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B

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B
This article is about the letter of the alphabet. For other uses, see B (disambiguation).
For technical reasons, "B#" redirects here. For B-sharp, see B.
ISO basic
Latin
alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll
Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx
Yy Zz
v
t
e
[1]
Cursive script 'b' and capital 'B'
B (named bee /bi/
[2]
) is the second letter in the ISO basic Latin
alphabet. It is used to represent a variety of bilabial sounds (depending
on language), but most commonly a voiced bilabial stop.
History
The capital letter 'B' may have started as a pictogram of the floorplan
of a house in Egyptian hieroglyphs. By 1050 BC, the Phoenician
alphabet's letter beth had a linear form.
B
2
Egyptian
hieroglyph
cottage
Phoenician
beth
Greek
Beta
Etruscan
B
Roman
B
Typographic variants
The modern lowercase 'b' derives from later Roman times, when scribes began omitting the upper loop of the capital.
Uncial B Blackletter B Modern Roman B Modern Italic B Modern Script B
Use
In English, most other languages that use the Latin alphabet, and the International Phonetic Alphabet, 'b' denotes the
voiced bilabial plosive /b/, as in 'bib'. In English it is sometimes silent; most instances are derived from old
monosyllablic words with the 'b' final and immediately preceded by an 'm', such as 'lamb' and 'bomb'; a few are
examples of etymological spelling to make the word more like its Latin original, such as 'debt' or 'doubt'.
In Estonian, Icelandic, and Chinese pinyin, 'b' does not denote a voiced consonant; instead, it represents a voiceless
/p/ that contrasts with either a geminated /pp/ (in Estonian) or an aspirated /p/ (in Chinese, Danish and Icelandic),
represented by 'p'. In Fijian 'b' represents a prenasalized /mb/, whereas in Zulu and Xhosa it represents an implosive
//, in contrast to the digraph 'bh' which represents /b/.
Finnish only uses 'b' in loanwords.
'B' is also a musical note. Its value varies depending on the region; a 'b' in Anglophone countries represents a note
that is a semitone higher than the B note in Northern Continental Europe. (Anglophone B is represented in Northern
Europe with 'H'.) Archaic forms of 'b', the b quadratum (square b, ) and b rotundum (round b, ) remain in use for
musical notation as the symbols for natural and flat, respectively.
In Contracted (grade 2) English braille, 'b' stands for "but" when in isolation.
Related letters and other similar characters
: Greek letter Beta
: Cyrillic letter Ve
: Cyrillic letter Be
: Latin letter B with hook
: Cyrillic letter Yer (also known as the hard sign, back yer, or tvyordiy znak) is shaped like the letter b, but
has no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The serves as an orthographic device that
indicates that the consonant preceding the is not palatalized.
: Cyrillic letter Soft sign (also known as the front yer, or myagkiy znak) is also shaped like the letter b, but has
no phonetic value on its own in modern East Slavic languages. The serves as orthographic device that indicates
that the consonant preceding the is softened or palatalized.
: German letter Eszett, originally a ligature of long s '' with 'z', now considered to stand for 'ss'.
: Hebrew letter Bet
: U+2422 blank symbol
B
3
: The flat in music, mentioned above, still closely resembles lowercase b.
Computing codes
Character
B b
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B LATIN SMALL LETTER B
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66 U+0042 98 U+0062
UTF-8 66 42 98 62
Numeric character reference B B b b
EBCDIC family 194 C2 130 82
ASCII
1 66 42 98 62
1
Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.
Other representations
NATO phonetic Morse code
Bravo

Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille


dots-12
References
[1] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ w/ index. php?title=Template:Latin_alphabet_sidebar& action=edit
[2] "B" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language,
Unabridged (1993); "bee", op. cit.
External links
Media related to B at Wikimedia Commons
The dictionary definition of B at Wiktionary
The dictionary definition of b at Wiktionary
Article Sources and Contributors
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Article Sources and Contributors
B Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=622952972 Contributors: 10014derek, 10metreh, 209.249.141.xxx, 321ba, 334a, 65man, 7852, A Train, A fuzzy hippo, A12n, ACW,
ACupOfCoffee, Aaadddaaammm, Aaronbrick, Aazc, Abacabula, Abeg92, Acather96, Adashiel, AdjustShift, Aeusoes1, Afarnen, Afterwriting, AgentPeppermint, Ahoerstemeier, Aillema, Aitias,
Akanemoto, Akrabbim, Aksi great, Alansohn, Aleenf1, AlexanderKaras, Alexandre.dussault, Alison, Alsandro, An elite, Anakin101, Andonic, Andrea105, Andrejj, Andrew Lancaster, Andy M.
Wang, Anetode, Animum, Anomie, Anonymoues, Anonymous Dissident, Anythingspossibleforapossible, Ap, Arjun01, Arms & Hearts, Arthur Rubin, Asarelah, Ashley Y, Ashnard, Astral,
Astroangie, Atif.t2, Atitarev, Atropos235, Avicennasis, Az1568, BD2412, BLA Commander, Baa, Barneca, BaseballDetective, Battoe19, Bbbbb8, Beardo, Beastie Dude, Bejara70, Bemoeial,
Benskateordie, Bgwhite, Big Bird, Billpg, Billybobjones500, Biteme101, Bkell, Blazin1344, Blood sliver, Bluemask, Bluerasberry, BobbyHanson, Bobo192, Bogdan Nagachop, Brian0918,
Brianga, Brion VIBBER, BrokenSegue, Bryan Derksen, Btljs, C'est moi, CO, CT Cooper (alternate account), Caltas, CambridgeBayWeather, Camembert, Cameron Nedland, CanisRufus,
Canuckian89, Captain panda, Caseyj354, CatherineMunro, Cenarium, Ceoil, CerealandMilkareTasty, Cfailde, Chaosfeary, Cherry blossom tree, Chris G, Christian List, Chun-hian, Church,
Claidheamohmor, Codell, Coffee, Colonies Chris, Connormah, Conversion script, Cool 2, Coroboy, Corvus cornix, Courcelles, Crobey01, Cryptic, DAVilla, DVD R W, DabMachine, Dante
Alighieri, Davepape, Davish Krail, Gold Five, Dawynn, Dbachmann, De728631, DeadEyeArrow, Deconstructhis, Deflective, Delfeye, Denelson83, Denniss, DerHexer, Dillard421, DixDixDix,
Dlohcierekim, Dmartin969, Dmeranda, Doc Tropics, DocendoDiscimus, Docu, Dogposter, Domthedude001, DopefishJustin, Dougie monty, Douglas Wilhelm Harder, Download, Dudboi,
Duncan975, EJF, Earfetish1, Edemaine, Edinborgarstefan, Edward K, Egil, ElinorD, Ellmist, Elockid, Elvey, Emc2, Enviroboy, Eric TF Bat, Erutuon, Esanchez7587, Etlsen, Eugrus, Evanpsp,
Evercat, Evertype, F. F. Fjodor, FAtty, Falcon8765, Fastily, Favonian, Feitclub, Fgfesgfg, Filemon, Flamurai, FlareNUKE, Foobaz, Footballman013, Fram, Francis cocozza, Franz123, Fredrik,
Freiberg, FreplySpang, Frietjes, FrozenPurpleCube, Funnyhat, Future Perfect at Sunrise, Fuzheado, Fys, GB fan, GPHemsley, Gaelen S., Geeoharee, Gene Nygaard, Giftiger wunsch, Gilliam,
Ginkgo100, Glenn Willen, Gnfgb2, Gogo Dodo, Good usage of a Sunday afternoon, Gopal81, Gorwell, Grossdomestic, Grunt, Gurch, Guyzero, Gwernol, HTML2011, HamburgerRadio, Hashar,
Hatmatbbat10, Helenbond, Hephaestos, Heracles31, Hiberniantears, Huggle, Hugh7, Huntster, Husond, Ian Maxwell, Icairns, Ikiroid, Inka 888, Interchangeable, Ioeth, Iridescent, Itai, J. Spencer,
J.delanoy, JD554, JForget, JMyrleFuller, JOptionPane, Jac16888, James3795, JamesBWatson, Janejellyroll, Jarjarbinks1, Jauhienij, Jdhthegr8, Jed, Jeepday, Jeffro77, Jesuschex, JetLover,
Jfrodelius, Jigjh, Jimaginator, Jimmy Pitt, Johnbelden, Johnny 0, Jorgebushlove, Jpbowen, Jplatts, JuJube, Juliancolton, Jwrosenzweig, Jsk Couriano, Jna runn, KJS77, Kaldari, Kareeser,
KavehTehrani, Kbh3rd, KevM, Kevin B12, Kicking222, Kingturtle, Kitch, KnowledgeOfSelf, Koavf, Kpjas, Kukini, Kuru, Kush5, Kusma, Kwamikagami, Kylemcinnes, Laka2, Lartoven,
Lcarscad, Letatcestmoi94, Linuxerist, LittleDan, LizardJr8, LjL, Llamadog903, Lrkidnvr, Ltrambo85, Lulu101lulu, Luna Santin, M C Y 1008, MC10, MK8, MacedonianBoy, Madden NFL 21,
Madhero88, Magioladitis, Magister Mathematicae, Maksim-e, Malo, Manuel Anastcio, Manway, Marc Mongenet, Marek69, Matt Millar, Matt1314, Mattmandew, Mauls, Mav, Maxim,
Merovingian, Mike33, Minesweeper, Mo0, Mojo Hand, Molerner, Monedula, MonsterHospital, Moreschi, Mormegil, Morven, Mr Stephen, Mr.Z-man, Mrwojo, Muntfish, Myanw, NHRHS2010,
Nagy, Nakon, Naohiro19, Narwal310, Nate Silva, NawlinWiki, Neelix, Nerd42, Nertzy, Netoholic, Neutrality, Nick, Nick123, NickScott, Nikola Smolenski, No Guru, Nohat, NorwegianBlue,
NotACow, Ntsimp, NuclearWarfare, Numerao, Ocee, Offaking 2, Olathe, Oli Filth, Onceonthisisland, Ondra.tomec, Onorem, Opabinia regalis, Openeyes293, Orthogonal, Oxinabox,
Oxymoron83, Ozgod, P. S. F. Freitas, Paloma Walker, ParticleMan, Paul-L, Peanutbutterkills, Pedro, PeepP, Pejman47, Pepper, Peruvianllama, PeterC, Pgk, Phil Boswell, Philip Trueman,
Pigsonthewing, Pinethicket, Polarscribe, Poor Yorick, Porges, Postdlf, Postglock, Pregith, Proofreader77, PseudoOne, PuzzletChung, Quinsareth, R'n'B, RTC, RadicalBender, Radiojon,
Raistuumum, Ralf Loire, Rankorth, Rapasaurus, Rd232, RedWolf, Reisio, RenamedUser01302013, RexNL, Riana, Rich Farmbrough, Ricky81682, Rjd0060, RobertG, Robertgreer, Ross Burgess,
Saebjorn, Salimatou, Sam Hocevar, Sam Korn, Samuel, Sanawon, Saperaud, Sburke, Scarian, SchfiftyThree, Scientus, Seeleschneider, Senator2029, Seth Ilys, Shii, Shimmin Beg, Shmigheghi,
Sidasta, Sidkiller, Skeetch, Skittleys, SkyWalker, Skysmith, Sl, Smoove Z, Snowolf, Somedawgnamedjamie25, SpiderMum, SpiralTurtle, Splat5572, SpuriousQ, Srcspider, Starfoxy,
Starman1985, StephenBuxton, Stephenb, Steve2011, Steven Zhang, Storm Rider, Str1977, Suckthebitty, Sunstriders, Syrthiss, TParis, Tamfang, Tarquin, Tatter, Taylor 808, Tbhotch,
Tehhaxxorz, Template namespace initialisation script, TexMurphy, Tfl, That Guy, From That Show!, The Article Creator, The Epopt, The Man in Question, The Red, The Thing That Should Not
Be, The undertow, TheKMan, TheLedBalloon, Thelmadatter, Thingg, Thomas.W, Tiddly Tom, Tide rolls, Timc, Tomahiv, Tommy2010, Trebuchi, Tropylium, Truefriend909, Tsekub, Tsemii,
Ttwaring, Twilsonb, UchihaSeru, Ugur Basak, Ulric1313, Unrulyevil, Urhixidur, UtherSRG, Vampire King, Vanisaac, Verdlanco, Vertigo200, Vicenarian, Vinny C, Vuo, Wafulz, Waggers,
Wapcaplet, Wickethewok, WikHead, Wiki alf, Wikid77, Wimt, Wknight94, Wombatcat, Woohookitty, Xhin, Xiaphias, Yarnalgo, Yath, Yekrats, Yippidydee2, Yossarian,
YouSpinMeRightround, Youandme, Yourmomthirtythree, Yourmum1.2, Yusheng02, Zalgt1, Zazzazzaz, Zeimusu, Zephyrus67, Zoe, Zvikit, Zweelum, Zzuuzz, , 638 anonymous edits
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Latin alphabet Bb.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Latin_alphabet_Bb.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Eirik1231
File:Cursive.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Cursive.svg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Contributors: AndrewBuck
File:B cursiva.gif Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:B_cursiva.gif License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: User:Alma Cebrian
File:EgyptianB-01.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:EgyptianB-01.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Anomie
File:PhoenicianB-01.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:PhoenicianB-01.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: User:Pmx
File:Beta uc lc.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Beta_uc_lc.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Dcoetzee, F l a n k e r
File:EtruscanB-01.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:EtruscanB-01.svg License: unknown Contributors: File:EtruscanB-01.png: Nohat derivative work: Martin Kozk
(talk)
File:RomanB-01.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:RomanB-01.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Anomie
File:UncialB-01.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:UncialB-01.png License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Poulpy, 1 anonymous edits
File:BlackletterB-01.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:BlackletterB-01.png License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Poulpy, 1 anonymous edits
File:ModernRomanB-01.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:ModernRomanB-01.png License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Poulpy, 1 anonymous
edits
File:ModernItalicB-01.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:ModernItalicB-01.png License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Poulpy, 1 anonymous edits
File:ModernScriptB-01.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:ModernScriptB-01.png License: GNU Free Documentation License Contributors: Poulpy, 1 anonymous
edits
Image:ICS_Bravo.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:ICS_Bravo.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Denelson83, Indolences, JoeDeRose, Paradoctor, Sarang
Image:Semaphore_Bravo.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Semaphore_Bravo.svg License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Contributors:
Andy Dingley, Denelson83
Image:Braille_B2.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Braille_B2.svg License: unknown Contributors: User:3247's Image Wizard/Scripts/braille.pl
file:Commons-logo.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Commons-logo.svg License: logo Contributors: Anomie
file:Wiktionary-logo-en.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Wiktionary-logo-en.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Vectorized by , based on original logo tossed
together by Brion Vibber
License
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/