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PROJECT PROPOSAL

ON
ESTABLISHMENT OF MOTHER BLOCK
(POMEGRANATE)
IN ORISSA


UNDER RKVY
2012-13







DIRECTOR OF HORTICULTURE
ODISHA, BHUBANESWAR.





PROJECT SUMMARY

Name of the project: Establishment of mother block
(Pomegranate)


Implementing agency: Directorate of Horticulture,
Odisha, Bhubaneswar


Project area: Bongamunda Farm,
Titlagarh, Bolangir


Area; 2.0 ha (5.0 ac)


Financials:

Year Total cost
(Lakh Rs.)
RKVY
assistance
(%)
RKVY
assistance
(Lakh Rs.)
2012-13 6.0 100% 6.0
2013-14 1.5 100% 1.5
2014-15 1.5 100% 1.5
Total 9.0 100% 9.0

Implementation Period: 2012-15


ESTABLISHMENT OF MOTHER BLOCK
(POMEGRANATE)

Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a favourable table fruit in tropical and sub-
tropical regions of the world. A native to Iran, it is found from Kanyakumari to
Kashmir, but is cultivated commercially only in Maharastra. Small-scale plantations
are also seen in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar
Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. In India, it is considered as a crop of the arid and semi-
arid regions because it with stands different soil and climatic stress.
Pomegranate grows well under semi-arid conditions. It thrives best under hot
dry summer and cold winter provided irrigation facilities are available. The tree
requires hot and dry climate during fruit development and ripening. It cannot produce
sweet fruits unless the temperature is high for a sufficiently long period. Humid
climate lowers the quality of fruits and increases incidence of fungal diseases.
Pomegranate can be grown on a wide range of soils. It prefers a well-drained,
sandy-loam to deep loamy, or alluvial soils. It can be grown on light soils. Quality
and colour development in light soils is good but poor in heavy soils.
The pomegranate varieties under cultivation in the country are of seedling
origin. Varietal improvement in pomegranate has been attempted both by selection of
promising types from the indigenous ones and through controlled hybridization. A
large number of varieties are available inside the country. They are as follows:

1. Alandi, Karadi and muskati in Maharastra,
2. Madhugiri and Bassein Seedless in Karnataka.
3. Dholka in Gujarat.
4. Jodhpuri Red, Jodhpuri White and Jalore Seedless in Rajasthan
5. Chawla, Nabha and Country Large Red in Haryana
6. Velludu in Tamil Nadu
7. Kodur, Paper shelled, Muskati Red and Spanish Ruby are recommended for
cultivation under South Indian condition.
8. Ganesh, G 137, Jyothi and IIHR Selection, Yercaud and Co1 are some of the
promising types.

2.1. Present scenario: Although pomegranate is one of the minor fruit crop in the
state, it has very good market potentiality. The soil and climatic conditions also
favours the proper growth and development of the crop. Pomegranate plants are
found in the back yards of villagers. This plant besides providing fruits also used as a
medicinal plant in preventing dysentery.

2.2. Need of the mother plant block:
In asexual methods of plant propagation, plant parts are being used as
propagating materials. The plant from which the plant parts collected is known as
mother plants. There is every possibility of transmission of disease or pest which is
present in the mother plant to the progeny. The mother plants have to be maintained
properly to obtain disease free planting materials so that multiplication of disease /
pest can be prevented. Thus there is a need for the establishment of mother plant
block / scion banks.
Progeny tree or Mother or Stock plants are maintained in this section / block
of the nursery. The correct choice of kind and variety of fruit crops and collection of
true-to-the-type mother plants has strong bearing on the success and good will of
nursery industry. There are collections of good number of promising varieties of
popular crops in progeny tree block. The progeny trees are maintained in healthy,
disease free, genetically true-to-the-type and free from insect pest attack so that the
prospective purchasers should be satisfied that true-to-the-type, high yielding and
healthy propagating material is used by the nursery owner. These trees are of
guaranteed performance and maintained by keeping a separate register. The planting
distance of mother trees will depend upon the type of the fruit. Initially, for
establishment of mother trees, the planning materials are to be obtained from reliable
source especially from Government farms or Agriculture University nurseries or
private licensed nurseries to get true-to-the-type plants of high performance. The
criteria for selection of mother plants are as follows:
1. It should be genetically true-to-the-type.
2. The plants should be precocious and prolific bearer.
3. It should be healthy and free from any diseases, pest infestations and
physiological disorders.
4. It should have known pedigree records for bearing potential and fruit quality.

2.3. Objectives:
The basic objectives of the establishment of mother plant block for pomegranate are
as follows:
To take up R & D for pomegranate in the state.
To facilitate farmers in increasing their technical knowhow.
To develop good quality planting materials.
2.4. Strategy:
To achieve the said objectives, it has been proposed to establish a Mother
plant block of Pomegranate at Bongamunda Farm in Bolangir district to conduct
research & development as well as supply good quality planting materials of
pomegrate to the farmers.
2.5. Site: The mother plant block for pomegranate will be established at
Bongamunda Farm in Bolangir district. The site is beside the road from Titlagrh to
Lanjigarh facilitating easy communication.

The Bongamunda farm is under the Directorate of Horticulture with the
following infrastructures and facilities.
1. Geographical area: 20.8 ha
2. Orchard area: 9.0 ha
3. Fallow land suitable for research station: 7.8 ha
4. Fencing available for 10 ha.
5. Farm pond (400 X 255) available for ground water recharge.
6. Bore well: 1 no
7. Temporary shed: 1 no
8. Soil type: Sandy loam
9. Power tiller: 1 no
10. Electricity: 3-phase electric line with transformer

2.6. Proposed activities:
It has been proposed to take up the following activities in the mother plant block.
Collection of improved and popular varieties of pomegranate all over India.
Development of mother plant block over an area of 5.0 acre (2.0 ha).
Maintenance of the plants for 3 years.
Research on varietal suitability to Odisha condition.
Financial implications:
The establishment of mother plant block of pomegranate will require funds for
the establishment, collection and maintenance of mother plants.
Sl.
No.
Item of
expenditure
Unit Rate
(Rs.)
2012-13
(Rs.)
2013-14
(Rs.)
2014-15
(Rs.)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Land
development
2 ha 30000/ha 60000
2 Fencing with
small gate
2 ha
(600rmt)
400/rmt 250000
3 Collection of
mother plants
from inside and
outside the state
LS 100000 25000 15000
4 Planting and
maintenance
2 ha
72500
37300
41400
145000 74600 82800
5 R & D LS 30000 35000 40000
5 Miscellaneous 15000 15400 12200
Total 600000 150000 150000

Modalities :
This project will be implemented by the Horticulturist, Titlagarh and the
required funds will be met out of RKVY.

Outcome:
It is hoped that, the establishment of mother block of pomegranate shall be
demonstrative for the other farmers of the State. Quality planting materials of
pomegranate will be produced and made available to the farmers.

Area -1ha. Density-400 plants Spacing--5mx5m Labour @Rs.90/MD Cost in Rupees
Sl Components of cost 2nd year
No A. LABOUR
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
Unit /
MD
Cost
(Rs.)
1 Tractor ploughing @ Rs.350/ hr. 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750 5 hr 1750
2 Lay out & demarcation 4 360
3 Digging of pits (0.6mx0.6mx0.6m) 32 2880 4 360 2 180
4 Filling of pits( carrying compostt, mixing with 11 990 1 90 1 90
soil & basal dose of fertiliser, pesticide etc.)
5 Planting followed by watering 8 720 1 90 1 90
6 Staking 8 720
7 Irrigation 150 13500 150 13500 150 13500 80 7200 80 7200 80 7200 80 7200
8 Intercultural operation (hoeing, weeding, 24 2160 28 2520 30 2700 30 2700 30 2700 30 2700 30 2700
application of fertiliser & manure)
9 Application of PP chemicals & Hormone 24 2160 20 1800 24 2160 25 2250 25 2250 25 2250 25 2250
10 Training & pruning 23 2070 22 1980 25 2250 25 2250 25 2250 25 2250 25 2250
11 Harvesting , Post harvest handling 8 720 12 1080 16 1440 24 2160 40 3600
SUB TOTAL - A 27310 22090 23440 17230 17590 18310 19750
B. INPUTS
1 Planting material @ Rs.25 / gootee 440 nos. 11000 20 nos. 500 8 nos. 200
2 Cost of manure @ Rs. 560 / MT 8 MT 4480 4 MT 2240 4 MT 2240 4 MT 2240 4 MT 2240 4 MT 2240 4 MT 2240
3 Fertilizers
N @ Rs.12.37 per Kg. 20 Kg. 247 60 Kg. 742 120 Kg 1484 150 Kg. 1856 200 Kg. 2474 220 Kg. 2721 250 Kg. 3093
P
2
O
5
@Rs.34.00 per Kg 10 Kg. 340 20 Kg. 680 40 Kg. 1360 50 Kg. 1700 60Kg. 2040 80 Kg. 2720 100 Kg. 3400
K
2
O @ Rs.20.0 per Kg 18 Kg. 360 36 Kg. 720 54 Kg. 1080 72 Kg. 1440 80 Kg. 1600 90 Kg. 1800 100 Kg. 2000
Micronutrients 500 750 1000 1000 1000
4 Cost of PP chemicals 875 600 1000 1000 1500 2500 2500
5 Cost of staking material @Rs.3/ 1200 600 600
6 a.Irrigation (Drip) 15000
b.Irrigation charges 2800 3000 3000 5000 5000 5000 5000
7 Mulching material 1600 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
8 Cover crop 750 750 750
SUB TOTAL -B 38652 11832 14214 15986 17854 19981 21233
Miscellaneous / Contingency @10% 6538 3378 3746 3384 2556 3809 4017
GRAND TOTAL 72500 37300 41400 36600 38000 42100 45000
Pomegranate
1st year 3rdyear 4th year 5th year 6th year 7-20th year