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U
S teens seeking weight-loss surgery
have a startling number of health
problems that used to be seen only
in adults, according to a major govern-
ment-funded study.
Half the teens had at least four major
illnesses linked with their excess weight.
Three out of four had cholesterol prob-
lems, almost half had high blood pressure
or joint pain and many had diseased livers
or kidneys.
The study offers reassuring evidence
that obesity surgery is generally safe for
teens, echoing previous short-term re-
search. While it is a drastic, last-ditch op-
tion, major complications including acci-
dental injury to internal organs occurred
in just 8 per cent of teens. Less serious
complications including bleeding and de-
hydration affected 15 per cent of kids dur-
ing the rst month after surgery.
In a recent scientic statement, the
American Heart Association said obesity
surgery may be the most effective treat-
ment for what it called severe obesity in
teens, a condition it said affects about 5 per
cent of US children and is increasing na-
tionwide. The groups threshold for severe
obesity is a body mass index of at least 35.
The average BMI in the study was 51.
The statement says obesity surgery
should be considered for those with re-
lated health problems who are psychologi-
cally mature enough to handle it.
The results bolster evidence from smaller
studies in teens and also suggest teens may
do better, at least initially, than adults. Earlier
30-day research in adults found a few deaths
after obesity surgery, although the risk was
no greater than for other major operations.
There were no deaths in the teen study.
AP
We have to cultivate in our genera-
tions that the UAE ag is a symbol of
respect for our country.
-Shaikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum,
UAE Vice-President and Prime Minister and
Ruler of Dubai
Te UAEs stand by Egypt is a stand
with a brother, stemming from our
love for Egypt, not from hatred
against someone.
-General Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al
Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy
Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces

History has demonstrated that de-
mocracies are more stable, viable and
prosperous than any alternative.
- John Kerry, US Secretary of State
Te Americans smile and express
desire for negotiations, on the other
hand they immediately say that all
options are on the table.
- Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme leader of
Iran
It is scientically proved that Yasser
Arafat didnt die a natural death and
we have proof that he was killed.
- Suha Arafat, Yasser Arafats widow
Te world has become greedy. Tere
is poverty everywhere. Tere are
some people who have so much and
they dont want to part with any of it
for others.
- Tegla Loroupe, Kenyan athlete
Compiled by Gulf News Archives
The big number
NOVEMBER 09
TEHRAN - Japanese Foreign Minister
Fumio Kishida visits Tehran.
MALDIVES - Presidential Elections
NOVEMBER 10
ABU DHABI - International
Petroleum Exhibition and Conference
NOVEMBER 11
WARSAW - 2013 United Nations
Climate Change Conference
NOVEMBER 12
DUBAI - Arabian Business Forum
NOVEMBER 13
DUBAI - Mohammad Bin Rashid Al
Maktoum Business Awards
NOVEMBER 14
DUBAI Golf: DP World Tour
Championship
GLOBAL - World Diabetes Day
NOVEMBER 15
DUBAI - Alicia Keys concert
Compiled by Gulf News Archives
IN BRIEF A3
Gulf News | Saturday, November 9, 2013 | gulfnews.com
News illustrated
Gulf News Source: WHO
Achieve and maintain healthy body weight
Be physically active at least 30 minutes of
regular, moderate-intensity activity on most
days. More activity is required for weight
control
Eat a healthy diet of between three and fve
servings of fruit and vegetables a day and
reduce sugar and saturated fats intake
Avoid tobacco use smoking increases the
risk of cardiovascular diseases
things you need to know about diabetes
November 14 is World Diabetes Day. The burden of diabetes is increasing
globally, particularly in developing countries. The causes are a complex, but are in
large part due to rapid increases in overweight, obesity and physical inactivity.
Although there is good evidence that a large proportion of cases of diabetes and
its complications can be prevented by a healthy diet, regular physical activity,
maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco, this evidence is not
widely implemented. Coordinated action is needed from the level of international
and national policy to reduce exposure to the known risk factors for diabetes and
to improve access to and quality of care.
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There are two major forms of diabetes. Type 1
diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production and
type 2 diabetes results from the body's inefective use of
insulin.
347 million people worldwide have diabetes. There is an
emerging global epidemic of diabetes that can be traced back
to rapid increases in overweight, obesity and physical
inactivity.
Diabetes is predicted to become the seventh
leading cause of death in the world by the year
2030. Total deaths from diabetes are projected to rise by
more than 50% in the next 10 years.
A third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes.
This type is characterized by hyperglycaemia, or raised blood
sugar, which has frst appeared or been recognized during
pregnancy.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common
than type 1 diabetes. It accounts for around 90% worldwide.
Reports of type 2 diabetes in children have increased
worldwide.
80% of diabetes deaths occur in low and middle-
income countries. In developing countries those most
frequently afected are aged between 35 and 64.
Cardiovascular disease is responsible for 50%
to 80% of deaths in people with diabetes. Diabetes has
become one of the major causes of premature death, mainly
through the increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
In 2004, an estimated 3.4 million people died
from consequences of high fasting blood sugar.
It is a leading cause of blindness, amputation
and kidney failure. Lack of awareness combined with
limited access to health services and medicines, can lead to
complications such as blindness, amputation and kidney failure.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented. Thirty
minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity and a healthy
diet can drastically reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.
How can the burden
of diabetes be reduced?
Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be
efective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2
diabetes. To help prevent type 2 diabetes and its
complications, people should:
31082957_1.1
20,000,000
Number of children to be vaccinated in the Middle East after polio resurfaced in
Syria. Unicef, WHO say this would be the regions largest-ever polio campaign.
AP
For better or worse
Chelsea Hale holds a photo of herself
three years ago at 17 before she had
obesity surgery, in Fairfeld, Ohio,
when she weighed 314 pounds.