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Name: Score:_____

A. Match the terms in column A with column B.
_____1 Science a. Series of change that cause growth or
_____2 Technology b. To improve, advance, or move
_____3 Hazard c. Application of scientific or
mathematical learning
_____4 Progress d. Danger or obstacle
_____5 development e. Knowledge gained by
experimentation and analysis

B. Fill in each blank the correct word to complete each sentence. Choose from the
words below.
Cause effect hypothesis variables
Conclusion qualitative quantitative
1. This scientific method in solving problems can be used to show the _______
and _________ relationship between scientific processes.

2. ____________ measurements provide numerical values of measurements,
while ____________ measurements give descriptive only.

3. When designing an experiment, one should be able to identify clearly the
different ____________ to maintain the accuracy and reliability of the

4. A ___________ is a possible answer to the problem, while a ___________ is
the final answer as shown by the results of an experiment.

C. Write the letter of the correct answer on the blank provided.
_____1 Which is not a superstitioius belief?
a. Early seafarers monitor the tides before starting on a journey.
b. Tribal communities inspect the organs of the freshly killed pig to
predict a good harvest.
c. Consult a fortune teller about the right age to marry.
d. Construct a house facing east to let in good energy.

_____2 Which field falls under applied science?
a. Veterinary medicine since it looks after the health and welfare of
b. Ichtyology because it studies the varieties of fish available for
human consumption.
c. Ecology because it studies the relationship between organisms
and their environment.
d. Hydrology because it studies the properties and characteristics
of bodies of water that benefit people.

_____3 Which statement best describes the concept behind the relation of
science and technology?
a. All that need to be developed or invented have already been
done because modern science has already discovered and
explained everything there is to be learned.
b. Advancements in technology will always be present since
science never ceases to discover something new.
c. The discovery of scientific principles always goes ahead of the
development of technology.
d. New discoveries in science can be used to develop modern

_____4 Why is it helpful to write the scientific problem in question form?
a. The question serves as a guide to the reseacher so that he or she
will know the objective of his/her experiment.
b. The question can be answered by a hypothesis that will
eventually be the conclusion.
c. The question becomes the conclusion when restated.
d. The question contains that the flow of the experiment design.

_____5 Which shows a scientific way of thinking?
a. State that all brands of gasoline will work well in any car.
b. Say that there is no truth in the existence of dinosaurs since no
one has seen them.
c. Check if a flatiron consumes more electricity than a radio by
looking at the electric meter when each is being used.
d. Suggest that cats are better pets than dogs because they cuddle
up to their owner.

_____6 Why is it advisable to conduct more than one trial even though the
first produced a good, favorable result?
a. Because there might be an error in the first one.
b. Because more experiments mean more conclusions.
c. Because consistency of results is highly desirable.
d. Because there might be new results or outcomes.

_____7 Nelson wanted to find out if garlic extract will prevent the growth of
algae on shower room tiles. What should he keep constant to make his
work reliable?
a. The condition of the environment where the algae grows.
b. The presence and absence of garlic on the tiles.
c. Both a and b.
d. Data is insufficient to give an answer.

_____8 Ayi made an experiment to find out if stray cats in their yard will be
deterred by strong chili pepper odor. Which of the following is the
best hypothesis for her experiment.
a. The cats will still roam in the yard even when chili pepper is
b. The odor of the chili pepper will deter the cats in the yard.
c. Chili pepper can be placed in theyard.
d. The cats will like the odor of the chili pepper.

For numbers 9-10, refer to the choices below.
a. Both statements are true.
b. Both statements are false.
c. Only statement X is true.
d. Only statement Y is true.

_____9 X: 120.36 cm + 12.35 cm + 234.345 cm = 3.67 x 10 cm
Y: 55.5 cm 1.55 cm = 3.58 x 10 cm

_____10 X: the melting point of gold is 1 064 C or 1337 K.
Y: the freezing point of liquid nitrogen is -210 C or -360 F

For numbers 11-14, use the following data obtained by the four students who
measured the volume of a certain liquid.
1 12.67 mL 11.12 mL 11.35 mL 12.01 mL
2 10.75 mL 12.12 mL 11.32 mL 11.39 mL
3 11.56 mL 11.59 mL 11.20 mL 10.95 mL
True value = 11.45 mL

_____11 What is the percent error of Barts measurements?
a. 1.38% b. 1.40% c. 2.38% d. 2.45%

_____12 What is the average of Lexies measurement?
a. 11.29 mL b. 11.45 mL c. 11.61 mL d. 11.73 mL

_____13 Who among the students has the most precise measurement?
a. Bart b. Dan c. Lexie d. Marc

_____14 Who among the students has the most accurate average?
a. Bart b. Dan c. Lexie d. Marc

_____15 Which is the SI base unit for mass?
a. kilogram b. centigram c. milligram

_____16 A mole of water contains six hundred two sixtillion molecules. Which
is the scientific notation for the number of molecules of water?
a. 6.02 x 10 b. 60.02 x 10 c. 6.02 x 10 d. 60.2 x 10

_____17 What is the density of a cube that has a mass of 15g and measures
10mm on each side?
a. 1.5 x 10
b. 1.5 x 10
c. 2 x 10
d. 2 x 10

_____18 A 200.0 gram sample of metal cube is dropped into a 100mL
graduated cylinder containing 45.5 mL of water. If the resulting water
level is 68.0 mL, what is the volume of the metal cube?
a. 4.51 mL b. 22.5 mL c. 4.51 g/mL d. 4.51 g

_____19 The volume of ethyl alcohol left in a bottle is 45 mL. If the mass of
ethyl alcohol is 35.5g, what is its density?
a. 7.89 g/mL
b. 7.89 x 10

c. 7.89 x 10

d. 7.89 x 10

_____20 Which shows a correct relationship of units?
a. A teragram is lighter than a gigagram.
b. A centimeter is shorter than a millimeter.
c. A microgram is heavier than a nanogram.
d. A liter is heavier than a meter.

_____21 How many significant figures are there in 34 009?
a. 5 significant figures
b. 3 significant figures
c. 2 significant figures
d. 1 significant figure

_____22 Which is the correct way of writing 3 045 000 in scientific notation?
a. 3 045.000 x 10
b. 304.5 x 10
c. 3.045 x 10
d. 0.3045 x 10

_____23 Which is an example of a quantitative description?
a. Light yellow
b. 25 cm long
c. Slightly acidic
d. Very rough

_____24 A group needed to measure 60.0 mL of hydrochloric acid from a
container. Which apparatus should they use to get the correct
a. Florence flask
b. Erlenmeyer flask
c. Petri dish
d. Graduated cylinder

_____25 Which is not a correct laboratory procedure?
a. Wipe spills on the table with your handkerchief.
b. Carry equipment with both hands.
c. Dispose unused chemicals properly
d. Report accidents to the teacher no matter how minor it is.