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SERVICE MANUAL

CENTRIFUGE BALANCE
Model CB220

Centron Technologies Corporation

SERVICE MANUAL
CENTRIFUGE BALANCE
Model CB220

No. CAT.CB220SM1.2Ee
ISSUE 3
DEC. 2005

Centron Technologies Corporation


319-25 Sadang-4-dong, Dongjak-ku
Seoul, Korea 156-823
Tel.: (02) 522-7807
Fax : (02) 522-7806

------------------------------------Important Notes
------------------------------------1. When you turn the power switch on ;
Do not put anything on trays when you turn the power switch on.
Wait for 10 seconds for stabilization of sensors.
2. Mechanical Safety
Be careful not to push down two flat trays on the top too hard.
Although each tray can endure a shock force up to 12 Kg-force, hitting it too
hard can damage weight-sensitive devices under the tray.
It is recommended not to put heavier weights over 2.5 Kg on a tray.
3. Maximum Weight Limit
Total weights to be loaded on a flat tray should not be greater than 2.5 Kg.
Above 2.5 Kg, the equipment does not work.
4. Electrical Safety
Make sure that AC power adapter input matches with main line voltage at your
area, and be careful not to touch the AC line voltage.
5. High Temperature
Avoid using or leaving the equipment in locations where air temperature is higher
o
o
than 50 C (122 F). Keep it away from any heating sources or direct sunlight.
6. Cleaning
Use a soft cloth and mild detergent to clean the equipment.
Do not use thinner, benzene or other solvents.

Contents
------------------------------------------------------------------------------page
i
ii
iii

Important Notes
Contents
List of Figures
1.

Introduction
1-1.
1-2.
1-3.

1-1

General
Features
Specifications

1-1
1-3
1-4

2. Appearance and Functions


2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
3.

2-1

Front Panel
Rear Panel
Power Adapter

2-1
2-3
2-3

System Descriptions
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.

3-1

General
Main Board
Panel Board
Power Supply Board

3-1
3-3
3-5
3-6

4.

Standard Operating Procedures

4-1

5.

Troubleshootings

5-1

5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
6.

Precautions
Test Equipments
Troubleshooting Procedures
Weight Calibration

Schematic Diagrams
6-1.

5-1
5-1
5-2
5-5
6-1

Wiring Diagram

6-2

ii

page
7-1

7. Technical Illustrations
7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
7-4.
8.

Exploded View
Main Board Assembly
Panel Board Assembly
Power Supply Board Assembly

Parts List

7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5
8-1

List of Figures
[Figure 1-1]
[Figure 2-1]
[Figure 3-1]
[Figure 3-2]
[Figure 3-3]
[Figure 3-4]
[Figure 5-1]
[Figure 6-1]
[Figure 7-1]
[Figure 7-2]
[Figure 7-3]
[Figure 7-4]

Centrifuge Balance CB 220


Front panel view
Overall system block diagram
Main board functional block diagram
Panel board functional block diagram
Power supply board functional block diagram
Troubleshooting flow charts
Wiring diagram
Exploded view of CB 220
Main board layout
Panel board layout
Power supply board layout

iii

page
1-2
2-1
3-2
3-3
3-5
3-6
5-3
6-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-5

1. Introduction
1-1. General
This Service Manual describes technical information of Centrifuge Balance CB 220 to
aid service and maintenance of the equipment.
(Service Manual ini menjelaskan informasi teknis Centrifuge
Balance CB 220 untuk membantu pelayanan dan pemeliharaan
peralatan. )

The manual contains ;


(Panduan ini berisi; )
1. Introduction (Pendahuluan )
2. Appearance and Functions (Penampilan dan Fungsi )
3. System Descriptions (Deskripsi Sistem )
4. Standard Operating Procedures (Prosedur Operasional
Standar )

5. Troubleshootings and Adjustments


6.
7.
8.
9.

(Pemecahan masalah dan Penyesuaian )


Schematic Diagrams (Skema Diagram )
Technical Illustrations (Ilustrasi Teknis )
Parts List (Parts List )
List of Figures (Daftar Gambar )

Centrifuge Balance CB 220 is a precision electronic equipment.


The equipments should be serviced by authorized service personnel.
( Centrifuge Balance CB 220 adalah peralatan elektronik presisi.
Peralatan harus dilayani oleh petugas servis resmi. )

[Figure 1-1]

Centrifuge Balance CB 220

1-2

1-2. Features
Centrifuge Balance model CB 220 is an electronic differential scale with special
features. The equipment has two weight-sensors and control circuitries.
The equipment measures two loads of weights together and displays the difference
of two weights, and lights an indication lamp at lighter side to inform operators of
which side of load is lighter and how much.
In all blood banks and laboratories, many centrifuges are used everyday in the
process of plasma/platelet separation. As it's a must to check and balance the two
total weights of bloodbags that are to be loaded at two opposite baskets of a
centrifuge machine, balancing job requires a long time and patience of operators.
Now with this new Centrifuge Balance, the balancing job can be done just in a few
seconds, and it requests operator's least attention, furthermore expensive centrifuge
machines can be protected safe.
Operation of the equipment is very simple. After loading two loads onto each tray,
if GOOD lamp is not lit, add one or a few of small pieces on the tray where a lamp
is on until you have GOOD lamp indication. That's all.
Having GOOD lamp indication means that weights of two loads are same within
the pre-determined tolerance value - say 2 grams. This value can be changed by
manufacturer's revision of software upon special request from users.
Warming-up of 10 seconds is required when power is turned on.
equipment checks itself and stabilizes weight-sensitive circuits.

1-3

During the time,

Model Centrifuge Balance CB 220 adalah skala diferensial elektronik


dengan fitur-fitur khusus . Peralatan tersebut memiliki dua berat sensor dan circuitries kontrol.
Peralatan mengukur dua beban bobot bersama-sama dan menampilkan
perbedaan dari dua bobot , dan lampu lampu indikasi di sisi yang lebih
ringan untuk menginformasikan operator yang sisi beban lebih ringan
dan berapa banyak .
Dalam semua bank darah dan laboratorium , banyak sentrifugal yang
digunakan sehari-hari dalam proses pemisahan plasma / platelet .
Seperti itu adalah suatu keharusan untuk memeriksa dan
menyeimbangkan dua jumlah bobot bloodbags yang akan dimuat pada
dua keranjang berlawanan dari mesin centrifuge , menyeimbangkan
pekerjaan membutuhkan waktu yang lama dan kesabaran operator .
Sekarang dengan ini Centrifuge Balance baru , pekerjaan
menyeimbangkan dapat dilakukan hanya dalam beberapa detik , dan
meminta sedikitnya perhatian operator , mesin centrifuge selanjutnya
mahal dapat dilindungi aman.
Pengoperasian peralatan sangat sederhana . Setelah loading dua beban
ke setiap baki ,
jika lampu BAIK tidak menyala , tambahkan satu atau beberapa
potongan-potongan kecil di atas nampan di mana lampu menyala
sampai Anda memiliki indikasi lampu BAIK . Itu saja .
Memiliki indikasi lampu BAIK berarti bahwa bobot dari dua beban yang
sama dalam nilai toleransi yang telah ditentukan - mengatakan 2 gram .
Nilai ini dapat diubah oleh revisi produsen perangkat lunak atas
permintaan khusus dari pengguna .
Pemanasan - up dari 10 detik diperlukan saat dinyalakan . Selama ini ,
peralatan cek sendiri dan menstabilkan sirkuit berat - sensitif .

1-4

1-3. Specifications
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

Range of weight measurement ; 0 - 2500 grams


Maximum weight difference to be displayed ; 2500 grams
Weight sensors ; Load cells
Weight display panel ; 4-digit LED display (1000-100-10-1)
Indication lamps ; GOOD, A, B
Condition to have GOOD lamp indication ; weight difference within 2 grams(*)
Controls ; POWER, ZERO
Accuracy
(1) Weight calibration tolerance ; +/- 1 gram
(2) Decimal truncation error ; 1 gram
(3) Total accuracy of display ; +/- 2 grams(*)
i. Power source ; 100-120 or 220-240 VAC through AC power adapter.
j. Power consumption ; 5 watts
k. Dimensions ; W 330 x H 130 x D 180 mm
l. Weight ; 3.2 Kg
m. Temperature characteristics ;
operating :
0 - 40 oC ( 32 - 104 oF)
storage : - 20 - 70 oC ( - 4 - 158 oF)
(*) REMARK : Taking the accuracy in para. h.-(3) into consideration, actual value
of GOOD lamp condition will be weight difference of 4 grams maximum.
This value can be changed by manufacturer's revision of software upon special
request from users.

1-5

2. Appearance and Functions


2-1. Front Panel

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)

Power Switch
Left Indicator Lamp (A)
[GOOD] Lamp
Weight Display Panel
Right Indicator Lamp (B)
[ZERO] Switch
Tray

[Figure 2-1]

Front Panel View

2-1

Front Panel Functions


(1)

Power Switch ;

turns equipment power on and off.

(2)

Left Indicator Lamp (A) ; is turned on when weights loaded on the left tray
is lighter than weights on the right tray by more than 1 gram.

(3)

[GOOD] Lamp ; is turned on when both weights loaded on two trays are
same within the pre-determined value (of 2 grams).

(4)

Weight Display Panel ; displays the difference of two weights in [grams].

(5)

Right Indicator Lamp (B) ; is turned on when weights loaded on the right
tray is lighter than weights on the left tray by more than 1 gram.

(6)

[ZERO] Switch ; resets the display to zero when depressed.

(7)

Tray ; There are two flat trays for both sides.

2-2

2-2. Rear Panel


Rear Panel Functions
(1)

Power Adapter Inlet ; An AC power adapter is plugged in at this connector.

(2)

Fuse Holder ; houses a fuse of

250V/1A.

2-3. Power Adapter


An AC power adapter is connected to inlet connector on rear panel of the
equipment.
Make sure that adapter input matches with AC main line voltage at your area.

2-3

3. System Descriptions
3-1. General
Centrifuge Balance CB 220 consists of a main unit and an AC power adapter.
Main unit comprises three printed circuit board assemblies, two load cell weight
sensors and simple mechanism to put two centrifuge baskets to be weighed.
Major assemblies in main unit are ;
. Main Board
. Panel Board
. Power Supply Board
. Two Load Cells
Refer to the [Figure 3-1] Overall system block diagram to find system configuration.
Following paragraphs describe operation theory and functions of each board assembly
in detail.

3-1

[Figure 3-1]

Overall System Block Diagram

3-2

3-2. Main Board


Main board comprises two load cell amplifiers, two analog-to-digital converters,
ROM memory and a microprocessor.
[Figure 3-2] represents the functional block diagram of Main board assembly.

[Figure 3-2]

Main Board Functional Block Diagram

3-3

(1) Load cell amplifiers ;


Load cells generate very weak signals that are proportional to the weights applied on
each load cell.
OP amp stages U1 and U2 amplify the weak signal by 60 DB and feed it to the A/D
converter U3. Potentiometer VR1 adjusts offset voltage, and VR2 adjusts signal
gain of amplification.
The other chain is exactly identical. U4 and U5 are amplifiers, U6 is A/D converter.
(2) A/D converters ;
A/D converters U3 and U6 convert each analog signal to digital signal.
They communicate with the microprocessor U9, and each converter provides 4-bit
digit selects and 4-bit data to microprocessor U9.
(3) Microprocessor and memory ;
Microprocessor U9 is an 8-bit CPU. It is the heart of the equipment, controls all
circuits, switch and displays.
On power on, it self-checks for 10 seconds, tares the weights of hardwares and trays
loaded on each load cell.
After two centrifuge baskets loaded onto each tray, it measures each weight and
compares the two weights. Difference of weights is displayed on panel.
If difference of weights is within the preset tolerance - say 2 grams, it commands the
GOOD lamp to be lit. If two weights are not same each other, it commands an LED
lamp at lighter side to be lit.
Pressing the ZERO button switch makes the CPU tare and difference displayed goes
to zero any time.
U8 is a ROM where all software programs are stored.

3-4

3-3. Panel Board


Panel board comprises LED addressing and drive logic circuits, 4-digit 7-segment
LED displays, three LED lamps and a button switch.
[Figure 3-3] represents the functional block diagram of Panel board assembly.

U1 is segment selector, U2 is chip selector.


They drive the four common-anode LED displays SEG1 through SEG4.
LD1 is turned on when the weight at left side is lighter than what is at right side.
LD3 is turned on when the weight at right side is lighter than what is at left side.
LD2 is turned on when difference of weights is within the preset tolerance.
A tactile push button switch is for ZERO command to the microprocessor.

3-5

3-4. Power Supply Board


Power supply board comprises three voltage regulator circuits - +12V, +5V, -5V.
[Figure 3-4] represents the functional block diagram of Power supply board assembly.

(1) +12V Regulator ;


U1 takes voltage from an AC power adapter, and outputs a regulated voltage of
+12 volts. Q1 is a current-booster transistor.
(2) +5V Regulator ;
U5 is a +5 volt regulator.
(3) -5V Regulator ;
+12 volts is regulated down at U2, then supplied to a negative voltage converter
U3. Output from U3 is -9V, which voltage is regulated to -5V at U4.

3-6

4. Standard Operating Procedures


(1) Remove everything on trays, then turn power switch on.
(2) Wait for 10 seconds until display shows " 0 ".
. GOOD lamp is turned on too.
[Note 1] If anything remains on trays or trays are touched during the 10 seconds,
equipment will maintain basic errors in weight display.
Turn power off and turn on again.
[Note 2] If you want to use containers for bloodbags, put the containers on both
trays before turning power on. Initial weights of containers must be there on
the trays all the time throughout whole processes.
(3) Load the bloodbags, or centrifuge baskets with bloodbags, onto both trays.
. Display shows a weight difference value.
. A lamp, either A or B will be lit.
. If GOOD lamp is lit, proceed to (5).
[Note 3] Bloodbags may be put in containers or centrifuge baskets.
In any case, the total weight of loads on a tray should be less than 2.5Kg.
If loaded weight would exceed 2.5 Kg, display would show " O L", which
stands for "Over-Loaded".
(4) Add one or a few of small weights on the tray where the lamp is on until GOOD
lamp is turned on.
. Display will show a value of less than 3 grams.
. Either A or B may or may not be turned on.
[Note 4] The small pieces of weights will be prepared in advance.
It is recommended that the small pieces would be in several different sizes,
for example - 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 grams each.
A new bloodbag is the best material to prepare such extra weights, as it is
soft and easy to cut.

4-1

(5)

Unload the bloodbags from trays.


Now both loads are balanced, good to load at a centrifuge machine.
[Note 5] During your works, if you watch that display shows a non-zero value
even though nothing is loaded on the trays, depress the ZERO button once.
This could be happen due to a drift in the circuits of weight-sensors.

4-2

5. Troubleshootings
This chapter describes how to troubleshoot and calibrate the equipment by authorized
service personnel with proper test equipments.
Troubleshooting flow chart leads service personnel to a faulty assembly or to one or
a few suspicious components. When a faulty assembly or component is isolated, it
would be adjusted in accordance with corresponding calibration procedures, or be
replaced with a good one.
Followings are the topics covered in this chapter ;
. Precautions for troubleshooting
. Test equipments necessary
. Troubleshooting flow chart
. Weight check and calibration procedures

5-1. Precautions
When performing troubleshooting, keep following general precautions ;
*

Use proper test equipments and tools.

When replacing a component, use proper rated component.

Be careful not to touch AC main line voltage.

* When disassembling and re-assembling the structures, refer to the [Figure 7-1]
Exploded view carefully.

5-2. Test Equipments


Test equipments and tools listed below are necessary to do troubleshooting.
.

Multimeter

Oscilloscope

Screwdrivers (cross-tips, flat-tips)

Standard or known weights

5-1

5-3. Troubleshooting Procedures


The troubleshooting flow charts in [Figure 5-1] will guide service personnel to a faulty
assembly or components that should be replaced or corrected.
When a faulty assembly is isolated, it will be adjusted to correct state, or be replaced
with a new good assembly. In case that service people have good knowledge in
electronics, proper test equipments and components, they can troubleshoot to a single
faulty component.
All technical documentations necessary for adjustments and troubleshootings are
prepared in the Chapters 5 through 8.

Legend of Troubleshooting Flow Charts

Square

.......... Action

Diamond

.......... Decision

Circle with
alphabet

.......... Connection to/from other branch.

Vertical
line

.......... "YES" path

Horizontal
line

.......... "NO" path

5-2

5-3

5-4

5-4. Weight Calibration


Weight Check
As this equipment is all solid-state and uses very reliable weight sensors with big
number of safety figure, there exists very small possibility that calibration of weight
displays would be out of allowable tolerance range.
In principle, there exists an error due to decimal truncation which is 1 gram max.
It is considered that discrepancy between -1 to +2 grams is allowable total
tolerance at this equipment.
Following procedures describe how to check weight accuracy.
(1) Prepare a known weight of about 1,500 - 2,000 grams.
(2) Turn power on and, after 10 seconds stand-by, put it on a tray.
(3) Read the value displayed. If the value displayed is out of your allowance,
follow calibration procedures below.
(4) Repeat para. (1) through (3) at the other tray.
Weight Calibration
This calibration of weighing circuit is very sensitive and time-taking.
Follow procedures below carefully.
(1) Prepare a small size flat(-) tip screwdriver of 2-3 mm diameter.
(2) Prepare a standard or known weight between 1,500 - 2000 grams.
(Let's say, the weight = W1).
(3) Remove trays and open cover case.
A.

Left channel calibration ;


(1) While depressing the ZERO button, turn the power switch ON.
Equipment enters into test mode, where displays show a direct reading of
the weight loaded on the left load cell.
(2) Adjust VR3 (Left-Offset) till the displays show "1200".
(Let's say, the now-displayed number = W2).
Confirm that displayed figure decreases when you push the left load cell
softly.
NOTE :
As the A/D converter can handles 1999 maximum, while we need to
weigh upto 2500 grams, a polarity bit is also used. Therefore the A/D
converter gives output data to CPU actually from -1999 to +1999.
(NOTE continues in next page .......)

5-5

When no load is put on the load cell, A/D converter should be in negative
region. In negative region, output from A/D converter decreases when a
weight is loaded. After passing zero point, it goes into positive region.
In positive region, output from A/D converter increases when a weight is
loaded.
(3) Put the known weight on left load cell.
(Let's say, the displayed number = W3).
If W1 - W2 is not equal to W3, you need gain adjustment.
VR4 changes Left-Gain. Turn it clockwise to increase circuit gain, or turn
it counter-clockwise to decrease gain.
Be careful to turn it a little, about one eighth to one fourth of a rotation
slowly. Do not turn any potentiometer screw too much at a time.
NOTE :
If W3 is smaller than W1 -W2, it means the gain is too low.
If W3 is greater than W1 -W2, it means the gain is too high.
(4) To adjust gain, unload the weight first, then increase or decrease gain at VR4.
Then repeat from para. (2) until you get W1 - W2 = W3.
B.

Right channel calibration ;


(1) Press the ZERO button once.
Equipment enters into test mode to check the right channel.
(2) Adjustment is exactly identical with at left channel.
So, follow the above procedures from para. (2).
VR1 is for Right-Offset, VR2 is for Right-Gain adjustment.
NOTE :
Pressing the ZERO button once will make the equipment enter into test mode
to check the left channel again. It toggles between left and right channels.

5-6

6. Schematic Diagrams

[Figure 6-1]

Wiring diagram

6-1

6-2

7. Technical Illustrations

[Figure 7-1]

Exploded view of CB 220

[Figure 7-2]

Main board layout

[Figure 7-3]

Panel board layout

[Figure 7-4]

Power supply board layout

7-1

7-2

[Figure 7-2]

Main board layout

7-3

[Figure 7-3]

Panel board layout

7-4

[Figure 7-4]

Power supply board layout

7-5

8. Parts List
All parts are identified with manufacturer's part numbers in Parts Lists.
Their locations in units are found by Find Numbers in [Figure 7-1] Expolded view or
in corresponding printed circuit board layouts in [Figure 7-2] through [Figure 7-4].
Prefix "A" in find number denotes that it is not a single component but an assembly,
and a lower-level parts list of which is presented at another place.
Orders for a service part to dealers or manufacturer should be accompanied by its part
number or a designation number.

8-1

8-2

8-3

8-4

8-5

8-6

8-7