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Law and Morality The Relationship

In every society, three orders of conduct will interact


with each other. These are:

Law and Morality The Relationship
The relationship between Law and Morality
can be summed up in the following two
prepositions:

Law and Morality are inseparable
But not all moral values are
incorporated by any legal system
Law and Morality The Relationship
Not all moral values
are incorporated by
any legal system
Instances where
Law and Morality
differ
Legal Rule is less
than Morality
Legal Rule
consolidates an
immorality
Instances where
Law and Morality
are same
Article 1134 of the
Code Napolon:
Les conventions
lgalement formes
tiennent lieu de loi
ceux qui les ont faites"
Article 6 of the same
Code:
On ne peut droger
par des conventions
particulires aux lois qui
intressent lordre
public et les bonnes
murs"
Article 2282 of the Code Napolon:

En fait de meubles, la possession vaut titre.
Nanmoins celui qui a perdu ou auquel il a t vol
une chose peut la revendiquer pendant trois ans,
compter du jour de la perte ou du vol, contre celui
dans les mains duquel il la trouve; sauf celui-ci son
recours contre celui duquel il la tient."

WOLFENDEN COMMITTEE - 1957
Disregarding the conventional ideas of the day, the committee
recommended that :

"homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no
longer be a criminal offence"

"homosexuality cannot legitimately be regarded as a disease, because in
many cases it is the only symptom and is compatible with full mental
health in other respects."

The report added, "The law's function is to preserve public order and
decency, to protect the citizen from what is offensive or injurious, and to
provide sufficient safeguards against exploitation and corruption of
others ... It is not, in our view, the function of the law to intervene in the
private life of citizens, or to seek to enforce any particular pattern of
behaviour.

FUNCTIONS OF LAW IN SOCIETY &
USE OF LEGAL TECHNIQUES
Functions of Law in Society
Three functions can be ascribed to Law:

Preservation of Law & Order
Law as an instrument of Social Coorperation
Law as an instrument of Social and Economic Change
Legal Techniques
To perform its functions, the law can have
recourse to various techniques:

The Penal Technique
The Grievance-Remedial Technique
The Private-Arranging Technique
The Constitutive Technique
The Administrative-Regulatory Technique
The Fiscal Technique
The Conferral of Social Benefits Technique
DIVISIONS/BRANCHES OF LAW
Branches of Law
Law
International
Law & Domestic
Law
Public & Private
Law
Criminal Law &
Civil Law
Other Divisions