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Science
Paper 2
October
2014
2 hours
ST. XAVIER INSTITUTION
FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION 2014
FORM 4
SCIENCE
PAPER 2
Two Hours and Thirty Minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS TEST PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO


1. This question paper consists of 11
questions.
2. Answer all questions.

Section
A

Question
1
2
3
4
B
5
6
7
8
9
C
10
11
TOTAL

This question paper consists of 12 printed pages


SECTION A
1

Marks

[20 marks]
Answer all questions.
1

Table 1 shows the result of an experiment to show the reaction between 3.0 g
zinc with 100 cm 3 dilute hydrochloric acid.

Time/minutes
Volume of gas/ cm3 I
(a)

(b)
Volume
of gas
(cm3) 7

0
0

1
27

2
46
TABLE 1

3
57

4
64

5
67

6
67

State the hypothesis for this experiment.


........................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................[1 mark]

Plot a graph of gas volume against time based on Table 1. [2 marks]

0
6
0
5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0
(c) Based on the graph that you have plotted, determine the volume of the gas
0 released
1 at 2 minute.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Time (minutes)
2

..................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................[1mark]
(d) Predict the volume of gas released at 7 minutes.
.................................................................................................................[1 mark]
2
Diagram 2 shows an experiment to study the reactivity of metals when react
with oxygen.
Glass wool
(
Metal filling
Potassium manganate (VII)

(Serbuk logam)
Heat

Heat

DIAGRAM 1
Three types of metals X, Y and Z are used and the results are shown in the
Table 2.
Metal
X
Y
Z

Observation
Burns with bright light
Glows dimly
Burns moderately
TABLE 2

(a)

Write down one inference that can be made from observation in Table 2

[1 mark]
(b)

State the following variables in this experiment.


(i)

Manipulated :.

(ii)

Constant :
3

[2 marks]

(c)

Based on the results in Table 2, arrange the reactivity of the metals from
the most reactive to the least reactive.

[1 mark]

[1 mark]
(d)

If the metals used in this experiment are magnesium, zinc and iron, predict
what is metal X?

[1 mark]

Diagram 2(a) and 2(b) show an experiment to study the different characteristic of
natural rubber M with vulcanized rubber N.
Length with weight

Length without weight

Panjang semasa digantung


pemberat

Panjang selepas pemberat


dikeluarkan

Rajah 4(a)
(ii)
Diagram 2(b)(ii)

Diagram 4(b)(ii)

The result are recorded in Table 4.

Rajah 4(b)(ii)
Diagram 2(a)
(i)
Rajah 4(a)(i)

Diagram 2(b)
(ii)
Rajah 4(b)(ii)

Length of rubber

Natural rubber M

Vulcanized rubber N

Initial length

8.0 cm

8.0 cm

Length with weight 200


gm
Length without weight

10.0 cm

8.3 cm
8.0 cm

TABLE 2

(a)
(b)

Based on the above experiment, complete Table 2.


State one hypothesis for the above experiment.

[1 mark]

(c)

.................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
State the responding variable in this experiment

(d)

....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
State how to control the constant variable.

(e)

...................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Predict the length of vulcanized rubber N if weight 250 gm is used.

.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Diagram 3 shows the formation of twins.

Diagram 2

(a) Name process P.


[1 mark]
5

(b) Name the cell division at stage Q.


[1 mark]
(c) Describe how the two embryos are formed.

[2 marks]
(d) State one characteristic of the foetuses formed.
[1 mark]
SECTION B
[30 marks]
Answer all questions.
5

Diagram 6 shows copper refining using electrolysis

P :................................
.........

Q:..............................................
...........
R :.............................................
DIAGRAM ............
3

(a)

[3 marks]
On diagram 3, name P, Q and R by using the following information
Pure copper
Impure copper
Copper(II) sulphate

(b)

State the energy changes in this electrolysis process

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
6

(c)

Why metal P becomes thinner in the electrolysis process?

...............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(d)

State one use of electrolysis other than metal refining

...............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
6

Diagram 4 shows radioactive radiation in electrical field.

+++
+
T : ------------------------+
U
V : ------------------------Radioactive source /

------

Sumber radioaktif

DIAGRAM 4

(a)
(b)

(c)

Name radioactive rays T and V inRAJAH


Diagram
[2 marks]
7 4.
(i) Which ray is positively charged?
.................................................................................................
....................
(ii) Explain your answer in b(i)
.....................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
Which ray is used to sterile food before packaging?
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d)

State the method that can be used to stop ray U from emit to the
environment?
.....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
7

Diagram 5 shows a cross section of human brain.

A
B

DIAGRAM 5
(a)

Based on Diagram 5, name the structures labelled A and B.


A.

(b)

B..
[2 marks]
State one function of structure A .
..
[1 mark]

(c)

State two effects of drug abuse on the brain


1.
2
[2 marks]

(d)

What will happen if structure B is injured?


..
[1 marks]

8 Diagram 6 shows the arrangement of atoms in a steel.


8

atom P

atom Q
DIAGRAM 6
(a)

Name the atom


(i) P :
..

(b)

( ii ) Q :
.
[ 2 marks ]
What is the role of atom P in the steel above?

(c)

[ 1 mark ]
State two new characteristics of the steel compared to the iron.
(i)
(ii)
[ 2 marks ]

(d)

Name one alloy other than stell.


[ 1 mark ]

Diagram 7 shows the list of organisms in paddy field


Mice
Grasshopper
Paddy
Sparrow
Eagle
Owl
9

Diagram 7
(a)

Based on Diagram 7, name


Producer :
.............................................................................................
Primary
consumer : .............................................................................................
[2 marks]

(b)

Based on Diagram 6, build one food chain in the boxes provided.

[1 mark]
(c)

State one characteristic of producer.


....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d)

State the energy change in the food chain


....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(c)

What would happen to the primary consumer if the producers died ?


....................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

SECTION C
[20 marks]
Answer all questions.
10 There are two types of variation, continuous variation and discontinuous
variation.
10

(a) Give four differences between continuous variation and discontinuous


variation.
[4 marks]
(b)

Diagram 8 shows various characteristics of human being.

Blood group

Ability to roll tongue


Variation
Type of earlob

(Variasi)

Presence of dimples

DIAGRAM 8
Study the above characteristics. Explain how you would develop a concept based
on the information in Diagram 8
Your explanation of the concept should include the following:

11

(a)

Identify two common characteristics


[2 marks]
Develop initial concept
[ 1 mark]
Give another example and a non-example in relation to the concept
[2 marks]
State the actual concept
[ 1 mark]

(i)

Draw and label the arrangement of particles in copper and bronze.

(ii)

Explain why bronze is harder than copper?


[4 marks]

(b)

Diagram 9 shows examples of alloys


Pewter
(Piuter)
Brass
(Loyang
)

Alloys
11
(Aloi)
Bronze
(Gangsa

DIAGRAM 9
Study the above examples. Explain how you would develop a concept of
alloy. Your explanation of concept should include the following:

Identify two common characteristics


[2 marks]
Develop initial concept.
[ 1 marks]
Give other examples and non-examples in relation to the concept.
[2 marks]
Explain the actual concept
[ 1 mark]

*****************************THE END*************************

*Warning : Those students caught copying will get zero for all subjects in the
examination

12

Study the following statement.


The height of students in a classroom varies from one student to another
student and there are many values between the shortest student and the tallest
student.

(a) Suggest a hypothesis to study the above statement.


(b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) according to the
following criteria.
I.

Aim of the experiment

II.

Procedure or method

III.

Tabulation of data

IV.

Conclusion