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Z = 4 PLUS AREA = Z = 1 WETTED PERIMETER HYDRAULIC RADIUS = AREA/WP
Z = 4 PLUS
Z = 4 PLUS
AREA = Z = 1 WETTED PERIMETER HYDRAULIC RADIUS = AREA/WP
AREA =
Z
= 1
WETTED
PERIMETER
HYDRAULIC
RADIUS = AREA/WP
ManningManning’’ss EquationEquation forfor OpenOpen ChannelChannel FlowFlow QQ == (C/n)(C/n) AA RR hh 2/32/3 SS 00
ManningManning’’ss EquationEquation forfor
OpenOpen ChannelChannel FlowFlow
QQ == (C/n)(C/n) AA RR hh 2/32/3 SS 00
1/21/2
ManningManning’’ss FormulaFormula calculatescalculates anan averageaverage velocityvelocity
ManningManning’’ss FormulaFormula calculatescalculates anan
averageaverage velocityvelocity

VV == (C/n)(C/n) RR hh 2/32/3 SS 00 1/21/2

Manning Manning ’ ’ s s Formula Formula calculates calculates an an average average velocity

ManningManningss FormulaFormula calculatescalculates anan averageaverage velocityvelocity

1 / 2 Manning Manning ’ ’ s s Formula Formula calculates calculates an an average
1 / 2 Manning Manning ’ ’ s s Formula Formula calculates calculates an an average
Manning’s Coefficient (n) Manning’s Coefficient (n) ExampleExample DetermineDetermine thethe averageaverage
Manning’s Coefficient (n)
Manning’s Coefficient (n)
Manning’s Coefficient (n)
Manning’s Coefficient (n)
ExampleExample DetermineDetermine thethe averageaverage velocityvelocity ofof flowflow andand channelchannel toptop
ExampleExample
DetermineDetermine thethe averageaverage velocityvelocity ofof flowflow andand
channelchannel toptop widthwidth forfor aa parabolicparabolic shapedshaped
channelchannel havinghaving aa flowflow depthdepth ofof 3.93.9 feet,feet, aa
channelchannel slopeslope ofof 0.80.8 percentpercent andand aa
roughnessroughness coefficientcoefficient nn == 0.03.0.03. TheThe
requiredrequired crosscross--sectionalsectional areaarea isis 5050 ftft 22
ALSO,ALSO, determinedetermine thethe channelchannel dischargedischarge ((QQ).).
dd == 3.93.9 ftft
slopeslope ((ss)) == 0.0080.008
nn == 0.030.03
AA == 5050 ftft 22
D = d + freeboard D = d + freeboard
D = d + freeboard
D = d + freeboard
Example --- Solution From Table: R = 2 d / 3 = 2 (3.9) /
Example --- Solution
From Table:
R =
2 d / 3
=
2 (3.9) / 3
= 2.6 ft
V = (C/n) R h 2/3 S 0
1/2
V
= (1.49/0.03) (2.6) 2/3 (0.008) 1/2
V
= 8.4 ft/sec
Q = A * V = 50 ft 2 * 8.4 ft/sec = 420 ft 3 /sec
8.4 ft/sec Q = A * V = 50 ft 2 * 8.4 ft/sec = 420
Example 8.3 A waterway is lined with short grass and has a trapezoidal cross section.
Example 8.3
A waterway is lined with short grass
and has a trapezoidal cross section. It
has a bottom width of 6 feet, which
matches the construction equipment
available, a channel slope of 0.5
percent, and side slopes of 10:1 to
ensure ease of crossing. It is to carry a
flow of 50 ft 3 /sec with a “freeboard” of
0.5 feet. What are the total depth and
width (including freeboard) for this
channel?
Example IN THIS CASE, AS IN MOST CHANNEL SELECTION PROBLEMS, THE SOLUTION IS TRIAL AND
Example
IN THIS CASE, AS IN MOST CHANNEL
SELECTION PROBLEMS, THE SOLUTION
IS TRIAL AND ERROR.
b = 6.0 ft, Z = 10,
Q= 50 ft 3 /sec
s = 0.005 ft/ft
nn == 0.050.05
nn == 0.050.05
nn == 0.050.05 Manning’s Coefficient ( n )

Manning’s Coefficient (n)

Manning’s Coefficient ( n )

Manning’s Coefficient (n)

D D = = d d + + freeboard freeboard
D D = = d d + + freeboard freeboard
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution AREAAREA == 6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22 p  6 .
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution AREAAREA == 6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22 p  6 .
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution
AREAAREA == 6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22
p  6 . 0  2 d * 10 .05
RR == AREAAREA // PP
VV == (1.49/0.05)(1.49/0.05) RR 2/32/3 (0.005)(0.005) 1/21/2
QQ == V*AV*A == 5050 ftft 33 /sec/sec
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution ForFor useuse inin thethe ManningManning’’ss Formula,Formula, thethe
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution
ForFor useuse inin thethe ManningManning’’ss Formula,Formula, thethe
slopeslope isis 0.005,0.005, nn == 0.05.0.05. PropertiesProperties fromfrom
TABLETABLE 8.1.8.1. ZZ == 10,10, qq == 5050 ftft 33 /s,/s, bb == 6.6.
AREAAREA == bb dd ++ ZZ dd 22 ==
6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22
2
P  b  2d Z   .  d
1
6 0 2
10
2 
1 
6 0 2
.
d *
10 05
.
RR hh == AREAAREA // PP
VV == (1.49/0.05)(1.49/0.05) RR hh 2/32/3 (0.005)(0.005) 1/21/2 andand Q=Q= V*AV*A

Quess d,

       

Top,

ft

Area, ft 2

Per, ft

R h , ft

Q,calc

ft

1.00

16.00

26.10

0.61

24.33

26.00

1.10

18.70

28.11

0.67

30.03

28.00

1.20

21.60

30.12

0.72

36.47

30.00

1.30

24.70

32.13

0.77

43.68

32.00

1.38

27.32

33.74

0.81

50.03

33.60

1.40

28.00

34.14

0.82

51.70

34.00

1.50

31.50

36.15

0.87

60.55

36.00

1.60

35.20

38.16

0.92

70.29

38.00

1.70

39.10

40.17

0.97

80.92

40.00

1.80

43.20

42.18

1.02

92.49

42.00

1.90

47.50

44.19

1.07

105.03

44.00

2.00

52.00

46.20

1.13

118.56

46.00

““VEGETATEDVEGETATED WATERWAYSWATERWAYS”” Examples:Examples: drainagedrainage fromfrom fieldfield
““VEGETATEDVEGETATED WATERWAYSWATERWAYS”” Examples:Examples: drainagedrainage fromfrom fieldfield
““VEGETATEDVEGETATED WATERWAYSWATERWAYS””
Examples:Examples:
drainagedrainage fromfrom fieldfield
terracesterraces oror
diversionsdiversions
roadsideroadside drainagedrainage
ditches.ditches.
ExampleExample 8.38.3 bb == 6.06.0 ft,ft, ZZ == 10,10, QQ == 5050 ftft 33 /sec/sec
ExampleExample 8.38.3
bb == 6.06.0 ft,ft, ZZ == 10,10,
QQ == 5050 ftft 33 /sec/sec
ss == 0.0050.005 ft/ftft/ft
depthdepth == 1.381.38 ftft
withwith freeboardfreeboard DD == 1.38+1.38+ 0.50.5 == 1.881.88 ftft
TT == 44.044.0 ftft
depthdepth == 1.381.38 ftft withwith freeboardfreeboard DD == 1.38+1.38+ 0.50.5 == 1.881.88 ftft TT == 44.044.0
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