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OCTOBER.

1951 35 CENTS
BOOKS OF THE SOUTHWEST . . .
HERE IS A SELECTED LIST OF BOOKS FOR YOU TO ENJOY AND
SHARE WITH YOUR FRIENDS — GUIDE BOOKS FOR YOUR MOTOR
TRAVELS, BOOKS OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY, OF INDIANS AND OF
LOST TREASURE IN THE DESERT SOUTHWEST. AND IF YOU DO NOT
FIND THE BOOK YOU WANT IN THIS LIST, PLEASE WRITE TO DESERT
CRAFTS SHOP, PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA, FOR CATALOG OF ALL
SOUTHWESTERN BOOKS AVAILABLE.

GUIDE BOOKS LOST TREASURE


Gl ARIZONA, A Guide to the Sunset State. XI APACHE GOLD AND YAQUI SILVER, J
American Guide series. Historical, natural Frank Dobie. Fascinating lost mine and buried
setting; social, agricultural, industrial development. treasure stories by a master story teller. Lost
19 detailed tours containing much history, geology, Adam Diggings, the Sierra Madre, Lost Tayopa.
wildlife, etc. General tourist information, chro- Scalp Hunters' Ledge, El Naranjal—and others of
nology, biblio. .Many halftones, maps. 530 pp. $4.50 Arizona and Mexico. Beautiful color plates and
black-and-whites by Tom Lea $4.50
G2 CALIFORNIA, A Guide to the Golden State.
American Guide series. Comprehensive cov- T3 GOLDEN MIRAGES, Philip A. Bailey. This
erage of the state. Special sections on Death Val- is a favorite of lost mine books. Pegleg
ley, Sequoia, General Grant and Yosemite national Smith's Gold, ghosts of Vallecito, Lost Ship of the
parks. 14 tours, pocket map, 713 pp $4.50 Desert, many lost treasures of the Southwest. In-
dex. 553 pp., photos, maps, biblio $4.50
G3 NEVADA, A Guide to the Silver State. Ameri-
can Guide series. Same type of coverage as T5 LOST MINES OF THE OLD WrEST, Howard
others in series. 8 detailed tours. Many photos, D. Clark. Lost Pegleg, Lost Dutch Oven and
pocket map. 315 pp $3.00 20 other lost mine legends of California, Nevada.
Arizona and Texas. Illus., 64 pp., ppr., limited.$ .60
G4 NEW MEXICO, A Guide to the Colorful State.
Another complete handbook in American
Guide series. 18 tours. Special pocket map. 458
pages $4.50 INDIANS
A3 BLOOD BROTHER, Elliott Arnold. Vivid rea-
HISTORY-BIOGRAPHY listic novel of Apaches in Arizona, 1856-72.
Story of Cochise and Tom Jeffords, Indian agent
who worked with the Apache leader to end con-
H9 JACOB HAMBLJN, Buckskin Apostle, Paul flict and who became his blood brother. Also the
Bailey. Mormon trailblazer and missionary tragic love story of Jeffords and his Indian bride.
who lived adventure and made history in Navajo- Endmaps, 558 pp $3.50
land, the Grand Canyon and along the Old Spanish
trail. An important Southwest book, in a limited A18 SPIN A SILVER DOLLAR, Alberta Hannum.
edition. Illus., endmaps, 400 pp $4.50 Story of Wide Ruins trading post in Arizona.
Delightful account of life with Navajo, highlighted
H4 DUST ON THE KING'S HIGHWAY, Helen by the Indian boy artist, Little No-Shirt (Beatien
C. White. Entertaining, valuable introduction Yazz), and illustrated with 12 color reproductions
to a great-hearted Southwestern adventurer—Fr. of his work $3.75
Francisco Garces, a fictional biography. Life with
Indians along the Colorado, experiences with De Al ACOMA, Mrs. Wm. T. Sedgwick. Story of the
Anza expeditions in California, travel amcng the Indians in New Mexico's Sky City. Based on
Mojaves, the Yavapais, to the Grand Canyon and diaries, archeological notes of Bandelier, Fewkes,
land of Havasupai. 468 pp $3.50 Parsons and Hodge, and legends and folklore. End-
maps, photos, biblio., index, 318 pp $2.50
H27 BUCKY O'NEILL, Ralph Keithley. Sheriff,
editor, judge and Rough Rider, Bucky O'Neill A20 NAVAJOS, GODS, AND TOM TOMS, Dr. S. H.
was one of the most colorful characters in Arizona Babington, a practicing surgeon, tells of the
history. This is a sparkling biography of a man rites and methods used by Navajo medicine men.
who played a tremendous role in Arizona history. A careful analytical contribution to literature on
244 pp. Index $3.50 the Southwest. 240 pp., 41 photos, biblo, index $3.50

THE ART OF THE LAPIDARY, Francis J. DEATH VALLEY IX '49, William L. Manly.
Sperisen. Here is an understandable treatise Reprint of Manly's thrilling account of the
on selecting, cutting, polishing and setting Jayhawkers' historic trek across Death Val-
precious stones. Materials and equipment are ley in '49. Terrible suffering, desperate brav-
discussed. A book for hobbyist and profes- ery and high courage recited by a man who
sional. 382 pp., 400 illustrations, index $6.50 lived the experiences. Photos, 524 pp...$6.50

Prices postpaid to you. California buyers add 3% sales tax

DESERT CRAFTS SHOP


Palm Desert, California

DESERT MAGAZINE
DESERT CALENDAR
September 27-29—Quay County Fair,
Tucumcari, New Mexico.
September 28-30—County Fair, Span-
ish Fiesta and San Geronimo cele-
bration, Taos, New Mexico.
September 28-October 1—Osteopathic
Convention, Las Cruces, New Mex-

September 29-October 7—New Mexico


State Fair, Albuquerque. New Mex-

September 30 — Julian's Apple Day. Volume 14 OCTOBER, 1951 Number 12


Gold Rush Days relived, Julian.
California.
October 1-7 — Golden Aspen Week COVER DESERT RAT. Photograph b y T. D. Vencill, I .os
Carson National Forest — Aspen- Angeles.
cades, planned by Forest Office and
Taos Chamber of Commerce. Oc- CALENDAR October events on the desert . . . .
tober 3, Solemn Vespers and Can-
dlelight procession. EXPLORATION Tra'l to H a w k e y e Natural Bridge
By BARRY GOLDWATER
October 4—Fiesta of San Francisco
Ranchos de Taos. LOST GOLD Lost Ledge of the Sheep Hole Mountains
October 1-31—Paintings of California By JOHN D. MITCHELL
Indian Costumes at Southwest Mu- FIELD TRIP G e o d e s in Lizard Gulch
seum. Artist, Charles Packard. 11
Highland Park, Los Angeles. By HAROLD O. WEIGHT
October 6-7—Cochise County Fair, FICTION Hard Rock Shorty cf Dsath Valley . . . 16
Rodeo and Horse Show, Douglas, INDIANS
Arizona. W h e n Visitors C a m e to the H o g a n
17
October 7 — Colorado River Mara- By SANDY HASSELL
thon, Needles, California. TRUE OR FALSE 18
A test of your desert k n o w l e d g e . . .
October 9-13—Eastern New Mexico GHOST TOWN
State Fair and Rodeo, Roswell, Ghost of M u d d y Valley 19
New Mexico. By GENE SEGERBLOM
POETRY " W h a t Worth the Desert" a n d other p o e m s 21
October 14—Annual Klobase barbe-
cue. Deming, New Mexico. NATURE He W e a r s a Collar tor Identification
By GEORGE BRADT 22
October 14-27 — Annual Convention
of California State Hotel Associa- PHOTOGRAPHY Pictures of the Month 23
tion, Desert Inn, Palm Springs,
California. LETTERS Comment from Desert's r e a d e r s . . . . 24

October 15—Opening of Desert Bo- BOTANY Spring Carpet for the Desert
tanical Gardens, Phoenix. Arizona. By MARY BEAL 25
October 17-21—Pima County Fair, MINING Current n e w s of desert mines . . . . 26
adjoining Rodeo Grounds, Tucson,
Arizona. NEWS From Here a n d There on the Desert . . 27
October 17-20—Grand Chapter O.E.S. CONTEST Prize story a n n o u n c e m e n t 30
convention. Las Cruces, New Mex- HOBBY 35
ico. G e m s a n d minerals
LAPIDARY Amateur Gem Cutter, b y LELANDE QUICK 40
October 18-20 — Arizona Aviation
Conference. Phoenix, Arizona. BOOKS Reviews of Southwestern literature . . 41
October 18-20 — Convention of Na- COMMENT Just Between You a n d Me, b y the editor 42
tional Association of Secretaries,
Phoenix, Arizona. CLOSE-UPS About those w h o write for Desert 43
October 19-21 — 14th Annual Pioneer
Days, Twentynine Palms, Califor-
nia. Parades, bands, gymkhana, The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
fashion show, bowling tournament. California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1951 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
October 21 — Mesilla Valley Pecan must be secured from the editor in writing.
Festival, Mesilla Park, New Mexico. RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor BESS STACY, Business Manager
October 23-28—Gobarino Harvest MARTIN MORAN, Circulation Manager E. H. VAN NOSTRAND, Advertising
Festival, Oildale. Mojave Desert. Los Angeles Office (Advertising Only): 2G35 Adelbert Ave., Phone NOrmandy 3-1509
Gay nineties theme. Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
October 26-28 — Tombstone Helldo- damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
rado, Tombstone. Arizona. scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
October 29-31 — Western Regional One Year $3.50 Two Years Sfi.00
Conference of AAA Motor Club, Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50e Extra
Phoenix. Arizona. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 13687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

OCTOBER, 1951
m££H Of LtJKF rHIFF ^

Dotted line shows the best route from the parking place on the rim of the mesa to
Hawkeye Natural Bridge. The walking distance is about 3V2 miles.

Hidden away in a remote can-


yon near the base of Navajo

Trail to Hawkeye Mountain in northern Arizona is


a great natural arch of sand-
stone that until recent years was

Natural Bridge
known only to the Navajo Indi-
ans. Barry Goldwater spotted
the stone arch from the air—
but his effort to reach it by foot-
trail was quite fruitless—until a
Navajo showed the way.

By BARRY GOLDWATER Photographs by the author Map by Norton Allen

NE EVENING at Rainbow Lodge, place. Neither had his wife, Kather- My airplane was at a landing strip
Bill Wilson and I were studying ine. Since Bill has been guiding ex- down the road a few miles, and since
the Baker topographic map of ploring parties over that region for I had promised to take members of
the Navajo Mountain region in north- nearly 25 years, and he and Katherine the One Salt family on a flight the next
ern Arizona. Tucked away in one know all the Indians ir. that part of morning, I decided I would try to lo-
corner of the map, between the moun- the reservation, it seemed strange that cate this bridge of mystery from the
tain and the San Juan River, we found they should have missed a natural air.
the words "Hawkeye Natural Bridge." bridge imposing enough to have been On the flight the following day it did
Bill said he had never heard of the given a name on the map. not take long to find the bridge, and

DESERT MAGAZINE
Hawkeye Natural Bridge, a sandstone arch approximately 200 feet high and 250
feet wide. Apparently the arch resulted from the erosion of the top of what was
once a huge cave.

OCTOBER, 195 1
V

.•••;;'''.#y
N

5 Ml/;. i \
V
•f" \

. A R I Z O N A ••••••

IHSCRIPTION HOUSE & ru8A cirr

Members of the party missed the trail and reached the natural bridge by
following the floor' of Bisha canyon. from the air it appeared to be ex-
tremely large, perhaps as big as Rain-
bow.
Air search for ruins and caves has
long been a favorite pastime of mine
and a technique has been developed
whereby the best routes to the dis-
covery are easily determined. The air-
plane is flown in a direct line between
the area in question and a conspicuous
landmark that is known to be visible
from the ground. The compass read-
ings are noted carefully and checked
by several flights. Then a careful search
is made for trails, wagon roads or the
best canyons for ground approach. In
this instance the road from Navajo
Mountain Trading Post around Lost
Mesa to the edge of the San Juan
Canyon appeared to be the best route.
Quite certain that I could reach the
bridge by the route I had noted, I re-
turned to the landing strip and a few
hours later left the lodge in a pickup
to get pictures of the bridge from the
ground. My companions were Sonny
Neal 16, Mickey Doyle 11, my young-
est son Mike 11. and a Navajo boy,
Wilson One Salt 8.
We stopped at Kerley's Navajo
Mountain Trading Post to inquire as
to the best road around Lost Mesa.
The Indians have made many wagon
trails in this area, and it would be
easy to take the wrong road.
Approximately 6'/2 miles from the

DESERT MAGAZINE
Luke Chief, the Navajo Indian who guided the Goldwater party to the bridge,
located in an unnamed tributary to Bisha Canyon.

OCTOBER, 195 1
J: * . *(•:

Navajo, sacred mountain of the Indians, in the background. The natural bridge is
located in the canyon in the foreground.

trading post our road ended abruptly one of the hogans, and with Wilson beauty of its structure.
on the edge of the mesa. There is a One Salt as interpreter I approached It is not an easy bridge to photo-
little sand along the way but none that them and asked if they knew the loca- graph—it hugs too closely to the rock
soft tires will not negotiate. tion of the natural bridge. massive from which it was carved to
We found several trails leading off One of the Navajos, Luke Chief, make a spectacular picture. One has
in the general direction of the bridge said he knew the bridge well, and to see the bridge itself to appreciate
—and we took the wrong one. We started off at a great pace to lead the fully the magnificent job of sculptur-
should have kept to the left of a con- way to it. ing Nature has done here.
spicuous butte some distance ahead— At first sight of the great bridge of Our return trip was by the more di-
but we did not find that out until some stone all the weariness of our long rect route shown on the accompanying
time later. hike was forgotten. Hawkeye is a photograph—and this is the route I
Instead of keeping on top of the magnificent arch—not so imposing as would recommend for those who plan
mesa, we dropped down into Bisha Rainbow, but worthy of more atten- to visit this little known natural monu-
canyon on our right, and spent the tion than it has received. Undoubtedly ment.
entire afternoon in a fruitless search this formation was at one time a great This entire region is a fascinating
for our objective. Toward evening we sandstone cave, but erosion has eaten land for the explorer. Tremendous
came to a spring of cool water and away the top of it to the extent that a caves are to be seen east of the bridge
bedded down for the night on the definite arch does now exist. and no doubt in some of these will be
sand in an old Indian hogan. I would rank it in importance with found the ruins of prehistoric Indian
Next morning we took up the search White Mesa Arch. It is a landmark dwellings. I am going back there at
again and must have walked several that should be seen by those who are first opportunity—but next time I will
miles in heavy sand before we came interested in searching out the unu- follow the Navajo trails instead of
to an Indian camp where a sing had sual landmarks of the Southwest. It floundering around in the sand and
been in progress the previous night. has amazing symmetry, and the soft among the rocks at the bottom of
Several Indians were loitering around texture of the stone enhances the Bisha canyon.

DESERT MAGAZINE
"When the torn sack was
emptied on the depot plat-
form it almost started a
stampede."

Lost Ledge of the


Sheep Hole Mountains
Nearly every important mountain range in the Southwest country Lock, storekeeper; Jim Walsh, sec-
has its legend of lost gold, and the Sheep Hole Mountains east of tion foreman; Bill Pine, Santa Fe sta-
Twentynine Palms in San Bernardino County, California, are no excep- tion agent; and the writer were stand-
tion. As the result of a recent act of Congress reducing the boundaries ing on the depot platform at Amboy,
on the Joshua Tree National Monument, this area is again open hunting California. A group of strange objects
ground for prospectors—and may one of them find Hermit John's lost were seen bobbing up and down on
ledge. top of the heat waves that hung over
the dry lake northeast of the station.
By JOHN D. MITCHELL
The lake bed had filled with clear
Illustration by John Hansen water and the dancing heat waves had
lifted everything high into the warm
LOST mine stories leave stories, some of which, no doubt, have air above the ground. Even old Pete
the reader with the impres- grown in magnitude as time elapsed. Ring's mine that stood on a small
sion that the richest mines Most traditions become distorted in brown hill near the eastern edge of
were found and lost in wild Indian time. The Lost Ledge in the Sheep the lake seemed to be high up in the
country by old prospectors with long Hole Mountains seems to be an ex- clouds with fairy palaces all around
whiskers. The wilder the Indians and ception to the rule. The old prospec- it. As we stood looking at the strange
the longer the prospector's or Desert tor had plenty of whiskers, but there objects dancing around in the shim-
Rat's whiskers, the richer the mines were no wild Indians. mering mirage, Pete Ring remarked,
seem to be. Western lore is replete Early one summer morning about "Hell, that's Hermit John and his
with lost mine and buried treasure 50 years ago old Pete Ring, John outfit." By the time the Hermit had

OCTOBER, 1 9 51
reached the western edge of the mirage was afraid they would try to follow Early the following morning when
his outfit was down on the ground him to his mine. the Santa Fe passenger train pulled into
again and he was heading for the He told me that while prospecting the station the old fellow was observed
Santa Fe depot. in the Sheep Hole Mountains north- to drop a letter in the slot in the mail
While the Hermit was very secretive east of Dale dry lake and southwest of car. The next morning, after watering
about his business, he was by no means Cadiz dry lake, he had found an old his saddle mule and five burros he
a total stranger to the few residents of Spanish or Mexican mine that showed packed up, filled his numerous water
the little desert railroad station. This evidence of having been worked hun- kegs and followed one of the Armenian
was the third time he had shown dreds of years before. An old arrastra freight wagons out of town. No one
up at the store and railroad station. nearby showed that the ore had been ever saw or heard of him again. The
Despite the fact that the tall white treated on the ground. However, there letter probably instructed the smelter
whiskered man rode a large mule, his was no water other than a caved shaft to mail the returns to some other post-
feet almost dragged the desert sands. near the arrastra that might have been office or to family or friends in the
The heat waves had made him look a well. Two or three old graves nearby east. He was never seen around Vir-
much taller as he rode across the dry indicated that the former operators, or ginia Dale or any of the other railroad
lake bed. After unloading six sacks at least, some of them, had been killed stations along the Santa Fe.
of ore on the depot platform Bill Pine, or died there. Old-time mining tools This happened many years ago, and
the station agent, told him that one of were scattered around. as far as the writer knows no one has
the sacks was badly torn and that he During our conversation it devel- ever found, or even looked for the
could not receive it for shipment in that oped that we had something in com- Lost Ledge of the Sheep Hole Moun-
condition. The old man returned to mon. We were both from Kentucky. tains. The Hermit probably met the
his pack outfit and brought another We proceeded to celebrate the occa- fate that has befallen many others on
sack. When the torn sack was emp- sion with a small nip or two from a the desert wastes of the Great South-
tied out on the depot platform it almost bottle of Snake Medicins I happened west and his bones lie covered with
started a stampede. The ore was a to have in my hip pocket. After some drifting sands. If the original operators
light gray iron-stained quartz literally talk the old man told me that he had were killed by bandits or Indians they
plastered and matted together with done considerable prospecting around probably left some treasure buried in
bright yellow gold. Everyone crowded the desert, but that old Spanish shaft or around the small rock house, the
around to see the ore. Pete Ring ex- was the only deposit he had ever ruins of which still stand there.
claimed, "Jumping John D. Rocke- found that amounted to anything. The • • •
feller, that's the richest ore that ever ore, he said was enormously rich and Indians Walked on Their Toes . . .
came out of the California desert." there was enough in sight to make Anthropologists of the University of
The old man gathered the ore up him wealthy beyond his fondest New Mexico excavating a cave east of
quickly, putting it in the new sack, dreams. His description of the place Capitan on the Fort Stanton military
weighed it and had the agent bill it to would locate it either in the northeast reservation, report the finding of 300
a San Francisco smelter. Some very corner of the Joshua Tree National pairs of prehistoric Indian sandals so
rich gold ore was being hauled into Monument, or just across the line to constructed as to cover only the toe
Amboy at that time from a gold mine the west. This area recently has been and the ball of the foot. The conclu-
at Virginia Dale, operated by some deleted from the Monument bound- sion: that the Indians walked on their
Armenians from Los Angeles, but it aries. toes. Some of the artifacts were sent
was an entirely different kind of ore. During our conversation the pros- to Yale for radioactive tests which will
While it showed considerable free gold, pector told me he had done some establish the period when they were
it was nothing to be compared with prospecting around a large outcrop- in use.
that brought in by the Hermit. ping of iron ore to the north of his Excavations have yielded 300 pairs
After watering his five burros and mine, but that it was too lowgrade in of these sandals. Others of similar de-
saddle mule at the tank car on the gold to pay expenses of transporta- sign have been found in other ruins,
Santa Fe tracks, the old prospector tion and treatment. but never in such large numbers.
went into camp just behind the little
grocery store and near the railroad
tracks. We all naturally wanted to
know where the ore came from, but
Annual Desert Index to be in December Issue . . .
The first issue of Desert Magazine was published in November, 1937.
the old man was secretive and did not At the end of the first year—in the issue of October, 1938—the first
volunteer the information. In those annual index was published. Since then each October issue of Desert has
days it was not considered good eti- carried an index of the year's editorial content. In other words, Desert
quette to inquire too closely into a Magazine's year ran from November to October.
stranger's personal affairs—especially Librarians have told us on more than one oceasion that the indexing
if he happened to have a large six and cataloging of our publication would be much simpler for them if our
shooter handy. publication year was the same as the calendar year—and our annual index
The Armenian freighter told us the appeared in the December instead of the October issue.
old prospector had been seen around And so, this year we are going to make the change-over. There will
their camp on several occasions and be 14 issues in this Volume 14—and the Volume 14 index will appear in
that they understood he was prospect- the December number. Volume 15 will start with the January, 1952,
ing somewhere in that part of the des- issue. This will in no way affect subscription accounts.
ert. Later that evening the writer Subscribers who keep their magazines in binders will find it possible
visited the old fellow around his camp- to insert the two additional copies in their Volume 14 covers—and two
fire and found him reading the Psalms extra binder wires will be forwarded without cost to any subscriber or
of David aloud from a large leather- newsstand buyer who makes the request.
covered bible which he carried in his
outfit. The new binders for Volume 15, and thereafter, will carry both the
volume number and the year—VOLUME 15—1952.
He was worried because the other DESERT STAFF
Desert Rats had seen his rich ore. He

10 DESERT MAGAZINE
The geocles of the Beatty area are fantastically varied as to shape. These are
typical specimens, although much larger ones can be found.

Geodes in Lizard Gulch


Beatty, Nevada, is very small in population, but very large in hospi- "Death Valley Information." Beatty is
tality—and one of the reasons for its reputation as a friendly community at the eastern gateway to Death Valley,
is Brownie—whose real name is W. H. Brown. He runs the general store and since Brownie is an old-timer in
in Beatty—that is, he works in the store when he is not engaged in the the Nevada-California desert, there is
various goodwill enterprises which occupy much of his time. One of his no one better qualified to answer the
good turns—several months ago—was to show a couple of Chicago rock- questions which motorists have to ask.
hounds where they could find some choice geodes. And this story is the Actually, it would require a much big-
outcome of the good deed. ger sign to enumerate all the goodwill
services he dispenses to townsfolk and
By HAROLD O. WEIGHT visitors alike. An hour in the store
Photographs by the author gave me the impression that it is a
Map by Norton Allen combined information, message and
social center — with the business of
NE OF THE leading business con- name. To them it is "Brownie's," and selling merchandise merely a sideline.
cerns in Beatty, Nevada, is the the nickname is a symbol of the high It was one of his friendly gestures—
Beatty Mercantile company. But regard in which W. H. Brown, the to my notion a highwater mark in mak-
the folks who live and trade in that owner, is held by his neighbors. ing tourists happy—that brought Eva
part of Nevada never call it by that There's a sign on the building: Wilson, Lucile and me to Beatty last

OCTOBER, 1951 11
C Ft A T E R

FLAT

June. Early in the spring, it seems, directions to them. In a matter of "Needless to say," Luther Morris
Luther Morris and his wife of Chicago, moments he had turned the store over wrote to Desert Magazine, "we spent
stopped at Brownie's to buy bacon to his daughter and was on the way the remainder of the day making our
and eggs. In the conversation usually out to the field with the Chicagoans. selection of geodes and exploring the
accompanying such purchases, Mr. and If Brownie were a collector, the whole old mine roads and mines found back
Mrs. Morris dropped the information thing might have been an excuse to in the Yucca Mountains. Mr. Brown,
that they were on a rockhunting vaca- get in a little hunting. But he insists and men like him, seem to flourish
tion and that one of their rockhound he's no rockhound. He just keeps tab more plentifully in the West than
ambitions was to pick a few geodes on such things to pass the information around here. Or else this soot and
where they grew. on to those interested. So Brownie smoke and hustle seems to fog every-
Brownie's information service in- made the trip just to give a bit of one up a bit and hide friendliness."
cluded even that. He knew where pleasure to the mid-westerners while The material in the field, according
there were geodes—and not far from they were in Beatty. to Morris, was made up of whole
Beatty. But he wasn't satisfied to give He succeeded in doing just that. geodes and much incomplete geode for-
Nevada zebra-tailed lizard, the species which seemed most prominent and active
in Lizard Gulch.

12 DESERT MAGAZINE
Brownie's store in Beatty is center for tourist information. Here Brownie—W. H.
Brown—former constable of Death Valley, points out to Eva Wilson some of the
attractions of the below-sea-level valley he knows so well.

mation composed of layers of agatized that way — and probably for a long sition on the road between Goldfield
and crystalized material. "If you wish time before. It is named for William and Las Vegas. And its trees, water
to pass this on to anyone who wants Martin Beatty, who lived with his In- and elevation of 3400 feet, made it a
a sure-fire location in a hurry, why dian wife and their children on a little pleasant supply center and cooling off
that is the place. It is easy to get to and ranch just outside the present town, place for prospectors and miners for
there is plenty of material there. If this before the Bullfrog-Rhyolite boom many miles around. Those last features
helps out any passing tourist or vaca- built the town. were the ones we appreciated most,
tioner, who like ourselves had never Beatty was something of a prospec- reaching Beatty through Daylight pass
found any geodes before, why then tor, but it was Shorty Harris and Ed after an afternoon, night and morning
we feel we are starting to repay Desert Cross who struck rich green ore in in the heat-drenched sink of Death
by emulating you in your efforts to August, 1904, about eight miles west Valley.
make life more enjoyable for others." of Beatty ranch and touched off the We'd been in Beatty several times
Desert's editorial staff, knowing the excitement which created Rhyolite, a before and we knew Brownie by repu-
enthusiasm collectors have for geodes, city of stone and concrete business tation and through correspondence,
passed the letter and sketch map on buildings which reached more than but this was our first real meeting. As
with the suggestion I check the extent 10,000 population at its peak. Beatty soon as there was a break in the flow
of the field, "And tell us something became both freighting center and of cash and information customers, he
about Brownie." source of water for Rhyolite and her studied the map Morris had sent and
So we came to Beatty, a tree-shaded sister cities and all the mines and pros- added a few more landmarks to it. He
oasis along the course of the under- pects of the surrounding country. had no one to relieve him at the mo-
ground Amargosa river. Beatty has When the boom cities died, Beatty ment, he said regretfully. But there
been a popular spot on the Nevada survived. One reason was its abundant were plenty of geodes in the area, and
desert since the first white man came water supply; another, its strategic po- if we didn't go too far—beyond that

OCTOBER, 1951 13
including chief clerk to the president
of the railroad and justice of the peace
and deputy clerk—so he could both
issue marriage licenses and then marry
couples. As justice of the peace, one
of his duties was to help select names
for the Mexican babies, vv'hose parents
would come to him for suggestions.
On those occasions everything includ-
ing the almanac was consulted.
He was station agent at Silver Lake,
held various jobs in the valley itself,
and was superintendent for the Pacific
Coast Borax Company at Death Val-
ley junction from 1942 to 1946. His
most recent official connection with Geode field on the edge of the
Death Valley was in the big Centen- Yucca Mountains. The red cliffy
nial pageant at Desolation canyon in mountain, left center, is the land-
1949. Brownie and his wife, Louise, mark for the field. Ledge of per-
with a 16-year-old son and two smaller lite, carrying some of the geodes
children, played the Wade family of can be seen to the right, fore-
emigrants. ground. "Lizard Gulch" area is
just to the left of the car.
The oxen for the occasion had been
brought in from Utah, Oregon and
Hollywood and considerable trouble country and away from everyone.
arose through the inexperience of those Wake up in the night sometime out
trying to handle the animals. But there and holler—and you'll find out."
Brownie did not have much trouble It was much later than we'd planned
Brownie, as the emigrant Wade, with his oxen, since he'd driven 20- when we left Brownie's, but the geode
the part he played in the Death mule teams hauling grain in Washing- field was only a short distance away,
Valley Centennial pageant, held in ton state. One of the high points of so we set out, zeroing the speedometer
Desolation canyon in 1949. With his Death Valley days was the trip he in Bcatty. We headed northeast on
Brownie, left, is Seldom Seen took with the last 20-mule team and Highway 95, which follows a pretty
Slim, famous desert prospector. borax wagon that followed the old valley with tree-shaded ranches watered
borax road into Death Valley. That by springs and by the underground
red hill—we should have no trouble was in November, 1939, shortly after Amargosa. The first landmark was a
locating them. If we did—come back the opening of the San Francisco Bay pumice mine to the left of the road,
Bridge. which we passed 3.5 miles from Beatty.
and see him. At 3.8 we turned right on an unim-
At other meetings, we learned more At the bridge celebration the 20- proved road. This road follows close
about Brownie. For 14 years he had mule team and wagon and trailers were by the highway for a short distance,
been constable of the whole of the Death driven across the Bay bridge and into then crosses a powerline and swings
Valley area to the Nevada state line— San Francisco, with Johnny O'Keefe, farther right, winding up a big wash
the "Law East of the Panamints." His an old-time driver at the jerkline. The through low hills. Two and a half
experiences as constable formed the outfit was then shipper to Mojave, miles after crossing the pole line, we
background for the "Death Valley assembled, and driven over the old stopped, facing the red hill, on the left,
Sheriff" character on the Pacific Coast route to the Harmony Borax Works which Brownie had given us as the
Borax Company's "Old Ranger" radio in Death Valley. That trip was a principal landmark to the field.
program, so popular a few years ago. comparatively fast one, since the wag-
Brownie first came to the desert in ons carried only hay for the mules and To the right, climbing the steep
1920, when the Postal Telegraph com- food for the crew, and was completed slope, we could see the great perlite
pany sent him from San Francisco in nine days. dike in which the geodes had "grown."
with a Packard truck and trailer loaded Besides Johnny O'Keefe, the driver, The wash was so soft at this point it
with equipment, to reset the telegraph and Brownie, who acted as cook, the did not seem advisable to pull out of
poles between Barstow and Needles. wagon crew was George Ishmael, the double ruts, so we stopped in them.
The Santa Fe was being double-tracked Shorty Evans, Sonny Wagnon. a fel- We doubted that our car would be a
and it was necessary to move all the low called "the Candy Kid" and W. menace to traffic, since the road con-
poles over to give them room. W. Cahill. O'Keefe is dead now, and tinued into the Frenchman's Flat sec-
At that time there were only 16 miles one of Brownie's prized mementos is tion of the new Atomic test area—
of paved road between Needles and the six-foot shot whip the old driver another half million acres of the once-
San Bernardino. But he liked the used on this last trip. free desert area which have vanished
country so well that when he was of- On that expedition, Brownie says behind our own spreading "Iron Cur-
fered the job of lineman on the Tono- he proved to the photographers and tain." And we were right—no other
pah and Tidewater railroad, he quickly newspapermen along, that coyotes will car followed the single-track road while
accepted. For three years he kept all talk back. Before daylight one morn- we were there. We later discovered
the instruments working along that ing he asked them if they would like that there is a much better spot to park,
famous and now-vanishing line, re- to hear a coyote holler. Naturally, they turn or camp about one-tenth of a
paired all batteries, kept waterpumps would. mile farther along.
and engines operating and "just made "So I let out a warwhoop, and sure I doubt if this particular little can-
myself useful." enough, two or three coyotes back in yon or side-pocket where we first
Then he was at Ludlow for a long the hills answered me. They'll do it stopped has any name. So, until I'm
time—holding eleven titles at once, every time if you're out in the coyote corrected, I'm going to call it Lizard

14 DESERT MAGAZINE
Gulch. I believe that in the few hours fraternity were. While we were grab- off the boulder, across the sand and
we were there, we saw about every bing cameras and e q u i p m e n t , a up to the shelter of the wide veranda
variety of that branch of the reptile beautiful zebra-tailed specimen raced of his cliff-niche.
family that lives in southern Nevada. up the boulder, halted close to the The ring-tail remained on his high
As soon as we stopped, we saw a fat chuckawalla and apparently said a few perch, confident of his own speed until
chuckawalla sunbathing on the pin- words to him. The big "chucky" we were quite close, then with a swish
nacle of a big boulder about 20 feet turned his head slowly and contem- was gone. I climbed up the little cliff
away, with his back to us. It would, plated us with the lack of emotion of until I could look into the chucka-
we knew, make a perfect picture if we a cud-chewing cow. Then he turned walla's apartment. He lay watching me
could get close enough before he was his back again. But the ring-tailed with beady eyes while I shot a picture
disturbed. Paul Revere was insistent and appar- from some distance. When I tried to
But if he wasn't aware of our pres- ently his warning finally sank through. move in for a closeup, he slipped back
ence, other members of the local lizard for the chuckawalla scurried clumsilv out of sight and, apparently contain-

Beatty, green oasis along 'he course oj the underground Amargosa river of southern
Nevada, has been a sui;.ly and information center for miners and prospectors since
the Bullfrog-Rhyolite boom of 1904-05. Now it is one of the principal gateways
to Death Valley National Monument. Bare Mountain, center and right background.
Yucca Mountains which contain the geode field, left.

OCTOBER, 1 9 D1 15
ing the insatiable curiosity of his tribe, in fact, he was posing in a variety of wanted to express our thanks to
refused to stick his neck out again. positions — chest out, head cocked, Brownie for a good and healthy day
When we returned to the car, it was looking over his shoulder, full front in the desert hills. Perhaps, as Luther
noon—and hot. We were hungry— and profile. While Eva followed him, Morris wrote. Brownie and men like
but there was no shady nook in which winding and snapping her camera, he him flourish more plentifully in the
to spread a lunch. So we ate in the did just about everything but roll over West. But a man who will actually go
car — with the door wide open to on his back. to any effort to make strangers or ac-
catch the breeze we hoped would soon As we turned the car around to quaintances happier—to try to help
come up the wash. leave, we saw that the chuckawalla them just because he wants to help—
After lunch we set out to check the had come out to the edge of his ver- is rare enough in any land.
geode area. As soon as we started anda to supervise our departure, and • • •
climbing the steep grey perlite slope, the little zebra-tailed lizard was up on WILSONS CARRY ON DESPITE
we saw numerous pieces of broken the boulder pinnacle, pumping up and BURNING OF RAINBOW LODGE
geodes. But human hammerhounds down. We even had trouble with traf- Rainbow Lodge, at the base of
hadn't been smashing them. In fact, fic. Two more zebra-tails were doing Navajo Mountain in northern Arizona,
with these thin-shelled hollow rocks some mystic sort of dance in the wheel burned to the ground in the early
which must weather slowly out of the ruts, waving and curling and uncurling morning of August 11. The cause has
compact perlite, while they are attacked their tails at one another. not been ascertained. A letter from
by cold and heat and moisture and But we finally got by them without Bill and Katherine Wilson, known to
the bombardment of rocks from above, casualties, and headed toward the many readers of Desert Magazine as
it is a wonder that any survive intact. highway. We were sorry that it was the keepers of the lodge for the last
Most of the complete geodes we so hot we couldn't stay and become 25 years, stated that the guest cottages
found on the slope facing the road better acquainted with the inhabitants escaped the flames, and a fine new
were from two to five inches in diam- of Lizard Gulch. It would have been garage has been converted into a tem-
eter. Some of them had botryoidal pleasant to camp there for days, hik- porary dining and lounging room—
chalcedony centers, some quartz crys- ing the surrounding hills to see what so the Lodge is carrying on as usual.
tals; some were nodules with common they might contain. But we had found Rainbow Lodge is at the end of the
opal, agate or chalcedony centers. The the geodes and learned that—barring motor road for Rainbow Bridge visi-
matrix of all appeared to be a silicified ravishment by truck collectors—there tors, and the Wilson's, in addition to
rhyolite in greys and lavenders which were enough of them in the surround- supplying guest accommodations, also
will polish well. ing hills to supply all comers. furnish saddle and pack horses for the
The geodes of Lizard Gulch are And like Mr. and Mrs. Morris, we 14-mile trip to the Bridge.
strikingly similar to many of those
found at Searchlight, Nevada, and also
to some I have found in perlite in
parts of Arizona. They are not out-
standingly beautiful among geodes, but
a few will be of interest in any collec-
tion. And they are remarkable for
MardKock Shorty
their fantastic shapes. Particularly was
this true of those I found by continu-
of Death Valley
ing across country to the southeast, to
the slopes of the next range of hills.
Here, unbroken ones lay about in
abundance and they were much larger Some one gave Pisgah Bill a He had been listening to Pisgah's
in size—a number of them bigger than chamber of commerce folder from dream projects for years and
any one man would want to carry. In Imperial Valley and he had been knew that nothing ever came of
less than half a mile, I emptied my reading about the carbon dioxide them. Finally he lost patience.
collecting sack several times, to sort that came from fissures in the "'Pisgah, yu ol' galoot, you'd
and resort for the best specimens, or ground around the south end of better go back t' minin' and fer-
the oddest shapes. It was a great deal Salton Sea. They had even set up get about them crazy ideas o'
of fun, and I probably would have a plant down there for condens- yourn," he finally exclaimed.
continued my search through the after- ing the gas into dry ice. "I know all about that dry ice
noon, if it had not been so hot. While "I'll bet that's the same kinda business. I wuz prospectin' down
it is true that you can collect through- gas that comes from them holes in them Chocolate mountains the
out most of the year—even in this por- in the ground down the other summer they put in that dry ice
tion of Nevada—you'll find it much side o' Badwater," Pisgah told plant at Niland. Everybody
more pleasure if you make the trip in Hardrock Shorty. thought it wuz a great idea. One
late spring or early fall. Pisgah couldn't talk about any- ol' geezer down there got the
In an hour, I found that I had al- thing else. If they could make idea he could feed the stuff to
most emptied my canteen—and that dry ice in Imperial Valley, why his cows and milk ice cream
was a sign it was time to head back to couldn't they make it in Death outta 'em. So he busted the stuff
the car. When I arrived, I found Lu- Valley? He sent to the govern- up fine and mixed it with the milo
cile and Eva had collected all the ment printing office for all the maize he wuz feedin' the family
geodes they wanted and were busy literature they had on making milch cow.
chasing lizards. The particular speci- dry ice, and the more he read "Wuz a fine idea — only it
men occupying their attention at the the more certain he was that a didn't work out right. Froze the
moment was a colorful Bailey's Col- new industry was about to be cow's stomach and the poor beast
lared lizard—and as often seems to be launched in Death Valley. nearly starved to death before they
the case with this species, he wasn't At first Shorty was skeptical. could get 'er thawed out again.
making the chase too hard for them.

16 DESERT MAGAZINE
didn't trader Tall Man pay her more
for her rugs than he did other Navajo
women? Wasn't it the money from
her rugs that bought most of the gro-
ceries?
Getting the yarn ready for this rug
had taken much longer than weaving.
First she had saved an extra big sack
of wool — as much as it took two
strong men to lift. She didn't need this
much wool for one rug but when rela-
tives helped with the spinning she al-
ways gave them as much wool as they
spun. A big rug like this one had to be
made outdoors and a special loom
made for it. While she had been pre-
paring for this rug she had woven
three smaller ones inside the hogan.
That was when the weather was bad
and she couldn't work outside.
When weaving, about every hour,
Mrs. Little Whiskers liked to get up
and walk around. This kept her from
getting tired. This morning on her first
walk she had gone over the hill to the
field to see if the corn was sprouting.
On her way back when she reached the
top of the hill she could see that sev-
eral cars had stopped at her hogan
while she was away. There must have
been a dozen people around the loom
looking at her rug. Lately many white
people had come to look at it and take
pictures, but never had this many
come at one time. Coming close in
she recognized Tall Man but didn't
know any of the rest. Tall Man
walked forward and greeted her with
"Money from her rugs bought most of the groceries." a light handclasp; then he explained
who the people were and what they
wanted. They had come from a long
distance to take a picture of her rug.

W h e nV i s i t o r sC a m e They also wanted a picture of her


while she was working on it. Would
she put on her best clothes and jewelry
while they made the picture? Mrs.

to the Hogan Little Whiskers didn't mind doing this


but she knew it would be better if she
made Tall Man ask her several times.
The white men were going to stay
all day and had brought many things
By SANDY HASSELL to eat. Tall Man knew what Navajos
Art work by Charles Keetsie Shirley, Navajo artist liked and had brought flour, baking
powder, sugar, coffee and lots of
grease. He wanted to have plenty of
A sitting position on the Almost a year ago she had decided fried bread and coffee. There were
ground in front of her loom to make this rug. That was a short also sacks of fruit and candy and
Mrs. Little Whiskers stood up, time after her husband, Hosteen Little other things in tin cans. This was
took a couple of steps backward and Whiskers, received his first pension going to be one day when everybody
looked with satisfaction at her half- check from Washington, and had was going to have all they wanted to
woven Navajo rug. She was sure if started acting so important—even tell- eat.
she worked steadily she could finish it ing her the color of the dresses she
in another moon. When completed it should wear. She couldn't see any After being properly coaxed, Mrs.
would be the largest rug ever made sense in him making such a fuss about Little Whiskers put on her best clothes
by any Navajo woman in this part of something that he had done a long and got ready for the picture. It
the reservation. It would be five spans time ago. To hear him talk and see seemed that the white men not only
longer and three spans wider than the him act people would think he was wanted pictures of her weaving but
one Mrs. Bluegoat made last year. the only one in the family who they wanted pictures of her spinning
Now the women around the trading amounted to anything. Didn't people and carding wool. Also pictures of
post were talking more about this rug know that she was considered the best her doing many things around the
and less about the one Mrs. Bluegoat weaver in the district? Hadn't two of hogan.
had made. her rugs won first prize at the fair and At first Mrs. Little Whiskers was

OCTOBER, I 95 I 17
shy with so many white strangers he was giving five to Hosteen. If he Well this settled the question for all
around, but Tall Man told her funny gave her two dollars she would be time. From now on she and every-
stories and she got to laughing and pleased. Now he had come to her and body else would know who was the
after a little while she didn't care. he was going to give her money for most important person around Hos-
These people wanted other Indians in he was putting it in her hand—not two teen Little Whiskers' camp. No longer
the picture, so all the members of her or three dollars, but a whole handful would she listen to Hosteen when he
family were asked to dress up. The of bills, three or four times the amount would tell her what dress he thought
sheep, goats, dogs and even old Kellee he had given Hosteen. was the prettiest.
the burro were brought close to camp.
The children were hard to manage at
first. When the white men would try Not all of Desert's readers can
to get them in the picture they put
their hands over their faces; but after
she and Tall Man had scolded them
TRUE OR FALSE follow the desert trails as often
as they would like—but through
the monthly quiz it is possible to visit many interesting places and learn
several times they stopped doing this
and after a while they got to laughing much about this great national playground of the Southwest. These
and acting just like the grown folks. questions include a wide range of subjects which the student of the desert
After a while Tall Man said it would will know—or will want to know. A score of 12 to 14 is fair, 15 to 17
soon be time to eat so he bought a good, 18 or over is excellent. The answers are on page 32.
sheep from her. Said he and the white
men wanted mutton broiled over the 1—The bite of a Chuckawalla lizard sometimes proves fatal. True
coals. While she broiled mutton she False ... .
also cooked fried bread and made cof-
fee. The white men even took pictures 2—Cochise was an Apache Indian chief. True . False
of her cooking. Silly things, hadn't 3—Death Valley's Ubehehe crater was active within the last 25 years.
they ever seen anybody cook before? True . False
She knew some white people said In-
dians were dirty. She was going to 4—Rainbow trout are caught in the Colorado River below Hoover dam.
show these people she wasn't that True . False
kind. Four times when she was mak-
5—The greasewood or creosote bush that grows on the desert is a
ing the bread she stopped and washed
her hands. And at least half a dozen perennial. True . False
times that morning she had brushed 6—Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon church, never saw Utah.
out the hogan. The white people didn't True . False
seem to be very hungry but Hosteen
and Tall Man ate mutton until she 7—Calcite is harder than rose quartz. True Fals:
wondered if there was going to be any 8—Navajo weaving is done mostly by the men of the tribe. True
left for the children. False
The white people wanted a picture 9—George Wharton James wrote Wonders of the Colorado Desert.
of Hosteen, and they did not have to True . False
ask but once. Hosteen had put on his
best clothes and jewelry without being 10—The Great White Throne is in Zion National Park. True
asked. While they took his picture False
they wanted Hosteen to talk about the
time he had been an old scout. Noth- 1—Hopi Kachinas generally are made of clay. True False
ing could have pleased him more. All 12—The waterfall known as Great Falls is in Grand Canyon. True
the time the picture machine was False
turned toward him he talked and made
signs with his hands just as things had 13—Ocotillo is one of the cactus species. True . False
happened. Hosteen hadn't been in 14—The Wasateh Mountains may be seen from Suit Lake City. True
many of the pictures that morning but
now his turn had come and he was False .. .
acting very important. 15—Visitors to the Petrified Forest National Monument in Arizona are
The time had come for the white permitted to take away specimens not exceeding one pound in weight.
people to leave, for the sun would True . False
soon be hiding itself. Mrs. Little
Whiskers was tired but this had been 16—The Giant Ground Sloth roamed the Nevada desert within the
a happy day for her—as happy as any memory of Indians now living. True . False
she could remember. Everyone had 17—Barstow, California, is located on the bank of the Mojave River.
laughed and had a good time, and had
True .... . False
all they wanted to eat. People all over
the country would see a picture of her 18—A ferry boat still operates regularly at Lee's Ferry, Arizona. True
making the big rug and know what a False.—
fine weaver she was.
Now why was Tall Man giving paper 19—Certain species of date palm trees were found growing in the South-
money to the little children? She could west when the white men first came to this region. True
see that it was dollar bills, and that False
was a lot of money for little children.
Now he was giving money to the older 20—The blossom of the agave or wild century plant is yellow. True
Indians—two dollars to each one who False
had helped with the pictures. Yes and

18 DESERT MAGAZINE
At*

Showing the exposed shoreline of Lake Mead in the background. In the foreground
is the cement slab of one of St. Thomas' former ranch homes.
In 1937 when the great reservoir behind Hoover

Ghost of dam was being filled with water it became neces-


sary for the Mormon settlers in the little town of
St. Thomas, Nevada, to abandon their homes. It
was believed then that the site of St. Thomas would

Muddy Valley be forever buried beneath the waters of Lake


Mead. But excessive demands for power and
scanty snowfall in the Rocky Mountains combined
in April this year to reduce the water level below
the level of the old townsite. Since this story was
written the annual June and July flood runoff of
By GENE SEGERBLOM the Colorado has again submerged this ghost town
Photographs by Cliff Segerblom of Muddy Valley.

7 HE OLD Nevada settlement of


St. Thomas—or rather what is
left of St. Thomas—most of the
time is buried 60 feet below the sur-
This was the fifth time since the
waters of Lake Mead inundated St.
Thomas in 1937 that the water re-
ceded enough to reveal the skeletons
of the old town of St. Thomas which
is 1145 feet above sea level. The lake
was the lowest it had been since April,
1947, when it was nine feet lower than
face of Lake Mead. This year, how- of once-majestic shade trees and the this year. During the summer months
ever, the level of the lake was excep- few remaining cement foundations. when the snow melted high in the
tionally low and St. Thomas emerged The surface of Lake Mead this year Rockies, the lake again covered the
from its watery grave. dropped three feet below the elevation site of this once thriving farm village.

OCTOBER, 1951 19
All that remains of the farmhouse which once occupied This replica of a prehistoric Indian pueblo is located at
this site in St. Thomas is the cistern shown in this the National Park Service museum at Overtoil, Nevada.
picture—and the trees which died of too much water. Gene Segerhlom, the author, is in the doorway.

Many of the residents of southern cellar excavations. The buildings have make a pilgrimage to the desolate ruins.
Nevada either were born or lived at long since disintegrated. Oddly enough, flood control experts
one time in St. Thomas in the Muddy When the Bureau of Reclamation have pointed out that St. Thomas
Valley. In 1864, Utah pioneers came engineers determined in the early 1930s would have been lost forever in its
here to establish a Mormon colony that St. Thomas would be doomed by watery grave had it not been for the
along the old Arrowhead trail between the construction of Hoover Dam, gov- growth of Los Angeles and the indus-
Salt Lake City and Los Angeles. Ir- ernment agents acquired all the pri- trial southwest. During and since
rigation water was readily available vately owned land through purchase World War II, the metropolitan area
from nearby Virgin River. At that or, in cases of resentful farmers or used such great amounts of power
time, the Valley was in Pah-ute other pioneers who refused to leave, from Hoover Dam, the increased flow
County, territory of Arizona. By an through condemnation. Many of these of water through the dam's generators
Act of Congress in 1866, Muddy Val- had to be evicted when the lake actu- lowered the level of the lake. St.
ley became part of the present state ally entered their homes. Thomas made its first appearance dur-
of Nevada. Most of the population moved to ing this period.
Disagreements soon arose between higher ground in Moapa Valley and Inundated too by the lake, but per-
the Mormon settlers and the officials swelled the population of the nearby manently, is the prehistoric Indian set-
of Lincoln County, Nevada, over taxes villages of Overton and Logandale. tlement "The Lost City." This large
and the Mormons returned to Utah, Others moved as far away as Las group of pueblos is located in the Val-
with the exception of Daniel Bonelli. Vegas, 70 miles southwest. A few of ley just opposite St. Thomas. Pueblo
He remained and operated a ferry at the aged pioneers returned to Utah. Indians are believed to have occupied
Rioville on the Colorado River. This When St. Thomas does appear, many this village from about 800 to 1200
is now known as Bonelli's landing, a former residents as well as tourists A.D. It is the only permanent Indian
fishing camp on the Arizona shore of village found in this area. As much as
Lake Mead. possible of the irreplaceable evidence
St. Thomas appeared above of Indian culture was salvaged before
The Mormons returned to southern the water level of Lake Mead
Nevada in 1881, and St. Thomas with the waters covered it forever. This
on March 24. The level of the Indian lore was placed in a museum of
a population of 800, was one of the lake continued falling until May
largest communities in the area until archeology at nearby Overton.
11 when the flood discharge • • •
the completion of Hoover Dam and from the upper watershed be-
subsequent filling of Lake Mead. gan pouring more water into Atom Tests Planned in Nevada . . .
The loss of St. Thomas and approx- the reservoir than was being According to information from rep-
imately 1000 acres of irrigated land discharged at Hoover dam. By resentatives of the Atomic Energy
has been offset by diversion of the ir- May 29 St. Thomas was sub- Commission further tests of nuclear
rigation waters to upstream land, mak- merged again. Due to the light explosives are scheduled to be held on
ing the cultivation of more land possi- runoff from the watershed this the AEC reservation in Nevada north-
ble. year it is expected that St. west of Las Vegas "in the near future."
All that remain of St. Thomas' farm- Thomas will emerge again in The new tests, it was stated, will be
houses after 14 years beneath the lake 1952. "under controlled conditions" with
are rows of cement foundations and adequate provision for safety.

20 DESERT MAGAZINE
By WILLIAM M. MCKEEVER
Darwin, California
O silent terrain, gullied here by rivers' ghosts.
Thy sands in wavelet patterns of oceans
that were,
But are gone, and in their ancient beds the
hosts .
Of horned outlaws and fanged who creep
and stir
In the shadows of outlawed tree and shrub.
Whose mightiest stature we liken to a scrub.
And all subordinate to thy rocks and tor-
tured 'scape
Where piling clouds have jettisoned watery
loads
To wash the faces of monarch crags, per-
chance reshape
Some outflung gorge—or puny Man's poor
tendril roads,
1 ask thee, what is thy pain?
I beseech thee, what is thy gain?
Thou must have meaning were thou meant
to be
Such contrast to water-blest lands that bear
and multiply
All their charges that are living, numerous,
yet dated in Eternity,
Even their kingdoms, empires born them-
selves to die.
But thy datelessness is like Eternity in sweet
repose
As if veriest Time must seek his where to
lie and doze
Away from turmoil and demand of self-
repeating Life, Photo h\ Ivan B. Mantis
And in that life, all too fleet within its
time-set dates, FAMINE IN NAVAJOLAND DESERT MAID
Is the very Mother soil subordinate to sup-
port its strife. By FERN TAPSCOTT BELL By JEAN ANDERSON
The living, the dying, the living again while Aztec, Arizona Seattle, Washington
Eternity waits. Let me sing it now, my song, Tawny mesa spreading far
Old Desert, 1 know thy worth; While my heart remembers At noonday, dawn or starry night,
My Desert, 1 love thy earth! Hogan fires with mutton ribs Holds this blossom of the desert,
Sizzling on the embers. This miracle of young delight.
Hungry People wait outside Lovely maiden of her tribe
DESERT HOME With a hopeful simper. Moves with swift, elusive grace.
By GRACE PARSONS HARMON Coyotes howl against the dark. Strangers may but rarely glimpse
Desert Hot Springs, California Wind People stand and whimper. The radiant shyness of her face.
I've got me a place with adobe walls.
Where the moonlight spills, and the Gone are the sheep from Navajoland. Quiet beauty of the mesa
sunlight falls,— Hushed is the Trail of Song. Hovers gently where she goes.
A snug little place, with a red tile floor, Gods hear not the hollow voice Only native folk are sure
A ceiling high-beamed, and a great latched Of a hungry throng. How a desert blossom grows.
door. Note: While traveling in the Southwest
Comes the Cold Woman from the north. recently, 1 saw this beautiful Indian
There's a fireplace built in a corner, too, Leaning on the wind, girl, at The Gap Trading Post, Arizona.
To burn wood stacked up, as the Indians Shrieking with each frost-plumbed breath.
Gaunt and hunger-thinned. • • •
do—
A warm, friendly place for a chat or fun It is finished now, my song, MY DESERT
As neighbors drop in when work is done. Hunger thoughts intrude. By EVA L. BROWNE
Ancient gods, take back your wrath. Las Vegas, Nevada
The sand may blow in—but the winds Give The People food. Land of the pale hot skies, and gray earth
sing through— lying under.
The door stands wide, and the windows, Land of the molten air, ashes of the white
too— sun's plunder.
Then the desert rain comes! How it fills the Land of the unclothed hills, bare as the
air babe new-born.
With the greasewood's scent, like the By TANYA SOUTH Washed with improbable color, of useless
desert's prayer! You stand before me, an immortal drapery shorn;
soul. Rejecting man and his seed, his puny plow-
Or rich or poor, or bondaged or a ing and reaping.
DESERT PRAYER king, As in a cauldron tossed, purified bleached
By ELIZABETH COBBOLD Or any other station, any role and steeping.
Los Angeles, California That you may play, or any outward My desert, Improbable One!
My fireside is the smoke tree thing My desert. Facing the Sun!
With ocotillo flame. Can matter nothing. You are still my • • •
Its warmth the sunbaked rockface. brother.
Its hearth never the same. And be your color yellow, black or GHOST TOWN
My bed's a roll of blankets white. By MIRIAM LENART
Stretched on the grey-gold sand, You still are. like the soul of any Chicago, Illinois
My friend, the little burro. other. Ah, the pretty little ghost town
Pal of the desert land. My brother dear. There is no brighter That once was a host town
I do not pray for cities, light To a silver vein.
I do not pray for wealth. Than recognition of the one true clan, But its pockets were picked
I just pray God to leave me Th's brotherhood called Man. Of silver so quick
My desert and my health. That only the ghosts remain.

OCTOBER, 195 1 21
He Wears a Collar for Identification
By GEORGE BRADT
COLLARED LIZARD (Crotaphytus
collaris): This lizard is one of the
handsomest of them all. It is strik-
ingly marked with a double black
collar, blotched and banded legs and
tail, and all this over a vivid yellow-
ish-orange ground color. It has a
large head, thick body, and a tail
measuring twice the body length.
These are rather speedy creatures
and when pursued can be seen to
rise up onto their hind legs and run
along half erect. The Collared Liz-
ard is found from New Mexico west-
ward into central California. The
specimen in the photograph lived
in an ancient volcano crater near
Las Cruces, New Mexico.

DESERT MAGAZINE
PICTURES OF
THE MONTH

Ocotillo Blossoms...
First prize in Desert Magazine's
August photo contest was awarded
to K. J. Shepard of Tucson, Ari-
zona, whose picture shows the fine
detail of the Ocotillo in blossom.
The photograph was taken with
a Graphic Master View camera
with Super XX film, K2 filter, 1/5
second at f. 4.5.

Storm Over Wupatki...


Hubert A. Lowman of South
Gate, California, was winner of
rmmmBMit- second prize with the accompany-
ing picture of the ancient ruins in
the Wupatki National Monument
in northern Arizona. Storm clouds
.,-»•»• — - hung over the desert as the pho-
. • •
tograph was taken with Speed
Graphic using high speed pan-
chromatic film, A25 filter, 1/50
second at f. 19.
w - '

'..-», •
sold to the Apaches, with whom he Salome—and Dick Wick Hall . . .
has since remained, and has taken rank Salome, Arizona
second only to Nacha, chief of the
Chiricahuas — because of his refined Desert:
cruelty, ferocity and cunning. . . . Not- I didn't like your article about Sa-
withstanding the professor disclaims lome in your August magazine. I
When They Find a Lost Mine . . . Indian lineage for Geronimo, we must think before a person writes an article
be allowed to think otherwise. We he should know some facts.
Joplin, Missouri
have seen Geronimo many times and One fact is that Dick Wick Hall's
Desert:
failed to recognize the suavity of man- grave and home are owned by his
I have enjoyed reading in your ner so marked in the Castilian race. children who will not let anyone touch
magazine about the many lost mines To us, he seemed all Injun and a good them. In fact, his brother who lives
and treasures in the Southwest. deal of him." in Salome, can't fix the house because
But I have been disappointed in the The editor of the Silver Belt at that he can't get permission from the chil-
absence of any information as to the time was Judge Aaron H. Hackney dren.
re-discovery of any of these mines. who had come to Globe from Silver Another fact is—if people like the
Recently I read in a national magazine City in 1878. Previous to that he had Sheffiers who came to Salome and
the report of a salesman who stated he lived in Old Mcsilla for nearly 20 spent lots and lots of money in develop-
had found the "Lost Dutchman" in years and had seen Geronimo many ment had stayed home the town of
Arizona. Why doesn't Desert give us times. Salome today would be a ghost town.
the information about the finding of CLARA T. WOODY
these mines? The main thing I am trying to say
• • • is that I don't want any more of your
EVANS W. BUSKETT Tour for Collectors . . . magazine.
Dear Evans: Desert Magazine has
San Rafael, California RALPH K. FAIR
a standing offer of $100 for first
Desert: Manager for Sheffler's
publication rights to the story of
the re-discovery of any of the 40- I am planning an expedition through Ralph Fair: Desert Magazine has
odd lost mines and treasures the deserts of Nevada and California nothing to gain financially in ad-
which have been published in this this fall and want to contact three or vocating that the Dick Wick Hall
magazine during the last 10 years. four possible companions who would home be preserved as a historical
Reports of the re-location of these like to go along in search of minerals, monument. But we think it would
old mines appear frequently in petrified wood, etc. be very much to the credit and
the newspapers—but they invari- I have the car for the trip, and would advantage of the community of
ably turn out to be false alarms. only ask that each pay his own share Salome to do this. We think most
The "Lost Dutchman" has been of the expenses. of the old-timers in Arizona and
"found" at least 20 times within FRANK PENN1NGTON elsewhere who knew Dick Wick
my memory. When they really 11 Vendola Drive Hall will share our viewpoint.
find one you'll read about it in • • • We'll have to reject your explana-
Desert.—JR. H. Rooms and Baths for Eveiyone . . . tion—it doesn't make sense.
• • • Angel's Camp, California —R.H.
Geronimo Was "All Injun" . . . Desert:
Globe, Arizona It was with surprise and chagrin Holding Back the Flood Waters . . .
Desert: that we read in Lelande Quick's "Am-
ateur Gem Cutter" page in your Au- Mountain Center, California
In your August issue I read the let- gust issue the statement that Angel's Desert:
ters relating to the Apache warrior, Camp does not have adequate hous-
Geronimo, and the controversy as to You know for many years I have
ing accommodations for the next con- been building little check dams in the
his parentage. Later I looked over vention of the California State Feder-
some old newspaper clippings given ravines which wind their way down
ation of Mineral Societies. the north slope of California's Santa
me by a friend and found one pub-
lished in the Arizona Silver Belt in We feel Mr. Quick has been grossly Rosa Mountains.
1885 in which the following was misinformed as to the facilities avail- I am glad to report that during the
quoted from the Socorro, New Mex- able here. We want to assure you that recent cloudburst I had an opportun-
ico, Bullion: we have a delightful place for such a ity to see how well these dams work,
convention, and provision will be made and that they were a big success. They
"The Socorro Bullion states that for the accommodation of all who completely stopped the runoff of water
Geronimo is not an Indian; that he come. in some of the canyons. The water
was born in La Joya of poor but hon- W. G. DANIEL. President simply soaked into the ground and will
est parents. His father, a noted fiddler, Calveras Gem & Mineral Society result in more beautiful vegetation on
was Jose Luis Peralta, and was well • • • the mountainside, and better under-
known in Socorro County, where giv- ground storage for the date gardens in
ing music at fandangoes was his charge Rocks for Wheel-Chair Prospectors
Tucson, Arizona the valley below.
as well as bread and butter. Geronimo
did not live to man's estate under the Desert: I can recommend such dams to
paternal wing. His biographer. Pro- Liked your comment about the every owner of mountain property.
fessor Longuemare, says when he was "rockhogs." Why not have them scat- The dams are easily built out of na-
13 years of age, he, his mother and ter some of their excess material in a tive rock. I will be glad to show my
two sisters were returning from Man- centrally located level space so the system of dams to anyone who is
zana to Socorro when they were taken wheel-chair prospectors and rock- interested enough to drive to my home
captive by the Navajos. Some years hounds, and the pebble puppies of the at Ribbonwood on the Pines-to-Palms
after their capture Geronimo was sep- toddler set, could have a field trip? road.
arated from his mother and sisters and SYLVIA SADDLER WILSON HOWELL

24 DESERT MAGAZINE
Spring Carpet
for the Desert
By MARY BEAL

7 RAVELING ALONG Mojave Desert roads in the


spring, sizable patches of soft green may catch
your eye, spreading out over the gravelly or stony
ground like fine rugs. On dry mesas and stony uplands
Oxytheca perjoliata, one oj the most common of the
little buckwheat carpets.
these inviting patches are common, softening the barren
look of scores of arid stretches. Their green color often Oxytheca luteola
has a tinge of slate, with touches of deep red, rose, or Its pattern is made up of several branching stems 2 to
purple. You'll find it intriguing to inspect carefully one 5 inches long, spread out from the base, the herbage
of these verdant carpets. Ten to one it will be made up rather hairy and the whole plant yellowish. The tiny
of Oxytheca or Chorizanthc plants, small members of the rounded long-temmed leaf blades are in pairs at the
prolific Buckwheat Family, which includes many first-class lower nodes but mostly basal. At each node are also 2
fabricators of ground-covering, the desert harboring a or 3 spreading, needle-like bracts and the stemless invo-
goodly share of them in refreshing profusion. lucres, which are deeply divided into 5 very narrow, un-
One of the commonest of these small-fry is . . . equal lobes, bristle-tipped and out-spread. The entire
nodal set-up is like a sparkling star, centered by a cluster
Oxytheca perjoliata of several tiny flowers. The wee yellow calyx is almost
round and more-or-less hairy, much resembling a corolla.
This singular little herb has no common name in gen- It thrives in alkaline soils, especially about the dry
eral use, a strange oversight for a plant with so much lakes of the western Mojave Desert and ranging into the
individuality, though Oxytheca isn't a difficult cognomen, southern S'an Joaquin Valley.
even for a botanical novice.
A low widely-branching plant standing 3 to 7 inches Oxytheca trilobata
high and spreading out from 4 to 12 inches across, it rises This engaging species comes out in maroon coloring.
from a small basal rosette of spatulate leaves an inch or From a basal tuft of spatulate, slightly hairy leaves (up
so long. The short erect main stem branches repeatedly to 2 inches long) it rises erectly and soon branches widely,
by 2s, often by 3s at the first node. The leaves on the from 4 inches to over a foot high. Atop the first short
branches are replaced by conspicuous circular or some- node it branches by 3s, and above that usually in pairs.
what triangular bracts, tipped with delicate spines at the The bracts are deeply cleft into 3 spine-tipped lobes and
apex of the 3 ribs. the stemmed involucres are as deeply 5 lobed, each lobe
The peculiarity that intrigues the novice is the way ending in an equally long bristle. At the top of the stout
the stems pierce the saucer-like bracts, rising from the wooly tube of the white calyx its 6 out-spread lobes are
center as twin stems, this double branching continuing cleft into 3 lanceolate segments, margined irregularly.
several times. The minute white or pinkish flowers nestle This is truly captivating, a prize-winner under the lens.
in the center of the disks against the base of the twin It favors dry slopes above 3000 feet elevation in the
branches, a solitary involucre in each disk. There are 3 Joshua Trje National Monument and the western borders
to 7 flowers clustered in each involucre, which is deeply of the Mojave Desert for its desert locations, but is very
cleft into 4 narrow lobes tipped with needle-like spines common in the bordering mountains and on down the
as long as the lobes. western slopes.
The protruding stamens are tipped by bright-red
anthers. You'll need a magnifying glass to discover these
distinguishing points but I'm sure you'll marvel at the Fairy Duster for Domestic Gardens . . .
delicate perfection of these miniatures and be glad you Experiments in progress at the Desert Magazine gar-
made close study of their interesting features. dens during the last two years indicate that Calliandra
As it ages the whole plant stiffens and loses its green eriophylia, the pretty perennial known as Fairy Duster,
colors, turning reddish or dusty-rose. It remains thus for not only does well under cultivation, but is an attractive
many months, its most attractive state. Taken indoors shrub for any home landscape.
out of reach of wind and other adverse conditions, its Two plants sprouted from seed by Ted Hutchinson of
decorative form and coloration seem everlasting. No the Greasewood Greenhouses at Lenwood, near Barstow,
doubt they become more fragile as time goes by but their have grown luxuriantly reaching a height of 2Vi feet.
appearance is unchanged. In my home are a few such In March and April they are covered with fluffy pink
specimens, gathered several years ago, their unusual color- and white blossoms which look like an exploded ball
ing often attracting the notice of visitors. It is found of thread. With frequent watering they blossomed twice
frequently on mesas, plains, and slopes above 2000 feet in one year.
in the Mojave Desert, western Nevada, and northern Volunteer plants found growing near the parent plants
Arizona, thriving on gravelly and sandy soils, in bloom were transplanted, and one out of six of the transplants
from May to July. lived. The seeds are in a pod which opens on maturity
In the western Mojave Desert is a yellow prostrate spreading the little "beans" on the ground where they
species, may be gathered.

OCTOBER, 1951 25
Grants, New Mexico . . .
For the second time in nine months,
news of a huge uranium strike along
the mesas near Grants, New Mexico,
has been announced. The original dis-
Trona, California . . . Henderson, Nevada . . . covery was made at Haystack Moun-
tain, 15 miles northwest of the carrot
The route in the Panamint range Following the recent signing of a center. The new find is located at
and Saline valley area will be cut more letter of intent by the U. S. General Laguna, about 30 miles east. On April
than half its present length when two Services administration, it was an- 27 an Indian, Joy Sinyella of Laguna,
new roads, now under construction, nounced that establishment of the new brought a piece of uranium-bearing
are complete. A ten and a half mile titanium plant at Henderson, Nevada, limestone to the office of the Grants
road, privately constructed by William will increase the world production of Beacon and asked Publisher Glyne
Skinner and Roy Hunter, extending titanium eight-fold. This will be the Bailey whether or not it contained the
northeastward from the county road first large scale and self-contained plant precious material. A Geiger check
to the Gold Belt spring area in the for the production of titanium metal showed the rock to be "very hot."
Panamints and a county-constructed by Titanium Metals Corporation of Sinyella was advised to keep his find
road from a point on state highway America and will require immediate as quiet as possible until arrangements
190 between Keeler and Panamint expenditure of $14,000,000 in new could be made with the Department
Springs to the southern end of Saline construction at the site of the former of Interior and the Tribal Council for
valley will greatly benefit operators of Basic Magnesium plant. Terms of the a prospector's permit by a reputable
talc mines in these isolated sections.— company's contract with the govern- mining company; but other Indians
Inyo Independent. ment call for initial production of 3600 learned of the discovery and bootleg
• • • tons of the metal a year. Operations prospecting has been underway at
Goldfield, Nevada . . . are expected to reach this level by late various points on the reservation,
Newmont Mining Coporation, ac- 1952. The project will require the though Federal law provides stiff pen-
cording to report, plans to revamp its employment of 1000 men.—Las Vegas alties for such activity.
gold mill into a tungsten concentrating Review.
plant as soon as sufficient commercial • • • • • •
grade scheelite is assured for steady Winnemucca, Nevada .. . . Caliente, Nevada . . .
operation. The outlook is favorable Purchase of a group of lead-silver Officials of the Lincoln mines di-
for substantial supplies from Coaldale, claims in the Gold Run mining dis- vision of Black Rock Mining corpora-
Hawthorne, Round Mountain and other trict, 30 miles southwest of Winne- tion have announced plans to build,
areas. Newmont is developing the mucca in Pompernickle valley was within the near future, a $600,000
Seligman lead-silver-zinc property in recently completed by Mrs. L. B. Low- tungsten concentrating plant west of
the Hamilton district near Ely, recently man of Winnemucca. It is planned to Hiko. The plant will be designed to
acquired on a purchase option from start construction of buildings and treat 250 tons daily. At present, ap-
Patrick Fraser.—Los Angeles Times. roads immediately. J. A. Freeman will proximately 60 tons of ore are being
• • • be general manager of the operation; trucked daily to Bishop from Hiko for
Mojave, California . . . S. E. Davis will be mine superinten- processing.—Tonopah Times-Bonanza.
The Metal and Nonmetallic Mineral dent; W. E. Blake will be geologist and • • •
Mining convention of the American Mrs. Lowman will manage the office.
—Humboldt Star. Gardnerville, Nevada . . .
Mining Congress is scheduled to be
held at the Biltmore Hotel, Los An- • • • Joe Morris, Emery W. Grauhke and
geles, California, October 22-25. Ar- Winnemucca, Nevada . . . J. S. Drendel recently have incorpor-
rangements for the convention are Government engineers have ap- ated the Metallurgical Development
under the direction of Harvey S. Mudd, proved a U. S. loan for the develop- company to operate mills for custom
chairman of the Western Division of ment of the Bottomley-Rogers uranium processing of ores in Douglas County.
the American Mining Congress, and mine in Rocky Canyon. Sampling and The corporation has leased the mill
Ross D. Leisk, general manager of assaying has shown a metallic uranium of the Alpine Mining and Milling com-
Sunshine Mining company, Kellog, content of 1.88 percent. A content as pany in the Pinenut area and is capi-
Idaho. Federal Government officials low as 0.15 percent is considered of talized for $ 100,000 with 60,000 shares
charged with defense mobilization, commercial grade. The deposit is the of common stock at $1 and 40,000
stimulation of mineral production, first in the United States to be classi- shares of preferred stock at 8 per cent.
stockpiling, and wage and price sta- fied as pitchblende, the primary ore, —Record-Courier.
bilization are being invited to address and its secondary mineral, gummite. e • •
the meeting.—Mojave Desert News. A broad vein has been traced 110 feet Bisbee, Arizona . . .
• • •
on the surface.—Pioche Record. The mine boom in the new Laven-
Winnemucca, Nevada . . . • • • der pit area has necessitated the re-
Plans are under way for develop- Tucson, Arizona . . . moval of 200 buildings to a new site
ment of the Little Jupiter gold-lead Arizona State Department of Min- 1000 yards away. The last building
mine in Grass Valley, 16 miles south- eral Resources has again opened a field to be moved by the R. C. Burke mov-
west of Winnemucca, and construc- office in Tucson with field engineer ing company was one of the largest
tion of a 50-ton concentration mill, Axel L. Johnson in charge. The pur- projects of its kind ever attempted in
according to Alexander Hutton, en- pose of the department is to assist the west. The 300-ton brick structure,
gineer for Sonoma corporation. Offi- small mine operators with the new formerly the Shattuck-Denn office
cials of the corporation are: T. W. federal regulations designed to aid the building, required 60 days of prepara-
Baker, construction engineer of Port- mining industry. Field offices in Phoe- tion ancl blasting of foundations before
land, Oregon, president; Joseph A. nix, Prescott and Tucson have been it could begin its one-foot-in-ten-min-
Hall, secretary; Fred C. Krives, assist- made possible by the additional $50.- utes trip to the new location. The
ant engineer; and Lyle Bradley, mill 000 recently appropriated by the state building contained a 10-ton safe. —
superintendent.—Humboldt Star. legislature.—Tombstone Epitaph. Tucson Daily Citizen.

26 DESERT MAGAZINE
<y*t 'Decent
ARIZONA Rare Lynx Is Caught . . .
More Streets Than Chicago . . . TUCSON — Albert Goosens, of
TUCSON — Members of Tucson's Rancho Estrellita on the Thornydale
three-year-old street naming and num- road, recently befriended a thin and
bering committee have made the inter- strange-looking kitten which he found,
esting announcement that Tucson has apparently in distress, under a tree on
more street names than Chicago and his ranch. At first the kitten vigor-
that there are only seven through- ously resented the human interest angle
streets in town with the same name in his life but thrived on milk and
from beginning to end. Committee horse meat. As it grew, Goosens called
Chairman, H. A. Arnold, is the MC in one of the famed Lee brothers, lion
of a Sunday morning radio contest hunters of this area, who diagnosed
which will award a cash prize to the the breed of the cat as Arizona lynx,
person who turns up a single block in a relatively rare critter to be found
Tucson that has the same system of now. The animal has been sent to
numbering houses on all four sides. Goosens' hometown zoo in Rochester,
As yet, there have been no winners. N. Y. It's name? Why, Tucson, of
Arnold hopes that the necessary ordin- course.—Tucson Daily Citizen.
ance will be passed to establish a uni-
form system of numbering and naming
the town's streets.—Tucson Citizen. Flagstaff Was Resort in 638 A.D. . . .
• • • FLAGSTAFF—From evidence 850
Was It a Wolf or a Dog? . . . to 1300 years old, Prof. John C. Mc-
VVINSLOW—Report that a wild dog Gregor and archeologists from the Uni-
or wolf, has been attacking sleeping versity of Illinois who have been work-
tourists about 40 miles west of Win- ing with the Museum of Northern
slow on Highway 66, is being investi- Arizona have solved mysteries about
gated by game and fish officials. A the Cohonina camp sites leading to
tourist who had pulled off the road for belief that the almost forgotten tribes
a nap, reported that he had been came to this area only during the
awakened about 3:30 to find a dog summer hunting season. None of the Pump Room in Chicago, where
or wolf biting his face. The man houses had fire places inside, evidence stage and screen stars meet
was treated at the Winslow hospital. of summer occupation only. Tree rings What a show it i s ! . . . when nature's
Later, a 20-months-old baby was in wood and charcoal found from out- Indian Summer rivals the glamour of
dragged 20 or 30 feet before its par- door fires, date the sites at 638 to 1090 Chicago's famous restaurants and
ents were awakened in another mys- A.D. Although 7300 pieces of pottery theaters.
terious attack by the animal. Both were recovered, mostly in broker, state, Then's when you realize most how
attacks took place on the southside of this total is far below that to be ex- right the experts are when they say
the highway.—Coconino Sun. pected and points to temporary occu- you need a complete change of scene
• • • pancy with everything of value re- to get full benefit from a vacation.
Wanted—10,000 Scorpions . . . moved from the site each season. On That's when Chicago is at its best
TUCSON—Dr. H. L. Stahnke, di- the wall of a small canyon the arche- —for excitement, for rest, and for
ologists found petroglyphs which may inspiration at its distinguished
rector of the research laboratory at museums and art galleries, concerts
Arizona State college, Tempe, wants have been made by the Cohoninas.—
Coconina Sun. and symphonies.
10,000 scorpions, alive and kicking. Go this fall—go via the route of
He wants the little fellow which rarely The Chief and Super Chief. You'll
exceeds two inches in length and is see the colorful Indian country of
yellowish, greenish yellow or straw Arizona Leads in Cotton . . . the Southwest along your way.
color over its entire body. This is the
deadly species. Non-poisonous scor- CASA GRANDE—Half of Arizona Make the going the best part of the trip
pions are stockier and sometimes hairy.
Collection depots are being established
in Phoenix, Globe and Tucson. John
Ove, Railway Express agent at Tucson,
explained that his company will guar-
antee safe shipment of the scorpions to
state's farm land is planted in cotton
this year in order to meet government
demands for this basic commodity.
The Arizona C o o p e r a t i v e Cotton
Growers Association expects produc-
tion in 1951 to exceed the $118,000.-
fa\ SantaFe
J l WJ
Tempe. They may not be sent through 030 crop of 1950. Arizona leads the
nation in the per-acre production of Santa Fe System Lines, Room 543
the mail. The scorpion serum supply 121 E. 6th St., Los Angeles 14, Calif.
is dangerously low and Dr. Stahnke short staple cotton with the 906 pound- Please send me a free copy of your new folder,
says there is a tremendous need for a per-acre crops, more than tripling the "Chicago and Back East."

large supply in this area. In recent national average of 265 pounds. The
weeks the serum is credited with sav- state also ranks first in the production Address
ing the lives of two little Tucson girls, of A m e r i c a n - E g y p t i a n cotton, a
City and State-
Rachael Barraza, 4, and Carol Ken- stronger variety of extra-long staple
worth, 3.—Tucson Daily Citizen. cotton.—Casa Grande Dispatch. tf student, give name of school-

OCTOBER, 195 1 27
Lost Miners Are Found . . .
QUARTZSITE — Howard Sharke,
THE DESERT TRflDIRG POST 62, and Jack Frost, 55, two miners
living at Quartzsite narrowly escaped
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 8c a Word, $1.00 Minimum Per Issue death when their jeep broke down near
the Kofa range of mountains where
they had planned to inspect a nearby
claim. They had taken only 2'/2 gal-
INDIAN GOODS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
lons of water and the day was exceed-
FOUR PERFECT AND FINE Indian Arrowheads
SI.00 2 large arrowheads SI 00; extra fine
FAP.ULOUS EARNINGS — Fascinating pastime.
Growing Genuine, living miniature (Ming)
ingly hot. They started on foot for
stone tomahawk S2.00; 4 beautiful bird ar- Trees. New Sensational Business or Hobby. the camp at Horn but Sharke soon
rowheads $1.00; 2 flint knives S1.00; fine Astounding information FREE. Dwarf Gar-
effigy peace pipe $S.00; bone fish hook $2.00; dens, Box 335N, Briggs Station, Los Angeles found the heat too great and drew a
6" or over spearhead $5.00. thin and perfect. 48, California.
List Free. Lear's, Glenwoou, Arkansas. map for Frost who attempted to go
ALLAN BRANHAM, JADE MAX, wants to on alone. He took a wrong turn and
move to a milder climate on good highway.
WE SEARCH UNCEASINGLY for old and rare
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate a What have you to rent, lease or sell? Box became lost. When Frost failed to
5(52, Lander, Wyoming.
large assortment. Collectors seem as eager to return, Sharke went in search of him
possess them as their original owners. To
those who like real Indian things, a hearty FOR SALE: $50.00 each, four patented gold- but had to give up. An organized
welcome. You too may find here something silver prospects in Nevada near Death Valley.
you have long desired. We are continually 1». O. Box 327, North Hollywood, California. searching party located Sharke first.
increasing our stock with the finest in Navajo
rugs, Indian baskets, and hand-made jewelry.
He was very weak. Four hours later
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill Blvd.,
MISCELLANEOUS Frost was located by a Civil Air Patrol
Fontana. California.
plane. Both men were taken to Yuma
LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier."
FOR SALE: Antique Indian collection. Many For women who wish to become beautiful, for for treatment for exposure but suffered
ollas, metates, baskets, artifacts, etc. Box
180, Julian, California.
women who wish to r e m a n beautiful. An
outstanding desert cream. For information,
no lasting effects of the ordeal.—Palo
write or call Lola Barnes, 363 No. Oakland, Verde Valley Times.
Pasadena 6, Calif, or phone SYcamore 4-2378.
BOOKS — MAGAZINES • • •
COLOR SLIDES Travel, Nature, Geology, etc. Are the Navajos Starving? . . .
Free list (with sample 30c. three for dollar).
FOR SALE: Western Americana, limited selec-
tion: Covers Ghost mine and railroad items, Kelly Choda Slide Service, Ltd.. Los Alamos. WINDOW ROCK — The twenty-
g'.ass. Write your particular interest, I may Xew Mexico. year-old controversy over the condi-
h.ive it Box 64-D, Smith, Nevada.
SAVE 50'; On New Binoculars! Free catalog. tion of the Navajo Indians has flared
Free hook, "How to Select Elinoculars." Write
BOOKS FOUND: Any subject, any author. Fast today! Bushnell's 43-D-30 Green, Pasadena 1. up again with a variety of reports pro
service. Send wants—no obligation. Interna-
tional Bookfinders. Box 3003-D, Beverly Hills,
California. and con. Jim Counselor, veteran New
California. KODACHROMES OX APPROVAL: Banff, Jas- Mexican Indian trader, asserts that 12,-
PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for Rock
per, Glacier, Grand Canyon, Yellowstone. Te-
tons, Yosemite. Sequoia, Mesa Verde, Mt.
000 Navajos in four New Mexico
Mounds and Desert Roamers. A new booklet, Ranier, Arizona. Colorado Rockies, New Mex- counties are on the brink of starvation.
•'What the Beginner Needs to Know," 36 pages ico and Mexico. Other Western Parks avail-
of instructions; also catalogue of mining books able. Douglas Whlteside, Yosemite, California. It is said that 80 Navajo families out
and prospectors' supplies, maps of where to go
nnd blue prints of hand machines you can GEIGER COUNTER — Nucleus, $16, Postpaid.
of every one hundred sit down to only
build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or stamps.
Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk 5, Lodi, Calif.
You add battery and phones to make a reli- two meals a day with nothing to eat
able, sensitive, beta-gamma detector at low-
est possible cost. Free informative literature. but fried bread and coffee. Allan G.
"GOLD PANNING FOR PROFIT." Healthy out- Westcoast Products, Dept. D-M, 8227 Grove,
Sunland, California.
Harper, area director of the Navajo
door hobby. Beginners' big illustrated instruc-
tion book—$1.00. Miners' gold pans, $2.00 and Hopi reservations, denied that the
DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar postpaid.
Prospectors' powerful magnifying glass, $1.50.
Desert Jim, 627 Lillian, Stockton, California. Greusewood Greenhouses, Lemvood. Barstow, Indians are starving but said that there
California. is without doubt much malnutrition on
GOLD NUGGETS panned from streams in Cali-
fornia and Old Hank's colorful, unusual story
SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS. One dollar the 15,000,000 acres of tribal lands.
each postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses, Len-
map, "The Golden Trail of the Mother Lode." wood, Barstow, California. He stated that the only salvation for
Stories of the 49'ers. ghost towns, over 45
pictures and illustrations. Travel this amaz- the underfed Indians will be the fulfill-
COLOR SLIDES: Photomicrographs of rare
ing trail taken by the early gold seekers in
the comfort of your car. Map $1.00; One gold types of Agate. World Travelogs; Grand ment of the 10-year $88,000,000 re-
nugget and map $2.00; Four gold nuggets and Canyon. Petrified Forest, Yosemite, Carlsbad habilitation program approved by Con-
map $3.00. Send for yours tcd»y! Old Hank. Caverns, White Sands, Indian Ruins, Big Bend.
P. O. Box 2402, San Francisco 26, California. Brice, Zion. Wild Flowers, cacti, reptiles. gress last year, which is somewhat
Four samples 2x2 or stereo and literature,
St.00. Dave Harris, 2401 Pittsburg, El Paso, slowed down during the present na-
Texas.
REAL ESTATE tional emergency. Five officials from
PROSPECTORS AND ROCKHOUNDS WANTED. four states have been assigned to tour
WHY PAY KENT? Lots for sale, 60 ft. deep. To join the newly incorporated United Pros-
100 ft. front, $220 each. Also business front- pectors Organization. If yoj are experienced the area in October and report back
age 157 ft. by 200 ft. deep on Highways 60- or beginners the articles in our magazine are
bound to help you enjoy your hobby and the
to the Governor's Interstate Council
70-80 in Superstition Village, 14Vi miles East
of Mesa. Electricity and water available. No outdoors. Send your name for our new bro- on Indians.—Tucson Daily Citizen.
Irrigation. Terms. Trailers welcome. Win. chure and literature. United Prospectors Box
W. Hughes. Rt. 2, Box 504-A. Mesa. Arizona. 729, Lodi, California.
They Still Ride*
$3990 WILL BUY a well-constructed one-bed- "1IONEYBUNCH" gift pack of California's finest
room home in the Dos Palmas Estates. Six- native, raw honey. One 3 i-lb. jar each of TOMBSTONE—The cowboy of the
inch walls of poured pumice-concrete. A
beautiful desert location — only nine miles
sage, mesquite, wildflower, and orange blos-
som. Delicious and different. Place holiday
Southwest still rides the rangeland. He
northeast of Palm Springs. No Fog, No orders now. $2.75 postpaid. Antique model is not the gaudy hero of the movies.
Smog! 11. H. McDonald. Desert Hot Springs. kits of frontier covered wagon, chuck wagon,
California. stagecoach, surrey, horses. Folder 10c. Sam The modern Tombstone cowboy wears
pie buekboard $1.00. Tontz' Country Store, the same kind of hat, boots, levis,
Elsinore 1, California.
neckerchiefs and at times chaps when
Luxury Climate from $15 M o . CUTTING MATERIAL—Agates. Jaspers, Rho-
donite, etc. Good assortment. $2.00. Also necessary. Many still roll their own,
Not luxury prices but the BEST all year Fossils and Minerals. Al Thrower. I' .0. Box
305, Santa Cruz. California
swing an expert rope and handle
health spot of any semi-desert area, mod- branding irons with skill. He ropes
erate elevation 3200 ft. Inspiring views
from WIDE "plus acre" lots. Mountain calves, bulldogs steers and busts broncs
WATER piped to each lot. Priced from DESERT GRAPEFRUIT with the best who ever lived. Only
$750 incl. utll. from $15 mo. Reas. dn. pmt. 30-lb. b a g delivered in California one thing is missing from the old pic-
LETTER brings new maps, snaps, details. ture. He no longer needs the old six-
express prepaid for $2.00.
EWING & BATTELLE
G. W. CUTSHAW, Grower gun. The adventurous old Southwest
Realtors, Subdividers, San Bernardino Co. lives on with Tombstone's cowboys.
LUCERNE VALLEY. CALIFORNIA Brawley, California —Tombstone Epitaph.

DESERT MAGAZINE
TOMBSTONE — Ross Stefan, 16,
of Tucson, has recently finished an oil
painting depicting early Tombstone.
Critics have stated that young Ross
has a most promising future. Repro-
duction rights of one of his pictures,
"Mission of San Xavier del Bac" have
been purchased by the nation's largest
producer of Christmas cards.—Tomb-
stone Epitaph.
• • •
YUMA — R. H. McElhaney has
been elected president of the board of
directors of the newly-formed Wellton-
Mohawk Irrigation and Drainage Dis-
trict. McElhaney formerly was presi-
dent of the Gila Valley Power District,
and was president of the Wellton-Mo-
hawk Operating company. — Yuma
Daily Sun.
• • •
Dr. V. M. Slipher, nationally famous
astronomer, recently marked 50 years'
service with Lowell Observatory, 35 of
these years as director. — Coconino
Sun.

CALIFORNIA
It's a Real Live Ghost Town . . .
CHINA LAKE — Says Bob Hub-
bard, in the Calico Print, "Thirty years
ago if you saw that many new faces in
town, you could be sure the word was
out there was a new strike in Rands-
burg. Now, chances are it's another
frlen
bunch of rockhounds from the city,
getting away from smog and traffic service
congestion, seeing the only real old
western mining town in the whole state
of California." Randsburg, perched Every car lasts longer when it
high on the parched Rand mountains, is protected with regular MobLu-
at an elevation of 3500 feet, is only brication by your friendly, aole
150 miles from Los Angeles via Mo- Mobilgas Dealer. His lubrication
jave on U. S. 6 or via San Bernardino system is as good as there is, and
on U. S. 395. But it's just a bit off the better than most. His equipment
beaten track, and only in the last year is as good as money can buy. E.ut,
or two have residents and business he is the big difference. He knows
men realized they are living in a veri- your car will last longer only if
table museum—or, as many tourists steering mechanism, wheel bear-
express it, "It's a real live ghost town." ings, gear housings, tires, spark
Gold, silver and tungsten have pro- plugs, filters, and other parts that
vided the foundation of Rand District wear out or get dirty are regu-
since the spring of 1895 when Charles l a r l y c h e c k e d . He i n c l u d e s
Austin Burcham, John Singleton, and battery check and inspectior. of
Frederic M. Mooers filed claims on lights for the simple reason that
what became the Yellow Aster. — he knows any interruption in
Rocketeer. service will be dangerous, incon-
• • • venient, and costly to you. The
products that go into his jobs are
Food for Lake Havasu Bass . . .
the most-used greases and oils
BLYTHE—Another step in the de- — the famous Mobil family —of
velopment of the Colorado River fish
any in the world. Your car will
took place recently when 8000 golden
last longer, too, when you get a
<hiner minnows were planted in Lake
regular Mobilubrication from
h.vasu by the California Division of
Fish and Game. There has been a your Mobilgas Dealer — he's extra
definite shortage of forage fish for the friendly, extra dependable.
development of large mouth bass. It
is hoped that the golden shiner minnow GENERAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION
will thrive and become abundant food
for the game fish.—Palo Verde Valley
converting nature's sift to better Hying
Mobilgas
Times.

OCTOBER, 195 1 29
Blythe Intercepts Insects . . . Desert Prospector Dies . . . Old Papers Have New Home . . .
BLYTHE — Quarantine inspectors CHINA LAKE—George Benko, 72, RANDSBURG—The end of an era
at the California border east of Blythe, one of the discoverers of the Big Dyke for desert newspapermen came when
gateway to the Coachella Valley, inter- mine in the Rand mining district and the Hubbard Printing company moved
cepted the second highest total of plant well known to many desert folks, died from historic Randsburg to the newly
material and the seventh highest num- recently in Portage, Pa. A native of erected quarters at Ridgecrest in July
ber of insects during inspections Austria, Benko came to the United of this year. The Hubbards, Paul,
throughout the state in the month of States in 1906. After ten years of coal Mabel and Bob have operated the
June, according to A. P. Messenger, mining in Pennsylvania and copper business for the past 14 years, ante-
chief of the Bureau of Plant Quaran- mining in Arizona, he came to the dating the coming of the Naval Ord-
tine. Some of the insects include the Mojave desert where in 1940 he built nance Test Station and consequent
spotted cucumber beetle from Mary- a home in Homewood canyon, near growth of Ridgecrest and Inyokern by
land, the cherry fruit fly from the Pa- Trona, which became a mecca for several years. They publish three
cific Northwest, the flower beetle from visitors from all over the world. After weekly newspapers: the Ridgecrest
North Carolina, a European weevil months in an Auburn sanitorium last Times Herald, the Rocketeer, and the
from New York and specimens of year, Benko went to Portage, Pa., Argonaut plus two monthly publica-
citrus white flies from Texas.—Indio where he lived, until his death, with tions, Mineral Notes and News and
News. his nephew, Dr. John H. Benko. Pat Calico Print.—Times Herald.
• • • and George Sturtevant wrote the story • • •
He Wants to Be Alone . . . of "Prospector of Homewood Canyon" They Were Nomads . . .
BISHOP — An Inyo-Mono realtor in the June, 1950 issue of Desert IDYLLWILD — According to Bill
has received the following letter: "1 Magazine. and Edna Price of Idyllwild, many
am looking for some mountain prop- • • • hundreds of miles of the southwest re-
erty . . . 14 acre or less in a remote gion of the U. S. are still untouched by
New Name for Old Camp . . . modern conveniences. And they should
location with no neighbors for miles.
I would like a small one or two room MOJAVE—Muroc is no more. It know, for they spent a decade roam-
house on this land. House does not died at midnight on July 31 when it ing the mesas with a string of burros,
need to have running water, electricity became Edwards, California. The returning to indoor living only when
or inside plumbing. I want a very change became necessary, according to they found an abandoned miner's shack
rough place . . . 1 was thinking of some Lt. M'chael J. Tashjian. adjutant of or prospector's dugout. Their journey,
old ghost town property. Water must Edwards Air Force base, in order to during the depression years, took the
be available and the house able to be make it conform to the area which it Prices through the arid wastelands of
made livable. The harder to get to, the serves. The renamed post office of New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and
better . . . I will pay $400 cash for Edwards, will serve Edwards Air Force California. They lived mostly off the
such a place, or more if necessary." base and the entire town of Muroc.— land through which they passed, on a
Can anyone help?—Inyo Register. Mojave Desert News. diet of beans, Mormon tea, biscuits

o*t ttte V u e n t . . . CONTEST ANNOUNCEMENT


Life on the desert is seldom drab and common- Entries should be addressed to Editor, Desert Mag-
place. Often it is exciting and thrilling. Many of those azine, Palm Desert, California, and must reach this
who live in this land of cactus and lizards, or who have office by November 1, 1951, to qualify for the awards.
traveled in this arid region have had interesting experi-
ences — or have had first hand knowledge of the If good sharp 5x7 or larger pictures are available,
experiences of others. an extra $3.00 will be paid for each photograph ac-
cepted. Pictures are not essential, however.
Desert Magazine wants some of these stories—to
pass along for the entertainment and enlightenment of Writers must be prepared to supply confirmation as
its readers. To obtain these personal adventures cash to the authenticity of their stories. Only true experi-
prizes will be awarded in a contest to close on Novem- ences are wanted.
ber 1. All stories must be essentially of the desert, and
For the best story of from 1200 to 1500 words, an the scene is limited to Arizona, Nevada, Utah. New
award of $25.00 will be made. To each other contestant Mexico and the desert area of California.
who submits an acceptable story the award will be $15. True names of those involved must be given,
The manuscript should be a true experience, pref- although with the knowledge of the judges, fictitious
erably of the writer—no yarns or tall tales or hearsay names may be substituted in special cases where there
stories will qualify. The experience may involve danger is reflection on personal character.
while lost on the desert, an adventure while living or If the story has appeared previously in print, this
traveling in the desert wilderness, or the Indian country. fact and the time and name of the medium in which it
It may be the meeting of an unusual character, revealing appeared should be given.
a phase of human nature, or a distinct way of life. All readers of Desert Magazine are invited to sub-
The contest is open to amateur and professional mit manuscripts.
writers alike, but those who plan to submit manuscripts Judging will be done by the staff of Desert Maga-
should carefully observe the following rules: zine, and the decision of the judges will be final. Un-
All manuscripts must be typewritten, on one side accepted manuscripts will be returned if accompanied
of the page only. by return postage.

30 DESERT MAGAZINE
and jerky. The only item in their medi- tural work, any attempt on the part of
cine case was a small bottle of iodine. the farmers to continue to employ MNP AHOY!
They found that water could be located "wetbacks," while waiting for legal
by following stock trails. Their longest nationals or using both "wets" and S If you're all at sea, but want available
single trek took two years when they nationals, will forfeit the farmer's right tax or public land information, writei
went from Death Valley to the Mazatal to contract for the legal Mexican work- SEARCH & GUARANTEE CO.
mountains in Arizona. The Prices came ers.—India News.
to live at Idyllwild several years ago • • •
where Mr. Price is now fire chief.— Date Prices Are Stabilized . . .
Hemet News.
• o •
tion
INDIO—Historical price-setting ac-
was taken recently by the Cali-
POCKET-SIZED
Burro Falls 700 Feet, Lives . . .
fornia Date Mutual. Growers are guar-
INYO—A pack burro, belonging to anteed 11 cents a pound for standard
Richie Conway of Leevining, slipped quality dates and 13 cents a pound for
on the shale rock and fell 700 feet choice and higher grade dates. Ted
down a slide on the trail to Mt. Hood. Buck, Mutual president, stated that
The animal was uninjured. Conway these minimum prices for 1951 con-
said that he had been using the same sider cost of production, carryover,
trail for 25 years and it is the first time current consumer purchasing power,
a burro has lost its footing. — Inyo prospective crop, foreign competition
Register. and recent marketing conditions.. Re-
• • • tail prices are expected to remain the
Lost Water Holes Sought . . . same.—Indio News.
BLYTHE — C. C. Tabor of the • • •
Blythe irrigation district sends out an
S.O.S. for information regarding water Excavator Digs Up Past . . .
holes or springs in this area which were BISHOP — Wendell Reynolds of
filled in by the army on maneuvers Bishop, while excavating gravel in the
during World War II. The Chamber Owens River bed, recently unearthed
of Commerce intends to ask military a fossil which Douglas Robinson, vet- MAGNIFICATION RANGE FROM 20X TO 60X *
Ideal for field work or shop use.
authorities to restore these valuable eran Inyo-Mono historian and student * Equipped with excellent wide field .
optics equivalent in quality to those
sources of water to their original use- of fossils has pronounced to be part of • provided in pedestal type microscopes.
fulness. Those with this information an elephant tusk. This elephant roamed Has very high light efficiency and
gives no chromatic aberration. Offers
should give the name of the water hole the Inyo-Mono country 10,000 to 15,- adjustable
#
magnification lor any •
and its location as nearly as possible 000 years ago, according to Robinson. power between 20X and COX. All
* parts are made from brass or steel •
to Mr. Tabor. — Palo Verde Valley —Inyo Register. plated. Has dulite finish. Instrument
• comes complete with genuine grained #
Times. • • • cowhide leather case. An excellent
• value at this price—§12.75 net.
• • • NEVADA
New Editor for "Record" . . .
BANNING — After 25 years as
owner-publisher of the Banning Rec-
Las Vegas Is Housecleaning . . .
LAS VEGAS — Police Chief Roy
mam INDUSTRIAL DIV. 0-3

ord, Carl Barkow has sold the Ban-


ning Publishing Company to Ward J.
Risvold, former publisher of the Clin-
Parrish and other North Las Vegas
officials are ready to go in and raze the
recently condemned shanty town which
sprang up in the North Las Vegas
I
11921 WEST PICO BOULEVARD
LOS ANGELES 64, CALIFORNIA

ton Tribune-Gazette, Clintonville, Wis-


consin. Risvold took over the operation
of the Banning paper September 1. He ASK YOUR CONTRACTOR ABOUT "PRECISION BUILT"
is the third publisher of the Record in
43 years.—Banning Record.
• • •
Indians Object to New Road . . .
RED CINDER BLOCKS
COACHELLA — Widening of In- You'll have year
dian Avenue in Palm Springs hit a around comfort
snag when the Agua Caliente Mission with
Indians filed a suit in Los Angeles to
prevent condemnation of property "Precision Built"
along the western edge of their reser-
vation, which is the east side of Indian RED CINDER OR
Avenue. Part of the 50-foot right-of- PUMICE BLOCKS
; •

way has already been acquired and


paid for.—Desert Barnacle. Homes of Distinction
• • • are built with
"Wetbacks" to Leave State . . . PLANS AVAILABLE
INDIO — According to recent an- DESERT CINDER BLOCKS FOR
nouncement by James G. Bryant, state DESERT HOMES
director of employment, the practice
of California farmers in employing il-
legal Mexican "wetbacks" will soon Transit Mixed Concrete Co.
be abolished. Under the department's 3464 E. Foothill Blvd.. Pasadena 8
new plan to furnish the farmers with RYAN 1-6329 or Corona Phone 1340
legal Mexican nationals for agricul-

OCTOBER, 1 9 51 31
area. A few of the shanty dwellers, Famed White Coyote Is Dead . . . Halogeton Bill May Pass . . .
upon receiving the five day notice to TONOPAH — The famed white FALLON—Favorable action in the
move out, were most indignant. Said coyote of Wheelbarrow Peak, Nevada, senate is expected for Senator Malone's
one woman, "We've been living here is dead. In the current issue of Saga bill providing for the initiation of a
for years. You can't take away our Magazine, George F. Worts, a gold program to eradicate and control the
home." But city spokesmen said, "Oh, prospector of Emigrant Valley, tells noxious weed Halogeton which has
but we can, when building and health how he and his friend, Jeff Yancey, spread over several southwestern states.
codes are violated." Roland Wiley, killed the clever beast with a pick-up The bill provides for the inclusion of
present owner of the property, is con- truck. According to Worts, the white trust or restricted Indian lands and co-
templating a housing development un- coyote was a legendary character of operation with private land owners in
der FHA codes, and he said, "Federal lonely Emigrant Valley. He was the the areas to be controlled. — Reese
housing authorities frown on tumble- slyest coyote that ever snapped his River Reveille.
down shacks on its project sites.''— jaws on a jack rabbit's throat, separ- • • •
Las Vegas Review-Journal. ated a calf from its mother, stole a
lamb, or lured a domestic cat or dog Nevada Museum Attracts Visitors
to its death. Too smart to let himself CARSON CITY—The Nevada state
"I CAN SAVE YOU 5 0 %
be lined up in the sights of a rifle, too museum which got its start in 1938

\
3 ON /W*WBINOCULARS!"
says
DAVE BUSHNELL

P*' *^ I guarantee
wily to be caught in a trap, yet he died
of acute dilation of the heart when
chased over the Groom lake flatlands
by a pick-up truck.—Tonopah Times-
when school children sold buttons at
ten cents each for initial funds, is at-
tracting thousands of visitors to the old
mint building in Carson City. In 1948
Judge Guild contributed a quarter of
to give you more and save you Bonanza.
up to 50'( on every popi a million in cash and later Major Max
model, BECAUSE our pla • • •
creases quality whil Town Finally Gives Up Ghost . . . Fleischmann gave a large amount
cutting costs. Our free
book explains all. P1OCHE — Delamar, former me- which made possible a WPA program.
tropolis of southern Nevada is a fading A $100,000 trust fund was set up to
memory. Most present cay Nevadans maintain various projects. Other sub-
"HOW TO StLECT BINqCULARS" <^ do not recognize the name of the ghost stantial contributions and cooperation
BUSHNELL ttuiocuCant town. Delamar, where fatal mine dust of many organizations have made this
Dept. D29 Bushnell Building, Pasadena 1, California
killed scores of young miners, pro- museum, with its complete under-
duced $25,000,000 in gold during its ground mine, an outstanding attrac-
LOWER CALIFORNIA first 16 years. What is left of the camp tion in Nevada.—Fallon Standard.
is located in central Lincoln county, • • •
MAP about 125 miles north of Las Vegas
and 50 miles south of Pioche. Gold
BOULDER CITY—Two men and
a woman are making a leisurely rapids
Most complete map yet pub- was first discovered in the area, then shooting jaunt through Grand Canyon
lished of Baja California, con- known as the Monkey Wrench District, in rubber boats, according to word
taining hundreds of the original in 1892. The little tent and shack city received by the office of river control
place names. 28x42 inches, in that grew up got its name from Capt. in Boulder City from the national park
two colors. Published by Arey- J. R. Delamar, who was identified with service station at Bright Angel.
Jones of San Diego. many mining enterprises in the West.
Postpaid, including tax, $1.00 In the late 90's Dclamar's population
DESERT CRAFTS SHOP was 1000 persons. In 1940 Mrs.
Answers to True or False
Palm Desert, California Agnes Horn, an elderly lady, was the
lone occupant. When she died, but a Questions are on page 18
1—False. The Chuckawalla is harm-
few years ago, her house, the last in less.
town, was torn down. Old stone walls, 2—True.
VOU'LL ENJOV THIS a crumbling mill and a cemetery are all 3—False. Ubehebe has not been ac-
tive within the memory of any
that remain of Delamar now.—Pioche
THRILLMG PAGEANT Record.
living person.
4—True. 5—True. 6—True.
The humor, romance and tall tales of
man's quest for desert gold are captured • • • 7—False. Calcite is much softer
for the arm-chair traveller in the new book. than quartz.
They Rode the Rapids . . . 8—False. The women do the weav-
LOAFING ALONG
DEATH VALLEY TRAILS
BOULDER CITY—Two river ex- ing.
By William Caruthers peditions, including 14 passengers and 9—True. 10—True.
A swift moving narrative of people and seven boatmen, successfully ran the 1 I—False. Hopi Katchinas generally
are whittled from cottonwood.
places without a dragging moment. rapids of the Grand Canyon during 12—False. Great Falls is in the Little
Get it at your book store or direct from July this year. Frank Wright and Jim Colorado River.
the publishers. Riggs of Mexican Hat, Utah, and two 13—False. Ocotillo belongs to the
The DESERT MAGAZINE PRESS species Fouquieria.
Palm Desert, California other boatmen in four cataract boats
14—True.
brought a party of nine through the 15—False. Visitors are prohibited
243 rapids between Lee's Ferry and from taking any specimens of
Lake Mead, Harry Ale son with two petrified wood from the Monu-
FOR GOOD HEALTH other boatmen and five passengers ment.
Find out about BERRY BRAND made the trip in neoprene life rafts. 16—False. The Giant Ground Sloth
Genuine Brewery Yeast. was a prehistoric beast.
Write for free literature. $1.00 per The two parties reached Boulder City 17—True.
pound plus postage. Quantity dis- within a few hours of each other. 18—False. Lee's Ferry service was
counts available. discontinued many years ago.
"Proper selection of food today gives Emma Schray of Fresno, aged 66, is
you HEALTH tomorrow!" believed to have been the oldest 19—False. The date palms of the
Southwest originally were im-
H. B. BERRY LABORATORIES woman to make the trip. She was with ported from Africa and Asia.
Box 188, Montebello, California the Wright-Riggs expedition. — Las 20—True.
Telephone Union 1-0084 Vegas Review Journal.

32 DESERT MAGAZINE
NEW MEXICO Indian Art Is Better . . . Bill Will Aid Drouthlands . . .
Pecan Festival Is Scheduled . . . GALLUP—R. Vernon Hunter, who WASHINGTON — Senator Dennis
LAS CRUCES—Cock fights, quar- while heading the state art program Chavez has won Committee approval
ter-horse races, square and folk dances, some years ago, set up the Gallup art of his proposal that $270,000 in un-
and other colorful activities will be center and who is now director of the used farm housing funds be used for
incorporated in the first annual Mesilla Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Sc.id of exploratory water well drilling in New
Valley Pecan Festival on October 20. this year's Ceremonial, "I observe im- Mexico and elsewhere to assist stock-
Highlight of the festival will be the provements in costumes and color." men whose credit has been exhausted
crowning of the Mesilla Valley Pecan In commenting on the paintings by by prolonged drouth. Under present
Queen who will reign over the initial Indian artists, his opinion was thai: their law, water facility loans may be made,
harvesting of pecans in this lush, irri- color sense has much improved; the but must be repaid and are conditioned
gated valley. The celebration will be artists no longer use the garish poster upon the ability to repay. — Eddy
patterned after a typical Spanish fiesta. colors of former years. Colors in County News.
The gaily-colored costumes long iden- Navajo rugs also appeared to have
tified with these affairs will be worn been softened in tone, making them
by participants in the various events. more suited to modern home use.— Indians Get Better Highways . . .
Site for the festival will be Stahmann Gallup Independent. GALLUP—First paving in the in-
Farms, home of famed Del Cerro pe- terior of the Navajo and Hopi country
• • • is now being done between Oraibi and
cans and the world's largest pecan
grove. Indian Winter May Be Hard . . . Second Mesa. Other paved roads on
• • • GALLUP — At the Navajo tribal
Rainmakers Are Happy . . . council in August, Allan G. Harper,
'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER'
ALBUQUERQUE—Howard Major, area director of the Nava-Hopi reser-
president of the San Ysidro Range vations, called the four-county t.rea—
Improvement Co., reports that most San Juan, McKinley. Rio Arriba and SLEEPING BAGS
members of the organization are opti- Sandoval counties — New Mexico a AIR MATTRESSES
mistic over early results of its rainmak- "no-man's land, where neither state SMALL TENTS
ing contract. The non-profit group of nor federal governments will accept
200 farmers in a 40,000 square mile responsibility for the Indians' welfare." and many other items
area covering the northwest corner of Harper said that there is a hard winter
the state, has a 5 V2 -month-old con- ahead for Indians in this section and
VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT
tract with Water Resources Develop- that they will have to ship their stock
ment Corporation of Denver. Although for the winter, or sell it. If the stock
717 West Seventh Street
June and July were well below normal is liquidated, Harper predicted a sharp
LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA
in precipitation, May received 150 to rise in the number of Navajos on state
200 per cent more than usual. The relief.—Gallup Independent.
inability to produce more rain in June • • e
and July was explained by the ab- GALLUP — Ramon Cobo, 70, a
sence of enough clouds to seed. — sheepherder who had been reported
Gallup Independent. missing, was located calmly sitting un-
der a tree with his faithful sheep dog,
after an all night search in the Hay
Pinon Incense... Lake-Ashurst Lake-Lake Mary area.
The search party of 20 volunteers, led
Bring the delightful fragrance by deputies K. M. Quinn and Jack
of the Pinon Forest into your Johnson found Cobo, who had lost his
home or office. The burner is a bearings and also his sheep, ncne the
miniature model of the outdoor worse for his experience. — Coconino
baking ovens used by prehis- Sun.
toric Indians, and still in use in • • •
New Mexico pueblos. When Attention, Rattlesnakes! . . . INDIAN PRINCESS
the little cones of genuine pinon TAOS — From the recent anniver- BEADED MOCCASINS
pine are burned in this tiny sary edition of El Crepusculo, comes Barefoot comfort and soft as down, these
oven the aroma is a breath of the following warning to rattlesnakes: hand beaded, hand laced, washable cow-
hide moccasins in Palomino Gold, Green,
the outdoor Southv/est. "Be wary of all tourists! They do not White, Red & Black, give you gentle foot-
snuggling comfort. A springy layer of
Kills kitchen and bathroom see where they are going; therefore, built-in airfoam innersole gives your feet
you can never tell when they will step a holiday. In a complete range of adult
odors and removes the smell oi sizes. Sen 1 shoe size & color. $5.95 ppd.
on you. The tourist does not whistle Just tl thing for square dancing!
stale tobacco. Pueblo Indians or sing or give any warning; he just MEN'S n Dccaslns without heads and
fringe for good looking he-man comfort,
burn pinon for nasal and bron- steps on your tail. Also, identification In Palorni o Gold only.
chial ailments. by the tourist is poor; his reaction, if FREE! \ \ 48 page Gift Catalogue—over
300 Christ nas ideas for the family.
you warn him by buzzing your tail, is
Burner and 15 cones....$1.50 to hit you on the head, throw stones
Burner and 54 cones ... 2.70 and otherwise make things disagree- Dept. 00'
CURIO COM PA NY
Extra cones, 36 for 1.25 able. But ask him afterward what kind CONGRESS ST, TUCSON, ARIZONA

Postpaid to You of snake he tried to kill, and he will Size Background Color.

say he does not know. Therefore, all NAME


rattlesnakes should club together, get
DESERT CRfiFTS SHOP some distinctive identification marks STREET

Palm Desert, California and by all means, leave all tourists CITY STATE . . .
alone."—El Crepusculo. Satisfaction Guaranteed. NoC.O.D.'s

OCTOBER, 1951 33
the Navajo reservation are portions of history. Officials call the program control of parathion, a deadly poison
U. S. Highway 666 on the east side unique because it is the first to be con- perfected by the Germans as a nerve
and U. S. Highway 89 on the west side. ceived, planned and carried out by In- gas, during the last war. Where there
About 10 miles of reservation paved dians themselves. Granger's bill would is danger of drifting, air dusting may
road will be added. The new paving authorize $1000 payments to each of not be used near residential areas.—
starts at Window Rock and is to con- the Indians in the Uncompaghre, Uintah Millard County Chronicle.
tinue west through Ganado and the and White river tribes, set up a million
Hopi villages to Tuba City. — Gallup dollar loan fund, and put up money
Independent. for education, land buying and build- MONTICELLO—-Julius A. Pom-
ing purposes. The $31 million judg- renke has been appointed assistant
• • • ment was to pay the Utes for 1 1,720,- range manager for the Bureau of Land
UTAH 000 acres of rich Colorado land taken Management. Pomrenke was trans-
Marker to Be Restored . . . by the government many years ago.— ferred from Canyon City, Colorado
VERNAL—The marker indicating Gallup Independent. where he worked on reconnaissance
the intersection of the imaginary but range surveys.—San Juan Record.
highly important Uintah Base Line and • • •
• • •
Meridian which describes a large part Michigan Students Tour Utah . . .
of Uintah Basin lands, will be restored SALT LAKE CITY —During the Forest Has Birthday . ..
opposite the Ute Indians' Sun Dance month of August, twelve mining en- SALT LAKE CITY—Wasatch Na-
ceremonial grounds south of White- gineering students from the Michigan tional Forest, which sprawls over
rocks, according to Arthur Brown, re- College of Mining and Technology. 1,019,256 acres in Utah and Wyom-
gional engineer for the Bureau of Land Houghton, Michigan, made extensive ing, is 45 years old. The forest, when
Management. Every parcel of land in field trips to Utah's mining areas, un- created by federal legislation August
the Roosevelt and Duchesne areas is der the direction of Professor J. Mur- 16, 1905, contained 966,721 acres on
described in terms of the special lines ray Riddell and Professor William lour ranges — Sheeprock, Stanbury,
established in 1875 when the land was Bowlus, staff members of the co'.lege. Wasatch and Uintah.—Salt Lake Trib-
thrown open to early Mormon settlers Among the places visited were: Kcn- une.
for homestead entry.—Vernal Express. necott Copper corporation, the Gar-
field smelter of American Smelting and SALT LAKE CITY—Annual pred-
Refining company, the Salt Lake City atory report from the U. S. fish and
Ute Bill Awaits Truman Okay . . . plant of Eimco corporation and Horse
SALT LAKE CITY—A bill spon- Canyon mine at Price. — Salt Lake Wildlife service has revealed the high-
sored by Rep. Granger of Utah, would Tribune. est kill of predatory animals since the
allow the Indians of the Ouray Uintah 1947-48 season. Trappers and hun-
reservation to spend part of a $31,- ters of the federal service killed 1865
460,216 judgment the Utes won against coyotes, 971 bobcats and 77 mountain
DELTA — The State Agricultural
the government last year—the biggest Commission has issued stiff regulations lions.—Goldfield News.
court of claims award of its kind in for the protection of humans, animals • • •
and bees against indiscriminate use of CEDAR CITY—Jonreed Lauritzen
FURNACE CREEK INN *"/""" highly poisonous insecticides. At pres- of Tumurru, Arizona, has sold the
FURNACE CREEK RANCH EUROPEAN PLAN
ent the regulations apply only to Mil- British rights to his book, "The Rose
lard County, though according to and the Flame." The book, first pub-
CH TZotKtuttcc DEATH VALLEY commission member Tracy R. Welling, lished in April by Doubleday, will now
Luxurious desert oasis. Sunny days . . . cool nights. Riding
they will later be extended to other be published by the British firm of
travel agents or Death Valley Hotel Co., Ltd., 510 West
6th Street, Los Angeles, MAdison 2511.
sections of the state. A major por- Blackett and Hurst. — Iron County
tion of the restriction concerns the Record.

KEEP VOUR fllflPS . . .


Every month Desert Magazine
carries two or three maps especi-
k Invitation to Desert Readers...
ally prepared for readers who Beginning Monday, October 15, the Desert Magazine Pueblo at
come to the desert for recreation Palm Desert will remain open through the winter season from 8:00 a.m.
or field trips. to 5:00 p.m. seven days a week and this is an invitation to all Desert
These maps are best retained readers and their friends to visit the Gallery of Fine Arts which again
for permanent reference by filing this season will be under the direction of Harriett Day.
your copy of Desert Magazine
each month in one of the loose- Visitors will have an opportunity to see the many oil and water
leaf binders supplied by the color paintings in the art gallery, and may browse through the book
magazine publishers. and crafts shop—and inspect the plant where Desert Magazine and
the Lapidary Journal are printed— if they care to do so.
Covered with imitation leather
and gold embossed, each binder Exhibits in the art gallery represent the work of a majority of the
holds 12 copies. They are easy best painters in the Southwest. The bookstore includes practically all
to insert and they lie flat when the Southwestern titles now in print.
open.
MAILED POSTPAID FOR Located in front of the Pueblo is Desert's Trail Shrine, where
$2.00 visitors may deposit a rock on the Shrine, as did prehistoric Indians of
the desert country, tc assure a safe and successful journey. A register
THE is located at the Shrine where those who come may leave their names
in a book which includes visitors from all over the world.
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA

34 DESERT MAGAZINE
Gems and Minerals £P than the Diamond I
\sg^ !

JADEITE AND NEPHRITE ROCKHOUND FAIR TO BE HELD FACETED ROUND GEMS


REPORTS ARE ISSUED AT COMPTON IN SEPTEMBER OF SYNTHETIC
Olaf P. Jenkins, chief of the California Southern California's first Rockhound
Division of Mines has announced the pub- Fair, sponsored by the Compton Gem and TITANIA
lication of three special reports covering Mineral Club, will be held September 29-30 have live times more ability than the
Jadeite and Nephrite deposits in California. at the VFW hall in Compton. Among the Diamond to break light into its component
Special Report 10-A covers "Nephrite exhibits at the fair will be the 2,097.50 carat colors producing a magnificent rainbow
Jade and Associated Rocks" in the Cape of "Star of Queensland," said to be the largest effect.
San Martin region, Monterey county. Writ- black star sapphire in the world. Contribu-
tors to the exhibits of outstanding gem and SEND FOR A FREE PRICE LIST describing
ten by Richard A. Crippen, Jr., it includes mineral collections will include Mrs. Jesse
a map and illustrations of the deposit.
Special Report 10-B describes "Nephrite
Hardiman, president of the Long Beach
Gem and Mineral Club, displaying her jade
Titania Rainbow Jewelry
in Marin County, California." It was writ- collection; Lelande Quick, editor of the
ten by Charles W. Chesterman of the staff Lapidary Journal, showing his half-pound OTHER SERVICES OFFERED
of the Division of Mines. His report com- Australian fire opal, one of the largest of its JEWELRY REPAIR SERVICE
prises the field and mineralogical study of a kind; and James Underwood of the Los GEM STONE CUTTING
jade occurrence at Massa Hill in Marin Angeles Gem Society with his crystal dis- GEM CUTTING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS
County. The jade at Massa Hill is found play. AND SUPPLIES
in veins and lenses in place in serpentine; it • • • JEWELRY MAKING TOOLS AND MATERIALS
varies in color from olive green to dark
A BOOK FOR YOUNG MINERAL SPECIMENS
bluish green, and some specimens cut from
it are of striking color and beauty. AND OLD ROCKHOUNDS FLUORESCENT LAMPS, GEIGER COUNTERS
The geology and mineralogy of the neph- While Carroll Lane Fenton and Mildred URANIUM SAMPLES, FLUORESCENT MINERALS
rite deposits were studied by the author, Adams Fenton intended Rocks and Their FIELD TRIP GUIDE BOOKS
who utilizes the data obtained in his study Stories for juvenile readers, they have writ- ROUGH AUSTRALIAN OPALS
to draw conclusions concerning the origin ten a concise little volume packed with
of the nephrite. Special Report 10-B, illus- simply stated essential information equally
trated by 16 figures—line drawings, maps
of the deposit and photographs—consists
interesting to adults who have never had
time to study rock formations and who have
GRIEGER'S
of 11 pages bound in heavy green paper. thereby missed many thrilling experiences. 1633 EAST WALNUT STREET
PASADENA 4, CALIFORNIA
Special Report 10-C is the third in the Fifty pages of fine photographs adequately PHONE SYCAMORE 6-6423
series of reports on jade issued by the illustrate the book, giving quick and easy
Division of Mines. San Benito County be- reference to plaguing questions of the ama-
came the focus of attention for many per- teur rock collector.
sons interested in jade when the first Without confusing technical terms, the NEW-Sensational! GEIGER COUNTER
discovery of jadeite in California was an- Fentons briefly explain the difference be-
nounced. The California deposits are the tween rocks, stones and minerals, tell how "The SNOOPER"
first occurrences of jadeite in place reported they were formed, how the earth's history LOW PRICE
in the western hemisphere. may be read in these formations, and lastly $2495
ONLY

Eight large exposures of jadeite are de- how the novice collector may organize his COMPLETE

scribed in the report and plotted on the specimens and follow through to a system- Find fortune in uranium with this
new. iper-sensitive Geiger Counter.
accompanying map. Although the jadeite atized display which will grow in size and Get one for atom bomb defense. So si 11 it fits in the palm of
resembles nearby serpentine in color, the interest through the years. the hand or in the hip pocket, and yet more sensitive than many
large, expensive instruments. Weighs only 1 !4 lbs. Uses flash-
authors believe that the greater "toughness Published by Doubleday & Company, Inc., light battery. Low price includes earphone, radio active sample,
and density of jadeite should be adequate Garden City, New York. 112 pp. $::.50. instructions. Sold with ironclad moneyback guarantee.
ORDER YOURS TODAY-Send $5.00 with order or payment in
clues to the keen prospector." Six figures • • • full to save C.O.D. Write for free catalog on treasure finders for
gold, silver, etc. and larger, more elaborate Geiger Counters.
—maps, line drawings, and photographs, San Diego Lapidary society estimates
that the profit made on their booth at the Deafer Inquirie PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS
illustrate the 8-page report. Invited 4 1 1 3 DM W. JEFFERSON, L.A. 1 6 , CALIF.
Each of the above reports is available at county fair was about $400.
25c from the California Division of Mines,
Ferry Building, San Francisco. California
residents should add three percent sales
tax. 76e
ROCK EXHIBIT PLANNED
• • •
ty
ouue Seen
FOR DEATH VALLEY PROGRAM Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla
Plans have been completed by the direc- Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry
tors of the Death Valley 49ers to hold a
mineralogical exhibit in Death Valley in HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER
connection with the 3rd annual encamp-
ment program scheduled for December 1 Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings
and 2. and Brooches
William R. Harriman, chairman of this SPECIALLY SELECTED STONES WITH
feature of the encampment program, is to CHOICE COLORS AND PICTURES
be assisted by the following committeemen:
James Nosser of the Western Mining Coun- Write tor Folder With Prices
cil, D. R. Crawford of the N.O.T.S. Rock-
hounds and Don MacLachlan, editor of
Mineral Notes and News. ELLIOTT'S GEM SHOP
It is planned to arrange a two-day exhibit 235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2. CALIF.
at the airport near Furnace Creek ranch, Across from West End of Municipal
and to award ribbons for winners of the Auditorium Grounds
various events which will be announced Hours 10 A. M. to 9 P. M. Daily Except Monday
later.

OCTOBER, 195 1
AMONG THE
A D V E R T I S I N G R A T E
G E m fllflRT 8c a Word . . . Minimum $1.00
ROCK HUNTERS
BERYL CRYSTALS, Columbite, Tantalite, Pur- THE MINES at Franklin. N. .1.. produce the On August 18, the Shadow Mountain
purite, Andalusite Crystals, Rose Quartz, Hell's world's finest short wave fluorescent stones.
Canyon Agates. Mac-Mich Minerals Co., Cus- The odd ones, handsomely patterned with Mineralogists society joined the Orange
ter, So. Dakota. bright colors and handpicked for special County Lapidary rockhounds on a field trip
beauty command a much higher price than into the Irvine ranch country. There were
"DON'T MISS" Fine rough gems, Minerals, Sil- the regulars. A money-back guaranteed beau-
ver and Lapidary supplies at Superior Min- tiful thirty-pound collection of these AA No. several dozen cars on the excursion. Petri-
erals & Gems, 4665 Park Blvd. San Diego 16, 1 stones shipped to you. each stone individu- fied wood was found near Corona Del Mar.
California. (Sorry, no lists.) ally wrapped, for $27.00—our lowest price on In the evening the party gathered at Do-
these specials. Garden State Minerals, 1034
FIFTY MINERAL SPECIMENS, ;!4-in. or over. Bloomfield Street, Hoboken. New Jersey. heny State Park where a picnic supper was
boxed, identified, described, mounted. Post- served by the light of the full moon. John
paid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 72!) Lcdi. CABOCHON COLLECTORS: Assortment of six Hilton and Arlie Toulouse entertained with
California. different types and colors, slices large enough
to grind l"xl> 2 " cabs.. $2.00. Other slabs up Iheir string instruments, Barney Barnes
IF YOU ARE A ROCKIIOUXD you need the to 30 sq. in. Cabinet specimen or gem. 20c danced and community singing was led by
Lapidary Journal. Tells how to cut and polish per sq. in. Lee I'helps, 1101 Portland, Bend. Mr. and Mrs. George Merrill Roy.
rocks, gives news of all mineral-gem groups. Oregon,
Tells how to make jewelry, carries ads of • • •
dealers in supplies, equipment, gems, minerals MINERAL SPECIMENS, slabs or material by The Oklahoma University geology camp
from all over the world. Well illustrated, the pound for cutting and polishing. Ap-
beautifully printed. Subscription $2.00 a year proval selection sent upon request. Von are opened again this season on their Beaver
—back numbers 50c. Sample Copy 2uc if you welcome. A. L. Jarvis. Kt. 2. Box 125, Wat- Creek site near Florence, Colorado with a
have never subscribed or been sampled. sonville, California, on Salln.is Highway. registration of 180 students for the three
LELANDE QUICK. Editor, Palm Desert.
California. MEXICAN FIRE OPAL: 10c to SI.00 per piece. summer sessions. All geology majors in
State whether for specimens or cabochons. Oklahoma University are required to take
MINERAL SETS: 21 Colorful Minerals (iden- Minimum order $1.00. Satisfaction or refund. this course as field work. Dr. Carl A.
tified) in lxl compartments, S3.00 postpaid. Coast Gems & Minerals, ll(i(i<) Ferris lid.. El
PROSPECTOR'S SET — 50 minerals (identi- .Monte. California. FO-rest 8-7551. Moore, professor of geology, is director of
fied) in lxl compartments in cloth reinforced, the camp.
sturdy cartons, $5.00 postpaid. ELLIOTT WANTED: old mining and oil stock certificates.
GEM SHOP, 235 East Seaside Blvd. Long Books, letters, paper, pictures of the West
• • •
Beach 2. California. and Southwest, Explcration, mining, survey- At the convention of the Rocky Moun-
TITANIA GEMS $5.00 per carat for stones over
ing, etc. Will trade Franklin, X. .1. fluores- tain Federation of Mineral Societies, A. L.
cent minerals, or pay cash. Send description Flagg, of Phoenix, was elected to name a
3 carats. Also mounted in 14K gold rings. and price. Fred W. Morris. 200 lied Maple
All precious gems at lowest prices. Ace Drive, Levittown, New Jersey. committee of four to work wilh him en
Lapidary Co., Box 67, Jamaica, New York. plans to incorporate the federation. Com-
FLUORESCENT MINERALS: Complete line of mitteemen are: Charles C. Lockerbie, Salt
ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS. It will pay the fluorescent and rare minerals from the
you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock Roost. We buy. famous Franklin, N. .1. nines. Complete line Lake City; Louis K. Heister, Albuquerque;
sell, or exchange mineral specimens. Visitors of Mineralights, $12.50 up. Set of 10 fluores- Chester Howard, Denver; and F. C. Kess-
are always welcome. Ken-Dor Rock Roost. cent minerals, mounted in Styrofoam, labeled.
419 Sutter, Modesto, California. Specify wave length, S2.50. SPECIAL: 5 bril- ler. Canon City, Colorado. When the
liant specimens of Willemite and Calcite (2x2) articles of incorporation are completed, they
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting material of $4.00. Fred W. Morris, 200 Red .Maple Drive, will be submitted to several societies for
all kinds. Gold and Silver jewelry made to Levittown, New Jersey. approval.
order. Your stones or ours. 5 lbs. good cut-
ting material S4.00 or $1.00 per II). ,). L. TITANIA-RUTILE. New synthetic Gem cut from • • •
James, Battle Mountain, Nevada. finest quality National Lead Company material
more brilliant than a diamond—man's newest Compton Gem and Mineral Club an-
DESERT GEM SHOP under new management. achievement. Beautiful round, full diamond nounces the following field program: Oc-
Lots of cabs., slab cutting material and min- cut gems, S5.00 per carat for stones over 3 tober 20-21, Palo Verde Mountains, River-
erals. Order by mail or stop two miles west carats: $6.00 per carat for 1- -3 carat stones:
of Salome. L. ('. Hockett, Box 276, Salome. also mounted in 14 K gold rings, earrings. side County — fortification agate, sagenite.
Arizona. Write today for illustrated literature. Titania quartz crystals, chalcedony roses, iridescent
Lapidary Service, Box !)71!M). Los Angeles chalcedony (fire agate) nodules and geodes,
5, California.
RADIOACTIVE ORE COLLECTION. Six won- petrified wood; November 16-18, Black
derful specimens of Euxenite & Monazite. $3.00 BRINGS YOU 1 beautiful crystal group of Canyon, Mojave Desert—pink and honey
Autunite, Uranophane. Carnotite. Samarskite quartz crystals, quartz caste. Ask for list of
and Lambertite in neat redwood chest, only the many fine specimens now in stock. Jack
opal; December 15-16, Pleistecene Lake,
$2.00 Postpaid! Supply limited—Order now! The Rockhound, I'. O. Bex X(>. Carbondale, Mojave Desert—agates, jasper, fig and palm
URANIUM PROSPECTORS, Box 604, Stockton, Colorado. wood, chalcedony and other unusual ma-
California.
HOCK COLLECTORS' ATTENTION. I will be
terials.
CABOCHONS: genuine imported Agates, Carne- at the San Diego Rock & Mineral Show Sept. • • •
lians, Rose Quartz, Lapis Lazuli, Tiger Eye, 2!) and 30 with lots of new rocks in the new Newly elected officers of the Pasadena
etc., beautifully cut and polished. Oval stones TRAILER ROCK STORE. The Rockologist,
in sizes from 10 mm. to 16 mm. 25c each. Box 181, Cathedral City. California. Lapidary society are: John H. Whatley.
Minimum order $1.00. Pacific Gem Cutters, president; Robert G. James, vice-president;
424 So. Broadway, Los Angeles, California. FOR SALE: Beautiful purple Petrified Wood Lillian Lombard, secretary; Victory Arm-
with Uranium. Pyrolusite, Manganite. Nice
sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie Baker, Wen- strong, treasurer; Mrs. Robert G. James,
den, Arizona. hospitality chairman; Clarence Chittenden,
program chairman; Dr. Frederic W. Burcky,
ALLEN BLACK ONYX blanks 25c each. Red Onyx by-laws; Jessie Chittenden, field trips; Oress
blanks 35c each. Green Onyx blanks 3.r)c
JUNIOR eaeh. Prompt service given to mail order Walker, mineral sales and display; Mahlon
GEM jobs. All kinds of fine cutting. Juchem Bros.. Frank, historian; Romeo Berube, faceteer;
315 W. 5th St.. Los Angeles 1,'!. California. and Mrs. John H. Whatley, publicity.
CUTTER 105 DIFFERENT MINERAL SPECIMENS—$4.50. • • •
Carefully selected; makes a valuable aid in
helping identify and classify your findings or Sam Gordon, former curator of the
A Complete Lapidary Shop makes a wonderful gift. Boxed & labeled. Philadelphia Museum, was scheduled to
Only $43.50 70 different $3.00, 35 different $1.50. Coast
Gems & Minerals 11669 Ferris Rd., El Monte, speak on "Mineral Collecting in the Ata-
California. cama Desert in Northern Chili" at the Au-
• Ideal for apartment house dwel- gust meeting of the Santa Fe Gem and
ARIZONA AGATE MINES will go under new Mineral Club. A field trip to Upper Rio
lers. management this fall. We will have more
Puerco was planned for August 12.
help, more stock, newly mined Arizona Agates
• Polish rocks into beautiful gems. in the brightest colors, faster service, expert • • •
gem cutting and finest hand made solid sterl-
• Anyone can learn. ing silver mountings. (7) seven mixed slices The Minnesota Mineral Club reports the
of Arizona Agates S5.00 post paid. Sample following story: A woman, living near
• Instructions included. slices $1.00 each. New listings should be
Knife River on the North Shore of the
printed by October. Arizona Agate Mines,
Write lor Catalog, 25c Cave Creek, Arizona. lake, found half a medium sized red-banded,
geode agate center. The lake in the vicinity
SEND $1.00 FOR BEAUTIFUL ROCK BOX with
ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT 20 colorful specimens. 20 cabinet size speci- is shallow and often the lady walks into
COMPANY — Dept. D mens, assorted, for $10.00, will run 15 to IK the water searching for agates. Four years
pounds. L. M. Jones. Box 307, Bisbee, Ariz. after finding the firs* half of the geode. she
3632 W. Slauson Ave.. Los Angeles 43. Cal. picked up the other half—one mile down
"TUNGSTEN PROSPECTORS," Fluorescent Col-
Phone Axminister 2-6206 lectors. Mineralights at Superior Minerals & the beach and fifty feet from shore. The
Gems, 4665 Park Blvd., San Diego 16, Calif. two halves fit perfectly.

36 DESERT MAGAZINE
SUGGESTS FACETING OF Among those who displayed collections at
the Hollywood Lapidary Society's July meet-
AGATE AND OBSIDIAN ing were: W. A. Stephenson: a faceted Agate Jewelry
In his talk to the Hollywood Lapidary amethyst and opal; cabochons of oolite, jet,
Society at the July meeting. A. B. Meikle- pisolite, labradorite, peristerite, sunstone,
john said that he did not particularly like marcasite and howlite; also polished speci-
Wholesale
the use of the term "gem stones." Strictly mens of thomsonite and chlorastrolite. Walt Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains
speaking, the lapidary works with minerals Shirey: 26 cabochons of scenic and moss Brooches — Ear Rings
and not stones. He prefers the term "gem agate from Montana, 15 cabochons and Bracelets — Matched Sets
material." Meiklejohn outlined the various the rocks from which they were cut. gath- —Send stamp ior price list No. 1—
mineral divisions in which the amateur may ered on the Palo Verde trip. C. R. Patter-
specialize. These are (1 ) the collecting of son: cabochons of Lake Mead agale and
minerals, with special reference to (a) agate from Wiley's Well, three polished
Blank Mountings
crystals or (b) the Dana system, and (2) banded agate slabs from Wiley's Well. Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains
lapidary, covering (a) getting into the in- Russel E. Kephart: eight cabochons of jas- Cuil Links — Neck Chains
terior of opaque material, (b) faceting, (c) per, agate and marine bone from Palo Bezel — devices — Shanks
cameo cutting and (d) polished fluorescents. Verde Cove. Frances and Tom Birgin: Solder — Findings
With reference to faceting, Meiklejohn sug- specimen display of "What is it?" A. B. —Send stamp for price list No. 2—
gested the faceting of such materials as ob- Meiklejohn, speaker of the day, presented
sidian, agate or tiger eye. Lapidary and a guest display of faceted stones and crystal O. R. JUNK1NS & SON
minerals both have a place where gemology specimens. 440 N.W. Beach St.
is concerned. Contrary to general belief, Newport, Oregon
the lapidary Ls not a "crystal destroyer" who e s •
has no respect for valuable specimens. According to Sooner Rockologist, a pub-
Rather, the lapidary produces beautiful gems lication of the Oklahoma Mineral and Gem
from crystal fragments of no value to the society, prehistoric stone implements occa- ALTA INDUSTRIES
collector. In evidence of this, he displayed sionally found, were believed by the people Lapidary Equipment
Manufacture and Design
an assortment of faceting material which of Europe and Asia to have been produced 1G-18 inch power feed slabbing saw
would yield fine gems but would have no by thunderbolts. Healing and protective Belt sanders, including ball bearing
interest for the mineral collector. He powers were attributed to these artifacts. Drill press
pointed out that some minerals serve a duel The word "celt," which is used for various Grinding arbor and trim saw
chisel-like ancient implements, is taken from Send postal for free literature
purpose, i.e., beryllium, chrysoberyl, phe- ALTA INDUSTRIES
nacite and corundum are used in commer- Latin "celtis," meaning "chisel." as used in 4G13 So. Central Ave. Phoenix, Arizona
cial processes and provide us with gems as the Vulgate translation of Job 19:24. "celte Visitors Welcome
well. sculpantur in silice"; but it has been thought
that "graven with a chisel (celte) in the
rock" is only a copyist's blunder for "graven
Santa Cruz Mineral and Gem society surely (certe) in the rock." If so, then Minerals for the student and the class room
48 pieces, one from each state $4.50; 50 pieces
resumed its regular meetings September 12 "celt" and "celties" are now incorrectly for study $2.50; 100 pieces for study $5.00;
after a two month summer recess. New used. Broken pieces for tests 50c bottle.
officers include Carl Becker, president; Cap- • • • MINERALS EXCHANGED
tain Harvey A. Reed, vice-president and The August meeting of the Oklahoma A. RICH
program chairman; Alice Everett, secretary: Mineral and Gem society was to be held »ox 11781, Wagner Station
and Hugh S. Baird, treasurer. Wilson E. outdoors at Spring Lake. They planned a 8:J11 So. Western Ave., Los Angeles, 47
Thompson, out-going president, is now a picnic supper for members and friends.
federation director. • • •
At the July meeting of the San Mateo FAMOUS TEXAS PLUMES
Red Plume, Pom Pom and many other types
Victor Arciniega was scheduled to speak County Gem and Mineral society, Leo E. of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate.
to the Hollywood Lapidary Society in Au- Sievert, executive assistant to the piesident 8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on
gust. Mr. Arciniega is very well known in of Santa Fe Railway, gave an account of request.
the mining engineering field and many rock the largest known location of uranium in WOODWARD RANCH
collectors have attended his classes at Man- the world. The deposit is located on Santa 17 miles So. on Hwy 118
ual Arts School, where he teaches five Fe property at Haystack Mountain near Box 453, Alpine. Texas
nights a week. For those interested, the Gallup, New Mexico. Mr. Sievert s;;id that
classes are: Monday — Crystallography, one kilogram. (2.2 lb.), could produce more
Mineralogy, Gemology; Tuesday—General power than all the generators of Hoover
Chemistry and/or Rocks; Wednesday — Dam in one day. The Bikini Mushroom, NEW CATALOGS AVAILABLE
Geology, Petrology, Rocks; Thursday — which was 5000 feet high and 2000 feet If you want Choice Cutting Material, Fine &
Rare Minerals, Geiger Counters, Miner-
Advanced Mineralogy, Economic Geology; across was created by converting into energy alights, Books, Trim Saws, Fluorescents,
Friday—Mining Law, Lode Mining, Placer a mass of matter the size of a thin dime. At Ores, Gems, Ring Mounts, or advice, write
Mining. General Mining. the August meeting Professor Leslie E. to . . .
Wilson of San Mateo Junior College showed MINERALS UNLIMITED
• • • slides of the San Andreas fault extending 1724 University Ave., Berkeley 3, California
Members of the newly formed Shadow south to the Gulf of California.
Mountain Gem and Mineral society at Palm
Desert, California, have become volunteer
field workers, under the direction of trained
archeologists, in making a cultural survey BLACK LIGHT KITS
of the Coachella Valley. This survey will
include mapping trade and emigration trails;
locating camp and village sites: and dis- FOR ULTRA-VIOLET FLUORESCENCE
covering and photographing inscriptions and NOW . . . you can build your own black light equip-
petroglyphs for museum study. ment at a new low cost with these easy-to-assemble
components. Geologists, mineral prospectors and hob-
At the July meeting of the Hollywood byists can easily make laboratory black lights for
Lapidary society, president W. A. Stephen- mineral identification. Signs, posters, pictures, fabrics, house numbers . . . anything
son announced the following appointments: painted with fluorescent paint glows with eye-appealing fluorescence under black light.
recording secretary, Suzanne Ravise; cor- Kit contains: Ultra-Violet tube, brackets, ballast, starter, wire, plug and wiring diagram.
responding secretary, Venus Patterson; his-
torian, Ruth Lie Van; standing committees:
Jack Stiles, program; Gene Wilhelmy, mem-
bership; Eric Stone, constitution and by-
Special! 4 Watt Kit-(5'/4" tube)
8 Watt Kit—(12" tube)
$3.00
$4.00
laws; Charles Patterson, field trips; Louise Enclose full amount with order Equipment shipped postpaid
Robinson, hospitality; Frances Virgin, lapi-
dary sales; Delia Holbrook, lapidary dis-
play; Margaret Harris, editor; Evinita New,
librarian; Walt Shirey, show; Deall Hol-
C & H SALES COMPANY
brook, Christmas dinner. 2176 EAST COLORADO STREET PASADENA, CALIFORNIA

OCTOBER, 195 1 37
The Mid-West Federation of Mineralogi- Santa Monica Gemologicjl Society, at For a good field trip. Lee Harrison of
cal Societies held its Annual Convention on the August meeting, enjoyed instructive San Diego Lapidary society suggests that
July 2, 3 and 4 at Houghton, Michigan, in talks by two teachers of jewelry and metal- you go to the Calico Mountain area, near
the heart of the copper country. There work, Alf Roland Dahl of Lincoln Junior Yermo, which is past Barstow on U. S. 466.
were 178 registrations notwithstanding the high school, Santa Monica, and Mrs. Clar- Take the power line road and turn left on
fact that the nearest society was located 360 ence Chittenden of Pasadena junior college. the first well-traveled road. Material to be
miles distant. All meetings were held on Both displayed colorful collections of their found includes petrified palm wood and
the fine campus of the Michigan School of own handiwork. Simplicity of design and root of various shades of red and white;
Mines and Technology. Members of the originality by the hobbyist were stressed. plume agate and sagenite of black and
faculty contributed to the program and Nearly 100 pieces of sun-colored glassware brown with a beautiful gold plume; and
conducted field trips to many mining dumps were displayed by Mrs. Lois Aker. The some good colored agate and brecciated
and points of geological interest. The con- entire collection was colored in less than agate. Don't forget to take plenty of water.
vention gave the members the opportunity three years at her desert hone near Palm- • • 9
to view the outstanding exhibit of minerals dale. Field trip for August was in the Palo Jean and Ed Flutot, of Delvers Gem and
at the Seaman Mineralogical Museum which Verde quarries in search of selenite, barite, Mineral society, Downey, California, re-
houses one of the finest collections of min- dolomite and quartz crystals. port that they collected 75 pounds of How-
erals to be found anywhere in the country. • • • lite from the old mine dump on Tick Can-
yon road, out of Whittier.
The Pasadena Lapidary society announced
that Mr. Mathieu would demonstrate the • • •
Mathieu Sphere Machine, showing how all Near the site of the old home which Miss
sizes of spheres may be made. During the Thornton, state librarian, is remodeling at
month of September, an exhibit of polished Sandtown, Georgia, is an ancient Indian
nodules, geodes, novelties, jewelry, cabo- mound from which many interesting arti-
chons, and faceted stones or wood was facts have been recently dug, according to
planned. Georgia Mineral Society News Letter.
Among these discoveries is a curious ob-
MERCURY • • • ject which Miss Thornton likens to a large
TUNGSTEN URANIUM Dona Ana County Rockhound club of old-fashioned hoecake. It is composed of
Las Cruces, New Mexico, invites members impure limestone, which resembles that of
of other clubs to swap excess or unwanted the Conasauga formation, 9 inches in diam-
FIND VITAL specimen materials with them. Write what eter and l'/i inches thick in the center,
you have and what you would like in re- thinning toward the edges.
WAR M E T A L S ! turn and address your letter to: Mildred • • a
with Ultra-Violet Mineralight Sanders, Star Route, Box 43, Mesilla Park. Donald G. MacVicar, of Naugatuck,
New Mexico. Conn., an Amherst College senior, has de-
MINERALIGHT instantly identifies mercury, • e e veloped a rock-separating process which
tungsten and many other valuable minerals The annual convention of the North- permits the study of life one billion years
now in demand for rearmament. west Federation of Mineralogical societies old, according to notation from Shop Notes
was held September 1-2-3 in Tacoma, Wash- and News, publication of San Diego Lapi-
5 MINERALIGHT models for every require- dary society. MacVicar has discovered
ington. The Puget Sounder, issued by Ta-
ment. Money-back guarantee. coma Agate club reports that displays of that by slowly heating a specimen to 1000
gems, jewelry, semi-precious stones from degrees centigrade, its composition is al-
all over the world highlighted the extensive tered by loss of carbon dioxide, removing
Send for free brochure on exhibits. A banquet for approximately 350 the confining rock. Previously the acid
"Prospecting for Scheelite was held in the Roof Garden of the Ma- method was used, which often dissolved
(tungsten) with Ultra Violet." sonic Temple. Numerous :ield trips were both fossils and matrix in which they were
e conducted during the days of the convention. held. MacVicar's method disclosed micro-
WRITE DEPT. SL-21 • e • scopic porifera (sponge) remains, described
as "the oldest dated specimens to be identi-
From Desert Hobbyist, Shadow Mountain fied as remains of living organisms."
ULTRA-VIOLET PRODUCTS, Inc. Gem and Mineral society's bulletin, comes • • •
the following: Kunzite is a pinkish-lavender The Voice of Experience from the El
145 Pasadena Avenue, South Pasadena, Calif. variety of Spodumene and, when cut into Paso Rockhounds says, "A frequent source
gem stones, is most beautiful. It has been of contamination of the laps are the water
found at Pala and nearby mines in San valve on the supply line and the switch on
Diego county and at Cahuilla Mountain in the motor. Wipe them clean between lap
Jasper Junction Lapidary Riverside county. The only other known
source is in Africa. Kunzite, being Spodu- changes. When grinding down rocks for
49091/i Eagle Rock Blvd. mene, is in the monoclinic system and oc- spheres and the heavier pieces, do not hold
Ix>s Angeles 41, California the stone in contact with the wheel all the
Res. Cl 6-7197 Bus. Cl fi-2021 curs in lepidolite, or is associated with it. time. Move the stone in and out and after
WE DO: Custom cutting and polishing. It is composed of silica, alumina, lithia and some time the wheel will run as true, or
Custom sawing-—24" saw at 5c sq. inch. usually a little sodium. The parent species
Jade—10c sq. inch. — Spodumene — is occasionally found in more so, than when you started. Exercise
WE HAVE: great caution and do not let an almost
Slab material for the hobby folks. huge crystals. One, from the Etta tin mine, finished sphere roll under the grinding
Silver mountings for rings, pins, etc. was reported to be 47 feet long, 6 feet in
Bulk stone for sale by the lb. or oz. diameter and weighed about 90 tons. wheel. Several fine wheels have been thus
Finished Desk Sets. ruined and besides it is extremely dangerous.
Mineral specimens for the collector. • • • Small amounts of oil mist from sawing
WE SELL:
Lapidary Machinery and Accessories. A. L. Benson, in his Story of Geology, operations seriously affect the efficiency of
WE RENT: states that a crystal is one of the strangest dry sanding cloth. Place tight covers over
Polishing Equipment at 75c an hour. the sanding drums when not in use and
Instruction at No Extra Cost. objects in nature. It is not alive, yet a
Call Cl 6-7197 for appointment. learned writer, according to Benson, has keep the reserve cloth in a tightly closed
said that no definition of life has been ad- container."
vanced which will not apply to a crystal • • •
with as much veracity as IJ any animal or Through the courtesy of Kremers Cattle
plant. A crvstal grows, but not like a man company, northwest of Fort Collins, the
EWELRY MOUNTINGS! or a tree. A crystal attracts the same kind Colorado Mineral society's July 15 field
of materials of which it is composed, ar- trip was most successful. Mr. Kremers per-
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE AVAILABLE ranges them with great accuracy in geo- sonally led the party of 30. in 11 cars,
The superb finish and fine metrical forms, cements the parts together through his 11,000 acre ranch and turned
craftsmanship of CONLEY'S
ELKHEAD L I F E T I M E PAT- and holds them. If a crystal is placed in a them loose on the beds of calcite crystals
TERN in 3-tone geld filled en- liquid or vapor composed of the same on a limestone ridge. Huge clusters of
ables you to create exquisite
jewelry equal to the finest pro- ingredients as the crystal, the process of spikes ranging from small crystal points to
fessional shop. Other CONLEY mountings accumulation immediately begins. Even some nearly 18 inches long were found
in Gold—Filled—Silver and Plate. after a crystal has been worn until it is but with very little digging. This material is
Lowest Possible Prices Consistent with Qual-
ity — Insist on Conley Quality. a grain of sand, it will speedily become a spectacular under a fluorescent lamp. Some
AVAILABLE AT ALL BETTER DEALERS crystal again if placed in a solution con- of the group proceeded to nearby Owl
or write us taining the ingredients of which it is com- Canyon quarry for specimens of alabaster,
W. 715 Riverside Ave., Spokane, Wash.
posed. aragonite and greenish-gray satin spar.

38 DESERT MAGAZINE
Victor Arciniega. geologist and engineer, Since the summer months on the desert Sam Gordon, former curator of the
was a recent speaker at the Gem Cutters are not conducive to field trips, members Philadelphia Museum, was scheduled to
Guild in Los Angeles. Arciniega demon- of the Coachella Valley Mineral society at speak on "Mineral Collecting in the Ata-
strated the uses of the polarscope. He Indio, California, keep contact with each cama Desert in Northern Chili" at the
pointed out that this optical instrument is other through monthly picnics held on the August 21 meeting of the Santa Fe Gem
very efficient in separating stones of similar shores of Salton Sea. They have a favored & Mineral club. Scheduled for August 12,
color, such as the ruby and the garnet and picnic spot a mile east of Desert Beach, the same club planned a field trip to Upper
may be used to identify some gem materials. and the most popular diversion is moon- Puerco, New Mexico, when they hoped to
light swimming. find petrified wood, opalized wood, palm
• • • root, jasper and perhaps petrified bone and
The Los Angeles Lapidary Society dis- Indian artifacts.
played some of its work at the Los Angeles Shadow Mountain Gem and Mineral so-
County Fair in Pomona and plans to have ciety reports that on July 3 a pocket of
an exhibit at the Rockhound Fair in Comp- Kunzite which yielded 130 pounds of Kun-
ton, September 29-30. At its August meet- The August meeting of the Oklahoma
zite and two pounds of beautiful Golden Mineral and Gem society was scheduled to
ing, Victor Arciniega lectured on the origin Beryl was discovered at the Ashley mine
of thundereggs, geodes and agates. be held August 2 at Spring Lake with an
on the side of Palomar Mountain. George out-door picnic supper for members and
• • • Ashley has made a series of color shots of friends.
the new pocket and will show them at the
Committeemen announced at last meet- October meeting.
ing of the San Mateo County Gem and
Mineral society were Marcia Mabie, senior
educational chairman, and Berla Ellis, li- At the September meeting of Northern
brarian. Dorothea Luhr will serve as his- California Mineral society, Salem J. Rice,
torian in addition to her general duties as geologist of the California State Division
educational chairman. She requests mem- of Mines spoke on quartz crystals in Cali-
bers to save clippings from peninsula papers fornia, Cabochons were exhibited by George
for the scrapbook. Dingmann and Hubert Maurer. The so-
ciety plans a trip to Petaluma on October
STATEMENT OF THK OWNERSHIP, MANAGE- 7 to see Max Vonsen's collection of min-
MENT, CIRCUTiATIOX, ETC., RKQI'IRKI) BY
THE ACT OP CONGRESS OF AUGUST 24, eral specimens. George Dingmann made a
1912, AS AMENDED BY THK ACTS OF successful jade-hunting trip to Wyoming;
MARCH 3, 1933, AND JULY 2, l!(4(i Dorothy Cole returned from Juneati. Alaska,
Of The Desert Magazine published monthly at
Palm Desert, California, for October 1, 1951. with specimens of glacial rocks; and Kath- RUTILE (Titania)
State of California, County of Riverside—ss. ryn and Bertha Sanders rockhunted in Pacific Gem ( u t t e r s offer Kutile at the new
Before me, a Notary Public in and for the Mexico. low price of $6,50 per carat. Each stone
State and county aforesaid, personally appeared guaranteed to be first quality — facet fc;
Randal] Henderson, who. having been duly facet, to duplicate the brilliant diamond eu
sworn according to law, deposes and says that These synthetic balls of fire exceed the di;
he is the editor of the Desert Magazine and
that the following is. to the best of his knowl- Mining engineer. Victor A. Arciniega. niond in color and brilliance. Kutile on
carat stones mounted in beautiful solid gol
edge and belief, a true statement of the owner- president of Pacific Mineral society of Los rings: Ladies 1 rings $1 !>.!>."»; men's rings
ship, management, etc., of the aforesaid publi- Angeles, stated the possibility that rock- $29.95.
cation for the date shown in the above caption.
required by the act of August 24, 1912, as hounds may be of assistance in locating ma- PACIFIC GEM CUTTERS
amended by the acts of March X, 1933, and July terial which produces the invaluable iso-
2. 1046 (section 537, Postal Laws and Regula- topes, which are the hope of future power, LAPIDARY AND STONE SUPPLY
tions), printed on the reverse of this form, to I*hone MA s.s:{."i—Jnrison Rives Building
wit: defense, and of research in chemistry and 121 Month Broadway, Los \nsides 13, C.ilil.
1. That the names and addresses of the pub- medicine. Arciniega suggested clews in the
lisher, editor, managing editor, and business pegmatites, and the red, yellow and black
managers are: Publisher, Desert Press, Inc.,
Palm Desert. California: Editor, Randall Hen- colorings. Scheelite, epidote and smoky
derson. Palm Desert. California: Business man- quartz are the objective of the society's PRECISION
ager, Bess Stacy. Palm Desert. California. proposed field trip to the Kernvil!e area.
2. That the owner is: (If owned by a cor-
poration, its name and address must be stated JEWELRY CASTING
and also immediately thereunder the names and
addresses of stockholders owning or holding
one percent or more of total amount of stock. The Mother Lode Mineral society held • In All Metals
If not owned by a corporation, the names and its annual Lapidary, Gem, Mineral and • Models Made
addresses of the individual owners must be Crystal show September 22-23 at Enslen
given. II owned by a firm, company, or other
unincorporated concern, its name and address,
as well as those of each individual member,
Park. Modeslo. • Special Designing
must be given.i Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
California; Lena Clements, Cyria A. Henderson. Claypool Trading Company
Carl R. Henderson. Clifford \V. Henderson, Ran- John H. Whatley has been elected Presi- Box 418 Claypool, Arizona
dall Henderson. Martin Moran, Nina Paul Shum-
way and Bess Stacy, all of Palm Desert, Cali- dent of the Pasadena Lapidary society for
fornia: Al Haworth, El Centro, California; Vera the coming year. Other officers are: Vice-
L. Henderson. Los Angeles. California: Phillip President, Robert G. James; Secretary, Lil-
T. Henderson. Pasadena, California: Evonne
Riddell, Los Angeles California. lian Lombard; Treasurer. Victor Armstrong; MIXED SLABS — 5 c Per Sq. Inch
3. That the known bondholders, mortgagees, Hospitality Chairman, Mrs. Robert G. Jade, Tigereye, Lapis. Palm, Sagenite, Wood,
and other security holders owning or holding James; Program Chairman, Clarence Chit- Agate, Jasper, etc.-—3c per inch for second
1 percent or more of total amount of bonds, tenden; By-laws, Dr. Frederic W. Burcky; grade- 10c per inch for top grade. Mixed
mortgages, or other securities are: Bank of cutting material — 25c per lb. Minimum
America, Indio, California. Field Trips, Jessie Chittenden; Mineral order $2.00 plus 20'; Fed. Tax. Phone FO-
4. That the two paragraphs next above, giv- Sales and Display, Oress Walker; Historian. rest 8-7551.
ing the names of the owners, stockholders, and Mahlon Frank; Faceteers, Romeo Berube; COAST GEMS & MINERALS
security holders, if any, contain not only the and Publicity, Mrs. John H. Whatley. 11609 Ferris ltd., Ml Monte, California
list of stockholders and security holders as
they appear upon the books of the company
but also, in cases where the stockholder or
security holder appears upon the books of the
company as trustee or in any other fiduciary
relation, the name of the person or corporation
for whom such trustee is acting, is given: also
that the said two paragraphs contain state-
ments embracing affiant's full knowledge and
belief as to the circumstances and conditions
under which stockholders and security holders
who do not appear upon the books of the com- BEFORE YOU BUY CQCC CATAICICi
pany as trustees, hold stock and securities in a SEND FOR OUit BIG FKCC \mMIML\J\7
capacity other than that of a bona fide owner;
and this affiant has no reason to believe that
any other person, association, or corporation The world-famous HILLQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
has any interest direct or indirect in the said
stock, bonds, or other securities than as so LAPIDARY EQUI P. C O . IS4S w. 49 « . , SEATTLE 7, WASH.
stated by him.
RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 10th
day of August, 1951.
R. C. STURGEON'
(My commission expires
May 24. 11)52)

OCTOBER, 1 9 51 39
FIRE OPAL
AMATEUR GEM CUTTER MEXICO
10 Small Pieces Average W S1.00
By LELANDE QUICK, Editor oi The Lapidary Journal 5 Larger Pieces Average 3/t"—1".... 1.00
12 Nice Pieces Cherry & Honey Opal 1.00
Perhaps at the risk of boring some of our the Covelo district. It does exist as asso- (Suitable for Cabochons)
readers we desire at this time to give the ciated boulders and perhaps in place. We 1 Small Vial Clear Fire Opal 1.50
latest information on jade in California. possess a slab that is supposed to be jadeite 1 Large Vial Clear Fire Opal 3.00
We do this for two reasons—it is big news on one side and nephrite on the other: the
at this time and it is of great interest always materials being separated by a band of $7.50
to the amateur gem cutter, now that the serpentine. We say that of course with our
Wyoming jade sources are practically de- tongue in our cheek and we hope it's true. Entire Lot Postpaid lor SS.00
pleted. The Wyoming material still avail- On August 20 Mr. Chesterman, who had
able for sale has generally been priced out recently returned from the new district, Satisfaction Guaranteed or Money
of the market. wrote to us and advised as follows—"to Cheerfully Refunded
In a conversation with Donal Hord (car- date the Division of Mines has not made
any complete analyses of materials collected Prompt Shipment on all Sizes
ver of Thunder, etc.) in mid-August we
learned that upon a recent visit to Wyoming by Weise and Stockton from their property Fel':er Diamond Saw Blades
he was told by a recognized authority that at Leech Lake Mountain. It is true that
there has not been a piece of good jade we have examined microscopically and RALPH E. MUELLER & SON
weighing more than two pounds found in chemically mineral grain-, from samples
the Lander field in the last two years. Jade submitted by Weise and Stockton, but this 307 Admiral Blvd. • Kansas City 6. Mo.
has been found in place in Wyoming but it does not in any way constitute analysis.
is reported to be of inferior quality to the We were able to identify nephrite as being
good green material associated with the present. Several years ago we identified DIAMOND BLADES
early discoveries in the thirties. jadeite from a boulder picked up along 'Treat yourself t o t h e best"
The discovery of new jade sources almost Williams Creek. We h;;ve not to date been
monthly at widely separated spots in Cali- able to identify the mineral jadeite in any Heavy-Duty Sup«r- Standard
of the samples submitted by Stockton or Super-Chgd. Cbaigcd Charged
fornia therefore carries much interest for $$ 8.60 $ 7.60
the lapidary. And it is interesting to note Weise. This does not mean that jadeite is H'
ft
10.95 9.95
that all of the discoveries, of which we have not present, but merely that we have not 10' 14.50 13.35
knowledge, have been made by rockhounds been able to find it in the material we vr 21.20 17.65
examined. We plan on making a very de- !r 27.95 24.45
. . . a prediction we made long ago, for the ur 31.20 27.70
rockhound now knows what he is looking tailed laboratory investigation of the ma- IS' (i2.50 41.25 34.40
for. terial we collect. This will include micro- 20 • 74.2.") '1S.50 37.95
scopic, chemical and physical tests and the 24' 88.80 62.00 48.95
For those who have a greater interest in JO' 142.50 119.75 State
results of this investigation will be pub- ;<;' 215.30 179.10 Arbor
jade than can be satisfied in this limited lished at some later date by the Division of sales tax in California. Size
space we are happy to report that the Divi- Mines . . . I spent several days on the Allow for Postage and Insurance
sion of Mines of the State of California has property with Mr. Stockton in company
issued three bulletins containing exhaustive with Mr. Rice of the Division of Mines, Covington Ball Bearing Grinder
information on the jade situation. The first and we found that the area affords an ex-
report was issued in May and two are ap- and shields are
cellent opportunity for anyone interested furnished in 4
pearing in September. These reports are in studying relationships between serpen-
obtainable for 25c each and may be pur- sizes and prlco
tine and sedimentary rocks and the mode of ranges to suit
chased by sending a remittance to the Di- occurrence and emplacement of the neph- your r e q u i r e -
vision of Mines, Ferry Building, San Fran- rite veins in serpentine in sandstone." ments. Water and
cisco. We predict that these reports will be grit proof.
so popular and the demand so great that Now there is not very much in that re-
they will be out of print before Santa Claus port to confirm the rumors of jade that are
jogs through the jade areas again—so get flying around the state thicker than gnats
in a fruit orchard. An interesting and com- COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW
yours now.
plete account of the Covelo jade discovery and motor are com-
The report issued in May (submitted for will be found in the August issue of the pact and do not
publication in August 1950) was prepared Lapidary Journal. This much seems prac- splash. Save blades
by Richard A. Crippen, Jr. It is entitled tically certain . . . jadeite and nephrite do and clothing with
Nephrite Jade and Associated Rocks of the occur together in associated boulders in this saw.
Cape San Martin Region, Monterey County, what appears to be the largest jade area
California. The new reports to be issued in the world today. BUILD YOUR OWN LAP
in September are Nephrite in Mann County, and SAVE with a COV*
California, by Charles W. Chesterman (pre- In Mr. Crippen's report (referred to INGTON 12" or 16" Lap
pared last February) and Jadeite in San above as 10-A) he makes the interesting Kit. We furnish every-
Benito County, California, by H. S. Yoder observation that only two jade artifacts thing you need. Send
and Mr. Chesterman (prepared last Janu- have been reported in the United States. A for free catalog.
ary). In ordering these reports it would be chisel found in New Mexico evidently
much simpler to send 75c for Special Re- came from Old Mexico. A jade axe found
ports lOA-B-C. in the State of Washington is presumed to COVINGTON
have been brought from Alaska. We have Multi-Feature
These reports do not cover the recent dis- in our possession a jade axe head given us 10" Lap Unit
Does
coveries at Covelo, where nephrite and by Alberto Maas which was found in the everything
jadeite occur together in huge quantities state of Sonora, Mexico—immediately south for you.
and in place. We have examined and we of our border. This was found with other COVINGTON
own several pieces of this material (most artifacts and the location is the farthest 12" 14"
of it given us by R. F. Henley of San north, in Mexico, of any location so far or Hi"
Power Feed
Francisco and the owners of the mine) and reported. Diamond
all we can say at this time is that it is We have been trying to track down a Saws
interesting. We have not worked any of it. rumor that jade has recently been found
Needless to say the finding of large jade SAVE
in Nevada but we have no information BLADES
deposits in place and the association of about it at this time.
nephrite and jadeite together has caused
great excitement in California and a lot of In conclusion we offer the advice that
nonsense in national broadcasts by some the new state documents are all well dia- Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE
of the sensational commentators. grammed and illustrated and they should
be a valuable addition to the library of any COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY
The Division of Mines has examined this serious student of minerals and gems. They
situation quite thoroughly and is not yet most certainly should be in the libraries of Redlands, California
ready to say that jadeite exists in place in the earth science groups.

DESERT MAGAZINE
takes the only girl he had ever seen

BOORS OF THE SOUTHWEST ... to complete the dream, "Indian," who


understood just how a red headed cow-
boy felt about his bubbling spring.
Published by Charles Scribner's
TRAIL-BLAZERS ON A Pageant in the Wilderness is pub- Sons, New York. Over 50 illustrations
MISSION THAT FAILED lished as Utah State Historical Quar- by the author. 300 pp. $3.75.
They ran out of food and had to terly Volume XVIII of the Utah His-
eat their horses, they were lost many torical Society, and much credit is due
times in the desert wilderness without the Utah society for making possible
the publication of this fine historical HE SHARED ADVENTURE
a guide, they had to make their way WITH THE MOUNTAIN MEN
through the tribal lands of Indians who record.
were not always friendly and they were Published 1951, 265 pp., with half- Life in England was too dull for
blocked constantly by precipitous ter- tones, two maps, bibliography and in- George Frederick Ruxton, and before
rain which remains almost inaccessible dex. $5.00. he was out of his teens he was seeking
even today. • • • adventure in the far corners of the
earth. It is only natural then that he
They never reached their goal—and ON THE RANGE WHEN should come eventually to America
yet the trek of Fathers Escalante and BUFFALOES RAN WILD where the wild west of the 1840's was
Dominguez and their eight companions being explored and trapped by that
The Old West is gone—but there
in their quest for a communication hard fighting, hard drinking clan of
are men still alive who knew it, and
route between Santa Fe and Monterey, adventurers known as the Mountain
Ross Santee, cowboy, author and art-
California, in 1776 is today regarded Men.
ist, is one of them. In The Bubbling
as one of the courageous and impor-
Spring, he tells the story of Nathan Ruxton was an amazing person. He
tant episodes in early American his-
Rogers, a boy who grew up hunting combined a passion for rugged adven-
tory.
buffaloes, living among friendly In- ture, the hardihood to survive it, and
The two padres left Santa Fe July dians, fighting unfriendly ones, taking the literary ability to portray it. He
29. They traveled northwest, to avoid active part in cattle drives at an age made long treks into the wilderness as
the lands of the hostile Apaches to the when boys of today can only read of a companion to such men as Old Bill
south. Father Escalante kept a day-by- them or watch the movie-ized version Williams, Black Harris, William Sub-
day record of their journey, and it is of a way of life as remote as if it had lettc and Joseph Walker—and wrote
this record which made it possible for been lived on another planet. Nathan the story of his adventures for serial
Dr. Herbert E. Bolton, California's learned to shoot and to throw a knife publication in Blackwood's Edinburgh
great historian, to bring to students of with deadly accuracy; he learned the Magazine in 1848.
history today the detailed story of this ways of wild animals and the intricate
momentous adventure on the Great details of cow punching and horse Later his stories were published in
American Desert. wrangling. He was only a boy when both England and America in many
he saw his first trail herd, but from book editions, the last being in 1915.
Dr. Bolton's book, Pageant in the
Wilderness, represents a lifetime of that moment the pattern of his life was More recently LeRoy R. Hafen,
study and exploration. With his own set. professor of history at the University
translation of the Escalante diary, and Small, fiery headed image of his of Denver recognized in these stories
an ancient map which he discovered adored Uncle Nate, after his mother's an important contribution to the folk-
in the archives in Mexico, the author death, he followed the trails with him, lore of early America, and has brought
traced the exact route of the 6-month staying in friendly Piegan villages, out a new volume Life in the Far West.
trek in accurate detail, and has pre- hunting buffalo, visiting the roaring This book is adventure extraordinary
pared a new map of the route with frontier towns until the day when —the true chronicle of the rugged
reference to present day place names. Uncle Nate was shot in the back by Mountain Men whose unflinching cour-
The book is in two parts—the first Pretty John, a gambler. age and total disregard for personal
being Dr. Bolton's story of the high- Young Rusty avenged his uncle's safety opened the West to the settlers
lights of the journey, the second being death with the knife which hours of who were to make this region habit-
a translation of the day-by-day record practice throughout the years had made able.
kept by Father Escalante. precision perfect. That was the way Ruxton had a fine memory and in
It is a most revealing volume, since of the West. telling the story of harrowing experi-
it gives both an intimate disclosure of Cowboys, Piegans, Apaches, horses; ences with the Indians he often re-
the courage and faith which led the as Rusty roams through the years, cow- verted to the vernacular of Old Bill
Franciscan trail-blazers nearly two punching, fighting, growing, the reader Williams and his other companions on
centuries ago to face the obstacles of learns to know them well. Riproaring the trail. It is a gripping tale of life
a wild and hostile region to bring sal- humor, tragedy, the violent hatreds and adventure in the Southwest—told
vation to its savage occupants, and it and undying loyalties of that rough, by a brilliant writer.
also reveals the nature of the Indians boisterous, courageous day—all fill the
who occupied this region before the Black and white water color illus-
fast moving pages of The Bubbling
coming of the white civilization. trations of episodes in the book were
Spring.
done by Alfred Jacob Miller.
Most students of Southwestern his- And underneath it all is the shy
Published by University of Okla-
tory have heard of the historic "Cross- tenderness of the questing human spirit.
homa Press, 252 pp. lllus. Index.
ing of the Fathers" in the canyon of Rusty finds the dream spot at the end
$3.75.
the Colorado River. Here is told in of his wanderings at the bubbling
Father Escalante's own words the de- spring. There he builds a home for
tail of that crossing, and the explana- himself and Johnnie Boy, a stray black
Books mentioned on this page
tion for the selection of so difficult a cat that adopted him, and for Lobo, are available from Desert Crafts Shop,
site to ford the river. more wolf than dog. And there he Palm Desert, California.

OCTOBER, 195 1 41
Qu5t IZetureen tjou and Me

By RANDALL HENDERSON

When the wind is from the west, wisps of smog are Edmund C. Jaeger's My Desert Neighbors, Red Manning's
blown through the pass in the mountain range which What Kinda Cactus Izzat? John Muir's Steep Trails, Fred-
separates our desert from the Southern California coastal erick Brewster Loomis' Field Book of Common Rocks
area. Not much of it, but enough to make us thankful and Minerals, Margaret Armstrong's Field Book of West-
our homes are on this side of the mountains. ern Wild Flowers and Desert Magazine's On Desert Trails
Smog is a curse our cities have brought on themselves. with Everett Ruess.
They wanted more industries—more payrolls. And now And as he treks over the desert and camps beside its
they are wondering if the belching smokestacks that go waterholes, I would suggest that he get acquainted with
with more payrolls are worth the price. the fascinating world that is all about him—and try to
Isn't it possible that chambers of commerce and discover and understand the natural laws which keep it
other civic groups which have been putting all their in balance.
emphasis on bigger factories and more population have Every prospector carries a microscope—to search for
been worshipping false gods'? the minute particles of gold that may not be visible to the
I hope we can keep our little desert community of human eye. I would suggest that Peter Martinek also
Palm Desert free of factory fumes. Both for our own pause to turn his powerful lens on the tiny plants that
health and comfort—and as a place where the metro- grow unnoticed on the desert's floor and hillsides, and
politan dwellers on the other side of the mountains can on the grains of sand under foot. He will discover a great
come for their weekends and an opportunity to get their nsw world of beauty which most people—even desert
lungs full of pure air. dwellers—never suspect.
Perhaps when he has lived on the desert awhile and
the time has come when he knows the plants and wildlife
Peter Paul Martinek of Glendale, California, has around him as friends, he will be able to write, as did
acquired a little plot of desert ground and a cabin in Everett Ruess: "Alone on the desert . . . the world has
Borrego Valley—and enough income to retire to his seemed more beautiful to me than ever before. I have
desert retreat and spend the next five years doing what loved the red rocks, the twisted trees, the red sand blow-
he wants most to do. In his case it is prospecting. He is ing in the wind, the slow sunny clouds crossing the sky, the
going to prospect for tungsten, uranium and manganese shafts of moonlight on my bed at night. I have seemed to
—and keep his eyes open for one of those lost mines John be at one with the world. I have rejoiced to set out, to be
Mitchell has been writing about for Desert Magazine. going somewhere, and I have felt a still sublimity, look-
Peter wrote me a letter the other day and asked a ing into the coals of my campfires at night, and seeing
question which caused me to pause in the middle of the far beyond them. . . . I have really lived."
day's work and ponder. "If you were free to devote your And then, at the end of his desert sojourn—on the
entire time for the next five years to a search for lost last day of the fifth year, if Peter Martinek really finds
mines, which in your opinion has the likeliest basis of his long-sought gold mine, perhaps it will not seem very
fact, and for which would you search?" he asked. important. For he will have found a greater value, in
Perhaps my answer will be rather disillusioning to terms of human contentment, than can be bought with all
Peter Martinek—but after all, I merely am expressing the gold mines in the world.
an opinion which is entitled to no more weight than that • • •
of any other dweller in the desert country. I was walking along a street where the buildings were
1 am acquainted with most of the lost mine legends grimy with the accumulated soot of years, and the park-
of the Southwest—the Pegleg, the Lost Dutchman, Brey- ways and streets so cluttered with debris it would seem
fogle, Lost Arch, Lost Dutch Oven, etc. None of them hazardous to drive a car along the narrow strip of paving
in my opinion has sufficient basis of fact to justify a five in the center. It was in cast Los Angeles—the industrial
year search. district.
And yet I hope Peter Paul will go ahead with his Inside a battered sheet-iron building I could see row
program as planned. I rather envy him those five years after row of heavy duty stamping machines—the tools of
with nothing to do but roam the desert. 1 may be wrong the metal worker. Through the air came the strains of
about the lost mines. I hope I am. I hope that on the beautiful concert music. One of the workers had installed
last day of the fifth year he makes his strike—and a rich on his bench a fine phonograph and had selected records
one at that. which during many hours of the day would lift him out
In the meantime I would suggest that he equip his of the drab environment of his tincan alley.
little cabin with a good Coleman lamp for reading pur- I do not know the man—but I am sure I would like
poses—and that he put on his book shelf a few selected him. He brought beauty into a place where there was
titles: Donald Culross Peattie's The Road of a Naturalist, only ugliness before.

42 DESERT MAGAZINE
is scheduled to be ready for the mail- have proved to be competent and con-
ing room by the 16th. We try to get it genial associates.
into the hands of western subscribers The staff this season renews its invi-
by the 20th. It takes a little longer for tation to readers who are passing this
eastern deliveries. way, to visit the publishing plant—
Generally there arc a few "bugs" to and if you are here between the 4th
be gotten out of a new piece of equip- and 16th of the month you may watch
ment as intricate as a printing press— the next month's issue as it goes
In all the desert country there prob-
and if Desert should be a day or two through the press.
ably is no more versatile citizen than
Barry Goldwater, who wrote the story late this time you'll know the reason. • • •
of the re-discovery of Hawkcye Natural If you get your copy on time you'll All visitors to Desert's Pueblo also
Bridge for this issue of Desert Maga- know that Paul Gilbert and his very have the privilege of depositing a rock
zine. Barry is vice-mayor of Phoenix, efficient crew did a rather miraculous on the Trail Shrine in front of the
having served on the city council there job of getting a complex mechanism building—and placing their names in
for 1 Vz years, and according to a of gears, cams, cylinders, rollers, tapes the register there. The Trail Shrine is
recent article in Satevepost, he played and ink fountains to operate as, they a revival of the ancient Indian custom
a leading part in the election of Ari- should operate—on schedule. of placing a stone on a mound along
zona's Republican Governor Pylc. • e • the trail as the tribesman sets out on
But politics merely is a part of the Desert Magazine is published by a a long journey—to insure good luck
jay's work for Barry Goldwater. He little corporation — composed mostly and a successful mission. These old
manages one of Arizona's biggest and of country printers. Over 80 percent Shrines may be seen along many of
best known department stores—Gold- of the ownership is in the hands of the prehistoric Indian trails in the des-
water's. He is one of the owners of employees, and all members of the or- ert country. Many hundreds of rocks
Rainbow Lodge and makes frequent ganization have the opportunity to have been added to Desert's Trail
trips to the Lodge in his airplane. One participate in the ownership after they Shrine since it was dedicated last April.
of his hobbies is photography, and
although he regards himself merely
as an amateur, his work ranks with
that of the professionals. His explor-
ing trips have yielded a fine library of
motion pictures in color, and he has
given motion picture lectures all over
the state—gratis.
A civic leader with an interest in
every forward movement in Arizona,
he still finds time to write occasionally
and because he knows the geography
of his state so well, having covered it
both on the ground and from the air,
his feature stories—like the trek to
Hawkeye Bridge—are always of ex-
ceptional interest. Barry was a pilot
in the last war with the rank of Major.

Last month a big Miehle cylinder


press was moved into Desert Maga- WATER
zine's pueblo at Palm Desert—and for REPELLENT &•

the first time in the history of this 14- RUGGED


year-old publication this October issue ARMY DUCK
was composed, printed and bound en- COVER
tirely in the printing plant owned by COMPLETE Z I P -
the publishers. DOWN & FEATHER J,l
In the past the procedure has been FILLED FLAP "T/f.
to set the type and make up the page 4"TUBULAR // f
forms in Desert's printing plant, and CONSTRUCTION
then truck them to Los Angeles for HEAD
KEEPS FILLING
presswork and binding. IN PLACE FLAP
DETACHABLE.
But with the installation of the big DOUBLE AIR MATTRESS POCKET
Miehle, the trucking days are over— 9 ^4 LBS. GROSS WT.
and all operations in the future will be ^ NET FILLING 3 LBS.OF Z57. DOWN-75% SMALL GREY DUCK FEATHERS.^
completed in the home workshop. *fc 2 BAGS CAN BE ZIPPED TOGETHER FOR DOUBLE BED.
The printing and binding of 25,500 g SHORT ROLL PACK.
copies each month is a big-shop opera- || ALL MDSE. FULLY GUARANTEED
tion, and the responsibility for this ^ COMPLETE CAMPING SALES AND RENTALS
-RENTALS per wk.
part of the production job will be in MAILORDER —ADD 3'/2% SALES TAX 9'6"X II'TENT *7.50
the hands of Paul Gilbert, who recently ) ALL STORES SLEEP BAG 2.00
' i w ' I P M K P I I m O P E N 9A.M. 32"X72"AIR MATTRESS 2.00
has joined Desert's staff as printing tkfksl I l l l i ' i S i TO 6 P.M. 2 BURNER STOVE 2.00
superintendent. PASADENA FRESNO RIVERSIDE SANTA ANA
SINGLE MANTLE LANTERN... 1.00
ICE BOX 1.00
9 9 E.COLORADO. Phone 1115 VAN NESS 40<:3 MAIN 4 0 6 W. FOURTH
Next month's Desert goes to press SY 3 - 8 1 3 7 . OPEN MON. THURS- till FRI.till 9P.M. SAT.tiM9P.M
COT 0.75

on the 3rd or 4th of this month, and AND F R I . till 9 P.M. 9PM (SAN BEF:NARDIN0-447 THIRD) 2 5 V . LESS AFTER FIRST WEEK.

OCTOBER, 195 1 43
'iTTAKES TOP QUALITY /VWOTDR
OH. TO GET CONSISTENTLY
GOOD EN6IMF PERFORMANCE,
SAYS

THE FAMOUS POWER BOAT RACER.


r/
"THKrS WHY I USE TRlTONl. BECAUSE OF
ITS EXTRA QUALITY, TRITOM LUBRICATES
PERFECTLY OVER 1ON6 PERIODS OF
TREATMENT;-'5
OLSEN'S CONSISTENTLY FINE RACIN&
IS PMBMOMEMAL. OF THE
IO7 AMERICAN POWER BOAT ASSOCIATION
RACES HE HAS ENTERED SIN^E 19*GS HE"
HAS WON 4 7 ANP PLACED IN *
#ASoF JULV 1,195!

WHAT/VlAKESTKnt)N

A PURE, RICH,
STOCK &IVES TRITON ITS BASIC
STABIUTV. SPECIAL COMPOUNDS
RETARD ACIDITY, SLUP61N6 AND
COBPOSiON AND CLEAN "XOUR
ENSlME A S you DRIVE. THE KESULT:
AM OIL SO HI6H IN Q U A U T / IT
LASTS LONI6 AFTER MOST OILS ARE
RECOMMENDED FOR CHANGING.
THE CORROSIVE ACTIONI OF ACJDS ON METAL CAM CAUSE
UP TO 8O% OF EN&NE WEA-K. TRI7r>J CONTAINS A
SPECIAL COMPOUND THAT RESISTS ACID FORMATION!
SO COMPLETELY THAT TRlTOJ WU, SHOIA/ A LOWER
ACID UDNTENT AFTER MONTHS OF PKNIN6 1HAN
NON-COMfcXJNDED OILS SHOV^ INI ONLY I, '

OF CAUFORNlA

WHAT IF/OU
DRIVE TlMlfie AS
TESTS PROVE THAT EVEN If
YOU DWVE TWiee AS FAR AS
THE AVERA6E /WDTORIST, VOU
WILL STILL <5ET COMPLETE
FOR /MONTHS
— A H EXTRA
MAR6IN OF SXFET/!

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