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Bonus Report

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Advanced Technique to Locate Shorted
Components in LCD Monitor Main Board
This report talks about repairing the CMV 19 LCD Monitor problems
model CM-922D. The complaint was no power as what the customer told
me. This LCD Monitor power supply was not built into the circuit thus it
need an external power adapter to power it up. The input to the LCD
Monitor is 19V with 3.1 Amp from the adapter. Since the complaint was
no power, we have to test it out to check if the power adapter is at fault or
the LCD Monitor itself.
The ac supply was plugged in to the power adapter and I could see the
power LED was lighted up. Checking the output voltage of the power
adapter I got about 19 volts which is good. Even though the LED has lit
and correct output voltage, this doesnt mean that the power adapter can
maintain when there is a load (the LCD Monitor) connected to it.
I once came across a Compaq 17 LCD Monitor that have a precise
output voltage from the power adapter but when connected to the
Monitor, the display appeared for a fraction of a second before shutting
down. Usually in this case, your experienced would tell you that it could
be the inverter circuit are faulty or the lamps have problem. You would
be surprised that the actual cause of the LCD Monitor shutdown was due
to the power adapter. It cant sustain the output voltage when there is a
load on it.
This kind of fault was normally due to a bad filter capacitors located at
the output of the secondary circuit. If you have ESR meter, you can
actually locate the defective electrolytic capacitors fast. If you dont have
the meter, just direct replace the caps. As mentioned in my LCD Monitor
Repair E-book, to confirm if the power adapter is truly working or not
you need a light bulb to act as a load. Make sure the power LED light
doesnt blink whenever the light bulb is connected. Connect a 24 volt
light bulb to test this 19 Volt output power adapter. Even if the light
bulb blinks one time, this proves that the regulation is not good and need
to be check entirely. In the above china made LCD Monitor, the power
adapter work perfectly fine!
Since I have already confirmed that the power adapter is good, my focus
now was on the LCD boards. Removing this LCD Monitor cover was
very easy and you can easily access to the board when the metal casing
was removed. The first thing that I checked was the SMD fuse located in
the main board. If the fuse opens then there would be no supply to the
ADC/SCALAR and the CPU IC thus the power LED would not light!
Checking this SMD fuse was rather simple as the method of checking it is
the same like a normal fuse. Use either an analogue or a digital meter set
to ohms range or continuity check. You can check the fuse while it is still
in circuit. Yes, the fuse was found to be open circuit.
Now there is one question that needs to be answered by us. What makes
the fuse to go open circuit? Well from what we have known about
electronic repair, there are three possibilities as why a fuse opens circuit.
First, the fuse can become open circuit due to its lifespan. Some fuses can
last for many years while some only couple of years. In other words, the
life span of a fuse depends on the qualities of the materials used.
Secondly, the external factor such as a surge causing the fuse to open
circuit in order to protect the main board. Thirdly, the main board itself
have problem (such as a shorted ICs and other electronic components)
that caused the fuse to open circuit.
If the LCD Monitor problems falls in the first and the second categories
then replacing only the fuse will definitely solve the problem. However,
for this LCD Monitor, replacing only the fuse didnt work at all and the
fuse open circuit again. You have only two choices to solve this kind of
problem. First you can use an external regulated power supply and
connect the negative output of the power supply to ground and the
positive to the fuse (the line that leads to other circuitry) in order to detect
the short circuit.
Slowly vary the output voltage and monitor the current drawn. Once the
current drawn about a amp or two, now place your finger to any
electronic components in the main board. If you found any components
that get very hot then that is the cause of the short circuit.
In this report, Im going to do it differently to detect the short circuit. Are
you ready? Now instead of replacing the fuse with the exact rating which
is 3 amperes, I replaced it with a 5 amperes fuse. The purpose for me to
put the 5 amp fuse instead of the 3 amp fuse was because if the fuse
doesnt blow then the component that have short circuit would
Do you get the idea? Three things can happen when you use this way to
force out the culprit. First the power adapter may shut down due to heavy
current draw from the main board. Second, the short circuit electronic
components (either be an IC, diode, capacitors, transistor and etc) will get
hot and you can quickly locate it easily by touching them.
Remember dont ON it for too long otherwise if the shorted
components get too hot it will go open circuit and now you will have a
hard time to locate the fault. Third, you may hear a pop sound and spark
from the shorted component. Trace from where the spark came from and
you can easily identify the location and sometimes to the actual
component that generate the spark.
For the above LCD Monitor, I actually saw a small spark at the top part
of the main board once the power input jack was connected. It prompted
me to the exact location and when I check the SMD ceramic capacitor
(that generated the spark underneath it) with analogue meter set to X 10
K ohm range; it actually developed a slight short circuit.
Replacing only the fuse and the SMD ceramic capacitor solved the no
power problem in this 19 LCD Monitor. This Monitor uses the inverter
IC (OZ960G), A1084-25CM (2.5 volts voltage regulator), AMC1117-3.3
(3.3 volts voltage regulator), ADC IC (MST8136B) and CPU IC
Conclusion-There are always options as to which methods that you want
to use to detect the short circuit. If you prefer the latter one, then I suggest
you to take some photo shots first before anything really burnt out
beyond description. With the photos, at least it will give you some hints
of what the components might be or even the part numbers.
Well, theres always an interesting way to solve electronic problems and
this is one of the reason that I like electronic repair so much because you
can always act as a detective to find out the culprit-real satisfaction! Oh!
By the way, you can use the above method to any other electronic
equipment and it is not limited only to LCDMonitor problems. Have a
great hunt my friend!
This 19 LCD Monitor was brought back to life with the simple technique I have
described above.