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A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMME

DEVELOPED FOR THE 4


TH
STD Z.P.
SCHOOL BAL VIDYA SHISHU MANDIR
USING VISUAL TEACHING
AIDS IN MARATHI
SUBJECTS
THIS REPORT IS SUBMITTED FOR THE PARTIAL
FULFILLMENT OF THE D.ED COURSE.
SUBMITTED
BY
ARJUN SHAHAJI JIJABA
DIV: A ROLL NO. 04
GUIDE BY
MRS. AATEKA MAM
M.C.E. SOCIETY JR. COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
AZAM CAMPUS PUNE
!ENGLISH MEDIUM"
#00$ #00
SELF DECLARATION
I here by Arjun Shahaji Jijaba that the research work done The
Effect of Visual Teaching Aids on the Student of Marathi Medium Std

th
of !esearch "ork# done by me$ I ha%e s&ecified that sources from
where the rele%ant information has been collected to the best of the
research knowledge$ This thesis is not substantially the same as those
which were submitted for any other academic 'ualification to the
institute or any other$$
(lace )* (une
+ate )* ,uide)
Aateka Mama
DEDICATION AND VOTE FOR THANKS
The researcher would like to thanks to show her gratitude and to
thank Mrs$ Aateka Mam for her %aluable guidance and Mrs$ Shehna-
Mam for her kind hel&$
The researcher would like thank the &rinci&al of M$.$E Society/s
of Jr$ .ollege of education Mrs$ Sabrina khan Madam for guiding me
the &ermission to conduct the research$
0inally the research would like to all he colleagues who hel&ed
her to com&leting research$
+ate
(lace$
A!J12 S3A3AJI JIJA4A
CERTIFICATE
This is certify that the work &resented in the re&ort$ The Effect
of Visual Teaching Aids on the Student of Marathi Medium Std
th
Submitted by Arjun Shahaji Jijaba shown new worked under my
su&er%ision for the re'uired &eriod as &er the ordinance$ The re&ort is
satisfactory for on the &oint of %iew language &resentation of subject
matter 5 I am for warding it for e%olution to the uni%ersity$
(lace )*
+ate )*
,uide )* Mrs$ Aateka Mam
M$.$E Society Jr$ .ollege of
Education A-am .am&us6 (une
INDE%
Sr$ 2o 2AME 70 .3A(TE! (A,E
27$
TIT8E
.E!TI0I.ATE
SE80 +E.8A!ATI72
+E+I.ATI72 A2+ V7TE 70 T3A29S
.3A(TE! 27$ * :
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:$; 2EE+ T3E (!748EM
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4I48I7,!A(3@
C&'()*+
. I,)+-./0)1-,
There is growing interest audio*%isual education in India$ Today
%isual materials ha%e been recogni-ed by the teachers and educationist
as in the dis&ensable and the integral com&onent of the instruction
materials des&ite both formal and informal education$ It is different to
say whether institutions ha%e been de%elo&ing the &ro&er a&&reciation for
the contribution$ "hich %isual materials can make and should be making
the im&ression of the lesson &erement in the &u&il mind$

The idea is to a&&eal the teacher himself is a teaching aid but he
can make use of additional teaching aids to make the lesson more
interesting and attracti%e$ The eye and the ear are easily accessible$
Therefore e%ery o&&ortunity to make use of them should be utili-ed6
3ence %isual teaching aids is %ery B %ery im&ortant in teaching and
learning &rocess

.# N**. ',. 12(-+)',0*
N**.
The teaching aids can be &owerful look in ro%e the learner skills
in academic subject$
To find out how much &ercent teaching aid effect on the learning
&rocess is im&ortant which teaching aid is effecti%e not eD&ensi%e
which is useful for teaching and learning &rocess$
To find out such as teaching aids are effect the learning &rocess
or achie%ement le%el of the student$
.3 I2(-+)',0*)*
:E To de%elo& child intellectually as well as mentally
;E To teach student effecti%ely
<E To create interest in teaching learning &rocess
E To attract the student to wards the teaching &oints$
.4 S)')*2*,) -4 A12:5
The effect of %isual teaching aids on the student of Marathi
Medium in the subject of Marathi std
th
# in school of F$( 4al
Vidya Shishu Mandir6 +ist (une$
.6 O(*+')1-,'7 D*41,1)1-,)*
:E Effect B .hange in beha%ior
;E Visual B A&&liance used in teaching which see 5 eD&erience by
eyes$
<E Aid B The de%ice which are used into teaching learning &rocess$
E Std
th
B Student study in
th
standard has &assed out from std <
rd
ha%ing the age grou& of G to :G years$
THE FOLLO8ING ARE THE TYPE OF VISIUAL AIDS.
Visual Aids
:E (ictures
;E Slides
<E .harts
E +iagrams
=E Ma&s
>E 0igure
?E ,ra&hs
HE Table

V19/'7 A1.9
" P10)/+*9 6" M'(9
#" S71.*9 :" F1;/+*9
3" C&'+)9 <" G+'(&9
4" D1';+'29 =" T'>7*
.: O>?*0)1@*
:E To find out the causes behind student not &ay attention to words
teacher teaching$
;E To &re&are a &rogram using %isual teaching aid$
<E To study the effect of %isual teaching aids on the student$
.< A99/2()1-, ',. HA(-)&*919
A99/2()1-, :5
I Student are different age le%el$
I Student are from same socio and economical background$
HA(-)&*919:5
There will be significant difference in the achie%ement of the unit taught
with the hel& of %isual teaching aids$

.= S0-(* ',. L121)')1-,

S0-(* ) *
This research is useful for teacher
This hel& to clear the conce&t in student mind$
This research is useful for student in learning &rocess$
L121)')1-,)*
The student of
th
std only$
It is limited only for Marathi Medium$
It is limited to only := students$
C&'()*+ ,- 5#
#. R*@1*B -4 R*7')*. L1)*+')/+*
"hat do you mean by related literature
8iterature means to store the information about the
&articular subject to study about references regarding &articular to&ic and
references regarding &articular to&ics and also it gi%e more information
or identical information about the study$ 8iterature gi%es us &latform and
direction to study subject in dee&$ !eferences are useful for getting
more information$
R*@1*B -4 P+*@1-/9 L1)*+')/+*
A,)-,A9'2A L.S !$=$"
Study related to teaching en%ironmental conce&t to school dro& out
through %ideo 5 chart it was font that learning though %iewing of the
%ideo films was more effecti%e than learning through chart6 flash card6
7$3$($ etc$
!B*&*+' S.C.S S)/.A !$$0""
In%estigated the im&act of ETV on com&etencies of teacher of
elementary school the study demonstrated the teacher eD&osed to ETV
&rogrammer achie%ed significantly more on their knowledge
understanding 5 a&&lication in the s&ecified content areas in actual
teaching$ Visual aids enables a s&eaker to face is grou& from the front
of an illuminated room 5 &roject on the screen abo%e 5 behind him$
The s&eaker can write sketch 5 rice as he is &resenting his
lecture in addition when using o%er head &rojector J73(E trans&arencies
can be &re&ared in ad%ance 5 used at the discretion o the s&eaker with
no dual o&eration im&ortance &sychological techni'ues including in no
more effecti%e way than with the %isual aid$
#.# I,,-@')1-, ',. /9*4/7,*99 -4 +*9*'+0& B-+C.
:E (re%ious research were at the le%el M$&hil 5 (h$+ le%el but this
research is at lower le%el$
;E (re%ious research were done by using two grou& design but this
research researcher had used single grou& design$
<E This research is done in Marathi Medium School while other research
were done in &ri%ate school$
E In this research researcher had used inno%ati%e method that is
communicati%e a&&roach as a treatment$
=E The re%iew hel&ed to understand the %arious as&ect of &rimary co*
education focus in research study$
CHAPTER NO 53
IMPLEMENTATION OF RESEARCH
3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
!esearch methods can be called &lanning and eDecution undertaken by
the researcher to sol%e a s&ecific research &roblem$ The research
&roblem can be &ast oriented6 &resent oriented or future oriented$ Thus
on the basis of conclusion research methods are di%ided into three
grou&s$
M*)&-.9 -4 *./0')1-,'7 +*9*'+0&
There are %arious method of educational research such as
M*)&-.9 -4 +*9*'+0&
H19)-+10'7 R*9*'+0& D*90+1()1-, R*9*'+0& ED(*+12*,)'7 R*9*'+0&

:E H19)-+10'7 +*9*'+0&:5
It is a&&lication of scientific method of in'uiry of historical &roblem6 it
hel&s in descri&tion and analysis of &ast e%ents it su&&orts of the new
conce&t to de%elo&ed$
e$g$ three decade of audio*%isuals aids$

;E D*90+1()1-, E 9/+@*A 2*)&-.:5
It is concerned with conditions or relationshi& that eDist o&inions that
are held &rocess that are going on effects that are e%ident or trends that
are e%ident or trends that are de%elo&ing$
e$g$ B a study of T$V %iewing habits of school children and their
effects$
RESEARCH METHODS
ED(*+12*,)'7 2*)&-..
The researcher has selected eD&erimental method for the research$
ED&erimental research)* in this research effects one factor study on other
studying in eD&erimental research eDamining in h?y&othsis indicating in
causes and effects relation$
e$g$ in study6 like story telling has any reading affecting reading of
study story telling reading ability are not co*related each other but we
ha%e causes and effects are relationshi& that is in this research the
reason and effects his study$ 3ence story telling reason of as which is a
eD&ected affect reading ability$
ED&erimental6 research his conducted to understand affects on factor like
teaching methods educational instrument no of student in classroom on
the factor like6 moti%ation attitude etc$
C&'+'0)*+19)109 -4 *D(*+12*,)'7 +*9*'+0&
:E 0or making com&arati%e study eD&erimental and control grou&
minimum two grou&s are re'uired$ This hel& to find out the
effects of taken and which action more effecti%e$
;E "hat action is to be taken and what eDtent it should be decided
by the research$
<E It is not &ossible handy in de&end %ariable seD6 age social and
economical condition$
E ,rou&s are di%ided e'ually by using random sam&ling method$
=E EDternal %ariable which are not included in study but which can
effects the de&end are control by using a control &rocess$
>E In eD&erimental research only one in de&end is arrange for
controlling other %ariable$
3.# SAMPLE
A sam&le is a &art of the &o&ulation which re&resents the eDact
&o&ulation$
E%ery factor of the sam&le is from the &o&ulation only$
The researcher has selected := student for the sam&le$
TA(*9 -4 9'2(7*
P+->'>171)A N-, P+->'>171)A
" R',.-2 S'2(71,; " 1,01.*,)'7 S'2(71,;
#" S)+')141*. S'2(71,; #" (/+(-91@* S'2(71,;
3" C7/9)*+ S'2(71,; 3" F/-)' S'2(71,;
3.3 TOOLS AND TECHNIFUES OF THE ACTION RESEARCH
The main tools used for action research can be di%ided into four
basic ty&es$
T--79 E )*0&,1G/*9
7bser%ation 'uestionnaires inter%iew tests$
F/*9)1-,,'1+*9:5 a series of &re arranged 'uestion &ut forward for
collecting information is called a KLuestionnaires/$ Luestionnaire is
second tools of action research$
C&'+'0)*+19)109 -4 ' ;--. G/*9)1-,,'1+*9
:E The 'uestionnaires should be &recise and its language clear and
s&ecific$
;E The 'uestion should be intelligible this can be achie%ed by
constructing small6 easy sentences$
<E Instructions in the 'uestionnaires should be clear and unambiguous$
E Luestion should be small and correct$
=E Ty&ing of the 'uestionnaires should be tidy and neat$
>E Instruction for answering the 'uestions should be s&ecific and
fool&roof$ These instructions should be &laced at the beginning of
the 'uestionnaires$
A.@',)';*9 -4 )&* G/*9)1-,,'1+*.
:E It is &ossible to get res&onse from res&ondents staying at
different locations$
;E A large number of &erson can &artici&ate as res&ondents$
<E +efinite answers can be com&lied through a 'uestionnaire$
E Those who cant gi%e answers to the 'uestions can send written
answers through the 'uestionnaire$
=E Since the res&ondents are answering the 'uestions6 the res&onse
is objecti%es$
>E A res&ondent can send his res&onse as &er his con%enience$
D19'.@',)';*9 -4 )&* G/*9)1-,,'1+*.
:E "hen a res&ondent sends incom&lete answers to the 'uestions
or returns the 'uestionnaire late6 it is of no use$ The
information collected is incom&lete and it is difficult to draw
&ro&er conclusions from a such a 'uestionnaire$
;E There is no &ro%ision for judging the eDactness of the answer
gi%en to the 'uestion in the 'uestionnaire$
<E !easons to a 'uestionnaire can only be collected from &erson
who can read and write$

3.4 R*2*.1'7 M*'9/+*2*,) :5

Treatment
(ost*test
Statistical E%aluation
.onclusion
Suggestion
(re*test
C&'()*+ 4
P+*9*,)')1-, A,'7A919 H I,)*+(+*)')1-, -4 D')'$
$: P+*9*,)')1-,)*
The researcher use the eD&erimental method doing this research$
P+*5)*9)
S+.
N-.
N'2*9 -4 S)/.*,) M'+C9
:$ Sodhar%ar sushant >
;$ Mane anatia H
<$ Tengle &rashant
$ Tengle shyam >
=$ 8akde ganesh ;
>$ Shelar shushali >
?$ Shelar somnath H
H$ 3andal sachin H
A$ Tengle komal
:G$ 4idgar %ikas
::$ 3andal Anakiet >
:;$ Tengle 2utan ;
:<$ 3andal Sanket
:$ 3andal +atta ;
:=$ 3andal satish
Mean M NC
2
Mean M >OHOO>O;O>OHOHOOO>O;OO;OO
:=
Mean M ?
:=
Mean M $?
Media M H6H6>6>6>6>6 666666 ;6;6;
Media M H
Mode M
P-9)5T*9)
S+.
N-.
N'2*9 -4 S)/.*,) M'+C9
:$ Sodhar%ar sushant H
;$ Mane anatia H
<$ Tengle &rashant >
$ Tengle shyam H
=$ 8akde ganesh >
>$ Shelar shushali >
?$ Shelar somnath H
H$ 3andal sachin H
A$ Tengle komal >
:G$ 4idgar %ikas >
::$ 3andal Anakiet H
:;$ Tengle 2utan H
:<$ 3andal Sanket >
:$ 3andal +atta >
:=$ 3andal satish H
Mean M NC
2
Mean M HOHO>OHO>O>OHOHO>O>OHOHO>O>
:=
Mean M :G>
:=
Mean M ?$G>
Median M H6H6H6H6H6H6H6H 6>6>6>6>6>6>
Median M H
Mode M H
4.# A,'7A919 ',. 1,)*+(+*)')1-, -4 D')'
A%erage and standard de%iation of &re*test
M M mean M $? J&re*testE
S0-+*9 D*@1')1-, . .#
> *:$< :$< :$>A
H *<$< <$< :G$HA
G$? G$? G$A
> *:$< :$< :$>A
; ;$? ;$? ?$;A
> *:$< :$< :$;A
H *<$< <$< :G$HA
H G$? G$? G$A
G$? G$? G$A
*:$< :$< :$>A
> ;$? ;$? ?$;A
; G$? G$? G$;A
;$? ;$? ?$;A
; G$? G$? G$A
G$? G$? G$A
;;$: =<$<=
N :d: M ;;$:
A%erage de%iation M N ":
2

:=
: $ ;;
=
M :$?
M Nd;
M =<$<=
Standard +e%iation
N
D
;

=

:=
<= $ =<
=
==> $ < =
M :$HH>
S0-+*9 !D" D*@1')1-, !D52" . .#
H G$ G$ G$:>
H G$ G$ G$:>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
H G$ G$ G$:>
H G$ G$ G$:>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
H G$ G$ G$:>
H G$ G$ G$:>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
H G$ G$ G$:>
H G$ G$ G$:>
> *:$> :$> ;$=>
> :$> :$> ;$=>
H G$ G$ G$:>
:$ :A$;G
N:d: M :$
A%erage de%iation M N :d:
2
=
$ :
=
M G$A>
M Nd;
M :A$;G
Standard +e%iation
N
D
;

=

:=
;G $ :A
=
;H $ : =

M :$:<:
CO5EFFICIENT OF CO5RELATION
S)/.*,) P+*)*9) P-9))*9) %
D52
Y
A.2
DI AI %A
Sodhar%ar sushant > H :$< G$ :$>A G$:> G$=;
Mane anatia H H <$< G$ :G$HA G$:> :$<;
Tengle &rashant > G$? :$> G$A ;$=> :$:;
Tengle shyam > H :$< G$ :$>A G$:> $<;
8akde ganesh ; > ;$? G$ ?$;A G$:> *;$G
Shelar shushali > > :$< :$> :$;A ;$=> :$<;
Shelar somnath H H <$< :$> :G$HA ;$=> *G$;H
3andal sachin H H G$? G$ G$A G$:> :$:;
Tengle komal > G$? G$ G$A G$:> ;$GH
4idgar %ikas > :$< :$> :$>A ;$=> *:$GH
3andal Anakiet > H ;$? :$> ?$;A ;$=> *:$GH
Tengle 2utan ; H G$? G$ G$;A G$:> G$;H
3andal Sanket > ;$? G$ ?$;A G$:> *$<;
3andal +atta ; > G$? :$> G$A ;$=> :$:;
3andal satish H G$? :$> G$A ;$=> *G$;H
63.36 $.#0 3.<:
r M
;
6 y x
xy
x

M
;G $ :A <= $ =<
?> $ :<

M
<; $ :G;
?> $ :<
M
$ <;
?> $ :<
M G$;>
M G$<
.o*relation between gi%en %ariable is median or a%erage
T M %alue
T M M:P M;
>d
M: M Mean 7f (osttest
m; M Mean 7f (retest
AE Qd M
;
; ;
: > 6 ; E ; > J E : > J N xm M M +
4E Q: M << $ <
:=
<= $ =< E : J
;
= =

N
d
M :$HH
.E Q; M ;H $ :
:=
;G $ :A E ; J
;
= =

N
d
M :$:<:
+E QM: M
H $ G
H?< $ <
HH $ :
:=
HH $ :
:
>:
= = =
N
M G$H
QM; M
;A $ G
H?< $ <
:<: $ :
:=
:<: $ :
;
>;
= = =
N
M G$;A
Qd M
; :
; ;
: > > ; E ; > J E : > J N m M M + + +
M
;A $ G H $ G < $ G ; E ;A $ G J E H $ G J
; ;
+
M
<?:=; $ G GH: $ G ;<G $ G +
M G=?G; $ G
M G$;<H?HA$
Kt/ M M:P M;
Qd
M
;<H?HA $ G
?G $ G> $ ?
Kt/ M A$H
Kt/ JcalE M A$H
df: degree of freedom
T JtabE M ;$?><
The &rgramme is effecti%e 2ull hy&othesis has to rejected$
This &rogram was conducted in :G days time schedule$
D'A9 T+*')2*,) D/+')1-,
:
st
+ay !esearcher the &oem in normal way only
introduction was gi%en
<G min
;
nd
+ay !esearcher teach the whole &oem6 &oem
name was 4a&
<G min
<
rd
+ay !esearcher take a &re*test eDam ;G marks <G min

th
+ay !esearcher check the &a&er and allowed the
mark for &re*test
<G min
=
th
+ay !esearcher make %arious ty&es of teaching
aids and again teach student
<G min
>
th
+ay !esearcher teach whole &oem to the student
using %isual teaching aids and effecti%e
method of teaching
<G min
?
th
+ay Teacher take a &ost*test <G min
H
th
+ay !esearcher check the &a&er and mark
allowed for &ost*test
<G min
A
th
+ay !esearcher e%aluate the mark of &re*test and
&ost*test
<G min
:G
th
+ay !esearcher used statistical tool for e%aluating
the test
<G min
The researcher find out the conclusion for analy-ing the data researcher
gi%e the suggestion for study$
CHAPTER NO 56
SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION.
6. SUMMERY
The &rocess of this study was to study of the effect of %isual$
Teaching aids on this study of
th
std Marathi medium in subject of
Marathi$ Is student was selected at random allotment to check their
&re%ious knowledge reco%ering make 'uestion &a&er to check the &re B
test of the student remo%e the errors committee by student they had
undergone through &rescribed &rogramme de%elo& by research$
The &rogramme of study well scheduled for it after that check the
effecti%eness of &rogramme was taken effecti%eness the &rogramme was
tested by the KO/ test and KO/ %alue$
NEED:5
The teaching aids can be &owerful look in to ha%e learner skill in
academic subject
To find out such as teaching aids are effect the learning &rocess or
achie%ement le%el of the student$
IMPORTANCE:5
To de%elo& child intellectually as well as mental$
To teach the student effecti%es$
To create interest in teaching learning &rocess$
To attract student towards the teaching &oints$
OPERNATIONAL DEFINITION
E44*0):* .hange in beha%ior$
V19/'7:* A&&liance used in teaching which see and eD&erience eye$

A1.:* The de%ice which are used into teaching learning &rocess$
STD 4
)&
:5 Student study in
th
std has &assed from <
rd
ha%ing the age
of H to :G years$
OBJECTIVES
To find out the causes behind student not &ay attention towards
teacher teaching$
To &re&are a &rogrammed using %isual teaching aids$
ASSUMPTION
Student are different age le%el
Student are from socio and economical background$
HYPOTHESIS
1nderstanding %isual teaching aids may more interesting
among the student about the content$
SCOPE
This research is useful for teacher
This hel&s to clear the conce&t in student mind$
This research is for student in learning &rocess$
LIMITATION
The student of
th
Std only$
It is limited only for Marathi Medium$
It is limited to only := Student$
6.# CONCLUSION
The student studying through aids %isual teaching aids
learning ha%e significantly scored by higher than student taught by
traditional classroom teaching$ 3ence there is a significant
difference in the achie%ement in the unit through teaching added
learning and through teaching added learning and through
traditional classroom teaching this difference can be seen through a
gra&h shown down$
"ith the hel& of audio B %isual aids the student hard conce&ts are
cleared and they get a clear idea about the content$ "ith the hel&
of aids the content remains for long time in the mind of students$
Teaching aids are the tool in the hands of teacher to shar&en the
&rocess of teacher$
The researcher has come to the conclusion that all teacher use
audio B %isual aids for teaching in the class$
6.3 RECOMMENDATION
:E Teacher should use the teaching aids to teach student$
;E Teacher shouldteach the student using technological aids in
&ro&erly such as com&uter6 .$+6 7$3$($
<E Teacher should teach the student audio*%isual aids such as
tele%ision com&uter +$V$+6 mo%ies etc$
E Teacher must be used effecti%e method and teaching aids to
teach the student due to this achie%ement le%el is increased$
6.4 SUGGESTION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
:E This ty&e of study can be done by on different standard
student in school related to English subject$
;E This ty&e of research can be done in any medium school for
any standard$
<E Effect of teaching aid learning can be study with res&ect to
other subject like geogra&hy 5 history$
E This research can be conduct at district and state le%el$
=E This research can be conduct in other medium also$
A((*,.1D.
S+. N-. N'2*9 -4 S)/.*,)
:$ Sodhar%ar sushant
;$ Mane anatia
<$ Tengle &rashant
$ Tengle shyam
=$ 8akde ganesh
>$ Shelar shushali
?$ Shelar somnath
H$ 3andal sachin
A$ Tengle komal
:G$ 4idgar %ikas
::$ 3andal Anakiet
:;$ Tengle 2utan
:<$ 3andal Sanket
:$ 3andal +atta
:=$ 3andal satish
BIBLOGRAPHY
REFERENCE BOOK
Action research and Inno%ation$
J2irali (rakashanE
:E AT9I2S72 2$J J:A>?E
Modern teaching aids a &ractical guide to audio %isual techni'ues in
education$
;E (ATI8$S$( and A.3A!@AS JJan ;GG=E
Im&act of %isual on the achie%ement at rural &u&il
3ASS 9$4 and (A.9E! 3$L$ J:A>GE
(re&aration and use of A$V$ Aids J<
rd
EdE$