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Z = 4 PLUS
AREA =
Z
= 1
WETTED
PERIMETER
HYDRAULIC
ManningManning’’ss EquationEquation forfor
OpenOpen ChannelChannel FlowFlow
QQ == (C/n)(C/n) AA RR hh 2/32/3 SS 00
1/21/2
ManningManning’’ss FormulaFormula calculatescalculates anan
averageaverage velocityvelocity

VV == (C/n)(C/n) RR hh 2/32/3 SS 00 1/21/2

ManningManningss FormulaFormula calculatescalculates anan averageaverage velocityvelocity

Manning’s Coefficient (n)
Manning’s Coefficient (n)
ExampleExample
DetermineDetermine thethe averageaverage velocityvelocity ofof flowflow andand
channelchannel toptop widthwidth forfor aa parabolicparabolic shapedshaped
channelchannel havinghaving aa flowflow depthdepth ofof 3.93.9 feet,feet, aa
channelchannel slopeslope ofof 0.80.8 percentpercent andand aa
roughnessroughness coefficientcoefficient nn == 0.03.0.03. TheThe
requiredrequired crosscross--sectionalsectional areaarea isis 5050 ftft 22
ALSO,ALSO, determinedetermine thethe channelchannel dischargedischarge ((QQ).).
dd == 3.93.9 ftft
slopeslope ((ss)) == 0.0080.008
nn == 0.030.03
AA == 5050 ftft 22
D = d + freeboard
D = d + freeboard
Example --- Solution
From Table:
R =
2 d / 3
=
2 (3.9) / 3
= 2.6 ft
V = (C/n) R h 2/3 S 0
1/2
V
= (1.49/0.03) (2.6) 2/3 (0.008) 1/2
V
= 8.4 ft/sec
Q = A * V = 50 ft 2 * 8.4 ft/sec = 420 ft 3 /sec
Example 8.3
A waterway is lined with short grass
and has a trapezoidal cross section. It
has a bottom width of 6 feet, which
matches the construction equipment
available, a channel slope of 0.5
percent, and side slopes of 10:1 to
ensure ease of crossing. It is to carry a
flow of 50 ft 3 /sec with a “freeboard” of
0.5 feet. What are the total depth and
width (including freeboard) for this
channel?
Example
IN THIS CASE, AS IN MOST CHANNEL
SELECTION PROBLEMS, THE SOLUTION
IS TRIAL AND ERROR.
b = 6.0 ft, Z = 10,
Q= 50 ft 3 /sec
s = 0.005 ft/ft
nn == 0.050.05

Manning’s Coefficient (n)

Manning’s Coefficient (n)

D D = = d d + + freeboard freeboard
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution
AREAAREA == 6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22
p  6 . 0  2 d * 10 .05
RR == AREAAREA // PP
VV == (1.49/0.05)(1.49/0.05) RR 2/32/3 (0.005)(0.005) 1/21/2
QQ == V*AV*A == 5050 ftft 33 /sec/sec
ExampleExample ------ SolutionSolution
ForFor useuse inin thethe ManningManning’’ss Formula,Formula, thethe
slopeslope isis 0.005,0.005, nn == 0.05.0.05. PropertiesProperties fromfrom
TABLETABLE 8.1.8.1. ZZ == 10,10, qq == 5050 ftft 33 /s,/s, bb == 6.6.
AREAAREA == bb dd ++ ZZ dd 22 ==
6.06.0 dd ++ 1010 dd 22
2
P  b  2d Z   .  d
1
6 0 2
10
2 
1 
6 0 2
.
d *
10 05
.
RR hh == AREAAREA // PP
VV == (1.49/0.05)(1.49/0.05) RR hh 2/32/3 (0.005)(0.005) 1/21/2 andand Q=Q= V*AV*A
 Quess d, Top, ft Area, ft 2 Per, ft R h , ft Q,calc ft 1.00 16.00 26.10 0.61 24.33 26.00 1.10 18.70 28.11 0.67 30.03 28.00 1.20 21.60 30.12 0.72 36.47 30.00 1.30 24.70 32.13 0.77 43.68 32.00 1.38 27.32 33.74 0.81 50.03 33.60 1.40 28.00 34.14 0.82 51.70 34.00 1.50 31.50 36.15 0.87 60.55 36.00 1.60 35.20 38.16 0.92 70.29 38.00 1.70 39.10 40.17 0.97 80.92 40.00 1.80 43.20 42.18 1.02 92.49 42.00 1.90 47.50 44.19 1.07 105.03 44.00 2.00 52.00 46.20 1.13 118.56 46.00
““VEGETATEDVEGETATED WATERWAYSWATERWAYS””
Examples:Examples:
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terracesterraces oror
diversionsdiversions