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GSM KPI Improvement

Process / Guidelines

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$!
Key Per%ormance Indicators - KPIs
SDCCH Blocking
SDCCH Drop
TCH Drop Rate
Handover Success Rate
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $
&ccessibility 'e%inition
(all to an MS
9805024
BSC
MSC/VLR
TRC
BTS
BTS
1
2
4
5
2
2
2
3
1
4
3
5
6
)* MS(/+LR sends paging command to all ,S(s
belonging to t-e location area .L&/ 0-ere MS is located
* ,S( %or0ards t-e paging command to all ,TSs in t-at
L&1 and t-e ,TSs in t-eir turn page t-e MS on t-e P(2
$* T-e MS responds to t-e ,TS on t-e R&(2 and t-e
,TS %or0ards t-e response to t-e ,S( .%or0ard to MS(/
3* T-e ,S(s c-ec4s 0it- t-e ,TS i% it -as an S'((2
available and t-e ,TS grants t-e MS an S'((2 by using
t-e &G(2
"* T-e MS and t-e ,TS signal on t-e S'((21
measurement reports sent on S&((2 are %or0arded %rom
t-e ,TS to t-e ,S( and once t-e signalling is done t-e
,S( decides 0-ic- T(2 to use
5* T(2 connection establis-ed bet0een MS and ,TS
&
c
c
e
s
s
i
b
i
l
i
t
y
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3
S'((2 (ongestion 6 7vervie0
S'((2 &ctivities8

Mobility Management
6 Normal Location update
6 Periodic Registration
6 IMSI &ttac- / 'etac-

(onnection Management
6 (all setup
6 SMS Point to Point
6 9a: Setup
6 Supplementary Services
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "
S'((2 (ongestion 6 7vervie0
(-annel (on%iguration8
(-annel (on%iguration can be done as %ollo0
6 (ombined ,((2/S'((2 on ) TS .S'((2/3/
6 Non-(ombined ,((2 and S'((2 on TS .S'((2/;/
(ell ,roadcast (-annel .(,(2/
The Cell Broadcast service provides the transmission of an SMS from a
message-handling centre to all MSs in the serving area of the BTS.
If the Cell Broadcast service is active in a cell, one signaling sub-channel is
replaced by one CBC resulting in a S!CC"#
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5
S'((2 (ongestion 6 7vervie0
S'((2 (-annel &llocation Pro%ile .(2&P/

(-annel &llocation is t-e %eature t-at selects and allocates


suitable c-annels 0-en one or more c-annels are re<uired

(-annel &llocation Pro%ile .(2&P/ is t-e parameter t-at


provides di%%erent c-annel allocation strategies

9or S'((2 assignments1 (2&P ; prioriti=e ne0


assignments as %ollo0s8
)* 7L/S'((2
* >L/S'((2 .i% 7L/S'((2 is congested/
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?
S'((2 (ongestion 6 7vervie0
$% &C'( )*
+% &C'( ,*
T T T T T T T T
S T T T T T T T
T T T T T T T T
S B T T T T - -
. ne/ assignment /ill use the S!CC in $% first
$% &C'( )*
+% &C'( ,*
T T T T T T T T
S T T T T T T T
T T T T T T T T
S B T T T T - -
If the $% is congested, the S!CC in +% /ill be used
0ote
S!CC congestion in the $% /ill
increment, but this is not customer
perceived since the S!CC in +%
/ill then be utili1ed
B
S
T
-
BCC timeslot
S!CC timeslot
TC timeslot
-!C timeslot
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;
S'((2 'imensioning Strategy
G7S &pproac-8
S'((2 s-ould be dimensioned %or better G7S compare to T(2* Typical
range is !*"@ - )@*
Immediate &ssignment o% T(2 0it- AT(2 as last option strategyB is
recommended*
It is recommended to add S'((2 0-en !*" Crlang o% signaling tra%%ic is
carried by T(2*
2al% Rate penetration1 usage o% C:tended Range cell and 2S(S' s-ould be
ta4en into consideration*
STS &pproac-8
.ccurate dimensioning is achieved by using STS cell statistics
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #
S'((2 (ongestion 7ptimi=ation
&naly=e t-e %ollo0ing issues t-at could be possible reasons
%or S'((2 (ongestion8

S'((2 'imensioning

Incorrect use o% S'((2 capacity %eatures suc- as


&daptive (on%iguration o% Logical c-annels

T(2 (ongestion

Location &reas not optimi=ed

SMS usage and (ell ,roadcast c-annel

S'((2 &vailability
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )!
S'((2 (ongestion 7ptimi=ation
T-e %ollo0ing recommendations 0ill -ave a positive impact on S'((2
congestion

Try not to use combined ,((2/S'((2 .S'((2/3/

>se t-e optional S'((2 capacity %eatures suc- as t-e &daptive


(on%iguration o% Logical (-annel %eature 0-en available*

>se Immediate &ssignment on T(21 S'((2 %irst*

9or manual dimensioning1 use STS cell statistics

(on%igure one S'((2 on t-e ,((2 carrier and t-e ot-ers on t-e
-opping layer .Non-,((2/

>se t-e Cricsson S'((2 'imensioning guideline*


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ))
S'((2 (ongestion 7ptimi=ation
T-e %ollo0ing issues are 0ort- ta4ing into account 0-en
analy=ing S'((2 (ongestion8

>se L&P' STS statistics to evaluate L&P' congestion and


optimi=e t-e L&P' (oncentration %actor

&naly=e border cells 0it- a large amount o% random


access attempts resulting in S'((2 congestion*
6 >se Random &ccess optimi=ation to solve t-e S'((2
congestion

Ta4e into account Timeslot priority 0-en deciding 0-ere to


con%igure S'((2/;
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )
S'((2 (ongestion 7ptimi=ation
S D C C H C o n g e s t i o n
( - e c 4 s i t e p o s i t i o n
L o c a t i o n a r e a
b o r d e r D
( - a n g e L o c a t i o n
& r e a , o r d e r
( - e c 4 a n d i n c r e a s e
( R 2
( - e c 4 T ( 2 t r a % % i c
T ( 2
( o n g e s t i o n D
( - e c 4 S M S a c t i v i t y
M a n y S M S
m e s s a g e s D
E
( - e c 4 p e r i o d i c
r e g i s t r a t i o n
T o o % r e < u e n t
r e g i s t r a t i o n D
( - e c 4 2 E a v a i l a b i l t y
L o 0
a v a i l a b i l i t y D
S e e T ( 2 F S ' ( ( 2
& v a i l a b i l i t y
& d d T ( 2
c a p a c i t y
R e d i m e n s i o n
S ' ( ( 2
( - a n g e r e g i s t r a t i o n
i n t e r v a l t i m e r s
N O
Y E S
N O
N O
N O
Y E S
Y E S
Y E S
N O
Y E S
Y E S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )$
S'((2 (ongestion 7ptimi=ation
( - e c 4 c - a n n e l c o n % i g u r a t i o n
( o m b i n e d
S ' ( ( 2 D
( - e c 4 t r a % % i c t r e n d
S - o r t t e r m
t r a % % i c g r o 0 t - D
( - e c 4 S ' ( ( 2 d i m e n s i o n i n g
E
> n d e r d i m e n s i o n e d
S ' ( ( 2 D
( - e c 4 S ' ( ( 2 m e a n - o l d i n g t i m e
L o n g m e a n - o l d i n g
t i m e D
I s c e l l b r o a d c a s t
u s e d D
& v o i d c e l l b r o a d c a s t i %
p o s s i b l e
M a 4 e c - a n n e l
n o n - c o m b i n e d
N o a c t i v i t y
( - e c 4 2 E a n d n u m b e r
o % 9 a l s e & c c e s s e s
R e d i m e n s i o n
S ' ( ( 2
E N D
N O
N O
Y E S
Y E S
Y E S
Y E S
Y E S
N O
N O
N O
( - e c 4 & d a p t i v e c o n % i g u r a t i o n o %
l o g i c a l c - a n n e l a n d p a r a m e t e r s
& ( S T & T C o % % D S 0 i t c - o n
Y E S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )3
S'((2 'rops 6 7vervie0
S'((2 'rops are classi%ied into one o% t-e %ollo0ing
categories8

S'((2 'rops because o% Timing &dvance

S'((2 'rops because o% Lo0 Signal Strengt-

S'((2 'rops because o% ,ad Guality

S'((2 'rops due to 7t-er Reasons


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )"
S'((2 'rops 6 7vervie0
MS MSC BSC
BTS
Channel (e2uest
Channel (e2uired
,
3
4
Immediate .ssignment (e5ect
6
7
Channel .ctivation
8n
9
Channel .ctivation .c:.
Channel .ctivation
Channel .ctivation .c:.
9n
Chan. 0eg. .c:.
Chan. 0eg. .c:.
Immediate .ssignment
;stablish Indication
SCC- Conn. (e2
SCC- Conn. Conf.
S.BM, +.
Signaling Connection Set-up
8
0
Too high TA ?
Wrong Cause Code?
6
0
Too high processor load ?
Step related RA counter
Free ch. Available?
6
0
Activation of channel
successful?
6
0
Random Access
Step CMSESTAB counter
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )5
S'((2 'rops 6 7vervie0
.ssignment< .ssignment to Serving Cell
MSC BSC
BTS
MS
.ssignment (e2uest
0
6
S.BM
+.
;stablish Indication
.ssignment Command
.ssignment Complete
.ssignment Compl.
Channel .ctivation
=
Channel .ct. .c:.
Channel .ct. 0eg. .c:.
(> Channel (elease, old channel
(> Channel (elease .c:.
Possible to assign
channel?
If TCH Congestion
CNRELCONG is stepped (tie
out!"
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )?
S'((2 'rops 6 7vervie0
Connection (elease, 0ormal !isconnection
MSC BSC
BTS
MS
Clear Command
Channel (elease
Clear Complete
!eactivate S.CC
!ISC
+.
(elease Indication
(> Channel (elease
(> Channel (elease .c:
SCC- (el.
SCC- (el. .c:.
,
Check Cause codes, if not !
successful or Call Control, step
drop call counter, CN#RO$
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! );
S'((2 'rops 6 7vervie0
Connection (elease, .bnormal !isconnection
MSC BSC
BTS
Clear Command
Channel (elease
Clear Complete
!eactivate S.CC
!ISC
+. (elease Indication
(> Channel (elease
(> Channel (elease .c:
SCC- (el.
SCC- (el. .c:.
Clear (e2uest
Step drop call counter%
CN#RO$
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )#
S'((2 'rop 7ptimi=ation
&naly=e t-e %ollo0ing issues t-at could be possible reasons %or S'((2
'rops8

Lo0 signal strengt-

Inter%erence

Pat-loss Imbalance bet0een >L/'L

2ig- Timing &dvance

MS error or Subscriber be-avior

T(2 (ongestion

Transmission (ongestion .L&P' (oncentration/

2ard0are or Transmission %ailures


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! !
S'((2 'rop 7ptimi=ation
T-e %ollo0ing issues are 0ort- ta4ing into account 0-en analy=ing
S'((2 'rops8

S'((2 'rops and T(2 'rops o%ten drop because o% t-e same R9
reasons1 suc- as %or e:ample insu%%icient coverage

7nly use S'((2 po0er regulation and S'((2 27 0-en t-e net0or4
-as good coverage

,S( and transmission problems can impact S'((2 drops so


investigate Transcoders1 &-inter%ace and L&P'

S'((2 'rops on t-e -opping layer are normally s-o0ing 0orse


values t-an S'((2 on t-e ,((2
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! )
S'((2 'rop 7ptimi=ation
C h e c k S D C C H D r o p p e d P e r C e l l
C h e c : d r o p
r e a s o n
B a d
2 u a l i t y ?

C h e c : I C M

C h e c : f r e 2 u e n c y - l a n

> r e 2 u e n c y s c a n

( u n M ( ( @ > . S
% o /
S S ?

( e f e r t o % o / S S
a n a l y s i s f l o / c h a r t .
i g h
T . ?

C h e c : s i t e l o c a t i o n
@ T . % I M
T C
C o n g e s t i o n ?

C h e c : S A ! ( - S A 0 T C

I n c r e a s e T C o r u s i n g
C h e c : B T S e r r o r
l o g
B
f a u l t ?

S / a p @
( e p a i r B
B
0 $
6 ; S
6 ; S
6 ; S
6 ; S
6 ; S
0 $
0 $
0 $
0 $
( a d i o > e a t u r e s , C % S , C S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$!
S'((2 'rop 7ptimi=ation
B
T r a n s m i s s i o n f a u l t ?

- e r f o r m l i n :
i n v e s t i g a t i o n
C h e c : % i n : C u a l i t y
C h e c : M S f l e e t
- e r f o r m ! r i v e T e s t
- e r f o r m M T ( " C T ( " M ( (
- e r f o r m s i t e s u r v e y
C h e c : a n t e n n a i n s t a l l a t i o n
; 0 !
6 ; S
0 $
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $
T(2 'rop 6 7vervie0
MSC BSC
BTS
MS
Clear Command
Channel (elease
Clear Complete
!eactivate S.CC
!ISC
+.
(elease Indication
(> Channel (elease
(> Channel (elease .c:
SCC- (el.
SCC- (el. .c:.
,
Check Cause codes, if not !
successful or Call Control, step
drop call counter, T&N#RO$
Connection (elease, 0ormal !isconnection
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3
T(2 'rop 6 7vervie0
Connection (elease, .bnormal !isconnection
MSC BSC
BTS
Clear Command
Channel (elease
Clear Complete
!eactivate S.CC
!ISC
+. (elease Indication
(> Channel (elease
(> Channel (elease .c:
SCC- (el .
SCC- (el . .c: .
Clear (e2uest
"tep drop call counter,
T&N#RO$
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "
T(2 'rop 6 'rop (all Reasons
T-e T(2 'rop (all reasons -as t-e %ollo0ing priority order8

C:cessive T&
6 T& H T&LIM cell parameter

Lo0 signal strengt- in do0nlin4 and/or uplin4


6 SS>L I L7ESS>L .,S( parameter/
6 SS'L I L7ESS'L

,ad <uality in do0nlin4 and/or uplin4


6 R:Gual>LH ,&'G>L .,S( parameter/
6 R:Gual'LH ,&'G'L

Sudden loss o% connection


6 None o% t-e above

7t-er
6 Non radio-related
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5
T(2 'rop 6 'rop (all Reasons
T-e T(2 'rop (all reasons counters8
-60
-0
SS do!nlink
SS uplink
-"
-0
-60
BTS sensitivit#
-
-0$
%
S

s
e
n
s
i
t
i
v
i
t
#
&O'SS(&
-0$
-0$
&
O
'
S
S
D
&
T)D*SS+,D&
T)D*SS+,(&
T)D*SS+,B&
T)D*SS(& T)D*SSB&
T)D*SSD&
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?
T(2 'rop parameters

RLINKT
STS 'orks-op 3$
Radio &ink Ti.e -out
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;
T(2 'rop parameters
RLINKT

T-e MS sends measurement reports regarding t-e signal


strengt- o% neig-bor cells every 3;! ms

I% t-e ,TS does not receive a measurement report t-e


RLINKT timer is decreased by )*

I% a ne0 report is received t-e timer is increased by *

Lea4y buc4et* E-en reac-es ! call is dropped


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation

&naly=e t-e %ollo0ing issues t-at could be possible reasons %or


poor T(2 'rop per%ormance8
6 Lo0 Signal strengt- on >plin4/'o0nlin4
6 Inter%erence on >plin4/'o0nlin4
6 C:cessive T&
6 Incorrect/Not optimum Parameter settings %or e:ample po0er
regulation
6 Missing Ncells or (ongestion in Ncells
6 MS or MS ,attery problems
6 Subscriber ,e-avior
6 &ntenna/2ard0are or Transmission %aults
6 Incorrect Installations
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $!
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation

T-e %ollo0ing issues o%ten cause T(2 Sudden 'rops8


6 +ery sudden and severe drop in signal strengt-1 suc- as 0-en
6 subscribers enter into buildings1 elevators1 par4ing garages1 etc*
6 +ery sudden and severe occurrence o% inter%erence or bad
<uality*
6 MS running out o% battery during conversation*
6 2andover Lost
6 ,TS 2E %aults*
6 Sync-roni=ation or &bis lin4 %ault .transmission %aults/*
6 MS 9aults
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $)
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
D r o p p e d C a l l s o n T C H
( - e c 4 r a d i o n e t 0 o r 4 % e a t u r e s
P o 0 e r r e g u l a t i o n
u s e d p r o p e r l y D
' T J
u s e d D
( - e c 4 o u t p u t p o 0 e r
( - e c 4 l o c a t i n g p a r a m e t e r s
, a d p a r a m e t e r
s e t t i n g D
P o 0 e r
b a l a n c e D
& d K u s t o u t p u t p o 0 e r
I n t r o d u c e
' T J
( o r r e c t p a r a m e t e r
s e t t i n g
9 r e < u e n c y
- o p p i n g
u s e d D
& c t i v a t e % r e < u e n c y
- o p p i n g
N O
( o r r e c t p o 0 e r r e g u l a t i o n
p a r a m e t e r s
Y E S
N O
Y E S
Y E S
N O
N O
Y E S
N O
M i s s i n g
n e i g - b o u r s D
Y E S
R u n N ( S
Y E S
( - e c 4 d r o p p e d c a l l
r e a s o n
, a d
< u a l i t y D
L o 0 s i g n a l
s t r e n g t -
P e r % o r m i n t e r % e r e n c e
a n a l y s i s
P e r % o r m l o 0 s i g n a l
s t r e n g t - a n a l y s i s
,
N O
N O
Y E S
Y E S
N O
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
M o s t d r o p p e d
( a l l d u r i n g
2 7 D
( - e c 4 l o s t
- a n d o v e r s
P e r % o r m - a n d o v e r
a n a l y s i s
S 0 a p F r e p a i r
2 E
( - e c 4 s i t e
p o s i t i o n
' r a g o o n
s i t e D
( - e c 4 M S % l e e t
, e s t s e r v e r
e : i s t s D
( - e c 4 a n t e n n a
i n s t a l l a t i o n
P e r % o r m s i t e s u r v e y
( - e c 4 , T S C r r o r L o g
2 E
% a u l t D
T r a n s m i s s i o n
% a u l t D
( - e c 4 l i n 4 < u a l i t y a n d
S y n c - r o n i = a t i o n
R e m o v e s i t e o r c - a n g e
% r e < u e n c y
P e r % o r m l i n 4
i n v e s t i g a t i o n
& d d s i t e
P e r % o r m M T R / ( T R
r e c o r d i n g s
P e r % o r m d r i v e t e s t s
2 i g - t i m i n g
a d v a n c e
E N D
,
( - e c 4 s i t e l o c a t i o n
F T & L I M
Y E S
N O
Y E S
N O
N O
Y E S
N O
Y E S
Y E S
N O
N O
Y E S
( - e c 4 ' r o p p e d ( a l l s p e r T S b a s i s
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $$
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
& o ! s i g n a l s t r e n g t -
a n a l # s i s
I d e n t i % y b a s e l i n e r e < u i r e m e n t s
( - e c 4 s i t e p o s i t i o n
( - e c 4 i % u p l i n 4 o r d o 0 n l i n 4 p r o b l e m
( - e c 4 c o v e r a g e p l o t s
( - e c 4 i % o m n i s i t e
( - e c 4 a n t e n n a c o n % i g u r a t i o n
( - e c 4 o u t p u t p o 0 e r
( a l c u l a t e p o 0 e r b a l a n c e F l i n 4
b u d g e t
P e r % o r m d r i v e t e s t s
M a 4 e s i t e v i s i t
P e r % o r m M T R / ( T R r e c o r d i n g s
( - e c 4 i % i n d o o r p r o b l e m
C o r r e c t
p r o / l e .
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $3
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - M7TS8
MOTS_tool
MOTS
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $"
&ssignmentRe<uest IL!)5?$ )?8!383#
2andover(ommand IL!)5?$ IL!3!?) )?8!"8)"
2andover(omplete IL!3!?) )?8!"8)5
2andover(ommand IL!3!?) IL!!!"$ )?8!"8?
2andover(omplete IL!!!"$ )?8!"8?
2andover(ommand IL!!!"$ IL!3!? )?8!"8"?
2andover(omplete IL!3!? )?8!"8";
2andover(ommand IL!3!? IL!?" )?8!58$?
2andover(omplete IL!?" )?8!58$#
(learRe<uest IL!?" )?8!583#
(lear(ommand IL!?" )?8!583#
'rop .(lear Re<uest/ because 0rong decision
to 27 %rom IL!3!? to IL!?"*
Solution8 In-ibit t-at 27 relation*
8 STS pegged drop in IL!?"
8 &ctual drop occured sout- o% IL!3!?
Start
Start
STS-
'rop
STS-
'rop
&ctual
drop-
position
&ctual
drop-
position
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $5
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
BS*C Con0usion
L In t-is e:ample mobiles do not -andover to t-e correct cell but to a cell 0-ose %re<uency it
measure previously*
L In RPM71 t-is can be seen %rom t-e drop table*
L 9or e:ample in t-e map a mobile traveling sout- needed to -andov er %rom IL!!!* to IL)!";*!*
IL)!";*! -as ,((2 )$?1 and IL!3!3*$ -as ,((2 is )$?* Mobile meas ured IL!3!3 previously1
and t-is can be seen %rom RPM7 measurement reports*
L E-en mobile needed to -andover %rom IL!!!* to IL)!";*!1 it act ually ma4es 0rong -andover to
IL!3!3*$*
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $?
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Dropped Call due to Bad +ualit#
L &ll drops due to bad <uality >L/'L can be seen easily %rom RPM7 drop and measurement table*
L T-e table belo0 is a e:ample o% a s-ort call* (all I' is "#?)31 and it lasted about 3? seconds*
L Ee can easily see t-at RJGual 'L 0as bad since t-e call started*
L In t-is mar4et1 RLINK timer set to $* T-ere%ore1 t-ere may be s ome measurement missing M)5
seconds be%ore t-e clear command*
L T-e table s-o0s several missing report bet0een starting %rom )?8 3$833 until )?8338!!*
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! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$8)5 )! " ? )3 $ 3# ! 5 ! $
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! "#? )3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$83! )) 3 ? ) 3 "" ! " ! 3
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! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$833 )) $ ? ); )? "" ! " ! )?
! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$83? )) ? )" 5 "" "" ! " ! ""
! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$8"! )) ? )" 5 "" "" ! " ! ""
! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$8"$ )) ? )" 5 "" "" ! " ! ""
! "#?)3 MeasurementReport IL!!33 )?83$8"5 )) ? )" )) "" "" ! " ! ""
! "#?)3 Measure mentReport IL!!33 )?83$8"# )) ? )" ) "" "" ! " ! ""
! "#?)3 (learRe<uest IL!!33 )?8338!!
! "#?)3 (lear(ommand IL!!33 )?8338!!

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $;
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Dropped Call due to Bad SS
L Ee can see t-e calls dropped due to lo0 signal strengt- in RPM7*
L 9rom measurement reports1 0e can see 0-en t-ere is a drop due to lo0 signal strengt- >L/'L1 or
bot- lin4s*
L In t-e table1 i% 0e loo4 at t-e part be%ore t-e clear re<uest1 0 e can see t-at RL'L .RJ level 'L/1
and RL>L .RJ level >L/ is <uite lo0* In t-is e:ample t-is call d ropped due to lo0 SS RJ level bot-
lin4s*
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#35; )3) 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8!" " " " # ) 3) ! " )
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#35; )3$ 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8)) 5 5 5 ? )$ 35 ! " ! )$
#35; )33 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8)3 5 3 # )3 35 ! " )3
#35; )3" 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8)? 5 " 5 ? ; $# ! " ) ;
#35; )35 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8) " ? )" $ "" $) ! " ""
#35; )3? 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"83 5 ? )" 5 "" ); ! " ) ""
#35; )3; 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"85 5 ? " )? ! " !
#35; )3# 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8# 5 ? 5 )) ! " !
#35; )"! 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8$) 5 ? )" ! "" )5 ! " " ""
#35; )") 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8$3 5 ? 5 5 )# ! " ! 5
#35; )" 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8$5 5 5 3 5 $! ! " ! 5
#35; )"$ 3 Measu rementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8$; 5 5 " ) ; ? ! " ! ;
#35; )"3 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"83) 5 ? )" ! "" $ ! " ) ""
#35; )"" 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"83$ 5 ? )" ) "" )? ! " ""
#35; )"5 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"835 5 " " ? ? )? ! " ! ?
#35; )"? 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"83# 5 ? )" ! "" $! ! " ! ""
#35; )"; 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8" 5 ? )" " "" )" ! " ! ""
#35; )"# 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)"8"" 5 ? ? $ $ )# ! " ! $
#35; )5! 3 MeasurementReport IL! 3!;$ )?8)"8"; 5 5 )" " "" ! ! " ""
#35; )5) 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)58!) 5 ? )" "" 3 ! " $ ""
#35; )5 3 MeasurementReport IL!3!;$ )?8)58!$ 5 ? )" 5 "" )# ! " ""
#35; )5$ (learRe<uest IL!3!;$ )?8)58!$
#35; )53 $ (lear( ommand IL!3!;$ )?8)58!$

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! $#
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Dropped Call due to R&*N2
L In t-e table 0e can see drop t-at -appened due to RLINK timer*
L In t-is e:ample t-e call started on cell IL!!$)1 and ended in t -e same cell* T-e call lasted around
3" seconds*
L I% 0e loo4 at t-e last )5 seconds o% t-e call1 0e can see severa l missing measurement reports*
L I% 0e see "" or or RJGualN)" 0e can assume t-at t-ese values ar e missing
L In t-is e:ample 0e dropped t-e call due to lo0 signal strengt- d o0nlin4
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) ?5)$? 2andover(omplete IL!!$) )?8""83)
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) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58!) 3 3 " # # "" ! " $ #
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) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58!? 3 ? )" # "" 3 ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? Meas urementReport IL!!$) )?8"58)! 3 ? )" ! "" ) ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58) 3 ? )" "" "" ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58)" 3 ? )" $ "" )3 ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58); 3 ? )" 3 "" "" ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58) 3 3 5 ; 3 )$ ! " 3
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"58$ 3 ? )" 5 "" "" ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? MeasurementReport IL!!$) )?8"585 3 ? )" " "" ! ! " $ ""
) ?5)$? (learRe<uest IL!!$) )?8"58 5
) ?5)$? (lear(ommand IL!!$) )?8"585


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3!
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Dropped Call due Handover Ti.er 3 T404B
L T-is timer e:pires M)) to )3 seconds a%ter -andover command sent *
L E-en t-e timer e:pire1 0e can assume t-at -andover command t-at 0as sent 0as not -eard
eit-er by t-e cell1 or by mobile*
L T-e table s-o0s an e:ample o% a drop -appened due to t-is reason * I% 0e loo4 t-e time stamp
)?8!"8$1 0e can see t-at 0e re<uest c-annel %rom IL!3?)1 and - andover 0as initiated t-e very
same second*
L 2o0ever1 about ) seconds a%ter -andover command1 0e can see t-a t call drop* &s 0e 4no01 t-is
can not be a RLINK timer drop because it is set to $ .M)5 secon ds/*
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? (-annel,usy IL!"$ )?8!38) ) T(2.9R/
? 2andover(ommand IL$!!?) IL!"$ )?8!38)
? 2andover(omplete IL!"$ )?8!38)$ )
? (-annel,usy IL$!!?) )?8!38)# ! T(2.9R/
? 2andover (ommand IL!"$ IL$!!?) )?8!38)#
? 2andover(omplete IL$!!?) )?8!38)# !
? (-annel,usy IL!"$ )?8!38$" ) T(2.9R/
? 2andover(ommand IL$!!?) IL!"$ )?8!38$"
? 2andover(omplete IL!"$ )?8!38$5 )
? (-annel,usy IL$!!?) )?8!"8)) ! T(2.9R/
? 2andover(ommand IL!"$ IL$!!?) )?8!"8))
? 2andover(omplete IL$!!?) )?8!"8)) !
? (-annel,usy IL!"$ )?8!"8); ! T(2.9R/
? 2andover(ommand IL$!!?) IL!"$ )?8!"8);
? 2andover(omplete IL!"$ )?8!"8)# !
? (-annel ,usy IL!3?) )?8!"8$ ) T(2.9R/
? 2andover(ommand IL!"$ IL!3?) )?8!"8$
? (learRe<uest IL!"$ )?8!"8$"
R&'I7
INTCR9CRCN(C
MCSS&GC
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? (lear(ommand IL!"$ )?8!"8$"
R&'I7
INTCR9CRCN(C
MCSS&GC
9&IL>RC T(2.9R/

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3)
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Handover Ti.er 3 T404B
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Dropped Call due Handover Ti.er 3 T404B5
L T-is timer usually e:pires M ; to M)! seconds a%ter -and over co mmand re<uest*
L E-en t-is timer e:pires1 0e can assume t-at t-e MS1 or target ce ll -eard 27 command but 0e do
not -ave any respond %rom t-em*
L In t-e table 0e can see t-at at )?8)#835 0e -ave -andover comman d %rom IL!3?) to IL!);$)*
L Ee -ave clear re<uest coming in )?8)#8"3 6 ; seconds a%ter -andover command

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?$$ (-annel,usy IL!;)$ )?8!38!3 ) S'((2
?$$ 2andover(ommand IL!3#$ IL!!3$ )?8!38$

?$$ (-annel,usy IL!);$) )?8)#835 )
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?$$ (learRe<uest IL!3?) )?8)#8"3
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?$$ (lear(ommand IL!3?) )?8)#8"3
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INTCR9CRCN(C
MCSS&GC
9&IL>RC T(2 .9R/

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3$
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
Handover Ti.er 3 T404B5
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 33
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
)?8$)8"! )?8$$8!! 8!! 8)! 8! 8$! 83! 8"!
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Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3"
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - RPM78
)?8$)8"! )?8$$8!! 8!! 8)! 8! 8$! 83! 8"!
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Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 35
T(2 'rop 6 7ptimi=ation
Investigate T(2 'rop Per%ormance - 'IP
DIP
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3?
2andover - 7vervie0

T-e %undamental concept o% mobile communications is t-e


mobility1 0-ere t-e person using t-e p-one moves around
being -anded over bet0een cells

2&N'7+CR is t-e process t-at ensures t-at t-e user is


placed on t-e best server and t-at t-e %ollo0ing re<uirements
%or mobile communications are %ul%illed8
6 (overage8 to provide a connection 0it- su%%icient signal strengt-
6 Speec- Guality8 to avoid disturbances
6 (apacity8 to even out t-e tra%%ic load

L7(&TING Is t-e so%t0are algorit-m t-at determines


2andover 'ecisions
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3;
2andover - 7vervie0
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Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 3#
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating

,asic 2andover
(andidate list
9702661
Signal
strength above
SUFFICIENT
level?
More
neighbors?
Penalty evaluation
Signal
strength above
SUFFICIENT
level including
TROFFSET and
TRHYST?
Wait until
ranking of
neighbor cell
is done
L-cells
K-cells
Rank n according to
L-criterion including
LOFFSET and LHYST
L-cells
K-cells
Minimum level
criterion fulfilled?
Rank n according to K-
criterion including
KOFFSET and KHYST
Discard n
No
Yes
Yes No
For serving cell s
For all reported neighbor cells n
Yes
No
No
Yes
Serving cell
is L-cell
Serving cell
is K-cell
Best neighbor
used for serving
cell sufficient
condition
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "!
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating

Types o% cell
borders
9702590
L-L border
transition border .K-L border/
e<ual L
e<ual K
e%%ective su%%icient level
%rom & to ,
transition border .K-L border/
&
,
e%%ective su%%icient level
%rom , to &
K-K border
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ")
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 ,asic Ran4ing8 Cricsson $
T-e %irst t-ree stages o% t-e algorit-m are per%ormed
in e:actly t-e same 0ay as Cricsson )1 but Cricsson
$ ta4es only t-e signal strengt- in account8
)* (orrection o% t-e ,TS output po0er %or do0nlin4
measurements
* Cvaluation o% t-e Minimum Signal Strengt- condition
$* Subtraction o% t-e signal strengt- penalties
3* Signal Strengt- Cvaluation
"* (ombination into a basic ran4ing list sorted by a
descending order o% SS
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 ,asic Ran4ing8 Cricsson $
9702367
RAN K
s
= SS_ D O W N
s
RAN K
n
= p _ SS_ DO W N
n
- O FF SET
s,n
- HYST
s ,n
wh er e
HYST = HI HY ST i f rx l ev
n
HYST SEP
HYST = L O HY ST i f rx l ev
n
< H YST SEP
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "$
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 &u:iliary Radio Net0or4 %unctions evaluation
Penalty list
Measurement
results
Organizing the list
Urgency condition
Auxiliary radio
network functions
evaluations
Allocation reply
Basic ranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sending the list
Six auxiliary radio network functions are
incorporated in the locating software:
Assignment to another cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaid and underlaid subcells
Intra-cell handover
Extended range
Cell load sharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "3
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0

Locating 6 &u:iliary
Radio Net0or4
%unctions evaluation
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ""
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 &u:iliary Radio Net0or4 %unctions evaluation

(ategori=ation )8 T-e candidates in t-e ran4ing list are


divided into categories* T-e signal strengt- is used to
set t-e categories %or t-e neig-boring cells* T-e
e:isting categories are8
6 ,etter cell8 (ell 0it- a -ig-er ran4ing value t-an
serving cell in t-e candidate list*
6 Eorse cell8 (ell 0it- a lo0er ran4ing value t-an
serving cell in t-e candidate list*
6 Serving cell8 T-e cell serving t-e connection*

T-ese categories are later used in evaluations and


selection o% cause values
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "5
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 (ell Load S-aring Cvaluation
T-e cell load s-aring evaluation is per%ormed
a%ter t-e normal ran4ing procedure* T-e
evaluation is only per%ormed i%
6
cell load s-aring is active %or t-e cell
6 i% no urgency conditions apply and
6 i% t-e c-annel is a T(2 0-ere t-e c-annel mode
is Qspeec-/dataB

& c-annel in a multislot con%iguration is not


evaluated* 9urt-er1 no evaluation is
per%ormed at re<uest o% a candidate list %or
assignment*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "?
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 (ell Load S-aring Cvaluation

7nly candidates t-at %ul%ill t-e %ollo0ing


conditions are involved in t-e evaluation8
6 T-e candidate is ran4ed Eorse
6 T-e candidate is Internal
6 It e:ists in t-e same cell layer as serving cell
6 It accepts R-andover due to cell load s-aringR

T-e evaluation is t-en per%ormed as a ne0


ran4ing 0it- reduced -ysteresis areas
bet0een serving cell and t-e neig-boring
cells*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ";
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 7verlaid/>nderlaid Cvaluation

T-e evaluation is only per%ormed i% t-e


serving cell -as an overlaid and underlaid
subcell structure*

&n evaluation is per%ormed to determine i% a


subcell c-ange .overlaid to underlaid or
underlaid to overlaid/ is desired*

T-e criterion is based on t-e do0nlin4 signal


strengt-1 timing advance measurements %rom
t-e serving cell and t-e tra%%ic load in t-e cell*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! "#
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 7verlaid/>nderlaid Cvaluation

I% t-e serving cell is co-sited 0it- a neig-boring cell t-at


-as a subcell structure1 t-en locating evaluates i% t-e
-andover s-all be proposed to t-e overlaid or
underlaid neig-boring subcell*

I% t-e MS is located in t-e overlaid subcell and a bad


<uality urgency occurs1 Locating proposes a subcell
c-ange %rom overlaid to underlaid subcell to prevent
t-e MS %rom remaining on connections 0it- bad
<uality*

& timer is used to prevent an immediate return bac4 to


t-e overlaid subcell*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5!
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 Intracell 2andover Cvaluation

T-e Intracell 2andover evaluation is not


per%ormed at assignment and ot-er0ise only
per%ormed i% intracell -andover is allo0ed %or
t-e current subcell*

T-e criterion %or determining i% an intracell


-andover is desired is based on uplin4 and
do0nlin4 <uality and signal strengt-
measurements %rom t-e serving cell*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5)
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 Intracell 2andover Cvaluation

T-e criterion is %ul%illed 0-en t-e <uality is 0orse t-an


could be e:pected %rom t-e signal strengt- level* T-ere
are parameters to prevent too many consecutive
intracell -andovers in a se<uence during a connection*

I% t-e MS is located in t-e overlaid subcell and t-e


number o% allo0ed consecutive intracell -andovers
-ave been e:ecuted t-en Locating proposes a subcell
c-ange %rom overlaid to underlaid subcell to prevent
t-e MS %rom remaining on connections 0it- bad
<uality*

& timer is used to prevent an immediate return bac4 to


t-e overlaid subcell*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 &ssignment to 7t-er (ell

T-e normal Locating is used in order to %ind t-e most


suitable cell at t-e call setup

I% a better cell t-an t-e serving cell is %ound during t-e


call setup signaling1 t-at cell 0ill be t-e %irst one in t-e
Locating candidate list* T-is is called &ssignment to a
better cell*

&lso 0orse cells can be %ound1 and at congestion in t-e


serving cell or in t-e better cell1 t-e call can be setup in
a 0orse cell* T-is is called &ssignment to a 0orse cell*

2o0ever1 cells at a large distance %rom t-e nominal


cell are not allo0ed to remain as candidates* T-is is
controlled by t-e parameter &E799SCT*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5$
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 2ierarc-ical (ell Structures

T-e 2(S %eature provides t-e possibility to give priority


to cells t-at are not t-e strongest but provide su%%icient
signal strengt- levels

T-e appropriate level o% t-e su%%icient signal strengt-


levels mainly depends on t-e co- and adKacent
inter%erence %rom t-e surrounding cells

Eit- lo0 inter%erence it is t-e noise level 0it- a sa%ety


margin t-at set t-e su%%icient signal strengt- levels

Cac- cell s-ould be associated 0it- a L&SCR

T-e Layer could be de%ined by t-e tra%%ic t-at t-e cell


captures 0it- Kust a basic ran4ing1 -o0 muc- tra%%ic t-e
cell are dimensioned %or and -o0 muc- t-e cell
inter%ere 0it- t-e rest o% t-e net0or4

T-e lo0er t-e layer t-e -ig-er t-e priority


Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 53
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 Removal o% candidates
T-e reasons %or removal o% candidates %rom t-e
list are8

T-e candidate belongs to a system type not


supported by t-e mobile*

Cvaluation o% ,S( parameters and timers


controlling -andover1 i*e* i% it is allo0ed to
ma4e -andover on S'((2 etc* T-e
evaluated parameters are I,27SI(21 S(271
&SS7(1 I,27&SS1 T&LL7( and T>RGCN*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5"
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 Removal o% candidates
T-e reasons %or removal o% candidates %rom t-e list are8

Cvaluation o% co-sited neig-bors* T-ree c-ec4s are


per%ormed8
6 I% average timing advance e:ceeds t-e M&JT& value
%or t-e co-sited cell*
6 I% average timing advance is less t-an t-e T&LIM value
%or serving cell and greater t-an or e<ual to t-e T&LIM
value %or t-e co-sited cell*
6 I% t-e cell is 0orse and in t-e same cell layer as serving
cell and t-e average timing advance e:ceeds t-e
T&LIM value %or t-e co-sited cell*

Cvaluation and removal o% candidates i% t-e MS is


classi%ied as a %ast moving mobile .i% t-is %eature is
used/*
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 55
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 (ategori=ation

T-e cells in t-e candidate list are t-en


organi=ed in t-e %ollo0ing t-ree categories8
6 &bove S8 Neig-boring cell above serving cell in
t-e candidate list
6 ,elo0 S8 Neig-boring cell belo0 serving cell in
t-e candidate list
6
S8 Serving cell
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5?
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 7rdering t-e candidate list
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
*ndication Description
) &ssignment Re<uest &rrived
&E state
$ C:cessive T& urgency
detected
3 ,ad Guality urgency detected
" 7L/>L subcell c-ange or I(27
re<uested
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5;
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 List preparation
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Penaltylist
Measurement
results
Organizingthelist
Urgencycondition
Auxiliaryradio
networkfunctions
evaluations
Allocationreply
Basicranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sendingthelist
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Sixauxiliaryradionetworkfunctionsare
incorporatedinthelocatingsoftware:
Assignment toanother cell
Hierarchical cell structures
Overlaidandunderlaidsubcells
Intra-cell handover
Extendedrange
Cell loadsharing
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! 5#
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 Sending t-e list
9702607
Penalty list
Measurement
results
Organizing the list
Urgency condition
Auxiliary radio
network functions
evaluations
Allocation reply
Basic ranking
Filtering
Initiations
Sending the list
If the candidate list is empty (i.e. serving cell is
the best) the candidate list is not sent to the
central processor.
The first cell in the candidate list is the best
candidate. At congestion the next cell in the
candidate list is tried.
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?!
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 &llocation reply
97 0260 8
A t s u c c e s s a p e n a lt y lis t is t r a n s f e r re d fr o m t h e
lo c a t in g i n d iv id u a l t o t h e n e w o n e . I f t h e h a n d o v e r
r e a s o n wa s d u e t o u r g e n c y a p e n a lt y f o r t h e
a b a n d o n e d c e ll m u s t b e in c lu d e d . Th e o l d
lo c a t in g i n d iv id u a l i s t h e n d e le t e d .
A t in t e r -B S C h a n d o ve r it is n o t p o s si b le t o se n d
t h e p e n a lt y lis t . H o w e v e r it is p o s s ib le in d ic a te i f
t h e c a u s e o f th e h a n d o v e r wa s d u e t o b a d q u a lit y
o r e x c e s s iv e t im in g a d v a n c e . T h e p e n a lt ie s o f t h e
n e w c e ll w ill t h e n b e u se d . ( EX TP E N= O N )
P e n a l ty l is t
M e as ur e me n t
re s u l ts
Or g a n i z i n g th e li s t
Ur ge n c y co n d i ti on
Au x i l i ar y r a d i o
n e two r k fun c ti on s
e va l u a tio n s
A l lo ca t io n re p ly
B a si c ra n k in g
F i lt e ri n g
In i ti ati on s
S e n d i n g th e li s t
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?)
2andover 6 Locating 7vervie0
Locating 6 &llocation reply
9 7 0 2 6 0 8
A t s u c c e s s a p e n a l t y l i s t i s t r a n s f e r r e d f r o m t h e
l o c a t i n g i n d i v i d u a l t o t h e n e w o n e . I f t h e h a n d o v e r
r e a s o n w a s d u e t o u r g e n c y a p e n a l t y f o r t h e
a b a n d o n e d c e l l m u s t b e i n c l u d e d . T h e o l d
l o c a t i n g i n d i v i d u a l i s t h e n d e l e t e d .
A t i n t e r - B S C h a n d o v e r i t i s n o t p o s s i b l e t o s e n d
t h e p e n a l t y l i s t . H o w e v e r i t i s p o s s i b l e i n d i c a t e i f
t h e c a u s e o f t h e h a n d o v e r w a s d u e t o b a d q u a l i t y
o r e x c e s s i v e t i m i n g a d v a n c e . T h e p e n a l t i e s o f t h e
n e w c e l l w i l l t h e n b e u s e d . ( E X T P E N = O N )
P e n a l t y l i s t
M e a s u r e m e n t
r e s u l t s
O r g a n i z i n g t h e l i s t
U r g e n c y c o n d i t i o n
A u x i l i a r y r a d i o
n e t w o r k f u n c t i o n s
e v a l u a t i o n s
A l l o c a t i o n r e p l y
B a s i c r a n k i n g
F i l t e r i n g
I n i t i a t i o n s
S e n d i n g t h e l i s t
9 7 0 2 6 0 9
A t c o n g e s t i o n i n a l l t h e c a n d i d a t e s i n t h e l i s t a n e w a t t e m p t
w i l l b e m a d e a f t e r a c e r t a i n t i m e s p e c i f i e d b y t h e t i m e r s
T A L L O C o r T U R G E N .
T A L L O C ( a t n o r m a l h a n d o v e r s ) i n h i b i t s r a n k i n g u n l e s s a n
u r g e n c y c o n d i t i o n s f o u n d .
T U R G E N ( a t u r g e n c y h a n d o v e r s ) i n h i b i t s s e n d i n g a c a n d i d a t e
l i s t u n l e s s a b e t t e r c e l l i s f o u n d .
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
Neig-bor cells .N(CLLS/ impacts t-e %ollo0ing radio net0or4
areas8

2andover Per%ormance

T(2 'rops

(overage

Inter%erence

9re<uency plan
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?$
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
7ptimi=ation o% N(CLLS mainly consists o% t-e %ollo0ing
activities8

9ind and &dd missing N(CLLS

9ind and Remove unnecessary or 0rong N(CLLS

7ptimi=e Neig-bor cell ,((2 %re<uencies and ,SI(s


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?3
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
7ptimi=ation o% N(CLLS are done using t-e %ollo0ing
in%ormation8

Map in%ormation 6 Site location and terrain

Predicted coverage

STS 2andover statistics

MRR - Signal strengt- and Timing &dvance .T&/

N(S and N7J %rom RN7


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?"
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
Neig-boring (ell Support .N(S/

N(S is part o% t-e RN7 .Radio Net0or4 7ptimi=ation/ tool

N(S -elps to maintain a 0ell 0or4ing neig-boring cell list

N(S data is collected t-roug- Measurement reports

N(S is operated t-roug- 7SS

N(S is used to detect missing neig-boring cell relations n*

N(S is used to constantly evaluate t-e e:isting neig-boring


cell relations*
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?5
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
Neig-boring (ell Support .N(S/

N(S initiates t-e &ctive ,&-list Recording .,&R/ in ,S(

T-e ,&R modi%y t-e selected cell ,&-list1 to include test


%re<uencies*

MS measures t-e de%ined %re<uencies in its neig-bor list O


test %re<uencies

Result are recorded in N(S and presented in several report


%ormats*
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ??
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
Neig-boring (ell Support .N(S/
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?;
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
Neig-boring (ell Support .N(S/
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ?#
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;!
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S

7vervie0 report used to decide 0-ic- cells to investigate


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;)
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;$
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;3
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
Missing relations-ip
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;"
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S

STS used to evaluate result o% N(CLL add


O(T*NCE&& D,TE 1ER*OD 1ER&EN E;CH*D HO<ERCNT H=S(C
LT!)!",-LT!))$, !!))3 )!!!-)#!! "3! ),S(3 3$#*!! #;*);
LT!))$,-LT!)!", !!))3 )!!!-)#!! "3! ),S(3 3!#*!! ##*!
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;5
2andover 6 Neig-bor (ells
&dding Neig-bor cells using N(S
N((PCRM parameter

N((PCRM de%ines t-e allo0ed N((s .Net0or4 (olor


(ode/ on t-e ,((2 carriers %or 0-ic- t-e MS is permitted
to send measurement reports* To capture interactions 0it-
ot-er cells .suc- as 0it- N(S1 I('M etc*/1 all !FF? s-ould
be used
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;?
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
&naly=e t-e %ollo0ing issues t-at could be possible reasons %or
poor 2andover Per%ormance8
6 (overage
6 Inter%erence
6 Incorrect parameter settings
6 >nnecessary or Missing N(CLL relations
6 2ard0are or Lin4/Transmission 9aults
6 Missing 9re<uencies in t-e Measurement list
6 Poor Inter MS(/,S( -andover per%ormance
6 T(2 (ongestion
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;;
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
( n s u c c e s s 0 u l H a n d o v e r s
( - e c 4 c o n g e s t i o n
p e r % o r m a n c e
T ( 2
c o n g e s t i o n D
( - e c 4 S & C s e t t i n g
N O
S E
c o n g e s t i o n D
( - e c 4 L o c a t i n g p a r a m e t e r s
( - e c 4 N e i g - b o u r i n g c e l l d e % i n i t i o n s
E r o n g c e l l s
d e % i n e d D
M i s s i n g
n e i g - b o u r s D
T o o m a n y
n e i g - b o u r s D
T o o m a n y
m e a s u r e m e n t
c - a n n e l s D
S t r a n g e o r c o r r u p t
p a r a m e t e r s e t t i n g D
N O
N O
N O
N O
N O
& d d T ( 2
c a p a c i t y
Y E S
I n c r e a s e S & C
Y E S
R e m o v e i n c o r r e c t
d e % i n i t i o n s
Y E S
& d d m i s s i n g
r e l a t i o n
Y E S
R e m o v e u n n e c e s s a r y
r e l a t i o n s
Y E S
R e v i e 0 a n d c o r r e c t t - e
d e % i n e d M , ( ( 2 N 7
Y E S
C
N O
( o r r e c t p a r a m e t e r s
Y E S
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! ;#
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
( - e c 4 u s e o % r a d i o
% e a t u r e s
C
N O
& r e a l l r a d i o
% e a t u r e s u s e d D
Y E S
( - e c 4 c o v e r a g e
N O
L o 0 S S o n c e l l
b o r d e r D
P e r % o r m d r i v e t e s t
Y E S
I m p r o v e c o v e r a g e
( - e c 4 i n t e r % e r e n c e
Y E S
, a d
< u a l i t y D
R e d u c e i n t e r % e r e n c e % o r
p o t e n t i a l c a n d i d a t e
Y E S
' e l a y e d - a n d o v e r
d e c i s i o n D
( - e c 4 - a n d o v e r
p a r a m e t e r s
Y E S
I n t r o d u c e u n u s e d
% e a t u r e s
U T i m e r C : p i r y & % t e r
M S i s L o s t
N O
D
N O
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #!
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
D
( - e c 4 , T S C r r o r L o g
2 E
% a u l t D
( - e c 4 l i n 4 < u a l i t y
T r a n s m i s s i o n
% a u l t D
S 0 a p F r e p a i r 2 E
Y E
S
N O
I m p r o v e
t r a n s m i s s i o n
Y E
S
P e r % o r m s i t e v i s i t
N O
( - e c 4 a n t e n n a
i n s t a l l a t i o n
& n t e n n a c o n n e c t e d t o
0 r o n g % e e d e r D
I n c o r r e c t
d o 0 n t i l t D
2 i d e d
a n t e n n a D
, a d a n t e n n a
i n s t a l l a t i o n D
N O
N O
N O
( - a n g e % e e d e r
Y E
S
( o r r e c t t i l t i n g
Y E
S
( - a n g e a n t e n n a
p o s i t i o n
Y E
S
( o r r e c t i n s t a l l a t i o n
Y E
S
E N D
N O
I s t - e c e l l a t i n t e r - M S (
b o r d e r D
Y E
S
( - e c 4 i n t e r - M S ( 2 7
p e r % o r m a n c e
N O
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #)
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andovers - (ongestion
2op
,((2
(orrect ,e-avior
2op
,((2
(ongestion )
2op
,((2
(ongestion
2op
,((2
(ongestion $ No 27V
N (ongestion N 'rop
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andover 6 (o ,((2 F ,SI( N(CLLS

!)?5) F !)?;$ 6 (o-(-annel1 (o-,SI( .5#3-5/


Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #$
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andover 6 ,SI( (on%usion
,((28 ";;
,SI(8 $3
,((28 ";;
,SI(8 3?
,((28 ";!
,SI(8 $!
,((28 ";5
,SI(8 )$
,((28 ";5
,SI(8 )
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #3
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andover 6 ,SI( (on%usion

T-e ,((2 s-ould be planned so t-at ,SI(-decoding is


possible

&void ,SI(-con%usion 6 Mobiles only -ave to decode ,SI(


every )! seconds

Eit- tig-t ,((2 re-use .) c-annels/ t-e %ocus o% t-e


,((2 planning s-ould be on -andover per%ormance
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #"
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andover 6 ,SI( (on%usion
Outgoing HO 0ailures
increased on t-e 40
t-

Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #5
Co Channel
andover >ailure Bet/een
0D8,,3. and 0D8)3EC.
2andover 6 7ptimi=ation
2andover 6 ,SI( (on%usion
N>"5, and N>"$5B are Co-BCCH causing BS*C
Con0usion 0or t-e .o/iles co.ing 0ro. N>"059C to
N>"5, causing a -ig- percentage o0 HO lost
Limited Internal NPI Training - Retainability !!"-!#-$! #?