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Nigvekars GS Paper1 (History, Geography, Society)

History of India
1. From the middle of the nineteenth century till date;
2. traditional and social structure, feudalism, colonialism and
their historical impact on Indian society and economy;
3. rise of nationalism and pre- independence social
movements for change related to equity, social and gender
4. important personalities who shaped the freedom
5. post-independence consolidation of India; linguistic
reorganization of the States;
6. wars fought by India, cross border terrorism and
international disturbances.
Geography of India
1. Physical Geography; drainage system and watersheds;
physiographic regions; mechanism of Indian monsoons
and rainfall patterns; tropical cyclones and western
disturbances; floods and droughts; climatic regions;
natural vegetation, soil types and their distribution;
2. land, surface and ground waters; energy, minerals, biotic
and marine resources, forest and wild life resources; water
mapping of water resources; Water management;
water distribution over different uses; water pollution;
drinking water mission; water harvesting; scientific and
technological solutions to water related problems major
issues pertaining to water-ecosystem their management
and conservation;
3. Environmental degradation, biodiversity and sustainable
development; environmental hazards and remedial
measures; policy, education and legislation.
evolution of Indian society; racial, linguistic and ethnic
diversities; religious minorities; major tribes, tribal area;
issues and problems; caste system; cultural regions;
role of women and womens movement;
size, growth, distribution and density of population;
demographic attributes sex ratio, age structure, literacy
rate, work force, dependency ratio, longevity; population
policies and problems, health indicators, demographic
projections into the future, migration and associated
types and patterns of rural settlements and their problems
and remedies; functional classification of Indian cities;
urban sprawl; slums; problems of urbanization and
Indian culture, art and literature major trends.
Communalism, regionalism, secularism etc.
Case studies on contemporary issues.
Nigvekars GS paper II (Polity & IR)
1. The Constitution- basic structure, federal structure, Centre
State relationship, major amendments as well as all
Constitutional, legal, administrative and other issues
emerging from the politico- administrative system
prevalent in the country.
2. Powers and functions of the Election Commission;
National and regional parties; ideological and social bases
of parties; patterns of coalition politics, trends in electoral
behavior; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators
3. Foreign affairs with special emphasis on Indias relations
with the neighboring countries and region. Polity of non-
alignment , Security and defence related issues. Nuclear
policy, issues and contestation.
4. Regional Co-operation: SAARC- past performance and
future prospects; South Asia as a Free Trade Area; Indias
Look East policy, Impediments to regional co-operation :
border disputes, river water disputes, illegal cross border
migration, ethnic conflicts and insurgencies
5. United Nations, IMF, World Bank
6. Law of the seas- inland waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous
Zone , Continental Shelf , Exclusive Economic Zone and
High Seas
7. International efforts for protection and improvement of
environment Indias role and position.
8. Case studies on contemporary issues.
Nigvekars GS3 (Economy, Sci-Tech)
1. Indian economy and issues relating to planning,
mobilisation of resources, growth development and
2. Indias GDP per capita income trends, aggregate, sectoral
composition and changes therein; broad factors
determining national income and distribution, measures of
poverty, trends in poverty and inequality
3. Agricultural infrastructure, irrigation, seeds, fertiliser,
cropping pattern, livestock resources and allied sectors
economic reforms in agriculture, growth of agricultural
science including biotechnology; technology applications
in agriculture and allied sectors seeds, soil fertility,
irrigation and water harvesting structures, mechanisation
et cetera; technology missions: green revolution, white
revolution, oilseed mission, waste land reclamation
assessment in terms of socio-economic cost and benefits,
need for an extension; implication of WTO agreements for
Indian agriculture; subsidies; agricultural practices and
public distribution system; foodgrain stocks and food
security; supply bottlenecks and agricultural prizes; food
processing; current challenges in this sector
4. Industry new economic policy and industry, strategy of
industrialisation, role of foreign direct investment and
multinationals; privatisation, disinvestment; technology
implications of WTO agreements for Indian industry;
intellectual property rights; implication of
TRIPS,TRIMS,GATT; policy of encouraging industries in
backward areas; policy of SEZs; what is traditional
manufacturing industries; status and importance of
cottage in small scale industries less need for continued
the induction of science and technology in production,
quality and marketing; current changes in the sector
including land acquisition policy
5. Service sector the growth in the last two decades,
pattern, location and employment generation; transport,
communication, trade, banking and finance, insurance,
entertainment and media, and easier, health, IT; the
phenomenal growth of IT, current status and future
potential; need for penetration beyond urban areas; shift
from different control to regulators
6. infrastructure governments initiative and policies; pride
that public partnership;
7. exchange rate regime capital account convertibility;
monetary policy role of RBI; Public Finance fiscal
deficit, impact of subsidies and oil prices
8. employment unemployment rate, employment and
poverty, rural wages, employment generation
9. Space evolution of Indias space program, GC;
contribution to telecommunication, weather forecasting,
agriculture; space products GIS, GPS, remote sensing et
cetera. Potential for increasing the use in developmental
efforts of different sectors
10. energy, sources of energy and that technological
status, Hydro, for sale, nonconventional and renewable
energy, methane-based technology, energy losses,
national supply and demand scenario
11. Case studies on contemporary issues
Nigvekars GS4 (Social Justice & Governance)
1. concept of welfare state and social justice
2. human development index factors considered
3. government policies and interventions for development in
areas of health, family welfare, education, infant
mortality, ruler infrastructure, shelter, poverty alleviation
programmes, development of women, children and
weaker sections, municipal and urban services
4. role of non- government organisations, self-help groups,
user groups and peoples organisations, urban
neighbourhood associations, producers cooperatives and
newer forms of cooperative organisations with mixture of
state initiative and peoples groups
5. role of minorities commission, SC /ST and OBCs
commission, human rights commission, womens
commission and national and state commissioner for
6. probity in governance concept of public service,
philosophical basis of governance and probity, human
values; lessons from lives and teachings of great leaders
and reformer; internal/external factors which
prompt/influence behaviour, actions/in actions and
decisions, conflicts internal/external and their
resolution, fundamental duties, RTI act, information
sharing and transparency in government, codes of
conduct, citizens charters, utilisation of public funds,
vigilance, monitoring and public and social auditing and
role of the Comptroller and auditor general of India, role
of ombudsman lokpal and lokayukta, Central vigilance
commission, growing public awareness, role of media,
public interest litigation and recent developments
7. case studies on contemporary issues