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# Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi

C1F4 2014
Study of ..................................... phenomena and properties
of ..................................
A phenomenon is an .............. that can be perceived by
our......
Exampes of natura phenomena ! The eruption of volcano, rain fall,
formation of rainbow
Exampes of properties of matter! length, temperature and volume
"here are many #eds of study in physics\$ incudin%!
i. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& v. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
ii. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& vi. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
iii. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& vii. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
iv. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
'hysica (uantity is a quantity that can be measured
"o do measurement\$ )e need measurin% instrument.
*ist do)n measurin% instrument that you +no)!
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
,ase (uantities are physical quantities that cannot be defned in terms of
any other (uantities.
Every physica (uantity is expressed as numerica vaue in a suitabe unit of
measurement.
Exampe !
1.1 UNDERSTANDING
!"SI#S
1.\$ UNDERSTANDING %ASE &UANTITIES '
DERI(ED &UANTITIES
-ei%ht of a boy\$ h .
1/0 cm
Physical quantity Numerical value
Unit of
measurement
Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi
C1F4 2014
1erived (uantities are physical quantities that are derived from
co)bination o* base quantities throu%h mutipication\$ division\$ or both.
Determine the derived unit for the following derived quantities.
Derived
quantity
Formula Derived unit
Name of
derived unit
area area = length x width m x m = m
2
--
volume volume = length x width x height m x m x m = m
3
-
density
volume
mass
ensity d = -
velocity
time
nt displaceme
elocity v = -
momentum momentum = mass x velocity kg m s
-1
-
Acceleration
time
velocity in change
on accelerati = -
orce force = mass x acceleration kg m s
-2
!ewton "!#
\$ressure
area
force
pressure =
weight weight = mass x gravitational acceleration
work work = force x dis\$lacement
\$ower
time
work
power =
kinetic energy
2
velocity mass K.E =
2
1
\$otential
energy
%&' = mass x gravitational acceleration x height Kg ms
-2
!oule "!#
charge charge = current x time
\$mpere
second "\$s#
Coulomb (C)
voltage
charge
work
voltage =
C
-!
"olt (v)
resistance
current
voltage
resistance =
v #
-!
\$hm (%)
%ote that the physical quantities such as width, thic&ness, height, distance,
displacement, perimeter, radius and diameter are equivalent to length
S"A21A31 F435 6 SC7E2"7F7C
24"A"742
Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi
C1F4 2014
Standard form is based on po)ers of the base number 10.
8rite the foo)in% (uantities in standard form !
a. 3adius of the earth . 9 :;0 000 m ..
b. 5ass of an eectron . 0.000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 <11 +%
...........................
c. Si=e of a partice . 0.000 0: m .
b. 1iameter of an atom . 0.000 000 0;2 m .
...
c. 8aveen%th of i%ht . 0.000 000 00 m . ..
+ef,es
're#xes are the precedin% factor used to represent very sma and very ar%e
physica (uantities in S7 units.

Exampe 1
"he fre(uency of the radio )ave is :005 -=. 8hat is the fre(uency of the radio
)ave in -=>
\$nswer '
5e%a ?5@ . 1\$000\$000 or 10
9
"herefore\$
:005-= . :00 x 10
9
-=
Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi
C1F4 2014
Exampe 2
"he thic+ness of a #m is 20nm. 8hat is the thic+ness in unit meter>
\$nswer
nano ?n@ . 0.000000001 or 10
A<
"herefore \$-n) . \$- , 1/
01
)
Exampe :!
0.200 s is e(ua to ho) many ms.
\$nswer
mii ?m@ . 0.001 or 10A
:
"o )rite a norma number )ith pre#xes\$ )e divide the number )ith the vaue
of the pre#xes
0.0200 s . 0.0200 B 10
A:
. 20.0 ms
UNIT #2(ERSI2N
For unit conversion, my advice is u need to polish your maths basic skills such as conversion
& standard form. But in physics,..by now u should already memorised the power of 10 for
prefix like Mea, !ia, kilo, micro & etc.
For example"
Mea # M # 10
\$
kilo # k # 10
%

&ere some workin examples of unit 'onversion "
1. ( k # ( )k*
# ( )10
%
*
# ( x 10
%

## ) co+ k is the prefix for 10

%
, so ,ust substitute the value of k with 10
%
*
2. -ets chane the unit from km/hr to m/s
./00 kmhr
0/

# ./00 km / hr
2
= ./00 x 10
3
m
-------- ----
( 60 x 60)
2
s
2
= 5.6 x 10
-1
ms
-2
On next example i'll show u step by step how unit m
3
is changed to cm
3
4. 1/( cm
%
, lets chane the unit to m
3
1/( cm
%
# 1/( ) 1cm x 1cm x 1cm *, now we want to chane the unit cm to m,
Because of prefix ce!ti" (c) mea!s, c=10
-2
, so #e su\$stitute s%m\$o& c #ith 10
-2
= 1/() 10
-2
m x 10
-2
m x 10
-2
m*
Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi
C1F4 2014
= 1/() 10
0/
x 10
0/
x 10
0/
* )m)
3
see, the unit now chaned to metre cube "*
= 1/()10
0/
* m
3
=1/( x 10
0\$
m
3
1e can also rewrite it in standard form ,1.25 x 10
02
m
%
Exercise 1 : Convert the foo)in% to m ?meter@
A+ea and (olu)e
1. Convert
(a) 4 m
2
into the units of cm
2
(b) 30 cm
2
into the units of m
2
Modul P&P @ Helmi Tarmizi
C1F4 2014
(c) 2.5 m
2
to unit of mm
2
(d) 500 mm
2
into the units of m
2