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Sack Adjuster

Type DRV 2A
RoiIwoy Equipment Division

1. Introduction PrincipIe of operation

The Slack Adjuster DRV 2A 450 / 600 is a Brake The position of adjuster nut on adjuster spindle
Slack Adjuster i.e. a device for automatic determines the length of the slack adjuster. The
adjustment of the clearance between brake blocks leader nut follows the movement of the barrel and
and wheels. t is built into the brake rigging as a part its purpose is to lead the adjuster nut to its correct
of a pull rod. This slack adjuster is double acting position on the spindle. Control rod is fixed to the
and rapid working i.e. it quickly adjusts too large or brake rigging or the under frame so that when the
too small clearances to the predetermined value, it brake is applied, barrel moves towards the control
has been set to maintain. rod head proportionately to the piston stroke. The
distance between the head and the barrel, when the
2. Design brake is fully released is called the control
The slack adjuster DRV 2A 450 / 600 is composed dimensions 'A'. This corresponds to the correct
essentially of the following parts slack.
Adjuster spindle provided with screw threads of
f the slack is correct, the control rod head touches
quick pitch.
the end of the barrel at the moment when the brake
blocks start to apply against the wheels and no
The traction unit containing adjuster nut,
adjustment will then take place.
adjuster tube and adjuster ear.
The leader nut unit containing leader nut, barrel.
f the slack is too large, the control nut head pushes
on to the barrel increasing the distance between it
The control rod with its head.
and the suspensi on ear by an amount
corresponding to the excess of slack before the
brake blocks apply. The leader nut follows rotating 3. Outstanding Features
on adjuster spindle. When the brake is released,
the leader nut is, however, locked against the seat DoubIe-acting
of leader nut casing and the barrel spring causes The brake shoe clearance is adjustable to its
adjuster nut to rotate on the spindle towards the correct value in both directions, either when it has
leader nut. This advance of adjuster nut on the become too large owing to wear of the brake blocks
spindle shortens the slack adjuster and adjusts the and wheels, or when it has become too small, e.g.
slack to the correct value. owing to renewal of worn brake blocks, or due to
loading of the wagon altering the brake shoe
f the slack is too small the first brake application clearance.
causes the barrel to screw towards the control rod
head until stopped by it. The distance between the Rapid action
two nuts i.e. leader and adjuster has been Correct brake shoe clearance is automatically
shortened by an amount corresponding to the restored after one or two brake application.
deficiency of slack. At the start of the next brake
application leader nut is locked in its new position Verification
on its adjuster spindle and pay out spring pushes f resistance occurs in the brake application,
adjuster nut rotating on the spindle until the normal caused by corrosion, icing on brake blocks, etc., the
distance between the adjuster and leader nuts has DRV 2A does not pay out slack immediately, but
been restored. The slack adjuster is in the way indexes the amount of slack to be paid out. f the
lengthened by proper amount and the slack slack really is too small, the DRV2Awill pay out this
adjusted to normal. indexed slack at the next brake application. Thus
false pay-out will not occur.
As the brake rigging is not completely stiff, it will give
somewhat under braking force, but thus elastic True SIack Adjuster
deflection will not influence the proper adjustment Adjustment based on total piston stroke must cause
of the slack. The brake rigging deflection shows variation of the slack. The DRV2Aadjusts on slack
itself, as a rotation of the barrel during the first part only, thus giving the brake its best possible range of
of the brake release movement, but this rotation piston strokes, and ensuring a smooth and efficient
does not indicate that an adjustment is taking place. braking force at all times.
f the desired piston stroke is not obtained after 5. TechnicaI Specification
successive full service brake application,
distance 'A' can be lengthened to increase the The standard DRV2A
piston stroke or shortened to reduce stroke. By Application capacity "J (300, 450, 600 mm).
rotation of the barrel by hand the slack adjuster
Plain end i.e. without coupling.
can easily be lengthened or shortened. The two
H1 Spindle coupling
nuts are being simultaneously screwed on the
H2 spindle coupling
spindle in the desired direction.
Width of the adjuster ear "P (either 30 mm or
40 mm)
nner diameter of the bushing "d (30, 37 and
40 mm or as per customer requirements)
Normal steel spindle
Ordering exampIe
DRV2A-450 H2 P-40 d-37
Slack Adjuster
DRV 2A 450/600
Works & Head Office

Plot No. 115, Sector 24
Faridabad - 121 005 (ndia)
Tel : 91 - 129 -2233825
Fax : 91 - 129 - 2232148
RoiIwoy Equipment Division