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LITTLE ENGLISH
(PICTURE)
DICTIONARY


























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Adjectives

An adjective is a word that describes something.



afraid
When you're afraid,
you are scared.


ajar
Something that is ajar
is partly open. The
door is ajar.



alike
When things are alike
they look the same.


angry
When you are angry,
you are very mad.


asleep
When you are
asleep you are
not awake.


awake
When you are awake,
you are not asleep.


bad
When something is
bad, it is has
unpleasant qualities.
The opposite of bad is
good.


big
When someone or
something is big, it is
above average size.


bigger
The boy in the middle
is bigger than the boy
on the left.


biggest
The boy on the
right is the
biggest of the
three.


black
Black is the color of a
very dark night.


blue
The sky is blue during
the day.


brave
Someone who is
brave has courage.


brittle
Something that is
brittle will break or
snap in two easily.
Potato chips are
brittle.


broken
When
something is
broken, it does
not work or
has been
damaged.



brown
Brown is the color of
wood.


clean
When something is
clean, it is not dirty.


closed
When something is
closed, it is not open.
The door is closed.


colorful
Something that is
colorful is brightly
colored or has many
colors.


courage
A quality in
which a person
can face
danger or pain
without
showing
excessive fear.




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dark
When it is dark, there
isn't much light.


different
When things are
different they are not
the same.


dirty
When something is
dirty, it is not clean.




early
When somethings
happens early, it
occurs in the
beginning part of the
day or it occurs
before it was
expected to happen.



excellent
When
something is
excellent, it is
very, very
good.


fast
This girl can run very
fast.


fat
The opposite of fat is
thin.


fiery
Fiery means very hot.
Fiery embers flew
out of the campfire.


full
This glass is full.
Empty is the opposite
of full.



frightened
When we are
frightened, we
are afraid.


good
When something is
good, it is has nice
qualities. The opposite
of good is bad.


gray
Elephants are large,
gray mammals. Gray
paint can be made by
mixing black and
white paint.


green
Grass, broccoli, and
many other plants are
green. You can make
green paint by
mixing blue and
yellow paint.



happy
People usually smile
when they're happy.


healthy
When you are
healthy, you
are not sick.


hot
Fire is very hot.


large
When someone or
something is large, it is
above average size.


last
The last item or
person is the one at
the end.


little
When someone or
something is little, it
is below average in
size.




littler
The boy in the
middle is littler
than the boy
on the right.




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littlest
The boy on the left is
the littlest of the three.


long
When something is
long, it is not short.


loud
The opposite of loud
is quiet.


mad
When you are mad at
someone, you are
angry with them.


many
The are many
apples above.



multicolored
Multicolored means
having many colors.


narrow
When something is
narrow, it doesn't take
up a lot space from
side to side.


new
When something is
new, it hasn't been
used before.


old
When someone or
something is old, it
has been around for a
long, long time.



open
Something that
is open is not
shut. The door
is open.


orange
Orange is a color. You
can mix red and
yellow paint to get
orange.



pink
Pink is the color you
get when you mix red
and white paint.


purple
The color purple is
made by mixing red
and blue paint.


quiet
When it is quiet there
is no noise.


red
Red is the first
color in the
rainbow.


sad
Sometimes people cry
when they're sad.


scared
When you're scared,
you are afraid.


short
When someone or
something is short, it
is below average
height.



shorter
The boy in the middle
is shorter than the
boy on the right.


shortest
The boy on the
left is the
shortest of the
three.


shut
When something is
shut, it is not open The
door is shut.


sick
When you are sick,
you are not healthy.


slow
When something is
slow it does not
move quickly.


small
When someone or
something is small, it
is below average size.


smaller
The boy in the
middle is
smaller than
the boy on the
right.



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smallest
The boy on the left is
the smallest of the
three.


smart
Someone who is smart
can think well.


splendid
When something is
splendid, it is very,
very good.
________

straight
Something straight is
not curvy or bent.


tall
When
someone or
something is
tall, it is above
average height.



taller
The boy in the middle
is taller than the boy
on the left.


tallest
The boy on the right is
the tallest of the three.


tiny
When someone or
something is tiny, it
is very small.



tinier
The boy in the middle
is tinier than the boy
on the right.


tiniest
The boy on the
left is the
tiniest of the
three.


ugly
Something that is ugly
is not nice to look at.


unhappy
Sometimes people cry
when they're unhappy.


upside down
When something is
upside down, its top
is where its bottom
used to be.



violet
Violet is a bluish
purple color.


white
Snow is white.


wide
When something is
wide, it takes up a lot
space from side to
side.


yellow
Yellow is a color. The
sun is yellow. Lemons
are yellow.


young
When someone or
something is young,
it has only been
around for a short
time. A baby is
young.















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Adverbs

An adverb is a word that describes an action, telling "how," "when" or "where" the action took place.



angrily
When you act
angrily, your
actions
indicate that
you are very
mad.


bravely
When you act bravely,
you face danger and act
without fear or despite
your fear. Firefighters
bravely face danger.



daily
When something
is done daily, it is
done each day.
Some people
exercise daily.


early
When something is done
early, it happens in the
beginning of the day or
before the expected time.
The sun rises early in the
day


fast
When something or
someone moves
fast, they change
position very
rapidly. The sprinter
ran fast.


fiery
When something
acts in an intense
or hot way, it is
fiery. The fire
burned hotly.


friendly
When people
act nicely to
each other, they
are being
friendly.



gracefully
When you do
something gracefully,
you do it with
elegance and beauty.
A ballerina dances
gracefully.


happily
When you do
something with
pleasure or joy, you
do it happily. She
happily helped her
brother.


harmoniously
When people, countries,
or other groups behave in
a friendly manner, they
are acting harmoniously.


horizontally
When something
moves horizontally, it
moves left and right.
Trains travel
horizontally along their
tracks.


joyfully
When you do
something with
great pleasure or
happiness, you do it
joyfully. She
joyfully went on
vacation.



late
When something
happens late, it is
done after the
expected time or is
done towards the
end of the day.


magically
When something is
done with magic and
mystery, it is done
magically. The rabbit
appeared magically out
of the magician's hat.


monthly
When something
is done monthly,
it is done each
month. People
pay their bills
monthly.



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quickly
When something
or someone moves
quickly, they
change position
very rapidly. An
athlete runs
quickly.


rapidly
When something or
someone moves rapidly,
they change position very
quickly. A cheetah runs
rapidly.


sadly
People behave
sadly when they
are sad or
depressed. She
cried sadly when
she found out the
bad news.


strenuously
When you do
something
strenuously, you
put a lot of force
and energy into it.


vertically
When something
moves vertically, it
moves up and down.
Elevators move
vertically in a
building.


violently
When something acts violently,
it uses great force. The wind in
a tornado spins violently.


weekly
When something is
done weekly, it is
done each week. Sue
shops weekly for
groceries.


wiggly
When something
or someone is
wiggly, it twists
and moves all over.


yearly
When something is done
yearly, it is done each year.
People celebrate their birthday
yearly.



Astronomy-Related Words



asteroid
Asteroids are tiny
planets that mostly orbit
between Mars and
Jupiter.


asteroid belt
The asteroid belt is a
doughnut-shaped
concentration of
asteroids that orbit
the Sun between the
orbits of Mars and
Jupiter.



astronaut
An astronaut
goes up into
space to explore.


astronomer
Astronomers are
people who study
astronomy and
learn about
objects in the
universe, like
stars and planets.


astronomy
Astronomy is the
science that studies the
universe.



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atmosphere
The atmosphere is the
gas that surrounds a
planet.


atom
Everything is made
up of tiny atoms.

aurora
Auroras are
beautiful lights
in the near-polar
sky.


Big Dipper
The Big Dipper is
a group of 7 stars
contained in the
Northern
Hemisphere
constellation Ursa
major (the Great
Bear).

1,000,000,000

billion
A billion is a thousand
million. The Earth is
billions of years old.


comet
A comet is the a small,
icy object that orbit the
Sun. It's tail always
points away from the
sun.


constellation
A constellation
is a group of
stars that we
see in the sky.
They are not
necessarily
located
together in
space, but
looks as though
they are from
Earth.



crescent
moon
A crescent
moon is smaller
than a half
moon.


Earth
The Earth is the
third planet from
the sun. It's where
we live!


eclipse
An eclipse happens
when the moon blocks
out light from the sun
or the Earth's shadow
goes across the moon.


falling star
A falling star is not a
star; it is a meteor
(made of rock and/or
iron) which is burning
up in the Earth's
atmosphere.



full moon
A full moon appears
as an entire circle in
the sky.


galaxy
A galaxy is an
enormous group
of stars.

gibbous moon
A gibbous moon
is between a half
moon and a full
moon.

half moon
A half moon looks like
half a circle.



- 9 -


Jupiter
Jupiter is the largest
planet in our solar
system and the fifth
planet from the sun.


Little Dipper
The Little Dipper is a
group of stars in the
constellation Ursa
minor (the Little
Bear). This group of
stars ends at Polaris,
the pole star of the
Northern
Hemisphere.


Mars
Mars is a
reddish planet
and the fourth
planet from the
sun. It is the
planet that
comes closest to
the Earth.


Mercury
Mercury is a
moonless planet;
it is the planet
closest to the Sun.


meteor
A meteor is a
meteoroid that has
entered the Earth's
atmosphere, usually
making a fiery trail as
it falls. It is sometimes
called a shooting star.
Most burn up before
hitting the Earth.



meteorite
A meteorite is a meteor
that has fallen to Earth.
Meteorites are made of
stone, iron, or stony-
iron.


meteoroid
Meteoroids are tiny
stones or pieces of
metal that travel
through space.


meteor
shower
A meteor
shower is when
a lot of meteor
fall through the
atmosphere in a
short time.



Milky Way
The Milky Way is
a bright line of
stars stretching
across the night
sky.


Milky Way Galaxy
Our solar system is in
the Milky Way galaxy.
We can see the Milky
Way as a band of stars
in the night sky.


moon
The Earth has one
moon. The moon has no
atmosphere. The same
side of the moon always
faces the Earth.


nebula
A nebula is a cloud of
gas and dust in space.


Neptune
Neptune is the
eighth planet
from the Sun.
This frozen
planet has 8
moons.


North Star
The north star is a
star that is located
almost due north
and is useful for
navigation.
Polaris is
currently the pole
star of the
Northern
Hemisphere.



observatory
An observatory is place
where people observe
the skies, using a
device like a telescope.



- 10 -


orbit
The Moon orbits the
Earth. The Earth orbits
the Sun.


phases of the
Moon
As the moon circles
the Earth, the shape
of the Moon appears
to change. The phases
of the Moon are: the
new moon, waxing
crescent, first quarter,
waxing gibbous, full
moon, waning
gibbous, last quarter,
and waning crescent.


planet
Nine planets
orbit our Sun.


planetarium
Planetariums put
on star shows that
teach astronomy.


Pluto
Pluto is the ninth and
usually the farthest
planet from the Sun.
Pluto is the smallest
planet in our Solar
System.


quasar
A quasar is a distant
energy source in space
which gives off large
amounts of radiation.


satellite
Satellites orbit the
Earth.


Saturn
Saturn is the
sixth planet
from the Sun. It
has beautiful
rings.

shooting star
A shooting star is
not a star; it is a
meteor (made of
rock and/or iron)
which is burning
up in the Earth's
atmosphere.



Solar System
In our Solar System,
nine planets, many
asteroids, comets, and
other objects orbit
around our sun.


space shuttle
The space shuttle flies
into space and back
down again, carrying
people and equipment.


spacesuit
Astronauts wear
spacesuits when they
walk in space.


stars
Each of the stars
we see in the
night sky is
another sun, but
much farther
away than our
sun.


Sun
The Sun is a
medium-sized
yellow star in our
Solar System. We
get our light and
most of our
energy from the
Sun.



Uranus
Uranus is the seventh
planet from the Sun.
Uranus looks bluish
and is covered with
clouds. It has an
unusual, tipped axis,
which gives it extreme
seasons.



- 11 -


Venus
Venus is the second
planet from the Sun and
the hottest planet in our
Solar System. From the
Earth, Venus is the
brightest object in the
sky except for the Sun
and the Moon.

zodiac
The zodiac is a band
of 12 constellations
(groups of stars) in
the sky, including
Capricorn, Aquarius,
Sagittarius, Scorpio,
Libra, Virgo, Leo,
Cancer, Gemini,
Taurus, Aries, and
Pisces.


At the Firehouse: Words



ambulance
An ambulance
takes sick
people to the
hospital.


ax
An ax is useful for
chopping wood.


boots
Boots are a type of shoe.
Boots cover the feet and
part of the lower legs.


Dalmatian
The Dalmatian is a
white dog that has
dark spots.


danger
You can get hurt
in a dangerous
situation.


fire
Fire is very hot.

firefighter
A firefighter is a person
who puts out fires and
saves people's lives.


fire truck
Fire fighters on a fire
truck help put out fires.

flame
A flame is a fire.


flashlight
A flashlight
helps you find
your way in the
dark.


hatchet
A hatchet is an
ax with a short
handle.


helmet
A helmet protects your
head. Firefighters wear
helmets.

hero
A hero is someone who is
admired for great courage,
noble character, and
performing good deeds,
like a firefighter.

hose
Water flows
through a hose.


hydrant
Fire fighters
hook a hose up
to a fire hydrant
to get water.



- 12 -


ladder
You can climb
up a ladder to
reach tall
things.


rope
A rope is useful for tying
things together.


water
Water is a liquid that can
put out some types of
fires.


wrench
A wrench is a tool
that turns nuts or
bolts, like those on
a fire hydrant.


Bathroom-Related Words



bathtub
You take a bath in a
bathtub.


bubbles
It is fun to
blow soap
bubbles!


comb
A comb is a used to
smooth or untangle hair.


eyedropper
An eyedropper is used to
drop liquids one drop at
a time.


faucet
You can turn water
flow on or off at a
faucet.


hairbrush
A hairbrush is used
to brush and
untangle hair.


mirror
You can see
your reflection
in a mirror.


shampoo
A shampoo is a liquid
soap used to wash hair.
When you shampoo your
hair, you wash it.


shower
When you shower, you
wash your body in a
stream of falling water.


sink
We can wash our
hands at a sink.


soap
Soap and water help
clean things.


toilet
Toilets are in
bathrooms.


toothbrush
You can keep your teeth
healthy by using a
toothbrush to clean them.


toothpaste
You use toothpaste to
clean your teeth.


towel
You can dry things
with a towel.


tub
A tub is a large
container. Tub is
also another word
for bathtub.





- 13 -
At the Beach:
Beach-Related Words



ball
A ball is round
and fun to
bounce, throw,
kick, or catch.


bathing suit
A bathing suit is a
garment you wear
while swimming.



beach
A beach is where the
water meets the land.
You can build sand
castles on the beach.


clam
Clams are animals
with two shells.
They burrow under
the sand.


coral reef
Coral reefs are warm,
clear, shallow ocean
habitats that are rich in
life.


crab
A crab has a
hard shell and
eyes on stalks
on its head.


fiddler crab
The fiddler crab is
small crab that lives
on beaches. The
male fiddler crab
has one enlarged
claw.



fish
Fish live in the water
and breathe with gills.


fishing rod
People use fishing
rods to catch fish.


hammock
A hammock is a large
net or cloth that is used
for sleeping or
relaxing; it is hung up
by both ends.


ice cream
cone
An ice cream
cone is nice to
eat on a hot
summer day.


intertidal zone
The intertidal zone
is where the sea
meets the land, the
area between high
tide and low tide.



kelp
Kelp is brown seaweed
that grows in cold
water.


kite
You can fly a kite
on windy days.


net
A net is used to catch
things.


popsicle
A popsicles is a
sweet, frozen
treat on a stick.


reef
Reefs are warm,
clear, shallow ocean
habitats that are rich
in life.


sand
Sand is a loose material
composed of fine
debris of rock and
mineral particles.


sandals
S andals are open
shoes worn in warm
weather.


sandcastle
A sandcastle is a small
castle made of damp
sand.



- 14 -


sand dollar
Sand Dollars are
coin-shaped
spiny-skinned
sea bed animals
that have 5-part
radial symmetry.


sea
A sea is a large
body of salt water
that is connected to
an ocean. A sea may
be partly or
completely
surrounded by land.


sea gull
Sea gull is the common
name for some birds
that live near oceans
and lakes.


seaweed
Seaweed is a plant
that lives in the sea.


shell
Some animals grow a
shell for protection.


starfish
Starfish (also
known as sea
stars) are
animals that live
on the ocean
floor.


Sun
The Sun is a
medium-sized
yellow star in our
Solar System. We
get our light and
most of our energy
from the Sun.


swim
When you swim, you
move around in the
water.


swim fins
People wear swim
fins on their feet to
help them swim.


towel
You can dry things
with a towel.


trash can
A trash can
holds garbage.


wave
There are waves of
water in the ocean.


whelk
Whelks are ocean
animals with a hard,
spiral shell.




















- 15 -
Bird-Related Words



albatross
The albatross is
web-footed bird
that can fly for
a long period of
time.

Arctic tern
The Arctic tern is a
small bird that flies
from the Arctic to the
Antarctic and back
again each year.


bald eagle
The bald eagle is a
large bird of prey. It
is the symbol of the
USA.

beak
A beak is the hard,
outer part of a some
animal's mouth. Birds,
octopi, squid, and
other animals have
beaks. Some dinosaurs
had them too.

biped
A biped is an animal
that walks on two legs.
People and birds are
bipeds. Tyrannosaurus
rex was a biped.


bird
Birds have
feathers and
wings. Most
birds can fly.


blackbird
Blackbirds are black!

bluebird
The bluebird is a
beautiful song bird
that is the symbol of
many of the states in
the USA.


blue jay
The blue jay is a
beautiful, noisy blue
bird.

bones
Bones are hard,
structural parts of the
body of many animals,
including birds.


cage
Some people
keep birds in
cages.


Canada goose
The Canada goose is
a large North
American bird that
honks.


canary
Canaries sing very
well.

cardinal
The Northern Cardinal
is a bird with a short,
wide bill. The male is
bright red; the female
is brownish-red.


carnivore
Carnivores are
organisms that eat
meat. Many birds, like
eagles, are carnivores.

cassowary
A huge,
flightless bird
from Australia
with a helmet-
like crest on its
head.


chick
A chick is a baby
chicken. Some other
baby birds are also
called chicks.


chicken
A chicken is a farm
animal.

claw
A claw is a hard,
sharp, curved nail on
the feet of some
animals. Bears, cats,
birds, dinosaurs, and
many other animals
have claws.

cockatoo
Cockatoos are birds
that have a large,
feathery crest and a
hooked bill. They are
from Australia and
Indonesia.




- 16 -


crane
The crane is a
wading bird with
a long neck, a
long bill, and long
legs.


crow
A crow is a very
smart black bird.


cuckoo
Cuckoos are birds whose call
sounds like coo-coo.


dodo
The dodo is an
extinct, flightless
bird that lived on
an island in the
Indian Ocean
near Africa.


dove
The dove is a bird
that is a symbol
of peace.


duck
Ducks are birds
that have webbed
feet and a
flattened bill.
They swim well
and live near the
water.


duckling
A duckling is a
young duck.


eagle
The eagle is a large bird of prey.
It has a hooked bill and sharp
talons.


egret
The egret is a
large wading
bird.


emperor
penguin
The emperor
penguin is the
largest penguin; it
lives on ice packs
in Antarctica.


emu
The emu is a large
Australian bird
that cannot fly.

endangered
species
Endangered species
are types of
animals or plants
that may become
extinct soon. Many
birds species are
endangered.


extinct
When a group of animals or
plants goes extinct, they are
gone forever. Some extinct
animals include dinosaurs,
saber-toothed cats, and dodo
birds.


feather
Birds have
feathers.


flamingo
The flamingo is a
pink bird that eats
shrimp.



- 17 -


fly
The fly is a small,
flying insect.

food web
The food web (or
food chain) is all of
the interactions
between predators
and prey in which
plants and animals
obtain food.


goldfish
A goldfish is a type of carp that
makes a nice pet.


goose
Geese are
migrating birds
that honk!


gosling
A gosling is a
baby goose


great horned
owl
The great horned
owl is a large bird
of prey from
North and South
America.

groundhog
The groundhog is a
rodent that is also
called the
woodchuck.


gull
Gulls are birds that live near
oceans and lakes.


guppy
Guppies are a
type of small
tropical fish.


habitat
A habitat is the
natural place
where a plant or
an animal lives.
For example, a
toucan's habitat is
the rainforest.


harpy eagle
The harpy eagle is
one of the largest
eagles in the
world. It lives in
rainforests of
Central America
and South
America.


hawk
The hawk is a bird
of prey, a raptor.


hen
A hen is a female chicken. Hens
lay eggs.


heron
A large wading
bird with
distinctive
plumage and a
long, sharp bill.


hummingbird
Hummingbirds
are tiny birds that
drink flower
nectar. They can
hover in the air
and even fly
backwards.



- 18 -


jay
Jays are beautiful,
noisy birds.

junco
This junco is a
small songbird
from North
America.


kakapo
The kakapo is a large, flightless,
nocturnal, solitary parrot from
New Zealand.


kiwi
The kiwi is a
chicken-sized
flightless bird
from New
Zealand. It is
generally
nocturnal (most
active at night).


kookaburra
The kookaburra
is an Australian
bird whose call
sounds like
laughing.


macaroni
penguin
The macaroni
penguin is a
penguin from the
Antarctic that has
a yellow, feathery
crest on its head.

macaw
Macaws are parrots
from rainforests in
the Americas.


mallard
The Mallard is a common wild
duck.


meadowlark
The meadowlark
is a brightly-
colored songbird
that lives in
meadows and
grasslands.


moa
The moa were
huge, extinct,
flightless birds
from New
Zealand.


mockingbird
The mockingbird
is a North
American bird
that can mimic the
songs of many
other birds.


nene
The nene is
Hawaii's state bird.
It is an endangered
goose that lives on
volcanic slopes.


nest
Some animals, like birds, make
nests to hold their young - even
some dinosaurs built nests for
their eggs.


nightingale
The nightingale is
a bird that sings
beautiful songs.


nocturnal
Nocturnal
animals are more
active at night.
Owls are
nocturnal birds.



- 19 -


nuthatch
The nuthatch is a
small perching
bird that can
climb down trees
and opens nuts
using its bill like a
hatchet.

oriole
The oriole is a
black and orange
bird that eats fruit
and nectar. It builds
a hanging nest.


oropendola
The crested oropendola is a
tropical black bird that makes
long, pendulous nests.


ostrich
The ostrich is the
largest bird. It
can't fly, but it
runs very fast.


owl
Owls are birds of
prey that have
large eyes and
very good
eyesight. Most
owls hunt at
night.


parrot
The parrot is a
beautiful bird that
can imitate
sounds very well.


peacock
The peacock is a
beautiful bird from
india. The male has
a large train of
feathers.


pelican
The pelican is fish-eating bird
with a huge, pouched bill.


penguin
Penguins are
birds that cannot
fly but swim very
well.


peregrine
falcon
The peregrine
falcon is the
fastest-flying
bird. It prey upon
other birds.


pets
Pets are animals
that live with us,
like parrots and
canaries.


pigeon
There are a lot of
pigeons in cities.


prairie chicken
The prairie chicken is a bird that
lives in grasslands of North
America.


puffin
The puffin is an
Arctic sea bird.

quail
A quail is a
bird; it spends a
lot of time on
the ground.

quetzal
The quetzal is a
beautiful rain
forest bird with
very long tail
feathers.


rainbow lorikeet
A small, colorful,
brush-tongued
parrot from
Australia.


rhea
The rhea is a large, flightless
bird from South America.


roadrunner
The roadrunner is
a bird is a fast
running bird that
rarely flies.


robin
The robin is a
common bird
with red-colored
feathers on its
breast.



- 20 -


rockhopper
penguin
The rockhopper
penguin is a
small, aggressive,
crested bird that
cannot fly.


sea gull
The sea gull is the
common name for
some birds that live
near oceans and
lakes.


snow goose
The snow goose is a migratory
bird from North America.


snowy owl
The snowy owl is
a white owl that
lives in the North
American tundra
(a cold, snowy
environment).

sparrow
The sparrow is a
small, common
songbird.


spotted owl
The spotted owl is
an owl from the
Pacific coast of
North America.


swan
Swans are long-
necked water birds.


tern
Terns are birds that are
sometimes called "sea
swallows."


toucan
The toucan is a
rainforest bird
that has a big,
colorful beak.


turkey
Turkeys are
large birds that
nest on the
ground.


umbrellabird
The Umbrellabird
is a rain forest
bird with a large
tuft of feathers on
its head.


vulture
The vulture is a
big, bald-headed
bird that eats dead
animals.


woodpecker
The woodpecker is a bird that
can peck holes in trees.

xenops
Xenops is a
rainforest bird
from the
Americas.





- 21 -




Birthday-Related Words



balloons
Balloons are rubber
sacks that are filled
with air or other
gases.


birthday
You have a
birthday every
year.


birthday cake
Birthday cakes are
sweet and delicious!


cake
Cake is a sweet
dessert.

candle
A candle is a stick of wax
with a wick that can burn.


candy
Candy is very sweet.


children
Children are
young people.


chocolate
Chocolate is a tasty
treat made from
cocoa beans and
sugar.


clown
Clowns are people
who dress up in
funny clothes and
try to make you
laugh.


cupcake
A cupcake is a tiny cake.


gift
It's nice to give
gifts. It's nice to get
them too.


ice cream
Ice cream is
cold, creamy,
and sweet
treat.


juice
Juice is pressed from
fruit or vegetables.


lollipop
A lollipop is candy
on a stick.


paper plate
A paper plate is a
disposable plate that is
made out of paper. People
use paper plates at picnics
and some parties.


pizza
Pizza is made of
dough that is
covered with tomato
sauce and cheese; it
is baked in an oven.


popsicle
A popsicles is
a sweet, frozen
treat on a
stick.


present
A present is a gift,
something you give
to someone.


ribbon
You can tie a bow
in a ribbon to
decorate
something.


toys
We play with toys.






- 22 -




Body-Related Words



anatomy
Anatomy is a
science that
studies the body.


ankle
The ankle is the
joint between your
foot and leg.


bandage
A bandage is a clean pad
that is used to cover and
protect cuts and other
injuries.


biped
A biped is an animal
that walks on two legs.
People are bipeds.
Tyrannosaurus rex was
a biped.


body
Everyone has a
body.


bones
Bones are hard,
structural parts of
the body of many
animals. We have
206 bones in our
skeleton.


brain
We think with our
brain. The brain is
protected by the
skull.

cheek
The cheeks are the sides
of the face between the
mouth area and the ear.

chin
The chin is the part of
the face below the
mouth.


ear
We hear things
with our ears.
Our ears give us
a sense of
hearing.


elbow
The elbow is the
joint in the middle
of your arm.


eye
We see with our
eyes. Our eyes give
us a sense of sight.


eyebrow
The eyebrows are dense
patches of hair above the
eyes.


eyelash
Eyelashes are long
hairs on the edges of
the eyelids.


eyelid
Eyelids are flaps
of skin that cover
and protect our
eyes.


face
This is a funny
face!


feet
We have ten toes
on our feet.


femur
The femur is the upper
leg (thigh) bone. It is the
longest bone in the
human body.


finger
We have five fingers
on each hand.


fingernail
Fingernails grow
at the ends of
your fingers.



- 23 -


fingerprint
The pattern marks
on our fingertips
are fingerprints.


foot
We have five toes
on each foot.


forehead
The forehead is the part
of the face that is above
the eyebrows and below
the hair.


hair
Hair grows on all
mammals.


hand
We can do
amazing things
with our hands.


head
We all have a
head on our
shoulders.


healthy
When you are
healthy, you are not
sick.


heart
Your heart pumps blood
throughout your body.


heel
The heel is the back
part of the foot.

hips
Your hips are
below your waist
and above your
legs.


intestines
Intestines are a
part of the
digestive system.
The intestines
help digest food,
absorb it into the
body, and excrete
waste.


iris
The colored part of
the eye around the
pupil is the iris.


jaws
Jaws let you open and
close your mouth and
take bites.


kidney
The kidney are bean-
shaped organs that take
waste from the blood
and produce urine.

knee
The knee is
where the leg
bends. It it
between the
lower leg and the
upper leg (the
thigh).


legs
Many animals
have legs. People
have two legs,
cows have four
legs, insects have
six legs, and
spiders have eight
legs. Tables and
chairs also have
legs.


lips
Chickens don't
have lips, but
people do.


lungs
Some animals use lungs
to breathe. People have
lungs.


mouth
We use our mouths to
eat and talk.


nail
Nails are hard
scales that grow
at the ends of
your fingers.



- 24 -


naked
When you are
naked, you aren't
wearing any
clothes.


neck
Your neck is
between your head
and your shoulders.


nose
We use the nose to
breathe; it also gives us a
sense of smell.


nurse
A nurse takes care of
you when you're sick or
hurt.


pupil
A pupil is the
opening in the
center of the
eye's iris - the
pupil looks like a
black circle in the
middle of the
eye.


shoulder
Your shoulders
are under your
neck.


skeleton
A skeleton is the
set of bones in a
body. People have
skeletons, and so
do many other
animals.


skin
The skin is the outer
covering of our body.


skull
The skull is the bony
structure of head that
encloses the brain and
supports the jaws. This
is a T. rex skull.


tongue
Our tongue helps
us eat, taste, and
talk.


spine
The spine (also
called the
backbone) is a
series of
connected bones
in the back that
surround and
protect the spinal
cord.


stomach
The stomach is a
pouch-like organ
that is part of the
digestive system.
The stomach helps
digest food by
churning it in an
acid bath.


thumb
The thumb is the widest
finger on a person's hand.
The thumb is next to the
pointing finger. All apes
(like gorillas and chimps)
have thumbs.


toe
We have five toes on
each foot.


toenail
Toenails grow at
the ends of your
toes.


tooth
We use our teeth
to chew food.
Teeth are held in
the gums by roots.

vertebra
A vertebra is one of the series
of small, connected bones in
the spine that surround and
protect the spinal cord. The
plural of vertebra is
vertebrae.

waist
The waist is the middle
of the body, between the
chest and the hips.


x-ray
An x-ray is a picture of
your bones or teeth.






- 25 -

Building-Related Words



arch
An arch is a curved
opening.


bank
You can put your
money in a bank
for safe keeping.


brick
This fireplace is
made out of bricks.


building
A building is a
structure built by
people.


cabin
A cabin is a small,
simple house.


castle
A castle is a huge,
fancy building where a
king or queen lives.


church
Some people
worship in
churches.


doghouse
Some dogs live in
doghouses.


door
You can go in and out
through a door.


elevator
An elevator carries
people and things up
and down a tall
building.


entrance
You can go into an
area through an
entrance.


exit
You can leave an
area through an
exit.


factory
Many items, like
cars, are made in
factories.


gargoyle
Gargoyles are stone
sculptures of grotesque
creatures that sit
perched atop some
buildings; they act as
waterspouts.


greenhouse
A greenhouse is a
building, usually
made out of glass, in
which people grow
plants.


home
Home is where you
live.


house
Some people live
in houses.


hut
A hut is a small,
simple shelter.


igloo
An igloo is a house
made out of blocks of
ice. Brr!


library
Libraries have books,
tapes, and computer
programs.



- 26 -


lighthouse
A lighthouse shines a
very bright light so
ships won't sail ashore
or into rocks by
mistake.


log cabin
A log cabin is a
house made of
logs.


market
We can buy things
at a market.


museum
Museums exhibit art,
historic objects, and
scientific finds - like
dinosaur fossils.


palace
A palace is a huge
house where a king
or queen lives.


pyramid
The pyramids in Egypt
are huge buildings that
have a square base and
triangular sides.


roof
The roof is the
top covering of a
building.


school
A school is a place
where you learn
things.


skyscraper
A skyscraper is a very
tall building.


stadium
A stadium is a large
building in which
sports events are
held.


store
A store is where we
can buy things.


tent
A tent is a
temporary shelter
made of fabric.


tepee
A tepee is a house
made by some
Native Americans.


urban
Urban means relating
to or located in a city.


wall
A wall is a side of a
building or a room or
a fence.


White House
The White House is
where the President of
the United States lives
and works. The
address of the White
House is 1600
Pennsylvania Avenue
NW, Washington,
D.C.


windmill
A windmill uses
the wind to
generate power.













- 27 -


Camping-Related Words



backpack
A backpack is a sack that
is worn on the back and is
used to carry things.


cabin
A cabin is a small,
simple house.


camera
You can take
pictures with a
camera.


camper
You can travel
and sleep in a
camper.


camp fire
A camp fire is a fire
made during a
campout; it is used to
cook food and to
warm up people in
cold weather.


camping
When people go camping,
they go into an outdoor
area and sleep in a tent,
cabin or camper.

candle
A candle is a stick
of wax with a wick
that can burn.


canoe
A canoe is a small
boat.


compass
A compass
always points
north.


east
East is a compass
direction. East is
opposite west.


flashlight
A flashlight helps you
find your way in the dark.


forest
A forest is a large
group of trees and
underbrush where
many animals live.


kayak
A kayak is a small
boat with an
opening in the
center for a person.


lake
A lake is a large
body of water
surrounded by
land on all
sides. Really
huge lakes are
often called
seas.


lantern
A lantern is a device
that gives off light.


log
A log is a short piece of a
tree trunk.


log cabin
A log cabin is a
house made of logs.


map
A map shows the
features of an area.
You can find your
way around by
using a map.

mountain
A mountain is a
very tall high,
natural place on
Earth - higher
than a hill. The
tallest mountain
on Earth is Mt.
Everest.


north
North is a compass
direction. North is
opposite south.



- 28 -


sleeping bag
A sleeping bag is a fabric
sack you can sleep in.


south
South is a compass
direction. South is
opposite from north.


tent
A tent is a
temporary shelter
made of fabric.


water bottle
A water bottle
holds water.


west
West is a compass
direction. West is
opposite east.

City-Related Words



alley
An alley is a narrow
road between
buildings.


ambulance
An ambulance takes sick
people to the hospital.


art gallery
You can see works
of art at an art
gallery.


automobile
An automobile is a
car.


avenue
An avenue is a
wide street.


bank
You can put your
money in a bank for
safe keeping.


bridge
A bridge is a structure
over water, or over
another thing that is
difficult to cross.


building
A building is a
structure built by
people.


bus
A bus is a large
vehicle that can
take many
passengers to
places.


cab
Cab is another
word for taxi.


car
You can travel in a
car.


church
Some people worship in
churches.


city
A city is a place
where a lot of
people live.


crosswalk
A crosswalk is a
marked area on a
street where it is
safer to cross.


elevator
An elevator carries
people and things
up and down a tall
building.



- 29 -


factory
Many items, like
cars, are made in
factories.


fire hydrant
Fire fighters hook a hose
up to a fire hydrant to
get water.


fire truck
Fire fighters on a
fire truck help put
out fires.


garbage truck
A garbage truck
picks up garbage
and hauls it to the
dump.


house
Some people live
in houses.


hydrant
Fire fighters hook a
hose up to a fire
hydrant to get water.


intersection
An intersection is a
where two or more
things, like roads, meet.


lane
A lane is a small
road.


library
Libraries have
books, tapes, and
computer
programs.


mail carrier
A mail carrier
delivers the mail.


market
We can buy things at
a market.


motorcycle
A motorcycle has two
wheels and can go
fassssttttttt!


museum
Museums exhibit
art, historic objects,
and scientific finds
- like dinosaur
fossils.


neighborhood
A neighborhood is
the place where
you and the people
around you live.


obelisk
An obelisk is a tall,
four-sided tower
topped with a
pyramid.


palace
A palace is a huge
house where a king
or queen lives.


road
A road is a wide path
made for travelling.


school
A school is a place
where you learn
things.


sidewalk
A sidewalk is a
paved path for
people to walk on.


skyscraper
A skyscraper is a
very tall building.


stadium
A stadium is a large building in
which sports events are held.


stop sign
A stop sign is a traffic sign that tells
cars to stop moving before they
continue; it has eight sides.



store
A store is where we can buy
things.


street
A street is a public road.


taxi
People pay a taxi driver to
drive them places.



- 30 -


town
A town is a very
small city.


traffic light
A traffic light directs
traffic safely. Green
means go, yellow means
prepare to stop, and red
means stop.


train
A train has an
engine that pulls
railroad cars along
a track.


truck
A truck is a vehicle
that can carry big
loads.


urban
Urban means
relating to or
located in a city.


van
A van is a truck used
to haul people and
things from one
place to another.


village
A village is a very small
town.


wall
A wall is a side of a
building or a room
or a fence.



































- 31 -


Clothing and Grooming-Related Words


apron
An apron protects
clothing from
getting dirty.


backpack
A backpack is a
sack that is worn
on the back and is
used to carry
things.


bathing suit
A bathing suit is a
garment you wear while
swimming.


beads
Beads are small objects
with a hole through them
so that they can be strung
together to make jewelry
or other things.


blouse
A blouse is a
shirt, a type of
garment worn
on the upper
part of the body.


boots
Boots are a type of
shoe. Boots cover
the feet and part of
the lower legs.


bow
A bow is loops of
ribbon or sting that
are tied together.


bracelet
A bracelet is jewelry
you wear on your wrist.


braid
A braid is three or more
strands that are woven
together into a rope-like
shape.


button
A button is used
to fasten
clothes.


cane
A cane is a
walking stick.


cap
A cap is a type of
hat.


cape
A cape is a flowing
piece of clothing that
hangs loose on your
shoulders.

change purse
Coins are carried in a
change purse.


clothes
People wear
clothes.


clothes hanger
We hang up
clothes on clothes
hangers.


clothespin
Clothespins are
used to hang wet
laundry on a
clothes line to dry.


coat
A coat helps you keep
warm when it is cold.


costume
People wear costumes to
pretend they are someone
or something else.


crown
A crown is a
fancy hat worn
by kings and
queens.



- 32 -


dress
A dress is a piece
of clothing with a
top and a skirt.


earmuffs
Earmuffs keep
your ears warm.


earring
Earrings are jewelry for
the ears.


eyeglasses
Eyeglasses help some
people see more clearly.


glasses
Glasses help
some people see
more clearly.


glove
We wear gloves to
protect our hands.


gown
A gown is a fancy
dress.


hairbrush
A hairbrush is used to
brush and untangle hair.


hanger
We hang up clothes on
hangers


hat
Some hats
protect you
from the sun.
Some hats are
just for fun!


helmet
A helmet protects
your head.


ice skate
When you wear
ice skates, you can
glide across ice.


iron
Irons press the wrinkles
out of clothes.


jacket
A jacket is a short coat.

jeans
Jeans are pants
made from
denim fabric.


jewel
Jewels sparkle and
shine.


jewelry
Rings, pins,
earrings and
necklaces are
jewelry.


kimono
A kimono is a beautiful
gown worn by Japanese
women.


knitting
Sweaters and socks are
made by knitting.


lace
Lace is a very
delicate fabric.


laundry
Doing the laundry
means washing
and drying clothes.


laundry basket
Laundry is put in
laundry baskets.


loafers
Loafers are a type of
slip-on shoe.


lorgnettes
Lorgnettes are glasses (or
opera glasses, which are
small binoculars) that are
mounted on a handle.
This type of glasses was
used a long time ago.


mitten
Mittens keep
your hands
warm.



- 33 -


mortar board
A mortar board is
a square hat that is
worn by people
when they
graduate from
school.


necklace
A necklace is
jewelry for your
neck.


necktie
A necktie is a narrow
band of fabric tied
around the neck.


nightgown
A nightgown is a long,
loose garment worn to
bed.


overalls
Overalls are
baggy pants
with shoulder
straps and a
piece of fabric
covering the
chest.


overcoat
An overcoat will
keep you warm
when it is cold.

pajamas
Some people wear
pajamas to bed at
night.

pants
Pants are clothes that
cover the legs and up to
the waist.


pin
A pin is a small, sharp
piece of metal used in
sewing.


purse
A purse is a
small bag in
which some
girls and
women carry
their money and
other things.


raincoat
A raincoat keeps
you dry when it
rains.


safety pin
A safety pin is a
type of pin that is
used to fasten
clothes and
diapers.


sandals
Sandals are open shoes
worn in warm weather.


scarf
A scarf is a piece of cloth
that people wear around
their neck or on their
head.


sew
You can sew
using a needle
and thread.
Clothes are
made by
sewing.


sewing machine
A sewing machine
sews stitches very
quickly and easily.
The sewing
machine was
invented in 1846
by Elias Howe.


shirt
Some shirts have
short sleeves,
some have long
sleeves, and some
have no sleeves at
all.


shoe
People wear shoes on
their feet.


shorts
Shorts are pants that reach
above or around the
knees.


silk
Silk is a delicate
thread that is
used to make
fine fabric. Silk
is obtained from
the cocoon of
the silkworm
moth.



- 34 -


skirt
A skirt is a piece
of clothing that is
worn on the lower
part of the body.


slipper
A slipper is a
casual shoe worn
around the house.


sneaker
A sneaker is a type of
shoe used for many
sports.


sock
We wear socks under our
shoes.


spectacles
Spectacles is
another word
for glasses.


suit
A suit is a set of
matching clothes.


suitcase
When you travel,
you carry your
clothing in a
suitcase.


sunglasses
Sunglasses help to
protect your eyes from
too much sunlight.


swimsuit
A swimsuit is a garment
you wear while
swimming.


tie
A tie is a
narrow band of
fabric tied
around the neck.


t-shirt
A t-shirt is a
simple shirt
without buttons or
a collar.


tutu
Ballerinas
sometimes wear
tutus when they
dance.


umbrella
An umbrella protects
you from the rain.


undershirt
An undershirt is a shirt
that is sometimes worn
under clothes.


underwear
People wear
underwear
under their
clothes.


uniform
A uniform is a
special outfit worn
by members of a
group.


vest
A vest is a
sleeveless piece of
clothing that is
usually worn over
a shirt.


wallet
People carry money in a
wallet.


watch
A watch is a small clock
you can take with you to
tell time.


wig
A wig is fake
hair.


yarn
Sweaters are made
out of yarn.


zipper
You can open and
close a zipper.




- 35 -
Containers



backpack
A backpack is a sack
that is worn on the
back and is used to
carry things.


bag
You can put
things in a bag.


barrel
A barrel is a large,
wooden container.


basket
You can carry things in a
basket.


bottle
A bottle is a
container with a
narrow neck and
mouth.


box
A box can hold
things.


container
A container can
hold things.


bucket
A bucket is a container
with a handle.


cage
Some people keep birds
in cages.


can
Some food and
drinks come in
cans.


carton
Some liquids (like
milk and orange
juice) are packaged in
cartons.


cork
A cork is used as
a bottle stopper. It
is made from tree
bark.


egg carton
An egg carton holds
eggs and keep them
from breaking.


envelope
An envelope holds a
letter.


jar
Jars are
containers with
a large opening
and a lid.


lid
A lid is a top for a
pan or other
container.


oilcan
An oilcan is a
container for oil.


package
A package is a
wrapped box that
contains something.


pail
A pail is a container with
a handle.


sack
A sack is a
container. You
can put things in
a sack.


spray can
A fine mist of liquid
comes out of a spray
can.


suitcase
When you travel,
you carry your
clothing in a
suitcase.


trunk
A trunk is a very large
traveling case.


tube
Some pastes and gels
(like toothpaste) come in
tubes.


urn
An urn is a large
vase.



- 36 -


vase
Vases are holders for
flowers.


vat
A vat is a large
tub that holds
liquids.


water bottle
A water bottle holds
water.


watering can
You can water plants
with a watering can.


Devices



abacus
An abacus is a
ancient device that
is used for
arithmetic
calculations.


aileron
Ailerons are the
outer flaps on the
rear surface of the
wings of an airpane.
Ailerons are used to
keep the airplane
from rollling from
side to side.


airplane
Airplanes fly in
the sky.


bulb
A light bulb turns
electricity into light.


camera
You can take
pictures with a
camera.


can opener
A can opener is a
device that opens
cans.


device
A device is a piece
of equipment that
does a job. For
example, a can
opener is a device
that opens cans.


engine
The engine of a
train pulls the
railroad cars along
the track.


engine
The engines of an airplane
propel it through the air.


fan
A fan is a machine
that makes a
breeze.


flashlight
A flashlight helps
you find your way
in the dark.


freezer
A freezer keeps
things icy.


funnel
A funnel is a
device that lets
you pour things
from one
container to
another.


gyroscope
A gyroscope is a spinning
wheel set in a movable
frame. When the wheel
spins, it is very hard to
move the gyroscope - it
essentially stays in its
original orientation.


incandescent
light bulb
An incandescent
light bulb turns
electricity into light
as an electric
current causes a
filament to glow in
an air-free
enclosure.



- 37 -


inventor
An inventor designs and
creates new, useful things.


iron
Irons press the
wrinkles out of
clothes.


joystick
A joystick is used
to play some
computer games.


lock
You can lock and unlock a
lock with a key.


magnifying
glass
A magnifying glass
is a lens that makes
things look larger
than they really
are.


microscope
A microscope lets you see
very tiny things.


microwave oven
Microwave ovens heat up
food quickly.


mirror
You can see your
reflection in a
mirror.


padlock
You can lock and unlock a
padlock with a key.


pliers
Pliers are tools that
hold things.


radar
Radar is a device that uses
reflected radio waves to
located objects at a
distance. Radar is short
for "radio detection and
ranging."


radio
A radio lets you hear
broadcast music and talk
shows.


refrigerator
A refrigerator is a
machine that
keeps food cold.

remote control
A remote control lets you
operate a machine from
far away.


rocket
A rocket is a
machine that
propels itself into
space.


safety pin
A safety pin is a type of
pin that is used to fasten
clothes and diapers.


scale
A scale is a machine for
weighing things.


sewing
machine
A sewing machine
sews stitches very
quickly and
easily. The
sewing machine
was invented in
1846 by Elias
Howe.


sonar
In sonar (also called
echolocation), a high-
pitched sound (usually
clicks) is sent out. The
sound bounces off the
object and some returns.
The returning echo is
interpreted to determine
the object's shape,
direction, distance, and
texture. Dolphins (and
other toothed whales) and
some bats use sonar to
navigate and find prey.


telephone
You can talk with
people who are far
away by using a
telephone.



- 38 -


telescope
A telescope is a optical
device that makes
faraway objects appear
closer and larger,
allowing us to see distant
objects in space.


television
A television is a machine
that receives pictures and
sounds. People watch and
listen to shows on
television.


thermometer
A thermometer is
used for telling
what the
temperature is.


toaster
A toaster is a machine that
heats up slices of bread,
making toast.


vacuum cleaner
A vacuum cleaner is a device
used to clean rugs and floors.


yoke
A yoke is a device that
holds two working
animals (like oxen)
together.


Farm-Related Words



barn
A barn is a farm
building where animals
and animal feed are
kept.


bull
A bull is a male cow.


bunny
A bunny is a young
rabbit.


calf
A calf is a
young cow.


cat
Cats are mammals
and are great pets.
Cats were revered
by the ancient
Egyptians.


chick
A chick is a baby
chicken. Some other
baby birds are also
called chicks.


chicken
A chicken is a farm
animal.


cow
Most of the milk we
drink comes from
cows.


dog
Dogs wag
their tails
when they're
happy.


donkey
Donkeys can be very
stubborn.


duck
Ducks are birds that
have webbed feet and a
flattened bill. They
swim well and live near
the water.


duckling
A duckling is a young
duck.


farm
Farms are where plants
are grown and animals
are raised.


farm
animals
Farm animals
are very
useful to
people.


farmer
Farmers produce
food by growing
plants and tending
animals.



- 39 -


fence
A fence is a type of
barrier.


goose
Geese are migrating
birds that honk!


gosling
A gosling is a baby
goose.


haystack
A haystack is
a big pile of
hay.


hen
A hen is a female
chicken. Hens lay
eggs.

hoe
A hoe is a garden tool.


hog
A hog is a hoofed
mammal that is
similar to a pig.


honey bee
Honey bees are insects
that live in a hive and
make honey.


horse
Horses are
very fast
runners.


horseshoe
A horseshoe is a
metal protector for a
horse's hoof.


kid
A kid is a young goat.


kitten
A kitten is a young
cat.


lamb
A lamb is a baby sheep.


milk
Milk comes
from cows
and other
mammals.


ox
Oxen are large,
hairy mammals that
live in the far north.


pig
Pigs are hoofed
mammals that oink!


piglet
A piglet is a young
pig.


puppy
A puppy is a young
dog.


rabbit
A rabbit is a
small, cute
mammal with
big ears.


rooster
A rooster is a male
chicken.


scarecrow
A scarecrow is a figure
of a person that is made
of straw. It is used to
scare crows away from
crops.


sheep
Sheep are farm
animals that are
raised for wool and
meat.


sheepdog, old
English
The old English
sheepdog is an
affectionate, long-
haired dog that was
originally bred in Great
Britain.


shovel
Shovels are
used to dig.


silo
A silo is a building
in which bulk food,
like wheat, is stored.



- 40 -


tractor
A tractor is a powerful
vehicle that can pull a
plow or other farm
tools.


well
A well is a deep hole
in the ground from
which you get water.



Flower-Related Words: Little Explorers Picture
Dictionary



bluebell
Bluebells are bell-
shaped flowers.


bouquet
A bouquet is a
bunch of flowers.


bulb
A plant bulb wil sprout
into a new plant. Tulips
grow from bulbs.


California poppy
The California poppy is a
small, cup-shaped flower
that lives in dry areas.

carnation
A carnation is a
flower; it can
be white, pink,
or red.


daffodil
The daffodil is a
yellow flower that
blooms early in
the spring.


daisy
The daisy is a
pretty flower.


dandelion
Dandelions are weeds
with pretty yellow
flowers that turn into
seed puff-balls.
flower
A flower makes seeds.
Flowers are a plant's
reproductive organs.
Hummingbirds, bees,
butterflies, and other
animals drink the sweet
nectar that is made by
flowers.


forget-me-
nots
Forget-me-nots
are plants that
have beautiful
blue flowers.



- 41 -


garden
Plants grow in a
garden.

greenhouse
A greenhouse is a
building, usually
made out of glass,
in which people
grow plants. Some
flowers are grown
in greenhouses.


iris
Irises are beautiful
flowers with long, thin,
flat leaves.


lily
A lily is a funnel-shaped
flower.


nasturtium
Nasturtiums are
plants with
bright, pretty
flowers and
round leaves.


orchid
Orchids are
colorful flowers
that live in warm
areas.


poppy
A poppy is a
delicate flower.


roots
The roots are the parts
of a plant that gets
water and other
nutrients from the soil.
Roots also store energy
and provide support for
the plant. Most roots
grow underground.


rose
The rose is a beautiful
flower with a sweet scent.


seed
Seeds grow into
plants.


stem
The stem is the
part of a plant that
provides support
for the plant.


tulip
The tulip is a cup-
shaped flower.


Venus flytrap
The Venus flytrap is a
plant that catches and
digests bugs.


violets
Violets are deep purple
flowers.


yucca
Yucca is a
flowering plant
with stiff
leaves; it lives
in dry areas.


zinnia
Zinnias are pretty
flowers.





- 42 -
Food-Related Words: Little Explorers Picture
Dictionary



almond
An almond is a
type of nut.


apple
An apple is a
juicy fruit that
grows on an apple
tree.


Appleseed, Johnny
Johnny Appleseed was
a legendary man who
planted apple trees
through the USA. His
real name was John
Chapman, but he was
called Johnny
Appleseed because of
his love for growing
apple trees.


artichoke
The artichoke is a spiny,
green vegetable.


avocado
The avocado is an
oily, green fruit; it is
sometimes called the
alligator pear.
Avocados grow on
trees in warm areas.


bagel
A bagel is a
chewy kind of
roll.


baker
A baker bakes
food in the oven,
like breads, cakes,
and cookies.


banana
Bananas are a sweet,
yellow fruit.


batter
A batter is an uncooked,
liquid mixture of flour,
eggs, butter and other
ingredients. When a
batter is cooked, it
becomes solid. Cookies,
cakes, and muffins are
made from batter.


birthday cake
Birthday cakes are
sweet and delicious!


blackberry
Blackberries are
dark-colored,
edible berries
that grow on
prickly vines.


bowl
You can eat soup
or cereal in a
bowl.


bread
Bread is made from
flour and is baked in an
oven.


breakfast
Breakfast is a meal that
is eaten in the morning.


broccoli
Broccoli is a green
vegetable.


bubble gum
You can chew
bubble gum and
blow bubbles.


bun
A bun is a sweet
roll.


butter
Butter is a rich spread
made from cream.


cake
Cake is a sweet dessert.


candy
Candy is very sweet.



- 43 -


carrot
A carrot is an
orange vegetable
that grows
underground.


cauliflower
Cauliflower is a
white vegetable;
it is related to
broccoli.


celery
Celery is a crisp, green
vegetable.


cheese
Cheese is a food made
from milk.


chef
A chef cooks food.


cherries
Cherries are a
sweet, tangy, red
fruit.


chocolate
Chocolate is a
tasty treat made
from cocoa beans
and sugar.


chopsticks
Chopsticks are eating
utensils used by many
people in Asia.


coffee
Coffee is a drink made
from roasted coffee
beans.


cookie
Cookies are small,
sweet, baked treats.


cork
A cork is used as
a bottle stopper.
It is made from
tree bark.


corn
Corn is a yellow
vegetable you can
eat on its cob.
Corn was grown
by Native
Americans for
thousands of
years before the
Europeans settled
in North America.


cornucopia
A cornucopia, also
called a horn of plenty,
is a horn-shaped basket
that is filled with fruit
and grains. It is a
symbol of abundance
and prosperity.


cotton candy
Cotton candy is a sweet
treat that is spun from
sugar.


cream
Cream is the richest
part of milk. Butter
and ice cream are
made from cream.


cucumber
Cucumber is a
cool, crisp
vegetable that is
good in salad.


cuisine
A cuisine is a
style of preparing
food.


cupboard
Things are stored in
cupboards.


cup
You can drink from a
cup.


cupcake
A cupcake is a tiny
cake.


dessert
Desserts are
sweet treats.


diet
A balanced diet is
good for you.


dinner
Dinner is a meal that is
eaten in the evening.


dish
We eat food on a dish.


doughnut
Doughnuts are sweet
and have a hole in
their middle.



- 44 -

drink
People need to
drink water
every day.


egg carton
An egg carton
holds eggs and
keep them from
breaking.


eat
We eat when we are
hungry.


egg
Many animals hatch
from eggs. Dinosaurs
hatched from eggs.
People eat a lot of
chicken eggs.


eggplant
An eggplant is a
purple vegetable.


flour
Flour is ground
up grain (like
wheat). Bread is
made from flour.


food
We eat food to
get energy and to
grow.

food pyramid
The food pyramid is a
diagram that lets you
know the US
government's
recommended diet.


food web
The food web (or food
chain) is all of the
interactions between
predators and prey in
which plants and
animals obtain food.


fork
Forks are used for
eating solid food.


freezer
A freezer keeps
things icy.


fruit
Fruit is the part of
some plants that
contains the
seeds. Apples,
strawberries,
oranges, and
bananas are fruit.


frying pan
You can cook food in a
frying pan.


gingerbread
Gingerbread is a spicy
cookie. Gingerbread
men and gingerbread
women are cookies
shaped like little people.


glass
We drink out of
glasses.


grapefruit
Grapefruits are a
type of citrus
fruit that
sometime squirt
you when you
eat them.


grapes
Grapes are
delicious fruit that
grow on vines.


grater
A grater is a tool used
to cut food into tiny
pieces.

green bean
A green bean is a long,
thin, green vegetable. It
is pod that contains
bean seeds. It is also
called a string bean.


ham
Ham is a type of
meat that comes
from the top part of a
pig's leg.



- 45 -

hamburger
A hamburger is a
cooked patty of
ground beef,
usually served in
a bun.


honey
Honey is a sweet
substance made
by bees.


hot dog
A hot dog is a type of
cooked meat in the
shape of a sausage; it is
usually served in a long
bun.


hungry
When you're hungry,
you want to eat some
food.


ice
Ice is frozen water.


ice cream
Ice cream is
cold, creamy,
and sweet treat.

ice cream cone
An ice cream
cone is nice to eat
on a hot summer
day.

iced tea
Iced tea is a cold drink.


jam
Jam is a spread made
from fruit.


jelly
Jelly is a spread
made from fruit
juice.


jellybeans
Jellybeans are
colorful and
sweet.


jug
A jug holds a
liquid, like water.


juice
Juice is pressed from
fruit or vegetables.


kettle
A kettle is a pot in
which you boil water.


kitchen
People prepare and
store food in a
kitchen.


kiwi
The kiwi is a tangy fruit
that grows in warm areas.


knife
You can cut things with a
knife.


ladle
A ladle is a large spoon used to
serve soup and gravy.


lemon
A lemon is a sour, yellow fruit.


lemonade
Lemonade is a drink made
from water, lemon juice, and
sugar.


lettuce
Lettuce is a leafy
vegetable that is
good in salads.


licorice
Licorice is a type
of candy.


lime
A lime is a sour, green
citrus fruit.


lollipop
A lollipop is candy on a
stick.


lunch
Lunch is a meal
eaten in the middle
of the day.


lunch box
Some people
carry their lunch
in a lunch box.


macaroni
Macaroni is a
tube-shaped
noodle.


meal
Breakfast, lunch, and
dinner are meals.


measuring cup
A measuring cup is
useful in baking and
cooking.

meat
Meat is a type of
food that comes
from animals. Some
types of meat are
beef and ham.



- 46 -


melon
Melons are fruits
that have a rind.


microwave
oven
Microwave ovens
heat up food
quickly.


milk
Milk comes from cows
and other mammals.


muffin
Muffins are small,
baked goods made from
a batter.


mug
A mug is a large
cup.


mushroom
Mushrooms are
fast-growing
fungi. They grow
in dark, damp
places.


napkin
After you eat, you
can clean your
face with a
napkin.

nectarine
A nectarine is a sweet,
juicy fruit with smooth
skin; it is related to the
peach.


noodles
Noodles are flat strips
of pasta. Noodles were
invented in China.


nut
A nut is a dry seed
or fruit with a hard
shell.


oatmeal
Oatmeal is a
cereal.


oil
Oil is a greasy
liquid.


olive
An olive is an oily fruit
that grows on an
evergreen tree.


omelet
An omelet is a dish
made from eggs.


omnivore
An omnivore is an
animal that eats
plants and meat.
People are
omnivores


onion
Onions are sharp
tasting
vegetables.


orange
Oranges are
sweet, juicy fruit.


orange juice
Orange juice is made
from oranges.


oven
Ovens get very hot. You
can bake food in an
oven.


oven mitt
An oven mitt
protects your hand
when you put things
in or out of an oven.


oyster
The oyster is a
soft-bodied
marine animal
that is protected
by two hard
shells.


pan
You can cook
food in a pan.


paper plate
A paper plate is a
disposable plate that is
made out of paper.
People use paper plates
at picnics.

pasta
Pasta is a type of food
made from flour.
Spaghetti and macaroni
are types of pasta.

peach
Peaches are sweet,
juicy fruit with fuzzy
skin.



- 47 -


peanut
Peanuts grow
undergound; they are
a type of legume.


pear
The pear is a
sweet fruit with a
thin skin.


pea pod
Peas grow in pea
pods.


peas
Peas are small, round
vegetables.


pepper
Pepper is a spice that
many people use to
season their food.


pepper
A pepper is a sharp-
tasting, hollow
vegetable. Peppers can
be red, green, yellow,
and orange.


pickle
A pickle is a
cucumber that is
preserved in brine.


pie
A pie is a dessert
that is made with
fruit and has a crust.


pitcher
A pitcher is a
container for pouring
liquids.


pizza
Pizza is made of
dough that is covered
with tomato sauce
and cheese; it is
baked in an oven.


plate
A plate is a flat dish
on which we put food.


plum
A plum is a sweet,
juicy, purple fruit.


pod
Peas grow in pea
pods.


popsicle
A popsicles is a
sweet, frozen treat on
a stick.


pot
People cook food in
pots.


potato
Potatoes are starchy
vegetables that grow
undergound.


pretzel
Pretzels are salty,
knotted snacks.


prune
A prune is a dried
plum.


pumpkin
The pumpkin is a
large, orange
vegetable that grows
on a vine.


pumpkin pie
Pumpkin pie is a
dessert made from
pumpkins.


radish
A radish is a sharp-
tasting vegetable that
grows underground.


raisin
Raisins are dried
grapes.


raspberry
Raspberries are a
type of edible berry
that grows on a
prickly vine.


recipe
A recipe is a set of
instructions for
making a type of
food.


refrigerator
A refrigerator is a
machine that keeps
food cold.



- 48 -


rice
Rice is a food. It is a
grain that grows in
warm, wet soil. Rice is
an important food in
much of Asia.


roll
A roll is a small
piece of baked
dough.


rolling pin
A rolling pin is used
to roll out dough.


salad
A salad is a type of
food that is usually
made with lettuce
and other vegetables.


salami
Salami is a type of
salty, spicy meat
product, usually
made from beef
and/or pork.


salt
Salt is an important
crystalline mineral
that we use to season
our food.


sandwich
A sandwich is
cheese,
peanutbutter,
meat, or another
filling between
two slices of
bread.


sausage
Sausage is a type of
meat.


slice
When something is
sliced, thin pieces are
cut from it.


soup
Soup is a type of
food. Vegetable soup
and chicken soup are
two kinds of soup.


spatula
A spatula is a tool that
has a wide, flat end.


spoon
A spoon is used
for eating food
like soup and
cereal.


squash
Squash grows in warm
weather.


steak
Steak is a slice of meat.


stove
You can cook food on a
stove.


strawberry
The strawberry is a
sweet, red fruit.


string bean
A string bean is a
long, thin, green
vegetable. It is
pod that contains
bean seeds. It is
also called a green
bean.


sugar
Sugar is a sweet
food.


sunflower
A sunflower is a
plant that turns to
face the sun.


tea
Tea is a drink that is
brewed from tea
leaves.



- 49 -


teapot
You can brew tea in a
teapot.


toaster
A toaster is a
machine that heats
up slices of bread,
making toast.


tomato
Tomatoes are soft
and tangy; they
grow on vines.


tuna
The tuna is a very
large, bony fish that
lives in the ocean.
People eat a lot of
tuna.


turkey
Turkeys are large
birds that nest on the
ground.


utensils
Utensils are tools used
in the kitchen, like
knives, forks, and
spoons.


vegetable
Vegetables are
very good for you.


vinegar
Vinegar is a sour
liquid that is used to
flavor or preserve
foods.


walnut
A walnut is an edible
nut from the walnut
tree.

water
Water is a liquid that
we drink and use to
wash. Water covers
over two thirds of the
surface of the Earth,
and much of our
body is made of
water.


water bottle
A water bottle holds
water.


watermelon
Watermelon is a
large, delicious,
red fruit with a
thick green rind.

wheat
Wheat is a grain.
Flour is made from
ground-up wheat.


whisk
A whisk is used to
beat eggs or batter.


wok
A wok is a cooking
pot used in Asia.


yam
Yams are sweet
vegetables that grow
underground.


yogurt
Yogurt is a dairy
food made from
milk.


yolk
The yolk of an egg
is yellow and
contains stored food
for a bird or reptile
before it hatches.


zucchini
Zucchini is a type of
squash.


Furniture Words



armchair
An armchair is a
chair with arms.


bed
People sleep in beds.


bench
A few people can sit
on a bench.


bookcase
Books are stored in
bookcases.


chair
A chair is a
piece of
furniture that
people sit on.



- 50 -


couch
A couch is a big, soft
piece of furniture
that many people can
sit on.


cradle
A cradle is a small bed
for a baby.


cupboard
Things are stored in
cupboards.


dresser
A dresser is a piece
of furniture in which
you can store things.


footstool
A footstool is a
small piece of
furniture.


furniture
Tables, chairs, sofas,
and beds are
furniture.


grandfather clock
A grandfather clock is
a large, free-standing
pendulum clock.


shelf
A shelf is a small
platform on which
things can be placed.


sofa
A sofa is a large, soft
piece of furniture
that many people can
sit on.


stool
A stool is a seat
with neither
arms nor a back.


table
A table is a piece of
furniture with a flat
top and legs.

Geology-Related Words



atom
Everything is
made up of tiny
atoms.

crystal
Crystals are solids
whose atoms form
a very regular
pattern.


diamond
A diamond is a very
hard, shiny jewel.


emerald
An emerald is a hard,
shiny, deep green
jewel.


gem
Gems sparkle and
shine.


geyser
A geyser is a
natural hot spring
that occasionally
sprays water and
steam above the
ground.

geology
Geology is the
study of the Earth's
structure, including
rocks and minerals.


glacier
A glacier is a large,
slowly-moving river
of ice.

gold
Gold is a precious
metal. Coins and
jewelry are made from
gold. The Sacajawea US
dollar coin above looks
like gold.


granite
Granite is a common
type of igneous rock.
Granite is formed in a
slow cooling process.



- 51 -


igneous rock
When molten rock
cools, igneous
rock is formed.

impact crater
Impact craters are
the remains of
collisions between
an asteroid or
meteorite and the
Earth.

iron
Iron is a common
metal that is used for
many things, like train
tracks, pots, and
pipes.


lava
Lava is molten rock. It
comes out of erupting
volcanoes.


limestone
Limestone is a type of
sedimentary rock that
is made of the
skeletons of tiny
microorganisms.


magnet
A magnet attracts
things made of
iron.


marble
Marble is a
beautiful
metamorphic rock.

metal
A metal is an element
that has a crystalline
structure when it is solid
form. Many metals are
shiny and many conduct
electricity. Some metals
include iron, copper,
silver, and gold.


metamorphic rock
Metamorphic rocks
are compacted by
pressure and heat from
deep inside the earth.


mineral
A mineral is a naturally-
occurring solid whose
molecules form a regular
pattern (usually forming
crystals). Some common
minerals include quartz,
salt, diamond, and
feldspar.


pebble
A pebble is a
small, smooth
stone.


quartz
Quartz is a
common crystalline
mineral.


rock
A rock is a stone. The
Earth's crust is made
of rock.


ruby
A ruby is a hard,
shiny, red jewel.


salt
Salt is an important
crystalline mineral
that we use to season
our food.


sand
Sand is a loose
material
composed of fine
debris of rock and
mineral particles.


sedimentary
rock
Sedimentary rock
is rock that has
formed from
sediment and is
where most fossils
are found.


silver
Silver is a valuable
metal; it is also the
shiniest metal. Some
coins and jewelry are
made from silver.


soil
Plants grow in soil.


solid
A solid is a matter in
which the molecules
are very close together
and cannot move
around. Ice, quartz,
and diamonds are
solids.



- 52 -


stone
A stone is a rock.


streak
A streak is a long
mark or stripe of
color.


tsunami
A tsunami is a rare,
giant series of waves
caused by an
underwater
earthquake or other
large-scale,
underwater
disturbance.


volcano
A volcano is a
mountainous vent in
the Earth's crust.
When a volcano
erupts, it spews out
lava, ashes, and hot
gases from deep inside
the Earth.


water
Water is a liquid that
we drink and use to
wash. Water covers
over two thirds of the
surface of the Earth,
and much of our body
is made of water.


well
A well is a deep
hole in the ground
from which you
get water.


House-Related Words



armchair
An armchair is a
chair with arms.


bathtub
You take a bath in a
bathtub.


bed
People sleep in beds.


bench
A few people can sit on
a bench.


bookcase
Books are stored
in bookcases.


brick
This fireplace is
made out of bricks.


broom
You can sweep the
floor with a broom.


can opener
A can opener is a
device that opens
cans.

carpet
A carpet is a floor
covering made of
woven yarn or thick
fabric.


chair
A chair is a piece
of furniture that
people sit on.


chimney
A chimney is a
structure in which
you can build a
fire.


china
China is well-made
pottery that was first
made in China.


clothespin
Clothespins are used
to hang wet laundry
on a clothes line to
dry.


couch
A couch is a big, soft
piece of furniture that
many people can sit on.


cradle
A cradle is a small
bed for a baby.



- 53 -


cuckoo clock
A cuckoo clock
has a mechanical
bird that sings
every hour.


cupboard
Things are stored in
cupboards.


curtains
Curtains are cloth
hung on and around a
window.


door
You can go in and out
through a door.


drapes
Drapes are cloth
hung on and
around a window.


dresser
A dresser is a piece
of furniture in
which you can
store things.


fan
A fan is a machine
that makes a breeze.


faucet
You can turn water
flow on or off at a
faucet.


fence
A fence is a type of
barrier.


fireplace
You can make a
fire in a fireplace
to keep you warm.


footstool
A footstool is a
small piece of
furniture.


frame
People put pictures
and photos in
frames to protect
them and make
them look nice.


freezer
A freezer keeps
things icy.


furniture
Tables, chairs, sofas,
and beds are furniture.


garbage can
Garbage cans hold
garbage.


garden
Plants grow in a
garden.


gate
A gate is a door in a
fence.


grandfather clock
A grandfather clock is
a large, free-standing
pendulum clock.


home
Home is where you live.


house
Some people live
in houses.


hut
A hut is a small,
simple shelter.


igloo
An igloo is a house
made out of blocks
of ice. Brr!


kettle
A kettle is a pot in
which you boil water.


key
We use keys to lock and
unlock doors.


kitchen
People prepare
and store food in a
kitchen.



- 54 -


lamp
A lamp gives out
light.


lawn
A lawn is a place
outside where grass
grows.


lawn mower
You can cut the grass
with a lawn mower.


living room
A living room is a large
room in an apartment or
house.


log cabin
A log cabin is a
house made of
logs.


mat
You can wipe your
shoes on a floor
mat.


microwave oven
Microwave ovens
heat up food
quickly.


mirror
You can see your
reflection in a mirror.


mobile
A mobile is a hanging sculpture.


oven
Ovens get very
hot. You can bake
food in an oven.


oven mitt
An oven mitt
protects your hand
when you put
things in or out of
an oven.


pillow
A pillow is a soft
cushion that you can
rest upon.


quilt
Quilts keep you warm
at night.


roof
The roof is the top
covering of a building.


room
A room is a part
of a building that
is separated off by
walls.


rug
A rug is a floor
covering made of
woven yarn or
thick fabric.


shelf
A shelf is a small
platform on which
things can be
placed.


shower
When you shower,
you wash your body
in a stream of falling
water.


sink
We can wash our hands
at a sink.


soap
Soap and water
help clean things.


sofa
A sofa is a large,
soft piece of
furniture that many
people can sit on.


sponge
Sponges are
absorbent objects
used to clean things.


stool
A stool is a seat with
neither arms nor a
back.


stove
You can cook food on a
stove.


table
A table is a piece
of furniture with a
flat top and legs.



- 55 -


toaster
A toaster is a
machine that heats
up slices of bread,
making toast.


toilet
Toilets are in
bathrooms.


trash can
A trash can holds
garbage.


vacuum cleaner
A vacuum cleaner is a
device used to clean
rugs and floors.


wall
A wall is a side of
a building or a
room or a fence.


wastebasket
People throw trash in a
wastebasket.


welcome mat
You can wipe your shoes
on a welcome mat.


window
A window is a glass-covered
opening in a wall or vehicle.
You can see out a window.


yard
A yard is a small outside area.





- 56 -
In the Sea:
Ocean-Related Words

African penguin
The African
penguin is a small,
flightless bird that
lives on islands off
the coast of
southern Africa.


anchor
An anchor is a
heavy metal
device that holds
a ship in place.


boat
Boats float in
the water.


blue shark
The blue shark is a
sleek, fast-swimming
shark with blue skin.


blue whale
The blue whale is
the biggest animal
that ever lived. It
eats tiny food that
it sieves through
baleen.


conch
The conch is a
large, shelled
animal from warm
seas.


cookiecutter
shark
The cookiecutter
shark is a small
shark that takes
circular bites out
of its prey. Also
known as the
luminous or cigar
shark.


coral
Coral is a tiny
ocean animal
that lives in
colonies. Some
corals leave a
hard, stony
skeleton when
they die.


coral reef
Coral reefs are warm,
clear, shallow ocean
habitats that are rich
in life.


crab
A crab has a hard
shell and eyes on
stalks on its head.




In the Sea:
Ocean-Related Words










- 57 -


cuttlefish
The cuttlefish is a
close relative of the
octopus and the
squid.


angelfish
Angelfish are brightly-colored
fish that live in warm water.


angelshark
Angelsharks are sharks
that have flat bodies
and live on the ocean
floor.


basking shark
The basking shark is huge
and eats very tiny animals
that float in the ocean.


beluga whale
The beluga is a small, white, toothed
whale that lives mostly in cold,
arctic waters.


coral reef
Coral reefs are
warm, clear,
shallow ocean
habitats that are rich
in life.


dogfish shark
The dogfish shark is a small,
very common shark that is
found all over the world. It is
not dangerous to people.


dolphin
A dolphin is a marine
mammal with a long
nose and teeth.
Dolphins are whales.


dugong
Dugongs are gentle, slow-
swimming, aquatic
mammals.


echolocation
In echolocation (also called sonar), a
high-pitched sound (usually clicks) is
sent out. The sound bounces off the
object and some returns. The returning
echo is interpreted to determine the
object's shape, direction, distance,
and texture. Dolphins (and other
toothed whales) and some bats use
sonar to navigate and find prey.


eel
The eel is a long,
snake-like fish.


elephant seal
The elephant seal is a huge seal
that lives in the Pacific Ocean.

emperor angelfish
The emperor angelfish
is a brightly-colored,
flattened fish that lives
in shallow warm
waters.


emperor penguin
The emperor penguin is
the largest penguin; it lives
on ice packs in Antarctica.


fiddler crab
The fiddler crab is small crab that
lives on beaches. The male fiddler crab
has one enlarged claw.


fin
Fish use their fins to
swim.


fin whale
The fin whale is a very large
baleen whale. It is the second
largest animal in the world.


fish
Fish live in the water
and breathe with gills.


flipper
Flippers are wide, flat
limbs that many marine
animals use for swimming.
Seals and whales have
flippers.

flukes
The tail of whales and dolphins is called
the flukes (each half of the tail is called
a fluke). Flukes have no bones in them.
Whales swim by moving their flukes
up and down in the water
(fish move their tail left to right).


giant squid
Giant Squid swim
deep in the oceans.
They have ten arms
and their eyes are
the size of
basketballs.


gills
Gills are organs that
fish and amphibians use
to breathe underwater.


goblin shark
The Goblin shark
has a very long
snout.

gray whale
The gray whale is a
baleen whale that
eats tiny organisms
from the mud on
the bottom on the
ocean.


great white shark
The Great White shark is a
large, meat-eating fish.



- 58 -


gull
Gulls are birds
that live near
oceans and
lakes.


hammerhead shark
The hammerhead shark
has a head shaped like a
hammer.


harp seal
The harp seal is a
marine mammal
that lives in the
North Atlantic
and in the Arctic
Ocean.


hatchetfish
Hatchetfish are
oddly-shaped fish
from South and
Central America.


hermit crab
Hermit crabs are crabs that
lack a hard shell; they use a
discarded shell for protection.


horseshoe
crab
The horseshoe
crab is a hard-
shelled animal
that lives in
warm coastal
waters on the
sea floor.


hull
The hull is the main
body or frame of a ship.


humpback
whale
Humpbacks are
very acrobatic
whales that sing
beautiful,
complex songs.


intertidal zone
The intertidal zone
is where the sea
meets the land, the
area between high
tide and low tide.


jellyfish
Jellyfish are animals that
have stinging tentacles.


keel
The keel is the
bottom of a
ship.


kelp
Kelp is brown seaweed
that grows in cold
water.


killer whale
Killer whales are
also known as
orcas. These
whales eats
hundreds of
pounds of fish
and marine
mammals every
day.


krill
Krill are small
marine animals that
are eaten by many
big animals,
including some
whales.


lanternfish
Lanternfish are fish that have
light-producing organs and
very large eyes.


lemon shark
The lemon
shark is a
yellowish
shark.


limpet
The limpet is a marine
animal with a soft body
and a flattened, cone-
shaped shell.


lobster
A lobster lives on
the ocean floor
and has five pairs
of legs. Lobsters
have blue blood.


lobtailing
Lobtailing is when a whale
sticks its tail out of the
water into the air, swings
the tail around, and then
slaps the tail on the water's
surface. Lobtailing makes
a very loud noise.


macaroni penguin
The macaroni penguin is a
penguin from the Antarctic
that has a yellow, feathery
crest on its head.



- 59 -


mako shark
The mako
shark is a very
fast shark with
bluish skin.


manatee
Manatees are gentle,
slow-swimming,
aquatic mammals.


man-of-war
The Portuguese
man-of-war is a
floating colony of
animals that has
very long, stinging
tentacles. It lives in
warm ocean
waters.


manta ray
Manta rays are
harmless fish and
are related to
sharks. Mantas are
the biggest rays.



marine mammals
Marine mammals live in
the sea and breathe air.
Seals, sea lions, whales,
and others are marine
mammals.


moray eel
The moray eel
is a long,
snake-like fish
that has
circular gills.


narwhal
The narwhal is an
Arctic whale; the male
has a huge tooth.


nautilus
The nautilus is a
sea animal
related to the
squid and
octopus!


nurse shark
The nurse shark is a
large predator that
lives in warm water
in coral reefs.


octopus
Octopi have eight arms
and live on the sea floor.


orca
Orcas are also
known as killer
whales. An
orca eats
hundreds of
pounds of fish
and marine
mammals
every day.


otter
An otter is a playful
aquatic mammal.


oyster
The oyster is a
soft-bodied
marine animal
that is protected
by two hard
shells.


pelican
The pelican is fish-
eating bird with a
huge, pouched bill.


penguin
Penguins are birds that cannot
fly but swim very well.

plankton
Plankton are tiny
organisms that float
in the seas and other
bodies of water.
Plankton is the base
of the oceanic food
web.


pod
A group of whales is
called a pod.


polar bear
Polar bears are
large meat-eaters
live in the far
north. They have
clear-colored hair
and black skin.


porpoise
A porpoise is a marine
mammal with a long
nose and teeth. They are
also known as dolphins;
they are a type of
toothed whales.


porthole
A porthole is a window
in a ship.



- 60 -


propeller
A propeller is a
device with
blades that is
turned by an
engine; it
makes boats
(and some
airplanes)
move.


prow
The prow is front part
of a ship.


pufferfish
Also called
blowfish, this
poisonous fish
can swallow
water to double
its size.


queen conch
The queen conch is
a large, shelled
animal from warm
seas. It is in danger
of extinction.


ray
A ray is a flat fish that is
related to the sharks.
Many have a long tail
that stings.


reef
Reefs are
warm, clear,
shallow ocean
habitats that
are rich in life.


right whale
Right whales are baleen
whales with a huge
head and an arched
mouth. They were
almost hunted to
extinction.


rockhopper
penguin
The rockhopper
penguin is a
small, aggressive,
crested bird that
cannot fly.


sail
A sail is a large
piece of strong
fabric that catches
the wind and
propels a boat or
sailboard through
the water.


sailboat
A sailboat is a boat that
has sails and is powered
by the wind.


sailfish
The sailfish is
a deep-sea fish.
It is the fastest
fish in the sea
and can swim
up to 68 miles
per hour (110
kph).


salmon
Salmon are fish that
live in the sea and
spawn in fresh water.


sand
Sand is a loose
material
composed of fine
debris of rock
and mineral
particles.


sand dollar
Sand Dollars are
coin-shaped spiny-
skinned sea bed
animals that have 5-
part radial
symmetry.


scales
Scales are thin, hard,
overlapping plates on
some animals. Fish are
covered with scales.
Butterfly wings are
made of scales.


scallop
Scallops are animals
that have two shells
and live on the ocean
floor.


scuba diver
Scuba divers swim
under the water and
carry their own air in a tank on
their back.


sea
A sea is a large body of
salt water that is
connected to an ocean. A
sea may be partly or
completely surrounded by
land.


sea anemone
A sea snemone is a predatory
sea animal that looks like a
flower and lives on the ocean
floor.


sea cow
Sea cows (also called manatees)
are gentle, slow-swimming,
aquatic mammals.



- 61 -


sea
cucumber
Sea cucumbers
are cylinder-
shaped animals
that live on the
sea floor.


sea gull
The sea gull is the
common name for some
birds that live near
oceans and lakes.


sea horse
The sea horse is a
very strange type
of fish - it has a
long snout and a
curled tail.


seal
Seals are animals
that live in the
ocean but breathe
air. They are marine
mammals.


sea lion
Sea lions are eared seals that
live off the coast of western
North America.


sea otter
Sea otters are
marine
mammals with
very dense,
waterproof fur.


sea star
Sea stars, another name
for starfish, are animals
that live on the ocean
floor.


sea urchin
The sea urchin is
a spiny, globular
animal that lives
on the ocean
floor.


seaweed
Seaweed is a plant
that lives in the sea.


shark
Sharks are meat-eaters that
have no bones, only cartilage
(which is softer than bone)
in their skeleton.


shell
Some animals
grow a shell
for protection.


ship
A ship is a very large
boat.


shrimp
Shrimp are small
animals that live
in the water.


snail
A snail is a small,
slow animal with its
own shell.

sponge
A sponge is a primitive
animal that lives in the water.

spyhopping
Spyhopping is
when a whale
pokes its head
up out of the
water and turns
around,
perhaps to look
around.


squid
Squids swim in the
oceans. They have ten
arms and an ink sac.


starfish
Starfish (also
known as sea
stars) are animals
that live on the
ocean floor.


stingray
A stingray is a flat
fish with cartilage
instead of bones. Its
sting is in its tail.


submarine
A submarine is a vessel that
can travel underwater and
carry people.



- 62 -


sunfish
The sunfish is
a large fish
with an almost
circular,
flattened body.


swim
When you swim, you
move around in the
water.


swordfish
The swordfish is
a large fish with a
long, sharp bill.


tern
Terns are birds that
are sometimes
called "sea
swallows."


thresher shark
The thresher shark has a a
greatly-elongated top part of
the tail.


tiger shark
Tiger sharks
are large,
fierce sharks
that have faint
stripes.


tugboat
A tugboat is a sturdy
boat that guides large
boats in and out of
harbors.


tuna
The tuna is a very
large, bony fish
that lives in the
ocean. People eat
a lot of tuna.


walrus
A walrus is a
northern marine
mammal with ivory
tusks.


water
Water is a liquid that we
drink and use to wash.
Water covers over two thirds
of the surface of the Earth,
and much of our body is
made of water.


wave
There are
waves of water
in the ocean.


Weddell seal
The Weddell seal is a
large, nocturnal marine
mammal from
Antarctica (near the
South Pole).


whale
Whales are large
marine mammals.
Whales breathe
air using lungs.


whale shark
The whale shark is
the biggest shark
and the biggest fish,
but it eats tiny food
that it sieves
through its gills. It
is not a whale; it is
a shark.


whelk
Whelks are ocean animals
with a hard, spiral shell.


Xiphias
Xiphias is the group
(genus) of swordfish,
fast-swimming fish
that have a long, sharp
bill.


yacht
A yacht is a very nice
small ship.

zooplankton
Zooplankton are
tiny animals that
float in the seas
and other bodies
of water.




- 63 -
At the Post Office:
Mail-Related Words



address
An address tells the
Post Office where to
bring a letter or
package.


box
A box can hold things.


card
You can send
a card to a
friend.


envelope
An envelope holds a
letter.


letter
You can write a
letter to
communicate
with a person.


mailbox
A mailbox is where
you leave letters to be
mailed.


package
A package is a wrapped
box that contains
something.


paper
We write and
paint on
paper. It is
made from
plant fibers,
usually trees.


postcard
A postcard is a card
you can mail without
an envelope. People
who collect post cards
are called deltiologists.


scale
A scale is a
machine for
weighing things.


stamp
You must put a stamp
on a letter for it to be
delivered.


tape
Tape is a long, sticky
ribbon that is used to stick
things together.



Math-Related Words



abacus
An abacus is an
ancient device that is
used for arithmetic
calculations.


acute angle
An acute angle is
less than 90
degrees.
1+1=2

2+3=5

addition
Addition is the
adding of
numbers to get
their sum.


angle
An angle is the
amount of rotation
it would take to
put one
intersecting line
on top of another.
1+1=2

7-4=3

arithmetic
Arithmetic is the study of
addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division.



- 64 -
1,000,000,000

billion
A billion is a thousand
million. The Earth is
billions of years old.


chart
A chart is a
diagram, like a
graph or a table,
that shows the
relationships
between things.


circle
All of the points
on a circle are
the same
distance from
the center.


cone
A cone is a shape
that has a point at
one end and a
circular opening
at the other end.
In mathematics,
this shape is a half
cone.


couple
A couple refers to two
people or two objects.


crescent
A crescent is the shape
of the moon a little
before of after the time
of the new moon.


cube
A cube is a solid
geometric figure
with six square
faces.


curve
A curve is a
wavy line.


cylinder
A cylinder is a
figure with a long
round body .


denominator
The denominator is the
bottom number in a fraction.


diameter
The diameter is the
longest distance from
one side of a circle (or
a sphere) to the other.


diamond
A diamond is a
four-sided figure
whose sides are
all the same
length. People
play baseball on a
diamond-shaped
field.


dividend
The dividend is
the number that
is divided (in
long division).
The dividend
divided by the
divisor is the
quotient (plus a
remainder).


division
Division is an
operation that
divides a number
into portions.


divisor
The divisor is the number
that the dividend is divided
by (in long division). The
dividend divided by the
divisor is the quotient (plus
a remainder).


dodecahedron
A dodecahedron is a
twelve-sided geometric
solid whose faces are
pentagons.
2 x
double
Double means
twice or two
times.
****
****
****
12
dozen
Dozen is another
word for twelve.


eight
Spiders have eight
legs. Stop signs
have eight sides.
18

******
******
******

eighteen
Eighteen is the number
between seventeen and
nineteen.



- 65 -
80

eighty
Eighty is the number
between seventy-nine
and eighty-one.
11

*****
******

eleven
Eleven is ten plus
one.


ellipse
An ellipse is a
flattened circle.
=

equal
When two things
are equal they are
exactly the same
in number,
quality, or
amount.


equilateral triangle
The sides of an equilateral
triangle are all the same
length.
0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,
...

even number
An even number is
divisible by two.


Fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is a
measure of
temperature that
is abbreviated F.
Water freezes at
32F and boils at
212F.


first
The first person
or thing comes
before the
others.
15
*****
*****
*****
fifteen
Fifteen is the
number after
fourteen (14) and
before sixteen
(16).
50
**********
**********
**********
**********
**********
fifty
Fifty is the number after
forty nine (49) and before
fifty one (51).


five
People have five
fingers on each hand.
40
**********
**********
**********
**********
forty
Forty is the number
after thirty nine (39)
and before forty one
(41).


four
Squares have four
sides. Cats and dogs
have four legs.
14
*******
*******
fourteen
Fourteen is the
number after thirteen
(13) and before
fifteen (15).


fractal
Fractals are patterns within
patterns within patterns.
1/2

fraction
A fraction is a part of a
whole. Half of an apple
is a fraction of an
apple. The top number
in a fraction is called
the numerator; the
bottom number in a
fraction is called the
denominator.

geometry
Geometry is the
mathematical
study of points,
lines, angles, and
solids.


graph
A graph is a
diagram that
shows
relationships
between things.
>

greater than
The mathematical
symbol > means
"greater than."
When one number
is greater than a
second number,
the first one is
bigger than the
second. For
example, 4 is
greater than 2, or
4 > 2.
1/2
half
When something is divided
into two equal parts, each of
these two parts is half of the
original object.



- 66 -


heart
The heart is a shape that often
symbolizes love.


heptagon
A heptagon is a
seven-sided
figure.


hexaflexagon
A hexaflexagon is
a folded
geometric figure
that can be
"flexed" to
expose its many
sides.


hexagon
A hexagon is a
six-sided
figure.
Beehives have
hexagonal
cells.
100

hundred
One hundred is
the number
after 99 and
before 101.


icosahedron
An icosahedron is a twenty-sided
geometric solid.


isosceles
triangle
An isosceles
triangle has two
sides that are the
same length and
two angles that
are the same.


kite
A kite is a four-
sided figure in
which the two
pairs of adjacent
sides have the
same length.
<

less than
The
mathematical
symbol <
means "less
than." When
one number is
less than a
second number,
the first one is
smaller than
the second. For
example, 1 is
less than 2, or 1
< 2.


line segment
A line segment
is a portion of a
line.


long division
In long division, the dividend is divided by the divisor,
resulting in a quotient plus a remainder.
5 4 6
6 5 4
4 6 5

magic square
In a magic square, the
rows, columns, and
diagonals all add up to the
same number.


mathematics
Mathematics is the study
of numbers, shapes,
patterns, and logical
reasoning.
1,000,000

million
A million is a thousand
thousands. The
dinosaurs lived
millions of years ago.
-

minus
The mathematical
symbol - means
"minus." Four minus
three is written, 4 - 3.


Mbius strip
A Mbius strip is a piece of paper
with only one side!
1 x 2 = 2

2 x 3 = 6

multiplication
Multiplication is
a mathematical
operation used to
compute areas
and do other
calculations.
x

multiply
The mathematical
symbol x means
"multiply." Four
times three is
written, 4 x 3.


nine
There are nine
planets in our
solar system
and nine
players on a
baseball team.


number line
Numbers
correspond to
points on a
number line.



- 67 -


number
Numbers tell you "how many" or
"how much."


numerator
The numerator is the
top number in a
fraction.


obtuse angle
An obtuse angle
is greater than
ninety degrees.


octagon
An octagon is
an eight-sided
figure. Stop
signs are
octagons.


octahedron
An octahedron
is an eight-sided
geometric solid.
1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, ...

odd number
An odd number is not divisible
by two.


one
One is a small
number.
1/2
one half
When something
is divided into
two equal parts,
each of these two
parts is one half
of the original
object.


orb
A ball-shaped
object is an orb.


oval
An oval is an
egg-shaped
figure.


parallel
Parallel lines extend in the same
direction, are always the same
distance apart, and never meet.


parallelogram
A parallelogram is a
four-sided figure
whose opposite sides
are parallel.


pattern
A pattern is
something that is
repeated.


pentagon
A pentagon is a
five-sided
figure.


perimeter
Perimeter is the
distance around the
edges of a figure. For
example, the
perimeter of a square
with side length of a
is a+a+a+a=4 times a.


perpendicular
When two lines are
perpendicular, they are at right
angles (90 degrees).


pie chart
A pie chart (also
called a circle graph)
is a diagram that is
useful for displaying
information about the
percentages or parts
of a whole.
.

point
A point is an
exact location, a
spot with no
width or
thickness.


polygon
A polygon is a
many-sided
figure with
straight edges.


polyhedron
Polyhedra are
solids whose
faces are
polygons.



- 68 -
2,3,5,7,11,13,17
...

prime number
A prime number is a positive
number that has exactly two factors,
1 and itself. Alternatively, you can
think of a prime number as a
number greater than one that is not
the product of smaller numbers. For
example, 13 is a prime number
because it can only be divided
evenly by 1 and 13. For another
example, 14 is not a prime number
because it can be divided evenly by
1, 2, 7, and 14. The number one is
not a prime number because it has
only one factor, 1 itself.


protractor
A protractor is a
device that measures
angles.


pyramid
A pyramid is a
shape that has a
flat polygonal
base and
triangular sides
that meet at a
point on the top.
The pyramids in
Egypt are huge
buildings build
by ancient
Egyptians.


quadrilateral
A quadrilateral
is a four-sided
figure. The
square,
rectangle,
rhombus,
trapezoid, kite,
and
parallelogram
are
quadrilaterals.


quotient
The quotient is
the answer in
long division.
The dividend
divided by the
divisor is the
quotient (plus a
remainder).


radius
The radius is the distance from
the center of a circle (or a
sphere) to the edge.
1/2
ratio
A ratio is the
relationship between
two numbers, as
defined by the result
you get when you
divide one by the other.

rectangle
A rectangle is a
four-sided figure
whose sides are
at right angles to
each other.


remainder
The remainder is
the fractional part of
the answer in long
division. The
dividend divided by
the divisor is the
quotient plus the
remainder.


rhombus
A rhombus is a
parallelogram
with equal-
length sides.


right angle
A right angle looks like the
corner of a square; it extends
ninety degrees.

right triangle
A right triangle has
one angle that is a
right angle
(extending 90
degrees).


Roman
numerals
Thousands of
years ago, in
ancient Rome, the
Romans used a
system of numbers
that we call Roman
numerals. In this
system, I=1. V=5,
X=10, L=50,
C=100, D=500,
and M=1,000.


scalene triangle
The sides of a
scalene triangle are
all different lengths.


second
The second
person or item
comes after the
first and before
the third.



- 69 -


semicircle
A semicircle is half a circle.


seven
There are seven
days in the week.


shapes
Everything has a
shape.


six
Insects have six
legs.


sphere
A sphere is a
ball-shaped
object.


square
A square has four, equally long
sides which are at right angles
to each other.


star
A star is a shape
that has many
points.
1-1=0

5-3=2

subtraction
Subtraction is the
operation of
taking one
number away
from another.

tally marks
Tally marks are a
quick way of keeping
track of numbers in
groups of five. One
vertical line is made
for each of the first
four numbers; the
fifth number is
represented by a
diagonal line across
the previous four.


ten
People have ten
fingers and ten
toes.


tetrahedron
A tetrahedron is a pyramid formed by four
triangles.


third
The third person or item
comes after the first and
second.
13
******
*******
thirteen
Thirteen is the
number after twelve
(12) and before
fourteen (14).
30
**********
**********
**********
thirty
Thiry is the number after
twenty nine (29) and
before thirty one (31).
1,000

thousand
One thousand is
a whole number
that is equal to
100 times 10.


three
Three is the number between 2
and 4. A tricycle has three
wheels. A triangle has three
sides. A Triceratops has three
horns. Tri means three!


torus
A torus is a
doughnut-shaped
object.


trapezoid
A trapezoid is a
four-sided figure
with exactly two
parallel sides.


triangle
A triangle is a
geometric figure
that has three sides.
12
******
******

twelve
Twelve (12) is
the number
between eleven
(11) and
thirteen (13).
Dozen is
another word
for twelve.



- 70 -


twenty
There are twenty (20) apples
above.


two
We have two eyes,
two ears, two arms,
and two legs.
1 + 1
3

unequal
Two things are
unequal if they
are not the same.


Venn diagram
A Venn diagram is
a diagram that uses
overlapping circles
to show
relationships among
sets of things.

0

zero
Zero is a
number that
stands for the
absence of size
or quantity.

Measurement-Related Words



centigrade
Centigrade is a
measure of
temperature that
is abbreviated C.
Water freezes at
0C and boils at
100C.


centimeter
A centimeter is a unit of
measurement that is
equal to one-hundreth of
a meter.


cup
A cup is a unit of
measure of volume
equal to eight
ounces of water.
Two cups are a pint
and four cups are a
quart.


fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is a
measure of
temperature that
is abbreviated F.
Water freezes at
32F and boils
at 212F.


foot
A foot is a unit of
measurement that is equal
to twelve inches.



gallon
Four quarts
make one
gallon.


inch
An inch is a unit of
measurement that is
equal to one-twelfth of a
foot. An inch is 2.54 cm.


kilogram
A kilogram is a
unit of weight or
mass that is equal
to 1,000 grams or
about 2.2 pounds.


measuring
cup
A measuring
cup lets you
measure
substances by
volume (cups or
liters); it is
useful in baking
and cooking.


meter
A meter is a unit of
length; 100 centimeters
are in a meter. A meter is
a little more than 3 feet (it
is about 39.4 inches).


ounce
An ounce is a
unit of weight.
One cup of
water weighs
eight ounces.


pint
A pint is a unit of
measure of volume equal
to two cups. Two pints
make a quart.


protractor
A protractor is a
device that
measures angles.


quart
Four quarts
make one
gallon.


ruler
A ruler is a straight piece
of material that is used for
measuring distances or
drawing straight lines.



- 71 -


scale
A scale is a
machine for
weighing things.


tape measure
A tape measure is used to
measure length.


thermometer
A thermometer is
used for telling
what the
temperature is.


weather
balloon
A weather
balloon is a
giant balloon
that is sent high
in the sky to
measure weather
information, like
temperature,
wind speed, and
air pressure.


windsock
A windsock is a device
that shows which way the
wind is blowing and the
wind's speed.


yard
A yard is equal
to three feet or
36 inches.


yardstick
A yardstick is three-foot
-long stick; it is used for
measuring things.



Money-Related Words



bill
A bill is paper
money.


cent
Cent is another word for
penny.


change
Your change is the
money you get back
after paying for
something.

change purse
Coins are carried
in a change
purse.

check
A check is a piece of
paper that is an
order for a bank to
pay money from a
bank account.

checkbook
Checks are kept in a
checkbook.


coin
A coin is a piece of
metal money.

credit card
A credit card is a
card that lets you
buy things on credit
-- you pay for the
items later.


dime
A dime is a US
coin worth ten
cents.


dollar
A dollar is worth
100 cents.



- 72 -


earn
You can earn money
by working.


money
Money is used to buy
things.


nickel
A nickel is a U.S.
coin worth five
cents.


penny
A penny is a coin
worth one cent.


piggy bank
Children put money
in piggy banks.


purse
A purse is a small
bag in which some
girls and women
carry their money
and other things.


quarter
A quarter is a coin that
is worth 25 cents. Four
quarters make one
dollar.


wallet
People carry money
in a wallet.



whistle
A whistle makes a
loud, shrill sound.



People and Occupations



actor
An actor is someone who
performs a role in a play or
a movie.

archer
An archer shoots an
arrow with a bow.


army
An army is a
unified group of
people who are
trained to fight
on land.


artist
An artist
creates works
of art.


athlete
Someone who is good
at a sport is an athlete.


baby
A baby is a very young
person.


baker
A baker bakes food in
the oven, like breads,
cakes, and cookies.


ballerina
A ballerina is a
woman who
does ballet
dancing.


boy
A boy is a
young man.


brother
Brothers are boys or
men who have the
same parents.



- 73 -


bully
A bully is person who is
mean to others.


champion
A champion is the
winner of a game or
other competition.


child
A child is a
young person.


children
Children are
young people.


dad
Dad is another word
for father.


daughter
A daughter is a female
offspring.


diver
Divers swim under the
water.


doctor
A doctor can
help you when
you're sick or
hurt.


emperor
An emperor is
an unelected
ruler of a
country.


explorer
An explorer explores
unknown places and
discovers new things.
For example, Magellan
was an explorer who
led the first expedition
that sailed around the
Earth.


family
A family is a group of
related people.


father
A father is a man who
has a child.


firefighter
A firefighter is a
person who puts
out fires and
saves people's
lives.


friends
Friends are
people who
like and
respect each
other.


girl
A girl is a young
woman.


grandfather
The father of your father or
mother is your grandfather.


grandmother
The mother of your
father or mother is
your grandmother.


grandparents
Grandparents
are
grandmothers
and
grandfathers.


heir
An heir is a
person who
has inherited
or will inherit
something of
value.


heiress
An heiress is a girl or
woman who has
inherited or will inherit
a lot of money.



- 74 -

hero
A hero is someone who is
admired for great courage,
noble character, and
performing good deeds,
like a firefighter.

human being
A human being is a
person.


husband
A husband is a
married man.


I
I is a word
that refers to
the person
who is
speaking or
writing.


imp
An imp is a
mischievous child.


infant
An infant is a baby.


inventor
An inventor designs
and creates new,
useful things.

janitor
A janitor is
someone who
looks after and
cleans a
building.


kid
A kid is a
young person.


kin
Kin are your relatives.


king
A king is a hereditary ruler
of a country.


lady
A lady is a woman.

librarian
Librarians take
care of libraries
and help people
find books.


magician
A magician
performs
magic tricks.


man
Boys grow up to be
men.


me
Me is a word that refers to
the person who is speaking
or writing.


mom
Mom is another word
for mother.


mother
A mother is a
woman who has
a child.


mummy
A mummy is a
preserved
dead body.

nurse
A nurse takes care of
you when you are sick
or hurt.


paleontologist
A paleontologist is a
scientist who studies
ancient life (like dinosaurs),
mostly by looking at
fossils.


people
People are human
beings.


person
A person is a
human being.

pioneer
A pioneer is a
person who is
the first to do
something, like
settle in a new
area or do
research.


pitcher
A pitcher is someone
who throws a ball or
other item.



- 75 -


police
The police enforce laws
and keep order.


president
A president is the
elected leader of a
country or
organization.


prince
A prince is the
son of a king or
queen.


princess
A princess is
the daughter
of a king or
queen.


pupil
A pupil is a student, a
person who is learning.


quadruplets
Quadruplets are four
siblings (brothers and/or
sisters) who are born at the
same time from the same
mother.


queen
A queen is a
hereditary ruler of a
country.


quintuplets
Quintuplets are
five siblings
(brothers and/or
sisters) who are
born at the same
time from the
same mother.


samurai
Samurai were
Japanese
warriors.


scuba diver
Scuba divers swim
under the water and
carry their own air in a
tank on their back.


sister
Sisters are girls or women
who have the same parents.


soldier
A soldier is a person
who fights for a
country.


son
A son is a male
offspring.


student
A student is a
person who is
learning.


teacher
A teacher is someone
who helps you learn.


team
A team is a group of people
that work together towards
a goal.


toddler
Toddlers are young
children.


triplets
Triplets are
three siblings
(brothers and/or
sisters) who are
born at the same
time.


twins
Twins are two
siblings
(brothers
and/or sisters)
who are born
at the same
time.


us
Us is a word that
means yourself and
others.



- 76 -


veteran
A veteran is a person who
has had experience in an
occupation. For example,
ex-soldiers are often called
veterans - especially those
who have served in a war.


we
We is a word that
means yourself and
others.


wife
A wife is a
married woman.


woman
Girls grow up
to be women.


you
You is a word that
refers to another
person or persons.


youngster
A youngster is a young
person.


Pets


Abyssinian Cat
An ancient, short-
haired
domesticated
breed of cat.


Airedale terrier
The Airedale terrier
is a dog that was
originally bred in
England.


Alaskan
malamute
The Alaskan
malamute is a
powerful sled dog
from Alaska.


angelfish
Angelfish are
brightly-colored fish
that live in warm
water.


aquarium
You can look at fish
in an aquarium.


basset hound
The Basset Hound is
a lively and devoted
dog that has short
legs and long,
droopy ears. It was
originally bred to
hunt rabbits and
hares.


beagle
The beagle is a
friendly, playful dog.
It was originally
bred as a rabbit
hunter.


black bear
hamster
The black bear
hamster is a docile,
black, short-haired
hamster.


bloodhound
The bloodhound is
the heaviest hound
dog and is an
incredible scent
tracker.


Boston terrier
The Boston Terrier is
an intelligent, lively,
short-haired dog.



- 77 -


bulldog
The bulldog is a
muscular, wrinkled,
powerful dog that
was originally bred
in Britain.


bunny
A bunny is a young
rabbit.

Burmese Cat
A short-haired
domesticated
breed of cat with
golden eyes.


cage
Some people keep
birds in cages.


canary
Canaries sing very
well.


cat
Cats are mammals
and are great pets.
Cats were revered by
the ancient
Egyptians.


Chihuahua
The Chihuahua is a
small, alert dog from
Mexico.


clown fish
The clown fish is a
colorful fish that
lives with sea
anemones.


cockatoo
Cockatoos are birds
that have a large,
feathery crest and a
hooked bill. They are
from Australia and
Indonesia.


cocker spaniel
The cocker spaniel is
a friendly, obedient
dog that was
originally bred to
hunt birds.

collie
The collie is a
friendly, intelligent,
and obedient dog


dachshund
The Dachshund is an
active dog with a
long body and short
legs.


Dalmatian
The Dalmatian is a
white dog that has
dark spots.


Doberman
The Doberman is a
loyal, intelligent dog.


dog
Dogs wag their tails
when they're happy.

emperor
angelfish
The emperor
angelfish is a
brightly-colored,
flattened fish that
lives in shallow
warm waters.


fish
Fish live in the water
and breathe with
gills.


fish bowl
Fish swim around
and around a fish
bowl.


foal
A foal is a young
horse.


frog
Frogs are
amphibians. They
begin as eggs, hatch
into tadpoles (who
breathe with gills),
and grow up to be
frogs (who breathe
with lungs and lose
their tail).



- 78 -


gerbil
Gerbils are small
rodents that some
people keep as pets.


golden retriever
A friendly,
intelligent, energetic,
and very popular
dog.


goldfish
A goldfish is a type
of carp that makes
a nice pet.


Great Dane
The Great Dane is a
large, short-haired
dog that was
originally bred to
hunt large game.


great horned owl
The great horned owl
is a large bird of prey
from North and
South America.


great white shark
The Great White
shark is a large,
meat-eating fish.


greyhound
The greyhound is the
fastest breed of dog
for short distance
runs.

grizzly bear
The grizzly bear is
a large bear with a
muscular hump on
its shoulders.

groundhog
The groundhog is a
rodent that is also
called the
woodchuck.

guinea pig
The guinea pig is a
small, tailless rodent
that is sometimes
kept as a pet.


hamster
A hamster is a small
rodent that some
people keep as pets.


horse
Horses are very fast
runners.


hound
Hounds are dogs
that were originally
bred to hunt
animals.


husky
The husky is a hard-
working, fast-
running sled dog that
was originally from
Siberia.


iguana
Iguanas are plant-
eating lizards that
often live in trees.


Irish setter
The Irish setter is a
friendly, energetic,
and high-spirited
dog that was
originally bred in
Ireland.


Jack Russell
terrier
The Jack Russell
terrier is a feisty dog
that was originally
bred to drive small
animals from their
burrows.


kitten
A kitten is a young
cat.


Labrador
retriever
The Labrador
retriever is an
intelligent and even-
tempered dog. It is
the most popular dog
breed in the USA.


Lhasa apso
The Lhasa apso is a
small, long-haired
dog that was
originally bred in
Tibet.



- 79 -


lizard
Lizards are a type of
reptile.
macaw
Macaws are parrots
from rainforests in
the Americas.


mastiff
The mastiff is a
huge, intelligent,
and powerful dog
that is often used as
a guard dog.


old English
sheepdog
The old English
sheepdog is an
affectionate, long-
haired dog that was
originally bred in
Great Britain.


Pekingese
The Pekingese is a
small, long-haired
dog with a flattened
face. It was originally
bred in China as a
royal companion dog.


Persian Cat
The Persian is a
long-haired
domesticated cat
with a flattened
face and rounded
eyes.


pets
Pets are animals that
live with us.


pig
Pigs are hoofed
mammals that oink!


piglet
A piglet is a young
pig.


Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a
small, friendly,
intelligent companion
dog.


poodle
The poodle is a lively,
intelligent dog that was
originally bred to retrieve
game from the water.


pug
The Pug is a loyal,
affectionate dog that has a
squarely-built body and a
flat, wrinkled face. It was
originally bred in China.


puppy
A puppy is a young dog.


rabbit
A rabbit is a small, cute
mammal with big ears.


Rottweiler
The Rottweiler is a
powerful, muscular,
determined dog that was
originally bred in Germany
to guard and herd cattle.


Scottish terrier
The Scottish terrier (also
known as the Scotty) is a small
dog that was originally bred to
hunt foxes and badgers.


sheepdog, old English
The old English sheepdog is an
affectionate, long-haired dog
that was originally bred in
Great Britain.


snake
A snake is a reptile with a
long, narrow body and no
legs. It has skin with scales.


St. Bernard
A large, muscular, heroic dog
originally from Switzerland.


tarantula
A tarantula is a large, hairy
spider.



- 80 -

terrier
Terriers are dogs
that were originally
bred to drive small
animals from their
burrows.


turtle
Turtles are slow
animals that have a
very hard shell.


veterinarian
A veterinarian is a
doctor who helps
animals.

Yorkshire terrier
The Yorkshire terrier
is a small, intelligent,
long-haired dog.


zebrafish
Zebrafish are striped
tropical fish.

Plant-Related Words



acorn
The acorn is the nut
of an oak tree.


almond
An almond is a type of
nut.


apple
An apple is a juicy fruit that
grows on an apple tree.

Appleseed,
Johnny
Johnny Appleseed
was a legendary
man who planted
apple trees
through the USA.
His real name was
John Chapman,
but he was called
Johnny Appleseed
because of his
love for growing
apple trees.


apple tree
An apple tree is
a fruit tree.


Arbor Day
Arbor Day is a holiday
that encourages tree
planting and tree care.
In the USA, Arbor Day
is usually celebrated on
the last Friday in April.


artichoke
The artichoke is a
spiny, green vegetable.


avocado
The avocado is an oily,
green fruit; it is sometimes
called the alligator pear.
Avocados grow on trees in
warm areas.


bamboo
Bamboo is a
very useful plant
from Asia.
Pandas eat
bamboo.


banana
Bananas are a
sweet, yellow
fruit.



- 81 -


bark
Bark is the hard,
outer covering of
the trunk, branches,
and roots of trees.


blackberry
Blackberries are dark-
colored, edible berries
that grow on prickly
vines.


bluebell
Bluebells are bell-shaped
flowers.


bouquet
A bouquet is a
bunch of
flowers.


branch
A branch is a
tree or other
plant that grows
from the trunk
or stem.


broccoli
Broccoli is a green
vegetable.


bulb
A plant bulb wil sprout
into a new plant.
Onions are bulbs.

cactus
A cactus is a prickly plant
that lives in dry places.


California
poppy
The California
poppy is a small,
cup-shaped
flower that lives
in dry areas.

carnation
A carnation is a
flower; it can be
white, pink, or
red.


carrot
A carrot is an
orange vegetable
that grows
underground.


cauliflower
Cauliflower is a white
vegetable; it is related
to broccoli.


celery
Celery is a crisp, green
vegetable.


cherries
Cherries are a
sweet, tangy, red
fruit.


compost
Compost is
decayed organic
matter that
enriches soil.


corn
Corn is a yellow
vegetable you can eat
on its cob. Corn was
grown by Native
Americans for
thousands of years
before the Europeans
settled in North
America.


cucumber
Cucumber is a cool,
crisp vegetable that is
good in salad.


daffodil
The daffodil is a yellow
flower that blooms early in
the spring.


daisy
The daisy is a
pretty flower.


dandelion
Dandelions are
weeds with
pretty yellow
flowers that turn
into seed puff-
balls.



- 82 -


deciduous
A deciduous plant
loses its leaves in
the winter. Apple
trees are deciduous.


eggplant
An eggplant is a purple
vegetable.


elm
The elm is a large, fast-
growing deciduous tree.


evergreen
An evergreen
plant doesn't lose
its leaves in the
winter.


fern
A fern is a lacy,
primitive plant.


fir tree
A fir is an
evergreen tree; it
doesn't lose its
leaves in the winter.
flower
A flower makes seeds.
Flowers are a plant's
reproductive organs.
Hummingbirds, bees,
butterflies, and other
animals drink the sweet
nectar that is made by
flowers.


forest
A forest is a large group of
trees and underbrush where
many animals live.


forget-me-
nots
Forget-me-nots
are plants that
have beautiful
blue flowers.


fruit
Fruit is the part
of some plants
that contains the
seeds. Apples,
strawberries,
oranges, and
bananas are
fruit.


garden
Plants grow in a
garden.


grapefruit
Grapefruits are a type
of citrus fruit that
sometime squirt you
when you eat them.


grapes
Grapes are delicious fruit
that grow on vines.


grass
Grass is a
common
flowering plant
that is found all
over the world.
green bean
A green bean is a
long, thin, green
vegetable. It is pod
that contains bean
seeds. It is also called
a string bean.


greenhouse
A greenhouse is a
building, usually made
out of glass, in which
people grow plants.

hoe
A hoe is a garden tool.


holly
Holly is a tree with pointy leaves
and red berries.


iris
Irises are beautiful
flowers with long,
thin, flat leaves.


ivy
Ivy is a vine.



- 83 -


jumping bean
A jumping bean is a
seed pod in which a
caterpillar lives.
When the caterpillar
moves, the seed pod
moves. The
caterpillar will turn
into a moth
eventually.


jungle
A jungle is a wild
tropical growth of
trees, plants, and
animals.

kapok tree
The kapok tree is a large,
deciduous tree that is native to
tropical America, Africa, and the
East Indies. This fast-growing tree
is generally from 45 to 60 feet (14-
18 m) tall; it is the tallest tree in
Africa. The light-weight silky
down from the seed pods is used
as pillow stuffing, sleeping bag
stuffing, and for other uses.


kelp
Kelp is brown
seaweed that
grows in cold
water.


kiwi
The kiwi is a
tangy fruit that
grows in warm
areas.


lawn
A lawn is a place
outside where grass
grows.


lawn mower
You can cut the grass
with a lawn mower.


leaf
Plants use leaves to collect
energy from sunlight.


lemon
A lemon is a
sour, yellow
fruit.


lettuce
Lettuce is a
leafy vegetable
that is good in
salads.


lily
A lily is a funnel-shaped
flower.


lime
A lime is a sour, green
citrus fruit.


log
A log is a short piece of a
tree trunk.


maple tree
Maple syrup
comes from
maple trees.


meadow
A meadow is a
low, flat
grassland.


melon
Melons are fruits
that have a rind.


mushroom
Mushrooms are fast-
growing fungi. They
grow in dark, damp
places.


nasturtium
Nasturtiums are plants with
bright, pretty flowers and
round leaves.

nectarine
A nectarine is a
sweet, juicy fruit
with smooth
skin; it is related
to the peach.


nut
A nut is a dry
seed or fruit
with a hard
shell.



- 84 -


olive
An olive is an oily
fruit that grows on
an evergreen tree.


onion
Onions are sharp
tasting vegetables.


orange
Oranges are sweet, juicy
fruit.


orchid
Orchids are
colorful flowers
that live in warm
areas.


palm tree
Palm trees are a
primitive type of
tree.

peach
Peaches are
sweet, juicy fruit
with fuzzy skin.


peanut
Peanuts grow
undergound; they are
a type of legume.


pear
The pear is a sweet
fruit with a thin
skin.


pea pod
Peas grow in pea
pods.


peas
Peas are small, round
vegetables.


pepper
A pepper is a
sharp-tasting,
hollow vegetable.
Peppers can be
red, green,
yellow, and
orange.


pine cone
A pine cone contains
many seeds from a
pine tree.


pine tree
A pine is an
evergreen tree; it
doesn't lose its
needle-like leaves in
the winter.


plant
Plants are living
things that get their
food and energy from
sunlight, soil and air.


plant pot
A plant pot is a
container in which a
plant is grown.


plum
A plum is a
sweet, juicy,
purple fruit.


pod
Peas grow in pea
pods.


poppy
A poppy is a delicate
flower.


potato
Potatoes are starchy
vegetables that grow
undergound.


prune
A prune is a dried
plum.


pumpkin
The pumpkin is a
large, orange
vegetable that
grows on a vine.


radish
A radish is a sharp-
tasting vegetable that
grows underground.

rain forest
A rain forest is a
wet tropical
environment
teeming with plants
and animals.


raspberry
Raspberries are a
type of edible berry
that grows on a
prickly vine.


redwood
The redwood is the
tallest tree, growing up
to 360 feet tall.



- 85 -


rice
Rice is a food. It is a
grain that grows in
warm, wet soil. Rice
is an important food
in much of Asia.


roots
The roots are the parts of a
plant that gets water and
other nutrients from the
soil. Roots also store
energy and provide
support for the plant. Most
roots grow underground.


rose
The rose is a
beautiful flower
with a sweet scent.


seed
Seeds grow into
plants.


shamrock
Shamrocks are small
green plants with
three-part leaves.


shovel
Shovels are used to
dig.


shrub
A shrub is a low-lying plant
or bush that has a woody
stem.


soil
Plants grow in soil.


stem
The stem is the part of a
plant that provides support
for the plant.


squash
Squash grows in warm
weather.


stick
A stick is a small piece
of wood.


strawberry
The strawberry is a sweet,
red fruit.


string bean
A string bean is a long,
thin, green vegetable. It is
pod that contains bean
seeds. It is also called a
green bean.


stump
A stump is the part of a tree
that is left in the ground
after it has been cut or has
fallen down.


tomato
Tomatoes are soft and tangy;
they grow on vines.


tree
A tree is a plant
with a trunk,
leaves, and roots.


tree rings
By counting the
number of tree rings
in a tree's trunk, you
can tell how old the
tree was.


trunk
A trunk is the major
support of a tree.


tulip
The tulip is a cup-
shaped flower.


twig
A twig is a small tree
branch.



- 86 -


vegetable
Vegetables are
very good for
you.


vegetation
The plant life of an
area is its vegetation.


Venus flytrap
The Venus flytrap is
a plant that catches
and digests bugs.


vine
A vine is a plant that
doesn't have its own
support. It grows on
other objects or
creeps along the
ground.


violets
Violets are deep purple
flowers.


walnut
A walnut is an
edible nut from
the walnut tree.


watering can
You can water plants
with a watering can.


watermelon
Watermelon is a
large, delicious, red
fruit with a thick
green rind.


wheat
Wheat is a grain.
Flour is made from
ground-up wheat.


wheelbarrow
A wheelbarrow is a
small cart with one
wheel and two
handles.


wood
Wood is a useful
material obtained
from tree trunks.
Wood is used to
make furniture,
build houses, and
make paper.


yam
Yams are sweet
vegetables that grow
underground.


yard
A yard is a small
outside area.


yucca
Yucca is a plant with
stiff leaves; it lives in
dry areas.


zinnia
Zinnias are pretty
flowers.


zucchini
Zucchini is a
type of squash.




















- 87 -
Prepositions

A preposition is a word that shows the spatial (space), temporal (time), or logical relationship of its object
to the rest of the sentence. The words above, near, at, by, after, with and from are propositions.



above
Above means over
or higher. The cloud
is above the
mountain.


around
When something
is around
something, it is
near or close to it.


behind
When you are behind
something, you are to the
back of it.


between
When something is
between, it is
located in a
position separating
two other items.


inside
The bird is in the
cage.


in front of
The girl on the right
is in front of the
bricks.


inside
The bird is inside
the cage.


on
The vase is on the table.


out
He is going out the
door.


outside
When you are
outside, you are not
in a building or other
structure.


over
The cloud is over
the mountain.


under
The cat is under
the table.

underground
Many animals live
underground.

with
With means.in the
company of or
having. The
children above are
with each other.



Shapes



circle
A circle is round.


cone
A cone is a shape that
has a point at one end
and a circular
opening at the other
end.


crescent
A crescent is the
shape of the moon
around the time of
the new moon.


cube
A cube is a solid
geometric figure
with six square
faces.


curve
A curve is a wavy
line or surface.



- 88 -


cylinder
A cylinder is a figure
with a long round
body .


diamond
A diamond is a four-
sided figure whose
sides are all the same
length. People play
baseball on a
diamond-shaped
field.


dodecahedron
A dodecahedron is a
twelve-sided regular
geometric solid
composed of
pentagons.


ellipse
An ellipse is a
flattened circle.


equilateral
triangle
The sides of an
equilateral triangle
are all the same
length.


fractal
Fractals are patterns
within patterns within
patterns.


heart
The heart is a shape
that often symbolizes
love.


heptagon
A heptagon is a
seven-sided figure.


hexaflexagon
A hexaflexagon is a
folded geometric
figure that can be
"flexed" to expose
its many sides.


hexagon
A hexagon is a six-
sided figure. Bee
hives have
hexagonal cells.


icosahedron
An icosahedron is a
twenty-sided regular
geometric solid.


isosceles triangle
An isosceles triangle
has two sides that are
the same length and
two angles that are
the same.


kite
A kite is a four-sided
figure in which the
two pairs of adjacent
sides have the same
length.


line segment
A line segment is a
portion of a line.


Mbius strip
A Mbius strip is a
piece of paper with
only one side!


octagon
An octagon is an
eight-sided figure.
Stop signs are
octagons.


octahedron
An octahedron is an
eight-sided regular
geometric solid.


orb
A ball-shaped object
is an orb.


oval
An oval is an egg-
shaped figure.


parallelogram
A parallelogram is
a four-sided figure
whose opposite
sides are parallel.



- 89 -


pentagon
A pentagon is a five-
sided figure.
.

point
A point is a very
small dot.


polka dots
Polka dots are
patterns of dots.


polygon
A polygon is a
many-sided figure
with straight edges.


polyhedron
Polyhedra are
solids made from
polygons.


pyramid
The pyramids in
Egypt are huge
buildings that have a
square base and
triangular sides.


quadrilateral
A quadrilateral is a
four-sided figure. The
square, rectangle,
rhombus, trapezoid,
kite, and
parallelogram are
quadrilaterals.

rectangle
A rectangle is a four-
sided figure whose
sides are at right
angles to each other.


rhombus
A rhombus is a
parallelogram with
equal-length sides.

right triangle
A right triangle has
one angle that is a
right angle
(extending 90
degrees).


round
Round things are
curved. A circle is
round.


scalene triangle
The sides of a scalene
triangle are all
different lengths.


semicircle
A semicircle is half a
circle.


shapes
Everything has a
shape.


sphere
A sphere is a ball-
shaped object.


spiral
A spiral is a curve
that winds in on
itself. Snail shells
have a spiral pattern.


square
A square has four,
equally long sides
which are at right
angles to each other.


star
A star is a shape that
has many points.


tetrahedron
A tetrahedron is a
pyramid formed by
four triangles.


torus
A torus is a
doughnut-shaped
object.


trapezoid
A trapezoid is a four-
sided figure with two
parallel sides.


triangle
A triangle has three
sides.


zigzag
A zigzag is a line
that sharply turns
back and forth.










- 90 -

Sports


archery
In archery, you
shoot an arrow
(using a bow),
aiming at a
target.


ball
A ball is round and
fun to bounce,
throw, kick, or
catch.


baseball
Baseball is team game
that is played with a ball
and a bat.


baseball bat
You hit a baseball
with a baseball bat.


basketball
Basketball is a sport in
which you get points
for throwing a ball into
a basket.


dart
A dart is a
small, pointed
object that is
thrown at a
target in a game.


dartboard
A dartboard is the
target used when
playing darts.


exercise
Exercise is very good for
you.


football
Football is played
with an odd-shaped
ball in the USA.


game
People enjoy playing
games.


go
When you go,
you are moving.


golf
Golf is a sport in which
a ball is hit into a series
of holes using golf
clubs.


golf ball
A golf ball is a small ball
used in golf - the ball sits
on a tee in the grass.


golf club
Golf clubs are used
to hit a golf ball.


helmet
A helmet protects your
head.


ice skate
When you wear ice
skates, you can glide
across ice.


judo
Judo is one of the martial
arts.


jump
When you jump, you go up and
down.


jump rope
There are a lot of different
ways to jump rope.


karate
Karate is one of the martial arts.


martial arts
The martial arts
include Aikido, Judo,
Karate, Tae Kwon
Do, and other sports.


medal
A medal is an award that
you can wear.


mitt
A baseball mitt is a glove used to
catch balls.


move
When you move, you are
not still.


Olympics
The Olympic Games began
over 2700 years ago in ancient
Greece.



- 91 -


play
When you play,
you are having
fun.


racket
A racket is used to
hit a ball or
shuttlecock in
sports like tennis
and badminton.

ride
When you take a ride,
you travel on something
else, like a bicycle, a
horse, or other means of
transportation.


run
Running is faster
than walking.


roller skate
When you wear roller
skates, you can roll
along the ground.


ski
When you ski,
you glide over
snow or water.


soccer ball
A soccer ball is
made up of
pentagons and
hexagons.


sports
Playing sports is fun and
good exercise.


stadium
A stadium is a
large building in
which sports events
are held.


swim
When you swim, you
move around in the
water.


team
A team is a
group of people
that work
together
towards a goal.


tee
A tee holds a ball
in postion so you
can hit it.


tennis
Tennis is a sport in
which a ball is hit over a
net with a racket.


tennis racket
A racket is used to
hit a ball or
shuttlecock in
sports like tennis
and badminton.


throw
When you throw
something, you use
your arm to send it
through the air.

Storytime Words



act
When you act,
you do something
or perform a role.


actor
An actor is someone who
performs a role in a play or
a movie.


angel
An angel
embodies
goodness.


costume
People wear
costumes to
pretend they are
someone or
something else.


castle
A castle is a huge, fancy
building where a king or
queen lives.



- 92 -


crown
A crown is a
fancy hat worn by
kings and queens.


dragon
A dragon is a big, scary,
fire-breathing, make-
believe beast.


emperor
An emperor is an
unelected ruler of
a country.

Once
upon a
time...

folk tales
Folk tales are
stories that are
passed on from
generation to
generation.


ghost
Ghosts are make-believe.
Boo!


king
A king is a
hereditary ruler of
a country.

leprechaun
A leprechaun is a make-
believe tiny person from
Ireland who searches for
the pot of gold at the end
of the rainbow.


mermaid
A mermaid is a
make-believe
creature who is
half woman, half
fish.


monster
Monsters are
scary and make-
believe.


mummy
A mummy is a preserved
dead body.


ogre
Ogres are ugly,
scary and make-
believe.


palace
A palace is a huge house
where a king or queen
lives.


pirate
Pirates robbed
ships on the high
seas.


prince
A prince is the
son of a king or
queen.


princess
A princess is the
daughter of a king or
queen.


queen
A queen is a
hereditary ruler of
a country.
Once upon a
time...

story
A story tells you about an
event. It can be real or
make-believe.


sword
A long time ago,
soldiers fought
with swords.

Once
upon a
time...

tale
A tale is a story.


treasure chest
A treasure chest is a
lidded, locked box filled
with valuables.



- 93 -


unicorn
A unicorn is a
mythical, one-
horned animal.


wand
A wand is a thin rod that
you can carry.


witch
A witch is a
make-believe
woman who has
magical powers.



Time-Related Words



April
April is the fourth
month of the year.


August
August is the eighth
month of the year.


autumn
Autumn is the
season
between
summer and
winter.
Another name
for autumn is
fall.


birthday
You have a birthday
every year.


calendar
A calendar lets you
know what day it is.


century
A century is 100 years.


clock
If you want to know
what time it is, look
at a clock.


cuckoo
clock
A cuckoo
clock has a
mechanical
bird that sings
every hour.


day
The sun is up during
the day.


December
December is the
twelfth month of the
year.


evening
Evening is the late part
of the day and the early
part of the night.


fall
Fall is the season
between summer and
winter. Another name
for fall is autumn.


February
February is
the second
month of the
year.


grandfather clock
A grandfather clock
is a large, free-
standing pendulum
clock.


hour
There are 24 hours in a
day.



- 94 -


hourglass
An hourglass measures
time as sand falls
through a thin opening.


hour hand
An hour hand on a
clock tells you what
hour it is.


January
January is the
first month of
the year.


July
July is the seventh
month of the year.


June
June is the sixth month
of the year.


Jurassic period
Dinosaurs flourished
during the Jurassic
period, 208-146 million
years ago. Stegosaurus
and Apatosaurus were
two dinosaurs that lived
during the Jurassic.


late
The sun sets late in
the day.


March
March is the
third month of
the year.


May
May is the fifth
month of the year.

Mesozoic Era
The Mesozoic Era was
the time when
dinosaurs lived and
mammals evolved.
The Mesozoic lasted
from 250 million to 65
million years ago. It
began and ended with
mass extinctions.


midnight
Midnight is 12:00 at
night.


minute hand
A minute hand on a
clock tells you how
many minutes past
the hour it is.


month
There are 12
months in a
year: January,
February,
March, April,
May, June,
July, August,
September,
October,
November, and
December.


morning
The sun rises in the
morning.


night
At night, when the sun
goes down, you can
see stars in the sky.


noon
Noon is midday, 12:00,
when the sun is closest
to overhead.


November
November is the
eleventh month of the
year.


October
October is the
tenth month of
the year.


seasons
There are four seasons in
the year: winter, spring,
summer, and fall (also
called autumn).


second
There are 60 seconds in a
minute.



- 95 -


second hand
The second hand on a
clock tells you how
many seconds have
gone by.


September
September is the
ninth month of the
year.


spring
Spring is the
season after
winter and
before
summer.


summer
Summer is the
season between
spring and fall
(autumn).


sunrise
Sunrise is the time
when the sun rises.


sunset
Sunset is the time when
the sun sets below the
horizon.


time
Time is measured in
seconds, minutes,
hours, days, weeks,
months, and years.


timeline
A timeline is a
graphic
display that
shows a series
of events that
happen in a
time period.


time zone
The Earth is divided
into 24 time zones so
that everyone in the
world can be on
roughly similar
schedules (like
having noon when
the sun is highest in
the sky).


today
Today is the day it is
right now.



Triassic period
Dinosaurs and mammals
first appeared during the
Triassic period, which
lasted from 248 million
to 208 million years
ago.


watch
A watch is a small
clock you can take
with you to tell time.


week
There are 7
days in a
week: Sunday,
Monday,
Tuesday,
Wednesday,
Thursday,
Friday, and
Saturday.
There are 52
weeks in a
year.


winter
Winter is the season
between fall and
spring. In the
Northern
Hemisphere, winters
are cold; in the
Southern
Hemisphere, they are
warm.


year
A year consists of 12
months, 52 weeks, or
365 days.













- 96 -
Tools


awl
An awl is a tool used
to make small holes
in things.


ax
An ax is useful for
chopping wood.


chisel
A chisel is a tool
used to carve
wood, marble, or
other materials.


drill
A drill makes
holes in things.


file
A file is used to smooth
things.


funnel
A funnel is a device
that lets you pour
things from one
container to another.


hammer
A hammer is good for
pounding nails into
wood.


hatchet
A hatchet is an ax
with a short
handle.


level
A level is a tool
that checks if
both sides of
something are at
the same height.


nail
A nail is a long, thin
piece of metal that you
can hammer into wood.


nut
A nut is a piece of
metal that fastens
onto a bolt or screw.


pliers
Pliers are tools that
hold things.


rake
A rake is a garden
tool that helps
gather grass and
leaves.


saw
A saw is a tool
that cuts things.


scissors
Scissors are used for
cutting things, like
paper.


screw
A screw is a threaded
metal fastener that
has a slotted head.


screwdriver
A screwdriver is a tool
that is used to put in
and remove screws.


shovel
Shovels are used
to dig.


stapler
A stapler is a
device that
attaches papers to
each other using a
small piece of
metal.


tape measure
A tape measure is used
to measure things.


tongs
Tongs are a type of simple
tool used to pick up things.


tools
Tools help us do work
and make things.


tool box
Tools are stored or
carried in a tool
box.


washer
A washer is a round,
flat object with a hole
in it, made of metal or
rubber. It is placed next
to a nut to help fasten
it.


wedge
A wedge is a tapering block
(often made of wood) that is
used for holding things in place,
splitting things or tightening
things.


wrench
A wrench is a tool that turns
nuts or bolts.




- 97 -

Toys and Games


archery
In archery, you
shoot an arrow
(using a bow),
aiming at a target.


backgammon
Backgammon is an
ancient board game
played with tiles and
dice.


ball
A ball is round and fun
to bounce, throw, kick,
or catch.


balloons
Balloons are rubber
sacks that are filled
with air or other
gases.


baseball
Baseball is team
game that is
played with a
ball and a bat.


baseball bat
You hit a baseball
with a baseball bat.


basketball
Basketball is a sport in
which you get points
for throwing a ball
into a basket.


blocks
You can build things
with toy blocks.


brush
A brush is used to
paint, clean, or
groom.


bubbles
It is fun to blow
soap bubbles!


cards
Some people play
games with cards.


chalkboard
You can write with
chalk on a chalkboard.


checkers
Checkers is a two-
player game that is
played on an 8 by 8
square game board.


circus
A circus is a
traveling show that
has acrobats, clowns,
and animals.


clay
Potters make
beautiful things
out of clay, like
mugs, plates, and
bowls.


clown
Clowns are people
who dress up in
funny clothes and
try to make you
laugh.

coloring book
You can color the
pictures in a coloring
book.


comic book
A comic book is a book
whose story is told in
colorful pictures and
some words.


computer
You are using a
computer right now.


connect-the-
dots
When you do a
connect-the-dots
puzzle, you make
a picture.


costume
People wear
costumes to pretend
they are someone or
something else.


crafts
Crafts are fun, artistic
activities.


crayons
Crayons are colorful wax
sticks that are used for
drawing.


crossword puzzle
A crossword puzzle has
interlocking words that
you guess from clues.


dance
When you move
your body
rhythmically, you
are dancing.



- 98 -


dart
A dart is a small,
pointed object that
is thrown at a
target in a game.


dartboard
A dartboard is the
target used when
playing darts.


dice
Dice are cubes with
numbers on each side
that are used in games.
A single one is called a
die.


disc
A compact disc
contains a lot of
encoded information,
like computer games
or music.


doll
Dolls are toys
that look like tiny
people.


dollhouse
A dollhouse is a
tiny house for
dolls.


dominoes
Dominoes is a game
played with tiles that
have numbers on
them.


doodle
A doodle is a quick
drawing done with little
thought.


drawing
A drawing is a
picture of something.


easel
Some artists
draw at an easel.


exercise
Exercise is very
good for you.


fireworks
Fireworks are beautiful
explosions in the sky that
people send up for a
celebration.


fishing rod
People use fishing
rods to catch fish.


football
Football is played
with an odd-shaped
ball in the USA.


game
People enjoy
playing games.


golf
Golf is a sport in
which a ball is hit
into a series of holes
using golf clubs.


golf ball
A golf ball is a small ball
used in golf - the ball sits
on a tee in the grass.


golf club
Golf clubs are used
to hit a golf ball.


ice skate
When you wear ice
skates, you can
glide across ice.


illusion
An illusion is
something that
tricks your eyes.


Internet
The Internet is a group
of connected computers.
You are surfing the
Internet right now!


jack-in-the-box
A jack-in-the-box is a toy that
can surprise you!


jack-o'-lantern
A jack-o'-lantern looks
scary when it's lit up!


jacks
Jacks is a traditional
children's game.


jigsaw puzzle
To put a jigsaw
puzzle together,
you match shapes.



- 99 -


jog
Jogging is good
exercise.


jokes
Do you know any good
jokes?


joystick
A joystick is used
to play some
computer games.


judo
Judo is one of the
martial arts.


juggle
It takes good
coordination to
juggle.


jump rope
There are a lot of
different ways to
jump rope.


kaleidoscope
A kaleidoscope is a
device that makes
beautiful, colorful
patterns.


karate
Karate is one of the
martial arts.


kite
You can fly a kite
on windy days.


knitting
Sweaters and
socks are made by
knitting.


magazine
A magazine is
published
periodically.


magnet
A magnet attracts things
made of iron.


martial arts
The martial arts
include Aikido,
Judo, Karate, Tae
Kwon Do, and
other sports.


mask
A mask covers your
face.


maze
Getting through
the passages of a
maze is tricky.


mitt
A baseball mitt is a
glove used to catch
balls.


nursery rhyme
Nursery rhymes are
simple rhymes that most
children enjoy.


oil painting
An oil painting is a
picture made using
oil paints.


Olympics
The Olympic
Games began over
2700 years ago in
ancient Greece.


origami
Origami is the art
of folding paper
into beautiful
shapes.


paintbrush
A paintbrush is used
to paint things.


painting
A painting is a picture
made using paints.


palette
A palette holds an
artist's paints.
MOM
2002

palindrome
A palindrome is a
word, phrase or
number that reads the
same forwards or
backwards. Some
palindromes are: the
name Bob, the
number 101, and the
phrase, "Madam, I'm
Adam."

pen pal
A pen pal is a
faraway friend
you write to.



- 100 -


photo
A photo, or
photograph, is a
picture taken with a
camera.


pinwheel
A pinwheel is a toy that
whirls around when you
blow on it.


play
When you play,
you are having fun.


project
A project is a task
that accomplishes
something. Crafts
projects are fun to
make.


puppet
A puppet is a doll
that you put your
hand in, making it
move.

puzzle
Puzzles can be
confusing but fun.


racket
A racket is used to hit a
ball or shuttlecock in
sports like tennis and
badminton.


radio
A radio lets you
hear broadcast
music and talk
shows.


rhyme
Words that rhyme
have endings that
sound the same, like
cat and hat or kite
and light.
?
riddle
A riddle is a
question that is a
puzzle or a joke.


robot
A robot is a
mechanical worker.


rocket
A rocket is a machine that
propels itself into space.


rocking horse
Children can rock
on a rocking horse.


roller skate
When you wear
roller skates, you
can roll along the
ground.


seesaw
Seesaws go up
and down.


ski
When you ski, you
glide over snow or
water.


slide
A slide is a playground
toy that you climb up on
and then slide down. You
can go very fast on a
slide.


snowman
Snowmen are
figures made from
snow. They melt
when the weather
gets warm.


soccer ball
A soccer ball is
made up of
pentagons and
hexagons.


sports
Playing sports is
fun and good
exercise.


stadium
A stadium is a large
building in which sports
events are held.


sword
A long time ago, soldiers fought
with swords.


tangram
A tangram is a traditional
Chinese puzzle that can
be made into many
shapes.


team
A team is a group of
people that work
together towards a
goal.


teddy bear
Teddy bears are
fun to cuddle.



- 101 -


tee
A tee holds a ball in
postion so you can
hit it.


telescope
A telescope is a optical
device that makes
faraway objects appear
closer and larger,
allowing us to see distant
objects in space.


television
A television is a
machine that
receives pictures
and sounds. People
watch and listen to
shows on
television.


tennis
Tennis is a sport in
which a ball is hit
over a net with a
racket.


tennis racket
A racket is used to
hit a ball or
shuttlecock in
sports like tennis
and badminton.


tent
A tent is a
temporary shelter
made of fabric.


tepee
A tepee is a house made
by some Native
Americans.


tic-tac-toe
Tic-tac-toe is a
game for two
players. The
winner has to get
three marks in a
row.


tongue twister
Tongue twisters are
hard to say!


toys
We play with toys.


train
A train has an
engine that pulls
railroad cars along a
track.


treasure chest
A treasure chest is a
lidded, locked box filled
with valuables.


vacation
A vacation is a
time of rest or a
change of everyday
activities.


wagon
You can pull things
in a wagon.


yo-yo
A yo-yo is a round
toy that goes up
and down on a
string.


Vehicle and Transportation Words



airplane
Airplanes fly in the
sky.


ambulance
An ambulance takes sick
people to the hospital.


anchor
An anchor is a heavy
metal device that holds
a ship in place.


automobile
An automobile is a
car.


bicycle
A bicycle has
two wheels, a
handle bar, and
pedals.



- 102 -


blimp
A blimp is is a
balloon-like airship
that floats in the
sky.


boat
Boats float in the water.


bulldozer
A bulldozer is a large
tractor that moves
earth.


bus
A bus is a large
vehicle that can take
many passengers to
places.


cab
Cab is another
word for taxi.


camper
You can travel and
sleep in a camper.


canoe
A canoe is a small boat.


car
You can travel in a car.


caravel
The caravel is a large
sailing ship that was
first made in Portugal
in the late 1400's.
Many world
explorers used
caravels.


cart
A cart is a
wheeled vehicle
that is pulled or
pushed by an
animal or a
person.


Conestoga
wagon
US pioneers used
Conestoga wagons
pulled by oxen or
horses to move
their belongings
westward. They
are also called
covered wagons or
prairie schooners.


covered wagon
US pioneers used covered
wagons pulled by oxen or
horses to move their
belongings westward.
They are also called
conestoga wagons or
prairie schooners.


dump truck
A dump truck is a truck
that can carry and then
dump its load (like
gravel or soil). A dump
truck toy is a great in a
sandbox.


engine
The engine of a train
pulls the railroad cars
along the track.


engine
The engines of
an airplane
propel it
through the air.
Englines also
power other
vehicles, like
cars.


fire truck
Fire fighters on a
fire truck help put
out fires.


funnel
The funnel is the
smokestack of a ship or a
train.


fuselage
The fuselage is the
main body of an
airplane.


garbage truck
A garbage truck
picks up garbage and
hauls it to the dump.


helicopter
A helicopter is
a flying
machine. It is
kept in the air
by a sideways
propeller on
top.



- 103 -


hot-air balloon
Hot-air balloons
float through the
air.


hull
The hull is the main body
or frame of a ship.


jet
A jet is a very fast,
powerful airplane.


jet engine
A jet engine is a
powerful motor that
propels a jet plane.


junk
A junk is a
traditional
Chinese sailing
ship made of
wood.


kayak
A kayak is a small
boat with an
opening in the
center for a person.


keel
The keel is the bottom of
a ship.


landing gear
The landing gear of an
airplane is the set of
wheels used during
landing and takeoff.


license plate
Every car has a
license plate that tells
you where it's from.


lifeboat
A lifeboat is a
small boat that
is kept on a
larger ship; it is
used in
emergencies.


limousine
A limousine is a
very long, fancy
car.


Mayflower
The Mayflower was the
name of the ship in which
the 102 Pilgrims sailed from
England to what is now
Massachusetts, on the
northeastern coast of the
USA. The Pilgrims landed
on December 11, 1620.


minivan
A minivan is a small
van.


motorcycle
A motorcycle has
two wheels and can
go fassssttttttt!


oar
An oar is used
to row a boat.


paddle
A paddle is an oar
for rowing a small
boat.


plane
Planes are machines that
fly in the sky. People ride
in them.


porthole
A porthole is a window
in a ship.


propeller
A propeller is a
device with blades
that is turned by an
engine; it makes
boats (and some
airplanes) move.


prow
The prow is
front part of a
ship.



- 104 -


railroad tracks
Trains run along
railroad tracks.

ride
When you take a ride,
you travel on something
else, like a bicycle, a
horse, or other means of
transportation.


rocket
A rocket is a machine
that propels itself into
space.


sail
A sail is a large piece
of strong fabric that
catches the wind and
propels a boat or
sailboard through the
water.


sailboat
A sailboat is a
boat that has
sails and is
powered by the
wind.


school bus
A school bus
carries children to
and from school.


ship
A ship is a very large
boat.


steamshovel
A steamshovel is a
machine that digs large
holes and can move
dirt.


submarine
A submarine is a
vessel that can travel
underwater and carry
people.


tail
The tail is the
rear section of
an airpane.


tanker
A tanker is a truck
that carries liquids,
like milk or
gasoline.


taxi
People pay a taxi driver to
drive them places.


tire
A tire is an air-filled
covering for a wheel.
Cars, bicycles, and
many other vehicles
use tires.


tow truck
A tow truck is a
strong truck that can
pull cars and other
trucks when they
cannot move.


tracks
Trains run
along railroad
tracks.


tractor
A tractor is a
powerful vehicle
that can pull a
plow or other farm
tools.


traffic light
A traffic light directs
traffic safely. Green
means go, yellow means
prepare to stop, and red
means stop.


train
A train has an engine
that pulls railroad cars
along a track.


truck
A truck is a vehicle
that can carry big
loads.


trunk
The trunk is the
large
compartment in
the back part of
a car.



- 105 -


tugboat
A tugboat is a
sturdy boat that
guides large boats
in and out of
harbors.


unicycle
A unicycle is a vehicle
with one wheel that is
moved by pedals.


van
A van is a truck used to
haul people and things
from one place to
another.



vehicle
A vehicle moves
people and things
from one place to
another.


wagon
You can pull
things in a
wagon.


wheel
A wheel is a
circular object that
rotates around its
center.


wheelbarrow
A wheelbarrow is a small
cart with one wheel and
two handles.


wheelchair
A wheelchair is a chair
on wheels that
handicapped people
can use to get around.


yacht
A yacht is a very nice
small ship.


zeppelin
A zeppelin is a
metal-framed,
motorized
balloon-like
airship that
floats in the
sky.

Verbs: Action Words

A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being, like wiggle,
walk, run, jump, be, do, have, or think.



act
When you act, you
do something or
perform a role.


bake
You bake food in
the oven, making
breads, cakes, and
cookies.


break
When you break
something, it is
separated into two
or more pieces or is
cracked. Broken
things are often
unusable.


chop
When something is
chopped, it is cut into
smaller pieces.


clap
When you clap your
hands together they make
a noise.


crawl
Babies crawl to
move around.


cry
Sometimes people
cry when they're
sad or upset.


dance
When you move
your body
rhythmically, you
are dancing.


drink
People need to drink
water every day.


earn
You can earn money by
working.



- 106 -


eat
We eat when we
are hungry.


fall
If you lose your
balance, you can
slip and fall.


fly
When something
flies, it goes
through the air
without falling.
Many animals, like
flies, butterflies and
birds, can fly.
People can fly in
airplanes and
helicopters.


give
When you let
someone have
something, you are
giving it to them.


go
When you go, you are
moving.


have
If you have
something, you are
in possession of it
or it is a
characteristic of
yours.


hear
We hear things
with our ears. Our
ears give us a
sense of hearing.


juggle
It takes good
coordination to
juggle.


jump
When you jump, you
go up and down.


kneel
When you kneel, your
knees are on the floor.


knit
Sweaters and socks
are made by
knitting.


laugh
People laugh at
funny things, like
jokes.


learn
When you learn,
you find out
something new.


move
When you move, you
are not still.


nod
When you nod your head,
you move it up and down.


play
When you play,
you are having fun.


pull
When you pull
something, you
make it move by
tugging at it.


push
When you push
something, you
make it move by
pressing against it.


read
People read
newspapers, books,
magazines, the
Internet, and other
things.

ride
When you take a ride,
you travel on something
else, like a bicycle, a
horse, or other means of
transportation.



- 107 -


run
Running is faster
than walking.


scream
When you
scream, you talk
in a very loud,
emotional voice.


see
We see with our
eyes. Our eyes give
us a sense of sight.


sew
You can sew using a
needle and thread.
Clothes are made by
sewing.


shower
When you shower, you
wash your body in a
stream of falling water.


shrug
When you shrug,
you raise your
shoulders in order
to show that you
don't know, aren't
interested in, or
have doubts about
something.


sit
When you sit you
rest your legs.


ski
When you ski, you
glide over snow or
water.


sleep
We need to sleep
every night.


slip
If you lose your balance,
you can slip.


smell
We smell odors with our
nose.


smile
People usually smile
when they're happy.


speak
People speak in many
different languages.


splash
When a liquid splashes, parts
of it scatter around. Children
like to splash around in a
pool.


splatter
When you splatter something,
parts of it are scattered around.
Paint can splatter when you are
doing art work.


split
When something is split,
it is divided into two
pieces.


stand
When you stand, you
are on your feet.


sweep
You can sweep the floor
with a broom.


swim
When you swim, you move
around in the water.


talk
People talk in many different
languages.


teach
When you teach someone,
they learn something.


think
You can think of
amazing things.


throw
When you throw
something, you use your
arm to send it through the
air.


tickle
Tickling someone can make
them laugh.


touch
When two things touch, they are in
physical contact with each other.



- 108 -


twist
When you twist
you pivot your
body.


understand
When you
understand
something, you
know it very well
or you know how
it works.


unzip
When you unzip
something, you
open a zipper.


use
When you use
something you do
something with it.


vote
When you vote, you are
expressing your choice
for something or
someone, along with
other people as part of a
group decision.


walk
To walk is to move
on foot. Walking is
slower than
running.


wave
This girl is
waving to her
friends.


weep
Sometimes people
weep when they're
sad.


wiggle
When you wiggle you
twist and move all
over.


work
When you work, you do a
task.


write
When you write,
you put words on
paper.


yawn
Sometimes people
yawn when
they're tired.


yell
When you yell, you
shout in a very loud
voice.


zip
When you zip
something up, you
close a zipper.






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Weather-Related Words


acid rain
Acid rain is
polluted and is
harmful to the
environment.


atmosphere
The atmosphere is the gas that
surrounds a planet.


centigrade
Centigrade is a
measure of
temperature that
is abbreviated C.
Water freezes at
0C and boils at
100C.


cloud
Clouds are
white or gray
object that floats
in the air and
contains tiny
water drops or
ice particles.

cyclone
A cyclone is a storm
of rapidly spinning
air that is very
dangerous.


dust storm
A dust storm is a
very strong wind
that carries dust
across the land.
Dust storms occur
in dry areas, like
deserts


evaporation
Evaporation is the process in
which a liquid goes into its
gaseous form, for example,
when liquid water becomes
water vapor.


fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is a
measure of
temperature that
is abbreviated F.
Water freezes at
32F and boils at
212F.


hail
Balls of ice that
fall from clouds
are called hail or
hailstones.


hurricane
A hurricane is a
strong storm with
high winds and rain.
The very center of
the storm, called the
eye, is calm.


ice
Ice is frozen water.


Ice Age
An Ice Age is a time when the
Earth becomes very cold and
much of it is covered with ice
and glaciers. There have been
many Ice Ages on Earth; the
last one lasted from about 2
million to 10,000 years ago.


iceberg
An iceberg is a
huge chunk of
ice that floats in
the sea. Most of
an iceberg is
hidden under the
water.


icicle
Icicles are
hanging ice that
are formed from
dripping water.


lightning
Lightning is a flash
of light in the sky
caused by an
electrical storm.



- 110 -


meteorologist
A meteorologist is
a scientist who
studies the weather.


precipitation
Precipitation is rain, snow,
hail, or sleet.


radar
Radar is a device
that uses
reflected radio
waves to located
objects at a
distance. Radar
is short for
"radio detection
and ranging."


rain
Rain is water
that falls from
clouds. Rain is
measured using
a rain gauge.

rainbow
A rainbow appears
when sunlight passes
through bits of water
in the air. The white
light is broken up
into many colors.


sky
The sky is blue.


sleet
Sleet is freezing rain.


snow
Snow is flakes
of frozen water
that fall from
clouds when it is
very cold.


snowflake
Snowflakes are
made of snow -
they are
crystals. No two
snowflakes look
alike, but they
all have six
sides.


storm
A storm is very bad
weather, like a
hurricane or a
typhoon.


thermometer
A thermometer is used
for telling what the
temperature is.


thunderstorm
A thunderstorm is a an electrical
storm with lightning (flashes of
bright light), which creates thunder
(very loud sounds).


tornado
A tornado is rapidly
spinning air that is
very dangerous.
Tornados are
funnel-shaped. If a
tornado travels over
a body of water, it is
called a waterspout.


twister
Twister is another
name for a tornado,
a rapidly spinning
air that is very
dangerous.


vortex
Rapidly spinning gas or
liquid is called a vortex.


water
Water is a liquid that we
drink and use to wash.
Water covers over two
thirds of the surface of the
Earth, and much of our
body is made of water.


water cycle
The Water Cycle is the journey water
takes as it circulates from the Earth to
the sky and back again.


waterspout
A waterspout is a
tornado that travels
over a body of water.


weather
Weather is the state
that the outdoors is in,
like how windy it is,
how hot or cold it is,
or if it is raining or
snowing.


weather balloon
A weather balloon is a giant
balloon that is sent high in
the sky to measure weather
information, like
temperature, wind speed,
and air pressure.



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weather vane
A weather vane is a
device that points
the way the wind is
blowing.


whirlwind
Rapidly spinning air is called
a whirlwind.


wind
The wind is air
that blows
outside.


windsock
A windsock is a
device that
shows which
way the wind is
blowing and the
wind's speed.








Parts of The Face
More Anatomy Activities











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