAN
filtering table
1
3
2
4
Required
Optional
Modify the Hub/Spoke
attribute of mounted
ports
Configure the QoS
End
8
5
Create cross-
connections
6
Configure the Layer
2 switching feature
7
Check service
continuity
Enable NE
performance
monitoring
Back up NE
configuration data
9
10
11

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Table 4-11 Flow of configuring EVPLAN services
Step Operation Remarks
1 Configuring External Ports on
Ethernet Boards
Required
When an NE accesses Ethernet services through the external ports
on the Ethernet board, you need to configure the attributes of the
external ports so that the external ports can work with the data
communication equipment on the client side, thus ensuring the
normal accessing of the Ethernet services.
2 Configuring Internal Ports on
Ethernet Boards
Required
When an NE transmits Ethernet services through the internal
ports (that is, VCTRUNK ports) on the Ethernet board to the SDH
side, you need to configure the attributes of the VCTRUNK ports
so that the VCTRUNK ports can work with the Ethernet board
on the opposite equipment. This ensures that the transmission of
the Ethernet services in the SDH network is normal.
3 Creating Ethernet LAN Services Required
When an Ethernet switching board carries LAN services, you
need to create the bridge and set the attributes of the bridge and
the port mounted to the bridge.
4 Creating VLANs Filtering Required
In the case of Ethernet LAN services, when the type of the bridge
is IEEE 802.1q or IEEE 802.1ad, the VLAN filtering table needs
to be created for the bridge if VLANs are used to isolate the data
of different users.
5 Modify Hub/Spoke attribute of
mounted ports
Optional
In the case of Ethernet LAN services, you can modify the Hub/
Spoke attribute between access nodes from the default value of
Hub to Spoke, thus disabling the communication between the
access nodes; however, the communication between the access
nodes and the convergence node is not disabled.
6 Creating SDH Services Required
This topic describes how to create the timeslot connections
between the bound paths and the line board, thus ensuring that
the Ethernet services are transmitted in specified timeslots over
the transmission line.
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Step Operation Remarks
7 Configuring the Layer 2 switching
feature
l Creating MAC Address Entries
l Modifying Aging Time of MAC
Addresses
l Configuring the Spanning Tree
Optional
l You can manually specify the port for forwarding the MAC
frames to create the VLAN unicast entries and you can
suppress the forwarding of certain MAC frames to create the
MAC address disabled entries. The manually created MAC
entries are not affected by the aging time.
l The aging time of the dynamic MAC address entries of an
Ethernet switching board is five minutes by default. You can
modify the aging time according to the actual requirements.
l There may be loops in the network topology of Ethernet
services. Hence, the STP/RSTP protocol is enabled to prevent
packets from being proliferated and endlessly cycled in the
loop network.
l When a multicast router is located on the network, the IEEE
802.1q or IEEE 802.1ad bridge can enable the IGMP
Snooping protocol to work with the router, thus implementing
the multicast function.
8 Configuring QoS Optional
The services of different users need to share the bandwidth. If the
services of different users need to be configured with different
quality levels, you need to adopt the corresponding QoS scheme.
9 Testing Ethernet Service Channels Required
After the Ethernet services are created, test the service continuity.
10 Setting Performance Monitoring
Parameters of an NE
Required
Enable the performance monitoring function for a specific NE.
Then, you can obtain detailed performance records during the
operation process of this NE. These records can be used for
monitoring and analyzing the running status of this NE.
11 Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board
Required
Back up the NE database to ensure that the NE can be
automatically recovered to normal operation after the SCC data
is lost or after the equipment is powered off.

4.4 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent
Transmission Board
EPL services provide the point-to-point Ethernet transparent transmission solution with the
bandwidth exclusively occupied. EPL services are applicable when the communication
equipment that is used to access the client-side data in the transmission network does not support
VLANs or when the VLAN planning must be kept secret to the network operator.
4.4.1 Networking Diagram
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The completely isolated data services of two users at a station must be transported to another
station.
4.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Ethernet services are received from an external port, encapsulated through an internal port, and
mapped to the SDH network for transparent transmission. In this way, the node communicates
with a remote node.
4.4.3 Configuration Process
The Ethernet transparent transmission boards support only EPL services. The EPL are already
created by default and hence you need not configure the Ethernet transparent transmission boards
on the U2000.
4.4.1 Networking Diagram
The completely isolated data services of two users at a station must be transported to another
station.
Service Requirement
In the network as shown in Figure 4-22, the service requirements are as follows:
l The two branches of user A that are located at NE1 and NE3 need to communicate with
each other over Ethernet. A 10 Mbit/s bandwidth is required.
l The two branches of user B that are located at NE1 and NE3 need to communicate with
each other over Ethernet. A 20 Mbit/s bandwidth is required.
l The services of user A must be isolated from the services of user B.
l The Ethernet equipment of user A and user B provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet ports of which
the working mode is auto-negotiation, and does not support VLANs.
Figure 4-22 Networking diagram of the EPL services
User A1 User B1
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
User A2
PORT1 PORT1
PORT1 PORT1
VCTRUNK
User B2
5-SL4D-1
5
5-SL4D-2
5-SL4D-1
5-SL4D-2
3-EGT1 4-EGT1 5-SL4D-1
NE3:
NE1:
5-SL4D-1 5-SL4D-2
NE2:
Line board Ethernet board Ethernet board
3-EGT1 4-EGT1 5-SL4D-2
Line board Ethernet board Ethernet board
Line board Line board

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Board Configuration Information
Ethernet transparent transmission boards or Ethernet switching boards can be used for
configuring EPL services. In this example, NE1 and NE3 are configured with two EGT1 boards
respectively, which occupy logical slots 3 and 4.
4.4.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Ethernet services are received from an external port, encapsulated through an internal port, and
mapped to the SDH network for transparent transmission. In this way, the node communicates
with a remote node.
Figure 4-23 shows the signal flow and timeslot allocation of the EPL services.
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-23 Signal flow and timeslot allocation (Ethernet transparent transmission board)
NOTE
The EGT1 board supports transparent transmission of Ethernet services, the link capacity adjustment
scheme (LCAS), test frames, and other functions.
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
SDH
NE1
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
PORT1
NE3
User A2
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
PORT1
User B2
VC4-1:VC12:6-15
VC4-1:VC12:1-5
3-EGT1
PORT1
PORT1
User A1
User B1
NE2
4-EGT1
3-EGT1
4-EGT1

l The EPL services of user A:
Occupy the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the
SDH link between NE1 and NE3 and pass through NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the 3-EGT1 board of NE1 and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the 3-EGT1 board of NE3.
l The EPL services of user B:
Occupy the sixth to fifteenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:6-15) on
the SDH link between NE1 and NE3 and pass through NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the 4-EGT1 board of NE1 and the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the 4-EGT1 board of NE3.
Table 4-12 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE3
Board 3-EGT1 4-EGT1 3-EGT1 4-EGT1
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Parameter NE1 NE3
Port PORT1 PORT1 PORT1 PORT1
Enabled/
Disabled
Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Maximum
Frame Length
1522 1522 1522 1522

Table 4-13 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE3
Board 3-EGT1 4-EGT1 3-EGT1 4-EGT1
Internal Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Mapping
Protocol
GFP GFP GFP GFP
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-10
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-10

4.4.3 Configuration Process
The Ethernet transparent transmission boards support only EPL services. The EPL are already
created by default and hence you need not configure the Ethernet transparent transmission boards
on the U2000.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services.
Background Information
By default, EPL service connections from external ports to internal ports are already created for
Ethernet transparent transmission boards. The EPL service connections can be queried on the
U2000, but cannot be created, modified, or deleted on the U2000.
If the Ethernet transparent transmission boards in the actual application scenarios are different
from the boards in this example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific
boards.
l For the EPL services supported by Ethernet transparent transmission boards, see 6.1
Service Support Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet transparent transmission boards, see
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EPL services of user A1 and user B1 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external ports (PORT1 of 3-EGT1 board and PORT1 of the 4-EGT1
board) used by the services of user A1 and user B1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EGT1 and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled PORT1 is used by the service of user A1.
PORT2 is used by the service of user B1. In
this example, Enabled/Disabled is set to
Enabled for PORT1 and PORT2.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
In this example, the Ethernet service access
equipment of user A1 and user B1 supports
the auto-negotiation mode. Hence, Working
Mode is set to Auto-Negotiation for PORT1
and PORT2.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522 Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.

2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1 of 3-EGT1 board and VCTRUNK1 of
the 4-EGT1 board) used by the services of user A1 and user B1.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP In this example, the EFS8 board is used. This
parameter adopts the default value GFP.
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32 In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: - When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following
parameters in the Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click
Apply.
User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
User
A1
user
A2
Configurab
le Ports
VCTRUN
K1 (3-
EGT1)
As shown in Figure 4-23, VCTRUNK1 of the
3-EGT1 board is used by the service between
user A1 and user A2.
Avai
lable
Bou
nd
Path
s
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user A1 and user A2 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
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User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Ser
vice
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service between user A1 and user A2 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by the specific boards,
see 6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths
with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
mes
lots
VC12-1 to
VC12-5
Five VC-12s need to be bound for the service
from user A1 to user A2. In this example, the
first to the fifth VC-12 need to be selected in
sequence.
User
B1
user
B2
Configurab
le Ports
VCTRUN
K1 (4-
EGT1)
As shown in Figure 4-23, VCTRUNK1 of the
4-EGT1 board is used by the service between
user B1 and user B2.
Avai
lable
Bou
nd
Path
s
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user B1 and user B2 uses
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10 VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vice
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service between user B1 and user B2 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by the specific boards,
see 6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths
with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
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User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Ti
mes
lots
VC12-1 to
VC12-10
Ten VC-12s need to be bound for the service
from user B1 to user B2. In this example, the
first to the tenth VC-12 need to be selected in
sequence.

3. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet services to the SDH links for user A1
and user B1.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User A1 Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
A1 is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service of user A1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 3-EGT1-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the source timeslot is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-5.
Sink Slot 5-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslot can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslot. The number of
source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
User B1 Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
B1 is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service of user B1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 4-EGT1-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the source timeslot is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-10.
Sink Slot 5-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-15 The value range of the sink timeslot can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslot. The number of
source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are 10
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be 10
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the pass-through services of user A1 and user B1 on NE2.
1. Click . Select NE2 in the Navigation Tree that is displayed. Then, click OK.
2. In the NE Explorer, select NE2 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
3. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters as follows.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 The SDH service of NE1, which passes through NE2, is
at the VC-12 level.
Service
Direction
Bidirectional As shown in Figure 4-23, the SDH service from NE1 to
NE2 is a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 5-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
As shown in Figure 4-23, the service signals are
transmitted from 5-SL4D-1(SDH-1) to 5-SL4D-2
(SDH-2). In this example, Source Slot is set to 5-SL4D-1
(SDH-1).
Source
VC4
VC4-1 VC4-1 is allocated to the service from NE1 to NE2.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-15 The service between user A1 and user B1 uses timeslots
1-15.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Slot 5-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
As shown in Figure 4-23, the service signals are
transmitted from 5-SL4D-2(SDH-2) to 5-SL4D-1
(SDH-1). In this example, Sink Slot is set to 5-SL4D-2
(SDH-2).
Sink VC4 VC4-1 It is recommended that you set Sink Slot to be the same
as Source Slot.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-15 The service between user A1 and user B1 uses timeslots
1-15.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 3 Configure the EPL services of user A2 and user B2 on NE3.
Refer to Step 1 and configure the EPL services for users A2 and B2.
Step 4 Check whether the service between user A1 and user A2 and the service between user B1 and
user B2 are correct. For the operation procedure, see Testing Ethernet Service Channels.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see 5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet
Private Line Services.
4.5 Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Switching
Board
EPL services provide the point-to-point Ethernet transparent transmission solution with the
bandwidth exclusively occupied. EPL services are applicable when the communication
equipment that is used to access the client-side data in the transmission network does not support
VLANs or when the VLAN planning must be kept secret to the network operator.
4.5.1 Networking Diagram
The completely isolated data services of two users at a station must be transported to another
station.
4.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
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Ethernet services are received from an external port, encapsulated through an internal port, and
mapped to the SDH network for transparent transmission. In this way, the node communicates
with a remote node.
4.5.3 Configuration Process
This topic describes the process of configuring Ethernet private line services for Ethernet
switching boards.
4.5.4 Configuration Process (End-to-End Mode)
During the configuration of EPL services on Ethernet switching boards, you need to configure
Ethernet private line services. This topic describes the process of configuring EPL services for
Ethernet switching boards in end-to-end mode.
4.5.1 Networking Diagram
The completely isolated data services of two users at a station must be transported to another
station.
Service Requirement
In the network as shown in Figure 4-24, the service requirements are as follows:
l The two branches of user A that are located at NE1 and NE3 need to communicate with
each other over Ethernet. A 10 Mbit/s bandwidth is required.
l The two branches of user B that are located at NE1 and NE3 need to communicate with
each other over Ethernet. A 20 Mbit/s bandwidth is required.
l The services of user A must be isolated from the services of user B.
l The Ethernet equipment of user A and user B provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet ports of which
the working mode is auto-negotiation, and does not support VLANs.
Figure 4-24 Networking diagram of the EPL services
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
User A2
PORT1 PORT2
PORT1 PORT2
VCTRUNK
User A1 User B1
User B2
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-2
6-SL4D-2
4-EFS8 6-SL4D-1
NE3:
NE1:
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
NE2:
Line board Ethernet board
4-EFS8 6-SL4D-2
Line board Ethernet board
Line board Line board

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Board Configuration Information
Ethernet transparent transmission boards or Ethernet switching boards can be used to configure
EPL services. The Ethernet switching processing board is displayed as the EFS8 on the
U2000, which occupies logical slot 4.
In this example, NE1 and NE3 each are configured with one EFS8 board, which is an Ethernet
switching board.
4.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Ethernet services are received from an external port, encapsulated through an internal port, and
mapped to the SDH network for transparent transmission. In this way, the node communicates
with a remote node.
Figure 4-25 shows the signal flow and timeslot allocation of the EPL services.
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-25 Signal flow and timeslot allocation (Ethernet switching board)
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:6-15
SDH
NE1
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
PORT1
NE3
User A2
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:6-15
PORT2
User B2
VC4-1:VC12:6-15
VC4-1:VC12:1-5
:EFS8
:EFS8
PORT1
PORT2
User A1
User B1
NE2

l The EPL services of user A:
Occupy the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the
SDH link between NE1 and NE3 and pass through NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of
the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EFS8 board of NE3.
l The EPL services of user B:
Occupy the sixth to fifteenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:6-15) on
the SDH link between NE1 and NE3 and pass through NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the sixth to fifteenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth
VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:6-15) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the sixth to fifteenth VC-12
timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:6-15) on the EFS8 board of NE3.
Table 4-14 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE3
Board EFS8 EFS8
Port PORT1 PORT2 PORT1 PORT2
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Parameter NE1 NE3
Enabled/
Disabled
Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Maximum
Frame Length
1522 1522 1522 1522

Table 4-15 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE3
Board EFS8 EFS8
Internal Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
Mapping
Protocol
GFP GFP GFP GFP
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-6
-VC12-15
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-6
-VC12-15
Entry Detection Disabled Disabled Disabled Disabled
Port Type UNI UNI UNI UNI

Table 4-16 Parameters of the EPL services
Parameter EPL Services of User A EPL Services of User B
Board EFS8
Service Type EPL
Service Direction Bidirectional
Source Port PORT1 PORT2
Source C-VLAN (e.g. 1,3-6) Null Null
Sink Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
Sink C-VLAN (e.g. 1,3-6) Null Null

4.5.3 Configuration Process
This topic describes the process of configuring Ethernet private line services for Ethernet
switching boards.
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Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services.
Background Information
If the Ethernet switching boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards
in this example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l For the EPL services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service Support
Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EPL services for users A1 and B1 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external ports (PORT1 and PORT2 on the EFS8 board) used by the
services of users A1 and B1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
PORT1 is used by the service of user A1.
PORT2 is used by the service of user B1. In
this example, Enabled/Disabled is set to
Enabled for PORT1 and PORT2.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
PORT2: Auto-
Negotiation
In this example, the Ethernet service access
equipment of user A1 and user B1 supports
the auto-negotiation mode. Hence, Working
Mode is set to Auto-Negotiation for PORT1
and PORT2.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522
PORT2: 1522
Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.

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l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
TAG PORT1: Access
PORT2: Access
The access equipment of user A1 and user B1
does not support the VLAN. Hence, the
access equipment transmits only the packet
without the VLAN tag. In this example, it is
recommended that you set the TAG flags at
PORT1 and PORT2 to Access.
Default
VLAN
ID
PORT1: 1
PORT2: 1
The services of user A1 and user B1
exclusively occupy the PORTs and
VCTRUNKs. Hence, the VLAN ID is not
required for isolating the services. In this
example, Default VLAN ID adopts the
default value.
VLAN
Priority
PORT1: 0
PORT2: 0
Both the VLAN ID and VLAN priority are
unnecessary for users A1 and B1. In this
example, VLAN Priority adopts the default
value.
Entry
Detectio
n
PORT1: Disabled
PORT2: Disabled
The services of user A1 and user B1 are EPL
transparent transmission services. Hence,
you need not enable the entry detection
function to check the VLAN tags of the
packets. In this example, Entry Detection
need to be set to Disabled. When Entry
Detection is set to Disabled, the parameters
of TAG, Default VLAN ID, and VLAN
Priority are invalid.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2 of the EFS8 board)
used by the services of user A1 and user B1.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
VCTRUNK1: Disabled
VCTRUNK2: Disabled
The services of user A1 and user B1 are EPL
transparent transmission services. Hence,
you need not enable the entry detection
function to check the VLAN tags of the
packets. In this example, Entry Detection
need to be set to Disabled. When Entry
Detection is set to Disabled, the parameters
of TAG, Default VLAN ID, and VLAN
Priority are invalid.

l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Port
Attribut
es
VCTRUNK1: UNI
VCTRUNK1: UNI
UNI indicates the user-network interface,
namely, the interface of the service provider
located near the user side. The UNI interface
processes the tag attribute of IEEE 802.1Q-
compliant packets. That is, the UNI interface
processes and identifies the VLAN
information of the accessed user packets,
according to the supported tag flag, namely,
Tag Aware, Access, and Hybrid.

l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP
VCTRUNK2: GFP
In this example, the EFS8 board is used. This
parameter adopts the default value GFP.
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK2:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32
VCTRUNK2: FCS32
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian
VCTRUNK2: Big endian
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: -
VCTRUNK2: -
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following in the
Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click Apply.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User
A1
user
A2
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K1
As shown in Figure 4-25, VCTRUNK1 is used
by the service between user A1 and user A2.
Ava
ilab
le
Bou
nd
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user A1 and user A2 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user A1 and user A2 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 The fourth VC-4 of the EFS8 board can be
bound with VC-12s. In this example, Available
Resources is set to VC4-4.
For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-1 to
VC12-5
Five VC-12s need to be bound for the service
from user A1 to user A2. In this example, the
first to the fifth VC-12s need to be selected in
sequence.
User
B1
user
B2
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K2
As shown in Figure 4-25, VCTRUNK2 is used
by the service between user B1 and user B2.
Ava
ilab
le
Bou
nd
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user B1 and user B2 uses
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10 VC-12s need
to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user B1 and user B2 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 The fourth VC-4 of the EFS8 board can be
bound with VC-12s. In this example, Available
Resources is set to VC4-4.
For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-6 to
VC12-15
Ten VC-12s need to be bound for the service
from user B1 to user B2. In this example, the
sixth to the fifteenth VC-12s need to be selected
in sequence.

3. Configure the Ethernet private line services for user A1 and user B1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet Line Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New on the lower-right pane to display the Create Ethernet Line Service dialog
box. Set the following parameters, and then click OK. The Operation Result dialog
box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful. Click Close.
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User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
User A1 Service
Type
EPL The service of user A1 is an EPL service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service of user A1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Port PORT1 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. In this example, the service of
user A1 occupies PORT1.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
Blank In this example, the EPL service does not carry
the VLAN tag.
Sink Port VCTRUN
K1
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. In this example,
the service of user A1 occupies VCTRUNK1.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
Blank In this example, the EPL service does not carry
the VLAN tag.
User B1 Service
Type
EPL The service of user B1 is an EPL service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service of user B1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Port PORT2 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. In this example, the service of
user B1 occupies PORT2.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
Blank In this example, the EPL service does not carry
the VLAN tag.
Sink Port VCTRUN
K2
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. In this example,
the service of user B1 occupies VCTRUNK2.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
Blank In this example, the EPL service does not carry
the VLAN tag.
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4. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet services to the SDH links for user A1
and user B1.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User A1 Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
A1 is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service of user A1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-5.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
User B1 Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
B1 is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service of user B1 is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-15 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-6 to VC12-15.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-15 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are 10
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be 10
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the EPL services for users A1 and B1 on NE2.
1. Click . Select NE2 in the Navigation Tree that is displayed. Then, click OK.
2. In the NE Explorer, select NE2, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
3. Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box. Set
the parameters as follows.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Level VC12 The SDH service of NE1, which passes through NE2, is
at the VC-12 level.
Service
Direction
Bidirectional As shown in Figure 4-25, the SDH service from NE1 to
NE2 is a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
As shown in Figure 4-25, the service signals are
transmitted from 6-SL4D-1(SDH-1) to 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2). In this example, Source Slot is set to 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1).
Source
VC4
VC4-1 VC4-1 is allocated to the service from NE1 to NE2.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-15 The service between user A1 and user B1 uses timeslots
1-15.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
As shown in Figure 4-25, the service signals are
transmitted from 6-SL4D-1(SDH-1) to 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2). In this example, Sink Slot is set to 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2).
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink VC4 VC4-1 It is recommended that you set Sink Slot to be the same
as Source Slot.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-15 The service between user A1 and user B1 uses timeslots
1-15.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 3 Configure the EPL services for users A2 and B3 on NE3.
Refer to Step 1 and configure the EPL services for users A2 and B2. The parameter values of
user A2 and user B2 must be consistent with the parameter values of user A1 and user B1.
Step 4 Check whether the service between user A1 and user A2 and the service between user B1 and
user B2 are correct. For the operation procedure, see Testing Ethernet Service Channels.
Step 5 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 6 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see 5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet
Private Line Services.
4.5.4 Configuration Process (End-to-End Mode)
During the configuration of EPL services on Ethernet switching boards, you need to configure
Ethernet private line services. This topic describes the process of configuring EPL services for
Ethernet switching boards in end-to-end mode.
Prerequisite
You must understand the information provided in 4.5.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot
Allocation.
Background Information
If in the actual application you use an Ethernet switching board different from the one described
in this example, learn about the requirements for configuring that specific as follows:
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l For the EPL services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service Support
Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of the Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EPL services between user A1 and user A2 in end-to-end mode.
1. Create a VC-4 server trail.
l Choose Service > SDH Trail > Create SDH Trail from the Main Menu and set
parameters for the VC-4 server trail.
Table 4-17 Parameters of the VC-4 server trail between user A1 and user A2
Parameter Value in This Example
Direction Bidirectional
Level VC4 Server Trail
Service Domain SDH&RTN
Resource Usage Strategy Protected Resource
Protection Priority Strategy Trail Protection First

l Double-click NE1 (source) and NE3 (sink) on the main topology to configure the source
and sink of the VC-4 server trail.
l In the Trail Settings tab, configure Explicit Node and Set Route Timeslot.
Table 4-18 Parameters of the VC-4 server trail route between user A1 and user A2
Parameter Value in This Example
Explicit Node NE NE2
NOTE
Right-click and choose
Add from the shortcut
menu. In the Add Explicit
Node dialog box that is
displayed, select NE2.
Set Route Timeslot Timeslot 1
NOTE
Click Set Route Timeslot.
In the Set Route Timeslot
dialog box that is displayed,
set the VC-4 server trail
from NE1 to NE3 to VC4-1.
Other parameters Default values

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l Click Apply. The Operation Result dialog box is displayed indicating that the
operation is successful. Click Close or Browse Trail to query the created VC-4 server
trail.
2. Create a trunk link.
l Choose Service > MSTP Trail > Create Trunk Link from the Main Menu.
l Set Bandwidth to 5 X: VC12. Select Auto Create Server Trails.
NOTE
If you do not select Auto Create Server Trails, refer to Step 1.1 to create cross-connections of
Ethernet services between NE1 and NE3 to SDH links. Set Level to VC12. Set Server Layer
Trail to the created link when creating trunk links.
l Configure bound timeslots for the source NE. Click Browse. In the dialog box that is
displayed, select NE1 and set NE Panel to EFS8, VCTRUNK Port to 1, and Lower
Order to VC4:4-VC12:1 to VC4:4-VC12:5. Click OK.
l Configure bound timeslots for the sink NE. Click Browse and select NE3. Set NE
Panel to EFS8, VCTRUNK Port to 1, and Lower Order to VC4:4-VC12:1 to VC4:4-
VC12:5. Click OK.
l Select Activate the trail and click Apply.
3. Create EPL services.
l Choose Service > MSTP Trail > Create EPL from the Main Menu.
l Double-click NE1 (source) and NE3 (sink) on the main topology to configure the source
and sink of the EPL services.
Table 4-19 Parameters of the EPL services between user A1 and user A2
Parameter Value in This Example
Source Port Usage Strategy Port
Port NE1-4-EFS8-PORT1
Sink Port Usage Strategy Port
Port NE3-4-EFS8-PORT1

l Set trunk link routing policies using the existing trunk link. Select the trunk link created
in step 1 b. Click Next.
NOTE
l To create EPL services in end-to-end mode, complete the following recommended steps: first
create a server trail, then create a trunk link, and finally create EPL services. When creating
EPL services, select Use Existing Trunk Link.
l Alternatively, create the trunk link when creating the EPL services. In this case, select Create
Trunk Link Manually or Create Trunk Link Automatically.
l In the Port Attribute Setting dialog box, set port attributes.
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Table 4-20 Parameters of port attributes for user A1 and user A2
Parameter Value in This
Example
Source NE PORT1 Entry Detection Disabled
VCTRUNK1 Entry Detection Disabled
Sink NE PORT1 Entry detection Disabled
VCTRUNK1 Entry Detection Disabled
Other parameters Default values

l Select Activate the trail and click Finish.
Step 2 Repeat Step 1.2 to Step 1.3 configure EPL services between user B1 and user B2 according to
service planning.
Step 3 Check whether the services between user A1 and user A2 and the services between user B1 and
user B2 are proper. For details, see Testing Ethernet Service Channels.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Related Task
If the services are configured incorrectly, see 5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet Private Line Services
for the deletion method.
4.6 Configuring PORT-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services
The PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) service is applicable when the services of multiple users
received from the same external port on the Ethernet board at a station are transmitted on different
VCTRUNKs to another station or to another external port of the station.
4.6.1 Networking Diagram
The services of multiple users received from the same external port on an Ethernet board of a
station are transmitted to different stations on different VCTRUNKs.
4.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Ethernet services wherein different VLAN IDs are used to isolate the data of different users are
received from the same external port of NE1, encapsulated through an internal port, and
transparently transmitted on the SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote
node.
4.6.3 Configuration Process
Ethernet switching boards are required for creating EVPL services of different VLAN IDs on
NE1. In this way, the data of different users received from the same external port can be
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differentiated. Ethernet transparent transmission boards are required for creating EPL
transparent transmission services on NE2 and NE4.
4.6.1 Networking Diagram
The services of multiple users received from the same external port on an Ethernet board of a
station are transmitted to different stations on different VCTRUNKs.
Service Requirement
In the network as shown in Figure 4-26, the service requirements are as follows:
l The headquarters C1 of user C is located at NE1. Two branches (C2 and C3) of user C are
located at NE2 and NE4. The services between C1 and C2 are transmitted in the VLAN of
which the VLAN ID is 100. The services between C1 and C3 are transmitted in the VLAN
of which the VLAN ID is 200.
l The services of C2 are isolated from the services of C3. The services of C2 and C3 require
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth respectively.
l The Ethernet equipment of C1, C2, and C3 provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet electrical
interfaces that work in auto-negotiation mode. The Ethernet equipment of C1 supports
VLANs, but the Ethernet equipment of C2 and C3 does not support VLANs.
The VLAN ID used by the Ethernet services between C1 and C2 is 100.
The VLAN ID used by the Ethernet services between C1 and C3 is 200.
Figure 4-26 Networking diagram for configuring PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
PORT1
User C1
User C2
User C3
PORT1 PORT1
VCTRUNK
VLAN 100
VLAN 200
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-2
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-1
NE4:
NE2:
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
NE1:
Line board
Ethernet board
4-EGT1
6-SL4D-2
Line board Ethernet board
Line board Line board
Ethernet board
4-EFS8

Board Configuration Information
In this example, NE1 is configured with an EFS8 board. VLAN IDs are used to isolate the data
of different users received from the same port. NE2 and NE4 are each configured with an EGT1
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board. The EPL services are configured to implement service transparent transmission from NE2
and NE4 to NE1.
In this example, NE1 is configured with an EFS8 board. NE2 and NE4 are each configured with
an EGT1 board.
4.6.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
Ethernet services wherein different VLAN IDs are used to isolate the data of different users are
received from the same external port of NE1, encapsulated through an internal port, and
transparently transmitted on the SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote
node.
Figure 4-27 shows the signal flow of the PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services and the timeslot
allocation to the PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services .
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-27 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
PORT1
NE1:EFS8
VCTRUNK1
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:11-20
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
PORT1
NE2:EGT1
SDH
User C1
User C2
EVPL1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
EVPL2
EPL
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
PORT1
NE4:EGT1
User C3
EPL
V
C
4
-1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-1
0
V
C
4
-
1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-
1
0

l The EVPL service from C1 to C2:
Occupies the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on
the SDH link from NE1 to NE2.
Is added and dropped by using the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the EGT1 board of NE2.
l The EVPL service from C1 to C3:
Occupies the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on
the SDH link from NE1 to NE4.
Is added and dropped by the using the eleventh to twentieth VC-12 timeslots of the
fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:11-20) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to tenth
VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the EGT1 board of NE4.
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Table 4-21 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port PORT1 PORT1 PORT1
Enabled/Disabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-Negotiation Auto-Negotiation Auto-Negotiation
Maximum Frame
Length
1522 1522 1522
TAG Tag Aware - -

Table 4-22 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Mapping
Protocol
GFP GFP GFP GFP
TAG Access Access - -
Entry Detection Enabled Enabled - -
Default VLAN
ID
100 200 - -
VLAN Priority 0 0 - -
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1
to VC12-10
VC4-4:VC12-1
1 to VC12-20
VC4-4:VC12-1
to VC12-10
VC4-4:VC12-1
to VC12-10
Port Type UNI UNI - -

Table 4-23 Parameters of the PORT-shared EVPL (VLAN) services
Parameter NE1
EVPL1
(PORT1
VCTRUNK1)
EVPL2
(PORT1VCTRUNK2)
Board EFS8
Service Type EVPL
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Parameter NE1
EVPL1
(PORT1
VCTRUNK1)
EVPL2
(PORT1VCTRUNK2)
Service Direction Bidirectional
Source Port PORT1 PORT1
Source C-VLAN (e.g. 1,3-6) 100 200
Sink Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
Sink C-VLAN (e.g. 1,3-6) 100 200

4.6.3 Configuration Process
Ethernet switching boards are required for creating EVPL services of different VLAN IDs on
NE1. In this way, the data of different users received from the same external port can be
differentiated. Ethernet transparent transmission boards are required for creating EPL
transparent transmission services on NE2 and NE4.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.2 Flow of Configuring EVPL Services.
Background Information
If the Ethernet boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards in this
example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l For the EVPL services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service Support
Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EVPL services for user C1 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external port (PORT1 of the EFS8 board) used by the service of
user C1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled The service of user C1 occupies PORT1. In
this example, Enabled/Disabled is set to
Enable.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
The Ethernet service access equipment of
user C1 supports the auto-negotiation mode.
In this example, Working Mode is set to
Auto-Negotiation.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522 Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.

l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
TAG PORT1: Tag Aware When the port is set to Tag Aware, all data
frames transmitted and received at the port
must have VLAN tags. In this example,
TAG is set to Tag Aware.
Default
VLAN
ID
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set Default VLAN ID.
VLAN
Priority
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set VLAN Priority.
Entry
Detectio
n
PORT1: Enabled The equipment of user C1 supports VLANs.
Hence, the entry detection function must be
enabled to check the VLAN tag. In this way,
the user data frames with different VLAN
tags can be distinguished at one port. In this
example, Entry Detection of PORT1 is set
to Enabled.

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l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2 of the EFS8 board)
used by the services between user C1 and user C2 and between user C1 and user C3.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
TAG VCTRUNK1: Access
VCTRUNK2: Access
This parameter is set to Access if the Ethernet
equipment of users C2 and C3 does not
support VLANs and if the transmitted
packets do not carry VLAN tags.
Default
VLAN
ID
VCTRUNK1: 100
VCTRUNK2: 200
According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet services between user C1 and user
C2.
The VLAN ID is set to 200 on the
transmission network side for Ethernet
services between user C1 and user C3.
VLAN
Priority
VCTRUNK1: 0
VCTRUNK2: 0
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value.
Entry
Detectio
n
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
VCTRUNK1 is used by the service between
user C1 and user C2. VCTRUNK2 is used by
the service between user C1 and user C3.
Then, you need to enable the entry detection
function to detect the VLAN tags of the
received packets.

l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Port
Attribut
es
VCTRUNK1: UNI
VCTRUNK2: UNI
UNI indicates the user-network interface,
namely, the interface of the service provider
located near the user side. The UNI interface
processes the tag attribute of IEEE 802.1Q-
compliant packets. That is, the UNI interface
processes and identifies the VLAN
information of the accessed user packets,
according to the supported tag flag, namely,
Tag Aware, Access, and Hybrid.

l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP
VCTRUNK2: GFP
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK2:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32
VCTRUNK2: FCS32
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian
VCTRUNK2: Big endian
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: No
VCTRUNK2: No
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following
parameters in the Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click
Apply.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User C1

user C2
Configurab
le Ports
VCTRUN
K1
As shown in Figure 4-27, VCTRUNK1 is
used by the service between user C1 and user
C2.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Avai
lable
Bou
nd
Path
s
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user C1 and user C2
uses a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10
VC-12s need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user C1 and user C2 is
a bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 Select VC4-4.
For the resources used by other boards, see
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-1 to
VC12-10
Ten VC-12s need to be bound. In this
example, the first to the tenth VC-12s need
to be selected in sequence.
User C1

user C3
Configurab
le Ports
VCTRUN
K2
As shown in Figure 4-27, VCTRUNK2 is
used by the service between user C1 and user
C3.
Avai
lable
Bou
nd
Path
s
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user C1 and user C3
uses a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10
VC-12s need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user C1 and user C3 is
a bidirectional service.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 Select VC4-4.
For the resources used by other boards, see
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-11
to
VC12-20
Ten VC-12s need to be bound. In this
example, the eleventh to the twentieth
VC-12s need to be selected in sequence.

3. Configure the Ethernet private line services between user C1 and user C2 and between user
C1 and user C3.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet Line Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New on the lower-right pane to display the Create Ethernet Line Service
window. Set the following parameters and then click OK. The Operation Result dialog
box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful. Click Close.
User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
User C1
user
C2
Service
Type
EPL The service between user C1 and C2 is a point-
to-point Ethernet private line service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service between user C1 and user C2 is a
bidirectional service.
Source Port PORT1 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. PORT1 is the external port
used by the service between user C1 and user
C2.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
100 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 for the Ethernet service between user C1
and user C2.
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User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Port VCTRUN
K1
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. VCTRUNK1 is
the internal port used by the service between
user C1 and user C2.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
100 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 for the Ethernet service between user C1
and user C2.
User C1
user
C3
Service
Type
EPL The service between user C1 and C3 is a point-
to-point Ethernet private line service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service between user C1 and user C3 is a
bidirectional service.
Source Port PORT1 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. PORT1 is the external port used
by the service between user C1 and user C3.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
200 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
200 for the Ethernet service between user C1
and user C3.
Sink Port VCTRUN
K2
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. VCTRUNK2 is
the internal port used by the service between
user C1 and user C2.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
200 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
200 for the Ethernet service between user C1
and user C3.

4. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet service between user C1 and user C2
to the SDH link and the Ethernet service between user C1 and user C3 to the SDH link.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User C1

user C2
Level VC12 The timeslots bound with the service
between user C1 and user C2 is at the VC-12
level. The service level must be consistent
with the level of the paths bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service between user C1 and user C2 is
a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, Source VC4 is set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-10.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are ten
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be ten
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User C1

user C3
Level VC12 The timeslots bound with the service
between user C1 and user C3 is at the VC-12
level. The service level must be consistent
with the level of the paths bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service between user C1 and user C3 is
a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, Source VC4 is set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
11-20 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-11 to VC12-20.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are ten
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be ten
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the EPL services on NE2 and NE4.
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NOTE
The Ethernet services of NE2 and NE4 are point-to-point transparent transmission services. See 4.4
Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board to set the parameters.
Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For the operation procedures, see Testing
Ethernet Service Channels.
l Before testing the service connectivity between headquarters C1 and branch C2, set TAG of
PORT1 on the EFS8 board to Access and Default VLAN ID to 100.
l Before testing the service connectivity between headquarters C1 and branch C3, set TAG of
PORT1 on the EFS8 board to Access and Default VLAN ID to 200.
NOTE
After the test, change the modified parameter values to the values specified in the service configuration.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see 5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet
Private Line Services.
4.7 Configuring VCTRUNK-Shared EVPL (VLAN) Services
When the data of multiple users without VLAN tags sent to a transmission network is transmitted
on the same VCTRUNK, the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) service is used to isolate the
data by adding VLAN tags. In this way, the bandwidth is shared on the SDH side.
4.7.1 Networking Diagram
The data of multiple Ethernet users received from the same station is transmitted on the same
VCTRUNK and isolated by using different VLAN IDs. In this way, the bandwidth is shared on
the SDH side.
4.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The services of multiple users that are received from different external ports on an Ethernet
board are tagged with different VLAN IDs and then transmitted on the same VCTRUNK. In
this way, the data of different users is isolated. After the data arrives at the sink node, the VLAN
tags are stripped.
4.7.3 Configuration Process
Ethernet switching boards are required on both the source and sink nodes for creating EVPL
services of different VLAN IDs. In this way, the packets received from different external ports
are added with different VLAN tags. As a result, the packets are isolated when they are
transmitted on the same VCTRUNK.
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4.7.1 Networking Diagram
The data of multiple Ethernet users received from the same station is transmitted on the same
VCTRUNK and isolated by using different VLAN IDs. In this way, the bandwidth is shared on
the SDH side.
Service Requirement
In the network as shown in Figure 4-28, the service requirements are as follows:
l Two branches of user D are located at NE1 and NE2, and need to communicate with each
other.
l Two branches of user E are located at NE1 and NE2, and need to communicate with each
other.
l The services of user D need to be isolated from the services of user E. The traffic of user
D and user E, however, are complementary in terms of time and can share a 20 Mbit/s
bandwidth.
l The Ethernet equipment of user D and user E provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet ports of which
the working mode is auto-negotiation, and does not support VLAN tags.
Figure 4-28 Networking diagram for configuring VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
PORT1
User D2
PORT1
VCTRUNK
User D1
User E2
PORT2
PORT2 User E1
Line Board Ethernet Board
6
6
6-SL4D 4-EFS8
NE1:
Line Board Ethernet Board
6-SL4D 4-EFS8
NE2:

Board Configuration Information
The Ethernet switching boards that support EVPL services are provided in Table 6-1.
In this example, NE1 and NE2 each are configured with an EFS8 board. Different VLAN IDs
are used to isolate the data of different users transmitted on the same VCTRUNK.
l When the data of user D arrives at the transmission network, the VLAN ID of 100 is added
to the data. When the data leaves the transmission network, the VLAN tag is stripped.
l When the data of user E arrives at the transmission network, the VLAN ID of 200 is added
to the data. When the data leaves the transmission network, the VLAN tag is stripped.
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4.7.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The services of multiple users that are received from different external ports on an Ethernet
board are tagged with different VLAN IDs and then transmitted on the same VCTRUNK. In
this way, the data of different users is isolated. After the data arrives at the sink node, the VLAN
tags are stripped.
Figure 4-29 shows the signal flow of the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services and the
timeslot allocation to the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services.
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-29 Signal flow and timeslot allocation
PORT1
NE1:EFS8
VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
PORT1
NE2:EFS8
SDH
User D1
EVPL1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
EVPL2
EVPL1
EVPL2
PORT2
User E1
User D2
PORT2
User E2
VC4-1:VC12:1-10
VC4-4:VC12:1-10

l The EVPL services of user D and user E that share VCTRUNK1 occupy the first to tenth
VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on the SDH link from NE1 to NE2.
l The services are added and dropped by using the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth
VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on the EFS8 board of NE2.
Table 4-24 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2
Board EFS8 EFS8
Port PORT1 PORT2 PORT1 PORT2
Enabled/
Disabled
Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Maximum
Frame Length
1522 1522 1522 1522
TAG Access Access Access Access
Entry Detection Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Default VLAN
ID
100 200 100 200
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Parameter NE1 NE2
VLAN Priority 0 0 0 0

Table 4-25 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2
Board EFS8 EFS8
Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Mapping Protocol GFP GFP
TAG Tag Aware Tag Aware
Entry Detection Enabled Enabled
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1-VC12-10 VC4-4:VC12-1-VC12-10
Port Type UNI UNI

Table 4-26 Parameters of the VCTRUNK-shared EVPL (VLAN) services
Parameter NE1 NE2
EVPL1
PORT1
VCTRUNK1
EVPL2
PORT2
VCTRUNK1
EVPL1
PORT1
VCTRUNK1
EVPL2
PORT2
VCTRUNK1
Board EFS8 EFS8
Service Type EVPL EVPL
Service
Direction
Bidirectional Bidirectional
Source Port PORT1 PORT2 PORT1 PORT2
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1,3-6)
100 200 100 200
Sink Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Sink C-VLAN
(e.g. 1,3-6)
100 200 100 200

4.7.3 Configuration Process
Ethernet switching boards are required on both the source and sink nodes for creating EVPL
services of different VLAN IDs. In this way, the packets received from different external ports
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are added with different VLAN tags. As a result, the packets are isolated when they are
transmitted on the same VCTRUNK.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.2 Flow of Configuring EVPL Services.
Background Information
If the Ethernet boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards in this
example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l The Ethernet switching boards that support EVPL services are provided in 6.1 Service
Support Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EVPL services for users D1 and E1 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external ports (PORT1 and PORT2 of the EFS8 board) used by the
service of user D1 and user E1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
The service of user D1 occupies PORT1 and
the service of user E1 occupies PORT2. In
this example, Enabled/Disabled is set to
Enabled.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
PORT2: Auto-
Negotiation
The Ethernet access equipment of user D1
and user E1 supports the auto-negotiation
mode. Working Mode of PORT1 and
PORT2 is set to Auto-Negotiation.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522
PORT2: 1522
Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.
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l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
TAG PORT1: Access
PORT2: Access
This parameter is set to Access if the Ethernet
equipment of user D1 and user E1 does not
support VLANs and if the transmitted
packets do not carry VLAN tags.
Default
VLAN
ID
PORT1: 100
PORT2: 200
According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet services between user D1 and user
D2.
The VLAN ID is set to 200 on the
transmission network side for Ethernet
services between user E1 and user E2.
VLAN
Priority
PORT1: 0
PORT2: 0
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value.
Entry
Detectio
n
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
If the equipment of users D1 and E1 does not
support VLANs, you need to enable the entry
detection function to detect wether the
received packets contain VLAN tags. In this
case, Entry Detection is set to Enabled.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal port (VCTRUNK1 on the EFS8 board) used by the services
between user D1 and user D2 and between E1 and user E2.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
TAG VCTRUNK1: Tag Aware When the port is set to Tag Aware, all data
frames transmitted and received at the port
must have VLAN tags. In this example,
TAG is set to Tag Aware.
Default
VLAN
ID
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set Default VLAN ID.
VLAN
Priority
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set VLAN Priority.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
VCTRUNK1: Enabled VCTRUNK1 is used by the service between
user D1 and user D2 and the service between
user E1 and user E2. Then, you need to enable
the entry detection function to detect the
VLAN tags of the received packets.

l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Port
Attribut
es
VCTRUNK1: UNI UNI indicates the user-network interface,
namely, the interface of the service provider
located near the user side. The UNI interface
processes the tag attribute of IEEE 802.1Q-
compliant packets. That is, the UNI interface
processes and identifies the VLAN
information of the accessed user packets,
according to the supported tag flag, namely,
Tag Aware, Access, and Hybrid.

l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32 In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: - When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following
parameters in the Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click
Apply.
User Parameter Value
in This
Examp
le
Description
User D1
user
D2
User E1
user
E2
Configurab
le Ports
VCTR
UNK1
As shown in Figure 4-29, VCTRUNK1 is
used by the service between user D1 and user
D2 and the service between user E1 and user
E2.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
und
Pat
hs
Leve
l
VC12-
xv
The service between user D1 and user D2 and
the service between user E1 and user E2 share
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Ten VC-12s need to be
bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Serv
ice
Dire
ction
Bidirect
ional
The service between user D1 and user D2 and
the service between user E1 and user E2 are
bidirectional services.
Avai
lable
Reso
urce
s
VC4-4 Select VC4-4.
For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Avai
lable
Tim
eslot
s
VC12-1
to
VC12-1
0
Ten VC-12s need to be bound. In this example,
the first to the tenth VC-12s need to be selected
in sequence.

3. Configure the Ethernet private line services between user D1 and user D2 and between user
E1 and user E2.
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l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet Line Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New on the lower-right pane to display the Create Ethernet Line Service
window. Set the following parameters and then click OK. The Operation Result dialog
box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful. Click Close.
User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
User D1
user
D2
Service
Type
EPL The service between user D1 and user D2 is a
point-to-point EVPL service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service between user D1 and user D2 is a
bidirectional service.
Source Port PORT1 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. In this example, PORT1 is the
external port used by the service between user
D1 and user D2.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
100 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet service between user D1 and user D2.
Sink Port VCTRUN
K1
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. In this example,
VCTRUNK1 is the internal port used by the
service between user D1 and user D2.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
100 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet services between user D1 and user D2.
User E1
user
E2
Service
Type
EPL The service between user E1 and E2 is a point-
to-point Ethernet private line service.
Service
Direction
Bidirection
al
The service between user E1 and user E2 is a
bidirectional service.
Source Port PORT2 When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific PORT as
the source port. In this example, PORT2 is the
external port used by the service between user
E1 and user E2.
Source C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
200 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
200 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet service between user E1 and user E2.
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User Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Port VCTRUN
K1
When creating the bidirectional Ethernet
service from a PORT to a VCTRUNK, it is
recommended that you use a specific
VCTRUNK as the sink port. In this example,
VCTRUNK1 is the internal port used by the
service between user E1 and user E2.
Sink C-
VLAN (e.g.
1, 3-6)
200 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
200 on the transmission network side for
Ethernet service between user E1 and user E2.

4. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet services to the SDH links for user D1
and user E1.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User D1

user D2
user E1

user E2
Level VC12 The timeslots bound with the service
between user D1 and user D2 and the
service between user E1 and user E2 are at
the VC-12 level. The service level must be
consistent with the level of the paths bound
with the VCTRUNK.
Service
Direction
Bidirectiona
l
The service between user D1 and user D2
and the service between user E1 and user
E2 are bidirectional services.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, Source VC4 is set to VC4-4.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-10.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-10 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of sink timeslots must be, however,
consistent with the number of sink
timeslots.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the EVPL service on NE2.
Refer to Step 1 and configure the EVPL service of NE2.
Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For the operation procedures, see Testing
Ethernet Service Channels.
l Test the service connectivity between user D1 and user D2.
l Test the service connectivity between user E1 and user E2.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see 5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet
Private Line Services.
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4.8 Configuring EPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1d Bridge)
The EPLAN service (IEEE 802.1d bridge) provides a LAN solution for multipoint-to-multipoint
convergence. This service applies where the user-side data communication equipment connected
to the transmission network does not support VLANs or where the VLAN planning is kept secret
from the network operator.
4.8.1 Networking Diagram
The convergence node needs to exchange Ethernet services with two access nodes at Layer 2.
The two access nodes need not communicate with each other.
4.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The Ethernet services of the convergence node are received from an external port, forwarded to
an internal port through Layer 2 switching, encapsulated, and transparently transmitted on the
SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote node.
4.8.3 Configuration Process
At the convergence node NE1, you need to create an EPLAN service (IEEE 802.1d bridge). At
the access nodes NE2 and NE4, you need to configure only transparent transmission EPL
services.
4.8.1 Networking Diagram
The convergence node needs to exchange Ethernet services with two access nodes at Layer 2.
The two access nodes need not communicate with each other.
Service Requirement
In the network as shown in Figure 4-30, the service requirements are as follows:
l Three branches (F1, F2, and F3) of user F are located at NE1, NE2, and NE4. F1 needs to
communicate with F2 and F3, and requires a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth for communication with
each branch.
l The Ethernet equipment of user F provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet electrical interfaces that
work in auto-negotiation mode and support VLANs. The VLAN IDs and the number of
VLANs, however, are unknown and may change.
NOTE
The application scenarios where one branch needs to communicate with other branches are as follows:
l Branches F2 and F3 need to communicate with each other.
l Branches F2 and F3 need not communicate with each other.
If branches F2 and F3 need to communicate with each other, skip Step 1.4 in which you change the Hub/
Spoke attributes of ports connected to the bridge.
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Figure 4-30 Networking diagram for configuring EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge)
PORT1
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
VCTRUNK
PORT1
PORT1
PORT1
VCTRUNK1
VB
VCTRUNK2
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-2
6-SL4D-1
F1
6-SL4D-2
F2
F3
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-1
NE4:
NE2:
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
NE1:
Line board
Ethernet board
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-2
Line board Ethernet board
Line board Line board
Ethernet board
4-EFS8

Board Configuration Information
For the EPLAN (IEEE 802.1d bridge) services supported by Ethernet switching boards, refer to
Table 6-1.
In this example, the convergence node NE1 is configured with an EFS8 board that supports the
IEEE 802.1d bridge to implement EPLAN services wherein user VLANs are not limited.
The access nodes NE2 and NE4 each are configured with an EGT1 board. The EPL services are
configured to be transparently transmitted from NE2 and NE4 to NE1.
4.8.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The Ethernet services of the convergence node are received from an external port, forwarded to
an internal port through Layer 2 switching, encapsulated, and transparently transmitted on the
SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote node.
Figure 4-31 shows the signal flow of the EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge) and the timeslot
allocation to the EPLAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge).
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-31 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation
PORT1
NE1:EFS8
VCTRUNK1
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:6-10
SDH
User F1
VB1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
NE2:EGT1
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
NE4:EGT1
V
C
4
-
1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-
5
V
C
4
-1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-5
PORT1
User F2
PORT1
User F3
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l The Ethernet LAN service of user F occupies the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the first
VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the SDH link from NE1 to NE2 and the first to fifth VC-12
timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the SDH link from NE1 to NE4.
l The Ethernet LAN service from NE1 to NE2 is added and dropped by using the first to fifth
VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the
first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EGT1 board of
NE2.
l The Ethernet LAN service from NE1 to NE4 is added and dropped by using the sixth to
tenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:6-10) on the EFS8 board of NE1
and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EGT1
board of NE4.
Table 4-27 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port PORT1 PORT1 PORT1
Enabled/Disabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-Negotiation Auto-Negotiation Auto-Negotiation
Maximum Frame
Length
1522 1522 1522
Entry Detection Enabled - -
TAG Tag Aware - -

Table 4-28 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Mapping
Protocol
GFP GFP GFP GFP
Entry Detection Enabled Enabled - -
TAG Tag Aware Tag Aware - -
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-6
-VC12-10
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-5
Port Type UNI UNI - -

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Table 4-29 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1d bridge)
Parameter Ethernet LAN Service of NE1
Board EFS8
VB Name VB1
Bridge Type IEEE 802.1d
Bridge Switch Mode SVL/Ingress Filter Disable
Bridge Learning Mode SVL
Ingress Filter Disabled
VB Mount Port PORT1, VCTRUNK1, VCTRUNK2
Hub/Spoke PORT1 Hub
VCTRUNK1 Spoke
VCTRUNK2 Spoke

4.8.3 Configuration Process
At the convergence node NE1, you need to create an EPLAN service (IEEE 802.1d bridge). At
the access nodes NE2 and NE4, you need to configure only transparent transmission EPL
services.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.3 Flow of Configuring EPLAN Services.
Background Information
If the Ethernet boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards in this
example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l For the EPLAN services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service Support
Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EPLAN services for users F1, F2, and F3 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external port (PORT1 of the EFS8 board) used by the service of
user F1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
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l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled In this example, PORT1 carries the services
and is set to Enabled.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
The Ethernet service access equipment of
user F1 supports the auto-negotiation mode.
In this example, Working Mode is set to
Auto-Negotiation.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522 Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.

l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
PORT1: Enabled If the packets of user F1 carry VLAN tags,
you need to enable the entry detection
function to detect the VLAN tags of packets.
In this example, Entry Detection is set to
Enabled.
TAG PORT1: Tag Aware The service access equipment of user F1
supports VLANs and the transmitted data
frames carry VLAN tags. In this example,
Tag is set to Tag Aware for PORT1.
Default
VLAN
ID
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set Default VLAN ID.
VLAN
Priority
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set VLAN Priority.

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l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2 of the EFS8 board)
used by the services of user F2 and user F3 on NE1.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
If the packets of user F2 and user F3 carry
VLAN tags, you need to enable the entry
detection function to detect the VLAN tags
of the packets. In this example, Entry
Detection is set to Enabled.
TAG VCTRUNK1: Tag Aware
VCTRUNK2: Tag Aware
The service access equipment of user F2 and
user F3 supports VLANs and the transmitted
data frames carry VLAN tags. In this
example, Tag is set to Tag Aware for
VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2.
Default
VLAN
ID
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set Default VLAN ID.
VLAN
Priority
- When TAG is set to Tag Aware, you need
not set VLAN Priority.

l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Port
Attribut
es
VCTRUNK1: UNI
VCTRUNK2: UNI
UNI indicates the user-network interface,
namely, the interface of the service provider
located near the user side. The UNI interface
processes the tag attribute of IEEE 802.1Q-
compliant packets. That is, the UNI interface
processes and identifies the VLAN
information of the accessed user packets,
according to the supported tag flags, namely
Tag Aware, Access, and Hybrid.

l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP
VCTRUNK2: GFP
In this example, the EFS4 board is used. This
parameter adopts the default value GFP.
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK2:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32
VCTRUNK2: FCS32
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian
VCTRUNK2: Big endian
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: -
VCTRUNK2: -
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l This operation is optional. Click the LCAS tab. After setting the parameters, click
Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enablin
g LCAS
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
In this example, the LCAS function is
enabled.
LCAS
Mode
VCTRUNK1: Huawei
Mode
VCTRUNK2: Huawei
Mode
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Huawei Mode. When Huawei
equipment is used at both ends, LCAS
Mode of the equipment at both ends is set to
Huawei Mode.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Hold-
off Time
(ms)
VCTRUNK1: 2000
VCTRUNK2: 2000
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 2000. This parameter can also
be set according to the requirement of the
user.
WTR
Time(s)
VCTRUNK1: 300
VCTRUNK2: 300
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 300. This parameter can also be
set according to the requirement of the user.
TSD VCTRUNK1: Disabled
VCTRUNK2: Disabled
In this example, the TSD function is disabled.
The LCAS does not check the B3 bit error or
BIP status of the VCTRUNK members.
Min.
Member
s -
Transmi
t
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - transmit direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.
Min.
Member
s -
Receive
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - receive direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following
parameters in the Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click
Apply.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User
F1
user
F2
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K1
As shown in Figure 4-31, VCTRUNK1 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between user
F1 and user F2.
Ava
ilab
le
Bou
nd
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user F1 and user F2 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service between user F1 and user F2 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-1 to
VC12-5
Five VC-12s need to be bound for the service
between user F1 and user F2. In this example,
the first to the fifth VC-12s need to be selected
in sequence.
User
F1
user
F3
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K2
As shown in Figure 4-31, VCTRUNK2 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between user
F1 and user F3.
Ava
ilab
le
Bou
nd
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service between user F1 and user F3 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service between user F1 and user F3 is a
bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-6 to
VC12-10
Five VC-12s need to be bound for the service
between user F1 and user F3. In this example,
the sixth to the tenth VC-12s need to be selected
in sequence.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
3. Create a bridge for the EFS8 board on NE1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet LAN Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New.
l Set the parameters in the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box that is displayed.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
VB Name VB1 This parameter is a character string used to describe
the bridge. It is recommended that you set this
parameter to a character string that contains the
information about the detailed application of the
bridge.
VB Type 802.1d The IEEE 802.1d MAC bridge learns and forwards
the packets according to the MAC addresses of the
user packets. The information in the VLAN tags of
the user packets, however, is not considered in the
learning and forwarding process. The IEEE 802.1d
MAC bridge is used when the entire information of
the VLANs used by the client cannot be learned or
when the data between the VLANs of the client need
not be isolated.
Bridge
Switch Mode
SVL/Ingress
Filter
Disable
When the bridge adopts the SVL learning mode, all
the VLANs share the same MAC address table. That
is, the bridge learns and forwards the packets
according to the MAC addresses of the user packets
only. The information in the VLAN tags of the user
packets, however, is not considered in the learning
and forwarding process.
Bridge
Learning
Mode
SVL -
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Ingress Filter Disabled The IEEE 802.1d MAC bridge does not detect the
VLAN tags of the received packets.

l Click Configure Mount.
l In the Available Mounted Ports window, select PORT1, VCTRUNK1, and
VCTRUNK2. Then, click .
l Click OK.
l In the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box, click OK.
4. Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the port that is mounted to the bridge.
NOTE
If normal communication is required between user F2 and user F3, go to Step 1.5.
l Select the created bridge and click the Service Mount tab.
l Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the port that is mounted to the bridge. After setting
the parameters, click Apply.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Hub/Spoke PORT1: Hub
VCTRUNK
1: Spoke
VCTRUNK
2: Spoke
If user F1 needs to communicate with user F2 and
user F3, PORT1 that accesses the services of user F1
is set to Hub. A port of the Hub attribute can
communicate with a port of the Spoke or Hub
attribute.
If user F2 need not communicate with user F3, set
the two VCTRUNKs that receive the services of
users F2 and F3 to Spoke. Ports of the Spoke
attribute cannot communicate with each other.

5. Configure the cross-connections from Ethernet services (between user F1 to user F2 and
between user F1 to user F3) to the SDH links.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1 and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User F1

user F2
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user F1 and user F2 is at the VC-12
level. The service level must be consistent
with the level of the paths bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user F1 and user F2 is
a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-1 to VC12-5.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User F1

user F3
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user F1 and user F3 is at the VC-12
level. The service level must be consistent
with the level of the paths bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user F1 and user F3 is
a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, the value of Available
Resources is VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-10 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslots, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In this
example, the value range of Available
Timeslots is from VC12-6 to VC12-10.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

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Step 2 Configure the EPL services on NE2 and NE4.
NOTE
The Ethernet services of NE2 and NE4 are point-to-point transparent transmission EPL services. See 4.4
Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board to set the parameters.
Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For the operation procedures, see Testing
Ethernet Service Channels.
l Before testing the service connectivity between F1 and F2, set TAG to Access and set Default
VLAN ID to 1 for PORT1 and VCTRUNK1, which receive the services of F1 and F2
respectively, on the EFS8 board.
l Before testing the service connectivity between F1 and F3, set TAG to Access and Default
VLAN ID to 1 for PORT1 and VCTRUNK2, which receive the services of F1 and F3
respectively, on the EFS8 board.
NOTE
After the test, change the modified parameter values to the values specified in the service configuration.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see 5.4.4 Deleting EPLAN
Services.
4.9 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1q Bridge)
The EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1q bridge) provides an LAN solution for multipoint-to-
multipoint convergence. This service applies in cases where user-side data communication
equipment connected to the transmission network does not support VLANs or where the VLAN
planning is open to the network operator.
4.9.1 Networking Diagram
The convergence node needs to exchange Ethernet services with two access nodes at Layer 2.
LAN services of the two users (H and G) need to be isolated.
4.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The Ethernet services of the convergence node are received from an external port and tagged
with the corresponding VLAN IDs. After the services are forwarded to an internal port through
Layer 2 switching, the VLAN IDs are stripped and then the services are transparently transmitted
in the SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote node.
4.9.3 Configuration Process
At the convergence node NE1, you need to create An EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
and a VLAN filtering table need to be created for the convergence node NE1. The access nodes
NE2 and NE4 need to be configured with EPL transparent transmission services only.
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4.9.1 Networking Diagram
The convergence node needs to exchange Ethernet services with two access nodes at Layer 2.
LAN services of the two users (H and G) need to be isolated.
Service Requirement
In the network shown in Figure 4-32, the service requirements are as follows:
l Three branches (G1, G2, and G3) of user G are located at NE1, NE2, and NE4 respectively.
The branches need to form a LAN and share a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. G2 and G3 do not
need to communicate with each other.
l Three branches (H1, H2, and H3) of user H are located at NE1, NE2, and NE4 respectively.
The branches need form a LAN and share a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. H2 and H3 need to
communicate with each other.
l The service of user G needs to be isolated from the service of user H.
l The Ethernet equipment of user G and user H provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet electrical
interfaces that work in auto-negotiation mode and do not support VLANs.
Figure 4-32 Networking diagram for configuring EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
G3
G2
VCTRUNK
H3 H2
3-EGT1-PORT1
G1
H1
PORT1 PORT2
PORT1
VCTRUNK1
VB1
VCTRUNK2
VLAN 100
PORT2
VCTRUNK3
VB1
VCTRUNK4
VLAN 200
6-SL4D-2
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-1
6-SL4D-2
4-EGT1-PORT1
3-EGT1-PORT1
4-EGT1-PORT1
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-1
NE4:
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
NE1:
Line board Ethernet board
Line board Line board
Ethernet board
4-EFS8
Ethernet board
3-EGT1
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-2
NE2:
Line board
Ethernet board Ethernet board
3-EGT1

Board Configuration Information
For the EVPLAN (IEEE 802.1q bridge) services supported by Ethernet switching boards, refer
to Table 6-1.
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In this example, the convergence node NE1 is configured with an EFS8 board that supports the
IEEE 802.1q bridge to implement EVPLAN services in which user data is isolated.
The access nodes NE2 and NE4 each are configured with two Ethernet transparent transmission
boards respectively, which occupy logical slots 3 and 4. The EPL services are configured to
implement transparent transmission from NE2 and NE4 to NE1.
4.9.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The Ethernet services of the convergence node are received from an external port and tagged
with the corresponding VLAN IDs. After the services are forwarded to an internal port through
Layer 2 switching, the VLAN IDs are stripped and then the services are transparently transmitted
in the SDH network. In this way, the node communicates with a remote node.
Figure 4-33 shows the signal flow of the EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge) and the
timeslot allocation to the EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge).
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-33 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation to EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
PORT1
NE1:EFS8
VB1
VLAN 100
VLAN 200
PORT2
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:6-10
VCTRUNK3
VC4-4:VC12:11-20
VCTRUNK4
VC4-4:VC12:21-30
SDH
User G1
User H1
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
PORT1
NE2
User G2
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
PORT1
User H2
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-5
PORT1
NE4
User G3
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-10
PORT1
User H3
V
C
4
-1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-5
V
C
4
-
1
:V
C
1
2
:
1
-
1
0
V
C
4
-
1
:
V
C
1
2
:
1
-
5 V
C
4
-1
:V
C
1
2
:1
-1
0
Add VLAN Label
PORT
Strip VLAN Label
VCTRUNK
Strip VLAN Label
VLAN(200)
VLAN(100)
Data(User H)
Data(User G)
Data(User H)
Data(User G)
Data(User H)
Data(User G)
3-EGT1
4-EGT1
3-EGT1
4-EGT1

l The Ethernet LAN services of user G:
Occupy the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the
SDH link from NE1 to NE2 and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4
(VC4-1:VC12:1-5) on the SDH link from NE1 to NE4.
Are added and dropped by using the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots of
the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the 3-EGT1 board of NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the sixth to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:6-10) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to fifth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-5) on the 3-EGT1 board of NE4.
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l The Ethernet LAN services of user H:
Occupy the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on the
SDH link from NE1 to NE2 and the first to tenth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4
(VC4-1:VC12:1-10) on the SDH link from NE1 to NE4.
Are added and dropped by using the eleventh to twentieth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth
VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:11-20) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to tenth VC-12
timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-10) on the 4-EGT1 board of NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the twenty-first to thirtieth VC-12 timeslots of the
fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:21-20) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to tenth
VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:6-15) on the 4-EGT1 board of NE3.
Table 4-30 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Paramete
r
NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 3-EGT1 4-EGT1 3-EGT1 4-EGT1
Port PORT1 PORT2 PORT1 PORT1 PORT1 PORT1
Enabled/
Disabled
Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working
Mode
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Auto-
Negotiatio
n
Maximum
Frame
Length
1522 1522 1522 1522 1522 1522
TAG Access Access - - - -
Entry
Detection
Enabled Enabled - - - -
Default
VLAN ID
100 200 - - - -
VLAN
Priority
0 0 - - - -

Table 4-31 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Param
eter
NE1 NE2 NE3
Board EFS8 3-
EGT1
4-
EGT1
3-
EGT1
4-
EGT1
Port VCTR
UNK1
VCTR
UNK2
VCTR
UNK3
VCTR
UNK4
VCTR
UNK1
VCTR
UNK1
VCTR
UNK1
VCTR
UNK1
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Param
eter
NE1 NE2 NE3
Mappin
g
Protoco
l
GFP GFP GFP GFP GFP GFP GFP GFP
TAG Access Access Access Access - - - -
Entry
Detecti
on
Enable
d
Enable
d
Enable
d
Enable
d
- - - -
Default
VLAN
ID
100 100 200 200 - - - -
VLAN
Priority
0 0 0 0 - - - -
Bound
Path
VC4-4:
VC12-
1-
VC12-
5
VC4-4:
VC12-
6-
VC12-
10
VC4-4:
VC12-
11-
VC12-
20
VC4-4:
VC12-
21-
VC12-
30
VC4-4:
VC12-
1-
VC12-
5
VC4-4:
VC12-
1-
VC12-
10
VC4-4:
VC12-
1-
VC12-
5
VC4-4:
VC12-
1-
VC12-
10
Port
Type
UNI UNI UNI UNI - - - -

Table 4-32 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
Parameter Ethernet LAN Service of NE1
Board EFS8
VB Name VB1
Bridge Type IEEE 802.1q
Bridge Switch Mode IVL/Ingress Filter Enable
Bridge Learning Mode IVL
Ingress Filter Enabled
VB Mount Port PORT1, PORT2, VCTRUNK1, VCTRUNK2, VCTRUNK3,
VCTRUNK4
VLAN
Filtering
VLAN
Filtering
VLAN filter table 1 VLAN filter table 2
VLAN ID 100 200
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Parameter Ethernet LAN Service of NE1
Forwarding
Physical Port
PORT1, VCTRUNK1,
VCTRUNK2
PORT2, VCTRUNK3,
VCTRUNK4
Hub/Spoke PORT1 Hub
PORT2 Hub
VCTRUNK
1
Spoke
VCTRUNK
2
Spoke
VCTRUNK
3
Hub
VCTRUNK
4
Hub

4.9.3 Configuration Process
At the convergence node NE1, you need to create An EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1q bridge)
and a VLAN filtering table need to be created for the convergence node NE1. The access nodes
NE2 and NE4 need to be configured with EPL transparent transmission services only.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.4 Flow of Configuring EVPLAN Services.
Background Information
If the Ethernet switching boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards
in this example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l For the EVPLAN services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service
Support Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet switching boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EVPLAN services for user G1 and user H1 on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external ports (PORT1 and PORT2 on the EFS8 board) used by the
services of user G1 and user H1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enabled
/
Disable
d
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
In this example, PORT1 and PORT2 carry
the services and are set to Enabled.
Workin
g Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
PORT2: Auto-
Negotiation
In this example, the Ethernet service access
equipment of user G1 and user H1 supports
the auto-negotiation mode. Hence, Working
Mode is set to Auto-Negotiation for PORT1
and PORT2.
Maximu
m
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522
PORT2: 1522
Generally, this parameter adopts the default
value 1522.
MAC
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopba
ck
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY Loopback
is set to Non-Loopback.

l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
The packets of user G1 and user H1 do not
carry VLAN tags. You need to enable the
entry detection function to detect whether the
packets carry VLAN tags. In this example,
Entry Detection is set to Enabled.
TAG PORT1: Access
PORT2: Access
If the service access equipment of user G1
and user H1 does not support VLANs and if
the transmitted packets do not carry VLAN
tags, TAG is set to Access for PORT1 and
PORT2.
Default
VLAN
ID
PORT1: 100
PORT2: 200
According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
EVPLAN services between user G1, user G2,
and user G3. The VLAN ID is set to 200 on
the transmission network side for EVPLAN
services between user H1, user H2, and user
H3. In this case, the service data is isolated.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
VLAN
Priority
0 This parameter adopts the default value.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1, VCTRUNK2, VCTRUNK3, and
VCTRUNK4 on the EFS8 board) used by the service between user G1 and user G2, the
service between user G1 and user G3, the service between user H1 and user H2, and the
service between user H1 and user H3.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the TAG Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Entry
Detectio
n
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
VCTRUNK3: Enabled
VCTRUNK4: Enabled
The packets of user G2, user G3, user H2, and
user H3 do not carry VLAN tags. You need
to enable the entry detection function to
detect the VLAN tags of the packets. In this
example, Entry Detection is set to
Enabled.
TAG VCTRUNK1: Access
VCTRUNK2: Access
VCTRUNK3: Access
VCTRUNK4: Access
If the service access equipment of user G2,
user G3, user H2, and user H3 does not
support VLANs and if the transmitted
packets do not carry VLAN tags, TAG is set
to Access for the four VCTRUNKs.
Default
VLAN
ID
VCTRUNK1: 100
VCTRUNK2: 100
VCTRUNK3: 200
VCTRUNK4: 200
According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to
100 on the transmission network side for
EVPLAN services between user G1, user G2,
and user G3. The VLAN ID is set to 200 on
the transmission network side for EVPLAN
services between user H1, user H2, and user
H3. In this case, the service data is isolated.
VLAN
Priority
VCTRUNK1: 0
VCTRUNK2: 0
VCTRUNK3: 0
VCTRUNK4: 0
This parameter adopts the default value.

l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parameter Value in This
Example
Description
Port
Attributes
VCTRUNK1: UNI
VCTRUNK2: UNI
VCTRUNK3: UNI
VCTRUNK4: UNI
UNI indicates the user-network interface,
namely, the interface of the service
provider located near the user side. The
UNI interface processes the tag attribute of
IEEE 802.1Q-compliant packets. That is,
the UNI interface processes and identifies
the VLAN information of the accessed user
packets, according to the supported tag
flag, namely, Tag Aware, Access, and
Hybrid.

l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP
VCTRUNK2: GFP
VCTRUNK3: GFP
VCTRUNK4: GFP
In this example, the EFS8 board is used. This
parameter adopts the default value GFP.
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK2:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK3:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK4:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32
VCTRUNK2: FCS32
VCTRUNK3: FCS32
VCTRUNK4: FCS32
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian
VCTRUNK2: Big endian
VCTRUNK3: Big endian
VCTRUNK4: Big endian
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: -
VCTRUNK2: -
VCTRUNK3: -
VCTRUNK4: -
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l This operation is optional. Click the LCAS tab. After setting the parameters, click
Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enablin
g LCAS
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
In this example, Enabling LCAS is set to
Enabled.
LCAS
Mode
VCTRUNK1: Huawei
Mode
VCTRUNK2: Huawei
Mode
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Huawei Mode. If the
interconnected equipment at both ends is
Huawei equipment, LCAS Mode is set to
Huawei Mode for the interconnected
equipment.
Hold-
off Time
(ms)
VCTRUNK1: 2000
VCTRUNK2: 2000
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 2000. You can set this
parameter according to the expected hold off
time of LCAS switching.
WTR
Time(s)
VCTRUNK1: 300
VCTRUNK2: 300
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 300. You can set this parameter
according to the expected WTR duration of
LCAS recovery.
TSD VCTRUNK1: Disabled
VCTRUNK2: Disabled
In this example, TSD is set to Disabled. In
this case, the LCAS protocol does not
monitor the status of the B3 or BIP bit errors
of a VCTRUNK member.
Min.
Member
s -
Transmi
t
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - transmit direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Min.
Member
s -
Receive
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - receive direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following in the
Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click Apply.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User
G1
user G2
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K1
As shown in Figure 4-33, VCTRUNK1 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between
user G1 and user G2.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
un
d
Pat
hs
Leve
l
VC12-xv The service between user G1 and user G2 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Serv
ice
Dire
ction
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user G1 and user G2 is a
Bidirectional service.
Avai
lable
Reso
urce
s
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Avai
lable
Tim
eslot
s
VC12-1 to
VC12-5
Five VC-12s need to be bound for user G2. In
this example, the first to the fifth VC-12s need
to be selected in sequence.
user G1

user G3
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K2
As shown in Figure 4-33, VCTRUNK2 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between
user G1 and user G3.
4 Configuring Ethernet Services
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Bo
un
d
Pat
hs
Leve
l
VC12-xv The service between user G1 and user G3 uses
a 10 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, five VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Serv
ice
Dire
ction
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user G1 and user G3 is a
Bidirectional service.
Avai
lable
Reso
urce
s
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Avai
lable
Tim
eslot
s
VC12-6 to
VC12-10
Five VC-12s need to be bound for the service
between user G1 and user G3. In this example,
the sixth to the tenth VC-12s need to be
selected in sequence.
User
H1
user H2
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K3
As shown in Figure 4-33, VCTRUNK3 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between
user H1 and user H2.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
un
d
Pat
hs
Leve
l
VC12-xv The service between user H1 and user H2 uses
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10 VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Serv
ice
Dire
ction
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user H1 and user H2 is a
Bidirectional service.
Avai
lable
Reso
urce
s
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Avai
lable
Tim
eslot
s
VC12-11
to
VC12-20
Ten VC-12s need to be bound for the service
between user H1 and user H2. In this example,
the eleventh to the twentieth VC-12s need to
be selected in sequence.
User
H1
user H3
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K4
As shown in Figure 4-33, VCTRUNK4 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service between
user H1 and user H3.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
un
d
Pat
hs
Leve
l
VC12-xv The service between user H1 and user H3 uses
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth. Hence, 10 VC-12s
need to be bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried
by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Serv
ice
Dire
ction
Bidirectio
nal
The service between user H1 and user H3 is a
Bidirectional service.
Avai
lable
Reso
urce
s
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Avai
lable
Tim
eslot
s
VC12-21
to
VC12-30
Ten VC-12s need to be bound for the service
between user H1 and user H3. In this example,
the twenty-first to the thirtieth VC-12s need to
be selected in sequence.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
3. Create a bridge for the EFS8 board on NE1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet LAN Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New.
l Set the required parameters in the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box that is
displayed.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Board NE1-4-EFS8 -
VB Name VB1 This parameter is a character string used to describe
the bridge. It is recommended that you set this
parameter to a character string that contains the
information about the detailed application of the
bridge.
VB Type 802.1q IEEE 802.1q bridge supports isolation by using one
layer of VLAN tags. This bridge checks the contents
of the VLAN tags that are in the packets and
performs Layer 2 switching according to the
destination MAC addresses and the VLAN IDs of
the packets.
Bridge
Switch Mode
IVL/Ingress
Filter Enable
When the bridge adopts the IVL learning mode, the
entry in the MAC address table is created according
to the source MAC address, VLAN ID, and source
port of the data frame. The entry is not valid for all
the VLANs..
Bridge
Learning
Mode
IVL -
Ingress Filter Enabled This parameter checks the validity of VLAN tags. If
the VLAN ID is not the same as the VLAN ID
defined in the VLAN filtering table, the data frame
is discarded.
MAC
Address Self-
Learning
Enabled -

l Click Configure Mount.
l In Available Mounted Ports, select PORT1, PORT2, VCTRUNK1, VCTRUNK2,
VCTRUNK3, and VCTRUNK4. Then, click .
l OK.
l In the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box, click OK.
4. Create a VLAN filtering table.
l Select the created bridge and click the VLAN Filtering tab.
l Click New.
l Create the VLAN filtering table for user G1, user G2, and user G3.
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Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
VLAN ID
(e.g.1,3-6)
100 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to 100 on
the transmission network side for EVPLAN services
between user G1, user G2, and user G3.

l In Available Forwarding Ports, select PORT1, VCTRUNK1, and VCTRUNK2. Click
. Then, click Apply.
l Create the VLAN filtering table for user H1, user H2, and user H3.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
VLAN ID
(e.g.1,3-6)
200 According to the plan, the VLAN ID is set to 200 on
the transmission network side for EVPLAN services
between user H1, user H2, and user H3.

l In Available Forwarding Ports, select PORT2, VCTRUNK3, and VCTRUNK4. Click
. Then, click OK.
5. Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the ports mounted to the bridge.
l Select the created bridge and click the Service Mount tab.
l Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the port mounted to the bridge. After setting the
parameters, click Apply.
Parameter Value in This
Example
Description
Hub/Spoke PORT1: Hub
VCTRUNK1:
Spoke
VCTRUNK2:
Spoke
PORT2: Hub
VCTRUNK3:
Hub
VCTRUNK4:
Hub
If user G2 need not communicate with user G3,
set VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2 ports that
receive the services of user G2 and user G3 to
Spoke. Ports of the Spoke attribute cannot
communicate with each other. A port of the Hub
attribute can communicate with a port of the
Spoke or Hub attribute.

6. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet service to the SDH link for user G2,
user G3, user H2, and user H3.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User G1

user G2
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user G1 and user G2 is at the
VC-12 level. The service level must be
consistent with the level of the path bound
with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user G1 and user G2
is a Bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-1 to VC12-5.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User G1

user G3
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user G1 and user G3 is at the
VC-12 level. The service level must be
consistent with the level of the path bound
with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user G1 and user G3
is a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-10 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-6 to VC12-10.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-5 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are five
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be five
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User H1

user H2
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user H1 and user H2 is at the
VC-12 level. The service level must be
consistent with the level of the path bound
with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user H1 and user H2
is a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK3. In the case
of VCTRUNK3, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
11-20 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK3. In the case
of VCTRUNK3, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-11 to VC12-20.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-15 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are 10
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be 10
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User H1

user H3
Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service
between user H1 and user H3 is at the
VC-12 level. The service level must be
consistent with the level of the path bound
with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service between user H1 and user H3
is a bidirectional service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK4. In the case
of VCTRUNK4, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
21-30 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK4. In the case
of VCTRUNK4, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-21 to VC12-30.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-2
(SDH-2)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
6-15 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots. For
example, if the source timeslots are 10
VC-12s, the sink timeslots must be 10
VC-12s.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

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Step 2 Configure the EPL services on NE2 and NE4.
NOTE
The Ethernet services of NE2 and NE4 are point-to-point transparent transmission services. See 4.4
Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board to set the parameters.
Step 3 Check whether the services are configured correctly. For the operation procedures, see Testing
Ethernet Service Channels.
Step 4 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 5 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
4.10 Configuring EVPLAN Services (IEEE 802.1ad Bridge)
The QinQ technology provides a cheap and easy solution for Layer 2 virtual private networks
(VPNs). The IEEE 802.1ad bridge uses the QinQ technology to provide the VPN solution, thus
facilitating the identifying, differentiating and grooming EVPLAN services.
4.10.1 Networking Diagram
A network operator requires that the voice over IP (VoIP) and high speed Internet (HSI) services
sent to the transmission network be uniformly labeled and groomed at the convergence node.
4.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The services of user M and user N are transmitted from the access nodes NE2 and NE4
respectively to the convergence node NE1 through the Ethernet transparent transmission boards.
VoIP and HSI services carrying different C-VLAN IDs are tagged with different S-VLAN IDs.
The service data is isolated and exchanged at Layer 2 through S-VLAN filtering.
4.10.3 Configuration Process
An EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1ad bridge) and the corresponding S-VLAN filtering table need
to be created for the convergence node NE1. The access nodes NE2 and NE4 need to be
configured with EPL transparent transmission services only.
4.10.1 Networking Diagram
A network operator requires that the voice over IP (VoIP) and high speed Internet (HSI) services
sent to the transmission network be uniformly labeled and groomed at the convergence node.
Service Requirement
As shown in Figure 4-34, the transmission network is required to carry the VoIP and HSI
services.
User requirements:
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l The VoIP services of user M and user N are sent to the transmission network at NE2 and
NE4 respectively and to the VoIP server at the convergence node NE1. The services share
a 20 Mbit/s bandwidth.
l The HSI services of user M and user N are sent to the transmission network at NE2 and
NE4 respectively and to the HSI server at the convergence node NE1. The services share
a 40 Mbit/s bandwidth.
l The VoIP services need to be isolated from the HSI services.
l The data communication equipment of user M and user N provides 100 Mbit/s Ethernet
electrical interfaces of which the working mode is auto-negotiation, and does not support
VLAN.
C-VLAN ID of the VoIP services: 10
C-VLAN ID of the HSI services: 20
NOTE
The application scenarios where one branch needs to communicate with other branches are as follows:
l User M needs to communicate with user N.
l User M need not communicate with user N.
If user M and user N need to communicate with each other, skip Step 1.5 in which you change the Hub/
Spoke attributes of ports connected to the bridge.
Requirement of the operator: The operator requires that all services received from the user side
should be uniformly labeled and groomed through planned S-VLANs.
l S-VLAN ID of the VoIP services: 100
l S-VLAN ID of the HSI services: 200
Figure 4-34 Networking diagram for configuring EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge)
NM
NE3
NE2
NE1
NE4
PORT1
User M
PORT1
User N
VCTRUNK
PORT2
PORT1
PORT2
VCTRUNK1
VB1
VCTRUNK2
S-VLAN 200
PORT1
VCTRUNK1
VB1
VCTRUNK2
S-VLAN 100
VoIP server
HSI server
4-EGT1 6-SL4D-1
NE4:
NE2:
6-SL4D-1 6-SL4D-2
NE1:
Line board
Ethernet board
4-EGT1
6-SL4D-2
Line board Ethernet board
Line board Line board
Ethernet board
4-EFS8
20 HSI
10 VoIP
C-VLAN Service
20 HSI
10 VoIP
C-VLAN Service

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Board Configuration Information
For the EVPLAN (IEEE 802.1ad bridge) services supported by Ethernet switching boards, refer
to Table 6-1.
In this example, the convergence node NE1 is configured with an EFS8 board that supports the
IEEE 802.1ad bridge to implement EVPLAN services in which VoIP data is isolated from HSI
data.
l The VoIP services tagged with C-VLAN ID 10 from NE2 and NE4 are further tagged with
S-VLAN ID 100 when they arrive at the IEEE 802.1ad bridge of NE1. Then, the services
are forwarded to the VoIP server through Layer 2 switching.
l The HSI services tagged with C-VLAN ID 20 from NE2 and NE4 are further tagged with
S-VLAN ID 200 when they arrive at the IEEE 802.1ad bridge of NE1. Then, the services
are forwarded to the HSI server through Layer 2 switching.
The access nodes NE2 and NE4 each are configured with an EGT1 board. The EPL services are
configured to implement transparent transmission from NE2 and NE4 to NE1.
4.10.2 Signal Flow and Timeslot Allocation
The services of user M and user N are transmitted from the access nodes NE2 and NE4
respectively to the convergence node NE1 through the Ethernet transparent transmission boards.
VoIP and HSI services carrying different C-VLAN IDs are tagged with different S-VLAN IDs.
The service data is isolated and exchanged at Layer 2 through S-VLAN filtering.
Figure 4-35 shows the signal flow of the EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge) and the
timeslot allocation to the EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge).
For the method of calculating the bandwidth of the Ethernet services carried by a VCTRUNK,
see 6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Figure 4-35 Signal flow of and timeslot allocation to EVPLAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge)
SDH
VC
4-1:VC
12:1-30
VC
4-1:VC
12:1-30
User M
PORT1
NE1:EFS8
VB1
SVLAN 100
SVLAN 200
PORT2
VoIP
Server
HSI
Server
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-30
VCTRUNK2
VC4-4:VC12:31-60
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-30
NE4:EGT1
PORT1
User N
VCTRUNK1
VC4-4:VC12:1-30
NE2:EGT1
PORT1
Add S-VLAN Label
PORT
Strip S-VLAN Label
VCTRUNK
Strip S-VLAN Label
C-VLAN(20)
C-VLAN(10)
Data(HSI)
Data(VoIP)
C-VLAN(20)
C-VLAN(10)
Data(HSI)
Data(VoIP)
S-VLAN(200) C-VLAN(20)
S-VLAN(100) C-VLAN(10)
Data(HSI)
Data(VoIP)

l The services of user M:
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Occupy the first to thirtieth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-30) on
the SDH link from NE1 to NE2.
Are added and dropped by using the first to thirtieth VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4
(VC4-4:VC12:1-30) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to thirtieth VC-12 timeslots
of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-30) on the EGT1 board of NE2.
l The services of user N:
Occupy the first to thirtieth VC-12 timeslots of the first VC-4 (VC4-1:VC12:1-30) on
the SDH link from NE1 to NE4.
Are added and dropped by the using the thirty-first to sixtieth VC-12 timeslots of the
fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:31-60) on the EFS8 board of NE1 and the first to thirtieth
VC-12 timeslots of the fourth VC-4 (VC4-4:VC12:1-30) on the EGT1 board of NE4.
Table 4-33 Parameters of external ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE4
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port PORT1 PORT2 PORT1 PORT1
Enabled/
Disabled
Enabled Enabled Enabled Enabled
Working Mode Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Auto-
Negotiation
Maximum
Frame Length
1522 1522 1522 1522
Port Type C-Aware C-Aware C-Aware C-Aware

Table 4-34 Parameters of internal ports on the Ethernet boards
Parameter NE1 NE2 NE3
Board EFS8 EGT1 EGT1
Port VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK1
Mapping
Protocol
GFP GFP GFP GFP
Port Type C-Aware C-Aware - -
Bound Path VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-30
VC4-4:VC12-3
1-VC12-60
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-30
VC4-4:VC12-1
-VC12-30

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Table 4-35 Parameters of Ethernet LAN services (IEEE 802.1ad bridge)
Parameter Ethernet LAN Service of NE1
Board EFS8
VB Name VB1
Bridge Type IEEE 802.1ad
Bridge Switch Mode IVL/Ingress Filter Enable
Bridge Learning Mode IVL
Ingress Filter Enabled
Operation Type Add S-VLAN base for Port and C-VLAN
VB Port 1 2 3 4
Mount Port PORT1 PORT2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
C-VLAN 10 20 10 20 10 20
S-VLAN 100 200 100 200 100 200
VLAN
Filterin
g
VLAN
Filtering
VLAN filter table 1 VLAN filter table 2
VLAN ID 100 200
Forwarding
Physical Port
PORT1, VCTRUNK1,
VCTRUNK2
PORT2, VCTRUNK1,
VCTRUNK2
Hub/
Spoke
PORT1 Hub
PORT2 Hub
VCTRUNK
1
Spoke
VCTRUNK
2
Spoke

4.10.3 Configuration Process
An EVPLAN service (IEEE 802.1ad bridge) and the corresponding S-VLAN filtering table need
to be created for the convergence node NE1. The access nodes NE2 and NE4 need to be
configured with EPL transparent transmission services only.
Prerequisite
You must be familiar with 4.3.1 Flow of Configuring EPL Services.
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Background Information
If the Ethernet switching boards in the actual application scenarios are different from the boards
in this example, you need to learn about the requirements for configuring specific boards.
l For the EVPLAN services supported by Ethernet switching boards, see 6.1 Service
Support Capability of Ethernet Boards.
l For the VCTRUNK binding requirements of Ethernet transparent transmission boards, see
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
The IEEE 802.1ad provider bridge supports ports with the C-Aware and S-Aware attributes only.
The C-Aware ports are used to add and strip the S-VLAN tags. The S-Aware ports are used to
transparently transmit the S-VLAN tag.
The IEEE 802.1ad provider bridge supports the following operation types:
l Adding the S-VLAN tag based on the port
l Adding the S-VLAN tag based on the port and C-VLAN
l Performing port mounting based on the port
l Performing port mounting based on the port and the S-VLAN
This topic describes the four operation types when Bridge Switch Mode of the IEEE 802.1ad
provider bridge is set to IVL/Ingress Filter Enabled.
l Adding the S-VLAN based on the port: The packets that enter the C-Aware port are added
with the preset S-VLAN tag, and are forwarded in the bridge according to the S-VLAN
filtering table. Before the packets leave the C-Aware port, the S-VLAN tag is stripped.
l Adding the S-VLAN tag based on the port and C-VLAN: The entry detection is performed
for the packets that enter the C-Aware port. Then, the corresponding S-VLAN tags are
added to the packets according to the mapping relation between the C-VLAN tags and the
S-VLAN tags of the packets. If the mapping relation does not exist, the packets are
discarded. After the S-VLAN tags are added, the packets enter the bridge, where the packets
are forwarded according to the S-VLAN filtering table. Before the packets leave the C-
Aware port, the S-VLAN tag is stripped.
NOTE
l The same C-Aware port supports different C-VLAN tags being mapped to different S-VLAN
tags, but does not support the same C-VLAN tag being mapping to multiple S-VLAN tags.
l Performing port mounting based on the port: The packets that enter the S-Aware port are
not filtered. Instead, the S-VLAN switch is performed directly. The packets must have the
S-VLAN tags. Otherwise, the packets are discarded. When the packets leave the S-Aware
port, the packets are transparently transmitted.
l Performing port mounting based on the port and the S-VLAN: The entry filtering is
performed according to the preset S-VLAN tag. The packets that do not belong to the S-
VLAN are discarded. Then, the packets are forwarded according to the S-VLAN filtering
table. When the packets leave the S-Aware port, the packets are transparently transmitted.
In the case of the four operation types, the following conditions must be met before the packets
leave a port:
l The port is contained in the S-VLAN filtering table that is created by the user.
l The S-VLAN ID corresponding to the port must be specified when the user manually
mounts the port to the bridge.
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In the case of a C-Aware port, the S-VLAN ID corresponding to the port is the S-VLAN
ID that is added when the packets enter the port.
In the case of an S-Aware port, the S-VLAN ID corresponding to the port is the S-VLAN
ID that is set when the user mounts the port to the bridge. If the S-Aware port is mounted
based on the port, the S-VLAN ID is considered to contain all the legal S-VLAN IDs.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the EVPLAN services on NE1.
1. Set the attributes of the external ports (PORT1 and PORT2 on the EFS8 board) used by the
VoIP server and HSI server.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Interface Management > Ethernet Interface from the Function Tree.
l Select External Port.
l Click the Basic Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Parameter Value in This
Example
Description
Enabled/
Disabled
PORT1: Enabled
PORT2: Enabled
In this example, PORT1 and PORT2 carry
the services and Enabled/Disabled is set
to Enabled for PORT1 and PORT2.
Working
Mode
PORT1: Auto-
Negotiation
PORT2: Auto-
Negotiation
In this example, the VoIP server and HSI
server support the auto-negotiation mode.
Hence, Working Mode is set to Auto-
Negotiation for PORT1 and PORT2.
Maximum
Frame
Length
PORT1: 1522
PORT2: 1522
Generally, this parameter adopts the
default value 1522.
MAC
Loopback
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The MAC loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, MAC
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.
PHY
Loopback
PORT1: Non-Loopback
PORT2: Non-Loopback
The PHY loopback setting is used for fault
diagnosis. In this example, PHY
Loopback is set to Non-Loopback.

l Click the Flow Control tab. The parameters in the Flow Control tab page adopt the
default values.
l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parameter Value in This Example Description
Port
Attributes
PORT1: C-Aware
PORT2: C-Aware
The C-Aware or S-Aware attribute
must be selected for the port when you
configure the IEEE 802.1ad bridge.
The C-Aware port connects to the port
in the client network, identifies and
processes the packets that contain C-
VLAN tags (namely, client tags). The
S-Aware port connects to the port on
the network side, identifies and
processes the packets that contain S-
VLAN tags (namely, service tags of
the network operator).

l It is unnecessary to set the parameters on the TAG Attributes tab. If the port type is
set to C-Aware or S-Aware, the parameters on the TAG Attributes are meaningless.
l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
2. Set the attributes of the internal ports (VCTRUNK1 and VCTRUNK2 on the EFS8 board)
used by the services of user M and N.
l Select Internal Port.
l Click the Network Attributes tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
Paramet
er
Value in This
Example
Description
Port
Attributes
VCTRUNK1: C-Aware
VCTRUNK2: C-Aware
The C-Aware or S-Aware attribute must be
selected for the port when you configure the
IEEE 802.1ad bridge. The C-Aware port
connects to the port in the client network,
identifies and processes the packets that
contain C-VLAN tags (namely, client tags).
The S-Aware port connects to the port on the
network side, identifies and processes the
packets that contain S-VLAN tags (namely,
service tags of the network operator).

l It is unnecessary to set the parameters on the TAG Attributes tab. If the port type is
set to C-Aware or S-Aware, the parameters on the TAG Attributes are meaningless.
l Click the Encapsulation/Mapping tab. After setting the parameters, click Apply.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Mappin
g
Protocol
VCTRUNK1: GFP
VCTRUNK2: GFP
In this example, the EFS4 board is used. This
parameter adopts the default value GFP.
Mapping Protocol of the VCTRUNKs on
the Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Scrambl
e
VCTRUNK1:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
VCTRUNK2:
Scrambling mode [X43
+1]
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Scrambling mode [X43+1].
Scramble of the VCTRUNKs on the
Ethernet boards of the interconnected
equipment at both ends must be set to the
same value.
Check
Field
Length
VCTRUNK1: FCS32
VCTRUNK2: FCS32
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value FCS32. Check Field Length
of the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
FCS
Calculat
ed Bit
Sequenc
e
VCTRUNK1: Big endian
VCTRUNK2: Big endian
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence is set to Big
endian. FCS Calculated Bit Sequence of
the VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of
the interconnected equipment at both ends
must be set to the same value.
Set
Inverse
Value
for CRC
VCTRUNK1: -
VCTRUNK2: -
When Mapping Protocol is set to GFP, this
parameter is valid and adopts the default
value -. Set Inverse Value for CRC of the
VCTRUNKs on the Ethernet boards of the
interconnected equipment at both ends must
be set to the same value.

l This operation is optional. Click the LCAS tab. After setting the parameters, click
Apply.
Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Enablin
g LCAS
VCTRUNK1: Enabled
VCTRUNK2: Enabled
In this example, Enabling LCAS is set to
Enabled.
LCAS
Mode
VCTRUNK1: Huawei
Mode
VCTRUNK2: Huawei
Mode
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value Huawei Mode. If the
interconnected equipment at both ends is
Huawei equipment, LCAS Mode is set to
Huawei Mode for the interconnected
equipment.
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Parame
ter
Value in This Example Description
Hold-
off Time
(ms)
VCTRUNK1: 2000
VCTRUNK2: 2000
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 2000. You can set this
parameter according to the expected hold off
time of LCAS switching.
WTR
Time(s)
VCTRUNK1: 300
VCTRUNK2: 300
In this example, this parameter adopts the
default value 300. You can set this parameter
according to the expected WTR duration of
LCAS recovery.
TSD VCTRUNK1: Disabled
VCTRUNK2: Disabled
In this example, TSD is set to Disabled. In
this case, the LCAS protocol does not
monitor the status of the B3 or BIP bit errors
of a VCTRUNK member.
Min.
Member
s -
Transmi
t
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - transmit direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.
Min.
Member
s -
Receive
Directio
n
VCTRUNK1: 256
VCTRUNK2: 256
Sets the min. members - receive direction.
When the LCAS is enabled and the number
of available members is smaller than this
value, an alarm is reported.

l Click the Bound Path tab. Click the Configuration button. Set the following in the
Bound Path Configuration dialog box that is displayed. Then, click Apply.
User Paramet
er
Value in
This
Example
Description
User
M
Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K1
As shown in Figure 4-35, VCTRUNK1 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service of user M.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
und
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service of user M uses a 60 Mbit/s
bandwidth. Hence, 30 VC-12s need to be
bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
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User Paramet
er
Value in
This
Example
Description
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service of user M is a bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-1 to
VC12-30
Thirty VC-12s need to be bound for user M. In
this example, the first to the thirtieth VC-12s
need to be selected in sequence.
User N Configura
ble Ports
VCTRUN
K2
As shown in Figure 4-35, VCTRUNK2 of the
EFS8 board is used by the service of user N.
Av
aila
ble
Bo
und
Pat
hs
Lev
el
VC12-xv The service of user N uses a 60 Mbit/s
bandwidth. Hence, 30 VC-12s need to be
bound.
For the method of computing the bound
timeslots based on the service bandwidth, see
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by
VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards.
Ser
vic
e
Dir
ecti
on
Bidirection
al
The service of user N is a bidirectional service.
Av
aila
ble
Res
our
ces
VC4-4 For the resources used by other boards, see 6.2
Requirements for Binding Paths with
VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards.
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User Paramet
er
Value in
This
Example
Description
Av
aila
ble
Ti
me
slot
s
VC12-31
to
VC12-60
Thirty VC-12s need to be bound for user N. In
this example, the thirty-first to the sixtieth
VC-12s need to be selected in sequence.

l Click the Advanced Attributes tab. The parameters in the Advanced Attributes tab
page adopt the default values.
3. Create a bridge for the EFS8 board on NE1.
l In the NE Explorer, select the EFS8 board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet LAN Service from the Function Tree.
l Click New.
l Set the required parameters in the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box that is
displayed.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
Board NE1-4-EFS8 -
VB Name VB1 This parameter is a character string used to describe
the bridge. It is recommended that you set this
parameter to a character string that contains the
information about the detailed application of the
bridge.
VB Type 802.1ad The IEEE 802.1ad bridge supports data frames with
two layers of VLAN tags. This bridge adopts the
outer S-VLAN tags to isolate different VLANs and
supports only the mounted ports whose attributes are
C-Aware or S-Aware.
Bridge
Switch Mode
IVL/Ingress
Filter Enable
This bridge checks the contents of the VLAN tags
that are in the packets and performs Layer 2
switching according to the destination MAC
addresses and the S-VLAN IDs of the packets.
Bridge
Learning
Mode
IVL -
Ingress Filter Enabled -
MAC
Address Self-
Learning
Enabled -
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l Click Configure Mount.
l Set the parameters for service mounting in the Service Mount Configuration dialog
box that is displayed.
Attribute Attribute Value
Operation
Type
Adding S-VLAN tags based on Port and C-VLAN
VB Port 1 2 3 4
Mount Port PORT1 PORT2 VCTRUNK1 VCTRUNK2
C-VLAN 10 20 10 20 10 20
S-VLAN 100 200 100 200 100 200

l Click OK.
l In the Create Ethernet LAN Service dialog box, click OK.
4. Create a VLAN filtering table.
l Select the created bridge and click the VLAN Filtering tab.
l Click New.
l Create the VLAN filtering table of the VoIP service.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
VLAN ID
(e.g.1,3-6)
100 According to the plan, the S-VLAN ID is 100 for the
VoIP service.

l In Available Forwarding Ports, select PORT1, VCTRUNK1, and VCTRUNK2. Click
. Then, click Apply.
l Create the VLAN filtering table of the HSI service.
Parameter Value in
This
Example
Description
VLAN ID
(e.g.1,3-6)
200 According to the plan, the S-VLAN ID is 200 for the
HSI service.

l In Available Forwarding Ports, select PORT2, VCTRUNK1, and VCTRUNK2. Click
. Then, click OK.
5. Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the ports mounted to the bridge.
NOTE
If user M and user N need to communicate with each other, proceed to Step 1.6.
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l Select the created bridge and click the Service Mount tab.
l Change the Hub/Spoke attribute of the port mounted to the bridge.
Parameter Value in This
Example
Description
Hub/Spoke PORT1: Hub
PORT2: Hub
VCTRUNK1:
Spoke
VCTRUNK2:
Spoke
User M and user N need not communicate with
each other. In this case, set VCTRUNK1 and
VCTRUNK2 that access the services of user M
and user N to the Spoke attribute. Ports of the
Spoke attribute cannot communicate with each
other.
A port of the Hub attribute can communicate
with a port of the Spoke or Hub attribute.

6. Configure the cross-connections from the Ethernet service to the SDH link for user M and
user N.
l In the NE Explorer, select NE1, and then choose Configuration > SDH Service
Configuration from the Function Tree.
l Click Create on the lower-right pane to display the Create SDH Service dialog box.
Set the parameters as follows.
User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
User M Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
M is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service of user M is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-30 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK1. In the case
of VCTRUNK1, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-1 to VC12-30.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-30 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of sink timeslots must be, however,
consistent with the number of sink
timeslots.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -
User N Level VC12 The timeslot bound with the service of user
N is at the VC-12 level. The service level
must be consistent with the level of the path
bound with the VCTRUNK.
Direction Bidirectiona
l
The service of user N is a bidirectional
service.
Source Slot 4-EFS8-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the Ethernet board as the source slot.
Source
VC4
VC4-4 The value range of Source VC4 is
consistent with the value range of
Available Resources, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, Available Resources is
set to VC4-4.
Source
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
31-60 The value range of the source timeslots is
consistent with the value range of
Available Timeslot, which is set for the
paths bound with VCTRUNK2. In the case
of VCTRUNK2, the value of Available
Timeslot is from VC12-31 to VC12-60.
Sink Slot 6-SL4D-1
(SDH-1)
When you create a bidirectional SDH
service from an Ethernet board to a line
board, it is recommended that you set the
slot of the line board as the sink slot.
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User Paramete
r
Value in
This
Example
Description
Sink VC4 VC4-1 In this example, VC4-1 is specified as the
VC-4 timeslot of the Ethernet service on the
line board.
Sink
Timeslot
Range(e.g.
1,3-6)
1-30 The value range of the sink timeslots can be
the same as or different from the value
range of the source timeslots. The number
of source timeslots must be, however, the
same as the number of sink timeslots.
Activate
Immediatel
y
Yes -

Step 2 Configure the EPL services on NE2 and NE4.
NOTE
The Ethernet services of NE2 and NE4 are point-to-point transparent transmission services. See 4.4
Configuring EPL Services on an Ethernet Transparent Transmission Board to set the parameters.
Step 3 Enable the performance monitoring function of the NEs. For details, see Setting Performance
Monitoring Parameters of an NE.
Step 4 Back up the configuration data of the NEs. For details, see Backing Up the NE Database to the
SCB Board.
----End
Relevant Task
If the services are configured incorrectly and thus need to be deleted, see Deleting SDH Services.
4.11 Ethernet Port Configuration Parameters
Before configuring an Ethernet service, you need to configure the corresponding Ethernet ports.
4.11.1 Basic Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as the port attribute, port enabling status, and maximum
frame length, that are used for configuring the basic attributes of an Ethernet port.
4.11.2 Flow Control
This topic describes the parameters, such as autonegotiation and non-autonegotiation, which are
used for configuring flow control function of an Ethernet port.
4.11.3 Network Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as port attribute and P port encapsulation format, which
are used for configuring network attributes of an Ethernet port.
4.11.4 Advanced Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as the loop detection, loop port shutdown, and traffic
threshold (Mbit/s), which are used for configuring the advanced attributes of an Ethernet port.
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4.11.5 TAG Attributes
Tag attributes are important attributes that are used for configuring Ethernet services, including
the parameters such as the default VLAN ID, VLAN priority, ingress detection setting, and tag
ID.
4.11.6 Encapsulation/Mapping
The equipment supports the setting of encapsulation and mapping protocols for Ethernet packets,
including the parameters such as mapping protocol, scrambling code, and CRC or not.
4.11.7 Bound Path
This topic describes the parameters, such as available resources, available timeslots, and service
direction, which are used for binding a path with an Ethernet port.
4.11.1 Basic Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as the port attribute, port enabling status, and maximum
frame length, that are used for configuring the basic attributes of an Ethernet port.
Table 4-36 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the basic attributes of an Ethernet
port.
Table 4-36 Parameters for configuring the basic attributes of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port PORTn Displays all the available ports
on an Ethernet port. The letter
n indicates the number of the
PORT port.
Name For example: PORT-1 Specifies the name of a PORT
port. The name can contain up
to 32 characters in English or
16 characters in Chinese.
Enabled/Disabled Disabled, Enabled
Default value: Disabled
Enabled indicates that this
port is used and services are
available. Disabled indicates
that the services on this port are
not processed. Hence, when
configuring a service, you need
to enable the port to be used.
Working Mode Auto-Negotiation, 100M Full-
Duplex, 1000M Full-Duplex
Default value: Auto-
Negotiation
NOTE
l The EGT1 board supports
only Auto-Negotiation, and
1000M Full-Duplex.
l The EFS8 board supports
Auto-Negotiation, and 100M
Full-Duplex.
Specifies the working mode of
the Ethernet port on a board.
This parameter determines the
maximum transmission rate
and communication mode of
the Ethernet port.
When setting this parameter,
you must ensure the working
modes of the interconnected
ports are the same. Otherwise,
the services are not available.
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Field Value Range Description
Maximum Frame Length 1518-9600
Default value: 1522
The Maximum Frame
Length (Ethernet Port
Attribute) parameter specifies
the maximum frame length
that is supported at an Ethernet
port.
You can click 7.2 Maximum
Frame Length (Ethernet
Port Attribute) to display the
detailed information.
Port Physical Parameters Displays the value that is
queried.
Displays the actual working
status of the port.
MAC Loopback Non-Loopback, Inloop
Default value: Non-Loopback
The MAC Loopback
(Ethernet Port Attribute)
parameter specifies the MAC
loopback state at an Ethernet
port. Port loopback setting is
applied to locating faults only.
You can click 7.5 MAC
Loopback (Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the
detailed information.
PHY Loopback Non-Loopback, Inloop
Default value: Default Value
The PHY Loopback
(Ethernet Port Attribute)
parameter specifies the PHY
loopback state at an Ethernet
port. Port loopback setting is
applied to locating faults only.
You can click 7.6 PHY
Loopback (Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the
detailed information.

4.11.2 Flow Control
This topic describes the parameters, such as autonegotiation and non-autonegotiation, which are
used for configuring flow control function of an Ethernet port.
Table 4-37 lists the parameters that are used for configuring flow control of an Ethernet port.
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Table 4-37 Parameters for configuring flow control of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port PORTn Displays all the available
MAC ports on an Ethernet
board.
Specifies the PORT port. The
letter n indicates the number of
the PORT port.
Non-Autonegotiation
Flow Control Mode
Disabled, Enable Symmetric
Flow Control, Send Only,
Receive Only
Default value: Disable
The Non-Autonegotiation
Flow Control Mode
(Ethernet Port Attribute)
specifies the flow control
mode adopted when an
Ethernet port works in non-
auto-negotiation mode.
You can click 7.3 Non-
Autonegotiation Flow
Control Mode (Ethernet
Port Attribute) to display the
detailed information.
Autonegotiation Flow
Control Mode
Disabled, Enable
Dissymmetric Flow Control,
Enable Symmetric Flow
Control, Enable Symmetric/
Dissymmetric Flow Control
Default value: Disabled
The Autonegotiation Flow
Control Mode (Ethernet
Port Attribute) specifies the
flow control mode adopted
when an Ethernet port works in
auto-negotiation mode.
You can click 7.4
Autonegotiation Flow
Control Mode (Ethernet
Port Attribute) to display the
detailed information.

4.11.3 Network Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as port attribute and P port encapsulation format, which
are used for configuring network attributes of an Ethernet port.
Table 4-38 lists the parameters that are used for configuring network attributes of an Ethernet
port.
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Table 4-38 Parameters for configuring network attributes of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port PORTn or VCTRUNKn Specifies the PORT or
VCTRUNK port. The letter n
indicates the number of the
port.
Port Attributes The value ranges of the
parameters are different from
each other for different boards
and products. You can click
the hyperlink in the
description to display the
specific information.
The Port Attributes
(Ethernet Port) parameter
specifies the position of a port
in the network. Different port
attributes support different
packets.
You can click 7.1 Port
Attributes (Ethernet Port) to
display the detailed
information.

4.11.4 Advanced Attributes
This topic describes the parameters, such as the loop detection, loop port shutdown, and traffic
threshold (Mbit/s), which are used for configuring the advanced attributes of an Ethernet port.
Table 4-39 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the advanced attributes of an
Ethernet port.
Table 4-39 Parameters for configuring the advanced attributes of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port PORTn Indicates the PORT. The
letter n indicates the
number of the PORT port.
Transmitting Rate (kbit/s) For example: 0 Indicates the Transmitting
Rate.
Receiving Rate (kbit/s) For example: 0 Indicates the Receiving
Rate.
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Field Value Range Description
Broadcast Packet Suppression Enabled, Disabled
Default value: Disabled
The Broadcast Packet
Suppression (Ethernet
Interface Attributes)
parameter specifies
whether to enable the
function for a port to
suppress the broadcast
packets and to control the
traffic of the broadcast data
packets that enter the port.
If the broadcast packet
suppression function is
enabled, and if the
broadcast traffic exceeds
the specified threshold
value, the broadcast
packets that enter the port
are discarded.
You can click 7.12
Broadcast Packet
Suppression (Ethernet
Interface Attributes) to
display the detailed
information.
Broadcast Packet Suppression
Threshold
10%-100%
Default value: 30%
The Broadcast Packet
Suppression Threshold
(Ethernet Interface
Attributes) parameter
allocates the specified
bandwidth to the broadcast
packets. The bandwidth is
allocated on the basis of the
traffic proportion at the
port. If the bandwidth
allocated to the broadcast
packets reaches the
specified threshold, the port
discards the broadcast data
packets that are received.
You can click 7.11
Broadcast Packet
Suppression Threshold
(Ethernet Interface
Attributes) to display the
detailed information.
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Field Value Range Description
Traffic Threshold(Mbit/s) 0-100 (FE), 0-1000 (GE), in
step length of 1
Default value: 100 (FE),
1000 (GE)
The Traffic Threshold
(Mbit/s) (External
Ethernet Port Attribute)
parameter specifies the data
flow threshold at external
physical ports.
You can click 7.10 Traffic
Threshold(Mbit/s)
(External Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the
detailed information.
Port Traffic Threshold Time
Window(Min)
0-30
Default value: 0
The Port Traffic
Threshold Time Window
(Min) parameter specifies
the duration for a
VCTRUNK or a IP port to
monitor the traffic after the
zero traffic monitoring
function of the port is
enabled.
You can click 7.14 Port
Traffic Threshold Time
Window(Min) to display
the detailed information.
Loop Detection Enabled, Disabled
Default value: Disabled
The Loop Detection
(Ethernet Port Attribute)
parameter specifies the
function of reporting the
self-loop alarms after one
of the following loopback
cases is detected.
You can click 7.8 Loop
Detection (Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the
detailed information.
Loop Port Shutdown Enabled, Disabled
Default value: Enabled
The Traffic Threshold
(Mbit/s) (External
Ethernet Port Attribute)
parameter specifies the data
flow threshold at external
physical ports.
You can click 7.9 Loop
Port Shutdown (Ethernet
Port Attribute) to display
the detailed information.

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4.11.5 TAG Attributes
Tag attributes are important attributes that are used for configuring Ethernet services, including
the parameters such as the default VLAN ID, VLAN priority, ingress detection setting, and tag
ID.
Table 4-40 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the tag attributes of an Ethernet
port.
Table 4-40 Parameters for configuring the tag attributes of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port PORTn Specifies the PORT. The letter n
indicates the number of the port.
TAG Access, Tag Aware, Hybrid
Default value: Tag Aware
The Tag Identifier parameter
indicates that the Ethernet port
supports IEEE 802.1Q Ethernet
packets that contain VLAN tags.
You can set three attributes to
differentiate the packets from each
other so that these packets can be
transmitted efficiently.
You can click 7.19 TAG to display
the detailed information.
Default VLAN ID 1-4095
Default value: 1
The Default VLAN ID (Ethernet
Port Attribute) parameter
specifies the default VLAN ID of
a port.
You can click 7.16 Default VLAN
ID (Ethernet Port Attribute) to
display the detailed information.
VLAN Priority 0-7
Default value: 0
The VLAN Priority (Ethernet
Port Attribute) parameter
specifies the priority of the default
VLAN ID of a port. It indicates the
priority of the service quality.
You can click 7.17 VLAN
Priority (Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the detailed
information.
Entry Detection Enabled, Disabled
Default value: Enabled
The Entry Detection (Ethernet
Port Attribute) parameter
specifies whether to identify the
tag labels in the data packets.
You can click 7.18 Entry
Detection (Ethernet Port
Attribute) to display the detailed
information.

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4.11.6 Encapsulation/Mapping
The equipment supports the setting of encapsulation and mapping protocols for Ethernet packets,
including the parameters such as mapping protocol, scrambling code, and CRC or not.
Table 4-41 lists the parameters that are used for configuring the encapsulation and mapping of
an Ethernet port.
Table 4-41 Parameters for configuring the encapsulation and mapping of an Ethernet port
Field Value Range Description
Port VCTRUNKn Indicates the VCTRUNK
port. The letter n indicates the
number of the VCTRUNK
port.
Mapping Protocol GFP, LAPS, HDLC
Default value: GFP
The Mapping Protocol
parameter specifies the
mapping protocol of the
VCTRUNK port.
You can click 7.20 Mapping
Protocol to display the
detailed information.
Scramble Unscrambled, Scrambling
mode[X43+1], Scrambling
mode[X48+1]
Default value: Scrambling
mode[X43+1]
NOTE
The OptiX OSN 550 does not
support Scramble mode[X48
+1].
The Scramble parameter
specifies whether to scramble
the payload area of the
encapsulation protocol and
the scramble mode.
You can set this parameter
only when the mapping
protocol is GFP, HDLC, or
LAPS.
You can click 7.21
Scramble to display the
detailed information.
Set Inverse Value for CRC Yes, No
Default value: Yes
The Set Inverse Value for
CRC parameter specifies
whether to set an inverse
value for the CRC field of the
HDLC or LAPS protocol.
You can set this parameter
only when the mapping
protocol is HDLC or LAPS.
You can click 7.22 Set
Inverse Value for CRC to
display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Check Field Length The value ranges of the
parameters are different from
each other for different
boards and products. You can
click the hyperlink in the
description to display the
specific information.
The Check Field Length
parameter specifies the length
of the CRC field of the
mapping protocol.
You can set this parameter
only when the mapping
protocol is GFP, HDLC, or
LAPS.
You can click 7.23 Check
Field Length to display the
detailed information.
FCS Calculated Bit
Sequence
The value ranges of the
parameters are different from
each other for different
boards and products. You can
click the hyperlink in the
description to display the
specific information.
The FCS Calculated Bit
Sequence parameter
specifies the sequence of
storing the bits in the CRC
field of the mapping protocol.
You can set this parameter
only when the mapping
protocol is GFP, HDLC, or
LAPS.
You can click 7.24 FCS
Calculated Bit Sequence to
display the detailed
information.

4.11.7 Bound Path
This topic describes the parameters, such as available resources, available timeslots, and service
direction, which are used for binding a path with an Ethernet port.
Table 4-42 lists the parameters that are used for binding a path.
Table 4-42 Parameters for bound path
Field Value Range Description
Configurable Ports For example: VCTRUNKn Displays all the available
VCTRUNK ports on the
board.
Available Resources For example: VC4-1 Displays all the available
VC-4s.
Available Timeslots For example: VC12-1 Displays all the available
timeslots.
VCTRUNK Port VCTRUNKn Displays the number (n) of
the VCTRUNK port.
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Field Value Range Description
Level For example: VC12-xv Specifies the level of a path
that is bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Service Direction Bidirectional, Uplink,
Downlink
Default value: Bidirectional
Specifies the direction of the
Ethernet service.
Bound Path For example: VC4-1-VC12
(1-3)
Specifies the number of the
path to be bound.
Bound Path Count For example: 3 Displays the number of
VCTRUNKs to be bound.
Used Channel For example: Uplink:VC4-3-
VC3(1-3):3
Downlink:VC4-3-VC3(1-3):
3
Displays the actually used
channel.
Activation Status Active, Deactive Displays whether the path is
active.
Display in Combination - If you select Display in
Combination, the bound
paths are displayed in a
centralized manner.
Otherwise, the bound paths
are displayed in a distributed
manner.

4.12 Ethernet Service Configuration Parameters
Ethernet services can be classified into Ethernet private line services and Ethernet private
network services. Ethernet private line services include EPL services and EVPL services.
Ethernet private network services include EPLAN services and EVPLAN services.
4.12.1 Configuring Ethernet Private Line Services
This topic describes the parameters, such as operation type, service type, and encapsulation
format of the P port, that are used for configuring Ethernet private line services.
4.12.2 Configuring Ethernet Private Network Services
This section describes the parameters for configuring Ethernet private network services.
4.12.1 Configuring Ethernet Private Line Services
This topic describes the parameters, such as operation type, service type, and encapsulation
format of the P port, that are used for configuring Ethernet private line services.
Table 4-43 lists the parameters that are used for configuring Ethernet private line services.
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Table 4-43 Parameters for configuring Ethernet private line services
Field Value Range Description
Board For example: NE501-5-EFS8 Displays the name
of the board.
Service Type The value ranges of the parameters are
different from each other for different
boards and products. You can click the
hyperlink in the description to display
the specific information.
The Service Type
(EPL Service)
parameter specifies
the Ethernet private
line service type.
You can click 7.26
Service Type (EPL
Service) to display
the detailed
information.
Service Direction Bidirectional, Unidirectional
Default value: Bidirectional
Specifies the
transmission
direction of the
service.
A bidirectional
service refers to the
two services that are
transmitted from
the source port to
the sink port and
from the sink port to
the source port. A
unidirectional
service refers to the
service that is
transmitted from
the source port to
the sink port.
Source Port PORTn, RPRn
For example: PORT3
Specifies the name
of the source port.
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Field Value Range Description
Source C-VLAN Empty, 1-4095
Default value: Empty
The C-VLAN and
S-VLAN parameter
specifies the two
types of VLAN tags
defined in the QinQ
service and IEEE
802.1ad. C-VLAN
is taken as the client
VLAN tag. S-
VLAN is taken as
the service VLAN
tag. C-VLAN Tag
(C-TAG) indicates
the VLAN tag on
the client side, and
S-VLAN Tag (S-
TAG) indicates the
VLAN tag at the
service layer of the
carrier.
This parameter is
applicable to the
QinQ services.
You can click 7.28
C-VLAN and S-
VLAN to display
the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Source S-VLAN Empty, 1-4095
Default value: Empty
The C-VLAN and
S-VLAN parameter
specifies the two
types of VLAN tags
defined in the QinQ
service and IEEE
802.1ad. C-VLAN
is taken as the client
VLAN tag. S-
VLAN is taken as
the service VLAN
tag. C-VLAN Tag
(C-TAG) indicates
the VLAN tag on
the client side, and
S-VLAN Tag (S-
TAG) indicates the
VLAN tag at the
service layer of the
carrier.
This parameter is
applicable to the
QinQ services.
You can click 7.28
C-VLAN and S-
VLAN to display
the detailed
information.
Sink Port PORTn, RPRn
For example: PORT3
Specifies the name
of the sink port.
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Field Value Range Description
Sink C-VLAN Empty, 1-4095
Default value: Empty
The C-VLAN and
S-VLAN parameter
specifies the two
types of VLAN tags
defined in the QinQ
service and IEEE
802.1ad. C-VLAN
is taken as the client
VLAN tag. S-
VLAN is taken as
the service VLAN
tag. C-VLAN Tag
(C-TAG) indicates
the VLAN tag on
the client side, and
S-VLAN Tag (S-
TAG) indicates the
VLAN tag at the
service layer of the
carrier.
This parameter is
applicable to the
QinQ services.
You can click 7.28
C-VLAN and S-
VLAN to display
the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Sink S-VLAN Empty, 1-4095
Default value: Empty
The C-VLAN and
S-VLAN parameter
specifies the two
types of VLAN tags
defined in the QinQ
service and IEEE
802.1ad. C-VLAN
is taken as the client
VLAN tag. S-
VLAN is taken as
the service VLAN
tag. C-VLAN Tag
(C-TAG) indicates
the VLAN tag on
the client side, and
S-VLAN Tag (S-
TAG) indicates the
VLAN tag at the
service layer of the
carrier.
This parameter is
applicable to the
QinQ services.
You can click 7.28
C-VLAN and S-
VLAN to display
the detailed
information.
Activation Status Active, Inactive Displays the service
status.
Operation Type The value ranges of the parameters are
different from each other for different
boards and products. You can click the
hyperlink in the description to display
the specific information.
The Operation
Type (EPL
Service) parameter
specifies whether to
add, strip, translate
or transparently
transmit VLAN
labels for service
packets at a port
when Service
Type is set to
EVPL(QinQ).
You can click 7.25
Operation Type
(EPL Service) to
display the detailed
information.
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Field Value Range Description
Port For example: PORT3, VCTRUNK1 Displays the port
name.
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Field Value Range Description
Port Type l If a board supports the MPLS
function, its port type can be set to
PE or P. Default value: PE.
l If a board supports the QinQ
function, its port type can be set to
UNI, C-Aware, or S-Aware.
Default value: UNI.
Specifies the
network attribute of
a port.
A provider edge
(PE) port refers to
the edge port that is
provided by the
service provider. A
PE port can transmit
and receive
standard Ethernet
frames, because its
default MPLS
encapsulation type
is invalid.
A provider (P) port
refers to the port on
the core network of
the service
provider. A P port
can transmit and
receive the packets
that contain MPLS
labels, because its
default tag attribute
is invalid.
If a port is in UNI
mode and processes
802.1Q tag
attribute, this port
has the Tag Aware,
Access, and Hybrid
attributes.
If a port is in C-
Aware mode, this
port does not
process the packets
with 802.1Q tag
attributes. In this
case, this port
considers that the
accessed packets
contain C-VLAN
tags rather than S-
VLAN tags.
If a port is in S-
Aware mode, this
port does not
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Field Value Range Description
process the packets
with 802.1Q tag
attributes. In this
case, this port
considers that the
accessed packets
contain S-VLAN
tags rather than C-
VLAN tags.
Port Enabled Enabled, Disabled
Default value: Disabled
Indicates whether a
port is enabled.
Enabled: The port
can access services.
Disabled: The port
cannot access
services.
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Field Value Range Description
TAG Tag Aware, Access, Hybrid
Default value: Tag Aware
Specifies the type of
a packet to be
processed. If you set
this parameter to be
a Tag Aware port,
the port processes
only the packets
that contain tags
and discards the
packets that do not
contain tags. If you
set this parameter to
be an Access port,
the port processes
only the packets
that do not contain
tags and discards
the packets that
contain tags. If you
set this parameter to
be a Hybrid port, the
port processes all
the packets
regardless of tags
and adds tags to the
received packets
that do not contain
tags according to
the VLAN ID of the
local port.
You can click 7.19
TAG to display the
detailed
information.
VCTRUNK Port For example: VCTRUNK1 Displays the name
of the VCTRUNK.
Level VC12-xv, VC3-xv Specifies the level
of a path that is
bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Service Direction Bidirectional, Uplink, Downlink
Default value: Bidirectional
Indicates the
direction of the
Ethernet service.
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Field Value Range Description
Bound Path For example: VC4-4-VC12(1-2,4) Specifies the
number of a path to
be bound, including
the numbers of the
VC-4, VC-12 or
VC-3, and GE
paths.
Bound Path Count For example: 3 Displays the
number of bound
paths.

4.12.2 Configuring Ethernet Private Network Services
This section describes the parameters for configuring Ethernet private network services.
Table 4-44 lists the parameters that are used for configuring Ethernet private network services.
Table 4-44 Parameters for configuring Ethernet private network services
Field Value Range Description
Board NE Name-Slot ID-Board
Name
For example: NE(9-1)-4-
EFS8
Displays the name of the board.
VB ID For example: 1 The VB ID is allocated automatically
when you create a LAN service.
VB Name Contains up to 16
characters or numerals in
English or eight
characters in Chinese.
For example: VB1
Specifies the name of the VB.
Bridge Type 802.1q, 802.1d, 802.1ad
Default value: 802.1q
Specifies the type of the VB.
Bridge Switch Mode IVL/Ingress Filter
Enable, SVL/Ingress
Filter Disable
Default value: IVL/
Ingress Filter Enable
Specifies the switching mode of the VB.
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Field Value Range Description
Bridge Learning
Mode
IVL, SVL
Default value: IVL (The
bridge type is compliant
with IEEE 802.1q or
IEEE 802.1ad), SVL
(The bridge type is
compliant with
IEEE802.1d or IEEE
802.1ad)
Bridge Learning Mode (Ethernet LAN
Service) indicates how the bridge learns
the MAC address. Bridge Learning
Mode is classified into the shared VLAN
learning and independent VLAN
learning modes. The shared VLAN
learning mode indicates learning and
forwarding based on the MAC address.
The independent VLAN learning mode
indicates learning and forwarding based
on the VLAN and MAC address.
You can click 7.30 Bridge Learning
Mode (Ethernet LAN Service) to
Displays the detailed information.
Ingress Filter Enabled
Default value: Enabled
Displays the status of the ingress filter
function.
Enabled: The ingress port checks the
validity of VLAN IDs based on the VB.
If the packets received on the ingress port
do not belong to the VLAN of the VB
port, these packets are discarded.
MAC Address Self-
Larning
Enabled
Default value: Disabled
Indicates whether the MAC address
learning function is enabled.
Enabled: MAC addresses can be learnt.
Active Active Displays the activation status of the VB.

Table 4-45 Parameters for configuring service mount
Field Value Range Description
VB Port For example: 1 Displays the VB port.
Allocated automatically when the VB
mount port is configured.
Mount Port For example: PORT1 Displays the mount port. The mount
port may be the PORT port or VC
trunk port.
Port Type For example: UNI Displays the network attributes for a
port.
Value Range: UNI, C-Aware, S-
Aware. Default value: UNI
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Field Value Range Description
Encapsulation
Format
MartinioE, stack VLAN Displays the encapsulation format for
a port of the P type.
NOTE
The OptiX OSN 550 does not support this
parameter.
Port Enabled Enabled, Disabled Enables or disables a port.
l Enabled: This port can access
services.
l Disabled: This port cannot access
services.
Hub/Spoke Hub, Spoke
Default value: Hub
Hub/Spoke (Ethernet LAN Service)
is used to separate packets between
the logical ports in the network
bridge.
In the same VB VLAN filter or plain
bridge:
l Communication is available
between ports configured with
Hub.
l Communication is available
between a port configured with
Spoke and a port configured with
Hub.
l Communication is unavailable
between ports both configured
with Spoke.
Set this parameter according to the
isolation domain range of the user.
TAG Access, Tag Aware, Hybrid Displays the tag attribute of the VB.
Default VLAN ID For example: 1 Displays the VLAN ID.
Working Mode Auto-Negotiation, 10M
Half-Duplex, 10M Full-
Duplex, 100M Half-Duplex,
100M Full-Duplex, 1000M
Half-Duplex, 1000M Full-
Duplex, 10G Full-Duplex
LAN, 10G Full-Duplex
WAN
NOTE
l The EFS8 board supports
Auto-Negotiation, and
100M Full-Duplex.
Displays the working modes of the
Ethernet port. Auto-Negotiation can
automatically determine the
optimized working modes of the
connected ports. This mode is easy to
maintain and is recommended.
During configuration, make sure that
working modes of the connected ports
are consistent. If the working modes
are different, the services are down.
Active For example: Active Displays the activation status.
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Field Value Range Description
Service Direction For example: Bidirectional Displays the working modes of the
Ethernet port.
C-VLAN 1 to 4095 Displays the C-VLAN value.
S-VLAN 1 to 4095 Displays the S-VLAN value.
C-VLAN Priority - Displays the priority of C-VLAN.
S-VLAN Priority - Displays the priority of S-VLAN.

Table 4-46 Parameters for configuring VLAN filtering
Field Value Range Description
VLAN ID 1 to 4095 Displays the VLAN ID and
configures the forwarding filter table.
VB Port For example: (1,3-4) Allocated automatically when the VB
mount port is configured.
Forwarding Physical
Port
For example: PORT1,
VCTRUNK(5,8)
Displays the physical port that is
actually attached to the VB link.
Activation Status For example: Active Activation Status (Ethernet LAN
Service) indicates that the service at
the port is in activation status.

Table 4-47 Parameters for configuring VLAN unicast
Field Value Range Description
VLAN ID 1 to 4095 Only the VLAN ID specified in the
forwarding filter table can be
selected.
MAC Address 00-00-00-00-00-01 to FE-
FF-FF-FF-FF-FF
Displays the MAC address of VLAN
unicast.
VB Port For example: 1 Allocated automatically when the VB
mount port is configured.
Physical Port For example: PORT1 Displays the name of the port.
Aging Status For example: Static Displays the aging status of unicast
items, including static and dynamic.

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Table 4-48 Parameters for configuring disable MAC address
Field Value Range Description
VLAN ID 1 to 4095 Inhibits a MAC address in the VLAN
of a certain VB.
MAC Address 00-00-00-00-00-01 to FE-
FF-FF-FF-FF-FF
Enters a MAC address that is to be
inhibited. Hence, enters a MAC
address that is not associated to the
VLAN unicast of this VLAN.

Table 4-49 Parameters for bound path
Field Value Range Description
Configurable Ports For example: VCTRUNKn Displays all the available
VCTRUNK ports on the
board.
Available Resources For example: VC4-1 Displays all the available
VC-4s.
Available Timeslots For example: VC12-1 Displays all the available
timeslots.
VCTRUNK Port VCTRUNKn Displays the number (n) of
the VCTRUNK port.
Level For example: VC12-xv Specifies the level of a path
that is bound with the
VCTRUNK.
Service Direction Bidirectional, Uplink,
Downlink
Default value: Bidirectional
Specifies the direction of the
Ethernet service.
Bound Path For example: VC4-1-VC12
(1-3)
Specifies the number of the
path to be bound, for
example, VC4-1-VC12(1-3).
Bound Path Count For example: 3 Displays the number of
VCTRUNKs to be bound.
Activation Status Active, Deactive Displays whether the path is
active.
Display in Combination - If you select Display in
Combination, the bound
paths are displayed in a
centralized manner.
Otherwise, the bound paths
are displayed in a distributed
manner.
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5 Modifying the Configuration Data
About This Chapter
You can modify the existing configuration data related to the topology and services.
5.1 Changing the Values of NE Attributes
You can change the values of the NE attributes.
5.2 Modifying the Board Configuration Data
You can modify the existing board configuration data.
5.3 Modifying the Fiber Configuration Data
You can modify the existing fiber configuration data.
5.4 Modifying the Service Configuration Data
You can modify the existing service configuration data according to the requirements.
5.5 Modifying the Protection Subnet
This topic describes how to modify the configuration data of the existing protection subnet.
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5.1 Changing the Values of NE Attributes
You can change the values of the NE attributes.
5.1.1 Changing the NE ID
The ECC protocol uses the NE ID as the unique identifier of an NE. You need to assign a unique
NE ID to each NE when planning a network. If an NE ID is the same as another NE ID, certain
ECC routes conflict with each other. As a result, the U2000 fail to manage certain NEs. You can
use the U2000 to change the NE ID when the original network planning needs to be modified
during the system commissioning or expansion.
5.1.2 Changing the NE Name
You can change the NE name according to the requirements. Changing the NE name does not
affect the operation of the NE.
5.1.3 Deleting an NE
If you have created a wrong NE, you can delete the NE from the U2000. Deleting an NE removes
all the information about the NE from the U2000 but does not affect the operation of the
equipment.
5.1.4 Changing the Parameter Values of the Gateway NE
During the network optimization and adjustment, you may need to change the type of the gateway
NE or modify the communication address of the gateway NE.
5.1.5 Changing the Gateway NE of a Non-Gateway NE
When changes occur on the only gateway NE to which a non-gateway NE belongs, you need to
assign this non-gateway NE to belong to another gateway NE. Otherwise, the communication
between this NE and the U2000 fails. If a gateway NE manages more than 50 NEs, it is
recommended that you assign certain NEs to belong to other gateway NEs to prevent the
communication between the U2000 and the NEs from being affected.
5.1.1 Changing the NE ID
The ECC protocol uses the NE ID as the unique identifier of an NE. You need to assign a unique
NE ID to each NE when planning a network. If an NE ID is the same as another NE ID, certain
ECC routes conflict with each other. As a result, the U2000 fail to manage certain NEs. You can
use the U2000 to change the NE ID when the original network planning needs to be modified
during the system commissioning or expansion.
Prerequisite
l The NE must be created.
l You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Precautions
CAUTION
Changing the NE ID may interrupt the NE communication.
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Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an NE and then choose Configuration > NE Attribute from the
Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Modify NE ID. Then, the Modify NE ID dialog box is displayed.
Step 3 Enter New ID and New Extended ID. Then, click OK.
Step 4 Click OK in the Warning dialog box that is displayed.
----End
5.1.2 Changing the NE Name
You can change the NE name according to the requirements. Changing the NE name does not
affect the operation of the NE.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, click the NE and choose Configuration > NE Attribute from the Function
Tree.
Step 2 In NE Attribute list, enter a new NE name in Name. Click Apply. Then, a dialog box is
displayed, indicating that the operation is successful.
NOTE
An NE name can contain a maximum of 64 letters, symbols, and numerals, but cannot contain the following
special characters: | : * ? " < >.
Step 3 Click Close.
----End
5.1.3 Deleting an NE
If you have created a wrong NE, you can delete the NE from the U2000. Deleting an NE removes
all the information about the NE from the U2000 but does not affect the operation of the
equipment.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NM maintainer" authority or higher.
Precautions
CAUTION
If an NE is deleted, the links related to the NE are also deleted.
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Procedure
l Delete a single NE.
1. Right-click the NE on the Main Topology and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
The Confirm dialog box is displayed.
2. Click Yes. The Deletion Result dialog box is displayed.
3. Click Close, The NE icon is deleted from the Main Topology.
l Delete NEs in batches.
1. Choose Configuration > NE Configuration Data Management from the Main
Menu. Then, the NE Configuration Data Management window is displayed.
2. In the pane on the left, select multiple NEs and click . Then, the
Configuration Data Management List pane displays the configuration data of all
the selected NEs.
3. Right-click the NEs to be deleted and then choose Delete from the shortcut menu. The
Delete the NE dialog box is displayed.
4. Click OK to delete the selected NEs.
----End
5.1.4 Changing the Parameter Values of the Gateway NE
During the network optimization and adjustment, you may need to change the type of the gateway
NE or modify the communication address of the gateway NE.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Precautions
CAUTION
Changing the parameter values of the gateway NE may interrupt the communication.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Administration > DCN Management from the Main Menu.
Step 2 In the Filter NE window that is displayed, choose the NEs. Click OK.
Step 3 Click the GNE tab. Select the gateway NE whose parameter values need to be changed. Right-
click and choose Modify GNE from the shortcut menu.
Step 4 In the Modify GNE dialog box that is displayed, set Gateway Type.
l When Gateway Type is set to IP Gateway, change IP Address.
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l When Gateway Type is set to OSI Gateway, change NSAP Address.
NOTE
l It is recommended that you do not change Port No..
l Ensure that the IP address of the gateway NE is in the same network segment as the IP address of the
U2000. If they are not in the same network segment, set the corresponding network ports so that the
U2000 can log in to the gateway NE.
Step 5 Click OK. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded.
----End
5.1.5 Changing the Gateway NE of a Non-Gateway NE
When changes occur on the only gateway NE to which a non-gateway NE belongs, you need to
assign this non-gateway NE to belong to another gateway NE. Otherwise, the communication
between this NE and the U2000 fails. If a gateway NE manages more than 50 NEs, it is
recommended that you assign certain NEs to belong to other gateway NEs to prevent the
communication between the U2000 and the NEs from being affected.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Administration > DCN Management from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Click the NE tab.
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Step 3 Double-click the Primary GNE1 field and select a gateway NE from the drop-down list.
Step 4 Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded.
Step 5 Click Refresh.
----End
5.2 Modifying the Board Configuration Data
You can modify the existing board configuration data.
5.2.1 Adding Boards
When manually configuring the NE data, you need to add the boards to the NE panel. You can
add the physical boards that actually operate on the NE or the logical boards that do not exist
on the NE to the NE panel.
5.2.2 Deleting Boards
To modify the network configuration or the NE configuration, you need to delete the boards
from the NE panel.
5.2.3 Modifying Board Configuration Parameters
You can modify the existing board configuration data.
5.2.1 Adding Boards
When manually configuring the NE data, you need to add the boards to the NE panel. You can
add the physical boards that actually operate on the NE or the logical boards that do not exist
on the NE to the NE panel.
Prerequisite
l The NE must be created.
l There must be idle slots on the NE panel.
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Background Information
l The physical boards are the actual boards inserted in the subrack. The logical boards are
created on the U2000 and are saved on the SCB board, but they do not exist on the actual
equipment.
l The NE panel shows the mapping relations between the slots that house the processing
boards and the slots that house the interface boards. If you click a processing board that is
paired with an interface board on the NE panel, the ID of the slot that houses the mapping
interface board is displayed in orange.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the icon of the NE to open the NE panel.
Step 2 Right-click the selected idle slot. Select the board you need to add from the drop-down list.
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NOTE
If the physical cross-connect board is installed in the subrack, add its corresponding logical board on the
U2000.
----End
5.2.2 Deleting Boards
To modify the network configuration or the NE configuration, you need to delete the boards
from the NE panel.
Prerequisite
l The services and protection groups must be deleted.
l You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Double-click the icon of the NE to display the NE Panel.
Step 2 Right-click the board you need to delete and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
Step 3 Click OK in the Delete Board dialog boxes that are displayed sequentially.
----End
5.2.3 Modifying Board Configuration Parameters
You can modify the existing board configuration data.
Prerequisite
To change the values of different configuration parameters of different boards, you may need
to operate as NM users with different authorities. You must be an NM user with "NE operator"
authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select a board and choose the appropriate function entry from the Function
Tree.
Board Type Parameter
SDH board Laser Switch, Optical(Electrical) Interface
Loopback, VC4 Loopback
PDH board Tributary Loopback, Service Load
Indication, Re-timing Mode

Step 2 In the pane on the right, modify the existing parameter settings and click Apply.
----End
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5.3 Modifying the Fiber Configuration Data
You can modify the existing fiber configuration data.
5.3.1 Deleting Fibers
If you need to delete an NE or change the links between NEs during network adjustment, delete
the related fiber connections between the NEs.
5.3.2 Changing Fiber/Cable Information
You can change the name, attenuation, length, and type of a fiber/cable according to its
connection status and physical features.
5.3.3 Deleting DCN Communication Cables
In certain scenarios such as network adjustment, you can delete the DCN communication cable
that is not applicable.
5.3.1 Deleting Fibers
If you need to delete an NE or change the links between NEs during network adjustment, delete
the related fiber connections between the NEs.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Inventory > Fiber/Cable > Fiber/Cable Management from the Main Menu.
Step 2 Right-click the fiber you need to delete and then choose Delete Fiber/Cable from the shortcut
menu. Then, the Warning dialog box is displayed. Click OK to delete the fiber.
Step 3 Click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
5.3.2 Changing Fiber/Cable Information
You can change the name, attenuation, length, and type of a fiber/cable according to its
connection status and physical features.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE maintainer" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Inventory > Fiber/Cable > Fiber/Cable Management from the Main Menu. All the
fiber information is displayed in the right pane.
Step 2 Select a fiber, right-click and choose Modify Fiber/Cable from the shortcut menu. In the Modify
Fiber/Cable dialog box, you can modify Name, Length(km), Attenuation, Medium Type,
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Maintainer, Remarks, and Disabled Status. Click OK. Then, click Close in the Operation
Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
5.3.3 Deleting DCN Communication Cables
In certain scenarios such as network adjustment, you can delete the DCN communication cable
that is not applicable.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 On the Main Topology, right-click the cable and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
Step 2 Click Yes in the Confirm dialog box that is displayed.
----End
5.4 Modifying the Service Configuration Data
You can modify the existing service configuration data according to the requirements.
5.4.1 Modifying SDH Services
To modify an SDH service, you can use the modification function of the U2000, or delete the
service and then create the cross-connection again.
5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services
You can delete an existing SDH service.
5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet Private Line Services
Ethernet private line services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured
with the Ethernet private line services need to be deleted or when the service configuration is
incorrect.
5.4.4 Deleting EPLAN Services
EPLAN services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured with the
EPLAN services need to be deleted or when the configuration of the EPLAN services is incorrect.
5.4.5 Deleting EVPLAN Services
EVPLAN services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured with the
EVPLAN services need to be deleted or when the configuration of the EVPLAN services is
incorrect.
5.4.1 Modifying SDH Services
To modify an SDH service, you can use the modification function of the U2000, or delete the
service and then create the cross-connection again.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
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Precautions
CAUTION
Performing this operation interrupts the service that you modify.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an NE and choose Configuration > SDH Service Configuration
from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Select a cross-connection and choose Display > Expand to Unidirectional.
Step 3 If the service to be modified is active, you should deactivate the service. Select the service that
you need to modify and then click Deactivate.
CAUTION
Deactivation interrupts the services.
Step 4 Click OK in the Confirm dialog box that is displayed third. The Operation Result dialog box
is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful.
Step 5 Click Close.
Step 6 After the cross-connection is deactivated, modify the SDH service by using the method described
in Step Step 7 or Step 8.
NOTE
l By using the method described in Step Step 7, you can modify the source or sink of a service. Ensure
that the service source and sink are located on the same board before and after the modification.
l If the modification requirement cannot be met by using the method described in Step Step 7 (for
example, a pass-through service needs to be configured to the local equipment through modification),
you can delete the original service and create the cross-connection again by using the method described
in Step Step 8.
Step 7 Optional: To modify the SDH service, choose Modify from the shortcut menu.
1. Right-click the service that you need to modify and choose Modify from the shortcut menu.
Then, the Modify SDH Service dialog box is displayed.
2. Change Source VC4 or Sink VC4, Source Timeslot Range, and Sink Timeslot Range.
NOTE
By using this method, you can change only Source VC4 or Sink VC4. The source VC-4 and sink
VC-4 cannot be modified at the same time.
3. Click OK. Then, the Operation Result dialog box is displayed, indicating that the
operation is successful.
4. Click Close.
5. Select the service that is modified and click Activate.
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6. Click OK. Then, the Operation Result dialog box is displayed, indicating that the
operation is successful.
7. Click Close.
Step 8 Optional: To modify the SDH service, delete the service and then create the service again.
1. Select the service that you need to modify and click Delete.
2. Click OK. Then, the Operation Result dialog box is displayed, indicating that the
operation is successful.
3. Click Close. The service is deleted.
4. Create the service again according to the requirements. For details, see Creating SDH
Services.
----End
5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services
You can delete an existing SDH service.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an NE and choose Configuration > SDH Service Configuration
from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Query to query the existing services.
Step 3 If the service to be deleted is active, you should deactivate the service first. Select the service
that you need to delete and click Deactivate.
CAUTION
Deactivation interrupts the services.
Step 4 Select the service to be deleted and click Delete.
Step 5 Click OK in the Confirm dialog box that is displayed.
Step 6 Click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded.
----End
5.4.3 Deleting Ethernet Private Line Services
Ethernet private line services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured
with the Ethernet private line services need to be deleted or when the service configuration is
incorrect.
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Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an Ethernet board and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet Line Service from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Query.
Step 3 Select the Ethernet private line service to be deleted and click Delete. Click OK in the
Prompt dialog box that is displayed. Then, a dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation
is successful, that is, the Ethernet private line service is deleted successfully.
Step 4 Click Query to check whether the Ethernet private line service is deleted.
Step 5 See 5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services to delete the cross-connections of the Ethernet private line
service.
----End
5.4.4 Deleting EPLAN Services
EPLAN services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured with the
EPLAN services need to be deleted or when the configuration of the EPLAN services is incorrect.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Context
CAUTION
When the EPLAN services are deleted, the VLAN unicast entries and disabled MAC address
entries are deleted.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an Ethernet board, and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet LAN Service from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Query.
Step 3 Select the EPLAN service to be deleted and click Delete. Click OK in the Prompt dialog box
that is displayed. Then, a dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful, that
is, the EPLAN service is deleted successfully.
Step 4 Click Query to check whether the EPLAN service is deleted.
Step 5 See 5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services to delete the cross-connections of the EPLAN service.
----End
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5.4.5 Deleting EVPLAN Services
EVPLAN services need to be deleted when the Ethernet boards that are configured with the
EVPLAN services need to be deleted or when the configuration of the EVPLAN services is
incorrect.
Prerequisite
You must be an NM user with "NE operator" authority or higher.
Background Information
Deleting an EVPLAN service involves the following:
1. Deleting the VLAN filtering table
2. Deleting the service mounting configurations
Context
CAUTION
When the VLAN filtering table is deleted, the VLAN unicast entries and disabled MAC address
entries are deleted.
Procedure
Step 1 In the NE Explorer, select an Ethernet board and then choose Configuration > Ethernet
Service > Ethernet LAN Service from the Function Tree.
Step 2 Click Query.
Step 3 Click the VLAN Filtering tab.
Step 4 Select the VLAN filtering entry to be deleted and click Delete.
Step 5 Click the Service Mount tab.
Step 6 Select the EVPLAN service to be deleted and click Delete. Click OK in the Prompt dialog box
that is displayed. Then, a dialog box is displayed, indicating that the operation is successful, that
is, the EVPLAN service is deleted successfully.
Step 7 Click Query to check whether the EVPLAN service is deleted.
Step 8 See 5.4.2 Deleting SDH Services to delete the cross-connections of the EVPLAN service.
----End
5.5 Modifying the Protection Subnet
This topic describes how to modify the configuration data of the existing protection subnet.
5.5.1 Deleting Protection Subnets
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Before you delete an NE or a fiber/cable connection on the U2000, you need to delete the related
protection subnets.
5.5.2 Changing the Values of Protection Subnet Parameters
In the case of the SDH equipment, you can set the parameters of the MSP protection subnet by
using the protection subnet maintenance function.
5.5.1 Deleting Protection Subnets
Before you delete an NE or a fiber/cable connection on the U2000, you need to delete the related
protection subnets.
Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "network maintainer" authority or higher.
l If trails are configured on the protection subnet that you need to delete, delete the trails
first.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Manage SDH Protection Subnet from the Main
Menu.
Step 2 Right-click the protection subnet to be deleted and choose Delete from the NM, Delete from
the NE, or Delete All from the NM from the short-cut menu.
NOTE
The methods of deleting a protection subnet are as follows:
l Delete from the NM: If Delete from the NM is selected, the relations between the protection subnet and
each logical system on the NE side are deleted so that the fibers can be deleted and reloading can be
performed. This command is not delivered to the NE and does not affect the services. The deleted protection
subnet can be located by using the search feature. The U2000 locates it according to the NE layer protection
information.
l Delete from the NE: If Delete from the NE is selected, the protection subnet, logical systems on the NE
side, and all the services on the protection subnet are deleted. The deleted protection subnet cannot be restored
and needs to be created again.
l Delete All from the NM: If Delete All from the NM is selected, the data of the protection subnet except
the fibers at the network layer is deleted. The deleted protection subnet can be located by using the search
feature. It is recommended that you do not select this option, because a large amount of data is deleted.
Step 3 Click Yes in the Operation Prompt dialog box indicating that the operation succeeded. Then,
the Operation Result dialog box is displayed.
NOTE
If Delete from the NE is selected, you need to confirm the operation again.
Step 4 Click Close.
----End
5.5.2 Changing the Values of Protection Subnet Parameters
In the case of the SDH equipment, you can set the parameters of the MSP protection subnet by
using the protection subnet maintenance function.
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Prerequisite
l You must be an NM user with "network maintainer" authority or higher.
l The data of each NE must be configured and the fibers must be created on the U2000.
l The MSP protection subnet must be configured.
Procedure
Step 1 Choose Service > SDH Protection Subnet > Maintain SDH Protection Subnet from the Main
Menu. Then, the SDH Protection Subnet Common Attributes dialog box is displayed.
Step 2 Select an MSP protection subnet from the pane on the left. The attribute information of the
protection subnet is displayed in the pane on the right.
Step 3 Click the Protection Subnet Parameters tab.
Step 4 Click Query to query the parameters of the protection subnet on the MSP ring.
Step 5 Click the WTR Time(s) text box and enter a value.
NOTE
The default WTR time is 600s. You can also set the WTR time to a value from 300s to 720s.
Step 6 Optional: Select SD Condition.
Step 7 Click Apply. Then, click Close in the Operation Result dialog box indicating that the operation
succeeded.
----End
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6 Equipment Information
About This Chapter
You need to consider the service support capability of the boards used by the equipment and the
configuration requirements during the configuration process.
6.1 Service Support Capability of Ethernet Boards
Ethernet boards are classified into Ethernet transparent transmission boards and Ethernet
switching boards, based on the type of the accessed service. The Ethernet transparent
transmission boards support only EPL services, whereas the Ethernet switching boards support
EPL services, EVPL services, and Layer 2 switching function.
6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet Boards
One VCTRUNK on an Ethernet board can only be bound with timeslots of the same level.
6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of Ethernet Boards
To determine the level of the bandwidths to be bound with a VCTRUNK and the number of
paths that are required for an Ethernet service, you need to calculate the theoretical bandwidth
of the Ethernet service that can be carried by a VCTRUNK.
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6.1 Service Support Capability of Ethernet Boards
Ethernet boards are classified into Ethernet transparent transmission boards and Ethernet
switching boards, based on the type of the accessed service. The Ethernet transparent
transmission boards support only EPL services, whereas the Ethernet switching boards support
EPL services, EVPL services, and Layer 2 switching function.
Table 6-1 Service support capability of Ethernet boards
Board Type Board
Name
Supported EPL Service Supported EPLAN Service
Ethernet
transparent
transmission board
EGT1 EPL -
Ethernet switching
board
EFS8 EPL
EVPL
EVPLAN (IEEE 802.1q bridge), EPLAN
(IEEE 802.1d bridge), and EVPLAN (IEEE
802.1ad bridge)

6.2 Requirements for Binding Paths with VCTRUNKs on
Ethernet Boards
One VCTRUNK on an Ethernet board can only be bound with timeslots of the same level.
Table 6-2 Requirements for binding paths with VCTRUNKs on Ethernet boards
Board Requirement for Binding Paths with a VCTRUNK
EGT1 l The VCTRUNKs can be bound with the VC-12 VC-3 and VC-4 paths.
l Only one VCTRUNK with a maximum bandwidth of 1.25 Gbit/s is supported.
l VCTRUNK1 can only be bound with the fourth VC-4, namely, VC4-4, if the path binding
is at VC-12 level.
l VCTRUNK1 can be bound with the first to eighth VC-4s, namely, VC4-1 to VC4-8, if the
path binding is at VC-3 level.
EFS8 l The VCTRUNKs can be bound with the VC-12 paths and VC-3 paths.
l Eight VCTRUNKs are supported. The maximum bandwidth of each VCTRUNK is 100
Mbit/s.
l VCTRUNK1 to VCTRUNK8 can only be bound with the fourth VC-4, namely, VC4-4, if
the path binding is at VC-12 level.
l VCTRUNK1 to VCTRUNK8 can be bound with the first to fourth VC-4s, namely, VC4-1
to VC4-4, if the path binding is at VC-3 level.

6 Equipment Information
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6.3 Ethernet Service Bandwidths Carried by VCTRUNKs of
Ethernet Boards
To determine the level of the bandwidths to be bound with a VCTRUNK and the number of
paths that are required for an Ethernet service, you need to calculate the theoretical bandwidth
of the Ethernet service that can be carried by a VCTRUNK.
Bandwidth = Number of paths bound with the VCTRUNK x Payload rate of the binding
granularity x Encapsulation efficiency of the encapsulation protocol
The payload rate of the VC-12 is 2.176 Mbit/s; the payload rate of the VC-3 is 48.384 Mbit/s;
the payload rate of the VC-3 is 149.760 Mbit/s.
GFP encapsulation efficiency has different values in the following two scenarios:
l GFP encapsulation efficiency = Ethernet frame length/(Ethernet frame length + 12-byte
overhead), when the GFP protocol uses FCS32 as the check field.
l GFP encapsulation efficiency = Ethernet frame length/(Ethernet frame length + 8-byte
overhead), when the GFP protocol does not add the check field.
NOTE
When the Ethernet board uses the GFP protocol to encapsulate Ethernet services, you can determine
whether a check field is used during the encapsulation by setting the Check Field Length parameter. By
default, FCS32 is used as the check field. In this case, if the Ethernet board uses the default GFP parameter
settings, the theoretical bandwidth of the VCTRUNK bound with five VC-12 paths is 10.938 Mbit/s when
the Ethernet frame length is 1500 bytes and the theoretical bandwidth of the VCTRUNK bound with five
VC-12 paths is 12.025 bit/s when the Ethernet frame length is 64 bytes.
In actual situations, you can estimate the level and quantity of the paths according to the
following principle: One VC-12 path carries 2 Mbit/s services; one VC-3 path carries 48 Mbit/
s services; one VC-4 path carries 150 Mbit/s services. For example, in the case of a 10 Mbit/s
Ethernet service, the VCTRUNKs can be bound with five VC-12 paths.
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7 List of Parameters
About This Chapter
This section describes all the parameters that are used for configuring and querying the common
boards and functions on the U2000. Each parameter is described in terms of the description,
impact on the system, values, configuration guidelines, and relationship with other parameters.
7.1 Port Attributes (Ethernet Port)
7.2 Maximum Frame Length (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.3 Non-Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.4 Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.5 MAC Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.6 PHY Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.7 QinQ Type Area
7.8 Loop Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.9 Loop Port Shutdown (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.10 Traffic Threshold(Mbit/s)(External Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.11 Broadcast Packet Suppression Threshold (Ethernet Interface Attributes)
7.12 Broadcast Packet Suppression (Ethernet Interface Attributes)
7.13 Zero-Flow Monitor (Ethernet Interface Attributes)
7.14 Port Traffic Threshold Time Window(Min)
7.15 Jumbo Frame Type
7.16 Default VLAN ID (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.17 VLAN Priority (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.18 Entry Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)
7.19 TAG
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7.20 Mapping Protocol
7.21 Scramble
7.22 Set Inverse Value for CRC
7.23 Check Field Length
7.24 FCS Calculated Bit Sequence
7.25 Operation Type (EPL Service)
7.26 Service Type (EPL Service)
7.27 Encapsulation Format of P Port (Network Attributes)
7.28 C-VLAN and S-VLAN
7.29 VLAN ID (For Creation of Ethernet Virtual Private Lines)
7.30 Bridge Learning Mode (Ethernet LAN Service)
7.31 MEP ID (Ethernet OAM)
7.32 Maintenance Point Type (Ethernet OAM)
7.33 CC Status (Ethernet OAM)
7.34 Test Result (LB and LT Test)
7.35 Responding MP Type (Ethernet LT Test)
7.36 Hop Count (Ethernet LT Test)
7.37 Packet Length (Ping Test)
7.38 Timeout (Ping Test)
7.39 Detect Attempts
7.40 Send Direction (Ethernet Test)
7.41 Error Frame Monitor Window (ms)
7.42 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries)
7.43 Error Frame Period Window(Frames)
7.44 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Frames)
7.45 Error Frame Second Window (s)
7.46 Error Frame Second Threshold(s)
7.47 Enable OAM Protocol
7.48 OAM Working Mode
7.49 Remote Alarm Support for Link Event
7.50 Unidirectional Operation
7.51 Loopback Status (OAM Parameter)
7.52 Flow Type (Flow Configuration)
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7.53 Bound CAR (Flow Configuration)
7.54 Bound CoS (Flow Configuration)
7.55 CAR ID (CAR Configuration)
7.56 Enabled/Disabled (CAR Configuration)
7.57 Committed Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration)
7.58 Committed Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration)
7.59 Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration)
7.60 Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration)
7.61 CoS ID (CoS Configuration)
7.62 CoS Type (CoS Configuration)
7.63 CoS Priority (CoS Configuration)
7.64 Port Priority (Link Aggregation)
7.65 System Priority (Link Aggregation)
7.66 Status (Link Aggregation)
7.67 Load Sharing(Ethernet Link Aggregation)
7.68 Protocol Enabled (Spanning Tree)
7.69 Protocol Type (Spanning Tree Protocol)
7.70 Priority (Bridge Parameters)
7.71 Max Age(s)
7.72 Hello Time(s) (Spanning Tree)
7.73 Forward Delay(s) (Spanning Tree)
7.74 TxHoldCount(per second) (Spanning Tree)
7.75 Root Path Cost
7.76 Hold Count (Spanning Tree)
7.77 Port ID
7.78 Designated Path Cost
7.79 Designated Root Bridge Priority
7.80 Designated Bridge Priority(Spanning Tree)
7.81 Designated Bridge MAC Address (Spanning Tree)
7.82 Edge Port Status (Spanning Tree)
7.83 Point to Point Attributes(External Ethernet Port Attributes)
7.84 Enabling LCAS
7.85 LCAS Mode
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7.86 Hold-Off Time (ms) (LCAS)
7.87 WTR Time (s) (LCAS)
7.88 TSD (LCAS)
7.89 Min Members - Transmit Direction
7.90 LPT
7.91 Bearer Mode
7.92 Port-Type Port Hold-Off Time (ms)
7.93 VCTRUNK Port Hold-off Time (ms)
7.94 Protocol Enable (IGMP Snooping Protocol)
7.95 Multicast Aging Time(Min)
7.96 Frames to Send
7.97 Status
7.98 Set Frame Count
7.99 Received Response Test Frame Count
7.100 Test Frames to Receive
7.101 Send Mode (Ethernet Test)
7.102 Call Waiting Time(s)
7.103 Conference Call
7.104 Phone
7.105 Available Orderwire Port
7.106 No.(F1 Data Port)
7.107 Data Channel (F1 Data Port)
7.108 Overhead Byte (Broadcast Data Port)
7.109 Working Mode (Broadcast Data Port)
7.110 Broadcast Data Source (Broadcast Data Port)
7.111 Broadcast Data Sink (Broadcast Data Port)
7.112 External Clock Output Mode When 2M Output Synchronous Source Is Invalid
7.113 External Clock Output Mode
7.114 External Clock Output Timeslot
7.115 External Source Output Threshold
7.116 2M Phase-Locked Source Fail Condition
7.117 2M Phase-Locked Source Fail Action
7.118 Clock Source Threshold
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7.119 AIS Alarm Generated
7.120 B1 BER Threshold-Crossing Generated
7.121 B2-EXC Alarm Generated
7.122 Higher Priority Clock Source Reversion Mode
7.123 Clock Source WTR Time
7.124 Lock Status
7.125 Synchronous Source
7.126 S1 Byte Synchronization Quality Information
7.127 NE Clock Working Mode
7.128 Data Output Method in Holdover Mode
7.129 Retiming Mode
7.130 Switching Mode (MSP)
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7.1 Port Attributes (Ethernet Port)
Description
The Port Attributes (Ethernet Port) parameter specifies the position of a port in the network.
Different port attributes support different packets.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 UNI, C-Aware, S-Aware UNI

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
UNI Indicates the interface between CE and PE. This port
processes the packets with TAG attributes specified in IEEE
802.1Q. Moreover, this port identifies and processes the
VLAN IDs of the received packets according to the supported
Tag Aware, Access or Hybrid.
C-Aware A C-Aware (C-VLAN Aware) port in the network is located
in the position as the UNI port at the client access side. This
port identifies and processes the VLAN (C-VLAN) in the
packets. If the value of QinQ TYPE is valid, this port treats
the outer labels of the packets as C-VLAN.
S-Aware A S-Aware (S-VLAN Aware) port in the network is located
in the position as the interface on the network side. This port
identifies and processes the VLAN (S-VLAN) in the packets.
If the value of QinQ TYPE is valid, this port treats the outer
labels of the packets as S-VLAN.

Configuration Guidelines
The port attribute depends on the port position in the network and the service. For this reason,
select a proper port attribute as required. Generally, select the default value.
l For the MPLS service, select P for the port that transmits or receives packets with MPLS
labels.
l For the QinQ service, select C-Aware or S-Aware for the port. Connecting to the port of
the client network, a C-Aware port identifies and processes the packets with C-VLAN
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labels. Connecting to the port at the network side, an S-Aware port identifies and processes
the packets with S-VLAN tags. The configuration examples are described as follows:
Add the S-VLAN tag to the service from Port A to Port B, and remove the S-VLAN
tag from the service from Port B to Port A. Then select C-Aware for Port A, and S-
Aware for Port B.
Configure a service from Port A to Port B to transparently transmit the C-VLAN tags
at the client side. Then select C-Aware for Ports A and B.
Configure a service from Port A to Port B to transparently transmit the S-VALN tags
at the network side. Then select S-Aware for Ports A and B.
Configure a service from Port A to Port B to switch the C-VLAN tags at the client side.
Then select C-Aware for Ports A and B.
Configure a service from Port A to Port B to switch the S-VALN tags at the network
side. Then select S-Aware for Ports A and B.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
Related Information
According to the position and role of the equipment in the networking, there are three types of
equipment: CE, PE (U-PE & N-PE), and P. Client Edge (CE) indicates the equipment at the
client side. Provider Edge (PE) indicates the edge equipment at the network side. Provider (P)
indicates the intermediate node at the network side.
7.2 Maximum Frame Length (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The Maximum Frame Length (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the maximum
frame length that is supported at an Ethernet port.
Impact on the System
If the packet length exceeds the specified maximum frame length, the packets are discarded.
Alternatively, the packet length is minimized to the specified frame length. This parameter takes
effect only when the packet enters the port rather than when the packet that exits the port.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1518-9600 1522 Byte

Configuration Guidelines
Set the value as required. Generally, select the default value, unless otherwise specified.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.3 Non-Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port
Attribute)
Description
The Non-Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute) specifies the flow
control mode adopted when an Ethernet port works in non-auto-negotiation mode.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8, EGT1 Disabled, Enable Symmetric
Flow Control, Send Only,
Receive Only
Disable

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Disable Indicates that the port disables the flow control function.
Enable Symmetric Flow
Control
Indicates that the port can transmit PAUSE frames and
process the received PAUSE frames.
Send Only Indicates that the port sends the PAUSE frame only.
Receive Only Indicates that the port can only process the received PAUSE
frames.

Configuration Guidelines
This parameter is meaningful only when you configure the EPL service. You can select the value
as required.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
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7.4 Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port
Attribute)
Description
The Autonegotiation Flow Control Mode (Ethernet Port Attribute) specifies the flow control
mode adopted when an Ethernet port works in auto-negotiation mode.
Impact on the System
If the negotiation result is to enable the flow control function, the PAUSE frame is transmitted
to the upstream port.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Disabled, Enable Dissymmetric Flow
Control, Enable Symmetric Flow Control,
Enable Symmetric/Dissymmetric Flow
Control
Disabled

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Disabled Indicates that the port disables the flow control function.
Enable Dissymmetric Flow
Control
Indicates that the port only transmits flow control frames, but
does not process the received flow control frames.
Enable Symmetric Flow
Control
Indicates that the port can transmit PAUSE frames and
process the received PAUSE frames.
Enable Symmetric/
Dissymmetric Flow Control
Indicates that the symmetric/dissymmetric flow control mode
is decided by the auto-negotiation result.

Configuration Guidelines
Generally, set this parameter to Enable Symmetric/Dissymmetric Flow Control, unless
otherwise specified.
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7.5 MAC Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The MAC Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the MAC loopback state
at an Ethernet port. Port loopback setting is applied to locating faults only.
Impact on the System
MAC loopback is a function of diagnosing faults. It may affect the services configured at the
port. If the loopback state is set to Inloop, the services at the port may be interrupted.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Non-Loopback, Inloop Non-Loopback

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Non-Loopback Indicates the normal state. If the equipment works normally,
you do not need to set the MAC loopback.
Inloop Loops back the services from the cross-connection side to the
cross-connection side within the equipment at the local end.

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.6 PHY Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The PHY Loopback (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the PHY loopback state at
an Ethernet port. Port loopback setting is applied to locating faults only.
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Impact on the System
PHY loopback is a function of diagnosing faults. It may affect the services configured at the
port. If the loopback state is set to Inloop, the services at the port may be interrupted.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Non-Loopback, Inloop Default Value

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Non-Loopback Indicates the normal state. If the equipment works normally,
you do not need to set the PHY loopback.
Inloop Loops back the services from the cross-connection side to the
cross-connection side within the equipment at the local end.

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.7 QinQ Type Area
Description
The QinQ Type Area parameter indicates the VLAN protocol used by the packet that is
transmitted by QinQ.
The default value 0x8100 of this parameter is the protocol type that is specified by the related
standard. The original equipment of other vendors may use 0x88A8 or 0x9100 to represent the
VLAN protocol. To realize the interconnection with the original equipment, the user should set
this parameter accordingly.
Impact on the System
If the values of the QinQ Type Area parameter set for the equipment at the two ends of the
interconnection are inconsistent, the service becomes unavailable.
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Values
Value Range Default Value
0x600-0xFFFF 0x8100

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter according to the supported value of QinQ Type Area of the opposite
equipment.
7.8 Loop Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The Loop Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the function of reporting
the self-loop alarms after one of the following loopback cases is detected.
l For the external physical interface of the board, the transmit direction is connected to the
receive direction by a fiber.
l The two external physical ports on the board are cross-connected to each other through
fibers.
l The cross-connection is created on the same VCTRUNK of the board.
l The cross-connection is created between different VCTRUNKs of the board.
Impact on the System
After the self-loop check function is enabled for a port, the specified self-loop check packets are
transmitted from the port. One packet is transmitted each second.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 Enabled, Disabled Disabled

Configuration Guidelines
To check the self-loop port, select Enabled.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The loop port shut-down function takes effect only after the loop check function is enabled.
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7.9 Loop Port Shutdown (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The Loop Port Shutdown (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter is set to disable the self-loop
port after a self-loop port is detected if the loop port shutdown function is enabled. After the
self-loop port is shut down, the self-loop port only transmits or receives the self-loop detection
packets rather than any other packets. If the port is not a self-loop port, it starts to work again.
Impact on the System
If a port enables the loop port shut-down function, the IEEE 802.3ah protocol blocks the port
once the port is detected to be a self-loop port. In this case, the services at the port are interrupted.
All the packets based on the upper-level protocol are discarded.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 Enabled, Disabled Enabled

Configuration Guidelines
To block a self-loop port, select Enabled. Otherwise, select Disabled.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The loop port shutdown function takes effect only after the IEEE 802.3ah protocol and the loop
detection function are enabled.
7.10 Traffic Threshold(Mbit/s)(External Ethernet Port
Attribute)
Description
The Traffic Threshold(Mbit/s) (External Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the
data flow threshold at external physical ports.
Impact on the System
If the data flow at external physical ports is greater than the specified threshold, the
FLOW_OVER alarm is generated.
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Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value Unit
EFS8 0-100 (FE), 0-1000
(GE), in step length
of 1
100 (FE), 1000 (GE) Mbit/s

Configuration Guidelines
Generally, select the value according to the bandwidth.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.11 Broadcast Packet Suppression Threshold (Ethernet
Interface Attributes)
Description
The Broadcast Packet Suppression Threshold(Ethernet Interface Attributes) parameter
allocates the specified bandwidth to the broadcast packets. The bandwidth is allocated on the
basis of the traffic proportion at the port. If the bandwidth allocated to the broadcast packets
reaches the specified threshold, the port discards the broadcast data packets that are received.
Impact on the System
l If less bandwidth is allocated to the broadcast packets, some necessary broadcast services
are affected.
l If excessive bandwidth is allocated to the broadcast packets, excessive broadcast packets
may enter the network. Consequently, the network running is affected.
Values
Board Name Value Range Default Value
EFS8 10%-100% 30%

You can set this parameter according to the percentage of the traffic at the port. The value 10
means that the whole bandwidth is allocated to the port.
Configuration Guidelines
Generally, adopt the default value.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.12 Broadcast Packet Suppression (Ethernet Interface
Attributes)
Description
The Broadcast Packet Suppression (Ethernet Interface Attributes) parameter specifies
whether to enable the function for a port to suppress the broadcast packets and to control the
traffic of the broadcast data packets that enter the port. If the broadcast packet suppression
function is enabled, and if the broadcast traffic exceeds the specified threshold value, the
broadcast packets that enter the port are discarded.
Impact on the System
If Broadcast Packet Suppression is set to Enabled, the port can effectively suppress the traffic
of the broadcast packets by using the statistic function of the network processor on the board.
Values
Board Name Value Range Default Value
EFS8 Enabled, Disabled Disabled

Configuration Guidelines
You can set this parameter according to whether to control the traffic of the broadcast packets.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.13 Zero-Flow Monitor (Ethernet Interface Attributes)
Description
The Zero-Flow Monitor parameter specifies whether the traffic on a port is monitored.
Impact on the System
After the zero traffic monitoring function is enabled, the port can report the zero traffic alarm
after the state of zero traffic lasts for a certain period. Hence, the user can check whether the
service is interrupted due to the fault on the equipment side.
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Values
Value Range Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Disabled

The following table provides the description of each value.
Value Description
Enabled The zero traffic monitoring function is enabled on the port.
Disabled The zero traffic monitoring function is disabled on the port.

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter according to the actual requirement of the user. Set this parameter to
Enabled if the traffic on a port needs to be monitored.
7.14 Port Traffic Threshold Time Window(Min)
Description
The Port Traffic Threshold Time Window(Min) parameter specifies the duration for a
VCTRUNK or a IP port to monitor the traffic after the zero traffic monitoring function of the
port is enabled.
Impact on the System
If the value of this parameter is too large, the port may fail to report the zero traffic alarm. If the
value of this parameter is too small, the jitter due to the zero traffic alarm may occur on the port.
Values
Board Name Value Range Default Value Unit
EFS8 0-30 0 min

Configuration Guidelines
The user can set this parameter according to the actual service requirement.
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7.15 Jumbo Frame Type
Description
Jumbo Frame Type specifies the value of the jumbo frame type on an Ethernet port. The jumbo
frame indicates the oversized Ethernet frame, whose maximum length is 65535 bytes. The
Ethernet service board determines whether the Ethernet frame is a jumbo frame according to the
value of the jumbo frame type.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
0 to 65535 34928

Configuration Guidelines
The value of this parameter must be the same as the value of the accessed jumbo frame type.
Otherwise, the Ethernet board does not consider the frame as a jumbo frame.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) parameter is used for the Ethernet port. If the length of
Ethernet frames is greater than the length of the jumbo frame, the Ethernet port discards these
Ethernet frames. If the length of Ethernet frames is smaller than the length of the jumbo frame
but is greater than the MTU, the Ethernet port discards the Ethernet frames whose length is
greater than the MTU. If the length of Ethernet frames is smaller than the MTU, the Ethernet
port does not discard the received Ethernet frames.
7.16 Default VLAN ID (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The Default VLAN ID (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the default VLAN ID
of a port.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
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Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 1-4095 1

Configuration Guidelines
Allocate the default VLAN ID according to the networking plan of the service carrier.
Relationship with Other Parameters
l If Tag is set to Access for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are added with the default
VLAN IDs when they enter the port. After these packets are transmitted from the port, their
VLAN IDs are peeled off.
l If Tag is set to Hybrid for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are added with the default
VLAN IDs when they enter the port. After these packets are transmitted from the port, the
VLAN IDs are peeled off if they are the same as the default VLAN IDs. Otherwise, these
packets are directly transmitted.
l If Tag is set to Tag Aware for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are discarded before they
enter the port. Otherwise, these packets are directly transmitted.
7.17 VLAN Priority (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The VLAN Priority (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies the priority of the default
VLAN ID of a port. It indicates the priority of the service quality.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 0-7 0

Configuration Guidelines
Set the VLAN priority according to the service requirements and the allocation of the service
carrier.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
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7.18 Entry Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute)
Description
The Entry Detection (Ethernet Port Attribute) parameter specifies whether to identify the tag
labels in the data packets.
Impact on the System
The entry detection function can be disabled in the port-based services only. If the entry detection
function is disabled, you may fail to configure other VLAN-based services.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 Enabled, Disabled Enabled

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Enabled The port checks the Tag label. In this case, the Tag attribute
of the port is valid.
Disabled The port does not check the tag label. In this case, the Tag
attribute of the port is invalid.

Configuration Guidelines
l To transmit the data packet transparently, the user can disable the entry detection function.
l To forward the data packet according to the contents of the data packet, the user can enable
the entry detection function.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.19 TAG
Description
TAG indicates that the Ethernet port supports IEEE 802.1Q Ethernet packets that contain VLAN
tags. You can set three attributes to differentiate the packets from each other so that these packets
can be transmitted efficiently.
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Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Access, Tag Aware, Hybrid Tag Aware

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Access A port receives only the packets that do not
contain VLAN tags. After receiving the packets,
the port adds the default VLAN tag (PVID) to
these packets. When the packets are transmitted
from the port, the VLAN tags are stripped off the
packets.
Tag Aware A port receives only the packets that contain
VLAN tags and discards the packets that do not
contain VLAN tags. When the packets are
transmitted from the port, they are directly
forwarded to the next port.
Hybrid A port can receive all the packets regardless of
VLAN tags. After receiving the packets that do
not contain VLAN tags, the port adds the default
VLAN tag (PVID) to these packets. When the
packets are transmitted from the hybrid port, the
egress port determines whether the VLAN tags
contained in the packets are the same as the
PVID. If yes, the egress port strips the VLAN
tags off the packets and then forwards these
packets. Otherwise, the egress port directly
forwards these packets.

Configuration Guidelines
The tag attributes are configured for MAC ports and VCTRUNK ports. Hence, the VCTRUNK
ports at both ends of the trunk link can be configured with the tag attributes. In the case of a link,
the services are available only when the parameters of the tag attributes are the same for the
VCTRUNK ports on the source and sink ports. No requirements are proposed for the tag
attributes of MAC ports.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
l If TAG is set to Access for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are added with the default
VLAN IDs when they enter the port. After these packets are transmitted from the port, their
VLAN IDs are peeled off.
l If TAG is set to Hybrid for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are added with the default
VLAN IDs when they enter the port. After these packets are transmitted from the port, the
VLAN IDs are peeled off if they are the same as the default VLAN IDs. Otherwise, these
packets are directly transmitted.
l If TAG is set to Tag Aware for a port, packets without VLAN IDs are discarded before
they enter the port. Otherwise, these packets are directly transmitted.
l For C-Aware and S-Aware ports, the tag attribute cannot be set.
Related Information
Mapping relationship between the packets handled by the port and the tag identifiers
Packet Type Attribute of the Ingress
Port
Handling Method
Ethernet packets that contain
tags
Tag aware The port transmits these
packets.
Access The port discards these
packets.
Hybrid The port transmits these
packets.
Ethernet packets that do not
contain tags
Tag aware The port discards these
packets.
Access The port transmits these
packets after adding the
default VLAN ID to these
packets.
Hybrid The port transmits these
packets after adding the
default VLAN ID to these
packets.

7.20 Mapping Protocol
Description
The Mapping Protocol parameter specifies the mapping protocol of the VCTRUNK port.
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Impact on the System
The Mapping Protocol parameter of the VCTRUNK is the basic setting of the VCTRUNK port.
If the parameter value is different from that of Mapping Protocol for the VCTRUNK of the
interconnected equipment, the service is interrupted.
Values
Table 7-1 shows the value range of each type of board.
Table 7-1 The mapping protocol supported by each type of board
Value Range Default Value
GFP, LAPS, HDLC GFP

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
GFP Uses the GFP protocol to encapsulate the data of the
VCTRUNK port.
LAPS Uses the LAPS protocol to encapsulate the data of the
VCTRUNK port.
HDLC Uses the HDLC protocol to encapsulate the data of the
VCTRUNK port.

Configuration Guidelines
The value of Mapping Protocol for VCTRUNK of the local equipment must be the same as
that of Mapping Protocol for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected equipment.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.21 Scramble
Description
The Scramble parameter specifies whether to scramble the payload area of the encapsulation
protocol and the scramble mode.
Impact on the System
If the value of Scramble for the VCTRUNK of the local equipment is different from that of
Scramble for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected equipment, the service is interrupted.
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Values
Table 7-2 shows the value range of each type of board.
Table 7-2 Scramble supported by each type of board
Value Range Default Value
Unscrambled, Scrambling mode[X43+1], Scrambling mode
[X48+1]
Scrambling mode[X43+1]

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Unscrambled Does not scramble the payload area.
Scrambling mode[X43+1] Scrambles the payload area in [X43+1] mode.
Scrambling mode[X48+1] Scrambles the payload area in [X481] mode.

Configuration Guidelines
The value of Scramble for VCTRUNK must be the same as that of Scramble for the VCTRUNK
of the interconnected equipment.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.22 Set Inverse Value for CRC
Description
The Set Inverse Value for CRC parameter specifies whether to set an inverse value for the
CRC field of the HDLC or LAPS protocol.
Impact on the System
If the value of Set Inverse Value for CRC for the VCTRUNK of the local equipment is different
from that of Set Inverse Value for CRC for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected equipment,
the service is interrupted.
Values
Board Name Value Range Default Value
EFS8, EGT1 Yes, No Yes

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The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Yes Sets an inverse value for the CRC field.
No Does not set an inverse value for the CRC field.

Configuration Guidelines
The value of Set Inverse Value for CRC for VCTRUNK of the local equipment must be the
same as that of Set Inverse Value for CRC for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected equipment.
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter takes effect only when Mapping Protocol is set to LAPS or HDLC.
7.23 Check Field Length
Description
The Check Field Length parameter specifies the length of the CRC field of the mapping
protocol.
Impact on the System
If Mapping Protocol is set to HDLCor LAPS, and if the value of Check Field Length is
different from that for the interconnected VCTRUNKs at the two ends, the service is interrupted.
Values
Table 7-3 shows the value range of each type of board.
Table 7-3 The length of the CRC field supported by each type of board
Board Name
Mapping
Protocol Value Range Default Value
EFS8, EGT1 GFP l FCS32
l No
FCS32
LAPS l FCS32
HDLC l FCS32

The following table lists the description of each value.
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Value Description
No The protocol frame does not contain the CRC field. Only the
GFP protocol supports this option.
FCS32 The CRC field of the protocol frame contains 32 bits.

Configuration Guidelines
If Mapping Protocol is set to HDLC or LAPS, the value of Check Field Length must be
consistent for the interconnected VCTRUNKs at the two ends.
Relationship with Other Parameters
If Mapping Protocol is set to HDLC or LAPS, select FCS32 only.
7.24 FCS Calculated Bit Sequence
Description
The FCS Calculated Bit Sequence parameter specifies the sequence of storing the bits in the
CRC field of the mapping protocol.
Impact on the System
If the value of FCS Calculated Bit Sequence for the VCTRUNK of the local equipment is
different from that of FCS Calculated Bit Sequence for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected
equipment, the service is interrupted.
Values
Table 7-4 shows the value range of each type of board.
Table 7-4 FCS calculated bit sequence supported by each type of boards
Board Name
Mapping
Protocol Value Range Default Value
EFS8 l GFP
l LAPS
l HDLC
Big endian
Little endian
l Mapping Protocol:
GFP
l FCS Calculated Bit
Sequence: Big endian
EGT1 l GFP
l LAPS
l HDLC
Big endian l Mapping Protocol:
GFP
l FCS Calculated Bit
Sequence: Big endian

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The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Big endian Stores the FCS field based on Big endian.
Little endian Stores the FCS field based on Little endian.

Configuration Guidelines
The value of FCS Calculated Bit Sequence for the VCTRUNK of the local equipment must
the same as that of FCS Calculated Bit Sequence for the VCTRUNK of the interconnected
equipment.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.25 Operation Type (EPL Service)
Description
The Operation Type (EPL Service) parameter specifies whether to add, strip, translate or
transparently transmit VLAN labels for service packets at a port when Service Type is set to
EVPL(QinQ).
Impact on the System
After you select an operation type, the system performs the relevant operation.
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Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 l For bidirectional services, the options are as
follows:
Add S-VLAN
Transparently Transmit C-VLAN
Transparently Transmit S-VLAN
Transparently Transmit S-VLAN and C-
VLAN
Translate S-VLAN
l For unidirectional services, the options are as
follows:
Add S-VLAN
Transparently Transmit C-VLAN
Transparently Transmit S-VLAN
Transparently Transmit S-VLAN and C-
VLAN
Translate S-VLAN
Strip S-VLAN
Add S-VLAN

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Add S-VLAN Indicates that the one layer of S-VLAN label is added to the
processed packets in the service.
Translate S-VLAN If the source S-VLAN labels of the packets processed in the
service are translated into the sink S-VLAN labels, the source
S-VLAN label must be different from the sink S-VLAN label.
Transparently transmit S-
VLAN
Forwards the service packets according to the port or S-VLAN.
After the packets are processed in the service, the S-VLAN
labels in the packets are not changed.
Transparently transmit C-
VLAN
Forwards the service packets according to the port or C-VLAN.
After the packets are processed in the service, the C-VLAN
labels in the packet are not changed.
Transparently Transmit S-
VLAN and C-VLAN
Indicates that the Transparently transmit C-VLAN and
Transparently transmit S-VLAN labels are added to the packets
processed in the service.
Strip S-VLAN Strips the S-VLAN label.

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Configuration Guidelines
Select a proper item according to network planning and service model.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.26 Service Type (EPL Service)
Description
The Service Type (EPL Service) parameter specifies the Ethernet private line service type.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Board Name Valid Values Default Value
EFS8 EPL, EVPL(QinQ) EPL
EGT1 EPL EPL

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
EPL Indicates the transparent transmission service or the VLAN
private line service.
EVPL(QinQ) Indicates the Ethernet QinQ virtual private line service.

Configuration Guidelines
Select a service type as required.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.27 Encapsulation Format of P Port (Network Attributes)
Description
Encapsulation Format of P Port (Network Attributes) indicates that the board supports
receiving of data packets in the MPLS encapsulation format and normal Ethernet data packets.
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The port needs to process different types of packets in different ways, so you need to set the port
to a PE port or a P port. The PE port is not configured with the encapsulation format, while the
P port is configured with the encapsulation format. The P port indicates a port for connecting
the equipment of the network provider, so the P port receives data packets in the MPLS
encapsulation format. You can set the packet encapsulation format of the P port by running the
configuration command.
Impact on the System
If the encapsulation format of the data packet that enters the port is inconsistent with the
configured encapsulation format of the port, the data packet is discarded.
Values
Value Range Default Value
MartinioE, stack VLAN MartinioE

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
MartinioE Figure 7-1 shows the encapsulation format of
MartinioE.
Stack VLAN Figure 7-2 shows the encapsulation format of Stack
VLAN.

Configuration Guidelines
The user can choose an encapsulation format according to the requirements of the service.
Different encapsulation formats support different types of data packets. When the encapsulation
format is inconsistent with the type of the receive data packet, the data packet is discarded. When
configuring services, the user needs to make sure that the encapsulation format of the port is
consistent with the type of the data packet that is transmitted by the interconnected equipment.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
Related Information
Figure 7-1 Encapsulation format of MartinioE
DA SA
6 6
0x8847
2
VC
4
Tunnel
4
Ethernet Data
N
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Figure 7-2 Encapsulation format of Stack VLAN
DA SA VLAN TAG 0x8100 VLAN L3Data

7.28 C-VLAN and S-VLAN
Description
The C-VLAN and S-VLAN parameter specifies the two types of VLAN tags defined in the
QinQ service and IEEE 802.1ad. C-VLAN is taken as the client VLAN tag. S-VLAN is taken
as the service VLAN tag. C-VLAN Tag (C-TAG) indicates the VLAN tag on the client side,
and S-VLAN Tag (S-TAG) indicates the VLAN tag at the service layer of the carrier.
DMAC SMAC S-VLAN C-VLAN Data FCS
6 bytes 6 bytes 4 bytes 4 bytes - 4 bytes

Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Empty, 1-4095 Empty

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Empty Indicates that the port does not check the C-VLAN/S-VLAN.
The services are forwarded according to the port.
1-4095 Indicates that the port checks the C-VLAN/S-VLAN. The
services are forwarded according to the port and C-VLAN/S-
VLAN.

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Configuration Guidelines
Select the value according to the network. Generally, select C-VLAN and S-VLAN allocated
by the carrier.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.29 VLAN ID (For Creation of Ethernet Virtual Private
Lines)
Description
VLAN ID-- stands for virtual local area network identifier. If port+VLAN is selected in the
policy of using a port, you can select different VLAN IDs (1-4095) to represent different Ethernet
services.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
1 to 4095 -

Configuration Guidelines
l The value range is relevant to the encapsulation format of the P port (Per-NE configuration).
In the case of Martinioe, the value ranges from 16 to 1023. In the case of stack VLAN, the
value ranges from 1 to 4095.
l The VLAN IDs at both ends of a link must be the same. In the case of different Ethernet
services, you can set the VLAN ID to different values.
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter is valid only when you set "Flow Type" to "Port+VLAN".
7.30 Bridge Learning Mode (Ethernet LAN Service)
Description
Bridge Learning Mode (Ethernet LAN Service) indicates how the bridge learns the MAC
address. Bridge Learning Mode is classified into the shared VLAN learning and independent
VLAN learning modes. The shared VLAN learning mode indicates learning and forwarding
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based on the MAC address. The independent VLAN learning mode indicates learning and
forwarding based on the VLAN and MAC address.
Impact on the System
The independent VLAN learning mode realizes the functions of broadcast packet constraint and
virtual workgroup and ensures that the data are transmitted safely on the network.
The shared VLAN learning mode indicates the MAC address that is learnt by this VLAN
interface is shared by all the other VLAN interfaces, which reduces the safety of data packets.
Values
Value Range Default Value
IVL, SVL IVL (The bridge type is
compliant with IEEE 802.1q
or IEEE 802.1ad), SVL (The
bridge type is compliant with
IEEE802.1d or IEEE 802.1ad)

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
SVL Indicates that in the shared VLAN learning mode, the
bridge learns all the data messages based on the MAC
address.
IVL Indicates that in the independent VLAN learning mode,
data packets of different VLAN interfaces are not
associated.

Configuration Guidelines
The user can set the parameter according to the networking requirements.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.31 MEP ID (Ethernet OAM)
Description
The MEP ID (Ethernet OAM) specifies the flag that uniquely identifies a maintenance point.
The bytes from higher bits to lower bits are respectively described here. The first byte indicates
the network number. The second byte indicates the number of the node in the local network.
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The third and forth bytes indicate the ID of the maintenance point on the network node. The
maintenance point ID must be unique in the entire network.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
00-00-0001 to FF-FF-FF00 00-00-0001

Configuration Guidelines
The maintenance point ID must be unique in the entire network. Moreover, the U2000 can check
whether the maintenance point ID is duplicate.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.32 Maintenance Point Type (Ethernet OAM)
Description
The Maintenance Point Type (Ethernet OAM) specifies the maintenance point type defined
in IEEE 802.1ag. MEP stands for Maintenance association End Point, and MIP stands for
Maintenance association Intermediate Point.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
MEP, MIP MEP

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
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7.33 CC Status (Ethernet OAM)
Description
The CC Status (Ethernet OAM) parameter specifies whether to activate the connectivity check
(CC) function at a maintenance point.
Impact on the System
After the CC function is activated, the maintenance point starts the CC. If the check is initially
successful, the EX_ETHOAM_CC_LOS alarm is reported if a CC failure occurs later.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Activate, Inactivate Inactivate

Configuration Guidelines
To start the connectivity check, activate the CC function at a maintenance endpoint.
To stop the connectivity check, deactivate the CC function.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The CC function can be activated at a maintenance endpoint only.
7.34 Test Result (LB and LT Test)
Description
The Test Result (LB and LT Test) parameter specifies the result derived from the LB or LT
test each time.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Succeeded, Failed -

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Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.35 Responding MP Type (Ethernet LT Test)
Description
The Responding MP Type (Ethernet LT Test) parameter specifies the type of the responding
maintenance point in each LT test.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
MEP, MIP, Unknown Unknown

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The responding maintenance point must return the type, which is specified when this
maintenance point is created.
7.36 Hop Count (Ethernet LT Test)
Description
The Hop Count (Ethernet LT Test) parameter specifies the number of hops from the
maintenance source endpoint to an maintenance intermediate point, namely, the number of
responding intermediate points from the maintenance source point to a certain responding point.
As shown in Figure 7-3, MEP1 and MEP2 are the maintenance endpoints. MIP1, MIP2, MIP3
and MIP4 are the maintenance intermediate points. In this case, the number of hops from MEP1
to MEP2 is 5, and that from MEP1 to MIP3 is 3.
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Figure 7-3 An example of number of hops

Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
If the value of Hop Count is 2, there are two hops.
Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.37 Packet Length (Ping Test)
Description
The Packet Length (Ping Test) parameter specifies the maximum length of the Ping packets if
the Ping operation is initiated at a maintenance endpoint.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
64-1522, in step length of 1 64 Byte

Configuration Guidelines
Set the value according to the expected frame length.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.38 Timeout (Ping Test)
Description
The Timeout (Ping Test) parameter specifies the waiting period in which no response message
is received from the opposite end after a maintenance point initiates the Ping test. In this case,
the maintenance point regards that the Ping test fails. This waiting period is called the Ping
timeout time.
Impact on the System
After initiating the Ping test, the maintenance point returns a Ping timeout message if it fails to
receive the response message from the opposite end when the Ping timeout time is reached.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
3-60, in step length of 1 5 Second

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter to a lower value if the requirement is high for the response time.
Set this parameter to a higher value if the requirement is low for the response time.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The values of Timeout and Ping Attempts decides the longest duration required to perform the
Ping test.
7.39 Detect Attempts
Description
The Detect Attempts parameter specifies the detection attempts for performing performance
detection defined in IEEE 802.1ag.
Impact on the System
If the value of Detection Count is larger, the test result is more accurate in each performance
detection test. In this case, more system resources are used, and longer time is consumed.
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Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1-1000, in step length of 1 1 Attempt

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter to a proper value according to the test accuracy and the system resource used
in the test.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.40 Send Direction (Ethernet Test)
Description
Send Direction (Ethernet Test) indicates the transmit direction of the test packet.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
SDH Direction, / /

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
SDH Direction, / Indicates that the test packet is transmitted from the
VC trunk port to the SDH side.
/ Indicates that the parameter is invalid.

Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter is valid and displayed as SDH Direction only when Send Mode is set to Burst
Mode or Continue Mode. This parameter is displayed as / when Send Mode is set to
Disabled.
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7.41 Error Frame Monitor Window (ms)
Description
The Error Frame Monitor Window (ms) parameter specifies the period during which the
number of error frames received at the port exceeds the specified upper threshold. In this case,
a link event alarm is reported.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Monitor Threshold (Entries) and Error Frame Monitor
Window (ms) parameters, a link event alarm is reported if the actual number of error frames in
the link exceeds the specified threshold.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1000-60000, in step length of 100 1000 ms

Configuration Guidelines
Set the value according to the actual port rate and the monitoring period.
Make sure that the value of Error Frame Monitor Threshold (Entries) is not greater than the
maximum number of frames received at the port within the time specified in Error Frame
Monitor Window (ms).
Relationship with Other Parameters
To set Error Frame Monitor Window (ms), set Error Frame Monitor Threshold
(Entries). Moreover, set Port Rate. For details, refer to the description of the Error Frame
Period Window(Frames) parameter.
7.42 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries)
Description
The Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries) parameter specifies the upper threshold of error
frames received at the port. In this case, a link event alarm is reported.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries) and Error Frame Monitor
Window (ms) parameters, a link event alarm is reported if the actual number of error frames in
the link exceeds the specified threshold.
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Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1-4294967295 (in step length of 1) 2 Frame

Configuration Guidelines
If higher link performance is required, set the threshold to a lower value. Otherwise, set the
threshold to a higher value.
Make sure that the value of Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries) is not greater than the
maximum number of frames received at the port within the time specified in Error Frame
Monitor Window (ms).
Relationship with Other Parameters
To set Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Entries), set Error Frame Monitor Window
(ms). Moreover, set Port Rate. For details, refer to the description of the Error Frame Period
Window(Frames)parameter.
7.43 Error Frame Period Window(Frames)
Description
The Error Frame Period Window(Frames) parameter specifies the received N frames in which
the number of error frames reach the specified upper threshold. In this case, a link event alarm
is reported.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Period Window(Frames) and Error Frame Period Threshold
(Frames) parameters, a link event alarm is reported if the number of error frames received within
a certain period reaches the specified upper threshold.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
Maxpps/10-Maxpps*60, in step length
of 1
Maxpps Frame

Configuration Guidelines
Set the value according to the actual data frame transmission rate and the frames. If the data
transmission rate is high, set this parameter to a higher value. Otherwise, set this parameter to a
lower value.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
The value range depends on the port rate.
Related Information
Maxpps: indicates the maximum number of frames per second.
Specifically,
l If the port rate is 10 Mbit/s, the Maxpps value is 14880.
l If the port rate is 100 Mbit/s, the Maxpps value is 148800.
l If the port rate is 1000 Mbit/s, the Maxpps value is 1488000.
l If the port rate is 10 Gbit/s, the Maxpps value is 14880000.
According to the rule of Maxpps/10 < Error Frame Period Window(Frames) < Maxpps*60,
you know the value range of the Error Frame Period Window(Frames) parameter for a certain
port rate.
7.44 Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Frames)
Description
The Error Frame Monitor Threshold(Frames) parameter specifies the received N frames in
which the number of error frames reach the specified upper threshold. In this case, a link event
alarm is reported.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Period Window(Frames) and Error Frame Period Threshold
(Frames) parameters, a link event alarm is reported if the number of error frames received within
a certain period reaches the specified upper threshold.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1-892800000, in step length of 1 1 Frame

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
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7.45 Error Frame Second Window (s)
Description
The Error Frame Second Window (s) parameter specifies the error frame second when any
error frames are received at the port within one second. If the error frame seconds within a certain
time period reach the specified upper threshold, link event alarms are reported. The time period
in which error frames are received is called the error frame second window.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Second Window (s) and Error Frame Second Threshold (s)
parameters, link event alarms are reported if the actual error frame seconds in the link reach the
specified upper threshold.
Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
10-900, in step length of 1 60 Second

Configuration Guidelines
Set the value according to the monitoring time period.
Make sure that the value of Error Frame Second Window (s) is not less than that of Error
Frame Second Threshold (s).
Relationship with Other Parameters
Set the Error Frame Second Window (s) parameter together with the Error Frame Second
Threshold (s) parameter.
7.46 Error Frame Second Threshold(s)
Description
The Error Frame Second Threshold(s) parameter specifies the second during which error
frames are received at the port. If the error frame seconds within a certain time period reach the
specified upper threshold, a link event alarm is reported. The upper threshold is called the error
frame second threshold.
Impact on the System
After you set the Error Frame Second Threshold (s) parameter, link event alarms are reported
if the actual error frame seconds in the link reach the specified upper threshold.
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Values
Valid Values Default Value Unit
1-900, in step length of 1 2 Second

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.47 Enable OAM Protocol
Description
The Enable OAM Protocol parameter specified whether the end-to-end OAM protocol
(namely, the IEEE 802.3ah protocol) is enabled at a port.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Disabled

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.48 OAM Working Mode
Description
The OAM Working Mode parameter specifies a negotiation mode defined in IEEE 802.3ah. It
involves two modes: Passive and Active.
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Impact on the System
Before IEEE 802.3ah is enabled, the local and opposite ends fail to negotiate with each other if
OMA Working Mode is set to Passive.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Active, Passive Active

Value Description
Active Indicates that a port actively transmits the IEEE 802.3 ah
packets.
Passive Indicates a port transmits the IEEE 802.3 ah packets to
the opposite end only after receiving IEEE 802.3 ah
packets from the opposite end.

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.49 Remote Alarm Support for Link Event
Description
The Remote Alarm Support for Link Event parameter specifies whether to report the detected
link events (for example, Error Frame Period Threshold, Error Frame Monitor
Threshold, and Error Frame Second Threshold) to the opposite end.
Impact on the System
After the Remote Alarm Support for Link Event parameter is set to Enabled, link event alarms
are displayed in the opposite equipment if any link events occur.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Enabled

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Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.50 Unidirectional Operation
Description
The Unidirectional Operation parameter specifies the hardware capability. If a port fails at the
receive end, but can transmit data frames at the transmit end, it has the capability of performing
unidirectional operations. Otherwise, it does not have the capability of performing unidirectional
operations.
The unidirectional operation function specified in IEEE 802.3ah refers to whether the hardware
performs unidirectional operations if it has the capability of performing unidirectional
operations.
If the hardware does not have the capability of performing unidirectional operations, the
unidirectional operation function specified in IEEE 802.3ah is unavailable.
Impact on the System
After the Unidirectional Operation parameter is set to Enabled, IEEE 802.3ah packets are still
transmitted to the opposite end if the receive end is faulty.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Disabled

Configuration Guidelines
If the hardware has the capability of performing unidirectional operations and supports
unidirectional software operations, generally, set Unidirectional Operation to Enabled.
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter depends on whether the port hardware has the capability of performing
unidirectional operations.
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7.51 Loopback Status (OAM Parameter)
Description
The Loopback Status (OAM Parameter) parameter specifies whether a port on the board is
in the loopback state. If yes, the port is in the Initiate Loopback at Local or Respond Loopback
of Remote state.
Impact on the System
The system operation is not affected.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Initiate Loopback at Local, Respond
Loopback of Remote, Non-Loopback
Non-Loopback

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Non-Loopback Indicates that the port is not in the loopback state defined
in IEEE 802.3ah.
Initiate Loopback at Local Indicates that the local end can transmit the loopback
packets to the remote end.
Respond Loopback of Remote Indicates that the local end can respond to the loopback
packets from the remote end.

Configuration Guidelines
None.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.52 Flow Type (Flow Configuration)
Description
The Flow Type(Flow Configuration) parameter specifies Flow Type of the flow in the Ethernet
data board. This parameter decides the method of binding the service with the flow.
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Impact on the System
If the Flow Type parameter is set incorrectly, that is, the flow classification method is incorrect,
the (Bound CAR or Bound CoS) parameter may fail to meet the expected result. For the effects
of CAR and CoS, refer to the relevant description.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Port Flow, Port+VLAN Flow, Port+SVLAN Flow, Port
+CVLAN+SVLAN Flow
Port Flow

The following table lists the description of each value.
Value Description
Port Flow All the packets entering the specified port are
regarded as one flow.
Port+VLAN Flow All the packets that enter the specified port, and
whose Tag VID is consistent with the specified VID,
are regarded as one flow.
Port+SVLAN Flow All the packets that enter from the specified port, and
whose SVLAN VID is consistent with the specified
VID, are regarded as one flow.
Port+CVLAN+SVLAN Flow All the packets that enter from the specified port, and
whose SVLAN VID and CVLAN VID are consistent
with the specified VID, are regarded as one flow.

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the required QoS and service type, set a proper value for Flow Type.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.53 Bound CAR (Flow Configuration)
Description
The Bound CAR (Flow Configuration) parameter specifies the method of binding a flow with
a CAR ID and querying the CAR ID bound with the flow. One flow can be bound with one CAR
ID only. The CAR takes effect only after the flow is bound with the CAR.
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Impact on the System
The CAR-based flow rate can take effect only after the flow is bound with the enabled CAR
policy.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Created CAR ID -

Configuration Guidelines
The created flow can be bound with the created CAR policy only. For this reason, you can select
the value from the created CAR ID.
Relationship with Other Parameters
A flow can be bound with the CAR only after the flow and CAR are created.
7.54 Bound CoS (Flow Configuration)
Description
The Bound CoS (Flow Configuration) parameter specifies the method of binding a flow with
a CoS ID and querying the CoS ID bound with the flow. A flow can be bound with one CoS ID
only. The CoS policy can be used to divide the packet priority after the flow is bound with the
CoS.
Impact on the System
The flow packets can be divided into different priorities based on the CoS rules only after the
flow is bound with the CoS.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Created CoS ID -

Configuration Guidelines
The created flow can be bound with the created CoS policy only. For this reason, you can select
the value from the created CoS ID.
Relationship with Other Parameters
A flow can be bound with the CoS only after the flow and CoS are created.
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7.55 CAR ID (CAR Configuration)
Description
The CAR ID (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the ID of a committed access rate
(CAR). When a CAR is created, it needs to be specified with a CAR ID.
Impact on the System
The system running is not affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
1-65535 1

Configuration Guidelines
You can set this parameter to any value in the value range as required. A CAR maps a CAR ID.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.56 Enabled/Disabled (CAR Configuration)
Description
The CAR Enabled/Disabled (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies whether a CAR can
limit the traffic volume.
Impact on the System
After the CAR is enabled and bound with a flow, the traffic volume of the flow is limited
according to the value of the CAR parameter. If the transmitted traffic is greater than the specified
value, the excessive traffic is discarded.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Disabled

The following table lists the description of each value.
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Value Description
Disabled A CAR is created, but does not take effect.
Enabled A CAR is created, and takes effect.

Configuration Guidelines
You can set this parameter to Enabled or Disabled, depending on whether to enable the CAR
to limit the traffic volume.
Relationship with Other Parameters
A CAR can limit the traffic of the flow only when it is set to Enabled and bound with a flow.
7.57 Committed Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR
Configuration)
Description
The Committed Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the
committed information rate (CIR) of the committed access rate (CAR). It specifies the minimum
guarantee bandwidth of a flow.
Impact on the System
After the CAR is enabled and bound with a flow, the committed bandwidth of the flow is
guaranteed. If the traffic volume is greater than the guarantee bandwidth, the transmission of
excessive traffic cannot be guaranteed.
Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
An integer of 0-1048576, in step length of 64 0 kbit/s

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the actual requirement of QoS, you can set a proper value for Committed Information
Rate.
Generally, the value of Committed Information Rate is not less than the expected average rate
of transmitting the flow.
Relationship with Other Parameters
You can set Committed Information Rate of a CAR only after creating the CAR.
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7.58 Committed Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration)
Description
The Committed Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the maximum
guaranteed data volume of a flow, which can be transmitted within a certain period.
Impact on the System
After the CAR is enabled and bound with a flow, if the volume of burst data in the flow is less
than the value of Committed Burst Size (kbyte), the burst data can be guaranteed for
transmission. Otherwise, they cannot be guaranteed for transmission.
Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
0-32 0 Kbyte

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the actual requirements of QoS, you can set a proper value for Committed Burst Size
(kbyte).
Generally, the value of Committed Burst Size (kbyte) is not less than the possible size of
expected burst data flow to be transmitted.
Relationship with Other Parameters
You can set Committed Burst Size (kbyte) of a CAR only after creating the CAR.
7.59 Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration)
Description
The Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the peak
information rate (PIR) of the committed access rate (CAR). It specifies the allowed maximum
rate of a flow.
Impact on the System
After the CAR is enabled and bound with a flow, the flow rate is limited according to the peak
bandwidth of the CAR parameter.
If the traffic volume is greater than the value of Peak Information Rate (kbit/s), the excessive
traffic is discarded.
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Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
An integer of 0-1048576, in step length
of 64
0 kbit/s

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the actual requirement of QoS, you can set a proper value for Peak Information Rate
(kbit/s).
The value of Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) should not be less than the guarantee bandwidth.
Generally, the value of Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) is not greater than the expected
maximum rate of transmitting the flow.
Relationship with Other Parameters
You can set Peak Information Rate (kbit/s) of a CAR only after creating the CAR.
7.60 Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration)
Description
The Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the maximum
excessive data volume of a flow, which can be transmitted within a certain period.
Impact on the System
After the CAR is enabled and bound with a flow, if the burst data volume of the flow is greater
than the value of Maximum Burst Size (kbyte), the excessive data is discarded.
Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
0-32 0 kbyte

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the actual requirement of QoS, you can set a proper value for Maximum Burst Size
(kbyte).
Generally, the value of Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) is not greater than the size of burst data
flow to be transmitted.
Relationship with Other Parameters
You can set Maximum Burst Size (kbyte) of a CAR only after creating the CAR.
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7.61 CoS ID (CoS Configuration)
Description
The CoS ID (CAR Configuration) parameter specifies the ID of a class of service (CoS). When
a CoS is created, it needs to be specified with a unique CoS ID.
Impact on the System
The system running is not affected.
Values
The value ranges for each type of board is as follows:
Value Range Default Value
1-65535 1

Configuration Guidelines
You can set this parameter to any value in the value range as required. A CoS maps a CoS ID.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.62 CoS Type (CoS Configuration)
Description
The CoS Type (CoS Configuration) parameter specifies the type of CoS of the flow in the
Ethernet data board. This parameter decides the method adopted to classify the flow in the
Ethernet data board.
Impact on the System
If CoS Type is set incorrectly, packets cannot be correctly dispatched to a proper queue.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Simple, VLAN priority, DSCP, IPTOS Simple

The following table lists the description of each value.
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Value Description
Simple Assigns the CoS Priority based on the flow.
VLAN priority Assigns the CoS Priority based on the VLAN priority.
DSCP Assigns the CoS Priority based on the DSCP field in the IP
packet header.
IPTOS Assigns the CoS Priority based on the TOS field in the IP
packet header.

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the requirements of QoS, set a proper value for CoS Type.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.63 CoS Priority (CoS Configuration)
Description
The CoS Priority (CoS Configuration) parameter classifies packets into different levels based
on the CoS type, and maps these packets into different CoS priorities. The packets of higher
priorities are first processed.
Impact on the System
The packets of higher priorities are transmitted before those of lower priorities. Moreover, better
service quality is available.
Values
For the CoS of the Simple type, follow Table 7-5 to set a simple CoS Priority.
Table 7-5 CoS priority of the simple type
CoS Parameter Value Range of CoS
Parameter
Value Range of
CoS Priority
Default Value of
CoS Priority
Invalid Invalid 0-7 0

For the CoS of the VLAN Priority type, follow Table 7-6 to set the mapping from VLAN
Priority to CoS Priority.
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Table 7-6 CoS priority of the VLAN Priority type
CoS Parameter Value Range of CoS
Parameter
Value Range of
CoS Priority
Default Value of
CoS Priority
User priority in
VLAN
0-7 0-7 The same as that of
CoS priority

For the CoS of the DSCP type, follow Table 7-7 to set the mapping from DSCP Priority to CoS
Priority.
Table 7-7 CoS priority of the DSCP type
CoS Parameter Value Range of CoS
Parameter
Value Range of
CoS Priority
Default Value of
CoS Priority
DSCP 000000-111111 (in
binary)
0-7 0

For the CoS of the IPTOS type, follow Table 7-8 to set the mapping from IPTOS Priority to
CoS Priority.
Table 7-8 CoS priority of the IPTOS type
CoS
Parameter
Value Range of
CoS Parameter
Value Range of CoS
Priority
Default Value of
CoS Priority
IPTOS 0000-1111 (in
binary)
0-7 0

Configuration Guidelines
Based on the requirements, you can map the packets into different queues by setting CoS
Priority.
If CoS Type is set to VLAN Priority, IPTOS or DSCP, generally, you can map the packets
into the proper CoS Priority according to the priority information contained in the packets.
At the application layer, if a service (for example, VOIP, video conference, video conferencing
call, and video on demand) has higher requirements for QoS, set a higher priority for the service
to get better bandwidth and service guarantee. To ensure good bandwidth multiplexing, be sure
to avoid a larger ratio of real-time services in the network. For a service (for example, Internet
access, E-Mail, and FTP) that has lower requirements for QoS, set a lower priority for the service
to provide better bandwidth sharing and contention mechanism.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
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7.64 Port Priority (Link Aggregation)
Description
The Port Priority (Link Aggregation) parameter specifies the priority of the ports in the link
aggregation group of the LACP protocol. The port priority can be set. It indicates the priority
level of a port to be aggregated. If a port is of higher priority, this port is preferred to carry the
services. If a link aggregation group (for example, manual aggregation group) does not run the
LACP protocol, it does not take effect after the port priority is set.
Impact on the System
If other conditions (for example, port rate, and port working mode) are the same, a port of higher
priority is preferred to carry the services.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
0-65535, in step length of 1 32768

Configuration Guidelines
If the value of Port Priority is smaller, the priority is higher.
When using a port to carry the services, set Port Priority to a smaller value. Otherwise, set Port
Priority to a greater value.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The member port state in the link aggregation group is decided according to these parameters,
such as port working mode, port working rate, whether the port receives LACP packets, port
priority, and LAG priority.
7.65 System Priority (Link Aggregation)
Description
The System Priority (Link Aggregation) parameter specifies the priority level of a link
aggregation group. It may affect the working state of the member ports in the link aggregation
group.
Impact on the System
When the link aggregation groups at the local and opposite ends negotiate with each other by
sending LACP packets, they can get the system priority of the link aggregation groups from each
other. The result selected at the end of higher priority is taken as the result for the two ends. If
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the system priority of the link aggregation group is the same at the two ends, the system MAC
addresses are compared. A MAC address is used if it is of lower value.
If the value of System Priority is smaller, the system priority of the link aggregation group is
higher.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
0-65535, in step length of 1 32768

Configuration Guidelines
To take the result selected by the static link aggregation group as the actual value, set System
Priority to a smaller value.
Relationship with Other Parameters
The member port state in the link aggregation group is decided according to these parameters,
such as port working mode, port working rate, whether the port receives LACP packets, port
priority, and system priority.
7.66 Status (Link Aggregation)
Description
The Status (Link Aggregation) parameter specifies the state, which is derived from logical
computation, of each member ports in a link aggregation group.
Impact on the System
When a port is not configured with services, this port can be added to a link aggregation group.
If this port is in service in this link aggregation group, this port can share the service. If this port
is out of service in this link aggregation group, this port cannot share the service.
When a port is already configured with services, this port cannot be added to a link aggregation
group and cannot share the service.
Values
Valid Values Default Value
Unknown, In Service, Out of Service Unknown

Value Description
Unknown Indicates that the link aggregation group is not queried.
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Value Description
In Service Indicates that the port can carry the service.
Out of Service Indicates that the port cannot carry the service.

Configuration Guidelines
This parameter is used for query only. No rules are provided for selecting a value.
Relationship with Other Parameters
l For static link aggregation, the LACP protocol is used. The member port state in the link
aggregation group is decided by these parameters, such as port working mode, port working
rate, port priority, and link aggregation group priority.
l For manual link aggregation, the LCAP protocol is not used. The member port state in the
link aggregation group is not related to these parameters, such as port working mode and
port working rate.
7.67 Load Sharing(Ethernet Link Aggregation)
Description
The Load Sharing parameter specifies the load sharing mode of an aggregation group.
Impact on the System
Different load sharing modes have different effects. In load sharing mode, the ports in the
aggregation group can share the service. In load non-sharing mode, only one port in the
aggregation group can carry the service and the other port provides protection.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Sharing, Non-Sharing Sharing

The following table provides the description of each value.
Value Description
Sharing Indicates that the ports in the aggregation group share the
service.
Non-Sharing Indicates that the ports in the aggregation group do not share
the service. Only one port in the aggregation group carries the
service.

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Configuration Guidelines
If the bandwidth needs to be increased and several ports need to be enabled to share the service,
select the load sharing mode. If only one port needs to carry the service and protection is required
for this port, select the load non-sharing mode.
7.68 Protocol Enabled (Spanning Tree)
Description
Protocol Enabled (Spanning Tree) indicates whether the spanning tree protocol is enabled on
the VB.
Impact on the System
After the protocol is enabled, and when the computation of the spanning tree is performed
according to the protocol type (STP/RSTP), the network topology changes and services are
interrupted temporarily.
Values
Value Range Default Value
Enabled, Disabled Disabled

Configuration Guidelines
The user can set this parameter according to the actual service requirement.
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter can be set only when the VB is created and Protocol Type is selected.
Related Information
The rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP) can realize all the functions of the spanning tree. Similar
to the STP, the RSTP avoids temporary loops. Different from the STP, the RSTP shortens the
time delay at the ports from blocking to forwarding, restores the network connectivity more
rapidly, and provides better services.
7.69 Protocol Type (Spanning Tree Protocol)
Description
Protocol Type (Spanning Tree) indicates that the Ethernet data board of the OptiX OSN
equipment supports two spanning tree protocols, that is, the spanning tree protocol (STP) and
the rapid spanning tree Protocol (RSTP).
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l The STP is a Layer 2 management protocol that avoids Layer 2 loops by selectively
blocking redundant network links and supports the link backup.
l The RSTP develops from the STP and shortens the convergence time.
Impact on the System
If this parameter is changed incorrectly, a network topology oscillation may occur and services
are severely affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value
STP, RSTP RSTP

Configuration Guidelines
The RSTP and STP can be configured at the same time. The RSTP is compatible with the STP.
It is recommended that you use the default value RSTP.
Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.70 Priority (Bridge Parameters)
Description
VB Priority (Bridge Parameters) indicates the fixed parameters of the bridge, used for
selecting the role of the bridge and computing the topology of the spanning tree. As the value
of the parameter decreases, the VB priority increases and the bridge is more likely to be selected
as a root bridge.
Impact on the System
Changing the value of Priority may affect the selection of a root bridge, which may finally affect
the entire network topology.
Values
Value Range Default Value
0-65535, in step length of 4096 32768

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter according to what role the user expects the bridge to play in the spanning tree
topology.
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Relationship with Other Parameters
None.
7.71 Max Age(s)
Description
The Max Age(s) parameter specifies the maximum life cycle of the configuration message. A
configuration message contains the message aging time and maximum aging time of the
message. The maximum life cycle of the configuration message is equivalent to the maximum
aging time of the message.
Impact on the System
If the message aging time exceeds the maximum aging time of the message, the received message
is discarded and the port that receives the message becomes a designated port.
Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
6-40 20 s

Configuration Guidelines
When you set the value of this parameter, ensure that the following requirement is met:
2 x (Hello Time + 1) Max Age 2 x (Forward Delay - 1)
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter is related to the Hello Time and Forward Delay parameters. For details, refer
to the principles for setting these parameters.
7.72 Hello Time(s) (Spanning Tree)
Description
The Hello Time(s) parameter specifies the transmission period of the message.
The bridge time consists of the following parts: forward delay of the bridge, handshake time of
the bridge, maximum bridge aging time, and message aging time (0). The Hello Time parameter
is equivalent to the bridge handshake time.
Impact on the System
This parameter ensures the stable operation of the STP.
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Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
1-10 2 s

Configuration Guidelines
When you set the value of this parameter, ensure that the following requirement is met:
2 x (Hello Time + 1) Max Age 2 x (Forward Delay - 1)
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter is related to the Max Age and Forward Delay parameters. For details, refer to
the principles for setting these parameters.
7.73 Forward Delay(s) (Spanning Tree)
Description
The Forward Delay(s) parameter specifies the delay of the port state migration.
This parameter is actually a timer that is used by the ports in the listening state and in the learning
state to control the migration from the listening state to the learning state and the migration from
the learning state to the forwarding state. The timer is started when the port enters the listening
state. When the timer expires, the port automatically migrates to the learning state and the timer
is started again. When the timer expires the second time, the port automatically migrates to the
forwarding state and the timer is stopped.
Impact on the System
The restoration time of the service from the learning state to the forwarding state is affected.
Values
Value Range Default Value Unit
4-30 15 s

Configuration Guidelines
When you set the value of this parameter, ensure that the following requirement is met:
2 x (Hello Time + 1) Max Age 2 x (Forward Delay - 1).
Relationship with Other Parameters
This parameter is related to the Hello Time and Max Age parameters. For details, refer to the
principles for setting these parameters.
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7.74 TxHoldCount(per second) (Spanning Tree)
Description
The TxHoldCount(per second) parameter enables the transmission state machine of the port
to specify the maximum transmission rate of the BPDU packet.
Impact on the System
This parameter ensures that the number of the BPDU packets transmitted within a period of hello
time does not exceed the preset value.
Values
Value Range Default Value
1-10 times/s 6

Configuration Guidelines
Set this parameter according to the actual requirement of the user. It is recommended that you
use the default value.
7.75 Root Path Cost
Description
Each bridge has the root path cost. The root path cost of the root bridge is equal to 0. In the case
of non-root bridges, the root path cost of each bridge is equal to the sum of path cost values of
each port on the other bridges that a non-root bridge passes when the bridge receives the frame
from the root bridge along the minimum cost path. The path cost of each port can be managed.
The network segment in each LAN has the root path cost. The root path cost of the network
segment is equal to the root path cost of the bridge whose cost is the smallest among all the
bridges that are connected to the network segment through the bridge ports. In this case, the
bridge whose cost is the smallest is selected as the designated bridge. If the root path cost values
of two or more bridges are the same and the smallest, the bridge with a higher priority is selected
as the root bridge.
In the case of non-root bridges, the root path cost of each bridge is equal to the sum of path cost
values of each port on the other bridges that a non-root bridge passes when the bridge receives
the frame from the root bridge along the minimum cost path. That is, the value of the root path
cost is the sum of the path cost values of all bridges.
Impact on the System
The root path cost can determine the designated bridge and the service flow in the STP.
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Values
Based on the protocol, the value of this parameter is calculated according to the network
topology. This parameter is used for querying.
Configuration Guidelines
There are no principles for setting the value of this parameter because this parameter is used for
querying.
7.76 Hold Count (Spanning Tree)
Description
The Hold Count parameter indicates the maximum number of BPDUs that are actually
transmitted within a period of hello time.
Impact on the System
The system is not affected because this parameter is used to check the counter of the BPDU
packet.
Values
This parameter is used for querying.
Configuration Guidelines
There are no principles for setting the value of this parameter because this parameter is used for
querying.
7.77 Port ID
Description
The Port ID parameter contains 16 bits, which show the port priority and the unique port number
in the bridge. The first eight bits indicate the port priority, and the later eight bits indicate the
port number. The port ID represents the priority in the spanning tree. If the value of the port ID
is smaller, the port priority in the bridge is higher. To enable the RSTP to be compatible with
the STP, the port priority is represented by eight bits, of which the later four bits are 0 for easy
management.
Impact on the System
This parameter is for query only. The system is not affected.
Values
The parameter value is in decimal system. For example, Port ID = 32769.
7 List of Parameters