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iCLA

University Roll No.


B.Tech. (EC) Finat Year, VII Semester, Session 2013-14
First mid Term Exam
Time
-1&1/2
hrs Satellite Communication
(ECE-407) Max Marks:20
Notes
l. Answer four questions from Section A, any two from Section B and any two from Section C.
2. All parts of a question (a, b, etc.) should be answered at one place.
3. Answer should be brief and to-the-point and be supplemented with neat sketches.
4. Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably giving proper justificatiou.
5. Figures on th. right-hand sitle margin indicate the marks.
6. Asiume the average radius of the earth is 6378.137 km and Kepler's constant has the value 3.986004418 x
los kmr/s2.
SECTION- A
Note: Answer anY FOUR questions.
4xl=4
I. Write the frequency range in GHz for uplink & downlink for C & Ku bands for satellite communication'
II. Write the expressions for lirrear velocity & average areal velocity of a satellite giving the meaning of each term.
llt. A satellite system has uplink CNR as 20 dB and downlink CNR as 30 dB then overall CNR is
IV: If the power output of the TWTA of a satellite is 9 dBW operating with an output backoff of 5 dB, then the
power output ir; W of tlte
'l'WTn
rccluircd fbr lirll saturated EIRP is
V. Wr-ite tfte FltlSS lbrrnula irrcor'1tt-u'itl.rttg :iystcnl losscs givittg tltc tttcrtttitrll ol u.tcir lct tri.
VI. If an eafth station is in the nofthern hemisphere with satellite to the SW of the earth station, then the azimutlt
angle is given by
SECTION- B
Note: Answer any TWO
Questions
l. Define the following terms.
(a) Declination
(b) Right Ascension
(d) Argument of pei'igce west
(e) Elevation Angle
3+3:6
(c) Inclination
.(l)
Azimuth'Angle
ll.
III.
Write the conditions for a satellite to be a Geostationary. Calculate the altitude & linear velocity of a GEO -
stationary satellite.
Explain the technique of placing the satellite in GEO orbit with the help of AKM with neat sketch
Page 1 of 2
SECTION- C
Note: Answer any TWO questions.
5+5:10
I. What do you mean by
,the
transponder' as applied to a communications
satellite? Differentiate between base
band & bent pipe transponders.Draw
the block diagram of singte conversion type transponder at C band
mentioning the value of fiequency at the input & output of each block.
Il. A C-band earth station has an antenna with a transmit
gain of 54 dB. The transmitter otltput power is set to
100 W at a frequency of 6.100 GHz. The signal is received by a satellite at a distance of 37,500 km by an
unt.nnu with a gain of 26 dB. The signal is then routed to a transponder with a noise tempemture of 500 K, a
bandwidth of 36 MHz; and a gairr of I l0 dB' Calculate
a) The path loss at 6.1 GHz
b) Calculate the power at the output port (sornetimes called the output waveguide flange) of the satellite
antenna, in dBW.
c) calculate tlre noisc power at tlre transponder input. in dBW, irr a bandwidth of 36 Ml-lz'
d)
('alcttllttc
tltc C/N t'ittio, ilt dl]' irt llrc trartspottclcr
c) calculatc thc carricr powcf, ill dllw attd irt watts, at the tratrspondcr output'
f ll. A 4 Gtlzreceiver
has the fbllowing
gains and noise temperatures:
'l',,,
25 l(, l'ru'"50 K'
'l',"'6(X)K' 'l'rt"
l l(X)K'
(ix1'=25
dB' Grr':30 dl]
,,1
('lrlctrlrrtc
tlrc systerrr rrtrist'lcrrrpclirttttc lvltcrt tltc ttrixcr ltas a gain ol'0 dl]'
t,) ltccalcslatq thc systcrn rroisc tcrrrl'rcralut'c
wltct'l thc tttixcr has a loss ol' l0 dB'
c) How cap t5e terlpclattrrc ol-ttrc rcceiver be nrinimized wltett the mixer has a loss of l0 dB ?
Page2 of 2
University
Roll No... .
course : B. rech rvth
y"*,Gr-Lfi
tYTJ#',3#3Hi1*n
Examinatio
n, 20 | 3 - 1 4
Subject: Digital Signal
processing
(ECE
402)
Time: 90 Minutes
Max.Marks:
20
Notes:
l' Answer any FouR
Questions
from Section A, Two from section B & Two from section
C.
2' All questions
of the particular
section should be answered collectively
at one place.
3' Answer should be to the point & wherever required, be supplemented
with neat sketches.
!-.
v
missing datamay be assumed suitably giving prop"rj.rrtification.
5. Figures on the right hand side margin indicaie
-*tr.
-
Section A
Note: Attempt any FouR questions
usrrt''
^
4xl:4
(I) State the circular shifting property
of DFT.
(II) How many complex multiplications
& complex additions are required
to compute DFT
through DIT- FFT algorithm?
(III)
Give two properties
of Twiddle Factor.
(IV) What is the value of Ws
s
?
(v)
If the DFT of N point
sequence x(n) is X(K), what will be the DFT of x*(n) ?
(VI) Define All-pass systems.
Note: Attempt any TWo questions
section B
3+3:6
(I) Derive expressio,s
of relationship
of the DFT to following transforms:
(a) Dis*ete
Time Fourier Transform (DTFT)
(b) z-Transform
(II) Determine
the DFT of the following
sequence
^,r-r_
(-I, n=0,2,4
x\n)
=
| !',,
=
L',i','
N:b
(III) compute total number
-orreat
additions
& realmultiplications
required
to calculate
all
values of DFT of any particular
sequence of length N.
Section C
'Note:
Attempt any TWO questions
5+5:16
(I)
Compute the DFT for the sequence
x(n)
=
n * L, whgre N:g using DIT_FFT
Algorithm.
0I)
An input sequence x(n)
= 72,7,0,L21is applied to u
psp
system having an impulse
response
h(n)
_
{5,3,2,L}. Determine
the output sequence produced
by
(a) Linear Convolution
_
(b) verify the above result through
circular convolution.
(III)
Explain Goertzel Algorithm.
University Roll No
GLA University, Mathura
course: -B.Tech. IV-year, I-Mid rerm (odd sem.) Examinatio n,20!3-14
Time:_9' Minutes
Subject: - DATA NETWORKS (ECE-401)
M.M:20
Notes:-
l
'
Answer any FouR questions
from Group A, Any Two from Group B and Any Two from Group C.
2' All questions
of the particular group should be answered collectively
at one place.
All parts
of a
question (a, b, etc.)
should be answered at one place.
3' Answer should be briefand to-the-point
and be supplemented
with neat sketches.
4. Any missing or wrong data may be-assumed
suitabry givinifroperjustification
Attempt any FOUR questions.
Section A
l+1+1+l={
Marks
I Find the number of error bits that can be corrected for minimum hamming
distance
dmin
=4.
II What is the difference between internet
and Internet?
III consider a noiseless channel with a bandwidth
of 6000 Hz transmitting
a signal with eight signal
Levels. Find out The Maxirnum
bit rate.
IV Name the key responsibility
of the Transport
rayer in oSI Moder.
V Which layers in the OSI MODEL support the Network?
vl Give the difference
between network rayer derivery and transport rayer derivery.
Secliori
-ll
Attempt any TWO questions
3*3=6l\{arks
I Distinguish
between Data rate & Baud rate .Give one exampte for each of them.
II Explain the difference between
osl moderand TCp rp moder.
ilr Exprain the Bit stuffing rerating to the data rink rayer. A bit string
1010111111011110111110111111011,
need to be hansmitteo
it the data tink rayer.
what is the
string actually transmitted
after bit stuffing?
sr u
'v
vqrq ,,,,,.
Section-C
Attempt any TWO questions.
5+5=10
Marks
I Explain Packet switching
and circuit switching.
How it is different
from each otherl'
ll we need a data-word
of at least 7 bits, calculate
the value of k & n that satisfied
this -
requirement'
where k= size of data word, n= size of code word. if the 7 bit Hamming
code word
received by a receiver is 1'110101.
Assuming
the even parity.
state whether
the received
code
word is correct or wrong. if wrong locate the bit in error and find the
Correct data word.
lll How the ISo and oSI are related to each other? Explain the working
of each layer in oSI model.
.*'4 il/.'I A
University
RollNo""""
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B.Tech
IV Year,
VII Semester'
Session
2013-14
First
Mid-Term
Examination
Radar
Engineering
(ECE-a10)
Max Marks:
20
Time:
lYzhrs
Notes:
I"liil*'tions
of the particurar
groT
**1}^T:Y::'-t^*:i^t::"tt
at one
place'
i iii
ffi'';
;"*';"
(u' o;
:9 :1"111 ::ffl::**:lt$T'l
1^ti,l,il',ilJtffi
ffi i#;r,il;F;a*qo":io,4"i:11"
y*T::::::*'
i.tliliililJ'i",,1';;;;;;*uvu"u*"lit.:":.:lygJl*proper
justincation
; : ilJ#;Tr'"
"ei'i-r'"na'i
SECTION.
A
Note: Answer
anY FOUR Questions
1. Define thermal
noise'
2. Define
maximum
unambiguous
range'
3. What is duty cycle for radar system?
4. Write down.t,",ua*,*ge
equation
mentioning
the meaning of each word.
i: How the radiation
intensity
of an antenna
is defined?
i:. Wttut is selectivity
of superheterodyne
receiver?
SECTION-
B
Note: Answer
anY TWO
Questions
Explain how a target is detected by a radar system'
Give the application
of radar system'
Derive the-iadar
range equation and give its significance'
SECTION-
C
Note: Answer
anY TWO
questions
1. Radar is operating
at lOGHz with a peak power 370Kw'
The gain of antenna
minimum
power of receiver
is l0-14w. calculate
the maximum
range of radar if
.aperture
or*tel-u
isl0 cm2 and radar cross section
is 4 mm2.
2. Draw the block diagram and working of the radar system in details'
3. Explain the working of circulator as a duplexer'
1.
2.
3.
lx{=4
3x2:6
5x2=10
is 493 and
the effective
GLA UnivensitY' Mathura
I Mid Tem Examination.2013-14
Course: - B.Tech IV-Yearr Vtr-Sem.
Subject: - Soft Computing( CSE463) Uni. RollNo:-
Timerl30 Hours Total Mrrksr20
Notes:-
l) Answer all SECTIONS
,
Any Four from Section A
,
Any THREE from Section B & Any
TWO from Section C
2) All parts of a question (& b, etc.) should be answercd at one place.
3) Angwer should be brief and to-thopoint and be supplemented witb neat slcetches.
4) Any missing or wrong data may be assumed suitably gling pnoper justificadon.
O
tr'igures on the right-hand side nralgin indicatc full marks.
' '
Section -A
(Attempt any four, each carries I mark)
l. Give two differences between human brain and computer. Which one uses parallel
processing
2. What are Synapses in the context of Biological neuron.
3. What are activation functions? Give the formula in general?
4. What is Gradient descent learning? Give its formula ?
5. What do you understand by the term integration of technologies in Anificial
lntelligence Systems?
6. . What is leaming in Artficial lntelligence Systems?
Section- B
'
Attempt any three of the following
[2*3=6J
1. Comment on the model of the Artificial neu!'on s';s!em ?
2. What are Recurrent networks ? Explain two characteristics of Neural Networks?
3. Explain Rosenblatt's Perceptron model with the help of ar: example?
4. Find the network's output for the input:(3,1,0,-2) and also the weights are
[.3r-.1r2.1,-1.1].Use
the sigmoidal function and the learnlng rate ls 2.
GROUP
-C
Attempt any two of the followlng
[$*2=10]
1. Explain in detail the XOR problem? How we can solve this problem?
2. Consider the following set of input training vectors and the initial weight vector.
The learning constant c
=
0.1. The teacher's responses for X11X2;X3 are dt
=
-1,
dz
=
-1
,
ds
=
1. Train perceptron using delta rule..
x1
= [1
,20-1]
rxz= [0
1.5-0.5-1], X3
= [-1
10.5-1],w
= [1
-1
00.5]
Take 6f
/
6s
=
V2 (t
- 02) and f(x)
=
2/(1+e-x) - 1,.
3. Find the new weights for the following network after one iteration, given the input
paftern (1,0) and target output is l. Use a iearning raie of 0.3 and binary sigmoid
activation function.The weight matrices for the two layers are given below.
I o.e
-
0.451
w=l I
L-0.1
0.3s
J
,
= [0.+
o.rJ
UniversitY Roll No.:
GLA University, Mathura
Course:
- B.Tech., lV-Year, (CS,EC,Mech.), l-Mid Term Examination (Odd Sem.),
2oL3-L4, fubiech EDP
(MBA-4oll (open Elective),
Time:90 Minutes
Max Marks:20
lmportant Intructions :
1. Answer any 04 questions from section-A, 03 from sec.B & 02 from sec.c.
2. First complete all questions of one section, THEN ONLY move to another section-
3. Answer should be to-the-point and wherever required, be supplemented with neat sketches.
4. Any missing data may be assumed suitably
giving proper justification.
5. Figures on the right hand side margin indicate marks.
t. DefineentrepreneurshiP.
2. What are the functions of entrepreneur?
3. Establish the relation between entrepreneur and entrepreneurship.
4. Who is an intrapreneur?
5. What are non-economic factors which affect entrepreneurial growth?
6. Write the entrepreneurial motivation factors given by Prof. Murthy.
Explain entrepreneurial motivation & it's barriers.
Discuss classification and types of entrepreneurs.
l{ighlight the role of entrepreneur in economic development of India and -
- other developing countries.
Write the factors affecting entrepreneurial
growth.
Write project classification and identification.
Discuss the concept and theories of entrepreneurship and it's origin.
Define a project and explain the formuiation of project report.
What is network analysis and project appraisal?
t.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
a
J.
--o--
M
=
SMarks