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Study Guide

Chemistry Test 2 - Measurements

Type of

Measurement

Units Used

Tools or Instruments

Used

List few things you can

measure

Length

m, km, mm, cm

Ruler, measuring tape,

trundle wheel

Thickness, height,

width, diameter, distace

Mass / Weight

Kg, g, mg, t, N

Triple beam balance,

digital scale, spring

scale

Different objects:

Food, people, book, etc

Volume

L, mL, cm

3

, m

3

, mm

3

Graduated cylinder,

beaker, pipette,

Erlenmyer flask, ruler

Liquids, space solid

occupies, box (LxWxH)

Temperature

C, K

thermometer

How hot or cold

something is weather,

food temp.

Time

s, min, hr, day, week,

year

Clock, watch,

stopwatch, hour glass

Race, class time,

reaction time

Define the following terms:

Length - distance between two points

Meter SI base unit for length

Ruler A tool for measuring length

Volume A measure of the space occupied by an object

Liter SI base unit for volume

Graduated cylinder tall, narrow container used for measuring a volume of a liquid in mL

Meniscus The curved surface of a liquid in a container

Water displacement A method of measuring volume by measuring how much liquid is pushed away

by an object

Mass Measure of an amount of matter in an object

Weight The gravitational pull on a given mass

Triple beam balance An instrument used for measuring mass in g

Gram Base unit for mass

Density - The ratio of the mass of an object to its volume

10 mm 1. How many millimeters are in one centimeter? (Think about a metric ruler, how many little

lines are between each numbered centimeter?)

2. What type of measurement would each group of the following metric units be used for?

volume a. mL, L, cm

3

length b. m, cm, km mass c. g , kg, mg time d. s, min, hr temperature e. C, K

3. Record the measurement of the following line in centimeters and then in millimeters. (dont forget units)

3.1 cm 31 mm

4. What is the volume in mL of the liquid in each of the following graduated cylinders? (dont forget units)

5. Determine the metric volume of the cube below. Remember a cube is composed of six equal sides.

2.2 cm

3

6. What method for finding volume of an irregular shaped object

is depicted in the diagram to the right?

Water displacemetn

7. Find the volume of the rock.

14 mL

8. What do you call the curved, upper surface of water that commonly appears when using a graduated cylinder?

meniscus

2.8 mL 44 mL 7 mL

V = L x W x H

V = 1.3 cm x 1.3 cm x 1.3 cm = 2.197 cm

3

38 mL

24 mL

V = 38 mL 24 mL

9. What equation do you use to find the volume of a box? V = Length x Width x Height

10. Find the volume of the boxes

(dont forget the correct units)

11. What is the name of the instrument to the right? Triple beam balance

12. What is the instrument to the right used to measure? mass

13 a. What is the name of the instruments to the right? Graduated cylinder / beaker

13 b. What is the instruments to the right used to measure? volume

14. What are the three ways you can write the density equation to be able to solve for density, mass or volume?

d = m/V m = d x V V = m/d

15. 500 grams of sugar occupies a volume of 0.315 L. What is the density of the sugar in g/mL?

1.6 g/mL

16. The density of a substance is 1.63 g/mL. What is the mass of 0.25 L of the substance in grams?

407.5 g

17. The density of pure solid copper is 8.94 g/mL. What volume does 5 kg of copper occupy?

559.3 mL

18. What is the mass of a 450 cm block of silicon if the density of silicon is 2.336 g/cm?

1062 g

19. What is the mass of a 15 cm cube of iron if the density of iron is 7.87 g/cm?

26561.3 g

20. What is the mass in grams in the diagram to the

right?

317.7 g

40 cm

3

305.3 cm

3

Graduated cylinder

beaker

d = m/V

d = 500g / 315 mL = 1.587 mL

m = d x V

m = 1.63 g/mL x 250 mL = 407.5 g

V = m/d

V = 5000g / 8.94 g/mL = 559.3 mL

m = d x V

m = 2.36 g/cm

3

x 450 cm

3

= 1062 g

V = L x W x H

V = 3375 cm

3

m = d x V

m = 7.87 g/cm

3

x 3375 cm

3

m = 26561.25 g

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