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Unit Number

100

CEPCI

397

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User Added Equipment


Compressor
s

Compressor Type

Power
(kilowatts)

# Spares

MOC

C-101

Centrifugal

450

Carbon Steel

Drives

Drive Type

Power
(kilowatts)

# Spares

D-101

Electric - Explosion Proof

195

Exchangers

Exchanger Type

Shell Pressure
(barg)

Tube Pressure
(barg)

E-101

Floating Head

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

405

E-102

Floating Head

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

10

E-103

Floating Head

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

E-104

Floating Head

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

E-105

Floating Head

E-106

Floating Head

Pumps
(with drives)

Pump Type

Power
(kilowatts)

# Spares

MOC

Discharge
Pressure (barg)

P-101

Centrifugal

Carbon Steel

P-102

Centrifugal

Carbon Steel

P-103

Centrifugal

Stainless Steel

Reactors

Type

Volume
(cubic meters)

MOC

Purchased
Equipment Cost

Bare Module
Cost

Purchased
Equipment Cost

Bare Module
Cost

Area
Purchased
(square meters) Equipment Cost

Bare Module
Cost

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

269

Carbon Steel / Carbon Steel

41
Purchased
Equipment Cost

Bare Module
Cost

Purchased
Equipment Cost

Bare Module
Cost

R-101

Jacketed Agitated

15

Total Bare Module Cost

Name

Totals

Total Module Cost

Grass Roots Cost

Utility Used

Efficiency

Actual Usage

Annual Utility Cost

Add Materials
Material Name

Classification

Propylene

Price ($/kg)

Raw Material

0.32

Flowrate (kg/h)
1234.00

Annual Cost
$

endClassification
$
$

Economic Options
Cost of Land $

1,250,000

Taxation Rate

42%

Annual Interest Rate

10%

Salvage Value

custom

Working Capital $
FCIL $

330,000
-

Total Module Factor

1.18

Grass Roots Factor

0.50

function
CSGRC

Economic Information Calculated From Given Information


Revenue From Sales $
CRM (Raw Materials Costs) $
CUT (Cost of Utilities) $

3,286,191

CWT (Waste Treatment Costs) $


COL (Cost of Operating Labor) $

material
material

COM

material

material

Factors Used in Calculation of Cost of Manufacturing (COMd)


Comd = 0.18*FCIL + 2.76*COL + 1.23*(CUT + CWT + CRM)
Multiplying factor for FCIL
Multiplying factor for COL

0.18
2.76

Facotrs for CUT, CWT, and CRM

1.23

COMd $

4,042,015

Factors Used in Calculation of Working Capital


Working Capital = A*CRM + B*FCIL + C*COL
A

0.10

0.10

0.10

Project Life (Years after Startup)

10

Construction period

Distribution of Fixed Capital Investment (must sum to one)


End of year One

60%

End of year Two

40%

End of year Three


End of year Four
End of year Five

3,286,191
endMaterial
3,286,191

Cash Flow Diagram

Project Value (millions of dollars)

0.0
-2.0
-4.0
-6.0
-8.0
-10.0
-12.0
-14.0
-16.0
-1

10

11

12

Project Life (Years)

Generate CFD

Discounted Profitibility Criterion

Non-Discounted Profitibility Criteria

Net Present Value (millions)

(14.09)

Cumulative Cash Position (millions)

(23.44)

Discounted Cash Flow Rate of Return

10.00%

Rate of Return on Investment

#DIV/0!

Discounted Payback Period (years)

Undefined

Year

Investment

dk

FCIL-Sdk

Payback Period (years)

COMd

Undefined

Cash Flow
(R-COMd-dk)*(1-t)+dk (Non-discounted)

Cash Flow
(discounted)

Cumulative Cash Flow


(discounted)

Cumulative Cash Flow


(Non-discounted)

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

1.25
0.33

0.00
0.00
-

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04
4.04

(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)

(1.25)
(0.33)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(2.34)
(0.76)

(1.25)
(0.30)
(1.94)
(1.76)
(1.60)
(1.46)
(1.32)
(1.20)
(1.09)
(0.99)
(0.90)
(0.27)

(1.25)
(1.55)
(3.49)
(5.25)
(6.85)
(8.31)
(9.63)
(10.83)
(11.93)
(12.92)
(13.82)
(14.09)

(1.25)
(1.58)
(3.92)
(6.27)
(8.61)
(10.96)
(13.30)
(15.65)
(17.99)
(20.33)
(22.68)
(23.44)

Probable Variation of Key Parameters over Plant Life

FCIL
Price of Product
Working Capital
Income Tax Rate*
Interest Rate*
Raw Material Price
Salvage Value

Lower Limit
-20%
-10%
-50%
-20%
-10%
-10%
-80%

Upper Limit
30%
10%
10%
20%
20%
15%
20%

Base Value
330,000
42%
10%
$
3,286,191
0

$
$
$

* Please note that variations for percentages are a percent of a percent.


For example, a 10% variance on a 12% interst rate would imply a 1.2% uncertainty

Run Economic Analysis

Net Present Value Data

Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

-172.9
186.4
Upper Value
-172.9
-137.0
-101.0
-65.1
-29.2
6.7
42.7
78.6
114.5
150.5
186.4

1000

# points/bin
0
5
22
74
156
232
235
156
99
19
2

Cumulative
0
5
27
101
257
489
724
880
979
998
1000

Cumulative Number of Data Points

Low NPV
High NPV

750

500

250

0
-200

-150

-100

-50

50

100

Net Present Value (millions of dollars)

150

200

250

Discounted Cash Flow Rate of Return Data


0.00
0.27

Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Upper
0.00
0.03
0.05
0.08
0.11
0.13
0.16
0.19
0.21
0.24
0.27

#/bin
0
63
68
126
140
169
159
108
68
29
3

Cumulative
0
63
131
257
397
566
725
833
901
930
933

Cumulative Number of Data Points

1000

Low DCFROR
High DCFROR

750

500

250

0
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

DCFROR

Discounted Payback Period Data

Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

2.8
30.7
Upper
2.8
5.6
8.4
11.2
14.0
16.7
19.5
22.3
25.1
27.9
30.7

#/bin
0
263
321
163
82
56
35
24
0
6
6

Cumulative
0
263
584
747
829
885
920
944
944
950
956

Cumulative Number of Data Points

1000

Low DPBP
High DPBP

750

500

250

0
0.0

5.0

10.0

15.0

20.0

DPBP (years)

25.0

30.0

35.0

Cumulative Cash Position Data

Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

-213.33
533.67
Upper Value
-213.33
-138.63
-63.93
10.77
85.47
160.17
234.87
309.57
384.27
458.97
533.67

# points/bin
0
4
20
54
124
195
228
173
118
69
15

Cumulativive
0
4
24
78
202
397
625
798
916
985
1000

Cumulative Number of Data Points

1000

Low CCP
High CCP

750

500

250

0
-300

-200

-100

100

200

300

400

500

600

Cumulative Cash Position (millions of dollars)

Low ROROI
High ROROI
Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

-14%
44%
Upper Value
-14%
-8%
-2%
4%
10%
15%
21%
27%
33%
39%
44%

# points/bin
0
5
37
100
193
228
210
130
65
27
5

Payback Period Data

Cumulative
0
5
42
142
335
563
773
903
968
995
1000

Cumulative Number of Data Points

Rate of Return on Investment Data


1000

750

500

250

0
-20%

-10%

0%

10%

20%

ROROI

30%

40%

50%

Bins
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

1.9
10.1
Upper
1.9
2.7
3.6
4.4
5.2
6.0
6.9
7.7
8.5
9.3
10.1

#/bin
0
214
314
155
109
70
32
16
37
12
2

Cumulative
0
214
528
683
792
862
894
910
947
959
961

Cumulative Number of Data Points

1000

Low DPBP
High DPBP

750

500

250

0
0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

PBP (years)

8.0

10.0

12.0

Hours per Operting Year

8322
Cost ($/GJ)

Common Utilities
Electricity (110V - 440V)
Cooling Water (30C to 45C)
Refrigerated Water (15C to 25C)

16.8
0.354
4.43

Steam from Boilers


Low Pressure (5 barg, 160C)
Medium Pressure (10 barg, 184C)
High Pressure (41 barg, 254C)

13.28
14.19
17.7

Fuels
Fuel Oil (no. 2)
Natural Gas
Coal (FOB mine mouth)

14.2
11.1
1.72

Thermal Systems
Moderately High (up to 330C)
High (up to 400C)
Very High (up to 600C)

12.33
13
13.88

Refrigeration
Moderately Low (5C)
Low (-20C)
Very low (-50C)

4.43
7.89
13.11

Update Preferences
Power Preference
kilowatts

1 kW / kW

Pressure Preference
barg

1 barg / barg

Heat Duty Preference


MJ/h

3.6 (MJ/h) / kW

Length Preference
meters

1 m/m

Area Preference
square meters

1 m^2 / m^2

Volume Preference
cubic meters

1 m^3/m^3

Gas Flow Preference


cubic meters/s

1 m^3 / m^3

Cost Preference
$/kg

1 kg / kg

Flowrate Preference
kg/h

1 kg / kg

Energy Price Preference


$/Gigajoule

1 GJ / GJ

Cost ($/tonne)
Waste Disposal (solid and liquid)
Non-Hazardous
Hazardous

36
200

Cost of Steam used in Steam Drives


Steam used for steam-powered drives $

Cost ($/GJ)
9.83

Equipment Effeciencies
Pump Efficiency
Drive Efficiency
Fan Efficiency
Furnace Efficiency
Turbine Efficiency

70%
90%
70%
90%
65%

Process Equipment
Operators per shift per equipment
Cost of Labor (per operator/year) $

52,900

Miscellaneous Numebrs
Solids Handling Coefficient

1.00

Blender Data
Blender Type
Kneader
Ribbon
Rotary

K1
5.0141
4.1366
4.1366

K2
0.5867
0.5072
0.5072

K3
0.3224
0.0070
0.0070

Vmin(m3)
0.14
0.70
0.70

Vmax(m3)
3
11
11

FBM
1.12
1.12
1.12

Centrifuge Data
Centrifuge Type
Auto Batch Seperator
Centrifugal Seperator
Oscillating Screen
Solid Bowl w/o Motor

K1
4.7681
4.3612
4.8600
4.9697

K2
0.9740
0.8764
0.3340
1.1689

K3
0.0240
-0.0049
0.1063
0.0038

Dmin(m)
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.30

Dmax(m)
1.70
1.00
1.10
2.00

FBM
1.57
1.57
1.57
1.27

Compressor Data (without electric motors)


K1
K2
Compressor Type
Centrifugal
2.2891
1.3604
Axial
2.2891
1.3604
Rotary
5.0355
-1.8002
Reciprocating
2.2891
1.3604

K3
-0.1027
-0.1027
0.8253
-0.1027

FBMCS
2.7
3.8
2.4
3.4

FBMSS
5.8
8.0
5.0
7.0

FBMNi
11.5
15.9
9.9
13.9

Conveyor Data
Conveyor Type
Apron
Belt
Pneumatic
Screw

K1
3.9255
4.0637
4.6616
3.6062

K2
0.5039
0.2584
0.3205
0.2659

K3
0.1506
0.1550
0.0638
0.1982

Amin(m2)
1.00
0.50
0.75
0.50

Amax(m2)
15.00
325.00
65.00
30.00

FBM

Crystallizer Data
Crystallizer Type
Batch

K1
4.5097

K2
0.1731

K3
0.1344

Vmin(m3)
1.50

Vmax(m3)
30.00

FBM
1.6

Drive Data
Electric Drives
Explosion Proof
Totally Enclosed
Open/Drip Proof

K1
2.4604
1.956
2.9508

K2
1.4191
1.7142
1.0688

K3
-0.1798
-0.2282
-0.1315

FBM
1.5
1.5
1.5

W min(kW) W max(kW)
75
2600
75
2600
75
2600

K1
-21.7702
2.6259
2.7635

K2
13.2175
1.4398
0.8574

K3
-1.5279
-0.1776
-0.0098

FBM
3.5
3.5
2.0

W min(kW) W max(kW)
7500
23000
70
7500
10
10000

K1
4.5472
3.5645
3.6951

K2
0.2731
1.1118
0.5442

K3
0.1340
-0.0777
-0.1248

Amin(m2)
0.50
5.00
1.80

K1
4.5007
3.6298

K2
0.4182
0.5009

K3
0.0813
0.0411

3.6298
3.6298

0.5009
0.5009

0.0411
0.0411

0.06
0.06

200.00
200.00

Fan Data (include electric motors)


K1
Fan Type
Centrifugal Radial Fan
3.5391
Centrifugal Backward curved3.3471
fan
Axial Tube Fan
3.0414
Axial Vane Fan
3.1761

K2
-0.3533
-0.0734
-0.3375
-0.1373

K3
0.4477
0.3090
0.4722
0.3414

FBMCS
2.7
2.7
2.7
2.7

FBMfiberglass
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0

Filter Data
Filter Type
Bent
Cartridge
Disc and Drum
Gravity
Leaf
Pan
Plate and Frame
Table
Tube

K1
5.1055
3.2107
4.8123
4.2756
3.8187
4.8123
4.2756
5.1055
5.1055

K2
0.4999
0.7597
0.2858
0.3520
0.6235
0.2858
0.3520
0.4999
0.4999

K3
0.0001
0.0027
0.0420
0.0714
0.0176
0.0420
0.0714
0.0001
0.0001

Amin(m2)
0.90
15.00
0.90
0.50
0.60
0.90
0.50
0.90
0.90

Amax(m2)
115.00
200.00
300.00
80.00
235.00
300.00
80.00
115.00
115.00

Reactive Heaters
Reformer Furnace
Pyrolysis Furnace

K1
3.068
2.3859

K2
0.6597
0.9721

K3
0.0194
-0.0206

Qmin(kW)
3000
3000

Non-reactive Heaters
Process Heater

K1
7.3488

K2
-1.1666

K3
0.2028

Thermal Fluid Heaters


Hot Water
Molten Salt, Mineral Oil,
Diphenyl Based Oils
Packaged Steam Boilers

K1
2.0829
1.1979
2.2628
6.9617

K2
0.9074
1.4782
0.8581
-1.48

K3
-0.0243
-0.0958
0.0003
0.3161

Non-Electric Drives
Gas Turbine
Steam Turbine
Internal Combustion

Dryer Data
Dryer Type
Drum
Rotary, Gas Fired
Tray

Dust Collectors Data


Collector Type
Baghouse
Cyclone Scrubbers
( Centrifugal, Gravity
Spray, Impingement,
and Wet Dynamic)
Electrostatic Precipitator
Venturi

W min(kW)
450
450
18
450

W max(kW)
3000
3000
950
3000

FBMNi
11.5
11.5
11.5
11.5

Threshold
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.04

C1
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Qmax(kW) Pmax(barg)
100000
200
100000
200

C1
0.1405
0.1017

C2
-0.2698
-0.1957

C3
0.1293
0.09403

Bare Module Factor


CS
Alloy Steel
2.13
2.51
2.13
2.51

SS
2.81
2.81

Qmin(kW)
1000

Qmax(kW) Pmax(barg)
100000
200

C1
0.1347

C2
-0.2368

C3
0.1021

Bare Module Factor


CS
Alloy Steel
2.13
2.51

SS
2.81

Qmin(kW)
650
650
650
1200

Qmax(kW) Pmax(barg)
10750
200
10750
200
10750
200
9400
40

C1
-0.0163
-0.0163
-0.0163
2.5941

C2
0.0569
0.0569
0.0569
-4.2348

C3
-0.0088
-0.0088
-0.0088
1.7224

Amax(m2)
50.00
100.00
20.00

Vmin(m3/s) Vmax(m3/s)
0.08
350.00
0.06
200.00

2
1.25
1.25
1.1

FBM
1.6
1.25
1.25

FBM
2.86
2.86

2.86
2.86

FBMSS
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8

C2
0.209
0.209
0.209
0.209

C3
-0.033
-0.033
-0.033
-0.033

Vmin(m3/s)
1
1
1
1

Vmax(m3/s)
100
100
100
100

FBM
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.80
1.65
1.54

Fired Heater Data

Evaporator Data

Fbm
2.17
2.17
2.17
2.2

Steam Supreheat Factor


FT1
FT2
FT3

1.000

0.00184

3.35E-06

Pmax(barg)
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16

Evaporator Types
Forced Circulation
Falling Film
Agitated (Scraped Wall)
Short Tube
Long Tube

K1
5.0238
3.9119
5
5.2366
4.642

Heat Exchanger Data


K1
Exchager Type
Double Pipe
3.3444
40 barg < P < 100 barg
P < 40 barg
Multiple Pipe
2.7652
40 barg < P < 100 barg
P < 40 barg
Fixed tube, sheet, or U tube 4.3247
tubes only > 5 barg
Floating Head
4.8306
tubes only > 5barg
Bayonet
4.2768
tubes only > 5 barg
Kettle Reboiler
4.4646
tubes only > 5 barg
Scraped Wall
3.7803
40 barg < P < 100 barg
P < 40 barg
Teflon Tube
3.8062
Air Cooler
4.0336
Spiral Tube - shell and tube 3.9912
tube only
Spiral Plate
4.6561
Flat Plate
4.6656

K2
0.3475
0.8627
0.149
-0.6572
0.3698

K3
0.0703
-0.0088
-0.0134
0.35
0.0025

Amin(m2)
5
50
0.5
10
100

Amax(m2)
1000
500
5
100
10000

Pmax(barg)
150
150
150
150
150

C1
0.1578
0.1578
0.1578
0.1578
0.1578

C2
-0.2992
-0.2992
-0.2992
-0.2992
-0.2992

C3
0.1413
0.1413
0.1413
0.1413
0.1413

K2
0.2745

K3
-0.0472

C3
3.0705
0.3327
0
3.0705
0.3327
0
0.08183
0.0123
0.08183
0.0123
0.08183
0.0123
0.08183
0.0123
3.0705
0.3327
0
0
-0.02861
0
0
0
0

B2
1.55

Amin(m2)
1

Amax(m2)
10

Pmax(barg)
300

0.0783

C2
-12.6574
-0.912
0
-12.6574
-0.912
0
-0.11272
-0.00627
-0.11272
-0.00627
-0.11272
-0.00627
-0.11272
-0.00627
-12.6574
-0.912
0
0
0.15361
0.1859
0.09717
0
0

B1
1.74

0.7282

C1
13.1467
0.6072
0
13.1467
0.6072
0
0.03881
-0.00164
0.03881
-0.00164
0.03881
-0.00164
0.03881
-0.00164
13.1467
0.6072
0
0
-0.125
-0.4045
-0.2115
0
0

1.74

1.55

10

100

300

1.63

1.66

10.0

1000

140

1.63

1.66

10.0

1000

140

1.63

1.66

10.0

1000

140

1.63

1.66

10.0

100

140

1.74

1.55

2.0

20

300

1.63
0.96
1.74

1.66
1.21
1.55

1.0
10
1

10
10000
100

15
100
400

0.96
0.96

1.21
1.21

1
10

100
1000

19
19

-0.303

0.1634

-0.8509

0.3187

-0.0495

0.1431

-0.5277

0.3955

0.8569

0.0349

0.8924
0.2341
0.0668

-0.1671
0.0497
0.243

-0.2947
-0.1557

0.2207
0.1547

Materail Factors, FM
Shell - CS
Exchanger Type
Tube - CS
Double Pipe
1.00
Multiple Pipe
1.00
Fixed tube, sheet, or U tube 1.00
Floating Head
1.00
Bayonet
1.00
Kettle Reboiler
1.00
Scraped Wall
1.00
Spiral Tube
1.00

CS
Cu
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35

Cu
Cu
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69

CS
SS
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.81
1.81

SS
SS
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73
2.73

Exchanger Type
Teflon Tube Exchanger

Shell Materail
CS
Cu
1.00
1.20

SS
1.30

Ni
1.40

Ti
3.30

Exchanger Type
Spiral Plate
Flat Plate

Material In Contact with Process Fluid


CS
Cu
SS
Ni
1.00
1.35
2.45
2.68
1.00
1.35
2.45
2.68

Ti
4.63
4.63

Exchanger Type
Air Cooler

Tube Material
CS
Al
1.00
1.42

Mixer Data
Mixer Type
Impeller
Propeller
Turbine

K1
3.8511
4.3207
3.4092

CS
Ni
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68

Ni
Ni
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73
3.73

CS
Ti
4.63
4.63
4.63
4.63
4.63
4.63
4.63
4.63

Ti
Ti
11.38
11.38
11.38
11.38
11.38
11.38
11.38
11.38

B1
1.89
1.89
1.89

B2
1.35
1.35
1.35

FmCI
1.0
1.0
1.0

SS
2.93

K2
0.7009
0.0359
0.4896

K3
-0.0003
0.1346
0.0030

Pmin(kW)
5.00
5.00
5.00

Pmax(kW)
150.00
500.00
150.00

FBM
1.38
1.38
1.38

Pump Data (including electric drives)


K1
K2
Pump Type
Centrifugal pump
3.3892
0.0536
Positive Displacement
3.4771
0.1350
Reciprocating pump
3.8696
0.3161

K3
0.1538
0.14380
0.12200

C1
C2
C3
-0.3935
0.3957
-0.00226
-0.24538 0.259016 -0.01363
-0.2454
0.2590
-0.0136

Reactor Data
Reactor Type
Autoclave
Fermenter
Inoculum Tank
Jacketed Agitated
Jacketed Non-Agitated
Mixer/Settler

K1
4.5587
4.1052
3.7957
4.1052
3.3496
4.7116

K2
0.2986
0.5320
0.4593
0.5320
0.7235
0.4479

K3
0.0020
-0.0005
0.0160
-0.0005
0.0025
0.0004

Vmin(m3)
1.00
0.10
0.07
0.10
5.00
0.04

Vmax(m3)
15.00
35.00
1.00
35.00
45.00
6.00

FBM
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0
4.0

Screen Data
Screen Type
DSM
Rotary
Stationary
Vibrating

K1
3.8050
4.0485
3.8219
4.0485

K2
0.5856
0.1118
1.0368
0.1118

K3
0.2120
0.3260
-0.6050
0.3260

Amin(m2)
0.30
0.30
2.00
0.30

Amax(m2)
6.00
15.00
11.00
15.00

FBM
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.34

Tank Data
Tank Type
Fixed Roof
Floating Roof

K1
4.8509
5.9567

K2
-0.3973
-0.7585

K3
0.1445
0.1749

B1
1.10
1.10

B2
0
0.00

Vmin(m3/s)
90
1000

Vmax(m3/s)
30000
40000

Turbine Data
Turbine Type
Axial
Radial

K1
2.7051
2.2476

K2
1.4398
1.4965

K3
-0.1776
-0.1618

FBMCI
NA
NA

FBMCS
3.5
3.5

FBMCu
NA
NA

FBMSS
6.1
6.1

FBMNi
11.7
11.7

FBMTi
NA
NA

Vaporizer Types
Jacketed Vessel
Internal Coil
Jacketed Vessel w/ Coil

K1
3.8751
4.038
4.038

K2
0.3328
0.09142
0.09142

K3
0.1901
0.2766
0.2766

Vmin(m3)
1
1
1

Vmax(m3)
100
100
100

Pmax(barg)
320
320
320

C1
0.1578
0.1578
0.1578

C2
-0.2992
-0.2992
-0.2992

C3
0.1413
0.1413
0.1413

Vaporizer Types
Jacketed Vessel
Internal Coil
Jacketed Vessel w/ Coil

CS
2.7
3.0
3.0

Bare Module Factors, FBM


Cu
GL SS Coils
Glass Lined Ni CoilsSS
3.4
4.7
4.9
4.8
3.8
5.2
5.5
5.2
3.8
5.2
5.5
5.2

SS Clad
3.8
4.1
4.1

Ni Alloy
9.1
10.1
10.1

Ni Alloy Clad
5.9
6.6
6.6

Ti
13.7
15.2
15.2

Ti Clad
9.5
10.6
10.6

CS
2.9
2.25
2.25
2.9
2.9

Bare Module Factors, FBM


Cu Alloy
SS
Ni Alloy
3.63
5.08
9.66
2.81
3.94
7.49
2.81
3.94
7.49
3.63
5.08
9.66
3.63
5.08
9.66

K3
0.0905

Vmin
0.1

Vmax
628

Pmax(barg)
400

FmCS
1.6
1.4
1.5

W min(kW) W max(kW)
100
4000
100
1500

Vaporizer Data

Evaporator Data
Evaporator Types
Forced Circulation
Falling Film
Agitated (Scraped Wall)
Short Tube
Long Tube

Ti
14.5
11.25
11.25
14.5
14.5

Vessel Data (including data for distillation towers and packed columns)
Vertical Vessels
Horizontal Vessels
K1
K2
K3
Vmin
Vmax
K1
K2
3.4974
0.4485
0.1074
0.3
520
3.5565
0.3776

Vessel Type
Horizontal
Vertical

B1
1.49
2.25

Materials of Construction
FM CS

1.0

FM SS clad

1.7

FM SS

3.1

FM Ni clad

3.6

FM Ni

7.1

B2
1.52
1.82

FmCu
NA
1.3
1.3

FmSS
2.3
2.7
2.4

FmNi
4.4
4.7
4.0

FmTi
NA
10.7
6.4

Pmax(barg)
100
100
100

W min(kW) W max(kW)
1
300
1
100
0.1
200

FM Ti clad

4.7

FM Ti

9.4

Tower Trays
Tray Type
Sieve
Valve
Demister
FBM
MOC
CS
SS
Fluorocarbon
Ni-alloy

K1
2.9949
3.3322
3.2353

K2
0.4465
0.4838
0.4838

K3
0.3961
0.3434
0.3434

Amin(m2)
0.07
0.7
0.7

Sieve
1.0
1.8

Valve
1
1.83

Demister

5.6

5.58

Fq = 10^{0.4771+0.08516 Log N -0.3473 [Log N]^2}


N
1
2
3

Fq
3.00
2.96
2.75

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5

1.0
1.8
5.6

Amax(m2)
12.3
10.5
10.5