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MCQs of Organic Chemistry

1) In the primary alkyl halides, hydrogen is bonded to that carbon atom which is further attached to
carbon atoms?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) none
2) Which of the following is least reactive?
a) H2O
b) ether
c) alcohol
d) H2SO4

3) which of the following is the formula of methylene chloride?
a) CH2Cl2
b) CH3Cl
c) CHCl3
d) CCl4
4) The planer shape is made in which type of hybridization?
a) SP3
b) SP2
c) SP
d) none
5) which catalyst is used to convert carboxylic acid into alcohol?
a) NaBH4
b) LiAlH4
c) H2SO4
d) none
6)methylated alcohol contains:
a)95% alcohol
b)80% alcohol
c)90%alcohal
d)none
7) which is a synthetic polymer?
a) polystyrene
b) PVC
c) polyethylene
d) none
8)the reactivity order of alkyl halides for a particular alkyl group is:
a)F>Cl>Br>I
b)Cl>Br>F>I
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

c)I>Br>Cl>F
d)Br>I>Cl>F

9 )which has the maximum boiling point?
a) ethanol
b) propanal
c) methanol
d) 2-hexanone

10) which one is artificial polymer?
a) lipids
b) starch
c) cellulose
d) polyethylene
11) which of the following is not a Nucleophile?
a) H2O
b) H2S
c) BF3
d) NH3
12) formula of methylene chloride is:
a)CH2Cl2
b)CH3Cl
c)CHCl3
d)CCl4
13) universal solvent is
a)H2O
b)ether
c)alcohol
d)H2SO4

14)which of the following is least reactive?
a)ester
b)ether
c)aldehydes
d)ketones
15)when the molecule of H2 is removed from benzene , then it turns into:
a)cyclo-hexane
b)toluene
c)phenol
d)formaldehyde
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

16)which of the following compound can directly be formed from acetic acid?
a)acetamide
b)acetic anhydride
c)acetyl chloride
d)both b &c
17)which of the following reagent will react with both aldehydes and ketones?
a)Grignard reagent
b)Tollens reagent
c)Fehlings reagent
d)Benedicts reagent

18) acetylene under pressure over an organo-nickle catalyst at 70 centigrade converts into
a) benzene
b) toluene
c) benzoic acid
d) phenol

19) the mode of hybridization in alkane is _________ and three hybrid orbits are formed
a) sp3
b) sp2
c) sp
d) sp4

20) which of the following agent oxidizes the aldehydes to carboxylic acids
a) alcohol
b) Grignard reagent
c) tollens reagent
d) both a and c

21) the IUPAC name of formic acid is
a) methanoic
b) ethanoic
c) propanoic
d) pentanoic

22) the enzyme which is used for treatment of blood cancer in children is
a) L-asparaginase
b) alkaline phosphatase
c) thrombin
d) LHD-1

23) which of the following test is not given by aldehydes
a) sodium nitroprusside
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

b) benedict solution
c) fehling solution
d) tollens test

24) sodium reacts with alkyl hallides in ether to form alkanes , the reaction is known as
a) wurtz synthesis
b) Grignard reagent
c) nucleophilic substitution
d) none

25) which of the following is the co-factor of carbonic anhydrase
a) Fe+2
b) Zn+2
c) Mg+2
d) Co+2

26) which of them is most reactive
a) alkane
b) alkene
c) alkyne
d) benzene

27) which electrophile is used in the nitration of benzene
a) HNO3
b) NO2+
c) NO3
d) NO2

28) which compound has maximum repulsion with water?
a) C6H6
b) CH3CH2CH2OH
C) C2H5OH
D) CH3OCH3

29) rectified spirit contains alcohol about
a) 98%
b) 90%
c) 95%
d) 80%

30) which acid is used in the manufacture of synthetic fiber
a) formic acid
b) oxalic acid
c) carbonic acid
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

d) acetic acid

31) which one of the following polymer is addition polymer?
a) polystyrene
b) polyethylene
c) PVC
d) all

32) which one is a water soluble vitamin
a) niacin
b) riboflavin
c) trypsin
d) ascorbic acid

33) in primary alcohols carbon atom is attached to carbon attached to ____ carboxyl group?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) none

34) which one of the following is nucleophile
a) H2O
B) NH3
C) BF3
D) HCl

35) ethers show phenomenon of
a) position isomerism
b) metamerism
c) functional group isomerism
d) tautemerism



36) synthetic rubber is made by polymerization of
a) chloroform
b) acetylene
c) divinyl acetylene
d) chloroprene

37)Which of them is most reactive one
a)Alkane
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

b)Alkyne
c)Alkene
d)Benzene

38) Which one of the following nucleophile
a)H2O
b) BF3
c) H2S
d) NH3

39) ketones are prepared by the oxidation of
a) primary alcohol
b) secondary alcohol
c) tertiary alcohol
d) none of these

40) which of the following is not a fatty acid
a) propanoic acid
b) acetic acid
c) Pthalic acid
d) butanoic acid

41) the polymeric substance that is formed in liquid state and then hardened to a rigid solid is called
a) rubber
b) plastic
c) fiber
d) varnish


42) hydrogenation of unsaturated oils is done by using
a) finally divided nickel
b) finally divided iron
c) vanadium pentaoxide
d) copper

43) the compound with an atom which has an unshared pair of electron is called
a) nucleophile
b) electrophile
c) protophile
d) none of these

44) 1-chloropropane and 2-chloropropane are isomers of each other. The type of isomerism between them
is
a) Cis-trans isomerism
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

b) chain isomerism
c) positional isomerism
d) functional group isomerism

45) benzene in presence of ACl3 gives acetophenone when reacts with
a) acetyl chloride
b) acetic acid
c) ethyl benzene
d) ethanoic acid

46) the substitution of H group by NO2 group in benzene is called
a) nitration
b) ammonolusis
c) sulphonation
d) reduction of benzene

47) when purely alcoholic solution of sodium/potassium hydroxide and halogen alkane are refluxed an
alkene is formed :
CH3-CH2-Br (in presence of alcoholic KOH )--- > CH2=CH2
what is the mechanism of the reaction
a) elimination
b) dehydration
c) debromination
d) nucleophilic substitution

48) organic compound carbon tetra chloride is used as
a) lubricant
b)solvent
c) oxidant
d) plastic

49) an alcohol is converted into an aldehyde with same number of carbon atoms in the presence of
K2CrO4/H2SO4 . the alcohol is
a) CH2C(CH)2OH
b)CH3CH2CH2OH
c)(CH3)3COH
d)(CH3)2CHOH

50) consider the following reaction:
R-CHO + 2[Ag(NH3))2]OH ----- > RCOONH4 + 2Ag + 2NH3 + H2O
this reaction represents which of the following tests
a) Fehling test
b) benedict test
c) ninhydrin test
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

d) tollens test

51) a polymer in which the number of amino acid residue is greater than 100 or the molecular mass is
greater than 10,000 is called
a) protein
b) polypeptide
c) dipeptide
d) tripeptide

52) when hexanedioic acid is heated with hexamethylenediamine the compound formed is
a) polypeptide
b) ester
c) addition polymer
d) nylon 6,6

53) glucose and fructose are common example of
a) pentoses
b) hexoses
c) heptoses
d) butoses

54) the reaction between fats and caustic soda is called
a) hydrogenolysis
b) fermentation
c) carboxylation
d) saponification

55) macromolecules are defined as large molecules built up from small repeating units called
a) monomers
b) isomers
c) metamers
d) tautomers

56) PVC is an example of
a) addition polymer
b) condensation polymer
c) biopolymer
d) thermosetting polymer

57) Terylene, a polyester is an example of
a) biopolymer
b) lipids
c) condensation polymer
d) addition polymer
MCQs of Organic Chemistry


58) which enzyme is involved in fermentation of glucose?
a) zymase
b) invertase
c) urease
d) diastase

59) relative acidic strength of alcohol , phenol , water and carboxylic acids is
a) carboxylic acid > alcohol > phenol > water
b) carboxylic acid > phenol > water > alcohol
c) phenol > carboxylic acid > alcohol > water
d) water > phenol > alcohol > carboxylic acid


60) the NH-CO group is called
a) amide group
b) amino group
c) protein linkage
d) peptide linkage

61) which of the following has an amino R group
a) lysine
b) proline
c) valine
d) alanine

62) At intermediate value of pH , amino acids form zwitter ions containing
a) -(N+)H2 and COO+
b) NH2 and COO+
c) -(N+)H2 and COOH
d) NH2 and COOH

MCQs of Organic Chemistry


64) consider the following reaction
CH3COOH + Mg(metal) ----- > ?
what product will form
a) magnesium formate
b) magnesium acetate
c) magnesium ion
d) carboxylate ion

65) CH3CN + HCl ---- > A + B in presence of water
in the above reaction A and B are
a) acetic acid and acid amide
b) acetic acid and ammonia
c) acetic acid and methyl chloride
d) acetic acid and ammonium chloride

66) CH3COOH + PCl5 --- >
the products of above reaction are
a) CH3COCl + POCl2 + HCl
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

b) CH3COCl + POCl3 + HCl
c) CH3Cl + POCl3 + HCl
d) CH3COCl + POCl3 + H2

67) which of the following compounds belong to homologous series of aldehydes
a) HCOCl
b) HCONH2
c) HCOH
d) HCOC2H5

68) HCOH + HCN --- > H2COHCN
in the above reaction nucleophile is
a) CN
b) HCl
c) Cl
d) OH


69) The formula of mustard gas is:
a)(C2H2CI2)2S
b)(C2H4CI2)2S
c)(2H3CI2)2S
d)(C2H4CI)2S
70) All compounds or organic except
a)(H2N)2CO
b)NH4CNO
c)CH3NO2
d)C2H5N2HSO4



71) tetraethyl lead is used as antiknock agent and is abandoned because of its hazardous product during
the combustion of fuel. The hazardous product is
a) lead
b) CO2
c) CO
d) free radical ethyne ( C2H2)

72) select the correct formula of 2-methyl pentane
a) C5H12
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

b) C5H16
c) C6H12
d) C6H14

73) in reforming process open chain hydrocarbon are converted into
a) polymers
b) branched chain hydrocarbon
c) ring hydrocarbons
d) branched chain and ring hydrocarbons

74) an organic compound after fusion with sodium gives white precipitate when concentrated nitric acid
and then silver nitrate solution was added to filtrate. The compound is likely to be
a) CH3CH2CHO
b) CH3CH2CH2OH
c) CH3CH3COOH
d) CH3CH2CH2Br

75) Carbon-Carbon double bond as compared to single bond is
a) less susceptible to oxidation
b) more susceptible to oxidation
c) equally susceptible to oxidation
d) all of these

76) which one of the following is a nucleophile
a) AlCl3
b) CN-
c) H3O+
d) BF3

77) select the most stable carbonium ion
a) +CH3
b) +CH3-CH2
c) (CH3)2HC+
d) (CH3)3C+

78) the hydrolysis of an ester proceeds most slowly under conditions of
a) high acidity
b) high basicity
c) neutrality
d) high temperature

79) which of the following is the strongest acid
a) FCH2COOH
b) CH3COOH
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

c) ClCH2COOH
D) C6H5CH2COOH

80) Iod0f0rm test use for distinguishing?
A.isopr0pyl alcohol and methanol
b.acetaldhyde and benzeldhyd
c.2-butan0ne and benzealdyhe
d.all above


81) which molecular formula indicates 2-methyl pentane
a) C5H12
b) C4H20
c) C6H14
d) C6H12

82) how many isomers are possible for pentane
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5

83) methane can be prepared by the reaction of
a) iodomethane with sodium in dry ether
b) methanol with concentrated H2SO4
c) sodium methanoate with soda lime
d) reduction of iodomethane

84) 2,3 dimethyl, 2 butene undergoes catalytic hydrogenation to give
a) 2,2 dimethyl butane
b) 2-methyl pentane
c) 2,3 dimethyl butane
d) 3-methyl pentane

85) the combustion of one mole of propane C3H8 produces how many moles of water?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5

86) thermal decomposition of alkanes in the absence of air is called
a) combustion
b) oxidation
c) cracking
MCQs of Organic Chemistry

d) hydrogenation

87) the dehydrohalogentaion of 2-bromobutane with alcoholic potassium hydroxide gives mainly
a) 2-butyne
b) 2-butene
c) 1-butene
d) 1-butyne

88) the addition of HX to a double bond the hydrogen goes to the carbon that has more hydrogen is a
statement of
a) hunds rule
b) morkownikows rule
c) huckels rule
d) none of the above

89) which of the following compounds on hydrolysis give ethyne
a) CaC2
b) Mg2C3
c) Al4C3
D) CuCl2

90) When acetylene is passed through hot iron tube at 400 centigrade it gives
a) benzene
b) O-xylene
c) toluene
d) polythene

91) which of the following compounds would react rapidly in an SN2 reaction
a) (CH3)3Cl
b) (CH3)2CHI
c) CH3CH2I
d) CH2=CHI

92) ethylmagnesium iodide reacts with formaldehyde to give products which on acid hydrolysis form
a) aldehyde
b) primary alcohol
c) ketone
d) secondary alcohol

93) the compound which reacts most readily with lucas reagent is
a) CH3CH2Cl
b) (CH3)2CHOH
c) CH3CH2OH
d) (CH3)3COH
MCQs of Organic Chemistry


94) which of the following alcohols will give a yellow ppt of iodoform with iodine and diluted NaOH
solution
a) 1-propanol
b) 2-propanol
c) 1-butanol
d) 2-methyl-2-propanol

95) which of the following will not be easily oxidized
a) primary alcohol
b) secondary alcohol
c) tertiary alcohol
d) aldehyde

96) the acid catalyzed dehydration mechanism for alcohol is best described as a/an
a) E1
b) E2
c) SN1
d) SN2

97) ethers are considered as
a) lewis acids
b) lewis base
c) both a and b
d) none of these

98) ethanol is isomeric with
a) ethanol
b) diethyl ether
c) dimethyl ether
d) propanone

99) which of the following will give a positive test with fehling solution
a) acetic acid
b) ethyl acetate
c) formaldehyde
d) acetone

100) which of the following compound on treatment with NaHCO3 will liberate CO2 gas
a) acetic acid
b) ethyl amine
c) ethyl alcohol
d) phenol

MCQs of Organic Chemistry

101) acetic acid undergoes reduction with LiAlH4 to give
a) ethanal
b) ethane
c) ethyne
d) ethanol

102) which of the following is ortho para orienting and ring deactivating ?
a) Cl
b) NH2
c) OCH3
d) OH

103) phenol is an ortho para directing because the hydroxyl group
a) increases the electron density at meta position favouring the nucleophilic attack
b) increases the electron density at meta position favouring the electrophilic attack
c) increases the electron density at O/P position favouring the nucleophilic attack
d) increases the electron density at O/P position favouring the electrophilic attack

104) compared to benzene nitration of toluene takes place at
a) same rate
b) slower rate
c) faster rate
d) a and b both

105) ethanol is manufactured by fermentation of starch. The starch conversion to maltose requires the
enzyme
a) zymase
b) invertase
c) diastase
d) all