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Learning to Speak Korean

This section has several pages to help travelers learn the Korean
language. Each phrase has 3 components:

o English phrase
o translation in Hangul
o pronunciation in Romanized characters

Phrases are grouped into the following sections:

I. Basic Expressions
II. Getting Around
III. Eating Out
IV. Shopping
V. At the Hotel
VI. At the Theater
VII. At the Hospital
VIII. At the Post Office
IX. At the Beauty Saloon or Barber Shop
X. At the Cleaners
XI. At the Bank
XII. At the Bath House
XIII. At the Customer Service Center
XIV. At the Dong Office
XV. At the Airport
XVI. Phone Dialogue
XVII. Feelings
XVIII. Relationship

1
Basic Expressions
NOTES:

Phrases use the informal level of politeness except those denoted with
(F).

Greetings

English Hangul Pronunciation


Good morning.
안녕하세요? Annyong haseyo?
Good afternoon.
안녕하십니까? (F) Annyong hashimnikka? (F)
Good evening.

Good-bye. 안녕히 가세요. Annyonghi kasayo.


(to person leaving) 안녕히 가십시오. (F) Annyonghi kashipshiyo. (F)

Good-bye. 안녕히 계세요. Annyonghi kyesayo.


(to person staying) 안녕히 계십시오. (F) Annyonghi kyeshipshiyo. (F)

Good night. 안녕히 주무십시요. (F) Annyonghi jumushipsiyo. (F)

How do you do?


(meeting for the first 처음 뵙겠습니다. (F) Ch'oum poepgetsumnida. (F)
time)

My name is _____. 저는 ___ 입니다. (F) Chonun ______ imnida. (F)

How are you? 어떠십니까? (F) Ottoshimnikka? (F)

Hello?
여보세요? Yoboseyo?
(on the phone)

Yeongeorul malsum halsu


Do you speak English? 영어를 할수 있어요?
isseoyo?

Basic Expressions

English Hangul Pronunciation


Yes. 네. Ne.

No. 아니요. Aniyo.

Thank Kamsahamnida.
감사합니다. (F)
you. (F)

I am
미안합니다. (F) Mianhamnida. (F)
sorry.

2
Getting Around

On the Street

English Hangul Pronunciation


Where is ...? ...는 어디 입니까? ...nun odi imnikka?

How do I get to ...? ...에는 어떻게 갑니까? ...aenun ottok'ae kamnikka?

airport 공항 gonghang
bus station 버스 터미날 bosu t'eomeenal
train station 기차역 kich'a yeok
subway station 지하철역 chihach'eol yeok

At the Terminal

English Hangul Pronunciation


Id like a ticket to ... ...행 표 한장 주세요. ... haeng p'yo hanjang chusaeyo.

Driving Directions

English Hangul Pronunciation


Please go to ... ... 에 가주세요. ... ai ga-jusaeyo.

I'm in a hurry. 급해요. ku-p'haiyo.

There's no hurry. 급하게 가지 않아도 되요. kup'hagae gaji ahnado dwaeyo.

3
Please drive more ... 좀 더 ... 운전해 주세요. Jom deo ... unjeonhae jusaeyo.

slowly / quickly 천천히 / 빨리 ch'eonch'eonhee / bbali

Go straight ahead. 똑바로 가주세요. Ddokparo ga-jusaeyo.

Turn ... ... 으로 돌아가 주세요. ... uro dolla ka-jusaeyo.

left / right 왼쪽 / 오른쪽 wen-jjok / orun-jjok

Stop here, please. 여기서 내려 주세요. Yeogiseo naeryeo jusaeyo.

How much is the fare? 요금이 얼마예요? Yogumee alma-yaeyo?

Expressions for Eating


NOTES:

Phrases use the informal level of politeness except those denoted with
(F).

Greetings
English Hangul Pronunciation

4
Please give me a menu. 메뉴 좀 갖다주세요. Maenu chom kattajuseyo.

I'd like one order of ... ... 일 인분 부탁 합니다. ... il-inbun put'k hamnida.

Don't make it hot


맵지 않게 해주세요. Maepchi ahngae haechusaeyo.
(spicey).

Please bring me some


물 좀 주세요. Mul chom chuseyo.
water.

Please bring me the Yogi kyesanso chom kacho-


여기 계산서 좀 가져오세요.
check. oseyo.

Please give me a receipt. 영수증을 주세요. Yeoungsujeungeul chusaeyo.

Shopping

In Store

English Hangul Pronunciation


Do you have...? ... 있나요? ... innayo?

shirts 셔츠 syeocheu

pants 바지 baji

caps 모자 moja

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shoes 신발 sinbal

Do you have this in...? 이거 ...로 있나요? Igeo ...ro innayo?

red 빨간색으로 ppalgansaegeuro

large 큰걸로 keungeolro

small 작은걸로 jageungeolro

I'm looking for... 전 ...를 원해요. Jeon ...reul wonhaeyo.

something particular 뭔가 특별한 것 mwonga teukbyeolhan geot

something large 뭔가 큰 것 mwonga keun geot

something small 뭔가 작은 것 mwonga jagun geot

something cheaper 더싼것 deo ssan geot

Where can I find...? ...는 어디 있나요? ...neun eodi innayo?

apples 사과 sagwa

tomatoes 토마토 tomato

tuna fish 참치 chamchi

beer 맥주 maekju

How much is this? 이거 얼마예요? Igeo eolmayeyo?

I will pay with a credit 신용카드로 지불하겠습니 Sinyongkadeuro


card 다. jibulhagetsseumnida.

one-time payment 일시불 ilsibul

pay over 3 months 3 개월 할부 samgaewol halbu

Could you give a


좀 깎아주세요. Jom kkakgajuseyo.
discount?

Please give me a receipt. 영수증을 주세요. Yeoungsujeungeul chusaeyo.

Please, put it in the


봉투에 담아 주세요. Bongtue dama juseyo.
envelope.

Could gift wrap it please? 선물 포장해 주세요. Seonmul pojanghae juseyo.

Give me a refund. 환불해 주세요 Hwanbulhae juseyo.

I'd like to exchange this. 교환해 주세요. Gyohwanhae juseyo.

Give… ... 주세요. ... juseyo.

1 geun / 2 geun 1근 / 2근 hangeun / dugeun


[Korean measurement-

6
1 geun=600 grams]

100 grams / 200 grams 100 그람 / 200 그람 baekgeuram / ibaekgeuram

five thousand won worth 오천원어치 ocheonwoneochi

7
At the Hotel
At the Hotel

English Hangul Pronunciation


Do you have...? ... 있나요? ... innayo?

any vacancies 빈방 binbang

a single room 싱글 룸 singgeul rum

a double room 더블 룸 deobeul rum

a suite 스위트룸 seuwit rum

I'd like to extend the stay... ... 더 묵고 싶습니다. ... deo mukko sipseumnida.

one more day 하루 더 haru deo

two more nights 이틀밤 더 iteulbam deo

a couple more days 며칠 더 myeochil deo

Put me on the waiting list, 대기자 명단에 올려 주세 Daegija myeongdane ollyeo


please. 요. juseyo.

I'm calling from room 206. 여기 206 호 인데요. Yeogi ibaegyuko indeyo.

It's so ... in here. 여긴 너무 ...해요. Yeogin neomu ...haeyo.

hot 더워요 deowoyo

cold 추워요 chuwoyo

messy 지저분해요 jijeobunhaeyo

smelly 냄새나요 namsaenayo

noisy 시끄러워요 sikkeureowoyo

At the Theater

8
At the Theater

English Hangul Pronunciation


Two tickets for ... , please. ... 2 장 주세요. ... dujang juseyo.

[Die Hard] [Die Hard]로 [Die Hard]ro

[Ghost] at 7 o'clock [Ghost] 7 시 걸로 [Ghost] ilgopsi geolro

[Shrek] 3rd showing [Shrek] 3 회로 [Shrek] samhoero

Plaese, give me a …seat. ..좌석으로 주세요. ...jwaseokeuro juseyo.

앞 / 뒤 / 가운데 / 통로
front / rear / center / aisle ap / dwi / gaunde / tongrojjok

Can I take discount benefit of


제휴사 카드 할인을 Jehyusa kad halineul badeul su
your partner credit card 받을 수 있나요? innayo?
companies?

At the Hospital

At the Hospital

English Hangul Pronunciation

9
I have a(n) ... ... 아파요. ... apayo.

headache 머리가 meoriga

toothache 이빨이 ippali

stomach 배가 baega

earache 귀가 gwiga

sore throat 목이 moki

I have ... ... 예요. ... yeyo.

cramps 생리통 sangritong

constipation 변비 byeonbi

diarrhea 설사 seolsa

indigestion 소화불량 sohwabulryang

Dokgame
the flu 독감에 걸렸어요
geolryeotsseoyo

a cold 감기에 걸렸어요 Gamgie geolryeotsseoyo

a runny nose 자꾸 콧물이 나요 Jakku konmuri nayo

a stuffy nose 코가 막혔어요 Koga makyeotsseoyo

Is it serious? 심각한 건가요? Simgakan geongayo?

What is the name of Byeongmyeongi


병명이 뭔가요?
disease? mwongayo?

At the Post Office

At the Post Office

English Hangul Pronunciation


...로 이 소포를 보내고 싶어 ...ro i soporeul bonaego
I'd like to send this parcel ...
요. sipeoyo.

10
to America 미국으로 migukeuro

by airmail 항공우편으로 hanggongupyeoneuro

by express delivery 속달로 sokdalro

How long will it take to be 배송기간은 얼마나 걸리나 Baesonggiganeun eolmana


delivered? 요? geolrinayo?

Where can I get stamps? 우표는 어디에서 팔아요? Upyoneun eodieseo parayo?

What's the zip code for this 이 주소의 우편번호가 뭐예 I jusoui upyeonbeonhoga
address? 요? mwoyeyo?

At the Beauty Saloon


or Barber Shop

11
At the Beauty Saloon or Barber Shop

Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
I'd like to get my hair ... , Meorireul ... hae
머리를 ... 해 주세요.
please. juseyo.

cut 잘라 jalra

permed 파마 pama

dyed 염색 yeomsaek

straightened 스트레이트 seuteureit

highlighted 부분탈색 bubuntalsaek

Apmeoriman
Please, trim only the jogeum
앞머리만 조금 다듬어 주세요.
forehead dadeumeo
juseyo.

...eun kkakji
Please, don't cut… ...은 깎지 마세요.
maseyo.

...eul(reul)
Please, trim… (를) 정리해 주세요. jeongrihae
juseyo.

wiskers 구레나룻 gurenarut

mushtache 콧수염 kotsuyeom

beard 수염 suyeom

Neomu mani
Don't cut too much. 너무 많이 자르지 마세요.
jareuji maseyo.

Neomu
Don't make it too curly. 너무 곱슬거리지 않게 해주세요. gopseulgeoriji
anke haejuseyo.

At the Cleaners

12
At the Cleaners

English Hangul Pronunciation


I need to get this ... ,
이거 ... 주세요. Igeo ... juseyo.
please.

dry-cleaned 드라이 해 deurai hae

ironed 다림질 해 darimjil hae

starched 풀먹여 pulmeogyeo

Please, make the length 기장을 (줄여) / (늘려) 주세 Kijangeul (juryeo) / (neulyeo)
(shorter)/(longer) 요. juseyo.

Please, make the width Pogeul (juryeo) / (neulyeo)


폭을 (줄여) / (늘려) 주세요.
(wider)/(narrower) juseyo.

Jjijeojin goseul suseonhae


Please, fix the cut part. 찢어진 곳을 수선해 주세요.
juseyo.

Can you get this stain


이 얼룩을 뺄수 있나요? I eolrukeul ppael su innayo?
out?

I'm here to pick up ... ... 찾으러 왔습니다. ... chajeureo watsseumnida.

suit 양복 yangbok

pants 바지 baji

shirts 셔츠 syeocheu

At the Bank

13
At the Bank

English Hangul Pronunciation


Gujwareul gaeseolhago
I'd like to open an account. 구좌를 개설하고 싶습니다.
sipseumnida.

I'd like to … 20,000 won. 2 만원 ... 해주세요. Imanwon ... haejuseyo.

deposit / wire transfer / ipgeum / songgeum /


입금 / 송금 / 인출
withdraw inchul

How much do you charge Songgeum


for 송금 수수료는 얼마입니까? susuryoneun
a wire transfer? eolmaimnikka?

Ijaneun eolmana
How much is the interest? 이자는 얼마나 되나요?
doinayo?

Gonggwageumeul
I'd like to pay my bill. 공과금을 납부하고 싶습니다. napbuhago
sipseumnida.

At the Bath House

14
At the Bath House

English Hangul Pronunciation


Two adults and one child, Eoreun dumyeong,
어른 2 명, 아이 1 명입니다.
please. ai hanmyeongimnida.

Jjimjilbangeun
I don't want to use the sauna
찜질방은 이용하지 않을 겁니다. iyonghaji
room.
aneulgeomnida.

Please give me… ...을 주세요. ...eul juseyo.

shampoo / soap 샴푸 / 비누 syampu / binu


towel / robe 타월 / 가운 tawol / gaun

I'd like to have massage Matsaji seobiseureul


맛사지 서비스를 받고 싶습니다.
service. batkko sipseumnida.

At the Customer Service


Center

15
At the Customer Service Center

English Hangul Pronunciation


...ga gojangnan geot
I think … is out of orer. ...가 고장난 것 같습니다.
gatseumnida.

hyudaepon / notbuk /
mobile phone / laptop / radio 휴대폰 / 노트북 / 라디오
radio

I can't see the monitor screen Moniteoga jal an


모니터가 잘 안 보여요.
well. boyeoyo.

The sound is sometimes of Soriga deulryeotdaga an


소리가 들렸다가 안 들렸다가 해
and
요.
sometimes off. deulryeotdaga haeyo.

I can't start the computer Jeonwoni an


전원이 안 켜집니다.
power. kyeojimnida.

Tteoleotteuryeoseo
I drop it and broke. 떨어트려서 깨졌습니다.
kkaejyeotsseumnida.

I'd like to ragister. 접수해 주세요. Jeopsuhae juseyo.

What is the reason? 원인이 무엇인가요? Wonini mueotingayo?

How long will it take to get 수리하는 데 시간이 Surihaneun de sigani


fixed? 얼마나 걸리나요? eolmana geolrinayo?

How much will it cost to get Suribiyongeun eolmana


수리비용은 얼마나 듭니까?
fixed? deumnikka?

Musang seobiseu gigane


Is it under the free repair
무상 서비스 기간에 해당 되나요?
period?
haedang doinayo?

Eonje chajeureo omyeon


When should I come back
언제 찾으러 오면 되나요?
to pick it up?
doinayo?

Choidaehan ppalri
Plaese, fix it as fast as you
최대한 빨리 수리해 주세요. surihae
can.
juseyo.

At the Dong Office

16
At the Dong Office

English Hangul Pronunciation


I'd like to renew … 을 갱신하려고 합니다. ..eul gangsinharyeogo hamnida.

foreign resident card 외국인등록증 oegugindeungnokjeung


resident card 주민등록증 jumindeungrokjeung

I'd like to report… ... 신고를 하려고 합니다. ... singoreul haryeogo hamnida.

moving in / moving out 전입 / 전출 jeonip / jeonchul

birth / death / marriage 출생 / 사망 / 혼인 chulsang / samang / honin

I'd like to have a copy ...를 1 통 교부받고 싶습니 ...reul hantong gyobubatkko
of… 다. sipseumnida.

a copy of resident
주민등록등본 jumindeungrokdeungbon
registration

a copy of one's family


호적등본 hojeokdeungbon
register

At the Airport
At Immigration
English Hangul Pronunciation
What is the purpose of your Bangmun mokjeogeun
방문 목적은 무엇입니까?
visit? mueosimnikka?

17
I am here [on business]. [사업차] 왔습니다. Saeopcha watseumnida.

on vacation 휴가차 Hyugacha

for sightseeing 관광하러 Gwangwanghareo

for shopping 쇼핑하러 Syopinghareo

Is this your first visit to Seoureneun cheoeum


[서울]에는 처음 오셨습니까?
[Seoul]? osyeotseumnikka?

Busan 부산 Busan

Yes, it is my first time. 네, 처음입니다. Ne, Cheoeumimnida.

No, this is my second time. 아니요, 이번이 두번째입니다. Aniyo, Ibeoni dubeonjjaeimnida.

Aniyo, Jangnyeon gyeoure


No, I came here last winter. 아니요, 작년 겨울에 왔었어요.
wasseosseoyo.

No, I come here every


아니요, 여름마다 옵니다. Aniyo, Yeoreummada omnida.
summer.

Where are you going to


어디 머무르실 건가요? Eodi meomureusil geongayo?
stay?

I am going to stay at [OO


[OO 호텔]에 묵을 거예요. OOhotere mugeul geoyeyo.
Hotel].

a youth hostel 유스호스텔 Yuseuhoseutel

my friend's house 친구 집 Chingu jip

How long are you going to Eolmana meomureul


얼마나 머무를 예정입니까?
stay? yejeongimnikka?

I will be here for [ten days]. [10 일] 동안 있을 거예요. 10il dongan isseul geoyeyo.

three weeks 3주 3ju

two months 2달 2dal

a year and a half 1년 반 1nyeon ban

At Customs

English Hangul Pronunciation


Singohal mulgeon
Do you have anything to declare? 신고할 물건 있습니까?
itseumnikka?

No, I don't. 아니오, 없습니다. Anio, Eopseumnida.

Nothing to declare 신고할 물품이 없습니다. Singohal mulpumi

18
eopseumnida.

I have only personal items. 개인용품 뿐입니다. Gaeinyongpum ppunimnida.

Please hand me the customs


신고양식 주세요. Singoyangsik juseyo.
declaration form.

Yes. Here it is. 예. 여기요. Ye. Yeogiyo.

Open your baggage, please. 가방을 열어 보세요. Gabangeul yeoreo boseyo.

At the Baggage Claim

English Hangul Pronunciation


How many bags do you want Gabangeun myeot gae buchisil
가방은 몇 개 부치실 거예요?
to check? geoyeyo?

Just one, please. 한 개만요. Han gaemanyo.

Gatgo gyesin jimi myeot


How many bags do you have? 갖고 계신 짐이 몇 개입니까?
gaeimnikka?

I have two suitcases. 두 개예요. Du gaeyeyo.

이 짐은 기내로 가지고 들어갑 I jimeun ginaero gajigo


This is carry-on baggage.
니다. deureogamnida.

Would you carry my bags,


짐 좀 운반해 주시겠어요? Jim jom unbanhae jusigesseoyo?
please?

Buying Air Tickets

English Hangul Pronunciation


I'd like to reserve a seat on KAL ... 724 편에 예약하고 싶
… 724pyeone yeyakago sipeoyo.
Flight 724. 어요.

What time (When) is the next 다음 ...행은 몇 시(언제)에 Daeum …haengeun myeot
flight to... ? 요? si(eonje)yeyo?

Do you have a seat on that 그편에 빈 좌석이 있어요? Geupyeone bin jwaseogi isseoyo?

19
flight?

I'd like a [one-way] ticket. [편도로] 부탁해요. Pyeondoro butakaeyo.

round trip 왕복으로 Wangbogeuro

I'd like a window seat in the no- 금연석 창문측으로 부탁해 Geumyeonseok
smoking section. 요. changmuncheugeuro butakaeyo.

I'd like an aisle seat in the 끽연석 통로측으로 부탁해 Kkigyeonseok tongnocheugeuro
smoking section. 요. butakaeyo.

I'd like to confirm my 예약을 재확인하고 싶은데 Yeyageul jaehwaginhago


reservation. 요. sipeundeyo.

I'd like to change my flight 예약을 변경하고 싶은데 Yeyageul byeongyeonghago


reservation. 요. sipeundeyo.

비행기는 정각에 출발해 Bihaenggineun jeonggage


Is the departure on time?
요? chulbalhaeyo?

비행기는 정각에 도착해 Bihaenggineun jeonggage


Is the arrival on time?
요? dochakaeyo?

Can I check in here? 여기서 탑승수속이 돼요? Yeogiseo tapseungsusogi dwaeyo?

게이트 번호를 알려 주세
Please tell me the gate number. Geiteu beonhoreul allyeo juseyo.
요.

Other

English Hangul Pronunciation


Can I have [your
[승차권] 좀 보여주시겠어요? Seungchagwon jom boyeojusigesseoyo?
ticket], please?

your passport 여권 Yeogwon

your boarding pass 탑승권 Tapseunggwon

your ID 신분증 Sinbunjeung

Here you are. / Yes. 여기요. / 예. Yeogiyo. / Ye.

20
When is the next 다음 리무진 버스는 언제 있나
Daeum rimujin beoseuneun eonje innayo?
limousine bus? 요?

May I cash this 이 여행자 수표를 현금으로 바꿔 I yeohaengja supyoreul hyeongeumeuro


traveler's check? 주시겠어요? bakkwo jusigesseoyo?

I'd like to change this


[한국돈]으로 바꿔 주세요. Hangukdoneuro bakkwo juseyo.
into [won].

yen 일본돈 Ilbondon

US dollars 미국달러 Migukdalleo

Phone Dialogue
Phone Dialogue
English Hangul Pronunciation
Hello. 여보세요. Yeoboseyo.

This is (Hyejin) of the 전 (라이프 인 코리아)의 Jeon (Life in Korea)ui


(Life in Korea). (혜진)입니다. (Hyejin)imnida.

Who's calling, please? 누구세요? Nuguseyo?

... ssiwa tonghwahal su


Could I speak to ... , please? ... 씨와 통화할 수 있을까요?
isseulkkayo?

... ssi jom


Can I talk to ... , please? ... 씨 좀 부탁드립니다.
butakdeurimnida.

21
Jega yeongyeolhae
I'll put you through. 제가 연결해 드리겠습니다.
deurigetsseumnida.

Hold on, please. 잠시만 기다리세요. Jamsiman gidariseyo.

Joesonghajiman ... ssiga


I'm afraid ... isn't in at the 죄송하지만 ... 씨가
jamsi jarireul
moment. 잠시 자리를 비웠습니다.
biwotsseumnida.

... ssiege dasi


Do you want ... to call you ... 씨에게 다시 전화하라고 할까
jeonhwaharago
back? 요?
halkkayo?

Mesigireul badeul su
Could I take a message? 메시지를 받을수 있을까요?
itsseulkkayo?

Would you like to leave Mesigireul


메시지를 남기시겠어요?
a message? namgisigetsseuyo?

The line is busy. 통화중입니다. Tonghwajungimnida.

Could you repeat that, Dasi malsseumhae


다시 말씀해 주시겠어요?
please? jusigetsseuyo?

Jom deo keuge


Could you speak up a little,
좀 더 크게 말씀해 주시겠어요? malsseumhae
please?
jusigetsseuyo?

Jega dasi
I will call you back. 제가 다시 걸겠습니다.
geolgetsseumnida.

Eonjejjeum tonghwaga
When can I call? 언제쯤 통화가 가능할까요?
ganeunghalkkayo?

Feelings

Feelings
English Hangul Pronunciation

(Naneun) (dangsineul)
(I) …(you) (나는) (당신을) ..해요
..haeyo.

love 사랑해요. Saranghaeyo.

like 좋아해요. Joahaeyo.

hate 미워해요. Miwohaeyo.

detest 증오해요. Jeungohaeyo.

22
dearly love 사모해요. Samohaeyo.

Thank you. 고맙습니다. Gomapseumnida.

Thank you. 감사합니다. Gamsahamnida.

I am sorry. 미안합니다. Mianhamnida.

I am very sorry. 죄송합니다. Joesonghamnida.

I feel (am)… 나는 ..해요 Naneun ..haeyo.

angry 화가나요. Hwaganayo.

sad 슬퍼요. Seulpeoyo.

happy 기뻐요. Gippeoyo.

merry 즐거워요. Jeulgeowoyo.

excited 신나요. Sinnayo.

depressed 우울해요. Uulhaeyo.

afraid 무서워요. Museowoyo.

nervous 불안해요. Bulanhaeyo.

thankful 고마워요. Gomawoyo.

sorry 미안해요. Mianhaeyo.

puzzeled 황당해요. Hwangdanghaeyo.

confused 당황스러워요. Danghwangseureowoyo.

pleased 만족스러워요. Manjokseureowoyo.

disappointed 실망이예요. Silmangiyeyo.

excited 흥분되요. Heungbundoeyo.

surprised 놀라워요. Nolrawoyo.

happy 행복해요. Haengbokaeyo.

unhappy 불행해요. Bulhaenghaeyo.

lonely 고독해요. Godokaeyo.

lonely 외로워요. Oerowoyo.

refreshed 상쾌해요. Sangkoaehaeyo.

unpleasant 불쾌해요. Bulkoaehaeyo.

comfortable 편해요. Pyeonhaeyo.

23
falsely accused 억울해요. Eogulhaeyo.

shameful 부끄러워요. Bukkeureowoyo.

ashamed 창피해요. Changpihaeyo.

stuffy (or difficulty in


답답해요. dapdapaeyo.
breathing)

bored 지루해요. Jiruhaeyo.

painful 아파요. Apayo.

It is … (그것은) ..해요 (Geugeoseun) ..haeyo.

inconvenient 불편해요. Bulpyeonhaeyo.

hard 힘들어요. Himdeureoyo.

difficult 어려워요. Eoryeowoyo.

easy 쉬워요. Swiwoyo.

intresting 재미있어요. Jaemiisseoyo.

mystic 신비해요. Sinbihaeyo.

charming 매력적이예요. Maeryeokjeokiyeyo.

moving 감동적이예요. Gamdongjeokiyeyo.

admirable 훌륭해요. Hullyunghaeyo.

stylish 멋있어요. Meositsseoyo.

pretty 예뻐요. Yeppeoyo.

beautiful 아름다워요. Areumdawoyo.

cute 귀여워요. Gwiyeowoyo.

complicated 복잡해요. Bokjaphaeyo.

simple 단순해요. Dansunhaeyo.

24
25
Relationship
English Hangul Pronunciation

boyfriend 남자친구 namjachingu

girlfriend 여자친구 yeojachingu

sweetheart (boyfriend,
애인 aein
girlfriend)

couple 연인 yeonin

dating 연애 yeonae

date 데이트 deiteu

blind date 미팅 miting

marriage meeting 맞선 matseon

engagement 약혼 yakhon

wedding 결혼 gyeoron

broken heart 실연 siryeon

breaking off engagement 파혼 pahon

divorce 이혼 ihon

second marriage 재혼 jaehon

darling, honey, sweety 자기, 여보 Jagi, Yeobo

Urin seoro cheonnune


It was love at first sight. 우린 서로 첫눈에 반했어요.
banhaesseoyo.

Nae yeojachinguga
Will you be my girlfriend? 내 여자친구가 되어줄래?
doeeojullae?

Nae namjachinguga
Will you be my boyfriend? 내 남자친구가 되어줄래?
doeeojullae?

Would you like to go out


나랑 사귈래요? Narang sagwillaeyo?
with me?

I love you. 사랑합니다. Saranghamnida.

Dangsinege
I'm crazy about you. 당신에게 반했습니다.
banhaetsseumnida.

We're a match made in Urin


우린 천생연분이야.
heaven. cheonsaengyeonbuniya.

We split up. 우리 헤어졌어. Uri heeojyeosseo.

Would you marry me? 저랑 결혼해 주세요. Jeorang gyeoronae juseyo.

Naneun geuege
He broke up with me. 나는 그에게 차였어요.
chayeotsseoyo.
26
Shapes
Shapes

English Hangul Pronunciation


circle 원 won

oval 타원 tawon

quadrangle 사각형 sagakhyeong

(regular) square 정사각형 jeongsagakhyeong

rectangle 직사각형 jiksagakhyeong

triangle 삼각형 samgakhyeong

equilateral jeongsamgakhyeo
정삼각형
triangle ng

right-angled
직삼각형 jiksamgakhyeong
triangle

yeoksamgakhyeon
inverted triangle 역삼각형
g

pentagon 오각형 ogakhyeong

hexagon 육각형 yukgakhyeong

heptagon 칠각형 chilgakhyeong

octagon 팔각형 palgakhyeong

polygon 다각형 dagakhyeong

line 선 seon

straight line 직선 jikseon

spiral 나선 naseon

diagonal (line) 대각선 daegakseon

square 네모 nemo

triangle 세모 semo

lozenge 마름모 mareummo

fan 부채 buchae

bag 자루 jaru

diamond 다이아몬드 daiamondeu

27
gourd 바가지 bagaji

full moon 보름달 boreumttal

half-moon 반달 bandal

crescent 초승달 choseungttal

oval 달걀 dalgyal

circular 동그란 donggeuran

circular 둥근 dunggeun

long 길쭉한 giljjukan

pointed 뾰족한 ppyojokan

wide 넓적한 neolpjjeokan

plain and smooth 밋밋한 mitmitan

uneven 울툴불퉁한 ultungbultunghan

flat 평평한 pyeongpyeonghan

convex 볼록한 bollokan

swollen 불룩한 bullukan

crease 주름진 jureumjin

fat 뚱뚱한 ttungttunghan

plump 통통한 tongtonghan

tall and thin 늘씬한 neulssinhan

thin 날씬한 nalssinhan

squarely 반듯한 bandeutan

crush 찌그러진 jjigeureojin

winkled 쭈글한 jjugeulhan

somewhat thick 두툼한 dutumhan

thin (thing) 얇은 yalbeun

smooth 매끈한 maekkeunhan

28
Accessories
Accessories

Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
accessory 액세서리 aekseseori

jewel 보석 boseok

jewelry 귀금속 gwigeumsok

wristwatch 시계 sigye

bracelet 팔찌 palzzi

ankle brecelet 발찌 balzzi

ring 반지 banji

necklace 목걸이 mokgeori

earring 귀고리 gwigori

brooch 브로치 beurochi

pendant 펜던트 pendeonteu

locket 로켓 roket

necktie 넥타이 nektai

tiepin 넥타이핀 nektaipin

cuffs 커프스 keopeuseu

hair pin 머리핀 meoripin

headband 머리띠 meoritti

key ring 열쇠고리 yeolsoegori

Traditional Korean ornamental


비녀 binyeo
hairpin

hat 모자 moja

ribbon 리본 ribon

veil 베일 beil

scarf 스카프 seukapeu

shawl 숄 syol

29
muffler 머플러 meopeuleo

neck scarf 목도리 mokdori

wig 가발 gabal

belt 허리띠 heoritti

belt 벨트 belteu

buckle 버클 beokeul

shoes 구두 gudu

footwear 신발 sinbal

sneakers 운동화 undonghwa

socks 양말 yangmal

stockings 스타킹 seutaking

gloves 장갑 janggap

umbrella 우산 usan

parasol 양산 yangsan

fan 부채 buchae

handbag 핸드백 haendeubaek

bag 가방 gabang

purse 지갑 jigap

pouch 파우치 pauchi

handkerchief 손수건 sonsugeon

glasses 안경 angyeong

sunglasses 선글라스 seongeullaseu

Media
Media
English Hangul Pronunciation

TV 텔레비젼/티비 telebijeon/tibeui

30
radio 라디오 radio

newspaper 신문 sinmun

magazine 잡지 japji

weekly (magazine) 주간지 juganji

Internet 인터넷 inteonet

chogosok
high speed Internet 초고속인터넷
inteonet

e-mail 이메일 imeil

wireless Internet 무선 인터넷 museon inteonet

communication 통신 tongsin

telephone 전화 jeonhwa

telegram 전보 jeonbo

advertisement 광고 gwanggo

flyer 전단지 jeondanji

banner [placard] 현수막 hyeonsumak

banner 배너 baeneo

pamphlet 책자 chaekja

broadcasting 방송 bangsong

news 뉴스 nyuseu

article 기사 gisa

report 보도 bodo

breaking news 속보 sokbo

conversation by
통화 tonghwa
telephone

satellite TV 인공위성 ingong weiseong

cable TV 케이블 방송 kaibul bangsong

Unit
Length

31
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
meter (m.) 미터 miteo

millimeter
밀리미터 millimiteo
(mm.)

centimeter
센티미터 sentimiteo
(cm.)

decimeter 데시미터 desimiteo

kilometer (km.) 킬로미터 kilomiteo

inch (in.) 인치 inchi

foot (ft.) 피트 piteu

yard (yd.) 야드 yadeu

mile (mi.) 마일 mail

Weight
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
gram (g.) 그램 geuraem

milligram (mg.) 밀리그램 milligeuraem

centigram 센티그램 sentigeuraem

decigram 데시그램 desigeuraem

kilogram (kg.) 킬로그램 kilogeuraem

ton 톤 ton

grain 그레인 geurein

ounce (oz.) 온스 ons

pound (lb.) 파운드 paundeu

keun (0.6
근 geun
kilogram)

32
Width
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
square meter
평방미터 pyeongbangmiteo
(m2)

square foot (ft2) 평방피트 pyeongbangpiteu

square yard pyeongbangyade


평방야드
(yd2) u

acre 에이커 eikeo

are (a.) 아르 areu

hectare (ha.) 헥타아르 hektaareu

pyeong (3.3 m2) 평 pyeong

Bulk
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
liter (l.) 리터 riteo

deciliter (dl.) 데시리터 desiriteo

milliliter (ml.) 밀리리터 milliriteo

centiliter 센티리터 sentiriteo

kiloliter 킬로리터 kiloriteo

cubic centimeter
입방센치 ipbangsenchi
(cm3)

cc 씨씨 ssissi

cubic meter (m3) 입방미터 ipbangmiteo

cubic inch (in3) 입방인치 ipbanginchi

cubic feet (ft3) 입방피트 ipbangpiteu

cubic yard (yd3) 입방야드 ipbangyadeu

gallon 갤론 gaellon

barrel (bbl.) 배럴 baereol

33
hop (180 ml.) 홉 hop

doe (1.8 l.) 되 doe

mal (18 l.) 말 mal

Temperature
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
Celsius (℃) 섭씨 seopssi

Fahrenheit
화씨 hwassi
(℉)

Kelvin (K) 절대온도 jeoldaeondo

Electricity/Voltage
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
volt 볼트 bolteu

watt 와트 wateu

ampere 암페어 ampeeo

ohm 옴 om

Business
Category of business

34
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
agriculture 농업 nongeop

forestry 임업 imeop

fishery 어업 eoeop

mining 광업 gwangeop

service business 서비스업 seobiseueop

healthcare 보건업 bogeoneop

welfare business 복지업 bokjieop

real estate 부동산업 budongsaneop

leasing 임대업 imdaeeop

transportation 운수업 unsueop

lodging/hospitality 숙박업 sukbageop

restaurant business 음식점업 eumsikjeomeop

construction 건설업 geonseoreop

wholesale business 도매업 domaeeop

retail business 소매업 somaeeop

publishing 출판업 chulpaneop

Information jeongbotongsineo
정보통신업
Technoliogy p

shipping & delivery 물류업 mullyueop

distribution industry 유통업 yutongeop

manufacturing
제조업 jejoeop
industry

environmental
환경업 hwangyeongeop
business

Department
English Hangu Pronunciatio

35
l n
sales department 영업부 yeongeopbu

management department 관리부 gwallibu

general affairs department 총무부 chongmubu

accounting department 회계부 hoegyebu

financing departemnt 재무부 jaemubu

personnel department 인사부 insabu

planning department 기획부 gihoekbu

production department 생산부 saengsanbu

shipping and delivery


물류부 mullyubu
department

research department 연구부 yeongubu

IT department 전산부 jeonsanbu

technology department 기술부 gisulbu

36
Other
English Hangul Pronunciation
corporation 주식회사 jusikoesa

limited company 유한회사 yuhanhoesa

joint-stock company 합자회사 hapjahoesa

unlimited partnership 합명회사 hammyeonghoesa

corporate entity 법인 beobin

stockholder 주주 juju

reparation 배상 baesang

transfer 양도 yangdo

export & import business 무역 muyeok

negotiation 협상 hyeopsang

trade 교역 gyoyeok

cooperation/partnership 제휴 jehyu

contract 계약 gyeyak

bidding 입찰 ipchal

union 연합 yeonhap

merger 합병 hapbyeong

undertaking 인수 insu

export 수출 suchul

import 수입 suip

management 경영 gyeongyeong

tax affairs 세무 semu

financial affairs 재무 jaemu

accounting 회계 hoegye

commencement of an
창업 changeop
enterprise

closing a store 폐점 pyejeom

production 생산 saengsan

37
manufacture 제조 jejo

purchase 구매 gumae

sale 판매 panmae

custom 관세 gwanse

surtax 부가세 bugase

tax 세금 segeum

supply 공급 gonggeup

demand 수요 suyo

business 거래 georae

capital 자본 jabon

property 자산 jasan

employment 고용 goyong

retirement 퇴직 toejik

lay-off 해고 haego

entering a company 입사 ipsa

market 시장 sijang

enterprise 기업 gieop

company 회사 hoesa

business 사업 saeop

large enterprise 대기업 daegieop

small- & medium-sized


중소기업 jungsogieop
businesses

venture company 벤처기업 bencheogieop

trademark 상표 sangpyo

product 상품 sangpum

item 품목 pummok

license/patent 특허 teukeo

monopoly 독점 dokjeom

income 소득 sodeuk

profit 이익 iik

38
loss 손해 sonhae

black-ink balance 흑자 heukja

deficit 적자 jeokja

margin 마진 majin

dumping 덤핑 deomping

dishonor, nonpayment 부도 budo

bill 어음 eoeum

bond 채권 chaegwon

debt 채무 chaemu

debt/liabilities 부채 buchae

investment 투자 tuja

annual salary 연봉 yeonbong

monthly salary 월급 wolgeup

pay 급여 geubyeo

wages 임금 imgeum

bonus 상여금 sangyeogeum

business trip 출장 chuljang

dining together 회식 hoesik

business license 사업자등록증 saeopjadeungnokjeung

certificate of company beobindeunggibudeungb


법인등기부등본
registration on

Airport
Airport
English Hangul Pronunciation
airport 공항 gonghang

39
airport immigration office 출입국관리소 chulipgukgwanriso

passenger terminal 여객터미널 yeogaekteomineol

cargo receiving port 수하물수취대 suhamulsuchwidae

customs inspection port 세관검색대 segwangeomsaekdae

quarantine counter 검역소 geomyeokso

passport inspection (entry) 입국여권심사대 ipgugyeogwonsimsadae

passport inspection chulgugyeogwonsimsad


출국여권심사대
(Departure) ae

security port 보안검색대 boangeomsaekdae

check-in counter 체크인카운터 chekeuinkaunteo

control tower 관제탑 gwanjetap

duty free shop 면세점 myeonsejeom

currency exchange 환전소 hwanjeonso

gate 게이트 geiteu

lounge 라운지 raunji

domestic air 국내선 gungnaeseon

international air 국제선 gukjeseon

aviation 항공 hanggong

shipping service 운항 unhang

cancellation of air service 결항 gyeolhang

departure 출발 chulbal

arrival 도착 dochak

delay 지연 jiyeon

route 노선 noseon

baggage 수하물 suhamul

boarding pass 탑승권 tapseunggwon

airline ticket 항공권 hanggonggwon

passport 여권 yeogwon

visa 비자 bija

arrival/departure card 출입국신고서 churipguksingoseo

40
passenger 탑승객 tapseunggaek

departing from a country 출국 chulguk

entering a country 입국 ipguk

boarding 탑승 tapseung

transfer 환승 hwanseung

trocedure (steps) 수속 susok

one-way 편도 pyeondo

return (round) trip 왕복 wangbok

airport limousine 공항리무진 gonghangnimujin

airplane 항공기 hanggonggi

customs official 세관원 segwanwon

customs duties 관세 gwanse

IT Vocabulary
IT Vocabulary
English Hangul Pronunciation
access 접근/액세스 jeopgeun/aekseseu

access log 액세스 로그 aekseseu rogeu

AI (artificial intelligence) 인공지능 ingongjineung

algorithm 알고리즘 algorijeum

analog 아날로그 anallogeu

41
Apache 아파치 apachi

applet 애플릿 aepeullit

application 애플리케이션 aepeullikeisyeon

array 배열 baeyeol

authoring tool 저작도구 jeojakdogu

backup 백업 baegeop

bandwidth 대역폭 daeyeokpok

banner 배너 beneo

BASIC (Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic


베이직 beijik
Instruction Code)

benchmark 벤치마크 benchimakeu

beta test 베타 테스트 beta teseuteu

BIOS (basic input/output system) 기본 입출력 시스템 gibon ipchullyeok siseutem

bit map 비트맵 Biteumaep

blog (web log) 블로그 Beullogeu

bookmark 북마크 Bungmakeu

boot 부트 buteu

bootable floppy 부팅 디스켓 buting diseuket

bottleneck 병목 현상 byeongmok hyeonsang

broadcast 브로드캐스트 beurodeukaeseuteu

browser 브라우저 beuraujeo

buffer 버퍼 beopeo

bug 버그 beogeu

cable modem 케이블 모뎀 keibeul modem

cache 캐시 kaesi

keompyuteoreul iyonghan
CAD (computer-aided design) 컴퓨터를 이용한 설계
seolgye

card 카드 kadeu

Celeron 셀러론 selleoron

chatting 채팅/온라인 대화 chaeting/ollain daehwa

42
check box 체크박스 chekeubakseu

chip 칩 chip

chipset 칩셋 chipset

class 클래스 keullaeseu

click 클릭 keullik

client 클라이언트 keullaieonteu

clip art 클립아트/조각 그림 keullibateu/jogak geurim

clipboard 클립보드 keullipbodeu

cluster 클러스터 keulleoseuteo

codec (coder/decoder or
코덱 kodek
compression/decompression)

compiler 컴파일러 keompailleo

component 컴포넌트 keomponeonteu

compression (파일) 압축 (pail) apchuk

computer 컴퓨터 keompyuteo

computer virus 컴퓨터 바이러스 keompyuteo baireoseu

console 콘솔 konsol

cookie 쿠키 kuki

counter 카운터 kaunteo

CPU (central processing unit) 중앙처리장치 jungangcheorijangchi

cursor 커서 keoseo

cyber 사이버 saibeo

cyberspace 사이버스페이스 saibeoseupeiseu

daemon 데몬 demon

data 데이터 deiteo

data modeling 데이터 모델링 deiteo modelling

database 데이터베이스 deiteobeiseu

debugging 디버깅 dibeoging

Delphi 델파이 delpai

desktop 바탕화면/데스크탑 batanghwamyeon/deseukeuta

43
p

device driver 장치 드라이버 jangchi deuraibeo

DHTML (dynamic HTML) 다이내믹 HTML dainaemik HTML

dialog box 대화상자 daehwasangja

dial-up 다이얼 업 daieol eop

digital signature 전자 서명 jeonja seomyeong

directory 디렉토리 direktori

diskette (floppy disk) 디스켓/플로피 디스크 diseuket/peullopi diseukeu

domain 도메인 domein

download 내려받기/다운로드 naeryeobatgi/daullodeu

drag 드래그/끌기 deuraegeu/kkeulgi

drive 구동장치/드라이브 gudongjangchi/deuraibeu

deuraibeo/gudong
driver 드라이버/구동 프로그램
peurogeuraem

e-business (electronic business) 전자상거래 jeonjasanggeorae

e-mail (electronic mail) 전자우편 jeonjaupyeon

engine 엔진 enjin

executable file 실행 파일 silhaeng pail

file 파일 pail

firewall 방화벽 banghwabyeok

Flash 플래시 peullaesi

folder 폴더 poldeo

font 폰트/글꼴 ponteu/geulkkol

format 포맷 pomaet

freeware 프리웨어 peuriweeo

function 함수 hamsu

GPU (graphics processing unit) 그래픽 처리 장치 geuraepik cheori jangchi

hacker 해커 haekeo

hard disk 하드디스크 hadeudiseukeu

hardware 하드웨어 hadeuweeo

44
home page 홈 페이지 hom peiji

host 호스트 hoseuteu

hosting (웹)호스팅 (wep)hoseuting

hot key 바로 가기 키/단축 키 baro gagi ki/danchuk ki

hub 허브 heobeu

hyperlink 하이퍼링크 haipeoringkeu

hypermedia 하이퍼미디어 haipeomidieo

hypertext 하이퍼텍스트 haipeotekseuteu

I/O (input/output) 입력/출력 ipchullyeok

icon 아이콘 aikon

image 이미지 imiji

infranet 인프라넷 inpeuranet

instruction 명령어 myeongnyeongeo

integrity 무결성 mugyeolseong

interface 인터페이스 inteopeiseu

Internet 인터넷 inteonet

intranet 인트라넷 inteuranet

Jaz Drive 재즈 드라이브 jaejeu deuraibeu

keyboard 키보드 kibodeu

kiosk 키오스크 kioseukeu

LAN (Local Area Network) 근거리 통신망 geungeori tongsinmang

laptop computer 랩톱 컴퓨터 raeptop keompyuteo

latency 지연 시간 jiyeon sigan

LCD (liquid crystal display) 액정화면 aekjeonghwamyeon

link 링크 ringkeu

Linux 리눅스 rinukseu

literal 리터럴 riteoreol

logon and login 로그온/로그인 rogeuon/rogeuin

loop 루프/반복 rupeu/banbok

45
Macintosh 매킨토시 maekintosi

mail server or MTA (mail transfer agent) 메일서버 meilseobeo

mailing list 메일링 리스트 meilling riseuteu

main board 메인보드 meinbodeu

mainframe 메인프레임 meinpeureim

memory 메모리 memori

menu bar 메뉴 표시줄 menyu pyosijul

meta tag 메타 태그 meta taegeu

method 메쏘드 messodeu

microchip 마이크로칩 maikeurochip

microprocessor 마이크로프로세서 maikeuropeuroseseo

migration 마이그레이션 maigeureisyeon

mirror site 미러사이트 mireosaiteu

mirroring 미러링 mireoring

modem (modulator/demodulator) 모뎀/변복조기 modem/byeonbokjogi

module 모듈 modyul

monitor 모니터 moniteo

motherboard 마더보드 madeobodeu

mouse 마우스 mauseu

Mozilla 모질라 mojilla

MSIE (Microsoft Internet Explorer) 인터넷 익스플로러 inteonet ikseupeulloreo

multicast 멀티캐스트 meoltikaeseuteu

multimedia 멀티미디어 meoltimidieo

multiprocessing 멀티프로세싱 meoltipeurosesing

name server 네임서버 neimseobeo

netiquette 네티켓 netiket

netizen 네티즌 netijeun

net mask 넷마스크 nenmaseukeu

Netscape 넷스케이프 neseukeipeu

46
network 네트웍 neteuwok

newsgroup 뉴스그룹 nyuseugeurup

NIC (network interface card) 네트웍 카드 neteuwok kadeu

node 노드 nodeu

notebook computer 노트북 컴퓨터 noteubuk keompyuteo

object 객체 gaekche

offline 오프라인 opeurain

OS (operating system) 운영체계 unyeongchegye

overlay 오버레이 obeorei

packet 패킷 paekit

parameter 매개변수 maegaebyeonsu

partition 파티션/분할 patisyeon/bunhal

password 암호/패스워드 amho/paeseuwodeu

permission 퍼미션/(접근) 허가 peomisyeon/(jeopgeun) heoga

pixel 화소 hwaso

pop-up 팝업 pabeop

port 포트 poteu

portal/portal site 포탈/포탈 사이트 potal/potal saiteu

printer 프린터 peurinteo

process 프로세스 peuroseseu

processor 프로세서 peuroseseo

query 쿼리/질의 kwori/jirui

RAM (random access memory) 램 raem

real time and real-time 실시간 silsigan

redirector 리다이렉터 ridairekteo

register 레지스터 rejiseuteo

registry 레지스트리 rejiseuteuri

resolution 해상도 haesangdo

resource 자원/리소스 jawon/risoseu

47
ripper 리퍼 ripeo

roaming service 로밍 서비스 roming seobiseu

rollover 롤오버 rorobeo

ROM (read-only memory) 롬 rom

router 라우터 rauteo

routine and subroutine 루틴과 서브 루틴 rutin/seobeu rutin

routing table 라우팅 테이블 rauting teibeul

runtime 런타임 reontaim

safe mode 안전모드 anjeonmodeu

screen saver 화면보호기 hwamyeonbohogi

seukeurinsyat/hwamyeongalm
screen shot 스크린샷/화면갈무리
uri

scroll 스크롤 seukeurol

semiconductor 반도체 bandoche

serial 직렬/시리얼 jingnyeol/sirieol

server 서버 seobeo

service pack 서비스 팩 seobiseu paek

set-top box 셋톱박스 settopbakseu

shareware 셰어웨어 syeeoweeo

shortcut 단축 아이콘 danchuk aikon

site 사이트 saiteu

snapshot 스냅샷 seunaepsyat

software 소프트웨어 sopeuteuweeo

solution 솔루션 sollusyeon

sound card 사운드 카드 saundeu kadeu

spam (junk e-mail) 스팸 seupaem

spy ware 스파이웨어 seupaiweeo

고정 IP 주소/유동 IP 주
static IP address/dynamic IP address gojeong ip juso/yudong ip juso

string 스트링/문자열 seuteuring/munjayeol

48
seobeunet/seobeunet
subnet and subnet mask 서브넷과 서브넷 마스크
maseukeu

surfing (웹)써핑 (wep)sseoping

sysop (system operator) 시삽 sisap

system 시스템 siseutem

table 테이블 teibeul

tag 태그 taegeu

task/multitasking 태스크/멀티태스킹 taeseukeu/meoltitaeseuking

Telnet 텔넷/원격접속 tellet/wongyeokjeopsok

terminal 단말기/터미널 danmalgi/teomineol

terminal server 터미널 서버 teomineol seobeo

text 텍스트 tekseuteu

thread/multithreading 스레드/멀티스레딩 seuredeu/meoltiseureding

tool tip 도구 도움말 dogu doummal

toolbar 툴바 tulba

track 트랙 teuraek

uncompressing 압축풀기 apchukpulgi

upgrade 업그레이드 eopgeureideu

upload 올려주기/업로드 ollyeojugi/eopnodeu

utility 유틸리티 yutilliti

video adapter 그래픽카드 geuraepikkadeu

virtual memory 가상 메모리 gasang memori

virtual reality 가상 현실 gasang hyeonsil

Visual Basic 비주얼 베이직 bijueol beijik

web mail (web-based e-mail) 웹메일 wemmeil

Web server 웹서버 wepseobeo

Fibro (wireless broadband) 와이브로 waibeuro

window 윈도우 windou

wireless 무선 museon

wireless LAN (wireless local area 무선 랜 museon raen

49
network)

WWW (World Wide Web) 월드와이드웹 woldeuwaideuwep

Geography
Country Names
English Hangul Pronunciation
Korea 한국 han-gook

South Korea 남한 nam-han

North Korea 북한 puk-han

Australia 호주 hoju

Austria 오스트리아 osu t'ria

Brazil 브라질 burajil

Canada 캐나다 k'aenada

China (PRC) 중국 chung-guk

China (Taiwan) 대만 daeman

England (United Kingdom) 영국 yeong-guk

France 프랑스 p'urangsu

Germany 독일 tok-il

Hong Kong 홍콩 hong k'ong

India 인도 indo

Italy 이탈리아 it'al-lia

Japan 일본 ilbon

Malaysia 말레이지아 mallae-i jia

Mexico 멕시코 maeksik'o

Mongolia 몽고 mong-go

Myanmar (Burma) 미얀마 miyanma

New Zealand 뉴질랜드 nyu jeelaendu

The Philippines 필리핀 p'ileepeen

50
Singapore 싱가폴 sing-gap'ol

Spain 스페인 sup'ai-in

Sweden 스웨덴 suwei-dain

Switzerland 스위스 suweisu

Thailand 태국 t'ae-guk

United States of America 미국 mi-guk

Vietnam 베트남 baet'unam

Continents
English Hangul Pronunciation
Asia 아시아 asia

Europe 유럽 yureop

South America 남아메리카 namamerika

North America 북아메리카 bukamerika

Oceania 오세아니아 oseania

Africa 아프리카 apeurika

Oceans
English Hangul Pronunciation
Pacific Ocean 태평양 taepyeongyang

Atlantic Ocean 대서양 daeseoyang

Indian Ocean 인도양 indoyang

South Pole 남극 namgeuk

North Pole 북극 bukgeuk

51
Numbers and Counting
Koreans use 2 different sets of cardinal numbers, depending on the situation-
Korean numbers and Chinese numbers. Although they usually use Arabic
numerals, sometimes Chinese characters are used for prices.
Use the Korean forms for the number of items (1-99) and age: 2 children 5
bottle of beer, 27 years old.
Use the Chinese forms for dates (but see below), money, addresses, phone
numbers, and numbers above 100.

Most Asian counting systems are based on increments of 10,000 rather than
1,000. For example, the number 100,000 is represented by "10 ten-thousands"
rather than "100 thousands." As can be imagined, this causes much confusion for
everyone when converting numbers between Korean and other languages. If you
have any doubt, verify large numbers in writing (or on a calculator) and check the
number of digits. That W500,000 antique chest may actually be W5,000,000!

Numbers (Korean forms are in


parentheses)
English Hangul Pronunciation

1 일 (하나) il (hana)

2 이 (둘) ee (tul)

3 삼 (셋) sam (set)

4 사 (넷) sa (net)

5 오 (다섯) oh (tasot)

6 육 (여섯) yuk (yosot)

7 칠 (일곱) ch'il (ilgop)

8 팔 (여덟) p'al (yodolp)

9 구 (아홉) gu (ahop)

10 십 (열) ship (yol)

11 십일 (열하나) ship-il (yol-hana)

52
12 십이 (열둘) ship-ee (yol-tul)

13 십삼 (열셋) ship-sam (yol-set)

14 십사 (열넷) ship-sa (yol-net)

15 십오 (열다섯) ship-oh (yol-tasot)

16 십육 (열여섯) shim-yuk (yol-yosot)

17 십칠 (열일곱) ship-ch'il (yol-ilgop)

18 십팔 (열여덟) shi-p'al (yol-yodolp)

19 십구 (열아홉) ship-gu (yol-ahop)

20 이십 (스물) ee-ship (sumul)

30 삼십 (서른) sam-ship (sorun)

40 사십 (마흔) sa-ship (mahun)

50 오십 (쉰) oh-ship (shween)

60 육십 (예순) yuk-ship (yesun)

70 칠십 (이른) ch'il-ship (irun)

80 팔십 (여든) p'al-ship (yodun)

90 구십 (아흔) gu-ship (ahun)

100 백 baek

200 이백 ee-baek

1,000 천 ch'eon

10,000 만 man

100,000 십만 ship-man

1,000,000 백만 baek-man

100,000,000 억 eok

Use Chinese numbers for all date-related numbers except


hours.

53
Weekdays
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
Sunday 일요일 ilyo-il

Monday 월요일 wolyo-il

Tuesday 화요일 hwayo-il

Wednesda
수요일 suyo-il
y

Thursday 목요일 mogyo-il

Friday 금요일 kumyo-il

Saturday 토요일 t'oyo-il

Months
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
January 일월 ilwol

February 이월 eewol

March 삼월 samwol

April 사월 sawol

May 오월 ohwol

June 유월 yuwol

July 칠월 ch'ilwol

August 팔월 p'alwol

Septembe
구월 guwol
r

October 시월 shiwol

November 십일월 shibilwol

December 십이월 shibeewol

54
Family

General Words
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
family 가족 gajok

relative by marriage, in-laws 사돈 sadon

husband's home/family 시집 sijip

parent's home/family of a married


친정 chinjeong
woman

parents 부모 bumo

cousin 사촌 sachon

brothers 형제 hyeongje

sisters 자매 jamae

relation 친척 chincheok

house of one's wife's parents 처가 cheoga

father 아버지 abeoji

mother 어머니 eomeoni

daddy 아빠 appa

mommy 엄마 eomma

grand mother 할머니 halmeoni

grand father 할아버지 harabeoji

boy's elder brother 형 hyeong

boy's elder sister 누나 nuna

girl's elder brother 오빠 oppa

girl's elder sister 언니 eonni

younger brother/sister 동생 dongsaeng

uncle 삼촌 samchon

maternal aunt 이모 imo

55
husband of one's maternal aunt 이모부 imobu

paternal aunt 고모 gomo

husband of one's paternal aunt 고모부 gomobu

aunt 숙모 sungmo

uncle 숙부 sukbu

brother or sister's husband or wife's name


Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
husband's elder brother 아주버니 ajubeoni

wife of one's elder brother 형수 hyeongsu

younger brother's wife (sister-in-law) 제수 jesu

husband of a girl's elder sister (brother-


형부 hyeongbu
in-law)

elder sister's husband (brother-in-law) 매형 maehyeong

husband's side of family


Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
father-in-law 아버님 abeonim

mother-in-law 어머님 eomeonim

husband's elder
아주버니 ajubeoni
brother

brother-in-law 형님 hyeongnim

sister-in-law 동서 dongseo

brother-in-law 도련님 doryeonnim

brother-in-law 서방님 seobangnim

sister-in-law 아가씨 agassi

56
wife's side of family
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
father-in-law 장인 어른 jangin eoreun

mother-in-law 장모님 jangmonim

brother-in-law 처남 cheonam

wife of brother-in-
처남댁 cheonamdaek
law

sister-in-law 처제 cheoje

57
Transportation

Transportation
English Hangul Pronunciation
bus 버스 bus

taxi 택시 taxi

jihacheol
subway 지하철 (전철)
(jeoncheol)

line number
*호선 *hoseon
*

train 기차 (열차) gicha (yeolcha)

airplane 비행기 bihaenggi

ship 배 bae

car 자동차 jadongcha

passenger
승용차 seungyongcha
car

motorcycle 오토바이 otobai

bicycle 자전거 jajeongeo

tractor 트랙터 teuraekteo

cultivator 경운기 gyeongungi

58
Directions
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
east 동 dong

west 서 seo

south 남 nam

north 북 buk

right 우 u

left 좌 jwa

right side 우측 ucheuk

left side 좌측 jwacheuk

turn right 우회전 uhoejeon

turn left 좌회전 jwahoejeon

Others
English Hangul Pronunciation
traffic sign 교통표지판 gyotong pyojipan

road 차로 charo

lane 차선 chaseon

middle lane 중앙선 jungangseon

beoseu
exclusive bus lane 버스전용차로
jeonyongcharo

signal 신호등 sinhodeung

crossroads 교차로 gyocharo

distance 거리 geori

section 구간 gugan

zone 구역 guyeok

tunnel 터널 teoneol

river-side road 강변도로 gangbyeondoro

59
crosswalk 횡단보도 hoengdanbodo

uphill 오르막 oreumak

downhill 내리막 naerimak

danger 위험 wiheom

prohibited 금지 geumji

limit 제한 jehan

concession 양보 yangbo

protection 보호 boho

go slow 서행 seohaeng

stop 정지 jeongji

U-turn 유턴 yuteon

straight ahead 직진 jikjin

front 전방 jeonbang

standing 정차 jeongcha

parking 주차 jucha

parking lot 주차장 juchajang

one-way street 일방통행 ilbangtonghaeng

dogged
견인지역 gyeoninjiyeok
perseverance

ticket 표 pyo

ticket window 매표구 maepyogu

ticket machine 발권기 balgwongi

60
Places
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
gas (petrol)
주유소 juyuso
station

repair shop 정비소 jeongbiso

subway station 전철역 jeoncheoryeok

train station 기차역 gichayeok

port 항 Hhang

port 항구 hanggu

airport 공항 gonghang

station 정류소 jeongnyuso

platform 승강장 seunggangjang

airstrip 활주로 hwaljuro

ticket office 매표소 maepyoso

luggage chamber 짐칸 jimkan

sleeping car 침대차 chimdaecha

dining-car 식당차 sikdangcha

hotel 호텔 hotel

guesthouse 민박 minbak

inn 여관 yeogwan

61
Body Parts

Boby Parts
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
body 몸 mom

head 머리 meori

hair 머리카락 meorikarak

face 얼굴 eolgul

forehead 이마 ima

eye 눈 nun

eyebrow 눈썹 nunsseop

eyelid 눈꺼풀 nunkkeopul

eyelashes 속눈썹 songnunsseop

ear 귀 gwi

cheek 볼 bol

nose 코 ko

nostrils 콧구멍 kogumeong

mouth 입 ip

lips 입술 ipsul

tongue 혀 hyeo

neck 목 mok

nape of the
목덜미 mokdeolmi
neck

throat 목구멍 mokgumeong

tooth 이 i

gum 잇몸 inmom

chin 턱 teok

shoulder 어깨 eokkae

62
arm 팔 pal

wrist 팔목 palmok

elbow 팔꿈치 palkkumchi

hand 손 son

wrist 손목 sonmok

palm of the
손바닥 sonbadak
hand

fist 주먹 jumeok

finger 손가락 songarak

thumb 엄지 eomji

index finger 검지 geomji

ring finger 약지 yakji

fingernail 손톱 sontop

breast 가슴 gaseum

breast 유방 yubang

armpit 겨드랑이 gyeodeurangi

side 옆구리 yeopguri

back 등 deung

waist 허리 heori

abdomen 배 bae

navel 배꼽 baekkop

buttocks 엉덩이 eongdeongi

leg 다리 dari

thigh 허벅지 heobeokji

knee 무릎 mureup

foot 발 bal

ankle 발목 balmok

toenail 발톱 baltop

heel 뒤꿈치 dwikkumchi

skin 살갗 salgat

63
muscles 근육 geunyuk

bone 뼈 ppyeo

Internal Organs
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
heart 심장 simjang

liver 간 gan

lungs 폐 pye

stomach 위 wi

appendix 맹장 maengjang

kidney 콩팥 kongpat

pancreas 췌장 chwejang

gall 담낭 damnang

bowels 장 jang

womb 자궁 jagung

brain 뇌 noe

anus 항문 hangmun

Other
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
mustach
수염 suyeom
e

dimple 보조개 bojogae

Clothes
Clothes

64
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
clothes 옷 ot

underwear 속옷 sogot

jacket 상의 sangui

trousers 하의 haui

underwear 내복 naebok

short sleeve 반팔 banpal

long sleeve 긴팔 ginpal

sports wear 운동복 undongbok

working uniform 작업복 jageopbok

uniform 제복 jebok

pajamas 잠옷 jamot

full dress 정장 jeongjang

suit 양복 yangbok

Korean dress 한복 hanbok

shirt 셔츠 syeocheu

nambang
dress shirt 남방셔츠
syeocheu

vest 조끼 jokki

knitted clothes 니트 niteu

cardigan 가디건 gadigeon

sweater 스웨터 seuweteo

blouse 블라우스 beullauseu

jumper 잠바 jamba

jacket 자켓 jaket

coat 코트 koteu

hooded winter
파카 paka
jacket

breeches 바지 baji

65
blue jeans 청바지 cheongbaji

cotton pants 면바지 myeonbaji

skirt 치마 chima

one-piece dress 원피스 wonpiseu

Underwear
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
panties 팬티 paenti

bra 브래지어 beuraejieo

girdle 거들 geodeul

slip 슬립 seullip

socks 양말 yangmal

stockings 스타킹 seutaking

Other
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
muffler 머플러 meopeulleo

scarf 목도리 mokdori

hat 모자 moja

belt 허리띠 heoritti

belt 혁대 hyeokdae

braces 멜빵 melppang

gloves 장갑 janggap

66
Home Related

Furniture
English Hangul Pronunciation
bed 침대 Chimdae

clothes chest 장농 Jangnong

clothes chest 옷장 Ojang

desk 책상 Chaeksang

bookcase 책장 Chaekjang

chair 의자 Uija

table 식탁 Siktak

counter 싱크대 Singkeudae

pantry chest 찬장 Chanjang

coat hanger 옷걸이 Ogeori

shelf 선반 Seonban

vanity 화장대 Hwajangdae

drawer 서랍 Seorap

House Related

67
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
house 집 Jip

toilet 화장실 Hwajangsil

bathroom 욕실 Yoksil

kitchen 주방 Jubang

living room 거실 Geosil

floor 마루 Maru

master
안방 Anbang
bedroom

bedroom 침실 Chimsil

study 서재 Seojae

warehouse 창고 Changgo

basement 지하실 Jihasil

boiler room 보일러실 Boilleosil

garage 차고 Chago

porch 현관 Hyeongwan

court 마당 Madang

garden 정원 Jeongwon

veranda 베란다 Beranda

ceiling 천장 Cheonjang

closet 다락 Darak

roof 옥상 Oksang

Kitchen Related

68
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
knife 칼 Kal

chef's knife 채칼 Chaekal

chopping board 도마 Doma

spoon 숟가락 Sutgarak

chopsticks 젓가락 Jeogarak

kettle 주전자 Jujeonja

pot 냄비 Naembi

frying pan 후라이팬 Huraipaen

dish 접시 Jeopsi

vessel 그릇 Geureut

tray 쟁반 Jaengban

rice pot 밥솥 Bapsot

cup 컵 Keop

ladle 국자 Gukja

spatula 뒤집개 Dwijipgae

grater 강판 Gangpan

earthen bowl 뚝배기 Ttukbaegi

balance 저울 Jeoul

weighing
계량기 Gyeryanggi
machine

apron 앞치마 Apchima

rubber gloves 고무장갑 Gomujanggap

scrubber 수세미 Susemi

dish cloth 행주 Haengju

Bathroom Related

69
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
washstan
세면대 Semyeondae
d

toilet 변기 Byeongi

tap 수도꼭지 Sudokkokji

bathtub 욕조 Yokjo

washbasi
세숫대야 Sesudaeya
n

gourd 바가지 Bagaji

shampoo 샴푸 Syampu

soap 비누 Binu

toothbrus
칫솔 Chisol
h

dentifrice 치약 Chiyak

razor 면도기 Myeondogi

towel 수건 Sugeon

Other
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
broomstic
빗자루 Bijaru
k

dustpan 쓰레받기 Sseurebatgi

floor cloth 걸레 Geolle

sprayer 분무기 Bunmugi

call-bell 초인종 Choinjong

70
Careers

Agriculture/Fishing
Related
Englis Hangu Pronunciatio
h l n
gardener 원예사 wonyesa

herdboy 목동 mokdong

farmer 농부 nongbu

fisher 어부 eobu

miner 광부 gwangbu

Accounting/Office Related
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
accountant 회계사 hoegyesa

licensed tax accountant 세무사 semusa

accounting clerk 경리 gyeongni

financial people 금융가 geumyungga

banker 은행원 eunhaengwon

insurance agent
보험설계사 boheomseolgyesa
[salesman]

secretary 비서 biseo

data processor 정보처리사 jeongbocheorisa

clerk 사무원 samuwon

researcher 연구원 yeonguwon

71
Architecture Related
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
architect 건축가 geonchukga

carpenter 목수 moksu

plumber 배관공 baegwangong

bricklayer 벽돌공 byeokdolgong

electrician 전기공 jeongigong

civil engineer 토목기사 tomokgisa

surveying
측량기사 cheungnyanggisa
engineer

Delivery/Communication/Transportation
Related
English Hangul Pronunciation
postman 우체부 uchebu

delivery man 배달원 taekbaegisa

telephone operator 전화교환수 jeonhwagyohwansu

video engineer 비디오기사 bidiogisa

recording engineer 녹음기사 nogeumgisa

driver 운전수 unjeonsu

engineer 기관사 gigwansa

pilot 조종사 jojongsa

car mechanic 정비사 jeongbisa

crew (on a ship/boat) 선원 seonwon

72
Arts/Science Related
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
player 연주가 yeonjuga

painter 화가 hwaga

photographer 사진가 sajinga

cartoonist 만화가 manhwaga

novelist 소설가 soseolga

writer 극작가 geukjakga

newspaper
신문편집인 sinmunpyeonjibin
publisher

actor/actress 배우 baeu

teacher 교사 gyosa

professor 교수 gyosu

scholar 학자 hakja

anthropologist 인류학자 illyuhakja

archaeologist 고고학자 gogohakja

physicist 물리학자 mullihakja

Health Related
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
doctor 의사 uisa

nurse 간호사 ganhosa

historical sketch 약사 yaksa

medical
의료기술자 uiryogisulja
technician

physical
물리치료사 mullichiryosa
therapist

veterinarian 수의사 suuisa

73
Home/Service Related
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
homemaker 주부 jubu

housekeeper 파출부 pachulbu

housekeeper 가정부 gajeongbu

fashion
의상디자이너 uisangdijaineo
designer

dietitian 영양사 yeongyangsa

chef 요리사 yorisa

cook 조리사 jorisa

baker 제빵사 jeppangsa

dietician 식품위생사 sikpumwisaengsa

hotel manager 호텔지배인 hoteljibaein

waiter 웨이터 weiteo

ticket
개표원 gaepyowon
examiner

salesperson 판매원 panmaewon

Other
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
student 학생 haksaeng

barber 이용사 iyongsa

hairdresser 미용사 miyongsa

guard 경비원 gyeongbiwon

enterprising
사업가 saeopga
man

player 운동선수 undongseonsu

74
Public/Specialty Related
English Hangul Pronunciation
president 대통령 daetongnyeong

member of National
국회의원 gukoeuiwon
Assembly

lawyer 변호사 byeonhosa

judge 판사 pansa

public prosecutor 검사 geomsa

soldier 군인 gunin

civilian attached to the


군무원 gunmuwon
military

detective 형사 hyeongsa

police 경찰 gyeongchal

fire fighter 소방사 sobangsa

cleaner 청소부 cheongsobu

probation officer 보호관찰관 bohogwanchalgwan

revenue officer 세무서원 semuseowon

wisaenggamdokgw
sanitation inspector 위생감독관
an

immigration control officer 출입국관리원 churipgukgwalliwon

prison officer 교도관 gyodogwan

social welfare worker 사회복지사 sahoebokjisa

75
Colors

Colors
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
red 빨강색 ppalgangsaek

orange 주황색 juhwangsaek

yellow 노랑색 norangsaek

green 초록색 choroksaek

blue 파랑색 parangsaek

deep blue 남색 namsaek

purple 보라색 borasaek

black 검정색 geomjeongsaek

white 흰색 hinsaek

light
연두색 yeondusaek
green

crimson 진홍색 jinhongsaek

deep red 다홍색 dahongsaek

maroon 밤색 bamsaek

blue 청색 cheongsaek

gray 회색 hwisaek

green 녹색 noksaek

sky blue 하늘색 haneulsaek

golden 금색 geumsaek

silver 은색 eunsaek

76
Seasons

Spring
English Hangul Pronunciation
onset of spring 입춘 ipchun

sprout 새싹 saessak

haze 아지랑이 ajirangi

yellow sand 황사 hwangsa

spring daytime sleepiness 춘곤증 chungonjeung

sleepiness 졸음 joreum

going out 나들이 nadeuri

picnic 소풍 sopung

azalea 진달래 jindalrae

forsythia 개나리 gaenari

frog 개구리 gaeguri

spring vacation 봄방학 bombanghak

graduation ceremony 졸업식 joreopsik

entrance ceremony 입학식 ipaksik

(I) am sleepy. 졸려요. Jollyeoyo.

(I) feel languid 나른해요. Nareunhaeyo.

Let's go on a Spring picnic. 봄소풍 가자. Bomsopung gaja.

There is heavy yellow sand. 황사가 심해. Hwangsaga simhae.

Wear a mask. 마스크를 써라. Maskreul sseora.

Congratulations on (your) graduation 졸업(입학)을 축하 Joreop(Ipak)eul


(entrance) 해. chukahae.

77
Summer
English Hangul Pronunciation
onset of summer 입하 ipa

air-conditioner 에어컨 eeokeon

electric fan 선풍기 seonpunggi

fan 부채 buchae

beach 해수욕장 haesuyokjang

parasol 파라솔 parasol

summering to avoid the heat 피서 piseo

vacation 휴가 hyuga

(school) summer vacation 여름방학 yeoreumbanghak

valley 계곡 gyegok

beach 해변 haebyeon

swimming pool 수영장 suyeongjang

mosquito 모기 mogi

the hottest day of midsummer 복날 boknal

ultraviolet rays 자외선 jaoeseon

sun light 햇살 haetssal

shade 그늘 geuneul

bamboo 대나무 daenamu

ice 얼음 eoreum

sweat 땀 ttam

heat rashes 땀띠 ttamtti

the heat 더위 deowi

peak heat 폭염 pogyeom

pouring rain 폭우 pogu

local downpour 집중호우 jipjunghou

torrential rain warning 호우주의보 houjuuibo

78
tropical night 열대야 yeoldaeya

discomfort index 불쾌지수 bulkoaejisu

rainy season 장마 jangma

typhoon 태풍 taepung

flood 홍수 hongsu

food poisoning 식중독 sikjungdok

epidemic 전염병 jeonyeombyeong

sunstroke 일사병 ilsabyeong

heatstroke 열사병 yeolsabyeong

air-conditioning sickness 냉방병 naengbangbyeong

Ginseng Chicken Soup 삼계탕 samgyetang

watermelon 수박 subak

melon 참외 chamoe

ice flakes with red-bean 팥빙수 patbingsu

cold noodle dish 냉면 naengmyeon

dog meat soup 보신탕 bosintang

horror movie 공포영화 gongpoyeonghwa

It is too hot. 너무 더워요. Neomu deowoyo.

에어컨(선풍기)을(를) 켜 Eeokeon(Seonpunggi)eul(reul)
(Please) Turn on the air-conditioner.
주세요. kyeojuseyo.

Where do you go for summer


피서는 어디로 가니? Piseoneun eodiro gani?
vacation?

Be cafeul about local downpours


장마철 집중호우 조심해. Jangmacheol jipjunghou josimhae.
during the rainy season.

The discomfort index is high these


요즘 불쾌지수가 높아. Yojeum bulkwaejisuga nopa.
days.

(I) can not sleep because of tropical 열대야 현상 때문에 잠이


Yeoldaeya ttaemune jami anwa.
night phenomenon. 안와.

79
Autumn
English Hangul Pronunciation
onset of autumn 입추 ipchu

colored autumnal leaves 단풍 danpung

follage 낙엽 nagyeop

daily range (in weather) 일교차 ilgyocha

cold 감기 gamgi

change of season 환절기 hwanjeolgi

dryness 건조 geonjo

cricket 귀뚜라미 gwitturami

harvest 추수 chusu

Thanksgiving Day 추수감사절 chusugamsajeol

harvest moon festival day 추석 chuseok

reading 독서 dokseo

solitude 고독 godok

sunset glow 노을 noeul

appetite 식욕 sigyok

apple 사과 sagwa

embryo 배 bae

persimmon 감 gam

chestnut 밤 bam

jujube 대추 daechu

Kimchi (pickled vegetables)


김장 gimjang
preparation for the winter

Be careful with colds during the


환절기 감기 조심해. Hwanjeolgi gamgi josimhae.
change of seasons.

Autumn is season for reading. 가을은 독서의 계절이야. Gaeuleun dokseoeui gyejeoliya.

Let's go to see colored automnal


단풍놀이 가자. Danpungnori gaja.
leaves.

Many mountain fires occur due to 날씨가 건조해서 산불이 많 Nalssiga geonjohaeseo sanburi
dry weather. 이 난다. mani nanda.

80
Have a happy Chuseok. 즐거운 추석 보내세요. Jeulgeoun chuseok bonaeseyo.

Winter
English Hangul Pronunciation
onset of winter 입동 ipdong

cold 추위 chuwi

snow 눈 nun

icy road 빙판 bingpan

icicle 고드름 godeureum

heavy snow 폭설 pokseol

snowman 눈사람 nunsaram

ski 스키 seuki

sled 썰매 sseolmae

hot spring 온천 oncheon

winter vacation 겨울방학 gyeoulbanghak

flu 독감 dokgam

Christmas 크리스마스 keuriseumas

Christmas 성탄절 seongtanjeol

Winter solstice 동지 dongji

New Year's Day (lunar calendar) 설날 seolnal

new year 새해 saehae

rice-cake soup 떡국 tteokguk

End of last year and beginning of


연말연시 yeonmalyeonsi
new year

stove 난로 nalro

heater 히터 hiteo

winter sleep 동면 dongmyeon

It's too cold. 너무 추워요. Neomu chuwoyo.

(Please), Turn on the heater. 난로(히터)를 켜주세요. Nalro(Hiteo)reul kyeojuseyo.

81
Jeulgeoun seongtanjeol
I wish you a Merry Christmas. 즐거운 성탄절 보내세요.
bonaeseyo.

Happy New Year! 새해 복 많이 받으세요. Saehae bok mani badeuseyo.

Arts
Art
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
art gallery 미술관 misulgwan

art gallery 화랑 hwarang

painter 화가 hwaga

picture 그림 geurim

exhibition 전시 jeonsi

color 색 saek

sketch 스케치 seukechi

dessin 데생 desaeng

pencil 연필 yeonpil

brush 붓 but

palette 팔레트 palet

drawing paper 도화지 dohwaji

easel 이젤 ijel

materials for
물감 mulgam
painting

crayon 크레용 keureyong

pastel 파스텔 pastel

painting 회화 hoehwa

watercolor 수채화 suchaehwa

portrait 초상화 chosanghwa

figure painting 인물화 inmuhwa

82
abstract painting 추상화 chusanghwa

landscape painting 풍경화 punggyeonghwa

still life painting 정물화 jeongmulhwa

charcoal drawings 목탄화 moktanhwa

Music
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
singer 가수 gasu

vocalist 성악가 seongakka

composer 작곡가 jakkokka

lyricist 작사가 jaksaga

conductor 지휘자 jihuija

player 연주자 yeonjuja

accompanime
반주 banju
nt

play 연주 yeonju

sound 음 eum

musical note 음표 eumpyo

tune 가락 garak

rhythm 장단 jangdan

melody 곡 gok

song 노래 norae

score 악보 akbo

piano 피아노 piano

organ 오르간 oreugan

violin 바이올린 baiollin

flute 플룻 peullut

cello 첼로 chello

83
viola 비올라 biolla

clarinet 클라리넷 keullarinet

harp 하프 hap

saxophone 색소폰 saeksopon

trumpet 트럼펫 teureompet

tambourine 탬버린 taembeorin

triangle 트라이앵글 teuraiaenggeul

cymbals 심벌즈 simbeoljeu

xylophone 실로폰 sillopon

drum 드럼 deureom

guitar 기타 gita

tenor 테너 teneo

baritone 바리톤 bariton

soprano 소프라노 sopeurano

orchestral
관현악 gwanyeonak
music

symphony 교향악 gyoyangak

chorus 합창 hapchang

classic 클래식 keullaesik

jazz 재즈 jaejeu

pop song 팝송 papssong

popular song 가요 gayo

folk song 민요 minyo

Literature

84
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
writer 작가 jakka

novelist 소설가 soseolga

essayist 수필가 supilga

poet/poetess 시인 siin

manuscript paper 원고지 wongoji

proofreading 교정 gyojeong

editting 편집 pyeonjip

line 행 haeng

clause 절 jeol

paragraph 문단 mundan

sentence 문장 munjang

poem 시 si

essay 수필 supil

novel 소설 soseol

drama 희곡 higok

criticism 평론 pyeongron

short story 단편 danpyeon

medium-length
중편 jungpyeon
story

full-length novel 장편 jangpyeon

Play
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
play 연극 yeongeuk

musical 뮤지컬 myujikeol

85
opera 오페라 opera

theater 극장 geukjang

stage 무대 mudae

audience 관객 gwangaek

scenario 시나리오 sinario

act 막 mak

chapter 장 jang

actor/actres
배우/여배우 baeu/yeobaeu
s

director 연출가 yeonchulga

script writer 각본가 gakbonga

director 감독 gamdok

Photograph
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n
camera 사진기 sajingi

camera 카메라 kamera

digital camera 디지털카메라 dijiteolkamera

digital camera 디카 dika

Polaroid (Land) camera 즉석카메라 jeukseokkamera

film 필름 pilreum

lens 렌즈 renjeu

filter 필터 pilteo

reflecting mirror 반사경 bansagyeong

tripod 삼각대 samgakdae

shutter 셔터 shyeoteo

exposure 노출 nochul

86
photographer 사진사 sajinsa

model 모델 model

subject (for
피사체 pisache
photography)

focus 초점 chojjeom

photographing 촬영 chwalyeong

print 인화 inhwa

Other
Hangu Pronunciatio
English
l n
cartoon 만화 manhwa

cartoonist 만화가 manhwaga

pen 펜 pen

penpoint 펜촉 penchok

ink 잉크 ingkeu

sculpture 조각 jogak

carving and
조소 joso
modeling

sculptor 조각가 jogakka

plaster 석고 seokko

Ceremonies

Ceremonies
Pronunciatio
English Hangul
n

87
memorial day 기념일 ginyeomil

party 잔치 janchi

congratulation 축하 chuka

entrance ceremony 입학식 ippaksik

graduation ceremony 졸업식 joleopsik

engagement ceremony/party 약혼식 yakonsik

wedding ceremony 결혼식 gyeoronsik

gifts offered to the parents of the


groom 폐백 pyebaek
by the bride (in Korean marriage)

announcement of marriage 피로연 piroyeon

wedding anniversary 결혼기념일 gyeoringinyeomil

birth of child 출산 chulsan

party/banquet to mark one hundred


days 백일 잔치 baegil janchi
after birth of a baby

first birthday 돌 dol

birthday 생일 saengil

sixtieth birthday 환갑 hwangap

seventith birthday 칠순 chilsun

funeral services 장례식 jangryesik

religious ancestal service 제사 jesa

memorial services for ancestors 차례 charye

visit one's ancestral graves 성묘 seongmyo

coming-of-age ceremony 성인식 seonginsik

opening ceremony (for business) 개업식 gaeeopsik

opening ceremony (for service or


개통식 gaetongsik
operation)

end of year ceremony (for companies) 종무식 jongmusik

closing ceremony (in stores) 종업식 jongeopsik

award ceremony 수상식 susangsik

88
housewarming party 집들이 jiptteuri

inauguration ceremony 취임식 chwiimsik

election ceremony 당선식 dangseonsik

ceremony of giving an official order 발령식 balryeongsik

appointment (to an office) ceremony 임관식 imgwansik

completion (of a course) ceremony 수료식 suryosik

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