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xkwfa0ol / EdkifiHtusOf;om;rsm;ulnDapmifha&Smufa&;toif;(jrefrmEdkifiH)
xkwfa0jcif; / yxrtBudrf? 2009 ckESpf atmufwdkbmv
rsufESmzHk;ESifhtwGif;'DZdkif; / oD[armifarmif
qufoG,f&ef / P.O Box 93, Maesod, Tak, 63110, Thailand
Tel: 66(0)55 545 495
e.mail: info@aappb.org website: www.aappb.org
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]ra&mufwmvnf; MumNyDb&k m;/ wynfUawmftvkyrf sm;aevkUd owd&vsuf rvmedKiyf gbl;}


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OD;a&Tcif jyefajymjycsuu f dk a':wifwif rsuaf rSmifusKH Uem;axmifaeonf/


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tke;f ode;f &ifxJ ESv;Hk om;onf acgif;ESihf aqmifrh ad om Al;oD;ES,v f KS y,f rf;oGm;\ olA;l pif
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tusaeUuvnf; &kww f &ufjyefomG ;í rGex f Nl yD;usecf UJ &m a&avmif;zkUd yif tcGirhf &vkud /f
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uufqufZmwfvrf;em;axmifaumif;wke;f tdru f vmac:í rMunfrvifjzpfomG ;wwfonfU


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_________________________________________________

vufur;fpmapmifukd tNyD;owf 'DZidk ;f jyifqifNyD;NyD/


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___________________________________________

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_______________________________________

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_________________________________

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_______________________________________________________
nf/
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tvsiv f dk taES;awGUovkd jzpfaeNyD /


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][kdrSm ndK ....ndK ...rcifat; ...vmvm..'Dudkvm}


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____________________________________________

wu,fwrf;usawmU reufjzefqw dk m ra&&maom umvwckomjzpfreS ;f ndK tckawmU


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t&monf pdr;f um;jcif; Budrv f ;Hk jzihf ememeufcxH m;&aom oHa,mZOfuav;yif uav;i,f\ rsu&f nfpdk
rsuEf mS ? wk;d wdrw
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ndK bmrS jyefrajymjzpf? olr rBudKuaf om ig;wwk;H ESihf [if;&nfuso J m ygaomxrif;xkyf
xJrS t&Gut f zwfrsm;uko d m 0g;pm;&if;tpmvGeaf eonfU jyóukd &Si;f aevku d of nf/
]wu,fawmU oHa,mZOftppfrmS *vJUpm;r&Sb d ;l qkw
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r&Sb
d J *vJUpm;b,fv&dk ydS gUrvJqw dk m igrpOf;pm;cJUbl; ndKa&....}
rcifat;onf 0uFbmwck\ xGuaf ygufujkd rifí xGuo f mG ;olwOD;ES,f xko d Udk a&&Gw\
f /
ndK um;0uFbmxJ rsupf v d nfaumif;wke;f qdw k m ndKomodygonf/
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reufvif;í rcifat;udk arQmaf omfvnf; a&mufrvm ndKUzmom oGm;&efvnf; a':av;


wkUd urvTw&f J aejrifo h nfEiS t
hf rQ owif;pkaH &mufvmonf/ ausmif;ydwv f u dk Nf yD? ausmif;om;rsm; tjyifoUkd
csDwufukefNyD? ajreDukef;rSm yGJMurf;ukefNyD ponf....
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rsujf yL;qefjyma&mufcsvmNyD;
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pdwyf u
l ek af wmUr,f[k ac:awmUonf} ndKarsmv f ifch sut
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f u
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tk<H u use&f pfcUJ \/
_______________________________________________________

&xm;ay:üvnf; 'DtaMumif;udo k m vltrsm;vSKyfvKS yf&&G aG jymaeMuqJ /ndKvn;f em;axmif


&if; tdww f iG ;f rS OD;xkyuf kd prf;MunfUum OD;xkyyf idk &f iS t
f wGuf aemufqw H iifiif/ ajreDuek ;f rSm vkx
H ed ;f rsm;
ESihf wku d cf u
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k ukad zaomif;wkUd ygrSmao
csmw,f[k wk;d wk;d ajym\/ rcifat;rSm 'DwcgawmU rvG,b f ;l xifw,ff [kom pd;k &drrf uif;wkeUf jyef\/ ndK
ikrd UJ rJU jzpfaeonf/
]bmrJUaewmvJ rvG,b f ;l qdwk m tajctaeawG xde;f zkUd rvG,w f majymwm ausmif;om;
awGu t&rf;pkrNd yD; t&Sed &f aeNyD? aemufqw k Mf uawmUrSm r[kwb f ;l }
ndKwkUd tdraf &SUblwmav;rSm &xm;qku d o
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em;vnfomG ;MuavNyD/
xkt
d xJ tke;f ode;f vnf; tygt0if/
__________________________________________________________

tar\ pk;d &drrf KS rD;awmufBuD;udk xif;rsm;xyfrxk;d awmUaomfvnf; tyl&edS rf ukeaf o;yJ


w0ke;f 0ke;f avmifaeqJ/ igUrSm tdyv f Udk awmifr&bl; vGww f UJ vluvnf; vGww f ,f oGm;wJUoluvnf; w
u,fUyGBJ uD;rS a&mufatmifomG ;w,f/ igrSm &orQb&k m;&Scd ;dk awG ukeNf yD[ak jymonf/
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t&ifq;Hk vkyrf ad om tvkyrf mS tdwx f rJ S OD;xkyu f xdk w
k í
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jzpfawmUonf/
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vnf; aomuck;d &ku d í
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__________________________________________________

iSuyf pfa,mifaqmifí tke;f ode;f ndKwkUd jcHaemuf pnf;&k;d em;uyfacsmif;onf/ a&ujyifwiG f


ajccsxidk &f if; ndKUvufxv J n
S Uf ywfMunfUaeonfrmS azaomif;OD;xkyrf eS ;f tke;f ode;f csucf si;f rSwrf o
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udk eif;csro d nf/
]azaomif; b,frvJ}
_____________________________________________________________

aeapmif;&if azaomif; raewwfb;l [knaewkid ;f ol atmfcUJ NyD;NyD/ ,ck naevnf; xkd


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xko d Udk a&;jcpfvu
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rsKd cscUJ aom xrif;u a&jzihyf í G Aku
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dk f rao
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f dk acgif;jyK eH&aH v;bufukd jcifawmifrw
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dk \
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______________________________________

]aps;BuD;ykid ;f u cifarmifvwfukd odvm;..olvnf;jyefra&mufawmUbl; olUrdbawGvnf;


oem;ygw,f/ vrf;ay:rSmwif aysmufomG ;wmxufpm&if tkwef &H BH um; ykpH x H rif;pm;ae&wmrS awmfyg
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ypfrnfxifí &Syd gw,f bmvkyrf vkUd vJ olUudx k cd u
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Murf;ay:vScJ svu dk Nf yD; tvum;yJ[k tvkrd uspmG jrnfwrf;aeonf/
]eifb,foUl rS avQmufrajymeJUaemf}
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txJu vlawGukd iJUMuygOD; xGuv f matmif vkyMf uygOD;[k wzGzw G u dk wf eG ;f aeawmUonf/
________________________________________________

]iydpm;vkUd jzpfwmuG vlqu D ul;wmvnf;ygw,f/ [m..iydrpm;vkUd bmoGm;pm;rvJ.ayguf


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} al om pum;
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awmifjrifae&w,f}
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vdyu f kd twif;jyefvo k nf/
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wdik ;f us ajymcGirhf &vku d /f
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a&'D,dk rS owif;aMumifh ndKxckeNf yD; rcifat;tdro f Ukd 'ke;f pkid ;f ajy;onf/


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u q,fwef;atmif w,fqw dk m[k udjk rifah Zmfar;onfwiG f ndK acgif;NidrUf jy\/
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qE´u ykBd uD;rm;aeonf/
__________________________________________________

'Dwcg tazay;aom wm0efukd tke;f ode;f vkv d m;pGmxr;faqmif&ef uwdjyKvu dk \f / &yfxJ


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ajcovk;H vmzuf&NyDomrSw[ f k Budr;f 0g;vku
d af wmU\/
___________________________________________

tdrjf yefa&mufNyD; &ufyidk ;f rQ ukyaf e&onfuykd if pdwrf &Sncf si/f


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,Hajymif;vJrKS wckjziho f m ESpo
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tm;vk;H udvk ufqJG eKwq f ufí ol aygUaygUyg;yg;xGuv f mcJUNyD/
________________________________

um;*dwzf uf oGm;&rSmawmif cyfvefUvefU / olrwkUd roGm;cif tke;f ode;f u um;*dww f 0ku


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yif 0efcv H u dk o f nf/ tbarmif NyHK;í ay;ay; usKyfvyk af y;r,f[q k udk m tustexkid v f yk af eawmU\/
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a&tk;d pifudk jznfU&ef yk;H qGí J vmcku d ?f v,form;wa,muf xGew f ;Hk ESihf ESiw
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aerd&if; ...aq;av;bmav; vdrf;zdkUawmif tcsdefr&bl; xifw,f[k awG;rdum oem;rdonf/
]om"kygAsm ..om"kyg a':uRrJ BuD;&,f }
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vkud &f \/ &if0odUk 'de;f ueJ t&mwcku aqmifw h ufvmNyD; ndK wud, k v
f ;Hk wke&f if; usecf UJ \/
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um;*dwb f ufukd rouFmvkUd pGev f 0dk aJ ew,f/ jrefjrefvm tdru f akd jy;&atmif[k ndKuref;
uwef;ac:cJU&onf/ a':wifwif tdrf0rSjrifaomf [JU[JU atmfum ...0rf;om0rf;enf;BudKonf/
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onf/
ola&csKd ;aepOf ndKu rcifat;udk oGm;ac:r,fqu kd m vSpu f eJ xGuo f mG ;\/ ndKwa,muf
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naeykid ;f rcifat;rSm 0Jaq;wAl;ESihf a&mufcsvmNyD; &Siu hf dk ckwcf siaf ewm trSKjzpfrmS pk;d
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aMumifMh uraeuseUJ ukwaf vyGm;av[k nnf;wGm;onf/
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rcifat; wD;wd;k ar;\ / tarMum;oGm;vdUk vefUaeOD;r,f wd;k wd;k [k ndKu avoHjzifY owday;onf /
olwUkd acgif;oH;k vH;k qdik f wGwx f ;kd aepOf MunfUvkyaf emf MunfUvkyf arsmufo;kH aumifjzpfvmNyD igawmU
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rcifat; ud, k wf ikd v
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a&&Gwaf eí azaomif; rpcsiaf wmYbJ rylygeJUAsm .. ndK'Davmufawmh tjzpf&ydS gw,f[o k m tm;ay;&\/
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xGuo f mG ;cJUJ onfrmS bmrSrxl;jcm;onfU[ef / rde;f rtuFscD sKyq f ikd x
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vufxJ xd;k xnfU\ / rolZmrSm 0ef;usiu f kd vSpcf eJMunfU&if; ? oabmaygufw,f ? odyrf &JeUJ OD;[kom
wkeUf jyefNyD; tyfcsKypf ufay: ndKUydwpf udk jzefUwifvu kd \f /
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waeUvHk; wnvHk; ndKUtdrfrSmatmif;í jzpforQZmwfaMumif;pHkudk cif;&onfrSm
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acGacGuav; tdyaf ysmfaeNyDjzpfonf /
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reufr;kd rvif;cif rd;k onf;onf;Mum;rSm ndKxí azaomif;udk ESKd ;&onf /
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rcifat; a&mufvmonf / ndKESiUf twl 'efUovGe&f u G cf ;l Mu&if; 0Jxal zaomif;tm; udjk rifUaZmfwUkd u
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í tdrx f 0J ifNyD; ykae&\/
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ndK...odNyD;a&maygU &Spf&ufaeUpr,f ..udk,fUzufrSm tm;vkH;eD;yg;tqifajyygw,f/ t


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usr;f rm csr;f omygap ]0Jxal zaomif;}
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nDrsm;zufrS cHypforH sm;Mum;&onf / rD;tkyaf qmif;uav;rsm; tvefUwMum; tEÅ&m,ftcsuaf y;jyMuukeNf yD
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opfyif&yd rf sm;Mum;ckeu f ;l vmonf /
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jyefvpf\ /
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ndK jyLwif;0rSu, G u f m Adu k u
f Ekd ydS í f &,fcsipf w d Nf rdKoyd xf m;&onf /
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ordik ;f 0iftvSnt hf ajymif;wckwiG f ndKwUkd NrdKUuav; tjcm;NrdKUenf;wl *kPrf i,fwrf;
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vdu k cf iG Uf &cJUNyD /
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ukyu f yk af ejrJ / xdn k aemufyikd ;f 'vMurf;armif;íusm;emcJccJ siaf eaom tke;f ode;f wdUk om;tzESit hf zGUJ \&efukd
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udck ifarmifvwf udjk rifah ZmfwUdk cefUcefUjim;jim;wuf&yfeKd ifcsed w f iG f ndKrSm y&dwo f wfxrJ S ykpd wmudik af NrSmuf
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f u dk .f .a&SUaemuf
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___________________________________________

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