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# L ines and P lanes

True Length
Point View
Edge View of a Plane
True Size of a Plane
Introduction
Concept: The location of the points in a space
is defined by the intersection of the
projection lines from one view to another.
The primary reference planes are planes
perpendicular to the line of site of the viewer.
Introduction
There are 3 primary views:
1. Front View (FV)
corresponds to the view when you observed the
Frontal Reference Plane (FRP)
2. Top View (TV)
corresponds to the view when you observed the
Horizontal Reference Plane (HRP)
3. Right Side View (RSV)
corresponds to the view when you observed the
Profile Reference Plane (PRP)
Projecting Points
4
A
C
B
R
R
R1
R1
D
HRP
FRP
F
R
P
P
R
P
C
C
A
A
B B
D
D
Line of sight of
the observer
Steps:
1. Draw the projection lines of each
point. These lines are always
perpendicular to the reference
planes.
2. For point A, its location in the RSV
is given by the intersection of the
projection lines and the arc (with
HRP).
3. For point B, its location in the Top
View is given by the distance from
PRP to point B in the RSV.
4. For Points C and D, their location
in the FV is given by the
intersection of the projection lines
from TV and RSV.
RSV- Right Side View
5
A
B
B
A
FRP
HRP
A
B
Concept :
To construct the
True Lengthof a
line, draw a
reference plane
which is parallel
to that given line
and construct the
auxiliary view
from that
reference plane.
Determiningthe True Length (T.L.) and
Point Viewof a Line
A
B
B
A
FRP
HRP
A
B
R
R
AB (PV)
Determiningthe True Length (T.L.) and
Point Viewof a Line
Concept :
To construct the Point
View (PV)of a line,
draw it as TLfirst,
then, from the true
length, construct a
perpendicular
reference plane and
draw the next view.
7
F
R
P
P
R
P
B
C
A
C
B
A
AB
C
R
R
AB (T.L.)
AB (//RP)
Edge View(EV) and True Size (TS) of a Plane
Concept :
To construct the Edge Viewof a plane,
find a line (contained in the given plane)
and draw it as Point View, in this way the
plane will necessarily appear as EV.
St eps:
1. Since side AB is parallel to the
reference plane (at RSV), it is TL in the
next view (FV).
2. Construct an auxiliary reference plane
perpendicular to the projection line
of AB to draw it as PV. (Note: Plane
ABC appears as Edge View.)
ABC (E.V.)
Concept :
To construct the True Sizeof a
plane, draw it as EV first, then
draw a reference plane which
is parallel to that drawn EV.
The resulting auxiliary view
from that reference plane
(ARP2) will give us the true
size of Plane ABC.
F
R
P
P
R
P
B
C
A
C
B
A
AB
C
R
R1
R1
C
A
B
AB (T.L.)
AB (//RP)
ABC (E.V.)
Edge View(EV) and True Size (TS) of a Plane