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Compress Manual 2.4.

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1 OR 2 CODE (refer Section 2.1)
(refer Section 3.1)
This manual is supplementary instruction to HELP of COMPRESS. Content of
the HELP is same with the COMPRESS MANUAL provided by CODEWARE.
In addition to that this manual provides specific instructions and guidelines for
design of towers and vessels based on JGC standard design practices and Code
requirements and it also guide User how to detail design some critical
This manual should be used for calculation of thickness and loading data that are
required for preparation of Engineering Drawing. It is not intended to use
COMPRESS for verification of existing equipment.
Note that COMPRESS can be used for the equipment design as per ASME code
only i.e. either by ASME SEC VIII Division 1 or ASME SEC VIII Division 2.
2.1 How to Create New Model from New File
COMPRESS always starts with a new file with default settings. User can start
new file from main FILE menu depending on the design code Div 1 or Div 2.
There are some common input settings in COMPRESS which remain the same
through out the project. Template shall be prepared for such common inputs
which can be used for any new design in that project. Refer to the following
flowchart for the sequence of action.
& ADDENDA (refer Section 4.6.1)
(refer Section 4.6)
(refer Section 4.6)
for project.
DESIGN (refer Section 2.1)
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(refer Section 3.2)
(Heads, Shells, body flanges & transitions)
Always add the components from top to bottom for vertical vessel
and from left side to right side for horizontal vessel.
(refer Section 4 1)
ADD NOZZLES (refer Section 4.3)
(PF/Ladders, clips, piping, insulation/lining, lifting lugs) (refer
Section 4 4)
ADD INTERNALS (Tray, packing bed)
(refer Section 4.4)
(refer Section 4.7)
Settings for
(refer Section 3.2)
(Heads, Shells, body flanges & transitions)
Always add the components from top to bottom for vertical vessel
and from left side to right side for horizontal vessel.
(refer Section 4.1)
(refer Section 4.2.9)
(Saddles for Horizontal vessels and Skirt/legs/lugs for vertical
vessels)(refer Section 4.5)
ADD NOZZLES (refer Section 4.3)
(PF/Ladders, clips, piping, insulation/lining, lifting lugs) (refer Section 4.4)
For Vertical Vessels
with Skirt only
For Vertical Vessels without Skirt
(refer Section 4.5.6)
ADD INTERNALS (Tray, packing bed)
(refer Section 4.4)
(refer Section 4.7)
Save as for the
specific equipment
Shell Dimension Check (refer Section
For Horizontal Vessels
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Create & Use of Project Template
User shall create a template for a project. Common settings such as Set Mode
Option, Wind & Seismic loads, etc. shall be fixed and saved as a project
template. When starting new equipment design, User can use this project template.
2.3 How to Create New Model from Other File
To perform designs for a lot of equipment in short span of time, User can reuse
input file of completed equipment for next similar equipment. Special care for
reusing such files shall be taken to avoid any mistakes during input and all
necessary fields shall be updated.
To reuse old file for new equipment, User shall follow below sequence or check
points to avoid any mistakes;
a. Make sure the new equipment is of the same orientation (horizontal or
vertical) and the similar shape to the old one.
b. Check whether any major components are required to be deleted or to
be added.
c. If new equipment is not from same project, User shall check and
confirm the data of the following settings;
Set Mode Option
Wind and Seismic inputs
d. Change the specific inputs for the individual equipment through
Global change (Main Menu Action Menu Global Change).
User can only change inputs for pressure envelope components through Global
Change. Common settings like design pressure, temperature, inside diameter,
material, etc. can be conveniently changed to all of required components.
e. Check and revise inputs for supports (skirt, saddle).
f. Check and revise inputs for all nozzles. User shall delete or add any
nozzle if required.
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g. Check and revise inputs for external attachments like vertical loads,
insulation, etc.
h. Check and revise inputs for internals if any.
i. Check the shape of equipment again before run for final design.
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3.1 Set Mode Option
The Set Mode Option menu provides options which are required to set before
starting any vessel design. These options shall remain the same through out the
project, so required to set once at initial stage of project.
User can start the Set Mode Options from Action menu as shown below or by
just press F7 key as a shortcut.
Supplemented technical information is described below for some important
3.1.1 Units
Unit can be selected by Unit tab in the set mode option. (See 3.1)
User shall refer to the project specification for the applicable unit system.
If it is not specified, SI units shall be used.
In SI units the general inputs are as below;
Pressure kPa
Dimensions mm
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3.1.2 Calculation
General setting for calculation is available by Calculation tab in the set mode
option. (See 3.1) Vessel Design mode
To design any new equipment, User shall select Get thickness from Pressure
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option. In this option COMPRESS will calculate the minimum required thickness
of components for the specified loading. In this mode User shall note that
COMPRESS will not automatically decrease the component thickness over those
previously entered. If the design pressure is reduced, or wind or seismic codes
reduced, use the Global Change option in Action menu to set all component
thicknesses to 0 to allow COMPRESS to reselect the optimal thickness.
If User want to rate any existing designed vessel then select Get Pressure
Rating option to get the Maximum Allowable Pressure in new and cold
condition (MAP) and Maximum Allowable Working Pressure in old and
corroded condition (MAWP) for the specified thickness and corrosion allowance. Cone-shell Juncture calculations
If otherwise specified, calculation for cone is required for 30degree over half
apex cone only. Select U-2(g) stress calculation for cone half apex > 30 only,
which satisfies the ASME code requirement.
If the half apex angle > 30
, special stress analysis for the cone to shell juncture is
required as mentioned in Div 1 appendix 1-5(g) and U-2(g). In this case,
COMPRESS use Boardman analysis for stress analysis of cone to shell juncture.
Refer to the Boardman analysis as Attachment 1.
Cone with knuckle or flare does not require any analysis.
As per figure UG-28.1 the cone to shell juncture can be taken as a line of support
while designing the vessel for external pressure. As a default setting, keep the box
of Junctures act as line of support checked, as code allows so. Uncheck the box
if there is any special requirement to prohibit this. Calculate MAP and MAWP
Both boxes for Calculate MAP and Calculate MAWP shall be kept checked
so that COMPRESS calculates the Maximum Allowable Pressure in new and cold
condition (MAP) and Maximum Allowable Working Pressure in old and
corroded condition (MAWP).
Calculated MAWP is used to calculate equipment hydrostatic test pressure as per
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UG-99(b) of Div 1. In most projects MAP and MAWP calculations are required.
If MAP and MAWP are not required to be calculated, COMPRESS equals them
to the design pressure.
Nozzles are excluded from these options as there is a separate option available for
nozzles in Nozzle 1 tab. Refer to section 3.1.4 of this manual.
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Page 12 of 79 Limit MAWP
User can limit the value of MAWP by this input. This can be useful when
designing two separate components of certain geometry which is not supported
by COMPRESS. In such case one component can govern MAWP of the other
component. In rating mode this input must be greater than the design pressure.
As a default, keep the check box unchecked and entry in input box as zero which
means COMPRESS shall calculate the MAP and MAWP in normal way. Skirt/Legs/Saddles Stress Increase
User shall leave this value as 1.0 (See note *2 below) for ASCE 7.For other
wind and seismic code, see requirement of the applicable code.
Allowable Stress Increase Summary
Code Load
Load used for
Allowable Stress
W (*3)
Pressure Parts 1.2 x Sa (*1)
Support (Structure Parts) Ks x Sa (*2)
0.7E (*4)
Pressure Parts 1.2 x Sa (*1)
Support (Structure Parts) Ks x Sa (*2)
To be considered based on an applicable Wind / Seismic Code.
(If PA < PB)
Chamber A
Chamber B
(*1) 1.2 times of allowable stress will be used for COMPRESS calculation in accordance with ASME Sec.
VIII Div.1 UG-23 (d)
(*2) Ks shall be 1.0. Allowable stress increase shall not be used for structure parts because load reduction is
considered based on Allowable Stress Design in accordance with 2.4.1 of ASCE 7-05.
(*3) Wind Load reported in Wind Code in calculation report created by COMPRESS.
(*4) Seismic Load reported in Seismic Code in calculation report created by COMPRESS.
User shall note the load reported by COMPRESS is already multiplied by 0.7 according to 2.4.1 of
ASCE 7-05.
Compress Manual 2.4.5
Page 13 of 79 Do not investigate hot shut down
Unless this box is checked, COMPRESS analyzes Hot shutdown case in which
vessel is depressurized while being subjected to the design temperature and
external loading (wind or seismic).
Unless project specification call for, check this check box in accordance with
4.4.1 of JGS 220-210-1-01 that call JPI-7R-35. Numerical integration
Since this should be used only for slow CPU computer, select Best in most
cases. Do not consider additional ASCE load combinations 7 and 8
Keep the box unchecked so that COMPRESS apply load combination cases 7 and
8 listed in section 2.4.1 of ASCE 7-98, 7-02 and 7-05 during the seismic analysis.
The detail list of combination is as below
Case 7: 0.6D + W + H
Case 8: 0.6D + E + H
D = Dead load of equipment
W = Wind load on equipment
E = Earthquake load
H = Load due to lateral earth pressure, ground water pressure
F = Load due to fluids with well-defined pressures and maximum
Usually these two cases are evaluated in addition to case 5 which is always
Case 5: D + H + F + (W or 0.7E)
The combination cases 7 and 8 specifically apply to the tensile side of the vessel
where the uplift forces oppose the vessel weight. Unless there isnt any special
requirement, uncheck this option. Lift Lugs
Lift lug shall be calculated in accordance with JPI-7S-80. (See 4.4.9) Do not perform Appendix 2 flange rigidity calculations for seismic load case.
User shall leave the check box as unchecked so that COMPRESS calculates
flange rigidity as per ASME Sec VIII Div 1 Appendix 2, 2-14 and JGS 220-210-
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1-01E 5.2.
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3.1.3 Testing
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Page 16 of 79 Hydro/Pneumatic Tests
In this box User shall specify the type of testing to be performed on the
equipment. User shall keep the check box for shop Test New checked so that
COMPRESS considers hydrostatic or pneumatic testing in new shop condition
and evaluates the stress level during such testing.
User needs to select the testing position of equipment from Horizontal and
Vertical. This option can be selected for vertical equipment only. Unless there
is any special requirement, vertical equipment is tested in horizontal position.
The testing pressure shall be selected from the below options;
Hydrotest @ 1.3 vessel design P per UG-99(b)
Hydrotest @ 1.3 vessel MAWP per UG-99(b) (Default selection)
Hydrotest @ 1.3 calculated test pressure per UG-99(c)
Pneumatic test @ 1.1 vessel design P per UG-100(b)
Pneumatic test @ 1.1 vessel MAWP per UG-100(b)
Pneumatic test @ 1.1 calc. test pressure per UG-100(b)
User defined test pressure (gauge, top)
Unless there is any specific requirement, apply hydrotest, and hydrotest pressure
is calculated based on MAWP i.e., second option Hydrotest @ 1.3 vessel
MAWP per UG-99(b) shall be selected.
If it is required to test at field in new erected condition, User shall check the box
for Field Test New, Erected. Again User needs to select field test pressure from
the above options.
In design mode COMPRESS requires that at least one of Shop test new,
horizontal or Field test new, erected be selected.
Keep the box checked for Calculate hydrotest stress so that COMPRESS
calculate stress during the testing of equipment. The test liquid static head is
added to the hydrotest pressure while calculating stress for each component. Test Temperature
Input the test temperature. As per ASME SEC VIII Div 1 UG(99)(h) the metal
temperature is recommended to be at least 17
C above the minimum design metal
temperature. User shall check the requirement from a project specification for
temperature to be maintained during hydrotest. If there is no special requirement,
input ambient temperature (20degC). Test liquid specific gravity
Specific gravity is 1 for hydrostatic test.
Specific gravity is 0 for pneumatic test.
Even if pneumatic test is selected, specified specific gravity will be used for calculation of static head.
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Page 17 of 79 Wind Load @ test
For evaluation of stress level during a test, it is general design practice that only
some percentages of wind loading is applied as it is very unlikely that during
hydrotest full wind load will occur. As per JGS 220-210-1-01E stipulation 4.4.3
(1) 33% of wind load shall be considered during a test condition. User shall check
the project specification for wind loading percentage requirement. Yield stress allowed @ test
Input the percentage of yield stress to be considered as allowable stress.
COMPRESS compares the stress induced during testing with this allowable stress
and give warning if it exceeds. As per JGS 220-210-1-01E stipulation 4.4.3(2)
90% of yield shall be considered as allowable stress during testing. User shall
confirm the requirement from project specification. Impact test temperature
Input MDMT of equipment here.
The impact test temperature specified here will be used, only in case Impact
Tested was checked in dialog box in each component. (See 4.1)
It does not mean that impact test shall be conducted at the MDMT.
3.1.4 Nozzles 1 Design nozzle for
With this option, user can define how nozzles shall be designed. The options are
When it is checked, MDMT for the compornent will
become rated MDMT based on this impact tested temp.
Dialog Box for Each Component
Dialog Box for Set Mode Option Test Tab
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as explained below;
(1) Design P, Find nozzle MAWP & MAP: COMPRESS designs nozzles and
reinforcements for equipment design conditions and calculates MAWP
and MAP for nozzle separately. User shall select this option unless a
project specification specifies particular requirement.
(2) Chamber MAWP: COMPRESS designs nozzles and reinforcements for
vessel MAWP conditions.
(3) Larger of MAWP or MAP: COMPRESS designs nozzles and
reinforcements for vessel MAWP as well as MAP conditions. The worst
case is used as a design basis.
(4) Design P only: COMPRESS designs nozzles and reinforcements for
equipment design conditions. MAWP and MAP are not calculated for
The check box for Design nozzle for chamber MAWP where chamber MAWP
ignores ASME B16.5/16.47 flange rating is active only if option (2) and (3) are
selected from the above. By default the box shall be unchecked.
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Page 19 of 79 Rate nozzles for
This section is active only if Get pressure rating option is selected for vessel
design mode under the calculation tab.
The available options are
(1) Nozzle design P only: Nozzle will be designed for the pressure and
temperature of component to which the nozzle is attached.
(2) Find nozzle MAWP: COMPRESS calculates the nozzle MAWP for the
available nozzle input.
The default for Find nozzle MAP is unchecked box. Option for Nozzle
In most cases, these options should be as shown above. For detailed explanation,
see manual or help of COMPRESS. Draw lower groove bevel out
This option is provided only to show correct orientation of groove welding in
nozzle sketch in output. This option is effective only if the nozzle groove welding
is full penetration welding (refer section The direction of groove itself
does not affect the strength of full penetration welding. Update All button shall
be always clicked after any change in selection to affect the current design. Groove welds are full penetration welding
ASME Sec VIII Div 1 UW-16(d) allows nozzle to be welded with fillet welding
or partial penetration welding. Check the box if full penetration welding is
mandatory for nozzle to shell welding in project specification. Update All
button shall be always clicked after any change in selection to affect the current
design. This option does not affect the strength calculation.
3.1.5 Nozzle 2
Data in Nozzle 2 tab will be used as default data for nozzle design. If there is
any standard drawing for nozzle, to input the data here will be efficient. Nozzle Design Preference
With this option, User can define the default nozzle data when any nozzle is
added. The nozzle design dialog box will show these data as default selection,
when User uses Detailed Design for nozzle design. User can always change the
data for individual nozzle for actual design. It is better to input nozzle data here
for easy operation.
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Page 20 of 79 Quick Nozzle Design Preferences
For design of nozzle, Quick Nozzle Design is available (See 4.3) for easy
operation. Quick Design procedure allows User to specify a nozzle size and
location only. All other detailed information will be selected from data here.
(1) Internal projection is not allowed as per JGS 234-213-5-01E 6.2
(2) Flange shall be Welding neck as per JGS 234-213-5-01E 5.4 (4) (c)
unless otherwise specified.
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Schedule A&B are schedule designations for C.S. pipe. Schedule C is a schedule designation for S.S. and
non ferrous pipe. A is for the number pipe schedules (10, 20, 40, 80, etc.). B is for the letter pipe
schedules (STD, XS, XXS, XXXS, etc.). C is for the number schedules that have s suffix (5s, 10s,
40s, 80, etc.).
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3.1.6 Defaults
Data in Defaults tab can be selected for each component separately from dialog
box for each component. User can, however, use this tab for easy operation.
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3.1.7 Platform Defaults
Platform Input shall be in accordance with, so User does not have to
change the values at Platform Defaults Tab.
3.1.8 Options Material thickness option
Keep the option box unchecked so that COMPRESS applies 12.5% fabrication
under tolerance to pipe thickness.
User can specify the increment for the used thickness considered by COMPRESS
by checking the option User defined thickness increment for plate. Usually
keep the box unchecked.
Corrosion weight loss shall be 0% so that calculation for corroded condition
should include weight for corroded metal.
Compress Manual 2.4.5
Page 25 of 79 Calculation option
Unless there is any special requirement, uncheck these boxes. See COMPRESS
manual for details.
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3.1.9 Welding Butt welds
Since deposit weld for butt welding is not common and not preferable, select
Tapered per Fig UCS-66.3(3).
This option box will control governing thickness for MDMT determined by UCS-
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66 in accordance with Fig. UCS-66(a) and ASME interpretation VIII-1-95-62.
Compress Manual 2.4.5
Page 28 of 79 No Weld Preheat below 38 mm
This check box is applicable only to P No.1 material. A note (2)(a) of table UCS-
56 for P-1 material specifies PWHT is required for welding joint over 32mm
through 38mm unless preheat is applied at a min. temperature of 95degC during
Since it is common to conduct preheat in order to avoid PWHT, User shall
uncheck this check box unless PWHT is required due to service requirement. Vacuum Ring Welding Defaults
Since it is not required to specify details of vacuum ring details JGC documents,
User can select any option for the details.
If there is no specific requirement, select Continuous both Sides.
3.2 Set Datum Option
User shall select the vessel orientation for individual equipment either
Horizontal or Vertical.
For easy reference and to easily input the various vessel components usually the
Datum Seam shall be Bottom seam for vertical vessels and Far right shell
seam for horizontal vessels. With this setting User can add the main pressure
components from top for vertical vessel and from left side for horizontal vessels.
User can set the Datum Line at offset from the Datum seam by input in
Offset from datum seam. There are two cases for this input as below;
If the head forming the Datum Seam with shell is -
a. Elliptical or FD (Flanged and Dished) head; then User shall input the heads
straight flange dimension with negative sign as offset distance for Datum
line from datum seam. This will match the datum line with TL and User
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can directly add other components with reference to datum line with same
distance from TL as given in datasheet.
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b. Hemispherical head then User shall input 0.
4.1 How to Create New Vessel
When creating a new vessel, Construct all head, shell, and transitions (pressure
envelope) first. Start with the top or left head, design from the top down for
towers , left to right for horizontal vessels.
See 2.1 for general sequence and 4.2 for detailed instruction for each kind of
Each component can be created from palette or component menu.
Component Input Order
Vertical Vessel (Sample)
Top Head > Cylinder x4 > Bottom Head
Horizontal Vessel (Sample)
Left Head > Cylinder x4 > Right Head
Straight Flange Length
Bottom Shell Seam Datum
Bottom TL Datum Line
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4.2 Component Option
4.2.1 Cylinder
Cylinder can be added from cylinder in component menu or icon ( ) in
Input of cylinder requires two dialog boxes.1
window is for general data. 2
window is for dimensional data.
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Page 32 of 79 General Information for Cylinder
User shall refer to data sheet for these data except corrosion allowance.
In accordance with 5.6.1 of JGS 220-210-1-01, mill under tolerance shall be
excluded from thickness of calculation. However COMPRESS does not have a
field for mill under tolerance. User shall add mill under tolerance to plate material
in accordance with UG-16(c), i.e. smaller of 0.01in. (0.25mm) or 6% of thickness
as follows:
z Inner CA = CA specified in Data Sheet
z Outer CA = Mill Under Tolerance Test Temp.
This data is linked with data in Test tab of Set Mode Option (See
User should not change test temperature at dialog box for each component instead
of set mode option. Other Options
(1) Impact Tested
If the specified MDMT is colder than material rated MDMT without
impact test, User will have warning message. User should note that the
warning will not be shown in report of calculation. Depending on the
circumstances, MDMT may be reduced by a number of variables such as
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the application of PWHT, impact testing the material and even changing
the applied stress ratio. It is the designer's responsibility to arrive at the
desired MDMT by taking action that is appropriate to the circumstances.
(2) Material Normalized
It will be used for curve selection of Fig. UCS-66. User shall note that
COMPRESS will not check the box of Material Normalized
automatically, even if code requires normalized, e.g. 40t of SA516-70 or
UCS-79 for fiber elongation.
(3) Product to Fine Grain Practice
It will be used for curve selection of Fig. UCS-66. User do not have to
check unless SA-216 is selected as a material.
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(4) PWHT performed
User shall check it, if service condition or code requires PWHT.
If code requires PWHT and it was left unchecked, User will have warning
message and COMPRESS will check the box.
PWHT will be usually conducted for whole of vessel. When only some
parts of vessel were specified for PWHT, COMPRESS will suggest
conducting PWHT to whole of vessel. User can agree or disagree with the
(5) Maximize MDMT/No MAWP
If it is not required to calculate MAWP, it should be checked. This option
will allow User to use tr as thickness based on design pressure instead
of MAWP, when it calculates coincident ratio per UCS-66(b).
(6) Find coincident pres. for MDMT
Leave this option unchecked.
This option determines the pressure at which the MDMT input in the dialog is
exempt from impact testing. To use it, check the option and advance to the next
dialog and return to the previous dialog. When return, User can find the
maximum pressure that can be specified without having to impact test the
material in field for Internal Pressure. This switch will be automatically
turned off. Dimensions
User shall input cylinder dimensions as described below.
Step 1
Input TLTL 2 x SF as a cylinder length, and confirm governing load. User shall
input it as described below. If packing will be installed into the vessel, make sure
4.4.4 before completion of cylinder arrangement.
TLTL = Length between TL
SF = Length of Straight



Load Check
Confirm governing load at the bottom of the cylinder. (See Thickness
Wind or Seismic or Weight
Internal or External
Go to Step End
(Appropriate Cylinder Length
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Step 2

Internal or External Pressure



Insert required number of 1500mm length
cylinders so that bottom of remaining cylinder
shall be governed by internal or external pressure.
(See Thickness Summary)
This rule using 1500mm pitch calculation is in accordance
with minimum calculation span of EDS-II. When this
calculation span causes impractical cascade cylinder plate with
kinds of thickness, proper increment may be asked by lead
Wind or Seismic
Wind or Seismic
Wind or Seismic
Load Check
1500mm Length
Remaining Cylinder
Governing Load
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4.2.2 Transition
Transition (Conical Shell) can be added from Transition in component menu or
icon ( ) in palette.
Transition component requires input of 2 dialog boxes is as same as the input for
cylinder, i.e. 1
one is for general and 2
one is for dimensions.
Input procedure for general data in 1
dialog box is same with procedure for
cylinder (See 4.2.1) User shall note special procedure for CA. (See
For input of dimensions, refer to below.
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Page 37 of 79 Flare and Knuckle
These check boxes should be unchecked to avoid additional forming for the end
of conical shell, unless following cases;
(1) There is special requirement
(2) Half apex exceed 30degree
(3) The skirt is attached to the large end of the conical shell.
(See below) In the latter case, knuckle should be provided. Use Design P & Design Pe
If it is not required to calculate MAWP, it should be checked. This option will
allow User to use design pressure for calculation of ASME Sec.VIII Div.1
Appendix 1-5 and 1-8.
4.2.3 Ellipsoidal Head
Ellipsoidal Head can be added from Ellipsoidal Head in component menu or
icon ( ) in palette.
Ellipsoidal Head component requires input of 2 dialog boxes, i.e. 1
one is for
general and 2
one is for dimensions.
Input procedure for general data in 1
dialog box is as same as the procedure for
cylinder (See 4.2.1)
For input of dimensions, refer to below.
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Page 38 of 79 Minimum and Nominal Thickness
Beside fields for minimum head thickness and Nom. Str. Flange Thickness,
COMPRESS will show minimum required thickness for each value. User shall
specify Minimum Head Thickness as calculated by COMPRESS and Nominal
Str. Flange Thickness as calculated by COMPRESS with increment by 1mm.
User shall note that COMPRESS will not consider forming loss for a calculation
using minimum required thickness. User shall compensate a weight difference
between minimum thickness and nominal thickness. The difference of weight
shall be added as a vertical load. (See Straight Flange Length
Straight flange length shall be (3 x th) but not exceed 38mm in accordance with
Fig. UW-13.1, where th is nominal head thickness. Code Case 2260
If there is any special requirement for the use of code case, User shall check this
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4.2.4 F & D Head
As noted in 5.1 of JGS 220-210-1-01, 2:1 ellipsoidal head is standard type of
head. But if it is specified, F & D head (Flanged Dished Head / Torispherical
Head) can be used.
F & D Head can be added from F & D Head in component menu or icon ( )
in palette.
F & D Head component requires input of 2 dialog boxes, i.e. 1
one is for general
and 2
one is for dimensions.
Input procedure for general data in 1
dialog box is as same as the procedure for
cylinder (See 4.2.1)
For input of dimensions, refer to below. Crown and Knuckle Inner Radius
In most cases, 10% dished head should be used. For the default of COMPRESS,
see COMPRESS manual.
Crown Inner Radius = 0.1 ID of shell
Knuckle Inner Radius = 0.194 ID of shell Other dimensions
See explanation of ellipsoidal head ( 4.2.3 ).
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