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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING Volume 2, No 2, 2011

© Copyright 2010 All rights reserved Integrated Publishing services

Research article

ISSN

0976 4399

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building

Anshuman. S 1 , Dipendu Bhunia 2 , Bhavin Ramjiyani 3 1- Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India 2- Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India. 3- Higher Degree student, Civil Engineering Group, BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India dipendubhunia@gmail.com

doi:10.6088/ijcser.00202010128

India dipendubhunia@gmail.com doi:10.6088/ijcser.00202010128 ABSTRACT Shear wall systems are one of the most commonly

ABSTRACT

Shear wall systems are one of the most commonly used lateral-load resisting systems in high- rise buildings. Shear walls have very high in-plane stiffness and strength, which can be used to simultaneously resist large horizontal loads and support gravity loads, making them quite advantageous in many structural engineering applications. There are lots of literatures available to design and analyse the shear wall. However, the decision about the location of shear wall in multi-storey building is not much discussed in any literatures.

In this paper, therefore, main focus is to determine the solution for shear wall location in multi-storey building based on its both elastic and elasto-plastic behaviours. An earthquake load is calculated and applied to a building of fifteen stories located in zone IV. Elastic and elasto-plastic analyses were performed using both STAAD Pro 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) software packages. Shear forces, bending moment and story drift were computed in both the cases and location of shear wall was established based upon the above computations.

Keywords: linear behaviour of shear wall, Non-linear behaviour of shear wall, seismic analysis, STAAD Pro 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000)

Introduction

Reinforced concrete framed buildings are adequate for resisting both the vertical and the horizontal load acting on them. However, when the buildings are tall, beam and column sizes workout quite heavy, so that there is lot of congestion at these joint and it is difficult to place and vibrate concrete at these places, which fact, does not contribute to the safety of buildings. These practical difficulties call for introduction of shear wall. The term „shear wall‟ is rather misleading as such a walls behave like flexural members. They are usually used in tall buildings and have been found to be of immense use to avoid total collapse of buildings under seismic forces. It is always advisable to incorporate them in buildings built in region likely to experienced earthquake of large intensity or high winds. The design of these shear wall for wind are design as simple concrete walls. The design of these walls for seismic forces requires special considerations as they should be safe under repeated loads. Shear walls may become imperative from the point of view of economy and control of lateral deflection. There are lots of literatures available [Cardan, B. (1961), Syngellakis et al. (1991), Wight et al. (1991), Qiusheng et al. (1994), White et al. (1995) and Rosowsky, D.V. (2002)] to design and analyse the shear wall. However, any of these literatures did not discuss much about the location of shear wall in multi-storey building.

Hence, this paper has been described to determine the proper location of shear wall based on its elastic and elasto-plastic behaviours. A RCC medium rise building of 15 stories subjected to earthquake loading in Zone IV has been considered. In this regard, both STAAD Pro 2004

Received on September, 2011 Published on November 2011

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) software packages have been considered as two tools to perform. Shear forces, bending moments and storey drifts have been calculated to find out the location of shear wall in the building.

The plan of the building without shear wall as shown in Figure 1 has been considered to carry out the study. Both STAAD PRO 2004 and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) software packages have been considered. The preliminary data as per the Table 1 is taken up for this study.

data as per the Table 1 is taken up for this study. Figure 1: Plan of

Figure 1: Plan of the Building without Shear Wall

Table 1: Preliminary Data

     

250mm thick

Zone

IV

External wall

including Plaster

Ground storey

4.0m From

Internal wall

150mm thick

height

Foundation

including Plaster

Floor to floor height

3.35m

Grade of Concrete and steel

M20 and Fe 415

Size of exterior column

300×500 mm 2

Number of

   

300×300 mm 2

storeys

FIFTEEN (G+14)

Size of interior column

Shear wall

 

Size of beams in

300×450 mm 2

thickness

300

mm

longitudinal and transverse direction

Depth of slab

150

mm

Ductility design

IS:13920-1993

Loading consideration

Dead Load (DL) and Live load (LL) have been taken as per IS 875 (Part 1) (1987) and IS 875 (Part 2) (1987), respectively. Seismic load calculation has been done based on the IS 1893 (Part 1) (2002)‟s approach.

Results and Discussions

It has been seen from Table 2 that the top deflection (when the seismic load direction is in the shorter dimension) has been exceeded the permissible deflection, i.e. 0.004 times the total height of the building [IS 1893 (Part 1) (2002)] in STAAD PRO 2004. It has been exceeded for the load combinations 1.5(DL+EQ) and 0.9DL+1.5EQ, respectively.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 2: Maximum Deflection at the Roof without Shear Wall

Permissible Deflection

(mm)

[IS 1893 (Part 1)

(2002)]

Calculated

Deflection

(mm)

Load

Combination

Software

STAAD PRO 2004

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

187.976

203.6

1.5(DL+EQ)

235.725

0.9DL+1.5EQ

235.685

SAP V 10.0.5

(2000)

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

158.71

1.5(DL+EQ)

198.4

0.9DL+1.5EQ

198.38

Similarly, bending moment and shear force were maximum at the ground level in 1 st and 12 th frames, respectively (Table 3).

Table 3: Maximum Bending Moment and Maximum Shear Force at the Ground Level without Shear Wall

     

Calculated Bending Moment (kN-m)

Calculated

Frame No.

Software

Load

Combination

Shear Force

(kN)

   

1.2(DL+LL+E

238.041

110.49

STAAD PRO

Q)

2004

1.5(DL+EQ)

294.134

136.43

1 st and

0.9DL+1.5EQ

288.096

133.26

12

th

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

236.98

113.67

 

SAP V 10.0.5

Q)

(2000)

1.5(DL+EQ)

296.06

142.04

0.9DL+1.5EQ

302.65

145.26

Hence, for the above reason shear wall was provided in 1 st and 12 th frames, respectively (Figure 2).

1 s t and 12 t h frames, respectively (Figure 2). Figure 2: Plan of the

Figure 2: Plan of the Building with Shear Wall in 1st and 12th frames

It has been observed from Table 4 that the roof deflection was well within the permissible limit for all cases after providing the shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames, respectively.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 4: Maximum Roof Deflection after Providing Shear Wall in the 1 st and 12 th Frame

   

Calculated Deflection

Permissible Deflection

Software

Load

(mm)

(mm)

Combination

[IS 1893 (Part 1)

 

Without

With Shear

(2002)]

Shear Wall

Wall

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

187.976

123.59

 

STAAD PRO

Q)

2004

1.5(DL+EQ)

235.725

154.49

0.9DL+1.5EQ

235.685

151.49

203.6

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

158.71

91.4

SAP V 10.0.5

Q)

 

(2000)

1.5(DL+EQ)

198.4

114.29

0.9DL+1.5EQ

198.38

114.29

It has also seen from Table 5 that both bending moment and shear force were increased at the ground level in 1 st and 12 th frames after providing shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames.

Table 5: Maximum Bending moment and Shear Force at the Ground Level after providing Shear Wall in the 1 st and 12 th Frame

   

Calculated

 

Software

Load

Combination

Bending Moment

(kN-m)

Calculated Shear Force

(kN)

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

698.24

337.97

STAAD PRO 2004

Q)

1.5(DL+EQ)

861.27

416.28

 

0.9DL+1.5EQ

854.41

412.29

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

630.90

308.57

SAP V 10.0.5 (2000)

Q)

1.5(DL+EQ)

778.78

380.24

 

0.9DL+1.5EQ

779.73

381.03

Further, shear walls have been provided in the interior frames, i.e. 6 th and 7 th frames as per the following figure 3.

t h and 7 t h frames as per the following figure 3. Figure 3: Plan

Figure 3: Plan of the Building with Shear Wall in 6th and 7th frames

It has been seen from the Table 6 that roof deflection was well within the permissible deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames, respectively.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 6: Maximum Roof Deflection after Providing Shear Wall in the 6 th and 7 th Frame

   

Calculated Deflection

Permissible

Software

Load

(mm)

 

Deflection (mm) [IS 1893 (Part 1)

Combination

 
 

Without Shear

 

With Shear

(2002)]

Wall

Wall

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

187.976

 

106.47

 

STAAD PRO

Q)

2004

1.5(DL+EQ)

235.725

 

133.08

0.9DL+1.5EQ

235.685

 

135.47

203.6

 

1.2(DL+LL+E

158.71

 

84.72

SAP V 10.0.5

Q)

 

(2000)

1.5(DL+EQ)

198.4

 

105.91

0.9DL+1.5EQ

198.38

 

105.91

It has also seen from Table 7 that both bending moment and shear force were increased at the ground level in 6 th and 7 th frames after providing shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames.

Table 7: Maximum Bending Moment and Maximum Shear Force at the Ground Level after providing Shear Wall in the 6 th and 7 th Frame

   

Calculated Bending Moment (kN-m)

Calculated Shear

Software

Load Combination

Force

(kN)

 

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

665.76

324.51

STAAD

     

PRO 2004

1.5(DL+EQ)

809.79

394.28

0.9DL+1.5EQ

803.14

389.25

SAP V

1.2(DL+LL+EQ)

574.87

281.61

10.0.5

1.5(DL+EQ)

732.90

360.92

(2000)

0.9DL+1.5EQ

729.19

358.67

Elasto-plastic analysis

Mahin and Bertero (1976) employed the wide-column frame analogy to assess the importance of the strength and stiffness of the coupling beams on the elastic and nonlinear, static, and dynamic responses of multi-story, coupled shear-wall models to severe earthquake excitation. In wide column frame analogy shear wall has been modeled as a wide column having same dimension of shear wall and shear wall is connected to frame by connecting beam. Here shear walled frame has been modeled in SAP 2000 vs. 10 in which nonlinear analysis is done by using inbuilt coefficient given by FEMA 356 (FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY) provisions. According to FEMA 356 the displacement of maximum displaced column is restricted by 4% of height. Analysis is done for the design earthquake which has the probability of occurrence is 100years and obtains the performance point. Performance point gives the value of maximum displacement of column which occurs for design earth quake intensity for particular zone i.e. zone IV. Resultant base shear-displacement curve has been obtained for structure, which shows behavior of structure with respect to base shear.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani Figure 3: Graph showing Hinge Formation Levels In analysis

Figure 3: Graph showing Hinge Formation Levels

In analysis hinge formation has been also been observed. Hinge formation levels are divided as yield level (B), immediate occupancy level (IO), life safety level (LS), collapse level (CP), full collapse level (E) [Figure 3]. At the immediate occupancy level structures have no sever damage and structures can be used for further life of structure. Life safety level indicates there will not be any casualty due to earthquake but structure cannot be used for further living. At collapse level member will start to collapse and full collapse member will already collapse.

The elastic analysis has been extended to elasto-plastic analysis as per the criterion discussed above. SAP2000 v10.0.5 software package has been considered to carry out this analysis. Table 8 is showing the base shear and roof displacement at the performance point. It has been observed that the performance point for both the conditions (Shear Wall provided in the 6 th and 7 th Frames and Shear Wall provided in the 1 st and 12 th Frames) is lying within the IO level.

Capacity Spectrum

Capacity spectrum is obtained as per IS 1893:2002 for Zone IV with medium soil.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani Figure 4: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in

Figure 4: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in 6 th and 7 th frame

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani Figure 5: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in

Figure 5: Capacity Spectrum for shear wall in in 1 st and 12 th frame

Table 8: Base shear vs. Roof displacement at the performance point

Parameters

Conditions

Base Shear (kN)

Roof Displacement

(mm)

Shear Wall provided in the 6 th and 7 th Frames Shear Wall provided in the 1 st and 12 th Frames

912.677

0.0434

865.357

0.326

Graph shows that in Non-linear analysis performance point is small i.e. the behaviour of the structure is within the elastic limit. Hence linear analysis is adequate for this structure.

Results for Shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames

It has also seen from Table 9 that shear force was increased at the ground level in 6 th and 7 th frames after providing shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames.

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Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

Table 9: Shear force for Shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames

     

Shear force in shear wall for load combination PUSH 2 (In kN )

Storey

Height

Step 0

Step 1

 
 

Level

(m)

     
 

Shear wall

Shear wall

   
   

1

2

Shear wall 1

Shear wall 2

14

th

Roof level

52.40

- 6.608

- 6.608

- 36.369

-

49.586

14

th Level

49.05

+ 6.608

+ 6.608

+ 36.369

+

49.586

13

th

14

th Level

49.05

- 6.104

- 6.104

- 85.000

-

97.207

13

th Level

45.70

+ 6.104

+ 6.104

+ 85.000

+

97.207

12

th

13

th Level

45.70

- 6.714

- 6.714

- 132.821

-

146.249

12

th Level

42.35

+ 6.714

+ 6.714

+ 132.821

+146.249

11

th

12

th Level

42.35

- 6.983

- 6.983

- 181.334

- 195.299

11

th Level

39.00

+ 6.983

+ 6.983

+ 181.334

+ 195.299

10

th

11

th Level

39.00

- 7.208

- 7.208

- 230.157

- 244.574

10

th Level

35.65

+ 7.208

+ 7.208

+ 230.157

+ 244.574

th

10

th Level

35.65

- 7.383

- 7.383

- 279.180

- 293.948

9

9 th Level

32.30

+ 7.383

+ 7.383

+ 279.180

+ 293.948

th

9 th Level

32.30

- 7.523

- 7.523

- 328.266

- 343.312

8

8 th Level

28.95

+ 7.523

+ 7.523

+ 328.266

+ 343.312

th

8 th Level

28.95

- 7.625

- 7.625

- 377.267

- 392.516

7

7 th Level

25.60

+ 7.625

+ 7.625

+ 377.267

+ 392.516

th

7 th Level

25.60

- 7.676

- 7.676

- 426

- 441.358

6

6 th Level

22.25

+ 7.676

+ 7.676

+ 426

+ 441.358

th

6 th Level

22.25

- 7.651

- 7.651

- 474.242

- 489.544

5

5 th Level

18.90

+ 7.651

+ 7.651

+ 474.242

+ 489.544

th

5 th Level

18.90

- 7.509

- 7.509

- 521.617

- 536.635

4

4 th Level

15.55

+ 7.509

+ 7.509

+ 521.617

+ 536.635

rd

4 th Level

15.55

- 7.187

- 7.187

- 567.604

- 581.977

3

3 rd Level

12.20

+ 7.187

+ 7.187

+ 567.604

+ 581.977

nd

3 rd Level

12.20

- 6.563

- 6.563

- 611.447

- 624.572

2

2 nd Level

8.85

+ 6.563

+ 6.563

+ 611.447

+ 624.572

1

st

2 nd Level

8.85

- 5.666

- 5.666

- 651.843

- 663.174

1 st Level

5.50

+ 5.666

+ 5.666

+ 651.843

+ 663.174

 

1 st Level

5.50

- 2.261

- 2.261

- 689.286

- 693.808

Ground

Ground

         
 

Level

1.50

+ 2.261

+ 2.261

+ 689.286

+ 693.808

 

Ground

         

Footing

 

Level

1.50

- 2.158

- 2.158

- 727.732

- 732.047

Footing

0

+ 2.158

+ 2.158

+ 727.732

+ 732.047

   

Level

It has also seen from Table 10 that bending moment was increased at the ground level in 6 th and 7 th frames after providing shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames.

Table 10: Bending moment for Shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames

   

Height

Bending Moment in shear wall for load combination PUSH 2 (In kN )

Storey

Level

(m)

Step 0

Step 1

Shear wall

Shear wall

Shear wall 1

Shear wall 2

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International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

       

1

 

2

   
 

Roof

         

14

th

level

52.40

+

11.782

+

11.782

+ 63.369

+ 86.932

 

14 th Level

49.05

-

10.356

-

10.356

 

- 58.467

- 79.179

13

th

14 th Level

49.05

+

9.929

+

9.929

+

145.893

+ 165.751

           
 

13 th Level

45.70

-

10.520

-

10.520

-

138.854

- 159.894

12

th

13 th Level

45.70

+

11.171

+

11.171

+

225.789

+ 248.131

           
 

12 th Level

42.35

-

11.321

-

11.321

-

219.162

- 241.805

11

th

12 th Level

42.35

+

11.623

+

11.623

+

306.858

+ 330.104

           
 

11 th Level

39.00

-

11.769

-

11.769

-

300.612

- 324.151

10

th

11 th Level

39.00

+

12.018

+

12.018

+

388.278

+ 412.315

           
 

10 th Level

35.65

-

12.128

-

12.128

-

382.753

- 407.007

9

th

10 th Level

35.65

+

12.322

+

12.322

+

469.905

+ 494.549

9 th Level

32.30

-

12.412

-

12.412

-

465.355

- 490.178

8

th

9 th Level

32.30

+12.566

+12.566

+

551.499

+ 576.631

8 th Level

28.95

- 12.636

- 12.636

-

548.193

- 573.465

7

th

8 th Level

28.95

+ 12.748

+ 12.748

+

632.814

+ 656.311

7 th Level

25.60

- 12.795

- 12.795

-

631.029

- 656.618

6

th

7 th Level

25.60

+ 12.851

+ 12.851

+

713.536

+ 739.237

6 th Level

22.25

- 12.863

- 12.863

-

713.585

- 739.312

5

th

6 th Level

22.25

+ 12.835

+ 12.835

+

793.225

+ 818.896

5 th Level

18.90

- 12.796

- 12.796

-

795.485

- 821.077

4

th

5 th Level

18.90

+ 12.638

+ 12.638

+

871.226

+ 896.502

4 th Level

15.55

- 12.517

- 12.517

-

876.193

- 901.227

3

rd

4 th Level

15.55

+ 12.159

+ 12.159

+

946.551

+ 970.869

3 rd Level

12.20

- 11.916

- 11.916

-

954.922

- 978.754

2

nd

3 rd Level

12.20

+ 11.227

+ 11.227

+

1017.803

+ 1040.258

2 nd Level

8.85

- 10.757

- 10.757

-

1030.546

- 1052.061

1

st

2 nd Level

8.85

+ 9.732

+ 9.732

+

1084.901

+ 1104.372

           
 

1 st Level

5.50

- 9.248

- 9.248

-

1098.766

- 1117.263

 

1 st Level

5.50

+ 5.567

+ 5.567

+

1354.254

+ 1365.388

Ground

Ground

         

1.50

- 3.475

- 3.475

-

1402.894

- 1409.844

Level

 

Ground

         

Footing

Level

1.50

+ 2.215

+ 2.215

+

457.035

+ 461.465

Footing

0

- 1.021

- 1.021

 

634.563

- 636.606

 

-

Level

         

It has been seen from the Table 11 that roof deflection was well within the permissible deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames, respectively.

Table 11: Storey drift of shear wall in 6 th and 7 th frames

STOREY

NO.

Height ( m )

Storey Drift of shear wall for load combination PUSH 2

(mm)

502

International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

   

Step 0

Step 1

ROOF

52.40

0.0030

194

14

TH

49.05

0.0002

170

13

TH

45.70

0.0002

139.8

12

TH

42.35

0.0001

134

11

TH

39.00

0.0000

127 4

10

TH

25.65

0.0000

119.9

9

TH

32.30

0.0000

111.6

8

TH

28.95

0.0000

102.6

7

TH

25.60

0.0000

92.7

6

TH

22.25

0.0000

82.2

5

TH

18.90

0.0000

70.9

4

TH

15.55

0.0000

59.1

3

RD

12.20

0.0000

46.9

2

ND

8.85

0.0000

34.2

1

ST

5.50

0.0000

21.3

GROUND

1.50

0.0000

1.5

Results for Shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames

It has also seen from Table 12 that shear force was increased at the ground level in 1 st and

12 th frames after providing shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames.

Table 12: Shear force for shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frame

     

Shear force in shear wall for load combination PUSH 2 (In kN )

Storey

Height

Step 0

Step 1

 

Level

(m)

   
 

Shear wall

Shear wall

   
   

1

2

Shear wall 1

Shear wall 2

14

th

Roof level

52.40

- 6.179

- 6.179

- 22.726

- 35.795

14 th Level

49.05

+ 6.179

+ 6.179

+ 22.726

+ 35.795

13

th

14 th Level

49.05

- 2.129

- 2.129

- 59.632

- 63.918

13 th Level

45.70

+ 2.129

+ 2.129

+ 59.632

+ 63.918

12

th

13 th Level

45.70

- 2.705

- 2.705

- 91.758

- 91.173

12 th Level

42.35

+ 2.705

+ 2.705

+ 91.758

+ 91.173

11

th

12 th Level

42.35

- 2.799

- 2.799

- 124.576

- 130.178

11 th Level

39.00

+ 2.799

+ 2.799

+ 124.576

+ 130.178

10

th

11 th Level

39.00

- 2.935

- 2.935

- 157.513

- 163.380

10 th Level

35.65

+ 2.935

+ 2.935

+ 157.513

+ 163.380

th

10 th Level

35.65

- 3.055

- 3.055

- 190.516

- 196.623

9

9

th Level

32.30

+ 3.055

+ 3.055

+ 190.516

+ 196.623

th

9

th Level

32.30

- 3.165

- 3.165

- 223.456

- 229.782

8

8

th Level

28.95

+ 3.165

+ 3.165

+ 223.456

+ 229.782

th

8

th Level

28.95

- 3.256

- 3.256

- 256.192

- 262.701

7

7

th Level

25.60

+ 3.256

+ 3.256

+ 256.192

+ 262.701

th

7

th Level

25.60

- 3.316

- 3.316

- 288.553

- 295.182

6

6

th Level

22.25

+ 3.316

+ 3.316

+ 288.553

+ 295.182

th

6

th Level

22.25

- 3.325

- 3.325

- 320.312

- 326.960

5

5

th Level

18.90

+ 3.325

+ 3.325

+ 320.312

+ 326.960

503

International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

4

th

5

th Level

18.90

-

3.257

-

3.257

-

351.159

-

357.670

4

th Level

15.55

+

3.257

+

3.257

+

351.159

+

357.670

3

rd

4

th Level

15.55

-

3.074

-

3.074

-

380.655

-

386.802

3

rd Level

12.20

+

3.074

+

3.074

+

380.655

+

386.802

2

nd

3

rd Level

12.20

-

2.702

-

2.702

-

408.206

-

413.608

2

nd Level

8.85

+

2.702

+

2.702

+

408.206

+

413.608

1

st

2

nd Level

8.85

-

2.234

-

2.234

-

432.798

-

736.366

1

st Level

5.50

+

2.234

+

2.234

+

432.798

+

736.366

 

1

st Level

5.50

-

0.388

-

0.388

-

454.607

-

455.384

Ground

Ground

         
 

Level

1.50

+

0.388

+

0.388

+

454.607

+

455.384

 

Ground

1.50

 

1.632

 

1.632

 

477.792

 

474.527

-

-

-

-

Footing

 

Level

Footing

0

 

1.632

 

1.632

 

477.792

 

474.527

   

Level

+

+

+

+

It has also seen from Table 13 that bending moment was increased at the ground level in 1 st and 12 th frames after providing shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames.

Table 13: Bending moment for shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frame

     

Bending Moment in shear wall for load combination PUSH 2 (In kN )

Storey

Height

Step 0

Step 1

 
 

Level

(m)

     
 

Shear wall

Shear wall

   
   

1

2

Shear wall 1

Shear wall 2

14

th

Roof level

52.40

+ 13.361

+ 13.361

+ 37.465

+ 65.808

14 th Level

49.05

- 7.338

- 7.338

- 38.668

- 54.107

13

th

14 th Level

49.05

+ 3.144

+ 3.144

+ 102.956

-

109.291

13 th Level

45.70

- 3.989

- 3.989

- 96.811

-

104.835

12

th

13 th Level

45.70

+ 4.529

+ 4.529

+ 156.377

-

165.444

12 th Level

42.35

- 4.531

- 4.531

- 151.013

-

160.086

11

th

12 th Level

42.35

+ 4.646

+ 4.646

+ 211.267

+220.565

11 th Level

39.00

- 4.731

- 4.731

- 206.064

- 215.529

10

th

11 th Level

39.00

+ 4.880

+ 4.880

+ 266.199

+ 275.958

10 th Level

35.65

- 4.951

- 4.951

- 261.487

- 271.367

th

10 th Level

35.65

+ 5.084

+ 5.084

+ 321.148

+ 331.311

9

9

th Level

32.30

- 5.151

- 5.151

- 317.079

- 327.376

th

9

th Level

32.30

+ 5.272

+ 5.272

+ 375.891

- 386.428

8

8

th Level

28.95

- 5.331

- 5.331

- 372,689

- 383.342

th

8

th Level

28.95

+ 5.431

+ 5.431

+ 430.188

+ 441.045

7

7

th Level

25.60

- 5.476

- 5.476

- 428.056

- 439.004

th

7

th Level

25.60

+ 5.542

+ 5.542

+ 483.739

+ 494.819

6

6

th Level

22.25

- 5.566

- 5.566

- 482.914

- 494.040

th

6

th Level

22.25

+ 5.575

+ 5.575

+ 536.142

+ 547.288

5

5

th Level

18.90

- 5.564

- 5.564

- 536.905

- 548.028

th

5

th Level

18.90

+ 5.487

+ 5.487

+ 586.833

+ 597.804

4

4

th Level

15.55

- 5.422

- 5.422

- 589.551

- 600.392

rd

4

th Level

15.55

+ 5.219

+ 5.219

+ 635.012

+ 645.447

3

3

rd Level

12.20

- 5.079

- 5.079

- 640.183

- 650.338

nd

3

rd Level

12.20

+ 4.669

+ 4.669

+ 679.624

+ 688.962

2

2

nd Level

8.85

- 4.381

- 4.381

- 687.866

- 696.626

504

International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

1

st

2 nd Level

8.85

+ 3.840

+ 3.840

+

720.792

+ 728.471

1 st Level

5.50

- 3.643

- 3.643

-

729.081

- 736.366

 

1 st Level

5.50

+ 1.519

+ 1.519

+

891.424

+ 894.463

Ground

Ground

         

1.50

- 0.035

- 0.035

-

927.003

- 927.073

Level

 

Ground

         

Footing

Level

1.50

+ 1.861

+ 1.861

+

288.393

+ 284.671

Footing

0

- 0.587

- 0.587

 

428.294

 

427.119

 

-

-

Level

     

It has been seen from the Table 14 that roof deflection was well within the permissible deflection for all cases after providing the shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frames, respectively.

Table 14: Storey drift of shear wall in 1 st and 12 th frame

   

Storey Drift of shear wall for load

STOREY

Height ( m )

NO.

combination PUSH 2

(mm)

 

Step 0

Step 1

ROOF

52.40

0.0031

102.9

14

TH

49.05

0.0017

100.1

13

TH

45.70

0.0004

96.7

12

TH

42.35

0.0000

92.7

11

TH

39.00

0.0000

88.1

10

TH

25.65

0.0000

83.0

9

TH

32.30

0.0000

77.2

8

TH

28.95

0.0000

70.9

7

TH

25.60

0.0000

64.0

6

TH

22.25

0.0000

56.7

5

TH

18.90

0.0000

48.8

4

TH

15.55

0.0000

40.6

3

RD

12.20

0.0000

32.1

2

ND

8.85

0.0000

23.4

1

ST

5.50

0.0000

14.5

GROUND

1.50

0.0000

1.0

Conclusions

The above study shows the idea about the location for providing the shear wall which was based on the elastic and inelastic analyses in this paper.

It has been observed that the top deflection was reduced and reached within the permissible deflection after providing the shear wall in any of the 6 th & 7 th frames and 1 st and 12 th frames in the shorter direction.

505

International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering Volume 2 Issue 2 2011

Solution of Shear Wall Location in Multi-Storey Building Anshuman. S, Dipendu Bhunia, Bhavin Ramjiyani

It has been also observed that the both bending moment and shear force in the 1 st and 12 th

frame were reduced after providing the shear wall in any of the 6 th & 7 th frames and 1 st and

12 th frames in the shorter direction.

It has been observed that the in inelastic analysis performance point was small and within the elastic limit.

Thus result obtained using elastic analyses are adequate.

Hence, it can be said that shear wall can be provided in 6 th and 7 th frames or 1 st and 12 th frames in the shorter direction.

References

1.