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Overflow filtration

Experiment 1:- Filtration by using cotton cloth

Materials used:-Cotton cloth (1m*0.5m), overflow from chamber 1 (by 5 HP pump without
1. Using the 5 HP submersible pump in Chamber 1, Over flow was taken in the manner as
you had said
2. Liquid slurry was weighed and pH was recorded
3. It was allowed to sediment for 6 hours and observations were took every hour to see the
amount of clear liquid at the top
4. After 6 hours, we decanted the not-so-clear liquid but of lesser density from the top and
weighed it
5. Residual sludge at the bottom of the bucket was weighed and then poured it into an old
cotton cloth and hung it to dry like a twisted ball on the tree behind kitchen
6. It was left hung overnight while squeezing the ball tight
7. It was weighed in the morning to see what percentage of water has been squeezed out
overnight. Also check to see if the moisture content is about 50%
1. Net weight of slurry used=14.2 Kg
2. Net weight of decanted slurry= 2.8 Kg
3. Net weight of slurry = 11.4 Kg
4. Net weight of solid with moisture=2.640 Kg
5. Net weight of dry solids= 0.5 Kg
1. Solids %age=3.5%
2. Solid with 50% moisture= 18.59%
3. Solid %age w.r.t decanted slurry= 23.15%

Experiment 2:- Filtration by using metallic mesh of pore size 1.2*1.1

Materials used:-A mesh of 1.75m*1 m, 200 l overflow from chamber 1 (by SP01 pump)
1. 200 L of overflow was collected in a drum. The chambers circulation was not run before
doing so.
2. This overflow was then slowly transferred on the metallic mesh fixed on our chaalna and
filtrate was collected in100 l drum kept under the funnel and transferred to another
container as and when required
3. The chaalna was run at single phase electric current.
1. Net weight of wet solid cake collected=2.4 kg
2. Expected moisture content= 30% - 40%
1. Mass of slurry=214 Kg
2. Expected mass of solid=37.18 Kg
3. Recovery percentage=1.1%
4. Efficiency=

= 6.4%
1. Slurry was singly passed through mesh
2. Longer fibres could be easily seen in the lump collected
3. Moisture content was just above the desired level
4. We are losing more than acceptable mass

Experiment 3 Filtration by dhoti-type cloth
Materials:- dhoti type cloth, 200 litres overflow
1. 200 L of overflow (taken from 2.5 m depth) was passed through the cloth fixed over the
2. Solid lumps were collected
3. The filtrate was again passed through the same cloth
4. The solids accumulated again were collected using wiper
1. Net weight of solid accumulated after double pass=9.280Kg
2. Recovery= 4.6%
3. Efficiency=

= 24.49%
4. Expected moisture=20-30%
1. Slurry was passed twice through the filter
2. No large fibres could be seen in the lumps accumulated
3. We are near about operating at good flow rate but losing a portion of mass. It is optimum
because if we do at smaller pore size we are increasing moisture content

Experiment 4 Filtration through nylon mesh (same mesh which had been
used earlier in suacers)
Materials used: 200Loverflow from chamber 1, nylon mesh
1. 200 L of overflow was filtered through nylon mesh
2. Solid accumulated were collected
1. Net weight of solids accumulated= 10.360 Kg
2. Recovery = 5.18% (weight of wet solid)
3. Expected moisture= 30-40%
4. Net weight of solids(10-15 % moist)= 2.520 Kg
5. Efficiency=

= 7%

Experiment 5 Filtration through net-like cloth
1. 200 L of overflow was filtered very slowly through the net-like cloth very slowly
2. Paste-like solids were accumulated on cloth and were left to dry by hanging
1. Net weight of paste= 22.5 Kg
2. Expected moisture=40-60%
3. Net weight of solid (20-25% moist)= 8.520
4. Efficiency=

= 23%

1. Smaller the pore size, slower the filtration rate, higher the
moisture content in solid accumulated.
2. The final product is having a very high fibre proportion so it
has to be added to final stage of aerobic or first stage of
3. Multilayered filter bed should be used for high flow rates and
less fibre retention

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