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2012 Annual Collision Summary

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS 2
INTRODUCTION 3
MEDIA SUMMARY 4
Collision Clock 4
At-a-Glance 5
Collision Diagram Tree 6
Target Zero  7
OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS 8
Statewide Collisions: Road Type and County 8
Persons Involved in Fatal and Injury Collisions 9
Statewide Collision Rates by County 10
Fatal and Serious Injury Rates by County 12
Federal Holiday Reporting Periods 15
PERSONS INVOLVED IN COLLISIONS 16
Age and Gender of Drivers Involved in Collisions 16
Age and Gender of Non-Motorists Involved in Collisions 17
CONTRIBUTING CIRCUMSTANCES 18
Driver Contributing Circumstances 18
Driver Inattention and Distraction 19
Non-Motorist Contributing Circumstances and Location 20
COLLISION FACTORS 21
Collision Types 21
Road Surface and Lighting Conditions 22
Investigating Agencies 23
Involved Vehicle Types 24
EMS and Trauma Systems 25
APPENDICES 26
Appendix A: Data Sources 26
Appendix B: Data Definitions 29
Appendix B: Data Definitions 30
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City 31
Appendix D: Additional Resources 38

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

INTRODUCTION
The Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 46.52.030 requires that a standard Police Traffic
Collision Report (PTCR) be submitted when an injury or death occurs to any person, or there
is damage to the property of any person to an apparent extent of seven hundred dollars or
more. RCW 46.52.060 further prescribes that this information be tabulated and reported annually. The annual collision summary meets this requirement.
The annual collision summary is a collaborative effort between several traffic safety agencies. The Washington State Department of Transportations (WSDOT) Statewide Travel and
Collision Data Office (STCDO), by contractual agreement with the Washington State Patrol
(WSP), is responsible for collecting, processing, analyzing and disseminating collision data
pertaining to all public roadways in Washington State. Information on these collisions is
stored in the Collision Location and Analysis System (CLAS). The Washington Traffic Safety
Commission (WTSC) is responsible for coding and analyzing all traffic fatalities that occur in
Washington State as part of the federal Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
The source data used for collision information contained in this summary originates from
collision reports submitted by law enforcement officers to WSP. WSP shares this information
with WSDOT and WTSC for the CLAS and FARS databases. This report covers police officer reported collisions on all public roadways in Washington State for the year 2012. Other
agencies contributing to this summary include WSP, the Department of Licensing (DOL), the
Office of Financial Management (OFM), the Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC) and
the Department of Health (DOH). This report reflects a snapshot of available 2012 data as
of November 2013.
WSDOT provides data in this report with the understanding that it will not be used, contrary
to the restrictions in United States Code 23 Section 409, in discovery or as evidence at trial
in any action for damages against WSDOT, the State of Washington, or any other jurisdiction
involved in the locations mentioned in the data. These entities expressly reserve the right,
under Section 409, to object to the use of the data, including any opinions drawn from the
data.

Contact Information:
AOC Data and Dissemination 360-753-3365
DOH - Washington State Trauma Registry 360-236-2806
DOL Research and Analysis Office 360-902-4082
OFM Forecasting Division 360-902-0599
WSDOT - Collision Data and Analysis 360-570-2398
WSP Collision Records Section 360-570-2355
WTSC Research and Data Division 360-725-9874

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

MEDIA SUMMARY
Collision Clock

2012 Collision Clock


A crash occurred every 5 minutes.
A person died in a crash every 20 hours.
A person was injured in a crash every 12 minutes.
A motorcyclist was in a crash every 4 hours.
A pedestrian or bicyclist was involved in a crash every 3 hours.
A pedestrian or bicyclist was killed in a crash every 4 days.
A speeding driver is involved in a crash every 25 minutes.
An impaired driver is involved in a crash every 2 hours.
A person is killed by an impaired driver every 2 days.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

MEDIA SUMMARY
At-a-Glance
In 2012, Washington had:





5,120,193 Licensed Drivers


6,003,141 Registered Passenger Vehicles
56.6 billion Vehicle Miles traveled
451,561 Speeding citations filed with Washington State Courts
42,954 Cell phone and texting citations filed with Washington State Courts
34,701 DUI and/or Physical Control of the Vehicle while under the Influence
of Alcohol and/or Drugs cases filed with Washington State Courts

On Washington roadways in 2012:









The highest number of crashes occurred on Fridays.


The least number of crashes occurred on Sundays.
The most crashes occurred from 6:00 p.m. 6:59 p.m.
The least amount of crashes occurred from 5:00 a.m. - 5:59 a.m.
The most crashes occurred in December (330 per day).
The least amount of crashes occurred in April (235 per day).
Half of all traffic fatalities involved an impaired driver.
Speeding was the most frequent contributing circumstance among all collisions.

Source: CLAS (WSDOT), FARS (WTSC) and AOC. See Appendix A for more information.

U.S. vs. Washington Traffic Fatality Rates


(per 100M Vehicle Miles Traveled)
1.48

1.46

1.44

1.42

1.36
1.26

1.17
1.09

1.15

1.12

1.02

1.00

1.11

1.1

0.80

0.80

2010

2011

1.16

0.94
0.87

U.S. Fatality Rate

2003

2004

2005

0.77

WA Fatality Rate

2006

2007

2008

2009

2012

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A and B for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

MEDIA SUMMARY
Collision Diagram Tree

Total Collisions =
99,560

Fatal Collisions =
403

Injury Collisions =
33,133

Fatalities = 438

Total Injuries =
45,393

Serious Injuries = 2,200

DRIVERS
193 Fatalities
928 Serious Injuries

OCCUPANTS
76 Fatalities
421 Serious Injuries

Property Damage
Collisions = 64,224

Non-Traffic Fatal
Collisions* = 5

Unknown Injury
Collisions = 1,800

Minor Injuries = 43,193

MOTORCYCLISTS
82 Fatalities
404 Serious Injuries

NON-MOTORISTS
87 Fatalities
447 Serious Injuries

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.
*See Appendix B for more information.

In 2012, there were 99,560 total collisions, The diagram shows the different
outcomes of these collisions, including number of injuries and the persons who
were killed or injured.
6

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

MEDIA SUMMARY
Target Zero
Washington States Strategic Highway Safety Plan, Target Zero, is a data-driven approach to
prioritizing limited traffic safety resources. Target Zero is a high-level plan which:


Sets statewide priorities for all traffic safety partners over the next three to four years.
Provides a resource for potential strategies to address each of the priority areas.
Monitors outcomes at a statewide level for each of the priority areas.

Priority Level One includes factors associated with the largest number of fatalities and serious
injuries in the State. Each of these factors was involved in at least 30% of traffic fatalities and
serious injuries between 2009 and 2011. Traffic data systems was elevated to a priority one due
to the need for improving the data we use to make resource decisions.






Impaired Driver Involved


Run-off-the-Road Collisions
Speeding Involved
Young Driver age 16-25 Involved
Distracted Driver Involved
Intersection Related Collisions
Traffic Data Systems

Priority Level Two includes factors associated with 10-30% of fatal and serious injury collisions.
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is included here due to the significant impact effective EMS
response has on preserving life and minimizing injury.





Unrestrained Vehicle Occupants


Unlicensed Driver Involved
Opposite-Direction (Head-on) Collisions
Motorcyclists
Pedestrians
EMS and Trauma Care Systems

Priority Level Three includes factors associated with less than 10% of fatalities and serious injuries.







Older Driver age 75+ Involved


Heavy Truck Involved
Drowsy Driver Involved
Bicyclists
Work Zones
Wildlife
School Bus Involved
Vehicle-Train

For more information on Washingtons Strategic Highway Safety Plan, Target Zero, please visit
http://www.targetzero.com/
2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Statewide Collisions: Road Type and County
MOST SEVERE INJURY per COLLISION
TOTAL
COLLISIONS
STATEWIDE ALL
ROADS
State Routes
City Streets
County Roads
Other Roads

FATAL
COLLISIONS

SERIOUS
INJURY
COLLISIONS

MINOR
INJURY
COLLISIONS

PROPERTY
DAMAGE ONLY
COLLISIONS

UNKNOWN
INJURY
COLLISIONS

99,560

403

1,871

31,262

64,224

1,800

43,662
42,586
12,956
356

193
87
119
4

651
746
441
33

13,679
13,264
4,211
108

28,717
27,645
7,658
204

422
844
527
7

418
197
2,368
1,038
765
3,884
50
1,476
455
103
936
58
1,286
955
674
333
34,195
2,843
1,201
276
1,188
204
737
499
258
164
10,944
77
1,909
125
11,653
6,204
419
4,012
54
864
2,572
625
3,541

3
1
11
11
2
19
0
6
3
0
1
2
13
7
6
1
85
16
9
6
8
1
4
10
3
4
41
0
7
3
34
25
4
14
0
3
9
3
28

10
4
42
23
18
92
3
31
16
3
22

110
50
667
310
243
1,398
8
444
145
29
284
16
337
246
204
117
11,045
853
307
73
306
65
210
138
73
47
3,621
27
551
43
3,407
2,299
114
1,233
16
217
726
166
1,117

289
124
1,618
682
484
2,298
37
966
281
65
614
39
867
666
432
188
22,071
1,856
850
180
818
130
475
323
172
98
6,858
44
1,260
72
7,822
3,601
277
2,634
32
616
1,726
437
2,222

6
18
30
12
18
77
2
29
10
6
15
1
40
16
13
14
463
56
18
7
28
2
22
15
3
4
225

All Roads by COUNTY

Adams
Asotin
Benton
Chelan
Clallam
Clark
Columbia
Cowlitz
Douglas
Ferry
Franklin
Garfield
Grant
Grays Harbor
Island
Jefferson
King
Kitsap
Kittitas
Klickitat
Lewis
Lincoln
Mason
Okanogan
Pacific
Pend Oreille
Pierce
San Juan
Skagit
Skamania
Snohomish
Spokane
Stevens
Thurston
Wahkiakum
Walla Walla
Whatcom
Whitman
Yakima

29
20
19
13
531
62
17
10
28
6
26
13
7
11
199
6
50
6
184
130
14
66
3
14
58
11
74

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A and B for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

41
1
206
149
10
65
3
14
53
8
100

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Persons Involved in Fatal and Injury Collisions
Total Persons Involved in
Fatal/Injury Collisions
Drivers
Occupants
Motorcyclists
Non-Motorists
Pedestrians
Bicyclists
TOTAL

Total Serious
Injuries

Total Fatalities

59,584
28,500
2,062
3,307
2,038
1,269
93,453

193
76
82
87
75
12
438

Total Minor Injuries

928
421
404
447
337
110
2,200

28,234
10,733
1,493
2,733
1,594
1,139
43,193

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Persons Involved in Fatal or Serious Injury Collisions 2012


Died or Injured

NOT Injured

96.0%

98.4%

99.4%

49.3%
39.4%

Drivers

Occupants

Motorcyclists

Pedestrians

Bicyclists

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more informaton.

Among all persons involved in fatal or serious injury collisions, motorcyclists,


pedestrians, and bicyclists are much more likely to be the person fatally or
seriously injured than drivers or occupants of motor vehicles.
2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Statewide Collision Rates by County
Collision Rate per 100
Million Vehicle Miles
Traveled (100M VMT)

Total
Collisions
STATEWIDE ALL
ROADS

Collision Rate per


10,000 Licensed
Drivers

Collision Rate per


10,000 Registered
Passenger Vehicles

99,560

175.9

194.4

165.8

418
197
2,368
1,038
765
3,884
50
1,476
455
103
936
58
1,286
955
674
333
34,195
2,843
1,201
276
1,188
204
737
499
258
164
10,944
77
1,909
125
11,653
6,204
419
4,012
54
864
2,572
625
3,541

82.5
171.5
157.7
164.9
137.8
137.3
77.9
125.9
113.0
81.2
136.1
101.7
127.8
139.7
147.8
97.2
214.4
162.2
113.6
120.8
114.7
69.6
155.8
102.5
123.9
117.2
175.9
136.0
142.2
107.2
208.6
171.2
119.0
179.0
145.4
180.3
164.3
161.8
192.8

295.3
124.3
178.9
181.1
133.4
118.0
164.6
190.1
160.7
192.7
167.1
322.8
202.8
180.1
107.3
127.2
218.1
150.1
412.3
155.3
192.7
233.4
168.4
155.7
150.3
172.4
191.8
55.7
209.4
156.1
227.6
183.2
136.7
204.9
184.6
202.1
171.4
226.0
204.9

229.0
96.4
140.3
135.9
105.7
108.2
106.3
150.6
123.2
123.7
129.0
213.6
144.1
142.5
81.6
97.3
217.1
123.2
281.1
115.5
145.6
145.7
116.6
111.3
112.9
103.2
165.2
38.9
156.1
99.1
186.1
157.7
80.1
165.2
115.6
168.9
136.5
187.6
160.8

All Roads by COUNTY

Adams
Asotin
Benton
Chelan
Clallam
Clark
Columbia
Cowlitz
Douglas
Ferry
Franklin
Garfield
Grant
Grays Harbor
Island
Jefferson
King
Kitsap
Kittitas
Klickitat
Lewis
Lincoln
Mason
Okanogan
Pacific
Pend Oreille
Pierce
San Juan
Skagit
Skamania
Snohomish
Spokane
Stevens
Thurston
Wahkiakum
Walla Walla
Whatcom
Whitman
Yakima

Source: CLAS (WSDOT), FARS (WTSC) and DOL. See Appendix A for additional statistics used to determine these rates.

10

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Statewide Collision Rates by County
Statewide Collision Rates by County
(per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled)

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Thirteen counties had collision rates under 120 per 100M VMT.
Eight counties had collision rates over 170 per 100M VMT.
Lincoln County had the lowest overall collision rate (69.6 per 100M VMT).
King County had the highest overall collision rate (214.4 per 100M VMT).

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

11

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Fatal and Serious Injury Rates by County
Total
Fatalities
STATEWIDE ALL
ROADS

Fatality Fatality Rate


Fatality Rate
Rate per per 10,000
per 10,000
100M
Licensed
Population
VMT
Drivers

438

Total
Serious
Injuries

Serious
Serious Injury Serious Injury
Injury Rate Rate per 10,000
Rate per
per 100M
Licensed
10,000
VMT
Drivers
Population

0.77

0.85

0.64

2,200

3.89

4.30

3.23

0.79
0.87
0.80
2.38
0.36
0.67
0.00
0.51
0.74
0.00
0.15
3.51
1.39
1.02
1.32
0.29
0.56
1.14
0.85
2.63
0.87
1.36
1.06
2.47
1.44
3.57
0.68
0.00
0.52
2.57
0.63
0.74
1.14
0.67
0.00
0.83
0.70
0.78
1.69

2.83
0.63
0.91
2.62
0.35
0.58
0.00
0.77
1.06
0.00
0.18
11.13
2.21
1.32
0.95
0.38
0.57
1.06
3.09
3.38
1.46
4.58
1.14
3.74
1.75
5.25
0.74
0.00
0.77
3.75
0.68
0.80
1.31
0.77
0.00
0.94
0.73
1.08
1.79

2.10
0.46
0.67
2.05
0.28
0.44
0.00
0.58
0.77
0.00
0.12
8.89
1.54
0.96
0.76
0.33
0.46
0.79
2.17
2.91
1.18
3.75
0.81
2.90
1.43
3.82
0.52
0.00
0.59
2.66
0.48
0.57
0.92
0.58
0.00
0.68
0.54
0.65
1.26

13
5
49
39
23
111
4
35
27
4
25
0
34
32
25
14
584
71
20
13
30
9
28
17
7
12
247
6
57
7
211
153
16
74
4
20
65
16
93

2.57
4.35
3.26
6.19
4.14
3.92
6.23
2.99
6.70
3.15
3.64
0.00
3.38
4.68
5.48
4.09
3.66
4.05
1.89
5.69
2.90
3.07
5.92
3.49
3.36
8.57
3.97
10.60
4.25
6.00
3.78
4.22
4.54
3.30
10.77
4.17
4.15
4.14
5.06

9.18
3.15
3.70
6.81
4.01
3.37
13.17
4.51
9.54
7.48
4.46
0.00
5.36
6.04
3.98
5.35
3.72
3.75
6.87
7.31
4.87
10.30
6.40
5.31
4.08
12.61
4.33
4.34
6.25
8.74
4.12
4.52
5.22
3.78
13.68
4.68
4.33
5.78
5.38

6.82
2.30
2.72
5.33
3.19
2.57
9.76
3.40
6.94
5.23
3.03
0.00
3.74
4.37
3.15
4.64
2.98
2.79
4.82
6.31
3.93
8.43
4.56
4.10
3.34
9.16
3.06
3.77
4.83
6.21
2.92
3.22
3.66
2.88
9.94
3.38
3.19
3.48
3.78

Fatalities & Serious Injuries by COUNTY

Adams*
Asotin*
Benton
Chelan
Clallam*
Clark
Columbia*
Cowlitz
Douglas*
Ferry*
Franklin*
Garfield*
Grant
Grays Harbor
Island
Jefferson*
King
Kitsap
Kittitas
Klickitat
Lewis
Lincoln*
Mason*
Okanogan
Pacific*
Pend Oreille*
Pierce
San Juan*
Skagit
Skamania*
Snohomish
Spokane
Stevens*
Thurston
Wahkiakum*
Walla Walla*
Whatcom
Whitman*
Yakima

4
1
12
15
2
19
0
6
3
0
1
2
14
7
6
1
90
20
9
6
9
4
5
12
3
5
42
0
7
3
35
27
4
15
0
4
11
3
31

*Rates based on total fatalities or serious injuries of 5 or less should be interpreted with caution. See Appendix B for further rate
information.
Source: CLAS (WSDOT), FARS (WTSC), OFM and DOL. See Appendix A for additional statistics used to determine these rates.

12

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Serious Injury Rates by County
Serious Injury Rates by County
(per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled)

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Garfield County experienced ZERO traffic serious injuries!


Kittitas County had the second lowest serious injury rate (1.89 per 100M VMT).
Wahkiakum County had the highest serious injury rate (10.77 per 100M VMT).
Twelve counties had serious injury rates less than 3.5 per 100M VMT.
Three counties had serious injury rates over 7 per 100M VMT.
2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

13

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Fatal Injury Rates by County
Fatal Injury Rates by County
(per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled)

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

San Juan, Wahkiakum, Columbia and Ferry Counties experienced ZERO


traffic fatalities!
Pend Oreille County had the highest fatality rate (3.57 per 100M VMT).
Four counties had fatality rates over 2.5 per 100M VMT.

14

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

OVERVIEW OF STATEWIDE COLLISIONS


Federal Holiday Reporting Periods
TOTAL
FATAL
SERIOUS INJURY MINOR INJURY PROPERTY DAMAGE UNKNOWN INJURY
COLLISIONS COLLISIONS
COLLISIONS
COLLISIONS
ONLY COLLISIONS
COLLISIONS
624
4
15
168
419
13
548
4
20
191
315
18
297
2
12
89
184
10
720
9
31
257
409
14
972
3
16
262
668
23
1,170
4
23
296
822
25

New Years
Memorial Day
Fourth of July
Labor Day
Thanksgiving
Christmas

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Holiday Reporting Definitions


New Years

3.5 days - 6:00 PM Fri. 12/30/2011 to 5:59 AM Tue. 1/3/2012

Memorial Day

3.5 days - 6:00 PM Fri. 5/25/2012 to 5:59 AM Tue. 5/29/2012

Fourth of July

1.5 days - 6:00 PM Tue. 7/3/2012 to 5:59 AM Thu. 7/5/2012

Labor Day

3.5 days - 6:00 PM Fri. 8/31/2012 to 5:59 AM Tue. 9/4/2012

Thanksgiving

4.5 days - 6:00 PM Wed. 11/21/2012 to 5:59 AM Mon. 11/26/2012

Christmas

4.5 days - 6:00 PM Fri 12/21/2012 to 5:59 AM Wed 12/26/2012

Total Fatal and Serious Injury Collisions During Holiday Periods


2008-2012
40

38
35

35
31

29
25

29 29

30

28

27

25

24
21 20

27

27
22

21

19

17

17

14

21

19

20
17

15
10

New Years

Memorial Day

2008

Fourth of July

2009

Labor Day

2010

Thanksgiving

2011

Christmas

2012

In 2012, Washington experienced the highest number of holiday fatal and serious
injury crashes during the Labor Day and Christmas Day periods; the highest number for both holidays in the past five years.
Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

15

PERSONS INVOLVED IN COLLISIONS

MALES

Total Males
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

95,253
159
3,073
7,846
10,315
20,605
16,462
15,506
11,898
5,604
2,998
787

433
0
3
29
53
93
83
64
58
34
16
0

1,836
13
59
146
199
367
299
320
260
110
53
10

30,877
45
918
2,394
3,286
6,585
5,433
5,052
4,000
1,904
1,031
229

Drivers in
Property
Damage Only
Collisions
61,384
97
2,069
5,220
6,696
13,397
10,533
9,976
7,502
3,525
1,884
485

FEMALES

Total Females
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

70,591
112
2,940
6,342
8,210
15,373
12,247
10,867
8,200
3,756
2,233
311

154
0
1
7
12
29
33
33
22
5
12
0

850
0
21
58
90
161
143
159
121
58
39
0

25,533
36
997
2,195
2,822
5,504
4,670
4,104
3,036
1,306
767
96

43,624
76
1,900
4,037
5,231
9,599
7,336
6,510
4,978
2,362
1,399
196

428
0
20
45
57
78
64
62
43
24
16
19

UNKNOWN

Age and Gender of Drivers Involved in Collisions

Total Unknown
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

10,215
4
47
105
131
262
186
188
126
59
24
9,083

4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4

81
0
0
3
2
5
4
1
2
1
1
62

1,714
1
17
37
37
76
62
61
52
25
8
1,338

7,369
2
28
62
89
175
116
122
72
32
15
6,656

1,039
1
2
2
3
6
4
3
0
1
0
1,017

DRIVERS

Drivers in
Total Involved Drivers in Fatal
Serious Injury
Drivers
Collisions
Collisions

Drivers in
Minor Injury
Collisions

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

16

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

Drivers in
Unknown
Injury
Collisions
720
4
24
59
80
166
115
92
74
30
13
63

PERSONS INVOLVED IN COLLISIONS


Age and Gender of Non-Motorists Involved in Collisions

MALES

Total Males
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

2,137
357
111
151
187
354
262
297
220
66
48
84

76
4
2
7
4
7
4
20
13
5
10
0

298
61
14
22
25
45
41
39
26
12
6
7

1,680
280
91
118
152
291
204
228
178
48
31
59

FEMALES

Non-Motorists
Non-Motorists
in Property
in Unknown
Damage Only
Injury Collisions
Collisions
82
2
12
0
4
0
4
0
5
1
11
0
13
0
11
0
3
0
2
0
0
0
17
1

Total Females
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

1,161
165
53
100
119
230
117
146
104
51
24
52

18
1
0
1
2
1
2
3
3
0
5
0

163
26
6
15
10
23
21
26
17
9
6
4

961
135
47
83
105
202
90
114
83
42
14
46

17
2
0
1
2
4
4
2
0
0
0
2

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0

UNKNOWN

NON-MOTORISTS

Non-Motorists Non-Motorists Non-Motorists


Total Nonin Fatal
in Serious Injury in Minor Injury
Motorists
Collisions
Collisions
Collisions

Total Unknown
15 & Younger
16 - 17
18 - 20
21 - 24
25 - 34
35 - 44
45 - 54
55 - 64
65 - 74
75 & Older
Unknown Age

126
18
7
7
8
12
11
10
3
2
1
47

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4

106
16
7
5
6
12
10
10
3
1
1
35

12
2
0
2
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
5

3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

17

CONTRIBUTING CIRCUMSTANCES
Driver Contributing Circumstances
Driver Contributing Circumstances in:

DRIVER

Total

Excessive Speed
Failure to Yield Right-of-Way to
Motor Vehicle
Inattention/Driver Distractions
Following too Closely
Under Influence of Alcohol and/or
Drugs
Over Center Line
Improper Turn/U-Turn
Disregard Signal
Defective Equipment
Apparently Fatigued/Asleep/Ill
Disregard Stop Sign/Red Beacon
Improper Backing
Failure to Yield Right-of-Way to
Non Motorist
Improper Passing
Disregard Yield/Yellow Beacon
Improper Parking Location
Failing to Signal
Headlight Violation
Improper Signal
Disregard Flagger-Officer
Other
None
Not Reported/Missing

Fatal
Collisions

Serious
Injury
Collisions

Minor
Injury
Collisions

Property
Damage Only
Collisions

Unknown
Injury
Collision

20,819

145

470

6,991

12,857

355

19,636

20

246

5,580

13,682

108

18,207
16,145

49
6

188
66

6,318
5,779

11,470
10,221

197
73

6,641

185

412

2,437

3,537

111

5,577
4,044
3,411
2,820
2,693
1,982
1,917

101
4
8
17
15
15
0

307
33
70
59
89
57
4

1,734
797
1,440
760
1,062
797
145

3,160
3,131
1,875
1,941
1,467
1,071
1,743

272
79
18
42
60
42
25

1,538

12

159

1,335

31

1,085
147
135
107
70
60
25
13,045
76,246
352,388

6
0
0
0
1
0
0
48
245
1,014

34
1
0
1
5
1
0
184
1,040
5,025

273
41
14
32
22
13
9
2,940
26,703
111,755

766
105
121
74
40
45
16
9,142
47,893
230,502

6
0
0
0
2
1
0
729
388
4,072

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Among all vehicle drivers in collisions, 46% of the drivers had one contributing
circumstance, 10% had two, and 1% had three. No contributing circumstances were
reported for 43% of drivers.
Among all non-motorists involved in collisions, 41% of the non-motorist had one
contributing circumstance, 5% had two, and less than 1% had three. No contributing
circumstances were reported for 53% of non-motorists (see page 20).
When vehicle and non-motorists collisions occur, 51% had only driver-related
contributing circumstances, 32% had only non-motorists contributing circumstances,
and 17% of collisions had both driver-related and non-motorist contributing
circumstances.
18

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

CONTRIBUTING CIRCUMSTANCES
Driver Inattention and Distraction
Driver Inattentive/Distracted Contributing Circumstances in:

INATTENTIVE /DISTRACTED
DRIVERS
Inattention
Driver Distractions Outside the Vehicle
Driver Interacting with Passengers,
Animals or Other Objects in the Vehicle
Driver Operating Handheld
Telecommunication Device
Driver Adjusting Audio or
Entertainment System
Driver Eating or Drinking
Driver Operating Other Electronic
Device
Driver Smoking
Driver Operating Hands-free
Telecommunication Device
Driver Reading or Writing
Driver Grooming
Other Driver Distractions Inside the
Vehicle
Unknown Driver Distraction

Total

Serious
Injury
Collisions

Fatal
Collisions

Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions
Collisions
Collision

10,741
2,235

32
3

112
22

3,616
797

6,902
1,397

93
17

1,422

18

544

852

681

11

237

419

11

425

174

241

340

147

187

223

84

138

101

31

68

49

21

26

49
25

0
0

1
0

14
11

34
14

0
0

955

10

366

570

961

276

622

59

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Cell Phone/Texting Case Filings in 2012


5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

Cell Phone Case Filings

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

Texting Case Filings

Source: AOC. See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

19

CONTRIBUTING CIRCUMSTANCES
Non-Motorist Contributing Circumstances and Location
Non-Motorist Contributing Circumstances in:

BICYCLISTS

PEDESTRIANS

NON-MOTORIST CONTRIBUTING
CIRCUMSTANCES
Failure to Yield Right-of-Way to Motor
Vehicle
Under Influence of Alcohol and/or Drugs
Inattention/Distractions
Failure to Use Xwalk
Disregard Signal
On Wrong Side of Road
Disregard Stop Sign/Red Beacon
Other
None
Not Reported/Missing
Failure to Yield Right-of-Way to Motor
Vehicle
Inattention/Distractions
On Wrong Side of Road
Disregard Signal
Disregard Stop Sign/Red Beacon
Excessive Speed
Headlight Violation
Under Influence of Alcohol and/or Drugs
Defective Equipment
Over Center Line
Improper Passing
Following too Closely
Improper Turn/U-Turn
Failing to/Improper Signal
Other
None
Not Reported/Missing

Total

Fatal
Collisions

Serious
Injury
Collisions

Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions
Collisions
Collision

314

19

89

194

10

115
98
70
67
9
7
305
1,185
4,079

35
9
15
2
0
0
35
2
25

24
16
17
16
2
2
45
170
680

69
79
51
47
6
5
222
978
3,150

2
3
0
2
1
0
4
15
87

0
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
6

227

22

179

20

91
67
55
35
31
30
22
18
8
8
8
7
5
186
618
2,589

3
1
1
1
0
0
6
0
1
0
0
2
0
3
3
0

5
9
7
5
2
3
4
2
1
1
0
1
0
10
46
208

82
54
42
26
25
26
15
15
4
6
8
6
4
163
549
2,217

4
4
5
3
3
1
2
1
2
1
0
0
0
8
20
133

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
6

1,187
1,154
501
202
172
121
81

10
53
8
17
1
2
3

143
207
49
29
10
16
9

1,003
839
428
152
158
99
64

31
51
15
4
2
4
4

0
3
1
0
1
0
1

LOCATION

NON-MOTORIST WAS USING:


Marked Crosswalk
Roadway
Unmarked Crosswalk
Shoulder
Designated Bike Route
Sidewalk
Other/Unknown

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

20

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

COLLISION FACTORS
Collision Types
Total
Fatal
Collisions Collisions

Single Vehicle
Run off the Road
Hit Fixed Object
Overturn
Other Non-Collision

Vehicle and Vehicle


Rear-End
Angle (T)
Sideswipe (Same Direction)
Angle (Left Turn)
Parked/Stopped/Stalled Car
From Same Direction - All Others
From Opposite Direction - All Others
Vehicle Hits Other Object
Sideswipe (Opposite Direction)
Head-on

Vehicle and Non-Motorist


Pedestrian
Bicyclist

Vehicle and Animal


Vehicle and Train
Other/Unknown

Serious
Injury
Collisions

Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions
Collisions
Collisions

27,040
22,065
18,981
2,501
482
72,436
29,525
16,375
7,325
5,679
5,401
2,249
838
730
696
576
3,104
1,810
1,294

161
148
136
31
4
148
19
28
5
13
3
5
19
2
6
45
88
76
12

1,081
510
492
162
18
790
147
231
35
125
22
13
28
16
25
99
408
300
108

8,808
5,457
4,900
1,223
52
22,456
11,166
5,407
987
2,203
494
465
269
127
233
247
2,508
1,402
1,106

15,534
14,873
12,187
1,025
405
48,690
18,076
10,607
6,252
3,305
4,874
1,751
516
494
429
182
100
36
64

1,445
1,073
1,261
60
6
355
116
102
46
33
8
15
6
91
3
2
6
3
3

2,037

20

251

1,744

20

32

24

3,035

27

727

2,253

25

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

21

COLLISION FACTORS
Road Surface and Lighting Conditions

Total
Collisions

CONDITIONS

ROAD SURFACE

Dry
Wet
Snow/Slush
Ice
Standing Water
Sand/Mud/Dirt
Other/Unknown

LIGHTING

Daylight
Dark-Street Lights on
Dark-No Street Lights
Dusk
Dawn
Dark-Street Lights Off
Other/Unknown

Property
Fatal
Serious Injury Minor Injury
Damage Only
Collisions
Collisions
Collisions
Collisions

62,171
29,690
3,268
2,792
288
137
1,220

290
84
5
13
0
3
8

1,319
453
45
29
3
7
15

20,517
9,005
696
739
84
43
180

39,014
19,617
2,450
1,949
199
72
923

1,028
529
72
62
2
12
95

64,665
19,838
8,595
2,570
1,715
644
1,539

190
71
113
15
6
3
5

1,105
399
256
65
16
10
20

21,293
5,948
2,307
825
492
186
213

41,450
12,850
5,554
1,634
1,157
417
1,162

624
570
365
32
43
27
139

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

22

Unknown
Injury
Collisions

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

COLLISION FACTORS
Investigating Agencies

INVESTIGATIVE AGENCY

Total
Collisions

Washington State Patrol


Municipal or City Police
County Sheriff
Other

Fatal
Collisions

30,031
54,697
13,660
1,173

Serious
Injury
Collisions

205
101
97
0

Property
Minor Injury
Damage Only
Collisions
Collisions

543
877
437
14

9,122
17,429
4,272
441

Unknown
Injury
Collision

19,872
35,352
8,324
676

289
938
531
42

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

Speeding Case Filings in 2012

32,524

36,796

36,886

40,091

42,513

38,329

44,360

43,769

37,396

37,414

33,991

27,492

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

Speeding Case Filings

DUI Case Filings in 2012

2,785

3,091

3,033

3,097

2,949

2,804

3,134

2,872

2,450

3,025

2,557

2,899

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

DUI Case Filings


Source: AOC. See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

23

COLLISION FACTORS
Involved Vehicle Types

INVOLVED VEHICLE TYPE


Passenger Vehicles
Commercial Vehicles / Heavy Trucks
Motorcycles
Buses
Others
Unknown

Total
Vehicles in
Collisions

170,392
4,453
2,292
1,209
533
4,115

Fatal
Collisions

466
43
83
3
2
4

Serious
Injury
Collisions

2,238
83
388
23
61
22

Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions
Collisions
Collision

55,540
955
1,424
325
197
583

Source: CLAS (WSDOT) and FARS (WTSC). See Appendix A for more information.

24

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

110,374
3,327
387
850
271
3,141

1,763
43
11
8
2
366

COLLISION FACTORS
EMS and Trauma Systems
Washingtons Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and Trauma Care Systems contributed
to a steady decrease in the number of motor vehicle related deaths in hospitals. In 2002,
there were 223 motor vehicle related deaths that occurred under EMS and trauma care. In
2012, the number went down to 153. The death rate for these patients also went down from
about 7.7% in 2002 to about 4.9% in 2012.
Washingtons EMS and Trauma Care System is a coordinated system to assure appropriate
and adequate care with the goal of reducing death and disability. First, by providing critical
care as soon as possible after an injury, EMS helps reduce deaths and serious injuries. The
minutes directly following a traumatic injury are often critical to saving lives or minimizing the
long term effects of injury; timeliness and clinical expertise are critical factors in the success of
post trauma care.
In addition to the minutes immediately following an injury, a patients success is dependent on
other important facets of trauma care, including prevention activities, hospital care, and rehabilitation resources. Each of these components work together to reduce death and disability of
injured people throughout Washington.

EMS and Hospital Mortality of Traffic Injuries, 2002 - 2012

7.7%

2002

7.4%

2003

6.7%

2004

5.9%

5.7%

2005

2006 2007
Percent Died

5.1%

5.4%

5.7%

5.6%

2008 2009
Trend

2010

2011

5.1%

4.9%

2012

Source: DOH. See Appendix A for more information.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

25

APPENDICES
Appendix A: Data Sources
Administrative Office of the Courts (AOC) The Information Services Division provides
support to the courts through development, operation, and maintenance of the Judicial Information System (JIS). The AOC provided 2012 tabulated counts of case filings relating to
driving under the influence, speeding, and cell phone/texting. Speeding and cell phone/texting
counts include both original and amended charges.
District and municipal courts which employ JIS are represented in the AOC Courts of Limited
Jurisdiction statistical tables. For the DUI counts in this report, the Seattle Municipal Court is
represented due to a special download from its local automated system. However, traffic violations bureaus (established in accordance with RCW 3.30.090) or the small number of courts
which do not employ JIS are not included. Those violations bureaus and non-JIS courts process a combined total of about 5,000 cases per year, approximately one-fourth of one percent
of the statewide limited jurisdiction caseload.
Speeding and cell/texting information provided by AOC does not include traffic violation bureaus or courts which do not employ JIS. This includes Seattle Municipal Court. Therefore, the
counts included in this report offer an under-represented estimate of statewide case filings. For
more information about AOC data and information, please visit http://www.courts.wa.gov/appellate_trial_courts/aocwho/?fa=atc_aocwho.display&fileID=isd
Collision Location Analysis System (CLAS) Managed by WSDOT, CLAS contains collision data submitted by law enforcement officers for collisions occurring on Washingtons public roads. Officers can submit the collision report electronically or by mailing in a paper collision
report. WSDOT analysts review the reports and may request additional or clarifying information from the officer in the form of a Supplemental Collision Report. WSDOT analysts derive
additional engineering specific data based on the data submitted by the officer. The data (with
the exception of personal information) is then made available through the WSDOT Collision
Data Mart for use by regions and divisions within WSDOT, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), other Washington State and Local Agencies, and other public and private organizations. For more information about CLAS data, please visit
http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/mapsdata/collision/collisiondatarequest.htm.
Department of Health Office of Community Health Systems (DOH) The Research,
Analysis, and Data Section of the Office of Community Health Systems manages the States
Trauma Registry. Hospitals with designated trauma services are required to submit data to
DOH quarterly for use in injury surveillance research and programs, monitoring patient care
and outcomes, ensuring compliance with state standards for trauma care, and resource planning. The traffic safety community in Washington State utilizes trauma information for monitoring trauma systems as prioritized in Target Zero . For more information about Washingtons
Trauma Registry, please visit http://www.doh.wa.gov/ForPublicHealthandHealthcareProviders/
EmergencyMedicalServicesEMSSystems/TraumaSystem/TraumaRegistry.aspx

26

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix A: Data Sources
Department of Licensing (DOL) In addition to many other functions, the DOL provides information on licensed drivers and registered vehicles in Washington State. The DOL provided
total counts of licensed drivers and registered vehicles for calculating collision and injury rates
for this summary. For more information about DOL data and information, please visit http://
www.dol.wa.gov/about/data.html.
Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Managed by WTSC, FARS is a complete
census of all traffic fatalities occurring on Washington Roadways, public or private (when the
private road is openly accessible to the public). Traffic fatalities are those that involve a motor
vehicle in transport, are not due to a cataclysmic event (such as a rock slide), and death occurring within 30 days of the collision. These data are submitted to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for the national FARS database. For more information about
Washington FARS, please visit http://www.wtsc.wa.gov/statistics-reports/about-our-data/.
Office of Financial Management Forecasting Division (OFM) The population unit of the
Forecasting Division develops official state and local population estimates and projections for
use in the allocation of certain state revenues, growth management, and other planning functions. As the official partner of the U. S. Census Bureau for Washington state, the Population
unit helps disseminate information about the characteristics of Washingtons population, housing, and economy and provide guidance to a variety of stakeholders in accessing and using
demographic information. For more information about OFM population estimates, please visit
http://www.ofm.wa.gov/pop/.

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

27

APPENDICES
Appendix A: Data Sources
2012 Exposure Data
Used for Rates

Washington State
Adams
Asotin
Benton
Chelan
Clallam
Clark
Columbia
Cowlitz
Douglas
Ferry
Franklin
Garfield
Grant
Grays Harbor
Island
Jefferson
King
Kitsap
Kittitas
Klickitat
Lewis
Lincoln
Mason
Okanogan
Pacific
Pend Oreille
Pierce
San Juan
Skagit
Skamania
Snohomish
Spokane
Stevens
Thurston
Wahkiakum
Walla Walla
Whatcom
Whitman
Yakima

28

Vehicle Miles
Traveled
(in 1,000's)

Registered
Passenger
Vehicles

Licensed
Drivers

Population

56,607,485

6,003,141

5,120,193

6,817,770

506,470
114,895
1,502,055
629,657
555,292
2,828,375
64,186
1,172,428
402,757
126,885
687,521
57,027
1,005,965
683,740
456,041
342,495
15,952,075
1,752,350
1,056,791
228,530
1,035,656
293,165
473,147
486,719
208,255
139,978
6,222,219
56,625
1,342,569
116,580
5,585,427
3,624,388
352,076
2,241,171
37,136
479,175
1,564,965
386,203
1,836,492

18,256
20,430
168,765
76,398
72,350
358,808
4,705
98,010
36,926
8,325
72,550
2,715
89,249
66,999
82,578
34,241
1,575,273
230,730
42,719
23,898
81,587
14,001
63,187
44,822
22,845
15,892
662,321
19,796
122,299
12,609
626,272
393,339
52,294
242,807
4,671
51,143
188,473
33,319
220,197

14,154
15,852
132,377
57,307
57,335
329,174
3,038
77,634
28,313
5,346
56,028
1,797
63,416
53,015
62,834
26,173
1,567,864
189,431
29,129
17,774
61,625
8,742
43,765
32,045
17,165
9,515
570,635
13,817
91,169
8,008
511,976
338,613
30,645
195,764
2,925
42,749
150,017
27,658
172,844

19,050
21,700
180,000
73,200
72,000
431,250
4,100
103,050
38,900
7,650
82,500
2,250
91,000
73,150
79,350
30,175
1,957,000
254,500
41,500
20,600
76,300
10,675
61,450
41,425
20,970
13,100
808,200
15,925
117,950
11,275
722,900
475,600
43,700
256,800
4,025
59,100
203,500
45,950
246,000

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix B: Data Definitions
Traffic Collisions
Traffic Related Collisions exclude collisions that resulted from a traffic-unrelated medical event
(such as a heart attack while driving), collisions resulting from police pursuits (legal interventions),
intentional acts (suicide or homicide), or collisions that do not meet state reportable requirements
(such as damage thresholds). In all collisions except fatals (see definition below), the collision
must also occur on a state or local public roadway (excludes private drives, parking lots, etc.). Injury severity for each person involved in a collision is determined by the investigating officer based
on the latest information available at the time the report is completed.
Non-Traffic Fatal Collisions are collisions involving a fatal injury that do not meet the definition of
traffic as described above and as also described in the fatal injury definition below.

Collision Injury Severity


Fatal Injury A collision, as described above, that results in a fatality. Specific to the FARS database, if a collision occurs on a private road accessible to the public, or the un-stabilized event
that led to the collision begins on a public road, those are counted as traffic fatalities. Exclusions
include death after 30 days (even if the death was a result of the collision) or the loss of an unborn
fetus as a result of the collision. Traffic fatalities are confirmed by death certificates (died as a result of injuries sustained in the collision).
Non-Traffic Fatality A fatality that occurs on a public or private roadway that does not meet the
criteria for a traffic fatality.
Serious Injury A collision resulting in an injury assessed by the investigating officer as any injury
which prevents the injured person from walking, driving, or continuing normal activities at the time
of the collision. Includes severe lacerations, broken or distorted limbs, skull or check injuries, abdominal injuries, etc. Excludes momentary unconsciousness, etc..
Minor Injury A category combining evident and possible injuries, see definitions below.
Evident (non-disabling) Injury A collision resulting in an injury assessed by the investigating officer as any injury other than fatal or serious at the scene. Includes broken fingers or toes, abrasions, etc. Excludes limping, complaint of pain, nausea, momentary unconsciousness, etc..
Possible Injury A collision resulting in an injury assessed by the investigating officer as any
injury reported to the officer or claimed by the individual as momentary unconsciousness, claim of
injuries not evident, limping, complaint of pain, nausea, hysteria, etc..
No Injury/Property Damage Only Applies when the officer at the scene has no reason to believe
that, at the time of the collision, the person received any bodily harm due to the collision.

Persons Involved in Collisions


Drivers Operators of motor vehicles, excluding motorcyclists (see definition below), involved in
traffic collisions.
Occupants Persons in or on motor vehicles, not operating the vehicle, excluding motorcyclists.
2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

29

APPENDICES
Appendix B: Data Definitions
Motorcyclists Persons operating a motorcycle or a passenger on a motorcycle. Excludes scooter
bikes, mopeds, and other motorized bikes.
Pedestrians Persons on foot, roller skater/skateboarder, persons in wheelchairs, flaggers, roadway workers and emergency response personnel.
Bicyclists Persons on bicycles, tricycles, or other pedal cycles.

Collision, Fatal and Injury Rates


Rates A rate is the degree of which something occurs, measured per unit of something else.
Rates answer the question How likely is this to happen? In this summary, the something occurring are collisions and injuries from collisions. There are many ways to calculate rates in traffic
safety to get more accurate estimates (beyond just simple counts) of how frequently an event is
occurring, based upon some other unit of measurement, or exposure. Each of these different exposure methods are described below, including the limitations of each. The different types of rates
provided in this summary are just different ways of looking at the same event and are not necessarily meant to be compared. The formula however is the same:
Rate= # Events (Exposure/ [per] Unit)
Rate per 100M Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) The VMT rate reflects the number of collisions, fatalities, or serious injuries that occur per every 100 million miles traveled on Washington roadways.
For example, in Washington for every 100 million miles that are traveled by all road users, there
are approximately 176 collisions, 4 serious injuries, and 1 fatality. The limitation of this measure
is the very high number of vehicle miles traveled; each year there are billions of miles traveled on
Washington roadways so it is challenging to imagine personal risk in the context of traveling millions of miles.
Rate per 10,000 Licensed Drivers The Licensed Driver rate reflects the number of collisions,
fatalities, or serious injuries that occur per every 10,000 drivers licensed in Washington State. The
limitation of this measure is that not all drivers are licensed and not all who are licensed drive.
Also, not all counties have 10,000 licensed drivers, so the rate may seem inflated. For example,
Garfield County experienced 2 traffic fatalities and has 1,797 licensed drivers, so the resulting rate
is 11.13 per 10,000 licensed drivers, which is the same as 2 per 1,797 licensed drivers. However,
using per 10,000 allows for rate comparisons across counties.
Rate per 10,000 Registered Vehicles The Registered Vehicle rate reflects the number of collisions, fatalities, or serious injuries that occur per every 10,000 vehicles registered in Washington
State. The limitations of this measure are the same as for licensed drivers; not all vehicles on the
road are registered and not all registered vehicles are driven. Rates may also appear inflated.
Rate per 10,000 Population The Population rate reflects the number of collisions, fatalities, or
serious injuries that occur per every 10,000 people living in Washington State. Similar to the limitations of the above rate measures, these rates may appear inflated for counties with populations
less than 10,000. The statewide traffic serious injury rate of 3.23 per 10,000 population is the same
as saying, For every 10,000 persons living in Washington, three of them will be seriously injured
in traffic collisions this year, which is also the same as a total of 2,200 seriously injured people.
30

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City

COUNTY

Adams
Asotin

Benton

Chelan

Clallam

Clark

Columbia

Cowlitz

CITY
Othello
Ritzville
Unincorporated
Asotin
Clarkston
Unincorporated
Benton City
Kennewick
Prosser
Richland
West Richland
Unincorporated
Cashmere
Chelan
Entiat
Leavenworth
Wenatchee
Unincorporated
Forks
Port Angeles
Sequim
Unincorporated
Battle Ground
Camas
La Center
Ridgefield
Vancouver
Washougal
Woodland
Yacolt
Unincorporated
Dayton
Unincorporated
Castle Rock
Kalama
Kelso
Longview
Woodland
Unincorporated

Total
Collisions
107
9
302
1
95
101
22
1,055
32
786
45
428
25
39
3
18
471
481
13
304
92
356
110
165
23
24
1,794
90
1
1
1,676
6
44
28
27
273
543
84
521

Fatal
Collisions
0
0
3
0
0
1
0
2
1
2
0
6
0
0
0
0
1
9
0
0
0
2
1
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
1
0
1
2
2

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
2
23
80
2
1
2
6
0
7
85
203
4
0
0
1
0
0
29
62
4
4
21
61
14
0
4
18
0
21
299
726
7
0
6
25
0
13
209
550
12
0
12
32
1
8
137
267
10
0
6
18
1
1
9
29
0
0
1
2
0
0
6
12
0
5
145
317
3
17
143
304
8
0
7
5
1
5
87
203
9
0
31
60
1
13
118
216
7
0
34
75
0
1
39
121
4
0
5
18
0
1
4
17
2
40
692
1,026
28
3
23
58
6
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
47
600
982
37
0
0
6
0
3
8
31
2
1
8
18
1
1
4
19
2
5
78
186
4
9
175
353
5
1
26
55
0
14
153
335
17

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

31

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Douglas

Ferry
Franklin
Garfield

Grant

Grays
Harbor

Island

32

CITY
Bridgeport
Coulee Dam
East Wenatchee
Mansfield
Rock Island
Waterville
Unincorporated
Republic
Unincorporated
Connell
Mesa
Pasco
Unincorporated
Pomeroy
Unincorporated
Coulee City
Coulee Dam
Electric City
Ephrata
George
Grand Coulee
Mattawa
Moses Lake
Quincy
Royal City
Soap Lake
Warden
Unincorporated
Aberdeen
Cosmopolis
Elma
Hoquiam
McCleary
Montesano
Oakville
Ocean Shores
Westport
Unincorporated
Coupeville
Langley
Oak Harbor
Unincorporated

Total
Collisions
12
2
139
1
6
4
291
4
99
11
5
735
185
12
46
2
1
2
85
4
6
11
424
62
5
1
5
678
363
2
28
109
14
23
3
26
13
375
11
3
191
469

Fatal
Collisions
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
6
0
0
0
6

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
0
1
9
2
0
1
1
0
4
44
90
1
0
0
1
0
0
4
2
0
1
1
2
0
11
94
176
7
0
1
3
0
3
28
62
6
0
6
5
0
0
3
2
0
7
215
505
7
15
60
102
8
0
3
8
1
0
13
31
0
0
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
20
61
2
0
1
3
0
1
1
3
1
0
1
9
1
4
102
309
8
0
19
42
1
0
2
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
4
0
23
188
430
26
3
80
278
2
0
1
1
0
0
5
20
3
2
39
66
2
0
6
8
0
0
4
18
1
0
0
2
1
1
9
15
0
0
4
9
0
15
98
249
7
1
4
6
0
0
1
2
0
3
54
133
1
15
145
291
12

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Jefferson

King

CITY
Port Townsend
Unincorporated
Algona
Auburn
Bellevue
Black Diamond
Bothell
Burien
Carnation
Clyde Hill
Covington
Des Moines
Duvall
Enumclaw
Federal Way
Hunts Point
Issaquah
Kenmore
Kent
Kirkland
Lake Forest Park
Maple Valley
Medina
Mercer Island
Milton
Newcastle
Normandy Park
North Bend
Pacific
Redmond
Renton
Sammamish
SeaTac
Seattle
Shoreline
Skykomish
Snoqualmie
Tukwila
Woodinville
Yarrow Point
Unincorporated

Total
Collisions
64
269
50
1,360
2,834
27
342
557
12
20
212
248
47
103
1,659
13
425
212
2,557
1,147
130
149
20
276
33
59
32
67
75
986
2,037
230
879
12,509
687
1
52
1,323
226
12
2,587

Fatal
Collisions
0
1
0
1
5
0
0
0
0
1
1
3
0
2
5
0
0
2
6
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
3
3
0
2
25
2
0
0
4
0
0
15

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
1
20
42
1
12
97
146
13
0
18
32
0
24
438
876
21
16
867
1,927
19
1
9
16
1
5
90
241
6
17
203
322
15
0
4
7
1
0
6
13
0
5
70
132
4
6
73
162
4
2
15
29
1
2
33
64
2
23
540
1,069
22
0
3
10
0
4
130
287
4
3
63
140
4
36
817
1,649
49
20
396
715
12
4
34
87
5
0
48
98
3
0
12
7
1
3
94
177
2
0
8
24
1
0
21
37
1
1
12
18
1
0
14
49
3
1
29
44
1
8
280
690
5
32
728
1,259
15
6
64
156
4
19
267
575
16
192
4,211
7,956
125
5
219
452
9
0
1
0
0
2
10
39
1
14
323
955
27
2
48
174
2
0
4
7
1
78
843
1,576
75

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

33

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Kitsap

Kittitas

Klickitat

Lewis

Lincoln

Mason

Okanogan

34

Total
Collisions

CITY
Bainbridge Island
Bremerton
Port Orchard
Poulsbo
Unincorporated
Cle Elum
Ellensburg
Kittitas
Roslyn
Unincorporated
Bingen
Goldendale
White Salmon
Unincorporated
Centralia
Chehalis
Morton
Mossyrock
Napavine
Winlock
Unincorporated
Almira
Creston
Davenport
Harrington
Odessa
Reardan
Sprague
Wilbur
Unincorporated
Shelton
Unincorporated
Brewster
Conconully
Coulee Dam
Elmer City
Nespelem
Okanogan
Omak
Oroville
Pateros
Riverside
Tonasket
Twisp
Winthrop
Unincorporated

155
658
255
139
1,636
56
243
4
3
895
5
17
21
233
295
187
8
4
26
7
661
1
1
9
1
4
3
3
3
179
173
564
18
1
3
1
2
17
53
11
2
5
11
5
8
362

Fatal
Collisions
0
2
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
9
0
0
0
6
1
1
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
4
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
5
51
98
1
5
147
491
13
6
78
158
13
4
50
84
1
42
527
1,025
28
0
15
41
0
4
60
175
4
0
1
3
0
0
0
3
0
13
231
628
14
0
0
5
0
0
4
13
0
0
3
18
0
10
66
144
7
3
86
201
4
2
45
133
6
0
2
5
1
0
1
3
0
0
4
22
0
0
1
6
0
23
167
448
17
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
4
5
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
3
0
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
6
58
112
2
2
46
122
3
24
164
353
19
0
3
13
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
1
8
8
0
0
12
41
0
0
4
7
0
0
0
2
0
1
1
3
0
0
3
7
1
0
0
5
0
1
0
6
1
10
106
226
11

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Pacific

Pend Oreille

Pierce

San Juan

Skagit

Skamania

CITY
Ilwaco
Long Beach
Raymond
South Bend
Unincorporated
Metaline
Metaline Falls
Newport
Unincorporated
Auburn
Bonney Lake
Buckley
DuPont
Eatonville
Edgewood
Enumclaw
Fife
Fircrest
Gig Harbor
Lakewood
Milton
Orting
Pacific
Puyallup
Roy
Ruston
South Prairie
Steilacoom
Sumner
Tacoma
University Place
Wilkeson
Unincorporated
Friday Harbor
Unincorporated
Anacortes
Burlington
Concrete
Hamilton
La Conner
Lyman
Mount Vernon
Sedro-Woolley
Unincorporated
North Bonneville
Stevenson
Unincorporated

Total
Collisions
4
18
20
12
203
2
1
23
138
36
166
65
36
9
93
2
397
33
210
1,266
93
36
47
946
13
3
4
17
215
3,740
136
7
3,374
14
63
173
284
5
4
8
3
526
132
774
2
17
106

Fatal
Collisions
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
4
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
9
0
0
25
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
3
0
0
3

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
0
2
2
0
1
5
12
0
1
2
17
0
0
2
10
0
4
62
131
3
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
8
14
1
11
38
82
3
2
11
22
1
1
47
113
4
1
20
42
2
0
8
27
1
2
3
4
0
2
36
54
1
0
1
1
0
7
111
277
2
1
10
21
1
5
67
135
2
15
360
873
15
3
25
58
7
0
10
26
0
0
16
30
1
13
311
605
16
0
4
9
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
4
0
0
3
12
2
0
69
143
2
69
1,283
2,280
99
5
44
85
2
0
2
3
2
72
1,179
2,033
65
0
5
9
0
6
22
35
0
5
59
106
2
1
87
193
2
1
1
3
0
0
3
0
1
0
1
7
0
0
2
1
0
8
136
371
10
1
45
84
1
34
217
495
25
0
1
1
0
0
5
12
0
6
37
59
1

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

35

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Snohomish

Spokane

Stevens

Thurston

36

Total
Collisions

CITY
Arlington
Bothell
Brier
Darrington
Edmonds
Everett
Gold Bar
Granite Falls
Index
Lake Stevens
Lynnwood
Marysville
Mill Creek
Monroe
Mountlake Terrace
Mukilteo
Snohomish
Stanwood
Sultan
Woodway
Unincorporated
Airway Heights
Cheney
Deer Park
Fairfield
Liberty Lake
Medical Lake
Millwood
Rockford
Spangle
Spokane
Spokane Valley
Unincorporated
Chewelah
Colville
Kettle Falls
Unincorporated
Bucoda
Lacey
Olympia
Rainier
Tenino
Tumwater
Yelm
Unincorporated

334
511
18
3
555
2,921
8
19
1
330
1,263
725
214
226
319
242
151
88
42
4
3,680
65
69
19
2
70
16
17
4
1
3,508
1,053
1,381
9
58
1
351
1
904
1,138
13
14
412
104
1,426

Fatal
Collisions
1
0
0
0
0
7
0
0
0
1
1
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
19
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
3
11
0
0
0
4
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
9

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
5
103
217
8
9
143
355
4
0
5
13
0
0
1
2
0
7
180
360
8
59
918
1,902
35
1
2
4
1
1
3
14
1
0
1
0
0
4
87
226
12
7
319
927
9
9
218
478
18
2
60
146
5
6
63
152
4
6
82
222
8
0
76
161
5
1
40
108
2
0
22
66
0
1
11
30
0
0
1
2
1
66
1,073
2,437
85
0
24
39
1
2
20
45
2
0
5
13
1
0
1
1
0
1
20
48
1
0
6
9
1
1
6
10
0
0
1
3
0
0
0
1
0
70
1,370
1,971
87
18
366
644
22
38
481
817
34
0
4
5
0
0
6
52
0
0
0
1
0
14
104
219
10
0
0
1
0
9
286
598
10
17
331
775
14
0
1
11
0
1
2
10
0
4
99
307
1
2
39
62
1
33
475
870
39

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

APPENDICES
Appendix C: Statewide Collisions by City
COUNTY

Wahkiakum
Walla Walla

Whatcom

Whitman

Yakima

CITY
Cathlamet
Unincorporated
College Place
Waitsburg
Walla Walla
Unincorporated
Bellingham
Blaine
Everson
Ferndale
Lynden
Nooksack
Sumas
Unincorporated
Albion
Colfax
Colton
Farmington
Garfield
Oakesdale
Pullman
Tekoa
Uniontown
Unincorporated
Grandview
Granger
Harrah
Mabton
Moxee
Naches
Selah
Sunnyside
Tieton
Toppenish
Union Gap
Wapato
Yakima
Zillah
Unincorporated

Total
Collisions
2
52
67
5
506
286
1,221
32
14
150
105
2
13
1,036
2
47
1
1
1
1
257
5
4
306
82
20
1
7
24
15
75
160
2
90
136
24
1,578
25
1,302

Fatal
Collisions
0
0
0
0
0
3
3
0
0
0
1
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
23

Serious
Minor
Property
Unknown
Injury
Injury
Damage Only
Injury
Collisions Collisions
Collisions
Collision
0
1
1
0
3
15
31
3
0
13
54
0
0
2
3
0
6
132
359
9
8
70
200
5
21
313
869
15
0
6
24
2
0
1
13
0
2
45
98
5
0
30
73
1
0
0
2
0
0
0
13
0
35
331
634
30
0
0
2
0
0
14
33
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
2
58
195
2
0
1
4
0
0
0
4
0
9
91
197
6
1
25
53
2
0
1
18
0
0
0
1
0
0
2
4
0
0
5
18
1
0
8
7
0
3
20
50
2
2
42
113
1
0
1
1
0
2
9
77
2
1
40
93
2
0
7
17
0
22
569
968
19
1
5
17
2
42
383
785
69

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

37

APPENDICES
Appendix D: Additional Resources
American National Standard ANSI D16.1-2007: Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents, Seventh Edition. http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/07D16.pdf
National Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). http://www.nhtsa.gov/FARS
Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria (MMUCC), 4th Edition. http://www.mmucc.us/
Police Traffic Collision Reporting Manual Washington State Instruction Manual.
http://www.wsp.wa.gov/publications/forms/pctrmanl.pdf
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/

38

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary

2012 Washington State Annual Collision Summary