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All degrees of comparison may be expressed in Spanish by adverbs.

The comparative of superiority is expressed by using ms, 'more,'


immediately before the adjective or adverb, and the comparative of
inferiority by using menos, ' less,' in the same manner.
bueno good ms bueno better menos bueno less good
temprano early ms
temprano
earlier menos
temprano
less early
aprisa quickly ms aprisa more quickly menos aprisa less quickly
The following four adjectives have, in addition to the regular, an
irregular comparative
bueno good mejor better
malo bad peor worse
grande large mayor larger, older
pequeo small menor smaller, younger
The following four adverbs have also an irregular comparative
mucho much ms more
poco little menos less
bien well mejor better
mal badly peor worse
'Than' is ordinarily expressed by que.
Tengo ms dinero que V. ! have more money than you.
l anda ms aprisa que ella. "e walks faster than she.
a. #efore numerals or numerical expressions, ' than ' is expressed by
de in a$rmative sentences and by either que or de in negative
sentences.
Me dieron ms de veinte pesos. They gave me more than twenty dollars.
o ten!a ms que %or de& dos libros. "e didn't have more than two books.
'hen each member of the comparison has a di(erent verb, or the
second member of the comparison repeats the verb of the )rst, de is
generally used for ' than ' in preference to que. *urthermore, if an
ad+ective is the point of comparison, de is followed by the relative lo
que %' that which '&, and if a noun is the point of comparison, by the
relatives el que, la que, los que, las que %' the one which,' ' those
which '&.
"s ms bueno de lo que pensaban. "e is better than %that which& they thought.
Trajo menos de lo que prometi#. "e brought less than he promised.
Tengo ms dinero del que te prest$. ! have more money than %that which& ! loaned
you.
Me compr# menos libros de
los que cre! que me comprar!a.
"e bought me less books than %those which& !
thought he would buy me.
Comparison of Equality
tan . . . . . como, as . . . . . as.
tanto %%a, %os, %as& . . . . . como, as much, as many . . . . . as.
"s tan bueno como lo esperaba. !t is as good as ! expected.
o es tan &cil como V. cree. !t is not as easy as you believe.
Tiene tanto dinero como puede
desear.
"e has as much money as he can wish.
o cre!a que ten!a tantas casas como
V.
! did not believe he had as many houses as you.
'uanto . . . . . %tanto&, followed by any comparatives, translate the
,nglish ' the more . . . . . the less,' ' the more . . . . . the more,' ' the
less
. . . . . the less,' etc.
'uanto ms gana, %tanto& ms %or
menos& gasta.
The more he earns, the more %or less& he
spends.
'uanto ms le pidan, %tanto& ms %or
menos& les dar.
The more you ask of him, the more %or less& he
will give you.
The Superlative Degree
The superlative degree of ad+ectives or adverbs is formed by putting
the de)nite article or a possessive pronoun before the comparative.
'hen el %la, lo& is used as the article, both the comparative and
superlative have the same form.
Positive Comparative Superlative
bueno good mejor better el mejor best
rico rich ms rico richer el ms rico richest
aprisa quickly ms aprisa more quickly lo ms aprisa most quickly
se es el ms rico de todos. That man is the richest of all.
sa es mi mejor pluma. That is my best pen.
se es el ms rico de los dos. That man is the richer of the two.
a. After a superlative de is used for the ,nglish ' in.'
(ar!s es la ms bella ciudad %or la
ciudad ms bella& del mundo.
-aris is the most beautiful city in the world.
The Absolute Superlative
The absolute superlative is expressed in two ways.
a. #y the use of adverbs, emphatic pre)xes, or both.
muy bueno, muy bien very good, very well
relindo, retelindo very pretty
regrande, retegrande very big
muy rebonito very very pretty
b. #y the addition of the su$x %!simo, added directly to ad+ectives or
adverbs ending in consonants, and to those ending in vowels after
dropping the vowel.
hbil skillful habil!simo very skillful
querido dear querid!simo very dear
diligente diligent diligent!simo very diligent
pronto soon pront!simo very soon
.. /rthographic changes may become necessary to keep the original
consonantal sound before adding %!simo.
rico riqu!simo
largo largu!simo
0. 'hen ad+ectives have ie or ue in the accented syllable, the shift of
the accent may revert these to i, o.
bueno buen!simo or bon!simo
nuevo nuev!simo or nov!simo
viejo viej!simo
1. Adverbs with distinctive adverbial endings, such as %os, %a, transfer
these endings to the superlative termination.
lejos far lej!simos very far
cerca near cerqu!sima very near
2. Adverbs in %mente have the superlative su$x %!sima added to the
original ad+ective form.
ricamente richly riqu!simamente very richly
3. There are many exceptions to the above rules, and many ad+ectives
and adverbs do not admit the superlative %!simo.
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'omparisons )ith *dverbs
'e're always told that we can't compare apples and oranges. #ut
we've seen that we can compare qualities %ad+ectives& and activities
%verbs&. 'e can also compare the frequency or the manner in which
activities are done using adverbs and comparison forms. !magine that
you're comparing two candidates, Al4n and Sonia, for a promotion at
work. 5ou know what they are like and you know what they do, so now
you've decided to compare the way they work to see if you can make a
decision. 6et's review the notes you made
traba+a r4pidamente %works quickly&
traba+a lentamente %works slowly&
traba+a met7dicamente %works methodically&
traba+a cuidadosamente %works carefully&
comunica efectivamente %communicates e(ectively&
comunica muy claramente %communicates very clearly&
presenta sus reportes art8sticamente %presents reports artistically&
presenta sus reportes detalladamente %presents reports in a detailed
manner&
colabora bien con los dem4s %collaborates well with others&
colabora muy bien con los dem4s %collaborates very well with others&
llega a tiempo todos los d8as %arrives on time every day&
nunca pierde un d8a de traba+o %never misses a day of work&
'omparative +orms )ith *dverbs
According to your notes, Al4n traba+a m4s r4pidamente que Sonia, pero
Sonia traba+a m4s cuidadosamente que Al4n %Alan works more quickly
than Sonia, but Sonia works more carefully than Alan&. !t isn't going to
be easy to decide who the better candidate is based on that. 6et's look
at a few more examples
Al4n no colabora tan bien con los dem4s como Sonia.
Sonia presenta menos art8sticamente, pero m4s detalladamente que
Al4n.
Sonia no llega tan puntualmente como Al4n.
Al4n comunica tan efectivamente como Sonia.
9on't those comparative forms look familiar: The formulas are the
same ones that you used for comparing with ad+ectives, except that
the ad+ective is replaced by an adverb
'omparison o& "quality
tan ; adverb ; como %as < as&
'omparisons o& ,nequality
no tan ; adverb ; como %not as < as&
m4s ; adverb ; que %more < than&
menos ; adverb ; que %less < than&