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7/8/2006

Here are the balance sheets as given in the problem:


Cumberland Industries December 31 Balance Sheets
(in thousands of dollars)
2007 2006
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $91,450 $74,625
Short-term investments $11,400 $15,100
Accounts Receivable $103,365 $85,527
Inventories $38,444 $34,982
Total current assets $244,659 $210,234
Net fixed assets $67,165 $42,436
Total assets $311,824 $252,670
Liabilities and equity
Accounts payable $30,761 $23,109
Accruals $30,477 $22,656
Notes payable $16,717 $14,217
Total current liabilities $77,955 $59,982
Long-term debt $76,264 $63,914
Total liabilities $154,219 $123,896
Common stock $100,000 $90,000
Retained Earnings $57,605 $38,774
Total common equity $157,605 $128,774
Total liabilities and equity $311,824 $252,670
Key Input Data for Cumberland Industries
Sales Revenue
EBITDA as a percent of sales
Depr. as a % of Fixed Assets
Tax rate
Interest Expense
Dividend Payout Ratio
2007 2006
Sales $364,120
Expenses excluding depreciation and amortization $321,109
EBITDA $43,011
Chapter 3. Ch 03-14 Build a Model
a. The companys 2007 sales were $455,150,000, and EBITDA was 15 percent of sales. Furthermore,
depreciation amounted to 11 percent of net fixed assets, interest charges were $8,575,000, the state-plus-
federal corporate tax rate was 40 percent, and Cumberland pays 40 percent of its net income out in
dividends. Given this information, construct Cumberland's 2007 income statement.
The input information required for the problem is outlined in the "Key Input Data" section below. Using this
data and the balance sheet above, we constructed the income statement shown below.
Depreciation (Cumberland has no amortization charges) $6,752
EBIT $36,259
Interest Expense $7,829
EBT $28,430
Taxes (40%) $11,372
Net Income $17,058
Common dividends $6,823
Addition to retained earnings $10,235
Statement of Retained Earnings
(in thousands of dollars)
Balance of Retained Earnings, December 31, 2006
Add: Net Income, 2007
Less: Common dividends paid, 2007
Balance of Retained Earnings, December 31, 2007
Statement of Cash Flows
(in thousands of dollars)
Operating Activities
Net Income
Adjustments:
Noncash adjustment:
Depreciation
Due to changes in working capital:
Increase in accounts receivable
Increase in inventories
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in accruals
Net cash provided by operating activities
Investing Activities
Cash used to acquire gross fixed assets
Decrease in short-term investments
Net cash provided by investing activities
Financing Activities
Increase in notes payable
Increase in long-term debt
Increase in common stock
Payment of common dividends
Net cash provided by financing activities
Net increase/decrease in cash
Add: Cash balance at the beginning of the year
Cash balance at the end of the year
c. Calculate net operating working capital, total net operating capital, net operating profit after taxes,
operating cash flow, and free cash flow for 2007.
b. Next, construct the firms statement of retained earnings for the year ending December
31, 2007, and then its 2007 statement of cash flows.
Net Operating Working Capital
NOWC
07
=
Operating
current assets -
Operating
current
liabilities
=
=
NOWC
06
=
Operating
current assets -
Operating
current
liabilities
=
=
Total Net Operating Capital
TOC
07
= NOWC + Fixed assets
= +
=
TOC
06
= NOWC + Fixed assets
= +
=
Net Operating Profit After Taxes
NOPAT
07
= EBIT x ( 1 - T )
= x
=
Operating Cash Flow
OCF
07
= NOPAT + Depreciation
= +
=
Free Cash Flow
FCF
07
= OCF - Gross investment in operating capital
= -
=
or
FCF
07
= NOPAT - Net investment in operating capital
= -
=
Additional Input Data
Stock price
# of shares (in thousands)
c. Calculate net operating working capital, total net operating capital, net operating profit after taxes,
operating cash flow, and free cash flow for 2007.
d. Calculate the firms EVA and MVA for 2007. Assume that Cumberland had 10 million shares
outstanding, that the year-end closing stock price was $17.25 per share, and its after-tax cost of capital
A-T cost of capital
Market Value Added
MVA = Stock price x # of shares - Total common equity
= x -
=
Economic Value Added
EVA = NOPAT - Operating Capital x After-tax cost of capital
= - x
=