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RF/IFs and audio amplifiers

Highly integrated solutions for low-voltage,


battery-operated applications
RF/IFs and audio Focus applications
amplifiers

} RF/IF building blocks } Walkie-talkies, amateur radios, family radio services


} Audio amplifiers } Cordless/wireless phones
} Rail-to-rail op amps } Pay TV
} Wideband variable-gain amplifiers } Power/gas/water meter readers
} Transimpedance and post amplifiers } Baby monitors and elderly phones
} Timers } Remote keyless entry (garage door openers or any on/off key switch)
} Remote control for lighting (OOK)

Unlicensed Part 1 frequency allocations

27 MHz 40.66 to 40.70 46 to 50, 53 MHz 72 to 169 to 260 to 901-902 MHz 2.4 GHz
Frequency

MHz 49 MHz 72, 75 MHz 76 MHz 172 MHz 470 MHz 930-931 MHz ISM band
940-941 MHz
902-928 MHz
ISM bands

Radio- FCC Part Baby monitors Model aircraft: Hearing Wireless Part 15 periodic 902-928 MHz: Cordless phone
Applications

controlled 15 periodic 50.xx MHz assistance microphones applications: Cordless phones


cars and applications Wireless 53.xx MHz devices Keyless entry / Wireless data
toys microphones 72.xx MHz OOK Wireless data and
75.xx MHz security Wireless
Wireless switches security
(US: 315 MHz Meter readers
Europe: 433.6 Home
MHz ) Narrowband PCS: automation
901-902 MHz
Family radio 930-931 MHz Low-power PCS
services 940-941 MHz
(462.5625 - HAM radio
467.7125 MHz) HAM radio

NXP RF/IFs and audio amplifiers operate in the Unlicensed Part 15


frequency allocations

2 RF/IFs and audio amplifiers


Building on a history of RF innovation

Our portfolio of highly integrated Wide selection of package options


All of the ICs are available in a wide
solutions for low-voltage, battery-
range of package options that
operated applications, which support miniaturization and increase
includes RF/IF building blocks, design flexibility. We even offer Chip
Scale Packaging (CSP), an innovative
audio amplifiers, timers, and other
technique that delivers a footprint nearly
amplifiers, incorporates the best as small as the IC itself and many times
of our industry-leading expertise smaller than a standard SO8 package.
in wireless technology.
Free design kits
Free application support
Every product in this category reflects
We know how vital it is to provide
the know-how gained from a history of
our customers with more than just
RF innovation in cellular communications,
technology. To make design-in as fast
peer-to-peer wireless networking, RFID
and easy as possible, we support all our
tags, and high-end manufacturing.
specialty analog RF products with ready-
made design kits and provide in-depth
The result is a series of RF solutions
application support – all absolutely free
that bring high integration and superior
of charge.
performance to a wide range of low-
voltage, battery-operated wireless
applications in the Unlicensed Part
15 frequencies.

RF/IFs and audio amplifiers 3


RF transceivers made simple

NXP makes it easy to create an RF transceiver


For the frontend receiver, RF/IF components (or RF MMICs
and discrete components) implement an SPDT switch, a
low-noise amplifier (LNA), an RF mixer, and a local oscillator
(LO). In the backend receiver, an RF/IF receiver IC serves as
the PLL synthesizer, and in the transmitter, the design uses RF
MMIC and RF discrete components. To complete the solution,
other NXP products, such as microprocessors, UARTs, and
I2C products, manage the system and perform user-interface
functions.

Sample applications that use the RF transceiver are shown


on the following pages.

Typical RF transceiver block diagram

Second IF filter Second IF filter

RF filter LNA First mixer RF Filter Second mixer


RF input
External
Demodulator quad
circuit

RF/IF receiver
First LO

Second LO RSSI Receiver data

SPDT
switch
Dual PLL synthesizer 10-bit ADC

RF filter Osc
Reference Low-power CPU with
Xtal oscillator internal or external Flash
Data out
SPI
LPA VCO SPI bus
II-C UART

User interface RS232


Keyboard and system status Xceiver
I2C I/O Program port
I2C LED drivers

4 RF/IFs and audio amplifiers


RF/IF building blocks: applications
Wireless data transceiver for 2.4-GHz and 900 MHz ISM band

10.7 MHz
Second IF filter Second IF filter

110.59 MHz
BGA2022
RF input RF filter BGA2003 mixer First IF filter Second Mixer
External
LNA
2.4-2.5 GHz quad
Demodulator circuit
902-928 MHz

First LO
SA636DK/01
SA58641DK

Second LO 99.89 MHz RSSI Squelch Recovered data


SPDT SPDT
switch switch
BAP51-02 BAP51-02
VCO
Murata SA8027DH Comparator Comparator RxData In
VCO in out 8-bit ADC
Antenna SPI bus
RF filter BGA6589 BGA2716 T/R
switch SPI Low-power CPU
PA LPA control Ref Xtal
control P89LPC916
oscillator/modulator
TxData out with internal Flash

I2C UART

I2C bus

T/R Antenna
User interface control switch Program port
control
Keyboard
LED display

Family Radio Services walkie-talkie transceiver

455 kHz Second IF filter

21.4 MHz
SA612AD/01
RF input BGA2003 RF filter mixer First IF filter Mixer
External
LNA
462-467 MHz quad
Demodulator circuit
Rx / Tx

First LO:
Varicaps SA616DK/01
BB133 SA58640DK
BB179
Recovered
440 - 457 MHz audio and data
SPDT
Second LO 20.945 MHz RSSI
switch Mute control Speaker amp
SA8027DH
BAP64-04/05 TDA8541T/N1

Comparator Comparator 8-bit ADC


in out
RF filter BLT50 Ref Xtal oscillator
PA Oscillator
Low-power CPU
LPC916
SPI bus Data out
with internal Flash
VCO: SPI
PBR951 I2C
BB133
BB179

Microphone amp User interface


SA5232D I2C bus
Keyboard
LED display

Data transceiver 902-to-928 MHz/868 MHz Full-duplex cordless phone 902-to-928 MHz

10.7 MHz 10.7 MHz


902 to 928 MHZ or
ceramic ceramic
868 MHz 902 to
filters filters
RF RX 906 MHz
filter Limiter filter Limiter
amps PLL amps PLL
LNA + Post LNA + Post
quad FM quad FM
detection detection
mixer IFamps detector mixer detector
filter IF amps filter
Rx side
duplexer
Data out Expandor /
RVCO Dual synthesizer Data amp RVCO Dual synthesizer earphone
Tx side amp
RF Tx Mute
SA58646BD duplexer SA58646BD
SA58643DP filter SA58631TK
Tx / Rx
switch TVCO Reference TVCO Reference
oscillator Compressor/ oscillator
Compressor/ SPI SPI
PA microphone
PA LPA data amp interface 924 to interface
LPA data amp
928 MHz
filter
SPI bus RSSI SPI bus RSSI
Tx data Push-to-talk
input Microphone
Tx data SPI Comparator RSSI squelch SPI Comparator RSSI squelch
Tx / Rx control output
in in output
Tx / Rx Comparator
control out Comparator
User interface out
Rx data in User interface I2C
8-bit Low-power CPU
Low-power CPU
Keypad LCD ADC LPC916
I2C LPC916 I2C bus
driver Keypad LCD with internal Flash
with internal Flash
I2C bus driver 8-bit
Serial program
UART UART ADC
interface

RF/IFs and audio amplifiers 


RF/IF building blocks: applications
Wireless data transceiver for US and European ISM bands

Second IF filter Second IF filter

SA601DK
SA602A/01
BGA2022
RF filter LNA First IF filter Mixer
RF input mixer
External
902-928 MHz (US) Demodulator quad
868 MHz (Europe) circuit

First LO SA636DK/01
SA58641DK

SA620DK
Second LO RSSI Squelch Receiver data
SA58643DP

Comparator Comparator 8-bit ADC


SA8027DH
in out
RF filter PA Oscillator
Reference Low-power CPU
Xtal oscillator LPC916
with internal Flash
SPI
SPI bus
I2C UART

I2C bus

User interface RS232


Xceiver
Keyboard Program port
LED display

OOK receiver using SAW oscillator Receiver for remote control

315 MHz (US) 21.4 MHz crystal filters


RF input
434 MHz (Europe)

Antenna RF filter Mixer


315 MHz (US)
433.6 MHz (Europe) External
Demodulator quad
Mixer SA58641DK circuit
Demodulator
SA636DK/01
SA639DH/01
RSSI output
Data output LO RSSI Squelch Receiver data

SAW oscillator
Logic device Comparator in Comparator out 8-bit ADC
SA8016DH
OOK output LPC901
Oscillator
Reference Low-power CPU
Xtal oscillator LPC916
Data out
SPI with internal Flash
SPI bus
IC
2
UART

Transmitter for remote control


315 MHz (US) PLL synthesizer
RF output
434 MHz (Europe)
SA8016DH

Oscillator
RF filter BGA6589 Reference Low-power CPU
Xtal oscillator LPC916
with internal Flash
SPI
SPI bus
PA Exciter/VCO I2C UART

RS232
User interface
Xceiver
Program port

 RF/IFs and audio amplifiers


RF/IF building blocks

Family Description Frequency Bandwidth Voltage (V) Package(s) Application(s)


range
SA601DK LNA and mixer 1 GHz 900-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20 } Walkie-talkies
SA620DK LNA, mixer, and VCO 1 GHz 900-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20
SA602AD/01, SA612AD/01 LNA, mixer, and oscillator 1 GHz 500-MHz RF 4.5 to 8.0 SO8 } Transmitters
SA602AN/01, SA612AN/01 DIP8 } Wireless meter readers
} Wireless local loops
} Police, fire radios
SA606DK/01,SA607DK/01, Narrowband FM IF receiver with 150 MHz 150-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20 } Automotive control channel
SA616DK/01 audio and RSSI op amps 2-MHz narrowband IF SO20 data module
SA606D/01, SA607D/01, } Hearing aids
SA616D/01 } Remote meter readers
SA676DK/01 Narrowband FM IF receiver with audio 100 MHz 150-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20 } Wireless trackers
and RSSI op amps 2-MHz narrowband IF (shipping/receiving)
SA608DK/01 Narrowband FM IF receiver with 150 MHz 150-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20 } Wireless keyboards
frequency check and buffered outputs 2-MHz narrowband IF
SA58640DK Narrowband FM IF receiver with 100 MHz 150-MHz RF 4.5 to 6.0 SSOP20
frequency check and buffered outputs 2-MHz narrowband IF
SA604AD/01, SA614AD/01 FM IF system for 455-kHz and 1 GHz 25-MHz IF 4.5 to 8.0 SO16 } Secure garage-door
10.7-MHz FM IF openers
SA605D/01, SA615D/01 High-performance mixer and 1 GHz 500-MHz RF 4.5 to 8.0 S020 } Wireless receivers
SA605DK/01, SA615DK/01 FM IF system for 455-kHz and 25-MHz IF SSOP20 } Optical readers
10.7-MHz FM IF
SA636DK/01 High-performance mixer and 500 MHz 500-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 SSOP20 } Set-top boxes
wideband FM IF system with fast RSSI 25-MHz wideband IF } Radar detectors
and power-down mode } Crane remote
SA58641DK High-performance mixer and 500 MHz 500-MHz RF 4.5 to 6.0 SSOP20 } Truck tracker
wideband FM IF system with fast RSSI 25-MHz wideband IF } High-end audio equipment
and power-down mode for performance halls
} Car toll readers
SA639DH/01 Mixer and FM IF system with fast RSSI, 500 MHz 500-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 TSSOP24 } Patient monitoring systems
power-down mode, post-detector- 25-MHz wideband IF
filter amplifier, and programmable
data switch
SA647DH Narrowband digital IF receiver system 150 MHz 2-MHz RF 2.7 to 5.5 TSSOP20 } Digital walkie-talkies
with fast RSSI
SA630D/01 Single-pole, double-throw (SPDT) 1 GHz N/A 3.0 to 5.0 S08 } A ntenna switches for
SA630UK switch WL-CSP8 a variety of wireless
SA58643DP Single-pole, double-throw (SPDT) 1 GHz N/A 3.0 to 5.0 TSSOP8 applications
switch } Set-top boxes
SA58646 UHF/900MHz 1 GHz 10.7MHz Limiting IF & 2.9 to 5.5 LQFP64 } walkie-talkies
coilless detector } 868 MHz, 902-928 MHz data
transceivers
} 902-928 MHz Full-duplex
cordless phones
} e-metering data transceivers
SA8027DH Low-power dual frac-N PLL synthesizer 2.5 GHz N/A 2.7 to 3.6 TSSOP20 } 500-MHz to 2.5-GHz
wireless equipment
} Cellular phones
} WLAN
} Portable, battery-powered
radio equipment

RF/IFs and audio amplifiers 


RF/IF specifications
Narrowband RF/IF specifications

Device ICC (max) VCC range Mixer gain RSSI dynamic RSSI 1 RSSI 2 RSSI 3 RSSI 4 RSSI 5
(mA) (V) (dB) range (typ) RFin @ -118 dBm RFin @ -110 dBm RFin @ -68 dBm RFin @ -50 dBm RFin @ -23 dBm
(dB) (Vdc) (Vdc) (Vdc) (Vdc) (Vdc)
SA606 4.2 2.7 to 6.0 13.5 to 19.5 90 0.3 typ, 0.8 max 0.7 min to 1.8 max 1.2 min to 2.5 max
SA616 5.0 2.7 to 6.0 11 min 80 0.3 typ, 0.8 max 0.7 min to 2.0 max 1.0 min to 2.5 max
SA676 5.0 2.7 to 6.0 10 min 70 0.5 min to 0.9 max 1.7 typ, 2.2 max
SA58640 6.0 4.5 to 6.0 10 min 70 0.5 min to 1.0 max 1.7 typ, 2.4 max

Wideband RF/IF specifications


Device VCC range ICC (max) Data SINAD IF Filter Audio Power- Low Fast Integrated Wideband Post-
(V) (mA) rate * bandwidth matching & data down voltage RSSI RSSI op data out detection
(MHz) pins mode amp amp
SA602/604 4.5 to 8.0 2.4/3.3 @ 6 V 100 kbps -120 dBm / 0.22 μV 25 455 kHz Yes No No No No No No
RF: 45 MHz
IF: 455 kHz
Tone: 1 kHz
Deviation: 8 kHz
SA605 4.5 to 8.0 5.7 @ 6 V 100 kbps -120 dBm / 0.22 μV 25 455 kHz Yes No No No No No No
RF: 45 MHz
IF: 455 kHz
Tone: 1 kHz
Deviation: 8 kHz
SA636 2.7 to 5.5 6.5 @ 3 V 1.2 Mbps -111 dBm / 0.54 μV 25 10.7 MHz No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
RF: 240 MHz
IF: 10.7 kHz
Tone: 1 kHz
Deviation: 125 kHz
SA58641 4.5 to 5.5 7.5 @ 5 V 1.2 Mbps -95 dBm 25 10.7 MHz No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
RF: 240 MHz IF
IF: 10.7 kHz
Tone: 1 kHz
Deviation: 125 kHz
SA639 2.7 to 5.5 8.3 @ 3 V 2 Mbps -111 dBm / 0.54 μV 25 10.7 MHz No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RF: 110.592 MHz
IF: 9.8 kHz
Tone: 576 kHz
Deviation: 288 kHz
* Approximate maximum data rate. With some modifications, higher data rates are possible.

UHF/900 MHz wireless transceiver


RF frequency range (MHz)
Standby current (typ)(mA)

supply current type (mA)


LNA/mixer voltage grain
Supply voltage range (V)

Receiver enabled supply

RSSI dynamic range typ

frequency range (MHz)

frequency range (MHz)

Carrier detect/battery
IF/limiter gain typ (dB)

divider with buffered


Receiver/transmitter

Programmable clock

Microphone preamp
Reference oscillator

Programmable data
output divide ratios

Image reject mixer

external inductors
Tx & Rx VCOs use

Modulation input
Coilless detector
current typ (mA)

3-wire serial bus


amplifier (slicer)
Compander
Package

typ (dB)
Device

detect
(dB)

SA58646 LQFP64 2.9 to 5.5 1 55 72 22 90 68 No 7.0-15 300-1200 4.0-20 2, 2.5, 4, • • • • • • •


(BD) 1, 128

 RF/IFs and audio amplifiers


Amplifiers and timers
Audio amplifiers

Type number Description Package(s) Applications


TDA1308/N2 Headphone driver DIP8 } Portable consumer products
TDA1308T/N2 SO8 }Cellular phones
TDA1308TT/N2 TSSOP8 } PDAs
TDA1308ATT/N2 Low-voltage headphone driver TSSOP8 } Headphones
TDA1308AT/N2 SO8 } Hearing aids
} Monitors
TDA1308AUK Low-voltage headphone driver WL-CSP8
} Notebooks
} LCD TV
TDA8541T/N1 1-W BTL audio amplifier SO8 } Portable consumer products
} Personal computers
} Telephony
TDA8542AT/N1 2x1.5-W BTL audio amplifier SO20 } Portable consumer products
TDA8542TS/N1 2x0.7-W BTL audio amplifier SSOP20 } Personal computers
} Motor-driver (servo)
TDA8543T/N1 1.4-W BTL audio amplifier SO16
TDA8547TS/N1 2x0.7-W BTL audio amplifier with output SSOP20 } Telecommunication equipment
channel switch } Portable consumer products
} Personal computers
} Motor-driver (servo)
} Walkie-talkies
SA58631TK 3-W BTL audio amplifier HVSON8 } Portable consumer products
SA58632BS 2x2.2-W BTL audio amplifier HVQFN20 } Personal computers
} Professional & amateur mobile radio
} USB speakers
} Portable gaming
} Educational toys
SA58670BS 2 x 2-W Class D audio amplifier HVQFN20 } Portable consumer products
} Cellphone speaker/phone drivers
} USB speakers
} MP3 players
} iPod speakers
SA58671UK 2 x 1.3-W Class D audio amplifier WL-CSP16 } Portable consumer products
} Cellphone speakerphone/headphone drivers
} USB speakers
} MP3 players
} iPod speakers

Rail-to-rail op amps

Type number Description Package(s) Applications


NE/SA/5232N/01 Low-voltage dual rail-to-rail op amp DIP8 } Automotive electronics
NE/SA/5232D/01 SO8 } Signal conditioning and sensing amplification
NE/SA5234N/01 Low-voltage quad rail-to-rail op amp DIP14 } Portable instrumentation
NE/SA5234D/01 SO14 } Test and measurement
} Medical monitors and diagnostics
} Remote meters
} Audio equipment
} Security systems
} Communications
} Pagers
} Cellular telephone
} LAN
} 5-V datacom bus
} Error amplifier in motor drives
} Transducer buffer amplifier

RF/IFs and audio amplifiers 


Amplifiers and timers

Wideband variable gain amplifiers

Type number Description Package Applications


SA5209D Low-voltage wideband variable gain amplifier SO16 } Linear AGC systems
SA5219D Cascadable low-voltage wideband variable SO16 } Very linear AM modulator
gain amplifier } RF balun
} Cable TV multi-purpose amplifier
} Fiberoptic AGC
} Radar
} User-programmable fixed-gain block
} Video
} Satellite receivers
} Cellular communications

Transimpedance and post amplifiers

Type number Description Package Applications


SA5211D Transimpedance amplifier (180 MHz) SO14 } Fiberoptic receivers (analog and digital)
SA5212AD Transimpedance amplifier (140 MHz) SO8 } Current-to-voltage converters
} Wideband gain block
} Medical and scientific instrumentation
} Sensor preamplifiers
} Single-ended-to-differential conversion
} Low-noise RF amplifiers
} RF signal processing
SA5214D Post amplifier with link status indicator SO20 } Fiberoptics
} Communication links in industrial and/or telecom
environment with high EMI/RFI
} Local area networks (LANs)
} Metropolitan area networks (MANs)
} SONET
} RF limiter
SA5217D Post amplifier with link status indicator SO20 } Fiberoptics
} Communication links in industrial and/or telecom
environment with high EMI/RFI
} Local area networks (LANs)
} Synchronous optical networks (SONET) STS-1
} RF limiter
} 223-1 pseudo-random bit stream

Timers
Type number Description Temperature range (°C) Package(s)
AU7555D/01 CMOS timer -40 to +125 SO8

ICM7555D/01 CMOS timer 0 to +70 SO8


ICM7555N/01 DIP8
ICM7555ID/01 CMOS timer -40 to +85 SO8
ICM7555IN/01 DIP8

10 RF/IFs and audio amplifiers


RF glossary

RF – Radio Frequency DBM – Double Balanced Mixer


The carrier frequency or the frequency of the propagation A special circuit that outputs the sum and difference
media (e.g. air, cable, wireline, etc.). signal while minimizing the RF and LO signals.

IF – Intermediate Frequency LO – Local Oscillator


A frequency lower than the RF and generally the Derived from an external active device or an on-chip
frequency at which demodulation/modulation is transistor oscillator.
performed.
Image Frequency
Down conversion An unwanted RF frequency at the mixer input that gives
Conversion of the RF or IF frequency to a lower IF the same IF frequency at the mixer output as the desired
RF frequency.
frequency by a mixer/local oscillator (LO).

Single Conversion/Dual Conversion


Up conversion
Some receivers use one IF (single conversion). A dual-
Conversion of the IF frequency to a higher IF or RF
conversion receiver downconverts twice (to two different
frequency.
IFs) to enable better filtering of image frequencies.

FM – Frequency Modulation
NBFM – Narrowband FM
The RF signal is changed in frequency by the modulating
Used in voice and low speed data (<9.6 kbps).
signal (e.g. voice, data).

WBFM – Wideband FM
FM receiver Used in broadcast radio and high-speed data (>10 kbps).
Uses a limiting IF and a quadrature demodulator to
recover the modulating signal. Sensitivity
The minimum input signal required for a receiver to
Quadrature demodulator deliver an acceptable output.
Used to recover the modulating signal while minimizing
the IF signal. Selectivity
The ability of a receiver to pass the desired frequency
and reject all others.

RF/IFs and audio amplifiers 11


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© 200 NXP B.V.
All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written
consent of the copyright owner. The information presented in this document does not
form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be
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industrial or intellectual property rights.

Date of release: November 2006


Document order number: 9397 750 15672
Printed in the Netherlands