Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

Disajikan:

F.A.Gunawan Ph.D
RISK BASED BEHAVIORAL SAFETY
FOR LEADERS
OBJECTIVES OF THIS PRESENTATION
Peserta memahami:
Cara pengembangan daftar
periksa prilaku aman & tak
aman
KELEMAHAN
PENGENDAL
IAN

Kelemahan:
Sistem
Standar
Kepatuhan


SEBAB
DASAR

Faktor
Manusia
(Personal)
Faktor
Pekerjaan


SEBAB
LANGSUNG

Prilaku Tak
Aman
Keadaan Tak
Aman



INSIDEN

Kejadian
Kontak
dengan
Energi



KERUGIAN

Cidera &
Kerusakaan:
Manusia
Harta
Proses
Peralatan

MODEL BIRD (1974)
PENYEBAB DASAR
BBS
Extend BBS process to cover entire accident causation chain
Penyebab Langsung
Immediate Causes (What sub standard actions &
Conditions caused the event):
Tick all applicable below and explain here:
SUBSTANDARD ACTIONS
Operating equipment without authority
Failure to warn
Failure to secure
Operating at improper speed
Making safety devices inoperable
Removing safety devices
Using defective equipment
Using equipment improperly
Failure to use PPE properly
Improper loading
Improper placement
Improper lifting
Improper position for task
Servicing equipment in operation
Horseplay
Under influence of alcohol or drugs
Working in dangerous situation
Non-adherence to rules/standards
SUBSTANDARD CONDITIONS
Inadequate guards or barriers
Inadequate or improper protective
equipment
Defective tools equipment or materials
Congested or restricted action
Inadequate warning system
Fire and explosion hazard
Poor housekeeping disorder
Hazardous environmental conditions
(gas, dust etc.)
Noise exposures
Radiation exposure
High or low temperature exposures
Inadequate or excess illumination
Inadequate ventilation
Defective PPE

The more specific the behaviors the bigger the impact!
Specific Vs. General
Dr Dominic Cooper C.Psychol CFIOSH
D. PENENTUAN CRITICAL AT-RISK BEHAVIOR
Blanko utk Pengamatan Prilaku Umum
7
No.Reg........, Daerah Kerja.........
(Beri tanda X pd kotak utk tindakan & keadaan tak aman yg diamati)
1. APD
Kepala Telinga
Mata Pernafasan
Muka dst
2. Posisi Badan
Terbentur Salah angkat
Terkait Mengangkat terlalu berat
Terjepi dst
3. Peralatan & Perelngkapan
Tdk sesuai pekerjaan Dipakai dg cara salah
Rusak / tdk layak pakai dsb
4. Alat Bergerak (Mobile Equip) & Kendaraan (Vehicles)
Bergerak terlalu cepat Salah pakai
Posisi tdk aman dsb
5. Lingkungan Kerja (Housekeeping Behaviour)
Licin Berantakan (tdk rapi)
Bocor Vibrasi
Bising dst
N0 Bahaya yg diamati
(Tindak / Keadaan Tak
Aman)
Tindak Perbaikkan
dan Rekomendasi
Tingkat
Risiko

PENGAMAT
Nama : .........
Bagian : .......






Tanda Tangan: ____________

YANG DIAMATI
Lokasi Kerja :.......
Nama :.......
Bagian :.......





Tanda Tangan:_____________
SISI DEPAN SISI BELAKANG
Pertamina, 2009.
No.Regristrasi: ______________ Pengamat: _________________________________
Tanggal: __________ Waktu: _________ Daerah Kerja_________________________

Instruksi: beri tanda X pada prilaku aman (Safe) dan tak aman (At-Risk) dan Pelindung (Barrier) yang diamati, sesuai
kolom yang ada. Gunakan ruang dibawah blanko untuk mencatat aspek K3 yang lain, yang diamati, yang tidak tercantum
pada blanko.
BLANKO PENGAMATAN KESELAMATAN KERJA
Kelompok Prilaku & Keadaan Aman Berbahaya Usulan Perbaikkan
Lingkungan Kerja
Walking/Working Surface
Housekeeping
Spill Prevention
Facility Condition
Alat Pelindung Diri
Hand Protection
Eye and Face Protection
Head Protection
Hearing Protection
Foot Protection
Respiratory Protection
Body Protection
Fall Protection
Peralatan (Tools & Equipments)
Barriers and Guards
Lifting Equipment
Proper Use
Condition
Posisi & Gerakan Badan
Body Position
Eyes on Work
Line of Fire
Communication
Ergonomics
Prosedur
Job Preparation
Lock-Out/Tag-Out (LOTO)
Mengemudi
Vehicle Condition
Vehicle Operation
Tindakan perbaikkan yang dilakukan:
Persentase Prilaku Aman per Daerah
Kerja
TOTALFINA ELF
ANOMALIES MANAGEMENT TOOL
ANOMALY CARD SYSTEM
CATEGORIES AND LIST REF. Safe At-Risk Barrier No.
Work Environment 1.
Walking/Working Surface 1.1
Housekeeping 1.2
Spill Prevention 1.3
Facility Condition 1.4
Protective Equipment 2.
Hand Protection 2.1
Eye and Face Protection 2.2
Head Protection 2.3
Hearing Protection 2.4
Foot Protection 2.5
Respiratory Protection 2.6
Body Protection 2.7
Fall Protection 2.8
Tools and Equipment 3.
Barriers and Guards 3.1
Lifting Equipment 3.2
Proper Use 3.3
Condition 3.4
Body Use and Position 4.
Body Position 4.1
Eyes on Work 4.2
Line of Fire 4.3
Communication 4.4
Ergonomics 4.5
Procedures 5.
Job Preparation 5.1
Lock-Out/Tag-Out (LOTO) 5.2
Driving 6.
Vehicle Condition 6.1
Vehicle Operation 6.2
Corrective Action Taken:
BBS Card
Observer:____________ Date: __________ Time: _______
Unit: _________________ Location ___________________

BBS Checklist (1)
1. Working Environment
1.1 Walking /Working Surface
Walk using walkway versus stepping high elevation
When working above round level, use a clean and secure ladder or work stand
Walk cautiously and flat footed through wet surface, cleaning zone and construction
zone
1.2 Housekeeping
Keep extension cords, hoses, tubing and other items in bundle and clear of walk ways
to avoid trip hazard
Keep all tools and equipment in a designated area when not in use (toolbox, rack, etc.)
Collect the trash and waste in the proper places (trash bin, waste container, garbage
can)
1.3 Spill Prevention
Check and clean all drip pans to avoid spills
Remains present at all times while re-fueling chemicals, lubricant oil filling, and work
over fluid loading and unloading
Check and ensure proper plug, valve, hoses, etc. before and after loading & unlading
of fluid
1.4 Facility Condition
Use safe, standard and clean ladder, stair ways, walkways, platform, structure, etc.
Operate safe and standard, engine, instrument, tool, equipment, etc.

BBS Checklist (Lanj. 2) - Example
2. Personal Protective Equipment
2.1. Hand Protection
Use proper gloves to avoid exposure
to electrical, cuts, burns, chemical,
wire rope etc.
2.2 Eye & Face Protection
Use proper eye protection and face
protection for the hazard i.e. goggles,
face shield, safety glasses, etc
2.3 Head Protection
Wear hard hats in all industrial areas,
excepts for designated area, office
and top-roof vehicles
Use good condition hard hat i.e. not
cracked
2.4 Foot Protection
Wear safety-toe boots/shoes in all
industrial area, except for designated
area, offices and vehicles
Wear proper electrical foot protection
when necessary
Wear proper chemical resistant boots
when working with chemicals/oil
spills
Wear rubber safety boot when
working in steam pad
2. Personal Protective Equipment
2.5 Hearing Protection
Wear hearing protection in designated high
noise area
2.6 Respiratory Protection
Use appropriate respiratory protection while
handling chemicals, grinding, etc.
Use appropriate respiratory protection when
atmosphere
2.7 Body Protection
Use appropriate working clothes
Use welding apron while doing welding job
Use appropriate chemicals attire while handling
chemical
2.8 Fall Protection
Wear body harness and lanyard when working
on high elevation than 2 meters height without
railing
Use proper and safe climbing device when
climbing (electric poles, etc)
Wear safety belt, including tail rope while
working at racking platform


BBS Checklist (3)
3. Tools and Equipment
3.1 Barriers and Guard
Covers moving/rotating equipment/parts
Install ladder and rail guard at 2 meter height or more from round
Cover and barricade open holes, and other hazards (use safety yellow tape, guard, etc.)
3.2 Lifting Equipment
Perform a operator check list before operating of crane/lifting equipment
Use adequate rigging tools and check prior to use (use slings shackle, tag line for lifts)
Use adequate size and design lifting equipment for the load
3.3 Proper Use
Use tool designed and sized for the work being done (pipe wrench for pipe, screwdriver
for screws, chisel for chiseling)
Use brass hammer around the well head (not a steel hammer), if gas is present
3.4 Condition
Clean tools after use (jaws and heel on wrenches and vices cleaned)
Dispose of, or property repair defective tools or equipment (no wire rope with wickers)
Inspect/check for the broken tool or missing part frequently (No mushroomed, hammer-
head or chisel)

BBS Checklist (4)
4. Body use and Position
4.1 Body Position
Position body to avoid over-extension when reaching for items
Get help and use proper lifting techniques when lifting, carrying, pushing, pulling and holding
heavy or oversized objects
Position hand and fingers at safe when moving, striking, hammering, spotting, etc.
4.2 Eyes On Work
Keep eyes on path and face forward when walking
Keep eyes on suspended load and un direction of movement (get help from signal/flag man if
needed)
Use handrails when using stairs
4.3 Line Of Fire
Stand to side while opening valves and turning on line starter
Stand clear of crane load, in front of moving object and pressurized items
Stand clear while moving and pushing pipes
4.4 Communication
Keep signal man in sight when operating crane and hoist
Use proper signals and/or communication devices while operating lifting equipment
Install proper warning sins as required for specific job
4.5. Ergonomics
Use the ergonomics chairs when operating computer
Position work below shoulder height
Put our body in the ergonomic position
Adjust the panel and controls to the operations posture

BBS Checklist (5)
5. Procedure
5.1 Job Preparation
Complete hot work and/or confined space entry permit a required for the job
Complete job safety analysis (JSA) for job if required
Conduct pre job inspection (example, underground cable identification)
Conduct tail gate meeting to starting job

5.2 Lock-out /Tag-out (LOTO)
Isolate, bleed/test and lock-out/tag-out pneumatic hydraulic, electrical, mechanical
and stored energy sources before performing task
Disconnect power sources while working on machines, computers and other
equipment
BBS Checklist (6)
6. Driving
6.1 Vehicle Condition
Conduct Pre trip Inspection (oil level, water, tire pressure, brake,
document, etc.)

6.2 Vehicle Operations
Fasten seat belt driving
Use appropriate speed for conditions (pedestrian cross, housing
complex, wet/slippery road, terrain, inter section, etc)
Walk around vehicle to ensure that area is clear before backing (no
children, other object at the back side)
Maintain following distance based on road condition, load, speed,
weather, etc.
Stop vehicle before trying to retrieve an object from floor/dash
board
BBS Checklist (7)
BARRIER
B1. Disagrees with safe practice
Thinks this way is safe
Disagrees with observer on safe practice for job
B2. Personal choice and shortcuts
Aware of hazard too rush / extra work
No specific safe practice defined for job
Choose to work at risk for medical reasons
Choose to not spend money for PPE
B3. Job Knowledge
Unaware of safe practice for specific job
Unaware of risks associated with work location
Unaware of risks associated with work
Doesnt think a specific safe practice applies to this job
B4. Job Focus
Thinking about anything other than current task
Lost focus, thinking about something else
B5. Facilities and equipment
Different design of facilities or equipment needed
Proper tools or safety equipment not available
B.6. Management System
Leader supports doing the job this way
Leader disagrees with safe practice
Peers all do the job this way


No.
Ref
B
Critical Safe -
Unsafe
Behavior
Tingkat
Risiko
A
Activators


C
Consequences


Recommendations


Notes



PENGAMAT
Nama : .........
Bagian : .......





Tanda Tangan: ____________


YANG DIAMATI
Lokasi Kerja :.......
Nama :.......
Bagian :.......




Tanda Tangan:_____________