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110623.

0 1 ehands\2ChemicalSafety Basic Chemical Segregation



Basic Chemical Segregation
When certain hazardous chemicals are stored or mixed together, violent reactions may occur because the chemicals are unsuitable for mixing, or
are incompatible. Classes of incompatible chemicals should be segregated from each other during storage, according to hazard class. Use the
following general guidelines for hazard class storage.
The following provides general guidance on classes of chemicals, recommended storage methods, examples, and incompatibilities. For further
assistance, please contact EH&S at 7-4712.
CLASS OF
CHEMICALS
RECOMMENDED STORAGE
METHOD
EXAMPLES INCOMPATIBILITIES
SEE MSDS IN ALL CASES
Oxidizers Store inside a noncombustible
cabinet, separate from
flammable and
combustible materials.
Store inorganic oxidizers, organic peroxides,
separate from each other via secondary
containment. All oxidizers at GUMC should be
considered shock-senstive.
Inorganic oxidizers - Sodium
hypochlorite, ammonium nitrate
Organic peroxides methyl ethyl ketone
peroxide, allyl compounds, haloalkenes,
dienes, monomeric vinyl compounds,
vinylacetylenes, unsaturated cyclic
hydrocarbons

Separate from reducing
agents, flammables and
combustibles
Flammable
Liquids
Store in grounded flammable storage cabinet. Acetone, benzene, diethyl ether,
methanol,
ethanol, toluene
Separate from acids, bases,
oxidizers, and poisons.
Flammable
Solids
Store in grounded flammable storage cabinet.
Flammable solids must be segregated from
flammable liquids via secondary containment.
Phosphorus, lithium, sodium, potassium Separate from acids and
oxidizers.
Corrosives -
Acids
Store in separate acid
storage cabinet. Within the acid cabinet store
each of the following groups separately via
secondary containment: oxidizing acids,
flammable (organic) acids, and mineral acids.
Oxidizing acids - nitric acid, perchloric
acid, chromic acid, picric acid,
chromerge
Flammable and organic acids glacial
acetic acid, trifloroacetic acid,
trichloroacetic acid, triflic acid
Mineral acids - Hydrochloric acid,
sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid
Separate from flammable
liquids,
flammable solids, bases,
oxidizers.
110623.0 2 ehands\2ChemicalSafety Basic Chemical Segregation

CLASS OF
CHEMICALS
RECOMMENDED STORAGE
METHOD
EXAMPLES INCOMPATIBILITIES
SEE MSDS IN ALL CASES
Corrosives -
Bases
Store in separate storage cabinet. Store
inorganic bases separate from reducing agents
via secondary containment.
Inorganic bases sodium hydroxide,
potassium hydroxide, ammonium
hydroxide
Reducing agents Lithium aluminum
hydride, sodium borohydride, lithium
borohydride

Separate from oxidizers and
acids.
Compressed
Gases-
Oxidizing

Store in a cool, dry area, away from flammable
gases and liquids. Securely strap or chain
cylinders to a wall or bench.
Oxygen, chlorine Separate from flammable
gases.
Compressed
Gases-
Flammable

Store in a cool, dry area, away from oxidizing
gases. Securely strap or chain cylinders to a
wall or bench top.
Methane, acetylene, propane Separate from oxidizing and
toxic
compressed gases,
oxidizers.
Compressed
Gases-
Poisonous

Store in a cool, dry area,
away from flammable
gases and liquids.
Securely strap or chain
cylinders to a wall or
bench.

Carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide
(H
2
S)
Flammable and/or
oxidizing gases.
Compressed
Gases Inert

Store in a cool, dry area. Securely strap or chain
cylinders to a wall or bench.
Nitrogen, helium, argon See MSDS
General
Chemicals
Non-reactive
Store on general
laboratory benches or
shelving preferably
behind glass doors, or below eye level.



Agar, sodium chloride, sodium
bicarbonate,
and most non-reactive salts
See MSDS
110623.0 3 ehands\2ChemicalSafety Basic Chemical Segregation

CLASS OF
CHEMICALS
RECOMMENDED STORAGE
METHOD
EXAMPLES INCOMPATIBILITIES
SEE MSDS IN ALL CASES
Water
Reactive
Chemicals
Store in dry, cool,
location, protect from
water fire sprinkler. Note: Many water reactive
chemicals are flammable solids. If flammable
solid, store as such. If not, store separately from
all other chemicals.
Sodium metal, potassium metal, lithium
metal, lithium aluminum hydride
Separate from all
aqueous solutions, and
oxidizers.
Poisons
(Toxicological
Hazard)
If poisons can be categorized as oxidizer, acid,
or flammable, store as such. If non-reactive but
highly toxic store separately from all other
chemicals.
Cyanides, heavy metals compounds
(e.g., cadmium, mercury, osmium)
methyl iodide, dimethyl sulfate, mercury
Flammable liquids,
acids, bases, and
oxidizers.