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a-eberle REG-DPA

R
E
G
S
y
s



Petersen Coil
Controller

REG-DPA

with optional
Current Injection


Operating Manual
Issue: 2007-02-21_01
Delivered
Software - version:

_______________
a-eberle REG-DPA


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Operating manual


Copyright 2007 by A.Eberle Gmbh & CoKG. All rights reserved.

Edited by:


A.Eberle Gmbh & CoKG

Aalener Strae 30/32
D-90441 Nrnberg

Tel.: 0911 / 62 81 08 - 0
Fax: 0911 / 66 66 64

e-mail: info@a-eberle.de
Internet: www.a-eberle.de


The company A.Eberle Gmbh & CoKG cannot be held liable for any damages or losses emitting from
printing errors or changes in this operating manual.

Furthermore, A.Eberle Gmbh & CoKG does not assume responsibility beyond the guarantee period for any
damages and losses resulting from deficient devices or from devices changed by the applicant.

a-eberle REG-DPA


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3



Table of Content


1 Warnings and Information ......................................................................................................................... 7
1.1 Warnings............................................................................................................................................ 7
1.2 Delivery contents ............................................................................................................................... 8
2 Application ................................................................................................................................................. 9
2.1 Notation............................................................................................................................................ 10
2.2 Basics of the Resonant Grounding.................................................................................................. 10
2.2.1 Principals of the resonant grounding....................................................................................... 10
2.2.2 Low ohmic single line-to-earth-fault: ........................................................................................ 13
2.2.3 Natural capacitive unbalance of the healthy network .............................................................. 14
2.2.4 Network analysis by the controller........................................................................................... 16
2.3 Disturbances of the Control Operation ............................................................................................ 20
2.3.1 Description of the network ....................................................................................................... 20
2.3.2 Coupling phenomena for U
ne
................................................................................................... 21
2.3.3 Crosstalk of the load-current to U
ne
......................................................................................... 24
2.4 Control of the Petersen Coil............................................................................................................. 25
2.5 Control of the Petersen Coil with Current Injection ......................................................................... 27
2.5.1 Existing Algorithms .................................................................................................................. 27
2.5.2 New Algorithm ......................................................................................................................... 28
2.5.3 High Ohmic Earthfault Detection with the DIF-algorithm......................................................... 31
2.5.4 Types of multi-frequency Current Injections (CI) ..................................................................... 32
2.6 Solution for Control with REG-DP(A)............................................................................................... 35
2.6.1 Without "Current - Injection (CI)" ............................................................................................ 35
2.6.2 With " Current - Injection (CI)" ................................................................................................ 35
2.7 Current Injection(CI) ....................................................................................................................... 36
2.7.1 General .................................................................................................................................... 36
2.8 Influence of the Petersen Coil on the use of CI ............................................................................... 36
2.8.1 Influence of the design of the Petersen coil............................................................................. 36
2.9 Literatur............................................................................................................................................ 39
3 Technical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI ........................................................................................... 41
3.1 Electrical Data REG-DPA................................................................................................................ 41
3.1.1 Regulations and standards...................................................................................................... 41
3.1.2 AC voltage input ( U
ne
and U
12
)............................................................................................... 41
3.1.3 Alternating current input I
1
( and I
2
) ...................................................................................... 41
3.1.4 Position signal ( Ipos ) ............................................................................................................. 41
3.1.5 20 mA analogue outputs....................................................................................................... 42
3.1.6 Binary inputs ............................................................................................................................ 42
3.1.7 Relay outputs........................................................................................................................... 42
3.1.8 Reference conditions............................................................................................................... 42
3.1.9 Electrical safety........................................................................................................................ 43
3.1.10 Electromagnetical compability ................................................................................................. 43
3.1.11 Power supply ........................................................................................................................... 44
3.1.12 Environmental requirements.................................................................................................... 44
3.1.13 Data Storage............................................................................................................................ 45
3.1.14 Display, Status......................................................................................................................... 45
3.2 Optical Interface of REG-DPA......................................................................................................... 46
3.2.1 Electrical logical interface ........................................................................................................ 46
3.2.2 Optical transmitter.................................................................................................................... 46
3.2.3 Optical receiver........................................................................................................................ 46
3.3 Mechanical design of REG-DPA ..................................................................................................... 47
3.4 Terminal Blocks of the Controller REG-DPA................................................................................... 51
3.4.1 General information about the connections............................................................................. 51
3.5 Blockdiagram of the REG-DPA ....................................................................................................... 52
3.5.1 Level I ...................................................................................................................................... 54
3.5.2 Level III .................................................................................................................................... 61
3.5.3 Example for the connection of the REG-DP(A) to a P-Coil without CI .................................... 67
3.6 Current Injection Controller CCI....................................................................................................... 68
3.6.1 Auxiliary voltage....................................................................................................................... 68
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3.6.2 AC - voltage inputs .................................................................................................................. 68
3.6.3 AC - current inputs................................................................................................................... 68
3.6.4 Binary inputs ............................................................................................................................ 68
3.6.5 Binary outputs: relays ............................................................................................................. 69
3.6.6 Controller for Current Injection ( CCI )..................................................................................... 70
3.7 Current Injection CI using CCI ......................................................................................................... 75
3.7.1 Principal schemas.................................................................................................................... 75
3.7.2 Indoor version.......................................................................................................................... 77
3.7.3 Outdoor version ....................................................................................................................... 77
3.7.4 19" version............................................................................................................................... 78
3.7.5 Example for outdoor motor-drive version ................................................................................ 79
3.7.6 Example for 19" rack mounted indoor version......................................................................... 80
4 REG-DP(A) .............................................................................................................................................. 81
4.1 Indication and Operation Elements ................................................................................................. 81
4.1.1 LCD Display............................................................................................................................. 82
4.1.2 Keys......................................................................................................................................... 83
4.1.3 Plug Connection at the Front ................................................................................................... 83
4.2 Human-Machine Interface (HMI) ..................................................................................................... 84
4.3 Selection of the Display Mode......................................................................................................... 86
4.3.1 <F1> Resonance Curve.......................................................................................................... 87
4.3.2 <F2> Detail Display ................................................................................................................ 87
4.3.3 <F3> Current Injection Measurement ...................................................................................... 88
4.3.4 Operation-mode Recorder ....................................................................................................... 89
4.3.5 Statistics................................................................................................................................... 91
4.4 SETUP............................................................................................................................................. 93
5 Commissioning ........................................................................................................................................ 97
5.1 WinEDC........................................................................................................................................... 97
5.1.1 Installation................................................................................................................................ 97
5.1.2 Shortcuts of WinEDC............................................................................................................... 99
5.1.3 Physical connection................................................................................................................. 99
5.1.4 Assumed settings on the REG-DP(A) ..................................................................................... 99
5.2 Firmware Update REG-DP(A) ....................................................................................................... 100
5.3 REG-DP(A) R: Send the Standard Parameterization Set to device............................................. 103
5.4 Check of Communication REG-DP(A) <=> CCI .......................................................................... 106
5.5 Calibration of the coil ..................................................................................................................... 107
5.6 Linearization of the coil .................................................................................................................. 110
5.7 Check of Current Injection ............................................................................................................. 111
5.7.1 Requirements for Test of CI................................................................................................... 111
5.7.2 Check of the Current Injection ............................................................................................... 112
5.8 Check of Digital- and Analogue Inputs .......................................................................................... 119
5.9 Check of Signalling on the Panel and to SCADA.......................................................................... 120
5.10 Second Controller for example: REG-DP(A) V:............................................................................. 122
5.11 System voltage unequal to 20 kV.................................................................................................. 123
6 Parameterization Software: WinEDC .................................................................................................... 125
6.1 General Functions of WinEDC ...................................................................................................... 125
6.1.1 Parameterization.................................................................................................................... 126
6.2 REG-DP(A) .................................................................................................................................... 132
6.2.1 General .................................................................................................................................. 132
6.2.2 Communication...................................................................................................................... 136
6.2.3 Control ................................................................................................................................... 138
6.2.4 Commissioning ...................................................................................................................... 156
6.2.5 Options................................................................................................................................... 180
6.2.6 Recorder ................................................................................................................................ 182
6.2.7 Logfile .................................................................................................................................... 183
6.3 Panel.............................................................................................................................................. 185
6.4 Terminal ......................................................................................................................................... 187
6.5 Logfile ............................................................................................................................................ 191
6.5.1 General .................................................................................................................................. 191
6.5.2 REG-DP (DAN) ...................................................................................................................... 193
7 FAQ........................................................................................................................................................ 195
7.1 REG-DP(A) .................................................................................................................................... 195
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7.2 Current Injection CI........................................................................................................................ 195
8 Background Programming REG-L......................................................................................................... 197
8.1 The programming language REG-L .............................................................................................. 197
8.2 List of the REG-L / ECL-Interpreter-commands ............................................................................ 197
9 SCADA................................................................................................................................................... 199
9.1 Data Point list for IEC 870-5-103................................................................................................... 199
10 Maintenance and Current Consumption............................................................................................ 203
10.1 Cleaning information...................................................................................................................... 203
10.2 Changing fuses.............................................................................................................................. 203
10.3 Changing battery ........................................................................................................................... 203
10.4 REG-DPA Current Consumption................................................................................................... 205
10.5 Replacing the device ..................................................................................................................... 206
10.6 Storage Information ....................................................................................................................... 206



a-eberle REG-DPA


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a-eberle REG-DPA


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1.1 10BWarnings 7


1 Warnings and Information

1.1 Warnings

The P-coil regulator REG- DPA is exclusively designed for implementation in systems and equipment for
power systems. Only trained experts are permitted to carry out all required work. Experts are persons who
are familiar with the installation, mounting, commissioning and operation of these type of products.
Furthermore, experts have qualifications which correspond with the requirements or their field of work.

The P-coil regulator REG-DPA left the factory in a condition that fulfils all relevant safety regulations. To
maintain this condition and to ensure safe operation, the following instructions and warnings in this operating
manual must be observed.

The REG-DPA Petersen-Coil controller has been designed to comply with IEC 10110 / EN61010
(DIN VDE 0411), protection class I and was tested according to this standard before delivery.

The REG-DPA Petersen-Coil controller must be earthed via a protective earth conductor. This
condition is fulfilled when the controller is connected to an auxiliary voltage with a protective earth
conductor (European power supply system). If the auxiliary voltage power supply system does not
have a protective earth conductor, an additional connection must be established from the protective
earth conductor terminal to earth.

The upper limit of the permissible auxiliary voltage U
H
respectively U
AUX
may not exceeded, nether
permanently nor for a short period of time.

Before changing the fuse, separate the REG-DPA controller completely from the auxiliary voltage.
The use of the fuses other than those of the indicated type and rated current is prohibited.

A REG-DPA controller which displays visible damage or clear malfunctioning must not be used and
has to be secured against unintentionally being switched on.

Maintenance and repair work on a REG-DPA controller with an open door may only be carried out by
authorised experts.


Warning signs

Please familiarise yourself with the nominal insulation voltage of the controller before connecting the
device

Ensure that the voltages are connected via a disconnecting mechanism, and that the current
transformer path can be shortened externally, to enable problem-free device replacement in case of
a device-fault.

When wiring, please ensure that the conductors are either bound short or kept sufficient short so that
they cannot touch the boards of level II or III.

If a fault occurs ( connection becomes loose), no line that carries a voltage that is dangerous when
touched (>50 V) or line to which a nominal isolation voltage larger than 50 V is assigned, may come
into contact with the touchable circuits in level II and III.

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1.2 Delivery contents

1 REG-DPA Petersen-Coil controller with built-in components

1 terminal diagram in English

1 operating manual in English

1 Parameterisation software

1 Nullmodem cable

1 Spare fuse

2 tools ( 7 mm Allen key and special screwdriver for the terminals on level II and III )



a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
1.2 11BDelivery contents 9


2 Application


The P-coil regulator REG-DP is a component of the Measuring, Control, Regulation and Registration system
REGSys.


CPR-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
EOR-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
EOR-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
EOR-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
EOR-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
PQI-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
ANA-D
a-eberle
BIN-D
a-eberle
AUTO local remote ESCMENU
F5
F4
F3
F2
F1 Status
< U
> U
> I
REG-D
COM1
a-eberle
Display
X = 81,15 y = 76,95
B = 67,818 mm H = 67,818 mm
MMU-D a-eberle
COM1
Status
Reset
AUTO local remote ESCMENU
PAN- D
COM1
a-eberle
Betrieb
Strung
< U1
> U2
U 3
Auslsung
Phasenfall
Lauflampe
Leistungsschalter
Strung Stufenschalter
Strung Regler
U 4
NOT-AUS Stufenschalter
AUTO local remote ESCMENU
F5
F4
F3
F2
F1 Status
< U
> U
> I
REG-DP
COM1
a-eberle
Display
X = 81,15 y = 76,95
B = 67,818 mm H = 67,818 mm
REG/ST
a-eberle
REGSys - Overview
R
S
2
3
2
R
S
4
8
5
L
W
L
WinEDC / WinREG
Windows NT
Windows 2000
Windows XP
E
t
h
e
r
n
e
t
IEC 61850
IEC 60850-5-101/103/104
MODBUS,SPABUS,
LONMark, DNP 3.00
COM3
BIN-D ANA-D
COM1
RS232
REG-BO REG-DP PAN-D REG-ST MMU-D REG-D
REG-DPA
CPR-D EOR-D
E-LAN
REG-BO
REG-PC
PQI-D
RS232
E
-
L
A
N
<

5

k
m
E-LAN
E-LAN
E-LAN
RS485
RS485



Fig 2.1: REGSys System Overview

The freely-programmable REG-DPA regulator can be used to tune continuously-adjustable Petersen-Coils
( P-coils respectively arc suppression coils ) that are operating under load in medium and high-voltage
networks. Furthermore, all other control, measurement and recording tasks related to Petersen-Coils can be
carried out.

The REG-DPA regulator is part of the REGSys regulation system and can therefore be connected to a
REG-D / PAN-D voltage regulator or a PQI-D power quality interface without any problems. An important
feature of REGSys is that all components that are connected to each other via the E-LAN system bus can
be parameterised or connected to the control system via a single interface. This means that the
measurement values and parameters of all connected devices are available to the control system, and that
they can be read and altered there. Conversions according to IEC 60870-5-103 (VDEW) and IEC 60870-5-
101 (balanced und unbalanced mode), MODBUS, SPABUS or IEC 61850 are available.

If multiple devices are connected via the E-LAN system bus, any bus station can be parameterised or read
by connecting a PC to the interface (COM1, COM2) or any other bus station.
Furthermore, multiple PCs can simultaneously access individual stations (Multimaster).


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2.1 Notation



REG-DP(A) Controller for Petersen-Coil DAN Dispositivo Analizzatore di Neutro
EOR-DM Earthfault Detection for low- and high-
ohmic faults
MCI Dispositivo Monitoraagio Condicioni di
Isolamento
CI Current Injection IC
CCI Controller for Current Injection CIC
ASC Arc Suppression Coil ( Petersen - Coil
)

PIG Perdita di Isolamento Grave
PIL Perdita di Isolamento Lieve



2.2 Basics of the Resonant Grounding

The resonant grounding is one of the most important options in electrical network design to obtain the
optimal power supply quality. The main advantage of the treatment of the neutral point is the possibility of
continuing the network operation during a sustained earth-fault. As a consequence this reduces the
number of interruptions of the power supply for the customer.

For the suppression of the arc the Petersen coil should be well tuned within limits, which are described in
[1] for the different insulation levels. The increase in the cable lengths of distribution networks brings about
that on the one hand the level of the neutral-to-earth voltage is decreasing and on the other hand the
resonance curves become sharper. The reason for the reduction of the neutral-to-earth voltage level is
mainly due to the reduced capacitance tolerances of the new cables. Furthermore, the cables have smaller
losses compared to equivalent overhead lines. This is why, the damping of the network is reduced and the
resonance curves become sharper.

A first idea to meet these demands on the control of Petersen coils is to make the measurement of the
neutral-to-earth voltage more sensitive. But in this chapter it will shown that with this idea the results doesn't
satisfy. The main reason for this is that the disturbances caused by the system due to, e.g. geometrically
asymmetric of installed cables, are higher than the measurement noise. Therefore the reasons for the
different disturbances of the neutral-to-earth voltage will be elaborated on the next pages. Finally, a new
approach for finding the resonance point also for smaller neutral-to-earth voltage levels will be presented.

2.2.1 Principals of the resonant grounding

In medium-voltage (MV) and high-voltage (HV) networks with resonant grounding the current over the
fault location in the case of a single line-to-earth-fault is reduced by the use of the Petersen-Coil. For this the
Petersen coil is adjusted during the healthy operation of the network to compensate the capacitive current
over the fault location by an inductive current. Fig. 2.2 shows the simplified equivalent circuit used for a faulty
distribution system where we assume ideal symmetrical three-phase voltage sources and negligible line
resistances and inductances.

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2.2 13BBasics of the Resonant Grounding 11


U
3N
U
2N
U
1N
C
1 C
2
C
3 L
P
I
p
I
C2
I
C3
N
U
1
U
2
U
3
U
ne
Earth
I
F
Z
F
=0
I
1
I
2
I
3
G
P


Fig. 2.2: Simplified equivalent circuit for the resonant grounding

The phasor diagram of Fig. 2.3 for a SLE with Z
F
= 0 is depicted in Fig. 2.3a. The situation of different
coil positions of the Petersen coil and the resulting current I
F
over the fault location are shown in Fig. 2.3b.

U
ne
U
31
1
2
3
U
21
Earth
I
C2
+ I
C3
I
Lp
I
C2
I
C3
I
Gp
I
P
U
en
I
Gp
I
F
I
Lp
I
C2
+I
C3
under-
compensation
over-
compensation
full-compensation
a)
b)

Fig. 2.3: a) Phasor diagram for a single line-to-earth-fault (SLE).
b) Reduced phasor diagram

L
P
, G
P
Petersen coil (inductance,
conductance)
C
1
, C
2
, C
3
line-to-earth capacitances
Z
F
impedance at the fault location
N star point of the transformer (neutral
point)
U
1
, U
2
, U
3
phase voltages
U
ne
neutral-to-earth voltage
I
C2
, I
C3
capacitive current of the two sound
lines
I
P
current of the Petersen coil
I
GP
wattmetric part of I
P

I
LP
inductive part of I
P

I
F
current over the fault location

For the derivation of the mathematical model the following assumptions will be made (see Fig. 2.2):

The line-to-earth capacitances and conductances are symmetrical and
the line-unbalance (capacitive and ohmic) is reduced to phase 1.
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Fig. 2.4: Simplified equivalent circuit


For the equivalent circuit of Fig. 2.4 the following equations
1 2 3
1 1 1
2 2 2
3 3 3
0
( )
( )
( )
P
ne P P
ne
ne
ne
I I I I
U Y I
U U Y I
U U Y I
U U Y I
= + + +
=
+ =
+ =
+ =

(1.1)
(1.2)
(1.3)
(1.4)
(1.5)
Hold, with the admittances
.
) ( ) (
1
3 2
1
C j G Y Y
C C j G G Y
L j
G Y
P
P P

+ = =
+ + + =
+ =

(1.6)
(1.7)
(1.8)
Assuming a symmetrical three-phase system and using the abbreviation

=
120 j
e a with
2
1 0 a a + + = , we can
write the voltages U
2
and U
3
in the form
2
2 1
U a U = and
3 1
U aU = . (1.9)
Now eq. (1) yields to
2
1 2 3 1 1 2 3
0 ( ) ( )
ne P
U Y Y Y Y U Y a Y aY = + + + + + +
(1.10)
or equivalently
2
1 2 3
1
1 2 3
ne
P
Y a Y aY
U U
Y Y Y Y
+ +
=
+ + +
.
(1.11)
Using eqs. (1.6) - (1.8)(8), we get
) 3 ( ) 3 (
3 2 1
3 2
2
1
C C j G G Y Y Y
C j G aY Y a Y
+ + + = + +
+ = + +


(1.12)
(1.13)
and hence eq. (1.11) results in
1
( )
U U
ne
U W C L U O
Y Y
U U U
Y Y j B B Y Y
= =
+ + +

(1.14)
with
C j G Y
U
+ =
P W
G G Y + = 3
C B
C
3 =
P
L
L
B

1
=
unbalance of the fault location
wattmetric part of Y
O

capacitive part of Y
O


inductive part of Y
O
.

The equivalent circuit of eq. (1.14) is depicted in Fig. 2.5. This circuit is valid for low ohmic single line-to-
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2.2 13BBasics of the Resonant Grounding 13


earth-faults as well as for the natural capacitive unbalance of the sound network provided that the previous
assumptions are satisfied.
U
1
Yu
B
C
U
en
= - U
ne
B
L
Y
W
I
F

Fig. 2.5: Single phase equivalent circuit for the resonant grounding.


In the following subsections the dependence of U
ne
and I
F
on the tuning of the Petersen coil under the two
major operation conditions will be discussed.

2.2.2 Low ohmic single line-to-earth-fault:

In the case of a low ohmic earth-fault the capacitive unbalance jB
C
is negligible. On the other hand the
ohmic admittance G is very high. As a result of these conditions the voltage on the resonance circuit U
ne
is
more or less constant (see also Fig. 2.5). Fig. 5 shows the absolute value and Fig. 2.6 the locus diagram of
the current I
F
over the fault location as a function of the Petersen-Coil position I
pos
= B
L
U
1
for a typical 20
kV network ( B
C
U
1
= 150 A, Y
W
U
1
= 5 A and 1/Y
U
= 1 ).

Fig. 2.6: Absolute value of the current I
F
over the fault location


Fig. 2.7: Locus diagram of the current I
F
over the fault location

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2.2.3 Natural capacitive unbalance of the healthy network

In this case the ohmic admittance G is normally negligible compared to the capacitive unbalance jB
C
of
the network. As a consequence the current I
F
is more or less constant (see Fig. 2.5). In analogy to the
previous subsection Fig. 2.8 shows the absolute value and Fig. 2.9 the locus diagram of the neutral-to-earth
voltage U
ne
at the fault (unbalance) location as a function of the Petersen-Coil position I
pos
= B
L
U
1
for a
typical 20 kV network (B
C
U
1
= 150 A, Y
W
U
1
= 5 A and 1/Y
U
= 40 k ).

Fig. 2.8: Absolute value of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
.


The resonance curve of the sound network can be described by the following three parameters:

U
res
maximum voltage of the resonance curve
I
res
corresponding coil position to U
res

I
w
wattmetric current over the fault location
in the case of a low ohmic earth-fault

These parameters can be determined from the resonance curve in an easy way. At the resonance point
( B
C
= B
L
) eq. (1.14) simplifies to

Fig. 2.9: Locus diagram of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
.


1
U
res
U W
Y
U U
Y Y
=
+
.
(1.15)

In order to explain the meaning of the current I
w
, let us consider the point of the resonance curve from Fig.
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2.2 13BBasics of the Resonant Grounding 15


2.8 or Fig. 2.9 where the relation
1
2
ne
res
U
U
= holds. Thus, under the assumption Y
U
<< Y
W
the
corresponding coil position I
pos,W
= B
L,W
U
1
can be calculated from eq. (1.14) in the form
, ,
1 1 1
( ) (
2
1 1
ne
C L W C L
res
U W W
U
j B B j B B
U
Y Y Y
= =

+ +
+

(1.16)
or equivalently

. ) (
, W W L C
Y B B =
(1.17)

Multiplying eq. (1.17) with E
1
, we get the relations

W W W pos res W L C
I E Y I I E B B = = =
1 , 1 ,
) ( .
(1.18)

Thus, eq. (1.18) says that the difference between the coil position at the resonance point I
res
and the coil
position I
pos,W
where the voltage U
ne
is reduced to / 2
res
U is equal to the wattmetric current I
W
.

For the explanation of the control algorithm it will be useful to consider the absolute value and the locus
diagram of the inverse of the neutral-to-earth voltage

1
( ) 1
U W C L
ne U
Y Y j B B
U Y U
+ +
=
(1.19)

as presented in the Fig. 2.10 and Fig. 2.11.


Fig. 2.10: Absolute value of the neutral-to-earth voltage 1/U
ne
.

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Fig. 2.11: Locus diagram of the neutral-to-earth voltage 1/U
ne
.

2.2.4 Network analysis by the controller

The controller makes all necessary recording for the estimation of the resonance point during its tuning.
The controller shows the result directly on the screen.



With the following data:

Icom Actual value of the Petersen Coil; can include fixcoils
v Detuning in A or %
Une Actual value of the zero-sequence voltage
Iw Wattmetric part of the current over te fault location in case of an solid grounded earthfault.
Ice Resonance point
Imin Minimum-value of the tuneable Petersen-Coil
Imax Maximum-value of the tuneable Petersen-Coil


According to the already evaluated curve of the value of the fault-current over the fault location, it is
possible to define the current during the healthy network in advance.
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2.2 13BBasics of the Resonant Grounding 17



Fig. 2.12: Absolute value of the current I
F
over the fault location

The current will be in any case a minimum at the resonance point I
res
. In this case the capacitive current from
the healthy phases and the current through the Petersen-Coil have the same size, but opposite directions.
The resulting current is only the wattmetric part I
W
of I
F
, which is also calculated during the tuning operation.

With the detuning-parameter v the additional reactive part of the fault current can be defined.


U
en
I
W
I
F
I
Lp
I
CE =
I
res
under-
compensation
over-
compensation
full-compensation

Fig. 2.13: Phasor diagram of the currents at the fault location

The value of the reactive current over the fault location may be calculated either as 'absolute value' or as
'relative value'. The following equations are describing both variants of calculation:


Detuning in A:

] [ ] [ ] [ A Ires A Ipos A v = (1.20)
Detuning in %: 100 *
] [
] [ ] [
[%]
A Ires
A Ires A Ipos
v

= (1.21)

In both equations, a positive value define an 'overcompensation' and a negative value an
undercompensation. A value of zero corresponds to a tuning to resonance.

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Example:

Resonance current of the system: Ires = 150 A
( this corresponds to the capacitive current over line-to-earth capacities in case of a solid earth fault ):

Actual position of the P-Coils: Ipos = 160 A


The absolute detuning thus is calculated to:

A v 10 150 160 + = = ( => 10A overcompensation )

and the relative detuning is calculated as follows:

% 66 , 6 100 *
150
150 160
=

= v


Advantages of the input of an absolute detuning:

The controller tunes the coil to a position, that the reactive current over the fault location is always of the
same size, independent of the network size,

The reactive current is equal for small and large systems. Furthermore, no fix coils installed in the same
system have to be evaluated and taken into account for the calculation of the detuning. Most of the time, it is
not easy to define how many fix-coils and of witch size are included in the same system. Additional problems
arise from the possibilities to inform the controller of the actual sum-value of these coils. The result of the
tuning is always a clear statement on the value of the 50 Hz component of the reactive current over the fault
location.

In case of a detuning in per cent, the expected reactive current I
V
in A over the fault location is calculated
according to the following equation:



100
) ( v I I
I
fix res
v
+
=
(1.22)


Iv Detuning current ( Reactive current ) in A
Ires Current through the P-Coils in the resonance point. Ires corresponds to
the capacitive current of the system in case of an solid earth fault
Ifix Current of an additional fix-coil in the system
v Detuning in %

With a compensation in per cent, very large systems the resulting fault current can exceed the recommended
value for the self-extinguishing of the arc. (up to 20 kV: 60A, at 110kV approx. 132 A).

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2.2 13BBasics of the Resonant Grounding 19




Fig. 2.14: Fault current limits according to VDE 0228, part 2


The expected touch voltage in the case of an earth fault should be taken into consideration according to the
DIN VDE 0101 as a further very important criteria for selecting the compensation. For this calculation the
earthing impedances must be known or estimated.


Fig. 2.15: Time inverse curve according to VDE 0101
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2.3 Disturbances of the Control Operation

Following the previous discussion it seems to be very easy to find the resonance point of the sound network
even for very small neutral-to-earth voltages. The problem becomes more difficult because several
disturbances generate a non-zero neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
. Thus, it is very difficult for the control
algorithm to distinguish between real resonance points and fictitious resonance points caused by the
disturbances. Next we will discuss the different reasons for the disturbances of the measurement of U
ne
:

1. High noise levels in the measurement of U
ne
due to, e.g. inductive and capacitive coupling on the line
from the measurement winding of the Petersen coil to the controller. This effect can be reduced, by using
twisted and shielded measurement lines.
2. Resolution of the A/D converter. The resonance maximum in cable networks is often less than 0.5 % of
U
1
. Thus, in order to identify a resonance curve the resolution should be in the range of 0.01 % of U
1
.
3. Harmonics in the zero-sequence system. They are filtered out by the controller.
4. Unbalance of the voltage (dU
1
) coupled from the HV.
5. Unbalance of the voltage (dU
1
) due to manufacturing tolerances of the transformer in the range less than
1 %. As a result a completely balanced HV-system generates an unbalanced system on the MV side.
6. An asymmetric load of the auxiliary system on the tertiary winding of the earthing-transformer (zig-zag)
also generates an unbalance of the voltage (dU
1
).
7. Capacitive unbalance of the lines due to, e.g. the geometrical arrangement of the phases in overhead
lines or due to the manufacturing tolerances of cables.
8. Coupling of the load current over the normally negligible line resistances and reactances (symmetric and
asymmetric values).
9. Coupling of the load current over the normally negligible mutual coupled line reactances (symmetric and
asymmetric values).
10. Measurement of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
using the open delta winding at the busbar instead of
the auxiliary winding of the Petersen coil results in a constant amplitude and phase error. This is caused
by the different accuracy classes of the open delta winding and the transformer.
11. Non-linearity between the measured coil position and the real susceptance of the Petersen coil. The
sensor for the coil position is a linear potentiometer, which gives a signal proportional to the air gap. But
the susceptance of the Petersen coil is a non-linear function of the air gap.
12. Capacitive coupling from parallel lines of different voltage levels on the same lattice tower. To reduce the
required ground floor, lines with different voltage levels are installed on the same lattice tower. Due to
this, changes in the balance of one system are capacitively coupled to the second system.
13. Combination of the disturbances mentioned above where unbalanced loads are important.

In order to get an impression of the quantitative influence of some of these disturbances on the neutral-to-
earth voltage V
ne
, in particular 4 to 9, we will subsequently investigate a simple 20 kV network.

2.3.1 Description of the network
The network under consideration consisting of a trans-former, the Petersen coil, a transmission line and a
load is depicted inFig. 2.16.

U3N
U
2N
U
1N
Y
3
Y
P
I
P
N
U
1
U
2
U
3
U
ne
Earth
Y
2
Y
1
dU
1
Z
L3
Z
L2
Z
L1
Z
M23
Z
M12
Z
M13
Line
Load
Z
Load3
N
2
Z
Load2
Z
Load1
Transformer
I
1
I
2
I
3

Fig. 2.16: Simple equivalent circuit for the investigation of some disturbances on U
ne
.

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2.3 14BDisturbances of the Control Operation 21



Let us assume that
the transformer (110 kV / 20 kV) is ideal with no losses and no leakage inductance
the line is 44.5 km long with z
M12, M23, M13
= j 0.01665 /km,
5
3 , 2 , 1
10 4251 . 9

= j y 1/( km)
and z
L1,L2,L3
= (0.233 + j0.1665) /km,
the admittance of the Petersen -Coil has the value Y
P

= (0.432 + j 12.987) 1/ and
the load is within the range Z
Load1, Load2, Load3
= 38.5 - .

For the sake of clarity, we further assume without restriction of generality that unbalances of the transmission
line only occur in phase 1.
The disturbances described in the items 4 to 9 can be reduced to the following three coupling effects, which
will be discussed in more detail on the basis of the network of Fig. 2.16:

Unbalance of the voltage (dU
1
).
Unbalance of the line-to-earth capacitances.
Coupling of the load current over the normally negligible line resistances and reactances.

2.3.2 Coupling phenomena for U
ne

2.3.2.1 Unbalance of the voltage dU
1


Under the assumption that all components of the network are symmetrical except for the unbalanced
voltage dU
1
we get the following relation between U
ne
and dU
1

1
3 ( )
ne L C
L C P L C
U Y Y
dU Y Y Y Y Y
=
+ +

(1.23)

with

( )
L L
L
L j R
Y
+
=
1

C j Y
C
=
P
P P
L j
G Y

1
+ =
series line admittance

line-to-earth capacitive admittance
admittance of the Petersen coil.

The important information of eq. (1.23) is that even in a network with ideal symmetrical components (line
resistances, line reactances, mutual coupling, line-to-earth capacitances and loads) an unbalance
dU
1
will produce a non-zero neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
. In addition, the amplitude of this voltage
depends on different network parameters and has its maximum in the case when the Petersen coil is
adjusted. The relation
1
/
ne
U dU as a function of the coil position for the network of Fig. 2.16 is shown in
Fig. 2.17.
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Fig. 2.17: Neutral-to-earth voltage due to an unbalance on the HV side

2.3.2.2 Unbalance of the line-to-earth capacitances

For this investigation we assume that dU
1
= 0 and

that there is only an unbalance
C
Y in the line-to-earth
capacitance in phase 1. Then the following relation

2
1 1 2
3
3
ne L C
n n
U Y Y
U Y Y

=
+

(1.24)

can be found with

.
1
)) 3 ( 3 (
)) ( 3 )( (
2
2
1
C j Y
Z
Y
Y Y Y Y Y Y
Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
C
Load
Load
L P Load L C n
C L P C L C Load L C n
=
=
+ + =
+ + + + + =


(1.25)

The natural unbalance in the line-to-earth capacitance Y
C
also brings about a non-zero neutral-to-earth
voltage U
ne
. But now U
ne
also depends on the load Y
Load
and hence on the load current due to the
serial impedance of the line. As it can be seen from eq. (1.24) and eq. (1.25) this dependence is even
present if both the serial line impedance and the load are symmetrical. If there are additional asymmetries in
the serial impedances, e.g. due to asymmetrical mutual coupling of the overhead lines, the coupling effect
can be worse. Fig. 2.18 depicts the relation
1
/
ne
U U as a function of the load current in the case of an
adjusted Petersen coil for the network of Fig. 2.16.

2
1 1 2
3
3
ne L C
n n
U Y Y
U Y Y

=
+
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2.3 14BDisturbances of the Control Operation 23



Fig. 2.18: Neutral-to-earth voltage due to a capacitive unbalance and non-zero serial impedances in the line.

2.3.2.3 Unbalance of the serial impedances of the line

For this calculation the assumption dU
1
= 0 and a symmetrical network except for an asymmetry of 5% in Z
L

of phase 1 is made. Since the formulas are rather complex only the graph of the relation
1
/
ne
U U in Fig.
2.19 as a function of the load current in the case of an adjusted Petersen coil for the network of Fig. 2.16 is
presented.



Fig. 2.19: Neutral-to-earth voltage due to an unbalance of the serial impedances in the line

The important result is that there is an increasing neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
depending on the load
current. If the load current is zero U
ne
results from the capacitive current of the line itself. In some networks
the neutral-to-earth voltage is zero in the case of no-load operation of the network. The coupled voltages of
the capacitive unbalance and of the unbalance of the serial impedances are compensating themselves. But
as it can be seen in Fig. 2.19 the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
is increasing depending on the load.
The asymmetry of a line may be caused for example by the kind of laying the cables, as shown in Fig.
2.20a. If the cables are laid in a triangle (see Fig. 2.20b) the mutual coupling of the three phases is obviously
the same. A similar situation can be found for overhead lines where an improvement can be made, by
transposing the phases.
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1
Z
M23
Z
M12
Z
M13
2 3
1
2
3
a a
2r
a) b)
Z
M12 Z
M23
Z
M13
a

Fig. 2.20: a) Single conductor cables in parallel
b) Single conductor cables in triangle.

2.3.3 Crosstalk of the load-current to U
ne


The following figures shows the change of U
ne
and Ipos over one week. The coil position was more or less
the same during the whole period.

00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00
0
1
2
3
2005-04-06 01:33:53
U
o

/

V
s
e
k

00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00 00:00:00
210
220
230
240
250
2005-04-04 16:36:19:

I
p
o
s

/

A


Fig. 2.21: Une and Ipos over one week

In this industrial network, there was no switching operation during the whole week.
During the working hours of the week a remarkable increase of the zero-sequence voltage can be detected.
The small peeks in the zero-sequence voltage are results from the search operation of the Petersen-Coil
controller.

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2.4 15BControl of the Petersen Coil 25


The next figures shows the behavior for one day
00:00:00 03:00:00 06:00:00 09:00:00 12:00:00 15:00:00 18:00:00 21:00:00 00:00:00
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
2005-04-04 16:36:19:
t / d
U
o

/

V
s
e
k


Fig. 2.22: Controller interface of the Petersen coil.

The change of the load during the morning break and the lunch time is recognizable in the behavior of Une.
Also the working period from 7:00 to 17:00 can be recognized. The end of television between 21:00 and
24:00 result in a slow change of Une.

The problem in this network is, that the zero-sequence-voltage Une is only about 0.2 % in the night and
increases during the day up to 1.5%. This is a special challange for the controller.

The parameter of the controller are set correct, if the controller is tuning not more than 10 times per day in a
comparable system.
2.4 Control of the Petersen Coil

The only quantities being measurable for the controller are the actual coil position and the neutral-to-earth
voltage U
ne
. Fig. 2.23 depicts the controller interface of the Petersen coil.

Controller
L
Petersen-Coil
N
motor high
motor low
+U
H
endswitch high
endswitch low
coil-position
( air-gap )
V
en
= 0...100VAC
+ Pot
s Pot
V
en
Pot
R
1
R
2
E
1
E
2
I
pos
V
en
-U
H

Fig. 2.23: Controller interface of the Petersen coil.


The task of the controller is to detect a change of the network configuration and to adjust the Petersen coil to
the new resonance point or to a predefined over- or under-compensated value. In the simplest version the
change of the absolute value of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
is used as an indication of a switch operation
in the network. With this approach not all changes of the network configuration can be detected. An
improvement can be made, by investigating the change of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
in the complex
plane. To calculate the resonance curve parameters it is necessary to change the value of the Petersen-Coil
and to measure the corresponding variation of the neutral-to-earth voltage U
ne
. As shown in the sections
before, the voltage U
ne
is corrupted by different disturbances. Summarizing the objectives, the controller has
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to distinguish between a real resonance point and a fictitious resonance point, in particular in the case
of small neutral-to-earth voltages and

to recognize switch operations during the tuning operation of the Petersen-Coil.

It has turned out that by means of a least-squares approach the parameters U
res
, I
res
and I
W
of the
resonance curve of fig. 7 can be obtained in a robust way. The Petersen-Coil needs in its fastest operation
mode about 60 s from one end-switch to the other. This requires that during the tuning operation about every
0.5 s a new estimation is accessible. To avoid too high computational consumption the non-linear parameter
estimation problem is transformed to a linear one.

For this purpose let us consider eq. (1.19) in the form

2
2 2 2
1
1 1
1
ne
W C L
U U
U
U
T
Y B B
Y Y
= =

+ +



(1.26)

or equivalently

. 2 2 0
2
2
2 2 2 2
L U L C C W W U U
B T Y B B B Y Y Y Y + + + + =

(1.27)

Since
2
T and B
L
can be measured, we can rewrite eq. (1.27) for n different measurement points in the form



2
2
3
2
1
2
2
1
...
...
1 2
... ... ...
... ... ...
1 2
L
L
L
L
n
B
B
x
x
x
T B
T B

(1.28)
with the abbreviations
. 2
2 2 2
3
2
2
1
C W W U U
U
C
B Y Y Y Y x
Y x
B x
+ + + =
=
=

(1.29)
(1.30)
(1.31)

Eq. (1.28)can be solved with a classical least squares approach in order to obtain B
C
, Y
U
and Y
W
and
from this the parameters U
res
, I
res
and I
W
for the construction of the resonance curve. It is worth mentioning
that for the sake of computational efficiency an on-line version of the least-squares algorithm is implemented.
However, some further steps in the preprocessing of the signals have to be taken to gain additional
robustness against disturbances.

As an example Fig. 2.24 shows the estimated inverse resonance curve (see eq. (19) and Fig. 2.10), by using
only the marked samples from the measured values for the computation of the parameters. The real
resonance point of the network is at 100 A.
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2.5 16BControl of the Petersen Coil with Current 27




Fig. 2.24: Inverse resonance curve estimated from the sampled values.


2.5 Control of the Petersen Coil with Current Injection

The tuning of the Petersen-Coil is a preventive operation already done in the healthy network. With the
existing methods it is not possible to determine the network parameters during a solid earthfault. The fault
location and the resistance at the fault location are unknown and are not accessible for a measurement. In
case of a solid earthfault, the zero-sequence voltage is impressed and the measurement of the zero-
sequence current at the fault location is impossible. The zero-sequence current can only be measured at the
substation or in some cases at some dedicated switching-stations.

In the past, different control algorithms were developed. Most of these algorithms are based on the
necessity to move the Petersen-Coil. The development of today's distribution networks is characterized on
one side by an increase of symmetrical cables, which results in smaller usable zero-sequence-voltages
and, on the other side, in an increase of the crosstalk of the positive sequence of the load current to
the zero-sequence system. With the decreasing zero-sequence voltage the controller must be set much
more sensitive. Due to the crosstalk of the load current to the zero-sequence voltage, each change of the
load current can release a tuning operation, which is, in most of the actual algorithms, combined with a
physical movement of the Petersen-Coil. Due to the disturbances the state and parameter estimation of the
network is much more difficult and results in a necessary movement of the Petersen-Coil over a longer
distance. Nevertheless, sometimes a correct tuning is impossible.

One problem arises because the motor-drive of the Petersen-Coil is only designed for few tuning operations
per day. The other problem arises because of the longer detuning time. This is caused by the increase of
tuning cycles, respectively by wrong tuning positions.

Therefore on the next pages a method will be presented, which is able to find the correct tuning position,
even if the natural zero-sequence voltage is zero, respectively if the disturbances in the zero-sequence
voltage are not negligible. Additionally, the number of necessary moving operations is reduced.

2.5.1 Existing Algorithms

Up to now, mainly the following algorithms are used to determine the network parameters respectively to
tune the Petersen-Coil. The relative change of the zero-sequence voltage is normally used as the criterion
for the detection of a switching operation in the network.

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1. Artificial Earthfault
By measuring the current over the artificial earthfault location and searching for the minimum of the
current by tuning the Petersen-Coil, the tuning point and the parameters of the equivalent network can be
determined. This method is actually only used to check the quality of a control algorithm.

2. Search of max | U
NE
|
This algorithm searches the maximum of the residual voltage. Improved versions of this algorithm
determine additionally the network parameters by using the 2 method. Alternative algorithms are using
least-square techniques to estimate the network parameters already from a part of the resonance curve.

3. Least square based on | 1/U
NE
|
A lower sensitivity against disturbances can be reached by using an algorithm based on the inverse of the
resonance curve.

4. Locus Diagram of U
0

This method is based on the fact that a circle can be constructed with only three points. This method
assumes that the third point of the circle is the origin of the complex plane. A short detuning can be achieved
for example by switching a capacity in parallel to the Petersen-Coil. This switching results in a second point
of the locus diagram of U
NE
. Measuring the voltage with amplitude and angle it is possible to construct the
locus diagram.

5. 50 Hz Current Injection
This algorithm is based on the idea to inject an artificial current into the neutral point of the system if there
is no unsymmetrical current from the natural asymmetry. The influence of the natural unbalance can be
partly compensated by using a differential measurement from two time points. Eq.
Fehler! Verweisquelle konnte nicht gefunden werden. in combination with the coil position enables to
determine the network parameters.

( )
CI
W C L CI
NE
d I
Y Y j B B
dU
= +
(1.32)

2.5.2 New Algorithm

Principle

All the existing algorithms are based on the fact, that the residual voltage is generated either by the natural
unbalance of the network or by an artificial 50 Hz current injection. These methods are assuming, that there
is no change in the network respectively no change of the crosstalk of the load current during the calculation
period. Please pay attention that the calculation period can last from several seconds up to several
minutes.

In reality there are a lot of situations where these assumptions are not valid, for example in the sphere of
heavy industry with symmetrical networks but heavy changes of load.

The new CIF-algorithm (Control by Injecting Frequencies) suppresses the 50 Hz crosstalk from the load
current by using frequencies unequal to 50 Hz for the measuring and for the parameter estimation.

The simplified equivalent circuit with a current injection according to Fig. 2.25


Fig. 2.25: Simple equivalent circuit with current injection.

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2.5 16BControl of the Petersen Coil with Current 29


results for the frequencies unequal to 50 Hz toFig. 2.26


Fig. 2.26: Simple equivalent circuit with current injection unequal to 50 Hz.

For the frequency fn the admittance, seen from the current injection, can be described as:

_
_
_
1
( )
CI fn
W n CI fn U
n NE fn
I
Y Y Y j C
U L

= = + +
(1.33)

For symmetrical networks with a small Y
U
this results in

_
_
_
1
( )
CI fn
W n CI fn
n NE fn
I
Y Y j C
U L

= +
(1.34)

Using two different frequencies f
1
and f
2
one gets two complex equations with three variables, which leads to
the following solution:

1
_ 1
f
W
NE f
I
Y real
U


=



(1.35)
1 2 _ 1 _ 2
2 2
1 2
( ) ( )
CI f CI f
imag Y imag Y
C


(1.36)
_ 1 1 1
1
( ( ) )
CI f
L
imag Y C
=
+
(1.37)

Assuming a linear system enables the current injection of two frequencies and evaluation of the
corresponding Y
CI_fn
at the same time. This results in very fast measurement possibilities and depends more
or less on the used frequencies and filter algorithms. The duration of the measurement is usually in the range
of 240 ms.

The following items list the main advantages of this new CIF-algorithm:

Very fast measurement
Suitable also for symmetrical networks
Determination of the sum of all Petersen-Coils including distributed fixed-coils in the compensated
area
Insensitive to the 50 Hz open-delta VT error
Suppression of 50 Hz crosstalk


Additional requirements

Depending on the resonance curve and the normal operation philosophy of the network, there arise some
additional requirements for the current injection.

1) The injected current should be variable in the amplitude to enable adaptation to the losses of different
switching states of the network.

One of the most used criteria for the earthfault detection is the zero-sequence voltage. In small networks
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the losses in the network are smaller, so that only a reduced current should be injected, not to exceed the
threshold level of the earthfault detection system, especially in the resonance point.

On the other side, in case of situations with a large detuning a small injected current will not deliver a
reliable measurement of the residual voltage U
NE_fn
.In this case a higher injected current is recommended.

2) The injected frequencies should not include 50 Hz components.

3) Using a current injection with variable frequencies, it is possible to select the injected frequencies in such
a way, that these frequencies are near to the resonance of the network. In this case small injected
currents result in large values of the residual voltage. The accuracy of the parameter estimation is
increased, especially for systems with a large standard detuning.

Operation philosophy

Depending on the operation philosophy the current injection can be activated only for a short time after the
detection of an essential relative change of the zero-sequence voltage, to check if a new tuning of the
Petersen-Coil is necessary. In symmetrical networks the current injection can be switched on continuously,
to detect any switching operation in the network immediately. Combinations of these two philosophies are
possible, for example to check every 10 min the actual network parameters in symmetrical networks.

More Precise Models

In Fig. 2.25 a connection of the Petersen-Coil to the neutral point of the transformer is shown. For a more
accurate calculation of the network including a Petersen coil, as shown in Fig. 2.25 , it is necessary to use a
more precise equivalent circuit as depicted in Fig. 2.28.



Fig. 2.27: Wiring diagram of the Petersen Coil with current injection and wattmetric increase Rp

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2.5 16BControl of the Petersen Coil with Current 31


ZoTr
YX
LPC
RFe
RS2
RS1
Cnet
Gnet
Cu
Gu
UU
UX
ZP
ZPC
IP
IP
ICI
I2
I0_Tr
IC
IG
IX
ICu
IGu
IU1
UNS
USE
U0d_Tr
UP
UNE
IU
I0_Fix
LFix
RFix
I0_S
Petersen Coil Transformer
A N
UCI
CCRs CRs
S
ZPC_leakage
I Lext
ZFix
Lnet
I0_fix


Fig. 2.28: Simplified zero-sequence equivalent circuit of one transformer, one ASC and one Fix-Coil
(red currents and blue voltages can be measured)


Using frequencies unequal to 50 Hz enables now an accurate measurement of the following components
during normal operation of the network

Zero-sequence capacity of the network
External Petersen Coils existing in the network (distributed Petersen-Coils)
Zero-Sequence Impedance of the Transformer
Values of the fixed-coils in the substation
Detuning
Value of additional damping resistors
Calculation of the unsymmetry of the network


2.5.3 High Ohmic Earthfault Detection with the DIF-algorithm

The abbreviation DIF is the replacement for: Detection by Injecting Frequencies

The parameter estimation of the network can be extended for each feeder by measuring the injected currents
in each feeder of interest either with the Holmgreen-Circuit (summation CT) or with the core-balance
transformer.


Fig. 2.29: Parameter estimation for each feeder
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As the crosstalk from 50 Hz is suppressed, the measurement of U
0D
can be used for the calculation of the
essential parameters for each line.
It is possible to calculate the capacitive part B
Cx
, the losses Y
Wx
and the size of distributed coils B
Lx
seen on
feeder x, with the same method as explained above. By using additionally the 50 Hz components at the
same time, the actual unbalance of the network can be determined and supervised.
The advantage of this algorithm is, that all measurements are made at the same time. The usual problem to
check for a switching operation is removed. The determination of the network parameter is included in the
algorithm directly.

2.5.4 Types of multi-frequency Current Injections (CI)

The most simple way is to use a standard frequency converter (FC) in the mode of a current source as
shown in Fig. 2.30. To reduce the disturbances on the 400 V side, a frequency converter with a power factor
correction module (PFC) is recommended. The coil L1 respectively the parallel circuit L1//L2 is used to
convert the pulsed voltage to an impressed current. The size of L1//L2 defines the maximum available
injected current. The auxiliary winding of the Petersen-Coil is usually designed for 500 V, which makes
necessary, in these cases, an additional transformer for the adaptation. With this type of current injection two
currents with individual amplitude, frequency and phase can be injected very easy. On the other side the
physical realisation is not the cheapest one.



Fig. 2.30: Current injection with AC-switch for three frequencies (AC-1)

If the requirement for variable frequencies is cancelled, a much cheaper version to generate a current with
more frequencies is available, as shown in Fig. 2.31


Fig. 2.31: Current injection with AC-switch for three frequencies (AC-1)

The following figure shows one possible pattern of pulses for the current injection.
0 50 100 150 200 250
-1
-0.8
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
I

/

A
t / ms

Fig. 2.32: Sample pulse pattern for AC-1
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2.5 16BControl of the Petersen Coil with Current 33



The corresponding frequency spectrum is shown in Fig. 2.33
0 50 100 150 200 250
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
41.67 : 0.34724
50.00 : 0.50000
58.33 : 0.29383
I

/

A
f / Hz

Fig. 2.33: Frequency spectrum for AC-1

The major disadvantage of this type of current injection is that the main spectrum of the injected current is 50
Hz. This can be avoided by the following type of thyristor-switch, where it is possible to invert the direction of
the current during the previous pause time.

Fig. 2.34: Current injection with AC-switch for two frequencies (AC-2)

The resulting pulse pattern is shown in Fig. 2.35
0 50 100 150 200 250
-1
-0.8
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
I

/

A
t / ms

Fig. 2.35: Sample pulse pattern with AC-2

with the corresponding frequency spectrum shown in Fig. 2.36

Depending on the pulse pattern and the number of periods different frequencies are available. The previous
figures show a 100 % phase-firing. The amplitude can be reduced by a reduced phase-firing, as for example
depicted in Fig. 2.37. This AC-switch (AC-2) can also be used to generate the pattern for three frequencies
like shown in Fig. 2.32.
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0 50 100 150 200 250
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
25.00 : 0.28292
41.67 : 0.69448
50.00 : 0.00000
58.33 : 0.58767
I

/

A
f / Hz

Fig. 2.36: Frequency spectrum for AC-2

0 50 100 150 200 250
-1
-0.8
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
I

/

A
t / ms

Fig. 2.37: Sample pulse pattern with AC-2 with phase-firing


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2.6 17BSolution for Control with REG-DP(A) 35



2.6 Solution for Control with REG-DP(A)
2.6.1 Without "Current - Injection (CI)"

Tuning of the Petersen Coil only with zero-sequence voltage by changing the coil position
Enough zero-sequence voltage must be available
Zero-sequence voltage should be used from the Petersen Coil ( With known L
0Tr
the influence of this
impedance could be taken into account for the display of C
net
)

2.6.2 With " Current - Injection (CI)"

The algorithm uses the measurement according to the simplified schema from Fig. 2.28

In most cases it is sufficient to use the simplified algorithm with I
CI
and U
0D
respectively U
NS


The resistors Rs1 and Rs2 normally doesn't exist. In this case U
NS
= U
NE


Measurements for the different algorithms:


Measurements
Algorithm
Uod,Ici
Algorithm
Uns,Ici
Algorithm
Uns,Uod,Ins,If
U
sync

U
NS

U
0D


I
CI

I
0_S

I
0_fix



CIF Algorithm ( Control by Injecting Frequencies )

Steps of CIF:

Injection of CI with two frequencies
Frequencies are 50 Hz => disturbances of 50 Hz can be suppressed
Measurement of U
0
, U
NE
and I
CI

Calculation of the zero-sequence admittance and its components G
P
, C
net
, Z
oTr
and L
P
at this two
frequencies
Decision to move the coil or not


Characteristics of CIF:

Up to two frequencies
Frequencies near to the resonance frequency
Parameters:
o Maximal allowed current injection: |I
CI
| < 25 A
o Maximal value of u
0
due to current injection: u
0
(t) < 5%


Continuous injection with reduced current for supervisory of the network
Switch off or reduction of the current injection during coil movement
Very fast, as the calculation is within one filter cycle ( 240 ms)
For supervision of the network in case of very small U
0
the current-injection can be selected to be
continuous or periodically
During continuous injection switch operation are detected immediately
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Works also in very symmetrical networks
No influence of 50 Hz asymmetries or crosstalk of 50 Hz positive sequence components to the zero-
sequence components for the calculation of the detuning.

2.7 Current Injection(CI)
2.7.1 General

Injection and move of the coil at the same time is not required, but possible
Size of current injection is changed by the controller. Max of 20 A on the 220 V side
( 10 A on the 500 V side )
Maximal allowed value of u
0
(t) < 5% caused by Current Injection. The current injection is supervising
u
0
(t) and limits its actual injection if necessary.
2.8 Influence of the Petersen Coil on the use of CI
2.8.1 Influence of the design of the Petersen coil

higher
lower
Imin
Imax spindle
fixed core


Fig. 2.38: Principal design of a Petersen Coil


The primary winding is connected on one side to the high voltage system and on the other side to ground.
According to some specifications also the grounded side must be isolated to ground for the full voltage. In
this case both bushings on the top of the Petersen-Coils have the same isolation level and the customer can
select which one will be grounded.

The Power-Auxiliary-Winding (PAW) is normally designed for 500 V with variation of 10% over the tuning
range. Due to the variation of the distance d of the air-gap the coupling from the primary winding to the PAW
is not constant. The PAW is normally designed for an additional load-current of about 10% of the specified
maximum of the inductive current I
p_max
. This current can be ohmic, inductive or capacitive. For the design of
the Petersen-Coil the maximum duration of this additional current must be specified and depends on the use
of this PAW.
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2.8 19BInfluence of the Petersen Coil on the use of CI 37



In most cases for the measurement of the U
NE
few Measurement Windings (MW) are added to deliver about
100 V in case of a solid earthfault. Also the accuracy of this winding is only in the range of 10%. The
accuracy of this measurement depends on the location and distribution of these windings. Sometimes their
arrangement is concentrated and asymmetric as shown in Fig. 2.39: Petersen Coil with PAW. Another
solution implements the winding on the return limp of the magnetic circuit. There are lot of additional different
solutions to get better results for the measurement and they can be optimized for a class of coils with a
nominal power.

Alternative solutions generate the 100 V via a simple autotransformer connected to the PAW. As long there
is not wattmetric-increase connected to the PAW the measurement is relative acceptable.

To improve he accuracy of the voltage measurement some designs uses a small voltage transformer under
oil connected directly to the primary voltage. With this solution the accuracy depends only on the accuracy of
the voltage transformer.

For the current injection the Petersen Coil is not more an ideal transformer. The coupling between the three
windings is a function of the coil position and is nonlinear.

The use of the current injection, as a simple method, can be made more complicate if the current injection
should be used in combination with an older Petersen-Coil without a PAW.


Petersen Coils with PAW

In this case the Petersen Coil is used as a transformer. The major influence on the accuracy is depending on
the constancy of the transfer-function of the injected current on the secondary side to the resultant current on
the primary side. This transfer-function should be constant over the whole tuning range of the Petersen coil.

Additionally the voltage measurement should reflect the primary voltage and not the voltage on the PAW.

R
S
U
NE_3
U
0d
I
S
I
CI_3
U
NE_2

Fig. 2.39: Petersen Coil with PAW


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The following principal combinations for measurements for the current injection exist:

Parameters for accuracy combination
I
CI_prim
/

I
CI_3
U
NE_2
(I
pos
) I
S

rating *)

I
CI_3
, U
NE_2


10% -- 5
I
CI_3
, U
NE_3


3% -- 3
I
CI_3
, U
0d


3% -- 3

I
S
, U
NE_2


10% 3% Bad condition of I
S
8
I
S
, U
NE_3


3% 3% Bad condition of I
S
7
I
S
, U
0d


3% 3% Bad condition of I
S
7


*) a rating of 1 is the best solution, a rating of 10 is the worst solution


Petersen Coils without PAW

In this case, an additionally small single phase transformer as a replacement of the PAW is necessary,
connected parallel to the primary side of the Petersen-Coil. The power rating of this transformer can be
designed for about 10 A continuous current on the low voltage side. The ratio of the windings is normally
designed to produce 500 V on the low-voltage side. The short circuit impedance of the transformer should
be as small as possible.


Fig. 2.40: Petersen Coil without PAW

If figures are shown in the following tables, they assume a 20 kV network, an injection transformer with a
ratio of 11550/500, a natural unbalance of < 5%, a network with I
ce
of about 300 A and a maximal injection
current of 10 A on the low voltage side.

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2.9 20BLiteratur 39


The following principal combinations for measurements for the current injection exist:

Parameters for accuracy combination
Z
Tr
I
CI_2
/

I
CI_1
U
NE_2
(I
pos
) I
S

rating *)
I
CI_1
, U
NE_1


-- -- not applicable 10
I
CI_1
, U
NE_2
--

10% -- 8
I
CI_1
, U
NE_3
--

3% -- 5
I
CI_1
, U
0d
--

3% -- 5

I
CI_2
, U
NE_1


-- -- -- -
I
CI_2
, U
NE_2
-- 3% 10% -- 2
I
CI_2
, U
NE_3
-- 3% 3% -- 1.5
I
CI_2
, U
0d
-- 3% 3% -- 1

I
S
, U
NE_1


-- -- -- --
I
S
, U
NE_2
-- -- 10% 3% Bad condition of I
S
8
I
S
, U
NE_3
-- -- 3% 3% Bad condition of I
S
6
I
S
, U
0d
-- -- 3% 3% Bad condition of I
S
6


*) a rating of 1 is the best solution, a rating of 10 is the worst solution



2.9 Literatur

[1] DIN VDE 0228, Manahmen zur Beeinflussung von Fernmeldeanlagen durch Starkstromanlagen,
1987.
[2] Doemeland Wolfgang, Handbuch Schutztechnik, Grundlagen Schutzsysteme Inbetriebsetzung,
VDE Verlag GmbH, Berlin-Offenbach, 7.Auflage, 2003
[3] Druml G., Kugi A., Parr B., Control of Petersen Coils, XI. International Symposium on Theoretical
Electrical Engineering, 2001, Linz
[4] Schossig Walter, Netzschutztechnik, VDE Verlag GmbH, Berlin, 2001
[5] Druml G., "EDCSys Operation Manual - Earthfault Detection and Control System", A-
Eberle GmbH&CoKG, 2004, Nrnberg, Germany

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3.1 21BElectrical Data REG-DPA 41



3 Technical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
3.1 Electrical Data REG-DPA
3.1.1 Regulations and standards

IEC 1010 / EN61010 (VDE 0411)
CAN / CSA - C 22.2 No. 1010.1 - 92
VDE 0110
IEC 255-4
EN 55011 : 1991
EN 50082 - 2 : 1995
IEC 688 -1
IEC 529
EN 50178 / VDE 0160 / 11.94 (currently draft)
VDE0106 PART 100
DIN 40050

3.1.2 AC voltage input ( U
ne
and U
12
)

Zero-sequence-voltage U
ne
0,1V ... 120V
Synchronisation U
sync
0,1V ... 230V
Waveform Sinusoidal
Frequency range 45....50....60....65 Hz
Internal power consumption U
nenn
2
/ 20 k
Overload capability 120 V *1,2 continuous

3.1.3 Alternating current input I
1
( and I
2
)

Current range 1 A / 5 A software selectable
Waveform Sinusoidal
Frequency range 45....50....60....65 Hz
Internal power consumption 0,5 VA
Overload capability 10 A continuous
100 I
nenn
for 1 s
30 I
nenn
for 10 s
500 A for 5 ms
3.1.4 Position signal ( Ipos )
Measurement device Potentiometer
Nominal values Rn of the
Potentiometer
150 bis 3 k

Measurement voltage approx. 5 VDC

Current selectable via jumper
( R
in
)
1 mA (3 kOhm)
5 mA ( 600 Ohm)
10 mA ( 300 Ohm)
20 mA ( 150 Ohm)

Error message when a break or short circuit occurs in the sensor and/or when the voltage of the slider lies outside the
measurement range.

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3.1.5 20 mA analogue outputs

Number see ordering information
Output range (Y1...0...Y2) -20 mA...0...20 mA, Y1 and Y2 are free programmable
Electrical isolation Optocoupler
Load range 0 R 8 V / Y2
Ripple < 0,5 % of Y2
Error limit 0,5 % referred to Y2

The output can be continuously short-circuited or operated open.
The output connections are galvanically isolated from all other circuits.
3.1.6 Binary inputs
Inputs E1 ... E16

Input voltage 48 V...230 V AC/DC
Wave form, permissible Rectangular, Sinusoidal
H level > 35 V
L level < 25 V
Signal frequency fs DC fs 60 Hz
Input resistance 47 k
Electrical isolation Optocoupler; all inputs are isolated from each other





3.1.7 Relay outputs
Relay R1 ... R13, including status

max. switching frequency 1 Hz
Electrical isolation Isolated from all device internal potentials
Contact load AC 250 V, 5 A ( cos = 1,0 )
AC 250 V, 3 A ( cos = 0,4 )
DC 220 V, 55 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 110 V, 55 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 60 V, 60 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 30 V, 150 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
Number of switches > 10
5
electrical
3.1.8 Reference conditions

Reference temperature 23C 1 K
Inputs quantities 1 V, 5 V, 20 V, 100V
Auxiliary voltage H = Hn 1 %
Frequency 50 Hz...60 Hz
Wave form Sinusoidal, form factor 1.1107
Load for analogue output Rn = 4 V / Y2 1 %
Others IEC 688 - part 1

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3.1 21BElectrical Data REG-DPA 43



3.1.9 Electrical safety

Protection class I
Pollution level 2
Overvoltage category II, III

III II
Input circuits of the current and
voltage transformers
power supply

Control circuits(DC),
Analogue inputs,
Analogue outputs,
ELANs, COMs

Nominal isolation voltages

50 V 150 V 230 V
E-LAN,
COM1...COM3,
Analogue outputs
Analogue inputs
Voltage inputs
Current inputs
Power supply,
Binary inputs (E1 ... E16),
Relay outputs (R1 ...R13)



Test voltage
Hous.
COM1
U
h

COM2
COM3
BO BI AI AO U
E
I
E

Housing/COM1 Hous./COM1 - 2.2 0.35 1.35 1.35 0.35 0.35 1.35 1.35
Auxiliary voltage U
h
2.2 - 3.7 2.9 2.9 3.7 3.7 2.6 2.6
COM2/3 /IEC / DNP_ COMx 0.35 3.7 - 2.3 2.3 0.5 0.5 2.8 2.8
Binary Outputs BO 2.0 2.9 2.3 - 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.6
Binary Inputs(250V) BI 2.0 2.9 2.3 2.0 - 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.6
Analogue Inputs AI 0.35 3.7 0.5 2.3 2.3 - 0.5 2.8 2.8
Analogue Outputs AO 0.35 3.7 0.5 2.3 2.3 0.5 - 2.8 2.8
Input voltage U
E
1.35 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 - 2.2
Input current I
E
2.0 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.2 -


Notes: All test voltages are AC voltages in kV, which may be applied for 1 minute.
E-LAN, COM2, COM3 are tested against each other with 0.5 kV.

3.1.10 Electromagnetical compability

EMC requirements EN 61326-1 device class A,
Continuous non-monitored operation in industrial applications and
EN 61000-6-2 and
EN 61000-6-4


Emitted interference
Conducted and EN 61326 Table 3 and
radiated emissions EN 61000-6-4


Harmonic currents EN 61000-3-2


Voltage fluctuations EN 61000-3-3
and flicker

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Immunity to interference EN 61326 Table A1 and
EN 61000-6-2

ESD IEC 61000-4-2 8kV / 15kV contact/air

Electromagnetic fields IEC 61000-4-3 80 2000 MHz: 10 V/m

Fast transients IEC 61000-4-4 4kV / 2kV

Surge voltages IEC 61000-4-5 4kV / 2kV

Conducted IEC 61000-4-6 150 kHz 80 MHz: 10 V
HF signals

Magnetic fields with heavy IEC 61000-4-8 100 A/m (50 Hz), continuous
electrical frequencies 1000 A/m (50 Hz), 1 s

Voltage dips IEC 61000-4-11 30 % / 20 ms, 60 % / 1 s

Voltage interruptions IEC 61000-4-11 100 % / 5s

Damped oscillations IEC 61000-4-12 Class 3, 2.5 kV

3.1.11 Power supply

Feature H1 H2
AC (intern) - -
AC 85 ... 264 V -
DC 88 ... 280 V 18 .. 72 V
Power consumption 15 VA 10 Watt
Frequency 50 Hz / 60 Hz
Fuse T2 250V T2 250V

The following applies to all features:
Voltage dips at nominal voltage that last 50 ms cause neither a loss of data nor a malfunction.

3.1.12 Environmental requirements

Dry, cold IEC 60068-2-1 - 15 C / 16 h

Dry, hot IEC 60068-2-2 + 65 C / 16 h

Constant humid heat IEC 60068-2-78 + 40 C / 93 % / 2 days

Cyclical humid heat IEC 60068-2-30 12+12 h ,6 cycles +55 C / 93 %

Toppling IEC 60068-2-31 100 mm drop, unwrapped

Vibration IEC 60255-21-1 class 1

Shock IEC 60255-21-2 class 1

Resistance to earthquakes IEC 60255-21-3 class 1
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3.1 21BElectrical Data REG-DPA 45



3.1.13 Data Storage

Device settings Serial EEPROM with 1000 k read/write cycles

RAM data Li battery laser welded
(recorder functionFeature S1)

3.1.14 Display, Status

Display LC - Display 128 x 128 with graphics capabilities

Function supervision (Status) In each controller, the battery, the operation of the process (Watchdog) and
the operation voltage are supervised.

Status indication LED - green


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3.2 Optical Interface of REG-DPA

The REG-DPA regulator can also be directly connected via a fibre optic cable interface.

Sending and receiving devices are available for glass and plastic fibre optic cables.

In addition, it can be choose between various mechanical connection possibilities (ST or FSMA connection).
Features V13 to V19 give an overview of the various possibilities

3.2.1 Electrical logical interface

Logic level of receiving output: CMOS (Uh
min
: > 0.9VCC, Ul
max
< 0.1VCC @ Io = 1mA)

Logic level of transmitting input: CMOS (Uh
min
: > 0.7VCC, Ul
max
< 0.3VCC), Schmitt trigger

3.2.2 Optical transmitter

Product Type Fibre P
min
dBm
1)
P
max
dBm
1)
50/125 m, NA=0.2 -19.8 -12.8
62.5/125 m, NA=0.275 -16.0 -9.0
100/140 m, NA=0.3 -10.5 -3.5
Glass ST
Glass SMA
HFBR 1414-T
HFBR 1404
= 820 nm
200 m HCS, NA=0.37 -6.2 +1.8
1 mm POF -7.5 -3.5 POF_ST HFBR 1515B
= 650 nm 200 m HCS -18.0 -8.5
1 mm POF -6.2 0.0 POF_SMA HFBR 1505C
= 650 nm 200 m HCS -16.9 -8.5

1) T
A
= 0..70 C, I
F
= 60 mA, measured in 1 m fibre optic cable


3.2.3 Optical receiver


Product Type Fibre P
min
dBm
2)

P
max
dBm
2)
-24.0 -10.0


Glass ST
Glass SMA
HFBR 2412-T
HFBR 2402
0...5 MBd
= 820 nm
100/140 m, NA=0.3

1 mm POF -20.0 0.0 POF_ST HFBR 1515B
= 650 nm 200 m HCS -22.0 -2.0
1 mm POF -21.6 -2.0 POF_SMA HFBR 1505C
= 650 nm 200 m HCS -23.0 -3.4

2) T
A
= 0..70 C, VCC = 5 V 5 %, output level LOW (active)

a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
3.3 23BMechanical design of REG-DPA 47



3.3 Mechanical design of REG-DPA

Housing Sheet steel, RAL 7035 gray
Height 288 mm / Width 216 mm / Total depth 114 mm
Mounting depth 87 mm

Mass 3 kg

Housing doors with silica glass

Front panel plastic, RAL 7035 gray on aluminium supports

Control panel cutout Height 282 mm / Width 210 mm

Degree of protection IP 54

Rain test 3R UL50


F3
F2
F1
F4
F5
AUTO REMOTE
LOCAL
ACK
MENU ESC
REG-DPA
SERVICE
BLOCKED
REGSys www.regsys.de
12
18
87 250
2
8
1

x

2
0
9
3
0
7


Fig. 3.41: Mechanical dimensions, front view

a-eberle REG-DPA


48 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc



Panel mounting
Rear view
Cutout
282 x 210 mm
Panel


Fig. 3.42: Mechanical dimensions, panel-mounting version


Standard DIN- rail
Rear viev
mounting
1
2
7
6
5


Fig. 3.43: Mechanical dimensions, standard DIN-rail assembling


a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
3.3 23BMechanical design of REG-DPA 49


surface / wall-mounting
Rear view
2
5
2
270
200
3
2
8
6
.
5
5.5


Fig. 3.44: Mechanical dimensions, wall-mounting version


a-eberle REG-DPA


50 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
3.4 24BTerminal Blocks of the Controller REG-DPA 51



3.4 Terminal Blocks of the Controller REG-DPA
3.4.1 General information about the connections

The regulator has three circuit boards / connection levels.

Level III
Level II
Level I


Fig. 3.45: Internal structure of REG-DPA

Level I :
The auxiliary voltage, input voltage and currents, as well as the relay outputs, binary inputs, etc. are connected to this
Level.

Level II :
The hardware for all the control system connections is contained on Level II. The appropriate connection elements on
Level II must be used for RS232 or RS485 connections. If an Ethernet connection is used, the corresponding connection
on Level II is also available (must be connected for IEC 61850 or IEC 60870-5-104!).

The connection elements for fibre-optic cables (send and receive diodes as ST or FSMA connection) are mounted
directly on the flange plate and can be connected there without having to open the device.




Fig. 3.46: ST-connection

Fig. 3.47: FSMA-connection


Furthermore, additional binary inputs and outputs as well as mA inputs and outputs can also be accommodated on Level
II.

In total, two connection points are available and they can be equipped with the following modules:

Module 1 : 6 binary inputs 48 V...250 V AC/DC
Module 2 : 6 relay outputs
Module 3 : 2 mA inputs
Module 4 : 2 mA outputs

Level III : contains the connections for the individual COM, E-LAN, the analogue inputs and outputs

a-eberle REG-DPA


52 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.5 Blockdiagram of the REG-DPA

R
S
2
3
2
C
O
M
1
P
i
n

N
o
.
L
e
v
e
l
L
e
v
e
l
Level
Level
Legend:
optional
progr.
endsw. high
endsw. lower
E1...E2
progr.
progr.
progr.
E3...E8
B
i
n
a
r
y

i
n
p
u
t
s

E
1

.
.
.

E
8
A
C

/

D
C

5
0
.
.
.
2
3
0
V
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
6
1
7
1
8
1
9
2
0
E9...E12
progr.
progr.
progr.
progr.
progr.
E13...E16
B
i
n
a
r
y

i
n
p
u
t
s

E
9

.
.
.

E
1
6
A
C

/

D
C

5
0
.
.
.
2
3
0
V
2
4
2
5
2
6
2
7
2
8
2
9
3
0
3
1
3
2
progr.
progr.
progr.
E4
E1
E2
Comm.
E3
E5
E6
E7
E8
Comm.
Comm.
E9
E13
E14
E15
E16
Comm.
E10
E11
E12
I
2
3
LCD
P
LED
R
A
M
/
R
O
M
128 x 128 DOTS
Display
K
e
y
b
o
a
r
d
C
l
o
c
k
1 2
U
U
n
e
4 5
U
I
p
7 9
I
L

/

(
+
)
21 22
N

/

(
-
)
U
H
I
6
1
2
3
4
5
7
8
9
GND
CTS
TXD
RTS
RXD
I
I
I
A
n
a
l
o
g
u
e

i
n
p
u
t
s

a
n
d

o
u
t
p
u
t
s
6
1
6
2
6
5
6
6
6
7
6
8
A
2
A
3
A
4
6
3
6
4
A
1
mA input
input or output C
h
a
r
a
c
t
e
r
i
s
t
i
c

E

9
1
.
.
.
9
9
+
I
I
I
D
o
u
b
l
e

m
o
d
u
l
e
+
+
+
-
-
-
-
mA input
input or output
input or output
input or output
input or output
input or output

+

+

+

+

-

-

-

-
*
R
2
R
3

p
r
o
g
r
.
R
4

p
r
o
g
r
.
R
5
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
R
1
46
C
o
m
m
.
R
6
.
.
.
R
1
1
R
6





p
r
o
g
r
.
R
7





p
r
o
g
r
.
R
8
p
r
o
g
r
.
52 51 50 49 48 47 53 57 58 59 54 55 56
M
A
N
U
A
L
L
i
f
e

c
o
n
t
a
c
t
(
S
t
a
t
u
s
)

p
r
o
g
r
.
Relay outputs
AC / DC 48...250V
Relay outputs
AC / DC 48...250V
M
o
t
o
r

l
o
w
e
r
M
o
t
o
r

h
i
g
h
33
I
R
1
2
c
l
o
s
e
s
M
A
N
.

/

A
U
T
O
R
1
3
o
p
e
n
s
A
U
T
O
CTS
RTS
C
O
M
2
R
S
2
3
2
C
O
M
3
R
S
4
8
5
8
5
8
4
8
6
8
3
8
2
8
0
7
9
7
8
7
7
GND
RxD
TxD
Rx -
Rx +
Tx -
Tx +
E +
EA -
EA +
6
9
7
0
7
1
7
2
7
3
7
4
7
5
7
6
E
-
L
A
N
L
E
-
L
A
N
R
E -
E +
EA -
EA +
E -
I
I
I
8
1
I
E
C
L
O
N
D
N
P

3
.
0
M
O
D
B
U
S
F
S
M
A
S
T
I
E
C
D
N
P

3
.
0
L
O
N
S
P
A
B
U
S
I
I
1
0
0
1
1
3
I
I
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l
i
n
p
u
t
s

a
n
d

o
u
t
p
u
t
s
C
h
a
r
a
c
t
e
r
i
s
t
i
c

C
0
1

.
.
.

C
0
9
(
S
e
e

p
i
n

a
s
s
i
g
n
m
e
n
t
L
e
v
e
l

I
I

o
n

p
a
g
e

1
1
)
I
I
U
s
y
n
c
L


/

(
L
1
)
nekl
F
1
C
o
m
m
.
N

/

(
L
2
)
P
o
t

+
P
o
t

-
S
l
i
d
e
r
98 97 96
progr.
progr.
R
9
p
r
o
g
r
.
R
1
0
p
r
o
g
r
.
R
1
1
p
r
o
g
r
.


Fig. 3.48: Blockdiagram of REG-DPA
a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 53


SERVICE
BLOCKED
F3
F2
F1
F4
F5
AUTO REMOTE
LOCAL
ACK
MENU ESC
REG-DA a-eberle
Display-Mae
67,8 x 67,8 mm
X = 114,5
Y = 88,5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
Binary inputs
90 91 92
ON
1 2 3 4
107108109110111112113 100101102103104105106 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94
1 5
6 9
77 78 79 80 81 81 83 84 85 86 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76
COM1
Ethernet
(IEC 61850, IEC 60870-5-104)
Relay outputs
Binary inputs
Potentiometer input
Level III
Level II
Level I



Fig. 3.49: Location of the connector terminals


a-eberle REG-DPA


54 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.5.1 Level I
Signals with non touchable voltages are connected first of all on level I.

All of the circuits on level I have a nominal insulation voltage of > 50 V and are therefore considered to be
non touchable in accordance with VDE 0110.

Please take into account this condition, even if low voltages are connected to the relay-contacts or the binary
inputs.
3.5.1.1 Auxiliary Power Supply

The protection earth must be connected first, because the REG-DPA is a device with protection class I.

A plug-in shoe ( 6.3 x 0.8 mm) is provided in the lower part of the housing for the connecting the protective
earth.




The auxiliary voltage is supplied via the twin connector block (terminals 21 and 22).

No Function
21 L /(+)
L
e
v
e
l

I

22 N /(-)
U
H
Auxiliary voltage

For the tuning of the Petersen-Coil a voltage of 230 V AC is necessary at the motor drive. Without this
voltage a tuning is impossible. Therefore also for the controller a power supply of 230 V AC is enough. It is
not necessary to connect the controller to the uninterruptible power supply of the protection system. The
parameters and data of the recorders are buffered by a battery and will be not lost by an voltage dip or an
longer power supply interruption.

If 230 VAC is used as the power supply, it is preferred to use this voltage also for the Usync to enable the
angle measurement of the phasors.

Feature H1 H2
AC (intern) - -
AC 85 ... 264 V -
DC 88 ... 280 V 18 .. 72 V
Power consumption 15 VA 10 Watt
Frequency 50 Hz / 60 Hz
Fuse T2 250V T2 250V

Flat-plug
connection for
protective earth
a-eberle REG-DPA


Druml: BA_REG-DPA_e_2007_01_01_012.doc
3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 55


3.5.1.2 Analogue inputs

No Function
1
2
L /(L1)
N /(L2)
Synchronisation voltage Usync
( 100 V or 230 V)
3
4
5
n
e
Zero-Sequence voltage Une
6
7
8
k
l
Current Input Ip
L
e
v
e
l


I

9

Usync:

To enable the angle measurement of the phasor, the controller needs a reference voltage with a minimum
amplitude of 40 VAC. As reference any synchronised voltage can be used. The 230 V AC of the auxiliary
power supply is the preferred solution, due to the simplified connection. If the 230 VAC is not available, the
100 V of U
12
of the busbar voltage measurement can be used.

Zero-Sequence voltage Une = 3Uo:

The Zero-sequence voltage can be parameterised up to 110 V AC.

For the control with the standard algorithm the voltage measured at the Petersen Coil should be used. For
the standard algorithm the voltage of the open delta winding is not applicable due to the complex offset
voltage of this type of measurement, especially at very low zero-sequence-voltages. The measurement of
the open delta would be identical to the measurement at the Petersen Coil only, if the VT's would model
exact the power transformer.

If the controller is using the current injection system, the open delta measurement is the preferred solution.

Normally the measurement winding at the Petersen-Coil is designed to deliver 100 VAC in case of a solid
grounded earthfault.


U
NE
n
U
ne
e
REG-DP(A)
n
e
N
E


Fig. 3.50: U
ne
direct from the Petersen-Coil

The following picture shows the measurement, using the open delta winding

a-eberle REG-DPA


56 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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n
Une
e
REG-DP(A)
n
N
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
L1
L2
L3
x
y
z w
v
u x
y
z w
v
u
e
n n
n
u
v
w


Fig. 3.51: U
ne
measured via the open delta winding at the busbar

Ip current through the Petersen-Coil:

With this analogue input the real current through the Petersen-Coil or any other current can be measured.

The current Ip is not used by the algorithm. Due to the large air-gap the Petersen-Coil is more or less a linear
element. If the actual coil-position and the zero-sequence voltage is known, the corresponding current
through the coil can be calculated immediately.

3.5.1.3 Binary inputs

E1
E2
E16
E1
E2
E16
Input-Function:
OFF
PROG
AUTO Imp
HAND Imp
...
End-switch U
Endschalter L
Level Converter
& Insulation
Inversion Assignment Input-Function
Control - Process
R1
R2
R9
R1
R2
R9
H-program:
R1
...
R10
Output-Function:
Motor H
Motor L
...
Uo > Uerd
Uo > Umax
Level-Converter
& Insulation
Inversion
Assignment Output-Function
EspBI
read &
write(t)
EspBIFV
read & write(t)
EspRel
read
EspRelFV
write &
read
EspRelPV
write &
read


Fig. 3.52:Functional diagram for binary I/O with visualization of possible access by the background
programming (H-Program)


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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 57


- All binary inputs are free configurable
- Assignment to input-function
- Logical invertible

- All binary outputs are free configurable
- Assignment to output-function
- Logical invertible (exclusive: Error CPU )

- Additionally programmable by the user with background programming


No Function
11 Binary input 1 End-switch high
12 Binary input 2 End switch low
13 Common BI_1BI_2
14 Binary input 3 Free programmable
15 Binary input 4 Free programmable
16 Binary input 5 Free programmable
17 Binary input 6 Free programmable
18 Binary input 7 Free programmable
19 Binary input 8 Free programmable
20 Common BI_3BI_8
L
e
v
e
l


I

22


No Function
23 Binary input 9 Impulse Auto
24 Binary input 10 Impulse MANUAL
25 Binary input 11 Free programmable
26 Binary input 12 Free programmable
27 Common BI_9...BI_12
28 Binary input 13 Free programmable
29 Binary input 14 Free programmable
30 Binary input 15 Free programmable
31 Binary input 16 Free programmable
L
e
v
e
l


I

32 Common
BI_13BI_16



The standard binary inputs are designed for 48 V...230 V AC/DC

The two inputs for the endswitches high and low have additional capacitive components to reduce the
ac-crosstalk.
Binaryl Input


Fig. 3.53: Simplified binary input circuit

A more detailed description of the possible assignment can be found on page 159

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58 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.5.1.4 Binary outputs

The binary outputs are free programmable. The minimum assignments are shown in the following tables

No Function
33
34

R5 Free programmable
35
36

R4 Free programmable
37
38

R3 Free programmable
39
40
41
42

R2 Motor lower
43
44
45
L
e
v
e
l


I

46
R1 Motor higher



No Function
47 R11 Error sum
48 R10 Une > Uearth
49 R9 Une < Umin
50 R8 tuned
51 R7 tuned, not compens.
52 R6 Free programmable
53

Common R6...R11
54 Closes in case of error
55 STATUS
56

R13
Opens in case of error
57 MANUAL
58
59

R12
AUTO
L
e
v
e
l


I

60

.
A more detailed description of the possible assignment can be found on page 161

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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 59



3.5.1.5 Potentiometer

No Function
96 Pot +
97 Slider
L
e
v
e
l


I

98


Pot -

. The Coil-Position can be measured by:
- Potentiometer ( range: 150 up to 3 k )
- 0 20 mA current source
- 0 10 mA current source
- 0 5 mA current source
- 0 1 mA current source


The function can be selected via DIP-Switches

SW_ 1: 'on' 1 mA
SW_2: 'on' 5 mA
SW_3: 'on' 10 mA
SW_4: 'on' 20 mA

To get correct amplification in the 'current source-mode' only one of the DIP-switches SW_1 SW_4 is
allowed to be in the 'on' position at the same time. For the 'standard potentiometer-mode' all switches SW_1
SW4 must be in the 'off' position. The 'wire-break-detection' is in the current source mode not possible.

In the 'potentiometer-mode' the wire-break-detection can be enabled by putting SW_5 into the 'on' position.

SW_6 is actually not in use.


+ 5,5 V
+ 5 V
51 k
Selectable Range by
DIP-switches:
20 mA : SW 4
10 mA : SW 3
5 mA : SW 2
1 mA : SW 1
P-
S
Protection
& Filter
Isolation-
amplifier
A
D
Imax
Imin
I_act
Z_Line
Z_Line
Z_Line
P+
S
W
_
1
S
W
_
2
S
W
_
3
S
W
_
4
S
W
_
5
1

m
A
5

m
A
1
0

m
A
2
0

m
A

Fig. 3.54: 'Standard potentiometer mode' for the Coil-Position

The use of a current source, for example 420 mA is an alternative for the three wire configuration.


a-eberle REG-DPA


60 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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+ 5,5 V
+ 5 V
51 k
P-
S
Protection
& Filter
Isolation-
amplifier
A
D
Z_Line
Z_Line
P+
-
+
Selectable Range by
DIP-switches:
20 mA : SW 4
10 mA : SW 3
5 mA : SW 2
1 mA : SW 1
S
W
_
1
S
W
_
2
S
W
_
3
S
W
_
4
S
W
_
5
1

m
A
5

m
A
1
0

m
A
2
0

m
A


Fig. 3.55: 'Current source mode' for the Coil-Position

The next alternative describes a two wire configuration. In this case only one part of the potentiometer is
used.

+ 5,5 V
+ 5 V
51 k
P-
S
Protection
& Filter
Isolation-
amplifier
A
D
Imax
Imin
I_aktuell
Z_Line
Z_Line
P+
Selectable Range by
DIP-switches:
20 mA : SW 4
10 mA : SW 3
5 mA : SW 2
1 mA : SW 1
S
W
_
1
S
W
_
2
S
W
_
3
S
W
_
4
S
W
_
5
1

m
A
5

m
A
1
0

m
A
2
0

m
A


Fig. 3.56: '2-wire potentiometer mode' for the Coil-Position

The following table defines for the last picture the equivalent current source mode. According to the possible
resistance of the potentiometer the equivalent current source mode must be selected via the DIP-switches.

Resistance range of the
Potentiometer
Equivalent
current source mode
mA
0 225 Ohm 20
0 450 Ohm 10
0 900 Ohm 5
0 4500 Ohm 1

The comparison of the three methods should take into account the normally very long distance between the
controller and the Petersen-Coil. The temperature gradient of the potentiometer and of the long line delivers
a-eberle REG-DPA


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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 61


the major influence to the accuracy. In the first version the temperature gradient of the potentiometer is more
or less compensated, as the coil position is estimated from the ratio of the resistance. The influence of the
temperature variation is minimal.

In the second configuration the temperature gradient of the line can be ignored. The temperature gradient of
the converter coil-position to mA is the major problem.

In the third configuration all temperature gradients influences the actual coil position.

The first version is the best solution, especially if the resistance of the potentiometer is much higher, than the
impedances of the connecting wires.

3.5.2 Level III

3.5.2.1 20 mA analogue inputs and outputs

All available input signals and some calculated signals can be assigned to the analogue outputs.
For the REG-DP(A) the values of Une and Ipos are used most of the time.

The modules can be configured using the menu or via the WinEDC software.

Control-Process
A1
A2
A3
A1
A2
A8
H-Program:
AO1
...
AO8
Output-Function:
Uen
Ipos
...
Ip
R_Temp
Bipolare 20 mA
Current Source
Insulated (50V)
Filter
Assignment Output-Function
EspAOFV
write &
read
EspAOPV
write &
read
Scaling
+
-
+
-
+
-


Fig. 3.57: Functional diagram for analog outputs with visualization of possible access by the background
programming ( H-Program )


No Function
61 + A2
62 - A2
20mA input or output
63 + A1
64 - A1
20mA input
65 + A3
66 - A3
20mA input or output
67 + A4
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

68 - A4
20mA input or output
double
module


Different types of transfer characteristics can be very easy defined, for example:

- linear transfer characteristics
- linear transfer characteristics with offset on output => 420 mA
- linear transfer characteristics with offset on input => 20 200 A
- transfer characteristics defined by three points

a-eberle REG-DPA


62 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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mA
20
4
0 100 Uen [V]
0 100 Uen [V]
0
10
0
10
8
mA
y [%]
100
20
0 100 Uen [V]
0
0 100 Uen [V] 10
0
50
40
y [%]


Fig. 3.58: Programmable transfer characteristics for the analogue outputs

3.5.2.2 ELAN

No Function
69 E -
70 E+
71 EA -
72 EA +
E-LAN Left
73 E -
74 E+
75 EA -
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

76 EA +
E-LAN Right

3.5.2.3 COM 3 (RS 485)

No Function
77 Tx +
78 Tx -
79 Rx +
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

80 Rx -
COM 3 (R2485)
3.5.2.4 COM 2 (RS232)

No Function
81 +12V
82 TxD
83 RxD
84 RTS
85 CTS
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

86 GND
COM 2 (RS232)
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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 63


3.5.2.5 Serial interface COM1

The COM1 is on mounted on the Level III of the controller. The pinning of COM1 allows to connect the
controller with the PC direct with a standard null modem cable

SubminD-No Function
1 DCD
2 Rx
3 Tx
4 (DTR) not used
5 GND
6 (DSR) not used
7 RTS
8 CTS
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

9 RI

6
1 2 3 4 5
7 8 9
RS232
COM 1
D-Sub Stiftleiste
frontseitig
G
N
D
R
I
C
T
S
T
x
D
R
T
S
R
x
D
D
C
D


Fig. 3.59: Serial Interface COM1

For the connection between the PC and the device the following null modem cable is necessary:

RxD 2
TxD 3
( DTR 4 )
( DSR 6 )
RTS 7
CTS 8
GND 5
2 RxD
3 TxD
( 4 DTR )
( 6 DSR )
7 RTS
8 CTS
5 GND
9 pol sub-D female 9 pol sub-D female

Fig. 3.60: Null modem cable for the connection WinEDC REG-DP(A)

.

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64 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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Level II

Level II is not equipped in the standard version of the controller. However, a large number of additional
inputs and outputs can be provided via this connection level, if necessary.

The assembling of additional modules is according to the features C01 to C09.

The following different modules are available, which can be used also in combination:

Module 1: 6 binary inputs
Module 2: 6 relay outputs
Module 3: 20 mA inputs
Module 4: 20 mA outputs


Feature C01
6 additionally binary inputs 48 ... 250 V AC/DC

No Function
100 Binary input 17
101 Binary input 18
102 Binary input 19
103 Binary input 20
104 Binary input 21
105 Binary input 22
L
e
v
e
l


I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

1

106 Common BI_17BI_22


Feature C02
12 additionally binary inputs 48 ... 250 V AC/DC

No Function
100 Binary input 17
101 Binary input 18
102 Binary input 19
103 Binary input 20
104 Binary input 21
105 Binary input 22
M
o
d
u
l
e

1

106 Common BI_17BI_22
107 Binary input 23
108 Binary input 24
109 Binary input 25
110 Binary input 26
111 Binary input 27
112 Binary input 28
L
e
v
e
l


I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

1

113 Common BI_23BI_28


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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 65


Feature C03
6 additionally relay (NO conntacts)

No Function
100 R14
101 R15
102 R16
103 R17
104 R18
105 R19
L
e
v
e
l


I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

2

106

Common R14...R19


Feature C04
12 additionally relay (NO conntacts)

No Function
100 R14
101 R15
102 R16
103 R17
104 R18
105 R19
M
o
d
u
l
e

2

106

Common R14...R19
107 R20
108 R21
109 R22
110 R23
111 R24
112 R25
L
e
v
e
l


I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

2

113

Common R20...R25


Feature C05
6 additionally binary inputs 48 ... 250 V AC/DC
6 additionally relay (NO conntacts)

No Function
100 Binary input 17
101 Binary input 18
102 Binary input 19
103 Binary input 20
104 Binary input 21
105 Binary input 22
M
o
d
u
l
e

1

106 Common BI_17BI_22
107 R20
108 R21
109 R22
110 R23
111 R24
112 R25
L
e
v
e
l


I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

2

113

Common R20...R25


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66 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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Feature C06
2 additional analogue 20 mA inputs

No Function
100 + AI 10
101 - AI 10
20mA analogue input
102 + AI 11
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

3

103 - AI 11
20mA analogue input


Feature C07
4 additional analogue 20 mA inputs


No Function
100 + AI 10
101 - AI 10
20mA analogue input
102 + AI 11
M
o
d
u
l
e

3

103 - AI 11
20mA analogue input
104 + AI 12
105 - AI 12
20mA analogue input
106 + AI 13
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

3

107 - AI 13
20mA analogue input



Feature C08
2 additional analogue 20 mA outputs

No Function
100 + AO 10
101 - AO 10
20mA analogue output
102 + AO 11
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

4

103 - AO 11
20mA analogue output


Feature C09
4 additional analogue 20 mA inputs

No Function
100 + AO 10
101 - AO 10
20mA analogue output
102 + AO 11
M
o
d
u
l
e

4

103 - AO 11
20mA analogue output
104 + AO 12
105 - AO 12
20mA analogue output
106 + AO 13
L
e
v
e
l


I
I
I

M
o
d
u
l
e

4

107 - AO 13
20mA analogue output


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3.5 25BBlockdiagram of the REG-DPA 67


3.5.3 Example for the connection of the REG-DP(A) to a P-Coil without CI

The following figure shows a standard connection between REG-DPA and the P-Coil. In the figure also the
standard connections to the SCADA are shown. Especially the last items depends on the requirement of the
utility.

REG - DPA
Auxiliay power supply
L
N
Motor higher
Motor lower
+UH
Endswitch higher
Endswitch lower
Coil-Position
Une 0...100 VAC
N
(+)
PE
PE
L
L(+)
+UH
AUTO
MANUAL
Status
Earth-fault
Umin
AUTO
Manual
+ Pot
s Pot
Une
BI_x
+UH
Relay
Auxilliary power +
Rx
Binary inputs
Pot
L(-)
(-)
UH
UH
-UH Auxilliary power -
R12
Status, R13
R10
R9
R1
R2
BI_1
BI_2
Ipos
Une
BI_9
BI_10
U
sync
U
sync
: 100 230VAC
Error_Sum R11
Petersen-Coil


Fig. 3.61: Example for the connection of the REG-DPA to a P-Coil



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3.6 Current Injection Controller CCI

3.6.1 Auxiliary voltage

AC Version
Nominal Un: 110-230 VAC/VDC
Overload permanent: 1,3 Un
Overload for 1s 2 Un

Voltage dip (100%): < 50 ms


DC Version

Nominal Un: 110 VDC 20% => 88 132 VDC
Overload permanent: 1,3 Un => 143 VDC
Overload for 1s 2 Un => 220 VDC

Voltage dip (100%): < 50 ms
Voltage dip ( 50%): < 100 ms

3.6.2 AC - voltage inputs


Synchronisation thyristor 200 ... 230 V
Synchronisation measurement 200 ... 420 V
Zero-sequence voltage 0 ... 120 V

Shape of curve Sinus
frequency range 25....50....75 Hz
AC burden U
nom
2
/ 20 k
Overload capacity U
nom
*1,2

3.6.3 AC - current inputs


current injection 0 ... 25 A
zero-sequence current 0 ... 5 A

Shape of curve Sinus
frequency range 25....50....75 Hz
AC burden 0,1 VA
Overload capacity I
nom
*1,2

3.6.4 Binary inputs

Input voltage AC/DC range
H-Level > 65 V DC
L-Level < 45 V DC
Signal frequency DC ... 50 Hz
Isolation Opto-Coupler

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3.6 26BCurrent Injection Controller CCI 69


3.6.5 Binary outputs: relays

Max duty cycle 1 Hz
Isolation galvanically separated from all internal components
Duty of contact AC 250 V, 5 A ( cos = 1,0 )
AC 250 V, 3 A ( cos = 0,4 )
DC 220 V, 55 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 110 V, 55 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 60 V, 55 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
DC 30 V, 150 W ( L/R = 0 ms)
Number of switching
operations
> 10
5
electrical
Duty for Common 5A





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3.6.6 Controller for Current Injection ( CCI )
3.6.6.1 Dimension of CCI

J 01
J 02
J 03
J 04
J 05
J 06
J 07
LED
Reset
COM1
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 2 3
G
N
D
+
5
V
L
E
D
1
1
L
E
D
1
2
L
E
D
1
3
L
W
L
J
2
1
J
2
2
J
2
3
J
2
4
1
J
3
2
a
J
3
2
b
J
3
3
a
J
3
3
b
J
3
4
J
3
5
J
3
6
360 mm
1
2
8

m
m
-X1
1
-X2
1
-X3
1
-X4
1
1
-X5
1
-X6
1
-X7
1
-X8
1
-X9
1
-X10 PE


Fig. 3.62: CCI - dimension


Fig. 3.63: CCI Terminal connection plan
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3.6 26BCurrent Injection Controller CCI 71


3.6.6.2 Connectors
3.6.6.2.1 PE

Pin Type Function Comments
1 PE protection earth

3.6.6.2.2 X5: Auxiliary Voltage


+5 V =>+12V
0
-5 V N / -110
L1 / +110



Pin Type Function Comments
1 L1 / +110VDC
2 N / -110VDC

3.6.6.2.3 X6: Synchronization Voltages

L1
L2
L3
N
DSP
DSP_Capture
DSP
DSP
N
N

Pin Type Function Comments
1 L1 U
L1
: 230 VAC
2 N1
3 L2 U
L2
: 230 VAC
4 N2
5 L3 U
L3
: 230 VAC
6 N3
3.6.6.2.4 X7: Relay 1, Endswitches


Pin Type Function Comments
1 BI Endswitch Low
2 BI Endswitch Common
3 BI Endswitch High
4 R7: NO & FC_BB
5 R7: Com
6 R5: Motor down
7 R5: Com
8 R4: Motor up
9 R4: Com
10 R4: NC


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72 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.6.6.2.5 X9: Relay 2

Pin Type Function Comments
1 Com1 R3: Fault NO
2 Com1 R3: Fault NC
3 Com1 R2: Rs2_on
4 Com1 R1: Rs1_on
5 Com1 Com1
6 Com1 Com1


3.6.6.2.6 X10: Voltages

Uo 100V/ 500V
Uo 100V/500V
U
EN
100V / 500V
, 18dB/0dB
, 18dB/0dB
, 18dB/0dB
DSP ( sync von Kanle)


Pin Type Function Comments
1 Usync_1 0100500 VAC
2 Usync_2
3 Uns_GND 0100500 VAC
4 Uns
5 Uod_GND 0100500 VAC
6 Uod

3.6.6.2.7 X11: Currents

I
IC
1...25 A (10A)
I
P
1..25A (5 A)
I
x
1..25 A
, 32dB...0dB
, 32dB...0dB
, 32dB...0dB


Pin Type Function Comments
1 PE
2 I1_a K : I
CI
015 10 25 AAC
3 I1_b L : I
CI

4 I2_a K : I
S
015 10 25 AAC
5 I2_b L : I
S

6 I3_a K : I
Fix
015 10 25 AAC
7 I3_b L : I
Fix


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3.6 26BCurrent Injection Controller CCI 73


3.6.6.2.8 X1: Digital In


Pin Type Function Comments
1 Com1 Common
2 Com1 CCRs max 110VDC
3 Com1 CRs max 110VDC
4 NC
5 DO R6: FC_enable
6 + 12 V out
7 Com1 FC_ON max. 12 VDC
8 Com1 FC_BB max. 12 VDC
9 Com1 Common1

- Trigger Level of 110 V input: about 40 VDC derived from : 0.8*110 / 2
3.6.6.2.9 28: Potentiometer, UIW, f_mix-signal


Pin Type Function Comments
1 AO Potentiometer + about +3 V
2 AI Potentiometer slider
3 AO Potentiometer -
4 NC
5 AI UIW-Measurement
6 Analogue_GND
7 AO f-mix signal, DAC output +- 5V
8 DAC_GND

3.6.6.2.10 X9: AC-Switch

Pin Type Function Comments
1 TH 1+
2 (TH 2+)
3 TH 1-
4 (TH 2-)
5 Phase
6
7 +5 V
8 GND


3.6.6.2.11 X10 COM3 / RS485

Pin Type Function Comments
1 GND_1a isolated
2 DO Tx +
3 DO Tx -
4 DI Rx +
5 DI Rx -
6 GND_1 isolated



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74 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.6.6.3 LED's

LED Function status ok status error
1 Usync measurement << (X9:1-2) 0 red
2 Usync Thyristor 220VAC << (X6:1-2) 0 red
3 0
4 Current Injection active green
5 PLL locked green
6 ICC status green blinking

With the following possible states:

Usync
V
Usync_Thyristor
V
LED 1 LED 2

> 30 > 45 0 0
> 30 < 30 0 red
< 15 > 45 red 0
< 15 < 30 red red

Assignments of the LED's on the DSP board:

LED Function status ok status error
11 + 5 V DC green
12 DSP status green blinking
13 - -

3.6.6.4 Jumper

The configuration of the Jumper as shown in Fig. 3.62 is the standard ex factory.


Jumper Function
Connection 1-2
Function
Connection 2-3
01 boot from flash debug
02 x
03 x
04 support RS232 support JTAG
05 x
06 x
07 x


The Nominal input-range of the analogue measurements can be selected with the following jumpers:

Jumper Function
Connection 1-2
32a
32b
500 V 100 V
33a
33b
500 V 100 V
34 30 A 6 A
35 30 A 6 A
36 30 A 6 A



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3.7 27BCurrent Injection CI using CCI 75



3.7 Current Injection CI using CCI
3.7.1 Principal schemas

REG-DPA Petersen-Coil
Une
Ipos
BI_1
BI_2
- Uh
+ Pot
s Pot
- Pot
R1
R2
L
L
+ Uh
N
R9 Umin
R7
R13 Status
R10 Earth fault
B_9 Auto
BI_10 Manual
R11 Error sum
Usync
Coil position
Motor higher
Motor lower
endswitch
high
low
Une 0...100 VAC
COM3
Current Injection CI
(with CCI)
L1
(L2)
(L3)
N
PE
Manual
Automatic
R12
PAW
- Uh
- Uh
U
0d_Tr
Rx+
Rx-
Tx+
Tx-
PE
X1:15
X1:16
X1:38 39 40 X1:22 21 20 X1:19 18 17
X1:29 30
Ip
X1:26 27
U0d_Tr
X1:23
k K
l L
k l
X1:24
AC-S2
22 k
X1:34 COM3 Tx+
X1:35 COM3 Tx-
X1:36 COM3 Rx+
X1:37 COM3 Rx-
X1:10 L1
X1:11 L2
X1:8 N
X1:12 L3


Fig. 3.64: REG-DPA direct connected to Petersen Coil


REG-DPA Petersen-Coil
Une
Ipos
BI_1
BI_2
- Uh
+ Pot
s Pot
- Pot
R1
R2
L
L
+ Uh
N
R9 Umin
R7
R13 Status
R10 Earth fault
B_9 Auto
BI_10 Manual
R11 Error sum
Usync
Coil position
Motor higher
Motor lower
endswitch
high
low
Une 0...100 VAC
COM3
Current Injection CI
(with CCI)
L1
(L2)
(L3)
N
PE
Manual
Automatic
R12
PAW
- Uh
- Uh
U
0d_Tr
Rx+
Rx-
Tx+
Tx-
PE
X1:15
X1:16
X1:38 39 40 X1:22 21 20 X1:19 18 17
X1:29 30
Ip
X1:26 27
U0d_Tr
X1:23
k K
l L
k l
X1:24
- Uh L
AC-S2
22 k
X1:34 COM3 Tx+
X1:35 COM3 Tx-
X1:36 COM3 Rx+
X1:37 COM3 Rx-
X1:10 L1
X1:11 L2
X1:8 N
X1:12 L3


Fig. 3.65: REG-DPA connected to Petersen Coil via COM3
a-eberle REG-DPA


76 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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bottom terminal top function
destination X1 destination
PE 1 R3
2 Montageplatte

3 N1X5:PE

4 N1X10:1

N 5 N1X2:2+4
6 N1X9:1

7 F1:3N

8 AC-S2:N

L1 9 F1:1
L1 10

Q1:1

(L2) 11 Q1:3

(L3) 12

13
14

15 Q2:2 PAW
16 Q2:6 + R3
LPAWHW
17 N1X7:7 (Motor lower)
18 N1X7:6 + 9

19 N1X7:8
(Motor higher)
20 N1X7:1
(endswitch low)
21 N1X7:2

22 N1X7:3
(endswitch high)
23 N1X9:6
Uod_Tr (L1)


24 N1X9:5
Uod_Tr (N)
25 AC-S2:PAW b N'



26 N1X9:3
Une (n)
27 N1X9:4 Une (e)
28 Q2:1
L'
29 N1X10:4 Ip (k)
30 N1X10:5
Ip (l)
31 N1X10:6
I2 (k)
32 N1X10:7
I2 (l)
33 PE
34 N1X4:2 (COM3 Tx+)
35 N1X4:3
(COM3 Tx-)
36 N1X4:4
(COM3 rx+)
37 N1X4:5
(COM3 Rx-)
38 N1X2:1 (Potentiometer)
39 N1X2:2
Potentiometer)
40 N1X2:3
(Potentiometer)
41
42


Fig. 3.66: Terminal connector of standard CI

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3.7 27BCurrent Injection CI using CCI 77



3.7.2 Indoor version

760 mm
7
6
0

m
m
300 mm
10 mm
N1 (ICC)
X1 bergabeklemmen
Kabelabfangschiene
mounting plate: 730 x 704 mm (HxW)
N3
N1
Q1
Q2
F1
Q1+
K1
Q2+
K2
F1
N3
L1
L1/L2
E1
L2
R3
K3
R1+R2
R1/R2
Made in Germany
Hilf senergie / Auxili ary Voltage:
Nr. :05114122 Art. -Nr.: 100.2002. 009
Typ: Stromeinspeis ung
e xte rn / ext er na l 4 00 VAC
Current I njection
X3
R4

3.7.3 Outdoor version
760 mm
7
6
0

m
m
300 mm
10 mm
325 mm
8
1
0

m
m
Pole mointing:
up to 190 mm
up to 150 mm
mounting plate: 730 x 704 mm (HxW)
N1
Q1
Q2
F1
N3
L1/L2
E1
R1/R2
N1 (ICC)
X1 bergabeklemmen
Kabelabfangschiene
N3
Q1+
K1
Q2+
K2
F1
L1 L2
R3
K3
R1+R2
Made in Germany
Hilf senergie / Auxili ary Voltage:
Nr. :05114122 Art. -Nr.: 100.2002. 006
Typ: Stromeinspeis ung
e xte rn / ext er na l 4 00 VAC
Current I njection
E3
K4



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78 3 2BTechnical Characteristics REG-DPA and CI
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3.7.4 19" version

N1 (ICC)
X1 bergabeklemmen
Kabelabfangschiene
mounting area: 1000 x 440 mm (HxB)
whole mounting plate : 1000 x 482,6 mm
N3
N1
Q1
Q2
F1
Q1+
K1
Q2+
K2
F1
N3
L1
L1/L2
L2
R3
R1+R2 R1/R2
210
max. high
incl. mounting plate


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3.7 27BCurrent Injection CI using CCI 79



3.7.5 Example for outdoor motor-drive version

The following figure shows the current injection included on the left side of a motor-drive for a Petersen Coil.
The dimension of the current injection is 470 x 670 x 260 mm ( width x high x depth )



Fig 3.1: Motordrive for Petersen-Ccoil with current injection


Fig 3.1: Dimension for the current injection with a depth of 260 mm




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3.7.6 Example for 19" rack mounted indoor version

Under construction
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4.1 28BIndication and Operation Elements 81



4 REG-DP(A)
4.1 Indication and Operation Elements

AUTO
MENU ESC
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
local
remote
REG - DP
Status
COM1
M
LED
LCD - display
Function-key
Escape
Menu
Serial interface COM1
Return
Arrow keys for the menu
Arrow keys Higher / Lower
AUTOMATIC
Manual
Local / Remote


Fig 4.1: Indication and operation elements REG-DP




Differences between the two display
variants:

LED's:
- Status and Error LED are
separated
- 18 LED's instead of 12 LED's

Keyboard:
- Remote and Local are separated
- New button: ACK







Fig 4.1: Indication and operation elements REG-DPA

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4.1.1 LCD Display


time
Name of the controller
Adress on E-LAN
Status-line
LCD-display


Fig. 4.2: LCD Display in the controller mode



Display with
Resonance-curve


Description

Imin End position 'Lower'
The actual coil position I
pos
.
Imax End position ' High'
Ice Capacitive current of the whole network, seen from the bus
bar
Icomp Icomp = Ice + detuning
Iw Wattmetric losses of the network, expressed in A
- -
Actual value of the zero-sequence voltage U
ne



LED's
Status green Status of the controller

M


resp.

Error_sum

red Sum Error message. If true, a short message will appear in
the status line. More detailed information can be received by
pressing <MENU><F5>

red Either End-switch 'High' or 'End-switch' reached



red Command to move the coil in direction 'High' or 'Low' is set.
(Running signal )

red Earthfault



CI alive red prog: Communication with CCI is ok
CI on red prog: Current injection is on ( active )
Rs2 on red prog: Rs2 is shorted


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4.1 28BIndication and Operation Elements 83


4.1.2 Keys

Function keys (F1...F5)
to select the several indication modes and to parameterize the P-Coil regulator REG-DP

Operation mode AUTO
for automatic control of the P-Coil under consideration of the parameter-settings

Operation mode MANUAL
for manual control of the P-Coil

Operation mode Local / Remote

In the operation mode 'Remote' the following keys are blocked:
<MANUAL>
<AUTO>
<Higher>
<Lower>

The keys for the menu are still available. It is also still possible to navigate in the menu, to display and to
modify parameters.


ESC (Escape)

Short press of the key:
Return to the previous menu level

Long press of the key:
Return to the previous active indication mode (resonance curve, detail display, )


Manual control of the P-coil
In the operation mode 'MANUAL', the arrow keys 'Higher' and 'Lower' are used to control the P-coil motor-
drive

Note:
The keys will only be active, if the controller is switched to operation mode 'MANUAL'.

MENU and arrow keys <> and < >
The key menu is used to switch to the different operation modes ( Display, Recorder LogFile, Statistics,
Panel) and to switch to the 'SETUP' for parameterization.
In the "SETUP", the horizontal arrow keys <> and < > are used to turn to the next respectively previous
menu pages. Alternatively, also the function key <F1> can be used to turn the pages.

ENTER
to confirm a changed parameter in the 'SETUP' menu.

Repeat function
If a key is pressed for quite some time, the function of the key will at first be repeated every second. After
approx. 10s, the repeat frequency will be increased.


4.1.3 Plug Connection at the Front

Serial interface COM1
to link the P-Coil controller to external devices as for example laptop or modem

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4.2 Human-Machine Interface (HMI)

The human-machine interface of the P-Coil controller REG - DP is completely menu-assisted.

If controller parameters should be set or changed, the following operation principle applies:

Switching of the operation mode AUTO / MANUAL

<MANUAL> Operation mode is changed to manual operation
<AUTO> Operation mode is changed to automatic operation

Switching of the operation mode local / remote

With every push of the key <local / remote> there will be a change to the other operation status


Switching to operation mode menu and parameterization

Key <MENU> lists the first page of possible operation modes



( Key <F1> or key <> would list the next page of possible operation modes )




Select Menu 'SETUP' with <F3>

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4.2 29BHuman-Machine Interface (HMI) 85





Turn pages with the keys <F1> to <F5> and the horizontal arrow keys until the required parameter is
reached.
For example, with the sequence <F2><F2><F3> the parameter for the threshold level can be
reached



Set the value of the parameter using the function keys.
<F1> increments the value in big steps
<F2> increments the value in small steps
<F4> decrements the value in small steps
<F5> decrements the value in big steps

With the horizontal arrow keys < > and < > the value of the increments resp. decrements
in the right column may be changed. Therefore it is possible to navigate very quickly, even within
very big number ranges.

<F3> resp. <F5> are used for special functions in some 'SETUP'- menus.

If the modification of a value is finished, the changed value must be confirmed by the key <ENTER>.
Additionally, with the confirmation the display is changing back to the previous menu level.

Leaving the setting menu without changing the value: short striking of <ESC > (abort)

Leaving the parameterization and return to the initial display mode for example resonance curve:
long pressing of key <ESC> ( ESC++ )

There is no interruption of any control operation, if the menu is displayed

In the operation mode "AUTO", the keys "Higher" and "Lower" are locked

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Quit of Error Messages

If any error occurs, this is displayed with a short information in the status line. More detailed information can
be found with:
<MENU>
<F5: Help>

The following screen shows a short example:



Striking the <F5> will quit the error message.


4.3 Selection of the Display Mode



This selection menu may be reached by striking keys <MENU> <F2>

On this screen, the 'Resonance Curve' display may be selected:

Turn pages between the kinds of displays:
Apart from the menu, also key <F1> permits the changing between the display-modes.

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4.3 30BSelection of the Display Mode 87


4.3.1 <F1> Resonance Curve



On this screen the following items are shown:

1. Line:

O: Address of the controller at the E-LAN Bus (ID)
DAN-R Name of the controller
14:26:45 Clock-time

From the 2nd line down the following items are shown:
the controller status,

Icomp the actual compensation current of the whole network
Uen the actual measured 50 Hz zero-sequence component with amplitude and angle
v the last calculated detuning v in % resp. in A
Iw losses of the zero-sequence system, expressed in A

The graphic representation of the resonance curve
In the graphic the higher and lower end positions of the P-Coil are additionally indicated.
The Ice of the whole network is also shown in the graphic.

4.3.2 <F2> Detail Display



On this screen the following items are shown:

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The controller status

Une the actual measured 50 Hz zero-sequence component with amplitude and angle
Icomp the actual compensation current of the whole network
v the last calculated detuning v in % resp. in A

Ice capacitive current of the whole network, referred to the bus bar
Iw losses of the zero-sequence system, expressed in A
Ifix value of the fix-coil assigned to this controller
Iext all external coils
small analogue graphic display of the actual coil position


4.3.3 <F3> Current Injection Measurement




On this screen the following items are shown:

The controller status.

Values from the REG-DP:
Usync the actual measured 50 Hz reference voltage with amplitude and angle
(secondary value)
Une the actual measured 50 Hz zero-sequence component with amplitude and angle
(primary value)
Ipos the actual position of the Petersen coil
(value of the potentiometer, without compensation of Z
oTr
).

Values from the Current Injection Controller (CCI)
CI Current injection status ( on, off )
f frequency of the following measurements (fn, f1, f2)
I allowed amplitude of injected current

Usync Synchronisation voltage for the CCI, amplitude and phase (primary value)
Uci Voltage at the current injection point ( primary value )
Uns Voltage at the Petersen-Coil ( primary value)
Uod Voltage at the open delta at the bus bar ( primary value )
Ici Injected current ( primary value )
Is Current through Rs ( primary value )
If Current through the fix-coil ( primary value )

In the operation mode 'MANUAL' the current injection can be modified

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4.3 30BSelection of the Display Mode 89


Special assignments to the function keys:

<F1> Turn over to the next display; the resonance curve
<F2> Increase the amplitude of the injected current
<F3> Decrease the amplitude of the injected current
<F4> Switch over to the next frequency display out of the sequence { fn,f1,f2}
<F5> Toggle the status of current injection: on / off

4.3.4 Operation-mode Recorder
4.3.4.1 Recorder display


On the display, the temporal characteristic of the coil position Ipos and of the zero-sequence-voltage Une is
shown as a line diagram. In the left diagram, the linearized coil position Ipos is displayed in [A] and in the
right diagram the zero-sequence-voltage Une is displayed logarithmically in [V], in a range of three decades
which corresponds to the range of 0.1 V ... 100 V.

In the diagram, the actual values are on top of the diagram. These actual values are marked with small
arrows, which are symbolizations for writing pens. In order to permit a more accurate reading of the values,
the measured values are also displayed digitally.

Above the numerical display of the actual measurements, the actual state of the controller is displayed. Thus,
even in the operation mode 'recorder' it is possible to recognize the actual status of the controller.

The actual transportation speed is shown in the right corner at the bottom of the screen and can be changed
by pressing the keys <F4> and <F5> in the following steps:
12 s / Div,
1 min / Div
5 min / Div
10 min / Div

Using the keys <F1> and <F2> it is possible to switch to the mode 'History' and to search for the interesting
events in the memory, according to the arrow directions.

Pressing the key <F3> changes to a submenu in which additional parameters for the recorder may be set.

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4.3.4.2 Setting Possibilities for the Recorder

Scrolling:

By this parameter, the different transport-rates for the keys <F1:> and <F2: > may be set for the search in
the history- buffer. The following step sizes per key strike are selectable:

1 Pixel
1 Div
3 Div
5 Div
1 min
1 h

Time search:

To enable a faster search in the history-buffer, it is possible to insert the date and clock-time of the
interesting point of time directly. This point of time corresponds to the position of the pens.

The values to be changed can be selected by means of key <F3> or by means of the arrow- keys < > and
< >. Using the keys <F1>, <F2> resp. <F4>, <F5> the value may be changed.

< ESC> aborts the modification, whereas <ENTER> accepts the actual value.

Fill Level:

The actual fill level of the recorder is shown here in % resp. in days.

By means of key <F5> the recorder can be cleared.


Method of recording:
It is checked every second, if the measured value, which should be recorded, has changed by a defined
threshold. If the variation exceeds this threshold value in positive or negative direction, a complete set of
data is stored in the recorder. By this method a very compressed recording occurs.

The buffer is organized as a ring-buffer, i.e. as soon as the buffer is full, the oldest data is overwritten.
The standard settings of the thresholds are fixed in such a way, that the three channels may be stored over a
period of approx. two weeks, assuming that there are only usual changes within the system.


Start / Stop:

Key <F5> stops the recording resp. restarts it.

By means of this key, the recording may be frozen so that, for example, the data can be transmitted to a PC
later


Channel 1 , Displayed left:

The assignment and the thresholds of the measured values, which should be recorded, are freely selectable:

The left channel is displayed linear!

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4.3 30BSelection of the Display Mode 91


Possibilities for the 'Quantity' selections are:

Measuring value Description
Not used No recording is made
Une Amplitude of the zero-sequence voltage Une in V ( primary values )
Une_Phi Phase angle of the zero-sequence-voltage in , referred to Usync - 30
I1 Amplitude of the current input I1 in A ( primary values )
I1_Phi Phase angle of the current I1 in , referred to Usync - 30
I2 Amplitude of the current input I2 in A ( primary values )
I2_Phi Phase angle of the current I2 in , referred to Usync - 30
Ipos Coil position in A, linearized and recalculated to the coil data
Usync Amplitude of the synchronization voltage.


Key <F3> may set the 'Resolution' for the trigger for a new recording. After the recording, the actual value is
used as the new reference value for the calculation of the threshold.

The zero-sequence voltage is stored and displayed logarithmically. This type of recording enables also for
very small voltages a good resolution.

Channel 2 , Displayed right:

The possible 'Quantity' selection is identical to channel 1.


Channel 3 , ( invisible ):

In this channel, an additional information may be stored, e.g. the phase angle of the zero-sequence-voltage
Une.


Caution:
If the assignment of a recording channel is changed, all data stored in the recorder will be deleted.

4.3.5 Statistics


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4.3.5.1 Display of the statistics

The statistics is displayed either as sum statistics (sum) or as statistics per calendar week (w). Key <F3>
permits the change between the different display methods. A turn of the page can be made by key <F1>
resp. by the arrow keys < > and < > .


The following data are recorded in the statistics:

Parameter Description
AUTO Sum time of the operation mode 'AUTO':
cleared when reached 100 000 h
Automatig range selection of days: d
Motor On Sum time of the commands "Higher" and "Lower"
Also the input Mot_run of the P-Coil is considered.
GND fault Sum time of the earth faults including transient earth fault
Curr Inj. Sum time of the Current injection active

Search Number of started search cycles ( number of calculations with CI)
Tuned Number of successful tunings
Tuned n.k. Number of tuned but not compensated
Tuned Umin Number of final end-position in Umin

GND transient Number of the transient earth faults ( Only number of earth faults with
shorter duration, than the defined 'transient earthfault time')
earth faults Number of permanent-earth faults (without transient earth fault)
Iw - incr Number of increased wattmetric component ( Counts of the R_on)
>Threshold Number of exceeding the tolerance range


The data can also be read out using e.g. the terminal program included in the WinEDC with the following
REG-L commands. The results can be transferred to other programmes as, for instance, Excel or Word, with
Cut-and-Paste

4.3.5.2 Examples for statistic:


Statistic from week 40 up to week 44:

<P>espst at i st 40 44

St at i st i cs
Aut o Mot or On GNDf aul t Cur r I nj . Sear ch Tuned Tuned NC TuneUmi n GNDTr ans GND- Per m I w- I ncr >Thr esh.
w40/ 2004 0: 11: 15 0: 03: 15 0: 00: 00 0: 30: 51 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
w41/ 2004 26: 32: 57 0: 06: 23 0: 00: 00 3: 04: 02 95 74 1 0 0 0 0 11
w42/ 2004 14: 25: 41 0: 06: 24 0: 00: 00 1: 57: 05 18 12 0 0 0 0 0 0
w43/ 2004 0: 03: 21 0: 02: 49 0: 01: 43 0: 00: 00 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0
w44/ 2004 0: 03: 27 0: 02: 53 0: 00: 00 0: 00: 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- - - - - - - - -
sum41: 16: 41 0: 21: 44 0: 01: 43 5: 31: 58 115 87 1 0 3 2 0 11

EspSTATI ST 40 44 = 0
<P>



Sum-statistic from:


<P>espst at i st

St at i st i cs
Aut o Mot or On GNDf aul t Cur r I nj . Sear ch Tuned Tuned NC TuneUmi n GNDTr ans GND- Per m I w- I ncr >Thr esh.
sum41: 16: 42 0: 21: 46 0: 01: 43 5: 31: 59 115 87 1 0 3 2 0 11
si nce 01. 01. 90

EspSTATI ST = 0
<P>

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4.4 31BSETUP 93



4.4 SETUP

The standard parameterization is discussed more in detail in the REG-DP (DAN) section of the WinEDC

The following screens shows only, that it is possible to see the actual status of the binary inputs and to make
all assignments of the digital inputs in front of the controller.



[ ] The physical input is 0
[*] The physical input is 1
DI Digital input
2: Identification of the physical input
- if an minus exist, this means, that the input will be inverted logically
[End_L] Input function of the controller. Input function within brackets cannot be modified


To modify the assignment or the inversion, the function key near to the digital input must be pressed. This
opens a submenu, where it is possible to select a new assignment or to invert the logical signal.



With <RETURN> the actual values will be accepted and stored for further use. With <ESC> the parameter
will be cancelled.

For the output functions and the relays a similar screen exists, for example:
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Also here it is possible to make a new assignment or to invert logically the output signal.

Another block of information's can be found in the submenu status which can be reached with the following
sequence:
<MENU>
<F3: SETUP>
<F5: System>
<F1: next page>
<F5: Status>






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4.4 31BSETUP 95









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5.1 32BWinEDC 97



5 Commissioning

During the commissioning the following items should be done

Check of the wiring
Check of the auxiliary supply

Update of the Firmware, if necessary
Download the standard parameter set for REG-DP ( DAN)
Calibration and linearization of the coil, i.e. function Ipot = f(Ipos)
Check of the VT's and CT's
Check of additionally digital inputs
Check of signalling to SCADA

5.1 WinEDC
Details see chapter 6 Parameterization Software: WinEDC on page 125

5.1.1 Installation

An installation is not necessary. The actual exe-file and the database with the extension .mdb must be
copied to a user selectable directory.

The names of the files are for example:
Wi nEDC_V1. 3. 2. 1. exe
conf i g_dp_2006_10_27. mdb

The preferred settings of WinEDC are:



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and for the Terminal mode:





Configuration of preferred displayed panels with:




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5.1 32BWinEDC 99



5.1.2 Shortcuts of WinEDC


Transfer the actual selected parameter-set from the device into the PC ( read out )

Transfer the actual selected parameter-set from the PC to the device

Open existing parameter set

Save actual parameter set into a file

Print the actual parameter set

Exit the WinEDC

5.1.3 Physical connection

For the connection between the PC and the device the following null modem cable is necessary:

RxD 2
TxD 3
( DTR 4 )
( DSR 6 )
RTS 7
CTS 8
GND 5
2 RxD
3 TxD
( 4 DTR )
( 6 DSR )
7 RTS
8 CTS
5 GND
9 pol sub-D female 9 pol sub-D female

Fig. 5.3: Null modem cable for the connection WinEDC REG-DP(A)


5.1.4 Assumed settings on the REG-DP(A)

Set up of the correct communication parameter on the REG-DP(A)
<Menu>
<F3:Setup>
<F5:System>
< F3:COM & E-LAN>
=> COM1: ECL, 115200, Off, RTS/CTS

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5.2 Firmware Update REG-DP(A)

Can be skipped, if an update is not necessary. In this case continue with 5.3 on page 103.


Check if Firmware Update is necessary:

WinEDC/Terminal:

<V>ver
REG- DP: Ver si on 2. 3. 11 vom20. 12. 05

REG- DP: Ver si on 2. 3. 11 vom27. 10. 06

Alternative on REG-DP(A)

Menu/ Set up/ Syst em/ St at us


For a 'Firmware Update' connect the serial interface of the PC to COM1 on the front of the REG-DP(A).

Start WinEDC
Check the standard settings for the WinEDC:



and


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5.2 33BFirmware Update REG-DP(A) 101


Set up the speed of the used communication port of the PC with



to the following parameters:
115200 bits/s
8 bits
No parity
1 stop bit
Hardware protocol

Test the connection to the REG-DP(A) with the WinEDC terminal program

Set up the correct communication parameter on the REG-DP(A)
<Menu>
<F3:Setup>
<F5:System>
< F3:COM & E-LAN>
=> COM1: ECL, 115200, Off, RTS/CTS

Change in the WinEDC to the terminal mode

Press <RETURN> on the PC
=> The DAN should response with his ID for example:
<R> or <V>


Set up the REG-DP(A) to the boot-loader modus

<Menu>
<F3: Setup>
<F5: System>
<F1: next page>
<F5: Status>
<F1> press for more than 5 sec, until the screen is changing to Urlader



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WinEDC:
Select: Send Firmware with reset



Select the two files for the REG-DP(A)
Either:
dp_xxxx.mot and
help_dp_xxxx.mot
Or
dp_xxxx.moc and
help_dp_xxxx.moc

The transfer will be started by the open button



Comments:
- xxxx represents the firmware version
- mot is the Motorola S-record format
- moc is the compressed Motorola S-record format

Check for the transfer:
- WinEDC: In the status-line the transferred lines are shown
- REG-DP The transferred lines are shown on the screen

After the reboot all Parameter can be reset to factory values with
Sysr eset = 590

Please check if the update was successfully:

WinEDC/Terminal:
<R>ver
REG- DP: Ver si on 2. 3. 11 vom27. 10. 06

This procedure must be repeated for all REG-DP's.
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5.3 34BREG-DP(A) R: Send the Standard 103



5.3 REG-DP(A) R: Send the Standard Parameterization Set to device

Start WinEDC

Select card REG-DP(A)

Load the 'Standard Configuration Set' from the file



Change the ID to the correct value R

Change the Name of the substation.
The length of the name shouldnt be longer than 8 characters and without special characters. This name is
used for the logbook and the recorder for automatic generation of the file-name.

Check the displayed features list
Please check the feature list. The menu-tree is dynamic and depends on the activated features.
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Set up the speed of the PC-COM with



to the following parameters:
115200 bits/s
8 bits
No parity
1 stop bit
Hardware protocol

Test the connection to the REG-DP(A)

Set up the correct communication parameter on the REG-DP(A)
<Menu>
<F3:Setup>
<F5:System>
< F3:COM & E-LAN>
=> COM1: ECL, 115200, Off, RTS/CTS

Change in the WinEDC to the Terminal mode

Press <RETURN> on the PC
=> The DAN should response with his ID for example:
<R> or <V>

Test the enabled features on the REG-DP(A)

WinEDC in Terminal Mode

Response to the command mer kmal e

<R>mer kmal e
FEATURE SE = 1
<R>

If the features are not set, they can be set with the following commands:


sysopen
mer kmal se = 1 170303




The setting is necessary, to transfer all parameters from the WinEDC to the REG-DP(A)


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5.3 34BREG-DP(A) R: Send the Standard 105


At the first initialisation all necessary parameters should be transferred from the WinEDC to the controller.


Comments:
AA: ... Connected controller, ID of this controller is not used.
R: ... ID of the controller, used in the template

Later on the data for the Petersen-Coil should be transferred only on request.




For verification of the transferred data see chapter 6.1.1.2 on page 127.
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5.4 Check of Communication REG-DP(A) <=> CCI

Can be skipped, if the current injection is not used.

This item is only necessary, if the LED 'CI_alive' is not on. (A correct parameterisation is assumed.)

WinEDC in terminal mode:

Response to
<R>DevModID *
DevMODI D 0 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 1 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 2 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 3 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 4 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 5 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 6 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 7 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 8 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 9 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 10 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 11 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 12 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 13 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 14 = 0 - - -
DevMODI D 15 = 74 I CC
<R>

The CCI must be find at the device address 15 as 74 ICC

Possible errors:
- CCI is switched off
- Connection REG-DP(A) <-> MCI
- Connection must be:

REG-DP(A)


CCI
Tx+ <=> Rx+
Tx - <=> Rx -
Rx+ <=> Tx+
Rx - <=> Tx -

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5.5 36BCalibration of the coil 107



5.5 Calibration of the coil

This item must be done direct with the controller in conjunction with the Petersen-Coil. It is not necessary to
connect the Petersen coil to the medium voltage network. Additionally the current injection will not be used
during this calibration and linearization.

Check the coil-data
<MENU>
<F3: SETUP>
<F3: Initial operation>
<F4: P-Coil>
<F2: Data of P-coil>






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The menu can be found in the <F4: P-Coil> menu with <F3: Poti Calibration>



Striking <F2>, starts the calibration procedure.

The coil will be moved to the lower end-switch, than to the upper end-switch. The end-switches and the
corresponding potentiometer-positions are automatically recorded and stored for the further operations.
From the upper position, the coil is moved near to the middle position, where the system is automatically
checked from the controller for the following parameters:
- lost motion
- mechanical play
- after running

If this evaluation is successful, the coil is moved to the lower end-switch, to be prepared for the coil
linearization.

The results of the calibration can be verified on the next screens.




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5.5 36BCalibration of the coil 109





Imin: (End-switch Low)
Value of the potentiometer ratio, where the End-switch Low was detected. In case of no end-
switches at this position there was no coil-movement detected for more than 15 s.

Imax: (End-switch High)
Value of the potentiometer ratio, where the End-switch High was detected.

Run-time L->H
Operation time, which were needed from the Petersen-Coil to move from the end-switch low to the
end-switch high.

After-running
Time delay expressed in A of the equivalent coil movement from the beginning of a stop-signal to the
Petersen-Coil and detection of no movement of the Petersen-Coil. This parameter is used during
normal operation to improve the reach ability of exact compensation points. Depending on this value
the motor is stopped before the target compensation point.

Lost motion
Due to mechanical play there is difference between the real air-gap of the iron core and the signalled
potentiometer position. This difference depends on the direction of the movement.

The REG-DP(A) evaluates this mechanical play during the commissioning and uses it to compensate
the displayed values during normal operation. The compensation is only working, if the commands to
the Petersen-Coil is generated by the controller. It can not compensate if the coil is moved by the
buttons in front of the Petersen-Coil.

Poti- linearity
During the commissioning the values of the potentiometer-slider is recorded. Normally this should be
a linear function of the time. The displayed value is the deviation from the linear time interpolation
from the minimum to the maximum coil position. This value should be below 2%. Higher values
indication problems with the potentiometer or with the connection from the controller to the Petersen-
Coil.

With <RETURN> the actual values will be accepted and stored for further use. With <ESC> the calibration is
aborted and the results cancelled.

Possible errors:
- Motor drive supply is switched off
- Wiring of motor up / down commands
- Wiring of end-contacts
- Wiring of potentiometer
- Sequence of the potentiometer wiring.
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5.6 Linearization of the coil

This paragraph can be skipped, if the coil is linear.

To compensate the nonlinear function of the inductive current through the Petersen-Coil depending on the
air gap, it is possible to insert in the controller up to 8 interpolation points.

The menu can be found in the <F4: P-Coil> menu with <F4: Poti Linerization>

For the linearization the following sequence is necessary



The following procedure is recommended for the linearization, starting in the lower end-position:

Selection of 8 interpolation points. It is recommended to use more interpolation points in the lower
part of the P-Coil, as the nonlinearity is in this part usually higher.

There should be used only that interpolation points, which have a mark on the mechanical indication
on the P-Coil. To reduce the influence of the mechanical play, the interpolation points should be
approached only from one side.

1. Move the P-Coil to the next selected interpolation point
2. Select the next line by using the arrow key < >
3. Pressing <F3: Copy> inserts one line, copies the actual potentiometer value in the 2
nd
column of the
actual line; and copies the last Coil current of the above line to the actual line.
4. Correct the value of the coil-current Ipos in A to the actual value which was selected in item 1

Repeat the last 4 steps until all 8 values are set or until Imax has been reached.

With <RETURN> the actual values will be accepted and stored for further use. With <ESC> the linearization
is aborted and the results cancelled.
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5.7 38BCheck of Current Injection 111



5.7 Check of Current Injection

The check of the communication REG-DP(A) CCI was done in chapter 0

5.7.1 Requirements for Test of CI

Check of correct connection of N in the motor drive and grounding of auxiliary winding

REG-DP(A) in manual mode !!

Disabled access of external CI-request.
This is the request for the CI by the EOR-DM. This ensures, that only the REG-DP(A) has access to
the CI during the tests. The blocking can be done by setting the parameter 'external CI blocked' to
'always'

Disabled access of external CI-request.

Either on the REG-DP(A) with

<MENU> ???
<F3: SETUP>
<F3: Initial operation>
<F4: P-Coil>
<F2: Data of P-coil>


or with the WinEDC parameterisation:



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5.7.2 Check of the Current Injection
5.7.2.1 Background information

The measurements are according to the following equivalent circuit:



Fig. 5.4: Simplified zero-sequence equivalent circuit of one transformer, one ASC and one Fix-Coil
(red currents and blue voltages are measured)



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5.7 38BCheck of Current Injection 113


The following parameters can be selected in the service menu, if the controller is selected:

Show Magnitude
Values are displayed either as Magnitude or Magnitue/ 2

Secondary values
Select primary or secondary values

CI channels
Enables to select the displayed values in the phasor-diagram

CI mode
Enables to select test the different operation modes of the current injection.
For the commissioning the manual mode is important.

After pressing the button <modify> the value of injection can be selected either by typing the value or
with the slider. Although the frequency can be selected. Possible values for f 1are
{ -11, -10, -9, -6, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12}. The frequency f2 is calculated directly.
The active channel must be set via the radio-button in the middle.

By pressing the <apply> button, the parameter-set and the values are send to the CCI via the DAN.

In this section also the binary inputs on the CCI and the outputs are displayed. Most of them can
also be modified by selecting the corresponding checkbox.

Results of current injection
In the manual continuous injection mode the measured values are used direct for the calculation of
the zero-sequence impedance of the Transformer and the fix-coil

UI - Charts for the frequencies
The amplitudes are normalized to the largest value of current respectively voltage. The phasors can
be synchronised against a selected channel.

5.7.2.2 Check if current I_ci is injected

The coil can be connected or disconnected to the network

Setup of an injected current of 100%
- press <modify>
- select radio button of 'Manual Operation'
- set injected current in 'Manual Operation' to 100% with slider or by typing
- set frequency f1 to +11
- set apply

After few seconds the currents should be shown in the table and the phasor diagrams should be available.

Please check:


No parameter value status
1 U_sync ~230 Veff or ~400 Veff
2 I_ci1 /fn ~ 5 A with one coil and ~ 10 A with 2 coils

After this test set the injected current of the 'manual operation' to 0%

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Possible errors:
1)
- Motor drive supply is switched off
2)
- Motor drive supply is switched off
- Protection circuit breaker in the motor drive is switched of
- PAW of the Petersen-coil is not connected
- polarity of U_sync is inverted
- LED's on thyristor block is blinking
- voltage bevor thyristor block is ok
- all circuits breaker are on
- clamps to PAW are shortened for this test
- no current is flowing through the shortened wire

=> Exchange polarity of X6-1 and X6-2 (CCI Version 4)

The following figure shows an example for a Petersen Coil without connection to the net.




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5.7 38BCheck of Current Injection 115



5.7.2.3 Setup synchronisation angle respectively transformer vector group

For all the following steps the coil must be connected to the net. The net should have such a size, that
the resonance point is within the tuning range. The resonance maximum should be as large as possible.

There are two different Reference voltages are in use:
- U
R
for the current injection in the motor drive, directly used from the 0.4 kV system
- U
sync
for the REG-DP (DAN) and the EOR-DM (MCI), derived from the Yy measurement at the busbar.

REG-DP(A): The U
ns
respectively U
ne
is measured directly at the Petersen Coil, the vector group of the
connection of the Petersen Coil to the bus-bar influences the angle of the measured U
ns


Current Injection: The U
ns
is measured directly in the motor drive. The vector group of the distribution
Transformer influences the angle of the measured U
ns


The necessary value for the compensation of the phase is:

Vector group of
Connection of P-Coil
Vector Groupe of
Distribution Transformer
Angle
Yyn 130kV / 20kV
Yyn 130kV / 20kV
ZN 20 kV / 20 kV
ZN 20 kV / 20 kV


Alternatively the phase-difference can be measured and manually corrected

Injected Current in the 'Manual operation' mode is set to 0%
Petersen Coil is connected to the net
Search manually the resonant point and stop in or near to the resonant point. U
ne
should be as large as
possible.
compare the measured values of CCI and the REG-DP(A)

The following relations are required:

_ _ ne REG DP ne CCI
U U


( ) ( )
_ _ ne REG DP ne CCI
U U



and

_ _ ne CCI od CCI
U U
( ) ( )
_ _ ne CCI od CCI
U U

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If necessary, correct the synchronisation angle at:

REG-DP/Menu/Commisioning/Current_Injection/Measurement/Phase_angle_of_Usync

If necessary correct knu of REG-DP respectively CCI

5.7.2.4 Check of correct polarity of the connection to the CCI

With the actual state:
- Coil is connected to the net
- Coil position near to the resonant point

increase the injected current to 100% by

- press <modify>
- select radio button of 'Manual Operation'
- set injected current in 'Manual Operation' to 100% with slider or by typing
- set apply

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5.7 38BCheck of Current Injection 117



The following phasor diagrams should be shown



- Important are the graphs for f1 and f2.

Check:

- f1: |Uod| < |Uns|

- f1: direction of Uod| is about direction of Uns

- angle(Is,Uns) : should be an inductive current
- in graph fn
- in graph f1 and f2

- Ici_50Hz should be << for frequency -11

- angle(Ici_f1, Uns_f1): depends of tuning position. The voltage should be always in sector 1 o 4

- under compensation
- resonance angle(Ici_f1, Uns_f1) - angle(Ici_f2, Uns_f2)
- over compensation

- Trafo Impedance should not be negative

- Resonance-curve at the REG-DP(A) should be ok


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Possible errors:
- Polarity of Ici
- Polarity of Is
- Polarity of Uod
- Shorting jumper of Is not removed
- Shorting jumper of If not removed, if Fixcoils are used


5.7.2.5 Check of correct estimation over whole tuning range

- Injected current is 100%
- Move the coil manually to the end-positions low and high

During the tuning the estimated Icomp and Iw should be always near to the real value.




13:18:00
13:19:00
13:20:00
13:21:00
13:22:00
13:23:00
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
t / min
Ipos / A
7: 2006-10-02 13:18:13:
U
o

/

V
s
e
k

Fig. 5.5: Estimated resonant-point during tuning
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5.8 39BCheck of Digital- and Analogue Inputs 119



Correction of kni_Is of the Current Injection:

_
_ _ _
_
Ires new
kni Is new kni Is
Ires estimated
=

Possible errors:
- kni of Is in the CCI for small signals
- Current limiting coil


5.8 Check of Digital- and Analogue Inputs

With service-components in the WinEDC, which can be found under the file-card service, it is easy to check
the connections and actual status of the digital inputs.

The following screen shows a sample for the available information's.

Also the assignments, which are displayed to the right side of the LED's, are always read out from the
controller. It doesn't use the information from the actual opened configuration file.

The states of the LED's are reflecting the actual physically input.



Additionally all the important analogue inputs of the REG-DP are shown in the middle area of the service
page of the REG-DP.

The right area of this page is used for the test of the current injection controller CCI
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5.9 Check of Signalling on the Panel and to SCADA

Under the tree 'Outputs' the status of all relays and LED's are displayed.

With marking the checkbox of the LED's and relays inverts the actual output.
In this way it is easy to check the displayed LED's and to check all connections from the controller to the
SCADA.

For experts an additional function is available, with witch it is also possible to override the results of the
control process for some minutes. This function is only available, if the box 'Override' ,below the analogue
measurements, is marked.



With the second 'Override' it is possible to override also the analogue values to check if the transfer and
display in the SCADA system is ok. It is not more necessary to use an external current respectively voltage
source.




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5.9 40BCheck of Signalling on the Panel and to SCADA 121


E1
E2
E16
E1
E2
E16
Input-Function:
OFF
PROG
AUTO Imp
HAND Imp
...
End-switch U
Endschalter L
Level Converter
& Insulation
Inversion Assignment Input-Function
Control - Process
R1
R2
R9
R1
R2
R9
H-program:
R1
...
R10
Output-Function:
Motor H
Motor L
...
Uo > Uerd
Uo > Umax
Level-Converter
& Insulation
Inversion
Assignment Output-Function
EspBI
read &
write(t)
EspBIFV
read & write(t)
EspRel
read
EspRelFV
write &
read
EspRelPV
write &
read

Fig. 5.6:Functional diagram for digital I/O with visualization of possible access by the background
programming (H-Program)

In case of using the 'Override', the connection between the 'control process' and {Relays, LED's and
Analogue I/O} are disconnected for 10 minutes. During this time it is possible to set or clear manually the
binary output functions. With this feature, also the test of background programs can be done.
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5.10 Second Controller for example: REG-DP(A) V:

The simplest way is:
- Firmware-update, if necessary
- copy the parameter set of first controller
- change the ID and the name of the controller
- store all parameters in the second controller
- recalibrate the Petersen Coil

The check of the current injection must be done equivalent to the steps in the first controller.


Firmware Update, if necessary, see chapter 5.2

Terminal:

<V>ver
REG- DP: Ver si on 2. 3. 11 vom20. 12. 05

REG- DP: Ver si on 2. 3. 11 vom27. 10. 06

Alternative on REG-DP( A)

Menu/ Set up/ Syst em/ St at us

Read all parameters from first controller


WinEDC/REG-DP:

Select first controller ID:

Change parameters in the WinEDC

- ID of controller
- Name of controller

Transfer parameter to the second controller

WinEDC/REG-DP:


Select:
- including: Communication parameters
- including: Coil Data
- including: Name and Identifier

Send to the new controller




Continue with calibration of the coil, from chapter 5.5


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5.11 42BSystem voltage unequal to 20 kV 123


5.11 System voltage unequal to 20 kV

If the system voltage is unequal to the 20 kV the following modifications must be checked, for example for
10 kV:

- Voltage rating of Petersen Coil: 0,5
- U_nominal of Voltage measurement of the REG-DP: 50
instead of 100

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6.1 43BGeneral Functions of WinEDC 125



6 Parameterization Software: WinEDC
6.1 General Functions of WinEDC



Main features of the WinEDC:

Parameterization and administration for
o EOR-D Earthfault-detection system with four detection algorithms for 4 feeders per
module
- Transient relay with qu-algorithm
- Wattmetric-earthfault-detection
- Harmonic earthfault detection
- Pulse method

o EOR-DM Earthfault-detection system for up to 40 feeders
- Wattmetric relay (PIG algorithm)
- High-ohmic earthfault detection system (PIL) with
injection of two frequencies (DIF algorithm)

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o REG-DP(A) Controller for Petersen coils
- Calculation of the network-parameters by injection of two frequencies (CIF)
- Takes into account the Z
0Tr


Panel mode
Remote handling of the components via serial interface, modem or internet in the same way, as if
the user would be in front of the EDCSys

Terminal mode
In the Terminal mode the language REG-L can be used directly, written and transferred to the
modules. This programs are called as background-programs ( H-program).
With this background-program it is simple to expand the standard functionalities of the modules with
user specified functions.

Logbook
In each controller respectively earthfault detection system there is a logbook included, where the
events are recorded. It is possible to reduce the recorded data by using an event-filter.
This logbook can be read out and administrated with the WinEDC

Recorder
Depending on the application there are different recorders available.
Also this records can be read out and administrated with the WinEDC

Service mode
This is an additionally tool, to simplify the commissioning

6.1.1 Parameterization

The administration for the parameter-sets must be done for each device separately!!

6.1.1.1 Shortcuts


Transfer the actual selected parameter-set from the device into the PC ( read out )

Transfer the actual selected parameter-set from the PC to the device

Open existing parameter set

Save actual parameter set into a file

Print the actual parameter set

Exit the WinEDC





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6.1.1.2 Menu

File


Read
Transfer of the parameters from the device to the PC

Before the start of the transfer, an additionally menu is opened with a list of all devices on the E-LAN.
Via the E-LAN it is possible to read out, parameterize, program etc. all devices on the E-LAN via
only one serial port.

Send
Transfer of the parameter from the PC to the device.

For the REG-DP (DAN) it is possible to select, which parameters should be transferred.



Additionally the destination can be selected.
AA: Device to which the PC is directly connected
R: Device according to the parameter file. This device can be connected anywhere to
the ELAN - network

Verify
The verify offers different possibilities to compare the different parameter sets available from the
device, a file, the standard configuration and the actual version under work in the WinEDC

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The difference list can be send to
- Printer
- Preview or
- File

New

Load
With this parameter the standard MS file-open dialog is opened. It is now possible to select a
previous configuration and to reload it.

Save As
The actual configuration can be stored, using a new file-name

Save Cntrl + S
The actual configuration will be saved under the actual file name

Set Read Only
To protect the file against modification, it is possible to set it directly from the program to Read Only



Save Before Send
If checked, the file will be saved to a file before it is send to the device.

Set Read Only on Exit
If set, the opened file will be set to Read Only before the program exits


Common Data Folder
If checked, all data-folders are identical. This mean, that all parameter files, fault records, logbooks
etc. will be automatically stored in the same folder. It is not necessary to change for each task to the
same folder.

Data Folder = EXE Folder
If checked, the data folder is automatically the same folder from were the WinEDC was started.


Language
Selection of the desired language.
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Print
Print of the parameter-set.

Exit
Exit and close the WinEDC



COM
In this menu all parameters for the connection via the serial interface can be set.



The selected COM on the PC must be set to the same parameters than the COM1 on the device.

COM Settings
This selection opens the standard menu from MS to set up the parameters of the serial interface.


The following parameters must be set for:

Software-update ( device in the boot-loader mode )

115200 baud, 8, N, 1, RTS/CTS

Normal communication

Same parameters, as selected on the device

Normal communication via modem

115200 baud, 8, N, 1, RTS/CTS



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Disconnect
Actual connection will be disconnected

Disconnect On Deactivate
If checked, the actual connection will be disconnected if no communication is detected.



Modem



Connection
The following possibilities exist:
- An existing station can be selected
- A new station can be defined
- An existing station can be removed
- The name of an existing station can be modified directly

Phone number
Only numbers are accepted.
Special symbols like -, and / are accepted to make the phone-number more readable.

Modem
The selection out of
- Standard-modem
- Standard-modem with private branch exchange
modifies the proposed beginning of dial-string

at
Enables the selection of the COM. This can be a direct connection to an external modem, an internal
modem or an COMServer reachable via an internal network

Dial string
As a result of the previous selections a dial string is proposed.
This dial string can be modified directly in this field.

Connect
By pressing this button the dial string will be send to the selected modem. The responses of the
modems will be shown in the status window. (The cursor should be inside the window Modem
Connection until the connection is completed.)

Hookup or Hang up
This button ended an existing connection. The corresponding command sequence is send to the
connected modem
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Close
Closes the window Modem Connection.
Before it can be closed the modem must be hanged up !!


>>
Clicking on this symbols an additional option window is opened.



Modem initialization
The modem on the PC-side and the modem on the controller side must be initialized with different
strings.
For some modems there exist predefined init-strings. In this window it is possible to add, remove and
modify init strings.

Send
With this button the init string is send to the selected COM.

To init the modem for the controller, the modem must be connected to the selected COM. In most
cases the COM selection must be done in advance, as the modems have auto-baud detection.
The save to firmware of the modem is included in the init string.

Phone Book Exchange
The phone book is stored in the registry.

To simplify the transfer from one PC to another, a simple exchange program is included to export
and import telephone numbers.


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6.2 REG-DP(A)
6.2.1 General



General
version of parameter database
Version of the 'config' database, which includes all parameters and their description (read only)

support firmware from V 2.2.00 up to
describes the supported REG-DP(A) firmware versions range

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ID
Identification of the controller on the ELAN network
Maximum of to characters out of {AZ; 0 9}; must start with a character.
Possible combinations are:
{ A: . Z:;
AB: AZ:; A0: A9;
BA: .BZ:; B0: B9;
.
ZA: ZZ:; Z0: Z4:}


Special name: AA: In this case it is not necessary to know the identification of the controller in the
network. It is always that controller used to which the PC is connected directly.

Name
Name of the station; maximum length is 8 characters
The name is used for automatic generation of file-names for the logbook and the recorder. Therefore
it is preferred not to use special characters like \.
Due to the automatic generation of the names, it is preferred to include the name of the substation.
This simplifies the handling of controllers in a larger count of substations.

Language
Selected language for the LCD-Display on the controller:
- Deutsch
- English
- Italian
- Czech
- Russian
- Polish
- Finnish

Software version
Version of the installed REG-DP(A) firmware; (read only)
Will be detected after first parameter transfer from the REG-DP to the PC.

Hardware Type
installed hardware version of the Une measurement hardware

Possible selections:
unknown
LPER(Reg-DE) Hardware of the first controller generation
NTZ2(Reg-DP) Standard Hardware



Date
Date of the parameter set. The date depends on the transfer to or from the controller.

Time
Time of the parameter set.

Time zone
used time zone for correct time adjustment of the Greenwich time

autom. summertime adjustment
Possible selections:
NO
YES

Hemisphere
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Possible selections:
North
South



ENEL menu
If selected, the menu is reduced to the functions which are necessary for ENEL


Features
The enabling of the features can be done only in the terminal mode and with direct connection to the
controller. The structure of the parameter-menu is adaptive to these settings, so it is necessary to set
up or read from the device the correct feature settings. The feature can be deactivated by setting the
value to 0.

The change of some feature items results in a complete reconstruction of the dynamic menu-tree. In
case of a reconstruction the WinEDC changes to the highest menu-node. It is necessary to go back
to the page 'General.'

In the following, the activating command in the terminal mode is shown in italic letters

PP_NO_COMM
If selected, the feature for the tuning of a network without communication over a SCADA System is
available ( Parallel Petetersen-Coil_controllers with No Communication )

sysopen, Merkmal PP_NO_COMM = 1 'password'

CI
If selected, the extended functions for the current injection are available

sysopen, Merkmal SE = 1 170303

EOR
If selected, the REG-DP(DAN) assumes an existing EOR_DM(MCI). The communication to the
EOR-DM is supervised and failures will be signalled.

sysopen, Merkmal EOR = 1


ENEL
If selected, the extended function for the calculation of the capacitive current of the network is
available. This extended calculation takes also the zero-sequence-impedance of the transformer into
account.

sysopen, Merkmal ENEL = 1 190702

CBR
If selected, the display is expanded by an additionally circuit breaker schema and a modified resistor
control

sysopen, Merkmal CBR = x 'password'


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COM2FIX
The setting of COM2 which is used for the SCADA interface can be fixed to a predefined speed.
Changes via REG-L or modification of the communication parameters are ignored.

sysopen, Merkmal COM2FIX = 2 fixed to actual setting


CORR_TAB
enables the display of the earth-fault correction table

sysopen, Merkmal CORR_TAB = 1


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6.2.2 Communication

Communication Parameters for the Petersen-Coil Controller



This page is used to set up all communication parameters of each device.

These parameters are send from the PC to the directly and only to the connected device AA:. The transfer is
started by pressing the button: < Send to AA:>.

The Real Time Clock displays the actual PC-Time. By pressing the button <AA:> the time is send only to the
directly connected controller. By pressing the button <all> the time is send to the directly connected controller
and to all other controllers in the network connected via E-LAN

Device Identification
Same parameters, than on the previous page

Serial Communication
Parameter setting of the two serial ports. COM1 is in front of the controller. COM2 is accessible on
the rear of the Controller and can be used for example for the connection via a modem or for the
connection to a SCADA interface for example REG-P, REG-PE or REG-PM

Mode
Possible selections for the used protocol:

OFF Serial Interface is deactivated
Standard Standard Protocol for the REG-DP. Based on ASCII set
with few special combinations
( On the DAN the display is ECL !!)
DCF77 Telegram for the time synchronisation with DCF 77
receiver. The receiver can be connected via the serial port.


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Baud
Speed of the serial interface.
Possible selections:
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
38400
57600
76800
115200


Parity
Possible selections:
None
Odd
Even


Handshake
Possible selections:
None
Xon / Xoff
RTS / CTS

PC-COMx
The parameters configured for the COM in the controller is used for the setting of the COM in the
PC. This improves the handling of the serial interface of the PC in case of necessary changes of the
communication parameters.


E-LAN

Mode
Possible selections:

2-wire
4-wire


Baud
Possible selections:
15 600
31 200
62 500
125 000
375 000

Termination
If selected, the ELAN is terminated in the device by a resistor.

Standard Configuration for ENEL configuration

Device ELAN - left ELAN - right
DAN - R Yes Yes
DAN - V Yes Yes
MCI No No
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6.2.3 Control



General

Trigger for search
After a successfully tuning operation the zero-sequence voltage U
ne
is stored with amplitude and
phase as the new reference voltage U
ne_ref
. If the zero-sequence voltage changes, due to changes in
the network, either in amplitude or in phase larger than a preset value, a new calculation of the
actual network parameters is initiated.

The threshold range of the circle 3 is defined as a relative value referring to the reference voltage
U
ne_ref .
If the phase-measurement is not accessible, only the relative amplitude of U
ne_ref
is used.
Une_ref
real(Une)
imag(Une)
Threshold range:
modul + angle
Threshold range:
absolut
1
2
3

Fig. 6.7: Threshold range for the tuning operation

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Relative Range of Une
The relative range is the radius of the circle 3 in Fig. 6.7 and is defined in % and is referring to the
amplitude of U
ne
of the last successfully tuning operation.

Standard value: 15 %

Delay of search
The calculation is only started, if the actual zero-sequence-voltage is permanent out of the threshold
area during this defined time. If the voltage is coming into this threshold area, the timer is reseted.

Standard value: 120 s
Standard value for commissioning: 15 s

Delay of forced search
In case of a forced change of the controller status, it is not necessary to wait the same time as in
case of an change of the zero-sequence voltage. The time can be reduced to a lower value.

Standard value: 5 s

Tuning position
With the following parameters the type and size of detuning of the Petersen-Coil can be defined.

The calculation sequence of the controller evaluates the capacitive zero-sequence-current of the
network. Taking the following parameters into account the Petersen-Coil is tuned to the new coil
position.

For the calculation of the new tuning position the following possibilities exists:

Absolute detuning in A
The detuning
_ CE abs
I is directly defined in A.


_ COMP CE CE abs
I I I = +


Relative detuning in A
The detuning
_ CE rel
I is defined in % of the whole capacitive zero-sequence current of the network.
For a correct calculation of
CE
I all fixcoils in the network must be taken into account.

_
100
CE rel
COMP CE
I
I I

=


Kind of detuning
Possible selections:

relative
absolute

Relative detuning

Standard value: +10 %
Standard value ENEL: -5 %

Absolute detuning

Standard value: +10 A
Standard value ENEL: -10 A
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Search method

Search method
The method for the evaluation of the whole capacitive zero-sequence current
CE
I can be selected
with this parameter.

Possible selections:

Move Coil
Current Injection


Minimum move dIpos
In case of moving the coil to estimate the resonant point, this parameter defines the minimum coil
movement before the first acceptance of the parameter estimation. In any case the parameter
estimation starts after an coil movement of 3 %

Standard value: 5 %

Pass resonance maximum
If selected, the controller is pressed to move over the resonant point. This method increases the
accuracy of the parameter estimation. Especially the wattmetric part
w
I can be estimated correct
only by crossing the resonant point.

Standard value:

Follow-up of Uref
To reduce the number of search operation, slow changes U
ne
can be accepted. If the voltage never
cross the previous defined threshold during the time defined in this parameter, the actual value of U
ne

at the end of this period will be used as a new reference voltage for the calculation of the new
threshold. Therefore the U
ne_ref
follows slow changes of U
ne
.
A value of 0 deactivates the function

Standard value: 5 min

Une angle measurement
Referring Fig. 6.7 this parameter enables to select between the blue circle with enabled angle
measurement and the orange ring-area with disabled angle measurement.
The standard value is set on, but in some cases the angle measurement should be switched off,
especially in cases with very steep resonance curves and with a selected compensation near to
zero.

Standard value:


Position tolerance
Accepted tolerance for the coil position after coil-movement.

Standard value: 1 %


Search abort
Under some condition the search of the new tuning position respectively the calculation of the
CE
I is
aborted:

A search cycle with current injection consists of
- calculation of the actual detuning and evaluation of the new desired coil position
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- movement of the coil to the new position if necessary
- check after the coil movement if the actual position is within a defined tolerance

If it is not possible to reach the desired coil position within the predefined cycles the search is
aborted and the coil is moved to a predefined position. The type of the predefined position can be
selected via an parameter.

A search cycle without current injection consists of
- Search of increase of the resonance curve by moving the coil
- Movement of the coil for a minimum of dIpos to get acceptable estimation parameters
- Movement of the coil to the final position according to the estimation parameter and the
defined compensation
- Comparison of the measured value of U
ne
at the final position with the estimated value from
the estimation parameters at the actual coil position.

To protect the Petersen-Coil also against continuous movement, which can overstress the
mechanical components, there is also a parameter for a maximal time of coil movement. In the
controller a counter is incremented during an active movement of the coil and is decremented with
the same speed only during the state tuned. If the counter exceeds the preseted value the coil is
stopped.

Search cycles max.

Standard value: 15

Motor on time max.

Standard value: 45 min

End position after abort

Value Description
Homeposition The P-Coil will be moved to the predefined Home Position
Tuning Position The P-Coil is moved to the latest successfully tuning position.


Home position
Must be defined and depends on the network size

Standard value: 100 A

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Current Injection
+CI




General

CI-algorithm
Depending on the accessible measurement points according toFig. 5.4: Simplified zero-sequence
equivalent circuit of one transformer, one ASC and one Fix-Coil, different calculation algorithm can
be used.

Measurement Description
Uns Voltage on the Petersen-Coil.
Uod Zero-sequence voltage of the open delta measured on the bus bar
Ici Current of the current injection
Is Current flowing over Rs
If Current flowing over the fix-coil

Remark: If no resistor Rs is used, the voltage U
ns
is equivalent to U
ne
.

Possible selections for the algorithm are:

Value Description
Uod Ici
Uns Ici Simplest algorithm
Uns Uod Ici
Uns Uod Is If Standard ENEL algorithm

Cyclic calculation every min
The tuning state of the Petersen-Coil will be checked cyclically according to this value.

If the parameter is set to zero, there will be no extra check of the tuning state. In this case only the
change of the zero-sequence voltage will result to a new calculation cycle.
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New search after positioning
When the coil has reached its final position, a additional checking of the actual parameter is initiated.

Standard value:

emergency mode CoilMoving
If there is any problem with the current injection, the calculation method can be switched over to
parameter estimation by moving the Petersen Coil.

Possible selections:
NO
YES

motor blocked over Ici
Due to the high current of the current injection ( 10 to 15 A) and the current for the motor of the
Petersen coil, this parameter can disables the operation of both devices at the same time.
If the actual current of the current injection is higher as this defined value, the current injection will be
switched of during the moving operation of the Petersen Coil.

Standard value: 120 %



Continuous Current Injection

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Continuous current injection is always switched off
ON Continuous current injection is always switched on
autom. Continuous current injection is always switched on according to the
following two parameters


Continuous CI ON if Uns < V

Standard value: 0,5 V

Continuous CI OFF if Uns > V

Standard value: 1,0 V


Tolerance range dIce A
If the difference of the actual position and the target position from the result of the calculation is less
than this value, a movement of the Petersen-Coil is suppressed.



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Earth fault, Umin, Umax

Earth fault
If the zero-sequence voltage exceeds the defined maximal voltage U
earth
the current injection and a
coil-movement is aborted.

Uearth threshold
Definition of the maximal zero-sequence voltage U
earth
. If U
ns
exceeds this voltage, it is defined that
the network has an earthfault.

The value should be few percent less than the selected value of U
earth
for the protection relays.

Standard value: 30 %

Uearth signalling delay
This parameter defines the delay for signalling of the earthfault state. The signalling of short transient
earth faults can be suppressed.

Standard value: 7 s

Transient faults <
Definition of a transient earthfault for the controller: If the network is tuned, the earthfault duration is
less than this defined time and the zero-sequence voltage returns to the same voltage than before
the earth fault, there will be now start of a calculation operation.

If the duration exceeds the preset time, a calculation of the actual tuning is initiated in any case.

Standard value: 7 s

change to MANUAL

During an earthfault the calculation of the resonant point and the moving of the Petersen coil is
switched off. After the end of the earthfault a new calculation of the resonant point and the estimation
of the network-parameter is normally initiated. If this parameter is set, the controller changes from
state 'Automatic' to 'Manual'. Therefore the new search operation after the end of the earthfault is
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switched off. For a new tuning the controller must be brought back to the automatic state via SCADA
or by pressing the button 'Automatic'.

Standard value:

Ipos correction
+Corr_Tab,
In case of an earthfault the actual position of the Petersen Coil can be modified. After the end of the
timer 'Transients faults < ' the Petersen Coil is moved to the new position with consideration of the
type of compensation and the selected value in the table. The values in the table can be selected via
binary inputs and can take in consideration real switching operations in the network for example in
Fig. 6.8 from I
CE
to I
CE_2
.

_
[ ] [ ( )]
pos earthfault CE detuning detuning
I I I I dIc n = + +


Possible selections:

Value Description Sample
in Fig.
6.8
OFF No correction during an earthfault
Ires Moving of the coil to the resonant point, to reduce the fault current on the
fault point to its minimum. No change of the network-size is assumed
_ pos earthfault CE detuning detuning
CE
I I I I
I
= +
=

a)
CorrTab The correction of Ipos during earthfault is only according to the dIc
correction table. The value depends on the assigned binary input
EarthF_corr1 EarthF_corr4
_
( )
pos earthfault CE detuning
I I I dIc n = + with n = 1..4
b)
Ires +
CorrTab
During the earthfault both values are used for the final position Ipos.
_
( )
pos earthfault CE
I I dIc n = with n = 1..4
c)

I
CE
Ipos
A
abs(IF)
A
I
CE
+
Idetuning
a)
b)
I
CE_2
c)

Fig. 6.8: Ipos correction during earthfault

Remark: Each change on the binary input function for the selection of dIc generates a new search
operation

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Umax
The following parameters enable to interrupt an ongoing moving operation of the Petersen Coil
during a search operation immediately. In most cases the motor stops, before U
ne
exceeds the U
earth
threshold.

Umax threshold
Definition of the maximal zero-sequence voltage U
max
. If U
ns
respectively U
ne
exceeds this voltage, a
moving of the coil is stopped immediatly. This limit should prevent an earthfault signalisation during
the search operation. Therefore this value should be about 5% less than U
earth
.

A value of '0' deactivates the whole Umax-functionality.

Standard value: 25 %

Umax delay
Delay for the U
max
-state and its signalisation.

Standard value: 0 s

Umax end
For the 110 kV network it is possible to define a value which should not be exceeded for continuous
operation. For the short time, during the search operation, this value can be exceeded.

0

20

40 60

80

100
10

-2
10

-1
10

0
10

1
Coilposition Ipos / %
U
ne
/ %

I
CE_max

v

U
earth

U
max

U
end

Fig. 6.9: Visualisation of the parameter for the 110 kV network

The detuning v defines the minimum overcompensation of the network.
U
max
defines the maximum value of U
ne
to prevent an earthfault signalisation during the tuning
operation. The value Une
d
can be exceeded during the search operation. The value of I
CE_max

describes the maximum current over the fault location during an earthfault that should not be
exceeded. According to VDE 228 the probability in overhead lines is very high for self distinguishing,
if the current is below this value. For the 110 kV network this value is about 132 A.

The controller searches the minimum position, to fulfil all three boundary values.

This behaviour can be also used for a 'voltage compensation'
Self-extinguishing thr.
This value represents the maximum current for the self-extinguishing of arcs according to VDE 228.
This value is for 10 and 20 kV networks about 60 A and for 110 kV networks about 130 A.

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Umin
The following parameter defines the behaviour for very symmetrical networks, especially without
current injection.

If U
ne
is below the U
min
threshold the controller searches the whole tuning range of the Petersen Coil
for a value larger than this U
min
. If the controller cannot find any peak value above U
min
, the controller
moves the coil to a predefined coil position. After a defined time ( 'Message delay') , this situation is
signalled. If there is no change of U
ne
to exceed U
min
, the search operation can be restarted
automatically.

In case of using a current injection, a moving of the Petersen Coil is not started. Only a current
injection is started to get new estimation for the network-parameters. The Petersen Coil will be
moved only if the Coil is not at the predefined detuning position.

Umin threshold
U
ne
below this U
min
will be treated as disturbances.

Standard value: 0,5 %

End position

Value Description
Home position The P-Coil will be moved to the same position as defined for the
abort in case of exceeding the number of search operations.
Tuning-Pos The P-Coil is moved to the latest successfully tuning position.

Message delay
If there is now voltage change larger than U
min
and larger than the U
ne
-threshold during this
'message delay' time the actual situation will be signalled.

A zero value disables this function

Standard value: 15 min

New search after min
If the change in the symmetrical network leads to a new resonant point, which is also near to U
min
,
the calculation cycle will never start. Therefore this parameter enables to restart automatically a new
calculation cycle if U
ne
is below U
min
. Without current injection CI the coil must search over the whole
tuning range of the P-Coil. In case of using a current injection, this is only a current injection cycle to
get new estimation for the network parameters.

A zero value disables this function

Standard value with CI: 10 min
Standard value without CI: 60 min

change to MANUAL
If this checkbox is selected, the controller changes to 'Manual' mode after reaching the selected
homeposition. For a new tuning operation, the controller must be switched back to 'Automatic' mode
either with SCADA or with the button 'Automatic'

Standard value:



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Resistor control

The resistor control is a complete independent task running parallel to the control task for tuning the
Petersen coil. The state 'Manual' or 'Automatic' of the Petersen coil control has no influence to the
resistor control.

Due to the parallel operation, the reachable maximal resolution is about 0,1s. Therefore this resistor
control has some limitations for very fast KNOSPE with a time resolution of less than 0,1s. For
KNOSPE with reduced currents, for example 300 A and time resolutions in the range of 1 s, this
resistor control is a preferred application.

To improve the resistor control, a thermal equivalent of the resistor is calculated as a function of
switching on time and actual U
ne
.

The following figure presents a standard connection of an resistor control.

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L
N
Resistor on
R_on
+U
H
-UH
R_block
R_auto_on
+U
H
-UH
R_start
R_block
R_auto_off
R_auto_on
SCADA serial
SCADA
REG-DP
Resistor
B
i
n
a
r
y

I
n
p
u
t
s

(
B
I
)
B
i
n
a
r
y

O
u
t
p
u
t
s

(
B
O

o
r

R
e
l
)


Fig. 6.10: Sample for using the resistor control

In the REG-DP(A) the following binary input functions (BIF) are available for the resistor control:

BIF Name Description
21 R_start The rising edge of this signal starts with the switch on of the resistor the
cycle for the wattmetric increase
22 R_auto_on SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Activating of the Resistor control
23 R_auto_off SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Deactivating of the Resistor control
24 R_auto_onoff SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Change of Activating / Deactivating of the
Resistor control
25 R_block Blocking of the switching on of the resistor by an external signal. For
example by an external temperature supervision of the resistor.
36 R_enabled The raising edge is ending the self-blocking function of the resistor control.
The resistor control is waiting for a new trigger at the next earthfault.

The following binary output functions (BOF) are available for the resistor control:

BOF Name Description
0 OFF Relay is not assigned. Depending on the status of inverse a 0 or 1 is
signalled.
1 PROG The relay is assigned to the backward program, and can be modified via
the command EspRelPV.
23 R_auto_on Signalling: Resistor control is active
24 R_block Signalling: Resistor control is deactivated
25 R_on Command: The resistor for the wattmetric increase is switched on.
26 R_T>> Signalling: Resistor is to hot.

47 R_armed Resistor control is waiting for the next earthfault


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Resistor Control (RC)
.
The following timing diagram explains the application of the parameters

U
ne
Earth fault signalisation
Relay R
on
T_delay1
T_R_on
T_Trans
t
T_R_on2 T_R_delay2
n x repetion-cycle
T_delay0
T_idle

Fig. 6.11: Principal interpretation of the RC-parameters

The Time T_Trans is the ' Transient faults <' parameter from the parameter set Uearth, Umax, Umin.

The resistor control starts normally after the final recognition of the earthfault with suppression of
transient faults. The duration of the transient faults is defined in the parameter sets of
{Uearth,Umax,Umin}. With the parameter 'Suppression of transients ' this transient delay can be
suppressed, so that T_delay0 starts with the rising edge of the earthfault detection.

T_delay0 is only active, if the resistor is switched on during normal operation. In this case the voltage
Une is less than the Uearth threshold. The RC is in the idle state and waits for the recognition of an
earthfault.

For some requirements the initial value of R_on can be defined (' Idle state at Une < Uearth '). With
this parameter the situations with continued switched on resistor for damping of the unsymmetry
during normal operation can be solved. The parameter T_delay0 defines how long the resistor
should be in the on state after the first recognition of the earthfault.


The first cycle of the RC can be defined with T_delay1 and T_R_on.

The following 'repetition-cycle' can be defined with T_Rdelay2 and T_R_on2. With the parameter
'Repetition cycles' the count n of this repetition-cycle can be defined.


Using different combinations of these parameters the most requirements can be fulfilled.

Warning: Rp_on, Rs1, Rs2, Rs12 can be used only in the ENEL configuration

active
Activates the resistor control

Standard value:

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Parameter

The parameter are listed according to there time sequence

Parameter Description used in Fig. 6.11 State of Rp_on Standard
Suppression of Transients T_trans x

Idle state at Une < Uearth x OFF
Switch-off delay if idle= on T_delay0 x 1 s

Switch-on delay T_delay1 0 1 s
Switch-on time T_R_on 1 1 s

Repetition cycles n 0
Repetition delay T_delay2 0 0 s
Repetition on-time T_R_on2 1 0 s



Suppression of transients
If activated, the time T_delay0 starts immediately with the recognition of an earthfault. Some
switching operations in the network could start the whole sequence.

Standard value:

Idle state at Une < Uearth
Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF During normal operation the resistor is switched off
ON During normal operation the resistor is switched on

Switch-off delay if idle= on
If the resistor is switched on during normal operation to damp the resonance curve, this parameter
defines the time between recognition of the earthfault and the switching off of the resistor to improve
the ability of distinguishing the arc at the fault location.

This time is only used, if the previous parameter 'Idle state at Une<Uearth' is 'ON'.

Standard value: 1 s

Blocked after earthfault

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF The resistor automatic is disabled after the end of the earthfault.
ON The resistor automatic is on, but no automatic start of a cyle with the
beginning of the earthfault. The cycle must be started via SCADA or via
the menu.
autom. One cycle is started automatically with the beginning of an earth-fault


Thermal model of resistor
The thermal model uses the value Une to make an estimation of the temperature of the resistor.

The advantage of this thermal model is on one side, that for higher ohmic faults the number of
possible manual triggers is increased. On the other side, if the resistor is to hot and the RC is
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blocked to protect the resistor against overheating, the algorithm detects, when the resistor is cooled
down enough for one additionally trigger. In this case the blocking of the RC is removed and one
manual trigger of the RC is enabled. This reduces dramatically the time for the next trigger. The
resistor is not more blocked during the whole cooling time.

active
Activates the use of the exponential thermal equivalent of the resistor

Standard value:

Switch-on time max
Maximum continuous time, the resistor can be switched in with U
ne
= 100%

Standard value: 10 s

Temperature max
For the calculation of the thermal capacity of the resistor the rated maximal temperature of the
resistor must be defined with this parameter

Standard value: 200

Cooling time
Necessary time to cool down the resistor from the maximum temperature to 60 with an ambient air
temperature of 50

Standard value: 60 min


Display on the controller REG-DP(A)
The state of the resistor control is displayed in the upper right corner of the display.



The following combinations are possible:

Display Description
R:10 Resistor control is active; 10 times of Rp_on is possible at solid
grounded earthfaults
*R:10 The Wattmetric increase is actual active. During the whole Rp_on time
the star is displayed.
R:0 The resistor is too hot. An additional switching on of the resistor can be
started when the counter is increased to the minimum value 1 ( R:1). The
over-temperature of the resistor can also signalled with a relay.
[R:10] The squared brackets represents a blocked resistor control


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Parallel Operation
For the parallel operation the following parameters are available:

Parallel program
Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Parallel operation is not used
Master / Slave Master / Slave function; Information exchange via the ELAN is possible.
The coupling information of the bus-bar is available via an digital input.
The ability for detection of an external coupling is defined by another
parameter.
No Comm Must be set if the parallel operation should be done without
communication between the controllers.

active

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Parallel operation is never recognized used
ON Parallel operation is always on
BB-Coupling If the coupling of the bus bar via circuit breaker or external over the
network is recognized, the selected parallel operation mode will be
activated.


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Slave ID
Identification of the slave. The controller with this ID is defined to be the slave during the parallel
operation.

Value Description
No slave
M1 According to the identifications A: Z4:

Check external coupling
If activated, the external coupling is checked at first after detection of a change in the network. In the
simplest way with one controller a defined frequency is injected and checked on the second
controller if it is possible to detect this frequency with the same amount. To verify, this sequence is
checked also in the opposite direction.


Slave coil moving
Possible selections:

Value Description
No If the coupling is detected, the coil of the slave is blocked immediately
tuning If the coupling is detected by the controller, the slave coil is moved, if the
master is not able to do a successfully tuning with his own coil. The
master will move the coil of the slave to such a position, that he has
enough space for his own tuning.
def. position The coil of the slave will be moved to a predefined home-position, before
the master is tuning his own coil. The home position is defined with the
next parameter.


Slave position if Umin
Possible selections:

Value Description
Stop In case of Umin the slave stops at actual position
Home position The slave is moved to his defined home-position, before the master
starts with his tuning
Tuning Position The slave is moved to his last successful tuned position, before the
master starts with his tuning


Homeposition, if slave
Definition of the home position. This parameter must be activated with the previous parameter.




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Earthfault detection +EOR
To cooperate with an earthfault detection system its ID must be announced to the controller. The
earthfault detection system is than allowed to use the current injection of the controller for its own
calculations.

EOR-DM ID
ID of the EOR-DM ( MCI )

External CI blocked
Possible selections:

Value Description
NO The CI of the controller is always available for the MCI
Manual The CI is not available for the MCI, if the controller is in the manual
operation state
always The CI is always blocked for the MCI. There is no limitation for the DAN
to access the CI.

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6.2.4 Commissioning
The Commissioning is splitted up into three parts according to the components of the earthfault
compensation controller:
- REG-DP (DAN)
- Petersen Coil
- Current Injection (CI)




REG-DP(A)

Measurement

VTs for REG-DP
For the measurement of the zero-sequence voltage, there is a VT installed in the Petersen-Coil. The
VT is defined by two values:

Uns_sec nominal voltage
This is the nominal input voltage of the internal VT which is connected to the REG-DP ( DAN)

knu = Uprim / Usec
knu is the ratio of the VT.

Inverse polarity
The polarity of the measurement can be changed with this parameter. It is not necessary to change
the real wiring.


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Current transformers

Nominal current I1
This is the nominal input current of the internal CT_1 which is connected to the REG-DP (DAN)

Please check the Jumper setting in the REG-DP

knI1 = Iprim/Isek
knI is the nominal ratio of the current transformer

inverse polarity
The polarity of the current transformer can be modified

assignment of I1
Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF No assignment
NER Used by the feature NER


Nominal current I2
This is the nominal input current of the internal CT_2 which is connected to the REG-DP (DAN)

Please check the Jumper setting in the REG-DP

Please check if the second current transformer is available


knI2 = Iprim/Isek
knI is the nominal ratio of the current transformer

inverse polarity
The polarity of the current transformer can be modified

assignment of I2
The same assignments as for CT_1 can be defined.


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Digital Inputs, Relays, LEDs and User BOFs

According to the following block diagram the REG-DP has following features:

- All digital inputs are free configurable
- Assignment to input-function
- Logical invertible

- All digital outputs are free configurable
- Assignment to output-function
- Logical invertible

- Additionally all digital inputs can be read and all outputs are programmable by the user with background
programming ( H-Prog)

- Simple configuration of some User define able output function (DOF)

- All output functions are also available for the LED-display


E1
E2
E16
E1
E2
E16
Input-Function:
OFF
PROG
AUTO Imp
HAND Imp
...
End-switch U
Endschalter L
Level Converter
& Insulation
Inversion Assignment Input-Function
Control - Process
R1
R2
R9
R1
R2
R9
H-program:
R1
...
R10
Output-Function:
Motor H
Motor L
...
Uo > Uerd
Uo > Umax
Level-Converter
& Insulation
Inversion
Assignment Output-Function
EspBI
read &
write(t)
EspBIFV
read & write(t)
EspRel
read
EspRelFV
write &
read
EspRelPV
write &
read


Fig. 6.12:Functional diagram for digital I/O with visualization of possible access by the background
programming (H-Program)

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Binary Inputs

The threshold level for the inputs must be defined during the order.

As input signal DC or AC signals are accepted. The voltage input is converted to a logical signal.
This logical signal can be inverted using the following table. Additionally each physical input can be
assigned to the binary input function ( BIF)

Gray binary input functions ( BIFs) are fixed and cannot be changed by the user.

In the field 'user name' each binary input can be assigned with an user selectable name with a length
of 8 characters. These user names are used in the panel mode and on the service page.

The following input functions are available:

BIF Name Description
0 OFF Physical input is not assigned
1 PROG The physical input is used by the background program. There is no use by
the standard control process.
2 Motor_H Command from SCADA to the controller to move the Petersen-Coil in
direction of high current. The coil is moved only during the signal is on.
3 Motor_L Command from SCADA to the controller to move the Petersen-Coil in
direction of low current. The coil is moved only during the signal is on.
4 Pulse_Mot_H Pulse-command from SCADA to the controller to move the Petersen-Coil
in direction of high current. The rising edge of the signal is used and
extended according to a settable length.
5 Pulse_Mot_L Pulse-command from SCADA to the controller to move the Petersen-Coil
in direction of low current. The rising edge of the signal is used and
extended according to a settable length..
6 Mot_run External information, that the Petersen Coil is moved. This information is
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BIF Name Description
used by the statistic function of the controller..
7 End_H P-Coil => REG-DP: Endswitch High Current is reached
8 End_L P-Coil => REG-DP: Endswitch Low Current is reached
9 E:Manual P-Coil => REG-DP: P-Coil was switched to manual in front of the coil. The
controller is not allowed to move the coil.( prepared)
10 E:Error P-Coil => REG-DP: The : P-Coil has detected an error .( prepared)
11 Pulse:Local SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller is switch in to the mode Local
12 Pulse:Remote SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller is switch in to the mode Remote
13 Pulse:L/R SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller is changing the mode
Local / Remote
14 Stat:R Change to the mode Remote by an static signal
15 Pulse:AUTO SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller should change to the mode AUTO
16 Pulse:MANUAL SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller should change to the mode
MANUAL. This signal is also used to quit an error status.
17 Pulse:A/M SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Controller should change between the modes
AUTO / MANUAL.
18 S:Block Static Signal to the controller: Blocking of the controller
After the end of the blocking signal a new search is started.
19 S:BlockT Static Signal to the controller: Blocking of the controller by overheating of
the Petersen-Coil.
After the end of the blocking signal a new search is started.

20 Start_search The rising edge of this signal starts a new search cycle of the controller.
21 R_start The rising edge of this signal starts with the switch on of the resistor the
cycle for the wattmetric increase
22 R_auto_on SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Activating of the Resistor control
23 R_auto_off SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Deactivating of the Resistor control
24 R_auto_onoff SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Change of Activating / Deactivating of the
Resistor control
25 R_block Blocking of the switching on of the resistor by an external signal. For
example by an external temperature supervision of the resistor.
26 Pulse:CI_on SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Switch on of the current injection
27 Pulse:CI_off SCADA pulse => REG-DP: Switch off of the current injection
28 reserved Reserved for future use
29 Coupling Static signal => REG-DP: The bus bars are coupled via a sectionalizing
circuit breaker or via a bus coupler. The parallel operation mode of the
controller is activated.
30 Fixcoil on Static signal => REG-DP: A fix coil is switched on. This information is
specially used for the calculation of an relative compensation.
31 Quit error Quit of the controllers error state
32 EarthF_corr1
33 EarthF_corr 2
34 EarthF_corr 3
35 EarthF_corr 4
Static signal => REG-DP:
In case of an earthfault the P-Coil is moved according this table.

36 R_enabled The raising edge is ending the self-blocking function of the resistor control.
The resistor control is waiting for a new trigger at the next earthfault.
37 CI_block Static signal => REG-DP: blocking of the current injection
38 Rp_on The resistor Rp is switched on
39 Rs2_on The relay for Rs2 is energized => Rs2 is switched off (CRs)
40 Rs12_on The relay for Rs12 is energized => Both resistors Rs1 and Rs2 are
switched off ( CCRs)
41 CBR_S1
42 CBR_S1inv
Status of the switch S1 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
43 CBR_CB1
44 CBR_CB1inv
Status of the switch CB1 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
45 CBR_S2
46 CBR_S2inv
Status of the switch S2 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
47 CBR_CB2 Status of the switch CB2 for the CB-schema
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BIF Name Description
48 CBR_CB2inv Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
49 CBR_S3
50 CBR_S3inv
Status of the switch S3 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
51 CBR_CB3
52 CBR_CB3inv
Status of the switch CB3 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
53 CBR_S4
54 CBR_S4inv
Status of the switch S4 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
55 CBR_CB4
56 CBR_CB4inv
Status of the switch CB4 for the CB-schema
Two informations are required for 00, 01, 10, 11
57 CBR_R_on The resistor R is switched on

Relays and LEDs

For the relays and LEDs the same binary output functions (BOFs) are available.

Also here the signals can be assigned with user names to make the display on the panel and service page
more readable.




BOF Name Description
0 OFF Relay is not assigned. Depending on the status of inverse a 0 or 1 is
signalled.
1 PROG The relay is assigned to the backward program, and can be modified via
the command EspRelPV.
2 Motor_H Command => P-Coil: Move coil in direction High Current.
3 Motor_L Command => P-Coil: Move coil in direction Low Current.
4 Status Signalling of the internal controller status:
- Common alarm of all internal errors, for example:
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BOF Name Description
o RAM
o ELAN
o battery
o ....
5 AUTO Signalling: The controller is in the operation mode AUTO
6 Une>Uearth Signalling: The zero-sequence-voltage Une exceeds the threshold voltage
for the earthfault.
7 Une>Ueart_td Signalling delayed: The zero-sequence-voltage Une exceeds the
threshold voltage for the earthfault.
8 Une>Umax Signalling: The zero-sequence-voltage Une exceeds the predefined
threshold voltage for Umax
9 Une< Umin Signalling: The controller has searched over the whole tuning range of the
Petersen-Coil, but has not found any voltage higher than Umin. The signal
is delayed by the predefined delay time for Umin.
10 End_H Signalling: The controller has detected the end-switch in direction
High Current
11 End_L Signalling: The controller has detected the end-switch in direction
Low Current
12 End_H/L Signalling: Either the end-switch in direction High Current or the end-
switch in direction Low Current has been detected.
13 Mot_Run Signalling: The controller has detected a change of the Petersen Coil. The
signal is the result of the OR operation of the commands Motor_H,
Motor_L and from the input signal Motor_run

14 Tuned Signal tuned: The desired compensation has been reached.

15 Tuned_nC Signal tuned but not compensated: The desired compensation has been
not reached. The controller has moved the coil as much as possible, but
the desired compensation point cannot be reached by the controller taking
the predefined boundary conditions into account. One example is that the
desired compensation point is outside the tuning range of the Petersen-
Coil.
16 Umax_nC Signal Umax reached and not compensated.: Due to the level of Umax it
was not possible to reache the desired compensation point.
17 Block Signal Block: The controller is in the operating mode AUTO but blocked
by an event or command via the digital inputs.
18 HomePos1 Signalling: The coil has reached his home-position.
This home-position is selected if:
- no successful search over the whole tuning range, because Une < U
min
- abort of search or abort of calculation.
19 HomePos2 Reserved.
20 Remote Signalling: The controller is switched to remote. On the controller the
buttons <motor high>, <motor lower>, <MANUAL> and <AUTO> are
blocked by the software. A physical disconnection of the binary signals
doesnt occur. The menu of the controller and all parameters are still
available.
21 Fixcoil on Signalling: The fixcoil is switched on an is used for the calculation of the
desired compensation.
22 Coupling Signalling: Parallel operation of the controller is active. This signal is a
routed signal of the digital input function (29) for coupling.
23 R_auto_on Signalling: Resistor control is active
24 R_block Signalling: Resistor control is deactivated
25 R_on Command: The resistor for the wattmetric increase is switched on.
26 R_T>> Signalling: Resistor is to hot.
27 PotiWarning A gap in the potentiometer was detected.
28 SIM Internal simulation of the network is active
29 Alarm Common alarm signalling:
- Exceeding of the maximum allowed time for search ( 45 min )
(38:T_MotOn)
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BOF Name Description
- Exceeding of the maximal number of calculation cycles 37:n>search)
30 Alarm td Common alarm signalling; delayed.
31 AlarmInt Common alarm signalling intern
32 E:Dir Signalling: Petersen Coil is moving in the wrong direction.
33 E:Move Signalling: Within a predefined time ( about 20 s ) there was no detection
of a movement of the Petersen-Coil as an response to the commands
Motor_L respectively to Motor_H
34 Error Common error signalling for:
- Motor fault
o No movement detection on actuator command (33:E:Move)
o Wrong direction (32:E:Dir)
- Potentiometer fault
o Broken conductor (39:Pot_???)
- Both end switches detected at the same time
- Positioning error
- Error signalling from the P-Coil (DIF 10:E:Error )
35 Error td Common error signalling delayed.
36 Error_sum Common error signalling
Error_sum = Error OR Alarm OR Status OR Alarm_CI
= (34:Error) OR (29:Alarm) OR (4:Status) OR(

Alarm:
- Exceeding of search time ( 45 min ) ( 38:T_MotOn)
- Exceeding of number of searches ( 37:n>search)
Error:
- Motor fault
o No movement detection on actuator command (33:E:Move)
o Wrong direction (32:E:Dir)
- Potentiometer fault
o Broken conductor (39:Pot_???)
- Both end switches detected at the same time
- Positioning error
- Error signalling from the P-Coil (DIF 10:E:Error )

Status:
- All internal errors for example:
o RAM
o ELAN
o battery
o ...
37 >n_Search Signalling: within n search respectively calculation cycles it was not
possible to make an successful tuning of the Petersen-Coil
38 >T_MotOn Signalling: The predefined maximum of the motor run time was exceeded.
39 PotiError Signalling: An error on the measurement of the coil-position via the
potentiometer was recognized; for example a broken conductor
40 Une_?? Signalling: An error on the measurement of the zero-sequence voltage
was identified, for example a value > 120% of the predefined nominal
zero-sequence voltage
41 E:MANUAL Signalling: Routed signal of the digital input E-Manual
42 E:ERROR Signalling: Routed signal of the digital input E-Error
43 CoupleSignal Replication of the input signal 'coupled'
44 CoupleViaNet External coupling in the network was detected.
45 ELAN Error Signalling: Common signalling for errors on the E-LAN
46 U12<< Reference voltage is less than 35 VAC => The measurement of angles is
impossible. The controller switches over to the calculation method using
only the amplitude
47 R_armed Resistor control is waiting for the next earthfault
48 SearchDelay True, if the zero-sequence voltage is outside the tolerance range of the
zero sequence voltage. The controller has not started with the calculation
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BOF Name Description
of the actual tuning respectively with the search of the compensation point.
Is also true during the delay of the forced search
49 ParaProg True, if the parallel program operation mode is active..
50 Local The controller is in the operation mode local
51 Remote The controller is in the operation mode remote
52 Uearth Pos True if there is an earthfault and the required positioning of the coil during
the earthfault was successful.
53 Search True during the search operation:
From beginning of search respectively the calculation up to a final state of
the controller like tuned or tuned_nC
The signal is cleared by: Uearth, Block, Manual, Slave-Mode
54 Umax_end True, if the continuous value of Umax is exceeded
55 Umax_end_C True, if it was possible to find a tuning point at Umax_end but with
exceeding the predefined desired compensation.
56 dIce_max True if the compensation limit Ice is exceeded
57 dIce_max_nC True, if the controller is at the compensation limit dIce and the desired
compensation value is outside this predefined limit.
58 Batt_low Battery is low; the battery should be changed within 2 month
59 CI_extern Signalling: Current injection was requested by another device for example
by the earth fault detection system (MCI)
60 Ci_alive Signalling: Communication to the current injection is working.
61 CI_on Signalling: Current injection is switched on. The requested current is
flowing.
62 CI_blocked Signalling: Current injection is blocked:
- routed signal form the digital input signal
- signalisation from the current injection controller
63 CI_error Signalling:
- Communication error to the CCI
- Information of an error from the CC
- Missing synchronisation voltage on the CCI
- Detected broken conductor between CI an P-Coil
- Detected short cut between CI and P-coil
64 CI_missing Signalling: No response from the CCI
65 Fix_on Command: The switching on of the fix-coil is requested by the controller
66 Pulse:Fix_on Pulse command: The switching on of the fix-coil is requested by the
controller
67 Pulse:Fix_off Pulse command: The switching off of the fix-coil is requested by the
controller
68 Rs2_on Command: Energizing of the relay for Rs2 => Rs2 is shortened
69 Rs12_on Command: Energizing of the relay for Rs12 => Rs12 is shortened
70 Rp_on Command: The switching on of the resistor parallel to the Petersen-Coil is
requested.
71 Pulse:Rp_on Pulse command: The switching on of the resistor parallel to the Petersen-
Coil is requested.
72 Pulse:Rp_off Pulse command: The switching off of the resistor parallel to the Petersen-
Coil is requested.
73 R_nCB_Trip Signalling: There is still an earthfault, although all pulses for the NER are
transmitted.
74 User_1
75 User_2
76 User_3
77 User_4
78 User_5
79 User_6
80 User_7
81 User_8
User definable output functions (DOFs).
The user can define a combination of all above digital output functions. All
selected DOFs will combined with an OR
82 EOR_missing EOR-DM ( MCI) is configured, but not found.

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Minimal hold time of relays
This time gives the minimum on time for a signal.

Pulse extension Mot-H/L
The signals from the SCADA for Motor up and down are extended to this time. This enables a more
smooth tuning operation of the coil in combination with the short SCADA impulses.

Alarm delay
Alarm messages will be signalled only if the duration of the alarm is longer than this predefined time.

Error delay
Error messages will be signalled only if the duration of the error is longer than this predefined time.




User BOFs ( Binary Output Functions)

The user can define a combination of all digital output functions.
All selected BOFs will combined with an OR

Notation:
Empty not used
+1 used as normal OR
-1 inverted signal is used for the OR

For each user BOF an individual signalisation delay can be defined in the column 'Delay'.

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Analogue I/Os


Control-Process
A1
A2
A3
A1
A2
A8
H-Program:
AO1
...
AO8
Output-Function:
Uen
Ipos
...
Ip
R_Temp
Bipolare 20 mA
Current Source
Insulated (50V)
Filter
Assignment Output-Function
EspAOFV
write &
read
EspAOPV
write &
read
Scaling
+
-
+
-
+
-


Fig. 6.13: Functional diagram for analogue outputs with visualization of possible access by the background
programming ( H-Program )


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mA
20
4
0 100 Uen / V
0 100 Uen / V
0
10
0
10
8
mA
y [%]
100
20
0 1 Uen
0
0 1 Uen 0,1
0
50
40
y [%]


Fig. 6.14: Programmable transfer characteristics for the analogue outputs

The function and correct parameterisation in combination with the SCAD system can be checked very easy
on the service page. In the 'Override mode' the analogue values can be overwritten for some minutes with
direct input via the keyboard.


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Petersen Coil



Petersen Coil
I_min
Value of the Petersen coil in the lower position at the end switch lower current.
This current will flow through the Petersen coil in case of an solid earthfault.

I_max
Value of the Petersen coil in the higher position at the end switch higher current.
This current will flow through the Petersen coil in case of an solid earthfault.

Voltage rating of P-Coil
The standard value is 1,00. If a reduced voltage is used, a new calibration is not necessary. With this
parameter the values are recalculated for the control operation.

15 kV network:
If the coil is designed for 20 kV and the operation voltage is only 15 kV the reduction-factor is 0,75.
All the current-values must be defined for the nominal voltage of 20 kV.

Quality factor of P-Coil
For some algorithm it is necessary to estimate the average quality of the P-Coil.

Type of End Switch

Possible selections:

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Value Description
Make Make contact: The signal true is available at the end-switches
Break Break contact: The signal true is removed at the end-switches
none There are no end-switches available. The end-position are assigned
during the P-Coil calibration, when the controller detects no motions after
15 s.


Software end switches
active
Enables the function 'Software end switches '

This function can be used to limit the active range of the Petersen Coil. During search operation the
controller will not leave the selected range.


I_min
Simulated lower endswitch of the Petersen Coil. The decision is evaluated from the coil Position
measured with the potentiometer. Normal successful calibration is assumed.

I_max
Simulated higher endswitch of the Petersen Coil. The decision is evaluated from the coil Position
measured with the potentiometer. Normal successful calibration is assumed.


Potentiometer
Plausibility check for poti gaps
Enables the function

Pot gaps max. length %
The gaps are recognized, due to the increased voltage ( > 5 V). During this time the coil position is
interpolated from the last measurement, the values from the coil calibration and the moving
commands.

Ipos / A
Us / V
Imax
end position high
Imin
end position low
gap
Us_end switch
low
Us_end switch
high
+5,5V
Interpolated values
Ipos= f( motor movment, calibration)


Fig. 6.15:Principle of the potentiometer gap-interpolation

If there are problems with the potentiometer, the parameter for the gap can be increased, but during
one of the next services, the potentiometer in the Petersen Coil should be changed

For some situation, the gap can be set to 100%. In this case the controller assumes that no
potentiometer exists and all values must be interpolated. It is not a recommended version, but
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possible.




Results of Calibration
The following parameters are results from the coil-calibration. They are only displayed and cannot be
changed by the user

End-switch Low
Value of the potentiometer ratio, where the End-switch Low was detected. In case of no end-
switches at this position there was no coil-movement detected for more than 15 s.

End-switch High
Value of the potentiometer ratio, where the End-switch High was detected.

Run-time L->H
Operation time, which were needed from the Petersen-Coil to move from the end-switch low to the
end-switch high.

After-running
Time delay expressed in A of the equivalent coil movement from the beginning of an stop-signal to
the Petersen-Coil and detection of no movement of the Petersen-Coil. This parameter is used during
normal operation to improve the reach ability of exact compensation points. Depending on this value
the motor is stopped before the target compensation point.

Lost motion
Due to mechanical play there is difference between the real air-gap of the iron core and the signalled
potentiometer position. This difference depends on the direction of the movement.

The REG-DP evaluates this mechanical play during the commissioning and uses it to compensate
the displayed values during normal operation. The compensation is only working, if the commands to
the Petersen-Coil is generated by the controller. It can not compensate if the coil is moved by the
buttons in front of the Petersen-Coil.

Linearity error
During the commissioning the values of the potentiometer-slider is recorded. Normally this should be
a linear function of the time. The displayed value is the deviation from the linear time interpolation
from the minimum to the maximum coil position. This value should be below 2%. Higher values
indication problems with the potentiometer or with the connection from the controller to the Petersen-
Coil.


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Linearization Table
One item of the calibration operation is the linearization of the Petersen-Coil. During this operation
the nonlinear function of the coil-current from the air-gap due to the nonlinear magnetization is
measured and transferred in this table. These values are used by the controller to compensate the
nonlinearity for the display, transfer over 20 mA transducers and for the serial transfer to SCADA
systems.




Fix-Coil
The information of the fix-coil is used to calculate the capacitive current of the whole network.
This information is also necessary if the calculation of the desired compensation is using the relative
compensation.

If there is no information on the external fix-coils, it is easier to use the absolute compensation.

Depending of the parameter Use fix-coil value the predefined or the measured value and quality
factor of the fix-coil is used.



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Fix-Coil control
If the tuning range of the Petersen-Coil is to small it depends on this parameter, if the controller is
allowed to switch on / off an additionally fix-coil.

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF The fix-coil will never switched on by the controller.
ON The fix-coil is always switched on, from the controller
AUTO The controller is allowed to switch on/off the fix-coil according to the
requirements to reach the compensation point.


Fix-Coil value, parameter
Value of the inductive current of the fix-coil in case of a solid earth fault.

Quality factor, parameter
Quality factor of the fix-coil:
( )
( )
fix
fix
imag I
Q
real I
=

Use Fix-Coil value
Possible selections:

Value Description
Parameter The predefined values are used for the calculation. They are only used, if
also the digital input function is true (DIF 30:Fixcoil)
Measured During the current injection the parameters of the fix-coil are measured.
This values are used for the calculation of the compensation current and
the compensation point. The status of the digital input function DIF
30:Fixcoil is not used

Fix-Coil value, measured
Value of the inductive current of the fix-coil in case of a solid earth fault. This values are measured
and cannot be changed by the user.

Quality factor, measured
Measured quality factor of the fix-coil. This value cannot be changed by the user.



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Current Injection (CI) +CI


Some values are measured directly by the current injection controller. The connection to the CCI is
via an isolated RS485 and it is not necessary to transfer all values in analogues to the REG-DP.



Parameter sets

The size and frequency of the injected current can be set to different values for the following states:
- Manual current injection
- Calculation with current injection
- Continuous current injection
- External CI request ( from MCI for example)

Additionally the maximal zero-sequence-voltage due to the injected current can be set. The injected current
is limited by the controller in such a way, that the zero-sequence voltage does not exceed the preset value.
This occurs according the following equation:

_ max
2
en en
u U <

For each state the following parameters can be defined:

Frequency
Possible selections:

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Value Description
-6 Two frequencies 25Hz 75Hz
-8 Two frequencies 33.3Hz 66.7Hz
-10 Two frequencies 41.7Hz 58.3Hz
-11 Two frequency 45.8Hz 54.2Hz
12 One frequency 50 Hz
11 Three frequencies 45.8Hz 50 Hz 54.2Hz
10 Three frequencies 41.7Hz 50 Hz 58.3Hz
8 Three frequencies 33.3Hz 50 Hz 66.7Hz
6 Three frequencies 25Hz 50 Hz 75Hz

Current
Ratio of the maximal injected current.
This current depends on the number of installed current-limiting coils in the motor drive.

maximum Une during CI

Due to the current injection the zero-sequence voltage is increased, respectively modulated. To
prevent the earth fault detection for tripping, the maximum of u
ne
is supervised and if necessary the
current injection reduced.


maximum dUne during CI

The previous parameter takes care on the maximal absolute value of Une due to the current
injection. This parameter takes care on the maximal relative change of Une due to the current
injection.





The assignment for the voltages and currents is free. For a better resolution for lower values an additional
jumper is implemented.

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Voltage instrument transformers (VT):

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Not used
Usync Synchronisation voltage. This is the reference voltage for all the other
five channels. ( normally 230 V )
Uns_P-Coil Zero-sequence voltage measured on the Petersen-Coil. This does not
include the voltage drop on the Rs. ( normally 100 V )
Uod_BB Zero-sequence voltage measured on the bus bar using the open-delta
winding ( normally 100 V)
Uci Voltage measured at the current injection point. Can be up to 500V.

For each input the nominal value and the ratio of the VT in front of this input must be defined.

Current instrument transformers (CT):

Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Not used
Ici Injected Current
Is Current over Rs.
If Current over Fix-Coil

For each input the nominal value and the ratio of the CT in front of this input must be defined.





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Digital I/O

The same scope of digital input functions and digital output functions are available as for the internal digital
inputs, relays and LEDs.

Standard assignments for ICC LEDs are:


LED Function Status ok
1 Usync << 0
2 0
3 0
4 Current Injection active green
5 Synchronisation for thyristor block green
6 ICC status green
blinking


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Additional Components

With the following parameters it is possible to use either predefined values or measured values of
the zero-sequence components of the transformer. The measurement is done with two frequencies
near to 50 Hz, so that the problems of disturbances from 50 Hz are eliminated.

Used Ro, Xo
Possible selections:

Value Description
Parameter The predefined values are used for the calculation.
Measured During the current injection the parameters of the serial zero-sequence-
impedance of the transformer is measured.

Ro_Tr
Real (watt metric) part of the transformer zero-sequence-impedance
0_ 0_
( )
Tr Tr
R real Z =

Xo_Tr
Imaginary part of the transformer zero-sequence-impedance
0_ 0_
( )
Tr Tr
X imag Z =


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Rp control
Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF Rp is requested for always switched off
ON Rp is requested for always switched on
AUTO Rp is requested according to the requirement in the network
- One Rp is always requested to be switched off during parallel
operation
- The second Rp is also requested to be switched off, if the coil
position of the master is higher than the predefined value

Rp value
Value of the installed resistor in Ohm

Rp ON if Ipos <
If Ipos goes below the predefined value, the second Rw will be requested to be switched on in the
parallel operation mode

Rp OFF if Ipos >
If Ipos exceeds the predefined value, the second Rw will be requested to be switched off in the
parallel operation mode



Rs2 ON if Ipos > (CRs_on)
If Ipos exceeds the predefined position, the Rs2 relay is energized and the corresponding Resistor is
shorten to reduce the losses in the network

Rs2 OFF if Ipos <
If Ipos goes below the predefined position, the Rs2 relay is de-energized and the corresponding
Resistor is switched in to increase the losses in the network




Rs12 control (CCRs_on)
Possible selections:

Value Description
OFF The R12 relay is always de-energized. Rs1 is never shortened.
ON The R12 relay can be energized and switched off

Rs1 value
Value of the resistor Rs1 in Ohm

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SCADA

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6.2.5 Options




Local / Remote
active
If checked, the local / remote function is active. The keys in the orange area are not available for the
user in front of the controller.

EspLockBIFV .
EspLockKB
EspLockRegL

Local/Remote state
xxx

L/R change via REG-L
xxx

Options
Controller state after reset
Possible selections:

Value Description
unchanged The R12 relay is always de-energized. Rs1 is never shortened.
MANUAL The R12 relay can be energized and switched off


Display
Une display in
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Possible selections:

Value Description
% Percentage of the nominal value
V In V; the voltage refers to the secondary side of the VT
kV In kV; the voltage refers to the primary side of the VT

Parameter
Possible selections:

value description
k_v_d k unbalance of the network in %
v detuning
d damping of the network in %
Une_Ir_Iw Une Zero-sequence voltage in V,%,kV
Ir . Resonant point in A
Iw Watt-metric part of the network


Display of current
With this parameter the scaling of the x-axis is defined.

Possible selections:

Value Description
+Ifix Value of the own coil plus the value of the own fix-coil
+Ifix+Islave Value of the own coil plus all additionally coils seen in the network
only_Ipot Only the value of the own coil.

LCD Saver ON
If this box is checked, the backlight is switched of after 15 min, if now key is pressed within this time.
After one hour also the graphic is switched off.

LCD contrast
The contrast of the display can be modified.



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Simulation

In the simulation mode, the physical relays are disconnected

Net models
The parameter for three net-models can be defined. The networks can be defined by 4 parameters:

Parameter Description
Ires Resonantpoint in A
Iu Unbalanced current. Defines the maximal resonant voltage
Iw Wattmetric current. Influences the steepness of the resonance curve.
Smaller values defines sharp curves and high values results in flat
curves
phi defines the direction of Ures in reference to phase L1


Coil simulation

Parameter Description
Run Time Time for the movement of the coil from the lower endposition up to the
higher endposition
End switch low End switch low defined in % of maximal value of the potentiometer
End switch high End switch high defined in % of maximal value of the potentiometer

CI simulation
In future

6.2.6 Recorder



The REG-DP has three channels for the recording.

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A data-compression mode is used. A record is only stored, if the change of the measurement exceeds the
resolution value.

Possible selections for the channels:

Value Description Reference for resolution
--- No recording ---
Une Zero-sequence voltage ( 50 Hz component ) Actual Une
Une_phi Angle between Une an Usync 360
I1 Current input I1 I_nominal
I1_phi Angle between I1 and Usync 360
I2 Current input I2 I_nominal
I2_phi Angle between I2 and Usync 360
Ipos Coil-position in A Imax

The Resolution is selected in % in most of the cases the reference is the actual value and not the maximal
value!
6.2.7 Logfile



Event Filter for the logbook

On this page an event filter for the recorded events can be defined for

BI Binary Input
BO Binary Output, respectively Relay
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BIF Binary Input Function to the control process
BOF Binary Output Function of the control process

The signal number represents the bit position in the 4 Byte word and is designed for the maximum
configuration.
The 'x' activates the recording of the change of the signal respectively of the function.





Event Filter for the logbook

On this page an event filter of the system events can be enabled respectively disabled.

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6.3 Panel
In the Panel mode the connection to the controller is via the serial interface. Additionally there can be
also included a modem link.

The serial link is to one controller, which is also identified with the ID AA:

From this Controller, it is possible also to select any other controller, which is connected to the same
ELAN. It is not necessary to remove the serial link and to reconnect to another controller. The
accessibility of all controllers on the E-LAN via one controller is one of the features of the E-LAN
concept.

The possibilities with the panel are the same as the user would be in front of the controller.



Some additionally features:

Freeze
The actual display is frozen. It is possible to analyze the displayed data without stress.

Copy Panel
With this command the panel is copied to the clipboard and can be used from other programs.
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Copy Display
With this command only the LCD display is copied to the clipboard and can be used from other
programs



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6.4 46BTerminal 187



6.4 Terminal
The Terminal is with some exceptions an ASCII terminal.

It can be used to communicate with the controller via the REG-L language.
It can also be used to write programs in REG-L directly on the controller or to transfer a REG-L
program from the PC to the controller.




The following menu is in this mode available:




Font
The font, which is used in the terminal, can be selected via the standard MS font selection tool

Convert OEM-Font
Converts the OEM Font for Windows to enable correct display of special characters like .

Commandline Mode
If checked, the command line mode is active. In this case the whole string is collected in the PC-
buffer and is send to the controller after <return> is pressed.
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Initial Return
If checked, each command send to the controller starts with an <return>

Show Ctrl Chars
If checked, all control characters are also displayed enclosed by brackets: 10

RegSys Terminal
Accepts and generates all special combinations, which are specified within REGSys



Send Background Program
Using the standard MS file selection menu a background program can be selected and transferred to
the controller.

Send Firmware with Reset
Using the standard MS-file selection menu the new firmware components can be selected and
transferred to the controller.

The selection can include more than one file. The selection is according to Windows-specifications
either with Cntrl for definitive selected files or with shift for a range of files.

After the transfer the controller will be reset automatically.

Before the transfer the controller must be brought into the boot-loader mode.
This can be done in the following way:

REG-DP ( DAN )
< Menu>
< F3 > Setup
< F5 > System
< F1 > next page
< F5 > Status
< F1 > continuous for 5 s

=> change to the boot loader mode includes also the change of the COM1 settings to

COM1: 115200, 8, N, 1, RTS/CTS


EOR-D
Pressing the <Reset> for 10 s until all LEDs starts to blink.
The Firmware update can be started immediately.

This mode can be aborted, by pressing the <reset> again for 10 s.

EOR-DM
Pressing the <Reset> for 10 s until the status LEDs begins to blink..
The Firmware update can be started immediately.

This mode can be aborted, by pressing the <reset> again for 10 s.

Send Firmware without Reset
Alternatively to the upper procedure, each file can be send separately. At the end the controller must
be reset manually.


The terminal includes some text-editor functions
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It is possible to cut, copy and paste a with the mouse selected range. Additionally the selected range can be
saved to a file respectively a selected file can be loaded into the terminal range.

The menu is available by clicking on the right mouse button:



In parallel the functions find and find next are also accessible over the menu.
Find
Find next


Datenlogger



With the data logger it is possible to send REG-L commands to the controller and to store the results
in a file. This can be stored in such a way, that it can be directly used by other programs like excel.

Suggested activated options are:
- CSV Format
- Timestamp
- Autoincrement

Output File
Directory and name of file

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Command
List of REG-L commands, which are send cyclic to the controller.
The text is read out in the sequence from top to bottom.
Empty lines are ignored

Special symbols at the beginning of the line:
# Defines this line as a comment line
@ This line will be executed only one time


'Right mouse' opens an pop up window with the following commands
- Cut
- Copy
- Paste
- To File
- From File


Format
Selection of the type of separation between the data:
- tab tabulator
- CSV comma separated values

Timestamp
If checked, the PC-timestamp is added in each line

Append
If checked, the next data will be appended to the selected file.

Autoincrement
If checked, each new <RUN> starts with an check if the file name already exist. If the file name
exists an index is appended and incremented. This index is incremented on each following <RUN>
command.

Repetition time
For long time recordings, it is possible to define a repetition time for the read out.

Run
Pressing this button starts the logging.

Stop
Pressing this button stops the logging.
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6.5 Logfile

6.5.1 General

In the folder Logfile the following commands exist:




Font
The font, which is used in the terminal, can be selected via the standard MS font selection tool

Find.
Find Next
This two functions enables to search text within the Logfile


Read Logfile from Device
Transfers the Logfile from the REG-DP or EOR-DM to the PC. This can be done also over a modem.

If there are connected more devices connected via the E-LAN, it is possible to select the desired
device out of a list.

Before the download starts, it is possible to select a logbook on the PC. If it is from the same device,
only the new data's will be transferred.


Update current Logfile
Before the transfer the name and type of source and destination is checked. If they are identical the
transfer of the new data's is started immediately.

Split Logfile
Existing Logfiles can be split up in two files


Merge Logfile
Two existing files can be merged




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Export Logfile
The actual selected Logfile can be exported either as 'text' or 'CSV' file. ('CSV' stands for Comma
separated file and is used for e.g. Excel).



Read Fault Recorder from Device
With this command it is possible to transfer the 10,24 kHz fault records from the device to the PC.
The storage format can be selected.

The native format, based on the CSV format, includes some additionally information, which can be
used during the evaluation process.

The Comtrade format includes only the standard information.

Convert Fault Record File
The selected CSV file will be converted to Comtrade format.


Read Recorder From Device
Wit this command the records from the REG-DP (DAN) can be transferred to the PC.

Export Recorder Data
The selected file can be converted to different formats




Signal On End Of Transmission
If checked, the End of Transmission is signalled by an beep.


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6.5.2 REG-DP (DAN)

Example for an Logfile of the REG-DP:




To reduce the stored data and enable to restore a init state the following data are written in the
Logfile:
- each change of DI,DO,DIF,DOF
- cyclic distributed over more lines: actual status of DIF, DOF, DI, DO, Une, UnePhi and Ipos

To increase the search time the displayed rang can be limited.
Also the displayed date format can be changed.

With the right mouse the following functions are available.
Copy
Find.
To File

Possible type of records in the Logfile:


message type description
Time changed change of date and time:
begin of line: new date and time
end of line: old date and time
Resonance curve New resonance curve with the parameters:
Ires resonant point
Iw wattmetric current of the network
Ures voltage at the resonantpoint
UresPhi phase angle of Ures

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message type description
Error: <nr> Error <nr> has occurred
Error ack. quit of error

Power down / reset Power down
Status error <data> Status error with corresponding bit field

BI <nr:> Digital Input with the physical number <nr >
BO <nr:> Digital Output with the physical relay number <nr>
BIF <nr: BIF_name> Digital Input Function of the control process with number and name of
this function
BOF <nr: BOF_name> Digital Output Function of the control process with number and name of
this function




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7 FAQ

7.1 REG-DP(A)

Clear Logbook

WinEDC/Terminal:
EspLogCl ear = 0

Clear Recorder

WinEDC/Terminal:
RecCLEAR = 0


Check all possible features

WinEDC/Terminal:
mer kmal e *
FEATURE PP_NO_COMM = 0
FEATURE ENEL = 1
FEATURE SE = 1
FEATURE CBR = 0
FEATURE EOR = 1
FEATURE COM2FI X = 0
FEATURE CORR_TAB = 0
FEATURE SE_OFFSET = 0

Statistic

Statistic for week 40 to week 44:

<P>EspSt at i st 40 44

St at i st i cs
Aut o Mot or On GNDf aul t Cur r I nj . Sear ch Tuned Tuned NC TuneUmi n GNDTr ans GND- Per m I w- I ncr >Thr esh.
w40/ 2004 0: 11: 15 0: 03: 15 0: 00: 00 0: 30: 51 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
w41/ 2004 26: 32: 57 0: 06: 23 0: 00: 00 3: 04: 02 95 74 1 0 0 0 0 11
w42/ 2004 14: 25: 41 0: 06: 24 0: 00: 00 1: 57: 05 18 12 0 0 0 0 0 0
w43/ 2004 0: 03: 21 0: 02: 49 0: 01: 43 0: 00: 00 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0
w44/ 2004 0: 03: 27 0: 02: 53 0: 00: 00 0: 00: 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- - - - - - - - -
sum41: 16: 41 0: 21: 44 0: 01: 43 5: 31: 58 115 87 1 0 3 2 0 11

<P>EspSTATI ST 40 44 = 0



Only sum-statistic:


<P>EspSt at i st

St at i st i cs
Aut o Mot or On GNDf aul t Cur r I nj . Sear ch Tuned Tuned NC TuneUmi n GNDTr ans GND- Per m I w- I ncr >Thr esh.
sum41: 16: 42 0: 21: 46 0: 01: 43 5: 31: 59 115 87 1 0 3 2 0 11
si nce 01. 01. 90

EspSTATI ST = 0
<P>

7.2 Current Injection CI

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8.1 50BThe programming language REG-L 197



8 Background Programming REG-L
8.1 The programming language REG-L

The programming language REG-L (REG-Language) has been especially developed for the requirements of
the voltage regulation system REGSys with the aim to offer a simple line-orientated dialogue language.
Meanwhile, the REG-L has been expanded by commands for other devices like

REG-DP(A) (earth fault compensation controller; DAN)
EOR-DM ( earthfault detection system for up to 40 feeders; MCI)
EOR-D ( earthfault detection relay for 4 feeders with four different detection algorithm)

The language leans on the programming languages Forth and BASIC which had been developed for a fast
close-to-the-machine control. Forth permits a simple summary of command series to new commands. Forth
uses the Reversed Polnish Notation (UPN) which is well-known from the scientific HP-calculators.

The programming of the REGSys and EDcSys devices may be made by any ASCII - terminal. The
programme lines are edited as text in the device and stored by <Return> when all is typed in.

The programme lines are read from the interpreter in the device and worked through cyclically in the
'background'.

The list of REG-L commands can be readout with any ASCII terminal.

? Gener al l i st
? Esp* Li st of al l REG- DP speci f i c commands
? EspI * Li st of gr oups of commands st ar t i ng wi t h EspI
? EspVo Li st of t he gr oup i ncl udi ng EspVo

? EOR* Li st of al l EOR- D and EOR- DM commands
8.2 List of the REG-L / ECL-Interpreter-commands

<A>?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
REG- L/ ECL Command Li st :
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - REG- DP: ver si on 2. 2. 13
Meas. dat a: Esp. . .
Recor der : RecSTOP RecCLEAR RecSCAN RecCHAN FREAD FSI ZE
Anal ogval ues: ANA ANAMI N ANAMAX ANAFACTOR ANAOFFSET ANAMODE
St at i on par am: STATI ON GROUP STATUS LANGUAGE DATEFORMAT
Mat hemat i cs: SQRT SI N COS ASI N ACOS DEG RAD EXP LOG LOG10 **
ABS FRAC FI X I NT I NTR MAX MI N MOD
St ack- Op' s: + - * / & | ^ ~ && | | ^^ ~~ SHR SHL < <= > >= == ! =
DUP DROP SWAP PI CK PRI NT !
Br anch: I F I FF ELSE ENDI F
Loops: ALL ALS NEXTA FORI I NEXTI DO DOWHI LE EXI T RETURN PAUSE
Pr ogr ams: P PLI ST H HLI ST HBREAK HTD ERR ERRNR LERR REM
MENUAPP EVENTAPP LI STEVENTs
Var i abl es: A ALI ST B BLI ST
COM: TX1 TX2 COMLOCK COMOPEN SETCOMS DCF
ECS- LAN: BUS DI R DI RN DI RS I NDI R KENN SETKENN SYSTEST
COM3: DEVVER DEVREL DEVANA DEVFACTOR DEVOFFSET DEVRESO DEVSSEL
Ti me commands: TI ME DATE TM TMD HTD FROM TO DURATI ON SUWI
mi scel l aneous: ENUM FI NDER DELI MI TER DI SPLAY MELD KEY VER ERRSTAT ERRKAN
PASSWORT LOGI N LOGOUT WHOAMI
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Gener al : I NFO SYNTAX EXTENSI ON PARAMETER STRI NGS STACK I Ds RS232
For hel p on a gener al t opi c: HELP <CommandName> or ? <CommandName>
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
<A>


More Details to the REG-L language can be found on the home-page of a.eberle
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9.1 52BData Point list for IEC 870-5-103 199



9 SCADA

9.1 Data Point list for IEC 870-5-103

A detailed description of the BIF's and BOF's can be find on page 159 and 161

Commands from SCADA to the controller


comment IEC Typ IEC IA
manual / automatic TK20 160/16
motor higher, pulse TK20 160/17
motor lower, pulse TK20 160/18
motor higher TK20 160/30
motor lower TK20 160/31
motor stop TK20 160/29
local / remote TK20 160/19
block resistor control TK20 160/21
start resistor cycle TK20 160/22
start search of Ires TK20 160/24
fix coil on TK20 160/25
bus coupler on TK20 160/26

goto Ipos position TK144 176/58



Signalisation from SCADA to the controller

comment Data-type IEC Typ IEC IA
coil position; % float TK4 160/144
coil position; A float TK4 160/145
Une; Vsec float TK4 160/146
angle of Une; float TK4 160/147
current I1; Asec float TK4 160/148
angle of current I1; float TK4 160/149
current I2; Asec float TK4 160/151
angle of current I2; float TK4 160/152
resistor temperature TRp; C float TK4 160/150
resistor cycles left; 1 Word TK4 160/153
Ures; Vsec float TK4 160/154
angle of Ures in float TK4 160/155
Ires; A float TK4 160/156
unsymmetry current; Iu; A float TK4 160/157
wattmetric current; Iw; A float TK4 160/158

Binary Input 1 Bit TK1 160/8
Binary Input 2 Bit TK1 160/9
Binary Input 3 Bit TK1 160/10
Binary Input 4 Bit TK1 160/11
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Binary Input 5 Bit TK1 160/12
Binary Input 6 Bit TK1 160/13
Binary Input 7 Bit TK1 160/14
Binary Input 8 Bit TK1 160/15
Binary Input 9 Bit TK1 160/16
Binary Input 10 Bit TK1 160/17
Binary Input 11 Bit TK1 160/18
Binary Input 12 Bit TK1 160/19
Binary Input 13 Bit TK1 160/20
Binary Input 14 Bit TK1 160/21
Binary Input 15 Bit TK1 160/22
Binary Input 16 Bit TK1 160/23

BIF_02:Motor higher Bit TK1 160/160
BIF_03:Motor_T, Spule tiefer coil down Bit TK1 160/161
BIF_04:Pulse Motor higher Bit TK1 160/162
BIF_05:Pulse Motor lower Bit TK1 160/163
BIF_07:End_H, Endschalter Imax, end switch Imax Bit TK1 160/164
BIF_08:End_T, Endschalter Imin, end switch Imin Bit TK1 160/165
BIF_I11:Imp:Local, Pulse:Local Bit TK1 160/166
BIF_12:Imp:Remote, Pulse:Remote Bit TK1 160/167
BIF_15:Imp:Auto, Pulse:Auto Bit TK1 160/168
BIF_16:Imp:Hand, Pulse:Manual Bit TK1 160/169
BIF_21:R_start Bit TK1 160/170
BIF_22:R_auto_on Bit TK1 160/171
BIF_23:R_auto_off Bit TK1 160/172
BIF_25:R_block Bit TK1 160/173
BIF_29:Kupplung, Coupling Bit TK1 160/174
BIF_30:Fixspule, Fixcoil on Bit TK1 160/175
BIF_32:Erd_korr1, earth_corr1 Bit TK1 160/176
BIF_33:Erd_korr2, earth_corr2 Bit TK1 160/177
BIF_34:Erd_korr3, earth_corr3 Bit TK1 160/178
BIF_35:Erd_korr4, earth_corr4 Bit TK1 160/179
BIF_36:R_scharf, R_enabled Bit TK1 160/180
BIF_38:Rw_on, Rp_on Bit TK1 160/181

B0F_02: Motor higher Bit TK1 160/50
B0F_03: Moter lower Bit TK1 160/51
B0F_04: Status Bit TK1 160/52
B0F_05: auto/manual Bit TK1 160/53
B0F_06: Une > Uearth Bit TK1 160/54
B0F_07: Une > Uearth_td Bit TK1 160/55
B0F_08: Une > Umax Bit TK1 160/56
B0F_09: Une < Umin Bit TK1 160/57
B0F_10: end switch Imax Bit TK1 160/58
B0F_11: end switch Imin Bit TK1 160/59
B0F_12: end switch Imax or Imin Bit TK1 160/60
B0F_13: motor run Bit TK1 160/61
B0F_14: Tuned Bit TK1 160/62
B0F_15: Tuned, not compesated Bit TK1 160/63
B0F_16: Umax, not compensated Bit TK1 160/64
B0F_17: Controller blocked Bit TK1 160/65
B0F_18: HomePos1 Bit TK1 160/66
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9.1 52BData Point list for IEC 870-5-103 201


B0F_21: Fixcoil on Bit TK1 160/69
B0F_22: Coupling on Bit TK1 160/70
B0F_23: R_auto_on Bit TK1 160/71
B0F_24: R blocked Bit TK1 160/72
B0F_25: R_on Bit TK1 160/73
B0F_26: R_T>>, R to hot Bit TK1 160/74
B0F_27: Potentiometer warning Bit TK1 160/75
B0F_28: simulation active Bit TK1 160/76
B0F_29: Alarm sum Bit TK1 160/77
B0F_31: AlarmInt, iinternal alarm Bit TK1 160/79
B0F_32: E:Dir Bit TK1 160/80
B0F_33: E:Move Bit TK1 160/81
B0F_34: Error Bit TK1 160/82
B0F_36: Error_sum Bit TK1 160/84
B0F_37: >n_search Bit TK1 160/85
B0F_38: >T_MotOn, run time exceeded Bit TK1 160/86
B0F_39: PotentiometeriError Bit TK1 160/87
B0F_40: Une_???, error Bit TK1 160/88
B0F_41: E:MANUAL Bit TK1 160/89
B0F_42: E:ERROR Bit TK1 160/90
B0F_43: Coupling detected Bit TK1 160/91
B0F_44: Coupling via net detected Bit TK1 160/92
B0F_45: Elan Error Bit TK1 160/93
B0F_46: U12<<, U12 to low Bit TK1 160/94
B0F_47: R_armed Bit TK1 160/95
B0F_48. SearchDelay Bit TK1 160/96
B0F_49: parallel operation Bit TK1 160/97
B0F_50: Local Bit TK1 160/98
B0F_51: Remote Bit TK1 160/99
B0F_52: Uearth Pos Bit TK1 160/100
B0F_53: Search Bit TK1 160/101
B0F_54: Umax_end Bit TK1 160/102
B0F_55: Umax_end_nC Bit TK1 160/103
B0F_56: dICe_max Bit TK1 160/104
B0F_57: dICe_max_nK, dICe_max_nC Bit TK1 160/105
B0F_58: Batt_low Bit TK1 160/106
B0F_59: CI_extern Bit TK1 160/107
B0F_60: Ci_alive Bit TK1 160/108
B0F_61: CI_on Bit TK1 160/109
B0F_62: CI_blocked Bit TK1 160/110
B0F_63: CI_error Bit TK1 160/111
B0F_64: CI_missing Bit TK1 160/112
B0F_65: fix coil on Bit TK1 160/113
B0F_70: Rp_on Bit TK1 160/118
B0F_74: user BOF 1 Bit TK1 160/122
B0F_75: user BOF 2 Bit TK1 160/123
B0F_76: user BOF 3 Bit TK1 160/124
B0F_77: user BOF 4 Bit TK1 160/125
B0F_78: user BOF 5 Bit TK1 160/126
B0F_79: user BOF 6 Bit TK1 160/127
B0F_80: user BOF 7 Bit TK1 160/128
B0F_81: user BOF 8 Bit TK1 160/129

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a-eberle REG-DPA


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10.1 53BCleaning information 203



10 Maintenance and Current Consumption
10.1 Cleaning information

The surface of the device can be cleaned with a dry cloth at any time.

If the inside becomes dirty due to improper use, it is recommended that you send the device back to the manufacturer.

If a large amount of dust has accumulated on the terminal blocks, the insulator coordination could fail. Dust particles are
generally hygroscopic and can bridge creepage distances.
For this reason we recommend operating the device with the doors closed. Furthermore, in dusty environments it is
particularly important to ensure that the cable connections are correctly mounted.

10.2 Changing fuses

Caution!
It is essential that the REG-DA voltage regulator is disconnected from the power supply before changing
fuses!


Required fuse: T2L 250 V, 2 A microfuse

A replacement fuse can be found in the plastic container at the bottom of the housing.



10.3 Changing battery


Caution!
Before changing the battery it is essential that the REG-DPOA voltage regulator
is disconnected from the power supply!!


Required battery: Lithium 3 V with soldering tags
Type SANYO CR 14250 SE (3 V)
Service life: instorage > 6 years
Fuse
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204 10 9BMaintenance and Current Consumption
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when in operation with a switch-on duration > 50 % > 10 years

We recommend having the battery changed in the factory.

If for certain reasons this is not possible, the following precautionary measures should be carried out: all the parameters
should be saved using WinREG, the recorder should be read out and the log book and the statistics unit should be
backed up.



The battery holder should then be removed and the connection plug should be unplugged.

The new battery can now be inserted and the device can be closed again. The steps listed above should then be carried
out in the reverse order.
Battery
a-eberle REG-DPA


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10.4 56BREG-DPA Current Consumption 205



10.4 REG-DPA Current Consumption

Measuring circuit (100 V DC)




Measurement results:



The measured values provide information regarding the fuse selection.

REG-DPA
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10.5 Replacing the device

If a REG-DA voltage regulator must be replaced, the device must first be disassembled.

If the device is defective, we recommend sending it to the company headquarters together with a short description of the
fault.

An Allen key is provided so that the disassembly can be carried out easily. It can be used to loosen the flange plate on
the bottom of the device.



After undoing the four screws, the flange plate can be shifted approximately 5 mm to the left, so that the entire wiring
including the connector blocks can be removed through the bottom of the device.
A replacement device can then replace the defective one and can be put into operation within a few minutes.

10.6 Storage Information

The devices should be stored in clean, dry rooms. The devices and their respective replacement modules can be stored
between -25 C and +65 C.
The relative humidity must not cause the formation of either condensation or ice.
We recommend that the storage temperature remains within the temperature range -10 C to +55 C to ensure that the
built-in electrolytic capacitor does not age prematurely.
We also recommend that the device be connected to an auxiliary voltage every two years to reform the electrolytic
capacitors. This procedure should also be carried out before the device is put into operation. Under extreme climatic
conditions (tropics), this also simultaneously ensures pre-heating and helps to avoid the formation of condensation.
The device should be stored in the service room for at least two hours prior to being connected to the voltage for the first
time so that it can become accustomed to the ambient temperature there and to avoid the formation of moisture and
condensation.
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a-eberle REG-DPA


208 10 9BMaintenance and Current Consumption
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