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# Hierarchy of Complex Numbers

Reference:
Punzalan, Lolita O. (2005). New Integrated Approach in Math I, Elementary Algebra.
Philippines: St. Bernadette Publishing House Corporation.

Complex
Real Numbers
Rational
Numbers
Integers
Negative
Integers
Whole
Numbers
Zero
Natural
Numbers/
Positive
Integers
Non-integers
Irrational
Numbers
Transcendental
Numbers
Imaginary
Numbers

Area of Mathematics: Algebra
Title of the Lesson: Division of Polynomials (Polynomial by a Monomial)

Rule in Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial
To divide a polynomial by a monomial, simply divide each term of the polynomial by
the given divisor.

Examples:
1. Divide

by

.
Solution:

2. Divide

by

.
Solution:

Reference: Grade 7 Mathematics Teachers Guide

Area of Mathematics: Trigonometry
Title of the Lesson: The Law of Sines

The Law of Sines states that in any oblique triangle, a side divided by the sine of the
angle opposite it, is equal to any other side divided by the sine of the opposite angle.

Example:
Solve the triangle in which a=219, , and .

Solution:
Since and are given, can be determined by subtracting the sum of the
given angles from 180. Thus, we have

.

Use the law of sines to find b.

Finally, use

to find c.

If two sides and an angle opposite one of them are known, three possibilities
can occurone triangle, two triangles exist, or no triangle exists.

Reference:
Dilao, Soledad J. et. al. (2009) Advanced Algebra, Trigonometry and Statistics, Textbook for
Fourth Year. Philippines: SD Publications, Inc.,

Area of Mathematics: Number Theory
Title of the Lesson: Number Theoretic Function

A number-theoretic function is a special kind of function whose domain covers only
the set of positive integers.
Two arithmetic functions are considered: and .
, as the symbol for the number of positive divisors of n, and
, as the symbol for the sum of positive divisors of n.

Theorem 8.1.1

with

## , is the canonical representation of n, then

Examples:
1.
n= 800 =(5+1)(2+1)
n=2222255 =(6)(3)
n= 2
5
5
2
=18

2.
n=800

n= 2
5
5
2

p1= 2 p2= 5

Reference:
Ymas, Sergio Jr. E. (2004). Elementary Number Theory. Philippines: Ymas Publishing House.

Area of Mathematics: Linear Algebra
Title of the Lesson: Coordinate Vectors

Definition:
Let B= {b, ... ,bn} be a basis for a vector space V1 and let V be a vector in V. The unique
vector C=(C1, C2, , Cn) in R
n
such that V= c1b1++cnbn is called the coordinate vector of V1
with respect to the basis B. [V]B.

Examples:
1. In R
3
, find the coordinate vector of V=[2,3,6] with respect to the natural basis and with
respect to B= {[

] [

] [

]}.

[

]

[

]

[

]
}

a. []

[

] [

] [

]
[] [ ]
b. []

[

]

[

]

[

]

2. Let S= {V1, V2, V3, V4} be a basis for R4, where
V1= (1, 1, 0, 0)
V2= (2, 0, 1, 0)
V3= (0, 1, 2, -1)
V4= (0, 1, -1, 0).
If V= (1, 2, -6, 2)
Compute [V]S= c1[1,1,0,0]+c2[2,0,1,0]+c3[0,1,2,-1]+c4[0,1,-1,0].

[

|

= [

|

[

|

= [

|

[

|

= [

|

[

|

= [

|

]

c4= 1
c3= -2

[] []
= -6 + 4 + 1
= -1

[]

Learning Area: Calculus
Title of the Lesson: Theorems on Limit of Functions

Theorems on Limit of Functions
1. Let m, b be constant.

Example:

2. Let c be constant.

Example:

[ ]

[]

Example:

[ ]

[ (

) ]

= 2

, provided M0.

Example:

[]

Example:

=[ ]

[ ]

= 16

## , when L>0 for n even

Example:

Angle and Its Parts

An angle is the figure formed by two rays or line segments, called the sides of the
angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.

Consider the figure below:

The vertex of is point D and its sides are

and

.
and are called adjacent angles and their common side is

.

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angle
A
B
C
D
D
S