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PHONE: SY. 6 - 6 4 2 3

May—Continuance, special exhibit of
paintings of historical landmarks
of California and portraits of pio-
neer families, by Orpha Klinker.
Southwest Museum, Highland Park,
Los Angeles, California.
May 1 — Fiesta and Spring Corn
Dance, San Felipe Indian Pueblo.
New Mexico.
May 1-2—Eastern New Mexico Uni-
versity Rodeo, Portales, New Mex-
May 1-2 — Masque of the Yellow Volume 16 MAY, 1953 Number 11
Moon. Montgomery Stadium, Phoe-
nix, Arizona.
May 1-3 — Annual Spring Festival, COVER "Goodbye, Death Valley!" Sculptured by
Apple Valley, California. CYRIA ALLEN HENDERSON, Kodachrome photo
by JOSEF MUENCH. (See page 19.)
May 2-3—Southern California Chap-
ter, Sierra Club camping trip to CALENDAR May events on the desert 3
Indian Cove in Joshua Tree Na-
tional Monument, California. POETRY Brave Beauty, and other poems 4
May 2-5—Fiesta de Mayo, Nogales, ADVENTURE We Climbed Coxcomb Peak
May 3—Corn Dance and ceremonial INDUSTRY Where Mormons Found a Mountain of Iron
races, Taos Pueblo, Taos, New
Mexico. By GrUSTIVE O. LARSON 11
FIELD TRIP Harquahala Bonanza, by JAY ELLIS RANSOM . 15
May 3—Joshua Tree National Turtle
Races, Joshua Tree, California. MYSTERY Discovery of Hermit Camp Fails to Solve Ruess
May 4-7—Las Damas Annual Ride,
Wickenburg, Arizona. Mystery 19
May 6 — Public pilgrimage to old Forecast for May 20
Spanish homes, Mesilla, New Mex- Prize announcement for writers 20
Pictures of the Month 21
May 6-9 — Junior Livestock Show, LOST MINE
Spanish Fork, Utah. Lost Mine of the Blond Mayo
May 8-10 — Lone Pine Stampede, WATER By JOHN D. MITCHELL 22
Lone Pine, California.
PRIZES Run-off predictions for Colorado River Basin . 24
May 9-24—27th Annual Wildflower
Show, Julian, California. LETTERS Contest for photographers 24
May 14-15 — Diamond Jubilee pa- MINING Comment from Desert's readers 25
geant, Mesa, Arizona. Current news of desert mines 26
May 14-17 —Elks Helldorado, Las Life on Ihe Desert
Vegas, Nevada.
May 15—San Isidro Fiesta and Bles-
sing of Fields, San Isidro Pueblo, CLOSE-UPS A test of your desert knowledge 28
New Mexico.
NEWS About those who write for Desert 28
May 15-16—Stock Show, Richmond,
Utah. From Here and There on the Desert 29
May 16-17—Spring Rodeo, Winne- Amateur Gem Cutter, by LELANDE QUICK . . 35
mucca, Nevada. HOBBY
Gems and Minerals 36
May 17—Quarter Horse Show, Santa COMMENT
Cruz County Fair and Rodeo As- Just Between You and Me, by the Editor . . . 42
sociation, Sonoita, Arizona. BOOKS
Reviews of Southwestern literature 43
May 26-27—Junior Livestock Show, The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
California. Ke-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
Vernal, Utah. California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1953 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
May 30 — Spanish Dance Festival, must be secured from the editor in writing.
Encanto Shell, Phoenix, Arizona. RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor MARGARET GERKE, Associate Editor
BESS STACY, Business Manager MARTIN MORAN, Circulation Manager
May 30 — Morongo Valley Annual Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
Early California Fiesta, Morongo unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
Lodge, Morongo Valley, California. damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
May 30-31 — Desert Peaks Section, SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Southern California Chapter Sierra One Year $3.50 Two Years $6.00
Club ascent of Mt. Keynot, in Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
California's Inyo Range. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

MAY, 1953
Los Angeles, California
The sturdy plants that love the stony places
Have always had a special charm for me.
Needing of nourishment such scanty traces
To shape the marvels of their symmetry.
Rosettes and chubby stars on narrow ledges
Smooth out the wrinkles in the rock's
hard frown,
Or find a foothold in the sandy wedges
Between the boulders ancient storms
rolled down.
Rounded of leaf, fierce dagger-tipped or
White-powdered, mottled, striped or
They range from stout agaves to the tiny
Budlets that spread a meager inch or two.
Year-round they hold the forms of sculp-
tured flowers;
And who would ask for further garnish-
Yet, wakened by the kiss of winter showers,
They lift up flaming tapers to the spring.

La Habra, California
Oh, come with me to the desert in May
When the early sunrise wakes the day
And see the beauty of colors fair,
For Nature is giving a banquet there.
Wildflowers cover the mesa land:
A great wide table of silver sand
Spread for the bees and the butterflies
With a feast of nectar from Paradise.
The poppies lift their golden cups
And the butterfly lights and daintily sups.
The timid violets smile to see
The little wild people dance in glee
Over the clover and larkspur spread
For a feast that lasts till it's time for bed.
Mojave Asters—photo by Don Ollis
When the sun grows hot and the dry winds
The wild buds droop with heads bent low.
By AMY VIAU By GRACE BARKER WILSON The poppy cups break and dry is the clover
Santa Ana, California Kirtland, New Mexico And then this wonderful feast is over.
Four ghosts of Ghost town walked one Across the desert 1 would ride the storm But the desert winds will scatter the seed
night On wings of violence and shouting might. To grow and bloom and meet the need
In the desert moonlight cast so bright As madly whirling clouds of sand transform Of the little wild folks that live in the air
That the walking ghosts could see each The peace of day into chaotic night. And come to the May-time feast each year.
So stopped to talk as brother to brother. Yet when the high and dusty clouds are
"I" said one "was the town saloon thinned, WIND LORE
With many a fight and rousing tune; And gales no longer roar across the sand,
And to my end gave roaring service By GRACE PARSONS HARMON
1 still would ride and ride ther:, for the wind Desert Hot Springs, California
But business grew slack and my clients Haunts all the secret places of the land.
nervous." I like the wind! The tales it tells—
It tells of lands afar—
They laughed then there was a ghostly stop Of oceans crossed — sublime heights
At another's "I was the blacksmith shop touched—•
Where cowboys rode with mounts and Where Time's great wonders are!
And my furnaces blazed like fiery dragons" By TANYA SOUTH It calls an invitation gay
A third ghost spoke "It would appear The music of the spheres is here, To follow in its wake—
You poorer ghosts know not 1 fear The grandeur of the universe. To seek those distant, yellow strands
That I was the bank where the new-rich My heart its inmost griefs can bare, Where blue seas whitely break!
entered And feel new strength upon its
And wealth and interest in me centered." course. The desert wind, a minstrel fine—
In cadence ringing clear—
The fourth brought silence as he stirred All highest heights are here to climb; Weaves thrilling tales of other lands.
And carefully guarded every word. All love, all dreams, the cherished That those who pause may hear.
"The folks were silent that came to me goal.
And stayed, for I was the cemetery." There is no bar to space nor time, For those who are not yet attuned,
It was a sudden wind perhaps, and cloud Nor Power supreme — within my Who do not understand—
That made the darkness and groaning, loud. Soul! It writes for them of breeze-roughed
Then the ghosts sank into the desert sands pools—
And Ghost town slept with empty hands. In ripples on the sand!

Sierra Club party at summit of Coxcomb Peak. Seated, left to right, are Jack
Lasner, Marge Henderson, Dick Apel, Bill Henderson, Louise Werner, Tom Cor-
rigan; standing, John Malik, Jon Gardey, Ronald Gilliam, Gary Bratt.

We Climbed Coxcomb Peak ...

"This is an exploratory climb," Bill Henderson wrote in the Sierra
Club Bulletin. "We will try to reach the highest point in the Coxcomb information to be put later into a
range, north of Desert Center in Southern California." Here is Louise Guide to the Desert Ranges of the
Werner's account of the Sierrans' climb of this little-known desert peak Southwest, a project of the Desert
—and of their pre-hike visit to Metropolitan Water District's isolated Peaks Section of the Sierra Club. Hun-
aqueduct station at Eagle Mountain. dreds of mountain ranges erupt from
By LOUISE WERNER the Southwest desert floor, and there
Photos by Niles Werner is little or nothing in print about many
of them. Our exploration would help.
THE ragged comb of a Bill Henderson, a graduate student We felt like pioneers.
fighting cock, the mountains at the University of California at Los Twelve of us would make the trip.
rose from the desert floor north Angeles and an ardent Sierra Club Bill and Marge Henderson had invited
of Desert Center, California. On our mountaineer, had sparked our enthusi- U.C.L.A. Mountaineers Dick Kenyon,
map they are marked "Coxcomb." I asm for the trip. "This is an explora- Jon Gardey, Dick Apel, John Malik,
suspect the title had been Cockscomb tory climb," he had written in the Gary Bratt, Jack Lasner and Ronald
before an unknown map-maker stream- Sierra Club Bulletin. "We will try to Gilliam. Tom Corrigan, my husband
lined the descriptive name which prob- reach the highest point in the Cox- Niles and myself completed the party.
ably had been given to the range or- comb range, 10 to 12 miles of trailless
iginally by an imaginative old pros- hiking, with a 3000-foot gain in eleva- We drove the 175 miles from Los
pector. tion. There is no information about Angeles east on U. S. Highway 60 to
This range, with a summit approxi- the roughness of the terrain, so wear the town of Desert Center. From here
mately 4400 feet in elevation, was the sturdy boots; and bring water, as it we could see the southern tip of the
destination of our Desert Peaks party will be a dry camp." Coxcomb range, about eight miles to
of Sierra Club members during the Our interest was further fanned by the north. The range widens out in a
New Year's holiday in 1952. the fact that we would be gathering northwesternly direction for about 20

MAY, 1953
ess running smoothly. The workers
and their families live in Camp. Even
L. A. Ledbetter, utility man at the
station and a bachelor, is given family
responsibility — he daily drives the
children to school in Desert Center.
At that time, the entire grade school
population consisted of two girls, Ju-
dith Ann and Linda Lee Dean, 10 and
eight respectively. They are daugh-
ters of Highline Patrolman Ralph
Have you ever speculated on how
you would manage if you lived in an
isolated, sundrenched outpost on the
Colorado Desert? No public library,
no theater, no opera house. Not even
a store. Knowing all your neighbors
intimately, and being known the same
No streetcars, buses, traffic jams,
factory whistles or ambulance sirens.
A peace and quiet so audible to the
city dweller, that he cannot sleep at
night until he becomes conditioned to
it. More sunshine to the cubic inch
than you'll find almost anywhere in
the world and at night more stars.
And occasionally a rattlesnake under
your porch.
Wide open spaces all around, with
low hills in the background. Bighorn
sheep roaming by. And on Saturday
afternoons Johnny doesn't counter you
with, "But mother, all the other kids
get to go to the show, why can't I?"
Camp, they call the little village the
aqueduct built for its maintenance
workers. A dozen well-kept, white
frame buildings line the main street.
Tall spreading cottonwoods shade the
houses—not identical houses, but in-
Above—Aqueduct workers and their families live comfortably in the dividual ones.
isolated community of Camp, at Eagle Mountain. Homes, shaded with We found Mr. Ledbetter trimming
cottonwood trees, are modern, completely electric. Housewives shop at a bamboo windbreak. He showed us
Indio, 51 miles away. his fine bed of 'mums, a row of sweet-
Below—Metropolitan Water District's aqueduct at Eagle Mountain. This peas in bloom and some tomato plants
is one of the pumping stations which help lift Colorado River water over bearing good sized fruit.
mountain barriers to consumers in Southern California. "I came here in 1933, during con-
struction, and stayed on as utility man,"
miles. The widest part, near the north we decided to visit the Eagle Moun- he told us. "You ought to go over to
end, contains the highest point. tain station and Camp, where the main- the garage and talk to our station
On the map we noticed a broken tenance workers live. mechanic, Elmo Field. He's been here
line running through the southern tip The road to the station takes off 18 years too. He has the first Desert
of the Coxcombs, indicating where from Highway 60 about three miles Magazine ever printed. Editor Randall
the Metropolitan Aqueduct tunneled west of Desert Center. Six and a half Henderson tried to buy it off him once,
through the range, bringing Colorado miles of secondary hard-surfaced all- but he wouldn't sell."
River water to Southern California. weather road took us northward to the
Our eyes followed the line southwest open reservoir and the pumping sta- Mr. Field told us that he remembers
across Chuckawalla Valley to the Eagle tion. temperatures as high as 120 and as
Mountain Aqueduct Station. Water does not flow into Southern low as 22 degrees. We were enjoying
Everyday we Southern Californians California as easily as tourists. Here right then a sunny-nippy 50. Rain-
use water brought to us through this and there along the line it must be fall averages three inches annually.
aqueduct. But we seldom give a given a boost. This is done by pump- "I shot a rattlesnake under my porch
thought to the people involved in keep- ing the water up a slope, to allow last week," said Mr. Field, in answer
ing this water coining, in helping it gravity to take it on to the next station. to our question about snakes. "We
over the mountain barriers between The 240-mile aqueduct has five such don't have sidewinders here. And not
source and consumer. We had an extra pumping stations. as many rattlers as we used to. You
long holiday, a little more than we At Eagle Mountain it takes nine see, General Patton's Army was all
needed for our exploratory climb, so maintenance workers to keep this proc- through here. They sure went after the

rattlers. Other wildlife seems scarcer
Kit foxes occasionally sneak past
camp. A herd of eight bighorn sheep
sometimes roams in sight. For about
11 years, the oldtimers in Camp had
recognized an old ram among the
sheep. Every year he seemed to look
thinner. Last year they noticed that
he was nothing but skin and bones.
He staggered along, hardly able to
keep up with the herd. They saw him
finally falter, and stop. The herd went
on without him.
Some of the men went up from
Camp to see what was wrong. The
ram saw them coming, but didn't run
away. He settled himself down on the
ground. The men realized that he was
dying. Though his legs could no
longer support his body, his head still
carried high his magnificent set of
Mrs. Weeks hiked up and took a
picture of him. We felt fortunate
when she let us have the negative.
Though we have often seen bighorn
sheep at a distance in the desert moun-
tains, we have never been able to get
a picture of one. For pictures, it seems
you either have to stalk them alone (a
party is too noisy) or catch them dy-
ing. Either way takes a lot of patience.
There are no stores in Camp. Once
a week the housewives list what sup-
plies they need, and a truck goes to
Indio for them. The nearest movie
is at Indio, 51 miles away, and so is
the nearest high school.
"Radio? Reception is poor here."
said Mr. Field. "Better from the east
than from the west. Television is im-
possible." Hills circle the horizon.
The men work 22 days and then
have six days off. Mr. and Mrs. Field
often spend their time off exploring the
prehistoric Indian campgrounds in the
Pinto Basin. They also like to go to
Idyllwild in the San Jacinto Mountains,
about a hundred miles west of Camp.
It is the nearest wooded area. Mrs.
Field teaches school in Desert Center. Linda, 8, and Judith Ann Dean, 10, daughters of Eagle Mountain Station's
The two rows of yellow cotton- Highline Patrolman Ralph Dean, have no sidewalks on which to play. But
woods that line the main street beck- the garage provides an excellent rink for their Christmas skates.
oned us. A little girl in a red coat
was pumping a swing in one of the cooled in summer. Mrs. Weeks cooks Camp work in the mine office, and
yards. "Her mother is probably in," with electricity. Not many of us city some families attend church there. It
said my husband, readying his camera. women can afford completely electri- is the nearest church to Camp.
We had heard that this being a holiday, fied homes.
many of the women would not be in Mr. Field had gone to lunch, and
We prowled around Camp some
Camp. the two Dean girls had transformed
more and found two lighted tennis
courts, a swimming pool and a com- the garage into a roller skating rink.
"When you've got two small young-
sters, you don't go so much," said the munity barbeque shaded with feathery There are no sidewalks in Camp, and
lady of the house, who introduced green tamarisk trees. Through a gap the pavement is pretty rough for roller
herself as Mrs. C. A. Weeks, wife of in the greenery, we could see, across skating. What's a girl to do in a case
one of the station's two highline pa- a seven-mile stretch of desert, a large, like that, if she gets a pair of roller
trolmen. She invited us into her at- triangular white scar on the face of skates for Christmas?
tractive 5-room home. the Eagle Mountains. That, we We'd had an enjoyable day at the
The Weeks' home is typical: elec- learned, was Kaiser's Eagle Mountain Eagle Mountain Aqueduct Station. Our
trically heated in winter and electrically Iron Mine. Two of the women from goal now was the opposite side of the

MAY, 1953
Henderson and I vibrated melody on
two combs. Niles Werner occasionally
added the cymbal clash of two tin cups.
Bill Henderson boomed out the bass
on a pie tin, and Jack Lasner added
an exotic touch by rattling rocks in a
tin can. What the musicians lacked
in finesse, they made up in enthusiasm.
A gallon tin full of hot punch made by
Jack Lasner warmed the shivering
musicians before they crawled into
their sleeping bags.
New Year's day dawned clear and
crisp — perfect hiking weather. We
left camp at about seven a.m. The
contour lines on Bill's topo map indi-
cated that we might run into some
steep going, so Tom Corrigan carried
the rope. Shell holes pitted the two
miles between camp and the base of
the mountains. At the turnoff from
the Parker Dam Highway, we had en-
countered a sign saying: "DANGER!
Do not handle unfamiliar objects found
on the desert. They may be unexploded
We made our way through creosote
and staghorn cactus as high as our
heads. Desert lupine hugged the
ground. Rounded bladder pod bushes
sported gay yellow blooms.
"The map shows a canyon leading
in about here," said Bill. "It seems
to head directly for the highest point.
Or I should say the highest points.
There seem to be two points very
nearly the same elevation."
The canyon shut us in, as if the
Coxcombs had accepted us as visitors
and closed the door. We walked sin-
gle-file up a sand-carpeted wash, fol-
lowing the fresh tracks of bighorn
sheep and coyotes. The next bend
was never far ahead. The wash
sloped upward so easily at first, we
hardly realized we were climbing. Our
eyes wandered up and down the rocky,
out-sloping walls. The nubby rocks
gleamed rich red-brown — like the
patina of hardwood furniture that has
Coxcombs, and a camp within striking other mile or two, but we had two been polished for 50 years. An airy
distance of the highest point. town cars in the caravan. Besides, this blue sky drenched in sunlight furnished
To reach the east side of the Cox- spot was littered with timbers left by a pleasing complement in the color
comb Range, we took the Parker Dam Patton's Army, and we wanted to take scheme. Here and there a vine crawled
road out of Desert Center. Twenty advantage of the handy fuel supply. on the white sandy floor, bearing
eight miles northeast of Desert Center, The elevation was about 1400 feet. gourds the size and shape of oranges.
we angled left on a dirt road. This A frosty nip in the air drew us Soon the canyon walls took on
seven-mile stretch is washboardy, but close to our campfire, as v/e celebrated bolder patterns. Rock faces reached
firm. We turned left again on a little- the going out of the Old Year. Mil- out toward us at gravity-defying angles.
used road that wasn't much more than lions of stars burned coldly in the Walls met sky in a clash of gendarmes,
a cleared strip, stayed on it for a mile blue bowl of sky that covered us. A pinnacles and needles. A little higher
and a half and turned right on a sim- sliver of setting moon illuminated the up, the canyon was choked at intervals
ilar strip. A mile later we stopped and Coxcombs. Wraiths of cloud drifting with boulder slides. No easy walking
made camp. over it made weird faces, with the here, looking at the scenery! On all
moon sliver as a single eye. Not fours, we scrambled over boulders,
Our object was to get as near as keeping our eyes on the trail.
possible to the eastern base of the an artificial light was visible anywhere.
northern end of the Coxcomb Range. Maestro Jon Gardey wielded a creo- The rough, coarse granite gave ex-
Bill Henderson's weapons carrier, sote baton. Gary Bratt strummed cellent traction for our lug-soled boots,
which he calls "Brunhilde, the Ele- chords on a uke, and Dick Apel especially when large slabs lay at the
phant Wagon," could have gone an- pumped a toy concertina while Marge angle where maximum friction was

necessary to hold us on. But I had
neglected to bring gloves, and I skinned
my fingers scrambling up jagged slopes.
We Sierrans like a climb with va-
riety, and this one had it. Stretches of
easy sandy wash alternated with rock-
scrambles. We encountered a tarantula
sunning himself on a boulder. He
was sluggishly indifferent to our prod-
dings. The shadows had crept down
one wall and were climbing the other.
A small flock of birds darted between
the canyon walls. Hardy ground-cher-
ries with little lantern-like pods peered
out of crannies.
. y ;|m
We stopped to admire some bould- .*s.jffiiaas»H
ers that were attractively honeycombed
with small cavities, probably the work
of wind and sand. The cavities them-
selves were larger than their openings,
and their floors were covered with sand
— excellent shelters for rodents or
We had not yet spied the summit,
but figured it was to our right. We
climbed out of the canyon and topped
a saddle at about 4000 feet. Ahead
we saw a single peak, its slopes dotted
with pinyon pine. Out of a depression
near by rose an exceptionally large
pine specimen. The ground under-
neath it was lush with vegetation, and
we suspected there might be a spring.
We contoured up the pinyon-dotted
slope. As we spiralled from north to
west, we saw, across a 200-foot drop,
another ridge, with two summits that
looked higher. Momentary discour-
agement engulfed us. It's an experi-
ence familiar to all mountain climbers
—when a peak is practically climbed
suddenly to find a higher summit
We stopped and bolstered our cour-
age with lunch. Bill got out his hand
level and sighted across at the two
peaks. "They're so nearly the same
elevation, that I can't tell the differ-
ence from here," he said. "We'll have
to climb one and see."
"Which one?" we wanted to know,
having visions of having to climb them

Above—The rocky walls of Cox-

comb Canyon are weathered to a
rich red-brown—"like the patina of
hardwood furniture that has been
polished for 50 years," writes the
Below—When the old ram lay dy-
ing on the hillside above Camp,
Mrs. C. A. Weeks, wife of one of
the aqueduct station's highline pa-
trolmen, hiked up for this picture.
Though his legs could no longer
support his body, the old bighorn's
head still carried high his magnifi-
cent set of horns.

MAY, 1953

A gently sloping wash provided easy walking at the entrance of Coxcomb Canyon.
Soon canyon walls narrowed, and the party had to contend with catsclaw and
slippery weather-varnished boulders.

both. One looked more difficult than peaks of San Gorgonio and San Ja- desert peaks, these worries are forgot-
the other so we settled for the easier cinto, snow-mantled and mysterious, ten. The view lasts all day. One can
one, the one to our right. in the far distance. Across the Chuck- bask on the warm rocks without fear
We dropped down 200 feet, and awalla Valley we caught a glint of sun of a sudden storm. And the desert
from there a 20-minute rock scramble on water. It helped us to spot the peaks are hospitable for three seasons
put us on top. Bill sighted across. He Eagle Mountain Aqueduct Station, of the year, which is more than can
made unintelligible noises while we backed up against the thin chain of be said for most mountains.
waited for the verdict. Finally he said, the Eagle Mountains. On our way down we avoided Lunch
"As far as' I can make out, the two The view to the southeast encour- Peak and the saddle by staying in a
points are exactly the same elevation." aged speculation and planning for fu- gulley to the right. We reached the
Gary Bratt had a look and declared ture climbs. Range after range of des- cars at about 4:30 p.m. From our
the one we were on was higher, though ert mountains stretched away as far map we had guessed the trip would
only by a hairbreadth. Tom Corrigan as we could see: the Palens, the Gran- take a good half day, be fairly direct
agreed. We found no benchmark, ites, the Little Marias, the Big Marias. and perhaps require a rope here and
cairn or any other indication that others Like an undulating carpet of choco- there. As it turned out, it took a full
had been here ahead of us. This is late-brown velvet, they stretched to day, wound around a good deal, and
unusual, especially in an area where the vanishing point. we had no need of the rope.
the military has been stationed. We But these things—the unexpected,
built a cairn and left a can with our It's a wonderful feeling to sit on top
the uncalculable—are what make up
names. Bill wrote: "This is presum- of a desert range. On snow peaks the the thrill of exploration in the un-
ably the highest point in the Coxcomb climber usually must arrive before charted mountain ranges of the vast
Range." eleven a.m. to be reasonably sure of Southwest desert land. Having climbed
Our peak was on the western edge a view. And then he is uneasy about Coxcomb Peak unguided, we had
of the north part of the range. In the the weather, and anyway, there's no gathered information which would be
immediate foreground, steep ragged place to sit except on the cold snow. helpful to future mountaineers. Tired
gulleys tore down the slopes in the On High Sierra peaks afternoon storms but happy, we knew we were one
direction of Pinto Basin. But the eye- can hit suddealy, and it's always a chapter nearer publication of our Des-
catchers in that direction were the long~way back to camp. But on most ert Ranges Guide.

The operations of Columbia Iron Mining Company (left) and Colorado Fuel and
Iron (right) scar the juniper slopes of Iron Mountain near Cedar City in Southern
Utah. From these hills in 1852 came the first iron manufactured west of the
Mississippi. Estimates of ore reserves in this and surrounding area range from
100 million to 400 million gross tons. (Photo courtesy Columbia Iron Mining Co.)

Where Mormons Found

a Mountain of Iron . . .
When Brigham Young led his Mormon band to Utah in 1847 he
was determined to found a colony which would be entirely seli-sus- the site of the original mill where Mor-
taining. Fortunately, Utah had everything that was necessary for an mon pioneers saw the first molten pig-
agricultural community, including the iron for the plough-shares. And iron come from the rock that was
here is the story of where the iron came from—and how it was converted mined nearby. A Paiute Indian village
to the use of the colonists. lies beyond the creek. A primitive log
cabin, preserved in the city park, shel-
By GUSTIVE O. LARSON ters a 150-pound bell cast in 1855.
Map by Norton Allen Nothing else remains in the immediate
vicinity to remind visitors that Cedar

7 ODAY, NEAR Cedar City, Utah,

on the juniper-green slopes of
Iron Mountain, giant electric
shovels are taking 5-ton bites out of
ore pit-mine in company with Dr.
William R. Palmer, historian of Cedar
City, and together we extended our
trip of inspection to a nearby bend in
City was once the hub of activities for
which Iron County, Utah, was named.
As we walked over this long aban-
a great iron ore deposit, and loading Coal Creek where Utah's first blast doned millsite, Dr. Palmer recalled for
the metallic rock into trucks and rail- furnace was erected nearly 100 years me the history of Iron Mountain's
road cars for treatment at the reduc- ago. mining industry.
tion plants. Little remains of the original work- When the Mormons in 1847 turned
Recently I visited this great iron ings. Only bits of iron ore disclose off the Oregon Trail to settle on the

MAY, 1953 11
The large chunks of iron ore pass through crushing jaws of the reduction plants
before loading into cars for a 200 mile trip to Geneva Steel Plant in Provo, Utah.

shores of the Great Salt Lake, they "Brethren of Great Salt Lake City While some of the pioneers were
were determined to build a self-sup- and vicinity, who are full of faith and assigned to farming and homebuilding,
porting commonwealth in the Great good works, who have been blessed the others began preparations for iron
Basin. Jefferson Hunt of the Mormon with means . . . are informed by the manufacturing. A road was built into
Battalion in California traversed pres- Presidency of the Church that a colony Coal Creek Canyon (now the approach
ent Iron County several times as he is wanted at Little Salt Lake this fall; to Cedar Breaks and Bryce Canyon),
shuttled between San Bernardino and that 50 or more good effective men a blast furnace built, and materials
the Mormon settlement. On October with teams and wagons, provisions and assembled. Preliminary experiments
31, 1849, he recorded: clothing, are wanted for one year. demonstrated that local coal was un-
"We traveled 13 miles and camped Seed grain in abundance and tools in suited to smelting purposes and much
on a stream called Little Muddy (pres- all their variety for a new colony are labor went into assembling dry pitch
ent Coal Creek of Cedar City) . . . wanted to start from this place im- pine and cooking operations. The
near this spring (Iron Springs) are mediately after the Fall Conference to wilderness rang with sledge hammer
immense quantities of iron ore." That repair to the valley of the Little Salt blows which reduced iron ore to the
same fall Parley P. Pratt led an ex- Lake without delay. There to sow, capacity of the primitive furnace.
ploring party of 50 horsemen south- build and fence, erect saw mill and Paiute Chief Cal-o-e-chipe wel-
ward from Salt Lake. In late Decem- grist mill, establish an iron foundry comed the colonists but his clansmen
ber he recorded his impressions of as speedily as possible . . . "
gathered in such numbers as to speed
Little Salt Lake and Cedar Valleys: George A. Smith led a company of Mormon defense organization. At
"Other portions of this plain are 120 men, 30 women and 14 children year's end the camp historian, Henry
dry and level, delightful for the plow with 101 wagons southward in De- Lunt, wrote:
and clothed with rich meadow grass, cember. They planted a colony where ". . . in the midst of semi-hostile
rabbit weed, etc. . . . on the south- the Spanish Trail crossed the Little savages, guarding, fencing, farming
western borders of this valley are thou- Salt Lake Valley and the west end of and exploring and building houses,
sands of acres of Cedar (juniper) con- the old trading route rapidly became mills, etc., we have had our prayers
stituting an almost inexhaustible supply the "Mormon emigrant route to Cali- answered in the preservation of our
of fuel. In the center of these forests fornia." An agricultural base located lives and property." He continued in
rises a hill of the richest iron ore." on January 13, 1851, was called Paro- the new year: "January 1, 1852 came
Iron was a necessity in the building wan (Paiute for evil water). Then in upon us in the estimation of a pleased
of the Mormon state. Brigham Young November of that year 11 wagons God, the whole people were called
declared, "Iron we must have, we can- moved into fort position on the Little together and in a mighty prayer we
not well do without it." So while Pratt Muddy (later changed to Coal Creek) thanked the God of Israel for his past
sponsored the creation of Iron County and Cedar City was born as an iron blessings upon our labors and pres-
in the Territorial Legislature, Young manufacturing colony. Its first citizens ently called upon Him to bless us in
launched an "Iron Mission." A call were Mormon converts from mining the future and to enable us to maintain
for volunteers appeared in the Deseret and iron manufacturing centers of ourselves in this desert land, to pro-
News of July 27, 1850: England, Scotland, and Wales. tect us from the Indians and to ac-

complish the mission we were sent to April 2, 1853: "In the beginning of
perform, namely, the manufacture of March, 1853, the blast furnace was
iron." run once a week during which 25,000
At last, in September, a trial run pounds of clear good iron were made
was readied with great expectancy. and 600 bushels of charcoal were con-
The entire village waited through the sumed."
night for tapping ceremonies. The October 15, 1853: (Following out-
record of the iron company states break of Walker War) "We have six
simply, "On the 29th of September men with the herd of cattle daily, well
the blast was put on the furnace and armed, and a strong guard every night
charged with iron ore that had been around the fort, and as soon as the
calcined. The fuel used was stone coal fort is enclosed, we hope to commence
coked, and dry pitch pine wood in the the iron works anew. A tremendous
raw state. flood came down Coal Creek on Sat-
"On the morning of the 30th the urday, September 31, carrying an im-
furnace was tapped and a small quan- mense quantity of logs and rocks of
tity of iron run out which caused the great size. It did considerable damage
hearts of all to rejoice." The surround- to the Iron Works."
ing hills echoed with a chorus of In spite of discouraging fuel prob-
'hosannah, hosannah, hosannah, to lems, failure of waterpower, and dev-
God and the Lamb!' and a committee astating floods, considerable iron was
of five horsemen was elected to carry manufactured for local use. The or-
samples of the iron to Brigham Young iginal company yielded to the Deseret
in Salt Lake City. Manufacturing Company which had
Citizens of Utah Territory followed The lusty tones of this 150 pound been capitalized in England on orders
eagerly the progress of iron manufac- bell cast in 1855 originally called of Brigham Young. It produced cast-
turing in the Deseret News: "An ex- the iron colonists together in the ings for home manufactured machin-
cellent air furnace was nearly finished Cedar Fort and later served Cedar ery, molasses rolls, flat irons, stoves,
(February 26, 1853) built of adobes City where it hung in the belfry of plows, nails and horseshoes. Kitchen
with a tunnel 300 feet long to convey the old hunt Hotel. It is currently and household utensils were sold in
the smoke to a chimney stack 40 feet in the keeping of Cedar City Chap- the surrounding country and stove
high. An extensive frame building has ter of the Daughters of Utah Pion- grates were carried as far as the Span-
been erected for a casting house." ers. (Photo courtesy York Jones) ish Missions in California. A large,



a u.s. 89*=*


MAY, 1 953 13
AII that remains today of old Iron Town—the chimney of the original blast furnace
—and the beehive charcoal oven where the fuel was manufactured for Iron Town
mining in the 1870s.

clear-sounding bell, cast in 1855, for Silver Reef, Pioche, Bullionville over the war-time Geneva plant in
served the community for many years. and other mining communities. 1946 and Utah iron ore tonnage
A Federal army, invading Utah to But Iron Mountain was destined to jumped to 2,741,000. Colorado Fuel
quell a so-called Mormon rebellion wait for a new century before it could and Iron began using Iron Mountain
in 1857, brought the iron works to make Utah the fourth largest iron ore ore in 1942 and not long after the
a stand-still. The Mountain Meadows producing state in the union. Old area became a major source of iron
tragedy cast its blight over the city, Iron Town joined the ghost towns of for Kaiser Steel Corporation. In 1931
causing heavy loss of population. He- the West, preserving the stack of its Utah's employment in the iron indus-
roic efforts to revive the industry blast furnace and a beehive charcoal try averaged 69 workers and the an-
proved fruitless when the middle oven to mark its place in the Old nual payroll averaged $99,000.00. In
'sixties brought promise of a trans- Spanish Trail. Less conspicuous are 1951, the number employed in the
continental railroad. The last run of the remains of a Spanish arrastre em- industry had jumped to 616 and the
the old furnace converted seven wagon ployed to crush clay for use in the annual payroll to $2,664,000.
loads of Johnston's Army cannon balls molding processes. Through the ef- What of the future? What reserves
into molasses rolls and other useful forts of the Utah Trails and Land- are locked up in this "hill of richest
articles. Cedar City turned to farming marks Association and Iron County iron ore" as it was called in 1849?
and stockraising. Chapter of Sons of Utah Pioneers, the Estimates by the U. S. Bureau of Mines
Then, in 1866, the Great Western place has been fenced and marked as include 100,000,000 gross tons of
Manufacturing Company, capitalized a memorial to early pioneer industry. near 50 percent grade, plus another
privately by enterprising Mormons, The present phase of Utah's iron two or three hundred million "in-
launched the iron industry anew. "Old production began when Columbia Steel ferred" tonnage. Whatever hidden re-
Iron Town" became a thriving village blew in its Ironton (Utah County) pig sources time may disclose, they will
west of Iron Mountain. For two dec- iron plant in 1924. Iron County be sufficient to insure that the iron
ades the industry, under various names, watched its mining output rise to nearly industry which had its beginnings,
produced considerable quantities of two million gross tons before the close west of the Mississippi, in Cedar City
iron, suppling much needed castings of World War II. U. S. Steel took in 1852 has come to the West to stay.

By JAY ELLIS RANSOM The Harquahala Mountains of Southwestern Arizona are scarred
Photographs by the author with the slashes of mine adits and access roads, the gray detritus of
Map by Norton Allen tailing dumps and the deteriorating remnants of a once-booming mining
camp. The famous Harquahala Bonanza, the Extension, the Summit
Lode, Golden Eagle, Grand View and Narrow Gauge mines all were
Y FATHER and I stopped be- big gold producers 50 years ago; but today the hills are quiet—except
side a group of palo verde for occasional blasts of a few leasers carrying on limited operations.
trees to make camp. All Mrs. Rose Johnson, owner and caretaker of the Harquahala, still hopes
about us the ragged peaks of Arizona's for a rebirth of large-scale mining in the district. You will meet Mrs.
Harquahala Range bolstered up the Johnson in this story and will explore with Jay Ransom the Harquahala
sky. The stars of the January constel- Bonanza and the abandoned but still rich gold country in which it lies.
lations began to appear as we gathered hind us, in a widening arc lay the residence in the old camp brought a
dead wood for our campfire. Golden Eagle and its subsidiaries. woman out onto the porch. Obviously
We had gotten our directions earlier The noise of braking to a stop on surprised at having visitors in this
in the day when we stopped at the the gravel in front of the only inhabited lonely place, she emerged into the
town of Salome for gasoline. The sta-
tion attendant had told us: "There Thirty-degree inclined shaft of the Harquahala Extension. One can walk
were famous gold mines in the Har- through this mine in perfect safety, following drifts into the mountain.
quahalas 60 years ago, and they could
well become famous again. Particularly
the Harquahala Bonanza. That mine
was a real producer."
We had been intrigued by the place
names which appeared on the Arizona
map—the Harquahala Range to the
south of U. S. Highways 60 and 70,
the Harcuvar Range to the north—
and had come here on a rock hunting
When we learned about the old
mines that lay only a few miles to the
south of the highway, we decided that
if this region was good to the miners
of an earlier generation, it might also
be good to a couple of rockhounds of
With the sun sinking low in the west,
we turned south past Salome's adobe
jail. A broad dirt road, with forks
branching off to new mines being de-
veloped in these rich hills, led us four
miles to the entrance of a narrow
twisting canyon.
Although this canyon is not marked
on the map, we were sure it was the
place described to us as Centennial
Wash. The mountains closed in around
us and the road dipped and curved like
a gigantic roller-coaster. We found
our camping site at 8.1 miles from Sa-
lome. Early the next morning we con-
tinued our journey to the old Harqua-
hala mining camp.
Beyond the first scattering of build-
ings—some of adobe and others built
of railroad ties — were two sharp
ragged peaks. All along the base of
Martin Peak, on the right, great mines
cast their detritus, gray and weed-
grown where gallus frames raised their
empty arms above the long dead shafts.
These were the Harquahala Bonanza,
the Extension, Summit Lode, the Nar- '-
row Gauge and the Grand View. Be-

MAY, 1953 15
sunlight dressed in levis, a plaid shirt vember 14, 1888, by Harry Wharton, scrape the arrastres and smuggle out
and wool sweater. Beneath her gray Robert Stein and Mike Sullivan. "They the gold wholesale. Whenever they
hair bright eyes twinkled. were just burro prospectors who were all set, somebody would give a
"I'm Mrs. Johnson," she introduced quickly sold out to a Mr. Hubbard," signal, and all the children in the
herself, "owner and caretaker of the she explained. After gouging out a camp would gather around, singing in
Harquahala." fortune in a rich ore pocket, Hubbard a chorus. They'd bring a hand organ
We introduced ourselves as rock sold the mine to an English company out of the church and play it, pumping
hunters. "I remember hearing of the in 1893, and until its virtual abandon- the bellows for all they were worth.
Harquahala mines 40 years ago," Dad ment at the time of the first World Nobody thought until much later —
admitted. "Is it all right if we pick War, the Bonanza alone produced when the mines were beginning to
over the old dumps, and maybe take $3,631,000 in free-milling gold ore. close down—that maybe all that play-
some pictures?" While Mrs. Johnson described the ing and singing was done to drown
It was fine with Mrs. Johnson, and old camp she knew so well—she came out the sound of their fathers stealing
she pointed out and named the scat- here from Phoenix after selling out a gold."
tered structures that remain in the once 36-room hotel and boarding house— In contrast to many of the rich
populous mining center. After show- I could visualize the frantic activity mining towns of the early West, Har-
ing us the nearby adobe school, almost that had invaded these desolate moun- quahala was never a wild boisterous
roofless but still used as a storehouse tains and for two decades had over- camp. Highgrading was done quietly.
for her personal supplies, and another flowed the canyons with the noise and Of course, there was the usual assort-
large adobe across the valley which bombast of mill roar and blasting, in- ment of saloons and entertainment
she said was the old administration congruous in die peaceful morning palaces, and now and then a knifing
building, she faced the gray dumps sunlight of today. occurred in the Mexican settlement.
gleaming at the foot of Martin Peak She pointed to the wash that ran The freighters who brought in sup-
a quarter of a mile south. Indicating along the north base of the mountains. plies overland from Yuma were a
the most easterly mine where two sun- "The Mexicans who worked in the hard-bitten, desert toughened bunch
burnt frame buildings seemed to be mines had their homes there," she re- of jerk-liners, and they occasionally
holding up a gaunt crosspatch of tim- membered. "The floods arid fire have caused trouble.
bers, she explained: "That's my Har- removed nearly all traces of them, Water was scarce, and a 30,000-
quahala Extension. I have $75,000 but," she added, laughing, "their mem- foot pipe line from Harrisburg was
invested in that mine. It's in good ory persists. They were ignorant fel- put in to supply the water for the camp
shape, and if you have carbide lamps lows, peons out of Old Mexico brought and its 40-stamp mill. Remnants of
or flashlights, you can walk down the in to do the heavy work for the lowest this cast iron line still may be seen.
incline and explore as much as you pay. But I guess they weren't so dumb. "The ore was very rich," Mrs.
like underground." They used to be known as the smok- Johnson explained. "It lay in chim-
With the January sun warm on our ingest workmen ever to mine gold, and ney veins, sometimes in solid nuggets
backs we listened to her recall how it was a long time before the mine the size of a man's fist. I remember
the Harquahala Bonanza, most famous owners learned they were highgrading one nugget, sprouting leaves of solid
of the several big producers in the the richest ore in their pipes. yellow gold out of a chunk of quartz,
district, was originally located on No- "The more daring miners used to that brought $10,000. But most of

! » « • •

'•«SS\/:J".-S»*£ 1 '.« v ». 'tj. •vn.sf-,• >-- ••jm^^m'. *sC«^* * " ...*«: •• w r i t
Settling pans, like giant crucibles, lie below the clayey silt dump of what may have
been a flotation-type mill, no longer existing. The size of the pans may be judged
by Jay Ransom, Sr., seated on a sediment filled pan.

Martin Mountain (right) and the famous Harquahala glory hole which resulted
from the collapse of tunnels and stopes. Drifts honeycomb this once famous peak
following fabulously rich veins of almost pure gold.

MAY, 1953 17
the gold was scattered through red Belovl a two-acre tailing deposit of tions of the old mill. However, all
hematite along the contact of lime- fine redjsilt at the Harquahala Exten- trace of the mill proper has vanished.
stone with a basal granite." sion, wd stumbled upon a half dozen I am curious as to how those mam-
Her enthusiasm increased as she giganticjsteel crucibles lined with ce- moth crucibles were used.
told us about the Bonanza mine, be- ment. This type of settling basin must At the Bonanza mine we saw evi-
cause her own mine had reached an have been peculiar to the Harquahala dences of fairly recent work where
identical type of mineral bearing milling operations—possibly a flota- leasers had been active. A large ball
quartzite-granite porphyry similar to tion type mill — because in all the mill had been erected on new concrete
that which produced the richest ore mines I've visited in the past dozen foundations, but neither flint nor iron
bodies in the Bonanza. years, I have never seen its like be- balls were in evidence. Newly built
"The old Bonanza used to be called fore. Above the pans and eroding structures rose below the great mine
the Castle Garden, and sometimes the down over them, the red silt deposit dump where a cook house and mess
'million dollar' stope. It's still wide rises approximately 30 feet thick. Ero-
open, and you can visit it if you want hall stood, and beside the tall gallus
sion has carved strange shapes and frame stood a well-constructed build-
to climb down the ladder into the shaft. channels through it. On its right rise
The ore"—she showed us a pile of ing of cement and sheet iron. A nearly
the mortarless, fitted stone founda- new spring cot stood alone in one
specimens alongside her cabin—"con-
tains silver and lead as well as gold.
The lead alone is worth reopening my
Extension property." Mrs. Rose Long Johnson, owner of most of the Harquahala mines and
In the heyday of the district, mining caretaker of the properties, displays a sample of gold ore from her
was carried on by inclined shafts with Harquahala Extension mine.
crosscut adits and drifts along the
veins. About 2000 feet of tunnels
comprise the Bonanza alone. Most of
the veins dip from 30 to 60 degrees,
Mrs. Johnson's being the most shallow
and therefore easiest to visit. While
the Harquahala Range consists of
crystalline rocks, mostly pre-Cambrian
but including some Paleozoic strata,
it has been tilted in various directions
and intruded by dark-colored basic
dikes. Veinlets of quartz and calcite
are found throughout the area. Ore
shoots occupied zones of shearing be-
tween a sedimentary series of lime-
stone, shale and quartzite with the
basal granitic formation. Pyrite was
deposited along brecciated zones that
are now filled with sericite. The main
veins were from a few inches to many
feet wide. Some of the quartzite is
conglomerate, appearing to lie on an
old shore of granite, dipping south-
We wandered about the area, visit-
ing different mine dumps and looking
for samples. We found some interest-
ing gold-bearing quartzite specimens.
Visiting the Harquahala Extension, we
strolled down the inclined shaft to the
limit of visibility. The tunnel was dry,
and I noted a steadily rising tempera-
ture as we went farther into the moun-
tain. Timbering and ties beneath the
narrow gauge track were in excellent
An interesting side light on the
Harquahala operations concerns the
timber used in the mines. Since this
part of Arizona is totally devoid of
trees, all lumber had to be freighted in.
Most of the timber used was Oregon
pine shipped down the Pacific Coast to
the nearest port and freighted to the
mines. The total cost averaged $26 a
thousand delivered! Timber brought
from Flagstaff, the only other avail-
able source, cost about the same.

room and next to it had been built a
large concrete shower.
We learned the answer to this rid-
dle when, finally, we returned to our
car and gossiped a while longer with
the caretaker.
U ta Solve 1Rue&&
"There was a man came here ten Recent discovery of a long-deserted Gulch, a tributary of the Escalante,
or 12 years ago," she explained, a hermit's hideaway in a remote sector but no trace of the body or of Everett's
gleam in her eyes, "who had managed of the desert wilderness 40 miles south camp equipment was ever found.
to get $40,000 from a rich oil man. of Tropic, Utah, was believed at first Among those who took part in the
He put in some improvements and to hold a clue to the mysterious dis- hunt for Everett it is generally agreed
built a new pipe line for water. But appearance in 1934 of the Los Angeles that the recently discovered hermit's
then he got tangled up with the postal artist and poet Everett Ruess. hideaway was not an Everett Ruess
authorities — trying to sell stock, I Information regarding the hideaway camp, and that the finding of the her-
suppose. Anyway, he's been in the came from Harvey C h y n o w e t h , mit camp offered no further clue to
Federal penitentiary for the last ten rancher, who with his son Ralph was the solution of the Ruess mystery.
years . . ." herding cattle on a Taylor grazing • • •
I've always had a feeling that when lease when they discovered the camp. SCULPTURED SCENE FROM DEATH
leasers begin to gamble any sizeable It consisted of two plywood, metal- VALLEY IS COVER DESIGN
sum of money in an old, seemingly covered shacks and a walled in cave. In the winter of 1849-50 a little
worked out mining district, there must Everything about the camp indicated group of mid-westerners bound for
be something more than rumor and careful planning and good workman- the California gold fields struggled
hearsay left in the ground. And leas- ship. across the arid floor of a fantastic
ers have become increasingly active When found, one of the huts had a valley in eastern California and event-
around the Harquahala as evidenced bed, but it evidently had never been ually reached a summit in the Pana-
by the development going on at the used, as a trail led a quarter of a mile mint Mountains from which they could
nearby Golden Eagle. Mrs. Johnson's to a camp where the hermit appeared look back on the desolate basin where
eyes burn brightly with the eternal to have lived while he was building some of their companions had lost
hope of all old-timers that her mines the structures. their lives.
will come back, and perhaps they will. The mystery builder had brought Included in this group were the
After all, she has $75,000 of her own water up the steep trail in bodies and families of Asabel Bennett and J. B.
money tied up in what assay reports also brought in enough food to last for Arcane. They had entered the valley
show to be a promising mine. "But it in ox-drawn wagons, but when it ap-
two years. Eight pairs of pajamas,
takes capital," she sighed, "and $75,- peared necessary to scale the range
000 is only a drop in the bucket." plus an expensive down comforter
seemed to indicate the owner was not that blocked their passage to the west
Just before leaving, I admitted to unacquainted with the finer things of the wagons were abandoned. ' The
the gray-haired, bright-eyed woman an life. oxen were slaughtered for meat—all
incident that had occurred back in An electric generator of the wind- except one. 01' Crump had become
Salome. A miner working for one of driven variety, complete wilii copper- a family pet, and he was selected to
the leasers had stopped us. "We were sheathing driving vanes was found. carry over the mountains the two
warned not to come out here without And in examining the generator, the youngest children, Martha Bennett
a permit from the owner," I said, ranchers discovered one item about and Charley Arcane, in saddlebags that
smiling. "The man who stopped us the builder: he must have had a phobia had been improvised from the men's
wanted us to visit his mine. He said about serial numbers. hickory shirts.
you had a shotgun loaded with rock Standing on a rocky crest, members
salt, and would shoot us first before Numbers on the generator and iden-
tifying marks had been scratched off. of the party turned and gazed down
asking questions. He said you were at the simmering salt flats which had
having a lot of thieving highgraders in Numbers on the thermometer he used
also were obliterated. brought bitter hardship to all of them.
here stealing good ore." From the lips of one of them came
It was nearly 80 miles east of this
Mrs. Johnson burst into laughter. camp that 20-year-old Everett Ruess the words:
"How funny," she gasped, "when I'm was last seen in November, 1934. "Goodbye, Death Valley!" And
the owner. Sure, there used to be Ruess left Escalante, Utah, November thus was Death Valley given its name.
highgraders, 40 years ago, and I cer- 12 with two burros and a supply of It was from this dramatic incident
tainly do have a shotgun. But it's food for two months. — the naming of Death Valley, as
loaded for jackrabbits, and I've got a His destination was the canyon recorded by William L. Manly of the
plenty of them." Her eyes twinkled country in the region where the Esca- Bennett-Arcane party in his book
at us. "Besides, you don't look like lante River joins the Colorado. He Death Valley in 1849 — that Cyria
sneak thieves, and I do get mighty wanted to explore some Moqui cliff Allen Henderson got her suggestion
lonesome for company now and then." dwellings in that area, and paint and of a Death Valley scene to be modeled
Thanking her for her hospitality, write, as he had been doing for years. in clay. The 16-inch model was ex-
we got into the car and settled our- Two months later when Everett's hibited in Furnace Creek Inn during
selves. I pressed the starter. Mrs. parents, Christopher and Stella Ruess the Death Valley 49er Encampment of
Johnson leaned in the window, shak- of Los Angeles, failed to hear from 1952, and since then has been dis-
ing hands. "As a matter of fact," she him they became alarmed and asked played at the Palm Desert Art gallery
confided, "with all that money I've got that a search be made. Posses sent in the Desert Magazine Pueblo. For
invested in these mines I'd like to do a out by the Associated Civic Clubs of reproduction on this month's cover,
little highgrading myself, if somebody Southern Utah spent many clays scour- the sculptured group was photographed
would only show me where the gold ing the region. They found Ruess' on a 4x5 Kodachrome transparency by
is." burros in an improvised corral in Davis Josef Muench of Santa Barbara.

MAY, 1953 19
MardKock Shorty
Spring rains have not come to most is one of the few Southwest regions
desert areas, and wildflower prospects to enjoy a good 1953 wildflower sea-
generally are unfavorable for May. son. Annuals and perennials—includ- Death
Exceptions are the Coolidge, Arizona, ing brittlebush, desert marigold, desert
area and Saguaro National Monument
near Tucson. Good cactus displays
zinnia, globe mallow, paper daisy, chia,
phacelia, beadpod, alfilaria, desert
also are predicted for Apache Junc- aster, pentstemon and ocotillo—prom-
tion, Arizona, and Death Valley. ised good displays for April and May. Hard Rock Shorty was tack-
More wind storms and continued "The first part of May should be the ing a crudely lettered sign on
drouth in California's Coachella Val- signal for cactus blossoming," pre- the front of the Inferno store as
ley shriveled the few wayside flowers dicted Samuel A. King, superintendent. a party of tourists parked their
which remained in March. Canyons "Prickly pear, cane, staghorn and teddy car in front of the building and
offered the hiker a fair display of oco- bear chollas and some late hedgehogs climbed the steps to the lean-to
tillo and palo verde and scattered spe- promise an abundance of flowers. The porch. The sign read:
cimens of primrose, lupine and mal- palo verdes also will be impressive
this year, and we should have a good MUCKERS WANTED
low, but there was no expanse of color
like that which carpeted the dunes last display of flowers on the soapweed At the Jackass Mine
year. yuccas—particularly those along the (Signed) PISGAH BILL, Supt.
Lake Mead National Recreation road south of our headquarters — in "Wonder why they call it the
Area—There are a few places in the May." Jackass Mine?" asked one of the
Lake Mead area where plants are Antelope Valley — "No rain, no dudes as he stopped to read the
blossoming in fair numbers, according flowers," sums up Jane S. Pinheiro's notice.
to Russell K. Grater, park naturalist, appraisal of the 1953 wildflower year. "That's 'cause the mine wuz
but in general the flower show there On a March tour around Baker, Death found by a burro," said Hard
also is poor this year. "We have one Valley, Trona and Antelope Valley, Rock. "An' if you wonder how a
consolation," Grater wrote Desert April Mrs. Pinheiro found few noteworthy donkey could find a mine I'll
1. "There will be lots of seeds on the displays. "Near Barstow I saw nice tell yu.
ground waiting for next year's rains— stands of yellow primrose, browneyed "Burro belonged to Panamint
if they come!" primrose and desert sunflower," she Pete. He'd had the beast longer'n
Joshua Tree National Monument— reported late in March, "but every- anybody could remember. Burro
Superintendent Frank R. Givens does where else things were stunted or dry- wuz so old it wuz havin' trouble
not expect many flowers this May, ing up." Antelope Valley plants this with its teeth. They wuz plumb
usually the best month for Joshua tree year generally are dwarfed and dry wore out from gnawin' on ham
blossoming. The trees will produce with few flowers. One exception is bones and coffee grounds. So
only a few blooms. "This year has the Wilsona area to the east which is Pete had to feed 'im hot cakes
been satisfactory for the photographers host to numerous primrose and sand an' beans.
who take close-ups of individual flow- verbena.
"One day when Pete wuz
ers," Givens points out, "because many Casa Grande National Monument— prospectin' over in the Funeral
varieties are blooming. The blossoms May flowering forecast for the monu- range the burro wandered over
are just not as profuse as usual." ment area near Coolidge, Arizona, is into the next canyon, an' when
Death Valley National Monument— excellent, according to Superintendent Pete finally caught up with the
March winds dried up plants in Death A. T. Bicknell. Due to a high degree critter it wuz chewin' on a rock.
Valley National Monument, and this of precipitation this winter, the flower- An' then it spit that one out an'
year's wildflower display is mediocre. ing season is a little ahead of schedule. started chewin' on another one.
"However," noted Acting Superinten- "Our saguaros have become quite Animal kept that up fer quite a
dent E. E. Ogston late in March, "the heavy from so much rain," writes while and Pete finally got curious
cacti around the 2000-foot level are Bicknell, "and, unfortunately, occa- about that burro's appetite fer
in bud and should produce a good sionally they seem to have become too rocks and pried open its mouth
showing of beavertail in late April." bloated. I've observed that several to see what's what.
Apache Junction, Arizona — Al- have been blown over by our heavy "An' believe it or not, that
though no match for last year's spec- winds these past two months." burro had nearly a full set o'
tacular display, this spring's wildflower Mojave Desert—"The early promise gold fillin's in its teeth. Course
show in the Apache Junction area has of a spectacular flower season was Pete wuz curious about where
been colorful. "There are lupine and nipped in the bud by drying winds and that gold came from an' when he
mallow along the highways," Julian lack of rain over too long a stretch," examined the quartz outcrop
M. King observed April 1, "but we writes Mary Beal from Daggett, Cali- where the burro wuz standin' he
do not see the great fields of flowers fornia. "But there are places where a found it full o' wire gold.
we did a year ago." King predicts a normal display of bloom greets the "An' that was how the Jackass
good bloom of cactus for May. "By traveler, many of them in this area. mine got its name."
late April the hedgehogs will be in full Especially colorful is the region along
blossom—they are starting now—as Highway 66 between Pisgah Crater Mojave poppies and sand verbena.
well as staghorn cholla, palo verde and and Amboy which is a large sea of The mountain areas, blessed as they
ironwood trees and the giant saguaro." glowing gold with desert sunflowers; were with more rain and snow, should
Saguaro National Monument—The mingled with them are some smaller have good flowering in late April and
monument area near Tucson, Arizona, plants—marigolds, evening primrose, May."

of the

Clctir Stone of Montrose, Cali-
fornia, came upon this garden of
flowering yuccas on the desert
near Sunland, California. His pic-
ture won first prize in Desert Mag-
azine's Picture-of-the-Month con-
test for March. It was taken with
a 4x5 Bush Pressman camera,
Raptar lens, Wratten A Filter, East-
man infra-red film, 1 second at f.

This study of Taos Pueblo, New

Mexico, drowsing in the midday
sun, won second prize in the
March contest for A. La Vielle
Lawbaugh of Whittier, California.
Lawbaugh used a 4x5 Pacemaker
Speed Graphic camera, 5" Ektar
lens, A filter, Super XX Panchro-
matic film, 1/50 second at f. 16.

The Blond Mayo rode alone on his trips to the secret mine. He took no mining
tools, but always came back with his six mules loaded with rich gold ore.

Lost Mine of the Blond Mayo

By JOHN D. MITCHELL United States Government withdrew
Illustrated by Bill Edwards Each week, the blond Mayo its troops from Arizona to fight in
Map by Norton Allen Indian would mount his silver- the Civil War, that the two Mayo In-
saddled horse and ride off dian brothers, Juan Morales, the blond,

7 EN MILES northeast of the old

mining town of Arivaca, Ari-
zona, half way between Babo-
quivari Peak to the west and Old
alone into the hills around the
Black Princess mountain near
Arivaca, Arizona. And each
and Fermin, his younger brother, came
to the Arivaca country from the Mayo
Valley in southern Sonora. Upon the
trip he would return, his six departure of the troops, the Apaches
Baldy or El Felon, stands the Black burros loaded down with rich and Mexican bandits again renewed
Princess, a natural rock formation gold ore. Here is John Mitch- their raids on small mines and out-
carved by wind and sand to resemble ell's story of a lost mine first lying ranches, and the pioneers were
the body of a woman lying outstretched worked by the Spaniards, re- gathering in Tucson and Arivaca for
on top of the highest ridge in the Cerro discovered by the blond Mayo protection. John Poston, superintend-
Colorado Mountains. Vividly out- and his brother, and, with their ent of the Silver Queen mine at Cerro
lined against the sky, the Black Prin- deaths, now lost again. Colorado, and a number of his em-
cess glows and gleams in the sunset ployes had just been murdered by
and looks so realistic that she has long Mexican bandits from Sonora. Upon
been held sacred by the Opata and the grave of John Poston and many
Papago Indians. tufa beds on the north side of the
mountain. others, both American and Mexican,
In winter she is feared. On wild the men of Arivaca swore the Ven-
stormy nights when the wind howls But when springs comes, the Black
Princess looks down serenely from the detta—the "Vengeance of the West"
down across the Catalina and Cerrita —and kept it.
mountains, lightning leaps from the mountaintop upon desert plains bril-
black clouds that settle down over the liantly carpeted with wildflowers. The The two Morales brothers, Juan,
head and shoulders of the Black Prin- sun, setting behind the ragged edge of
locally called El Guero Mayo, and
cess and eerily silhouette her form the Baboquivari range, crowns her
with gleaming gold. When the moon Fermin made their living panning
against the sky. Thunder rolls back placer along Arivaca Creek and on the
and forth across the steep canyon comes up over the Santa Rita moun-
tains and sheds its long rays of silvery surrounding mesas which were rich in
walls, rain comes down in sheets and gold. In the course of time the Blond
swirls that loosen huge boulders from light down across the Cerrita and
Colorado mountains, and the desert Mayo quit his panning operations and
the steep mountainsides, hurling them
into the raging torrents to be left breezes begin to stir, the snow-white made many trips into the surrounding
stranded on the floor of the desert be- yucca blossoms that cluster around the country. He seemed to be searching
low. Wild boars seek shelter from the feet of the Black Princess are turned for something. One day he came into
raging elements in the dark caves un- into swaying ghosts with fleecy veils. camp from a northeasterly direction,
der the shelving lava flows, and giant There are many legends about the his six pack mules loaded with rich
jaguars from the Moche Cowie coun- Black Princess mountain. Perhaps the gold ore. The quartz was matted to-
try in Sonora stalk their prey around most interesting is the tale of the lost gether with wires and masses of bright
the few rock tanks and the one natural gold mine of the Blond Mayo Indian. yellow gold and had a blue indigo
spring that bubbles from under the It was in 1861, about the time the tinge, probably bromide of silver. The

ore looked as though it had been mined death of a friend at the hands of an down the dusty streets and courted
more than a hundred years before. Ad- Apache. He rode the high ridges and beautiful senoritas sequestered behind
hering to many of the pieces were small the skyline, as Indians do, avoiding grilled windows. Music was romantic,
bits of a porous lava rock suggesting as much as possible the narrow passes soft, low and continuous. The fires of
that it might have come from one of and the mesquite-choked washes where the smelting furnaces along the creek
those rare pipes or chimneys found an ambush might be laid against him. shown blood red in the night sky, and
in lava flows. Wherever found in any Old timers in Arivaca, like Don Apache warriors rode the skyline in
part of the world these pipes or chim- Manuel Gonzales and Don Teofilio the early morning light.
neys have produced millions in gold. Ortiz, who knew the Blond Mayo As the years passed, the Morales
The Blond Mayo made many weekly when they were young men. say that brothers prospered from their mining
trips into the northeast end of the dis- normally he was quiet and stayed away operations along the creek and back
trict in the vicinity of the Black Prin- from strong drink. But occasionally, in the hills. Fermin, the younger
cess, always returning with his six when he received an extraordinarily brother, ran cattle on the Calera
pack mules heavily loaded. The rich large return on his ore, he went on a ranch three miles north of town, and
gold ore was treated in arrastres that rampage — a "ramtooch" they called El Guero Mayo established a cattle
still stand on the north side of Arivaca it. On these rare occasions he came ranch on the Batamonte Wash below
creek about three miles west of town. into town six guns blazing at the sky the Black Princess Mountain, presum-
On these weekly trips to and from and yelling like a Comanche Indian. ably to keep an eye on his bonanza
his mine, El Guero Mayo, like young The sound of his horse's clattering gold mine.
Lochinvar of King Arthur's court, hoofs and the roar of his guns were While the brothers were somewhat
"rode all alone and through all the wide signals for all the little brown mucha- secretive when it came to discussing
border his steed was the best." How- chitos and some of the older ones to their private affairs, it is believed by
ever, unlike the gay young knight, he rush into the dusty street to scramble many Hispano-Arizonans around Ari-
did not ride unarmed. Across the for the handfuls of silver coins that vaca that they came north for the ex-
pommel of his silver-mounted saddle El Guero Mayo would throw at their press purpose of locating and working
rested a long rifle, and from the two feet. this rich gold mine. There is much
well-filled cartridge belts around his Arivaca was a wild camp in those evidence to show that the mine—per-
slender waist dangled a pair of heavy days, filled to overflowing with mule- haps the old Sopori Mine—was first
Colt revolvers. The Blond Mayo was skinners, bullwhackers, miners, gam- discovered by the Jesuits or other
a dead shot; the way he picked off an bucinos, vaqueros, saloonkeepers, tin Spaniards that came north in the wake
Apache chief or buck at long range horn gamblers and dance hall girls. of the Coronado Expedition searching
was a continual source of wonderment Money was plentiful, the people were for the Seven Golden Cities of Cibola.
to his many friends as well as to the happy despite the raids of marauding Old Spanish and early American maps
tribespeople back in the hills awaiting Indians, and bailes, fandangos and show the Sopori mine in the vicinity
the return of the victim. He was gaunt, fiestas were held with or without prov- of the Black Princess Mountain. Many
eagle-eyed, tireless and remorseless as ocation. Brilliantly caparisoned cabal- people confuse it with the old Isabelle
doom when it came to avenging the leros rode their fine horses up and shaft located one and one-half miles


•: % i - § i •-•••••

-<• rcvift -; ^

MAY, 1953 23
age, assuming precipitation for March
through June is near normal.
February was the third consecutive
IRt tve* month that the Little Colorado, Salt
and Verde River basins have had less
than normal precipitation. The storm
February water supply reports com- supply predictions than the discourag- of the first few days of March, accom-
piled March 1 by the U. S. Weather ing ones published last month. panied by precipitation amounts only
Bureau and the Soil Conservation Streamflow forecasts for the various slightly less than normal for the month,
Service have increased the anxiety of Colorado Basin watersheds are as fol- gave some assurance that the water
farmers, ranchers, stockmen and river- lows: supply picture would not be adversely
runners in the southwestern states. In Colorado River above Cisco—The altered during the ensuing month.
general, February precipitation was current water supply outlook for the Little Colorado River Basin—Sharp
exceptionally light, averaging less than Colorado Basin above Cisco is not downward revisions in the forecasts
30 percent of normal. From every favorable. Median forecasts are for for the Little Colorado River Basin
watershed station came even lower flows of 66 to 82 percent of the 1941- were a result of the light February
50 average, except for streams drain- precipitation. The March storm bright-
ing from the San Juan Mountains. ened things somewhat, but the current
south of the Sopori ranch house. The Water run-off of only 53 percent of
Isabelle was worked by the Jesuit outlook remains poor. The November-
average is indicated for the Umcom- June run-off for the Little Colorado
fathers from the Tumacacori mission. pahgre River at Colona; 56 percent at Woodruff is expected to be only 30
An old volume in the Arizona State of average for the Dolores River at percent of the 1941-50 average.
library at Phoenix reports: "The So- Dolores. Gila River Basin—Little change is
pori mine was known all over Arizona noted in the poor outlook of last month
Green River Basin—Forecasts this
and Sonora for the richness of its ores." for the upper Gila Basin. Median fore-
month are lower than those issued last
The ruins of an old adobe smelting casts are for flows of only 19 to 33
month for all of the Green River Basin
furnace on the arroyo west of the percent of average. November-June
except the Wyoming portion. De-
Black Princess and the walls of an streamflows for this area would fall
creases of 6 percent to 15 percent in
old mission that stand on a long point short of average even if the March-
forecasts for the Utah tributaries bring
of land jutting out into the Altar June precipitation equalled the maxi-
average predictions down to from 60
Valley east of Baboquivari peak would mum of record. Current forecasts for
to 81 percent of normal.
seem to indicate that the mine was the Salt and Verde River Basins are
known to and worked by the people San Juan River Basin—Water sup-
ply forecasts for the San Juan Basin from 9 to 21 percent lower than those
who lived around this mission, perhaps of a month ago. Water-year stream-
by the priests and their Indian neo- are 8 to 15 percent lower than those
issued February 1. Water-year stream- flows of approximately half of the 10-
phytes. The name of the mission has year average are in prospect for these
been lost. It may not have been a flows for the basin are expected to
range from 47 to 64 percent of aver- basins.
full-ranking mission, but a visita or a
halfway station on the trail from other
missions in western Sonora, where the
padres stopped to rest and say Mass
on their way to San Xavier del Bac,
Tumacacori, Guevavi and Cocospra,
Prizes for Unusual Pictures...
There are still wildflower blossoms on the higher levels for those
all on the Santa Cruz River south of
Tucson. camera fans who like to roam the desert in quest of unusual pictures.
Wildflowers are just one of many subjects eligible for Desert Maga-
When old and full of years, El zine's Picture-of-the-Month contest. Sunsets, Indians, landscapes, wild-
Guero Mayo died while on a visit to life, unusual rock formations and sun and shadow effects—in fact,
his old home in the Rio Mayo Valley anything on the desert holds the possibilities of a prize photograph.
in Sonora, Mexico. Fermin, the Commonplace objects such as Joshua trees and Saguaro cactus are
younger brother, died in Arivaca not as popular with the contest judges, however, as are unusual shots
about 20 years ago and lies buried in of unusual subjects.
the old Campo Santo on the north Entries for the May contest must be in the Desert Magazine office.
edge of the town. Palm Desert, California, by May 20, and the winning prints will appear
Lester Fernstrom, a tungsten miner in the July issue. Pictures which arrive too late for one contest are
in the Arivaca district for many years, held over for the next month. First prize is $10; second prize $5.00. For
flew his plane over the Black Princess non-winning pictures accepted for publication $3.00 each will be paid.
mountain a few years ago and reported 1—Prints ior monthly contests must be black and white. 5x7 or larger, printed
having seen a long open cut on the on glossy paper.
2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and
side of the mountain. The cut was place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour of day. etc.
choked with huge boulders and could 3—PRINTS WILL BE BETURNED WHEN RETURN POSTAGE IS ENCLOSED.
well be the entrance to the Blond 4—All entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest
Mayo's mine. The Indian was never 5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert
known to have carried any explosives Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures.
or mining tools with him to or from 6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the
desert Southwest.
his mine, and those who knew him 7—Judges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made
agree that he probably found the ore immediately after the close oi: the contest each month.
already mined by the former operators. Address All Entries to Photo Editor
The fact that the ore brought to the
arrastres showed no fresh surfaces 'Decent THAyaftae PALM DESERT. CALIFORNIA
would seem to bear this out.

The New Teacher . . . Custer's Last Stand . . .
Fullerton, California Redondo Beach, California
The short review of the book A
"Life on the Desert" in the Febru- Trooper with Custer, in the March
ary issue of Desert Magazine, about issue of Desert Magazine, seems to
Louise Switzer Thompson's experience have a mistake in the date of the
with the pack rat in her country school- battle. Shouldn't it have been June 25,
Litterbug Levity . . . room, reminded me of an incident
Reno, Nevada 1876, instead of 1874, as the review
which occurred while we were return- reports?
Desert: ing from a trip east in September, 1918.
Allow me to inject a little humor As we were driving through the I think of Billings, Montana, as my
into the current and much too serious wide open country of Northern Ari- home, and it was here that General
discussion about litterbugs. zona, we passed a schoolhouse that Custer's personal aide lived for years.
W. J. Gilman's letter in the February had obviously just been repaired. New Here also, my father had charge of the
issue of Desert suggests that throw- glass shone in the windows; roof, sides funeral of U. S. Scout Henry M. (Mug-
away articles such as beer bottles, cans, and the outhouses were newly patched. gins) Taylor, the first white man to
milk cartons and "one-blow hankies It looked as though the buildings had reach the scene of the massacre.
and diapers" be taxed to pay for high- not been used for years. There were It would be a shame to add two
way clean-up. I personally can't see new hitching racks and a recently built years to the Little Big Horn contro-
how a family living in Maine could be shed as shade for horses. versy. The only ones who know the
held responsible for highway misbe- Less than half a mile farther we real story of that June morning on
havior on the desert 3000 miles away. came upon a house to which a new Custer Hill have been sleeping over
Gilman's suggestion of trash con- room had just been added. Now there three quarters of a century.
tainers for cars conjured a picture in were enough children to justify a new R. N. SHUART
my mind of an auto dashing along the teacher, we guessed. A few miles along Desert's book reviewer was sleep-
we met a pony team pulling a high ing too. Reader Shuart is right —
spring wagon in which two people correct date for Custer's Last Stand
were riding. A very slender man sat is June 25-26, 1876. Custer had
on the right side of the seat and a led an expeditionary force into the
mite of a girl on the exreme left. She Black Hills country in 1874.—R.H.
had on a very new dress and a saucy
little hat — and she looked nearly
frightened to death. In the back of Canned Water . . .
the wagon were a shining new trunk, San Francisco, California
two unscratched suitcases and several
boxes of groceries. Desert:
One of our members has inquired
Many is the time I've wondered
how the new teacher made out—also, where he might procure canned water.
highway with a garbage can bulging We have checked several sports
from its side. His idea of trash serv- how long she stayed in that country.
I hope she may read this and recognize stores in San Francisco. While they
ice at service stations sounds somewhat
unromantic; no motorist would want herself and write to Desert about it.
to be asked: "How's your oil? Water? There was only the one house in
—and, by the way, sir, shall I check sight for many miles. It would be
the trash?" interesting to have a sequel to what I
Can your readers imagine signs CHARLES S. KNOWLTON
along the highway: "Entering the des-
ert. Get your trash cans here." Or:
"Last Chance dump. Dispose of your Only the Ghosts Remain . . .
trash before it's too late."
Los Angeles, California
One of the most interesting of the
Closed Season foi Rockhounds . . . ghost towns of the West is fast disap-
Denio, Nevada pearing.
Desert: Last fall we visited Aurora, Nevada
This is to advise the rockhound fra- (Desert Magazine, July 1947) by the
ternity that no opal diggers will be only entrance road still usable. We
permitted to go on my claims during found to our dismay that these old "Hey, Ma! Where's the can opener?"
the 1953 season, nor will camping brick buildings dating back to the
courtesies on my home claim be ex- early 1860s were being torn down. In
fact, many had already disappeared. have heard of it, they do not know
tended. This action is made necessary
Some Nevada Road Department where it can be purchased. Perhaps
by the fact that I have to earn a living
digging opals for myself, and I simply employes later told us that Reno junk one of your readers might help us out.
will not have the time to keep tab on dealers have been in there tearing LOUISE LAWRENCE
visiting firemen of the rock hobby. down the buildings and carting the Touring Counselor
Sorry, but no means no! 1953 will be bricks off to Reno to sell. Calif. State Auto. Assoc.
closed season for rockhounds at the It seems a shame that this interest- Desert's editors also would be in-
Foster claims. ing old place has to go this way. terested in learning the answer to
MARK M. FOSTER HUGH TOLFORD Mrs. Lawrence's question.—R.H.

MAY, 1953 25
Phoenix, Arizona . . .
Arrangements for mining a Mexi-
can placer capable of producing an
estimated $20 million in gold are re-
ported completed. Lowell Brakey,
president of the Mexar Mining Corp-
oration of Phoenix, said a party repre-
senting Mexican interests would turn
over to his firm the mining operation
Gallup, New Mexico . . . Farmington, New Mexico . . . on the Rio Bacubirto in the state of
Navajos in the Gallup area an- First commercial gas well on the Sinaloa, Mexico. Brakey indicated the
nounced they would hold a blessing Navajo reservation in New Mexico has operation would be on a cooperative
way ceremony "when the moon is get- proven to be one of the largest dis- basis between Mexican and U. S. in-
ting large" as an apology to their gods coveries in the rich San Juan Basin. terests.—Mining Record.
because an atomic age has mutilated Van Thompson, manager of the ex-
their sacred mountains. The ceremony ploration department of Southern • • •
was called because uranium mining Union Gas Company, said the well, Fallon, Nevada . . .
has marred a portion of the Luka- located 10 miles north of Shiprock, George Green Mining and Truck-
chukai Mountains near here. "The tested 13,900,000 cubic feet per day. ing Company of Willets, California,
Navajo tribal council is permitting both —Mining Record. has been granted a ten-year lease on
Navajos and non-Indians to take ore • • • an iron mine 29 miles south of Gabbs
from the Mother Earth without her Monticello, Utah . . . Valley. The property is owned by
permission," explained a tribal leader, Bonus payments to uranium miners, Harry Howard, George H. Douglas,
"and at this sing there will be profuse being made at the rate of more than Claude W. Douglas and Audry Bar-
apologies for the act." The ceremony $200,000 per month, totaled $1,459,- row. The magnetic iron vein is 130
was expected to last four or five days. 126 February 20, announced the Di- feet wide and approximately 1000 feet
It is called the hozhooji.—New Mexi- vision of Raw Materials of the Atomic in length. The lessee plans to ship
can. Energy Commission. Under the bonus about 500 tons of ore daily. There is
• • • program, designed to encourage and presently a large tonnage on the sur-
Inspiration, Arizona . . . assist the development of new sources face, and there is very little overburden
Inspiration C o n s o l i d a t e d Copper of domestic uranium, payments are to be moved.—Territorial Enterprise.
Company, which spent six years and made to producers on the first 10,000 • • •
$15 million to make its properties here pounds of uranium oxide in acceptable Washington, D. C. . . .
pay dividends, has developed a new ore delivered to qualified mills or ore The United States dug less copper
technique in copper mining—an adap- buying stations between March 1, 1951 in 1952 than in 1951 but consumed
tation of the caved block method to and February 28, 1954. The AEC more, the Bureau of Mines reported.
eliminate long truck hauls in its open has certified 204 properties as being As a result, and despite higher im-
pit operation. Results of the first year's eligible for bonus payments since the ports, producers' stocks of refined
operation show reduction in costs, so- program began.—Dove Creek Press. copper were reduced 30 percent dur-
lution of the sizing problem with in- ing the year. At the year's end, they
stallation of a crusher, additional ore • • •
Phoenix, Arizona . . . totaled only 24,000 tons, the smallest
tonnage for open pit operation through amount on hand at the end of any
solving of sizing and transportation An estimated $200 billion dollars is
currently being spent in the develop- year since 1906, the bureau said. —
problems and fuller use of existing Pioche Record.
facilities and equipment that might ment of new ore bodies by five Arizona
copper mining companies. When de- • • •
otherwise be idle. Last year 26 per-
cent of Inspiration's copper output velopment work is completed late in Kingman, Arizona . . .
was handled by the caved block under- 1957, the state's production of copper J. R. Gardner of Los Angeles re-
ground hoist operation while 39 and will be increased by 313,260,000 ports he is optimistic over the possi-
35 percent, respectively, were from pounds annually. Largest project — bilities of establishing a 300-ton cus-
standard open pit and underground involving $125,000,000—is being car- tom mill at Chloride. His company
mining.—Arizona Republic. ried on by San Manuel Copper Cor- is investigating the feasibility of reviv-
poration in the Mammoth-Tiger dis- ing, improving and expanding the mill-
• • • trict. Other development projects are ing operation on the Tennessee-Schuyl-
Ely, Nevada . . . those of Phelps Dodge Corporation, kill chloride property.—Mining Rec-
Sale of the huge Dixie Valley cop- $25,000,000; Silver Bell Unit of ord.
per deposit to Consolidated Copper American Smelting and Refining Com- • • •
Mining Company of Kimberley, Nev- pany, $17,000,000; Copper Cities Richfield, Utah . . .
ada, has been unofficially confirmed, Mining Company, $15,000,000; and After two years of geological inves-
but it may be some time before the Bagdad Copper Corporation, $18,- tigation by Dr. F. W. Christiansen of
transaction is completed. Terms in- 000,000.—Arizona Republic. Salt Lake City, the Ancient River
cluded a substantial down payment, • • • Channel Gold Mining Company of
with a flat per-ton fee to be paid as Mojave, California . . . Las Vegas, Nevada, has decided the
copper is mined until the full purchase Five mills are concentrating tung- Mineral Hills property in Marysville
price has been paid. The claims in- sten ore in Kern County, which has justifies the expenditure of $50,000 for
volved were formerly held by Wayne become an important producer of the immediate exploration and develop-
Wightman of Fallon, Air Lanes Cop- vital metal. Operating plants include ment. Arrangements have been made
per-Gold Mining Company and the Billington Mining and Milling and Mo- to complete the program without in-
Table Mountain Mining Company, all jave Mining and Milling companies at terruption. An incline' shaft will be
Nevada concerns. A crew has already Mojave, Lone Star Mining Company sunk to intersect the junction of the
started to work on the property.—Fal- at Claraville and Sageland Mining and two major sheer zones present in the
lon Standard. Milling Company near Weldon. property. — Humboldt Star.

the Wells family moved to a long-aban-


doned cabin they soon learned they must share
their quarters with denizens who had lived on the
desert much longer than they. And here is the story
of how they adjusted to that situation.

T TOOK some time to discover pletely. We rushed from the house

that the half-finished and aban- as we were, forgetting the night time
doned house we had bought was perils that might lurk anywhere in the
already occupied. We learned it grad- path of our bare feet. Drawing deep
ually, as our eyes adjusted to the hard breaths and holding them and dash-
light and our ears to the small sounds ing inside for quick grabs at robes
intensified by vast stillnesses, and — and blankets, we somehow got together
yes, our perceptions to an awareness the make-shifts for a night in the open.
of small creatures close at hand and But the kitten, crouched far under the
on the alert. bed, refused to be budged from his
We will never know how many day- hide-out and his disgrace.
sleepers and swing-shifters and grave- It was only after we were settled
yarders returned to their man-made in bed atop the redwood garden table
shelter to find glass instead of half- that we remembered what risks we
secured boards covering the windows, had run, barefooted in the darkness.
and the scent of humankind pervad- Thus we peopled the wilderness night
ing the place. There must have been with terrors, in the days of our inex-
tragedy for some, hurrying to squeeze perience.
to safety from some larger enemy only
This was by no means the last we
to find the way blocked. But long
saw of the little civet cat. He came
after windows were in, there were wily
often that summer, and became tame
ones who found a way inside. This
enough, finally, to share midnight
had been their home too long; they
snacks with us. He never had to dis-
were not to be so easily evicted.
cipline the kitten again. Peterkins had
In daylight, it is an adventure to The author and her husband pose learned the hard way not to tangle
re-identify sounds already classified in by the giant prickly pear outside with any member of the skunk family.
memory. The small scurrying sound their Spring Valley home. We were a bit sorry when, in the
of a mouse that turns out not to be a course of finishing the house, the civet,
mouse but a lizard come in to look titions were to be, the sound was as too, had to be blocked out from his
over his new neighbors; the sound, loud as though it were in the room up-the-drain-pipe-hole entrance.
outside, of an old fashioned Hallow- with us. What living creature would
e'en ratchet coming, apparently, from It was a time of open windows, of
make such a disturbance? V/ere we hammering and sawing and much
the throat of a road-runner perched to become modern Rip Van Winkles,
on a boulder. Even silence itself has talky-talk going on from inside to
unwilling guests at some ghostly nine- outside and around corners, as is the
a sound—or why do your eyes search pin game, as was Rip in the Catskills?
a room until they rest at last on the way with folks happily at work build-
It seemed hours that the weird game ing. Often it was senseless talk, ad-
silent-moving shadow that projects continued. Neither of us cared to in-
itself into a velvet-footed tarantula, dressed to the strange new insects
vestigate. Surely it was more sensible around us. Sometimes it was talk at
about to make himself at home in the to wait until daylight. As we later
cool dryness of the house? cross purposes, as it was the day the
discovered, that was the wisest cow- snake came in. The Boss, was out front,
But sounds at night are something ardice we ever indulged in. working on the door-knob mechanism
else again. Even in familiar surround- In the morning we found a large he had just removed.
ings imagination can run wild. Here jar of fig jam on the floor, its cover
in this strange silent land of velvet flung aside. Delicate claws had laced "Hey, you!" he exclaimed. "You
darkness unrelieved by even a distant through and through the jelly-like can't go in the house!" I, inside, think-
glimmer of street lamps every small mass. Some small animal had worked ing he was still arguing with the lizard
sound has terrifying implications. How with infinite patience to remove the that had been riding around on his
does a rattler sound, inching across a screw top and have himself a feast. coat sleeve, called out, "Of course he
floor? Or a black widow? Does it We were sorry to have missed the can come in. He comes in every day."
drop silently from the ceiling, or is show. And the daughter, just that day home
that small clicking sound it? The cen- It finally took a city-bred kitten to from college, stared in stunned horror
tipede we saw outside today—does it discover the identity of our visitor. at a large king snake smoothly pour-
travel by night and enter houses? From his first moment in ths house, ing his three-foot length through the
Maybe the faint whirring sound is the the kitten had asserted the ancient round hole in the door where the knob
sound of its many feet, bringing it right of house cats to investigate had been.
closer. noises and deal with them properly. There were little paths already made
It was a few nights after we had So, when the noisy one arrived, little for us through the sagebrush. Now,
moved in that we were awakened by Peterkins jumped silently from the nine years later, we still use them, as
such loud, un-animal-like noises that foot of the bed and took ofl for the do the rabbits and the road-runners
new fuel was added to this fever of kitchen. and the big black ants with their pack-
fear. Something was in the kitchen, For a stunned moment or two we trains of seed gatherers. It's hard-
rolling some heavy round object back were sure that the Big Enemy had packed now, but it still belongs to the
and forth, back and forth across the singled us out for a gas-bomb attack, wild life. We have an unspoken law
floor. With only studdings where par- it happened so suddenly and so com- that man must tread lightly here, so

MAY, 1953 27
that no small creature be trodden out in all directions. But somehow we
down; that life on the pathways shall never did more than threaten; it made
be inviolate. For we were the tres- such an excellent background for snap-
passers, and the wilderness moved shop posing.
over and made room for us. And So, while Drouth became a palpa-
now that our fear is gone, none fear ble presence in the garden, and we
us; certainly this is the completion of debated which of the plants should go
peace. first so as to save water for the others, Ina M. Wells, author of this month's
the self-sufficient cactus was well pre- Life on the Desert story, had her first
In the brief years of the rains, our glimpse of the desert in a library book.
acre became an oasis in the waste- pared for any contingency. It will be
here, alive and hardy, after the green Then a young library assistant, she
land of the surrounding hills. Even found in the desert book's pages a
the boulders had their lichen-like things have succumbed. And on moon-
lit nights, when the desert face flattens friend to be cultivated.
cover, in shaded spots. And then the
rains came less and less and each out pallidly and we feel nostalgia for It was years later that she and her
spring the wildflowers came up smaller the sight of tree shadows on spreading husband moved to their California
and fewer, until their rosettes of leaves lawns, it will be here to weave for us desert cabin. "When we came to San
were as sparsely and as evenly spaced its weird patterns of light and shadow, Diego from Michigan in the early
as shrubs on the desert floor. There and cast its grotesque image in black 1940s," she explains, "we were at
was a shrinking, a gathering together on the boulder from which it seems to once immersed to our necks in war
of leaves and stalks, as though each have sprung. work and volunteer service. For res-
plant could thus hug to itself what pite, we had to buy peaceful nights
Peterkins is now known as the Old as far from the city as our car could
little moisture remained. Even the Man of the Mountain—a sage and
water-storers retreated, giving up a carry us each day. The rock spur be-
gentle philosopher observing a nice tween two canyons in the foothills in
few shrivelled leaves now and again, workable rule of live-and-let-live. Oc-
conserving for those that remained. San Diego County was the answer.
casionally he rides into town with us
And all the while the big prickly pear to catch a brief glimpse of the bright "We paid a rugged price for peace
"tree" at the corner of the house grew lights, and his face in the car window the first year or so, when our only
and flourished, putting out great ellip- reflects the wonder and excitement of modern conveniences were a depend-
soidal arms which in turn became it all. But he prefers the quiet of our able car and a good road home. But
woody branches for more great arms. rocky knoll and the peace of its star- the returns on our investment were
We threatened it, and pronounced an- lit nights, and the chance to sleep all so infinitely greater than any hard-
athemas upon it for being a garden day—if he wishes—in a chair of his ships that we stayed on. Now our
robber with snaky 15-foot roots going own choosing. only worry is the steady encroachment
of civilization. Our acre is secure, but
too many people might drive away the

SCRAMBLED WORD QUIZ This month the editors of

Desert have prepared a
new kind of quiz to test
your knowledge of the desert country. Here is a list of 20 words from
roadrunners and the meadowlarks."
• • •
Historical research, such as that
which produced "Where Mormons
the vocabulary of a person who has a general knowledge of the Great
Found a Mountain of Iron" for this
American Desert. Most of them are place names. They include the
issue of Desert Magazine, is a hobby
names of cities, mountains, people, towns and common objects on the
with Gustive O. Larson. Larson, a
desert landscape. If you only get 10 correct answers you are still a
former history instructor at the Uni-
tenderfoot. Twelve to 14 is fair, 15 to 17 good, 18 or over, superior.
versity of Utah and Weber College, is
The answers are on page 39.
director of the Institute of Religion
To unscramble this quiz, take the letters in the scrambled word of the Church of Jesus Christ of Lat-
and rearrange them into a new word which fits the description given. ter-day Saints. The institute is oper-
For instance: if the question was "Daaven. The name of a desert state," ated in connection with Branch Agri-
the answer would be Nevada. cultural College, Cedar City, Utah.
1—Goappa. The name of an Indian tribe in Southern Arizona. • • •
2 -Naimpant. A well known desert mountain range.
3—Hexinpo. A desert state capital. Richard Logan, author of "Lilies of
4—Drang Ancony. A southwestern national park. Kingston Pass," nolina story which
5—Moeringo. An Apache Indian chief who played an important role appeared in the March issue of Desert
in western history. Magazine, would like Desert's readers
6—Copkrish. A well known landmark in New Mexico. to know that the fine close-up study
7—Torpscet. Where the white men dance with snakes. of the nolina blossom which illustrated
8—Buebhee. An extinct volcanic crater on the California desert. the story was taken by Mary Beal,
desert botanist of Daggett, California.
9—Caleensta. Padre who blazed a trail across Utah.
Miss Beal accompanied the Logans on
10—Libl Millisaw. Mountain man and fur trapper.
their trip to Kingston Pass.
11—Nomiac. Spanish word for highway.
12—Chatsaw. Mountain range in Utah. • • •
13—Hilrotey. Ghost town in Nevada. Due to an unexplainable mix-up of
14—Bojac Binlahm. Buckskin apostle of the Mormons. color transparencies, Desert's April
15—Dooncar. He sought the seven cities of Cibola. cover picture was mis-titled "Yucca"
16—Bonmostet. The town too tough to die. and erroneously attributed to Esther
17—Asuorag. State flower of Arizona. Henderson, Southwestern photographer
18—Squoritue. Gem stone favored by the Navajos. of Tucson, Arizona. Desert apologizes
19—Slonage. Town on the Mexican border. to Josef Muench of Santa Barbara, who
20—Oregoswade. Common name of the most common perennial shrub took the unusual photograph, and to
on the American desert. all desert botanists who recognized the
plant as a nolina.

No New Wells This Year . . .
PHOENIX—In an emergency move
to protect Arizona's dwindling ground-
water supplies, the state legislature
blocked until March 31, 1954, the
drilling of new irrigation wells in large
sections of the state. The action came
ARIZONA Museum's Silver Jubilee . . . close upon a decision by the state su-
FLAGSTAFF — Special exhibits preme court holding that groundwater
Papago Program Begun . . . belongs to the landowner. Governor
and events are planned this summer
SELLS — A I O-year program of Howard Pyle, who signed the bill im-
by the Museum of Northern Arizona
economic and social improvement for
in observance of its silver anniversary. mediately, said it would set the stage
Papago Indians on the sprawling res-
The museum opened 25 years ago, in for a court test to determine the extent
ervation in southern Arizona has been
1928, in the women's club building, of the legislature's police power under
started by the federal government. The
now Flagstaff Public Library, and in the decision that groundwater is pri-
program calls for a total expenditure
1936 moved to its present location on vate property. The bill expanded es-
of $23 million for improvement of
the Fort Valley Road, three miles from tablished critical areas under the 1948
stock and farm lands, roads, additional
Flagstaff. The research center, oppo- groundwater code and extended the
schools and a better health program.
site the museum, was started in 1946 life of the present Arizona Under-
Present work includes approximately
to provide laboratories arid living ground Water Commission.—Arizona
$235,000 for road construction —
quarters for the many scientific field Republic.
principally the highway from Covered
parties which use the museum as head-
Wells to Casa Grande—and $350,000
quarters. Silver anniversary events will
for improved irrigation at San Xavier.
Other portions of this year's $1 mil-
include a junior art show, a competitive
showing of the finest art of the Indian
lion appropriation are being used for
general water development and soil
reservation schools of Arizona and
New Mexico and an exhibit showing
and moisture conservation on the res-
ervation.—Arizona Republic.
the growth and accomplishments of
the museum during its 25-year history.
• • •
Apaches Okay State Board . . . —Arizona Republic.
SAN CARLOS—Pending legislative • • •
bills that would create an Arizona Casa Grande Mountain Park . . .
Commission of Indian Affairs have re- CASA GRANDE — Casa Grande
ceived the support of the San Carlos City Council has authorized City At-
Apache Tribal Council. A resolution torney Eugene K. Mangum to take
urging passage of the legislation has legal steps to procure Casa Grande
been sent to members of the house Mountain from the federal govern-
and senate. The bill would set up an ment for use as a recreation park. The
11-man commission to study the prob- area involved includes moj.t of the
lem of integrating the state's Indian mountain, approximately 2000 acres.
population into the general economy. The Casa Grande Rotary Club has
Five of the members would be Indians. offered to pay annual lease fees to
—Arizona Republic. the government, and its members al-
• • • ready are building picnic tables and SAN JUAN and COLORADO
Indian Fete at Winslow . . . benches for public use at the park.—
Casa Grande Dispatch.
WINSLOW — Indian affairs com- • • • Seven-day voyage through the scenic
mittee of Winslow Chamber of Com- Museum for Buckeye . . . canyon wonderland of Utah and Arizona.
merce has announced plans for an all- BUCKEYE — Buckeye Historical Boats leaving Mexican Hat, Utah, May
Indian festival to be staged in Winslow and Archeological Museum, housed in
the weekend of July 31 and August 1. 4, May 14, May 25 (9-day trip), June 8,
the old city hall, was opened to the June 18. Trips end at Lee's Ferry. Two
Indians from all Arizona tribes will be public in March. The museum displays
invited to be the guests of Winslow at post season runs between Hite, Utah
relics of Buckeye pioneer days as well and Lee's Ferry, Arizona.
a giant barbecue, to show their handi- as the archeological collection of W. J.
crafts and to perform native dances.— Simmons of Phoenix. — Arizona Re- Rates — 7-day trips: 1 person $200;
Arizona Republic. public. party of 2 or 3. $175 each; party of 4 or
more. $160 each. 9-day trip, $200 each.
They lived, loved and laughed one day at a time in Death Valley. You " . . . A flight on the magic carpet
will enjoy the humor, romance and tall tales in the most talked about book of adventure into a canyon wilderness
of the year. of indescribable beauty and grandeur."
wrote Randall Henderson in the Des-
A factual, personal narrative. Colorful characters. Ghost towns. Lost For detailed information write to—
mines. Romantic rascals. Girls "beautiful but damned." Overnight fortunes, J. Frank Wright. Blanding. Utah, or
famous and infamous.
Not one dull moment from cover to cover. A perfect gift for anyone,
anytime. A must for the tourist. Mexican Hat Expeditions
A man's book but women buy more copies. (Successors to Nevills Expeditions, world-
At Better Book Stores from Coast to Coast $4.25 famous River exploration trips)
Add 26 cents sales tax and postage P. O.. BLUFF. UTAH
DEATH VALLEY PUBLISHIXG CO. — Box 124, Ontario, California

MAY, 1953 29
A REAL BUY — 20 acres fertile, virgin
land 38 miles south of Lone Pine—Inyo

THE DESERT TRflDMG POST County—Vi mile east of Hiway 395—

$750.00 (full price). Just $25.00 down,
$18.00 per month 90 day money back
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 8c a Word, $1.00 Minimum Per Issu* guarantee. Don't delay, act today! Pon
& Co., Box 546, Azusa, Calif.
FOR SALE—600 acres patented in national
INDIAN GOODS DAWSON'S BOOK SHOP in Los Angeles, forest 45 miles northwest of Wheatland,
one block north of the Hotel Statler has Wyo. Marketable saw-timber, 2 miles
THE WELL KNOWN Indian Stone Age a large stock of out of print and new trout stream, beaver dams, Vs oil rights.
Museum complete collection for Vi its books relating to western history and No improvements. Owner, Box 572,
value. Thousands of pieces of prehistoric travel including Death Valley, Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona.
stone, bone, shell and pottery. 8 large Lower California, Colorado River. Cat-
glass show cases, 1 large oak cabinet with alogue 269 sent on request Dawson's MISCELLANEOUS
34 drawers. Collection suitable for trad- Book Shop, 550 So. Figueroa, Los An- QUIET DELUX ROYAL Portable Type-
ing post or private museum. H. F. Strandt, geles 17, California. writer, standard size Pica or Elite (small
1025 E. Broadway, Anaheim, California, size) $103.58 including tax, delivered
phone 4759. PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for anywhere in the U.S.A., Hastings Type-
Rockhounds and Desert Roamers. A writer Co., Hastings, Nebraska.
FOR SALE—Rare Indian Collection. Best new booklet, "What the Beginner Needs
private collection outside of a museum. to Know," 36 pages of instructions; also PAN GOLD this summer on my rich claim
Things that very few have ever seen. 20 catalogue of mining books and prospec- located in California's scenic Feather
frames of arrowheads. 4 frames and tors' supplies, maps of where to go and River country. Lovely gold-bearing creek.
equipment that was used to work with. blue prints of hand machines you can Very reasonable fee. Write box 604,
Also petrified dinosaur bone and wood. build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or Stockton, California.
A rare rock collection of all kinds. Col- stamps. Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk
lected by Laura Babb in five western 5, Lodi, California. SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS:
states. Owners will sacrifice. Nellie Smith, One dollar each postpaid. Greasewood
Henrieville, Utah. BOOKS FOUND—Any title! Free world- Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow, Calif.
wide book search service. Any book, NATURAL SCIENCE color slides covering
FOR SALE: Collection of 57 Paiute, Sho- new or old. Western Americana a spe-
shone and Seri baskets. Gathered in Death cialty. Lowest price. Send wants today! mineralogy, geology, insects, wild life,
Valley region and Sonoma, Mexico, 1915 International Bookfinders, Box 3003-D, flowers, trees, clouds, conchology. Men-
to 1935. $200.00. Eva Huey, 2629 32nd Beverly Hills, California. tion interests for lists. World's largest
St., San Diego, California. mineral slide catalog, a useful, check list,
GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- 1,000 titles by groups, 25c refunded on
RARE INDIAN PAPOOSE CARRIERS— cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, first purchase. Popular lectures with
made by Klamath River Indians—collec- where to collect and buy, many dealer script rented. Information free. Scott
tors items $25.00 postpaid. A few minia- advertisements. Completely covers the Lewis, 2500 Beachwood, Hollywood 28,
ture Carriers at five dollars and up de- hobby. The rockhound's own magazine California.
pending on size. Money refunded if not for only $2.00 year (12 full issues) or
completely satisfied. Moise Penning, Box write for brochure and booklist. Mineral LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest
213, Orick, California. Notes and News, Box 716B, Palmdale, Beautifier." For women who wish to
California. become beautiful, for women who wish
WE SEARCH unceasingly for old and rare to remain beautiful. An outstanding des-
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate ert cream. For information, write or call
. a large assortment. Collectors seem as BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES Lola Barnes, 963 N. Oakland, Pasadena
eager to possess them as their original COUPLE: Trained and experienced want 6, Calif., or phone SYcamore 4-2378.
owners. To those who like real Indian to lease or manage motel in Arizona or
things, a hearty welcome. You too may New Mexico. Good references. J. Wes SEND FOR list of dried floral materials
find here something you have long de- Bradly, 404 W 3rd St., Phone 757 W. for arrangements, home decorating. Mel
sired. We are continually increasing out Hereford, Texas. Capper, Box 70, Palm Springs, California.
stock with the finest Navajo rugs, In- PAN GOLD: 75 spots in 25 California
dian baskets, and hand-made jewelry. BORREGO DESERT: Hwy 78, Ocotillo counties for placer gold, township and
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill Wells, San Diego County: Opportunity range, elevation, geological formation,
Blvd., Fontana, California. for couple who appreciate Desert life. near town. Pertinent remarks. $1.00.
Mobilgas station, cafe and five rental Box 42037, Los Angeles, California.
INDIAN ANTIQUES of all types. Weapons, units. Will sell or lease to competent
buckskin garments, war bonnets, mocca- experienced couple. Write Rogers. Box DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar
sins, old Navajo pawn, baskets, kachinas. 86, Del Mar, California. postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses. Len-
Pat Read, Indian Trader, Lawrence, Kans. IMPORT-EXPORT! Opportunity profitable, wood, Barstow, California.
6 PERFECT ANCIENT Flint Arrowheads world-wide, mail-order business from SCENIC KODACHROME SLIDES: South-
$2.00. Grooved Stone War Club $2.00. home, without capital, or travel abroad. western Desert country, Indians, National
Perfect Peace Pipe $5.00. 2 Flint Knives Established World Trader ships instruc- Parks, Mexico. Catalogue 10c. Jack
$1.00. Ancient Clay Water Bottle $8.00. tions for no-risk examination. Experience Breed, RFD-4, Georgetown, Mass.
All offers $15.00. List Free. Lear's, unnecessary. Free details. Mellinger.
Glenwood, Arkansas. 545, Los Angeles 24, California. REAL PINE CONES—Postpaid. Decora-
tive, interesting, creative, genuine. Un-
BOOKS — MAGAZINES REAL ESTATE treated $1.00 per doz. Shellac dipped
"KNIGHT'S FERRY — Gateway to the LOCATED in the heart of the Desert away $1.25 per doz. Box 221, Big Bear Lake,
Mother Lode" by Claude E. Napier. His- from fog, smog and atom bombs. Excel- California.
torical facts—some never before printed lent climate for arthritis, asthma and FIND YOUR OWN beautiful Gold nug-
—and tall ones—by author. A "must for rheumatism. Five room modern house gets! It's fun! Beginners' illustrated in-
scholars-students of California gold days and cabin. Priced for quick sale. Mining struction book $1.00. Gold pan, $2.00.
and collectors. 250 copies first edition. possibilities. Mrs. Ludmilla Arnold, P.O. Where to go? Gold placer maps. South-
Many photos and illustrations of historic- Box 307, Bouse, Arizona. ern California, Nevada, Arizona, $1.00
ally famous "Knight's Ferry" district. DESERT GEM SHOP at Salome, Arizona. each state. All three maps $2.00. Desert
Autographed, postpaid, $2.75. Napier, Rapidly growing business. Excellent lo- Jim, Box 604, Stockton, California.
Box 984, Oakdale, California. cation on Highway 60-70. Five acres of ORGANIZATIONS increase your treasury
CHAMBERS' MINERALOGICAL Diction- land. Good water, wonderful winter building fund. For free detailed informa-
ary, with forty plates of colored illustra- climate. Selling on account of health. tion write George Brewer, 5864 Holly-
tions, $4.75, Hastings Typewriter Co., P. O. Box 276, Salome, Arizona. wood Boulevard, Hollywood 28, Calif.
Hastings, Nebraska. IF YOU LIKE the Desert You'll love New- PLACER OR LODE location notices, 60c
STORY OF the desert in word and picture. berry. Great opportunities for all year Doz. Blank township plats, single town-
History, legends, etc. $1 postpaid. Palm income. Build modern housekeeping ship, or 4 townships, on 8'/2"xH", $1.00
Springs Pictorial, 465 No. Palm Canyon rentals. Write Chamber of Commerce, pad. Westwide Maps Co., 114'/2 W.
Drive, Palm Springs, California. Newberry, California. Third St., Los Angeles, California.

Indian Welfare Arizona Job . . . Seek to Resume Pageant . . . Study Sheep Damage . . .
PHOENIX — Beginning in April, MECCA — "Resumption of the INDIO—Sheriff Joe Rice has be-
the entire burden of welfare payment Mecca Easter Pageant in 1954 is a gun an investigation to determine
to its needy reservation Indians will real possibility," the Mecca Civic whether sheep ranchers are violating
fall on the state of Arizona. Preble E. Council announced after a conference a county ordinance that protects wild-
Pettit, state welfare commissioner, has with the Coachella Valley Recreation flowers against grazing. Riverside
requested an additional $225,000 from District which has expressed interest County supervisors asked for the in-
the state legislature to meet the added in sponsoring the event. Pageant di- vestigation after Supervisor Homer
expense. Pettit's action followed dis- rectors are eager to resume production Varner reported that sheep men were
missal of an Arizona suit in U. S. "but only if it can be properly financed. moving the animals into the Coachella
Federal Court in Washington asking The practice of having to beg for ma- Valley by railroad and attempting to
determination of whether federal or terials and technical assistance will not graze them there. A county ordinance
state funds should pay for reservation continue."—Date Palm. establishes wildflower reserves and
Indian welfare. The federal govern- • • • makes it a misdemeanor to graze sheep
ment indirectly warned Arizona im- Hunters Active, Films Show . . . in them during March, April and May.
mediately to assume the reservation —Desert Sun.
welfare burden alone or federal welfare TRONA—Burro hunters have been
• • •
funds for all Arizona residents might active in the Homewood Canyon area,
representatives of the Society for the Desert Ranger Goes East . . .
be cut off. The U. S. Indian Bureau
had been paying 90 percent of Indian Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and TWENTYNINE PALMS — Frank
relief to Arizona's 10 percent.—Yuma the Southern California Humane So- R. Givens, Superintendent of Joshua
Daily Sun. ciety discovered on a recent trip to Tree National Monument, has been
Trona. The societies took pictures of made chief ranger of Acadia National
CALIFORNIA burro remains they found and planned Park in Maine. Superintendent Sam-
to show the films on television, in their uel A. King of Saguaro National Mon-
Campaigns for Office . . . campaign urging legislation protecting ument in Arizona will take Givens'
PALM SPRINGS — First political the desert animals.—Trona Argonaut. place at Joshua Tree.
advertisement ever placed by an
American Indian seeking election to
a tribal office appeared in the Desert
Sun in March. Frank Segundo, mem- VcacUmc it Tie**,
ber of the Agua Caliente band in Palm
Springs, placed the ad in his campaign
for chairman or chief of the tribal
council. As this issue of Desert Magazine comes off the press the deadline is
• • • close at hand for the submitting of entries in Desert's annual Life-on-the-
Coachella Valley Homesteads . . . Desert contest.
INDIO—The U. S. Bureau of Rec- For the best story of from 1200 to 1500 words submitted by May 1,
lamation will open 21 units of farm an award of $25.00 will be made. Each other contestant whose manu-
homestead land, covering 1400 acres script is accepted for publication will receive a $15.00 award. Entries
in the All-American Canal Project, to will be judged on the basis of story content and writing style.
public entry in May. The California The story must relate a true experience, preferably of the writer—no
State Department of Veterans Affairs yarns or tall tales or heresay will qualify. The experience may involve
says World War II and Korea veterans danger while lost on the desert, an adventure while living or traveling on
have first priority in the acquisition of the desert or in Indian country, while homesteading, rockhunting or pros-
these farms. Persons interested in filing pecting. It may be the meeting of an unusual character, revealing a phase
applications should write to the Recla- of human nature or a distinct way of life. It may recall "good old days"
mation Board, Sacramento, California, in the mining camps or frontier towns. Perhaps it will contain a lesson on
and ask to be placed on the mailing desert wildlife or plants or desert living.
list for public announcements and ap-
plication forms when these are re- The contest is open to amateur and professional writers alike, but
leased.—Date Palm. those who plan to submit manuscripts should carefully observe the follow-
ing rules:
All manuscripts must be typewritten, on one side of the page only.
The Desert Trading Post Entries should be addressed to Editor, Desert Magazine, Palm Desert,
California, and must carry a dateline not later than May 1, 1953, to
GHOST TOWN ITEMS: Sun-colored glass, qualify for the awards.
amethyst to royal purple; ghost railroads
material, tickets; limited odd items from If good sharp 5x7 or larger pictures are available, an extra $3.00 will
camps of the '60s. Write your interest— be paid for each photograph accepted. Pictures are not essential, however.
Box 64-D, Smith, Nevada. Writers must be prepared to supply confirmation as to the authenticity
BEAUTIFUL FREE GOLD specimens of their stories. Only true experiences are wanted.
$1.00 each, postpaid and returnable if All stories must be essentially of the desert, and the scene is limited
not satisfied. J. N. Reed, Bouse, Arizona.
to Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico and the desert area of California.
SHEAFFER WHITE DOT Desk Pen with True names of those involved must be given, although with the
new brown onyx base, only $15.79 in-
cluding tax, prepaid anywhere in the knowledge of the judges, fictitious names may be substituted in special
U.S.A., Hastings Typewriter Co., Hast- cases where there is reflection on personal character.
ings, Nebraska. If the story has appeared previously in print, this fact and the time
SILENT SMITH CORONA Portable Type- and name of the medium in which it appeared should be given.
writer, standard size Pica or Elite (small
size) $100.37 including tax, delivered All readers of Desert Magazine are invited to submit manuscripts.
anywhere in the U.S.A., Hastings Type- Unaccepted manuscripts will be returned if accompanied by return postage.
writer Co., Hastings, Nebraska.

MAY, 1953 31
Urge Calico State Park . . . mountain alone — Old Calico — $67 John Robbins of Elko and Kenneth
YERMO—Pointing out the interest million worth of silver was mined in Johnson of Ormsby. Johnson, who
the Calico Mountains hold for histor- the roaring '80s, and here the Mor- said the new flag culminated 12 years
ian, geologist, mineralogist, photogra- mons passed with their wagon trains, of study, asked the senators to ap-
pher and sightseer, the Yermo Cham- and before them the Spanish Conquis- prove a design which calls for a
ber of Commerce has sent a folder, tadores," the pamphlet reminded divi- tri-color of blue, gray and white. Upon
sion chiefs.—Barstow Printer-Review. the central white stripe would be
Yermo, Gateway to the Calicos to the
• • • placed a blood-red map of Nevada.
California Division of Beaches and
The words "Battle-born" would ap-
Parks. Yermo and Barstow are urging NEVADA
pear on the map in white letters and
that the Calico area be made a state New Flag for Nevada . . . "Nevada" would be written across the
park. "Here the first borax was dis- CARSON CITY — A new Nevada bottom of the central stripe in red
covered in sufficient quantities to jus- state flag would be created under terms letters.—Battle Mountain Scout.
tify commercial mining. Here in one of a bill introduced in the senate by • • •
Snowpacks Light, Surveys Show . . .
HUMBOLDT — Lowest snowpack
measurements since 1934 were re-
corded in two Nevada areas during
March surveys. Wayne Cloward, for-
est ranger in Paradise Valley, reported
JLitunq tin finding an average of 23.7 inches of
snow—less than half of last year's

Lapidary Caddy
record fall — on the Paradise Valley
and Martin Basin courses. The lower
courses at Lemance and Buckskin
were the lowest in 19 years. Not only
was there less snow, Cloward found,
but the water content was considerably
below normal.—Humboldt Star.
• • •
Nothing Like a Good Fight . . .
CARSON CITY — Nevada would
participate in the Supreme Court battle
between Arizona and California over
the water rights of the Colorado River
under a bill offered the Nevada Sen-
ate by Rene Lemaire, Lander County
Republican. The measure points out
that the pending suit jeopardizes Nev-
ada's rights to water and seeks a $75,-
000 appropriation to finance the at-
torney general of the state to intervene
with whatever legal means he deems
• • •
Nevada Publicity Bureau . . .
AUSTIN—Nevada's historical and
* b y makers of the famous
scenic points of interest, its "lenient
TV "tube caddy" laws and general lack of restrictions
on living" will be publicized by a
Nevada Information Committee to be
appointed by Darwin Lambert, presi-
dent of the Nevada Chamber of Com-
Slightly higher west of Rockies
merce Executives Association. Nevada
publicity heretofore has been left en-
tirely to individual cities and com-
Newest, NEATEST Way to Keep Your Collection munities, said Lambert, and has been
Keeps your specimens, stones, and jewelry cover for rock hammer (not included). local rather than statewide. The high-
ORGANIZED and TOGETHER. You can Exceptionally sturdy construction of
refer to them easier, show them off better. 3-ply wood covered with scuff-resistant ways and parks department magazine,
Or, you can take your entire collection any- l e a t h e r e t t e . Slip-apart hinges 3n front
where—just as easily as a brief case—on cover. Don't underestimate its ruggedness ; Nevada, has been issued only now and
a second's notice. Also serves as complete
case for field trips, going to classes, etc.
it's built to give long service and carry
plenty of weight. Workmanship fully guar
then because of limited funds.—Reese
Plenty of space for everything from rough anteed. Handsome gray color, smartly ac River Reveille.
samples to your most precious finished centuated with brass-finished hardware
gems. Three sliding drawers. Carry unfin- Ask your lapidary dealer, or if none near
ished material, camera, flashlight, etc., in by, send $11.95 and we'll ship parcel post
open space at bottom. Cabinet overall 14 x If not satisfied, return within 15 days for
11 VA x 8 in. deep. Provision inside front complete refund. 1000 TRAVEL SCENES

Inquiries invited from

Lapidary Dealers



Muskrat Trapping Program . . . New Mexico Ranges Improve . . . Pass Thome Museum Bill . . .
FALLON—A goal of 12,000 musk- GALLUP — "Recent precipitation TAOS — New Mexico's House of
rats was set by the Stillwater Wildlife has improved grazing prospects in cen- Representatives has passed the Thorne
Management Area in a concerted 10- tral and Western New Mexico and Museum Bill, appropriating $45,000
day trapping drive in March. Musk- Arizona," the U. S. Department of for purchase of the old Thorne house
rat hides bring from a few cents apiece Agriculture reported March 1, "and in Taos for use as a museum. The
to more than a dollar for fine hides. range and pasture feeds are good." legislation also provides for establish-
Half the revenue goes to the trapper Elsewhere range forecasts were not so ment of a governing board to operate
and half to the district. Stillwater favorable. Dry conditions reduced the museum and to set an admission
hoped to net $6000 in the March ef- grazing in Utah and Nevada, and the fee, not to exceed 50 cents, to help
fort. The muskrat program is admin- prolonged drouth reduced native feed defray maintenance expenses. In ad-
istered by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife in California, with a record decline in dition to the house, the Thorne prop-
Service without charge. — Fallon conditions during February. erty includes three acres of land ad-
• • • joining Kit Carson State Park. — El
Standard. Crepesculo.
• • • Chimney Rock Curio Cave . . .
• • •
Ask More City Land . . . ALAMOGORDO — The cave in Indian Bills Introduced . . .
BOULDER CITY —Boulder City Chimney Rock which once served as WASHINGTON — Several bills
Advisory Council has recommended an Apache stronghold and later as the aimed at improving the lot of the
the addition to the dam community of hideout of Billy the Kid, has been re- American Indian have been introduced
a mile-long stretch of Lake Mead shore opened as a curio shop for tourists in Congress. Senate bills offered by
and another 45-acre proposed airport traveling Highway 70 between Ala- Senator Butler of Nebraska advocate
site southeast of town. The plan to mogordo and Roswell. New owners the following: (1) transfer of Indian
annex the land, which lies within the are Mr. and Mrs. George Fuchs, who health services administration, includ-
Lake Mead Recreation Area, was purchased the cave building from Mr. ing operation of hospitals on reserva-
strongly opposed by the recreation and Mrs. Bill Brem. Brem had en- tions, from the U. S. Indian Service
area's superintendent, George Bag- closed the cave with large plate glass to the Public Health Service; (2) state
gley. Approval of the federal govern- windows, leaving intact the jagged rock jurisdiction over crimes committed by
ment must be obtained before annexa- walls and great overhanging roof ledge. or against reservation Indians; and (3)
tion can proceed.—Las Vegas Review- The spring of fresh water within the transfer of trust funds from the U. S.
Journal. cave has been transformed into a Treasury to accounts of individual In-
• • • drinking fountain. — Alamogordo dians in home town banks. Most of
Pioche Landmark Destroyed . . . News. the bills have counterparts in the
PIOCHE — One of the old land- • • • House.—New Mexican.
marks of Pioche was almost completely Experiment Fails . . .
destroyed when an oil stove exploded SANTA FE—The billboards have Vacation at
and set fire to the Alexander Hotel, a won the battle between highway-side
structure more than 75 years old. advertising and the New Mexico land-
Pyramid Lake Guest Ranch
Damage was estimated at between GOOD KOCK AXD STONE AKEA
$5000 and $7000.—Caliente Herald. scape. By a vote of 34 to 20, the state on the Painte U< r vat ion • 35 miles from
house of representatives passed a mea- RENO • hunt fi arrowheads • unusual
rock nutations mountain, desert, lake
NEW MEXICO sure which removes most restrictions area horseback idiiiK • pack trips • tile
swimmi i.ii pool ranch tiring • ranch
"Long Walk" Over . . . formerly imposed by the state in an cooked meals • modern individual cabins
attempt to control signboard advertis- American Plan starts at $60 a week
woman, widow of an Indian scout who ing. Groups opposing the bill contend
helped track Geronimo, died in March it opens the way for more and larger Write:
in the family hogan near Gallup. Mrs. billboards along New Mexico road- PYRAMID LAKE GUEST RANCH
ways.—New Mexican. RENO, NEVADA
Bah Charley, widow of Old Navajo Phone: Pyramid Lake No. 1
Charley, was believed to be at least 97
years old. She participated in the famed
We can supply . . .
"long walk" — a roundup of Nav- M A P S
ajos accused of depredations against WESTERN EXPLORATION AND HISTORY
San Bernardino County, $1.00; River-
white settlers—during the Civil War. Send for lists side County, $1.00; San Diego County,
Then 8 or 9 years old, Mrs. Charley JAMES C. HOWGATE, Bookseller 50c; Imperial County, 50c; other
made the walk from Ft. Definance, counties $1.00 each; (add 10c for
128 So. Church St., Scheneclady 1. N. Y. postage). We carry all topographic
Arizona, to Bosque Redondo near Ft. quadrangle maps in California and
Sumner, New Mexico, a distance of other western states and Alaska. If
about 400 miles. it's maps, write or see Westwide
• • • 'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER" Maps Co., 114V2 W. 3rd St., Los
Angeles 13, California.
McKay Urges Indian Citizenship . . .
tary Douglas McKay admits the gov- AIR MATTRESSES
ernment's record in Indian affairs has Looking for a PUBLISHER?
been bad for 125 years. Recently he SMALL TENTS Do you have a book-length manuscript you
would like to have published? Learn about
urged "full citizenship with full re- our unusual plan whereby your book can be
published, promoted and distributed on a
sponsibilities" be given the estimated and many other items professional basis. We consider all types of
40,000 Indians still on reservations. work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly
and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
He said he thought his proposed In- VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT come. For more information, write for valu-
able booklet D. It's free.
dian reforms could be accomplished 717 West Seventh Street VANTAGE PRESS, INC.
but declined to say how long he LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA 6356 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood 28, Calif.
thought it would take. Main Office: New York 1, N. ¥.

MAY, .1953 33
UTAH a considerable portion of the snow at
G O L D . . . The Easy Way! Even Papoose Pays . . . low elevations, decreasing irrigation
f o r slui( in
Take Along D
A Folding AK
A "D
VA gravel' 8 ROOSEVELT—For the first time season prospects. Dry soils at higher
Slings Over Shoulder—Wt. 4 lb. in history, Ute Indians on the Uintah- elevations further decrease the expected
Ten Times as Fast as Panning Ouray reservation shared the white run-off from snowpack at these eleva-
CREATIVE RESEARCH, INC. man's allergy to the Ides of March. tions.—Salt Lake Tribune.
513 Knight Way, La Canada, California They had to pay income taxes. Even • • •
children had to pay, since they are Emigration Canyon Popular . . .
listed in government records as self-
supporting if they were born before half a million persons are expected to
30-lb. bag delivered in California August 21, 1952. This is because
express prepaid for $3.00. visit the This Is the Place monument
they shared in per capita payments of at the mouth of Emigration Canyon
G. W. CUTSHAW. Grower tribal oil royalties, from which most this year. "Funds provided by the
Brawley, California of the Indians' income stems. state legislature are making possible
A special per capita payment from improvements which will materially
the tribal treasury was set up by fed- increase attendance," reported John
C O U N T Y M A P S eral officials. Each registered member
Many "few Issues Giles, executive secretary-treasurer of
Utmost details—for offices, realtors, Lum- of the band—man, woman and child the Utah Monument Commission.
bermen, sportsmen, Miners, etc. With Twn- —received $300 for tax purposes. In-
shps, riig, Sec. Mines, all roads, trails, strms. Eight bronze inscription tablets will
B.R., Elevations, Ntl. Fists, etc. dians who received no money other outline the history of the region from
20x30 $1.00
17x23 1.00
than per capita payments, which to- the coming of the first Catholic mis-
Amador 20x30 1.00 taled $1070 apiece last year, were as- sionaries in 1776 until the arrival of
Butte 29x33 1.00
Calaveras 21x31 1.00 sessed $54. Not only were oil royal- the Mormon pioneers in 1847, and a
Contra Costa
ties taxable, but income from re- new water system will be installed.
Del Norte 24x25 1.00 stricted land and trust property like- Last year 400,000 persons visited the
Eldorado 24x39 1.00 wise was taxed for the first time in Ute
Fresno 28x50 2.50 monument.—Salt Lake Tribune.
42x75 5.00
18x33 1.00
history. Thus tribal members paid tax
Humboldt 20x36 1.00 on incomes ranging from the $1070 • • •
Humboldt 30x56 2.50 minimum to as high as $48,000, top MOAB—After 42 years of publish-
Imperial 31x51 2.00
Inyo, East and West Half, ea. 7.50 income on the reservation.—Salt Lake ing the Moab Times-Independent, L.
Kern 38x78 5.00
Kern 26x58 2.50 Tribune. L. Taylor has left his editorial desk to
Kings 27x29 1.00 • • • serve on the Industrial Commission of
Lake .24x36 1.00
Lassen 26x36 1.00 Dry Year Ahead . . . the State of Utah. Until Taylor's son
Lassen 38x55 3.00
Los Angeles 42x44 3.00 SALT LAKE CITY—Below aver- returns from army duty to assume
Los Angeles 33x35 1.00 age water supplies, both for the irriga- Times - Independent responsibilities,
Madera 23x50 1.50
Marin 23x24 1.00 tion season, April to September, and publication will be handled by Mr.
Mariposa 29x33 1.00
Mendocino 36x48 2.50 the water year, October, 1952, to and Mrs. B. C. Spencer who have ob-
Merced 34x36 1.00 September, are forecast for most of tained a three-year lease on the paper.
Modoc 34x41 1.50
Modoc 28x24 1.00 Utah. January's heavy precipitation —Moab Times-Independent.
Mono 23x67 3.00
Monterey 42x52 3.00 over Great Salt Lake basin proved • • •
Napa 20x28 1.00 only a brief respite in an otherwise dry
Nevada 22x38 1.00 Consider Moab Bridge . . .
Orange 23x24 1.00 season, reported the U. S. Soil Con-
Placer 26x46 1.50 MOAB — Construction of a new
Placer 30x17 1.00 servation Service and Weather Bureau,
Plumas 33x40 1.50 and outlook for this section is only 75 bridge across the Colorado River at
Plumas .-. 27x22 1.00
Riverside 27x98 5.00 percent of average run-off. Stream- Moab will be begun next winter and
Riverside 18x66 2.50
.Sacramento 26x32 1.00 flows for Sevier and Beaver River will be ready for travel the following
San Benito 19x38
San Bernardino, No. !/2 or So. % 7.50
1.00 basin are expected to be about 65 per- spring. The new structure will be ap-
San Bernardino—N.W. V* 3.75 cent of average. Unusually warm proximately 1200 feet long and down-
San Bernardino—S.W. 'A 3.75 weather during the winter has melted
San Bernardino—N.E. 'A 3.75 stream from the present bridge.
San Bernardino—S.E. 'A 3.75
San Diego 38x49 2.50
San Diego 26x34 1.00
San Francisco
San Joaquin
San Luis Obispo
San Luis Obispo
35x56 3.00
San Mateo ...20x32 1.00 Is located in the center of the rockhounds' and photographers' rendezvous
Santa Barbara 36x38 1.50 9 miles E. of Barstow, California on Hiwy. 91 at Daggett Road.
Santa Barbara 33x23 1.00 From Motel Calico it is
Santa Clara 25x33 1.00
Santa Cruz 19x24 1.00 3.5 Mi. to Knott's Calico ghost town (Minerals, Silver, Lead & Gold)
Shasta 34x49 3.00 3.5 Mi. to Jasper Peak (Red Jasper)
Shasta 33x24 1.00 4 Mi. to Odessa Canyon (Minerals, Agate & Copper)
Sierra 16x31 1.00
Siskiyou 39x62 4.00 4.5 Mi. to Mule Canyon (Petrified Palm root & Borax)
Siskiyou 26x43 2.00 10 Mi. to Agate Hill (Banded Agate)
Siskiyou 20x32 1.00 15 Mi. to Fossil Beds (Sea Fossils)
Solano 22x25 1.00
Sonoma 29x36 1.00 25 Mi. to Manix & Alvord Mts (Palm Wood)
Stanislaus 34x36 1.00 35 Mi. to Pisgah Crater (Obsidian & Agate)
Sutter 21x24 1.00
Tehama 26x48 2.00 40 Mi. to Lavic (Jasper & Moss Agate)
Tehama 17x32 1.00 Come and enjoy our smog free desert atmosphere
Trinity 33x52 3.00
Trinity 23x34 1.00 Two people $5.00 a night Four people $6.50 a night
.Tulare 38x49 2.00
Tuolumne 31x43 1.50 Pets $3.00 Extra
Ventura 27x34 1.00
Yolo 25x28 1.00 Tiled Kitchens available—Electric ranges and refrigerators. You rest
Yuba 22x29 1.00 in quiet insulated units three miles away from trains. Informative
Most maps are drawn to scale of Vi inch to
the mile. Maps obtainable flat or folded. Brochure mailed on request.
WORLD'S MINERALS Phone Barstow 3467 Box 6105, Yermo. California
2417 San Pablo Ave., Oakland 12, Calif.

By LELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal
Since August 1942 this column has been stones," Monterey jade pebbles, etc., have
appearing here unremittingly. It averages already been tumbled for centuries by Na-
about 1200 words per issue so that in the ture. Relatively little tumbling will bring
nearly 11 years since it began there has ap- them to the final polishing stage. But
peared approximately 156,000 words about rough broken rock chunks, deeply pitted
the rockhounding hobby. nodules, and geodes with a thick outer
A file of all these columns presents a his- matrix require much more time in the
tory of the fastest growing hobby in Amer- tumbler to achieve a smooth surface:. These
ica but more important it presents for the three questions—noise, size of batch and
first time many new phases of gem cutting time—are the most repeated queries.
and procedure that have later become "In practical use the tumbling process
adopted and accepted. Now and then some- quickly develops into a continuous opera-
thing controversial has appeared and some tion" writes Mr. Mitchell. "Each batch will
real experimenting by the amateurs has fol- contain some material that will finish quite
lowed. rapidly and this may be removed when
Nothing within our memory however has
stirred up the immediate response of the
finished and new material added to main-
tain the weight. Frequently a few pounds HILLQUIST
readers to an idea like the discussion of or special pieces are to be tumbled. They
the tumbling process in the March issue. are added to the barrel and processed with • Put the Hillquist Gem master beside any lapidary
We find that there is a tremendous interest the routine batch until the desired surface machine — cheaper, flimsy "gadgets" or units that
in baroque gems. This was evidenced by is secured." sell at twice the price. Compare construction! Com-
our recently concluded Desert Rockhounds As batches are therefore normally in- pare ease of operation! Compare how much you
Fair, where we had 37 commercial dealers spected every few hours facilities should get for your money and you'll say, "I'll take the
with about 25 of them selling baroque Gem master!"
be provided to simplify handling of ma-
stones. One dealer, who has had wide terials, abrasives and water so that inspec- Here is a worthy companion for our larger and
experience making tumbled gems, told us tion does not become a major chore. more expensive Hillquist Compact Lapidary Unit.
that no one would ever achieve success Tho smaller in size, the Hillquist Gemmaster has
using the methods we told about in March. The charging opening should be located many of the same features. It's all-metal with spun
Our informant however has been following on the periphery of the drum and an inter- aluminum tub. You get a rugged, double-action rock
changeable strainer cover provided. The clamp, not a puny little pebble pincher. You get a
those methods with great success for a full 3" babbitt sleeve bearing and ball thrutt bear-
long time in the lapidary classes of the machine should be stopped with the cover ing. You get a big 7" Super Speed diamond saw
Chicago Parks District. to the front, the regular cover removed, and all the equipment you need to go right to work.
He (Ray C. Mitchell) now comes along and the strainer cover placed in position.
with some more valuable pointers on tum- The barrel is then hand turned so that the USES ALL ACCESSORIES
bling which we are happy to pass along to strainer is at the bottom, with a large pan You can use all the regular Hillquist accessories

our readers. Mr. Mitchell has been deluged beneath to receive the strained water and with the Gemmaster: The Hillquist Facetor, Sphere
abrasive. The water is decanted and the Cutters, Laps, Drum and Disc Sanders, etc.
with inquiries and many shops advise him remaining abrasive is inspected to deter-
they have installed tumbling equipment. WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG
The following information may correct mine its further fitness for use. The stones
are now dumped on a flat surface for sort- { C0MPLETE~REA~i>y TO USE! YOU GET All M S -
some misconceptions that have arisen before ing and inspection under a strong light.
they become firmly established. Material requiring more treatment is re-
The tumbling process is not a noisy op- placed in the barrel with the water and the
eration but lined barrels must be used. abrasive. The finished stones are sorted
Unlined barrels are noisy but when bar- or laid aside for the next stage.
rels are lined with vinyl plastic or other
synthetic coatings the noise is no louder When the stones are ready for polish- BIG 7" Diamond Saw • 6" x 1 " Grinding
than grinding and sawing equipment. A ing the drum should be cleaned and the Wheel • 6 " Fell Buff • 6" Backing Whtel
6" Disc Sander • Double-action Rock
lined barrel also has its life extended sev- stones tumbled in clear water for a time Clamp • Oil Feed Cup • Water Feed
eral times. A person may line a barrel to be sure all grits are removed. After a Hose X Clamp • Dop Sticks S Dop W a x .
with old automobile inner tubes, cemented rinsing the surfaced gems are placed in Polish, Compound, Etc.

to the interior with a good water proof the barrel with water and a polishing agent BUILT FOR LONG SERVICE!
linoleum or tile cement. The rubber pieces (levigated alumina is preferred) and in- No other low-cost lap unit
should be overlapped at the seams and in spections follow as with the rough sur- gives you full 3" sleeve
bearing, ball thrust bearing
the direction of rotation of the barrel. Com- facing. Unless they become contaminated and pressure lubrication.
mercially manufactured barrels are already these polishing mixtures are never dis-
lined by spraying a thick coating of plastic carded but saved for further use. The
over the interior surface. chance of grief is eliminated if two bar-
It is impractical to process a batch of rels are used; one for surfacing and one
quartz, or materials of about seven in hard- for polishing. When polishing qiartz ma-
ness, in lots smaller than 35 pounds. If terials add a little washing soda to leutralize
you have less than that weight to tumble the acid, particularly, if you are burnishing
you should add additional poundage of without any polishing abrasive and using
material of the same or greater hardness. a detergent such as TIDE. JASPER JUNCTION LAPIDARY
Materials of about 5'/i in hardness (tur- MO91/2 Kiisle Kock Blvd. — OIi. 6-2021
When tumbling materials from which Los Angeles 41, California
quoise is 6) may be handled efficiently in a great deal of surface must be removed
batches of 10 pounds. A good rule of thumb time can be saved by adding chunks of old WORK SHOP
is—the softer the material the smaller the grinding wheels to the batch, broken to a 1112 Xeola St. — Cli. 6-7197
minimum batch. Turquoise nodules sur- size matching the material being tumbled. Los Angeles 41, California
face and polish very rapidly in small Do not discard smoothly surfaced stones
batches. Finer abrasive (about 150 grain) you find you do not care for as they may WE SPECIALIZE IN CUTTING BOOKENDS
should be used for surfacing softer ma- be used in making bulk for polishing or Custom sawing and polishing—24" saw
Slabs, bulk stone, Mineral Specimens
terial as against the 40 to 100 grain abra- burnishing a small batch. Add some clay Polished Specimens & Cabochons
sive used on agate and other quartz ma- flour when using 100 grit or coarser. This Machinery & Supplies
terials. causes the grit to adhere to the surface and We rent polishing machinery by the hour
The time consumed in tumbling is defi- gives a faster cutting action. If you missed INSTRUCTION AT NO EXTRA COST
nitely conditioned on the original material. the earlier article on tumbling (March is- Call OIi. fi-7197 for Appointment
Sweetwater agates, beach pebbles, "moon- sue) it is still available for 35c postpaid.

MAY, 1953 35

$ 7.98
51.40 "Why did you become a rockhound?" Fourth Annual Gem and Mineral Show
State Marguerite Beymer asked amateur gem and of the Tourmaline Gem and Mineral So-
s tax In California. Size mineral collectors throughout the United ciety of San Diego County, California, will
States. The answers—68 of them—make be held May 2 and 3 at Grossmont Union
Allow for Postage and Insurance interesting reading in Mrs. Beymer's newly High School, 12 miles east of San Diego
Covington Ball Bearing Grinder published book, Rockhounds in the Making. on U. S. Highway 80. Included among dis-
Some of the writers were interested in plays will be specimen cases showing the
and shields are rocks from childhood; others were intro- year's field trip yields in rough, polished
furnished i
sizes and price
r a n g e s to suit
XP duced to the hobby later by friends, in
school or through a business assignment.
A few—like Mr. and Mrs. E.mil Waisanen
and mounted stones. Trips were made to
Jade Cove, Crystal Hill, Pinto Mountain,
Moonlight Beach, Mesa Grande and Ra-
y o u i" r c «i u i v v. - of Custer, South Dakota, turned to Nature mona, California. Working exhibits will
ments. Water and and rock-collecting as comfort in time of provide demonstrations of lapidary tech-
grit proof. sorrow. niques.
Every collector has a story about his • • •
COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW interest in rocks, his first specimen, the in-
and motor are com- itial field trip. Not only do these stories JUNE GEM SHOW SLATED
pact and do not make good reading, but they also suggest IN GRANTS PASS, OREGON
splash. Save blades unique projects—like G. W. Weber's rock
and clothing with Rogue Gem and Geology Club of Grants
this saw. urn constructed of stones from every one Pass, Oregon, has selected June 13 and 14
of the 48 states—and introduce potential as dates for its 1953 show. Andy F. Sims
traders to rockhound readers planning va- is president of the sponsoring society.
BUILD YOUR OWN LAP cation trips.
and SAVE with a COV- Of particular interest to jade lovers is
IXGTOX 12" or Hi" Lap the story of the late J. L. Kraft of Chicago, "FROM ROCK TO BEAUTY"
Kitv Wf furnish every- president of Kraft Foods Company and GEM FESTIVAL THEME
thing you need. Send dean of American jade collectors, and the Sixth annual gem and mineral show of
for free catalog. history of his jade window in Chicago's Glendale Lapidary and Gem Society will
North Shore Baptist Church. A picture of be held May 16 and 17 at Glendale Civic
COVIXGIOX the window accompanies his letter. Auditorium, 1401 Verdugo Road, Glen-
Multi-Feature A few other photographs of collectors dale, California. Hours will be from 9 a.m.
16" l>ap I'nit and specimens illustrate the book. to 9 p.m. Saturday, from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Does Published by the author, printed by Cax-
cvcr.vtluiiK Sunday.
for you. ton Printers, Caldwell, Idaho, 112 pages, Theme of this year's Gem Festival is
paperbound. $2.50. "From Rock to Beauty." Rough and pol-
ished stones, crystals, mineral specimens,
COVIXGTON ANNUAL ELECTION MEETING flats, cabochons and faceted gems, fluores-
12" 14" *
or 18" W HELD BY ALBUQUERQUE CLUB cents, jewelry and fossils will be displayed,
Power Feed and demonstrations will be held of the
Diamond After ballots were counted at the annual lapidary arts. Also featured will be artistic
Saws election meeting of Albuquerque Gem and arrangements of driftwood and flowers.
Mineral Club, the following members were
announced as officers for the coming year: jianSpecial displays will include the Kazan-
Brothers' 1151-carat rough ruby; work
Dean Wise, president; E. R. Wood, vice- of the
Send for Now Catalog, IT'S PRKK president; Sam Ditzler, treasurer; Marie Runyon; noted woman sculptor, Cornelia
J. C. Chow's collection of carved
Nickolls. recording secretary, and Ellen C. semi-precious
COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY Wood, corresponding secretary. Meetings Erna Clark's stones popular
from the Orient, and
"Dinner of Rocks."
are held in the administration building of
Redlands, California the University of New Mexico. • • •
/tie First annual show of San Joaquin Valley
Gem and Mineral Club will be held May
If weve 'Seen 9 and 10 at the San Joaquin County Fair-
grounds, Stockton, California. Co-sponsors
are the Mother Lode Mineral Society, Cal-
Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla averas Gem and Mineral Society, Lodi Gem
Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry and Mineral Society and the Stockton Lapi-
dary Club. Parking and camping space will
HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER be available on the grounds, and food will
be served. Inquiries regarding commercial
Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings space or other information should be ad-
and Brooches dressed to Mrs. Dorothy Norris, 1019
School Street, Stockton, California.
Write for Folder With Prices FOR DOWNEY'S DELVERS
The Bellflower Park building has been
ELLIOTT'S GEM SHOP secured for the third annual show of Del-
vers Gem and Mineral Society, Downey,
235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2. CALIF. California. The show is scheduled for the
Across from West End of Municipeil weekend of May 9 and 10. Every hobbyist
Auditorium Grounds who has lapidary work, minerals, crystals,
Hours 10 A.M. to 9 P.M. Daily Except Monday specimens, shells, artifacts, fossils or other
material is invited to display.

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Contains special bat
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ERALIGHT SL-2537 Completely
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or SL-3660. Case the various minerals you will
MINERALIGHT SL-2537 holds l a m p , b a t - battery o p e r a t e !
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404 CASE, BATS. $63.50. DISPLAY 8, EXHIBIT UNIT recognize what you find in
MODEL XX-15 LONG WAVE the field. Mineral sets are
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A high quality 110V AC lamp giving
MODEL excellent intensity and coverage for of 10 specimens, carefully pack-
mineral sample exhibits and displays. aged in foam plastic.
TH p r i c e §25.75. Other multiple - tube
Has bulb Some materials fluoresce to
rated at
SL-3660-LONG WAVE models short wave lengths and some
1000-2000 110V AC unit. (Can be used as a available. ' flqgfr| ff«yr h|| J:\ to long wave lengths. Others
hours of use with 90-day guar- portable unit for field work in con- will react to both wave lengths
antee. Includes a transformer junction with Carrying Case Nos. but with different color re-
with switch for continuous high 303, 404, or 505.) Weight 1 lb. $29.50 sponses. Although practically
efficiency. Price $17.50. Model H all commercially important
is similar, same bulb, except has Some materials fluoresce to short wave lengths and some to long wave lengths. " minerals (the ones that have
resistance cord instead of trans- real monetary value) are acti-
Others will react to both wave lengths but with different color responses. vated by short wave, many
former. Approximately V> the in- Although practically all commercially important minerals (the ones that have
tensity of the TH. $12.50 collectors specialize in the more
real monetary value) are activated by short wave, many collectors specialize unusual long wave minerals.
in the more unusual long wave minerals.

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Here is a partial list oi the more than 500 Ultra-Violet MINERALIGHT dealers ready to serve you—coast to coast.
ALASKA The Bradleys Son Diego LOUISIANA NEW MEXICO Nixon Blue Print Co.
Mineral Equip. Sales & 4639 Crenshaw Blvd. Gem Arts. 4286 Marlborough Riley's New Mexico Minerals Wilson Tower,
Research Engineers Syndicate. Ltd. Plummer's Minerals 423 Crockett St., Shreveport 11003 Central N.E., Corpus Christi
Box 1442, Fairbanks 5011 Hollywood Blvd. 4720 Point Loma Ave. Albuquerque Greene Brothers, Inc.
ARIZONA A. V. Herr Laboratory Superior Gems & Minerals Deming Agate Shop 1812 Griffin. Dallas
Gritzner's Minerals 4665 Park Blvd. Schortmann's Minerals Don A. Carpenter Co.
5176 Hollywood Blvd. 6McKinley Ave., 1012 E. Maple St., Deming
135 N. Sirrine St., Mesa Warren's Minerals Adobe Crafters P.O. Box 1741, El Paso
Kane Lapidary & Supply Jasper Junction Lapidary 2154 Bacon St. Easthampton Bell Reproduction Company
1112 Neola St. Rt. 2, Box 341. Santa Fe
2813 N. 16th St., Phoenix Son Francisco Quabbin Book House 907 Throckmorton,
Pratt-Gilbert Hardware Co. J. J. Jewelcraft Leo Kaufmann NEW YORK Fort Worth
2732 Colorado Blvd. Ware
701 S. 7th St., Phoenix 709 Harrison St. MICHIGAN New York Laboratory Sup. Industrial Scientific, Inc.
Sam'l Hill Hardware Co. Mine & Mill Machinery Co. Int'l. Stamp Bureau Co. Inc. 1014 Taylor St., Fort Worth
142 S. Montezuma St., 310 E. 3rd St. Son Gabriel 125 W. Adams Ave., Detroit 78 Varick St., New York City Ridgway's
Prescott Rainbow Gem Company New York Scientific Sup. Co. 615 Caroline St., Houston
Shannon Luminous 546 W. Mission Dr. MINNESOTA 28 W. 30th St..
Randolph Oak Creek Canyon Materials Co. New York City Panther City Office Sup. Co.
Mineral Shop, Sedona Soquel Nokomis Lapidary & 315 N. Colorado. Midland
7356 Sta. Monica Blvd. Thompson's Mineral Studio Watch Shop The Radiac Co. Inc.
Mission Curio Mart P.O. Box 124 3840 26th Ave. So., 489 5th Ave., New York City Farquhar's Rocks &
4400 Mission Road, Tucson Stratex Instrument Co. Minerals
1861 Hillhurst Ave. South Pasadena Minneapolis Standard Scientific Sup. Corp.
Hazel E. Wright Dunham Economy 34 W. 4th St., 134 Hollenbeck, San Antonio
30 Cochise Row, Warren Nopo
Concentrator Co. MISSOURI East Texas Photocopy Co.
ARKANSAS Brandt's Rock & Gem Shop Asterley Ozarl: Shop New York City 308 N. Broadway St., Tyler
1034-A Sonoma Hiway 853 Mission St.
House of Hobbies, Rt. 4 U.S. Hwy 61-67, De Soto OHIO
COLORADO Akron Lapidary Co. UTAH
Hot Springs Nat'l. Park Needles Craven's Diamond Shop Co.
McShan's Gem Shop The Gem Exchange 2008 Bryant Bldg., 1095ChalkerSt., Akron Dr. H. T. Plumb
CALIFORNIA Gem Village, Baylleld 2400 Sunnyside Ave.,
Highway 66 Kansas City Cincinnati Museum of
Berkeley City Curio Shop Cy Miller Nat. His. Salt Lake City
Minerals Unlimited North Hollywood
Modern Science Laboratories P.O. Box 433, Cripple Creek 110 E. 13th St.. Kansas City Central Pkwy a t Walnut. WASHINGTON
1724 University Ave. 8049 St. Clair Ave. Denver Equipment Co. Cincinnati Fulmer's Agate Shop
Big Pine 1400 17th St., Denver MONTANA OREGON 5212 Rainier Ave., Seattle
Bedell's Mercantile Orange Cove The Rock Market
Wm. M. Clingan. Riley's Reproduction Yellowstone Agate Shop Prospector's Equipment Co.
118 N. Main St. (lingan's Jet. 1540 Glenarm Place, Denver Box 4, Hiway 89. Livingston R. 1. Box 225. Eagle Point
Bishop The House of Guns 2022 Third Ave., Seattle
Highway 180 Shelden's Minerals Agency NEBRASKA C. M. Fassett Co..
Bishop Hardware & Sup. Co. 111 Washington St.,
336 N. Main St. Polo Alto 307 14th St., Denver Hastings Typewriter Co. W. 7 Trent Ave., Spokane
Fisher Research Labor., Inc. Eckert Mineral Research 518 W. 3rd St.. Hastings Garibaldi Chas. O. Fernquist
Buena Park 1961 University Ave.
Ghost Town Rock & 112 E. Main St., Florence Hodge Podge Agate & W. 333% Riverside Ave.,
NEVADA Supply Shop Spokane
Book Shop Pasadena Palmer's Lapidary & Toiyabe Supply Company
Knott's Berry Farm Grieeer's Fixit Shop 322 Hiway 99S., Grants Pass Tacoma Lapidary Sup. Co.
1633 E. Walnut St. Gabbs Wrightway Gemerafters
Canoga Park 1503 N. College, Ft. Collins Wood fords Cash Store, 631 St. Helens Ave., Tacoma
Warren C. Bieber Paso Robles Bernstein Brothers P.O. Box 4, Hauser Irwin's Gem Shop
7229 Remmet Ave. Woodfords, Calif.. Smith's Fluorescents
Coast Counties Pump & 164 N. Mechanic St., Pueblo P.O. Gardnerville. Nev. 381 Chase Ave.. Walla Walla
Castro Valley F.lec. Co. D. C—Washington Rm. 311-220 S.W. Alder, Williams Lapidary Supply
The Sterling Shop, 124014 Park St. Arthur C. Terrill Portland
8679 Castro Valley Blvd. Gem Lapidary 15 Water St., Henderson P.O. Box 50. Watervllle
Placerville 2006 Florida Ave. N.W., Dorothy's Gift Shop
Chlco Rock Hollow. 4639 N. Stephens, Roseburg WISCONSIN
Golden Empire Mineral Shop Enterprises Unlimited Washington, D.C. Last Frontier Village
Rt. 3. Box 143 White's Furniture C-C Distributing Company
P.O. Box 906 FLORIDA Las Vegas 1218 M St., Sweet Home 3104 W. Vliet St., Milwaukee
Cotnpton Randsburg & Ridgecrest Rock & Shell Shop Ken Dunham PENNSYLVANIA The House of Hobbies
Compton Rock Shop W. A. Hankammer 215 Alhambra d r . , P.O. Box 150, Mina Lost Cave Mineral Shop 721 w . Wisconsin, Milwaukee
1409 S. Long Beach Blvd. Rcdlands Coral Gables Commercial Hardware Co. Lost Cave. Hellertown The Stones Throw Rock Shop
Covington Lapidary GEORGIA 500 E. 4th St., Reno Sirchie Finger Print Labors. 221 S. Main St.. Walworth
Pacific Mill & Mine Sup. Co. Engineering Owen Hoffman
530 Van Ness Ave. 1st & Hiway 99 Nevada Gem Shop 922 Chestnut St.,
Glendole N. Alexander Ave., 335 East 4th. Reno Philadelphia
Reedier Riley's Reproductions Ltd.
Pascoes Washington Nevada Mineral Laboratories TENNESSEE 630 8th Ave. W.,
1414 W. Glenoaks Tyler Jack
Hare's Pharmacy IDAHO 336 Morrill Ave., Reno Technical Products Company Calgary, Alta.
lodi The Sawtooth Company Tonopah Studio 19 N. Dunlap, Memphis Milburns Gem Shop
Armstrong's Riverside TEXAS
Hurrte's Gem Shop 1115 Grove St., Boise P.O. Box 331. Tonopah 1605 Trans-Canada Hwy.,
Rt. 2, Box 516 3825 7th St. S. V. Higley D & B Engineering Co. Inc. New Westminster. B.C.
NEW JERSEY 1510 S. 14th St., Abilene
Long Beach 1718 Albion Ave.. Burley Cave & Company Ltd.
Elliott Gem & Mineral Shop Sacramento Slidecraft Co.,
MacClanahan & Son ILLINOIS Meadows A.V.C. Service, Dwight's 567 Hornby St.,
235 E. Seaside Blvd. Vancouver, B.C.
Gordon's Gem & Mineral 3461 2nd Ave. Tom Roberts Rock Shop Mountain Lakes 516 Tyler St., Amarillo
Ivan Ogden 1006 S. Michigan Ave., Para Laboratory Sup. Co. Sharpe Instruments Ltd.
Supplies Chicago Odom's 6038 Yonge St..
1850 E. Pac. Coast Hwy. 520 56th St. 221 N. Hermitage Ave.,
Ret R. Latta Lapidary Equip. Star Rt A, Box 32-C, Austin Newtonbrook. Toronto. Ont.
Mohave Sales, Inc. San Bernardino Trenton
254 Pearl Ave., Loves Park Westfield Lapidary & Sup. Co.
1768 Atlantic Ave. KENTUCKY
455 Third St. 309Hyslip A\e.. Westfield
Los Angeles
Black Light Corp. of San Carlot
Ben E. Clement
Garden State Minerals
Los Angeles Lloyd Underwood, Marion 332 Columbia Blvd., . South Pasadena, Cali
5403 Santa Monica Blvd. 1027 E. San Carlos Ave. Ancient Buried City Wood Ridge

MAY, 1953 37
Order from Author, William C. Casper-


8c a Word . . . Minimum $1.00
son, Curator Paterson Museum, 9-11
Hamilton St., Paterson 1, New Jersey.
see our display. Montana moss agate
McSHAN'S GEM SHOP—open part time, OAK CREEK CANYON, ARIZONA. At rough and slabs. No junk. Also other
or find us by directions on door. Cholla Sedona near Flagstaff and Jerome in slabs and minerals. Fluorescent calcite
Cactus Wood a specialty, write for prices. Technicolor country, visit the Randolph and willemite. Satisfaction guaranteed or
1 mile west on U. S. 66. Needles, Cali- Shop for specimens and fluorescents. money back. Write for prices. P. G.
fornia, Box 22. Nichols, Prop., Sun Valley Trailer Park,
TUNGSTEN: Selected 1 lb. (Approx.) 3922 No. Oracle Rd., Tucson, Arizona.
FOR SALE: Beautiful purple Petrified specimen from my own claims in North-
Wood with Uranium, Pyrolusite, Man- ern Nevada. Sent postpaid for $1.00. E. MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting ma-
ganite. Nice sample $1.00. Postage. W. Darrah, Box 606, Winnemucca, Nev. terials, specimen boxes—24 %-inch Black
Maggie Baker, Rt. 1, Box 284, Blythe, MONTANA SAPPHIRES: Small vial $2.00, Hills minerals identified, Black Hills
California. gold jewelry. Send for complete list and
mine run, postpaid. Harry Bentz, Box prices. The Rock House, Mac-Mich
ONYX BLANKS, unpolished, black 25c 522, Phillipsburg, Montana. Minerals Co., Custer, South Dakota.
each; red, green, blue 35c each. Perfect GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem-
cut Titanium. Fine cutting and polishing YES THERE IS a Rockhound in the city
at reasonable prices. Prompt attention to cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, of Porterville, California. At 1120 Third
mail orders. Juchem Bros., 315 West 5th where to collect and buy, many dealer Street.
St., Los Angeles 13, California. advertisements. Completely covers the
hobby. The rockhound's own magazine PAD YOUR sanding discs and polishing
FIFTY MINERAL Specimens, %-in. or for only $2.00 year (12 full issues) or wheels for better results with sponge rub-
over boxed, identified, described, mounted. write for brochure and booklist. Mineral ber cushion, *4-inch thick at 2c a square
Postpaid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 729, Notes and News, Box 716B, Palmdale, inch. Available in 6, 9, 12 and 18 inch
Lodi, California. California. squares, '/it-inch thickness l'/2C per sq.
inch. Hastings Typewriter Co., Hastings,
PEANUT PITCHSTONE (AJamasite) — DENDRITIC OPAL, Kansas, good polish- Nebraska.
Mexico's oddest semi-precious stone, for ing stone, only $1.25 a pound. Hastings
polishing or collecting, 3-lb. chunk $5 Typewriter Co.. Hastings, Nebraska. RHINESTONES: 12 assorted sizes rounds
postpaid. Or, Rockhound special, l i b . 105 DIFFERENT Mineral Specimens $4.50. $1.50 per gross. Your choice of assorted
fragments $1. Also Flor de Amapa (pink colors or white. Limit 5 gross. Mail
Carefully selected. Makes a valuable aid checks or money orders to Pacific Gem
crystallized epidote) rare. Same prices. in helping identify and classify your find-
Alberto E. Maas, Alamos, Sonora, Mex- Cutters, Lapidary and Stone Supply, 424
ings or makes a wonderful gift. Boxed So. Broadway, Los Angeles 13, California.
ico. Send checks only. and labeled. 70 different $3.00, 35 dif- Phone Ma. 8835.
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting ma- ferent $1.50. Add postage. Coast Gems
terial of all kinds. Gold and Silver jew- and Minerals, 11669 Ferris Road, El MOJAVE DESERT GEMSTONE, Beautiful
elry made to order. Your stones or ours. Monte, California. Moss, Plumes, Rainbow, Horse Canyon,
5 lbs. good cutting material $4.00 or AUSTRALIAN OPAL CABS: $5.00 and Banded and other gemstone from many
$1.00 per lb. J. L. James, Battle Moun- parts of the country. Send for our De-
$10.00 each. Small but beautiful, every Luxe Selection of 25 sq. inches, or an
tain, Nevada. stone a gem. A beautiful cultured pearl 8 lb. mixture of high grade gemstone for
CABOCHONS: genuine imported Agates, for your collection $5.00. Ace Lapidary, $5.00 shipped prepaid with our money
Carnelians, Rose Quartz, Lapis Lazuli, Box 67D, Jamaica, New York. back guarantee. Hunt your gemstone in
Tiger Eye, etc., beautifully cut and pol- STOP—LOOK—BUY—Specimens, s l a b s - our rock yard; we will ship prepaid and
ished. Oval stones in sizes from 10 mm. rough, from A. L. Jarvis, 1051 Salinas insured, 50 sq. inches selected gemstone
to 16 mm. 25c each. Minimum order Road, Watsonville, California. On Sa- for your approval, send 25c per inch for
$1.00. Pacific Gem Cutters, 424 So. linas Highway, State No. 1, 3 miles South what you keep and return the balance
Broadway, Los Angeles, California. of Watsonville. prepaid and insured. Write for our gem-
stone price list. We sell Highland Park
GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color, lapidary equipment, Congo reversible saw
• Specializing in • blue and bluish green, cut and polished blades, write for literature. San Fernando
FINE FOREIGN GEMS cabochons—25 carats (5 to 10 stones Valley Rock Shop, 6329 Lindley Ave.,
according to size) $3.50 including tax, Reseda, California.
AND MINERALS postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats
Lapidary Equipment a n d Supplies (10 to 20 cabochons) $6.15 including WIRE GOLD: Specimens from Olinghouse,
Gem drills—Jewelry tools—Sterling tax, postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem & Nevada. At $1.00. $3.00, $7.00, $10.00
Jewelry Mountings—Books—-Mineralights Mineral Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd., Long and $15.00 each. Only two with Vn" gold
Beach 2, California. crystal among wire gold at $15.00 and
SUPERIOR GEMS & MINERALS $17.50. Postpaid. Very few of these are
4665 Park Blvd.. San Diego 16. California TONOPAH, Nevada, is where C. C. Boak available today. Frey Mineral Enterprises,
Open 10:30 A.M. to 8:00 P.M. lives, with his outstanding, scientific, Box 1, Eureka, Nevada.
Closed Sundays world-wide collection of Mineral, Gem
and Semi-Gemstone species—spectacular AUSTRALIAN CUTTING FIRE OPAL:
crystal groups, etc. Visitors welcome. C. We stock this lovely fire opal in all grades
C. Boak, 511 Ellis St., Tonopah, Nevada. we import from the mines. Low grades
Agate Jewelry FLUORESCENCE: Explanation. 20 pp.
for student cutters $1.00, $2.00, $4.00 &
$6.00 per ounce. Better grades for ex-
Wholesale with chart, $1.00. Order from author,
William C. Casperson, Curator Paterson
perienced cutters $10.00 to $20.00 per
ounce. Gem grades $25.00 and up per
Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains Museum, 9-11 Hamilton St. Paterson 1, ounce. We also stock fine cutting and
Brooches — Ear Rings New Jersey. faceting material, and the best in speci-
Bracelets — Matched Sets mens. H. A. Ivers, 1400 Hacienda Blvd.
—Send stamp for price list No. 1 — FOR SALE: New Mexico's finest Red Cal- (Highway 39), La Habra, California.
cite, Yellow Calcite, Rattlesnake Calcite.
Fluoresces pink, phosphoresces blue. $1.20 RADIOACTIVE ORE Collection: 6 won-
Blank Mountings per pound. Satisfaction guaranteed or derful different specimens in neat Red-
Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains money refunded. Tom Ellis, Rt. 2, Box wood chest, $2.00. Pretty Gold nugget,
Cuff Links — Neck Chains 492, Waco, Texas. $1.00, four nuggets, $2.00, choice col-
Bezel — Clevices — Shanks COLORFUL SPECIMENS: 1 specimen lection 12 nuggets, $5.00. Uranium
Solder — Findings Silver ore, 1 specimen Chrysocolla (mine Prospectors, Box 604, Stockton, Calif.
— Send stamp for price list No. 2 — run), 1 piece gem quality Shattuckite, 2 ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS. It
Azurite nodules (you may want to split will pay you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock
O. R. JUNKIINS & SON one), 1 native copper nugget. All of the Roost. We buy, sell, or exchange min-
440 N.W. Beach St. above sent postpaid and satisfaction guar- eral specimens. Visitors are always wel-
NEWPORT. OREGON anteed for $3.00. Lost Mountain Gems, come. Ken-Dor Rock Roost, 419 Sut-
P.O. Box 5012, Phoenix, Arizona. ter, Modesto, California.

INSTALLATION RITES SEAT Remembering old fashioned quilting and
AMONG THE cornhusking "bees," the membership com-
OFFICERS OF SEATTLE CLUB mittee of San Diego Lapidary Society sug-
ROCK HUNTERS Installation of officers was main order of
business at the February meeting of the
Gem Collectors' Club of Seattle, Washing-
gested a cabochon-making bee for a future
meeting. The group also has plans for a
"cab-of-the-month" contest to increase in-
ton. J. B. Loop took office as president; terest of non-members in club activities.
EVENTS SCHEDULED FOR JUNE Henry Bock, vice-president; Mrs. Harry M. • • •
CONVENTION IN ST. LOUIS Streams, secretary, and H. D. Ostrander, A return trip to the Woodpecker Mine
treasurer. was planned by the Mineralogical Society
Three field trips are among events planned • • • of Arizona after bad weather discouraged
for the 13th annual convention of the Mid- Wiley Well was the destination of 30 many members from joining the November
west Federation of Mineralogical and Geo- carloads of friends and members of Delvers outing to the site. The 40 rockhounds who
logical Societies in St. Louis, Missouri June Gem and Mineral Society, Downey, Cali- braved the storms, reported finding fluorite
26-28. Visitors can look forward to visiting fornia, on a March field trip. Good finds in small groups of deeply colored crystals.
the Ruepple Mine, the barite deposits of were made at the fire agate beds and geode This is one of the few locations in Arizona
Washington County and Ozark Mountain collecting areas. yielding colored fluorite crystals — most
sites. Also scheduled are talks by Dr. Al- • • • Arizona fluorite is gray or white. Mined
bert Frank, St. Louis University geology Two mineralogy division field trips were commercially, it is classified as metallurgi-
professor; Dr. Ben Hur Wilson, chairman scheduled in March by the San Diego Min- cal grade used for fluxing in the steel in-
of the earth science department of Joliet, eral and Gem Society. Barring rain, mem- dustry. No amount of acid grade, used
Illinois, High School; John F. Mihelcic, bers planned first to visit the Fargo mine for making hydrofluoric acid, has been
William J. Bingham, Dr. Gilbert O. Raasch at Pala. The following week-end they found, nor is any quantity suitable for the
of the Illinois State Geological Survey Di- hoped to search for calcite, wollastonite, ceramic industry.
vision, and Dr. Garrett A. Muilenberg. grossularite garnet, zoisite, clinozoisite, di- • • •
assistant state geologist, Missouri Geological opside, tremolite, massive quartz;, chalce- Joseph W. Baker of Yuma, Arizona, dis-
Survey. dony and opal at Dos Cabezas. cussed basic rocks at the first fall meeting
• • • of Shadow Mountain Gem and Mineral
NORTHWEST "FEDERATION "Man's Place in Nature" was Dr. Frank Society, Palm Desert, California. The pro-
SELECTS LABOR DAY DATES L. Fleener's subject when he spoke at a gram followed pot luck supper.
meeting of the Marquette Geologists Asso- • • •
Oregon Agate and Mineral Society will ciation, Chicago. Dr. Fleener, a historical
be host for the 1953 convention of the Ida Coon won the March cover contest
geologist, traced the development of mam- of the Compton Gem and Mineral Club's
Northwest Federation of Mineralogical So- mals from late in Pliocene time.
cieties, planned for the Labor Day week- bulletin, Rockhounds Call. Her design fol-
• • • lowed a St. Patrick's Day motif.
end in Portland, Oregon. The show will be The break-up of an Alaskan glacier was
held in the basement and on the ground recorded on film and shown by Charles
floor of the Portland Public Auditorium, Lloyd at a recent meeting of Everett Rock
which affords ample floor space for indi- and Gem Club, Everett, Washington. Fea- IADE
vidual, club and special displays, commer- tured among display specimens were gems Apple Green Color. Top Jade from Alaska's
cial exhibits, lectures, movies and demon- famous Jade Mt. Very fine condition.
and minerals from Alaska and Canada. 14 lb $6.00
strations. Scheduled trips will be offered to • • • Slabs, per square inch 1.00
nearby rock locations and places of interest. Quartz family minerals were spotlighted Polished cabochons, 18x13 Cash, ea 2.00
The annual banquet will be held September at the February meeting of the Minnesota BURNITE
5 at Portland's Multnomah Hotel. Mineral Club. Mr. and Mrs. Cedric Erick- Beautiful Azurite, Malachite & Cuprite, Nev.
• • • son were speakers. They showed slides of Vz lb $3.00
Fresno Gem and Mineral Society, Fresno. Slabs, per square inch 50
three groups of quartz minerals—crystal- Polished cabochons, 18x25 oval, ea 2.50
California, held its annual show April 18 lines, crypto-crystallines and pseudomorphs.
and 19 in the cafeteria building on the SLABS & CHUNKS
Fresno County Fairgrounds. Featured were • • • SLABS—Assortment of color and variety.
L. G. Howie conducted a competitive 40 to 60 sq. inches $2.00
exhibits and practical demonstrations of the Chunk Material—Assorted. 8 lbs. for.... 2.00
lapidary arts. quiz at a recent meeting of the El Paso Obsidian, double flow, brn. & blk., lb... .65
• • • Mineral and Gem Society, El Paso, Texas. Hemctite—England, Pine quality, lb 2.00
• • • Fire Opal specimens—Mexico, ea SS
Commercial jewelers evaluate gems by
their color, hardness, transparency and James Lewis Kraft, founder and chair- POLISHED CABS &
rarity; but craftsmen, Mrs. Caroline Rosene man emeritus of the board of Kraft Foods FACETED GEMS
told members of the Gem and Mineral Company and one of the world's most en- 6 dif. cabochons, from 12x10 mm. up...-$3.00
Society of San Mateo County, California, thusiastic jade collectors, died in February. 4 dif. genuine tourmaline faceted gems
are interested in the color and pattern of a Kraft, author of a book on jade, just a few Average size 5 mm 3.00
15 mm. genuine amethyst hearts, facd.
stone—not necessarily a gem—in modern months before his death had seen his jade front and back. Drilled for studs 3.00
jewelry design. Mrs. Rosene, president of window completed and dedicated at the 13 mm. cabochoned blue or green chal-
the Metal Arts Guild of Northern Califor- North Shore Baptist Church of Chicago. cedony hearts, drilled for device 1.05
10x8 oct. syn. spinels, faceted, ea 1.00
nia, spoke on "New Uses for New Stones • • • (Peridot, Blue Zircon, & Aquamarine)
in Contemporary Jewelry Design." She Hemet-San Jacinto Rockhound Club was
mentioned the use of serpentine, amazon- awarded first prize for its exhibit at the
Drilled and Polished — ready for jewelry.
ite, crystals frosted on one surface, onyx, Hemet Farmers Fair, held in August in 12 mm. (average size), ea 40
dinosaur and whale bone, snowflake obsid- Hemet, California. The club display em- 15 mm. (average size), ea 60
ian, polka-dot chalcedony, beach pebbles. phasized crystal groups, quartz specimens 18 mm. (average size), ea. 80
green aventurine, hematite, chrysoberyl and and petrified wood. ROUGH FACETING MATERIAL
red jasper as being particularly effective in 14-lb. Sunstone (chatoyant tones) $3.00
contemporary designs. 14-lb. Garnet (deep rich color) av. size
each 214 grams 4.00
• • • Answers to 14-lb. Peridot (Fair sizes) 4.00
Pasadena Lapidary Society members 14-lb. Apatite (rich golden color) 2.50
gained new ideas for silver mountings for SCRAMBLED WORD QUIZ 14-lb. Precious Topaz (cuts brilliant
stones) 2.00
their polished gemstones when Walter Som- Questions are on page 28 14-lb. Kunzite (various shades) 3.00
mer, a commercial artist and member of 1—Papago.
14-lb. Amethyst (dark color) 4.00
the Los Angeles Lapidary Society, spoke 11—Camino. •,4-lb. Smoky Qtz. (golden brown) facet 1.00
2—Panamint. 12—Wasatch. (Satisfaction Guaranteed or money refunded)
before the group. Sommer is particularly DEALERS—write on letterhead for prices
partial to insect forms in jewelry design. 3—Phoenix. 13—Rhyolite. Please add postage to all orders, 20% Fed.
• • • Tax to slabs, rough facet material and cut
4—Grand Canyon. 14- -Jacob Hamblin. stones. 3% California Sales Tax.
Movies of volcanoes in action were shown STORE HOURS
at the February meeting of San Fernando 5—Geronimo. 15—Coronado.
Mon., Tues., Thurs., Fri.—9:00 to 5:00
Valley Mineral and Gem Society, Califor- 6—Shiprock. 16—Tombstone. Wed.—9 to 9 • Sat. & Sun.—Closed
nia. The Java-Sumatra island region was 7—Prescott. 17—Saguaro.
featured, and the narrative emphasized the
1883 volcanic eruption at Krakatoa, near
Java, which killed 36,000 people and upset
Coast Gems and Minerals
weather, tidal and temperature conditions 10—Bill Williams. 20—Greasewood. 101 Monte, Calif, j
of the area for more than two years. 11669 Ferris Road

MAY, 1953 39
SAMPLES OF LAPIDARY ART The men took charge of dinner and pro- NEW OFFICERS AT HELM
BOOKED FOR LONG BEACH SHOW gram at the February meeting of Northern OF YUMA. ARIZONA, CLUB
California Mineral Society, San Francisco. New officers of the Yuma Gem and Min-
First Annual Long Beach Lapidary and The male members proved their adeptness
Gem Show, which is being held at the Long eral Society, Yuma, Arizona, are Mrs. Pau-
as waiters, cooks, dishwashers, photogra- line Lohr, president; Earl Mayer, vice-presi-
Beach, California, Municipal Auditorium on phers, table decorators, planners and enter-
August 14, 15 and 16, has chosen as its dent and Otto Joaquith, secretary-treasurer.
tainers. One of Mrs. Lohr's first duties was the ap-
theme "Lapidary Art Through the Ages."
• • • pointment of committee chairmen: Elwin
According to Jessie Hardman, chairman Seventh anniversary of Chicago Rocks
of the show, the history of the lapidary art Fisk, program; Earl Mayer, trek; Mrs. Laura
and Minerals Society was celebrated at the Fuquay, historian; Mrs. Verelene Fisk,
will be traced through Aztec engravings. February meeting.
Egyptian gems, early Chinese jade carvings hostel; Anthony DeCrescenzi, publicity.
• • • Fisk and DeCrescenzi joined forces to pre-
and cameos of the Middle Ages to present
day techniques as illustrated by the Addison The swap and whatzit tables; are popular sent a recent program on fluorescent min-
collection of cameos and the Phillips col- features of Earth Science Club of Northern erals. They explained and demonstrated the
lection, among others. Several hundred Illinois meetings. One holds trade materials, use of ultra-violet light and geiger counters.
amateur displays will be shown along with the other offers puzzling rocks for analytic
• • •
professional work, films, lectures and work- speculation.
• • • Cutting the fifth anniversary cake of
ing exhibits. Dona Ana County Rockhound Club, Las
Tacoma Agate Club, Tacoma, Washing- Cruces, New Mexico, brought a pleasant
Fifteen hundred members, from 12 gem ton, now has a grinder, sander, buffer, trim
and mineral clubs in the Los Angeles area, surprise. The cake had been molded of
saw and two extra arbors in its lapidary plaster of Paris by Program Chairman Mil-
are sponsoring the Long Beach show. Hun- shop.
dreds of members have requested that dred Saunders and decorated with artificial
• • • flowers. Opened, it yielded a variety of
Southern California have its own lapidary
Jim Brown told the Indian history of rock specimens which were distributed to
show, and plans are to make the event an
Starved Rock, Kaskasia and Buffalo Rock attending members as birthday gifts.
annual affair.
in Illinois at the February meeting of the
Last show held in Long Beach was in • • •
Earth Science Club of Northern Illinois.
1948 and was the most successful ever held William E. Phillips of Phillips Jewelry
The group was waiting for spring thaws,
on the West Coast. More than 40,000 per- Company was invited by Southwest Min-
when they could again take to the field and
sons attended the show and expectations are eralogists to tell them about his collecting
visit old Indian sites in the area.
that the 1953 show will exceed this figure. experiences at the March meeting in Los
Angeles. Phillips is a well-known gem col-
Interest generated by an informal field Fifty members and guests joined Glen-
trip last May of a group of jewelry students dale Lapidary and Gem Society's search for
has culminated in the formation of a new black petrified wood at Boron Dry Lake
society—the Evansville Lapidary Society of near Mojave, California.
Evansville, Indiana. First mee:ing was held • • •
January 31, and the following officers were Former Vice-president R. C. Farquhar
elected: Ida Black, president; Roy Noecker, took over presidential duties of the San
vice-president; Glenn H. Hodson. treasurer, Antonio Rock and Lapidary Society after
ALLEN and Fan Rumer, secretary. A monthly the resignation of Colonel A. S. Imell, Sr.
Newsletter was launched immediately, and • • •
JUNIOR GEM CUTTER the February issue is an excellent job of Seventeen candles were lighted at the
A Complete Lapidary Shop editorial, art and printing work. Featured 17th annual birthday banquet of Sacra-
was a profile sketch on Mrs. Black, illus- mento Mineral Society. After-dinner speak-
Only $43.50 trated with a line portrait; an article on ers included six past presidents who told of
• Ideal for apartment house dwellers. amethyst, February's birthstone; news of outstanding field trips the society had made
• Polish rocks into beautiful gems. meetings and events and a "Gemmary" during their terms of office. The evening
• Anyone can learn. column of lapidary shop tips. program featured an illustrated lecture by
• Instructions included. • • • Scott Lewis.
• • •
Write for Catalog, 25c A fossil display was featured exhibit at
East Bay Mineral Society's new slide
a recent meeting of Fresno Gem and Min-
ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT eral Society. Fresno, California. projector and screen was initiated with
COMPANY — Dept. D • • • slides of Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Dafoe. They
For newcomers to the gem and mineral showed the Dafoes' recent trip into the
3632 W. Slauson Ave.. Los Angeles 43. Cal. Escalante district, Garfield County, Utah.
Phone Axminster 2-6206 hobby, the Pick and Dop Stick, bulletin of
the Chicago Rocks and Minerals Society, • • •
reiterated the six different crystal systems Monthly potluck dinners are a new fea-
of mineralogy: (1) isometric or cubic, into ture of Victor Valley Gem and Mineral
PANCHO THE ROCKHOUND which system crystallize the diamond and Club, Victorville, California. At the last
says, "Write for our list of spinel; (2) hexagonal, in which are beryl one, Chang Wen Ti was guest speaker, ex-
Gems, Minerals, and Cutting (emerald and aquamarine) and corundum plaining oriental methods of carving jade.
Materials. Also books on lapi- (ruby and sapphire); (3) tetragonal, as in • • •
dary and equipment." Bernard M. Bench was scheduled speaker
zircon; (4) orthorhombic, as in topaz and
LAS PALMAS ANTIQUE SHOP chrysoberyl; (5) monoclinic, as in moon- for the March meeting of Colorado Min-
818 Ft. Stockton Dr. stone and jade; and (6) triclinic, as in tur- eral Society, Denver. His topic: "People
San Diego 3, California quoise and labradorite feldspar. and Places of India and Burma."
• • •
Members of Fresno Gem and Mineral
Society, Fresno, California, anticipated a
March field trip outing to Venice Hill to
look for chrysoprase.
• • •
Charles Hansen told Shadow Mountain
Gem and Mineral Society members about
BEFORE VOU BUY his hobby of pearl collecting at the March
SEND FOR OUR BIG FREE CATALOG meeting in Palm Desert, California.
The world-famous HILLQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
Fine minerals, Aztec agate and other
CHOICE cutting materials
1000 E. Camelback Phoenix. Arizona

ley Onyx cabochons highlighted the March CAPITOL CITY MINERALOGISTS
FOR CALAVERAS SOCIETY meeting of NOTS Rockhounds, China Lake,
First 1953 meeting of Calaveras Gem and California. First prize for the best stone, Colonel J. J. Livingston of Arlington,
Mineral Society, Angels Camp, California, judged on symmetry and quality of polish, Virginia, heads the new slate of officers of
was highlighted by two events—burning of went to Henry Peckham. He received a the Mineralogical Society of the District of
the mortgage on the society clubhouse and complete hand lapidary outfit. John Walker, Columbia. Assisting President Livingston
election of officers. Rev. M. F. Rasmussen a junior member, won second prize—choice in club activities this year are M. C. Glea-
was elected president; Earl Holden, vice- cutting material. son of Washington, vice-president; Paul J.
president, and Archie Mecham, secretary- • • • Rees of Chevy Chase, Maryland, secretary-
treasurer. They were installed at the Feb- treasurer; Mrs. C. G. Gerber of Arlington,
ruary meeting, at which new directors were K. O. Stewart was scheduled to speak on assistant secretary-treasurer, and French
elected as follows: Earl Holden, Archie "Optical Properties of Gem Stones and Morgan of Washington, editor of the club's
and Awaitha Mecham and W. G. Daniel, Their Use for Identification" at the March bulletin, Mineral Minutes. Philip R. Co-
out-going president, for three-year terms; meeting of Wasatch Gem Society. Salt Lake minsky of Falls Church, Virginia, was
F. E. Rankin and Felice Stevano, for two- City, Utah. named director.
year terms created by the retirement of • • • • • •
Fred Swallow and Mrs. Burt Winslow. Ira Searles Lake Gem and Mineral Society Earl Mayer, trek chairman of Yuma Gem
Marriott was re-elected federation director. will hold its 1953 show at the annual 49er and Mineral Society, led a group of rock-
Daniel, Stevano and Joe Sousa met in Stock- Brawl, tentatively scheduled for October 10 hunters to Blue Bird Hill near Ogilby, Cali-
ton in March with three other rock clubs and 11 in Trona, California. fornia. Most of the field-trippers were suc-
to formulate plans for a joint show there • • • cessful in finding good specimens of kyan-
May 9 and 10. BY-LAWS ADOPTED BY NEW ite and black tourmaline in talc, also cal-
• • • CLUB IN NEEDLES. CALIFORNIA cite and limonite pseudomorphs.
Slides cut from rock sections were pro- By-laws were adopted by the newly-or- • • •
jected by H. W. Boblet at a meeting of San ganized Needles Gem and Mineral Club "Nature's Building Blocks" was Dr. Ben
Fernando Valley Mineral and Gem Society. at its January meeting, and officers were Hur Wilson's topic when he spoke before
• • • elected in February. F. B. McShan will members of the Chicago Rocks and Min-
The ladies had a night off when male direct 1953 activities as president; E. R. erals Society. He discussed space and mat-
members of Long Beach Mineral and Gem Becker is vice-president; Mrs. Celia E. ter, elements, minerals and the various
Society did the cooking at a recent potluck Becker, secretary, and Mrs. Tillie Smith, classifications of rocks.
dinner meeting. As entertainment, Mr. and treasurer. The young society, already 26
Mrs. Joe Nilson told of their trip to Florida. members strong, now is making plans for
• • • incorporation and for membership in the Again Available
Havasu Canyon and the Big Bend coun- California Federation of Mineralogical So-
try of Texas were viewed by members of cieties. Beautiful
the Mineralogical Society of Arizona when
Jim Blakeley showed his colored slides.
• • •
Clark County Gem collectors. Las Vegas, SALIVA
• • • Nevada, traveled to Vegas Wash for a recent "Colorado"
Varicolored quartz silicate, equal in hard- field trip. Members presently are learning
ness and brilliance to Italy's famed Etrus- button-making techniques in their lapidary
Black and White
can stone which, carved and polished,
adorned Emperor Hadrian's villa on the
outskirts of Rome 20 centuries ago, has Two motion pictures on the Paricutin New find—Gem quality
been found in Arizona. Discovery of the and Mauna Loa volcanoes were planned Should rate a prefered position
Etruscan stone's counterpart was made by for the March meeting of the Mineralogical
George Crossett, Phoenix rockhound. Sam- Society of Southern California, which meets in your collection
ples of the stone were first shown at the in Pasadena. Stan Hill, instructor at Pasa- SLABS—50c per sq. inch
Maricopa Lapidary Society and Mineralogi- dena City College, would narrate. Also Available
cal Society of Arizona joint show in March. • • •
• • • Gem Quality
When they discovered that the March Two films, "River Excursions Through
meeting would fall on Friday the 13th, the Grand Canyon" and "Arizona and Its Nat-
ural Resources" were shown on the March
program committee of Coachella Valley program of Santa Monica Gemological So- $3.00 per sq. inch
Mineral Society, Indio, California, decided
to be superstitious. They asked members ciety, Santa Monica, California. ROCKY MOUNTAIN GEM AND
to do research, find superstitions concern- • • • MINERAL CO.
ing rocks and gems and report them at the If you have trouble removing finished
meeting. stones from the dop stick, put them in the P. O. Box 511, Salida, Colorado
• • • freezing compartment of your ice box for
Arizona's Woodpecker mine was visited 10 or 15 minutes, advises the editor of
by the Mineralogical Society of Arizona on Delvings, bulletin of Delvers Gem and ALTA INDUSTRIES
a recent field trip. Three colors of fluorite Mineral Society, Downey, California. Upon Mailing Address:
crystals were found: most were dingy yel- removal from the box, they will usually Box 19, Lareen Stage, Phoenix, Arizona
come off quite easily. Location—7006 So. 19th Avenue
low without crystal outlines; deep purple LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT
specimens were found as crystal groups in • • • Lapidary Equipment Manufacture & Design
built-up block arrangement and as tiny in- March field trip of the Hemet-San Jacinto 16-18 inch Power Feed Slabbing Saw
dividual crystals, sometimes perched on the Rockhound Club of Southern California Belt Sanders & Trim Saws
faces of pale quartz crystals; and a few was to the Garnet Queen Mine in the Santa (Send Postal for free literature)
choice specimens were water clear. Rosa Mountains.
• • •
More than 6000 visitors passed through NEW CATALOGS AVAILABLE
the turnstile at the second annual Desert NEW Sensational! GEIGER COUNTER If you want Choice Cutting Material, Fine &
Rockhound Fair in Indio, California. Spon- Rare Materials, Geiger Counters, Minera-
sored by Shadow Mountain Gem and Min- "The SNOOPER lights, Books, Trim Saws, Fluorescents,
eral Society of Palm Desert, the fair was LOW PRICE SlItAQC
Ores, Gems, Ring Mounts, or advice, write
to . . .
held at the Riverside County Fairgrounds. ONL_Y ,£4
Two buildings housed commercial and pri- COMPLETE
vate displays. Find a fortune in uranium with thi) 1724 University Ave., Berkeley 3, California
» new, super-sensitive Geiger Counter.
Get one for atom bomb defense. So small it fits in the palm of
the hand or in the hip pocket, and yet more sensitive than many
large, expensive instruments. Weighs only 1 V\ :.bs. Uses flash-
APACHE TEARS light battery. Low price includes earphone, radio active sample,
instructions. Sold with ironclad moneyback guarantee. FAMOUS TEXAS PLUMES
GEM QUALITY, translucent Smoky Red Plume, Pom Pom and many other types
Topaz. Matched pair usable size, ORDER YOURS TODAY—Send $5.00 with order of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate,
50c postpaid. Copy of local legend or payment in full to save C.O.D. Write for 8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on
free catalog on larger, more elaborate Geiger request.
included. Satisfaction guaranteed. Counters, metal locaters and our Scintillator WOODWARD RANCH
17 miles So. on Hwy. 118
Box 453. Alpine. Texas

MAY, 1953 41
between l/ou an


5 INCE THE April issue of Desert Magazine went to

press, Cyria and I spent two weeks in the Big Bend
National Park in Texas, getting material for a
Perhaps the Navajos are wiser than we think. It is
quite possible that a future generation of Anglo-Ameri-
cans will wish that the men of today had been less zealous
feature story which is to appear later in these pages. in robbing the Earth of its mineral wealth and the soil
The Big Bend country is desert—pure desert. It is of its fertility. For if we are to believe the men of science,
almost as arid as California's Death Valley, and no less the two leading economic systems of this age — both
interesting. However, the Big Bend is a comparatively capitalistic and communistic—are burning up the earth's
new park, and there are many roads and trails to build resources faster than Nature is able to replace them.
and signboards to erect before its scenic charm will be Perhaps the bilakana also should hold a sing—not to
fully revealed to visitors. appease the gods, but to listen to the chant of those learned
* * * medicine men of our own race whom we call "Conserva-
Motoring along the roads in west Texas I gained the tionists."
impression that the state has a very efficient highway * * *
department. The Texans not only maintain their roads If you are a resident of California, and wish to lend
well, but they keep the rights-of-way clean and attractive. your help toward the protection of the wild burros, it is
Along the highway between El Paso and Alpine and on suggested that you ask your state legislative representa-
many other routes, trim native yuccas have been planted tives to vote for California Senate Bill 190.
at irregular intervals to give added character to the land- This bill would amend Section 1403 of the Fish and
scape. Game code by making it unlawful to kill any undomesti-
Every few miles along the highway are little roadside cated burro. An undomesticated burro, for the purpose
parks installed and maintained by the state highway crew. of this chapter, is a wild burro or a burro which has not
These parks consist merely of a picnic table or two with been tamed or domesticated for a period of three years
benches, under a rustic ramada, or shade tree, if there after its capture.
happens to be one available, a barbecue fireplace, and an * * *
incinerator—all built of native stone. The incinerator This is spring on the desert—-the season when the
provides a place for garbage disposal, and perhaps ex- Southwest, from Palm Springs to Albuquerque, is thronged
plains why the roadside gutters in Texas are not as with visitors who come from the East, or from Pacific
cluttered with beercans and debris as they are in California coast cities, to bask in desert sunshine.
and other states. They are a strange tribe—these sun worshippers from
I think those roadside parks are a fine idea for the distant places. Rather, I should say they are just ordinary
western states where the towns are far apart and the people—generally with a little more money than the most
landscape generally is barren of forests. of us have—who assume strange manners and costumes
* * * when they are on the desert.
When the moon was full in April the Navajo Indians They come here not only because they like the desert
assembled in the Lukachukai Mountains in northeastern sun, but also because this is a place of escape from the
Arizona for an all-night sing. Their medicine men had conventions and disciplines of business and social life
told them the gods were displeased because some of the at home. They wear the most disreputable clothes, or a
tribesmen and bilakana (white men) were robbing Mother minimum of clothes, as a revolt against those dictators of
Earth by taking uranium ore from reservation lands. So the style world who prescribe the lines of conventional
they must hold a chant and do sand paintings to appease dress for sedate society.
the anger of the Yei. They take up sun-bathing, golf, horseback riding, rock
To the Navajo, the Earth is a sacred place. Once collecting and other forms of recreation which they have
many years ago they killed two prospectors who had shunned all their lives—as a revolt against the boredom
dared come on the reservation to take ore out of a rich of being conventional human beings.
silver mine. They come out here to the land of far horizons to do
Foolish superstition? things because they want to—not because they have to.
No! I would not say that. For the Navajo's feeling And to the extent that their better impulses prevail I
about the Earth is part of his religion, and it is the Ameri- am all for them. 1 hope we may always preserve this
can creed that the religion of others should be given desert land as a retreat where folks may come and be
respectful tolerance. themselves.

The gold rush days, most colorful
period in western history, left a heri-
tage of legends, narratives and tall
tales which have whiled away the hours
around dying campfires for the past
NEW BOOK REVEALS DEATH VALLEY'S GHOST Margaret Stimson Richardson in A
RELIGION OF HOPIS CITY OF GOLDEN DREAMS Handful of Nuggets has collected over
Down through the centuries the "Against the dark Bullfrog Hills, the 30 of these and retold them in a
Hopi Indians of northern Arizona have ruins of Rhyolite—bone-white in the readable text.
gone their own serene way, little im- light of the early sun—seem fantastic-
pressed by the so-called progress of ally out of place and time. The very Too often, bad grammar was the
the white man. The Hopis have a permanence of these stone and con- chief constituent of these old west
stable economy, a steadfast morality, crete walls is an offense against reality. stories. In A Handful of Nuggets only
and a pervading spirit that have never For Rhyolite is a city that should never actual conversation contains the ver-
wavered either in times of global in- have been, and its ruins are the ghosts nacular of that day, enough that the
flation or national depression. of a dream . . ." book still has the true flavor of the
Walter Collins O'Kane of the Uni- Thus Harold and Lucile Weight, Old West. Snake-Bite Jones, Pump-
versity of New Hampshire has been editors of The Calico Print, introduce kin-seed Pete, Cackling Hank, Black
a student of the Hopi culture for many the first publication in their new Bart, the famous bandit Joaquin Mu-
years, and has lived with them for Southwest Panorama Series of book- rieta—colorful characters all—live in
months at a time. His first book on lets of the early West—Rhyolite, Death brief chapters.
the Hopis, Sun in the Sky, published Valley's Ghost City of Golden Dreams. Amusing sketches by M. J. Davis
in 1950. was a faithful portrayal of The 32-page paperbound booklet add much to the charm of the book
the manner in which these tribesmen presents the story of the substantially and there is also a useful glossary of
live, their ingenious agriculture, their built but short-lived mining town which mining terms and slang, and an infor-
highly functional homes, their family spring up after Shorty Harris' discov- mative bibliography.
life and the native arts. ery of the famous Bullfrog claim. Published by The Steck Company.
And now Prof. O'Kane has written Numerous historical photographs Austin, Texas. 130 pp. $2.00.
a second book about these Indians, and two maps supplement the text.
The Hopis; Portrait of a Desert People, Published by The Calico Press. Reg-
in which the author takes his readers ular edition, 50 cents; special edition, Books reviewed on this page are available at
into the dwelling places and kivas for printed on heavier paper, $1.00. Desert Crafts- Shop, Palm Desert
an intimate view of the tribesmen and
their religion.
The Hopi "looks out upon the world
and the universe as the manifestation
of a Power which has always been the
object of his prayers." While white
civilization has derived much of its
impetus and progress from competi-
The story of the earth is everywhere—in the shape of a pebble
tion, the Hopi questions whether the
price too often paid is not too much. and the shape of a mountain, in the fresh taste of brook water and
A reading of The Hopis will give much the salty taste of the ocean, in clouds and mineral crystals, snow and
information and what may be still leaves and tiny animal forms.
more important, may stimulate thought It is a fascinating story. Here are two books which will help your
and analysis of what constitutes a true child learn to read it in Nature itself, to understand it through simple
standard of values. The book is enter- experiments and comparisons to everyday life—books which will
taining, informative and thought pro- turn even a walk in the park or a trip to the desert into an exciting
voking — with a gallery of portraits voyage of discovery.
which in themselves tell as much as ROCKS, RIVERS AND THE CHANGING EARTH, by Herman and Nina
the printed page. Schneider—Simply yet lyrically written, this logically planned
Published by the University of Ok- first book of geology was designed for youngsters but is valuable
lahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. and enjoyable reading also for the adult who has never formally
267 pp. 24 color portraits. $5.00. studied earth science. Profusely illustrated with pen sketches and
e e • diagrams by Edwin Herron. 181 pages, index _. $3.00
When California Was Young by THE FIRST BOOK OF STONES, by M. B. Cormack—Written by an
Belle C. Ewing is a child's history of expert and full of good pictures which help keep things clear, this
the Golden State, told in a series of handbook tells the junior rockhound how to start a mineral col-
true stories. Chapters cover such lection, how to identify specimens through simple tests, how to
phases of Western history as the build- arrange display boxes and how to plan field trips. Makes stone
ing of the missions, the Gold Rush of collecting easy and fun for the young beginner. 93 pages, index
1849, the pioneer treks across Death $1.75
Valley, the California Indians and the Books mailed postpaid • California buyers add 3% tax
growth of the ranchos. Fact sum-
maries, quizzes and projects are de-
signed for class use.
"Published by Banks Upshaw. 239 Palm Desert, California
pages, halftone illustrations, maps. $3.

MAY, 1953 43
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