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Assignment Booklet
BTME Programme
Fourth Year
BME 023 Advanced Manufacturing Technology
BME 024 Mechanical Engineering Design
BME 025 Condition Monitoring and Maintenance Engineering
BME 027 Heat and Mass Transfer
BME 028 Fluid Mechanics
BME 029 Robotics
BME 030 Safety Engineering (Elective Course0
BME 031 Energy Conversion
BME 035 Industrial Engineering and Operations Research
SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY
Maidan Garhi, New Delhi 110 068
JANUARY 2014
2
Q.1 (a) What are the essential techniques used by industries for implementing Concurrent
Engineering project? Explain.
(b) Describe the methods of near net shape manufacturing.
Q.2 (a) Explain the different approaches for design assembly.
(b) What do you understand by Nano Technology? List the various application of nano
materials.
Q.3 (a) List down the different types of carbon nano-tube manufacturing process. Explain any
one of them.
(b) Explain the various phases of QFD process with neat sketch.
Q.4 (a) Explain in detail the various matrices in the house of quality.
(b) Describe with help of block diagram the conversion of 3D scaner data to CAD model.
Q.5 (a) Explain the variaous steps involved in DFMA Process.
(b) Explain in detail of Kanos Model.
Q.6 What do you understand about rapid tool production? How do you classify rapid tooling?
Explain.
Q.7 (a) Describe 3-D Keltool process. What are the advantages of 3-D Keltool process?
(b) Enumerate the shep of Shell Investment Casting.
Q.8 Explain the working of Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) with neat sketch.
Q.9 What is reverse engineering? What are the different uses of reverse engineering? Explain.
Q.10 Write short notes on any two:
(a) Topographic shape function
(b) Index Mapping
(c) e-manufacturing enviorment.
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-023
ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Advanced Manufacturing Technology.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME-023
Last Date of Submission :July 31, 2014
BTME
3
Q.1 List the different theories of failures. Explain them in detail.
Q.2 (a) Explain the following terms of the helical spring :
(i) Free length,
(ii) Spring rate,
(iii) Spring index, and
(iv) Active and inactive coils.
(b) Design a helical compression spring for a 78 mm diameter safety valve which is required
to blow off at 1.5 MPa pressure. The maximum lift of the valve is 25 mm. The maximum
shear stress is 425 N/mm
2
. Spring index should not be less than 6.
Initial compression is approximately 42 mm. Take modulus of rigidity for the material
= 0.84 x 10
5
N/mm
2
.
Q.3 (a) What is an eccentric loaded welded joint? Discuss the procedure for designing such a
joint.
(b) Explain following terms related to riveted joint :
(i) Transverse pitch,
(ii) Margin, and
(iii) Diagonal pitch.
Q.4 (a) Distinguish clearly, giving examples between shaft, axle and spindle.
(b) An overhang hollow shaft carries a 900 mm diameter pulley whose centre is 250 mm
from the centre of the nearest bearing. The weight of the pulley is 610 N and the angle of
lap is 180
o
. The pulley is driven by a motor vertically below it. If permissible tension in the
belt is 2650 N and coefficient of friction between the belt and pulley surface is 0.3,
estimate diameters of shaft, when the internal diameter is 0.6 of the external diameter.
Take tensile and shear stresses in the shaft as 84 MPa and 68 MPa, respectively.
Q.5 (a) What do you mean by buckling of a spring? How can it be prevented?
(b) What do you mean by self energizing brake and self locking brake?
(c) What are the important factors in brake design?
Q.6 (a) What is interference in gears? How can you overcome it?
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-024
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Mechanical Engineering Design.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME-024
Last Date of Submission : July 31, 2014
BTME
4
(b) A pair of spur gears for an E.O.T. crane drive is made of the following specifications :
Pressure angle = 20
o
full depth
Endurance strength of pinion = 85 MN/m
2
Endurance strength of gear = 60 MN/m
2
No. of teeth on pinion = 24
No. of teeth on gear = 60
The pinion is to transmit 5.5 kW at 350 rpm.
(i) What standard module and face width will satisfy the requirements?
(ii) Check the design for wear or surface fatigue.
Q.7 (a) Discuss the effects of helix angle on the performance of helical gears.
(b) A pair of helical gears having a transmission ratio 8 : 3 with steady load condition, used
for turbine. The maximum speed is 2500 rpm. The pinion has 27 teeth and face width of
100 mm. The module is 6 mm. The material used for gear is heat treated steel with
250 BHN and
b
= 210 MPa. Using carefully cut gears, calculate :
(i) Power transmission capacity.
(ii) Value of dynamic load and wear load.
(iii) Magnitude and direction of the forces produced at the point of contact and their
significance on shaft design.
Q.8 (a) Why does a cone clutch transmit more power than a plate clutch?
(b) A multi-disc clutch consists of alternate steel and bronze plates. It is required to transmit
35 kW at 1600 rpm. The ratio of radial width of plate to its mean radius is
0.6. The intensity of pressure is limited to 0.095 MPa and the coefficient of friction is 0.3.
Determine
(i) Number of steel and bronze plates and their dimensions required. Assume uniform
wear.
(ii) Size of spring, assuming six number of springs with the allowable stress 450 MPa
and spring index = 6.
Q.9 (a) Define the following terms with respect to hydrodynamic bearing :
(i) Clearance,
(ii) Minimum film thickness,
(iii) Attitude,
(iv) Bearing characteristic number, and
(v) Sommerfeld number.
(b) A full journal bearing is rotating at 1200 rpm and supporting a load of 7.5 kN. Shaft
diameter is 60 mm. The bearing radius is 30 mm, l/d ratio = 1, minimum thickness of oil
film is to be maintained is of 0.009 mm.
Find :
(i) Required viscosity of oil.
(ii) Temperature rise in oil.
(iii) Amount of oil flow rate through the bearing.
(iv) Power lost in friction.
Q.10 (a) List the factors to be considered in the selection of bearings. How antifriction bearings
are designated? Explain.
(b) A 6312 deep groove ball bearing is subjected to the following loading cycle :
5
(i) For 20 % of time
F
r
= 400 N, F
a
= 200 N at 750 rpm
(ii) For 50 % of time
F
r
= 500 N, F
a
= 125 N at 1000 rpm
(iii) For 30 % of time
F
r
= 250 N, F
a
= 150 N at 1500 rpm
Determine the rating life bearing in hours.
6
Q.1 (a) Clearly explain, giving suitable examples about maintenance management and
plant engineering and management.
(b) Briefly describe the functions of plant engineering giving suitable examples.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.2 (a) Describe preventive maintenance, giving suitable examples. Also discuss the
advantages and disadvantages of preventive maintenance.
(b) Explain the terms Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Tero-Technology, Logistics and
Physical Assets Management.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.3 (a) What is ABC Analysis? Explain the step-by-step method to conduct the ABC Analysis in
the industry where you are working.
(b) What is codification? What are the advantages of codification? Explain the codification
system implanted in the industry where you are working.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.4 (a) What is condition based maintenance? Describe the approaches to implement condition
based maintenance.
(b) List out various destructive tests you know. Briefly explain any two of them. What are its
applications in maintenance engineering?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.5 (a) Explain in detail about four pillors of condition monitoring.
(b) Discuss various techniques employed for monitoring the condition of the equipment?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.6 (a) Distinguish between quality and reliability, with suitable examples.
(b) Discuss various maintenance performance indicators (MPIs). Explain their importance.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.7 (a) Differentiate between Total Quality Management (TQM) and Total Productive
Maintenance (TPM).
(b) Explain the terms Zero Defect, Zero Breakdown and Zero Accidents with reference to
TPM.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.8 What is Japanese concepts : Kaizen? What are the salient features of Kaizen? List out the
different types of Kaizen. Explain any two types of Kaizen in detail.
(10)
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-025
CONDITION MONITORING AND MAINTENANCE ENGINEERING
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Condition Monitoring and Maintenance Engineering.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME-025
Last Date of Submission : July 31, 2014
BTME
7
Q.9 Explain the types of replacement policy you are following in your organization. Discuss its
merits and demerits that you experience practically.
(10)
Q.10 Write short notes on the following.
(a) Present Worth Factor (PWF)
(b) Machine Life Cycle
(c) Salvage value
(d) Reliability
(e) Breakdown Maintenance
(2X5=10)
8
Q.1 Explain, in detail the various modes of heat transfer with suitable examples.
(10)
Q.2 A board is composed of three equal layers, middle being of packed saw dust (K = 0.02 W/m
o
c) with the side layers made of plywood each of 2 cm thickness (K = 0.12 W/m
o
c). The three
layers joined together by bolting using four steel bolts of 1 cm diameter at the corners (K= 40
W/m
o
c). Calculate the heat flow per m
2
area if one surface is at 35
o
C and the other at 20
o
C.
(10)
Q.3 (a) What is boundary layer thickness?
(b) What do you mean by laminar and turbulent boundary layer?
(5+5=10)
Q.4 It was found during a test in which water flowed with a velocity of 2.44 m/s through a tube
(2.54 cm diameter and 6.08 m long), that the heat lost due to friction was 1.22m of water.
Estimate the surface heat transfer coefficient based on Reynolds analogy. Take = 998 kg/m
3
and C
p
= 4.187 KJ/Kg K.
(10)
Q.5 Define the following
(a) Nusselt Number
(b) Froude Number
(c) Stanton Number
(d) Prandtl Number
(e) Grasshoff Number
(5X2=10)
Q.6 Describe the properties of blackbody. State plancks law and also give its important features.
Also give the expression for plancks law.
(10)
Q.7 How can heat exchanger be classified according to flow arrangement of fluids in the heat
exchanger?
(10)
Q.8. Explain the following in brief
(a) Kirchhoffs Law
(b) Ficks Law
(2X5=10)
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-027
HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Heat and Mass Transfer.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code: BME- 027
Last Date of Submission : July 31, 2014
BTME
9
Q.9 A thin aluminum sheet with an emissivity of 0.1 on both sides is placed between two very large
parallel plates that are maintained at uniform temp. T
1
=800K and T
2
= 500K and have
emissivities 0.2 and 0.7 respectively. Determine the net rate of radiation heat transfer between
the two plates per unit surface area of the plates and compare the result to that without the
shield.
(10)
Q.10 Classify and explain the various membrane separation processes.
(10)
10
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME 028
FLUID MECHANICS
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Fluid Mechanic.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME 028
Last Date of Submission : July 31, 2014
BTME
u
1
p
1
P
2
2
1
Q.1 (a) A rectangular plate of 0.50 0.50 m dimensions weighing 500 N slides down an inclined
plane making 30
o
angle with horizontal at a velocity of 1.75 ms
1
. If the 2 mm gap
between the plate and inclined surface is filled with a lubricating oil, find its viscosity and
express it in poise as well as in Ns/m
2
.
(b) A fluid of constant density = 950 kg/m
3
flows steadily through the tapered tube as
shown in Figure 1. The diameters of the tube at point 1 and 2 are d
1
= 100 mm and d
2
=
70 mm. The gauge pressure p
1
at inlet is 200 kN/m
2
, and the velocity u
1
of the fluid at
inlet is 6 ms
1
. Calculate the gauge pressure p
2
at section 2.
Q.2 (a) The velocity components in a two-dimensional flow-field for an incompressible fluid are
expressed as
y x x
y
u
2
3
2
3
+ =
3
2
3
2
x
y xy v =
(i) Show that these functions represent a possible case of an irrotational flow.
(ii) Obtain an expression for the stream function .
(iii) Obtain an expression for the velocity potential |.
(b) A hydraulic jack consists of a connected mass of oil with two pistons. The smaller piston
15 cm
2
in area is to take the force applied whereas the large piston 150 cm
2
in area
carries the load. Assuming that a person can apply a force of 300 N, determine the
maximum load that the jack can lift if
(i) the piston are at the same level, and
(ii) the larger piston is 1 m below the smaller, the liquid in the jack being oil with mass
density 950 kg/m
3
.
11
y
x
h
h
u (y)
Q.3 (a) The laminar boundary layer profile in a case is approximated by a cubic parabola
3 2
2
1
2
3
|
.
|

\
|
o
|
.
|

\
|
o
=
y y
U
u
where u = velocity at a distance y from the surface and y o, u U.
Calculate the displacement thickness and momentum thickness in terms of o and
workout the shear stress at the surface.
(b) A flat plate is placed longitudinally in a lubricant stream of water flowing at 10 m/sec.
Locate the transition point and calculate the boundary layer thickness just before the
transition.
Q.4 (a) A uniform water stream at 5 m/sec over a rough surface, placed parallel to the flow and
towed at 2 m/sec opposing the flow. Calculate the power required to tow the plate if it is 2
m long and 1 m wide.
(b) Assuming that the bulk modulus of elasticity of water is
2 6
kN/m 10 07 . 2 at standard
atmospheric conditions, determine the increase of pressure necessary to produce 1%
reduction in volume at the same temperature.
Q.5 (a) Using the Navier Stokes equation and the continuity equation, obtain an
expression for the velocity profile between two flat parallel plates, separated by
the distance 2h. Also, find the volumetric flow rate if width of the plate is b.
Figure 3
(b) A venturimeter with an inlet diameter of 0.6 m is designed to handle 6 m
3
/sec of standard
air. What is the required throat diameter if this flow is to give a reading of 0.1 m of alcohol
in a differential manometer connected to the inlet and the throat?
sp. gr. of alcohol = 0.8.
Q.6 (a) A pipe (1) 450 mm in diameter branches into two pipes (2) and (3) of diameters 300 mm
and 200 mm respectively as shown in Figure 1. If the average velocity in 450 mm
diameter pipe is 3 m/s, find :
(i) discharge through 450 mm diameter pipe and
(ii) velocity in 200 mm diameter pipe if the average velocity in 300 mm pipe is
2.5 m/s.
1
2
3
d
2
= 300 mm
d
3
= 200 mm
d
1
= 450 mm
12
Figure 1
(b) If for a two-dimensional potential flow, the velocity potential is given by : 4 (3 4) x y | = ,
determine the velocity at the point (2, 3). Determine also the value of stream function at
the point (2, 3).
Q.7 (a) The velocity vector in a fluid flow is given by k j i V t y x x 4 5 2
2 3
+ = . Find the velocity
and acceleration of a fluid particle at (1, 2, 3) at time, t = 1.
(b) A fluid flow field is given by k j i V yz xyz z y y x ) 2 (
2 2 2
+ + =
Prove that it is a case of possible steady incompressible fluid flow. Calculate the velocity
and acceleration at the point (2, 1, 3).
Q.8 (a) A wooden block of width 2 m, depth 1.5 m and length 4 m floats horizontally in water.
Find the volume of water displaced and position of centre of buoyancy. The specific
gravity of the wooden block is 0.7.
(b) Check if y y x + =
2 2
represents the velocity potential for 2-dimensional irrotational
flow. It is does, then determine the stream function .
Q.9 (a) A partially submerged body is towed in water. The resistacne R to its motion depends on
the density , the viscosity of water, length l of the body, velocity v of the body and the
acceleration due to gravity g. Show that the resistance to the motion can be expressed in
the form
(

|
.
|

\
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
2 2
,
V VL
V L R


(b) An agitator of diameter D rotates at a speed N in a liquid of density and viscosity .
Show that the power P required to mix the liquid is expressed by a functional form,
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
g
D N ND
f
D N
P
2 2
5 3
,

Q.10 (a) A flat plate, 1.5 m 1.5 m, moves at 50 km/hr in a stationary air of density 1.15 kg/m
3
.
If the coeffcients of drag and lift are 0.15 and 0.75 respectively, determine
(i) the lift force,
(ii) the drag force,
(iii) the resultant force and
(iv) the power required to keep the plate in motion.
(b) A balloon uses hot air to provide its lifting capacity. Prior to release, it is tethered to
ground by a steel cable. If the gondola weight, passengers and material weight is 10 kN,
determine the tension in the cable when the balloon is inflated as a sphere of 20 m
diameter. Assume that the hot air has a specific weight of 6 N/m
3
and ambient has a
specific weight of 11 N/m
3
.
13
Q.1 (a) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of hydraulic actuators in robot.
(b) What is an encoder? What are the types of encoder?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.2 Describe the non-manufacturing applications of robots. Discuss safety issues in robot
application.
(10)
Q.3 What is a machine vision and what are the sensor components in a vision system?
(10)
Q.4 For a joint, initial angle is u
0
at time t = 0 and the final angle is u
f
at time t = t
f
The end effector
starts with a velocity
0
and acceleration
0
and it stops with velocity
f
and acceleration
f.
Write these boundary conditions in time variable and a polynomial in time, t to express u (t).
Derive expressions for coefficient of polynomial.
(10)
Q.5 (a) What is programming by simulation ?
(b) How many joints a wrist should have and why ?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.6 (a) Discuss the operation of rotation about an arbitrary axis represented by a vector and
derive the rotation matrix and give geometric interpretation.
(b) Discuss Lagrange - Euler formulations for a robotic manipulator.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.7 Give different ways of programming the robots. Also explain the logic of selecting different
programming methods?
(10)
Q.8 Write short notes on any five of the following:
(a) Task planner
(b) RPL
(c) Joint space
(d) Serial Chain Robot
(e) Robot economics
(f) Scara Robots
(10)
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-029
ROBOTICS
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Robotics.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME-029
Last Date of Submission :July 31, 2014
BTME
14
Q.9 (a) Find out the D H parameters of three link planar arm as shown in figure-1.
Figure-1
(b) How the robots are classified on the basis of different types of path controlled systems?
Explain in detail with examples.
(15 + 5 = 20)
15
Q.1 (a) Describe different types of wastes. How can waste be used? What is municipal solid
waste? Describe different categories of MSW.
(b) What is the solid waste scenario in Indian cities? What is integrated solid waste
management?
Q.2 (a) How do you classify waste? What functions are identified in waste management?
What is an incinerator?
(b) How are particulate matters removed from flue gas of an incinerator? Distinguish
between pyrolysis and starved air incineration.
Q.3 (a) Discuss different treatments given to hazardous waste before final disposal. Why are
such treatments necessary? Give names of such disposal methods which do not
require pretreatments.
(b) What is incineration? What are different incineration technologies? What are the
advantages of rotary kiln?
Q4. (a) Why does a fire occur? Describe fire classes and portable extinguishers used against
them.
(b) What is the role of first aid in responding to emergency? Describe contents of a first
aid kit. What are different elements of emergency planning?
Q5. (a) Safety alone is not the objective of Safety Engineering. Health of worker should also
be included in the objective. Justify the statement.
(b) What is occupational safety? Describe reasons for risks to the safety and health of a
worker in work place.
Q6. (a) Enumerate the health problems arising out of industrialization. Discuss the measures
for health protection of workers.
(b) Describe the types of Accidents and discuss the preventive measures.
Q7. (a) Describe principles on which gas detection in industrial environment is made.
(b) What is acid rain? Which pollutants cause acid rains?
Q8. (a) Describe a typical landfill cross-section and bring out the significance of each layer.
(b) What is incineration? What are different incineration technologies? What are the
advantages of rotary kiln?
Q9. (a) What are safety inspections? Discuss the objectives and roles of inspectors.
(b) What is a disaster? Distinguish between a man-made and natural disaster. Describe
briefly the after effects of such disasters as earthquake, floods and cyclone.
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-030
SAFETY ENGINEERING
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code: BME- 030
Last Date of Submission: July 31, 2014
BTME
16
Q10 What is safety training and why is it necessary? Discuss the role of trainer of safety
engineering. Describe four steps of training preparation, presentation, application and
evaluation for safety engineering.
17
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME 031
ENERGY CONVERSION
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Computer Aided Process Planning.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME 031
Last Date of Submission :July 31, 2014
BTME
Q.1 (a) What do you understand by energy? Describe forms of energy, their sources and
state how they are used in practice
(b) A car is pulled up an inclined road by an electric motor driven hauling device upto the
highest point which is 5 m above the level of the bottom of the inclined road. The
efficiency of hauling gear is 90%. Calculate the power of electric motor if the car is
hauled up in one minute. If the car were to be driven by its own engine it would have
covered 100m length of inclined road at a constant speed of 20 km/hr. The efficiency of
transmission gearing of car from engine to wheel is 85%. Calculate the power developed
by car engine. The car with engine weighs 12 kN.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.2 (a) What is an electric machine? Distinguish between machines which receive
mechanical energy and those which produce mechanical energy. Describe the
construction of three types of generators.
(b) Differentiate between synchronous and asynchronous motors. Calculate the
synchronous speed of a 6-pole induction motor when it is fed from a 60 Hz source. If the
motor is running at 1180 rpm, what is % slip and what is the frequency of rotor current.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.3 (a) Why do we need steam condenser is steam power plant? Describe a surface condenser.
(b) Steam enters a condenser with enthalpy 1810 kJ/kg and leaves it with enthalpy of 200
kJ/kg. The rate of cooling water flow is 200 kg/hr at a temperature of 25
o
C and water
exits at a temperature of 87
o
C, find the amount of condensate. C
p
for water 4.2 kJ/kg K.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.4 (a) Mention non-conventional energy sources and describe use of wind for generating
electricity.
(b) A propeller type wind turbine is operating at 40 rpm at maximum efficiency. Wind havind
density of 1.226 kg/m
3
and velocity of 20 m/s exists. The turbine diameter is 100 m. Find:
(i) total power density in wind
(ii) maximum obtainable power density
(iii) obtainable power density with efficiency = 50%
(iv) the total power
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.5 (a) What are manufactured solid fuels? Describe their properties and applications.
18
(b) Determine the products of combustion and air fuel ratio by weight when fuel with
chemical formula C
7
H
16
is burned with 20% excess air.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.6 (a) A lift cage weighing 5000 N was resting at a height of 20 m from the array of springs
exactly below the lift cage. The cables holding the cage break suddenly and the cage
falls freely on to the bank of the springs. What energy is supplied to the springs and at
what speed does the cage strike the springs? If the breaking of cable activates a brake
on the lift it falls upon the springs with a speed of 5 m/s. What is the energy imparted to
springs in this case. What amount of energy has been converted by brake and in which
form? If brakes were supposed to help the cage at a height of 18 m, at what efficiency
the braking system worked?
(b) An induction motor runs with 2% slip and frequency of its rotor current is 1 Hz. If motor
has 6 poles, calculate the speed of motor.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.7 (a) Propane C
3
H
8
is used as fuel in an engine with 30% excess air. Assuming complete
combustion determine the composition of exhaust gases on mass basis. Atomic weights
are : C=12, O=16, N=14, H=1, Molar ratio of nitrogen to oxygen is 3.76.
(b) Steam enters a single row single stage impulse turbine through a nozzle at an angle of
20
o
and leaves the blade in axial direction. The ratio of blade velocity to tangential (whirl)
velocity of steam is 0.6. Sketch the velocity diagram and calculate
(i) the blade velocity and
(ii) work done per kg and steam.
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.8 (a) Air enters the compressor of a gas turbine plant at a pressure of 1 kgf/cm
2
and
temperature of 350 K. Air is compressed to 4 kg/cm
2
an enters the turbine at a
temperature of 832 K. The efficiencies of compression and expansion are 80% and 85%
respectively at air inflow rate of 90kg/min. Heating value of fuel is 10,000 k cal/kg. Find(i)
temperature of air at the end of compression and expansion.
(ii) ratio of air to fuel
(iii) net power developed by plant
(iv) overall plant efficiency
(v) ratio of compressor work to turbine work
assume for air Cp = 0.24 k Cal/kg K
Cu = 0.17 k Cal/kg K
for gas Cp = 0.26 k Cal/kg K
Cu = 0.19 k Cal/kg K
(b) Describe an open cycle gas turbine power plant. What fuels are used for gas turbine?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.9 (a) A symmetric vane moving with a speed of V
0
is struck by a jet of velocity V at
angle o with the central line. Draw velocity diagrams at entry and exit and define
all velocity components.
(b) Distinguish between a fire tube and water tube boiler. Give examples. In which case the
thickness of drum of water will be less if two types of same capacity are compared.
Which boiler will have less reserved energy and why?
(5 + 5 = 10)
Q.10 (a) In how many different ways the solar energy can be used for generating power ? Despite
solar energy being free, use of solar energy for power is very less. Give reasons.
Describe other applications of solar energy.
(b) What is bio-gas? What are the sources of bio-gas? How can we use bio-gas for power
generation?
(5 + 5 = 10)
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Q.1 (a) Define Industrial Engineering and describe its importance. State the tools and techniques
of Industrial Engineering being applied in industries.
(b) What is Productivity? How productivity is related to production?
Q.2 (a) Discuss how Industrial Engineering helps to increase the production of an organization
(b) Using the following cost matrix, determine (i) optimal job assignment and (ii) cost of
assignment.
Mechanic
Jobs
1 2 3 4 5
A 11 3 3 2 8
B 9 7 8 2 7
C 7 5 6 2 4
D 3 5 8 2 4
E 9 11 9 6 11
Q.3 (a) Define Method Study. What are its objectives? Differentiate between work measurement
and method study.
(b) Explain the significance, construction and the applications of the following recording
techniques.
(i) Operation Process Chart
(ii) Flow Process Chart
(iii) Multiple Activity Chart.
Q.4 (a) What is the performance rating? Why is it required to rate the worker? What are the
different rating methods?
(b) Explain the various types of element with example of each.
TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENT
BME-035
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING ANDOPERATIONS RESEARCH
Note : All questions are compulsory and carry equal marks. This assignment is based on all
Blocks of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research.
Maximum Marks : 100
Weightage : 30%
Course Code : BME-035
Last Date of Submission : July 31, 2014
BTME
20
(c) What is work sampling? What are its merits and limitations? In which area of production it
can be useful?
Q.5 (a) What are the needs for organizations to design and develop new products?
(b) Explain the functional and operational aspects of product design.
(c) Explain the quality and reliability aspects of product design.
Q.6 (a) Write Short Notes on :
(i) Aesthetic aspects of Product Design
(ii) Environmental consideration in Product Design
(b) Define ergonomics. What are its objectives? Mention the areas of application of the
ergonomics.
Q.7 (a) What is System? Explain various aspects of man-machine system.
(b) How the environmental factors affect the man-machine system?
Q.8 Using simplex method solve the linear programming problem :
Minimise
1 3 3
3 2 Z X X X = +
Subject to
1 2 3
3 2 7 X X X + s
1 2
2 4 12 X X + s
1 2 3
4 3 8 10 X X X + + s
1 2 3
, , 0 X X X >
Q.9 (a) A company has three plants A, B and C, 3 warehouses X, Y and Z. The number of units
available at the plants is 60, 70 and 90 and the demand at X, Y and Z are 70, 80 and 80,
respectively. The unit cost of the transportation is given in the following table :
X Y Z
A 8 7 3
B 3 8 9
C 11 3 5
Find the allocation with the help of Vogels Approximation Method so that the total
transportation cost is minimum. Also, conduct optimality check.
(b) Describe the transportation model. Also discuss various methods to solve the
transportation problems.
Q.10 (a) What is simulation? Discuss the usefulness of simulation in industrial engineering.
(b) Children Mona and Hema play a game who have some 25 paise coins and 50 paise
coins. Each draw a coin from their bags without knowing other's choice. If the sum of
coins drawn by both is even, Mona wins them, otherwise Hema wins. Find the best
strategy for each player and also find the value of the game.