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Divisin Econmica

Banco Central de Nicaragua


www.bcn.gob.ni
info@bcn.gob.ni
Telfono: 2255 7171
Fax: 2265 1246
Apartado Postal 2252, 2253
Managua, Nicaragua
Publicacin y distribucin: Banco Central de Nicaragua
Diseo y diagramacin: Jenny Rivera N.
Diseo de portada: Inty Pereira A.

REFERENCIA - REFERENCE
Datos demogrfcos, disponibles en http://www.inide.gob.ni -
Population data, available online at http://www.inide.gob.ni
Indicadores econmicos, disponibles en http://www.bcn.gob.ni -
Economic indicators, available online at http://www.bcn.gob.ni
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures iii
CONTENIDO- CONTENT
INDICADORES GENERALES - TOP-LINE INDICATORS .......................................................................................................1
Datos geogrfcos - Geographic data ..................................................................................................................... 1
Indicadores econmicos - Economic indicators .................................................................................................... 2
Indicadores sociales - Social indicators .................................................................................................................. 3
CONTEXTO REGIONAL - REGIONAL CONTEXT ..............................................................................................................4
Indicadores sociales seleccionados - Selected social indicators ............................................................................... 6
SECTOR REAL - REAL SECTOR ...................................................................................................................................8
Producto interno bruto por actividad econmica - Gross domestic product by activity ......................................... 8
Producto interno bruto por el gasto - Gross domestic product by expenditure ...................................................... 9
Ingreso nacional - National income .................................................................................................................... 10
Valor agregado de los sectores agropecuario, silvicultura, pesca y minera - Value added of agricultural, silviculture,
fshing and mining ............................................................................................................................................. 11
Produccin pecuaria - Livestock production ....................................................................................................... 12
Produccin total del sector manufactura, segn industrias seleccionadas - Manufacturing sector output for selected
industries ............................................................................................................................................................ 13
Valor agregado de la industria de servicios y comercial - Value added of service and commercial industry ........... 14
PRECIOS - PRICES .................................................................................................................................................15
ndice de precios al consumidor (2006=100) - Consumer price index (2006=100) ............................................. 15
ndice de precios sectoriales (1994=100) - Sector-specifc price index ................................................................. 16
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua iv
SECTOR EXTERNO - EXTERNAL SECTOR ....................................................................................................................17
Balanza de pagos - Balance of payments ............................................................................................................. 17
Comercio exterior de bienes - Trade balance ....................................................................................................... 18
Exportaciones de mercancas (FOB) por productos - Merchandise exports by products ...................................... 19
Exportaciones de mercancas por pases, 2013 - Merchandise exports by country, 2013 ..................................... 20
Importaciones de mercancas por uso econmico - Imports of Goods by economic use ...................................... 21
Inversin extranjera directa en Nicaragua por sector de destino - Foreign direct investment in Nicaragua by
destination sector ............................................................................................................................................... 22
Activos y pasivos de instituciones fnancieras reguladas - Assets and liabilities of regulated
fnancial institutions ........................................................................................................................................... 23
FINANZAS - FINANCE .............................................................................................................................................24
Cartera de crdito de la Banca al sector privado - Bank credit to private sector ................................................... 24
Tasas de inters domstica - Domestic interest rates ............................................................................................ 25
Indicadores de microfnanzas - Microfnance indicators ...................................................................................... 26
Transacciones burstiles por emisor - Stock exchange transactions by issuer ....................................................... 27
Tipo de cambio promedio respecto al dlar de EUA - Average exchange rate with respect to ............................. 28
the US dollar ...................................................................................................................................................... 28
Ingresos corrientes del Gobierno Central - Central Government current revenue ............................................... 29
Estructura funcional del gasto del Gobierno Central - Government expenditures by destination ........................ 30
TURISMO - TOURISM .............................................................................................................................................31
Llegada de visitantes y hoteles - Visitor arrivals and hotels .................................................................................. 31
Principales mercados tursticos - Main tourist markets........................................................................................ 32
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures v
Ingresos por turismos - Tourism income ............................................................................................................. 33
Composicin del valor agregado turstico por actividad econmica, 2012 - Composition of tourism
value added by economic activity, 2012 .............................................................................................................. 34
Estructura de consumo por tipo de turismo, 2012 - Structure of tourism consumption by type, 2012 .............. 35
(porcentaje - percentage) .................................................................................................................................... 35
CONSTRUCCIN Y BIENES RACES - CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE ..........................................................................36
rea construida por destino econmico - Built area by economic sector ............................................................. 36
Inversin pblica por sectores - Public investment by sector ............................................................................... 37
SERVICIOS PBLICOS - UTILITIES ............................................................................................................................38
Consumo facturado de agua y electricidad - Utilities (water and electricity billed consumption) ........................ 38
Generacin bruta de energa elctrica- Gross electricity generation ..................................................................... 39
TRANSPORTE Y COMUNICACIONES - TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS .......................................................................40
Carga transportada - Cargo transportation ......................................................................................................... 40
Transporte de pasajeros - Passenger transport ...................................................................................................... 41
(miles de pasajeros - thousands of passengers) ..................................................................................................... 41
Telefona y correos - Telephony and postal services ............................................................................................. 41
POBLACIN - POPULATION ....................................................................................................................................42
Poblacin de Nicaragua por grupo de edades, 2013 - Population of Nicaragua by age group, 2013 .................... 42
Poblacin perteneciente a pueblos indgenas o comunidades tnicas -
Population belonging to ethnic comunities ........................................................................................................ 43
Poblacin de 12 aos y ms, por estado conyugal - Population over 12 years old by marital status ..................... 44
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua vi
EDUCACIN - EDUCATION .....................................................................................................................................45
Poblacin de 10 aos y ms por nivel de instruccin y aos de estudio aprobados -
Population over 10 years old by educational levels and attainment ..................................................................... 45
Gasto gubernamental en educacin - Government spending on education ........................................................ 46
FUERZA LABORAL - LABOR FORCE ...........................................................................................................................47
Fuerza laboral e indicadores de mercado - Labor force and selected labor market indicators ............................... 47
Afliados al INSS segn actividad econmica - Social security members by economic activity ............................ 48
Salario mnimo efectivamente pagado segn actividad econmica - Market minimum wage by
economic activity ............................................................................................................................................... 49
COMPETITIVIDAD - COMPETITIVENESES ...................................................................................................................50
Facilidad para hacer negocios, 2013 - Ease of doing business 2013 ..................................................................... 50
Nicaragua: Indicadores sobre facilidad para hacer negocios - Nicaragua: Ease of doing business indicators ......... 52
EMPRESAS - ENTERPRISES ......................................................................................................................................53
Empresas por actividades - Enterprises by industry ............................................................................................. 53
ABREVIATURAS - ABREVIATIONS ..............................................................................................................................54
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 1
INDICADORES GENERALES - TOP-LINE INDICATORS
Datos geogrfcos - Geographic data
1/ Incluyendo islas - Islands included.
Fuente - Source INETER.
:
:
Nombre oficial - Official name Repblica de Nicaragua - Republic of Nicaragua
Capital - Capital Managua Managua
Idioma oficial - Official idiom Espaol - Spanish
Poblacin - Population 6.1 millones - millions
Divisin poltica administrativa - Political administrative division 15 departamentos y 2 regiones autnomas -
15 departments and 2 autonomous regions
Moneda - a b o d r o C y c n e r r u c
Superficie total (Km) - 4 . 3 7 3 , 0 3 1 ) m k q s ( a e r a d n a l l a t o T
Superficie tierra firme
1/
- Mainland
1/
120,339.2
Superficie territorio insular - 4 . 7 1 5 y r o t i r r e t r a l u s n I
Extensin de lagos y lagunas
1/
- Lakes and lagoons
1/
10,407.6
Extensin del lago Cocibolca - 1 . 8 3 1 , 8 e k a l a c l o b i c o C
Extensin del lago Xolotln - 9 . 2 5 0 , 1 e k a l n a l t o l o X
Cuencas hidrogrficas - Hydrohraphic basins 21
Lagunas - Lagoons 47
Cumbres montaosas (ms de 1,000 mts) - 1 6 ) s t m 0 0 0 , 1 n a h t r e h g i h ( s n i a t n u o M
Volcanes - Volcanoes 28
Activos - Active 7
Inactivos - Not active 21
Temperatura mxima absoluta C (anual) - 0 . 2 4 - 6 . 7 2 ) C ( e r u t a r e p m e t m u m i x a M
Temperatura mnima absoluta C (anual) - 0 . 2 2 - 5 . 5 ) C ( e r u t a r e p m e t m u m i n i M
Humedad relativa del aire (anual) - % 8 8 - % 3 6 ) l a u n n a ( y t i d i m u h e v i t a l e R
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 2
Indicadores econmicos - Economic indicators
9,898.6 10,645.5 11,255.6
1,650.7 1,753.5 1,831.3
5.7 5.0 4.6
8.0 6.6 5.7
5,245.1 5,542.6
3,340.4 3,135.7 3,281.6
5,968.9
3,666.2 4,146.1 4,122.5
5,844.0 6,441.7 6,401.9
1,258.9 1,433.1 1,619.1
1,892.3 1,887.2 1,993.0
1,169.9 1,122.6 1,062.3
4,072.6 4,289.4 4,531.9
2011 2012 2013
Producto Interno Bruto (US$ millones) - Gross domestic product (US$ millions)
Producto Interno Bruto per cpita (US$) - Per capita GDP (US$)
Crecimiento real de la economa (%) - Real GDP growth (%)
Inflacin (%) - Inflation (%)
Produccin del sector industrial (US$ millones) - Manufacturing sector output
Produccin del sector agrcola (US$ millones)
1/
- Agricultural sector output
Exportaciones de bienes (US$ millones) - Exports of goods (US$ millions)
Importaciones de bienes (US$ millones) - Imports of goods (US$ millions)
Oferta monetaria (M1A) (US$ millones) - Money supply (M1A) (US$ millions)
Reservas Internacionales Brutas (US$ millones) - Gross international reserves
Deuda pblica interna (US$ millones)
2/
- Domestic public debt (US$ millions)
2/
Deuda externa pblica (US$ millones) - External public debt (US$ millions)
Incluye ganadera, silvicultura, pesca y minera - Livestock, forestry, fishing and mining included.
Incluye deuda del Gobierno y Banco Central de Nicaragua con el sector privado - Included
Government and Central Bank debt with private sector.
Fuente - Source BCN.
1/
2/
:
:
:
Indicadores - Indicators
(US$ millions)
(US$ millions)
1/
(US$ millions)
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 3
Indicadores sociales - Social indicators
5,996.6 6,071.0 6,134.2
1.3 1.2 1.2
93.6 90.8 n.d
2.7 2.8 n.d
44.3 49.8 n.d
9.1 9.0 n.d
12,396.0 12,930.2 n.d
2011 2012 2013
Poblacin total (miles)
1/
- Total population (thousands)
1/
Tasa de crecimiento de la poblacin - Population growth rate
Tasa neta de escolarizacin primaria (%) - Net enrollment rate in primary
Gasto gubernamental en salud (% PIB)
2/
- Goverment spending on health (% GDP)
2/
Gasto gubernamental en salud (US$ por habitante) -
health (US$ per person)
Camas hospitalarias por 10,000 habitantes - Hospital beds x 10,000 people
Consultas mdicas (miles) - Medical consultations (thousands)
INIDE, estimaciones y proyecciones de poblacin nacional, departamental y municipal, revisin
2012 (Abril 2014) - INIDE, national, departmental and municipal population statistics forecasts
2012 revision (April 2014).
1/ :
Fuente - Source : INIDE, MINSA, MINED.
Indicadores - Indicators
education (%)
Goverment spending on
Calculado con el PIB base 2006 - GDP calculate base 2006. : 2/
Datos de salud preliminares para 2012 - Preliminary data for 2012. : Nota - Note
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 4
Indicadores econmicos - Economic indicators
Fuente - Source : SECMCA y Bancos Centrales de la regiones - Central Banks of the regions and SECMCA.
Crecimiento real del PIB (%) - Real GDP growth (%)
PIB nominal per cpita (US$) - Per capita GDP (US$)
Tasa de desempleo (%) - Unemployment rate (%)
Inflacin (%) - Inflation rate (%)
Cuenta corriente a PIB (%) - Current account (as % GDP)
Remesas (millones US$) - Remittances (millions of US$)
RIN a importaciones (en meses de importacin) - Net international reserves/imports
(number of times)
Deuda pblica externa a PIB - External public debt (as % GDP)
Saldo operacional del Gobierno Central a PIB (incluye donaciones) -
Operational balance of Central Government including grants (as % GDP)
CONTEXTO REGIONAL - REGIONAL CONTEXT
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 5
Nicaragua Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras
Repblica
Dominicana
4.6 3.5 1.8 3.5 2.6 4.1
1,831.3 10,528.2 3,857.4 3,484.7 n.d 5,822.0
5.9 8.3 n.d 3.0 3.9 7.0
5.7 3.6 0.8 4.3 4.9 3.9
(11.4) (5.1) (6.2) (3.1) (8.1) (4.2)
1,077.7 561.1 3,953.4 5,105.2 3,120.5 3,333.3
3.9 6.3 n.d n.d 4.0 n.d
40.3 14.9 n.d 13.1 27.3 n.d
0.1 (5.4) (0.4) (2.1) (6.0) (2.9)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 6
Indicadores sociales seleccionados - Selected social indicators
(quinquenio 2010 - 2015 - quinquennium 2010 - 2015)
Indicadores - Indicators
Poblacin (miles de personas)
1/
- Population (thousands)
Tasa de crecimiento de la poblacin (tasa anual media por cada cien habitantes) -
Demographic annual growth rate (average annual rate per hundred inhabitants)
Porcentaje de la poblacin urbana (porcentaje de la poblacin total) -
Percentage of urban population (as % total population)
Tasa de natalidad (tasa bruta por cada mil habitantes) - Birth rate
(Crude birth rate per thousand inhabitants)
Tasa de fecundidad (nmero de hijos por mujer) - Fertility rate
(Number of children per woman)
Esperanza de vida al nacer (aos, promedio) - Life expectancy at birth
(years, average)
Tasa de mortalidad (tasa bruta por cada mil habitantes) - Mortality rate
(Crude mortality rate per thousand inhabitants)
1/ Datos estimados a mitad del ao 2012. Para Nicaragua el dato de poblacin fue proporcionado
Fuente - Source
:
: INIDE, CEPAL.
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 7
Nicaragua Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras
Repblica
Dominicana
por INIDE (Abril 2014) - Estimated data as of mid 2012
6,134.2 4,859.6 6,326.0 15,419.4 8,075.1 10,290.6
1.2 1.3 0.6 2.4 1.9 1.2
58.3 66.1 60.2 57.2 50.5 68.7
23.2 14.6 19.8 30.5 25.3 21.2
2.5 1.7 2.1 3.7 2.9 2.5
74.5 79.1 72.3 71.3 72.8 72.7
4.6 4.5 6.6 5.5 5.0 6.1
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 8
SECTOR REAL - REAL SECTOR
Producto interno bruto por actividad econmica - Gross domestic product by activity
(distribucin porcentual - percentage distribution)
5.7 5.0 4.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
11.7 7.6 0.7 9.4 9.7 9.5
5.6 (3.7) 0.9 17.4 16.5 15.3
25.8 10.4 21.7 2.7 3.0 2.8
7.3 5.2 5.6 17.0 16.3 17.5
6.3 7.8 3.5 2.5 2.3 2.4
18.9 32.9 17.2 3.8 4.8 5.3
4.0 4.4 3.7 12.7 12.6 12.6
5.9 7.0 2.0 5.9 6.2 5.9
(9.5) 5.5 7.8 3.4 3.4 3.7
0.4 2.5 2.8 6.7 6.4 6.3
3.7 3.5 6.2 8.5 8.5 8.9
3.5 6.5 3.4 10.0 10.1 9.9
Conceptos - Concepts
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Participacin PIB nominal -
Nominal GDP participacin
cambio porcentual anual -
annual percentage change
participacin porcentual -
Percentage participation
Crecimiento PIB real -
Real GDP growth
Total
Impuestos netos a productos - Net taxes on products
Agricultura, ganadera, silvicultura y pesca - Agriculture, livestock,
forestry and fishing
Explotacin de minas y canteras - Mining and quarrying
Manufacturating
Construction
Industria manufacturera -
Construccin -
Comercio, hoteles y restaurantes - Trade, hotels and restaurants
Transporte y comunicaciones - Transport and communication
Servicios de intermediacin financiera y conexos -
Financial intermediation
Propiedad de vivienda - Housing
Servicios del Gobierno General - General Government services Servicios del Gobierno General - General Government services
Servicios personales y empresariales
1/
- Personal, social and
business services
Electricidad, agua y alcantarillado - Electricity, gas, and water supply
Preliminar - Preliminary. : p/
Estimado - Estimated. :
Fuente - Source : BCN.
e/
Incluye educacin, salud de mercado y otros servicios - Includes private health and education and other service. 1/ :
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 9
Producto interno bruto por el gasto - Gross domestic product by expenditure
(porcentaje de distribucin - percentage distribution)
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0
Gasto de consumo individual - individual consumption expenditure 86.1 85.8 85.4
Gasto de consumo colectivo - Collective consumption expenditure 6.2 5.9 5.7
Formacin bruta de capital fijo - Gross fixed capital formation 21.2 24.1
(2.4) Cambios en los inventarios - ) 8 . 0 ( 2 . 2 y r o t n e v n i n i s e g n a h C
(11.6) Exportaciones netas de bienes y servicios - Net export of goods
and services
(15.7) (15.0)
p/ Preliminar - Preliminary.
e/ e/ Estimado - Estimated. :
:
22.9
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 10
Ingreso nacional - National income
Conceptos - Concepts
Ingreso nacional bruto (millones de dlares) - Gross national income
(millions of dollars)
Ingreso nacional bruto percpita (dlares) - Gross national income
per capita (dollars)
Producto Interno Bruto (millones de dlares) - Gross Domestic
Product (millions of dollars)
9,648.7
1,609.0
9,898.6
10,344.4
1,703.9
10,645.5
10,942.5
1,780.3
11,255.6
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Preliminar - Preliminary.
Estimado - Estimated. :
:
e/
p/
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 11
Valor agregado de los sectores agropecuario, silvicultura, pesca y minera - Value added of
agricultural, silviculture, fishing and mining
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
1,987.5 2,085.8 2,039.8
1,013.2 956.7 891.1
341.2 238.1 138.5
55.0 124.1 168.9
283.0 211.1 207.1
333.9 383.3 376.6
557.7 626.3 608.0
91.0 100.8 101.9
59.1 77.7 122.6
266.5 324.3 316.2
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Conceptos - Concepts
Total industrias - All industries
Actividades agrcolas - agricultural activities
Caf oro - Green coffe
Caa de azcar - sugar cane
Granos bsicos - basic grains
Otros productos agrcolas - other agricultural products
Actividades pecuarias - livestock activities
Actividades silvcolas - forestry activities
Actividades pesqueras y acucolas - fisheries and aquaculture activities
Actividades de minera - mining activities
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Preliminar - Preliminary.
Estimado - Estimated. :
:
e/
p/
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 12
Produccin pecuaria - Livestock production
(miles - miles)
710.7 663.9 574.8
369.8 363.3 375.7
203.4 196.4 183.0
364.9 364.9 365.0
914.1 860.3 757.9
368.7 363.7 373.1
20,409.5 18,747.6 19,105.8
98,169.4 114,662.5 121,700.5
55,060.9 57,441.1 58,745.8
37,105.7 39,332.8 43,595.3
Conceptos - Concepts
Ganado vacuno - Cattle
Matanza industrial - industrial slaughter
Reses (cabezas) - cattle (heads)
Peso promedio (Kgs. por cabeza) - average weight (Kgs per head)
Matanza municipal - municipal slaughter
Reses (cabezas) - cattle (heads)
Peso promedio (Kgs. por cabeza) - average weight (Kgs per head)
Matanza total - total slaughter
Reses (cabezas) - cattle (heads)
Peso promedio (Kgs. por cabeza) - average weight (Kgs per head)
Leche - Milk
Acopio por plantas (galones) - collection centers (gallons)
Otros (galones) - others (gallons)
Avicultura - Poultry farming
Aves (unidades) - poultry (units)
Huevos (docenas) - eggs (dozen)
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
p/
Fuente - Source : MAGFOR.
Preliminar - Preliminary. : p/
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 13
Produccin total del sector manufactura, segn industrias seleccionadas - Manufacturing sector
output for selected industries
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
5,245.1 5,542.6 5,968.9
974.5 1,098.2 1,105.6
306.9 392.9 477.3
296.6 333.1 346.2
738.3 803.1 811.2
344.0 385.7 340.4
117.4 142.1 151.7
914.9 957.1 1,076.6
70.2 75.8 81.3
47.5 48.0 48.5
57.2 59.8 59.2
708.2 574.2 738.3
100.4 121.6 119.9
174.3 200.5 207.0
77.1 83.1 87.6
317.6 267.3 318.1
Industrias - Industries 2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Total
Carnes y pescados - Meat and fish
Azcar - Sugar
Lcteos - Dairy products
Otros alimentos de origen industrial - Other food of industrial source
Bebidas - Beverages
Tabaco - Tobacco
Hilados, tejidos, ropa, cuero y calzado - Yarns, weavies, clothes, leather and
footwear
Productos de madera - Wood production
Elaboracin de muebles y otros productos transportables - Furniture and
other portable products
Productos de papel e impresos - Printed and paper products
Productos de petrleo refinado - Refined oil products
Productos qumicos de caucho y plsticos - Plastic and rubber chemical products
Vidrio y otros productos no metlicos - Glass and non metalic products
Metales y productos metlicos elaborados - Metals and elaborated
metalic products
Maquinaria y equipo de transporte - Machinery and transport equipment
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Preliminar - Preliminary.
Estimado - Estimated. :
:
e/
p/
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 14
Valor agregado de la industria de servicios y comercial - Value added of service and commercial
industry
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2,813.1 3,017.1 3,154.9
580.9 659.3 660.0
338.1 365.4 416.1
662.6 684.0 707.4
979.9 1,062.7 1,105.9
251.5 245.7 265.5
1,259.3 1,344.0 1,414.6
980.5 1,045.8 1,095.0
278.8 298.2 319.6
Industrias - Industries
Total servicios - Services
Transporte y comunicaciones - Transport and communication
Intermediarios financieros - Financial intermediation
Propiedad de vivienda - Housing
Servicios personales y empresariales - Personal and enterprise
services
Energa y agua potable - Electricity and water distribution
Total Comercio - Commerce
Comercio - Commerce
Hoteles y restaurantes - Hotels and restaurants
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
e/
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Preliminar - Preliminary.
Estimado - Estimated. :
:
e/
p/
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 15
PRECIOS - PRICES
ndice de precios al consumidor (2006=100) - Consumer price index (2006=100)
(variacin porcentual anual - annual percentage change)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : BCN.
ndice general - All groups
Alimentos y bebidas no alcohlicas - Food and beverages
Bebidas alcohlicas, tabaco y estupefaciente - Alcoholic beverages, tobacco
and narcotics
Prendas de vestir y calzado - Clothing and footwear
Alojamiento, agua, electricidad, gas y otros combustibles - Housing,
water, electricity, gas and other fuels
Muebles, artculos para el hogar y la conservacin ordinaria del hogar -
Furniture, house equipment and maintenance
Salud - Health
Transporte - Transportation
Comunicaciones - Communications
Recreacin y cultura - Culture and recreation
Educacin - Education
Restaurante y hoteles - Restaurants and hotels
Bienes y servicios diversos - Miscellaneous goods and services
Divisiones - Major groups
8.0 6.6 5.7
9.2 8.1 6.0
4.3 5.6 8.6
11.6 7.0 3.9
7.0 2.9 9.7
7.8 5.6 4.1
8.1 5.8 5.7
10.3 6.7 5.0
1.9 3.5 4.0
3.9 1.2 0.6
5.9 7.9 8.1
6.9 8.3 5.9
6.1 6.8 4.1
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 16
ndice de precios sectoriales (1994=100) - Sector-specifc price index
(variacin porcentual anual - annual percentage change)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : BCN.
Conceptos - Conceps
De la produccin agropecuaria - Agricultural production
De valor unitario de exportaciones (2006=100) - export prices
(2006=100)
De valor unitario de importaciones (2006=100)
1/
- import prices
: Excluye bienes de capital - Excludes capital goods. 1/
De la produccin industrial - Industrial production
De insumos industriales - Industrial input cost
Todos los materiales de construccin (base = 2006) -
All construction materials (base = 2006)
Electricidad e iluminacin - Electricity and lightning
Metales y derivados - Metals and related materials
Sanitarios y pisos - Restrooms and floors
Maderas y techos -
Woods and roofs
Cemento y derivados - Cement and related materials
ndice de precios al productor (IPP) 2006=100 - Producer price index (IPP)
(2006=100)
: A partir de 2013 se publica el IPP - Since 2013 is publishes the IPP. Nota - Note
13.7 3.4
16.3 10.3
24.6 16.0
18.1 3.3 5.1
20.2 1.0 (9.3)
12.8 0.9 (1.2)
11.9 5.6 3.1
7.9 2.2 (0.2)
9.1 8.8 7.4
11.9 4.8 1.9
19.9 5.0 1.1
8.2 8.3 4.9
-
-
-
(2006=100)
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 17
SECTOR EXTERNO - EXTERNAL SECTOR
Balanza de pagos
1/
- Balance of payments
1/
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
Conceptos -Concepts 2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
p/
Fuente - Source : BCN.
p/ Preliminar - Preliminary :
Segn el sexto manual de balanza de pagos y PII del FMI - According to IMF balance of
payments and IIP manual, 6th. edition.
Incluye exportaciones e importaciones de la zona franca y otros bienes - Include exports and
imports from free zone and others goods.
1/
2/
:
:
A. Cuenta corriente - ) 5 . 9 7 2 , 1 ( ) 2 . 7 4 3 , 1 ( ) 5 . 6 6 2 , 1 ( t n u o c c a t n e r r u C
Bienes - Goods (2,177.8) (2,295.6) (2,279.4)
Exportaciones de bienes
2/
- Exports of goods
2/
3,666.2 4,146.1 4,122.5
Importaciones de bienes
2/
- Imports of goods
2/
5,844.0 6,441.7 6,401.9
Servicios - ) 8 . 5 5 ( ) 2 . 0 6 ( ) 3 . 8 6 ( s e c i v r e S
Crditos - 2 . 7 7 8 6 . 1 6 8 5 . 2 7 7 s t i d e r C
Dbitos - 0 . 3 3 9 8 . 1 2 9 8 . 0 4 8 s t i b e D
Ingreso Primario - ) 3 . 3 1 3 ( ) 2 . 1 0 3 ( ) 0 . 0 5 2 ( e m o c n I y r a m i r P
Ingreso Secundario - 0 . 9 6 3 , 1 8 . 9 0 3 , 1 6 . 9 2 2 , 1 e m o c n I y r a d n o c e S
Del cual: remesas de trabajadores - Of which: workersremittances 911.6 1,014.2 1,077.7
B. Cuenta de capital - 0 . 1 3 2 8 . 7 3 2 3 . 8 4 2 t n u o c c a l a t i p a C
C. Cuenta Financiera - ) 8 . 5 3 2 , 1 ( ) 3 . 5 8 8 , 1 ( ) 5 . 0 7 6 , 1 ( t n u o c c a l a i c n a n i F
Inversin extranjera directa neta - Net foreign direct investment (961.1) (760.7) (784.4)
Inversin de cartera neta - ) 7 . 5 4 1 ( ) 0 . 4 6 ( 4 . 0 2 2 t n e m t s e v n i o i l o f t r o p t e N
Derivados Financieros - 0 . 0 0 . 0 0 . 0 s e v i t a v i r e D l a i c n a n i F
Otra inversin neta - ) 2 . 1 0 4 ( ) 4 . 5 4 0 , 1 ( ) 8 . 6 1 0 , 1 ( t n e m t s e v n i r e h t o t e N
Activos de reserva - 5 . 5 9 ) 2 . 5 1 ( 0 . 7 8 t n e m t s e v n i r e h t O
D. Errores y omisiones netos - ) 3 . 7 8 1 ( ) 9 . 5 7 7 ( ) 3 . 2 5 6 ( s n o i s s i m o d n a s r o r r e t e N
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 18
Comercio exterior de bienes - Trade balance
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
p/
Fuente - Source DGA, CETREX y MEM.
Conceptos - Concepts
p/ Preliminar - Preliminary :
Balance comercial de bienes - ) 4 . 9 7 2 , 2 ( ) 6 . 5 9 2 , 2 ( ) 8 . 7 7 1 , 2 ( e c n a l a b e d a r T
Exportaciones de bienes - Exports of goods 3,666.2 4,146.1 4,122.5
Mercancas generales segn la BP (FOB) -
General merchandise on a BOP basis (FOB)
3,314.0 3,723.3 3,690.9
Oro no monetario - 6 . 1 3 4 8 . 2 2 4 2 . 2 5 3 d l o g y r a t e n o m n o N
Importaciones de bienes - 9 . 1 0 4 , 6 7 . 1 4 4 , 6 0 . 4 4 8 , 5 s d o o g f o s t r o p m I
Mercancas generales segn la BP (FOB)
1/
-
General merchandise on a BOP basis (FOB)
1/
5,844.0 6,441.7 6,401.9
Oro no monetario - 0 . 0 0 . 0 0 . 0 d l o g y r a t e n o m n o N
Incluye exportaciones e importaciones de la zona franca y otros bienes -
Include exports and imports from free zone and others goods.
Nota - Note
1/ :
Segn el sexto manual de balanza de pagos y PII del FMI - According to IMF
balance of payments and IIP manual, 6th. edition.
:
:
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 19
2,264.0 2,677.4 2,400.7
429.3 521.8 349.5
427.0 451.4 383.8
96.1 132.5 102.9
18.6 18.6 39.2
156.3 194.9 176.0
352.3 422.8 431.6
45.9 43.9 44.5
139.4 171.7 172.9
62.2 67.5 67.8
30.2 51.8 44.8
2.4 2.5 2.3
6.3 8.6 9.0
498.0 589.3 576.4
Fuente - Source : DGA y CETREX.
Total - Total products
Caf - Coffee
Carne - Beef
Man - Peanuts
Ganado en pie - Livestock
Azcar - Sugar
Oro - Gold
Langosta - Lobster
Lcteos - Dairy products
Camarn - Shrimp
Frjol - Beans
Banano - Bananas
Ajonjol - Sesame seeds
Otros - Other
Productos - Products
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
p/
Preliminar - Preliminary. : p/
Exportaciones de mercancas (FOB) por productos - Merchandise exports by products
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 20
Exportaciones de mercancas por pases, 2013 - Merchandise exports by country, 2013
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
Fuente - Source : DGA y CETREX.
605.8
496.4
384.0
279.6
130.1
431.8
47.7
25.28
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
EUA Centroamrica Venezuela Europa Asia Resto Amrica
Latina
Mxico Otros
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 21
Importaciones de mercancas por uso econmico - Imports of Goods by economic use
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
4,863.5 5,418.1 5,193.0
5,203.7 5,851.3 5,624.1
1,654.8 1,813.1 1,813.4
1,339.3 1,450.2 1,462.2
315.5 362.9 351.2
1,256.4 1,286.6 1,186.3
615.6 441.8 509.2
639.3 844.9 677.1
1.4 0.0 0.0
1,337.4 1,522.6 1,520.4
271.9 320.4 312.6
799.7 887.8 888.7
265.8 314.4 319.1
947.2 1,220.4 1,094.5
64.7 77.8 69.8
532.1 708.8 577.0
350.4 433.8 447.7
8.0 8.5 9.4
Fuente - Source : DGA y MEM.
Importacin total (FOB) - Imports (FOB)
Importacin total (CIF) - Imports (CIF)
Bienes de consumo - Consumer goods
No duraderos - Non-durable
Duraderos - Durable
Petrleo, combustibles y lubricantes - Oil and oil derivatives
Petrleo crudo - Crude oil
Combustibles y lubricantes - Fuels and lubricants
Energa elctrica - Electricity
Bienes intermedios - Intermediate goods
Para la agricultura - Agriculture
Para la industria - Industry
Materiales de construccin - Construction
Bienes de capital - Capital goods
Para la agricultura - Agriculture
Para la industria - Industry
Equipo de transporte - Transport equipment
Diversos - Other goods
Conceptos - Concepts
Preliminar - Preliminary. : p/
2011
p/
2012
p/
2013
p/
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 22
2011 2012 2013
p/
Fuente - Source : MIFIC y BCN.
Sectores - Sectors
Total - Total 967.9 804.6 848.7
Minera - Mining 114.3 124.2 98.4
Pesca - Fishing 0.4 (4.4) 8.7
Industrial - Manufacturing 226.4 187.6 251.4
Energtico - Energy 217.1 159.1 53.0
Comercio y servicios - Commerce and services 144.9 189.9 122.2
Comunicaciones - Comunications 160.3 120.4 147.0
Otros - Others 104.5 27.5 167.9
Preliminar - Preliminary. : p/
Inversin extranjera directa en Nicaragua por sector de destino - Foreign direct investment in
Nicaragua by destination sector
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 23
Fuente - Source : SIBOIF y BCN.
Activos Pasivos Activos Pasivos Activos Pasivos
Assets Liabilities Assets Liabilities Assets Liabilities
Bancos comerciales - Commercial banks
Otros intermediarios financieros -
Other financial intermediaries
Puestos de bolsa - Brokerage firms
4,546.5 4,114.0 4,655.5 4,183.3
37.1 22.7 43.3 31.4
4.2 1.1 3.8 0.8
Instituciones - Institutions
2013 2011 2012
5,193.5 4,658.2
58.9 43.4
4.1 1.0
Activos y pasivos de instituciones fnancieras reguladas - Assets and liabilities of regulated
fnancial institutions
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 24
FINANZAS - FINANCE
Cartera de crdito de la Banca al sector privado - Bank credit to private sector
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : SIBOIF y BCN.
Conceptos - Concepts
Cartera total - Total portfolio
Tarjeta de crdito - Credit cards
Agrcola - Agriculture
Comercial - Commercial
Ganadero - Livestock
Hipotecario - Housing mortgage
Industrial - Industrial
Personal - Personal
2,310.2
249.6
300.7
818.2
38.6
329.5
299.9
273.7
2,841.7
221.7
354.2
1,014.7
51.4
370.4
410.5
418.8
3,275.6
242.3
369.6
1,164.2
66.3
439.4
445.7
548.1
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 25
Tasas de inters domstica
1/
- Domestic interest rates
1/
(porcentaje - percentage)
2.0 1.7
2.0 1.4
4.9 4.5
4.7 5.0
13.2 12.1
8.4 8.3
15.9 16.6
10.2 11.2
1/ :
Fuente - Source : SIBOIF y BCN.
Tasas de inters - Interest rate
Tasas pasivas - Deposit interest rate
Moneda nacional a 3 meses - 3-month domestic currency
Dlares de EUA a 3 meses - 3-month US dollars
Moneda nacional a + de 1 ao - 1-year domestic currency
Dlares de EUA a + de 1 ao - 1-year US dollars
Tasas activas - Lending interest rates
Moneda nacional corto plazo - Short term domestic currency
Dlares de EUA a corto plazo - Short term US dollars
Moneda nacional largo Plazo - Long term domestic currency
Dlares de EUA largo Plazo - Long term US dollars
Promedio ponderado del ltimo mes de cada ao - Weighted average of the last month of
each year.
2011 2012 2013
1.5
1.9
4.9
5.1
13.5
8.0
18.1
10.9
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 26
Indicadores de microfnanzas
1/
- Microfnance indicators
1/
187 181 194
242,688 209,810 236,202
0.7 1.6 1.5
2.8 5.9 5.5
142.4 153.7 158.6
(19.6) 7.9 16.4
4.6 3.3 4.0
11.2 4.8 6.7
44.7 52.9 56.2
5.3 (2.0) (1.8)
26.3 2.3 5.9
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : ASOMIF.
Indicadores - Indicators
Sucursales y agencias - Branches and agencies
Clientes - Clients
Rentabilidad - Profitability
Rentabilidad sobre activos - Return on assets
Rentabilidad sobre patrimonio - Return on equity
Cartera - Loan portfolio
Cartera bruta (US$ millones) - Loan portfolio (US$ millions)
Crecimiento de cartera (%) - Growth rate of loan portfolio (%)
Cartera en mora / cartera bruta (%) - Non-performing loans / loan portfolio (%)
Cartera de riesgo / cartera bruta (%)
2/
- Loan portafolio at risk / loan portfolio (%)
Patrimonio (US$ millones) - Owners' equity (US$ millions)
Cartera en mora - provisiones / patrimonio (%) - Non-performing loans net of
Cartera en riesgo - provisiones/patrimonio (%)
2/
- Loan portafolio at risk net of
Incluye prstamos prorrogados y reestructurados - Includes deferred and restructured loans. :
La informacin corresponde a microfinancieras afiliadas a ASOMIF (21 entidades a dic. 2013)
Information refers to micro credit institutions members of ASOMIF.
provisions / owners equity (%)
provisions / owners equity (%)
2/
: 1/
2/
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 27
Emisin privada - Private issues
Primario - Primary
Secundario - secondary
Reportos - Repo market
Opcional - Options
Emisin pblica - Public issues
Primario - Primary
Secundario - secondary
Reportos - Repo market
Opcional - Options
M/N M/E
11.2
0.0
11.2
0.0
0.0
14,318.0
6,864.4
3,647.0
0.0
3,806.6
19.4
18.8
0.2
0.0
0.3
115.7
0.0
0.0
1.5
114.2
M/N M/E
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
15,498.8
7,159.4
853.0
0.0
7,486.4
33.4
29.3
2.7
0.0
1.3
257.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
257.2
M/N
9.0
9.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
12,104.9
6,755.7
1,744.2
0.0
3,605.0
M/E
54.7
46.1
6.5
0.0
2.1
385.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
385.2
Bolsa de Valores de Nicaragua (BOLSANIC) - Nicaragua Stock Exchange.
Moneda extranjera - Foreing cur:rency
2011 2012 2013
Moneda nacional - Domestic currency
Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source
M/E
M/N :
:
:
Transacciones burstiles por emisor - Stock exchange transactions by issuer
(fujo en millones de crdobas y dlares - fows in millions of cordoba and dollars)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 28
Tipo de cambio promedio respecto al dlar de EUA - Average exchange rate with respect to
the US dollar
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : SECMA y BCN.
Monedas - Currency
Crdoba de Nicaragua - Nicaraguan Cordoba
Coln de Costa Rica - Costa Rican Colon
Coln de El Salvador - Salvadorean Colon
Quetzal de Guatemala - Guatemalan Quetzal
Lempira de Honduras - Honduran Lempira
Peso de Repblica Dominicana - Dominican Republic Peso
22.4 23.5
505.6
8.7 8.7
7.8 7.9
18.9
38.0
502.9
19.5
39.2
24.7
495.0
7.8
41.7
8.7
20.5
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 29
Ingresos corrientes del Gobierno Central - Central Government current revenue
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : MHCP.
Conceptos - Concepts
Total ingresos corrientes - Total current revenues
Ingresos tributarios - Tax revenues
Impuestos directos - Direct taxes
Sobre el ingreso y las ganancias - Income and earnings
Otros - Other
Sobre bienes y servicios - Goods and services
General a las ventas - Value added
Selectivos al consumo - Excise
De estampillas - Stamps
Al comercio y transporte internacional - Trade and international transportation
Derechos arancelarios de importacin (DAI) - Import duties
Impuesto general al valor de importaciones - Value added tax on imports
Derechos - Duties
Otros - Other
Ingresos no tributarios - Non tax revenue
1,781.1
1,649.7
599.9
587.3
12.6
526.7
230.1
293.4
3.1
523.1
69.5
446.8
4.2
2.6
131.4
1,540.6
1,419.2
505.5
496.9
8.5
477.0
205.4
270.7
1.0
436.7
62.4
368.8
3.3
2.2
121.4
1,729.5
1,580.8
566.8
556.7
10.2
515.0
221.7
292.4
1.0
499.0
70.5
421.8
4.1
2.5
148.7
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 30
Estructura funcional del gasto del Gobierno Central - Government expenditures by destination
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : MHCP.
Conceptos - Concepts
Total gastos - Total expenses
Gasto social - Social expenditures
Educacin - Education
Salud - Health
Servicio social y asistencia social - Assistance and social services
Vivienda y servicios comunitarios - Housing and community
Servicios recreativos y culturales - Cultural and recreational services
Administracin gubernamental - Government administration
Defensa, orden pblico y seguridad - Defense, public order and security
Servicios econmicos - Economic services
Deuda pblica, intereses y gastos - Public debt, interests and expenditures
Amortizacin - Amortization
Total gastos y amortizacin - Total expenditures and amortizations
1,883.1
1,066.2
423.0
334.5
64.6
226.8
17.3
160.9
232.5
322.3
101.2
281.4
2,164.5
1,636.6 1,804.6
888.1 1,000.4
367.1 388.4
263.6 317.0
60.0 64.5
183.7 216.5
13.7 14.0
174.4 200.1
195.5 213.6
277.4 285.7
101.1 104.9
291.8 283.6
1,928.3 2,088.2
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 31
TURISMO - TOURISM
Llegada de visitantes y hoteles - Visitor arrivals and hotels
(nmero - number)
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Llegada de visitantes - Visitor arrivals
- Visitantes del da - day visitors
- Turistas - tourists
Area - Air
Acutica - Sea
Terrestre - Land
Hoteles - Hotel
Habitaciones de hotel - Hotel rooms
Fuente - Source : INTUR.
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Nmero de cruceros - Number of cruise ships
Excursionistas de tours - Tour Trippers
Excursionistas - Tripper
1,273,154
43,744
1,229,410
399,548
19,477
810,385
873
11,817
38
32,254
15,312
1,121,529 1,232,896
61,498 53,315
1,060,031 1,179,581
359,886 391,634
14,767 16,574
685,378 771,373
732 812
10,235 11,189
48 43
39,210 40,924
17,484 19,912
Cruceros - Cruises
(nmero - number)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 32
Principales mercados tursticos
1/
- Main tourist markets
1/
(porcentaje - percentage)
2011 2012 2013
Fuente - Source : INTUR.
Conceptos - Concepts
Centro Amrica - Central America
Norte Amrica - North America
Europa - Europe
Sur Amrica - South America
Resto del Mundo - Rest of the World
65.5
23.7
6.5
2.1
2.2
65.1
23.9
7.0
2.2
1.8
65.3
24.4
6.6
2.0
1.7
Turistas que pernoctan - Overnight tourists 1/ :
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 33
Ingresos por turismos - Tourism income
Fuente - Source : INTUR.
P
o
r
c
e
n
t
a
j
e

-

P
e
r
c
e
n
t
a
g
e
M
i
l
l
o
n
e
s

d
e

d

l
a
r
e
s

-

U
S
$

M
i
l
l
i
o
n
Ingresos por turismo - Tourism income
Turismo / exportaciones -Tourism/exports
116
152
167
184
231
255
301
334
309
378
421
417
20.8%
24.8%
21.9%
21.2%
22.1%
20.9%
20.4%
24.0%
16.7%
16.7%
15.7%
17.4%
10%
15
20
25
30
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 34
Composicin del valor agregado turstico por actividad econmica, 2012 - Composition of tourism
value added by economic activity, 2012
(porcentaje - percentage)
Fuente - Source : BCN.
17.4
22.3
24.4
7.7
9.0
13.3
3.2
2.7
Actividades no caractersticas -
Non-characteristics activities
Restaurantes y similares -
Restaurants and similar
Hoteles y similares - Hotels and similar
Servicios de transporte - Transport services
Actividades conexas - Related activities
Servicios culturales y de recreacin -
Cultural and recreation servicies
Agencias de viajes y similares -
Travel agencies and similar
Alquiler de transporte de pasajeros -
Transportation rental for passangers
Nota - Note : Ao de referencia 2006 - Reference year 2006.
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 35
Estructura de consumo por tipo de turismo, 2012 - Structure of tourism consumption by type,
2012
(porcentaje - percentage)
Fuente - Source : BCN.
29.2
13.4
6.5
26.9
32.8
14.8
15.2
12.3
47.9
24.4
24.9
28.6
4.3
16.7
2.2
-
25.0
50.0
75.0
100.0
Receptor - Inbound tourism Interno - Domestic tourism Emisor - Outbound tourism
Otros bienes y servicios - Others goods and service
Restaurantes - Restaurants
Cultura y recreacin Cultura y recreacin
Transporte - Transport
Alojamiento - Accommodation
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 36
rea construida por destino econmico - Built area by economic sector
(miles de mectros cuadrados - thousands of square meters)
Valor del rea construida por destino econmico - Building value by type of construction
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Total
Residencial - Houses
Comercio - Commerce
Servicio - Services
Industria - Industry
Fuente - Source : BCN.
1,343.1
949.6
66.5
277.2
49.8
885.9 1,291.0
701.1 971.4
49.1 59.1
116.5 173.1
19.1 88.1
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Total construccin privada - Total private construction
Residencial - Houses
Comercio - Commerce
Servicio - Services
Industria - Industry
Total construccin pblica - Total public construction
Edificaciones - Buildings
Obras de ingeniera civil - Civil engineering buildings
Fuente - Source : BCN.
1,049.6
577.3
70.9
384.7
16.7
517.7
131.4
386.2
643.3 929.5
432.6 605.5
47.0 59.2
157.0 234.4
6.7 30.4
406.8 478.7
108.0 127.0
298.8 351.6
CONSTRUCCIN Y BIENES RACES - CONSTRUCTION AND REAL ESTATE
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 37
Inversin pblica por sectores
1/
- Public investment by sector
1/
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
2011 2012 2013 Sectores - Sectors
Total
Infraestructura - Infraestructure
Social - Social
Productivo - Productive
Servicios nacionales - National services
492.5
366.5
88.8
5.5
31.7
413.6
320.1
74.4
2.6
16.5
444.6
320.1
73.5
4.0
34.3
1/ Excluye gasto corriente - Excludes current expenses.
Fuente - Source : BCN.
:
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 38
Consumo facturado de agua y electricidad - Utilities (water and electricity billed consumption)
2011 2012 2013 Servicios - Services
Agua potable (miles de m) - Drinking water
(thousand of m)
Residencial - Houses
Comercial - Commercial
Industrial - Industrial
Gobierno - Government
Energa elctrica (MWH) - Electricity (MWH)
Residencial - Houses
Comercial - Commercial
Industrial - Industrial
Irrigacin - Irrigation
Bombeo - Water distribution
Alumbrado pblico - Street lighting
161,078.8
137,955.5
14,042.1
687.8
8,393.5
2,777.0
984.9
737.9
680.2
87.4
203.9
82.7
144,346.9 151,103.6
124,355.4 129,780.5
12,361.0 13,082.7
556.7 667.9
7,073.7 7,572.4
2,491.9 2,668.8
874.0 940.7
664.7 698.9
609.0 660.5
74.1 93.4
193.1 196.5
77.0 78.8
Fuente - Source : ENACAL, INE y ENEL.
SERVICIOS PBLICOS - UTILITIES
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 39
Generacin bruta de energa elctrica- Gross electricity generation
(miles de megavatios hora thousands of megawattshours)
Fuente - Source : ENEL, MIFIC y BCN.
Hidroelctrica -
Hydroelectric
Termoelctrica -
Thermoelectric
Sistema aislado -
Isolated system
Geotrmica -
Geothermics
Otros -
Others
0
400
800
1,200
1,600
2,000
2,400
2,800
2011
2012
2013
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 40
Carga transportada - Cargo transportation
(miles ton mtricas - thousands metric tons)
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Carga area internacional - International air cargo
Embarcada - Loaded
Desembarcada - Unloaded
Carga martima internacional - International sea cargo
Embarcada - Loaded
Desembarcada - Unloaded
Carga acutica nacional - National water cargo
Lacustre - Lakes
Atlntico - Atlantic
Fuente - Source : MTI.
21.8 22.9 22.2
12.0 13.7 12.7
9.8 9.1 9.5
3,436.1 3,655.7 3,621.6
654.8 772.3 870.0
2,781.3 2,883.3 2,751.6
237.2 258.4 315.6
99.5 122.5 110.9
137.8 135.8 204.7
TRANSPORTE Y COMUNICACIONES - TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 41
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Postales (miles envos) - Post (thousands)
Correo expreso (miles envos) - Express post (thousands)
Recepcin/transmisin de fax (miles de pginas) -
Fax reception/transmition (thousand of pages)
4,868.6
20.9
6.9
4,724.7
29.4
3.3
Fuente - Source : ENITEL y TELCOR.
4,629.2
19.7
4.2
Pasajeros transportados - 0 . 3 3 6 , 9 4 1 6 . 4 3 3 , 2 2 1 8 . 2 8 2 , 8 1 1 t r o p s n a r t r e g n e s s a P
Terrestre - 6 . 5 7 0 , 9 4 1 0 . 0 4 7 , 1 2 1 5 . 5 5 6 , 7 1 1 l a i r t s e r r e T
Acutico - 0 . 5 1 4 5 . 0 5 4 9 . 3 8 4 c i t a u q A
Areo - Air 143.4 144.1 142.4
2010 2011 2012 Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source : MTI.
Telefona y correos - Telephony and postal services
Transporte de pasajeros - Passenger transport
(miles de pasajeros - thousands of passengers)
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 42
Poblacin de Nicaragua por grupo de edades, 2013 - Population of Nicaragua by age group, 2013
0 8 2 , 4 0 1 , 3 0 9 9 , 9 2 0 , 3 0 7 2 , 4 3 1 , 6
9 1 6 , 9 3 3 6 7 4 , 4 5 3 5 9 0 , 4 9 6
4 4 2 , 0 3 3 7 4 5 , 3 4 3 1 9 7 , 3 7 6
2 1 1 , 3 2 3 0 9 8 , 4 3 3 2 0 0 , 8 5 6
8 9 1 , 8 2 3 4 6 2 , 4 3 3 2 6 4 , 2 6 6
3 3 7 , 2 1 3 0 0 8 , 8 0 3 3 3 5 , 1 2 6
7 9 9 , 6 7 2 2 7 9 , 6 6 2 9 6 9 , 3 4 5
1 8 6 , 5 4 2 0 4 0 , 9 2 2 1 2 7 , 4 7 4
7 1 7 , 3 0 2 0 5 9 , 3 8 1 7 6 6 , 7 8 3
0 1 4 , 5 6 1 8 0 2 , 2 5 1 8 1 6 , 7 1 3
3 7 4 , 6 3 1 1 9 1 , 7 2 1 4 6 6 , 3 6 2
9 5 4 , 9 1 1 7 3 1 , 9 0 1 6 9 5 , 8 2 2
4 7 3 , 2 0 1 2 0 3 , 2 9 6 7 6 , 4 9 1
7 0 2 , 0 7 7 3 9 , 3 6 4 4 1 , 4 3 1
0 6 8 , 5 4 3 0 0 , 2 4 3 6 8 , 7 8
2 6 1 , 1 4 9 5 2 , 7 3 1 2 4 , 8 7
9 5 8 , 9 2 8 7 9 , 5 2 7 3 8 , 5 5
5 7 1 , 3 3 6 3 0 , 4 2 1 1 2 , 7 5
Fuente - Source : INIDE, estimaciones y proyecciones de poblacin, revisin 2012 (Aril 2014) - Estimated and
forecasted statistics, 2012 revision (April 2014).
Edades - Ages Total - Total Hombres - Males Mujeres - Females
Total
0 - 4
5 - 9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24
25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49
50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74
75 - 79
80 - 84
POBLACIN - POPULATION
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 43
Poblacin perteneciente a pueblos indgenas o comunidades tnicas - Population belonging to
ethnic comunities
Fuente - Source : INIDE, VIII Censo de Poblacin y IV de Vivienda 2005 - VIII Population and
IV Housing National Census, 2005.
Mestizo
25.3
Chorotega
Nahua -Mange
10.4
Miskitu
27.2
Creole (Kriol)
4.5
Xiu-Sutiaba
4.5
Cacaopera
Matagalpa
3.4
Otros
24.7
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 44
Poblacin de 12 aos y ms, por estado conyugal - Population over 12 years old by marital status
Fuente - Source : INIDE, VIII Censo de Poblacin y IV de Vivienda 2005 - VIII Population and IV Housing
National Census, 2005.
Hombres - Males Mujeres - Females Total - Total
Soltero(a) - Single
Casado(a) - Married
Unido(a) / Juntado(a) - Consensual union
Separado(a) - Separated
Viudo(a) - Widowed
Divorciado(a) - Divorced
Estado conyugal - Marital status
Total 3,621,610 1,757,055 1,864,555
1,447,338 795,939 651,399
911,706 448,661 463,045
889,555 429,413 460,142
219,150 48,623 170,527
130,454 27,428 103,026
23,407 6,991 16,416
Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source : INIDE, publicacin estimaciones y proyecciones de poblacin nacional, departamental y
municipal, revisin 2007.national, departmental and municipal population statistics forecasts,
2007 revision.
2000/2005 2005/2010 2010/2015
Tasa bruta de natalidad - 2 . 3 2 9 . 4 2 e t a r h t r i b s s o r G
Tasa bruta de mortalidad - Gross death rate 4.8 4.6
Tasa de mortalidad infantil - 1 . 8 1 5 . 1 2 e t a r y t i l a t r o m t n a f n I
Tasa global de fecundidad - Fertility rate 2.8 2.5
Esperanza de vida al nacer (aos) - Life expectancy at
birth (years)
26.3
5.0
26.4
3.0
70.8 72.9 74.5
Quinquenios - Five-year periods
Indicadores demogrfcos - Demographic indicators
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 45
Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source : INIDE, Censo Nacional VIII de poblacin y IV vivienda 2005 - VIII National Population and
IV Housing Census, 2005.
Total Hombres - Men Mujeres - Women
Total
Ninguno - None
Escuela primaria - Elementary school
1-3
4-6
Escuela secundaria - High school
1-3
4-6
Institutos tcnicos - Technical institutes
Bsico - Basic
Medio - Medium
Superior - Superior
Universidades - Universities
1-3
4-6
Ignorado - Ignored
3,877,805 1,888,117 1,989,688
766,532 377,194 389,338
644,440 335,517 308,923
1,050,827 515,337 535,490
627,400 303,387 324,013
406,795 184,157 222,638
10,269 4,243 6,026
49,917 17,554 32,363
22,574 8,266 14,308
111,139 50,533 60,606
172,106 83,332 88,774
15,806 8,597 7,209
Poblacin de 10 aos y ms por nivel de instruccin y aos de estudio aprobados - Population over
10 years old by educational levels and attainment
EDUCACIN - EDUCATION
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 46
Gasto gubernamental en educacin - Government spending on education
(millones de dlares - millions of dollars)
367.1 389.1 423.1
243.4 257.3 282.4
235.5 248.0 268.1
7.8 9.3 14.3
1.3 5.3 9.7
99.6 123.0 127.8
22.9 3.5 3.2
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concepts
Fuente - Source : MHCP.
Total educacin - Total education
Ministerio de educacin - Ministry of Education
Gastos corrientes - Current expenditures
Gastos de capital - Capital expenditures
Instituto tecnolgico - Technological institute
Universidades - Universities
Otros
1/
- Other
1/
Incluye transferencias a programas de educacin en otras instituciones - Includes transfers to
educational programs and other institutions..
1/ :
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 47
FUERZA LABORAL - LABOR FORCE
Fuerza laboral e indicadores de mercado - Labor force and selected labor market indicators
2011 2012 2013
1/
Conceptos - Concepts
1/
Fuente - Source : INIDE.
:
Poblacin en edad de trabajar (miles) - Working age population
Fuerza laboral (miles) - Labor force (thousands)
Empleados - Employed
Desempleados - Unemployed
Tasa participacin fuerza laboral (%) - Labor force participation
Tasa desempleo (%) - Unemployment rate (%)
(thousands)
rate (%)
Promedio de horas trabajadas a la semana - Average weekly hours
worked
Promedio de ingresos mensuales (C$) - Average monthly income (C$)
Tasa de formalidad (%) - Formal sector rate (%)
Empleo urbano (%) - Urban employment (%)
4,231.5
3,208.7
3,019.3
189.5
75.8
5.9
n.d.
n.d.
25.6
60.4
4,019.6 4,133.1
3,039.2 3,174.1
2,858.9 2,986.4
180.2 187.7
75.6 76.8
5.9 5.9
41.7 n.d.
4,182.9 n.d.
22.4 24.4
60.0 59.6
Promedio del I, II y III trimestre de los resultados de la ECH -
Average of 1st, 2nd and 3nd quarter of Continous Household Survey data.
2011 y 2012 promedio anual de los resultados de la encuesta continua de hogares (ECH) -
Annual average 2011 - 2012 of Continous Household Survey data
Nota - Note
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 48
Afliados al INSS segn actividad econmica - Social security members by economic activity
(miles - thousand)
2011 2012 2013 Conceptos - Concept
Fuente - Source : INIDE.
Total 578,340 623,458 673,466
Agropecuario, silvicultura, caza y pesca - Agriculture and livestock 51,794 57,770 63,146
Minas y canteras - Mining and quarrying 3,612 4,428 4,703
Industria manufacturera - 4 2 0 , 2 5 1 7 3 1 , 6 4 1 5 3 6 , 7 3 1 g n i r u t c a f u n a M
Electricidad gas y agua - Electricity, gas and water 6,852 7,345 7,805
Construccin - Construction 16,740 19,802 21,922
Comercio
1/
- Commerce
1/
79,434 91,411 109,154
Transporte y comunicaciones - Transport and communication 20,315 22,963 25,452
Establecimientos finacieros
2/
- Financial activities
2/
53,136 57,199 61,139
Servicios comunales, sociales y personales - Community, social
and personal services
208,822 216,403 228,121
Actividades no clasificadas - - s e i t i v i t c a d e i f i s s a l c - n o N - -
1/
1/
Incluye comercio al por mayor, por menor, restaurantes y hoteles -
Includes woholesale and retail trade, restaurants an hotels.
:
: Incluye seguros, bienes e inmuebles y servicios prestados a las empresas. A partir de 1960
al 1971, el sector financiero se clasifica en el sector servicios -
Includes insurance, real estate and personal property and services to businesses.
From 1960 to 1971, the financial sector is classified in the service sector.
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 49
Salario mnimo efectivamente pagado segn actividad econmica
1/
- Market minimum wage by
economic activity
1/
(miles - thousand)
2011 2012 2013
1/
Actividades - Activity
1/
Fuente - Source :
Los datos para 2013 corresponde al promedio enero - septiembre - The data for 2013 is the
average from january to september.
MITRAB.
: Encuesta del MITRAB dirijida a empresas de ms de 20 trabajadores y afiliadas al INSS -
MITRAB surveyaimed at companies with over 20 employees affiliated INSS
2/ :
Agropecuario - Agriculture and livestock 2,140 2,404 2,560
Minas - Mining 3,737 4,062 4,379
Industria - Manufacturing 2,720 3,030 3,305
Electricidad, gas y agua - Electricity, gas and water 4,402 4,705 4,801
Construccin - Construction 4,388 4,843 5,329
Comercio - Commerce 3,643 4,008 4,357
Transporte y comunicaciones - Transport and communication 3,979 4,278 4,526
Establecimientos financieros - Financial activities 4,416 4,919 5,270
Servicios comunales, sociales y personales - Community, social and
personal services
2,889 3,142 3,299
Gobierno Central - Central Government 2,433 2,686 2,937
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 50
Facilidad para hacer negocios, 2013
1/
- Ease of doing business 2013
1/

(rango - rank)
COMPETITIVIDAD - COMPETITIVENESES
Indicadores - Indicators
1/ Las economas estn clasificadas en trminos de su facilidad para hacer negocios, de
1 a 183, de mejor a peor - Clasification among 183 economies. A closer value to 1
means a better climate for doing business.
Fuente - Source :
:
Banco Mundial - World Bank, Doing Business 2013.
Facilidad para hacer negocios - Ease of doing business
Apertura de un negocio - Starting a business
Permisos de construccin - Dealing with constructions permits
Registro de propiedades - Registering properties
Obtencin de crdito - Getting credit
Proteccin de los inversores - Protecting investors
Pago de impuestos - Paying taxes
Comercio transfronterizo - Trading across borders
Cumplimiento de contratos - Enforcing contracts
Cierre de una empresa - Closing a business
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 51
Repblica
Dominicana
Nicaragua Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras
124
123
152
135
109
138
163
82
47
84
102
102
82
46
86
170
136
44
130
124
118
148
144
59
55
170
165
64
68
90
79
145
61
23
13
157
85
116
97
109
127
162
83
94
13
170
144
84
182
136
117
144
121
115
86
98
106
33
81
159
Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua 52
Nicaragua: Indicadores sobre facilidad para hacer negocios - Nicaragua: Ease of doing business
indicators
2011 2012 2013 Indicadores - Indicators
Fuente - Source
Procedimientos para abrir un negocio (nmero) - Procedures to start a business
(number)
Tiempo para abrir un negocio (das) - Time to start a business (days)
Costo para abrir un negocio (% del ingreso percpita) - Cost for starting a
business (% income per capita)
Costo por registros de propiedades (% del valor de la propiedad) - Cost of
property records (% of property value)
ndice de proteccin del inversionista (0-10)
1/
- Investor protection index (0-10)
Tasa de impuestos total (% de las ganancias) - Total tax rate (% profit)
Tiempo para exportacin transfronteriza (das) - Cross-border export time
(days)
Costo de exportacin transfronteriza (US$ por contenedor) - Cross-border
export cost (US$ per container)
Tiempo para importacin transfronteriza (das) - Cross-border import time (days)
Costo de importacin transfronteriza (US$ por contenedor) - Cross border
import cost (US$ per container)
Tasa de recuperacin por cierre de empresa (centavos por dlar) - Recovery
rate (cents per dollar)
7
36
77.0
5.0
4
64.9
21
1,140
20
1,245
34.9
8
39
107.9
4.1
5
66.8
24
1,140
23
1,220
35.1
8
39
100.6
4.2
5
65.0
21
1,140
20
1,245
36.0
A valores ms altos, mayor proteccin - Higher value means better protection. : 1/
: Banco Mundial, Doing Business 2013
Nicaragua en cifras - Nicaragua in figures 53
Empresas por actividades - Enterprises by industry
(nmero - number)
Actividades - Industries
Fuente - Source
Grandes
Large
Medianas
Medium
Micro
Small
Total
Total
Industria manufacturera - Manufacturating industry
Comercio al por mayor - Wholesaling
Comercio al por menor - Retailing
Comercio automotriz - Automobile sales
Servicios de reparacin de vehculos - Vehicle repairing services
Hoteles - Hotels
Restaurantes - Restaurants
Servicios empresariales y de alquiler - Business services
Servicios comunitarios, sociales y personales - Communitary
services
Servicios sociales y de salud - Social and health services
Servicios de enseanza - Education services
Intermediacin financiera - Financial intermediation services
Construccin - Construction
Transporte, almacenamiento y comunicaciones - Transport, storage
and communications
Empresas - Enterprises
: BCN, Censo Econmico Urbano 2001, parcialmente actualizado al 2007 con registros
administrativos - National Urban Economic Census 2001, updated with administrative records.
808 14,492 106,619 121,919
211 3,801 18,497 22,509
70 527 697 1,294
58 2,766 55,944 58,768
29 414 784 1,227
2 861 2,612 3,475
29 388 579 996
29 1,702 10,706 12,437
61 648 3,605 4,314
70 1,067 5,588 6,725
40 396 1,907 2,343
109 868 447 1,424
21 211 92 324
37 304 1,893 2,234
42 539 3,268 3,849
EMPRESAS - ENTERPRISES
ABREVIATURAS - ABREVIATIONS
ASOMIF Asociacin de Microfnancieras - Nicaraguan Association of Microfnance Institutions
BCN Banco Central de Nicaragua - Central Bank of Nicaragua
CEPAL Comisin Econmica para Amrica Latina y el Caribe - Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
CETREX Centro de Trmites de Exportaciones - Export Promotion Center
DGA Direccin General de Servicios Aduaneros - General Directorate of Customs Services
ENACAL Empresa Nicaragense de Acueductos y Alcantarillados - Nicaraguan Water and Sewerage Company
ENEL Empresa Nicaragense de Electricidad - National Electricity Utility
ENITEL Empresa Nicaragense de Telecomunicaciones - Nicaraguan Telephone Company
EUA Estados Unidos de Amrica - USA
GWH Gigawatts Hora
INE Instituto Nicaragense de Energa - Nicaraguan Energy Institute
INETER Instituto Nicaragense de Estudios Territoriales - Territorial Studies Institute
INIDE Instituto Nacional de Informacin de Desarrollo - National Institute of Information for Development
INTUR Instituto Nicaragense de Turismo - Tourism Institute
KEP Kilogramos Equivalentes de Petrleo
MHCP Ministerio de Hacienda y Crdito Pblico Ministry of Finance and Public Credit
MEM Ministerio de Energa y Minas - Ministry of Energy and Mines
MIFIC Ministerio de Economa, Industria y Comercio - Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
MINSA Ministerio de Salud - Ministry of Health
MTI Ministerio de Transporte e Infraestructura - Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure
MWH Megawatts Hora - Megawatts Hours
SECMCA Secretara Ejecutiva del Consejo Monetario Centroamericano - Executive Secretariat of the Central American Monetary Council
SIBOIF Superintendencia de Bancos y Otras Instituciones Financieras - Superintendence of Banks and Other Financial Institutions
TELCOR Telecomunicaciones y Correos de Nicaragua - Telecommunications and Mail Services Regulatory Agency