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From an Inverter-Driven Motor

Hirofumi Akagi, Fellow, IEEE, and Takayuki Shimizu

discussions on conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI)

emissions from an inverter-driven motor rated at 400 V and

15 kW. It focuses on a line EMI filter and its combination with

a motor EMI filter, along with their effects on attenuation of

conducted emission voltage. When no EMI filter is connected,

the motor drive cannot meet the conducted emission limits prescribed by Category 3 in the IEC61800-3 regulations. The reason

is that the common-mode voltage generated by a voltage-source

pulse width modulation (PWM) inverter causes a common-mode

leakage current flowing into the ground wire lead through parasitic capacitors inside the motor. When the line EMI filter is

connected, the motor drive can meet Category 3. The motor EMI

filter eliminates the common-mode voltage from the motor terminals, thus bringing a drastic reduction to the leakage current.

The combination of the two EMI filters can comply with the limits

prescribed by Category 2, which are much stricter than those by

Category 3.

Index TermsElectromagnetic interference (EMI), leakage currents, motor drives, pulsewidth modulation (PWM) inverters.

I. INTRODUCTION

N adjustable-speed motor drive by a voltage-source

pulsewidth modulation (PWM) inverter has made a

significant contribution to achieving energy conservation, as

well as to improving system performance and productivity.

However, the PWM inverter based on switching operation has

been considered as a representative noise source of conducted

and radiated electromagnetic interference (EMI) emissions.

The conducted emission may interfere with other electronic

equipment through power lines, while the radiated emission

may bring malfunction, particularly to radio-controlled devices

in the vicinity of the noise source.

The international electro-technical commission (IEC) has

prescribed EMI regulations for motor drives on industrial

and commercial low-voltage networks. For example, the

IEC61800-3 Category 3 provides conducted emission limits

in a frequency range of 150 kHz to 30 MHz for low-voltage

motor drives with a nominal input current of less than 100 A

in an industrial area. The EMI regulations have encouraged

power electronics engineers to do further research on passive

and active EMI filters for mitigating conducted and/or radiated

emissions [1][22].

Manuscript received May 6, 2007; revised July 11, 2007. Recommended for

publication by Associate Editor P. Tenti.

The authors are with the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan (e-mail:

akagi@ee.titech.ac.jp).

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TPEL.2007.911878

The authors have proposed a passive EMI filter having access to the ungrounded neutral point of an inverter-driven motor

[20][22]. To distinguish it from other passive EMI filters, it

is referred to as the motor EMI filter in this paper because it

is installed between the inverter and the motor. It is prominent in using the three-phase star-connected stator windings

as a part of the filter components. This results in making the

filter smaller in size, more effective in attenuation than other

filter configurations having no access to the motor neutral point.

The motor EMI filter can keep both shaft voltage and ground

leakage current in check, as a result of eliminating high-frequency common-mode voltage from the motor terminals.

This paper evaluates effects of passive EMI filters on attenuation of conducted EMI emissions from an inverter-driven motor

rated at 400 V and 15 kW. Measurement of conducted emission

voltages in a frequency range of 150 kHz to 30 MHz is carried

out by using a line-impedance stabilizing network (LISN) and a

spectrum analyzer in accordance with CISPR Pub. 16 [5]. Two

types of filters are designed, constructed, and tested. One is referred to as a line EMI filter because it is installed at the line

side of the motor drive. The line EMI filter meets the conducted

emission limits prescribed by Category 3 in the IEC61800-3 regulations. The other is based on a combination of the motor EMI

filter with the line EMI filter. This combination complies with

the conducted emission limits prescribed by Category 2, which

are much stricter than those by Category 3.

II. MEASUREMENT OF CONDUCTED EMISSION

VOLTAGES WHEN THE LINE EMI FILTER IS

DISCONNECTED AND CONNECTED

A. Experimental System Configurations

Fig. 1 shows the experimental system configuration when no

EMI filter is connected, while Fig. 2 shows that when a line EMI

transformer changes

filter is connected. A three-phase

the 200-V 50-Hz system with -phase grounding in Japan into

the worldwide 400-V 50-Hz system with neutral grounding. The

secondary of the transformer is connected to a three-phase diode

rectifier through a 440-V 30-A LISN (Kyoritsu: KNW-243C)

with a frequency band of 9 kHz to 30 MHz. The common-mode

H is intentionally installed between

inductor

the LISN and the diode rectifier. The reason for installation

from flowing into the

is to prevent an excessive current

LISN, thus brings correct measurement of conducted emission

voltage to a spectrum analyzer (Agilent Technology: E4411B).

A three-phase two-level voltage-source PWM inverter is operated at a switching frequency of 15 kHz. A 400-V 15-kW

four-pole induction motor with no load is driven at an inverter

frequency of 20 Hz because load conditions produce little effect

AKAGI AND SHIMIZU: ATTENUATION OF CONDUCTED EMI EMISSIONS FROM AN INVERTER-DRIVEN MOTOR

283

PWM inverter.

The line EMI filter shown in Fig. 2 consists of a common, three differential-mode inductors , three

mode inductor

star-connected bypass capacitors

, and a bypass capacitor

. Here,

is made of a stack of five ferrite toroidal cores,

uses a single ferrite toroidal core per phase. Both inwhile

ductors have a single turn, thus resulting in simple structure.

and

keeps high-frequency differenThe combination of

tial-mode current from flowing into the three-phase ac mains.

The line EMI filter has flexibility in designing circuit paand

, to meet

rameters, including key components

the conducted emission limits prescribed by Category 3 in

the IEC61800-3 regulations. The larger the capacitance value

, the better the filtering performance. In addition, the

of

, the better the filtering

larger the inductance value of

performance. However, the capacitance value has a limitation

in avoiding malfunction of a protection relay against a fundamental-frequency (50 Hz) zero-sequence current higher than

10 mA. When the three-phase diode rectifier is connected to an

ac mains with -phase grounding, or a voltage sag occurs in an

ac mains with neutral grounding, such a 50-Hz zero-sequence

current may flow from the ac mains to the ground wire lead

. This paper assigned the capacitance value as

through

F to make the 50-Hz zero-sequence current

lower than 10 mA in the worst case. On the other hand, the inductance value has no limitation from a practical point of view,

unlike the capacitance value. In an actual system, however, a

in designing the inductance value. Hence, this paper assigned

H to meet the conducted

the inductance value as

emission limits prescribed by Category 3 under the capacitance

F. Increasing the capacitance value of

value of

could be accompanied by decreasing the inductance value

if no attention were paid to the 50-Hz zero-sequence

of

current.

B. Considerations on Measurement of Conducted Emission

Voltage

The LISN is indispensable for measurement of conducted

emission voltage in accordance with CISPR Pub. 16. It is

2 m metal plane connected to the neutral

put on a 2 m

point of the secondary of the transformer. No current is allowed to flow on the metal plane. In other words, the device

under test (DUT) is prohibited from grounding to the metal

plane. The safety ground terminal of the LISN is connected

to the ground terminal of a switchboard in the authors laboratory. The spectrum analyzer based on average detection

kHz,

is set as follows: RBW resolution band width

MHz, sweep time

s, and

VBW video band width

.

averaging number

C. Measurement of Conducted Emission Voltages and

Observation of Ground Leakage Currents

Fig. 3 shows measured frequency spectra of conducted emission voltages in Figs. 1 and 2. Figs. 4 and 5 show observed wave-

284

Fig. 5. Observed waveforms obtained from Fig. 2, where the line EMI filter is

connected. (a) With a switching frequency-based time scale. (b) With a timeexpanded scale.

Fig. 4. Observed waveforms obtained from Fig. 1, where the line EMI filter

is disconnected. (a) With a switching frequency-based time scale. (b) With a

time-expanded scale.

where

is the common-mode voltage appearing at the ac side

;

of the inverter with respect to the dc-link midpoint

is the ground leakage current flowing out of the motor

frame;

is the ground leakage current flowing into the LISN;

When the line EMI filter is disconnected, the conducted emission voltage does not meet the limits prescribed by Category 3 in

a frequency range of 150 kHz to 3 MHz. In particular, it exceeds

the limit at 150 kHz by 20 dB, and the limits from 500 kHz to

1 MHz by 15 dB. A partial peak around 3 MHz appears in the

conducted emission voltage, and the resultant oscillations with

a frequency of 3 MHz are observed in the waveforms of

and

in Fig. 4(b). This means that the oscillations come from

resonance between stray inductors in the motor and ground wire

leads, and parasitic capacitors inside the diode and IGBT modules. The next section makes an intensive discussion on this interesting phenomenon. The conducted emission voltage in a frequency band higher than 4 MHz meets Category 3 with a margin

of 10 dB.

When the line EMI filter is connected, the conducted emission voltage complies with Category 3 in a frequency range of

150 kHz to 30 MHz, as shown in Fig. 3. Moreover, the waveand

in Fig. 5(b) show that the oscillations at

forms of

AKAGI AND SHIMIZU: ATTENUATION OF CONDUCTED EMI EMISSIONS FROM AN INVERTER-DRIVEN MOTOR

285

filter brings sharp attenuation to a frequency band of 650 kHz

and a

to 750 kHz as a result of series resonance between

stray inductor of the filter wire lead. The next section gives a

theoretical discussion on the sharp attenuation.

are

Fig. 4(a) suggests that the peak and rms values of

1.78 A and 0.48 A, whereas those of

are 1.49 A and 0.52 A,

is similar to that of

. The

although the waveform of

and

results in

, where the peak

difference between

are 0.8 A and 0.09 A.

and rms values of

III. EQUIVALENT COMMON-MODE CIRCUITS AT 150 kHz

This section discusses effects of the line EMI filter on attenuation of the conducted emission voltage at 150 kHz that is the

lowest frequency in the frequency band prescribed by the IEC

regulations. However, the 150-kHz emission voltage may be the

most difficult frequency component to comply with the limits.

However, this 150-Hz common-mode voltage has no effect on

the conducted emission voltage.

Fig. 6 identifies the following common-mode leakage current

loops:1

Loop 1:

motor ground lead

heat-sink ground lead

parasitic capacitors

Loop 2:

motor ground lead

supply ground lead

Fig. 6 gives the following impedance to each path:

Fig. 6 depicts an equivalent circuit for common-mode

and

voltage and current at 150 kHz to Fig. 1. Here,

are the common-mode inductance and resistance values of

, and

and

are the

the common-mode inductor

common-mode capacitance and resistance values between the

three-phase motor terminals connected together and the motor

,

,

, and

frame (the stator case). Note that

are parasitic capacitance values between the diode and IGBT

modules and the heat sink [21]. The use of the LISN enables

to consider the background system impedance upstream of

as the parallel circuit of

and

at 150 kHz, where a

is just the conducted

voltage appearing across

,

, and

are the

emission voltage. Although

stray inductance values of their individual wire leads, they are

small enough to be neglected at that frequency. The parasitic

capacitance values in Fig. 6 are not theoretical but measured

ones at 150 kHz by an LCR meter. The common-mode voltage

produced by the PWM inverter has a fundamental component

with the same frequency as 15 kHz (switching frequency) and

many harmonic components, including a 150-kHz component.

. MoreFig. 6 considers only the 150-kHz component as

over, the three-phase diode rectifier produces a common-mode

The ratio of

with respect to

is given by

(1)

, so

This equation suggests that almost no current flows in

is nearly equal to

. The assumption of

that

enables to neglect Loop 1. This makes simple the ratio of

with respect to

at 150 kHz:

(2)

On the other hand, the waveform of

includes high-frequency components, because the impedance of Loop 1 gets low

)

)

3C

v

supply ground wire lead

heat-sink ground lead

. Howis 2.6 k

at 150

ever, this loop is negligible because the impedance of 3C

==R

is 69

at that frequency.

kHz, whereas the impedance of C

286

in a range of higher than 1 MHz. In fact, an oscillating component with a frequency of 3 MHz is included in the wave, as shown in Fig. 4(b). This oscillating component

form of

,

,

, and

comes from a series resonance of

in Loop 1. The resonant frequency

can be calculated from

Fig. 6 as follows:

MHz

(3)

EMI filter divides

following impedance to each filter path:

and

(4)

.

The use of

expresses

as

(5)

Fig. 7 depicts an equivalent circuit for common-mode voltage

and current at 150 kHz to Fig. 2. Note that

and

are the

inductance and resistance values of the common-mode inductor

,

, and

are those of the differential-mode inductor

, and

is the stray inductance value of the filter wire lead.

Fig. 7 identifies the following common-mode leakage current

loops.

Loop 1:

motor ground lead

heat-sink ground lead

parasitic capacitors

Loop 2:

motor ground lead

supply ground lead

as

with respect to

(6)

where

Let

in (6) be

, and moreover let

in

(2) be

. The ratio of

with respect to

expresses a factor of attenuation of

common-mode current at 150 kHz,

as

Loop 3:

motor ground lead

filter lead

The impedance of

is much higher than the series

impedance of

,

,

, and

at 150 kHz. Thus,

Loop 1 can be neglected from Fig. 7. The existence of the line

dB

is

(7)

22 dB with a difference from (7) by 8 dB. The reasons

AKAGI AND SHIMIZU: ATTENUATION OF CONDUCTED EMI EMISSIONS FROM AN INVERTER-DRIVEN MOTOR

287

Fig. 8. Experimental system when both line and motor EMI filters are connected.

why the difference appears are as follows. One comes from frequency dependence of the passive components used in this experiment, along with measurement errors in the component parameters. Another is that the theoretical factor of attenuation,

given by (7), excludes an effect of differential-mode current on

the conducted emission voltage. Note that the conducted emission voltage measured by the LISN and the spectrum analyzer

includes both common-mode and differential-mode currents.

Unfortunately, it would be impossible to separate the commonmode current from the differential-mode current in the experimental system of Fig. 2.

Equation (6) suggests that sharp attenuation occurs at a frequency of

(8)

This means that the line EMI filter acts as a notch filter around

that frequency. It is easy to calculate (8) as

kHz from

the two parameters of

and

in Fig. 7. This theoretical frequency agrees well with an experimental frequency of

700 kHz, around which sharp attenuation occurs in the conducted emission voltage of Fig. 3.

IV. MEASUREMENT OF CONDUCTED EMISSION VOLTAGE

WHEN BOTH LINE AND MOTOR EMI FILTERS ARE CONNECTED

Although the line EMI filter can prevent high-frequency

leakage current from flowing into the LISN, it cannot mitigate

the common-mode voltage produced by the inverter and the ensuing leakage current flowing out of the motor. The motor EMI

filter proposed in [20][22] can eliminate the common-mode

voltage from the motor terminals, thus leading to a significant

. As a result, the combination of the line

reduction in

and motor EMI filters is expected to attenuate the conducted

emission voltage, particularly in a frequency range of 150 to

600 kHz.

A. System Configuration

Fig. 8 shows the experimental system configuration in which

both line and motor EMI filters are connected. The motor EMI

-reduction filter and a common-mode

filter consists of a

, three damping resistors

, and three

tial-mode inductors

, forming a low-pass filter to

star-connected capacitors

mitigate the rate of voltage change to time at the motor terminals. The common-mode filter forms a current loop from the

, the three-phase motor terminals

common-mode inductor

and the ungrounded motor neutral point to the dc-link midthrough a series-connected resistor and capacitor

point

. This current loop helps effectively in applying

the common-mode voltage produced by the inverter across the

, so that no common-mode voltage

common-mode inductor

,

appears at the motor terminals [20]. The 4.7-nF capacitor

that is connected between the heat sink and the dc-link midpoint, has the function of bypassing the high-frequency leakage

current flowing out of the heat sink into the dc-link midpoint,

as discussed later on.

The line EMI filter in Fig. 8 is the same as that in Fig. 2 except

H , to enhance

for the differential-mode inductor

attenuation of differential-mode current.

B. Conducted Emission Voltage and Leakage Currents

Fig. 9 shows the measured result of conducted emission

voltage in the case of using both line and motor EMI filters

and turning the switch

on, in comparison to that in the

case of using only the line EMI filter, along with the limits

prescribed by Categories 3 and 2. Note that low-voltage motor

drives should comply with Category 3 in an industrial area or

Category 2 in a commercial area.

Fig. 10 shows observed waveforms of the common-mode

, and the four

voltage appearing at the motor terminals,

leakage currents, where (a) is the case of disconnecting the

(the switch is turned off), and (b) is the

4.7-nF capacitor

case of connecting it (the switch is turned on).

It is clear from Fig. 9 that the combination of the line EMI

filter with the motor EMI filter produces an excellent attenuation

effect on the conducted emission voltage in a wide range of 150

kHz to 10 MHz, thus resulting in complying with Category 2.

In particular, the motor EMI filter achieves attenuation by 20

dB in a range of 150 to 400 kHz. This results from a significant

. However, no attenuation occurs in a

reduction in

288

Fig. 9. Conducted emission voltage measured from Fig. 8, where the switch S

is turned on.

emission voltage in that frequency range is dominated by differential-mode current. It would be impossible to gain better attenuation in such a high-frequency range because frequency dependence of passive components such as ferrite toroidal cores2 gets

significant.

The conducted emission voltage measured by the experimental system of Fig. 8 has a peak value around 600 kHz. This

peak value comes from differential-mode current because inreduces it, and no 600-kHz

creasing the inductance value of

in Fig. 10.

component is included in the waveform of

in Fig. 10 has an amplitude of 20 V,

The waveform of

that is much lower than that in Fig. 5. As a result, the rms values

and

are reduced drastically. The waveforms of

of

and

in Fig. 10(a) are similar but opposite in polarity.

to be a

Careful experiments identify the waveform of

pulse train with an oscillating frequency of 5 MHz from anin Fig. 10(a), which is

other time-expanded waveform of

excluded from this paper due to page limitation. The peak and

are 0.23 A and 0.02 A in Fig. 10(b).

rms values

C. Effect of the Motor EMI Filter on Attenuation of Conducted

Emission Voltage

Fig. 11 depicts a common-mode circuit equivalent to Fig. 8 at

150 kHz. Note that the

-reduction filter is eliminated from

Fig. 11 because attention is paid to common-mode leakage

and

are the inductance and resistance

currents. Here,

, and

, and

values of the common-mode inductor

are the common-mode inductance and resistance values

between the three-phase motor terminals connected together

and the motor neutral point. Let the following impedances be

and

to the

impedance at 150 kHz from

dc-link midpoint in Loop 1 is given by

Fig. 10. Observed waveforms obtained from Fig. 8, where both line and motor

EMI filters are connected. (a) When the switch S is turned off. (b) When the

switch S is turned on.

The impedance of

impedance in Loop 2. Therefore, a large part of the 150-kHz

flows

component flowing in the common-mode inductor

as

in Loop 2.

Next, attention is paid to Loops 2 and 4. When only the line

EMI filter is connected, it is reasonable to neglect Loop 4. However, Loop 4 should be taken into account when the motor EMI

filter is combined with the line EMI filter. The reason is that the

is higher than that of

at 150 kHz. In

impedance of

is given by

fact, the impedance of

k

whereas the impedance of

2For

1.6 nH and 21

at 10 MHz.

is given by

are

AKAGI AND SHIMIZU: ATTENUATION OF CONDUCTED EMI EMISSIONS FROM AN INVERTER-DRIVEN MOTOR

289

TABLE I

MEASURED PEAK AND RMS VALUES OF i

,i

, AND i

with respect to

is given by

(9)

,

The ratio of (9) with respect to (6), defined by

results in an effect of the motor EMI filter on attenuation of the

conducted emission voltage

dB

(10)

producing a difference by 9 dB between theoretical and experimental values. This difference comes from an effect of both

differential-mode current and frequency dependence of passive

components on the experimental value, as already described in

Section III-B.

D. Effect of the Capacitor

as 50 at 5 MHz.

between the heat sink

Connecting the 4.7-nF capacitor

and the dc-link midpoint (turning the switch on) presents a

is

low-impedance path to Loop 3, where the impedance of

is one-seventh as low

6.8 at 5 MHz. The impedance of

. As a result, a large

as the impedance of

part of the high-frequency common-mode current flowing in

circulates around Loop 3 through the capacitor

. Thus,

makes a considerable contribution

connecting the capacitor

.

to reducing the peak and rms values of

Table I summarizes the peak and rms values of

,

,

, and whether each of the three filter configurations,

and

,

including connection and disconnection of the capacitor

meets the IEC61800-3 regulations. Although the line EMI filter

makes the conducted emission voltage meet Category 3, it in. The combination of the

creases the peak and rms values of

line EMI filter with the motor EMI filter can reduce the peak and

and

so drastically as to make the conrms values of

ducted emission voltage meet Category 2.

on Attenuation of

drastically, as shown

in Fig. 10(a). However, it could not mitigate the common-mode

around Loop 4 through the

leakage current circulating as

, the heat sink and the line EMI filter,

parasitic capacitor

if the capacitor

were disconnected from Fig. 11 (the switch

were turned off). Note that the positive direction of Loop 4 in

in Fig. 8. Recalling that the

Fig. 11 is opposite to that of

is 5 MHz enables to calculate the

oscillating frequency of

V. CONCLUSION

This paper has focused on attenuation of conducted EMI

emissions from an inverter-driven motor rated at 400 V and

15 kW. Two types of passive EMI filters have been designed,

constructed, and tested. One is a line EMI filter placed at the

line side of the motor drive, and the other is a motor EMI

filter installed at the motor side. This paper has measured the

conducted emission voltage of the motor drive in accordance

290

summarized as follows.

The use of the line EMI filter has complied with the limits

prescribed by Category 3 in the IEC61800-3 regulations.

The combination of the line EMI filter with the motor EMI

filter has complied with the limits prescribed by Category

2, which are much stricter than those by Category 3.

Common-mode circuits equivalent to the motor drive have

provided intensive discussions about effects of the line and

motor EMI filters on attenuation of both conducted emission voltages and ground leakage currents.

From a practical point of view, it is important to discuss and

verify the effectiveness of the EMI filter configuration presented

in Fig. 8 (having the switch turned on), when the filter configuration is applied to motor drives with different current ratings,

but with the same voltage rating as 400 V. The authors understand that optimal filter parameters for the different current ratings lie close to the filter parameters presented in Fig. 8, because

conducted emission voltages depend mainly on the motor (or

dc-link) voltage. However, careful measurement and evaluation

are left as future work to verify the authors understanding.

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EMC evaluation of the use of unshielded motor cables in ac adjustable

speed drive application, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 1,

pp. 273281, Jan. 2006.

[20] H. Akagi and T. Doumoto, An approach to eliminating high-frequency shaft voltage and leakage current from an inverter-driven

motor, IEEE Trans. Ind. Applicat., vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 11621169,

Jul./Aug. 2004.

[21] H. Akagi and T. Doumoto, A passive EMI filter for preventing highfrequency leakage current from flowing through the inverter heat sink

of an adjustable-speed motor drive system, IEEE Trans. Ind. Applicat.,

vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 12151223, Sep./Oct. 2005.

[22] H. Akagi and S. Tamura, A passive EMI filter for eliminating both

bearing current and ground leakage current from an inverter-driven

motor, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 145911469,

Sep. 2006.

Hirofumi Akagi (M87SM94F96) was born

in Okayama, Japan, on August 19, 1951. He received the B.S. degree from the Nagoya Institute

of Technology, Nagoya, Japan, in 1974, and the

M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Tokyo Institute

of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, in 1976 and 1979,

respectively, all in electrical engineering.

In 1979, he was with the Nagaoka University of

Technology, Nagaoka, Japan, as an Assistant and then

Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical

Engineering. In 1987, he was a Visiting Scientist at

the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, for ten months.

From 1991 to 1999, he was a Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan. From March to August of 1996,

he was a Visiting Professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and then

MIT. Since January 2000, he has been a Professor in the Department of Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology. He has made

presentations many times as a keynote or invited speaker internationally. He

has published more than 70 IEEE journal/transactions papers, including two

invited papers published in Proceedings of the IEEE in 2001 and 2005. According to Google Scholar, the total citation index for all his papers is more

than 5000. His research interests include power conversion systems, ac motor

drives, active and passive EMI filters, high-frequency resonant-inverters for induction heating and corona discharge treatment processes, and utility applications of power electronics such as active filters, self-commutated BTB systems,

and FACTS devices.

Dr. Akagi is currently the President of the IEEE Power Electronics Society.

He was elected as a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE Power electronics

and Industry Applications Societies for 19981999. He received two IEEE

TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS Prize Paper Awards in 1991

and 2004, and two IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS Prize

Paper Awards in 1999 and in 2003, nine IEEE Industry Applications Society

Committee Prize Paper Awards, the IEEE William E. Newell Power Electronics

Award in 2001, and the IEEE Industry Applications Society Outstanding

Achievement Award in 2004.

6 May 1982. He received the B.S degree from the

Technical College of Gunma, Gunma, Japan, and the

M.S. degree from the Tokyo Institute of Technology,

Tokyo, Japan, in 2005 and 2007, respectively, both in

electrical engineering.

He is working for Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation (TMEIC).

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