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The Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of Republic Act (RA) 10533,

the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, were signed by the Department of
Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and Technical
Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) on September 4, 2013.
The signing marked the full implementation of a milestone in Philippine
education that will equip the nation and Filipino students with globally
competitive education system, and for high school graduates to be better
prepared for work.
RA 10533 is a landmark legislation signed by President Benigno S. Aquino III
on May 15, 2013, to usher in the K-to-12 program consisting of one year in
kindergarten, six years in elementary, four years in junior high school, and two
years in senior high school. It was started in school year 2012-2013 and is set
for full implementation by 2016.
The IRR provides a transition scheme to ease the impact of low enrollment in
college beginning school year 2016-2017 due to the added years in high
school. DepEd, CHED, TESDA, Department of Labor and Employment, and
the Professional Regulation Commission have developed a plan to mitigate
the effects of potential reduction of college graduates. DepEd will partner with
higher education institutions and technical-vocation institutions to tap the
latters academic, physical, financial, and human resource capabilities to
educate and train K-to-12 graduates.
The IRR requires DepEd, working with CHED and TESDA, to formulate the
design and details of the K-to-12 curriculum and craft harmonized basic,
tertiary, and tech-voc curricula for Filipino graduates to make
them moreglobally competitive. The three agencies also conduct teacher
education and training programs to upgrade teacher skills. The IRR takes into
account students under difficult circumstances to help them get back on track
with their education. Students enrolled in senior high school will benefit from
the expansion of Expanded Government Assistance for Students and
Teachers in Private Education Act.
The Manila Bulletin, led by its Chairman of the Board of Directors Dr. Emilio
T. Yap, President and Publisher Atty. Hermogenes P. Pobre, Executive Vice
President Dr. Emilio C. Yap III, Editor-in-Chief Dr. Cris J. Icban
Jr., BusinessEditor Loreto D. Cabaes, Officers and Employees, Congratulate
the Department of Education headed by Secretary Bro. Armin A. Luistro,
Commission on Higher Education Chairperson Dr. Patricia B. Licuanan,
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority Director-General Joel
J. Villanueva, Department of Labor and Employment Secretary Rosalinda D.
Baldoz, and Professional Regulation Commission Chairperson Teresita R.
Manzala, for their collective efforts to implement educational reforms in our
Republic of the Philippines and make education the great equalizer that will
boost the Filipino youths opportunities in the global arena.
Manila bulletin , september 16,2013

K-12 LAW President Aquino greets schoolchildren who were guests at the
signing of the Enhanced Basic Education Act (K-12 Act) in Malacaang on
Wednesday. At left is Speaker Feliciano Belmonte. LYN RILLON
MANILA, PhilippinesPresident Aquino signed a law on Wednesday adding
three extra years to the countrys 10-year basic education curriculum in a bid
to make Filipino students at par with their peers in other countries.
This lays the foundations for a better future for every Filipino child, President
Aquino said Wednesday after signing the law which makes enrollment in
kindergarten compulsory before children can begin the traditional six years
of primary schooland adds two more years to high school.
The Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, or the K-to-12 Act, establishes a
universal kindergarten and introduces Grades 11 and 12 to high school
education in public and private schools.
Students will have to complete the extra education to qualify for university.
Until this laws enactment, the Philippines was the only country in Asia and
one of only three countries worldwide, together with Angola and Djibouti, with
a 10-year preuniversity cycle.
We now know that our traditional 10-year basic education cycle is deficient,
Aquino said at the signing ceremony. Given that our young people are at a
disadvantage in terms of basic education, how can we expect them to
compete for employment and other higher pursuits?
Aquino said Republic Act No. 10533 institutionalizes a system of education
that truly imbues our youth with the skills they need to pursue their dreams.
By signing this bill into law, we are not just adding two years of additional
learning for our students; we are making certain that the coming generations
are empowered to strengthen the very fabric of our society, as well as our
economy, he told lawmakers, Cabinet officials, diplomats and students.
The law, Aquino stressed, was crafted to plug the shortcomings of the 10-year
basic education cycle in which students had less time to understand their
lessons, and had to compete with better-prepared graduates from other
If our youth are forced to shoulder such an educational handicap from the
beginning, how can they possibly compete for employment in the long run?
he said.
The enhanced basic education program covers at least one year of
kindergarten, six years of elementary education and six years of secondary
education, broken down into four years of junior high school and two years
of senior high school.
The last two years of senior high school are the new Grades 11 and 12 that
will be introduced in 2016. To refine the old curriculum, the law mandates the
teaching of basic education in languages understood by the students.With
a report from AFP

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Philippine daily inquirer , may 16, 2013

Philippine education ranked 'poor'
By Max V. de Leon, Business Mirror
Posted at 06/15/2011 6:51 AM | Updated as of 06/15/2011 10:17 AM
MANILA, Philippines - The Philippines ranks a poor seventh among
nine Southeast Asiannations in the area of education and innovation,
Guillermo M. Luz, co-chairman of the National Competitiveness Council
(NCC), said.
At a forum on Innovation and Entrepreneurship for a Globally Competitive
Philippines on Tuesday, Luz presented the disturbing results of the 2010-2011
Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum, which showed
that the Philippines only fared better than Cambodia, among the eight
Southeast Asian countries that were surveyed in the fields of education,
science and technology and innovation.
In the area of primary education, the Philippines ranked 99th out of 138
economies. The Philippines ranked 69th in educational system, 112th in
science and math, and 76th onInternet access.
In all categories, the Philippines was falling behind Singapore, Brunei,
Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam.
But the NCC remains confident the country can immediately make a strong
headway if academe and the private sector could get their acts together
and focus on a few doables.
Among these things are greater university-industry
collaboration in research, for instance, and the use of more technology in
education. I also propose greater collaboration on strategic plans and
processes for industry and government for tighter cohesion, Luz told the
For instance, Luz said, instead of spending billions of pesos for textbooks that
are prone to errors and entail huge printing and transport costs, public and
private schools should shift to e-books that are easier to upload and update.
He said shifting to e-books is more practical nowadays, with the presence
of computers in schools and the connectivity being offered by private firms.
In the area of research and development, Luz said there is a noticeable low
collaboration between the industries and the universities. He said schools are
not too open in giving their research to the private sector. The industries, on
the other hand, are not putting enoughmoney for academic research.
Right now, the research being done in schools is merely for thesis purposes.
The output of the research should be given to the industries so they can be
converted into something that is useful. The private sector will then give
royalties to the school. We have to create business value for the research, he
Also, since only about 20% of the close to 25 million elementary pupils and
high-school students are going to college, Luz said it is probably better to
limit the number of colleges and universities.
We should make better colleges rather than have too many mediocre
colleges. Right now, we have about 1,700 colleges and universities. I believe
we should have fewer but better universities. We should rationalize the
system, he said.

DepEd hiring 31,000 new
by Ina Hernando Malipot
April 12, 2014
By May 15, the Department of Education (DepEd) will be filling in more than
31,000 teaching positions set for this school year in time for the opening of
classes in the countrys public elementary and secondary schools on June 2.

In this file photo, teachers are all smiles as they participate in the celebration
of World Teachers Day at the Ultra in Pasig City on Oct. 5, 2013. The
Department of Education hosted the celebration. (KJ Rosales)
For this year, we are going to create 31,335 teacher items, said
DepEd Assistant Secretary Jesus Mateo during the launch of UNESCOs
Education For All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (GMR). Most of our
regional offices have already started recruitment and before May 15, these
[positions] should be filled in, he added.
Earlier, Education Secretary Armin Luistro through DepEd Order No. 14 series
of 2014, issued the hiring guidelines for Teacher I Positions Effective School
Year (SY) 2014-2015.
The issuance of these guidelines, Luistro said, aims to integrate and further
institutionalize the primary objective of the K to 12 Basic Education Program
which is to enhance the overall quality of basic education in the country by
hiring competent teachers.
Luistro said these guidelines will also uphold the mandate of DepEd under the
Magna Carta for Public School Teachers or Republic ACT No. 4670 which is to
promote and improve public school teachers employment
andcareer opportunities as well as to attract more people with proper
qualifications to the teaching profession.
This year, the DepEd will be hiring at least 31,335 elementary and high
school teachers following the release of P9.5 billion to fund the hiring of
Teacher I positions nationwide as approved by the Department of Budget and
Management. Luistro said the hiring system for Teacher I or entry level
positions is also set to provide opportunities for the regularization and
absorption of all qualified kindergarten volunteers and LGU-hired teachers into
the national plantilla.
Out of the 31,335 teacher positions to be filled in, a total of 13,738 positions
will be available in the elementary level or Grades 1 to 6. Meanwhile, 17,597
positions are vacant for the secondary level or Grades 7 and 8.
DepEd, Luistro said, has been continuously working to absorb qualified LGU-
funded teachers as part of the regular teaching force. In SY 2013-2014, at
least 11,200 newly-hired teachers came from the ranks of the qualified local
government-funded or volunteer teachers. At least 37,000 LGU-funded
teachers are estimated to have been hired and paid by their respective local
governments. DepEd, while it opens its doors to volunteer and LGU-hired
teachers, reminded that only those who are qualified will be hired.
In 2010, Mateo said the DepEd committed to address the shortages and
challenges in five basic education inputs including teachers, classrooms,
textbooks, seats and water sanitation facilities. We have achieved most of
them and we continue to fill in the gaps to help ensure that our students will
get the quality of education they deserve, he added.
Based on the findings of UNESCOs EFA GMR, there is a need for
governments to step up efforts to recruit an additional 1.6 million teachers to
achieve universal primary education by 2015. The Report suggested to
countries such as the Philippines to implement strategies to provide the best
teachers to reach all children with good quality education.
Manila Bulletin, april 12, 2014